You are on page 1of 3

1.

2. 3. 4.

BI TP L THUYT HIDROCACBON Hp cht hu c X c tn gi l: 2 clo 3 metyl pentan. Cng thc cu to ca X l: A.CH3CH2CH(Cl)CH(CH3)2 C. CH3CH2CH(CH3)CH2CH2Cl B. CH3CH(Cl)CH(CH3)CH2CH3 D. CH3CH(Cl)CH3CH(CH3)CH3 C bao nhiu ng phn cu to c cng thc C5H12? A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6 C bao nhiu ng phn cu to c cng thc C6H12? A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6 C bao nhiu ng phn cu to c cng thc C4H9Cl? A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6

5. C4H6 c bao nhiu ng phn mch h ?

A. 5. B. 2. C. 3. D. 4 6. C bao nhiu ankin ng vi cng thc phn t C5H8 ? A. 1. B. 2. C. 3. D. 4 7. C bao nhiu ng phn ankin C5H8 tc dng c vi dung dch AgNO3/NH3 to kt ta A. 1. B. 2. C. 3. D. 4
8. Hp cht hu c no sau y khng c ng phn cistrans? A. 1,2icloeten. B. 2metyl pent2en. C. but2en. D. pent2en. 9. Hp cht (CH3)2C=CHC(CH3)2CH=CHBr c danh php IUPAC l A. 1brom3,5trimetylhexa1,4ien. B. 3,3,5trimetylhexa1,4ien1brom. C. 2,4,4trimetylhexa2,5ien6brom. D. 1brom3,3,5trimetylhexa1,4ien. 10. Hp cht (CH3)2C=CHC(CH3)3 c danh php IUPAC l A. 2,2,4 trimetylpent3en. B. 2,4trimetylpent2en. C. 2,4,4trimetylpent2en. D. 2,4trimetylpent3en. 11. C bao nhiu ng phn cu to ca anken c cng cng thc phn t C5H10? A. 3 B.4 C. 5 D. 10 12. Tng s ng phn ca C4H8 l : A. 4 B. 5 C. 6 D. 7 13. C bao nhiu ng phn c cng cng thc phn t C5H10? A. 12 B. 11 C. 10 D. 5 14. Khi cng HBr vo 2 metylbut 2 en theo t l 1 : 1, s sn phm thu c l bao nhiu? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 15. em hn hp cc ng phn mch h ca C4H8 cng hp vi H2O ( xt H+) th thu c ti a s sn phm cng l: A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6 16. 2,2,3,3-tetrametylbutan c bao nhiu nguyn t C v H trong phn t ?

A. 8C,16H. B. 8C,14H. C. 6C, 12H. D. 8C,18H. 17. Khi cho but-1-en tc dng vi dung dch HBr, theo qui tc Maccopnhicop sn phm no sau y l sn phm chnh ? A. CH3-CH2-CHBr-CH2Br. C. CH3-CH2-CHBr-CH3. B. CH2Br-CH2-CH2-CH2Br . D. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2Br. 18. C bao nhiu ng phn ankin C5H8 tc dng c vi dung dch AgNO3/NH3 to kt ta A. 1. B. 2. C. 3. D. 4

19. Cng thc cu to: CH3 C H C H CH2 CH3 ng vi tn gi no sau y ? CH3 CH3 A. 2,3-imetylbutan C. 2,3-imetylpentan B. 2,3-metylpentan D. 2,3-metylbutan

20. Ankin X c cng thc cu to: CH C C H CH 3 tn thay th ca X l CH3 A. 2-metylbut-3-in B. 3-metylbut-1-in C. 3-metylbut-2-in D. 2-metylbut-1-in 21. Cho cng thc cu to: CH2=CH-CH=CH-CH3. Tn gi no sau y l ph hp vi CTCT ? A. pentadien B. penta-1,3-dien C. penta-2,4-dien D. isopren 22. Cc ankan khng tham gia loi phn ng no? A. Phn ng th B. Phn ng cng C. Phn ng tch D. Phn ng chy 23. Cht no sau y l mt mu dung dch brom ? A. butan B. but-1-en C. cacbon ioxit D. metylpropan 24. Cc cht trong cu no sau y u lm mt mu dung dch brom? A. Metan, etilen, xiclopropan B. Etilen, ivinyl, axetilen. C. Propan, propin, etilen. D. Kh cacbonic, metan, axetilen 25. (A) lm mt mu nu ca dung dch brom, A l cht no sau y ? A. propan. B. isopren C. etilen D. B v C u ng. 26. Cht no khng tc dng dung dch AgNO3/NH3 trong amoniac ? A. But-1-in B. But-2-in C. Propin D. Etin 27. phn bit but-1-in v but-2-in, ngi ta dng thuc th no sau y ? A. dd Br2 B. dd KMnO4 C. dd AgNO3/NH3 D. A, B, C u ng 28. Cho mt ng phn ankan c cng thc phn t C5H12 tc dng vi Cl2 theo t l 1:1(c nh sng) thu
c hn hp cha 3 dn xut monoclo.Tn gi ca ng phn l? A. pentan B. 2-metylbutan C. 2,2-imetylpropan D. 2-metylpropan 29. Hp cht hu c X c tn gi l: 2 Clo - 3 - metyl pentan. Cng thc cu to ca X l: A. CH3CH2CH(Cl)CH(CH3)2 B. CH3CH(Cl)CH(CH3)CH2CH3 D. CH3CH(Cl)CH2CH(CH3)CH3 C. CH3CH2CH(CH3)CH2CH2Cl 30. Khi cho ankan X (trong phn t c phn trm khi lng cacbon bng 83,72%) tc dng vi clo theo t l s mol 1:1 (trong iu kin chiu sng) ch thu c 2 dn xut monoclo ng phn ca nhau. Tn ca X l A. 3-metylpentan. B. 2,3-imetylbutan. C.2-metylpropan D. butan.
31. Ankan no sau y ch cho 1 sn phm th duy nht khi tc dng vi Cl2 theo t l mol (1 : 1): CH3CH2CH3 (a), CH4 (b), CH3C(CH3)2CH3 (c), CH3CH3 (d), CH3CH(CH3)CH3(e) A. (a), (e), (d) B. (b), (c), (d) C. (c), (d), (e) D. (a), (b), (c), (e), (d) 32. Khi brom ha mt ankan ch thu mt dn xut monobrom duy nht c t khi i via hiro l 75,5. Tn

ca ankan l
A. 3,3-imetylhexan B. 2,2-imetylpropan C. isopentan D. 2,2,3-trimetylpentan 33. A l Hirocacbon mch h khi chy cho s mol H2O = s mol CO2. Vy A thuc dy ng ng no: A. Anken B. Xicloankan C. Ankan D. Ankin 34. Cho cc hp cht sau y (1) Pent -1- en ; (2) Penten -2-en ; (3) 1- clo- 2- metylbut-2-en ; (4) 2- metylbut-2-en ; (5) 2,3 - dimetylbut -2-en .

Cht no c ng phn hnh hc cis-trans A. 2,3 B. 3,4,5 C. 2,3,4 D. 1,3 35. Khi cho But -1-en tc dng vi HCl, sn phm chnh thu c l: A. 1,2- iclo butan B. 2- Clo butan C. Tt c u sai D. 1- Clo butan 36. Sn phm ca phn ng cng gia 1 mol propin vi 2 mol Br2 l: A. CHBr2 - CBr = CHBr B. CH3 - CH = CBr2 C. CH3 - CBr2 - CHBr2 D. CH3 - CBr = CHBr 37. Anken X c CTCT CH3-CH2-C(CH3)=CH-CH3. Tn ca X l: A. Isohexan B. 3-metylpent-3-en C. 3-metylpent-2-en 38. Hirat ha 2 anken ch to thnh 2 ancol. Hai anken l A. 2-metylpropen v but-1-en. B. propen v but-2-en. C. eten v but-2-en. D. eten v but-1-en. 39. Khi cho 2-metylbut-2-en tc dng vi dung dch HBr th thu c sn phm chnh l A. 3-brom-3-metylbutan. B. 2-brom-2-metylbutan. C. 2-brom-3-metylbutan. D. 3-brom-2-metylbutan.

D. 2-etylbut-2-en