Rural Marketing | Marketing | Agriculture

Introduction to Rural Marketing “The first five years of the new millennium will belong neither to the urban markets which have reached saturation and where margins are under pressure not to the export markets, which suffer from inadequate infrastructure back home, and uncompetitive prices overseas. It will belong to rural marketing.”

RURAL MARKETING In the India context. the word „RURAL‟ is so much associated with agriculture and farmers that rural marketing tends to be seen as a marketing of inputs or outputs related to agriculture. .

stimulating and converting the purchasing power into an effective demand for specific products and services. . and moving them to the people in rural area to create satisfaction and a standard of living to them and thereby achieves the goals of the organization.What is Rural Marketing? Rural marketing is a function which manages all those activates involved in assessing.

Urban:manufacturing.com merce.Rural v\s Urban OCCUPATION: Rural:Cultivators n few non – agricultural pursuits.trade.professions .

Size of community Rural:open farms & small community are –vly corelated Urban:urbanity & size of community are +vly corelated .

Density of population Rural:density of population is lower than urban .

. Urban:social mobility inreases with urbanity.Mobility Rural:social mobility less.More migration from villages to town.

Predominance of personal & relatively durable relations.superficiality & standarized formality in relations. .System of interaction Rural:less numerous contacts per man. Urban:Greater complexity.

which is driven by tradition. which has its own logic. custom and values that are difficult to shed.Although the melting of the urban rural divide will take a while. this is not for want of the availability of the means but for want of the rural consumer's mindset to change. .

Urban market has become congested with too many competitors. The market have reached a near saturation point. .Attractiveness of rural market Rural markets have become the new targets to corporate enterprises for two reasons : 1. 2.

Market growth rates higher than urban 7. Life-style changes 5. Growth in consumption 4.Various factors which have made rule markets viable:1. Raising prosperity 3. Life-cycle advantages 6. Rural marketing is not expensive 8. Large population 2. Remoteness is no longer a problem .

So clearly there seems to be a long way ahead.FMCG sector. . 59 per cent durables sale. thus claiming 6. The Indian rural market today accounts for only about Rs 8 billion (53 per cent .6 per cent of the total share. Time and again marketing practitioners have waxed eloquent about the potential of the rural market.Now for some facts and figures. Hindustan Lever Limited (HuL) is top of the mind with their successful rural marketing projects like 'Project Shakti' and 'Operation Bharat'. But when one zeroes in on the companies that focus on the rural market. a mere handful names come to mind. 100 per cent agricultural products) of the total ad pie of Rs 120 billion.

000 villages and poor infrastructure .roads. Also distribution remains to be the single largest problem marketers face today when it comes to going rural. "Reaching your product to remote locations spread over 600.Clearly the main challenge that one faces while dealing with rural marketing is the basic understanding of the rural consumer who is very different from his urban counterpart. telecommunication etc and lower levels of literacy are a few hinges that come in the way of marketers to reach the rural market .

In 1998 HuL‟s personal products unit initiated Project Bharat. HuL had vans visiting villages across the country distributing sample packs comprising a low-unit-price pack each of shampoo. During the course of operation. the first and largest rural hometo-home operation to have ever been prepared by any company. toothpaste and skin cream priced at Rs. talcum powder. 15. This was to create awareness of the company‟s product categories and of the affordability of the products. . The project covered 13 million rural households by the end of 1999.

Khaitan fans' ad on a horse cart .

Coca Cola. with their Aamir Khan ad campaign succeeded in providing just that. .The greatest challenge for advertisers and marketers continues to be in finding the right mix that will have a pan-Indian rural appeal.

."Yaara da Tashan.” ads with Aamir Khan created universal appeal for Coca Cola ..

" ads with Aamir Khan created universal appeal for Coca Cola Coca-Cola India tapped the rural market in a big way when it introduced bottles priced at Rs 5 and backed it with the Aamir Khan ads. on its behalf. The company.. which reiterates the fact that this multinational has realised the potential of the rural market is going strength to strength to tap the same. .."Yaara da Tashan. has also been investing steadily to build their infrastructure to meet the growing needs of the rural market.

. It's all about how one approaches the market. the ball lies in the court of rural marketers. a one rupee or a five rupee sachet or the Kutti Hamam (the small Hamam) helps in giving the consumers a trial opportunity. While it does help in generate volume but not in terms of values. "Till the time that volume value equation is managed better.For HLL. Ultimately. takes up the challenge of selling products and concepts through innovative media design and more importantly interactivity.

Cavin Kare. LG Electronics. . Eveready Batteries. BSNL. Philips. Colgate. Some of the other corporates that are slowly making headway in this area are Coca Cola India.Amul is another case in point of aggressive rural marketing. Britannia and Hero Honda to name a few. Life Insurance Corporation.

"All the data provided by various agencies like NCAER. Francis Kanoi etc shows that rural markets are growing faster than urban markets in certain product categories at least. durables boasts of 59 per cent market share.Interestingly. the rural market is growing at a far greater speed than its urban counterpart. Therefore one can claim that rural markets are growing faster than urban markets . The share of FMCG products in rural markets is 53 per cent.

Satellite dish antennas reach rural India .

ITC's Echoupal was the result of this initiative.In 2000. ITC took an initiative to develop direct contact with farmers who lived in farflung villages in Madhya Pradesh. .

Progress has been made in this area by some. but there seems to be a long way for marketers to go in order to derive and reap maximum benefits. Things are sure a changing . rural India is not so poor as it used to be a decade or so back.So the fact remains that the rural market in India has great potential. Moreover. which is just waiting to be tapped.

Typical shop in rural India stocked with sachets. etc .

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