SCE 3110 EARTH AND SPACE ACTIVITIES INVOLVING PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICAL

SCE3109 EARTH AND SPACE Activities Involving PCK (Pedagogical Content Knowledge) of the Primary School Science Curriculum and Practical Contents Topic PCK 1 PCK 2 PCK 3 PCK 4 Practical 1 Practical 2 Practical 3 Practical 4 Water Cycle Seasons Solar System Moon Phases / Eclipses Clouds and Weather Page 1 1 1 1 2 Identifying Rocks 3 The Rising of the Sun 4 Movement of The Stars / Moon Phases 5 .

4. State topic. The teaching resource package includes activity/activities with procedures. learning outcomes. models. models. Assessment Requirement 1. title of activity/activities and assessment ideas. Assessment ideas with appropriate resource. aids etc appropriate to achieve the learning outcomes stated and assessment ideas with appropriate resources. 1 . Reflection on how activity and assessment contribute to achievement of the learning outcomes. worksheets. 2. aids etc appropriate to achieve learning outcomes.SCE3109 EARTH AND SPACE Activities Involving Pedagogical Content Knowledge You are to prepare a teaching resource package to teach particular learning outcomes for the four topics given related to the primary school curriculum. worksheets. Procedure to run activity/activities. 3.

Cirrocumulus c. temperature.) Analysis and interpretation of data that are related to research on the subject discussed. Cumulonimbus By studying clouds you may be able to find out about the weather on a certain day. appearance and height of formation. Stratocumulus b. Middle ( 2 to 7 kilometres) a. humidity etc. Nimbostratus 3. tables. 3. Assessment Requirement 1. time and duration of observation. Record your observations including any climatic changes (including whether it rains or not) Analyse and interpret your data. references etc. Cumulus d. Cirrostratus 2. You are to make your observation at a fixed time everyday. Introduction that includes the location. Cirrus b. Altostratus c. Observation data (pictures of the clouds. Write your report including photographs. There are three main classifications of clouds based on their altitudes: 1. High ( from 5 to 13 kilometres in the sky) a. By using power point. 2. Choose a suitable location and observe the types of clouds available in that area for a period of two weeks. You can also study about their patterns and thus organise your activity effectively. Procedure: • • • • • • • Find out more about clouds from any textbooks or internet. They are classified on the basis of shape. Stratus c.Practical 1 Clouds and Weather Cloud Clouds are formed when water vapour in air becomes saturated due to adiabatic cooling. present your findings in class. what is observed and how data are collected. date. What are the implications of your findings to your daily live? Explain. charts. to support your discussion. Altocumulus b. 2 . Low ( 0 to 2 kilometres) a.

3. Discuss the differences in the rocks by using Table 1 below. Procedures: 1. You can also include other techniques to classify or name the rocks.Practical 2 Identifying Rocks Rocks are classified into three different types: igneous rock. Practical 3 The Rising of the Sun We have been taught the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 3. Igneous rock is formed by the cooling and formation of magma. Introduction that includes some information and useful data on rocks. You are able to find the densities of the rocks using the mass/volume relationship. river or lake or by deposition of minerals particles transported by water. wind or ice. But does the sun rise at the same position and at the same time everyday of the year? How fast does the sun rise everyday? What does it mean when the position and time of rise of the sun changes everyday? What makes these changes to occur? In this practical you will observe the rising of the sun to answer the questions above and discover about the effects of the relative movement of the sun around the earth. you are required to classify the different types of rocks available in your own neighbourhood. sedimentary rock is formed by precipitation of materials in the sea. Bring rock samples from your neighbourhood. Analysis and interpretation of data. Observation data and some sample calculations. sedimentary rock and metamorphic rock. From the data you collected find out if you could name the rocks 5. Types of rocks Colour mass volume sheen hardness layers texture pattern Table 1 Assessment Requirement 1. 3 . Procedure3 • Find a suitable place to observe sunrise for a period of time over two weeks. Igneous and sedimentary rocks will in turn change into metamorphic rocks when exposed to high temperature or pressure or both. 2. In the following practical. 2. 4.

Implications of the movement of the sun around the earth. 4. altitude. Analysis and interpretation of data that related to research on the relative movement of the sun around the earth. date. time etc).• • • • Draw a sketch of the landscape that you are observing. time and duration of observation. time etc). Observation data (sketches on the movement of the sun. altitude. 2. azimuth. Assessment Requirement 1. Analyse and interpret data. what is observed and how data are collected. charts or diagrams as appropriate and relate your data with research on the relative movement of the sun around the earth and its effect on earth. Write a report of your field observation with tables. azimuth. 4 . Record your naked-eye observation (sketches on the movement of the sun. 3. Introduction that includes the location.

Assessment Requirement 1. We usually see them at night. pathfinders. • Identify at least two stars that are close to one another or a constellation viewable at night. Observation data (star/constellation/moon movements. azimuth. • Display use of telescopes and/or binoculars on the field night (sketches of objects). Research data in preparation for field night (rising and setting time. extra objects. location of South and/or North etc). hand and fist observations using azimuth and altitude. what is observed and how data are collected. pathfinders. sketches. star chart.Practical 4 Movement of the Stars/Moon Phases Sometimes when we look up the sky. altitude. extra objects. azimuth. altitude. 5 . • Observe the stars/constellation/moon over a period of time for two weeks. location of South and/or North etc). moon phase. 4. Procedure • Research on the night sky to prepare for field night (rising and setting time. Introduction that includes the location. will the same star be at the same position at the same time? Do we see the same stars all the year round? What does the movement of the stars tell us about the movement of the earth? We are familiar with the moon. Display use of telescope and/or binoculars (sketches of objects). hand and fist observations using azimuth and altitude. But we sometimes see the moon in the morning as well. star chart. special events). When do we see the moon at night and when during the day? How is moon rise and moon set related to the phases of the moon and the position of the moon relative to the earth and sun? In this practical you can choose to observe the movement of the stars or the moon and answer the questions above. magnitude. moon phase. • Record naked-eye observations during the field night (star/constellation/moon movements. magnitude. date. sketches. Analysis and interpretation of data. special events). 3. Have you wondered what those stars are or whether the stars stay at the same position the whole night? What about the next night. we see some stars. • Use computer programs to identify the stars or positions of moon for viewing. 2. time and duration of observation.