VOICE

The
Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

Weekly

http://www.thevoicemyanmar.com

Vol.9 / No.12

&cdkifjynfe,f
y#dyu©
tNyD;owf
tpD&ifcHpm
rwfvukef
or®wxHwifrnf
pm 4

EdkifiHwum
ppfa&;yl;aygif;rI
acwfrD
wyfrawmfjzpfa&;
taxmuftyHUaumif;
[kqdk
pm 5

"mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif

1

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

{NyDtwGuf
zkef;
ta&mif;qdkifrsm;
toifUjyif
"mwfyHk - xGef;xGef;jrifh

pm 9

"mwfyHk - xGef;xGef;jrifh

FOREIGN INVESTMENT
FINANCE

qufoG,fa&;? vQyfppfESifU avqdyf0efaqmifrI
a':vmokH;bDvD,HeD;yg; tar&du &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnf

udk
usyfaiGjzihf
okH;vtwGif;
vJay;rnf
FEC

&efukef? rwf 19

rmEdkifiH\zGHUNzdK;rI tedrhfusqkH;u@rsm;wGif yg0ifaeaom qufoG,fa&;? vQyfppfESihf avqdyf0efaqmifrIwdkYtwGuf e,l;a,muftajcpdkuf
tar&duefukrÜPD ACO Investment Group u tar&duefa':vmoHk;bDvD,HeD;yg; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;,if;tzGJUtpnf; wnfaxmifol
wpfOD;jzpfol Mr.HariAchuthan u ajymMum;onf/
jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;0efaqmif
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;twGuf twG u f a':vmES p f b D v D , H e D ; yg; xkwfvkyfEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;\
aea&mifjcnfpGrf;tiftokH;jyKvQyfppf tok;H jyK&ef a'otpd;k &ESifh oabmwl ajymMum;csuu
f u
kd ;kd um;í Bloomberg rIvkyfief;wGif 0ifa&mufvkyfudkifcGihf
&ygu a':vmoef; 700ESifh pm 3
"mwf t m;puf ½ k H wnf a qmuf & ef xm;NyD; vQyfppf"mwfr*¾g0yf 1000 owif;XmewGif azmfjyxm;onf/

jref

om;aumifopf rdw¦Dvm

&efukef? rwf21

q,f p k E S p f ES p f c k M um
ulyeG o
f zG,f Mum;cHtok;H jyKcJh
onhf EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJvS,fa&;
vufrw
S f (FEC) udk {Nyv
D 1 &uf
aeYrS ZGev
f 30 &uf txd ok;H v
twG i f ; jref r musyf a iG j zih f
jyefvnfvJvS,fEdkifaMumif;
jrefrmEdkifiHawmf A[dkbPfu
rwfv 21 &ufaeYwiG f xkwjf yef
aMunmonf/
FEC vJv,
S rf nho
f rl sm;
onf tar&duefa':vmtyfEHS
xm;aomaiG pm&if;odkY xyfrH
pm 12
xnho
f iG ;f jcif;?

jrpfBuD;em;wGif
aqG;aEG;&ef
rqkH;jzwf&ao;[k
autdkiftdkqdk
pm 23

"mwfyHk - xdkufatmifvif;

A[dkbPf'g½dkufwmrsm;udk EdkifiHa&;rvkyf&efwm;jrpf

pm 3

pm 3

SUPPLEMENT
OICE
The

V

Monday,
2525- 31
Monday,March
March
- 31, ,2013
2013
Vol.9 / No.12

A
47

VOICE

The

Weekly

rdw¦Dvma'o ta&;ay:tajctaeaMunm? wyfrawmf\ tultnD&,lrnf
&efukef? rwf22

y

#dyu©rsm;jzpfay:aeaom rdwv
D¬ mNrKd Utygt0if 0rf;wGi;f NrKd Ue,f
Ue,f? rvdiI Nf rdKUe,fEiS fh ompnfNrdKUe,fwYdkukd ta&;ay:tajctaeaMunmum zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yk'rf 413? yk'rf cGJ (u) yg jy|mef;csut
f &
wnfNidrfrItjrefqkH;jyefvnf&&Sd&ef wyfrawmf\tultnD&,lrnfjzpfaMumif; EdkifiHawmfor®w½kH;u Oya'uJhodkY tmPmwnfaomtrdefYudk rwfv 22 &ufaeYwGif xkwfjyefaMunmvdkufonf/
ESppf ;D ESifh qdik u
f ,fwpfp;D ? qdik cf ef;rsm;? rlum trsKd;om;okH;OD;? trsKd;orD; [k a'ocHrsm;u ajymMum;aomfvnf;
NrdKUe,fynma&;rSL;½H;k taqmufttHk wpfO;D pkpak ygif;ig;OD; aoqk;H cJNh y;D 39 OD; tkwfusif;&yfuGuf rdw¬Dvm-jrif;NcH
wpfv;Hk ? um;ypön;f qdik ?f taqmufttHk 'Pf&m&&Scd ahJ Mumif; Edik if yH ikd o
f wif;pm um;vrf;ab;wGif tavmif; 12
tcsKd U ES i h f q,f b D ; um;wpf p D ; rsm;u w&m;0ifxkwfjyefonf/
avmif;ukd awGU&Sd&NyD; NrKdUwGif;&Sd
ysufpD;NyD; rwfv 21 &ufaeY rGef;vGJ
rwfv 22 &ufaeY naeydkif; ae&mokH;ckwGif rD;½IdUcHxm;&aom
1 em&Dtxd oHCmwpfyg; ysv
H eG af wmf wGif 40 OD;xufrenf; aoqk;H onf tavmif;ok;H avmif; awGU&S&d onf/
POLITICS

wyfrawmfaehwGif EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm;
vGwfajrmuf&ef arQmfvifU
&efukef? rwf 22
Photo- AS

rdw¬DvmNrdKUwGif rwfv 20 &ufaeYu pwifjzpfyGm;aom bmoma&;toGifaqmify#dyu©rSm
wyfrawmf\tultnD &,l&onfhtaetxm; a&muf&SdaeNyDjzpfonf

rdwv
D¬ mNrdKUwGif rwfv 20 &uf
aeYu pwifjzpfyGm;pOfuyif jypfrI
qd k i f & musih f x k H ; Oya'yk ' f r 144
xkwfjyefí y#dyu©rsm;udk xde;f odr;f &ef
aqmif&GufcJhaomfvnf; qlylrIrsm;
rSm qufvufjzpfay:aeNyD; tkycf sKyaf &;
qdkif&m vkyfief;rsm;udk xda&mufpGm
vkyu
f ikd Ef ikd jf cif;r&Sad wmhojzihf zGUJ pnf;ykH
tajccHOya' yk'fr 412? yk'frcGJ (u)
jy|mef;csufjzihf txufygNrdKUe,f
av;ck u d k ta&;ay:tajctae
aMunmvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/
tqdyk gtrdeYo
f nf xkwjf yefonhf
aeYrSpí aemuftrdefYrxkwfjyefao;
onhftcsdeftxd twnfjzpfaMumif;
,if;xkwjf yefcsuw
f iG f azmfjyxm;onf/
EdkifiHawmfor®w OD;odef;pdef\
t&yf o m;tpd k ; & wm0ef , l o nh f

2 ESpfwm umvtwGif; y#dyu©rsm;
aMumihf wyfrawmf\ tultnD&,l
jcif;rSm ,ck 'kwd,tBudrfjzpfNyD;
&cd k i f j ynf e ,f w G i f jzpf a y:aom
bmoma&;toGifaqmif y#dyu©wGif
yxrqk H ; wyf r awmf t ul t nD
&,lco
hJ nf/
rwfv 22 &ufaeY rGef;vGJ
1 em&DcefYrSpí wkwf? "m; ponfh
vufeufukdifaqmifxm;olrsm;ukd
pwifzrf;qD;ta&;,laeNyDjzpfaMumif;?
ql y l t Murf ; zuf v k d o l 20 OD ; uk d
zrf;qD;xm;NyD;jzpfaMumif; rdwv
D¬ mc½kid f
&JwyfzGJUrSL;½kH;xHrS od&onf/
rdw¬DvmNrdKUwGif jzpfyGm;cJhaom
y#dyu©rsm;aMumihf a&Tqdkifwpfqdkif?
bmoma&;taqmuf t tH k w pf v k H ;
ESihf *spfum;wpfpD;? okH;bD;qdkifu,f

use&f adS eaomEdik if aH &;tusO;f om;
rsm;ud k wyf r awmf a eY E S i h f jref r m
ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYrsm;uJhodkY txdrf;
trSwfaeYrsm;wGif vTwfay;&ef&Sdae
onf[k owif;tcsKdUxGufay:aejyD;
xdak eYrsm;onf Edik if aH &;jzihf tusO;f us
aeolrsm;\ vGwfajrmufcGihftwGuf
arQmfvihf&aomaeYvnf;jzpfaMumif;
EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;a[mif;rsm;u
ajymMum;onf/
owif;rsm;xGufay:aeaomf
vnf; vGwaf jrmufrnf[k twdtus
rajymEdkifao;aMumif;? odkYaomfvnf;
usef & S d E d k i f i H a &;tusOf ; om;rsm;
tjrefqkH; jyefvnfvGwfajrmuf&ef
arQmv
f ihaf Mumif; Edik if aH &;tusO;f om;
a[mif; OD;ndKxGef;uqdkonf/
]]vufuseEf ikd if aH &; tusO;f om;
rsm;pd p pf a &;aumf r wD r S Ed k i f i H a &;
tusOf;om;vdkY owfrSwf,lq&wJh
tusOf;om;rsm;pm&if;udk or®wxH

vmrnfUESpf ynma&;tokH;p&dwf usyfoef;aygif;
ESpfodef;ausmf okH;rnf
&efukef? rwf 22

jrefrmEdkifiH\edrhfusaeaom ynma&;tqihftwef;udk jyefvnfjrihfrm;vmapa&; vkyfaqmif&ef
BudK;pm;aeaom t&yfom;tpdk;&opfvufxufwGif 2013-2014 b@mESpftwGuf ynma&;tokH;p&dwfudk
usyf 222ç533 'or 99 oef;txd wdk;jr§ihftokH;jyKrnfjzpfaMumif; b@ma&;ESihf tcGef0efBuD;Xme
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;0if;&Sdefu jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGif ajymMum;onf/
,if;tokH;p&dwfudk jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\2013-2014 b@mESpft&tokH;qdkif&m Oya'Murf;wGif
xnhfoGif;a&;qGJxm;aMumif; ¤if;u qdkonf/
,cifESpfu ynma&;tokH;p&dwfrSm jynfaxmifpktpdk;& tokH;p&dwfrS 2 &mcdkifEIef;okH;pGJcJhjcif;jzpfNyD;
,ckESpfwGif jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\tokH;p&dwfrS 4 &mcdkifEIef;txd okH;pGJoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u ajymonf/
vlYpGrf;tm;t&if;tjrpfwGif ydkrdkokH;pGJEdkifap&eftwGuf rlvwifxm;aom tokH;p&dwfrsm;wGif
tajccHynmOD;pD;Xme 52 ½kH;ESihf wdkif;ynma&;rSL;½kH;wpf½kH;aqmufvkyf&ef ukefusrnhf usyf 8532 oef;udk
xuf0uf avQmhcsNyD; usyf 4664 oef;omokH;pGJ&ef vTwfawmfu jyifqiftwnfjyKvdkufaMumif; jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,frsm;u ajymMum;onf/
aqmufvkyfa&;twGuf ukefusp&dwfudk xuf0ufavQmhcsEdkifojzihf ydkvmaom aiGusyfoef;aygif; 4108
oef;udk Oy"d½kyfcsKdU,Gif;onhfausmif; 194 ausmif;udk jyifqifa&;twGuf tokH;jyKa&;tqdkudk axmufcHrJ
552 rJ? Mum;aerJ 2 rJjzihf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu twnfjyKvdkufaMumif; vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftrsm;pku
qdkonf/
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\ t&tokH;rSef;ajcaiGpm&if;udk 2013-2014 b@mESpf\ trsKd;om;pDrHudef;ESihf
avsmfnDap&ef b@ma&;ESihf tcGef0efBuD;Xmeu a&;qGJNyD; rwfv 12 &ufaeYwGif jynfaxmifpktpdk;tzGJUu
twnfjyKojzihf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfodkY wifoGif;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/

wifjyay;xm;ygw,f}} [k ¤if;u
&Sif;jyonf/
vuf&Sdtcsdefxd jrefrmEdkifiH
tESHY&Sd tusOf;axmifrsm;twGif;wGif
EdkifiHa&; tusOf;om;OD;a& ESpf&m
ausmu
f se&f adS eaMumif; vufuseEf ikd if aH &;
tusOf;om;rsm;pdppfa&;aumfrwDrS
pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
EdkifiHom; rnfolrnf0grqdk
EdkifiHawmfESihfEdkifiHom;rsm;\ tusKd;
jzpfxGef;aprIudk ,kHMunfíjzpfap?
epfemqkH;½HI;aeonfqdkNyD; ,kHMunf
íjzpfap EdkifiHa&;vIyf&Sm;rIykHoP²mef
trsKd;rsKd;udkaqmif&Gufojzifh zrf;qD;
xdef;odrf;cH&olrsm;? ,if;aqmif½Guf
csurf sm;ESifh qufpyfNy;D pGypf x
JG ed ;f odr;f
jypf'PfcsrSwfcH&olrsm;? tpdk;&\

tkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJUtpnf;wpf&yf&yfu
Edkiif aH &; &nf½,
G cf suEf iS jfh ypfraI Mumif;
t& ta&;,lcH&olrnfolYudkrqdk
EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;[k owfrSwf
aMumif; Ekid if aH &;tusO;f om;t"dymÜ ,f
zG i h f q d k c suf u d k vuf u sef E d k i f i H a &;
tusOf;om;rsm;pdppfa&;aumfrwDrS
xkwfjyefxm;onf/
or®w½k;H 0efBu;D Xme jynfaxmifpk
0efBuD; OD;pdk;odef;acgif;aqmifNyD;
0efBuD;Xmersm;u udk,fpm;vS,frsm;?
t&yf b uf v l r I t zG J U tpnf ; rsm;u
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;ESifh Edik if aH &;ygwDtcsKUd
u wm0ef&o
dS rl sm;yg0ifonhf vufusef
EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;pdppfa&;aumfrwD
udk Edik if aH wmfor®w½k;H u Zefe0g&Dv
6 &ufaeYu zGJUpnf;cJhonf/

jrefrmUzGHNzdK;a&; tar&duefa':vm
215 oef; *syefaxmufyHUrnf
&efukef? rwf22

*syef t pd k ; &\2013 ck E S p f
tBuD;pm;axmufyHha&;tpDtpOft&
jrefrmEdkifiHzGHNzKd;a&; pDrHudef;rsm;wGif
tok;H jyKEdik &f ef tar&duefa':vm 215
oef; axmufyHhoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
rwfv 22 &ufaeYwGif jrefrmEdkifiH
qdkif&m*syef oH½kH;u owif;xkwf
jyefonf/
,if ; axmuf y H h a &;tpD t pOf
t& tajccHtaqmuftODrsm;ESifh
tajccH vl a erI b 0jr§ i h f w if & ef
&nf&G,fí tar&duefa':vm 165
oef; owfrSwfxm;NyD; jrefrmEdkifiH
tESHY y#dyu©'Pfoifh 'ku©onfrsm;
twGuf vlom;csif;pmemaxmufxm;
rIqdkif&m tultnDtjzpf tar&duef
a':vmoef; 50 axmufyHhrnfjzpf
aMumif ; ,if ; xk w f j yef c suf w G i f
azmfjyxm;onf/
tajccHtaqmuftODrsm;ESifh
vlaerIb0jr§ihfwif&ef pdkufysKd;a&;
u@? aq;0g;ES i f h usef ; rma&;
0efaqmifrIu@? ydkYaqmifqufoG,f

a&;u@? vQyfppfESifh pGrf;tifu@
ponhf u@toD;oD;wGif axmufyHh
oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; jrefrmhEdkifiHqdkif&m
*syefoH½kH;rS oHtrwfBuD; H.E. Mr.
Mikio Numata ES i f h trsKd ; om;
pDrHudef;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrI
0efBuD;Xme 'kw,
d 0efBuD; a':cifpef;&D
wd k Y aejynf a wmf w G i f vuf r S w f
a&;xdk;cJhMuaMumif; *syefoH½kH;u
xkwfjyefaMunmxm;onf/
*syefEdkifiHonf zGHUNzKd;qJEdkifiH
rsm;odkY ay;tyfonfh axmufyHha&;
tpDtpOft& ESpfpOf jrefrmEdkifiHzGHUNzdK;
a&;? vlrItqifhtwef;jr§ihfwifa&;?
vl o m;csif ; pmemaxmuf x m;rI
qdkif&m tultnDay;a&; vkyfief;pOf
rsm;wGif axmufyHhay;vsuf&SdNyD;?
2012 b@mESpftwGuf *syefEdkifiH\
tBuD;pm;axmufyHha&; tpDtpOft&
jrefrmEdkifiHudk tar&duefa':vm
273 oef;cefY axmufyHhay;cJhaMumif;
jref r mEd k i f i H q d k i f & m *syef o H ½ k H ; u
w&m;0ifaMunmxm;onf/

46
B
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

tcsKd;usudk,fpm;jyKpepf (PR) udk NLD ESifU wdkif;&if;om;ygwDrsm; uefhuGufrnf
&efukef? rwf 22

&

&Sad om rJrsm;tm;vH;k aygif;um tcsK;d uspepfjzifh vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,af e&m&,laom tcsK;d usu,
kd pf m;jyKpepf (PR
,if;pepf usihfokH;&ef jynf e,frsm;wGif tiftm;BuD;ygwDrsm;ESihf
System) udk 2015taxGaxGa&G;aumufyGJwGifrusihfokH;&ef jynfaxmifpka½G;aumufyGJaumfr&SifxHodkY uefYuGuf
axmifpk a½G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sifu wef;wl,SOfNyKdif ta½G;cHEdkif&ef wdkif;
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; trsK;d om;'Dru
kd a&pDtzGUJ csKy(NLD)
(f NLD) ESifh wdi
k ;f &if;om;ygwDrsm;u The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/ vTwfawmfodkYwifjyygu vTwfawmf &if;om; 13 ygwD yl;aygif; zGJUpnf;
&cd k i f w d k i f ; &if ; om;rsm; wd k ; twGif; wdkif;&if;om; udk,fpm;vS,f pdk;&drfaeaMumif; wdkif;&if;om;ygwD utwnf j yK? rjyKtay: rl w nf xm;onhf nDaemifwikd ;f &if;om;ygwD
aMumif ; trsKd ; om; 'D r d k u a&pD rsm; zuf'a&;&Sif;u BuKdwifjyifqif
wufa&;ygwDrS A[dkaumfrwD0if rsm; ryg0ifEdkifrnfudk pdk;&drfojzihf 0ifrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
]]PR pepf (tcsKd;usudk,fpm; tiftm;pk ygwDOuú| OD;cifarmifaqG aeaMumif; ,if;zuf'a&;&Sif;wGif
OD ; pH a usmf v S u vnf ; tcsKd ; us tcsKd;usud,
k pf m;jyKpepfukd uefYuu
G f
yg0ifonhf &Srf;wdkif;&if;om;rsm;
udk,fpm;jyKpepf (PR) udk vufrcH rnfjzpfaMumif; trsKd;om; 'Drdkua&pD jyKpepf) udk rBuKdufbl;/ uefYuGuf u ajymMum;onf/
2015 taxGaxGa½G;aumufyGJ 'Drdku&ufwpfygwDrS wGJzufb@m
tzGJUcsKyfygwDrS A[dktvkyftrIaqmif r,f}} [k zvkH-pa0: 'Drdku&ufwpf
aMumif; ajymMum;onf/
ygwD 'kw,
d Ouú| OD;apmatmifMunfp;kd wGif tcsKd;us udk,fpm;jyKpepfudk a&;rSL; OD;apmoef;jrihfu ajymMum;
EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;tm;vkH;ESihf OD;[Homjrihfuqdkonf/
usihfokH;ygu wpfEdkifiHvkH;&Sd rJqE´ xm;onf/
tcsKd;us udk,fpm;jyKpepfrSm u qdkonf/
rwfv 28 &ufaeYwiG f aejynfawmfü
awGUqkH&ef jynfaxmifpka&G;aumuf rJ q E´ & S i f j ynf o l r sm;u ygwD u d k
yG J a umf r &S i f u zd w f M um;xm;NyD ; a½G;cs,frJay;&jcif;jzpfNyD; rJ&&Sdaom
tcsKd;usudk,fpm;jyKpepf usihfokH;a&; &mcd k i f E I e f ; tvd k u f ouf q d k i f & m
udk aqG;aEG;EdkifzG,f &SdaomaMumihf ygwD r sm;u rd r d y gwD 0 if r sm;xJ r S
Ed k i f i H a &;ygwD 0 if r sm; uef Y uG u f vT w f a wmf ud k , f p m;vS , f r sm;ud k
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; wdkif;&if;om; a&G;cs,fapvTwfaompepfjzpfonf/
wdik ;f &if;om; ygwDrsm;uvnf;
ygwD acgif;aqmifrsm;uqdkonf/
tif t m;BuD ; ygwD r sm;ES i h f jynfe,frsm;wGif tcsKd;usudk,fpm;jyK &efukef? rwf 22
rdw¬DvmNrKdUwGif y#dyu©rsm; qufoG,fa&;vdkif;rsm; jzwfawmuf a'oBuD ; twG i f ; ajzqd k o l ck e pf
fh ;Hk ygu 2010 taxGaxG
,SOfNyKdifta&G;cHygu wdkif;&if;om; pepfukd usio
kd f xm;rIaMumifh tquftoG,rf &&Sd cJah y/ aomif ; ig;axmif a usmf & S d a Mumif ; ?
JG o
hJ Ykd wdik ;f &if;om;ygwD rwnfNidraf o;aomfvnf; wuúov
ygwDi,frsm;taeESihf a½G;aumufyGJ a½G;aumufyu
jrefrmEdkifiH wpf0ef;vHk; pmajz rdw¬DvmNrKdU&Sd pmajzXme &SpfckwGif
tEdkif&&ef cufcJEdkifNyD; vTwfawmf rsm; tjywftowf tEdkifr&rnfudk 0ifwef; aemufq;kH pmar;yGJ abm*aA'
bmomwG J u d k vma&muf a jzqd k o l Xme wpf a xmif h E S p f & mausmf w G i f 0dZÆmESifh odyÜHbmomwGJ ajzqdkol
rsm;jym;cJah Mumif; ynma&;0efBuD;Xme wuúodkvf0ifwef;pmar;yGJ ajzqdkol tm;vH k ; ajcmuf a xmif 0 ef ; usif & S d
jref r mEd k i f i H p mppf t zG J U OD ; pD ; Xme ausmif;om;? ausmif;ol av;odef; aMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHpmppftzGJUOD;pD;
nTeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;rsKd;ñGeYf u The &Spfaomif;ausmf&SdNyD; rEÅav;wdkif; XmexHrS od&onf/
Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
MOTORING
]]'DavmufvmajzMuvdrfhr,f
vd k Y xif a wmif r xif b l ; / t&if
jref r mpmajzwJ h a eY u pNyD ; tck x d
&efukef? rwf 22
&xm;wJ h tcsuf t vuf t &awmh
vuf&SdwGif Oa&myEdkifiHrsm;udk ysufuGufu ESpf&mausmf&Sdw,f}} [k
Oa&myaps;uGuo
f Ykd jrefrmydYkuek f
rsm; tcGefoufomcGihf Generalized txnf c sKyf ? a&xG u f y pö n f ; ES i h f nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyfu ajymqdkonf/ rEÅav;? rwf 22
tqdkyg pmar;yGJudk pmajzXme
pdkufysKd;a&;xGufukefrsm; wifydkYvsuf
System of Preference (GSP) jzihf
rEÅav;NrdKUawmfwGif yxrqHk; AutoPerformace qk? Visual
ckepfcw
k iG f oGm;a&mufajzqdo
k l 3052 tBudrf NydKifum;tvSqifNydKifyGJudk Performace qktygt0if ESpfodrfhqk
owfrw
S yf rmPr&Sb
d J wifyYkdciG jfh yK&ef &Sdonf/
tcGefoufomcGihf cHpm;&vQif OD;&SdNyD; ysufuGufausmif;om;pm&if; {jyDv 1 &uf ESifh 2 &ufaeUwdkUwGif rsm; cs;D jr§io
Oa&myygvDref Edik if w
H umukeo
f ,
G af &;
hf mG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdyk g
aumfrwDu Oa&myygvDrefoYkd wifoiG ;f ,cifxuf ydkrdkwifydkYEdkifrnfjzpfNyD; ud k twd t usrod & S d a o;aMumif ; usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkygNydKifyGJ pDpOfolrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
xm;aom tqd k udkaxmufcHrJrsm; jrefrmydkYukefrsm;rSm Oa&myaps;uGuf ¤if;u xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
,if ; Nyd K if y G J u k d Bar Code
pDpOfol OD;zdk;om;u ajymMum;onf/
y#dyu©twGif; tjyeftvSef
aomaMumihf Oa&myygvDrefü twnfjyK odkY wifydkY&ef t&nftaoG;rDaomf
]]'DNydKifum; tvSqifNydKifyGJrSm pm;aomufqdkifESifh NydKifum;armif;ol
f ;D rIrsm;aMumifh oD&rd *Fvm&yfuu
G f 'k w d , urÇ m ppf t wG i f ; avmuf u 0goem&Sirf sm; pkpnf;xm;onfh Chimera
&efomvdkawmhaMumif; ,if;ygvDref vnf; Oa&myEdkifiHrsm;u ukefMurf; zsuq
xuf wefzdk;jr§ihfxkwfukefrsm;udk ydkrdk &Sd NrKdUe,fynma&;rSL;½Hk; ysufpD;cJh wnf;u&dw
u owif;xkwfjyefonf/
S hJ *spu
f m;awG 'Dbufacwf Resing Team wdkUu pDpOfusi;f yNyD;
f rf;rsm;aysmufysuf armf',ftrsKd;rsKd;eJU NydKifum;awG um;ESih f pufypön;f qdik cf ef;rsm; azsmaf jza&;
jrefrmEdkifiH\ jyKjyifajymif;vJ ESpfoufaMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/ aomfvnf; pmajzrSww
tajccH vl w ef ; pm;rsm;\ jcif;r&SdaMumif; ¤if;u qdkonf/
a&;rsm;ud k tm;ay;&ef E S i h f t"r®
NyKd iyf 0JG ifEikd zf Ukd pDpOfxm;ygw,f/ Ny;D awmh u@rsm;vnf; yg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif;
xdYktjyif ausmif;om;? ausmif; rnfolrqdk 0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifEdkifyg ,if;NydKifyGJudk jyifOD;vGifvrf;ESifh 35
vkyftm;ay;cdkif;aprI yaysmufa&; t"du tvkyftudkiftcGihftvrf;
vkyfaqmifrIrsm;udk taxmuftyHh wpfckjzpfonhf jrefrmEdkifiH txnf olrsm;\ pmar;yGJajzqdk&mwGif awGU w,f}}[k ¤if;u qufvufqdkonf/ vrf;axmif&h Sd Bar Code pm;aomufqikd f
NydKifum;tvSqifNydKifyJGqkrsm; 0if ; twG i f ; jyKvk y f o G m ;rnf j zpf
jzpfap&ef EdkifiHwum ukefoG,fa&; csKyfvkyfief;onfvnf; ydkYukefcGef MuHKcJhaom tcuftcJwdkYESifhywfouf
aumf r wD \ tqd k u d k ygvD r ef u txl ; uif ; vG w f c G i h f cH p m;cG i h f & &S d NyD; w,fvzD ek ;f ESihf ar;jref;aomfvnf; tjzpf Engine Performace qk ? aBumif; OD;zdk;om;u qdkonf/
twnfjyKay;&ef ,if;aumfrwDu vmvQif txnf c sKyf v k y f i ef ; rsm;
wdkufwGef;xm;aMumif; ,if;xkwfjyef jyef v nf O D ; armh v mEd k i f a Mumif ;
jrefrmEdkifiH txnfcsKyf vkyfief;&Sif
csufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
]]jref r mEd k i f i H & J U tajcaeu rsm;toif; twGi;f a&;rSL; OD;jrihpf ;kd u
xdcdkufvG,fwJh tajcaerSm &Sdae ajymMum;onf/
zGHYNzKd;qJEdkifiHrsm;rS wifydkYaom
ygao;w,f/ 'gayrJh tckwifjywJh
&efukef? rwf 22
tqd k [ m jref r mEd k i f i H & J U a&&S n f ukefypönf;rsm;udk Oa&myEdkifiHrsm;u
EdkifiHjcm;ukrÜPDrsm; rSwfykHwifjcif;ESihf oufwrf;wdk;jcif;udk ,cifutar&duefa':vmjzifhom cGihfjyKcJh&mrS
wnf N rJ w J h Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;eJ Y tjyK yd k Y uk e f c G e f txl ; uif ; vG w f c G i h f
rwfv 21 &ufaeYrSpí jrefrmusyfaiGjzifh ay;oGif;cGifhjyKaMumif; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIESifh ukrÜPDrsm; nTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme
oabmaqmifwJh wdk;wufrIawGudk ay;cJhaomfvnf; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif
tBuD;wef;t&m&SdwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkY twnfjyKajymMum;onf/
taxmuftul jzpfapygw,f}} [k t"r® vk y f t m;ay;cd k i f ; aprI r sm;
Edik if jH cm;ukrP
Ü rD sm;ESihf vkyif ef;XmecGJrsm; rSwfykHwiftopfjyKvkyfygu usyfq,fodef;ESifh oufwrf;wdk;ygu
,if;tqdkudk zwfMum;ol Mr. David &S d a omaMumih f 1997 ck E S p f r S p í
usyfig;odef;udk rSwfykHwifaMu;ay;oGif;&rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkygXmeu xkwfjyefaMunm onf/
tqdkygtcGifhta&; qkH;½IH;cJhNyD; 2012
Martin u ajymMum;onf/
tar&duefa':vmjzifhom ay;oGif;cGifhjyKpOfu EdkifiHjcm;ukrÜPDrsm; rSwfykHwiftopfjyKvkyfygu a':vm
Oa&myEdkifiHrsm;u jrefrmEdkifiH ckESpfwGif ,if;tcGihfta&;udk jyef
2500ay;oGif;&NyD; oufwrf;wdk;ygu a':vm 500 ay;oGif;&aMumif; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIESifh ukrÜPDrsm; nTefMum;rI
rS wifoiG ;f vmaom ukeyf pönrf sm;udk vnfay;tyfcJhonf/
OD;pD;Xme tBuD;wef;t&m&Sdu &Sif;jyonf/
EdkifiHawmfor®w OD;odef;pdef\
tcGefoufomcGihfay;ygu Oa&myodkY
]]'DvdkajzavQmhay;vdkufwmaumif;ygw,f/ wjznf;jznf;eJY rvdktyfwJhudpöawGudk wpfqifhcsif; avQmhcs
ukefypönf;wifydkYrnhf EdkifiHjcm;ukrÜPD ,ckESpf azazmf0g&Dv 25 &ufrS
oGm;wmudk BuKdqdkygw,f}} [k yifv,ful;oabFmvdkif;wpfckrS taxGaxGrefae*smwpfOD;uajymqdkonf/
rsm;u jrefrmEdik if w
H iG f &if;ES;D jr§KyfEu
HS m rwfv 8 &ufaeYtxd oGm;a&mufcJh
trsKd;om;pDrHudef;ESifh pD;yGm;a&; zGHYNzKd;wdk;wufrI0efBuD;Xmeu ukrÜPDrsm;rSwfykHwif&mwGif tqif ajyap&ef
uk e f y pö n f ; rsm; xk w f v k y f v mEd k i f aom Oa&myig;Ed k i f i H c &D ; pOf w G i f
ajzavQmhrrI sm; awmufavQmuf jyKvkyaf y;vsuf&&dS m NyD;cJo
h nfh azazmf0g&DvtwGi;f uvnf; jynfwiG ;f ukrP
Ü rD sm;
aMumif; ydkYukefvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif; Oa&myEdkifiHrsm;u ydkYukefcGeftxl;
rSwfykHwif&mwGif rSwfykHwifoufwrf;udk ,cifu okH;ESpfomay;&mrS ig;ESpftxd xyfrHcGifhjyKcJhaMumif; ,if;
Ouú | OD ; rd k ; jrih f a usmf u ok H ; oyf uif ; vG w f c G i h f vuf a wG U &&S d & ef
0efBuD;Xmeu aMunmcJhonf/
vkyfaqmif cJhonf/
ajymqdkonf/

y#dyu©jzpfaeaomfvnf; wuúodkvf0ifwef;
aemufqHk;pmar;yGJ ajzqdkolrsm;jym;

jrefrmydkhukefrsm; Oa&myodkh
tcGefvGwfwifydkh cGifU trsm;pkaxmufcH

rEåav;NrdKYawmf yxrqHk;tBudrf
jydKifum;tvSjydKifyGJ usif;yrnf

EdkifiHjcm;ukrÜPDrsm; usyfaiGjzifU rSwfyHkwifcGifUjyK

47
C

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

Google

0efaqmifrI jynfwGif;ütjynfUtokH;jyKEdkif&ef tjrefqkH;aqmif&Gufrnf[kqdk

&efukef? rwf 22

rmEdkifiHwGif;ü tokH;jyKcGihfuefYowfcHxm;&aom Google 0efaqmifrIrsm;udk jrefrmEdkifiHjynfwGif;wGif tjrefqkH;tokH;jyKEdkif&ef aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; Google trIaqmifOuú|
tJ&pf&Srpfu ajymMum;onf/
urÇmt
h ikd pf w
D aD vmu\a&SUaqmif Android rd c if u k r Ü P D Google \ taxmuf t ul j yKrnf j zpf a Mumif ; tBud K avh v ma&;oabmjzpf N yD ; txl;tm;jyKvmaom Google trI
k yfaomu@rsm;udk OD;pGm aqmifOuú|ESihf awGUqkHyGJtcrf;tem;
qlygyg0gukrP
Ü BD uD;jzpfonhf Google &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;ESihf jynfwGif;enf; jrefrmEdkifiH uGefysLwmtoif;csKyf jynfwiG ;f üvdt
\ trIaqmifOuú| tJ&pf&SrpfESihf ynmu@odkY wdkuf½dkuf0ifa&mufEdkif Ouú| OD;cGefOD;u The Voice Weekly tajz&SmoGm;rnfjzpfum oufqikd &f m odkY jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&m tar&duefoH
tpd;k &tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESiv
fh nf; awGUqkH trwf 'J&pfrpfcs,f wufa&mufcJhNyD;
jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd ynma&;ESihf tdkifpDwD a&;rSm tpd;k &tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESifh awGUqkH odkY ajymMum;onf/
k yfaeao;Ny;D Google
e,fy,ftoD;oD;rS yk*K¾ v
d rf sm; rwfv n§Ed iId ;f &eft"duvdt
]]enf;ynmydik ;f rSm tultnDawG oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; Google jyefMum;a&; wufa&mufvdkol y&dowfrsm;jym;cJh
jcif;aMumihf ae&mxdik cf if;tqifrajyrI
22 &ufaeYu &efuek Nf rKd Ujrefrmtifzw
kd uf \ urÇmausmx
f w
k u
f ek w
f pfcjk zpfonhf trsm;BuD;&zdkY&Sdygw,f/ tao;pdwf wm0efcHuajymMum;onf/
ü awGUqkH&mwGif xdkodkYajymqdkcJhjcif; ae&ma'otoD;oD;\ ajrykHrsm;udk awmh aocsmraqG;aEG;&ao;ygbl;}}
urÇmEh ikd if aH ygif; av;q,fausmf rsm; BuKH awGUcJah Mumif; tcrf;tem;wuf
jzpfonf/
wGif ½k;H cGrJ sm;zGiv
fh pS x
f m;&SNd y;D tifwmeuf a&mufoltrsm;pku ajymMum;onf/
jrifuGif; 360 'D*&Djzihf Munhf½IEdkif [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
jynfwiG ;f rS tok;H rjyKEdik cf ahJ om onhf Google Street View uJo
ESihf rdkbdkif;vfaqmhzf0JvfzGHUNzdK;rIudk
h Ykdaom
Google \ yxrqk;H c&D;pOfrmS

0efaqmifrIrsKd; jynfwGif;ü tokH;jyK
Play Store uJhodkY 0efaqmifrIrsm;udk
Edkif&ef tpdk;&\yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI
Google xd y f w ef ; acgif ; aqmif \
jrefrmc&D;pOftBudK pwiftokH;jyKcGihf ta&;BuD;aMumif; Google trIaqmif
jyKNyD; jrefrm'dkrdef;jzihf google.com. Ouú| tJ&pf&Srpfu ajymMum;onf/
mm udk wnfaxmifcJhum jrefrmpm
Google jrefrmEdkifiHodkY vm
&efukef? rwf 21
u@yg0ifEikd &f efvnf; txl;BudK;pm; a&mufa&;rSm ,cifuwnf;utdyrf uf
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif aomufoHk;a& mar) u XmerSL; (a&? ywf0ef;usiEf iS hf ief;zsm;a&m*g? umv0rf;a&m*g?
aeaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
jzpfNyD; ,cka&muf&v
dS mcsed w
f iG f jrefrm roefY&iS ;f rIaMumifh wpf&ufvQif touf wpfudk,fa&oefY&Sif;a&;Xme) Mr. tonf ; a&mif t om;0g? 0rf;ysuf
urÇmhrdkbdkif;vfaps;uGufwGif Edik if \
H enf;ynmu@omru wdik ;f jynf ig;ESpaf tmuf uav; 15 OD;cefY yHrk eS f Dara Johnston u ajymMum;onf/
0rf;avQma&m*gESihf txufvef atmuf
aps;uGufa0pktrsm;qkH; &&Sdxm;aom zG H U NzKd ; wd k ; wuf r I t wG u f rsm;pG m aoqHk;aeaMumif; UNICEF (MyanaomufoHk;a&csKd t&if;tjrpf avQma&m*gwdkYjzpfaMumif;? uav;
rsm; wjznf;jznf; avsmhenf;vmNyD; i,frsm; trsm;qHk;aoqHk;&jcif;rSm
a&&Sm;yg; jywfvyfjcif;rsm; jzpfay:vm vnf; aomufoHk;a& roefY&Sif;rIESifh
jcif;aMumifh oefY&Sif;aomaomufoHk; qufET,fíjzpfyGm;&aom a&m*grsm;
h mjzpfonf[k urÇmu
h se;f rma&;
a&&&Sda&; tcGifhtvrf;enf;yg;vm aMumifo
aMumif;? aomufoHk;a&roefY&Sif;rI tzGUJ (WHO)u xkwjf yefxm;Ny;D zGUH NzK;d qJ
aMumifh toufig;ESpaf tmuf uav; EdkifiHrsm;wGif ½kwfw&uf 0rf;ysuf
rsm;wGif aoqHk;rItrsm;qHk; jzpfay: 0rf;avQma&m*gaMumifh wpfEpS v
f Qif
armfvNrdKif? rwf 21
aeaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
vlO;D a&ig;oef;cefY aoqHk;aeaMumif;
rGejf ynfe,ftpd;k &tzGUJ u ½dUI rD;[k 11 em&D rdepf 30 wGif avmifuRr;f cJ&h m qkH;½IH;cJhaMumif; rGefjynfe,frD;owf
aomufo;kH a& roefY&iS ;f rIaMumifh jynf o l Y usef ; rma&; wuú o d k v f
oHo,&SdaMumif; xkwfjyefajymMum; jynfe,f tpdk;&u½dIUrD;[k oHo,&Sd OD;pD;XmexHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
uav;rsm;wGif trsm;qHk;jzpfyGm;& ygarmu©csKyf a'gufwmaepd;k armifu
cJ h a om rG e f j ynf e ,f ? oH j zLZ&yf ojzihf pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfrwDzGJU

aoma&m*grsm;rSm wdu
k zf u
kd af c: tla&mif &Sif;vif;ajymMum;onf/

NrdKUe,f? oHjzLZ&yf aps;rD;avmifrIrSm um ppfaq;jcif;jzpfaMumif;? aps;
ayghqrD;omjzpfonf[k ppfaq;awGU&Sd wm0efcHESihf napmihfrsm;onf jyify
&aMumif; pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfrwD ukrÜPDrsm;ESihf tquftoG,fr&Sd
\ xkwfjyefcsufudkudk;um;í ,if; onfudk ppfaq;awGU&SdaomaMumihf
aumfrwDOuú| OD;cdkifatmifxGef;u ½dIUrD;r[kwfEdkifaMumif; pkHprf;ppfaq;
&efukef? rwf 21
ajymMum;onf/
a&; aumfrwDu okH;oyfonf/
vGefcJhaom 6 vcefYu touf 18 ESpft&G,ftdrftuludkowfcJhonf[k pGyfpGJcH&NyD; taemufydkif;c½dkif
,if ; aps;\ napmih f j zpf o l
aps;rD;avmifpOfu aps;wm0efcH
w&m½kH;wGif trI&ifqdkifae&onfh o½kyfaqmifarZGefu tdrftuludkrowfcJhaMumif; rwfv 21 &ufaeYwGif
OD;atmifjrihfpdk;onf n 10 em&D 45 ESifh napmihaf jcmufO;D onf oufqikd &f m
c½dkifw&m;½kH;ü xGufqdkcJhonf/
rdepfwGif aps;twGif; za,mif;wdkif odkY BudKwiftaMumif;rMum;jcif;?
&JwyfzUJG \ ueOD;ppfaq;csuw
f iG f azmfjyxm;ouJo
h Ykd aoqk;H ol tdrt
f ulrEkEv
k iG \
f ausmjyifuu
kd efjcif;?
rD;jzihf puúLykH;rsm; aumuf,l&mrS ywf0ef;usifodkY tultnDrawmif;
ezl;udk tkwfeH&HESihfaqmifhjcif; rusL;vGefcJhaMumif; t0wfavQmfwkwfjzifh ½dkufonf[kqdkí odrf;qnf;xm;onfh
za,mif;wdkifrD;onf qdkiftrSwf 24 cHjcif;? rD;vma&mufNid§rf;owfonhf
wkwfudkvnf; olrod&SdaMumif; w&m;½kH;wGif arZGefuxGufqdkcJhonf/
wGiu
f m&Hxm;aom yvwfpwpfr;kd ump jynfolrsm;udk [efYwm;jcif;rsm; tyg
aeYpOf tEkynmESifhtvkyf½Iyfvsuf&SdNyD; eHeuf 8 em&DcefYrS nae 5 em&DcefYavmufxd tdrfwGifr&SdbJ
udk rD;pGJavmifuRrf;NyD; wpfaps;vkH; t0if pkaygif;Ni§rd ;f owf&mwGif ¤if;wdYk
&Hzef&Hcg n 8 em&DtcsdefrS jyefvmavh&Sdonf[k arZGefuxGufqdkNyD; tdrftulESpfOD;udk ½dkufESufjcif;r&SdbJ
rD;avmifqkH;½IH;cJhojzihf aumfrwDu onf wdrf;a&Smifaejcif;wdkYaMumihf
aoqk;H olrEkEv
k iG rf mS &Hzef&cH g ESmacgif;aoG;vQHavh&o
dS jl zpfaMumif; c½dik w
f &m;olBuD;xHqufvufxu
G q
f o
kd nf/
ayghqrD;[ktwnfjyKcJhjcif;jzpfonf wm0efysufuGufojzihf rD;avmifrI
aoqkH;oltdrftulESihf arZGefonf wpf&Gmwnf;aeoljzpfNyD; &efukefwGif wpfa,mufwnf;aexdkif&aom
[k ,if;xkwjf yefcsufwiG f azmfjyxm; BuD ; rm;&jcif ; jzpf a Mumif ; ,if ;
aMumihf 2012 ckESpf {NyDv 25 &ufaeYrSpí tazmftjzpfac:xm;cJhNyD; nDr&if;ozG,f qufqHaomfvnf;
onf/
aumfrwD\ tpD&ifcpH mt&od&onf/
ydkufqHESihf t0wftxnfrsm;aysmufqkH;aomaMumihf aoqkH;cJholtcef;wGif aiGusyfokH;aomif;awGUojzihf vdktyf
tqdkyg oHjzLZ&yftrSwf (1)
tqdkygaps;rD;avmifrIaMumihf
ygu awmif;okH;&efajymcJhjyD; Mo*kwfvwGif xyfrHcdk;,laomaMumihf pdwfqdk;um nmbufvufzsHudkudkufcJh
aps;onf Zefe0g&Dv 19 &ufaeY n qdkifcef;aygif; 600 eD;yg; rD;avmif
aMumif; taemufydkif;c½dkifw&m;½kH;wGif arZGefu xGufqdkcJhonf/
tdrftul rZifZifxdkufudk xyfrHac:,lNyD; twlaexdkifcJh&m 2012 ckESpf Mo*kwfv 15 &ufaeYwGif
Zmwfvrf;wGJ uefawmhyGJay;onhf tcrf;tem;wGif 0wfqif&rnfhtusÐudk rD;ylwdkufcdkif;xm;aomfvnf; tusÐ
aysmufqkH;aejcif;ESifhywfoufNyD; tdrftulESpfa,mufu wpfOD;udkwpfOD;tjyeftvSef tjypfwifaeí MuufarG;
wkwfjzifh tjyeftvSefwpfcsufpD½dkufapcJhaMumif; ¤if;uxyfrHxGufqdkcJhonf/
rnforl qdk w&m;cGiw
f iG f vma&mufem;axmifEikd af omfvnf; a&SUaewpfO;D taejzihf ,cktrIEiS yfh wfoufí
wpfpkHwpf&m rSwfcsufay;ajymydkifcGihfr&SdaMumif; arZGef\a&SUaeOD;atmifjrihfu ajyMum;onf/
rEÅav;? rwf 22
arZGeu
f twlaexdik cf ahJ om tdrt
f ulrsm;udk pdwt
f vdrk usygu n§O;f yef;ESyd pf ufjcif;rsm;&SNd yD; wpfcgwpf&H
rEÅav;wdik ;f a'oBuD; pOfu
h ikd jf rdKUe,f yvdyjf rdKU&dS pufr0I efBuD;Xme jrefrmh
yg;½dkufjcif;? qHyifaqmifhqGJí Murf;jyifeH&Hrsm;ESifh ½dkufjcif;? ESpfwpfvufrwkwfjzifh ausmukef;udk ½dkufESufjcif;?
txnftvdyv
f yk if ef;atmuf&Sd trSwf (2) txnfpuf½(Hk yvdy)f ? puúLESihf tdro
f ;Hk
yufvufvSefcdkif;í Adkufay:wufckefjcif;? udk,fwdkifr½dkufcsifygu tdrftulESpfOD;udk MuufarG; wpfa,muf
ypönf;vkyfief;atmuf&dS puúLpuf½Hk(yvdyf)wdkYudk {jyDv 1 &ufaeUrSpwifum
wpfacsmif;pDay;í ¤if;pdwfauseyfonftxd tjyeftvSef½dkufcdkif;avh&SdaMumif; &JwyfzGJUppfaq;csufrsm;t&
yk*v
¾ duESifhtusKd;wl yl;aygif;aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;puf½HkESpf½Hk
od&Sd&onf/
\ 0efxrf;rsm;xHrS pkHprf;od&dS&onf/
2012 ckESpf pufwifbmv 10 &ufaeYu touf 18 ESpft&G,f tdrftulrEkEkvGif aoqkH;cJhrIESihf
,if;udpöESifhywfoufí pufrI0efBuD;Xme (aejynfawmf)rS tBuD;wef;
ywfoufí MRTV-4 \ Flower & Butterfly Zmwfvrf;wGJtwGuf o½kyfaqmiftjzpf a&G;cs,fcHxm;&ol arZGef
t&m&dBS uD;wpfO;D xH The Voice Weekly u qufo,
G af r;jref;&m ,if;puf½rkH sm;
(c) rsKd;ZmenfnGefYudk taemufydkif;c½dkifw&m;½kH;u jypfrIqdkif&m Oya'yk'fr 342? 323? 302 (2) jzifh pGJcsufwif
ESihf tusKd;wlaqmif&u
G rf nfu
h rk P
Ü rD sm;udk yPmra&G;cs,fxm;aMumif;? twnf
xm;aMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/

jyK&efvakd o;NyD; aqG;aEG;aeqJtqifw
h iG o
f m&Sad o;aMumif; jyefvnfajzqdo
k nf/

aomufo;kH a&roef&h iS ;f rIaMumifU wpf&ufvQiu
f av; 15 OD;aoqH;k

oHjzLZ&yfaps;rD;avmifrI aygUqrD;jzpfaMumif;
pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfrwDxkwfjyef

vlowfrI rusL;vGefcJU[k arZGefxGufqdk

yvdyf trSwf (2) txnfpuf½HkESifU puúLpuf½Hk
yk*¾vduydkifjyKvkyfrnf

48
D
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

]Peace Maker awGtjzpfeJh
&yfwnfay;Muygvdkh tm;vkH;udk
txl;arwÅm&yfygw,f}
oDw*lq&mawmf a'gufwmt&SifÓ Pdó&ESifU awGYqkHjcif;
aemfudkudk
wGifjzpfay:aeaom bmoma&;toGifaqmif y#dyu©ESihfywfoufí

The Voice

Weekly ESifh oDw*lq&mawmf a'gufwmt&SiÓ
f Pdó&ESifh qufo,
G af r;jref;xm;

onfrsm;rS aumufEkwfazmfjytyfygonf/
: y#dyu©awGudkajz&Sif;zdkYoufqdkif
wJ h ES p f z uf b moma&;acgif ; aqmif a wG u d k
q&mawmfbmrsm;rdefYMum;csifygvJ/
q&mawmf : 'Dawmh Ak'¨bmom&[ef;awmf
t&SifjrwfawGudkvnf; txl;arwåm&yfw,f/
tJ'DvdkqlwJh ylwJh ae&mawGudka&mufoGm;Mu
&if oHCmawmft&Sijf rwfawGu qlyw
l b
hJ ufrmS
0ifNyD;awmh qlyal omoHCmawmfawG rjzpfMubJ
qlylrIudk xdef;NyD;awmhNidrf;csrf;a&;udkwnf
aqmufwJh Peace Maker awGtjzpfeJYwdkif;jynf
udk0dkif;NyD;awmh apmihfa&SmufawmfrlMuygvdkY
oHCmawmfrsm;udkawmif;yefw,f/
tpö v mrf b mom0if a cgif ; aqmif a wG
tm;vkH;udkvnf;yJ Nidrf;csrf;aombk&m; ocif&JU
t&dyftm0goatmufrSm Nidrf;Nidrf;csrf;csrf;eJY
Nidrf;csrf;a&;udk wnfaqmufwJh Peace Maker
awGtjzpfeJY &yfwnfay;MuygvdkYtm;vkH;udk
txl;arwåm&yfygw,f/
Voice
: jrefrmEdkifiH&JUyx0Dtaetxm;
t&ab;u vlO;D a&ydrk sm;wJEh ikd if aH wGujynfwiG ;f
udkpdrhf0ifvmMuwJhtcgy#dyu©jyóemrjzpf
atmifbmawGaqmif½GufzdkYvdkygovJbk&m;/
q&mawmf : tdrfeD;em;csif;wdkif;jynfawGu
usL;ausmfpdrhf0ifwmawG[m 'dkYjrefrmEdkifiH&JU
teD;em;rSmomr[kwfbl;/ wpfurÇmvkH;rSm
'g[m&Spd NrJy/J ruúqu
D u
kd vlawG[mtar&duef
bufudk wpdrhfpdrhf0ifoGm;wmawG[m aeYwdkif;
&Sdw,f/ Europe rSmqdkvnf; ta&SUydkif;u
vlawGu taemufydkif;udkpdrhf0ifwmawG[m
Oa&myrSmae&mwdik ;f &Sw
d ,f/ 'Dvkd East uvlawG
vnf; Oa&myudw
k pdrpfh rd 0fh ifaeMuwmwdik ;f jynf
wdkif;rSm&Sdw,f/ t*FvefrSmawmifrSvlom;awG
&JUtcGit
fh a&;u twlwyl /J Human Rights qdw
k m
udkolwdkYawGu odyftom;jyKwJhtwGufaMumihf
rdkY t*FvefrSma&mufMuwJh Middle East u
vlawG[mjznf;jznf;csif;t*FvdyfOya't&
EdkifiHom;awG bmawGjzpfNyD;awmhvTwfawmfxJ
rSmtrwfawGbmawGawmifjzpfukefMuNyD/
'Dpdrhf0ifrI[m wpfurÇmvkH;rSm&SdaeqJyJ/
jrefrmEdkifiHu vlawGxdkif;rSmpdrhf0ifoGm;wm
ESpfoef;avmuf&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh jrefrmESpfoef;
avmuf[m xdkif;awGeJYb,fawmhrSy#dyu©rjzpf
bl;/ tvkyf&SifwcsKdU&JUzdESdyfrIudkcH&wJhjrefrm
tvkyform;wcsKdU&Sdaumif;&Sdr,f/ a&mufoGm;
wJh jrefrmESpfoef;[mxdkif;EdkifiHrSmViolation qdk
wJh qlylaomif;usef;rIudkb,frSmrSrvkyfbl;/
rav;&Sm;a&mufoGm;wJh Ak'¨bmomjrefrmawG
'Dwidk ;f yJ/ rav;&Sm;rGwq
f vifawG&UJ vufatmuf
rSmtvkyfaumif;aumif;vkyf&Smw,f/ wcsKdU
pdwf"mwfnHhwJhtvkyf&Sif awGuESdyfpufcH&wm
enf;enf;yg;yg;&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh wdkif;jynf
udq
k yl al omif;use;f atmifrvkyyf gbl;/ rav;&Sm;
rSmpdrhf0ifwJh jrefrm[mvnf; odef;csD&SdwmyJ/
tdE´d,jynfxJrSmvnf; pdrhf0ifwJh jrefrmawG?
b*Fvm;a'h&SfrSmawmif pdrhf0ifoGm;wJhjrefrmawG?
EdkifiHa&;t& xGufajy;cdkvIHoGm;wJh olawGtrsm;
BuD;yJ/ a&muf&ma&muf&mt&yfrmS jrefrmawG[m
tJh'D wdkif;jynf&JUOya'udk av;pm;vdkufemNyD;
awmh tJh'Dwdkif;jynfrSm qlylaomif;usef;atmif
Voice

b,folrSrvkyfbl; tJhawmh'dkYwdkif;jynfxJrSm
awmhw½kwaf wGvnf;pdr0fh ifvmw,f/ b*Fvm;
a'h&SfuvlawGvnf;pdrhf0ifvmw,f/ tdE´d,u
ukvm;awGvnf; pdr0fh ifvmw,f/ tJ'v
D pkd rd 0fh if
vmwJh udpö[mt*Fvdyfvufatmufa&mufwJh
tcsed u
f pNyD;awmh wpdrpfh rd 0fh ifaewm[m 'DuaeY
txd/ tJ'aD wmh'u
D aeYtxd wdYkwikd ;f jynfxJrSm
pdr0fh ifvmwJv
h al wG[m wdYkEikd if H wdYkvrl sK;d &JU wdYk"avh
xk;H pHeYJ wdYkEikd if aH wmf&UJ pnf;urf;Oya'udk tm;vk;H
av;pm;vdkufemNyD;awmh at;at;aq;aq;
Nidrf;Nidrf;csrf;csrf; Common Ground qdkwJh
bk&m;ocif&JUarwåm&dyfu½kPm&dyfatmufrSm
at;at;csrf;csrf;aeMuzdkYaumif;w,f/ pdrhf0if
wmuawmh pD;yGm;a&;aMumihfpdrhf0ifwm[m
t"duyJ/ Edik if aH &;wdYk? bmoma&;wdYkaMumihpf rd 0fh if
wmawG[m urÇmrSmawmh &Sm;ygw,f/ pm;a&;
aomufa&; rajyvnfwJholawG[m enf;enf;
ajyvnfr,fxifwJh ae&mudka&TUwm/ jrefrm
pum;&Sdw,f/
a&Munf&mjrufEk&mqdkwm'DvdkajymMu
wmyJ/ tJh'gaMumihfrdkYtm;vkH;Nidrf;Nidrf;csrf;csrf;
eJYvufwGJNyD;awmh aeMuygvdkYajymcsifw,f/
ed*kH;csKyfuawmh wdkYjrefrmEdkifiHudk Ak'¨bmom
a&mufwmESp2f 000&SNd yD/ c&pf,mefawG? tpövmrf
awG a&mufvmwmu t*Fvyd 0f ifrS a&mufvmwm/
tJ'aD emufrS a&mufvmwmqdak wmh ESpw
f pfaxmif
rajymeJY wpf&m wpf&mhig;q,favmufyJ&Sdao;
w,f/ 'gudk ajym&r,fqdk&if Ak'¨bmomu
tdrf&SifEdkifiHyg/ tJ'Dvdk Invade vkyfNyD;awmh
0ifa&mufvmMuwJh yk*K¾ dvfawG? Migrate vkyfNyD;
awmh 0ifa&mufvmMuwJhvlawGu {nhfonf
awG/ tdrf&SifAk'¨bmomawGu{nhfonf wjcm;
bmomjcm; vl r sKd ; awG u d k ES p f E S p f u mum
Warmly Welcome vkyfvdkY? wdkif;jynfxJrSm
Church awGa&m? AvDawGa&m ae&mwumrSm
at;at;aq;aq;&SdaeMuNyD/ tJ'Dawmh tdrf&Sif
u {nho
f nfukd vdu
I v
f u
Id v
f v
JS BJS udKqdv
k ufc&H if
{nhfonfawGuvnf; 'Dtdrf&Sif&JU tdrfxJrSm
at;at;csrf;csrf;eJY tdrf&SifeJYvufwGJNyD;awmh
aezdkYaumif;w,f/ tdrf&Sifudk½dkufNyD;awmh tdrf
vkzdkYBudK;pm;wmuawmh b,fvdkrSravsmfwJh
udpöyJ/ tJ'gaMumihf Nidrf;csrf;pGmaeMuygvdkY
wdkufwGef;ygw,f/ y#dyu©awGjzpfvmMuwJh
tajcaerSm 'DuaeYwdkYEdkifiHawmf ESpfaygif;
ajcmufq,favmuf vGwfvyfa&;&wJhtcsdefu
pNyD;awmh ESpfaygif;ajcmufq,fausmfausmf
'Dc&D;Murf;BuD;udk avQmufvSrf;vmcJhMuw,f/
vGwfvyfa&;,lMuwJhtcsdefcgrSmvnf; pOf;pm;
Munhv
f u
kd yf g/ taemf&xmrif;w&m;BuD; pnf;vk;H
nDnw
G cf w
hJ hJ jrefrmEdik if aH wmf[m e&oD[yawh?
e&olwdkY&JUacwfrSm ysufpD;w,f/ tJ'DvdkysufpD;
oG m ;wJ h ? tpd w f p d w f t rT m trT m jzpf o G m ;wJ h
Edik if aH wmfBuD;udk tavmif;bk&m;u jyefNyD;awmh
pnf;½kH;w,f/ tavmif;bk&m;r&SdwJh aemufus
awmh t*Fvdyf0ifNyD;awmh EdkifiHawmfu z½dkz&J
jzpfjyefw,f/ tJ'h zD ½dzk &Jjzpfwt
hJ csed rf mS jynfyu
vl a wG p d r h f 0 if M uwmyJ / t*F v d y f u ac:vm
wmvnf;&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dvdk tuGJuGJtjym;jym;
jzpfwJh tavmif;bk&m;&JU EdkifiHawmfBuD;udk

jyefvnfpnf;½k;H ay;cJw
h mu Adv
k cf sKyfatmifqef;
acgif;aqmifwJh EdkifiHawmf&JU acgif;aqmifBuD;
awG/ tJh'Dacgif;aqmifBuD;awGxJrSm rGwfqvif
acgif;aqmif &mZwfygw,f/ tJ'Dawmh 'DuaeY
rGwfqvifvlrsKd;awG[m rGwfqviftrsKd;om;
trsKd;orD;awG[m AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;eJYwGJNyD;
awmh EdkifiHawmf&JUvGwfvyfa&;udk ,loGm;wJh
acgif;aqmifBuD; &mZwfwdkYvdk pdwf"mwfrsKd;udk
arG;NyD;awmh tm;vkH;vufwGJMuzdkY aumif;w,f/
&mZwf[m rEÅav;a&TNrdKUawmfrmS olurGwq
f vif
omjzpfwm bkef;BuD;awGeJYvnf; cspfcspfcifcif
&if ; &if ; ES D ; ES D ; ? National High School ud k
wnfaxmifwJhae&mrSm &mZwfacgif;aqmif
oGm;wm/ tJh'gaMumihf &mZwf&JU pdwfxm;rsKd;
arG;Muapcsifygw,f/ 'gayrJh vGwfvyfa&;&NyD?
&awmhr,fqw
kd t
hJ csderf mS trsKd;om;acgif;aqmif
BuD; AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;eJYwuG &mZwfwdkYvnf;
towfcHvdkuf&w,f/ tJ'gu EdkifiHjcm;u
usL;ausmfwJhyk*K¾ dvfawGu owfwmr[kwfbl;/
udk,hfwdkif;&if;om; udk,hfvlrsKd;u udk,hf[mudk
jyefowfoGm;wm/ tJ'gaMumihf tvGef0rf;enf;
p&maumif;wJh Murf;wrf;aom c&D;vrf;BuD;udk
tJ'Duwnf;u avQmufvmwm tckxd/
tJh'gaMumihf ql;cif;aomvrf;BuD;udk
avQmuf&wmMumygNyD/ rGwfqvifawG rpöwm
&mZwf&JU pdwf"mwfrsKd;? trsKd;om;acgif;aqmif
BuD; AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;eJY rpöwm&mZwf&JU
pdwf"mwfrsK;d eJY ql;cif;aomvrf;udk yef;cif;aom
vrf;tjzpf ajymif;Edkifatmif? yef;cif;aomvrf;
ay:rSm csr;f csr;f omom avQmufEikd af tmif tm;vk;H
0dik ;f 0ef;Ny;D awmh 'DEikd if aH wmfukd xde;f odr;f apmihaf &Smuf
Muyg/ 0dik ;f 0ef;ulnMD uygvdYk rGwq
f vifawGudk
tav;teuf arwåm&yfcHcsifw,f/
Voice
: y#dyu©rSm ESpfzufyg0ifywfouf
aewJh yk*K¾ v
d t
f zGUJ tpnf;awGukd bmrsm;wdu
k w
f eG ;f

csifygvJ/
q&mawmf : tenf;i,frQaom udpöawGudk
tus,rf csUJ zdYk tukev
f ;Hk udk awmif;yefcsiw
f ,f/
tdrfa&SUrSm vlawG,dkoGm;wJh rpifykHyJawGUawGU?
acG;awG,o
kd mG ;wJh rpifyyHk aJ wGUawGU[ rpifyBHk uD;
a[hqdkNyD;awmh wkwfeJYxdk;arTNyD;awmh &yfuGuf
udk atmfajymae&rSmr[kwfbl;/rpif awGU&if
cyfjrefjrefz;Hk &w,f/ cyfjrefjrefusKH;&w,f/ tck
vlwcsKdUvkyfaewmu rpifykHwkwfeJY xdk;arTNyD;
awmh atmfajymaewm wpf&yfuu
G v
f ;Hk eHuek w
f m
aygh/ tJh'grsKd;awGjzpfaewmudk tBuD;tus,f
0rf;vnf;0rf;enf;w,f/ pdwfvnf; pdwfysuf
w,f/ rpifqdk&if 0dkif;zkH;Muyg/ 0dkifusKH;Muyg/
wkwfeJY arTNyD;awmh ratmfMuygeJY/ tckvdk
y#dyu©awGu rpifykHxufqdk;w,f/
Voice
: y#dyu©ukd udi
kw
f ,
G af jz&Si;f zdYkt"du
wm0ef&SdwJh tkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJUtay:bmrsm;
rdefYrSmcsifygvJbk&m;/
q&mawmf : tkyfcsKyfa&;qdkif&m tzGJUtpnf;
awG tm;vkH;uawmh pdwf&Snfonf;cHzdkY&,f?
tajrmftjrif BuD;rm;zdkY&,f? us,fjyefYwJhem;?
rsufpdawG todÓPfBuD;BuD;eJY pDrHcsufawGudk
oGuo
f u
G v
f ufvufeYJ at;at;csr;f csr;f aqmif&u
G f
MuzdYkvv
kd rd rfh ,f/ pdwaf wGu jrefw,f/ aqmif&u
G f
&if;eJY pdwfqdk;vmMur,f/ us,fjyefYwJhaqG;aEG;
wdik yf ifraI wG? us,fjyefYwhJ rl0g'awG? pepfwus
BudKwifjyifqifxm;wmawG? vkyif ef;udo
k u
G o
f u
G f
vufvufeJY rvkyfcJhMuwmawG? rvkyfEdkifMu
wmawG pkaeMur,fq&kd if 'Dy#dyu©awGuNidr;f csr;f
p&mtaMumif;r&Sdbl;/ tJ'gaMumihf qifvdk
vnf;yJ tm;aumif;&r,f/ jrif;vdkvnf;yJ
jref&r,f? EGm;vdkvnf;yJonf;cH&r,f/ jcaoFv
h kd
vnf;yJowå&d &dS r,f/ acgif;aqmifawG[m tJ'D
av;csufta&;BuD;ygw,f/ tJ'Dral v;csufeYJ
aqmif&u
G Mf uygqdw
k mudk wdu
k w
f eG ;f ygw,f/ 

tpövmrfomoema&;&m aumifpDXmecsKyf
wGJzuftwGif;a&;rSL;csKyfESifU awGYqkHjcif;
: y#dyu©u av;ae&mrSmqufwu
kd f
jzpfw,f/ tJ'Dvdk bmoma&;t"du½kPf;
jzpfatmif vHIYaqmfaewJhtay:rSm b,fvdk
jrifvJ/
UWNS : 'Dvdkjzpfwmu Oya'pdk;rdk;rItm;
enf;vdkYjzpfwmqdkNyD; uRefawmhftaeeJY,lq
w,f/ tpdk;&taeeJY 'DudpöawGudk vlrsKd;
bmomrcG J j cm;bJ xd x d a &muf a &muf
vsifvsifjrefjref udkifwG,fEdkifzdkYvdkygw,f/
Voice : y#dyu©awGjzpfaewJt
h aetxm;
rS m ES p f z uf b moma&;acgif ; aqmif a wG
taeeJY b,fvdkudkifwG,faqmif&GufzdkY&Sd
w,fqdkwm odvdkygw,f/
UWNS : 'Dup
d eö YJywfoufNyD; wdik ;f em,u
Ouú|q&mawmf? oHCem,uq&mawmfBuD;
awG? &efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBuD; e,fpyfa&;&mESifh
vkHNcHKa&;0efBuD;? omoema&;0efBuD;Xme
'kw,
d nTeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyf? c&pf,mef? [dEL´
tp&Sw
d hJ bmomaygif;pk&H UJ acgif;aqmifawG&UJ
Mo0g'cH,lyGJudk 'DaeYwufa&mufcJhygw,f/
tJ ' D r S m q&mawmf B uD ; awG a jymwmu
EdkifiHom;tm;vkH; wef;wlnDrQtcGihfta&;
&SdwJhtwGuf y#dyu©rSm usL;vGefolawGudk
xdxda&mufa&mufta&;,lzdkY? EdkifiHom;
tm;vkH;Oya'ESihftnD aexdkifzdkY? bmom
aygif;pkH&JUtusKd;udka&S;½INyD; owif;rD'D,m
awGeJY rSefuefpGm azmfjyzdkYawGudk rdefYMum;cJh
ygw,f/ uRefawmht
f aeeJYuawmh uRefawmfh
a&SUu q&mawmfBuD;awG ajymoGm;cJhwJh
twGuf bmrSxyfajymzdkY r&Sdygbl;/
Voice : ,ck rdw¬Dvmy#dyu© jzpfpOfrSm
yg0ifywfoufaewJh ESpfzuftzGJUtpnf;udk
bmrsm;ajymMum;vdkygovJ/
UWNS : uReaf wmft
h jrift&awmh y#dyu©
rSmyg0ifwJh ESpfzuftzGJUtpnf;qdkwmudk
vlrsKd;a&;? bmoma&;t& cGJrjrifygbl;/
Voice

wpfzUJG u w&m;Oya'udk av;pm;vdu
k ef mwJh
tzG J U ? aemuf w pf z G J U u w&m;Oya'ud k
azmufzsufusL;vGew
f hJ tzGUJ qdNk yD;awmh cGjJ rif
w,f/ 'Dawmhy#dyu©rSmyg0ifywfoufcJhwJh
Oya'azmufzsufusL;vGefolawGudk jrefqef
xda&mufpGm ta&;,l&ygr,f/ EdkifiHawmf
oH C r[mem,u q&mawmf B uD ; awG
udk,fwdkifuvnf; y#dyu©BuD;vmatmif
vIHYaqmfolrsm;udk Oya'eJYxda&mufjrefqef
pGm ta&;,lzdkYajymygw,f/
Voice : y#dyu©jzpfpOfrsm;tay: udi
kw
f ,
G f
aqmif&u
G af ewJh tkycf sKyfa&;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;
udk wdkufwGef;ajymMum;vdkwm&Sdygovm;/
UWNS : vlrsK;d bmomra&G; nDnn
D w
G n
f w
G f
aexdik Ef ikd af tmif Edik if aH wmfu aqmif&u
G af y;
oihw
f ,f/ tJ'v
D ak d qmif&u
G w
f mudk t[efYtwm;
jyK&ifvnf; xdxad &mufa&muf ta&;,l&r,f/
aemufwpfcsuf bmomaygif;pku
H bmoma&;
tpGe;f ra&mufw?hJ tv,ftvwf&w
dS v
hJ al wG&UJ
vkyu
f ikd rf aI wGukd tm;ay;uln&D r,f/ y#dyu©
twGi;f rSm a&muf&adS ewJh tpGe;f a&mufawG&UJ
tEÅ&m,fudk jynfolawGrcHpm;&zdkY Oya'eJY
tnD jywfjywfom;om; ta&;,l&r,f/
aemufqkH;wpfcsufuawmh vlrsKd;bmom
tm;vk;H cspfcspfcifcifaeEdik af tmif Edik if aH wmf
u 0g'jzefY&ygr,f/
Voice : xyfjznhfajymp&mrsm; &Sdygao;
vm;cifAsm/
UWNS : uRefawmfwdkYawGtm;vkH; t&if
uwnf;u cspfcspfcifcifaecJhwmyg/ tckrS
tajctaeaumif;awG? ajzavQmhrIawGeJY
tcGihftvrf;aumif;awG &vmwmyg/ bmh
aMumihf rajymEdkifrqdkEdkifjzpfae&rSmvJ/
pnf;pnf;½k;H ½k;H eJY vufwaJG usmfvmT ;zdYk vdt
k yf

w,fvdkYyJ ajymcsifygw,f/
&JEkdifOD;

Vol.9 / No.12 - March 25 - 31 , 2013

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

THE VOICE WEEKLY 3

NEWS

3

VOICE

The

qufoG,fa&;? vQyfppfESifU avqdyf0efaqmifrI a':vmokH;bDvD,HeD;yg;
tar&du &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnf
&efukef? rwf 19

jref

rmEdkifiH\zGHUNzdK;rI tedrhfusqkH;u@rsm;wGif yg0ifaeaom qufoG,fa&;? vQyfppfESihf avqdyf0efaqmifrI
u@rsm;twGuf e,l;a,muftajcpdkuf tar&duefukrÜPD ACO Investment Group u tar&duefa':vm
oHk;bDvD,HeD;yg; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;,if;tzGJUtpnf; wnfaxmifolwpfOD;jzpfol Mr.HariAchuthan u
ajymMum;onf/
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;twGuf twGuf a':vm ESpfbDvD,HeD;yg; xkwfvkyfEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;\
f u
kd ;kd um;í Bloomberg
aea&mifjcnfpGrf;tiftokH;jyKvQyfppf tok;H jyK&ef a'otpd;k &ESifh oabmwl ajymMum;csuu
"mwf t m;puf ½ k H wnf a qmuf & ef xm;NyD; vQyfppf"mwfr*¾g0yf 1000 owif;XmewGif azmfjyxm;onf/

A[dkbPf'g½dkufwmrsm;udk EdkifiHa&;rvkyf&efwm;jrpf
&effukef? rwfv 19
&e

aumfrwD\ tpD&ifcHpmwGif
trsKd;om;vTwfawmf\ jyifqifcsuf
onf ydkrdkqDavsmfonf[k a&;om;
xm;aMumif ; ,if ; aumf r wD 0 if
OD;apmvSxGef;u ajymMum;onf/

jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;0efaqmif
rIvkyfief;wGif 0ifa&mufvkyfudkifcGihf
&ygu a':vmoef ; 700 ES i h f
&efukeftjynfjynfqdkif&m avqdyf
tqihfjr§ihfwifa&;vkyfief;twGuf
a':vmoef; 200 tok;H jyK&ef vsmxm;
aMumif; Mr. AchuthanuajymMum;onf/
vlO;D a& oef; 60 0ef;usif &Sad om
jrefrmEdik if w
H iG w
f ,fvzD ek ;f odyo
f nf;q
rSm 10 &mcdik Ef eI ;f om&SNd yD; t&Sed t
f [kef
jzihf wd;k wuf&eftvm;vm&So
d jzihf ¤if;wdkY
tzGUJ u 0ifa&muf&efBuKd ;yrf;jcif;jzpfNyD;
tm&Saps;uGufwGif wpfckwnf;aom
qufo,
G af &;aps;uGuf zGUH NzdK;&efuse&f dS
aeonhfEdkifiHtjzpf od&Sdxm;aMumif;
Mr.Achuthan uajymMum;onf/
]]xdik ;f ? tif'ek d ;D &Sm;pwJh ta&SUawmif
tm&S E d k i f i H a wG e J Y ,S O f & if jref r mh

qufoG,fa&;u@[m &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH
zdYk taumif;qk;H aps;uGuw
f pfcyk aJ v}}
[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
2013 ckESpf ZGefvwGif csxm;
ay;rnhf qufoG,fa&;0efaqmifrI
vk y f i ef ; twG u f jynf w G i f ; jynf y
ukrÜPD 91 ck0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifvsuf
&SdaMumif; wif'gpdppfa½G;cs,fa&;
aumfrwDu azazmf0g&D 13 &ufaeY
u xkwfjyefaMunmonf/
ACE Investment Group onf
&efukeftjynfjynfqdkif&mavqdyf
tqih f j r§ i h f w if j cif ; vk y f i ef ; rsm;
twGuf wif'g0ifa&muf,SOfNyKdifcGihf
&aomukrÜPD 11 ckwGif wpfcktyg
t0ifjzpfaMumif; avaMumif;ydYk aqmif
a&;nTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xmeu xkwfjyef
aMunmxm;onf/

POLITICS

jrpfBuD;em;wGifaqG;aEG;&ef rqkH;jzwf&ao;[k autdkiftdkqdk

"mwfyHk - atmifatmifxGef;

tkyfcsKyfa&;,EÅ&m;tajcpdkuf&m aejynfawmf&Sd jrefrmEdkifiHawmfA[dkbPf

&efukef? rwf 20

A[dkbPf'g½dkufwmrsm;onf
EdkifiHa&;ygwDESihf tzGJUtpnf; wpfckck
\ vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;wGif ryg0if&ef
A[dkbPfOya'Murf;wGif xnhfoGif;
jy|mef ; vd k u f a Mumif ; jynf o l Y
vT w f a wmf ud k , f p m;vS , f r sm;u
ajymMum;onf/
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fESihf
Ed k i f i H h 0 ef x rf ; rsm;ud k A[d k b Pf
'g½dkufwmtjzpf wm0efay;tyfygu
rl&if;wm0efrsm;udk &yfem;&rnfjzpf
onhftjyif EdkifiHa&;ygwDESihf tzGJU
tpnf;wpfckck\ vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;wGif
ryg0if a p&ef wm;jrpf x m;aom
trsKd;om;vTwfawmf\ jyifqifcsuf

ucsijf ynfe,fwiG f vufeufuikd yf #dyu©rsm; wnfNidrv
f mNyDjzpfonht
f wGuf {NyDvwGif tpd;k &ESifh autdik t
f kd
wdkY jrpfBuD;em;NrdKUwGifaqG;aEG;&ef tpd;k &\urf;vSr;f csut
f wGuf ae&mrqkH;jzwf&ao;aMumif; autdik t
f rkd aS jyma&;
qdck iG &fh o
dS l OD;veefu The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
]]A[dkaumfrwDtpnf;ta0;rSmqkH;jzwfrSmyg/ avmavmq,fawmhajymvdkYr&ao;ygbl;/ jynfyrSmjzpf
Edkifovdk jynfwGif;rSmvnf;jzpfEdkifygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
tpdk;& Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;vkyfief;aumfrwD 'kwd,Ouú|OD;atmifrif;u jrpfBuD;em;NrdKU raemuGif;
wGif awGUqkHaqG;aEG;&ef autdkiftdkudk rwfv'kwd,tywfu urf;vSrf;cJhonf/
tpd;k &Nidr;f csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;vkyif ef;aumfrwDEiS afh utdik t
f w
kd Ykd onf w½kwjf ynfoYl or®wEdik if H a&TvND rdKU
wGif azazmf0g&Dv 4 &ufaeYESihf rwfv 11 &uf? 12 &ufaeYwdkYü aqG;aEG;cJhonf/
,if;aqG;aEG;rwdkifrDwGif tpdk;&Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;tzGJUrS jynfwGif;wGifaqG;aEG;&eftBudrfBudrf
taMumif;Mum;cJhaomfvnf; autdik t
f u
kd ¤if;wdYkxed ;f csKyef ,fajrjzpfaom y&efiKdG i;f wGio
f m awGUqkHaqG;aEG;&ef
taMumif;jyefMum;cJhonhftwGuf a&TvDNrdKUwGifaqG;aEG;jzpfcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
tqdyk gaqG;aEG;yGrJ sm;wGio
f abmwlnrD I wpfpw
Hk pf&mr&&Sad o;aomfvnf;tjyKoabmaqmifaom ESpOf ;D ESpzf uf
yl;wGJaMunmcsufrsm; xkwfjyefEdkifcJhNyD; {NyDv 10&ufaeY rwdkifrD xyfrHaqG;aEG;rnfjzpfonf/

udk jynfoYv
l w
T af wmfwiG f ud,
k pf m;vS,f
trsm;pk \ axmuf c H c suf j zih f
twnfjyKcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fESihf
Edik if 0hH efxrf;rsm; A[db
k Pf'g½du
k w
f m
jzpfvmygu rl&if;wm0efrsm;wGif
yg0if v k y f a qmif j cif ; rjyK&ef o m
jynfolYvTwfawmfu jy|mef;cJhjcif;
jzpfonf/
]]EdkifiHh0efxrf;wm0efawGudk
rvky&f qdw
k m tNidr;f pm;,lw,fqw
kd hJ
txJrSm tvdkvdkygNyD;om;yg}} [k
jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f
a':wifEG,fOD;u qdkonf/
jynfolYvTwfawmf Oya'Murf;

4
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

EDITORIAL

trsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;ESifU
trsKd;om;a&;wm0ef
Edik if aH wmfEiS hf Edik if o
H m;rsm;tm;vk;H BuD;yGm;wd;k wufa&;? use;f rmBuHch ikd af &;? todynm a&csed jf rifrh m;a&;udk
trsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;[k qdk&rnf jzpfygonf/ trsKd;om;a&; wm0efqdkonfrSm txufqdkcJhyg trsKd;om;
tusKd;pD;yGm;tvdkYiSm rdrdwdkYus&mae&mrS wm0efwpfckck o,fydk;xrf;aqmifjcif;udk qdkvdkygonf/
trsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;ESifh trsKd;om;a&;wm0efudk ,cifpepfqdk;wpfavQmufvkH; udk,fusKd;pD;yGm;ruif;
aom aqmifyk'frsm;jzifh vdk&mqGJ t"dyÜm,faumuf,lum vdkovdk taumiftxnfazmfcJhjcif;aMumifh ,aeY
'Drdkua&pD toGifajymif;umvtxd jynfolvlxk aumif;pGmem;rvnfEdkifjzpfaeygonf/
pepfqdk;umvtwGif; jynfoltrsm;pk qif;&J'ku©rsm;cJhaomfvnf; vlenf;pkrSm pepfqdk;aMumifh
taetpm;acsmif? tcGifhxl;cHum csrf;om<u,f0cJhMuygonf/ tcGifhxl;cHol? taetpm;acsmifolrsm;twGuf
ae&mr&SdawmhbJ rdrdwdkYudk,fpGrf;ÓPfpGrf;&Sdoa&GU BuD;yGm;wdk;wufcGifh&Sdvmawmhrnfh 'Drdkua&pDa&mifeD
oef;umvwGifrl txufqdkcJhyg vlenf;pkonf udk,fusKd;pD;yGm;tvdkYiSm 'Drdkua&pDtoGifajymif; vkyfief;pOf
rsm;udk t[efYtwm; jyKvmwwfpNrJ jzpfygonf/
xdkodkY t[efYtwm;jyKolrsm;onf pepfqdk;umv jrefrmvlYtzGJYtpnf;wGif tMurf;tm;jzifh cGJjcm;Edkif
onfh tkyfcsKyfoltpdk;&ESifh twdkuftcH wpfenf;tm;jzifh zdESdyfolESifh awmfvSefol ESpfzufpvkH;wGif &Sdae
wwfygonf/ xdt
k rsK;d tpm;&So
d w
l Ykdonf ,cifpepfq;kd umvwGif &efzufoabmrsK;d &Scd ahJ omfvnf; toGiaf jymif;
umvwGifrl udk,fusKd;pD;yGm;udk t"duxm;olcsnf;jzpfaeonfhtwGuf ¤if;wdkY\ pOf;pm;ykH? vkyfudkif
aqmif&GufykHrSm wlnDaewwfygonf/ ¤if;wdkYtcsif;csif; wdkifyifrxm;bJ wlnDaeaom t"dutcsufrSm
'Drdkua&pD toGifajymif;rnfudk rvdkvm;jcif; jzpfygonf/
omreftm;jzifh xdktrsKd;tpm;&SdolwdkYonf 'Drdkua&pD toGifajymif;umvwGif trsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;ESifh
trsKd;om;a&;wm0efqefaom pum;vkH;rsm; wGifus,fpGmokH;um jynfolYb@mESifh trsm;vSL'gef;yhHydk;aiGrsm;udk
ukd,fusKd;pD;yGm; tokH;csavh&Sdygonf/ ydkqdk;onfrSm vuf&Sd tmPmokH;&yf twGif;&Sdaeolrsm;? EdkifiHa&;ygwD
rsm;? wdkif;&if;om;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? t&yfbufvlYtzGJYtpnf;rsm;? wyfrawmftygt0if Stakeholder toD;oD;
BuKd;yrf;aqmif&Gufaeaom Nidrf;csrf;pGm 'Drkdua&pD toGiful;ajymif;a&; vkyfief;pOfrsm;udk enf;vrf;rsKd;pkHjzifh
qefYusif&ef BudK;pm;jcif;jzpfygonf/ xdkodkYqefYusif&eftwGuf Zmwfemp&mudpörsm; &SmazGjcif;? jyóemrsm;
ydkBuD;xGm;oGm;ap&ef csJUum; 0g'jzefYjcif;? vltrsm;yg0ifvmap&ef aoG;xdk;vIHUaqmfjcif;? cHpm;csufudk
tvG,fwul EId;qGEdkifonfh vlrsKd;a&;? bmoma&; t"du½kPf;rsm; aphaqmfjcif;? omrefqE´jyrIrsm;udk
tMurf;zufvmap&ef vrf;aMumif;azmfjcif; ponfwdkYudk rD'D,mrsm;? tGefvdkif;vlrIa&;uGef&ufrsm;tokH;jyK
zefwD;vmwwfygonf/
,ckvwfwavm rdw¬DvmNrdKUwGif jzpfay:aeaom t"du½kPf;udkMunfhvQif vufyHawmif;awmif
y#dyu©ESifh ra&S;raESmif; wrif&nf&G,fcsuf&Sd&Sd zefwD;aeonfhoabm oufa&mufaeygonf/ txl;ojzifh
tGefvdkif;ay:&Sd vlrIa&;uGef&ufrsm;rSwpfqifh tpGef;a&mufaom qJqdk? BuKH;0g;oHrsm;udk txufqdkcJhyg
tkyfpkwpfpk odkYr[kwf ESpfpkpvkH;u nmoHay; ab;wD;um vltrsm;yg0ifvmap&ef? rNidrfoufrI ydkrsm;
vmap&ef? tjcm;NrdKUrsm;odkY ul;pufvmap&ef vIHYaqmfay;aejcif; jzpfygonf/ xdkodkY ab;wD; vIYHaqmfolrsm;
onf vlrIa&;uGef&ufrsm;ay:wGif tpdk;&? wyfrawmfwdkYESifh qefYusifbuf[k ¤if;wdkY,lqxm;ol rnfolYudk
rqdk r,Ofraus; tqifhtwef;edrhfaom pum;vkH;rsm;ESifh wpfcsdefvkH; tjypf&SmqJqdkaeolrsm; jzpfaeonfudk
awGUEdkifygonf/
tmPm&SifpepfatmufrS 'Drkdua&pDpepfodkY urÇmay:wGif tnifomqkH;ESifh tvsifjrefqkH; ul;ajymif;ae
aom jrefrmEkdifiHü pepfqkd;atmufwGif ynma&;ESifhwlaom ynma&;ESifh xdawGUcGifhr&cJhaomaMumifh
todynma&csdef tuefYtowf&Sdae&Smaom t½kd;cHjynfolvlxk trsm;pk&Sdae&m vuf&Sdtcdkuftwefonf
EdkifiHom;wdkY\ wm0efodrI? wm0ef,lrI? wm0efcHrIwdkYu rsm;pGmta&;BuD;aeygonf/ EdkifiHBuD;om;yDoaom
EdkifiHom;wdkYtaeESifh jyóem ydkBuD;xGm;aprnfh aumvm[vrsm; rodpdwfjzifh wpfqifhjzefYcsdrdroGm;apa&;?
Oya'jyKvTwfawmf? EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD; OD;aqmifaom tpdk;&tzGJYtcsKdUESifh a':aqmifqef;pkMunfwdkY
OD ; aqmif t aumif t xnf a zmf a eonf h Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;? 'D r k d u a&pD a &;ES i f h vl o m;tajccH t cG i f h t a&;?
BuD;yGm;wd;k wufa&;wdYk ukd rdrw
d Ykd wwfEikd o
f nfah e&mrS tm;ulaxmufray;jcif;jzifh trsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;tvdYk imS
trsKd;om;a&;wm0ef xrf;aqmifMuygrnfhtaMumif; txl;wdkufwGef;tyfygonf/
t,f'Dwm (21-3-2013)

The

VOICE

The Product of
Myanmar Partners
Think Tank
Group
(A Sister
Publication of
Living Color Magazine)

&cdkifjynfe,fy#dyu©
tNyD;owftpD&ifcHpm rwfvukef
or®wxHwifrnf
&efukef? rwf 21

vl

aygif;160ausmfaoqkH;NyD; vlaygif;wpfodef;ausmf 'ku©a&mufcJh
aom &cdkifjynfe,fy#dyu©rsm;ESihfywfoufí pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;
aumfr&Sif\tNyD;owftpD&ifcHpmudk rwfv 31 &ufaeYwGif EdkifiHawmf
or®wxHoYkd wifjyoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdyk gaumfr&Sit
f zGUJ 0if OD;cifarmifaqG
u ajymMum;onf/

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif

2012ckESpftwGif;u jzpfyGm;cJhaom &cdkifjynfe,fy#dyu© ppfawGNrdKUwGif;wpfae&m

tNyD ; owf t pD & if c H p mES i h f
ywf o uf í tao;pd w f t csuf
tvufrsm;udk ajymqdí
k r&ao;aomf
vnf; or®wxHwifjyNyD;ygu jynfol
vlxkudk csjyoGm;rnf jzpfaMumif;
¤if;uqdkonf/
&cdkifjynfe,f aemufcHordkif;
tusOf;? &cdkifjynfe,f y#dyu©jzpfpOf
rsm;? qk;H ½I;H rIrsm;? vuf&&dS cdik jf ynfe,f
&Sd vlraI &;? pD;yGm;a&;tajctaersm;udk
tajccH u my#d y u© c sKyf N id r f ; a&;
twGuf vkyfoihfonhftBuHjyKcsuf
av;csu?f Edik if aH wmftpd;k &u taumif
txnfazmfoihfonfhtBuHjyKcsuf 26
csuf ? Nid r f ; csrf ; pG m twl , S O f w G J
aexdkifa&;twGuf tBuHjyKcsufrsm;
yg0ifonhf Mum;jzwftpD&ifcHpmudk
EdkifiHawmfor®wxHodkY Edk0ifbmv
16 &ufaeYwGif wifjycJhonf/
aumfr&Sif\ rlvtpDtpOft&
pkHprf;ppfaq;rIrsm;\ tpD&ifcHpmudk
Ed0k ifbmv 16 &ufaeYwiG f Edik if aH wmf

or®wxHodkYwdkuf½dkufwifjy&rnf
qdkaomfvnf; pkHprf;ppfaq;rIrsm;
rjyD ; pD ; ao;ojzih f av;vtcsd e f
xyf,lcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; tqdkyg
aumfr&SifxHrS od&Sd&onf/
e,fy,faygif;pku
H vly*k K¾ v
d f 27
OD; yg0if a om pk H p rf ; ppf a q;a&;
aumfr&Sifudk &cdkifjynfe,fy#dyu©
jzpf&yfrSefrsm; pkHprf;azmfxkwf&efESihf
trsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;wdk;wufa&;
twG u f vk y f i ef ; wm0ef & S p f & yf u d k
vkyfaqmif&ef EdkifiHawmfor®wu
Mo*kwfv 17 &ufaeYwGif zGJUpnf;cJh
onf/
&cdkifjynfe,fwGif jzpfyGm;cJh
aom y#dyu©rsm;aMumihf vl 167 OD;
aoqkH;NyD; 223 OD; 'Pf&m&&Sdum
tdrfaxmifpkaygif; 16ç980? vlaygif;
111ç000 tdk;rJhtdrfrJh 'ku©a&mufcJhNyD;
td;k tdrEf iS fh taqmufttkH 10100 vk;H
ysufpD;cJhonf/

Chief Editor - Kyaw Min Swe, Editor in-Charge-Zeya Thu, Managing Editor-Kyaw Naing, Contributer -Nathan Maung,
Senior Executive Editors - Kyaw San Min, Khine Cho Zaw Win Tin, Zin Zin Thaw, Thiri Zaw, Nwet Kay Khine,
Senior Editors-Mya Hnin Aye, Thu Rein Hlaing @ Khunn Thu, Editorial Secretary- Aung Soe, Chief Reporter -Naing Min Wai,
Graphic Editors - Myo Htoo Htet, Ngu War Khine, Soe Han, Hein Tint, Photo Editor-Moe Kyaw Lwin,
Foreign Affairs - Aung Kyaw Soe (Desk Editor), Tin Aye Kyaw, Thant Zin Soe, Aung Nyein Chan,
Editors - Min Htet San, Aung Bo Bo Shein, Kyaw Swar Soe, Min Myo, Kyi Kyi Lwin, Zin Mar Lar Htay @ Green,
Moe Khine, Kyu Kyu Thin (Moe Myay), Editorial Assistant- Swe Nyein Aye, Chan Nyein Phyu, Thiri Win Thu Lwin.
Senior Reporters-Tin Linn, Pyae Phyo Lin, Aung Myint Htun, Le Yee Myint,
Reporters - Ei Mon Aung, Ye Zon Aung, Naw Ko Ko, Shwe Sin Oo, Nyan Myo Aung , Kyaw Oo Naing, Aung Aung Tun, Sid Nyein Thu, Zarni Oo,
Pyae Phyo Aung, Ye Naing Oo, Khine Cherry Htun, Thant Zin Oo, Thin Yadanar Su, Han Thu Tun, Zay Nway Tun,Thazin Oo, Kan Zaw,
Photographer- Ye Pyae Zarni, Mandalay- Ye Win Naing, Aye Thanda Tun,Win Shwe Yi Oo, Min Min Soe, Monywa - Ko Thet, Thi Ha Phone Mo (Magway)

5

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

EdkifiHwumppfa&;yl;aygif;rI acwfrDwyfrawmfjzpfa&; taxmuftyHUaumif;[kqdk
&efukef? rwf 21

Ekdif

iHwumESifh ppfa&;yl;aygif;aqmif½GufrIrsm;onf wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf 'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD; rif;atmifvdIif ajymMum;cJhonfh acwfrDuRrf;usif jrefrmhwyfrawmfjzpfajrmufa&;
twGuf rsm;pGmtaxmuftyHhjzpfapEdkifaMumif; EdkifiHawmfor®w½kH; nTefMum;a&;rSL;OD;aZmfaX;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/

jrefrmhwyfrawmfEiS hf Edik if w
H um
tif t m;BuD ; wyf r awmf r sm;\
ppfa&;t& yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIrsm;
onf jrefrmhwyfrawmf\ vkyfief;
aqmif w mrsm; pG r f ; tif j rif h w uf
vmapEd k i f N yD ; wm0ef j ynf h 0 aom
wyfrawmfwpfcktjzpf &yfwnfEdkif
rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uokH;oyfonf/
,cifwyfrawmftpd;k & vufxuf
wG i f jref r mEd k i f i H t ay: NAd w d e f ?
tar&duef? MopaMw;vs paom

taemuf E d k i f i H r sm; ppf a &;t&
ydwfqdkYrIrsm; jyKvkyfcJhaomfvnf;
or® w OD ; od e f ; pd e f OD ; aqmif a om
t&yfom;tpd;k &vufxufwiG f jyKjyif
ajymif;vJrIrsm; vkyfaqmifvmjcif;
aMumihf jrefrmhwyfrawmfESihf ppfa&;
t& yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI jr§ifhwif&ef
urf;vSrf;rIrsm; jyKvkyfvmcJhjcif;
jzpfonf/
NyD;cJhonfhESpf atmufwdkbmv
twG i f ; tar&d u ef t pd k ; &onf

e,fedrdwf rajz&Sif;Edkifao;ojzifU
armawmife,fpyf*dwfzGifU&ef a&TYqdkif;
&efukef? rwf 20

jrefrm-xdkif; e,fpyfyd k i f e uf
udpöajz&Sif;&ef usef&Sdaeao;aom
aMumih f weoF m &D w d k i f ; a'oBuD ;
armawmife,fpyfukefoG,fa&;pcef;
udkzGihfvSpfrnhf&ufudktuefYtowf
r&Sda&TUqdkif;vdkufaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;
ESihf ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;
Xme e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;OD;pD;Xme
'kwd, nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf
OD;nGefYatmifu The Voice Weekly
odkYajymMum;onf/
rlvu vmrnhf{NyDv 1 &uf
aeYwGif zGihfvSpf&efpDpOfxm;aom
,if;e,fpyf*dwfudk jrefrm-xdkif;e,f
pyfe,fedrdwfudprö sm;ajz&Sif;&ef usef
&Sdaeao;onhftwGuf zGihfvSpf&ef
MuefYMumOD;jzpfNyD; ,if;ukefoG,fa&;
pcef;zGihfvSpfrnhf&ufudk twdtus
ajym&efcufcJaMumif; tqdkygyk*¾Kdvf
uajymMum;onf/
]]armawmifu zGihfzdkYtwGuf
uRefawmfwYb
kd ufu toihyf g/ olwYkd
u 'DaeYzGihfyJqdkqdk? reufjzefzGihfyJ
ajymajym zGihfzdkYtoihfjzpfaeygNyD}}[k
¤if;uqdkonf/
jrefrm - xdik ;f e,fpyf wpfavQmuf
wGif topfzGihfvSpf&ef pDpOfxm;
onh f e,f p yf u k e f o G , f a &;pcef ;
tcsKdU\ydkifeuftwGif; xdkif;EdkifiH\
a&SUwef;wyfpcef;tcsKdUonf a&muf&dS
aejcif;aMumihf ,if;jyóemrsm;udk
ajz&Sif;NyD;rSom ukefoG,fa&;udpö&yf
rsm;ud k quf v uf v k y f a qmif E d k i f
The

VOICE
Weekly

The Product of
Myanmar Partners
Think Tank
Group
(A Sister
Publication of
Living Color Magazine)

rnfjzpfaMumif; e,fpyfukefuG,fa&;
OD;pD;Xme ydkYukefjr§ihfwifa&;XmerS
tBuD;wef;t&m&SdwpfOD;u qdkonf/
xdkif;-jrefrme,fpyfonf ESpf
aygif;rsm;pGmuyif vufeufukdif
tzGJUrsm;pGmESihf twdkuftcHrsm;pGm
cd k a tmif;&mjzpfaomaMumihf zGHUNzdK;
wd;k wufrIvkyfaqmif&mwGif cufcJ
vsuf&SdNyD; rdkifaygif; 1300 ausmf
&Snv
f sm;onhf xdik ;f -jrefrm e,ferd w
d f
wGif ESpfEdkifiHoabmwlxm;onfh
e,f e d r d w f o nf 36 rd k i f o m&S d & m
usef e ,f e d r d w f r sm;rS m quf v uf
n§ d E d I i f ; qJ o mjzpf o nf [ k ¤if ; u
qdkonf/
tqdkygNrdwf-armawmifvrf;
opfNyD;ygu Nrdwfa'oxGufukefrsm;
udk xdik ;f Edik if o
H Ykduek ;f vrf;jzihw
f u
kd ½f u
kd f
wifydkYvmEdkifrnfjzpfí ,if;e,fpyf
ukefoG,fa&;pcef;rSmta&;ygvmEdkif
onf[k NrdwfNrdKUa'ocHukefonf
OD;ausmufpdrf;u qdkonf/
weoFm&Dwikd ;f a'oBuD;twGi;f
wnf & S d a om armawmif e ,f p yf
ukefoG,fa&;pcef; zGihfvSpfNyD;ygu
tcsdefajcmufem&DcefYoGm;cJh&aom
xdkif;EdkifiHodkY topfazmufvkyfrnhf
rd k i f a ygif ; 120 &S n f v sm;aom
Nrd w f - armawmif v rf ; rS w pf q ih f
ok H ; em&D t wG i f ; a&muf & S d E d k i f r nf
jzpfonht
f wGuf yifv,fvrf;aMumif;
udk tokH;rjyKbJ ukefoG,fEdkifrnf
jzpfonf/

jref r mh w yf r awmf u d k tar&d u ef
wyfrawmf\ xif&Sm;aom Cobra
Gold ppfa&;avhusifr
h u
I kd avhvm&ef
zdwfac:cJhonf/
wyf r awmf r sm;\ bk & if [ k
wif p m;ac:a0:Muaom NAd w d e f
wyfrawmfonfvnf; jrefrmEdkifiH
tay: r[mAsL[majrmuf umuG,af &;
yl ; aygif ; aqmif ½ G u f a &; vrf ; pOf
pwifEdkifa&;twGuf ,ckESpftwGif;
ppfoH½kH;zGifhvSpf&ef &nf&G,fxm;
aMumif; NAdwdefumuG,fa&;0efBuD;
Xmeu w&m;0ifxkwfjyefxm;onf/
xdkYtjyif or®wOD;odef;pdef\
rwfv 13 &ufaeYupwifcJhaom
MopaMw;vs? e,l ; ZD v ef c &D ; pOf
twGif; MopaMw;vs0efBuD;csKyfu
jrefrmEdkifiHtay: umuG,fa&;t&

jyKvk y f x m;aomyd w f q d k Y r I t csKd U ud k
z,f&Sm;ay;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; jrefrm
'Dru
kd a&pDa&; vkyif ef;pOfrsm;ESifh jyKjyif
ajymif ; vJ r I r sm;ud k taxmuf t yH h
jzpfaprnfh acwfrDNyD; t&nftcsif;
jynfh0aom umuG,fa&;tiftm;pk
wpfcktjzpf &yfwnfEdkif&ef ulnD
axmuf y H h a y;oG m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ;
xkwfjyefaMunmcJhonf/
Ed k i f i H w um tif t m;BuD ;
wyfrawmfrsm;\ ppfa&;t&yl;aygif;
aqmif ½ G u f r I r sm;onf wH c g;yd w f
pepf j zif h oD ; jcm;&yf w nf c J h a om
jrefrmwyfrawmfrSonf 'Drdkua&pD
vrf;aMumif;opfudk azmfaqmifae
aom wyfrawmftjzpf &yfwnfEikd &f ef
enf;ynm? ppfa&;ppf&mvdkufemzG,f
&mrsm;pGmudk ,if;wyfrawmfrsm;xHrS

twk,&l &SEd ikd rf nfjzpfaMumif; Edik if aH &;
odyÜHavhvmol OD;aeoefarmif u
¤if;\tjrifudk ajymMum;onf/
]]jref r mtpd k ; &ud k ,k H M unf
vmwmeJYtrQ vufeufa&mif;0,frI
ydwfqdkYrIawGygajzavQmhvmvdrfhr,f
vdkY ,kHMunfygw,f}} [k ¤if;u
qdkonf/
xdYktjyif,ckEpS t
f wGi;f w½kwf?
tdE´d,? &S&Sm; ponfhEdkifiHtoD;oD;rS
umuG,fa&;0efBuD;rsm; jrefrmEdkifiH
odkYa&muf&SdvmcJhNyD; jrefrmEdkifiHESihf
ppfa&;yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIjr§ihfwif
&ef? tjyeftvSefppfa&;avhusifhrI
rsm;jyKvkyfEdkifa&; ESpfEdkifiHwyfrawmf
t&m&S d r sm;ES i h f n§ d E d I i f ; aqG ; aEG ; cJ h
Muonf/

EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrwnfaiG
tcsKd; 80 &mcdkifEIef;txd cGifUjyKrnf
&effukef? rwff 18

EdkifiHjcm;om;ES
om;ESihf EdkifiHom; zufpyfvkyfudkif
onhf vkyfief;rsm;wGif EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI
rwnf aiGtcsKd;udk pkpkaygif;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI\ 80
&mcdkifEIef;txd trsm;qkH;cGihfjyK&ef EdkifiHjcm;
&if;ES;D jr§KyfErHS I enf;Oya'wGif xnho
f iG ;f twnfjyK
xm;aMumif; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfudk,fpm;
vS,frsm;u ajymMum;onf/
T af wmfu Edik if jH cm;om; rwnfaiG
jynfoYlvw
tcsKd ; ud k 49 &mcd k i f E I e f ; txd o m cG i h f j yK&ef
qkH;jzwfcJhaomfvnf; uefYuGufolrsm;ojzihf
trsKd ; om;vT w f a wmf u twnf j yKxm;onh f
EdkifiHjcm;om; rwnfaiGtcsKd;udk 80 &mcdkifEIef;
f kd jynfaxmifpk
txd cGijfh yKrnfqakd om qk;H jzwfcsuu
vTwfawmfu twnfjyKcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
Edik if jH cm;om; rwnfaiGrsm;ygu qk;H jzwfcsuf
csrSwf&mwGif EdkifiHjcm;om;u vTrf;rdk;oGm;NyD;
"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
Ed k i f i H o m;rsm; aemuf u susef & pf E d k i f a Mumif ;
uGef[def;rJqE´e,frS jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f a':eef;Ek0gu okH;oyfonf/
]]49&mcdkifEIef;tcsKd;yJ &if;ESD; vdkY&r,fqdk&if EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolawG vufwGefYoGm;rSmpdk;&w,f}} [k
trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;zkef;jrihfatmifu qdkonf/
pD;yGm;a&;qdkif&m qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;wGif wef;wlqkH;jzwfydkifcGihftwGuf (Voting Right) EdkifiHjcm;om;ESihf
jynfwGif;EdkifiHom; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIudk 50 &mcdkifEIef; tcsKd;uspDom cGihfjyKoihfaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sif
a'gufwmatmifudkudku tMuHjyKonf/
Edik if jH cm;om; rwnfaiGtcsK;d udk 80 &mcdik Ef eI ;f txd owfrw
S x
f m;aomfvnf; Edik if jH cm;om;ESifh Edik if o
H m;rwnfaiG
tcsK;d udk jynfaxmifpk tpd;k &tzGUJ \ oabmwlncD sujf zihf oihaf vsmo
f vdk jyifqif&ef jrefrmh &if;ES;D jr§KyEf rHS aI umfr&Sif
udk ,if;enf;Oya'wGif cGihfjyKxm;aMumif; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;u ajymMum;onf/

Publisher - Daw Khin Kywe Oo (4099),Finance - Pe Aung Zin(Genernal Manager), San Thida (Manager), Htet Htet Nyein (Deputy
Manager), Saw Thandar Aye (Assistant Manager, HR), Marketing - Kyaw Than (Manager), Phyu Phyu Thi (Deputy Manager),
Min Aung, Pyae Phyo Aung, Nu Nu Nge, Shwe Sin Tun,TheinAung Htut (Designer), Production - Aung Kyaw Sann (Manager) , Soe Win Zaw
DTP - Ma Khine (Manager), Cho Cho Zin, Khin Mar Myint, Kyi Chan Hnin,
Distribution - Htet Khaung (Manager), Khin Myo Chit (Deputy Manager), Jack Too Too, Htet Aung,
Receptionist - Su Eindray Oo, Lai Yee Oo Web Administrator - waiyan, Kyaw Htun Khine,
Web Team- thevoicewebteam@gmail.com, Website - www.thevoicemyanmar.com,
Office -No (458-460), 4th Floor (E), Corner of 31st Street and Mahabandula Road, Pabaedan Township, Yangon.
Tel: 01 - 242424, 389210, 389211, 372905.
Marketing - 01 242424, 09 51 76835, 01 11220284 , Distribution - 09 42 1006579, Hot Line (News) - 09 73248886, 0973064592.
E-mail-Admin; Chief Editor : c-editor@thevoiceweekly.net, News Room : newsroom@thevoiceweekly.net,
Press- Hnit Thit Oo Printing House Nawaday Cinema Compound , MayangoneTsp,Yangon.

6
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

oDv0gpDrHudef; xdcdkufepfemrItqifUowfrSwfcsuf jynfolrsm;rauseyf[kqkd
&efukef? rwf 20

*s

yeftjynfjynfqdkif&myl;aygif;aqmif½Gufa&;at*sifpD(JICA)
(JICA)u oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef pDrHudef;aMumifh ajymif;a&TUay;&rnfh jynfolrsm;\ vlrIa&;qdkif&mxdcdkufepfemrIudk
tqifhbDtjzpfowfrSwfjcif;udk ,if;pDrHudef;twGif;&Sdaus;&Gm ajcmuf&GmrS &Gmol&Gmom;rsm;u rauseyfaMumif; tvGr;f qGwaf us;&Gm &yfrd&yfzOD;jrvdIifu The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/

,if ; aMumih f &G m vl B uD ; rsm;
pkaygif;um pmwrf;jyKpkí rwfv
qef;ydkif;u*syefoH½kH;? JICA ESifh
trsKd;om;pDrHudef;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;
wdk;wufr0I efBuD;Xme 'kw,
d 0efBuD;
OD;qufatmifwYx
kd o
H Ykd wifjyxm;aMumif;
¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
pDru
H ed ;f e,fajrtwGi;f tdraf jc
200 atmuf&SdaomtajctaewGif
obm0ywf 0 ef ; usif E S i h f vl r I a &;
xdcdkufepfemrIudk tqihfbDowfrSwf
jcif;jzpfNyD; oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef
pDrHudef;e,fajrtwGif;&Sd aus;&Gm
ajcmuf&GmwGif v,fajr{u 3550
'or 39 {u? tdrfaxmifpkaygif;
1033 pk? tdrfajcaygif; 921 ESifh
vl O D ; a& 3898 OD;&SdaomaMumihf
,if;yrmPudk xdcu
kd ef pfemrI tqifb
h D
owfrw
S o
f nfrmS roifah vsmfaMumif;
OD;jrvdIifu ajymqdkonf/
oDv0gpDru
H ed ;f aMumifh ajymif;a&TU
ay;&rnfh aus;&Gmajcmuf&mG rS jynfol
rsm; xdcu
kd ef pfemrItwGuf Edik if w
H um
pH c sd e f p H n T e f ; rsm;ES i f h t nD n§ d E d I i f ;
aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; rnfolY
udkrS xdcdkufepfematmifvkyfaqmif
dS l
rnf r[kwaf Mumif; JICA rS wm0ef&o
wpfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkY

ajymMum;onf/
pDrHudef;azmfaqmifrnfh pDrH
cefYcGJrIaumfrwDtaeESihf ,if;pDru
H ed ;f
twGif;&Sd jynfolrsm;tvkyftudkif
tcGifhtvrf;&&SdEdkif&ef wm0ef,lEdkif
aomf v nf ; v,f a jr? td r f N cH E S i f h
ywfoufonfh avsmfaMu;udpöudkrl
vkyfydkifcGifhr&Sdonfh aqG;aEG;tBuHay;
jcif;omvkyfEdkifaMumif; trsKd;om;
pDru
H ed ;f ESifh pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrI
0efBu;D Xme 'kw,
d 0efBu;D OD;qufatmif
u ajymMum;onf/
tqdkygtqihfowfrSwfcsufudk
rnfoYkv
d yk af qmifomG ;onfukd rod&bJ
yGifhvif;jrifomrIr&SdaMumif;? ,if;
tqifb
h o
D wfrw
S cf suu
f kd jyefjyifqif
ay;&ef t wG u f pD r H u d e f ; e,f a jr
twG i f ; &S d v,f a jr{u? vl O D ; a&
tdraf xmifppk m&if;ESifh tdrt
f vk;H ta&
tcsuftvufrsm;pkpnf;um wifjy&
jcif;jzpfaMumif; OD;jrvdiI u
f &Si;f jyonf/
tqdkygpDrHudef;aMumifh xdcdkuf
epf e monf qd k & mwG i f vG e f c J h onf h
ESpf 20 cefYu pDru
H ed ;f aMumifah vsmaf Mu;
&zl;ol? v,fajrtpm;&&Sdzl;olESifh
avsmfaMu;ESifh v,fajrtpm;vkH;0
r&&S d a o;ol [ l í ES p f r sKd ; &S d o jzih f
avsmfaMu;ay;&mwGifvnf; trsKd;

"mwfykH-&JjynfhZmenf

oDv0gpDru
H ed ;f aMumifh ajajymif
ymif;a&TUay;&rnfh aus;&Gmajcmuf&GmrS jynforl sm; xdcu
kd ef pfemrItwGuf
Edik if w
H um pHcsdefpHnTef;rsm;ESifhtnD n§dEdIif;aqmif&GufoGm;rnf[kqdkonf/

tpm;uG J j ym;Ed k i f a Mumif ; 'k w d ,
0efBuD; OD;qufatmifu &Si;f jyonf/
2012 ckESpf v,f,majrOya'
yk'fr 32 t&EdkifiHawmfpDrHudef;rsm;
twGuf v,f,majrrsm;odrf;,l&m
wGif tenf;qkH;vdktyfonhfyrmP
ud k o m od r f ; ,l & ef E S i h f pD r H u d e f ;
aqmif&u
G jf cif;rjyKygu rlvv,f,majr
vkyyf ikd cf iG &fh o
dS rl sm;xHoYkd jyefvnfay;tyf
&rnfjzpfaMumif; jy|mef;xm;onf/
oD v 0gtxl ; pD ; yG m ;a&;Zk e f
pDrHudef;taumiftxnfazmfEdkif&ef
,if ; pD r H u d e f ; e,f a jrtwG i f ; &S d

jrefrmEdkifiHzGHY NzdK;a&; uefa':vm oef; 20
MopaMw;vs axmufyHUrnf
&efukef? rwf 18

jrefrmEdkifiH jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;vkyfief;pOfrsm;twGuf MopaMw;vs-jrefrm yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;
tpDtpOft& yxrtokwftaeESifh tar&duefa':vm oef; 20 axmufyHhay;rnfjzpfaMumif; or®w
OD;odef;pdef\ rwf 13 &ufaeYwGif pwifcJhaom MopaMw;vs? e,l;ZDvefc&D;pOftwGif; MopaMw;vstpdk;&u
rwf 18 &ufaeYwGif owif;xkwfjyefonf/
,if;axmufyHha&; tpDtpOfonf or®w OD;odef;pdefacgif;aqmifaom tpdk;&opfvufxufjyKjyif
ajymif;vJrIqdkif&m vkyfief;pOfrsm;wGif tm;jznfhaqmif&GufEdkif&ef? vlYtcGihfta&;jr§ihfwif&ef? pD;yGm;a&;ESifh
ukefoG,fa&;pDrHcefYcGJrIwdk;wufvmap&ef? w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&; touf0ifvmap&ef &nf&G,faMumif; tpdk;&u
xkwfjyefxm;onf/
xdkYtjyifMopaMw;vs tpdk;&\ tjynfjynfqdkif&mzGHUNzKd;a&;tpDtpOfjzihf jrefrmEdkifiH\ usef;rma&;?
ynma&;? jidrf;csrf;a&;? aus;vufa'ozGHUNzKd;a&; ponfhu@ toD;oD;twGuf 2011 ckESpfrS 2015 ckESpftxd
wpfESpfvQif tar&duefa':vm oef; 100 axmufyHhvsuf&Sdaomfvnf; ,if;tpDtpOfrsm;udk xyfrHcsJUxGif
axmufyHhoGm;&ef&SdaMumif; ,if;xkwfjyefcsuft&od&onf/
jrefrmtpdk;&opf\ odom jrifom&SdvSonf jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;aMumifh MopaMw;vstpdk;&onf
jrefrmEdkifiHtay: umuG,fa&;t& jyKvkyfxm;aom ydwfqdkYrItcsKdUudk z,f&Sm;ay;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; jrefrm
'Drdkua&pDa&;vkyfief;pOfrsm;ESifh jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;udk taxmuftyHhjzpfaprnfh acwfrDNyD; t&nftcsif;
jynfh0aom umuG,fa&;tiftm;pkwpfcktjzpf &yfwnfEdkif&ef ulnDaxmufyHhay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;
xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
,if;tjyif MopaMw;vstpdk;&onf ,ckESpftwGif; jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&m MopaMw;vs oHrSL;cefYtyfum
vlom;csif;pmemaxmufxm;rIqdkif&m tultnDrsm;ESifh obm0ab;tEÅ&m,fumuG,fa&;vkyfief;pOfrsm;?
Nidr;f csr;f a&;vkyif ef;pOfrsm;wGif ESpEf ikd if pH pfwyf tjyeftvSeyf ;l aygif;aqmif&u
G o
f mG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; xkwjf yefcsuf
wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
odkYaomf jrefrmEdkifiHtay: uefYowfxm;aomvufeufa&mif;0,fa&;udkrl qufvufydwfyifoGm;
rnfjzpfaMumif;vnf; yg&Sdonf/
xdkYtjyif MopaMw;vsEdkifiHrS vkyfief;&Sirf sm; jrefrmEdik if w
H iG f &if;ES;D jr§KyfESH&mwGif tqifajyacsmarGUap&ef
&efukefNrdKUawmfwGif jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&m ukefoG,fa&;½kH;zGifhvSpfrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;xkwfjyefcsufwGif
azmfjyxm;onf/
MopaMw;vsEdkifiHonf &cdkifjynfe,f y#dyu©'Pfoifh'ku©onfrsm;twGuf tar&duefa':vm
ESpfoef;ig;aomif;vSL'gef;cJhNyD; ,ckESpftwGif; jrefrmEdkifiHtESHY&Sd Nidrf;csrf;a&;vkyfief;pOfrsm;twGuf
tar&duefa':vmig;oef; xyfrHaxmufyHhay;cJhonf/

v,fajrrsm;udk &efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBuD;
tpdk;&u odrf;qnf;um jynfxJa&;
0efBuD;XmeodkY vTJajymif;ay;&rnf

jzpfNyD; xdrk w
S pfqifh txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef
azmfaqmifrnfhpDrHcefcGJrIaumfrwDu
vTJajymif; vuf c H & rnfjzpfaMumif;
OD;qufatmifu ajymMum;onf/
pDrHudef;wpfcktaumiftxnf
azmfonfhtcg ,if;pDrHudef;{&d,m
twGif;&Sd tdrf? NcH? ajraps;jrifhwuf
onfrmS ykrH eS jf zpfaomfvnf; aps;upm;
aom tcsKd U pD ; yG m ;a&;orm;rsm;
aMumifh ,if;tdrfNcHajrrsm;\ umv
aygufaps; rwefwqwuf o G m ;
aMumif;? odkY&mwGif avsmfaMu;ay;
onf h t cg ,if ; umvayguf a ps;
twdkif; avsmfaMu;ay;rnfr[kwfbJ
Ed k i f i H w umwG i f tok H ; jyKonf h
enf;vrf;rsm;udk xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; OD;qufatmifu
ajymMum;onf/

&cdik o
f o
hkd ,
G w
f ef;onfU r[m"mwftm;vkid ;f
2014 ESpfukef tNyD;owfrnf
&efukef? rwf19

&cdkifjynfe,fodkY jynfaxmifpk
r[m"mwf t m;vd k i f ; rS w pf q ih f
oG,fwef;aeonhf r[m"mwftm;
vd k i f ; pD r H u d e f ; ud k 2014 ck E S p f
ESpu
f ek w
f iG f tNyD;owfrnfjzpfaMumif;
vQyfppfpGrf;tm;0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,
0efBuD;OD;atmifoef;OD;u rwfv 19
&ufaeYu jynfolYvTwfawmfwGif
ajymMum;onf/
r[m"mwftm;vdkif;pDrHudef;
NyD;pD;rItajctaersm;ESihf ywfoufí
oHwGJrJqE´e,frS jynfolYvTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,f OD;&JxeG ;f \ar;jref;csuf
udk ¤if;u jyefvnfajzMum;jcif;
jzpfonf/
tdE´d,EdkifiHacs;aiG tar&duef
a':vm 64 'or 07 oef;jzihf 2012
ckESpf ESpfqef;ydkif;u pwifaeonhf
"mwftm;vdkif;ESihf "mwftm;cGJ½kHrsm;?
tpd;k &bwf*sujf zihf 2013-14 b@ma&;
ESpfwGif wnfaqmufrnhf "mwftm;
vdkif;ESihf "mwftm;cGJ½kHpDrHudef;ESpfck
pvkH;udk 2014 ckESpf 'DZifbmwGif
tNyD;owfrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u
qdkonf/
2013- 2014 ckESpf b@ma&;
ESpfwGif csefvSyfxm;cJh&í jznhfpGuf
&ef y k H a iG w G i f xnh f o G i f ; awmif ; cH
xm;onhf 66 auAGD ausmufjzL-&rf;NAJ
"mwftm;vdkif;ESihf "mwftm;cGJ½kH? 230
66 auAGD awmifukwf"mwf tm;cG½J rHk S
awmifuw
k Nf rKdUodYk "mwftm;vdkif;ESihf
"mwftm;cG½J ?Hk 66 auAGD awmifuw
k -f
rtD"mwftm;vdkif;ESihf "mwftm;cGJ½kH
pDru
H ed ;f wdYk ukd xyfrw
H nfaqmufrnf
jzpfonf/
,if;pDrHudef;rsm; NyD;pD;ygu
awmifukwf? oHwGJ? trf;? ajrmufOD;?

ykPÖm;uRef;? rtD? ausmufjzL? &rf;NAJ?
ppfawGNrKdUwdkYESihf qufpyfonhfNrKdU?
aus;&T m rsm;ud k vQyf p pf " mwf t m;
tjynhft0 ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
OD;atmifoef;OD;u qdkonf/
2014- 2015 ckESpf b@ma&;
ESpfwGif wnfaqmufrnhf 66 auAGD
ajrmufOD;-rif;jym;"mwftm;vdkif;ESihf
"mwf t m;cG J ½ k H ? oH w G J - usd E Å v D - *G
"mwftm;vdkif;ESihf "mwftm;cGJ½kHwdkY
NyD;pD;vQif usdEÅvD? *G? rif;jym;NrKdUwdkY
ESihf qufpyfa'orsm;udk vQyfppf
"mwftm; jzefYjzL;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
ppfawGNrKUd wGif tpd;k &ESifh yk*v
¾ u
d
yl;aygif;um vQypf pfr;D 24 em&D jzefYa0
aeaomfvnf; "mwftm;c jrihrf m;ojzihf
tqifrajyaMumif;? ,ciftpdk;&u
wpf&ufvQifav;em&DcefY cGJwrf;jzihf
vQpfppfrD;ay;pOf wpf,lepfvQif usyf
40? 50 cefY ay;&aomfvnf; ,ck
wpf,el pfvQif usyf 460 ay;&aMumif;
a'ocHwpfO;D jzpfol OD;atmifausm0f if;
u qdkonf/
tdE´d,EdkifiHacs;aiGjzihf OoQiyf if
- awmifuw
k f "mwftm;vdkif;? ref;trf; "mwftm;vdkif;? trf;"mwftm;
cG J ½ k H ? yk P Ö m ;uRef ; ? awmif u k w f
"mwftm;cGJ½kHwdkYudk wnfaqmufae
NyD; EdkifiHawmfbwf*sufjzihf trf;ajrmufOD;-ykPÖm;uRef; "mwftm;
vd k i f ; ? rtD - ausmuf j zL ES p f x yf
"mwf t m;vd k i f ; ES i h f "mwf t m;cG J ½ k H ?
ykPmÖ ;uRef;-ajrmufO;D ? ykPmÖ ;uRef;ppfawG? awmifukwf-oHwGJ"mwftm;
vdkif;ESihf "mwftm;cGJ½kHpDrHudef;wdkYudk
wnfaqmufrnfjzpfonf/

7

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

omauw pnfoGwfpuf½Hkudpö arG;^a& 0efBuD;n§dEIdif;ay;aomfvnf; rajyvnf
&efukef? rwf 19

BudrfBudrf n§dEdIif;cJhaomfvnf; ajyvnfrIr&&Sdao;onhf omauwpnfoGwfbl;puf½kHae&m vkyfydkifcGihfjyóemudk arG;jrLa&;ESifh a&vkyfief;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;tkef;jrihfudk,fwdkif
azazmf0g&Dv aemufqkH;ywftwGif; ESpfzufukrÜPDrS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;Mum; n§dEdIif;ay;cJhaomfvnf; ajyvnfrIr&&Sdao;aMumif; Mega Marine Co., Ltd. \ 'g½dkufwmtzGJU0ifwpfOD;jzpfol
OD;&efrsKd;atmifu The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
avvH½;HI edrafh omfvnf; omauw ud k 0ef B uD ; Xmeu vuf 0 ,f & ,l ypön;f vkyif ef;\ taxGaxGrefae*sm EdkYxGufypönf;vkyfief;udk w&m;pGJ&ef vkyfudkifcGihfr&&Sdao;onhf Mega
hJ wGuf a'gufwmjynhpf u
Hk The Voice Weekly jyifqifxm;aMumif; ,if;ukrÜPD\ Marine Co., Ltd. onf 2012 ckESpf
pnfoGwfbl;puf½kHwGif qufvuf jcif;r&Sad o;bJeYJ avvHypfwt
G yf pön;f odkY twnfjyKajymMum;onf/
a&SUae OD;xGe;f at;u ajymMum;onf/ 'DZifbmv 4 &ufaeYwGif ¤if;\
vk y f u d k i f q J j zpf o nh f Myanmar arG;jrLa&;? tpm;tpmeJYEYkd xu
Makro Indusrty Co., Ltd. onf avvH
vk y f i ef ; u wm0ef & S d o l a wG u d k y g
omauw pnfoGwfbl;puf½kH epfemrIrsm;odkY xkwfazmfajymMum;
Myanmar Makro Indusrty
yGJudk uefYuGufrIr&SdbJ udk,fwdkif ta&;,lr,fvdkY 0efBuD;ajymwmudk Co., Ltd. onf tpdk;&ydkifajrwGif avvHudk atmifjrifcJhaomfvnf; cJhonf/
usL;ausmfaexdkifjcif;r[kwfaMumif;?
0ifa&mufyg0ifcJhjcif;aMumihf avvH Mum;ygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
tjiif;yGm;aeaom ukrÜPDESpfck yk'fr 500 okH;í qGJcsygu ESpfOD;
yGJusif;yjcif;udk oabmwlonf[k
0efBuD;Xmeu rSw,
f al Mumif; ,if; udk arG;jrLa&;ESihf a&vkyfief;0efBuD; oabmwl iS m ;&rf ; jcif ; pmcsKyf y g
jynf a xmif p k 0 ef B uD ; OD ; tk e f ; jrih f Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;tkef;jrihf twdkif; ueOD; ESpf 20 jynhftxd
\ ajymMum;csuf u d k ud k ; um;í u aejynfawmfwGif ac:,ln§dEdIif; iSm;&rf;vkyfudkifcGihf aMunmay;ap
ay;cJ h o nf r S m rS e f u ef a Mumif ; vd k r I t wG u f oD ; jcm;ouf o mcG i h f &efukef? rwf 20
OD;&efrsKd;atmifu qdkonf/
]]aqG;aEG;yGJrSm pnfoGwfpuf½kH arG;jrLa&;? tpm;tpmESihf EdkYxGuf Oya't& arG;jrLa&;? tpm;tpmESihf
jref r m-rav;&S m ; ES p f E d k i f i H xm;aqG;aEG;rnfjzpfaMumif; rav;&Sm;
tMum; pD ; yG m ;a&;qd k i f & m tcG i h f EdkifiH ConfexhubSdn.Bhd. Ouú|
tvrf;rsm; aqG;aEG;yGJjyKvkyfrnfjzpf Dr.Abdul Aziz S.A Kadir u qko
d nf/
aMumif; jynfaxmifpkor®w jrefrm
]]EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIOya'
EdkifiHukefonfrsm;ESihf pufrIvufrI eJY EdkifiHjcm;om;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolawG
vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;toif;csKyf (UMFCCI) tcGefb,fvdkaqmif&w,fqdkwmudk
EdkifiHwumqufqHa&;Xme wGJzuf wifjyzdkY&Sdw,f}}[k Pwc Myanmar
&efukef? rwf19
ckEpS w
f iG f [dw
k ,fta&twGuf 700 cefY taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; OD;jrihfaZmf Co.,Ltd. wGzJ uf'g½du
k w
f m rpö*supf u
D m
txd zGiv
hf pS Ef ikd &f ef&nf&,
G x
f m;aMumif; u ajymMum;onf/
tdtdpHu qdkonf/
Robert Murray u ajymMum;onf/
,if;aqG;aEG;yGJudk rwfv 22
jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;qdkif&mOya'
jyifopfEdkifiH yg&DNrdKUwGif tajc &ufaeYwGif tif;vsm;uef[dkw,fü ESihf tcGefaumufjcif;? &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH
pd k u f N yD ; 1967 ck E S p f u pwif eHeuf 9 em&DrS pwifjyKvkyfrnf Edkifaom u@tvdkufaqG;aEG;yGJrsm;
wnfaxmifcJhaom Accor Hotel jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajymqdkonf/
udk 2012 ckESpfrSpwifNyD; EdkifiHwum
Group onf urÇmwpf0ef; [dkw,f
pdu
k yf sKd;a&;? aqmufvyk af &;ESifh rSpD;yGm;a&;qdkif&mtzGJUtpnf;rsm;
aygif ; 3500 cef Y j zif h vnf y wf vrf;yef;qufo,
G af &;? bPfvyk if ef; onf UMFCCI ES i h f w G J z uf u m
vkyfudkifaeonf/
ESihf pufrIvkyfief;rsm;udk t"du aqG;aEG;yGJrsm; jyKvkyfcJhonf/

t

jrefrm-rav;&Sm;&if;ES;D jrK§ yEf rHS aI qG;aEG;rnf

jyifopf[dkw,ftkyfpk [dkw,fokH;ckzGifUrnf

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
jynfvrf;ray:&Sd rufpu
f rk P
Ü u
D aqmufvyk q
f J Novotel [kw
d ,f

jyif o pf t ajcpd k u f [d k w ,f
vkyfief;pk Accor Hotel Group u
jrefrmEdik if üH [dw
k ,fo;Hk ckziG v
hf pS rf nf
jzpfaMumif; ,if;[dkw,ftkyfpku
xkwfjyefonf/
[dkw,fokH;ckwGif &efukefNrdKU
jynf v rf ; ü ruf p f j ref r muk r Ü P D
wm0ef , l w nf a qmuf a eaom
tcef;aygif; 366 cef;yg Novotel
Yangon Max Hotel yg0ifonf/
]]ta&SUawmiftm&Su uReaf wmf
wdkYtwGuf a&&Snf&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHzdkY
&nf & G , f x m;wJ h a 'owpf c k y g/
'DEdkifiH&JU c&D;oGm;vkyfief;uvnf;

a&&Snzf UHG NzK;d vmaeygw,f}} [k tqdyk g
ukrÜPDrSta&SUawmiftm&SESifh ta&SU
ajrmuf t m&S q d k i f & m t&m&S d c sKyf
Robert Murray u ajymqdkonf/
xd k Y j yif Novotel Mandalay
Mingalar ud k rEÅ a v;Nrd K UwG i f
wnfaqmufrnfjzpfum tcef;aygif;
280 yg0if r nf j zpf N yD ; Ed k i f i H j cm;
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIjzifh aejynfawmfwGif
yxrqkH;wnfaqmuf6zGifhvSpfrnfh
MGallery [dw
k ,fwiG rf l tcef; 168 cef;
yg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif; Accor Hotel
Group \ xkwjf yefcsut
f & od&onf/
tm&S y pd z d w f a 'oü 2015

&efuif;uGef'dkESifU wdkufcef;rsm; ac:aps;tjrifUqkH;a&muf
&efukef? rwf 19

trSwf (1) pufrI0efBuD;Xme wnf&SdcJhaomtaqmufttHkae&mwGif AD,uferf Hoang AnhGia Lai
ukrÜPDu [dkw,fpwifaqmufvkyfaeaomaMumihf &efuif;NrdKUe,f&Sd uGef'dkESihf wdkufcef;rsm;\ ac:aps;
&efukefNrdKUawmfwGif tjrihfqkH;jzpfaeaMumif; &efuek t
f ajcpdu
k f tdr?f NcH? ajr tusK;d aqmifrsm;u wnDwnGwf
wnf; ajymMum;onf/
&efuif;NrdKUe,f&Sd uGef'dk? wdu
k cf ef;rsm;udk 0,f,v
l o
kd rl sm;&Sad omfvnf; aps;EIef;jrihfaomaMumihf t0,fxuf
tiSm;om&SdaMumif; jynfBuD;wHcGef tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmifrS refae*sm OD;aeaZmfatmifu ajymMum;onf/
tqdkygNrdKUe,f&Sd pwk&ef;ay 2000 uGef'dkwpfcef;udk usyfodef;av;axmiftxd aps;ac:aMumif;
&efuif;NrdKUe,fwGif tdrf? NcH? ajr tusKd;aqmifvkyfief;vkyfudkifolwpfOD;u ajymqdkonf/
]]qD'dk;em;taemufbufu ynm0wDuGef'dkeJY a&Ttkef;yifwdkufcef;awGu t"duaps;ac:aewm}}[k ¤if;u
qdkonf/
&efuek Nf rKUd twGi;f &Sd tdr?f NcH? ajr aps;uGufrSm topfaqmufvkyfrnhf pDru
H ed ;f rsm;ay:wGirf w
l nfNyD; vIy&f mS ;
rI&SdaMumif; tdrf? NcH? ajr0efaqmifrItoif;rS taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; a':rdkYrdkYatmifu rSwfcsufjyKonf/

8
The

VOICE

0efBuD;ESifU pme,fZif;aumifpD awGYqkH&mwGif
rD'D,mOya'udk t"duaqG;aEG;rnf
&efukef? rwf 21

Mum;a&;0efBuD;Xmeu a&;qGJxm;aom ykHESdyfjcif;ESihf xkwfa0jcif;vkyfief;Oya'Murf;udk rwfv 23 &uf
aeYwGif &efukefNrKdUü jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;ESihf awGUqHkpOf pme,fZif;aumifpDu ¤if;wdkYa&;qGJxm;onhf
rD'D,mOya'udk t"duxm;wifjyaqG;aEG;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHpme,fZif;aumifpD twGif;a&;rSL;
OD;ausmfrif;aqGu ajymMum;onf/
aqG ; aEG ; rnh f t csuf t vuf
tao;pdwfudkrl 0efBuD;ESihf awGUqkH
NyD;rSom xkwfjyefrnfjzpfaMumif;
¤if;u qdkonf/
jyefMum;a&;0efBu;D u pme,fZif;
aumifpDudk rD'D,mOya'a&;qGJ&ef
wm0efay;tyfxm;aomfvnf; ykHESdyf
rD ' D , mOya'Murf ; ud k pme,f Z if ;
aumif p D u d k tod a y;jcif ; r&S d b J
wpf z uf o wf xk w f j yef c J h j cif ; ud k
0efBuD;taeESihf &Sif;jy&ef vdktyf
rnf[k pme,fZif;aumifpDtzGJU0if
OD;azjrihfu ajymMum;onf/
jrefrmEdkifiHpme,fZif;aumifpD
udk EdkifiHawmfor®w½kH;\ wdkuf½dkuf
nTefMum;rIjzihf zGJUpnf;xm;jcif;jzpfNyD;
"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
rD ' D , mOya'ud k ok n tqih f r S
jyef v nf a &;qG J & ef jyef M um;a&;
0efBuD;Xmeu jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; pme,fZif;aumifpD (,m,D) tzGJU0ifrsm;
udk,fwdkif 2012 ckESpf pufwifbm jzefYcsdvkyfief;&Siftrsm;pkrSm ,if; Oya'Murf;aumfrwDudk tcsdefwdk;jr§ihf
9 &uf a eY u pme,f Z if ; aumif p D axmufcHcsufonf ¤if;wdkYtm;vkH; ay;jcif;omjzpfaMumif; jyefMum;a&;
jyefvnfzGJUpnf;a&;ESihf ykHESdyfrD'D,m udk udk,fpm;rjyKaMumif; xkwfazmf 0efBuD;Xmeu owif;xkwjf yefonf/
Oya'Murf; a&;qGaJ &;twGuf pme,fZif; ajymqdkxm;Muonf/
ykEH ydS jf cif;ESifh xkwaf 0jcif;vkyif ef;
tzGJUtoD;oD;rS udk,fpm;vS,frsm;ESihf
NyD ; cJ h o nh f & uf y d k i f ; twG i f ; Oya'Murf;ESihf ywfoufí jrefrm
awGUqkHyGJwGif ajymMum;xm;onf/
ykHESdyfjcif;ESihf xkwfa0jcif;vkyfief; EdkifiH pme,fZif;aumifpDtaeESihf
jyef M um;a&;0ef B uD ; Xmeu Oya'Murf;udk vTwfawmfrS qdkif;iHh jyifqifjznhfpGufvdkonhftcsufrsm;
a&;qG J x m;aom yk H E S d y f r D ' D , m vdu
k af Mumif; owif;rD',
D mtcsKUd wGif udk jynfolYvTwfawmf Oya'Murf;
Oya'Murf;udk jrefrmEdkifiH ykHESdyfESihf azmfjyyg&Sdaomfvnf; ,if;owif; aumfrwDodkY tBuHjyKaqG;aEG;wifjyEdik f
xkwfa0vkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;ESihf rsm;rSm aumvm[vomjzpfaMumif; a&;twGuf tpnf;ta0;zd w f M um;
jrefrmEdkifiH xkwfa0ESihf jzefYcsdvkyfief; ESihf ykHESdyfOya'Murf;udk qdkif;iHhjcif;? aMumif; rwfv 17 &ufaeYxkwf
&Sifrsm;toif; trIaqmiftcsKdUu &yfqdkif;jcif;vkH;0r&SdbJ Oya'ESihf EdkifiHydkifowif;pmrsm;wGif azmfjyyg
axmufcHxm;NyD; ykHESdyfESihfxkwfa0 ywfoufí qufvufaqG;aEG;Edik &f ef &Sdonf/

jyef

INSTITUTIONAL

'kwd,urÇmppf usqkH;ppfonf½kyf<uif;&SmazGrI
tar&dueftqkH;owf
&efukef? rwf 21

tar&duefjynfaxmifpkESifhppfyGJtwGif;aysmufqkH;olrsm;? ppfokHYyef;rsm;&SmazGa&;tzGJUtpnf; (POW/
wdkY yl;aygif;vkyfaqmifaeonhf 'kwd,urÇmppftwGif; zufqpf*syefrsm; ESdrfeif;&efa&muf&SdcJhaom
tar&duefwyfom;rsm;\½kyf<uif;rsm;&SmazGrIvkyfief;pOfudk tqkH;owfvdkufNyDjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&m
tar&duefoH½kH;u rwfv 19 &ufaeYwGif owif;xkwfjyefonf/
,if;&SmazGa&;vkyfief;pOfrsm;udk tzGJU0ifudk;OD;jzihf jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd awmifil? &efukef? rEÅav;a'o
toD;oD;wGif ,ckESpfazazmf0g&Dv 21 &ufaeYrS rwfv 15 &ufaeYtxd yxrqkH;tBudrf uGif;qif;okawoe
rsm;atmifjrifpGmjyKvkyfEdkifcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; oH½kH;\xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
odkYaomf ,if;tzGJUtpnf;u tEkpdwfaom okawoersm;? &SmazGrIrsm;jyKvkyf&ef tpDtpOfrsm;&Sdaomf
vnf; jrefrmtpdk;&\taxmuftyHhay;rI? tar&duefoH½kH;\yl;aygif;aqmif½Gufay;rItm;enf;aom
aMumifh &SmazGrIudktqkH;owfvdkufjcif;jzpfaMumif; ,if;xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
tqdyk g wyfom;rsm;\ ½ky<f uif;&SmazGrIvkyfief;pOfudk 2004 ckESpfuyif pwifcJhaomfvnf; tar&duef
tpdk;&\ jrefrmwyfrawmftpdk;& tay:EdkifiHa&;t& ydwfqdkYrIrsm;pwifcJhonfhaemufydkif; &SmazGa&;vkyfief;pOf
rsm;udk acwå&yfqdkif;xm;cJhNyD; t&yfom;tpdk;&opfvufxuf2011 ckESpfrS vkyfief;rsm;jyefvnf pwifcJh
jcif;jzpfaMumif; tar&duefjynfaxmifpt
k ajcpdu
k f The Washington Post owif;pmrsufEmS wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
tar&duefjynfaxmifpk tajcpdkuf POW/MIA onf 1971 ckESpf AD,uferfppfyGJtwGif; aysmufqkH;
aeaom tar&duefwyfom;rsm;udk &SmazG&ef&nf½G,fí pwifzGJUpnf;cJhjcif;jzpfNyD; urÇmwpf0ef;wGif vlom;csi;f
pmemaxmufxm;rIqdkif&mtpDtpOftjzpf ppfyGJrsm;ESihfy#dyu©Zkefrsm;wGifaysmufqkH;oG m ;aom tar&d u ef
wyfom;rsm;\ ½kyf<uif;rsm;udk &SmazGazmfxkwf todtrSwfjyKay;aom tzGJUtpnf;jzpfonf/

MIA)

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

VOICE OF THE WEEK
Edik if aH &;vky&f rSm tajctae? tcsdet
f cgudo
k ;kH oyfNyD; oifah wmfwhJ
r[mAsL[mudk a&G;cs,f&ygw,f/ 'kwd,urÇmppfBuD;tNyD; jrefrmh
vGwfvyfa&; BudK;yrf;vIyf&Sm;rI[m toGifajymif;vmwmeJYtavsmuf
EdkifiHa&;vkyfolrsm;&JUtawG;tac:? tjyKtrl AsL[mawGudk ajymif;vJ
zdkYvdkvmygw,f/ ppftwGif;u ppfa&;enf;eJY wdu
k cf u
kd v
f yI &f mS ;cJ&h mu
ppfNyD;acwfrmS awGUqHak qG;aEG;tajz&Sma&; vrf;pOfudk azazeJY z.q.y.v
tzGUJ BuD;u a&G;cs,fcMhJ uygw,f/ wpfcsKdU Edik if aH &;tpktzGUJ ? yk*Kd¾ vfawGu
awmfvSefa&;vrf;pudkyJ qufvdkufzdkY tm;oefMuwmaMumifh EdkifiHa&;
tzGJUtpnf; yk*¾dKvfrsm;tMum; oabmxm;uGJvGJrIawG jzpfcJhygw,f/
'ghaMumifh ordkif;qdkwm wpfausmhjyefvnfwwfw,fqdkwJh
oabmt& Munfhr,fqdk&if uRefrwdkY&JU 'Drdkua&pDvIyf&Sm;rIBuD;[m
awmfvSefa&;eJY wnfaqmufa&;vrf;pOf ESpfoG,ftMum; a&G;cs,f&r,fh
tajctae a&mufaeNyDvm;vdkY pOf;pm;rdygw,f/
,cktcgrSm uRerf wdYk[m Ny;D jynfph w
kH hJ 'Dru
kd a&pDr&&Sad o;ygbl;/ 'gayrJh
tMurf;rzufbJ trsK;d om;jyefvnfoifjh rwfa&;rlay:tajccHNy;D wnfaqmufa&;
pdwf"mwfeJY&&SdEdkifr,fvdkY uRefr cdkifrmpGm ,HkMunfygw,f/
rwfv 18 &ufaeYxkwf 'DvdIif;*sme,fyg
]a':atmifqef;pkMunfa&;om;aom 'Dpum;} rS aumufEkwfcsuf
cifAsm;u uRefawmfhudk nDtpfudkvdkcifvdkY ydkufqHay;wmudkawmh
vmrajymeJYavAsm/ uReaf wmft
h ar ydu
k q
f aH y;wm axmufyw
hH mr[kwb
f ;l /
uRefawmfhtaru a&TqdkifzGifhxm;w,f/ uRefawmfhnDrvnf; a&Tqdkif
zGifhxm;w,f/ uRefawmfaxmifESpfBudrfuswm tdrfu odef; 400 ausmf
ukeo
f mG ;w,f/ wpfcgwavus&if i,faygif;Bu;D azmf oli,fcsi;f awGu cifrif
vdkYay;wmrsKd;awG&Sdw,f/ EdkifiHa&;trnfcHtzGJUtpnf;awGu r,lbl;/
udk[ef0if;atmif
rwfv 18 &ufaeYxkwf The Messenger *sme,fyg
]vufyHawmif;awmif a'ocHrsm;udk EdkifiHa&;tjrwfxkwfaeonf[k
pGyfpGJcHxm;&olESifh awGUqHkjcif;} rS aumufEkwfcsuf
jrefrmtvkyform;acgif;aqmiftzGJU0if rtdtdatmif
rwf 12 &ufu jynfolYvTwfawmfrSm tvkyform;? 'kwd,0efBuD;
ajymwmawGeJY uRefrwdkYjzpfaewmawG qefYusifbufjzpfaeygw,f/
jyefcsif&if av,mOfvufrSwfpDpOfay;r,fqdkwmvnf; r[kwfyg
bl;/ puf½u
kH av,mOfvufrw
S zf ;kd a':vm 420 awmif;w,f/ aexdik cf iG hf
twGuf wpfv 37 a':vmudk aexdkifcGifhavQmufxm;NyD;wJhumv txd
avsmf a Mu;ay;&r,f v d k Y q d k w ,f / uRef r u wpf E S p f c G J & S d N yD q d k a wmh
avQmufxm;cJhwJh usefwJh veJY av,mOfvufrSwfzdk;tygt0if a':vm
850 ay;&r,f/ 'DavsmfaMu;udk uRefrwkdYtm;vHk;eD;yg;u ray;qyfEdkif
bl;/ aemufwpfcku vkyfief;cGifudk vl 1000 cefY jyefvnf0ifa&muf
aeNyDqdkwmvnf; r[kwfygbl;/
rwfv 19 &ufaeYxkwf Flower News owif;*sme,fyg
]CMJ txnfcsKyfpuf½HkeJYywfoufí vTwfawmfwGif ajymMum;rIrsm;
rrSefuef} owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
]]atmifqef;r&SdwJhaemufydkif;rSm atmifqef;orD;wpfa,muf
ay:vmwm[m wdkYtwGuf tawmfuHaumif;w,f/ aemufwpfcg
wyfrawmfBuD;twGufvnf; odyfuHaumif;w,f/ rpkwpfa,muf[m
'DyJ,if;udpöBuD;wpfckvHk;udk vHk;0rsufESmvTJNyD; cGifhvTwfxm;wm/}}
bmtpterS jyefrazmfbl;qdk&if vufyHawmif;awmifudpöudkvnf;
tm;vH;k u 'Dvykd J ]]aMomf rpkawmif 'DavmufBuD; cGiv
hf w
T Ef ikd &f if wdYkwpfawG
vnf; cGifhvTwfauseyfMuzdkYudpö[m ESvHk;om;xJrSm pGJpGJNrJNrJxm;}}
'Drl0g'oHk;ckayghav/ igawG;xm;wm/ tm;vHk;&SdzdkYaumif;w,f/
rwfv 20 &ufaeYxkwf jrefrmydkYpfowif;*sme,fyg
]atmifqef;orD;&vdkufwm tvGefuHaumif;jcif;acgif;pOfay;xm;
aom oDw*lq&mawmf\ ajymMum;csuf} rS aumufEkwfcsuf
þu@wGif aumufEkwfazmfjyxm;aom taMumif;t&mrsm;
onf oufqdkif&mrD'D,m odkYr[kwf pma&;olrsm;\ tmabmfom
jzpfNyD; The Voice Weekly t,f'DwmtzGJUtaeESifh oabmwljcif;
rwljcif;udk ud,
k pf m;rjyKbJ taygif;vu©Pmjzpfap? tEkwv
f u©Pmjzpfap
xl;jcm;aom toGifwpfckaqmifaeygu pmzwfy&dowfrsm; owdjyKrd
apvdkí jyefvnfudk;um;azmfjyjcif; jzpfygonf/

MopaMw;vswuúodkvf aqG;aEG;yGJjyKvkyfrnf
&efukef? rwfv 18

MopaMw;vsEdik if H University of Melbourne \ ,ckEpS f atmufwb
kd mv
twGuf ausmif;0ifcGifhtwGuf ac:,laevsuf&Sdum tqdkygausmif;\
ynma&;aqG;aEG;yGJudk {NyDv 3 &ufaeYwGif &efukefNrdKU PARK ROYAL
[dkw,fü jyKvkyfrnfjzpfaMumif; Grace Education Services xHrS od&onf/
aqG;aEG;yGJudk nae 4 em&D 30 rdepfrS 6 em&D 30 rdepftxd
jyKvkyfrnfjzpfNyD; tao;pdwfod&Sdvdkygu zkef; 372357? 09-51408024 odkY
qufoG,far;jref;Edkifrnfjzpfonf/

9

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

TELECOM

{NyDtwGuf zkef;ta&mif;qdkifrsm; toifUjyif
&efukef? rwf 20

ef;rsm;udk vuf&Sdaps;EIef;xuf tq&mcsDaps;avQmhí aiGusyfaxmif*Pef;jzihf {NyDv 1 &ufwGif a&mif;csay;rnf[k or®w½kH;0efBuD;ESihfor®w\ ajyma&;qdkcGihf&SdolwdkYu
rkdbkdif;vf zktwnf
jyKNyD;aemuf ,if;aeYwGif rdkbdkif;vfzkef; trSefwu,fxGuf&Sdvmygu jrihfwufvmrnhf
0,fvdktm;ESihftnD tvkHtavmufa&mif;csay;Edkif&ef BudKwifjyifqifvsuf
Handset

&SdaMumif; zkef;ta&mif;qdkifrsm;u wnDwnGwfwnf;ajymMum;onf/

"mwfykH-ckdifpkd;atmif
wefzkd;enf;rdkbdkif;vfzkef; trSefwu,fxGuf&Sdvmygu jrihfwufvmrnhf Handset
0,fvdktm;ESihftnD tvkHtavmufa&mif;csay;Edkif&ef zkef;ta&mif;qkdifrsm;
BudKwifjyifqifaeMuonfukd awGUjrif&pOf

rdkbdkif;vfqif;uwf aps;EIef;
trSew
f u,favsmu
h scyhJ gu Handset
aps;EIef;jrihfwufEdkifonf[k cefYrSef;

ajymqdkaeMuaomfvnf;qufoG,f
a&;u w&m;0ifowif;xkwfjyefrI
rjyKjcif;aMumihf twdtusajymqdk&ef

cuf a eao;aMumif ; prf ; acsmif ;
NrdKUe,f&Sd Win Mobile zkef;ta&mif;
qd k i f w m0ef & S d o l u The Voice
Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
]] Handset u aps;wuf w m
awGvnf;&Sdw,f? uswmawGvnf;
&S d w ,f / 'D u vd k i f ; uwf a ps;EI e f ;
aMumihx
f uf olwYkdbufu xkwv
f yk rf I
ay:rlwnfNyD; aps;twufusjzpfwm
yg? aocsmwmawmhqif;uwf&SdNyD;
[ef;qufr&Sw
d mrsKd;awmh vk;H 0jzpfrmS
r[kwfbl;}} [k ¤if;u &Sif;jyajym
qdkonf/
rdb
k ikd ;f vfqif;uwfrsm; aps;us
ygu Handset aps;EIef;ododomom
jrihfwufEdkifzG,fr&SdbJ ¤if;wdkYtae
ESihf 0,fvdktm;udkjynhfrDpGm a&mif;cs
Edkif&ef BudKwifjyifqifxm;aMumif;
vlBuD;rif;zke;f ta&mif;qdik f taxGaxG
refae*sma':Zmjcnfu The Voice
Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
ykHrSeftm;jzihf[ef;qufaps;EIef;
rwufEikd af omfvnf; aiGaMu;aps;uGuf

ajymif;vJvQif Handset aps;EIef;
rsm;yg vd k u f y gajymif ; vJ E d k i f N yD ;
NyD ; cJ h o nhf&ufydkif;twGif; w½kwf
,Graf ps;ESihf pifumyla':vmaps;jrihf
wufoGm;rIaMumihf Handset aps;EIef;
rsm;tenf;i,fjrihfwufcJhaMumif;
a':Zmjcnfu qdkonf/
qif ; uwf a ps;EI e f ; rsm;ud k
trsKd;rsKd;cefYrSef; ajymqdkaeMuqJ
jzpfNyD; rdkbdkif;vfzkef;0,f,l tokH;jyK
vdkoltrsm;pku apmihfMunhfonhf
taetxm;wGifom&Sdaeao;aMumif;
rEÅav;NrdKU Mobile Mother zkef;
ta&mif;qdkifrS OD;atmifjrwfudkudku
ajymonf/
]]1 &ufaeYrSma&mif;r,fqdkay
r,hf ckxdwdwdususrxkwfjyefao;
wm uRefawmfwdkYtwGufvkyf&udkif&
cufapygw,f/ Handset BudKavSmif
xm;zdkYuvnf; olwdkYutaMumif;
wpf c k c k a Mumih f a&mif ; r,h f & uf
aemufqkwfvdkuf&if aocsmayguf
½IH;zdkY &Sdw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/

zkef;aps;EIef;rsm;axmif*Pef;
aocsmygu jrihw
f ufvmrnhf 0,fvkd
tm;aMumihf aps;EIef;jrihfwufrIjzpf
EdkifaMumif; ¤if;uokH;oyfonf/
]]'DrmS awmh Handset BuKd 0,fwm
r&SdoavmufyJ/ aps;usr,fvdkYMum;
ayr,hf wcsKdUuvnf; r,kHr&Jjzpfae
ao;w,f/ qufo,
G af &;u wu,f
a&mif ; ay;rS y J tNyd K if t qd k i f 0 ,f
Mur,fxifw,f}} [k rauG;wdkif;
a'oBuD; pvif;NrdKUrSNrdKUcHwpfOD;u
qdkonf/
rdkbdkif;vfzkef;rsm;udkusyfaxmif
*Pef;jzihf {NyD 1 &ufwGifpwif
a&mif ; csay;&ef a ocsmaMumif ;
Edik if aH wmfor®w\ ajyma&;qdck iG &fh o
dS l
OD;&JxG#fuajymMum;xm;NyD; tao;
pdwftcsufvufrsm;udk jrefrmhquf
oG,fa&;vkyif ef;u xkwjf yefomG ;rnf
jzpfaMumif; jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xme
'kwd,0efBuD;vnf;jzpfol ¤if;u
ajymMum;xm;onf/

10
The

VOICE

MOTORING

Hiace

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

,mOfrsm; tcGefaqmif&mwGif taumufcGefESifU uneuGJvJG

&efukef? rwf 14

om;pkrsm;olrsm;ESihf c&D;oGm;vkyfief;rsm;wGiftokH;jyKaom Hiace (Super Custom) rsm;udk taumufcGefu
rDeb
D wf(pf)[k owfrw
S u
f m tcGeaf vQmhcsaumufcHaomfvnf; u.n.ewGif tdrfpD;,mOftjzpf rSwfykHwif
onhftcgwGif rDeDbwf(pf)\ CIF aps;EIef;jzihf tdrfpD;,mOftcGef&mcdkifEIef;twdkif; aumufcHaeí odef; 30 cefY ydkrdk
ay;aqmif&aomaMumihf Hiace ,mOfwifoGif;&mwGif tcuftcJjzpfaeaMumif; um;ta&mif;jycef;rsm;xHrS od&onf/
tqdkyg Hiace ,mOfrsm;udk xm;aom SKK Trading rS trIaqmif Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;cJhonf/
txufygudpöESihf ywfoufí
taumufceG rf S rDeb
D wf(pf)[k owfrw
S fNyD; t&m&Scd sKyf OD;csr;f ausmaf usmfu ajym
aejynfawmf u.n.erS tBuD;wef;
rDeb
D wf(pf)\ CIF wefz;k d jzihf qdyu
f rf;cGef Mum;onf/
ö dk rodao;
,if;rDeDbwf(pf)udk CIF EIef; t&m&SdwpfOD;u tJ'Dudpu
ESifh ukeo
f ,
G v
f yk if ef;cGef 8 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
ay;aqmif&aomfvnf; u.n.ewGif jzih f a umuf c H & jcif ; rS m Import ygbl;/ aemufNyD; ]]'Dudpöu u.n.e
tdrfpD;,mOftjzpf rSwfykHwifonhf Declearation (oGi;f ukeaf MunmvTm) wGif wpfckwnf; qkH;jzwfvdkYr&ygbl;/
tcgwGirf l rDeb
D wf(pf)\ CIF wefzkd; taumufcGefrS owfrSwf xm;aom armfawmf,mOf wifoGif;cGihfqdkif&m
jzihf tdrpf ;D ,mOf tcGe&f mcdik Ef eI ;f twdik f; CIF EIef;jzihfom tcGefaumufc&H rnf BuD;Muyfa&;aumfrwDuyJ qkH;jzwf
50 &mcdik Ef eI ;f ay;aqmif&ojzihf usyf jzpfí ,ckuJhodkYuGJjcif;jzpfonf[k EdkifrSmyg}} [k The Voice Weekly odkY
S yf w
Hk ifXmerS ajymMum;cJhonf/
ode;f 30 cefY tcGeyf rkd akd y;aqmif ae& u.n.e ueOD; ,mOfrw
,ck u J h o d k Y tcG e f a qmif & ef
d nTeMf um;a&;rSL; OD;rd;k jrihu
f The
aMumif; um;ta&mif;pifwm zGihfvSpf 'kw,

rd

pnf;urf;rJU,mOf&yfem;rIrsm; wif;usyfpGmta&;,l
&efukef? rwf 21

c&D;onf 2 'or 5 oef; ausmf aeYpOfomG ;vmvsuf&Sdaom &efukef NrdKUawmftwGif;wGif ,mOfydwfqdkYrI
rsm; rjzpfay:apa&;twGuf pnf;urf;rJh,mOf &yfem;rIrsm;udk wif;usyfpGmta&;,lrnfjzpfaMumif; ,mOfxdef;
wyfzGJUrS 'kwd,wyfzGJUrSL; (&efukefwdkif;a'oMuD;) OD;omaX;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
,mOfpD;a&rsm;vmonhfESihftrQ ,mOfaMum½IyfaxG;rI rsm;vmaomaMumihf ,ckuJhodkYta&;,lcJhjcif;
jzpfaMumif;? jzLeDusm;wGif &yfem;jcif;? ,mOfESpfxyf &yfem;jcif;rsm;udk wif;usyfpGm ta&;,ljcif;jzpfaMumif;
¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg pnf;urf;azmufzsufonhf,mOfudk ta&;,l&eftwGuf um;wGifta&;,lxm;aMumif; today;
pwpfumuyfjcif;? "mwfykH½dkufjcif;rsm;udk vkyfaqmifaMumif;aeaMumif; ¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/
]]'Dvdk today;pwpfum uyfwmu ,mOfydkif&SifawGu um;xm;NyD; wjcm;ae&mudk xGufoGm;wJhtwGuf
ta&;,lwmudk odapzdkYyg}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
pnf;urf;rJh,mOfrsm; u&def;jzihfqGJ,lNyD; ta&;,lrnf[kod&aomfvnf; ,mOf&yfem;onfah e&modYo
k mG ;&ef
,mOfaMumydwfqdkYaeojzihf trsm;enf;wl jzLeDusm;wGif &yfem;rdaomfvnf; tjcm;,mOfrsm; zrf;qD;onfudk
awGU&ojzihfjyefa&TUcJhaMumif; ,mOfydkif&SifwpfOD;u ,ckv 21 &ufaeYu ajymMum;onf/
vrf;uefYvefYjzwf&yf? jzLeDusm;&yf? ,mOfEpS x
f yf&yfqo
kd nhf ta&;,lpwpfumESihftwl qufoG,f&rnhf
,mOfxdef;&Jt&m&SdtrnfwdkYudk uyfxm;onfudk r[mAE¨Kvvrf;ay:&Sd pnf;urf;rJh&yfxm;aom,mOfrsm;wGif
awGU&aMumif; ,mOfydkif&Sifrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg zrf;qD;cH&aom,mOfrsm;udk ta&;,l&efpDrHcsuf'PfaiGudk &efukefNrdKU 51 vrf;,mOfxdef;½kH;wGif
ay;aqmif&rnfjzpfNyD; jzpfpOf
ay:rlwnfí 'PfaiGowfrw
S jf cif;
jzpfaMumif;? rwfv 20 &ufaeYxd
,mOfp;D a&wpfaomif;ausmf ta&;,l
NyD;jzpfaMumif;ESif htqdyk g ,mOfpnf;urf;
azmufzsuo
f nh,
f mOfrsm;wif;usyf
pGm ta&;,lrI udk Zefe0g&Dv 1 &uf
aeYu pwifcjhJ cif;jzpfjyD; pnf;urf;
rJ,
h mOfrsm; u&de;f jzihq
f rJ G nhf tpDtpOf
udrk l taumiftxnfrazmfEikd af o;
aMumif; ,mOfxdef;&JwyfzGJU½kH;xHrS
"mwfyHk -atmifatmifxGef;
pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/

rsm;jym;aeaomaMumihf u.n.ewGif
,mOfrw
S yf w
Hk ifjcif;udk avmavmq,f
&yfem;xm;NyD; oufqdkif&m0efBuD;
Xmersm;xH quf v uf w if j yoG m ;
rnfjzpfaMumif; um;ta&mif;jycef;
vkyfief;&Sifrsm;u qdkonf/
10a,mufrS 15 a,mufpD;
txd Mini Bus (b,farmif;) rsm;
tm; teDjzihf&moufyef ajy;qGJjcif;
twG u f Bus tcG e f E I e f ; xm;jzih f
tcGefay;aqmif&efESihf udk,fydkifESihf
ukrÜPDrsm;u tqdkyg Bus rsm;udk
b,f a rmif ; nmarmif ; rcG J j cm;bJ
eH y gwf t euf j zih f wif o G i f ; ygu
td r f p D ; ,mOf t cG e f E I e f ; xm;twd k i f ;
ay;aqmif&rnf[k pD;yGm;ul;oef;
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xmeu owif;

xkwfjyefxm;onf/
tdrfpD;um;tjzpf tokH;jyKrnfh
Hiace ,mOfrsm;\ CIF wefzdk;rSm
1997 armf',fvrf S 2007 txd armf',fvf
udkvdkufí tar&duefa':vm 4100
rS 16ç000 txd owfrSwfxm;NyD;
u.n.ecGefrSm ,mOftdka[mif;tyfESH
pvpfjzihf wifoGif;ygu CIF wefzdk;
\ 50 &mcdkifEIef;jzpfonf/
rD e D b wf ( pf ) rsm;\ CIF
wefzdk;rSm 1997 armf',fvfrS 2007
xd armf',fvfudkvdkufí tar&duef
a':vm 11ç700 rS 20ç700 txd
owf r S w f x m;NyD ; u.n.ecG e f r S m
&moufyefeyH gwfteD (AA/BB)tjzpf
rSwfykHwifygu CIF wefzdk;\ 5
&mcdik Ef eI ;f ay;aqmif&rnfjzpfonf/

c&D;onfwif,mOff CNG cGJwrf;
vDwm 400 ausmfwdk;
&efukef? rwf 21

vQyfppfrD;&&Sda&; OD;pm;ay;
onht
f aejzihf c&D;onfwif,mOfrsm;
ud k CNG cG J w rf ; avQmh c srnf [ k
pGrf;tif0efMuD;Xmeu xkwfjyefxm;
onh f t ay: ,mOf y d k i f & S i f r sm;\
awmif;qdkrIaMumihf CNG cGJwrf;udk
484 vD w mod k Y wd k ; jr§ i h f a y;vd k u f
aMumif; rxo (A[dk) rS wm0ef&Sdol
wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
,mOfydkif&Sifrsm;\ awmif;qdkrI
aMumihf pGr;f tif0efMuD;ESifh ydYkaqmif a&;
0ef B uD ; wd k Y nd § E d I i f ; jyD ; CNG 484
vDwmodkY wdk;ay;cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;?
tqdkyg CNG 484 vDwmudk bwfpf
um;pD;a& 70ausmfukd ay;cJhNyD; jzpf
aMumif; rxo A[dktwGif;a&;rSL;
OD;bjrihfu &Sif;jyonf/
tqdkyg CNG 484 vDwm
cGihfjyKaMumif;udk rwfv 19 &ufaeY
u CNG pmtkyf xkwaf y;cJjh cif;jzpfjyD;
arwåmvdiI ;f (2)? (3)? (4) wdYkukd rwfv
19 &ufaeYu pwifajy;qGJaeNyDjzpf
aMumif; arwåmvdIif;ajy;qGJaeonhf
bufpkHjrifuGif; ukrÜPDtkyfcsKyfrI
'g½dkufwm OD;ausmfoD[u ajymMum;
onf/

,mOf t d k , mOf a [mif ; rsm;ud k
2011 ck E S p f puf w if b mvu
pwiftyfESHcGihfjyKcJh&m c&D;onfwif
,mOf tyfESHonhfpD;a& 800 ausmf
&SdjyDjzpfaMumif; ukefvrf;ydkYaqmifa&;
nT e f M um;rI O D ; pD ; Xme wm0ef & S d o l
wpfO;D \ ajymMum;csut
f & od&onf/
tpm;xdk; wifoGif;vmaom
bwf p f u m;rsm;ud k 605 vD w m
ay;a0rI u d k &yf q d k i f ; jyD ; 2013
azazmf0g&Dv 14 &ufaeYrSpí ,cif
,mOftdk,mOfa[mif;cGJwrf; 200?
280? 300 vDwmomay;awmhrnf
jzpfaomaMumihf arwåmvdIif;,mOf
vdkif;rS ,mOfydkif&Sifrsm;u c&D;pOf
ajy;qGJ&mwGif tqifrajyaMumif;
azazmf0g&Dv 25 &ufaeYu owif;pm
&Si;f vif;yGw
J pf&yf jyKvyk af jymMum; cJo
h nf/
rxo (A[dk) \ w&m;0if
pm&if;rsm;t& ppfusefbwfpfum;pD;
a& 334 pD ; &S d j yD ; ppf u sef b wf p f
tpm;xdk; bwfpfum;rsm; ,mOfvdkif;
ajy;qGJ&eftwGuf rxo (A[dk) odkY
avQmufxm;onhfpD;a&rSm 136 pD;
&SdaMumif; w&m;0ifpm&if;rsm;t& od
&onf/

11

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

EdkifiHwum[dkw,ftcsKdY SEA Games trDzGifU&efjyifqif
&efukef? rwf 20

jref

rmEdkifiHwGif ESpfaygif; 40 ausmftMum tdrf&Siftjzpf jyefvnfusif;ycGihf&&Sdonhf ta&SUawmiftm&Stm;upm;
NyKdifyGJ (SEA Games)NydKifyGJtrD zGihfvSpfEdkif&ef EdkifiHwum[dkw,ftkyfpktcsKdUu jyifqifMuaMumif; tqdkyg
[dkw,frsm;xHrSod&onf/
jyif o pf t ajcpd k u f Accor Hotel Group rS ta&SUawmiftm&SESihf
jref r mEd k i f i H o d k Y urÇ m vS n h f
k ?f aejynfawmf ta&SUajrmuf tm&Sqdkif&mt&m&SdcsKyf c&D;onf 0ifa&mufrIrSm 2012 ckESpf
Hotel Group u &efue
ESifh rEÅav;NrdKUwdYkü [dw
k ,fo;Hk ckwnf Robert Murray u ajymqdkonf/
wG i f 2011 ck E S p f u xuf 30
tar&dueftajcpdkuf Hilton &mcdik Ef eI ;f ausmf wd;k wufcahJ omfvnf;
aqmufaeNyD; &efuek Ef iS afh ejynfawmf
wGif SEA Games trDzGihfvSpfrnf Hotels tkyfpkuvnf; &efukefNrdKU [dkw,frsm;rSmwnfaqmufqJom&Sd
jzpfaMumif; ,if;[dkw,fESpfckudk v,f ql;avbk&m;vrf;&Sd Centerpoint ao;aMumif; [dkw,fESihfc&D;oGm;
wm0ef,w
l nfaqmufaeaom rufpf Towers wGif Hilton Yangon Hotel vma&;vkyif ef;0efBuD;XmerS wm0ef&dS
jrefrmukrÜPDrS wm0ef&Sdyk*¾Kdvfu udk SEA Game tNyD; 2014 ckESpf olwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
ESpfqef;ydkif;wGif zGihfvSpfrnfjzpf
ajymMum;onf/
[dkw,fvkyfief;ESihfqufpyf
tqdkyg[dkw,fESpfckrSm &efuek f aMumif; aMunmxm;onf/
vkyfief;rsm;ESihfywfoufí tBuHay;
AD , uf e rf t ajcpd k u f Hoang aeaom Jones Lang Laslle Hotels
NrKd Uawmf jynfvrf;&Sd tcef;aygif; 366
cef; yg0ifrnhf Novotel Yangon Max AnhGia Lai Co., Ltd. uvnf ; u 2012 ckESpf Edk0ifbmvtwGif;
Hotel ESifh aejynfawmf&dS tcef;aygif;
tar&duef a':vmoef; 300 &if;ESD; xkwfa0cJhaom Hotel Intelligence
168 cef;yg0ifrnhf MGallery wdkYjzpf jr§KyEf í
HS urÇmat;apwDvrf;&Sd 18 {u Report:Market Insight Yangon
aMumif;rufpjfrefrmukrP
Ü x
D rH o
S &d onf/ ausmf us,f0ef;onhf ajrae&mwGif pmwrf;wGif jrefrmEdkifiH\c&D;oGm;
]]ta&SUawmiftm&Su uReaf wmf Mu,fig;yGit
fh qih[
f w
kd ,fwnfaqmuf vkyfief;onf a&&SnfzGHUNzKd;vmEdkifNyD;
wdkYtwGuf a&&Snf&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHzdkY aeNyD; 2016 ckESpfwGif NyD;pD;rnf tajccHtaqmuftOD rvkHavmuf
&nf&G,fxm;wJha'owpfckyg/ 'D jzpfaMumif; [dkw,fESihfc&D;oGm;vm aomaMumihf tqdkygu@wGif &if;ESD;
Ed k i f i H & J U c&D ; oG m ;vk y f i ef ; uvnf ; a&;vkyfief;0efBuD;Xmeu xkwfjyef jr§KyfESHrIydkrdkjyKvkyfoihfaMumif; azmfjy
xm;onf/
a&&Snzf UHG NzdK;vmaeygw,f}}[k Accor xm;onf/

oBueF w
f iG f tueft
h owfjzifU a&ay;rnf
&efukef? rwf 19

jrefrmEdik if \
H tpnfum;qk;H ½d;k &myGaJ wmfwpfcjk zpfaomoBuFeaf &obifyaJG wmfumvtwGi;f &efuek Nf rdKUawmf
pnfyifom,me,fedrdwftwGif;&SdNrdKUe,frsm;udk tcsdeftuefYtowfjzihfaomufokH;a&ay;a0rnfjzpfaMumif;
&efukefNrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD\xkwfjyefaMunmcsuft&od&Sd&onf/
tqdyk gpnfyifom,me,ferd w
d &f SdNrdKUe,frsm;udk (u)tqihf? (c) tqihf? (*) tqihftkyfpkokH;rsKd;cGJí
oBuFef&uf av;&ufumvwGif (u)tqihfNrdKUe,frsm;udk eHeuf 7em&DrS 11em&DxdwpfBudrf? nae 3em&D rS
6em&DtxdwpfBudrf? (c)tqihf NrdKUe,frsm;udk eHeuf 7em&DrS 10em&D txdwpfBudrf? (*)tqihfNrdKUe,f rsm;udk
rlva&ay;a0csderf sm;twdik ;f ay;a0oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; &efuek f NrKdUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD? tif*sife,
D m
Xme(a&ESihfoefY&Sif;rI)rS tBuD;wef;t&m&SdwpfOD;u TheVoiceWeekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
ausmufwHwm;? yef;bJwef;? vom? vrf;rawmf? A[ef;ESihf '*kH pkpkaygif;ajcmufNrdKUe,fudk (u) tqifh
NrKd Ue,frsm;tjzpf vnf;aumif; ? tvkH? Munhfjrifwdkif ESihf prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,fokH;ckudk (c) tqihftjzpf vnf;aumif;?
wmarG? r*FvmawmifnGefY? ykZGefawmif? Adkvfwaxmif? r*Fvm'kH? tif;pdef? r&rf;ukef;? &efuif;? urm&Gwf?
vdIif? vdiI o
f m,m? a&Tjynfom? ajrmufOuúvmy? awmifOuúvmy? oCFef;uRef;? omauw? a'gykH? '*kHNrdKUopf
(ajrmufyikd ;f )? '*kNH rdKUopf(awmifyikd ;f )? '*kNH rdKUopf(ta&SUydik ;f )NrdKUe,f pkpak ygif;NrdKUe,faygif; 20 udk (*) tqiht
f jzpf
vnf;aumif; owfrSwfxm;aMumif; ,if;Xme xHrSod&onf/
]]a&utcsdefeJYyJ ay;&ifawmh BudKwifxm;&rSmaygh/ ta&;BuD;wmu a&vmwJhtcsdefrSm rD;rysufzdYkyg}}[k
prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,fwGifaexdkifol toufav;q,fausmf trsKd;orD;wpfOD;uqdkonf/
&efukefNrdKUawmfpnfyifom,me,fedrw
d t
f wGi;f NrdKUe,frsm;udk zl;BuD;? avSmfum;? irdk;&dyfaomufokH;a&uef
wdkYrSwpfqihf wpf&ufvQif a&*gvefoef; 160 jzefYa0vsuf&SdaMumif;&efukefNrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;
aumfrwDtif*sifeD,mXme (a&ESihfoefY&Sif;rI) pm&if;rsm;t& od&onf/

"mwfyHk - &JjynfhZmenf

a':vm oef; 300 &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnfh urÇmat;apwDvrf;&Sd [dkw,fpDrHudef;wpfck

,kZeyvmZm ESpfywfwpf&ufydwfrnf
&efukef? rwf 21

aps;yd w f & ef t jiif ; yG m ;rI r sm;
jzpf y G m ;cJ h a om ,k Z eyvmZmwG i f
txyf t m;vk H ; &S d q d k i f c ef ; tm;vk H ;
oBuFefrwdkifrDtxd vuf&Sdtwdkif;
ydwf&ufr&Sd zGifhvSpfxm;rnfjzpfaomf
vnf ; {NyD v 22 &uf a eYrS p í
wevFmaeYudk wpfywfjcm; wpfBudrf
yd w f & uf o wf r S w f r nf j zpf a Mumif ;
,k Z eyvmZmtk y f c sKyf r I a umf r wD
wm0efcH OD;atmifoef;vGifu The
Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
,kZeyvmZmaps;ydwf&ufESifh
ywfoufí tvkyf½kHESifh tvkyform;
Oya'ppfaq;a&;OD;pD;Xme nTefMum;
a&;rSL;csKyf OD;0if;&Sdef? ,kZeukrÜPD
Ouú| OD;aX;jrifh? r*FvmawmifnGefY
NrdKUe,f jynfoYlvw
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f
a':jzLjzLoif;ESifh qdkifcef;&Sifrsm;
rwfv 20 &ufaeYu awGUqkaH qG;aEG;
NyD; aemufESpfywfvQifwpf&uf aps;
ydwf&ef,m,DoabmwlnDMu
aMumif; ,kZeyvmZmajrnDxyf&Sd
td w f r sKd ; pk H a &mif ; 0,f a &;qd k i f & S i f
wpfOD;uajymqdkonf/
tvkyform;tvkyftudkifESifh
vl r I z l v k H a &;0ef B uD ; Xmeu 1951
ck E S p f qd k i f r sm;ES i f h t vk y f X mersm;
tufOya'yk'fr 6(1) t& aps;qdkif
rsm;tm;vkH; &ufowåwpfywfvQif

tenf ; qk H ; wpf & uf y d w f & rnf
jzpfaomaMumifh 2013 ckESpf rwfv
19 &ufaeYrSpí ,kZeyvmZmudk
wpfywfwpf&ufydwf&eftaMumif;
Mum;pm xkwfjyefxm;aomfvnf;
,kZeyvmZmtay:xyf&Sd qdkifcef;
rsm;u yd w f & uf r &S d z G i f h a y;&ef j yef
vnfawmif;qdMk uaMumif; ,if;yvmZm
tay:xyf&q
dS ikd cf ef;&Sit
f csKUd uqdo
k nf/
ud,
k yf ikd q
f ikd cf ef;trsm;pk&adS om
yvmZmatmufxyfqdkifcef;ydkif&Sif
rsm;rSmaps;atmufxyfudk wevFmaeY
wdik ;f ydwaf y;apvdak Mumif; NyD;cJo
h nhf
&ufowåywfrsm;uwnf;u qE´jy
aecJhonf/
vwfwavmwGif ,kZeyvmZm
&Sdaps;qdkiftm;vkH;udk wevFmaeYwpf
ywfjcm;wpfBudrfqdkifydwf&ef oabm
wlnDxm;aomfvnf; tvkyform;
0efxrf;rsm;u wpfywfwpf&ufem;
&ufvdkcsifonfhtwGuf wevFmaeY
wdkif;qdkifydwfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
,kZeyvmZmajrnDxyf&Sd qdkifcef;
&SiftcsKdUu ajymMum;onf/
,kZeyvmZmtxyf ig;xyfwiG f
qdik cf ef;aygif; 2800 0ef;usiEf iS hf vkNH cKH a&;
0efxrf; 80 OD;cefY&Sd aMumif; tqdkyg
yvmZmtkyfcsKyfrI aumfrwDwm0efcH
OD;atmifoef;vGifu ajymqdkonf/

12
The

VOICE

FEC

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

udk usyfaiGjzifU okH;vtwGif;vJay;rnf

&efukef? rwf21

pkESpf ESpfckMum ulyGefozG,fMum;cHtokH;jyKcJhonhf EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJvS,fa&;vufrSwf (FEC) udk {NyDv 1
&ufaeYrS ZGefv 30 &uftxd okH;vtwGif; jrefrmusyfaiGjzihf jyefvnfvJvS,fEdkifaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHawmf
A[dkbPfu rwfv 21 &ufaeYwGif xkwfjyefaMunmonf/
FEC vJvS,frnhfolrsm;onf
tar&duefa':vmtyfESHxm;aomaiG
pm&if ; od k Y xyf r H x nh f o G i f ; jcif ; ?
EdkifiHjcm;aiGpm&if;opfzGihfvSpfjcif;?
aiG v J a umif w mrsm;wG i f jref r m
usyfaiGjzihf jyefvnfvJvS,fEdkifjcif;?
aiGvJaumifwmrsm;\ t0,fayguf
aps;jzihf jrefrmusyfaiGpm&if;odkYoGif;
Edkifjcif; odkYr[kwf usyfaiGpm&if;opf
zGihfvSpfjcif;wdkYudk EdkifiHjcm;okH;aiG
a&mif;0,fazmufum;onhf vdkifpif&Sd
olrsm;xHwiG f jyKvkyEf ikd af Mumif; ,if;
aMunmcsufwGifazmfjyxm;onf/
,if ; owf r S w f u mvok H ; v
ausmfvGefygu FEC vJvS,frnhf
ol\udk,fa&;tcsuftvufrsm;ukd
owfrw
S f okH;vumvtwGif; tyfESH
jcif;rjyKEdik o
f nhf taMumif;jycsufjzihf
2014 ckESpf rwfv 31 &ufaeYtxd
A[dkbPfwGif wdkuf½dkufvJvS,f&
rnfjzpfum tqdkygumvtwGif;
vJ v S , f & ef y suf u G u f y gu tyf E S H
vJvS,fjcif; aqmif½Gufay;awmhrnf

aiGaMu;tjzpf qufvufxm;&Sdygu
EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJEIef; trsKd;rsKd;jzpfap
aMumif; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfodkY
Edik if aH wmfor®wuay;ydYak om o0PfvmT
wGif yg&Sdonf/
FEC ud k wef z d k ; nD r Qaom
tar&duefa':vm odYk r[kwf usyfaiG
jzihf jyefvnfvv
J ,
S af y;&efEiS fh tqdyk g
vJv,
S af &;tpDtpOfuv
kd nf; rwfv
twGif; trsm;jynfolxH today;
vkyaf qmifoihaf Mumif; tjynfjynfqikd &f m
aiGaMu;&efykHaiGtzGJU\ tBuHjyKcsuf
udk ud;k um;í tqdyk go0PfvmT wGif
azmfjyxm;NyD; jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf
u tqdkygudpu
ö dk rwfv 20 &ufaeY
u uefYuGufrJr&Sd twnfjyKcJhonf/
FEC pwifokH;pGJcJhonhf 1993
ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv 27 &ufaeYrS 2012
ckESpftxd vSnhfvnfokH;pGJaeaom
FEC ,lepf oef; 30 ausmf (30'or
92oef;) &SdaMumif; b@ma&;ESihf
tcGef0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;
OD;0if;&Sdefu ajymMum;onf/

r[kwfaMumif; ,if;aMunmcsuft&
od&onf/
“FEC u odr;f vdu
k w
f mr[kwf
bJ aiGjyefvJay;rSmqdkawmh aps;uGuf
rSma&m okH;olawGyg xdcdkufrIr&Sdyg
bl;}} [k ukrÜPDaiGvJaumifwmzGihf
vSpfxm;olwpfOD;u ajymqdkonf/
FEC jyefvnf½kyfodrf;&mwGif
tok H ; jyKol r sm; epf e mrI r &S d a p&ef
tqdkyg aiGaMu;½kyfodrf;rnf[k NyD;
cJhonhfESpfuwnf;u BudKwiftod
ay;ajymMum;cJhum a':vmudk w&m;
0ifokH;pGJEdkif&ef twdkif;twmwpfck
txd cGihfjyKxm;aomaMumihf FEC
aps;EIef;ESifh ta&mif;t0,frSmykHrSef
twdkif;&SdaeaMumif; yk*¾vdubPf
vkyif ef;&Sit
f odik ;f t0ef;xHrS od&onf/
2012 ckEpS f {NyDvrSpwifco
hJ nhf
EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJvS,fa&;pepfopft&
Ed k i f i H j cm;aiG v uf 0 ,f x m;&S d j cif ; ?
udkifwG,fokH;pGJjcif;? vTJajymif;ay;acs
jcif;rsm;jyKvkyfEdkifojzihf EdkifiH\
pD;yGm;a&;pepftwGif; FECudk Mum;cH

a&T0,fpkolrsm;í ta&mif;t0,foGuf
&efkukef? rwf 20

aps;qufwu
kd u
f sqif;rIaMumihf
wkHYqdkif;aeaom &efukefa&Taps;uGuf
wGif aps;EIef; ½kwfw&ufjyefjrihfwuf
vmcsdew
f iG f ,cif0,fpx
k m;olrsm;u
xkwfa&mif;NyD; a&Taps;qufwufrnf
[k ,lqolrsm; 0,ford ;f aeí ta&mif;
t0,foo
d d omomjyefou
G v
f maMumif;
&efukefwdkif;a&Tvkyfief;&Siftoif;
tvkyftrIaqmif OD;at;csKduajym
Mum;onf/
oBuFefwGif;ydwf&ufrsm;wGif
ta&mif;t0,fem;NyD; jyefzGihfcsdefwGif
a&Taps;wufrnf cefYrSef;olrsm;ESihf
vufxJwGifaiGom;udkifrxm;vdkol
rsm;u a&Ttydkif;0,fodrf;aeMuí
ta&mif ; t0,f o G u f a eaMumif ;
¤if;uqufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
urÇmYa&Taps; wpfatmifpudk
1580 txd usqif;oGm;&mrS 1630
xdjyefwufvmcsdef a':vmaps;onf
vnf; 870 usyfrS 880 ausmftxd
wpfywftwGif; jyefwufvmíurÇmY
aps;ESihf a':vmaps;yihfonhft&Sdef

vrf ; atmuf v rf ; rS a&T v uf u m;
ukeo
f nfBuD;wpfO;D uajymMum;onf/
rwfv 11 &ufaeYu 736ç000
usyf&Sd&mrS rwfv 20 &ufaeYwGif
754ç500 usyftxd wufoGm;NyD;
q,f&uftwGif; 17ç000 ausmfjrihf
wufoGm;aMumif; a&Ttoif;xHrS
od&onf/

aMumihf jynfwGif;tacgufa&Taps;EIe;f
onf urÇmYaps;ESifh 8000 usyfcefY
edrhfaeaMumif; &efukefa&Tvufum;
aps;uGufrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
urÇmaps;jrihfNyD; jynfwGif;a&T
aps;EIef;edrhfaevQif wuf&dyf&Sdonf[k
cefYreS ;f olrsm;u a&Ttydik ;f (a&Tacsmif;)
rsm;0,fodrf;avh&SdaMumif; a&TbkHom
&ufpGJ
11.3.2013
12.3.2013
13.3.2013
14.3.2013
15.3.2013
16.3.2013
17.3.2013
18.3.2013
19.3.2013
20.3.2013

jynfwGif;a&Taps; (usyf)
tzGifh
tydwf
736000
730000
740500
742000
746000
75000
750500
748000
747000
7450000

urÇmYa&Taps; (a':vm)
tzGifh
tydwf
1580
1578
1583
1583
1592
1590
1588
1585
1592
1592

Sunday

X

X

X

7495000
750500
752200

749000
750000
754500

1598
1605
1613

1602
1605

&ufpJG

tar&duefa':vm
(usyf)

,l½kd
(usyf)

pifumyla':vm
(usyf)

18.3.2013
19.3.2013
20.3.2013
21.3.2013

874
874

1130
1130

696
696

880
882

1130
1131

693
699

tcsdefESifhvkdufí aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEkdifygonf/ 0,faps;omjzpfNyD; a&mif;aps;ESifh 8 usyfcefYuGmonf/

pOf
1/
2/
3/
4/
5/
6/
7/
8/
9/
10/
11/
12/
13/
14/

trnf
ajryJqD
pm;tkef;qD
tmvl;
&Srf;MuufoGefjzL
MuLukwfMuufoGefjzL
MuufoGefeD
0g;c,fri½kwf&Snf
oMum;
anmifOD; (aq;xef;)
refusnf; (tom;)
*ZD,mqef
*awmifysHqef
*ay:qef;qef
*a&Tbkday:qef;

14 . 3 . 2013
4500
1400
200 - 580
350 - 1000
2000
350 - 400
2300
900
900
1000
14500
24000
27000
38000

21 . 3 . 2013
4300
1445
240 - 700
350 - 1000
2300
250 - 325
2300
900
850
1150
14200
22000
23000
37000

+^+
+
+
-

+
-

wpfydóm^wpftdwf* tcsdefESifhvkdufí aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEkdifygonf/

jrefrmha&Taps;
(usyf)

&ufpGJ
16.3.2013
18.3.2013
19.3.2013
20.3.2013
21.3.2013
Source

zGihfaps;
747ç700
749ç500
750ç500
752ç200
752ç200

urÇmYa&Taps;
(a':vm)

ydwfaps;
748ç000
749ç000
750ç000
753ç000
752ç100

zGihfaps;
1592
1598
1605
1613
1607

ydwfaps;
1592
1602
1602
1612
1608

/ / &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; a&Tvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;

(21-3-2013) ac:aps;
aps;EIef;
(usyfodef;)
2007-08 7i^9i 145 0ef;usif
Probox Succeed
2007-08 7i^9i 115 - 110
AD Van (ykHajymif;)
2008
7i^9i
105
Mazda Demio (ykHajymif;)
1999
9i
190
Van (zifaumuf)'DZ,f
2002-03 7i^9i 205 0ef;usif
Toyota Ipsum (U Grade)
2002-03 7i^9i 200 - 215
Toyota Wish
2003
7i^9i 270 0ef;usif
Toyota Kluger
2004
7i^9i
210
Mark II a&Tig;(ykHajymif;)
2009-10 7i^9i 155 - 160
Toyota Belta
2002
7i^9i 200 - 220
Honda CRV
99-2000 7i^9i 400 0ef;usif
Prado TZ
v
85
,mOftkda[mif; tyfESHpvpf
,mOf\tajctaetay:rlwnfí aps;EIef;ajymif;vJEdkifygonf/
,mOftrsKd;tpm;

a&eHpdrf;
"mwfaiGU
"mwfaiGU&nf
oMum;
yJydpyf
ajymif;
*sKH
aMu;eD

-

1 bbl
1 MMBtu
1 MT
1 lb
1 bu
1 bu
1 bu
1 lb

armf',f

tu©&m

tar&duefa':vm
tar&duefa':vm
tar&duefa':vm
qifh
tar&duefa':vm
qifh
qifh
qifh

108.31
3.98
907.25
18.4
1428
729.5
729.25
345.6

13

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

av,mOfarmif;oifwef;twGuf ESpfpOfodef;ig;axmifausmf ynmoifqkay;rnf
&efukef? rwf 20

jref

rmEdkifiH\ xdyfwef;pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifwpfOD; wnfaxmifxm;aom xl;azmifa';&Sif;u avaMumif;ESifh av,mOfarmif;ynm pdwfyg0ifpm;NyD; aiGaMu; rwwfEdkifol vli,frsm;twGuf
ynmoifqkrsm; wpfESpfvQif usyfodef;ig;axmifusyf ukefuscHaxmufyHhay;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqkdygazmifa';&Sif; wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/

ESpfpOfvli,f 10 OD;twGuf
axmufyHhay;&ef pDpOfxm;NyD; wpfOD;
vQif odef; 500 ausmf yHhydk;oGm;rnf
jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uxyfavmif;ajym

Mum;onf/
rsdK;qufopf vli,frsm;tm;
EkdifiHwumtqifhrD av,mOfarmif;
twwfynmESifh avaMumif;ynm&yf

ykodrfwuúodkvfESifU *syef NITE
wuúodkvf okawoeyl;aygif;rnf
&efukef? rwf 18

ykodrfwuúodkvfESifh *syefEdkifiH
trsKd ; om; enf ; ynmtuJ j zwf
wuú o d k v f (Nation Institute of
Technology and Evaluation - NITE)

udk oHk;ESpfwm okawoeyl;aygif;
vkyfaqmif&ef em;vnfrIpmcRefvTm
(MoU) udk rwfv 17 &ufaeYwGif
tqifhjrifhynmOD;pD;Xme (atmuf
jrefrmjynf) ü vufrSwfa&;xdk;cJh
aMumif; ynma&;0efBu;D Xmeu owif;
xkwfjyefonf/
tqdkyg wuúodkvfESpfckonf
ZD0enf;ynm (Biotechnology) ESifh
tEkZ0D enf;ynm (Microtechnology)
bmom&yfESpfckwGif yl;aygif;aqmif
&GufrnfjzpfNyD; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif;&Sd
azmfxkwf&efusef&Sdao;onfh o,H
Zmwrsm;udk yl;aygif;&SmazGoGm;&ef
vnf;&SdaMumif; ykodrfwuúodkvf
ygarmu©csKyf a'gufwmnGefYazu
ajymMum;onf/
]]tJ'D wuúodkvfeJY 2004 ckESpf
wkef;u yl;aygif;zl;w,f/ 'gayrJh
&SpfvavmufyJ yl;aygif;jzpfvdkuf
w,f/ tJ'DtawmtwGif; q&mwdkY
ausmif;u usyo
f ed ;f aygif; wpfaomif;
ausmf taxmuftyHh &vdu
k w
f ,f}} [k

¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
,ck csKyfqdkvdkufaom em;
vnfrIpmcRefvTmudk vmrnfh {NyDv
wG i f pwif a qmif & G u f r nf j zpf N yD ;
tao;pdwf vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;ESifh
ok a woeqd k i f & m &if ; ES D ; jr§ K yf E S H r I
twd t usud k tqd k y gvwG i f o m
azmfjyEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; xdk*syef
wuúov
kd jf zpfonfh NITE \ pDru
H ed ;f
refae*smu The Voice Weekly odkY
ajymMum;onf/
,cif 2004 ckESpf yl;aygif;
aqmif&u
G pf OfumvtwGi;f wuúov
kd f
ES p f c k M um; q&m? q&mrES i f h
ausmif;om;? ausmif;ol 15 OD;udk
*syefEdkifiHwGif ajcmufvMum ynm
oifMum;cJhaMumif; ykodrfwuúodkvf
ygarmu©csKyf\ ajymMum;csufrsm;
t& od&onf/
tqif h j rif h y nma&; jyKjyif
ajymif;vJrIrsm; aqmif&GufaepOf
twGif; EdkifiHwpf0ef;vHk;&Sd 0dZÆm? odyÜH
wuú o d k v f r sm;wG i f v nf ; jynf y
wuú o d k v f r sm;ES i f h yl ; aygif ; í
okawoevkyfief;rsm; aqmif&GufcJh
Muonf/

rsm;udk ynmyg&rD jznfhqnf;ay;&ef
ESifh vli,fwdkY\b0udk jr§ifhwifay;
&ef&nf&G,fum ynmoifqkrsm; ay;
tyfjcif;jzpfaMumif; xl;azmifa';&Sif;
u aMunmxm;onf/
avQmufxm;vdkol vli,frsm;
onf trSefwu,f aiGaMu;rwwf
Edkifoljzpf&rnfhtjyif tajccHynm
txufwef;pmar;yGJ &rSwaf ygif; 360
tenf;qH;k &S&d rnfjzpfaMumif;? yk*v
¾ u
d
av,mOfarmif; oifwef;ausmif;
wpfckjzpfonfh Myanmar Aviation
Academy u ppfaq;rnfh 0ifcGifhpm
ar;yGJwGif trSwf 60 ESifhtxuf &&Sd

&efvdktyfaMumif; ,if;azmifa';&Sif;
u xkwfjyefonf/
oifwef;wufa&mufciG &hf o
dS nfh
oifwef;ol? oifwef;om;rsm;onf
ajzqdkonfh pmar;yGJwGif ESpfBudrf
ajrmuf us½HI;ygu ynmoifaxmuf
yHhrI &yfpJrnfjzpfNyD; oifwef;NyD;qHk;
ygu xl;azmifa';&Sif;u owfrSwf
ay;onf h avaMumif ; vk d i f ; wG i f
tenf;qH;k ckepfEpS f wm0efxrf;aqmif
&rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdyk gazmifa';&Si;f
\ xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/
oifwef;umv 2 ESpf owf
rSwfxm;NyD; pmoifESpfwpfESpfvQif

wpfBudrf avQmufvTmrsm; ac:,lrnf
jzpfaMumif;? ,ckEpS t
f wGuf oifwef;om;
24 OD; owfrSwfxm;NyD; 10 OD;pm
twGuf ynmifaxmufyHhaMu;rsm;
yHhydk;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif; xl;azmifa';
&Sif; oifwef;a&;&m wm0ef&Sdol
wpfOD;u qdkonf/
avQmuf x m;vd k o l r sm;onf
Myanmar Aviation Academy ?
trSwf 004? uGef'dk(pD)? wuúodkvf
&dyrf eG t
f rd ,
f m? wuúov
kd &f yd o
f mvrf;?
A[ef;NrdKUe,f? zkef; 01-551229?
01-556626 wGif qufoG,fpHkprf;
Ekdifonf/

jrefrmausmif;om;rsm;twGuf MopaMw;vstrsK;d om;wuúov
kd f
tpDtpOfjzifU oifwef;opfzGifU
&efukef? rwfv 19

jrefrmEdik if &H dS vli,facgif;aqmif
wdkY\ pGrf;aqmif&nfjrifhrm;vm&ef
MopaMw;vstrsKd;om;wuúodkvfu
Myanmar Graduate Development
Program oifwef;opf zGifhvSpfí

vmrnf h y nmoif E S p f w G i f pwif
oifMum;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkyg
tpD t pOf u d k OD ; aqmif o l Mr.
Anthony Swan u The Voice
Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
,if;tpDtpOft& tpdk;&ESifh
zGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif vkyfudkifae
aom jrefrmvli,f 10 OD;0ef;usif
twGuf ynmoifqk ay;oGm;rnf
jzpfNyD; av;ESpfMumwufa&muf&rnf
jzpfaMumif; t*Fvyd b
f momtygt0if
jref r mEk d i f i H a &;tcif ; tusif ; ES i f h

tar&duef Fullbright ynmoifqk
ZlvdkifaemufqHk;avQmufxm;&rnf
&efukef? rwf 19

tar&dueftpdk;&u ESpfpOf axmufyHhvsuf&Sdaom Fullbright EdkifiH&yfjcm; ausmif;om; ynmoifqk udk
vmrnfh Zlvdkifv 3 &ufaeY aemufqHk;xm;í &efukefNrKdUawmf wuúodkvf&dyfomvrf;&Sd tar&duef oH½Hk;wGif
vma&mufavQmufxm;& rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkygoH½Hk;u xkwfjyefxm;onf/
avQmufxm;vdkolrsm;onf bGJUvufrSwf? t*Fvdyfbmomt&nftcsif; TOFEL (paper based) &rSwf
575 odkYr[kwf IELTS &rSwf 6.5 tjyif ynmt&nftcsif; xl;cRef&efESifh jrefrmEdkifiHwGif aexdkifaom
EdkifiHom;ppfppfjzpf&ef vdktyfonf/
ynmoifqk avQmufxm;vdkolrsm;twGuf owif;tcsuftvuf tjynfhtpHkod&SdEdkif&ef {NyDv 5 &uf
aeY? arv 3 &ufaeYESifh ZGefv 7 &ufaeYwdkYwGif tar&duefpifwmü a[m ajymyGJrsm; usif;yay;oGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif; oH½Hk;\ xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/
tqdkyg ynmoifqkonf ,ckESpfwGif wuúodkvfygarmu©rsm;ESifh ½Hk;0efxrf;rsm;? tpdk;&Xmersm;u
0efxrf;rsm;twGuf ynmoifqk tpDtpOfopfac:,lvsuf&SdNyD; tar &duefjynfaxmifpktajcpdkuf EdkifiHwum
ynma&;tzGJU udk,fpm;vS,frsm; jrefrmEdkifiH vma&mufpOfuvnf; wuúodkvfrsm;twGuf ynmoifqkrsm;
urf;vSrf;cJhonf/
tao;pdwfvdktyfcsufESifh odvdkonfrsm;udk http://burma.usembassy.gov/scholarships.html wGif
0ifa&mufMunfh½IEdkifNyD; trSwf-110 wuúodkvf&dyfomvrf;? urm&GwfNrKdUe,f&Sd tar&duefoH½Hk;? jynfolYa&;&m
Xme? ,Ofaus;rIXmecGJ zkef; 536509? 505113 vdkif;cGJ 4369 odkYvnf; qufoG,far;jref;Edkifonf/

ywfoufaom okawoevkyif ef;rsm;
twGufvnf; oifMum;ay;oGm;&ef&Sd
aMumif; ¤if;uxyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
]]'D t pD t pOf u jref r mEd k i f i H
zG H U Nzd K ;a&; tul t nD j zpf r S m yg/
aemufxyfvnf; yl;wGyJ nmoifMum;rI
tpDtpOfawG? rl0g'a&;&m okawoe
pD r H u d e f ; awG u d k ES p f E d k i f i H y l ; aygif ;
aqmif&GufomG ;Ekid zf Ykd taxmuftul
jzpfvrd rhf ,f}} [k Mr. Anthony Swan
uajymqdk onf/
tqdkygtpDtpOftwGuf ynm
oifqak vQmufxm;rnfqykd gu jrefrm

EdkifiH&Sd MopaMw;vsoH½Hk;ü Australia
Award Scholarships ESifh Australia
Aid Program wdYk avQmufxm;&mae&m
wG i f ar;jref ; avQmuf x m;Ed k i f N yD ;
avQmufvmT azmifyw
d &f ufukd {Nyv
D ukef
xd owfrSwfxm;aMumif; tqdkyg
wuú o d k v f Crawford School of
Public Policy XmexHrS od&onf/
urÇmhwuúodkvfrsm;tqifh 24
wGif&Sdaom MopaMw;vstrsKd;om;
wuúov
kd o
f nf &efuek w
f uúov
kd Ef iS hf
ynm&yfqdkif&m yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI
rsm; aqmif&GufcJhzl;onf/

&efukefta0;oifwuúodkvf
Website jyKvkyfrnf
&efukef? rwf 19

&efukef ta0;oifwuúodkvf
u EdkifiHwum ta0;oifwuúodkvf?
pmMunfhwdkufrsm;ESifh csdwfquf&ef
vmrnfh {NyDvwGif t*Fvdyfbmom
ESihf Website xkwv
f iT rhf nfjzpfaMumif;
tqd k y gwuú o d k v f ygarmu© c sKyf
a'guf w mvS w if u The Voice
Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg Website wGif EdkifiH
wumESifh csdwfqufrIrsm;twGuf
omru pmay;pm,l ausmif;om;rsm;
twGufvnf; bmom&yfoifcef;pm
rsm;udk aeYpOf xkwfvTifhoGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif; ¤if;u xyfavmif;ajym
Mum;onf/
vuf&Sd pmay;pm,lausmif;
om;rsm;twGuf bmom&yfwpfckpD
tvdkuf jyXmef;pmtkyf? avhvmrI
vrf;nTepf mtky?f tdrpf m (Assignment)
ajzqdkenf;vrf;nTef? tjcm;toHESifh
ykdYcscsuf? AD'D,dkydkYcscsufpD'Drsm;ESifh

oifMum;vsuf&Sdonf/
]] Website wif r ,f q d k & if
pmawG c snf ; yJ wif w mr[k w f b J
ar;cG e f ; yH k p H a v;awG ? oif c ef ; pm
rSwfpkwdkawG? ausmif;&JU aMunmcsuf
awGvnf; ygzdkYvdkw,f/ aemufNyD;
udk,fhausmif;q&mrawGeJYwdkuf½dkuf
xdawGUvdYk&atmifvyk af y;&if ydak umif;
r,f}} [k &efuek f ta0;oifwuúov
kd f
wwd,ESpf 0dZÆmtxl;jyKausmif;om;
udk[def;xufatmifu The Voice
Weekly odkY ajymqdkonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif &efukefESifh
rEÅav; ta0;oifwuúodkvfESpfcku
ausmif ; om;? ausmif ; ol ES p f p Of
ig;aomif;0ef;usif vufcHoifMum;
ay;vsuf&SdNyD; 1992 ckESpfrS 2012
ck E S p f t wG i f ; bG J U &ausmif ; om;
ausmif;olta&twGuf wpfoef;
ausmf arG;xkwaf y;Ny;D aMumif; a'gufwm
vSwifu ajymMum;onf/

14
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

jrefrmvkyfom;tcGifUta&;umuG,f&ef xdkif;ESifU rav;&Sm;wGif at*sifpDtoif;½Hk;zGifUrnf
&efukef? rwf 18

ya&muf jrefrmvkyfom;rsm;\ tcGifhta&;rsm;udk umuG,f&ef?
jyóemrsm;udk ajz&Sif;ay;&ef jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpD
toif;csKyf½Hk;rsm;udk xdkif;ESifh rav;&Sm;EdkifiHwdkYwGif zGifhvSpfrnfjzpfaMumif;
tqdkygtoif;csKyfOuú| OD;jrifhvIdifu ajymMum;onf/
b@ma&;tajctaeaMumifh rsm;wGif a&muf&Sdaeaom jrefrm
jref r mvk y f o m; trsm;qH k ; &S d a om tvkyform;tm;vHk;\ tcGifhta&;
xdki;f ESihf rav;&Sm;Edik if w
H YkdwiG f ½H;k zGi&hf ef rsm;? jyóemrsm;udk ajz&Si;f ay;oGm;rnf
ueOD; pDpOfjcif;jzpfNyD; aemifwGif jzpfaMumif; OD;jrifv
h idI u
f ajymqdo
k nf/
jrefrmvkyfom;&Sdaom EdkifiHrsm;ü
]]jynfya&muf tvkyo
f rm;awG
xyfrHzGifhvSpfrnfjzpfaMumif;? xdkif; &JU vlrIb0'ku©awGudk Oya'abmif
Edik if w
H iG f vmrnf{h NyDvESihf rav;&Sm; twGif;u ajz&Sif;ay;csifvdkYyg}} [k
ü arvwdkYwGif ½Hk;cef;zGifhvSpfrnf ¤if;u qdkonf/
jzpfaMumif; ,if;toif;csKyfxHrS
toif;csKyf cdkifrmtm;aumif;
od&Sd&onf/
vmygu tvkyform;? tvkyftudkif
w&m;0if jynfytvkyftudkif ES i f h vl r I z l v H k a &; 0ef B uD ; Xmeu
&SmazGa&; at*sifpDrsm;uydkYxm;aom BuD;Muyfaeaom vkyif ef;wm0eftcsKdU
tvkyform;rsm;tjyif jynfyEdkifiH udk (vkyfom;ydkY&mwGif pdppfonfh

jynf

udpö? vkyfom;ydkYcGifhr&Sdaom EdkifiH
rsm;udk toif;csKyf\axmufcHrIjzifh
cGifhjyK&ef ponfh) vTJajymif;ay;oGm;
rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkyg0efBuD;XmerS

csif;rdkif? rwf 18

w&m;r0if jref r mvk y f o m;
wpfoef;cefY&Sdaom xdkif;EdkifiHwGif
w&m;0if rSwfykHwifa&;tpDtpOft&
avQmufvTmwif&uf ukefqkH;onf
txd vkyfom;wpfodef;ckepfaomif;
cef Y om avQmuf x m;ao;ojzih f
avQmuf v T m wif & uf u d k 15 &uf
(rwf v uk e f ) xd ouf w rf ; wd k ;
vdkufaMumif; xdkif;EdkifiH&Sd jrefrm

&efukef? rwf 19
DM-40 trsKd;tpm;oHk;pif;udk

tar
&duefa':vm 1 'or 3 bDvD,H
ukefuscH 0,f,lcJhNyD; ykodrf av,mOf
armif;oifwef;ausmif;wGif oifwef;
om;rsm;udk vufawGU tarmif;oif
Mum;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;? oifwef;
NyD;qHk;ygu jynfwGif;avaMumif;
vd k i f ; rsm;wG i f av,mOf r S L ;tjzpf
wk d u f½dkuf cef Y tyf o G m ;rnf j zpf
aMumif; tqkdygoifwef;ausmif;xHrS
od&onf/

rsm;taejzifh tvkyt
f udik &f mS ;yg;rnf
r[kwfaMumif; tjynfjynfqkdif&m
jref r mh a vaMumif ; vk d i f ; ( MAI)
ta&mif;refae*sm a':at;r&omu
ajymMum;onf/
tqk d y goif w ef ; wG i f Ek d i f i H
wumpnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;ESifhtnD
oifwef;om; 24 OD;om vufcHrnf
jzpfNyD; Diamond Aircraft av,mOf
oHk;pif;jzifh oifMum;rnfjzpfaMumif;?
oifwef;aMu;rSm tar&duefa':vm
ajcmufaomif;cGJjzpfNyD; oifwef;
umvwpfESpfESifh &SpfvMumjrifhrnf
jzpfaMumif; OD;Munf0if;u &Sif;jy
onf/
]]oif w ef ; qif ; awG t aeeJ Y
tvkyftudkif&zdkY&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh av
aMumif ; vk d i f ; awG & J U armif ; &r,f h
av,mOftrsKd;tpm;tvkduf vkdtyf
wJ h o if w ef ; ud k avaMumif ; vd k i f ;
awGu ydkYcsNyD;rS armif;ESifEkdifr,f}}
[k a':at;r&omu qkdonf/
jrefrmEkdifiH av,mOfarmif;
oifwef;ausmif; MAA(Myanmar
Aviation Academy) u MopaMw;vs
EkdifiHxkwf tarmif;oifav,mOf

24 &ufaeYu tNyD;owfzUJG pnf;cJo
h nf/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif w&m;0ifvdkif
pif& jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;
at*sifpD 161 ck&Sdonf/

xdik ;f wGif w&m;0ifrw
S yf w
Hk if&efavQmufciG Uf 15 &uf oufwrf;wd;k

yk*¾vduav,mOfarmif;oifwef;qif;rsm;
tvkyftudkif&rnf[kqkd

jrefrmEkdifiHwGif yxrqHk;zGifh
vSpfrnfh yk*¾vduav,mOfarmif;
oif w ef ; Myanmar Aviation
Academy ausmif;qif;olrsm;twGuf
tvkyftudkif&&ef aocsmaMumif;
rwf 19 &uf a eYu &ef u k e f N rKd U
Seasons Hotel wG i f usif ; yonf h
av,mOf a rmif ; oif w ef;twGuf
toH;k jyKrnfh av,mOfrsm; rdwfquf
jcif; tcrf;tem;wGif ,if;oifwef;
ausmif ; Ouú | OD ; Munf 0 if ; u
ajymMum;onf/
]]EkdifiHjcm;rSm&SdwJh av,mOf
armif;oifwef;awGudk wufa&muf
atmif j rif N yD ; oif w ef ; qif ; cJ h & if
awmif tvkyftudkif&zdkYraocsmbl;/
'Doifwef;uqif;&if tvkyftudkif
&zkdYaocsmw,f}}[k ¤if;uqkdonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif; wkd;csJUvm
Muaom avaMumif;vkdif;rsm;aMumifh
av,mOfarmif;vkdtyfcsuf jrifhrm;
vmaMumif;? jynfwGif;rSarmif;ESif
Muaom av,mOfrSL;rsm;rSm vuf&Sd
EkdifiHwumavaMumif;vdkif;rsm;wGif
oG m ;a&muf v k y f u d k i f a eMuaom
aMumifh av,mOfarmif;oifwef;qif;

'kwd,0efBuD; OD;jrifhodef;u ajym
Mum;onf/
jynfytvkyftudkif &SmazGa&;
at*sifpD toif;csKyfudk azazmf0g&Dv

tvkyo
f rm; oHt&m&Sd OD;ausmaf usmv
f iG f
uajymMum;onf/
w&m;0ifrSwfykHwifa&; ueOD;
tpDtpOfwGif azazmf0g&Dv 15 &uf
aeYrS rwfv 15 &ufaeYtxdudk
avQmufvTmwif&uftjzpf owfrSwf
xm;NyD; rwfv 15 &ufaeYrS arv
15 &ufaeYtxdudk tvkyform;½kH;
11 ½k;H wGif w&m;0iftaxmuftxm;
(,m,DEdkifiHul;vufrSwf) xkwfay;
&ef xdkif;tpdk;&u cGihfjyKxm;onf/
tvkyf&Sifrsm;u vkyfom;rsm;
tay: ,kMH unfrrI &Sjd cif;? tcaMu;aiG
jrihfrm;jcif;wdkYaMumihf w&m;0ifrSwfykH
wif&ef avQmufxm;rIenf;yg;jcif;
jzpfaMumif; vkyo
f m;rsm;ESifh vkyo
f m;
ta&; aqmif&Gufolrsm;xHrS od&Sd&
onf/
]],m,DEdkifiHul; vufrSwfvkyf
ay;NyD;&if tvkyform;awGu ydkufqH
yd&k wJh befaumufukd ajymif;Muw,f/
'gaMumihf tvkyf&SifawGu rvkyfay;
csif b l ; }} [k rJ a qmuf t ajcpd k u f
a&mifjcnfOD;tvkyform;tzGJU Oya'
tBuHay;OD;axG;Edik u
f ajymMum;onf/
rSwyf t
Hk pDtpOft& tvky&f iS u
f
vk y f o m;rsm;twG u f w&m;0if
rSwfykHwifay;&rnf qdkaomfvnf;

,if ; tpD t pOf u d k tvk y f & S i f r sm;
aqmif&Gufay;rIenf;yg;aeaMumif;
vkyfom;ta&; aqmif½Gufolrsm;xHrS
od&Sd&onf/
vuf&SdwGif tvkyf&Sifr&SdbJ
w&m;0ifrSwfykHwif&ef bwf 2000
cefYay;í tvky&f iS f iSm;&rf;ae&aMumif;
csif;rdkifNrdKUwGif tvkyfvkyfaeaom
u&ifwdkif;&if;olwpfOD;u qdkonf/
w&m;0ifrw
S yf w
Hk ifygu jrefrm
tpd k ; &ud k AD Z maMu;bwf 550
tygt0if xdkif;bwf 6000 cefYom
ukefusaomfvnf; w&m;r0ifyGJpm;
rsm;aMumifh bwf 12ç000 rS 15ç000
txd ay;ae&aMumif; vkyfom;rsm;
xHrS od&Sd&onf/
,if;tpDtpOfopfwGif tvkyf
orm;rsm;omru 15 ESpfatmuf
uav;i,f r sm;ud k y g taxmuf
txm;xkwfay;&ef xdkif;tpdk;&u
oabmwlxm;onf/
xdkif;wGif jrefrmvkyfom; 1
'or 2 oef;ausmfudk w&m;0if
taxmuftxm; xkwfay;xm;NyD;
taxmuf t xm;rJ h wpf o ef ; cef Y
&Sdao;onf[k tvkyform;? tvkyf
tudkifESihf vlrIzlvkHa&;0efBuD;Xmeu
xkwfjyefxm;onf/

uRrf;usifEdkifiHjcm;vkyfom;rsm;udk
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tvkyfvkyfcGifUay;rnf
&efukef? rwf 18

EdkifiHjcm; &if;EDS;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;aMumifh puf½Hktvkyf½Hk vkyfief;rsm;pGm ay:aygufvmrnfh jrefrmEdkifiHwGif
uRrf;usiftqifh&Sd EdkifiHjcm;om;tvkyo
f rm;rsm;udo
k m cGijhf yKoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tvkyo
f rm;nTeMf um;a&;
OD;pD;Xme nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;rsKd;atmifu ajymMum;onf/
EdkifiHjcm;tvkyform;rsm;udk w&m;0iftvkyfvkyfcGifhjyK&ef EdkifiHjcm;om;tvkyform;Oya'udk a&;qGJ
vsuf&SdNyD; ,if;Oya'wGif uRrf;usiftqifh EdkifiHjcm;om;rsm;udkom t"duxm;tvkyfcefY&ef a&;qGJvsuf&Sdum
tajccHvkyfom;rsm;twGuf tenf;i,fom yg0ifzG,f&SdaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
]]jrefrmEdkifiHtwGuf General Worker u jynfyu ac:p&m rvdkbl;? Skill Worker awGyJ vdktyfw,f}}
[k OD;rsKd;atmifu ajymMum;onf/
vuf&SdwGif EdkifiHjcm;om; tvkyform;rsm;twGuf oD;jcm;Oya'jy|mef;xm;jcif;r&Sdao;aomfvnf;
puf½Hk tvkyf½Hkrsm;wGif ynm&Sifacgif;pOfwyfum EdkifiHjcm;om;tvkyform;rsm; 0ifa&mufvkyfudkifvsuf
&Sdonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif uRrf;usifvkyfom;rsm;udkom ac:,lrnfh tpDtpOfudk BuKdqdkaMumif;? odkYaomfvnf;
EdkifiHjcm;om; uRrf;usifvkyfom;rsm;xHrS avhvmoif,lNyD; EdkifiHjcm;om; uRrf;usifvkyfom;ac:,lrIudk
wpfESpfxufwpfESpfavQmhcsum ,if;ae&mrsm;wGif jynfwGif;vkyfom;rsm;udk tpm;xdk;Edkif&rnfjzpfaMumif;
vIdifom,mNrKdUe,f pufrIZkef pDrHcefYcGJa&;aumfrwDOuú| OD;jrwfoif;atmifu ajymMum;onf/
]]jynfyu General Worker awGudkawmh a':vmay;NyD; rac:bl;}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
Edik if w
H umwGiv
f nf; uRr;f usiftvkyform;rsm;udkom ac:,lavh&SdNyD; tajccHvkyfom;qdkygu ouf
qdkif&m EdkifiHu EdkifiHom;vkyfom;rsm; rvkyfvdkaom ae&mrsm;twGufom ac:,lavh&Sdonf/
pifumylEdkifiH\ tultnDjzifh jrefrmEdkifiHwGifvnf; tmqD,HpHEIef;rD uRrf;usifvkyfom;rsm;
ay:xGufa&; tpDtpOfrsm;udk rwfv 7 &ufaeYu pwifaeNyDjzpf (owif;azmfjyNyD; The Voice Weekly Vol.
9/No. 11) onf/

15

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

,cifwpfywfrStquf

jrefrmEdkifiH\ a&t&if;tjrpfrsm; pDrHcefh cGJtoHk;csjcif;
atmifausmfñGefh
jrefrmUa&t&if;tjrpfqdkif&m
tcsuftvufrsm; odkavSmifbPf
(National Water Resources
Data Bank NWRDB)

tcktcsderf mS a&zGUH NzdK;rIprD u
H ed ;f
wpfckvkyfawmhr,fqdk&if pDrHcsuf
a&;qGJol? 'DZdkif;yHkpHjyKpkolawGtwGuf
OD;aESmuftajcmufqHk;? t&yfajym
acgif;tpm;qHk;uawmh vdkwJhtcsuf
tvufr&Sw
d m? rjynfph w
kH m? tm;xm;
avmufwJh rSefuefrI (Reliability)
r&SdwmygyJ/ aocsmodcsif&if tck
jrefrmEdik if rH mS pma&;olqnfajrmif;rSm
&SdpOfu NWRDB twGuf UNDP
rSm &efyHkaiGay;zkdYBudK;pm;awmif;cHcJh
&m a':vm 2 'or 50 oef;&cJhzl;
ygw,f/ vkyif ef;taumiftxnfazmf
&mrSmawmh pma&;olrygEdkifawmhyg/
UNDP/FAO tvkyfeJYyJ EdkifiHjcm;udk
xGufoGm;&vdkYyg/ trSeftwkdif;ajym
&&ifawmh tJ'DpDrHudef; ratmifjrif
cJhyg/ taMumif;&if;wpfckuawmh
XmeuvlBuD;awGrmS tJ'v
D yk if ef;xuf
ydNk yD;tcsed af y;? OD;pm;ay;&r,fv
h yk if ef;
awG&SdaevdkYygyJ/ 'ghtjyif 0efBuD;Xme
tcsif;csif; av;av;pm;pm; tcsuf
tvufawG ay;ykdYzdkYpdwfr0ifpm;wm
vnf;ygygw,f/ 'gaMumifh NWRDB
udk 0efBuD;XmewpfckckrSm xm;rSjzpf
r,fqkd&ifawmif 0efBuD;XmexJrSm
MoZmtmPmt&SdqHk; XmerSmxm;rS
jzpfygr,f/
pum;rpyf a&t&if ; tjrpf
tcsut
f vuf WRD &JU xl;jcm;rIav;
wpfck ajymjycsiyf gw,f/ WRD tcsuf
tvufu tcsdefeJYtrQ ajymif;vJ
aewmjzpfygw,f/ vGefcJhwJh &uf
v^ESpu
f WRD udk tckomG ;wkid ;f ygvkYd
ajymvkYd r&yg/ aemufaMumif;jyefvu
kd f
vdkYr&wJh vkyfief;pOf (Irrecoverable
Process) jzpfygw,f/ tcsdefrDrwkdif;
wmrd&ifawmh qHk;½HI;oGm;wJh tcsuf
tvuf WRD vkdYom owfrSwfvkduf
&rSmyg/

a&t&if;tjrpfpDrHudef;wpfck
pdppf&mrSm bmawGta&;BuD;ovJ
wk d w d k e J Y vk d & if ; ud k a jym&&if
pDrHudef;jzpfEdkifpGrf; (Feasibility) u
aiG&if;jyefay:rIeJY tusKd;tjrwf&rI
wkdYeJY wkdif;wmMuwmygyJ/ EIRR wkdY
FIRR wkdYaygh/ tckacwfrSmawmh 'geJY
wifr&awmhyg/ 'DpDrHudef;aMumifh
ywf0ef;usifb,favmufxdckdufrvJ
(EIA) eJ Y a&&S n f w nf w H h c k d i f r mrI
(Sustainability) b,favmuf&SdrvJ
wkYdygavhvm&ygw,f/ IRR (Internal
Rate of Return), NPU (Net Present
Value) pwJ h pD ; yG m ;a&;ppf a q;rI
(Economic Assessment) awGua
kd wmh

udef;*Pef;rsm;eJY azmfjyay;EdkifvdkY
pDrHudef; jzpfEdkif rjzpfEdkif ñTefudef;
(Index) eJY jyEdi
k yf gw,f/ usew
f t
hJ csuf
awG u d k a &m uG u f u G u f u G i f ; uG i f ;
tJ'v
D jdk zpfatmif jyzkYdvydk gr,f/ vlraI &;
(Social)? Edi
k if aH &; (Political) ½Iaxmifh
awGeJY tMurf;zsif;ajymaeMu&ifawmh

wpfzufuvnf; vG,fvG,fulul
taMumif;jyNyD; olwkdYvkyfcsifovdk
vkyfoGm;rSm jzpfygw,f/
avmavmq,f a&SUwef;wuf
aewJh a&t&if;tjrpfqkdif&m jyóem
(Hot Water Resource Issues) tcsKdU
udk pma&;ol A[kokwrDoavmuf
okH;oyfjycsifygw,f/ {&m0wDjrpfqHk
pDrHudef;qkdygpdkY/ oleJYywfoufwJh
tpD & if c H p m (Feasibility Report)
tjynhftpHkrawGYzl;yg/ vlwkdif;Munhf
cGifhr&SdvkdYyg/ 'gayrJh rdwfaqGwcsKdUqD
u BuHKvYkad wGUvku
d &f wJh tcsut
f vuf
udk tajccHNyD;ajym&wmyg/ jzpfEikd pf rG ;f
EIRR wGufcsufrIrSm pD;yGm;a&;orm;
awG vdo
k vdu
k pm;Edik w
f t
hJ csuf (Input
Data) awG&adS evdYk ygyJ/ 'gayrJh 'D{&mr
a&avSmifrIBuD;aMumifh {&m0wDjrpf
atmufydkif;rSm jzpfvmrnfh ZvaA'
tajctae (Downstream Hydrological Inpacts) awG wdwdusus
avhvmxm;wmr&Sdyg/
{&m0wDjrpf[m b,fEdkifiHeJYrS
a&maxG;qufpyfrI (Transboundary)
r&SdwJh jrefrmoD;oefY rdcifjrpfwpfck
jzpfygw,f/ tcktcsdet
f xd jrpfcrJG sm;
ay:rSmawmh a&avSmif? a&vTq
J nfawG
&mES i f h c sD N yD ; aqmuf x m;NyD ; ygNyD /
'gaMumif h ZvaA'avh v mrI r S m
'Da&avSmifqnfawG tm;vHk;yg0ifwJh
pepfwpfckjzpf&ygrnf/ pD;yGm;jzpf
xkwf,loHk;pGJaewJh pufa&wGif; (GW
D Ydk olwYdu
k v
kd nf;
Wells)awGvnf;&Sad eNyr
xnfw
h u
G &f ygr,f/ wcsKUd tif*sief ,
D m
awG u 'D j rpf q H k q nf B uD ; aMumif h
{&m0wDjrpfatmufydkif;awG (Oyrmppfudkif;? rEÅav;? jynf ponfh) aEG
&moDrSm jrpfa& av;ig;ayydkjrifhvm
r,fponfajymMuygw,f/ olwYd k b,fvd k
wGufovJrodayr,fh wGufcsufrIu
'Davmufr½d;k pif;yg/ ausmif;om;av;
awG wGuo
f vdk oH;k csufwu
G ef YJ r&yg/
enf;ynmykdif;eJY ajym&&iftajzu
Linear Response r[kwy
f g/ 'Davmuf
wefz;dk Bu;D wJq
h nfBu;D awG? tusK;d tjypf
BuD;rm;wJh pDrHudef;awGtwGufqkd&if
NyD ; jynh f p H k w J h ZvaA'armf ' ,f v f
(Comprehensive Hydrologic
Model) wpfcjk yifqifxm;NyD; tajz&Sm

oifhygw,f/ ZvaA'armf',fvfESifh
qufpyfNyD; jrpfatmufyikd ;f b,fae&m
rSm tcsdeftcgtvdkuf a&b,fESay
&Srd ,fqw
dk m cefYreS ;f ay;wJh Hydraulic
d gr,f/ 'Darmf',fvf
Model vnf; vky
awGu {&m0wDjrpfaMumif;wpfavQmuf
EIA twGuf rSDjirf;Edkifr,fhtajzrsm;
udkvnf; xkwfay;oGm;rSmyg/ Oyrmjrpf0uRe;f ay:a'otxd a&ieftqifh
(Salinity Level) b,fvakd jymif;vJr,f?
a&aeowå0g? ig;rsKd;quf ponf
awG b,fvadk jymif;vJomG ;r,futp
tajzxkwfay;EdkifrSmyg/ ywf0ef;usif
xdckdufrI a*[pepf ajymif;vJEdkifrIu
tp 'DpepfuckdifrmwJh udef;*Pef;
awGeJY ulnDjznhfqnf;ay;oGm;rSm
jzpfygw,f/
{&m0wD j rpf 0 S r f ; twG i f ; rS m
aemufxyfa&avSmifqnfBuD;wpfck

aqmufr,f/ a&wGif; (Groundwater
Wells) awG b,frQwl;r,fqkdwm
awGudk armf',fvfrSm xnhfvkduf&if
jrpfatmufykdif; ajymif;vJrIawGudk
rdepfydkif;twGif; tajzxkwfay;EdkifwJh
pepfjzpfygw,f/ 'gayrJh jrpfBuD;&JU
{&d,m tvGefus,fjyefYwmaMumifh
'DpepfwyfqifzYdku tuket
f ustvGef
rsm;ygrnf/ enf;ynmtvGejf rifw
h mrdYk
EdkifiHjcm;ynm&Sifrsm;vnf; ac:oHk;
&rSm jzpfygw,f/ 'gayrJh {&m0wD
jrpfqv
kH kd pDru
H ed ;f BuD;awGtwGuaf wmh
'DvNdk yD;jynhpf w
kH phJ epf (River Analysis
System) wpfckeJY xkdufxkdufwefwef
pdppfoifhygw,f/ aemufNyD;awmh
wpfBudrfqifxm;NyD; (Setup) &if
aemifudk tenf;i,frGrf;rH (Update)
½HkuvGJNyD; toHk;csEdkifoGm;rSmyg/
pum;tvsO;f oifo
h vkd aqG;aEG;
&&if aemuf vlord sm;vmwJh {&m0wD
jrpfay:rSm a&aMumif;? jrpfaMumif;
xdef;odrf;rIeJYtwl a&tm;vQyfppf
xkwfrnhfpDrHudef;yg/ 'DpDrHudef;rsKd;
vkyfoifhwmMumygNyD/ EdkifiHtwGuf
tvGet
f usK;d &Srd nfv
h yk if ef;yg/ {&m0wD
jrpfaMumif;wpfavQmuf ]12} ae&mrSm
vkyfr,f/ pkpkaygif;ukefusaiGa':vm
oef; 300 cefY&Sdr,f/ vQyfppf 2520
r*¾g0yfxkwfr,fqkdawmh pD;yGm;a&;
wGufajcudkufrIuawmh ajymp&mrvdk
atmif aumif;aeygw,f/ NyD;awmh
'Dvyk if ef;aMumifh jrpfaMumif;xde;f odr;f rI
bufrmS ydak umif;zkYdy&J ydS gw,f/ pma&;ol
tar&duefu (Ohio) tkd[kdif;[dkjrpf
aMumif ; wpf a vQmuf & S d tvm;wl
pDru
H ed ;f awGMunhzf ;l ygw,f/ tJ't
D csed f
uwnf;u wdkY{&m0wDjrpfay:rsm;
'Dvkdvkyf&&if aumif;rSmyJvdkY pdwful;
,OfcJhzl;ygw,f/
'DpDrHudef;awGu wu,fqkd&if
pdu
k yf sK;d a&;twGuf jrpfa&wifprD u
H ed ;f ?
NrdKUeJYaus;&GmawGtwGuf aomufoHk;
a&pDrHudef; pwmawGtwGuf vHk;0
zGHUNzdK;oGm;rSmyg/ a&wifrIa&m? vkdwJh
vQyfppfa&m&oGm;rSmrdkYyg/ jrpfBuD;&JU
a&&SnfwnfwJh tajctae (Regine)
udkvnf; xdef;odrf;EdkifrSmrkdY tvGef

taumiftxnfazmfoifhwJh pDrHudef;
BuD;yg/
'gayrJh tJ't
D csut
f vufawGu
tMurf;cefYreS ;f xm;wJh (Reconnaissance)
tcsuftvufawGjzpfzdkYrsm;ygw,f/
'Davmuf tuket
f usrsm;rnfph rD u
H ed ;f ?
tusKd;tjrwf&Sdrnfh pDrHudef;qkd&if
txufrmS &Si;f jywJt
h wkid ;f NyD;jynhpf w
kH hJ
avhvmwGufcsufrIawGeJY avhvm
qH;k jzwfoifyh gw,f/ odYkr[kwf twdik ;f
tqawmfawmfBuD;rm;rnfh aemif
tusKd;qufawGeJY &ifqkdif&ygr,f/
'Dvv
dk yk if ef;rsK;d awGu jyeftzwfq,f
r&wJh tusKd;qufawGcHpm;&&SdEdkifyg
w,f/ wnfaqmufzkdY tusKd;tjrwf
&zkdYyJ awG;wJholrsm;uawmh 'gawGudk
rsufuG,fjyKvkyfMurSmyg/ {&m0wD
jrpfqHkpDrHudef;udk erlemMunhfyg/
'ghtjyif owdxm;&rnhf enf;
ynmqkdif&m udpöav;awG&Sdygao;
w,f/ pl;prf;avhvmrI 'DZkdif;yHkpHjyK
&mrSm tcsKdUEdkifiHjcm; ukrÜPDawGu
jrefrmtif*sife,
D mawGbmrS odyrf od
bl;qkdNyD; aps;cyfaygayg Software
awG o H k ; NyD ; vk y f o G m ;Ed k i f y gw,f /
'D{&m0wDvrdk cd ifjrpf? r[mjrpfBuD;rSm
tao;pdwfwdwdusus avhvmEdkif
rnfh Software awGoHk;zkdYvkdygrnf/
Oyrm-Hydraulic Model rSm wpfzufjrif
wpfzufwGuf (One Dimensional)
armf',fvfrsKd;ukd oHk;oGm;&ifvnf;
jzpfEkdifygw,f/ odkYayrJh {&m0wDvkd
jrpfBuD;rSmawmh oHk;zufjrif oHk;zuf
wGuf (Three Dimensional Model)
udkyJ oHk;&ygrnf/ 'grSom oJEkef;
ydYkaqmifru
I tp tao;pdww
f u
G cf suf
EdkifNyD; aemifjzpfay:EdkifwJh urf;pm;rI?
urf;NydKrI? aomifxGef;rIpwmawGudk
BudKwifwu
G q
f cefYreS ;f NyD; vkt
d yfovdk
a&Smif&Sm;EdkifrSmyg/ pma&;oltawGU
tBuHKt& ]One Dimensional} eJY
]Three Dimensional Model} awG&JU
aps;EIef;u tvGefuGmjcm;vSygw,f/
aemufvlxkMum; tajymrsm;
aewmu aemufxyfa&avSmifqnf
(Dams) awGaqmufzYkd vkad o;ovm;/
tckvadk qmufxm;wm rsm;vSNyDqw
dk hJ

ar;cGef;awGyg/ wu,fawmh jrefrm
EdkifiHtwGuf a&avSmifqnfawGvdkOD;
rSmyg/ vkdwJhtaMumif;awG&Sdygw,f/
tcktcsdefrSm jrefrmEdkifiH&JU a&
toHk;csrIu oHk;pGJEdkifwJha&yrmP&JU
3 &mckdifEIef;yJ &Sdygw,f/ 'gtMurf;
rSef;xm;w,fxif&if 5 &mcdkifEIef;
xm;vku
d yf g/ 95 &mcdik Ef eI ;f uroH;k bJ
trsm;pku yifv,fxJjyefoGm;aewm
yg/ aemufwpfcsufu jrefrmjynf&JU
pdkufysKd;EdkifwJhajru {u 45 oef;cefY
&Sdygw,f/ tckpdkufaewmu {u 31
oef;yg/ pdu
k Ef ikd w
f ahJ jr&JU 30 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
usefaeygao;w,f/ 'ghtjyif qnf
a&aomuf&wJhajru {u 5 'or
40 oef;om &Sdygao;w,f/ NyD;awm
oD;xyfpdkufEdkifwJh{&d,mu {u 1
'or 52 oef;om&Sw
d myg/ wk;d vmrnfh
vlO;D a&? zGUH NzdK;vmrnfh pufrv
I ,f,m
ponfwkdYaMumifh oD;xyfpdkufEdkifrnfh
{u? pkpak ygif; pdu
k {f uawGw;dk zkYdqw
dk m
qnfa&ray;vkYd r&yg/ qnfa&wpfck
uom tajz&Sdygw,f/ qnfa&r&Sd
rjzpfvkdwJh taMumif;u &Sdygw,f/
pma&;olwYdk Eikd if rH mS a&o,HZmwawG
t&rf;rsm;ygw,f/ tckoHk;aewm
&Sdwm&JU 5 &mcdkifEIef;avmufyJ oHk;ae
&wm/ a&o,HZmw&JU ae&ma'oeJY
tcsdefumvtvkduf rnDrQrIygyJ/
qkdvkdwmu wpfEdkifiHvHk;rSm rdk;&Gmwm
]ajcmuf} v uset
f csed u
f rd;k wpfaygufrS
r&wmyg/ &SdwJha&t&if;tjrpf&JU 70
&mcdkifEIef;u tJ'D ]ajcmuf}v twGif;
rSmyJ&Edkifawmh a&udk avSmifrokH;vkdY
r&yg/ 'gayrJh aqmufvu
dk w
f ahJ &avSmif
uefawG&UJ toH;k csru
I akd wmh xda&mufr?I
taumif;qHk; toHk;csrIawGjzpfatmif
vkyzf Ykd vadk ewm awGU&ygw,f/ tcsdef
&&if tJ'Dtcsufudk qufNyD;wifjyyg
OD;r,f/ tcsKyfuawmh a&t&if;tjrpf
zGUH NzdK;a&;pDru
H ed ;f awG wkid ;f jynfzUHG NzdK;rI
twGuf vkyfudkvkyf&ygr,f/ 'gayrJh
ckdifvHkwJhtcsuftvufawGeJY wdus
jynhpf w
kH hJ pl;prf;avhvmrIawGvyk Nf yD;rS
taumiftxnfazmfzkdYta&;BuD;yg
w,f/
atmifausmfnGefY

&cdik u
f rf;½d;k wef; &Sm;yg;NrKd iBf u;D iltyif 200 ausmo
f muse&f dS
&efukef? rwf 19

&Sm;yg;vGef;NyD; rsdK;wHk;rnfhtEÅ&m,fESifh&ifqdkifae&onfh tyifrsdK;pdwfwpfrsdK;jzpfaom NrdKifBuD;iltyif
onf &cdkifurf;½dk;wef;a'otwGif; tyifta&twGuf 200 ausmfom usef&Sdawmhonfudk avhvmawGU&Sd&
H ed ;f refae*sm
aMumif; Coastal livelihood and Environmental Assets Restoration in Rakhine (CLEARR) \ pDru
OD;0if;armifu ajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg tyifrsdK;pdwfonf EdkifiHwumobm0ywf0ef;usif xdef;odrf;a&;tzGJUtpnf;wpfckjzpfaom
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) \ Red List pm&if;0ifNyD; rsKd;wHk;aysmufuG,fvkeD;yg;
jzpfaejcif;aMumifh umuG,fxdef;odrf;oGm;&efvdktyfaMumif;? IUCN \ aMunmcsuft& ,if;tyifonf
rav;&Sm;EkdifiHwGif tyif 80? pifumylEdkifiHwGif oHk;yifESifh west papua wGif tyif 120 omusef&SdawmhNyD; ,ck
jrefrmEdkifiHtwGif; tyifta&twGuf 200 ausmfusef&Sdaeonfudk awGU&Sd&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
&cdkifurf;½dk;wef;a'otwGif; ,if;&Sm;yg;rsdK;pdwftyifrsm;onf xyfwvJvJckwfxm;jcif;aMumifh tyif
ta&twGufusqif;vmaeNyD; rMumcifrsKd;wHk;rnfhtajctaeudk &ifqdkifae&aMumif; OD;0if;armifuqufvuf
ajymqdkonf/
]]'Da&awmawGudk a'ocHawGtaeeJY xdef;odrf;oGm;zdkYvdkw,f/ 'gayrJh olwdkYxdef;odrf;csifatmifvnf;
udk,fhbufu aqmif&Gufay;&r,f/ tJ'grS opfckwfrIaMumifh rsKd;wHk;aysmufuG,frIawGudk avsmhenf;vmaprSm}}
k nf/
[k xdik ;f Edik if t
H ajcpdu
k t
f zGUJ RECOFTC \ XmaetpDtpOfnEd§ iId ;f a&;rSL; a'gufwmarmifarmifoed ;f u qdo

16
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

rºav;wdkif; qnf? uefrsm; wl;azmfjyKjyif&ef usyfoef;oHk;axmifausmfvdk
rEÅav;? rwf 15

wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif; aomufokH;a&&Sm;yg;onhfaus;&Gmrsm;wGif a&uefESihf pufa&wGif;rsm; wl;azmfjcif;ESihf jyKjyifjcif;twGuf aiGusyfoef;aygif;okH;axmifausmf vdktyfvsuf&SdaMumif;
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; 0efBuD;csKyfOD;&Jjrihfu ajymMum;onf/
aus;vufaomufo;Hk a& &&Sad &; vdt
ESpfuxuf a&&Sm;yg;rIjyóem BuHK
k yfaeao;onht
f wGuf b@maiG jynfaxmifpktpdk;& tultnDjzihf t&od&onf/
twGuf qnf? uef 206 uefESihf vdt
G o
f mG ;rnfjzpfaMumif;
k yfvsu&f adS Mumif; ¤if;uqdo
k nf/ yl;aygif;aqmif&u
2012-2013 b@ma&;ES p f awGU&rnfjzpfojzihf tcsdefrDaomuf
a&wGif;aygif; 165 ck wl;azmf&ef
G af y;oihaf Mumif;
vdktyfonhf b@maiGrsm;udk wdik ;f a'oBuD;vTwaf wmf tpnf;ta0; twGif; aus;vufaomufokH;a& &&Sd ok;H a&&&S&d ef aqmif&u
a&;twGuf bwf*suft& usyfoef; anmifOD;NrKdUe,fwGif aexkdifaom
aygif;wpfaxmifausmo
f ;Hk pGu
J m aus;&Gm OD;aX;vGifuqdkonf/
]]vmr,hf rdk;&moDtrD a&odk
rsm;wGif aomufokH;a& qnf? uef?
pufa&wGi;f ? vufEydS w
f iG ;f ESifh pdrpfh rf; avSmifEdkifatmif qnfawGuefawG
a&oG,jf cif;rsm;udk aus;&Gmaygif;ok;H &m wl;azmfwmudk oHk;vtwGif; tNyD;
rEÅav;? rwf 18
jrefrmEdkifiH\ pD;yGm;a&;'kwd, xm;onf/
]]rlq,f 105 rkid u
f &Sr;f ajrmuf eD;yg;cefY aqmif&Gufay;xm;aMumif; aqmif&GufoGm;r,f}} [k0efMuD;csKyf
tcsut
f csmtusq;kH jzpfaom rEÅav;
tqkyd guwfrsm;ukd xkid ;f ? w½kw?f rSmaewJh tdrfaxmifpkZ,m;&SdolawG vnf; 0efBuD;csKyfOD;&Jjrihfuqdkonf/ OD;&Jjrihfuqdkonf/
jynforl sm; aomufo;Hk a&tcsed rf D
]]uRefawmfwdkY NrKdUe,frSmqdk&if
NrdKUawmf&dS ukeo
f nfrsm;\ awmif;qkd tdEd´, EdkifiHrsm;ESifh e,fpyfukefoG,f ukyd J ukeo
f ,
G u
f wfxw
k af y;wm/ tck
k pd;k &odYk
csuft& e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;pcef; a&;pcef;rsm;wGif tdik w
f pD u
D wfrsm;udk rEÅav;rSm xkwaf y;r,fqadk wmh rEÅav; aus;&GmrSm&SdwJh qnfuefawGcef;wm &&Sad pa&;twGuf jynfaxmifpt
G af y;Edik af &; ta&;BuD;
f ;Hk wifjyaqmif&u
rsm;wGifom jyKvkyfay;onfhwpfOD; prf;oyfumvtjzpf 2012 ckESpf u wpfyidk w
f pfEidk u
f ek o
f nfawGtwGuf 99 &mcdik Ef eI ;f &Sad eNy/D rMumciftukev
k kd EGm;xd;k Bu;D NrKUd e,f wdik ;f a'oBu;D
wnf;ykdif ukefoG,fcGifhvkdifpif (Indi- Ekd0ifbmvrS 2012 ckESpf rwf 31 aumif;oGm;wmaygh}} [k rEÅav;NrKdUcH cef;awmhr,f}} [k EGm;xdk;BuD;NrKdUe,f tqdu
kd pf m;vS,u
f vTwaf wmf
kd pf m;vS,f vTwaf wmfu,
&ufaeYtxd xkwfay;vsuf&SdaMumif; wpfykdifwpfEkdif ukefonfvkyfief; wdik ;f a'oBuD;vTwaf wmfu,
vidual Trading Card) ukd {jyDvrS
tpnf;ta0;wGif wifoGif;cJhonf/
pwifumxkwfay;Ekdif&efpDpOfvsuf e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;OD;pD;Xme 'kwd, vkyfukdifol touf 35 ESpft&G,f&Sd OD;Munfazu ajymqdkonf/
rdk;acgifa&&Sm;rIaMumihf ,ref

&dSaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef; nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;nGefYatmifu OD;oefYaevwfuqkdonf/

a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk ajymMum;onf/
,ckv 12 &ufaeYtxd tkid w
f pD D
0efBuD;OD;0if;jrifu
h ajymMum;onf/
f ,
G af &;
]]rEÅav;rSm vkyaf y;w,fq&dk if uwfrsm;udk wrl;e,fpyfuek o
ppfukdif;uvnf;vmvkyfzkdY eD;oGm;NyD/ pcef;wGif 68 ck? rlq,f e,fpyf
f ,
G af &;pcef;wGif 136 ck? jr0wD
rEÅav;rSmxkwfay;wm ykdtqifajy ukeo
f ,
G af &;pcef;wGif 26 ck?
w,f } } [k jynf a xmif p k 0 ef B uD ; e,fpyfuek o
wmcsDvdwfe,fpyfukefoG,fa&;pcef;
OD;0if;jrifhu xyfrHajymMum;onf/
wpfOD;wnf;ykdifukefoG,fcGifh wGif 31 ck xkwfay;NyD;jzpfaMumif;
f ,
G af &;OD;pD;Xme\ pm&if; rEÅav; ? rwf 19
vkid pf ifonf jrefrmEkid if \
H tdref ;D csi;f e,fpyfuek o
rEÅav;NrdKUawmfwiG f bD,mqkid f 0efBuD;AdkvfrSL;BuD; atmifausmfrdk;u
bD,ma&mif;cscGifhvkdifpifr&dSbJ
EkdifiHrsm;ESihf e,fpyfrw
S pfqifh ukeo
f ,
G rf I rsm;t& od&onf/
hf pS af &mif;csru
I dk wkid ;f a'oBuD; ajymMum;onf/
zGiv
hf pS af &mif;csaerIrsm;vnf;&daS Mumif;
&ckdifjynfe,f ppfawGNrdKUwGif rsm;zGiv
jyK&mwGif ykdYukefoGif;ukefvkdifpif
vuf&dS 2012-2013 b@ma&; vHkNcHKa&;ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;
jyKvkyfEkdifonfhuwfjzpfum wpfESpf vnf; tkdifwDpDuwfrsm; xkwfay;Ekdif tpkd;&tzGJUu ta&twGuftuefY
oufwrf;owfrw
S x
f m;NyD; ukeo
f ,
G frI &efpDpOfvsuf&dSaMumif; OD;nGefYatmif towfjzifhom cGifhjyKxm;aMumif; ESpfwGif bD,ma&mif;cscGifhvkdifpifukd AdkvfrSL;BuD;atmifausmfrdk;u ajymqkd
vHNk cHKa&;ESiehf ,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;Xme ,cifESpfta&twGufxuf rykdapbJ onf/
yrmP usyo
f ed ;f ig;axmifcefYowfrw
S f uqdkonf/
476 ck vkid pf ifcsay;xm;aMumif; ¤if;u
]]azazmf 0 g&D v txd bD , m
qkdonf/
a&mif;cscGifhvkdifpifr&dSbJ a&mif;aevkdY
]]vrf;wpfjyukd bD,mqkid Ef pS q
f idk f ta&;,laqmif&u
G w
f m 61 rI&w
Sd ,f}}[k
avmufawGUae&w,f/ txufwef; wkid ;f a'oBuD;vTwaf wmftpnf;ta0;
ausmif;om;awG ausmif;0wfpHkeJY wGif ¤if;uqdkonf/
rEÅav;? rwfv 19
r[kwb
f J bD,maomufaewmawGUae
vufzuf&nfqkdif ,Ofaus;rI
&w,f/ bD,mqkid af wGvt
dk yfwmxuf xGef;um;onfh rEÅav;NrdKUawmfwGif
uqdkonf/
rEÅav;c½dkif tr&yl&NrdKUe,f&Sd rsm;jym;aew,f}} [k csrf;at;ompH ,ckaemufykdif; bD,mqkdif,Ofaus;rI
jynfBuD;rEÅvmukew
f ifum;BuD;0if;udk Nrd K Ue,f wkdif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf xGef;um;vmNyD; vufzuf&nfqkdif
azazmf0g&Dv'kwd,ywfwGif zGifhvSpf uk d , f p m;vS , f a':wif w if r mu ae&mrsm;wGif bD,mqkdifrsm; zGifhvSpf
ay;cJhaMumif; rEÅav;NrdKUawmfpnfyif vTwaf wmftpnf;ta0;wGifxnfhoGif; xm;onf u k d a wG Y jrif a e&aMumif ;
a'ocHtcsKdUu ajymMum;onf/ 
om,ma&;aumfrwDxrH o
S &d &dS onf/ ajymMum;onf/

rºav;wGif wpfOD;wnf;ykdifukefoG,fcGifU vkdifpifxkwfay;rnf

rºav;wGif bD,ma&mif;cscGifUvkdifpif
uefhowfta&twGufjzifUom cGifUjyK[kqdk

NrdKY jyifv,fajrrsm; oHk;vtwGif; aygufaps;xuf ESpfqwuf

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmf

&efukef-rEÅav;tjrefvrf;rab; v,f,majrrsm;

rEÅav;NrdKUawmf NrdKUjyif{&d,m&Sd
v,f,majrrsm; ,ckrwfvrSpwifí
jyefvnfta&mif;t0,fjzpfum oH;k v
twGif; aygufaps;xufESpfqcefYjrifh
wufoGm;aMumif; rEÅav;NrdKUawmf
tajcpdkuf tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmif
vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;xHrS pHpk rf;od&&dS onf/
,if;uJo
h Ykd aps;jrifw
h ufvmjcif;
rSm tr&yl&NrdKUe,f pG,fawmfbk&m;
teD;wGif ukefwifum;BuD;0if;topf
zGiv
hf pS jf cif;ESihf wHwm;OD;pDru
H ed ;f pwif
aejcif;wdkYaMumifhjzpfaMumif; pdrf;Ek
tdrf? NcH? ajrtusdK;aqmifvkyfief;&Sif
a':csKduqdkonf/
rEÅav;NrdKUjyif tr&yl&NrdKUe,f
&efukef-rEÅav; tjrefvrf;teD;
aqmufawm0aus;&Gm? EGm;NcHukef;
aus;&Gm? a'gif;½dk;&Gm? xHk;zdkaus;&Gm?
e,fedrdwftwGif;&Sd v,f,majrrsm;
,ckvwGif ta&mif;t0,fjzpfvsuf
&SdaMumif; rEÅav;NrdKUcH vkyfouf&ifh
tdrf? NcH? ajrtusdK;aqmifa':Or®mu
ajymMum;onf/

tqdyk gaus;&Gm e,ferd w
d t
f wGi;f
&Sd v,f,majrrsm;rSm 2012 ckESpf
arvu wpf{uvQif usyfodef; 200
cefYtxd? 2012 ckESpf ESpfukefcefYu
wpf{uvQif ode;f usyf 300 cefYtxd
aygufaps;&SdcJhNyD; ,ckESpfrwfvwGif
tqdkygv,f,majrrsm;rSm wpf{u
vQif usyfodef; 600 cefYtxdaps;jrifh
vsu&f adS Mumif; a':Or®mu xyfavmif;
ajymMum;onf/
]]v,f,majrawGudk ta&mif;
t0,fvyk w
f t
hJ cg v,f,majrydik q
f ikd rf I
pmtkyef YJ pmcsKyfcsKyfqkd ta&mif;t0,f
vkyfMuw,f/ EdkifiHawmfu v,f,m
ajrawGudk qufvufvkyfudkif&r,f
vdYkajymxm;w,f/ 0,fwo
hJ al wGvnf;
qufvkyfudkif&rSmaygh/ oD;pm;cawmh
ray;&awmhbl;vdkY Mum;w,f}} [k
a':csdKuqdkonf/
]]ck&ufydkif; rEÅav;NrdKUwGif;rSm
vnf; ta&mif;t0,fjzpfaeygw,f}}
[k rEÅav;NrdKU ref;ajr&mZm tdrf? NcH?
ajrtusKd ;aqmifvyk if ef;&SiOf ;D ausm0f if;

yk*¾vdu&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIjzifU 0efxrf;tdrf&mrsm;
aqmufvkyfjyKjyifrnf
rEÅav;? rwf 19

vkdtyfcsufjrifhrm;vsuf&dSonfh tpkd;&0efxrf;tdrf&mrsm;aqmufvkyfjcif;ESifh tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;wdkY
jyKvkyfEkdifa&; yk*v
¾ du&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;jzifh wnfaqmuf&efpDpOfvsuf&dSaMumif; rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; vrf;yef;
qufoG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD;ODausmfqef;u ajymMum;onf/
rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;twGif; tpkd;&XmecGJaygif; 89 ck&dSNyD; 0efxrf;tdrf&mvkdtyfcsufrSm 7186 cef;
jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
jynfaxmifpkbwf*suft& ESpftvkdufwnfaqmufcJhonfh 0efxrf;tdrf&mtcef;aygif; 554 cef;&dSaMumif;
wkdif;a'oBuD;tpkd;&tzGJUxHrSod&onf/
vufwavmwGif vHkavmufpGmray;Ekdifao;onfh 0efxrf;tdrf&mpcef;rsm; wnfaqmuf&eftpDtpOf
&dSaMumif; 0efBuD;OD;ausmfqef;uqdkonf/
rEÅav;NrdKUawmf csrf;at;ompH&dS tcef;wpf&mausmf&dSonfh pdwå&r[D0efxrf;tdrf&mrSm oufwrf;Mumjrifh
NyDjzpfojzifh topfjyefvnfwnfaqmuf&ef pDpOfvsuf&dSaMumif; wkdif;a'oBuD;tpkd;&tzGJUxHrSod&onf/
]]vuf&dS0efxrf;tdrf&mrSm aewJh0efxrf;awGudk ,m,Dae&m&SmazGaew,f}}[k wkdif;a'oBuD; tpkd;&tzGJU
wm0ef&dSolwpfOD;u qkdonf/
tdrfcef;ESpfcef;yg tus,fpwk&ef;ay tenf;qHk; 600 cefY&dSonfhtdrf&mrsm; aqmufvkyfoifhaMumif;
aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme nTefMum;a&;rSL;u ajymMum;onf/
0efxrf;tdrf&mrsm;aqmufvkyf&eftwGuf yk*¾vduvkyfief;&Sifrsm;,SOfjydKifaqmif&GufEdkif&ef wif'g
ac:,l&efvkdaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
]]jyifaqmufr,fqkdwmawmhMum;w,f/ vuf&Sdawmh 'D0efxrf;tdrf&mrSmae&wm tqifajyygw,f/
bmrStwdtusrod&ao;bl;/ apmifhMunfhaeqJtaetxm;yJ&Sdao;w,f}}[k tESpf 40 cefY pdwå&r[D0efxrf;
tdrf&mwGifaexkdifol trsKd;orD;wpfOD;uqkdonf/

17

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

rtlyify#dyu©ppfaq;rI 75 &mcdkifEIef;NyD;pD;
&efukef? rwf 15

wyfzGJU0ifwpfOD;aoqkH;cJhjyD; vl 50 cefY 'Pf&m&&SdcJhonfh rtlyify#dyu©udk pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&SifzGJUí ppfaq;vsuf&Sd&m wpfywfMumumvtwGif; pkHprf;ppfaq;rI 75 &mcdkifEIef;jyD;pD;
aejyDjzpfaMumif; aumfr&SifOuú| {&m0wDwdkif;a'oMuD; b@ma&;ESihftcGef0efBuD; OD;0if;udkudku ajymMum;onf/
tqdyk g pkpH rf;ppfaq;csurf sm;t& rsm; &Sad omaMumihv
f nf;aumif; tqdyk g cJhonhf y#dyu©udk rwf 7 &ufaeYwGif ajrpm&if;Xme? ig;vkyfief;OD;pD;XmeESifh OD;pD;aqmif&u
G af y;aeonhf OD;armifp;kd
a'owGif;vlOD;a& wdk;yGm;vmjyD; ajr y#dyu© jzpfyGm;cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; pwif pkHprf;ppfaq;cJhaMumif; ,if; Oya'½k;H wdYkrS wm0ef&o
dS lrsm;? a'ocH udk ar;jref;&efqufo,
G cf &hJ m taMumif;
ae&mxyfw;kd vmjcif; r&Sad omaMumihf aumfr&Sifu okH;oyfonf[k ¤if;u aumfr&SifxHrSod&onf/
&yfrd&yfzrsm;? v,form;rsm;ESihf trsKd;rsKd;aMumifh qufoG,fajymMum;
vnf;aumif;? a'ocHrsm; tvkyf ajymMum;cJhonf/
y#dyu©jzpfpOfwGif ulnDay;cJh aqG;aEG;um pkHprf;rIjyKvkyfcJhaom cGihfr&cJhay/
tudkif &Sm;yg;vmaomaMumihfvnf;
rtlyifNrKUd e,f rvufwakd us;&Gm onhf t&yfbufvlrIa&;toif;tzGJU aMumihf ,if;uJhodkY awGU&SdcJhaMumif;
a'ocH v,f o rm;rsm;u
aumif; ? a'ocHawmiforl sm;udk tuGuf tkyfpk yavmifaus;&GmwGif &JwyfzGJU rsm;? rtlyifc½dik f &JwyfzUJG rSL;½k;H wm0ef aumfr&SiftzGJU0ifwpfOD;\ ajymMum; atmhcswfpf ukrÜPDydkifqdkifaom {u
ususpnf;½kH;í aoG;xdk;vIHYaqmfol ESifh a'ocHv,form;tMum; jzpfymG ; &So
d rl sm;? taxGaxGtyk cf sKyaf &;rSL;rsm;? csuft& od&onf/
550 us,f0ef;onhf ig;arG;uefudk
rwf 14 &ufaeYtxd pkHprf; rw&m;odr;f ,lco
hJ nf[q
k u
kd m ig;uef
ppfaq;rI 75 &mcdkifEIef; jyD;pD;um abmifay:wGif qE´jyawmif;qdkcJhNyD;
ajrydik q
f ikd rf t
I jiif;yGm;aeonhf atmhcswpf f ukrÜPDydkif tyiftcsKdUESihf ig;uefudk
ukrÜPD\ tkyfcsKyfrI'g½dkufwmonf zsufqD;cJhaomaMumihf w&m;Oya'
jynfywGif&SdaeaomaMumihf ¤if;udk pdk;rdk;a&;twGuf &JwyfzGJU0ifrsm;u
pk H p rf ; í tNyD ; owf & ef o musef & S d ig;uef{&d,mudk azazmf0g&Dv 26
aMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
&ufaeY rGef;vJG 1 em&DcefYwGif yk'fr
tqdkyg ukrÜPD\ tkyfcsKyfrI 144 xkwfjyefum 3 em&DwiG f ,if;
'g½du
k w
f m a'gufwmjrihpf ed u
f ¤if;\ {&d,mrS tNyD;owfxGufcGmay;&ef
vGdKifaumf? rwf 18
u,m;jynfe,f abmfvcJNrdKU wyfrawmfESihfwdkif;&if;om;vufeuf jynforl sm; odoiho
f x
d u
kd af omtcsdef trsKd;orD; usef;rma&;tajctae toHcsJUpufrsm;jzihf aMunmcJhaomf
H iG f aq;ukorI vnf; a'ocHrsm;u rz,f&mS ;cJo
h jzifh
&Gmopfa&umwmpDrHudef;teD;wGif udkiftzGJUrsm;\ Nidrf;csrf;a&;vkyfief; wGif tqdyk ga&umwmudpu
ö kd jynfol aMumihf pifumylEikd if w
wyfrawmfEiS fh wdik ;f &if;om;vufeuf pOfrsm; NyD;qkH;vQifajrjr§Kyfrdkif;udpu
ö kd rsm;odkY yGihfvif;jrifomrI&Sd&ef aqmif cH,laeaomaMumihf rwf 22 &uf nae 5 em&D 45 rdepfwGif uefYowf
udkiftzGJUrsm;axmifxm;aomrdkif;rsm; EdkifiHwumtultnD,lNyD; e,fajr &GufrnfjzpfaMumif; 0efBuD;csKyfu aemufydkif;wGif jrefrmEdkifiHodkYjyefvm e,fajrtwGif; &JwyfzGJU0ifrsm;ESihf
í rdrdESihfoufqdkifonhf udpt
ö 00udk a'ocHv,form;rsm; y#dyu©jzpfyGm;
udk ukvor*¾\ tultnDjzih&f iS ;f vif; tvdu
k f &Si;f vif;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; qdkonf/
z,f&Sm;&efpDpOfaeaMumif; jynfe,f 0efBuD;csKyfu&Sif;jyonf/
u,m;jynfe,fwiG f &Sr;f ? u&if? wm0ef,lajz&Sif;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; {&m0wDwdkif;a'o
0efBuD;csKyf OD;cifarmifOD;u ajym
rnho
f nht
f wGuaf Mumihf a&umwm u,m;? a*cdk? a*bm;? ,if;abmf ESihf ¤if ; u The Voice Weekly od k Y BuD; 'kwd,&JrSL;BuD; OD;xGef;rif;u
ajymMum;onf/
Mum;onf/
pDrHudef;teD;0ef;usifwGif vkHNcHKa&; ,if;wvJvrl sK;d wdYk onf oHviG jf rpfukd qufoG,fajymMum;onf/

a'ocH awmifov
l ,form;ta&;
rwf 15 &ufaeYu u,m; tiftm;rsm;csxm;&oenf;qdkonhf rSDwif;aexdkifMuonf/

jynfe,ftpdk;&½kH;wGif owif;rD'D,m ar;cGe;f tay: 0efBuD;csKyfu ]]vkNH cHKa&;
rsm;u 0efBuD;csKyfESihf oD;oefYawGUqkH wif;usyfw,fqdkwm axmifxm;wJh
cGihf&pOfwGif ¤if;utxufygtwdkif; rdkif;awG&Sdw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkY jynfol
ajymMum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
awGudkroGm;eJY rvmeJYO;D vdYk uReaf wmf
]]Edik if w
H umuvnf; ulnrD ,f/ wdkYu wm;ae&wmyg}} [k &Sif;jy
jyifopfeYJ pum;ajymNyD;NyD/ e,fajrawG onf/
tvdkuf&Sif;r,f}}[k 0efBuD;csKyfu
w½kwu
f rk P
Ü jD zpfonhf 'g;wef;
qdkonf/
rS wm0ef,w
l nfaqmufrnhf oHviG jf rpf
2012 ckEpS af emufyikd ;f wyfrawmf ay:&Sd r*¾g0yf 4000 xkwfvkyfrnhf
rdkif;jzwf? rwf 18
ESihf u&ifeDjynfolYwdk;wufa&;ygwD &Gmopfa&umwm pDrHudef;teD;wGif
(autifyDyD)wdkufyGJrsm;jzpfyGm;pOfu ajrjr§Kyfrikd ;f wpfaomif;cGcJ efY&adS Mumif;
&Sr;f jynfe,fta&SUjcrf; rdik ;f jzwfNrdKUe,f&&dS mG av;&GmtwGuf UNICEF uay;aom &efyaHk iGukd e,fpyfpnfyif
axmifxm;aomrdkif;rsm;aMumihf ,if; vufeufudkifrsm;ESihf a'ocHrsm;u
\ okH;pGJrItay: aus;&GmvlxkuvufrSwfa&;xdk;í vTwfawmfESihftpdk;&tzGJUxH wdkifMum;uefYuGuf&efpDpOf
oHvGifjrpfay:&Sda&umwmpDrHudef; cefYrSef;onf/
aeaMumif; tqdyk gudpw
ö iG v
f u
kd yf gaqmif&u
G o
f l OD;pdik ;f crf;usefu The Voice Weekly odYk rwfv 17 &ufaeYwiG f
wnf&Sd&mae&modkY a'ocHjynfolrsm;
tqdyk gpDru
H ed ;f ESifh ywfoufNyD;
ajymMum;onf/
jzwfoef;cGihfr&SdbJ jrefrmwyfrawmf tpd;k &onfa'ocHrsm;tay: yGiv
fh if;
aus;&Gma&&&Sda&;twGuf UNICEF u aiGusyfodef; 120 csxm;ay;&mwGif NrdKUe,fpnfyifu ESpfrdkif
rSvkHNcHKa&;wif;usyfpGmcsxm;aMumif; jrif o mrI & S d & ef vd k t yf a eaMumif ;
cefYom ydkufoG,fay;cJhNyD; aiGusyfig;odef;ESihf ydkufrsm;udk aus;&GmvlxkvufvTJum a&avSmif&efa&wdkifuD
tqdkyga&umwmteD;&Sda'ocHrsm; oHviG jf rpfurf;wpfavQmufwiG f aexdik f
qufvufrvkyfay;aomaMumihf ig;vMumonftxda&r&ojzihf wdkifMum;&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf
uqdkonf/
olrsm;zGJUpnf;xm;onhf oHvGifcspfol
ajymMum;onf/
ajrjr§Kyfrdkif;rsm;udkaxmifxm; rsm;tzGJUuqdkonf/
]]'gudkajyvnfatmifvkyfay;zdkYajymawmh vkyfcsifovdkvkyf? wdkifcsifovdkwdkif? aMumufp&mr&Sdbl;?
onhftzGJUrsm; udk,fwdkifb,fae&m
rdkif;rsm;udk OD;pGm&Sif;vif;&
ajz&Sif;Edkifw,fvdkY OD;pD;uajymwmeJY vl 160 vufrSwfxdk;NyD; wdkifzdkYvkyfxm;ygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
wGifjr§Kyfxm;rSef;rodaMumif;? jrefrm rnfjzpfNyD; xdkrdkif;rsm;&Sif;vif;NyD;rS
rdkif;jzwfNrdKUe,f&Sd [dkem;&Srf;&Gm? [dkem;vm;[l&Gm? [dkem;tcg&GmESifh [dkem;apmrGef&Gm pkpkaygif;av;&Gm
a&&&Sda&;twGuf UNICEF u aiGusyfodef; 120 yHhydk;cJhonhfteuf a&ydkuf 13 ay&Snf? ydkuftxlpm; 400
ESihf tyg;pm; 1003 ydkuf pkpkaygif;ydkuf 1403 udk usoihfaiGcefYrSef;usyfodef; 80 eD;yg;om ukefuscJhaMumif;?
NrdKUe,fpnfyiftif*sifeD,mu usefaiGudk a&wdkifuDvkyfay;jcif;r&SdbJ vlxkodkY aiGusyfig;odef;ESihf ydkuftyg;pm;
200 udkomay;cJhaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
rwfv 9 &ufaeYu NrdKUe,fpnfyif½kH;odkY oGm;a&mufn§dEdIif;&mrS tqifrajyjzpfcJhjcif;aMumihf tdrfaxmifpk
160 u vufrSwfxdk;í rdkif;jzwfjynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;pdkif;ausmufrSwpfqihf vTwfawmfESihf
tpdk;&odkYwdkifMum;&ef pDpOfxm;jcif;jzpfaMumif;? vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fuvnf; atmufajcwGifrajyvnf
ygu qufvufwifjyay;rnfajymaMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
jrpfBuD;em;? rwf 18
,if;udpöESihfywfoufí rdkif;jzwfNrdKUe,fpnfyifom,ma&;tzGJU tif*sifeD,mOD;oef;aX;udk qufoG,f
wyfrawmfESihf autdkifatwdkY vdik ;f rS ,mOfig;pD;pwifajy;qGcJ ahJ Mumif;
ar;jref;&mwGif Xmetaejzihf tjcm;ae&mrsm;udkvnf;vkyfay;ae&ojzihf rvkyfay;&ao;jcif;jzpfaMumif;?
\ wdkufyGJrsm;aMumihf 2 ESpfeD;yg;ydwf ydkYaqmifa&; pDrHudef;OD;pD;XmexHrS
tqifajyatmifaqmif&Gufay;rnfjzpfaMumif;? aiGESihf ydkufrsm;ay;&jcif;rSm jrefjrefqefqefvkyfief;pwifEdkif&ef
xm;aom jrpfBuD;em;-Aef;armf um; od&Sd&onf/
jzpfaMumif; ajz&Sif;ajymMum;onf/
vrf;udk e,fajrvkHNcHKrI&Sdvmonhf
jrpfBuD;em;-Aef;armf um;vrf;
2012 ckESpfatmufwdkbmv 22 &ufaeYu aus;&Gmvlxk 780 ausmfjzifh vkyftm;cr&bJ ig;&uftwGif;
twG u f rwf v 18 &uf a eY w G i f udk jyefvnfzGihfvSpfvdkufNyD jzpfaomf
a&ydkufajrmif;wl;azmfonhfudpöudk aqmif&Gufay;cJhaMumif;? vdktyfaom 15 ay _20 ay a&wdkifuDwpfvkH;
jyefvnfziG v
fh pS v
f u
kd af Mumif; *sed ;f azmajr vnf; Aef;armfNrKdUrS raem{&m,mOf
aqmufay;&efudpu
ö dk vkyfaqmifray;bJ ,ckxd ig;veD;yg;MumjrihfcJhaomaMumihf vlxktwGuf a&&&Sd&eftcuf
,mOfvikd ;f rS wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D uajym vdkif;ESihf jrpfBuD;em;NrKdUrS *sdef;azmajr
BuHKae&aMumif; [dkem;aus;&GmtkyfpktkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;jzpfol OD;pdkif;crf;vSu The Voice Weekly odkYajymonf/
Mum;onf/
,mOfvdkif;wdkYom wpfOD;vQif aiGusyf
[dkem;&Gmav;&GmrS &Gmol&Gmom;rsm;url aEG&moDa&mufNyDjzpfojzihf a&wGif;rsm;rSvnf; a&vkHavmufpGm
]]rdkif;&Sif;vif;a&;awG vkyfxm; 18ç000 jzihf pwifajy;qGJaeaMumif;
r&aMumif;? a&avSmifuefr&Sdojzihf a&ydkufudk bkef;BuD;ausmif;a&avSmifuefwGifom xnhfxm;&onhftwGuf
NyD;NyD/ vkHNcHKa&;vnf; wm0ef,lay; ,if;,mOfvdkif;rsm;xHrS od&onf/
&Gmrsm; aomufokH;a&r&aMumif;? a&twGuf tvGeftcuftcJjzpfaeojzihf a&avSmifueftjrefvkyfay;a&;
ygw,f}}[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
,if;um;vrf;ukd wyfrawmfEiS fh
vdkvm;vsuf&SdaMumif; wnDwnGwfwnf; ajymqdkMuonf/
tqdkyg um;vrf;jyefvnfzGihf autdik af twdYkwu
kd yf rJG sm; pwifjzpfymG ;
ukvor*¾tpDtpOfjzihf UNICEF u aus;½Gmrsm;a&&&Sda&;udk pDrHudef;rsm;csrSwfaqmif&Gufvsuf&Sd&m
vSpjf cif;udk Aef;armfe,fajrcHwyfrrSL; onhf ZGefv 8 &ufESihf 9 &ufaeYwGif
&Srf;jynfe,fta&SUydkif; rdkif;jzwfc½dkiftwGif;&Sd [dkem;aus;&GmtkyfpktwGuf NrdKUe,fpnfyifom,ma&;tzGJUrS
ESifh c½dik t
f yk cf sKyaf &;rSL;wdYu
k tcrf;tem; pwifydwfyifvdkufjcif; jzpfonf/
wpfqihf &efykHaiGcsrSwfaqmif&Gufay;cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; ,if;XmexHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
rif;aZmf

jzihf zGihfvSpfay;cJhNyD; raem{&m,mOf

&Gmopfa&umwmpDrHudef; rdkif;rsm; ukvor*¾tultnDjzifU
&Sif;&efpDpOf

a&&&Sda&; ,leDquf&efykHaiG pnfyifpDrHcefh cGJrI
aus;&GmvlxkuefhuGuf

2 ESpfeD;yg;ydwfxm;onfU
jrpfBuD;em;-Aef;armfum;vrf; jyefzGifU

18
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

tarUcHyef;uav;rsm;
jrESif;at;
x&HcyfusJusJ um&Hxm;onhf ,dkifeJYeJY oufu,frdk;wJtdrfav;/ opfom;jym;wpfckESihf
wpfckMum; wpfvufrausmfcGmumcif;xm;aom Murf;jyifay:wGif npfax;ax;tjzLtusÐ
ay:rS tjyma&miftaEG;xnftuGufav;xyf0wfxm;aom uav;i,fwpfOD; &G,fwluav;i,f
rsm;ESihf twlxdkifaeonf/ ol\a&SUwGif ckHwef;&Snfwpfck&Sdonf/ vG,ftdwf[kajymEdkif½kH tdwfav;
twGi;f &Sd wGeYf aMuaeaom aumfzrD pftxkyBf uD; tdwcf t
HG EGr;f av;xJrS tzk;H jyKwfaeonhpf mtkyaf v;
wpftyk f olxw
k v
f u
kd o
f nf/ wpftyk x
f aJ om xdpk mtkyaf v;\ pmrsufEmS wdik ;f wGif rsOf;aMumif;rsm;ü
omru pmrsufESmwpfckvkH;ae&mvyfrusef pmrsm;a&;om;xm;onf/ jyKwfaeonhf,if;pmtkyf\
tzkH;ay:wGif cJwHESihfrsufESmjynhf a&;jcpfxm;aom pum;pkwpfck/ ]ausmif;rSefrSefwuf pmrcuf}/
tqkyd guav;i,frsm;onf ppfuidk ;f wkid ;f
a'oBuD; ykvNJ rKdUe,f vufyw
H t
kd yk pf k anmifr
aus;&Gm&Sd caemfceJY pmoifausmif;av;wGif
ynmoifMum;aeMuonfh rlvwef;uav;i,f
rsm;jzpfMuonf/ a'ocHrsm;rSm ¤if;wdkYom;?
orD;rsm;udyk nmoifMum;Edik af p&ef tvGww
f rf;
q&mrsm;udk ausmif;om;rdbrsm;u aiGaMu;
pdu
k x
f w
k if mS ;&rf;um tqdyk guefom,m (uHuu
G )f
ausmif;av;udk ud,
k x
f u
l ,
kd x
f pepfjzihf aqmuf
vkyfcJhMuonf/ tqdkyg wJausmif;av;wGif
oli,fwef;rS pwkw¬wef;txd ausmif;om;?
ausmif;ol 96 OD;udk q&m? q&mrESpfOD;u
ynmoifMum;ay;vsuf&Sdonf/
v,f,mvkyfudkifaom rdbrsm;udk ulnD
&jcif;tjyif trd;k tum rvkNH cHKaomausmif;av;
\ tm;enf;csufaMumihf ausmif;rSefrSefwuf
pmrcufpum;rSm uefom,mausmif;rS ausmif;om;
ausmif;olrsm; tygt0if ,if;teD;wpf0dkuf&Sd
aus;&Gmrsm;rS ausmif;rsm;wGif ausmif;wufae
olrsm;twGuf cyfrSdefrSdef/
]}rdk;r&GmwJh ae&mcsoif&w,f/ rdk;&Gm&if
pmoifvYkd r&awmhb;l }} [k uefom,mausmif;rS
ausmif;om;av; rsKd;udkOD;uqdkonf/
nKd a omtom;ta&ay:wG i f Z&m\
oauFwjzpfaom ta&;taMumif;rsm; rsufESm
jyifü xif;pGmay:vsu&f adS om touf 80 t&G,f
tbGm;a':at;wifu uefom,mausmif;ay:
wGif ikwfwkwfxdkifum ausmif;om;rsm;udk
ai;&if; ]]ajr;awG 'Dausmif;rSm wufaewm 4?
5 a,mufavmuf&Sdw,f/ ynmwwfawGjzpf
apcsifwm/ t&m&SdawG jzpfapcsifwmaygh}} [k
zGi[
fh qdo
k nf/ tbGm;a':at;wifonf &efuek f
NrKdUrSvmaom wpfudk,fawmfy&[dwuGef&uf
u tqdkygausmif;av;twGuf ausmif;okH;
ypön;f rsm; vma&mufvLS 'gef;yGo
J Ykd vma&muf&if;
ajr;rsm;udk ausmif;0wfpkHrsm;ESihf awGU&í
wNyHK;NyHK;jzpfaeonf/
wefYMunfawmif\ ajrmufbufydkif;
awmifaMumtwGif; rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD;&SdNrKdif?
aygufESihf ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD;&Sd ykvJe,fpyf
wdkYwGif uefom,mausmif;tygt0if ausmif;
ckepfausmif;cefY&o
dS nf/ wpfu,
kd af wmf y&[dw
tzGJUu ausmif;ig;ausmif;udk oGyfrdk;x&Hum
jzpf v ma&;? ausmif ; om;? ausmif ; ol r sm;
ausmif;okH;ypönf;rsm; jynhfpkHa&; wm0ef,l
aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdonf/
,cktcg caemfceJY wJtdrfausmif;av;
jzpfonhf xdkuefom,mausmif;rS ausmif;om;?
ausmif;olrsm;twGuf a&mifeDoef;vmNyDjzpf
onf/ *syefEdkifiH&Sd APEBC tzGJUESihf *syefEdkifiH

a&mufrsKd;cspf jrefrmvkyfom;rsm;\ vSL'gef;
ulnrD jI zihf 2013-2014 ynmoifEpS t
f rD oGyrf ;kd
x&Humausmif;av;tjzpf yDyDjyifjyifay:ayguf
vmawmhrnfjzpfonf/ odkYaomf ,if;ausmif;
av;rSm ykvNJ rKUd e,ftwGi;f wnf&o
dS nht
f wGuf
ukvor*¾zUHG NzKd;rItpDtpOf (UNDP)uay;aom
taxmuftyHrh sm;jzpfonhf ausmif;ok;H ypön;f rsm;
r&&Sdojzihf ausmif;okH;taxmuftyHhESihf pmoif
ckHrsm; vdktyfaeqJyif/
rd k ; acgif a &enf ; &yf 0 ef ; a'otwG i f ;
usa&mufaeaom a'ojzpfí ausmif;tm;vkH;
twGuf rd;k a&avSmifuefrsm;? a&avmif;tdro
f m
rsm;? usef;rma&;apmihfa&SmufrIrsm;? ausmif;okH;
xdik cf EHk iS fh ausmif;ok;H ypön;f rsm; axmufyahH y;&ef
vnf; tvSL&Sifrsm; vdktyfvsuf&SdaMumif;
wpf u d k , f a wmf y&[d w tzG J U rS wm0ef c H
a':cifEiS ;f Munfomu ajymqdo
k nf/
ynmvdkvm;aom ausmif;om;rdbrsm;?
&yfrd&yfzrsm;u udk,fxludk,fxausmif;rsm;
wnfaqmufNyD; ausmif;om;wpfOD;vQif usyf
2000 aumufcHum q&m? q&mrrsm;iSm;&rf;
&mrS ,if;uJhodk rlvwef;ausmif;rsm;ay:ayguf
vmcJhjcif; jzpfonf/
]]ausmif;vc usyf 2000 ray;EdkifvdkY
ausmif;Ekwfxm;wJh vlawGvnf;&Sdw,f}} [k
anmif r &G m om; ausmif ; om;rd b wpf O D ; u
nnf;wGm;ajymqdkonf/
NrKid ?f aygufEiS fh ykveJ ,fpyfwYkd&dS anmifr&Gm?
ausmf&Gm? 0,fawmif ajrmufawm? qyfvl;tdkif
&Gm? wrmyifcif&Gm ponhfa'owdkYrSm &moDOwk
ajymif;vJazmufjyefrIaMumihf oD;ESHrsm;rjzpf
xGef;awmhjcif;? vlOD;a&rsm;jym;vmjcif;uJhodkY
aom jyóemrsm;aMumihf rl&if;aexdkif&m
aus;&Gmrsm;rS wefYMunfawmif awmifwef;
ay:odkY a&TUajymif;aexdkifvmMujcif; jzpfonf/
NrKdifESihf rdkif 30 eD;yg; tuGmta0;wGif&Sd
aom wefYMunfawmif awmifwef;ay:wGif
ajymif;a&TUaexdkifaeMuaom a'ocHrsm;rSm
rl&if;aexdkif&ma'owGif pdkufysKd;vkyfudkifír&
awmhojzihf ,ckuo
hJ Ykd ajymif;a&TUvmaomfvnf;
wpfEpS x
f ufwpfEpS f jrefqefpmG ajymif;vJvmaom
&moD O wk a Mumih f qif ; &J w G i f ; euf o xuf
eufvsu&f o
dS nf/ vlO;D a&rsm;jym;vmrI? pD;yGm;a&;
cRwfNcHKusrIwdkY\ aemufqufwGJjyóem&yf
rsm;yif jzpfonf/
,if ; tjyif awmif w ef ; ud k j zwf v suf
ud,
k x
f u
l ,
kd x
f pepfjzihf vrf;Murf;rsm;omazmuf
xm;&m awmifwufawmifqif;vrf;rsm;rSm
qdk;&Gm;vSonhftwGuf usef;rma&;0efxrf;r&Sd
aom tqdkyga'oaexkdifolrsm;rSm touf

"mwfykH-jrESif;at;

tEÅ & m,f p d k ; &d r f & aom a&m*grsm;jzpf y gu
toufrrDvdkufonhfjzpf&yfrsm;vnf;&SdaMumif;
a'ocHrsm;xHrSod&onf/
]]t&ifu ausmf&GmrSmaeao;w,f/ pm;
0wfaea&; tqifrajyvdkY awmxJwufcJh&wm/
'Da&mufawmhvnf; tqifrajy? rdk;acgifa&&Sm;
awmh bmrSrjzpfajrmufbl;}} [k wrmyifcifrS
a'ocHa':a&TrDu ajymonf/
,ckjzpfay:aeaomtajctae jyóem
rsm;udk ajz&Sif;ay;Edkif&eftwGuf ,if;a'o
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fESihf aqG;aEG;n§dEdIif;
tajz&SmMunhfygovm;qdkonhf ar;cGef;udkrl
a'ocHrsm;u ]] vTwfawmftrwfu 'Dbufudk
vmawmifrvmbl;}}[k wlnDpGmqdkMuonf/
,if;awmifwef;a'o zGHUNzKd;a&;twGuf
wuf<uaom a'ocHrsm;ESihfyl;aygif;í vkyf
aqmifvsuf&Sdaom &efukefrSwpfudk,fawmf
y&[dwuGe&f uf\wm0efcH a':cifEiS ;f Munfom
url ]]apwem&SdtvSL&SifawGeJY yl;aygif;NyD;
'Dawmifwef;a'o zG H U NzKd ; atmif v k y f r ,f /
yxrqkH;ausmif;awG aqmufr,f/ 'kwd,u
a&&&Sdatmifvkyfr,f/ NyD;&if bk&m;jyifr,f/
vrf;jyifcsifygw,f}}[k wuf<upGmqdkonf/
,if;a'o zGUH NzKd;a&;vkyif ef;rsm;wGif yg0if
vdkaom tvSL&Sifrsm;taejzihf wpfudk,fawmf
y&[dwuGef&uf zkef;-09-73065357 odkY
qufo,
G Ef ikd af Mumif; ,if;uGe&f ufxrH o
S &d onf/
zGHUNzKd;qJjrefrmEkdifiH&Sd aus;vufawm&Gm
trsm;pkrSm ,if;uJhodkYaom tcuftcJrsm;udk
wlnpD mG BuHKawGUae&qJjzpfonf/ ,if;tcuftcJ

awmifay:a'o&Sd
wpfqlwnf;aom
xkdapwDysufukd
jyefvnfjyKjyif&efESifh
vrf;rsm;jyif&ef
tvSLaiGrsm;
vkdtyfvsuf
&Sdonf/

"mwfykH-jrESif;at;

"mwfykH-jrESif;at;

uefom,m (uHuGuf)ausmif;

NrdKifNrdKUe,f
qifpG,ftkyfpk
anmifraus;&Gm
qyfvl;tkdifausmif;

jyóemrsm;udk t&yfbufvlYtzGJUtpnf;rsm;u
0ifa&mufajz&Si;f aqmif&u
G v
f su&f &dS m a'otpd;k &?
tmPmydkiftzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESihfvnf; yl;aygif;
tajz&Sm aqmif&Guf&efvdktyfvmNyDjzpfonf/
tqkdygawmifwef;twGif; aexkdifMuol
rsm;rSm ,cifu uln&D rnfuedk m;rvnfMu/ ,ck
uJhokdY &efukefrS vli,frsm;ukd,fwkdifvma&muf
ulnDrIukdawGU&NyD;aemufykdif;rSom uav;rsm;
ausmif;qufwufa&; ¤if;wdYk wwfEidk o
f avmuf
BudK;pm;csipf w
d rf sm;jzpfvmMuNyD; arwåma&mifjcnf
tygt0if y&[dwtzJUG opf 3? 4 zJGU topfay:
aygufvmonfudk awGU&onf/ ,if;tjyif a'orS
ynmwwfrsm;vnf; ay:vmapcsifMuonf/
,if;ESiyfh wfoufí ]]olwYkdausmif;zGit
fh rD ausmif;
aqmifav;awGjzpfvmzkYd aeYnBudK;pm;Muw,f}}
[k uGef&uftzJGU0ifwpfOD;uqkdonf/
]]ynmrwwfvYdk xGuo
f rQolrsm; tok;H cs
cH&w,f}}[k ,if;a'otultnDay;a&;vkyif ef;
rsm;ukd OD;aqmifvkyfukdifaeaom q&mawmf
OD;0drvu rdefYMum;onf/ ]]tavtvGihfr&SdbJ
ausmif;awGqDa&mufapcsifygw,f/ ukd,fh
ausmif;av;awGvkdoabmxm;NyD; aqmif&Guf
aewmyg}}[k NrdKifrS q&mOD;Ekdifwl;uqkdonf/
uefom,mausmif;rS rsK;d udOk ;D wpfa,muf
vmrnhf pmoifESpfwGifvkHNcHKaom ausmif;opfü
ausmif;oifcef;pmrsm;udk oif,lwufa&muf&
awmhrnf jzpfonf/ odYkaomf av;wef;atmifjrif
NyD;vQif ausmif;qufwufcGihf&a&;? r&a&;
olYreufjzefrsm;rSm rD;cdk;a&mifoef;aeqJ/ ol
uJhodkYyif tjcm;aom tarhcHyef;uav;rsm;
twGufvnf; ra&&maom reufjzefrsm;om
qD;BuKdaeqJjzpfonf/
0g;x&Hus,fus,fum&Hxm;um ,kdifeJYeJY
ausmif;uav;onfum; a'ocHuav;rsm;
twGufrl ynmhAdrmefBuD;wpfckyif caemfceJY wJ
tdrfav;u olwdkYwawG\todÓPfynmukd
aemufwpfqifhjr§ifhay;onf/ avwpfcsufta0h
wGif ,kdifeJYeJYausmif;uav; odrfhceJvIyfoGm;
onf/ okdYaomf pmoifaeMuaom uav;i,f
rsm; tem*wfBuHUckid rf u
I adk wmh þwJtrd af v;u
taxmuftyHhjyKaeygonf/
jrESif;at;

BUYING GUIDE
19

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

The

Vol.9 / No.12

Monday, March 25-31, 2013

udk
oHk;csifolawGtwGuf
jrefrmvdk&Sif;jyxm;wJUpmtkyf

Ak'¨bmomESifU o&P*Hk

Windows 8

Ak'Hk"r®'lwq&mawmft&Sifaumov’
xkwfa0wkduf - ESif;pmay&wem? wefzdk;- 300

"r® p mayawG
ud k pOf q uf r jywf
xk w f a 0vsuf & S d w J h
ES i f ; pmay&wemu
ae xkwfa0vkdufwJh
pmtk y f y g/ 'k w d ,
tBurd af jrmuf xkwaf 0
xm;wmjzpfNyD; Ak'¨
bmom0ifwidk ;f tajccH
aqmuf w nf M uwJ h
o&P*Hk taMumif;
t"du a[mMum;ay;
xm;w,f/ rdbbk;d bGm;
vuf x uf u wnf ;
u &wemoHk;yg;udk
udk;uG,fqnf;uyfMu
bk&m;? w&m;? oHCmtaMumif;ud
ukd od&adS tmifavhvmMuolawG
Ny;D b&m;?
tJ'Dvkd todÓPfeJY,SOfNyD; udk;uG,fqnf;uyfMuolawG[m
txufwef;pm; Ak'¨bmom0ifawGjzpfaMumif;vnf; rdefYMum;
xm;w,f/ o&P*HkqkdwmbmvJqw
dk mudk em;vnf&vG,fatmif
&Si;f vif;jyxm;wJt
h jyif todÓPf,OS í
f ud;k uG,jf cif;ESihf todÓPf
r,SOfbJ udk;uG,fjcif;qkdwm b,fvdkrsKd;awGqkdwmudkyg &Sif;jy
ay;xm; w,f/ raocifu aqmufwnfxm;wJh o&P*Hk
[mvnf; tJ'D vlaowmeJY wpfNydKifeuf tjypfr&SdwJh ysufjy,f
jcif;eJY o&P*Hk ysujf y,fomG ;wmrkYd aooltavmif;aumifBuD;udk
o&P*HkwifvkdYr&awmhaMumif;? aooludk o&P*Hkwifwm
rsKd;r[kwfbJ usef&pfolrsm;udk o&P*Hkwifjcif;omjzpfaMumif;
avhvmrSwfom;&ygw,f/ tokb½IzkdY? tokbydkYzdkY 0wå&m;t&
oGm;MuolawG? o&P*Hkwifwm tokb&SifeJYomqkdifw,fqkdNyD;
rdwfaqGawGeJY pum;vufqHkus trsm;jyef jyefvmvkdufqkdol
awGtwGuv
f nf; tvif;wpfcsufay;Ekid rf mS rsKd;awG zwf&ygr,f/
rd½;kd zvmt&? rdbawG&UJ qE´t& bk&m;pmukd EIww
f u
dk &f w
G Mf uayr,fh
rl&if; tESpo
f m&ukd xJx0J if0if rodao;olawG? odovkdvkd
rod o vk d v k d e J Y avh v mzk d Y arh a vsmh a eol awGtwGufvnf;
'Dpmtkyif ,fav;u toH;k wnfyh gvdrrhf ,f/

VOICE

Windows 8

acwfpm;vmwJh
tcsdef jzpfwJh
twGuf Windows 8
udk toHk;jyKcsifol
awGvnf; rsm;yg
w,f/ 'gayrJh
Windows 7 eJY
wcsKUd [mawG uGmoGm;
wJt
h wGuf toH;k rjyK
wwfolawG &Sw
d wf
ygw,f/ 'Dvrk d sK;d olawG
twGuf jref r mvd k & S i f ; jyay;xm;NyD ; tcrJ
t h x k w f a y;xm;wJ h
Windows 8 pmtkya
f v;udk nTeaf y;csifygw,f/ tJ't
D xJrmS qd&k if
kd if
jrefrmvdk &Sif;jyxm;NyD; ppcsif;udk Windows 8 udk b,fvw
vnf;qdkwmudk aocsmajymjyxm;ygw,f / NyD ; awmh tJ ' D
Windows 8 udk Crack , Patch Keygen pwmawGudk roHk;bJ
b,fvdkrsKd; Activate vkyfvJqdkwmudkyg &Sif;jyay;xm;ygao;
w,f/ Ny;D awmh uav;awGukd b,ftcsed u
f ae b,ftcsed x
f d ay;oH;k
r,f/ b,folawGudk ay;oHk;r,f/ tifwmeufudk b,fcsdefawGyJ
zGifhay;r,fqdkwmawGudk &Sif;jyay;xm;wJhtwGuf zwf&wm
tqifajyygw,f/ NyD;awmh Windows 8 rSm Login 0ifwJhtcsdefrSm
rsufESmawGeJY Login 0ifovdkrsKd;yJ ae&mtrSwftom;eJYjcpfNyD;
Login 0ifvkdY&atmif jyKvkyfay;xm;NyD; b,fvdkrsKd;oHk;&r,f
qdkwmudk &Sif;jyay;xm;ygao;w,f/ NyD;awmh Windows 8 rSm
topfyg0ifvmwJh Shortcut Keys awGudkvnf; xnfhoGif;ay;
xm;wJhtwGuf toHk;jyKolwdkif; tqifajyr,fvdkYxifygw,f/
Aero Technology u tcrJhxkwfa0wmjzpfNyD; Download jyKvkyf
csifw,fqdk&ifawmh www.aerotechmm.com/download.html rSm
0ifa&muf Download jyKvkyf EkdifrSmyg/ ar;vfuae awmif;vdkwJh
ol a wG t aeeJ Y uawmh webteam@aerotechmm.com ud k
qufoG,fNyD; awmif;,lvdkY&ygvdrfhr,f/

t*FvdyftoHxGufzwfenf;vufpGJusrf;
Mr.Johnny

pmukdpDvkdh vGrf;awmfrlw,fESifU
q&mwifrdk; (1933-2007)trSwfw&
pma&;q&mpHk
xkwfa0wkduf - yÍö½lypmtkyfwkduf? wefzdk;- 5000

uAsmq&mBuD ;
wif r d k ; uG , f v G e f j cif ;
ajcmufESpfjynfh xkwfa0
wmyg/ rdom;pk0ifawG
a&;xm;wJ h ]rd o m;pk
pk
tvG r f ; pmES i f h uAsm}??
pmaya&;azmf a wG & J U ]
pmudkpDvdkY vGrf;awmfrrll
w,f}? oli,fcsif;awG
wG
a&;wJh ]oli,fcsif;rsm;;
&J U tvG r f ; pm}? q&mm
wifr;kd a&;wJh ]q&mwifr;kd
\ uAsmwcsKdU}? q&mm
wifr;d k \vufa&;rl pmnGefeYf
&opmwrf; aqmif;yg;;
ay;pm tifwmAsL;wcsKUd ?
q&mwifr;d k twGuf]0rf;enf;
pum; o0PfvTmrsm;ESififh psmyetcrf;tem;tpDtpOf} povdt
k cef;
10 cef; yg0ifw,f/ q&mwifr;kd tvGrf;ajyMunfh½IEdkifzdkY psmye
pD'v
D nf; xnfah y;xm;w,f/ 'Dpmtkyrf mS 0ifa&mufa&;om;MuwJh
q&mwifr;kd eJY pmrl&iS af wG&UJ pmrlcawGukd OD;0if;wifazmifa';&Si;f udk
vSLrSmjzpfw,fvkdY q&marmifrkd;olu trSmpmrSmqkdxm;w,f/
q&mwifr;kd uG,v
f eG w
f meJYywfoufNyD; a':atmifqef;pkMunfu
]]ynm&Sifqkdwm tarGtESpfudkcsefcJhwmyJ/ 'DtarGtESpfudk wefzdk;
xm;Mur,fqkd&if 'Dynm&SifawGudkvnf; *kPfjyK&ma&mufw,f/
aemuf udk,fhEkdifiHtwGufvnf; tusKd;jzpfw,f/ urÇmtqifhrD
jrefrmynm&SifawGudk urÇmrSm tifrwefwefzdk;xm;av;pm;yg
w,f}} vdkY qkdxm;w,f/ q&mwifrdk;&JU pmayvuf&mawGeJY
ywfouf&if twef;ausmif;ynmoifcw
hJ o
hJ w
l idk ;f q&mhuAsmawGeYJ
&if;ESD;cJhMu w,f/ q&mwifrdk;&JU pmawG? uAsmawGrSm b0awG?
tvSawG? cGeftm;awG? trsKd;om;a&;awG? aus;vuf&eHYawG?
'óeawG tawG;tac:awG trsm;BuD;ygw,f/

[moZmwfum;aumif; BudKufolrsm;twGuf

xkwfa0wkduf - yef;a0a0pmay? wefzdk;- 3000

'DpmtkyfjyKpkol[m t*Fvdyf
bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;rSmaecJhpOfu
olwY&k d UJ Phonetic SymbolrygbJ t*Fvyd pf m
toHxGufqdkrIpepfudk pdwf0ifwpm;;
avhvmzl; cJo
h jl zpfw,fqw
kd m pmtkyfyf
rSmyg0ifwJh trSmpmt& od&w,f/
t*F v d y f - jref r m tbd " mef a wG r S m
Phonetic Symbol ac: toH x G u
uff
oauFwyg&Sad yr,fh q&meJY oif,rl o
S m
pepfwuswwfajrmufrSm jzpfw,fv
vddkY
vnf; tBuHay;xm;w,f/ t*Fvyd pf m
toHxGuf cufcJrIavsmhyg;apa&;
&;
twGuf t*Fvdyfusrf;tqlql rSDjirf;
Ny;D t*Fvyd pf mvH;k awGukd >cif;csuef YJ wuG
uG
um&efwl? towfwlawGeJY toHxuf
u
G f
zwfenf;udk azmfjyxm;w,fvYkd 'Dpmtkyfyf
jyKpkolu qdkw,f/ t*FvdyfAsnf;?
Asnf;wGJwdkY\ oabmobm0udkjyjcif
j f;? toHHk;rsm;aom a&SUquff Prefix
ESifh aemufqufwdkYudkjyjcif;? tmzdoH Stress ESifh tmazmhoH Unstress Oya'
udkjyjcif;? toHwdwfAsnf; Silent Consonant ESifh o& Vowel udk jyjcif;?
pmvH;k aygif;owfyakH &;enf;Oya'rsm;? Bud,m Verb wdYk\ ypöKyeÜ u
f mv Present
Tense? twdwfumv Past Tense ponfwdkYtwGuf pmvHk;aygif; ajymif;vJ
yHkrsm;? jrefrmtrnfudk t*Fvyd t
f u©&mESihf zvS,af &;om;enf; Romanization
udk jyjcif; pwJh tcef;aygif; 11 cef; yg0ifw,f/ usrf;udk;pm&if;awGeJY
twdak umuf tñTe;f awGuv
kd nf; azmfjyay;xm;w,f/ toHxu
G f oD;oefY
twGuf oifwef;wufa&mufzdkYtcsdeftrsm;BuD; ray;Edkif olawG? tcsdefray;
vdkolawGeJY vufvSrf;rrDolawGtwGuf toHk;wnfhEdkifygvdrfhr,f/

Identity Thief
½kyf&Sify&dowfawGtwGuf arwåmw&m;? tuf&Sif? enf;ynm? [mo pwmawGudk aygif;pnf;xm;wJh Identity
Thief qdkwJh Zmwfum;udk nTef;ay;csifw,f/ Box Office rSm eHygwfokH;ae&m &&Sdxm;wJh'DZmwfum;rSm o½kyfaqmif
Jason Bateman eJY Melissa McCarthy wdkYu OD;aqmifyg0ifxm;wmjzpfNyD; 'g½dkufwmu Seth Gordon yg/
qef'yD wfwmqifqw
kd hJ ukrP
Ü D0efxrf;trsKd;om;wpfa,muf[m wpf&ufawmh w,fvDzkef;t0if wpfckudk
vufcH&&Sdygw,f/ wpfzufu ajymaewJhtrsKd;orD;u ol[mudk,fa&;tcsuf vkHNcKHa&;0efaqmifrI jyKvkyfwmjzpfNyD;
qef'Dywfwmqif&JU udk,fa&;tcsuftvufawG tcdk;cH&awmhr,fvdkY
today;vmygw,f/ udk,fa&;tcsuftvufawG cdk;w,fqdkwmudk
em;rvnfwJhqef'Du olY&JU udk,fa&;tcsuftvufawGeJY vlrIzlvkHa&;
eHygwfudkyg 'Drdef;rudk ay;rdvdkufygw,f/ wu,fawmh wpfzufu
ajymaewJh 'dkif,memqdkwJh 0wkwfrav;u udk,fa&;tcsuftvufawG
ud k c d k ; NyD ; yd k u f q H a wG u d k o k H ; ypf a ewJ h Identity Thief &mZ0wf r I
usL;vGefaeol 0wkwfrav;jzpfygw,f/ qef'Dwpfa,mufawmh
olYtcsuftvufawG tcdk;cHvdkuf&ygNyD/
vdktyfwmxufaiGawGudk qef'DhuwfeJYokH;aewmaMumifh olYudk
&Ju ac:awGUygw,f/ rl;,pfaq;0g;udpöawGvnf; ygvmwmaMumifh
tvk y f r S m vnf ; jyóemwuf y gw,f / ol [ m tjypf u if ; pif o l
wpfa,mufqdkwmudk &J? todkif;t0dkif;eJY rdom;pkudk jyoEdkifzdkY&m
qef'D[m 'Dudk,fa&;tcsuftvuf olcdk;udk tm;vkH;a&SUac:jyEdkifrS
jzpfawmhrSmyg/ &J? rl;,pfrmzD;,m;awG&JUMum;rSmyJ qef'D[m 'dkif,mem
qd k w J h 0wk w f r av;ud k ajc&mcH r d o G m ;cJ h y gw,f / [mocef ; awG
trsm;tjym;eJY ajy;&if;vTm;&if; olrb0 bmaMumifh 'Dvdkolcdk;rav;
jzpfae&w,f qdkwmudk qef'Dwpfa,muf od&SdoGm;wJhtcg ... /
Universal Pictures ½kyf&Sifvkyfief;u xkwfvkyfwJh 'DZmwfum;[m
jyocsdef wpfem&DeJY ig;q,fhESpfrdepfMumygw,f/

20
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

cs,f&DOD;em&Dqdkifopf&JY txl;aps;a&mif;yGJ
ae&mawmf a wmf r sm;rsm;rS m
qdkifcGJawG zGihfvSpfxm;wJh cs,f&DOD;
em&Dqdkifu t&ifodrfjzL vrf;rSm&SdwJh
qdkifudk topfjyefrGrf;rHNyD; zGihfvSpf
vdkufygw,f/ topfzGifhwJh txdrf;
trS w f t aeeJ Y txl ; aps;a&mif ; yGJ
tpDtpOfudkyg jyKvkyfv mwm
awG U vd k Y em&D t opf w pf vHk;
avmuf0,fzYkd pdwu
f ;l aeolawG?
wpfa,mufa,muf vufaqmif
0,f a y;zd k Y tpD t pOf & S d a eol
awGtwGufygñTefvdkuf&jcif;
jzpfw,f/
c s,f&DOD;qdkifu
ud k , f p m;vS , f , la&mif;cs
xm;wJh Brand awG jzpfwJh

r,fqdk&if 5 &mcdkifEIef;uae 50
&mcdkifEIef;txd avQmha&mif;ay;r,hf
cJjcpfuHprf;rJudk uHprf;&if; us&m
&mcdkifEIef;tvdkuf aps;avQmh 0,fEdkif
rSmjzpfw,f/ 'ghtjyif tom;wif
wpfodef;eJY txuf0,f,lr,fqdk&if

5 &mcdkifEIef; avQmhay;r,hf ulyGef
wpfapmif xyfaqmif;ay;OD;r,fvYkd
qd k i f & J U wm0ef & S d o l u qd k w ,f /
'Dtxl; aps;a&mif;yGJudk rwfv 11
&ufuae {NyDv 10 &ufaeYtxd
jyKvkyfrSmjzpfygw,f/

Romanson, Trofish, Orient,

wdkYvdk em&D
trsKd ; tpm;awG x J u ae
BuKdufESpfouf&mudk 0,f,l

Dennis Martin

armf',fvfopf
NIKON
jynfwGif; tDvufx&Gefepf aps;uGufxJ topfxyfa&mufvmwJh 2013
armf',fvfopf COOLPIX trsKd;tpm; COMPACT 'D*spfw,fuifr&m yg/
NIKON trSwfwHqdyfjzpfNyD; armf',fvfu COOLPIX S 2700 yg/
N
yHk&dyft&nftaoG; 16.0 MP rdkY yHk&dyfudk jywfjywfom;om;½dkuful;Ekdif
ovdk Zoom udkvnf; 6 qtxd csJU,l½dkuful;EkdifwmrdkY ta0;u yHk&dyf½dkuful;
o
vdkolawGtwGufvnf; tqifajyrSmyg/ 'Duifr&mudk Scene Auto Selector
v
eenf;ynmeJY zGJUpnf;xm;NyD; Movie udk HD 720 P eJY ½dkuful;EkdifwmrdkY ½kyfxGuf
aaumif;aumif;eJY ½dkuful;Ekdifygvdrfhr,f/
Dry Cell (LI-ION BATTERY) jzpfwmrdYk "mwfcu
J v
kd nf; tcsdeMf umMum
oHk;EkdifrSmyg/ vwfwavm armf',fvfopf txl;EIef; usyfwpfodef;eJY
o
aa&mif;ay;aewm awGU&w,f/ 4G Memory Card &,f? NIKON ORIGINAL
uifr&mtdwf&,f wpfygwnf;yg0ifw,f/ teuf a&mif? aiGa&mif? teDa&mif?
u
yyef;c&rf;a&mif povdk ta&mifpHk&SdwmrdkY trsKd;orD; ? trsKd;om;ra&G; tBudKuf
aawGUEkdifr,fhta&mifudk a&G;0,fEkdifygvdrfhr,f/
Multi Generation Electronics Whole Sales Center trSwf - 508-512 ?
o&zDueG 'f ?kd ukeo
f nfvrf;ESihf qdyu
f rf;omvrf;axmif?h ausmufww
H m;NrdKUe,f?
o
&&efukefNrdKU? zkef; - 09-73040123 rSm 0,fvdkY&rSmyg/

SHOP

awGtwGuf
aemufqkH;ay:zuf&SifawG&SdwJU RUN YGN
Rapper

urÇmBuD;u &GmBuD;jzpfaewJh
acwfrSm zuf&SifawGuvnf; tcsdef
wdkif;vdk topftopfawG ay:ae
awmh aemufususefcJhrSmpdk;&drfaewJh
Rapper awGtwGuf Hip Hop
oD;oefYzuf&Sifqdkifav;udk nTefjy
ay;csif y gw,f / ausmuf w H w m;
NrdKUe,frSm&SdwJh RUN YGN qdkwJh

qdkifav;rSm aemufqkH;ay: Latest
jzpfaerS BudKufw,fqdkwJh Rapper
awGtwGuf trSefwu,f Updates
ypönf;awGjzpfwJh jynfyu emrnf
ausmf Brand awGukd ud,
k w
f ikd 0f ,fNyD;
OD;xkyfuae zdeyftxdtrsKd;tpm;
pkHvifpGm a&mif;csay;aew,fvdkY tJ'D
qdik yf ikd &f iS jf zpfwhJ Hip Hop aw;oH&iS f

Sz u

qdkygw,f/
zuf & S i f e J Y ywf o uf N yD ; tck
0wfaeMuwJh ykHpHawGeJY vkH;0uGJxGuf
aewJ h 'D Z d k i f ; opf ? Brand topf
awGudkyJ &EdkifrSmjzpfwJhtwGuf tck
acwfpm;aewJh 'DZdkif;awGeJY wlwm
vnf;&Sm;NyD; aps;EIef;tm;jzifhvnf;
t&rf;rrsm;bl;vdkY qdkygw,f/
aps;EIef;taeeJYuawmh ypön;f
trsKd;tpm;ay: rlwnfNyD; tedrfhqkH;
t
110ç000 usyf u ae tjrif h q k H ;
f xd&w
dS m awGUygw,f/
1100ç000 usyt
tJ'Dqdkifav;rSm Rapper awG
tBud K uf r sm;wJ h Brand awGjzpfwJh
t
Givenchy,
G

Crooksn C a s t l e s

ppwmawGtjyif ROLEX, Hublot
G
pwmawGuv
kd nf; 0,f,El ikd f
Geneve
rrSm jzpfygw,f/ 'Dqdkifav; uawmh
trSwf (335)? Adv
k af tmifausmv
f rf;
t
((txyf)? ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,frSm
&d&Sdwmyg/ zkef;-01-245527? 094420186433 ud k quf o G , f E d k i f
yygw,f/

10 ESpf Warranty ay;xm;wJU
SUMO UPS
rD;tm;twuftus jzpfwmyJ
jzpfjzpf? rD;ysufoGm;wmyJjzpfjzpf
Mum;cH ay;xm;wJhpepfwpfckjzpfwJh
UPS wpf c k u d k aps;EIef;oufouf
omomeJY&NyD; Warranty udkvnf;
(1 Years Parts + 9 Years Service) ay;
xm;wJh UPS wpfckudk nTefjyay;csif
ygw,f/
tJ'D UPS emrnfu SUMO
UPS jzpfNyD; t&nftaoG;twGuf
pdwfcs&ygw,fvdkYvnf;
a&mif;wJq
h idk &f iS u
f nTe;f qdk
w,f / wpf E S p f t wG i f ;
Warrnty taeeJY wpfvHk;
ysuw
f meJY wpfv;kH csucf si;f
ay;oGm;rSmjzpfNyD; aps;uGuf
twG i f ; rS m ypö n f ; jywf
ae&ifawmif ydkufqHudk
jyeftrf;ay;oGm;r,f vdkY
vnf; ajymygw,f/
aps;EIe;f uawmh 35000
usyf j zpf N yD ; Warranty umvu

10 ES p f j zpf w J h t wG u f ay;&wm
wefw,fvdkY qdk&rSmyg/
qdyu
f rf;omvrf;u Computer
qkdiftawmfrsm;rsm;tjyif Eastern
Computer Sales & Service

trSwf -129? qdyfurf;omvrf;?
atmufbavmuf? ausmufwHwm;
NrdKUe,f zkef; - 398224? 398490?
udk qufoG,fNyD; 0,f,lEkdifrSmyg/

21

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

VOICE FROM ABROAD
,cku@rSm jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif;jzpfay:vsuf&Sdaom
Ekid if aH &;? pD;yGm;a&;ESihf vlraI &;tygt0if tjcm;u@toD;oD;rS
tajctaet&yf&yfwkdYESifhywfoufí EkdifiHwumrSrD'D,mrsm;?
ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh apmifhMunfhavhvmolrsm;\a&;om;ajymqkd
xkwfvTifhcsufrsm;teufrS xl;jcm;NyD; tav;teufxm;xnfh
oGif;pOf;pm;oifhonf[k ,lqaomtcsufrsm;udkaumufEkwf
azmfjyay;jcif;jzpfygonf/ aumufEkwfcsufrsm;rSm rl&if;
tmabmftwkid ;f bmomjyefqx
kd m;jcif;jzpfNyD; The Voice Weekly
\tmabmfr[kwfaMumif; azmfjyvkdygonf/
t,f'Dwm

urÇmBuD;ukd xrif;auR;OD;r,fU jrefrm
]]uRefawmf csmwdwfb0u ta&SUawmiftm&Sa'oeJY urÇmh
aps;uGufxJrSm jrefrmhqef[m vlwkdif;odwJh xGufukefypönf;wpfck jzpfcJh
ygw,f/ tJ'DrSm uRefawmfajymcsifwmu tJ'Dukefypönf; wpfrsdK;wnf;
eJYwif ta&SUawmiftm&SeJY urÇmBuD;rSm&SdwJh vlawGukd auR;arG;EkdifzkdY
BuD;rm;wJh taxmuftyHhBuD; &&SdapEkdifw,fqdkwJh tcsufyJ jzpfygw,f/
'g[m qefwpfrsdK;wnf; &Sdao;w,faemf? uRefawmfxifw,f. . .
jrefrmEkdifiHrSm tJ'DxufykdNyD; urf;vSrf;EkdifwJh ukefypönf;awG trsm;BuD;
&Sdaeygao;w,f}}[k pifumylEkdifiH 'kwd,0efBuD;csKyfTeo Chee Hean
uajymMum;onf/
(Channel News Asia 0ufqkdufwGifyg&Sdaom S’pore looks
forward to Myanmar’s full entry into ASEAN owif;rSaumufEw
k cf su)f

jrefrmeJY &0rf'g wlygUrvm;
jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f a&eH&mS azGw;l azmfrEI iS hf ½k[
d if*smrsm;tay: vlYtcGit
hf a&;
csdK;azmufrIrsm;tMum; qufET,frIwpf&yf&SdaeEkdifonf/ wkdif;jynf\
'Drkdua&pD jyKjyifajymif;vJa&; vkyfief;pOfrsm;tay: EkdifiHwum
tokdif;t0kdif;u todtrSwf jyKrIrsm;&SdcJhonfhwkdif vlYtcGifhta&;ESifh
ywfoufaom rSwfwrf;rsm;ESifh owif;ay;ykdYrIrsm;onf vlYtcGifhta&;
wuf<upGm vIy&f mS ;olwYdktwGuf xdyq
f ;Hk u pk;d &drpf &maumif;onfh udp&ö yf
wpfck jzpfaeonf/ Save the Rohingya tzGUJ rS Jamila Hanan u ]a&eHzUHG NzdK;
wk;d wufa&;ESihf ½k[
d if*smy#dyu©Mum;wGif qufpyfrw
I pf&yf aocsmayguf
&Sdaeonf} [k qkdonf/ w½kwfEkdifiH taemufawmifbufa'ookdY
pGrf;tifyu
dk v
f idk ;f oG,w
f ef;a&; pDru
H ed ;f BuD;onf jyóem\ tpdwt
f ydik ;f
wpfck jzpfaeonf[k ¤if;uqkdonf/ ]]&0rf'gEkdifiHrSm jzpfay:cJhwJh
yrmPtwkid ;f jrefrmEkid if rH mS ½k[
d if*smawGudk owfjzwfwyhJ BJG uD; wwd,
tBudrf jzpfvmvdrOhf ;D r,fvYdk uRerf wkYd owif;&xm;ygw,f/ ,cktcsed f
uae {NyDvv,ftwGif;rSm jzpfEkdifw,fvkdY owif;&xm;ygw,f}}[k
Jamila Hanan uqkdonf/
(UPI owif;Xme\ Oil, abuse link seen in Myanmar
owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf)

a':pk&JY pum;[m NLD &JY ay:vpDyg
vwfwavm tcsdefumvwGif touf 67 ESpft&G,f&SdNyDjzpfonfh
a':atmifqef;pkMunfukd ab;z,fxm;cJh&ef vkdtyfolwpfOD;jzpfonf[k
rnfow
l pfO;D wpfa,mufurQ tBujH yKajymqkjd cif; r&Sad y/ a':atmifqef;pkMunf
onf 'Drkdua&pDvIyf&Sm;rI\ xdyfqkH;rS jy,k*fyk*¾dKvfjzpfNyD; jrefrmh
vGwv
f yfa&;zcifBuD; Akv
d cf sKyfatmifqef;\ orD;vnf;jzpfum wpfwidk ;f
jynfvkH;ukd ukdifvIyfEkdifcJhonf/ okdYaomf tqkdygt&mrsm;rSm ,cktcg
jyefvnfay;qyf&rnfh wm0efrsm;? wpfenf;tm;jzifh ajz&Sif;&rnfh
0efxkyf0efykd;rsm; jzpfvmonf/ NLD ygwDwGif; tmPm&Sifqefqef
qkH;jzwfcsufcsrSwfrIrsm;ukd a':atmifqef;pkMunfu om"ujy
ajymqko
d nf/ ]]a':pku wpfpw
Hk pfcak jym&if tJ'g[m ay:vpDy/J ajymif;vJrI
vkH;0r&Sdbl;}} [k rcifav;ajymqkdonfh twkdif;yifjzpf\/ trSefpifppf
ay:vpDudpöukd vTwfawmfüyif ajymqkdaqG;aEG;rIrjyKay/ NLD ygwD
onf wkdif;&if;om; vlrsdK;pkrsm;\ jyóemrsm;ajyvnfa&;twGuf
tenf;i,frQom vkyfaqmifay;cJhonf/
(The Economist pmapmifyg The Lady’s not for turning
aqmif;yg;rS aumufEkwfcsuf)

zGJYpnf;ykHtajccHOya'jyif&efavUvmokH;oyfrnfU
aumfrwD? aumfr&Sifrsm;zGJYa&;
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftwnfjyK
&efukef? rwf 20

Gif twnfjyKxm;onhf 2008 zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'udk EdkifiHa&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIESihftnD
jynf oljyifYvqTwifEfadkiwmff&efwtajccH
Oya'avhvmokH;oyfa&;aumfrwD odkYr[kwf aumfr&Sifrsm;zGJUpnf;&ef jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmfutwnfjyKaMumif; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,u OD;cifatmifjrihfu ajymMum;onf/
zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya' jyifqif
,if;aumfrwD odYrk [kwf aumfr&Sif rsm;udkzGJUpnf;oihfaMumif; jynfolY
rsm;zGJUpnf;&eftqdkudk rwfv 15 vTwfawmfOuú| ol&OD;a&Tref;u a&;onf wdkif;&if;om;rsm;ESihfpnf;
vkH;nDnGwfa&; wnfaqmufEdkif&ef
&ufaeYu jynfolYvTwfawmfwGif tBuHjyKxm;onf/
f a&;BuD;aMumif; OD;ode;f aZmf
zG J U pnf ; yk H t ajccH O ya'ud k twGut
twnfjyKxm;NyD; ,aeYrwfv 20
&ufaeYwiG u
f sif;yonhf jynfaxmifpk qef Y usif a eonh f jynf y a&muf uajymqdkonf/
wdkif;&if;om;rsm;vdkvm;onhf
vTwfawmfu xyfrHtwnfjyKvdkuf twdkuftcHtiftm;pkrsm; jynfwGif;
odkYvma&mufNyD; vkyfxkH;vkyfenf; udk,fydkifjy|mef;cGihftwGuf jynfe,f
jcif;jzpfonf/
tqdkygtajccHOya'avhvm rsm;ESihftnD jyifqifoihfaMumif; Oya'jyKa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;ESihf w&m;pD
f Oa&my &ifa&;vkyfydkifcGihfrsm;udk jynfaxmifpk
okH;oyfa&;aumfrwD? aumfr&Sifrsm; Edik if aH wmfor®w OD;ode;f pdeu
zGJY&eftqdkudk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf ig;EdkifiHc&D;pOfwGif zdwfac:xm; tpdk;&ucsKyfudkifvGef;jcif;ESihf a&G;
aumufwifajr§mufxm;jcif;r&Sdonhf
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;tm;vkH;u oabm onf/
,if;tqdkudkvTwfawmfwGif; wyfrawmfom; 25 &mcdkifEIef;udk
wlaxmufcaH Mumif; jrpfBuD;em; rJqE´
e,frS jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm; ud k , f p m;vS , f t rsm;pk a e&m&xm; vTwfawmfwGif; ae&may;xm;jcif;
vS,fOD;odef;aZmfu ajymMum;onf/ onhf BuHhcdkifa&;ygwDrS A[dkaumfrwD wdkYaMumihf 'Drdkua&pDpepftwGuf
f nhf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccH
,if ; aumf r wD od k Y r[k w f tzGJU twGif;a&;rSL; ol&OD;at;jrihfu tmrcHcsufay;Edik o
aumf r &S i f r sm;zG J U pnf ; a&;twG u f wifoGif;NyD; wyfrawmfom;udk,fpm; Oya'r[kwfaMumif; wdkif;&if;om;
tBuHjyKvdkygu ZGefv 25 &ufaeY u d k , f p m ; v S , f r s m ; t y g t 0 i f rsm;ESihf EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;ua0zef
rwdkifrDvTwfawmf½kH;odkY pmay;ydkYEdkif vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f tm;vkH;u onf/
tajccHOya'udk jyifqif&ef
aMumif ; OD ; cif a tmif j rih f u ajym uefYuGufolr&SdaxmufcHtwnfjyK
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfrS udk,fpm;
cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
qdkonf/
]]EdkifiHa&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIeJY vS,f 75 &mcdkifEIef;ausmfu axmuf
wdik ;f &if;om;vTwaf wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,f
rsm;ESihf EdkifiHa&;ygwDtoD; oD;rS ud k u f n D a tmif v k y f x k H ; vk y f e nf ; cH&rnfjzpfNyD; jyifqifonhftcsufudk
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm; abmiftwGif;u jyifqif&r,f}}[k jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGif twnf
jyK&rnfjzpfonf/
jzihf ,if;aumfrwD odYkr[kwf aumfr&Sif OD;at;jrihfuqdkonf/

PHOTO NEWS

22
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

uefa':vmajcmufodef;cGJzdk; tm;upm;ypönf;rsm;
w½kwfaxmufyHU
&efukef? rwf 20

NydKifyGJ0ifupm;orm;rsm;tokH;jyK&ef tar&duefa':vm ajcmufodef;cGJausmfwefzdk;&Sd tm;upm;
ypönf;rsm;udk rwfv 20 &ufaeYwGif w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHu yxrqkH;tBudrf axmufyHhay;cJhaMumif;
tm;upm;0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,0efBuD; OD;aomif;xdkufu ajymMum;onf/
19 rsKd;? a&ul;? 'dkifAif? 0gwmydkvdk
tm;upm;enf ; twG u f 23 rsKd ; ?
u&maw;'dk tm;upm;enf;twGuf
ig;rsKd;? uRrf;bm;tm;upm;enf;
twGuf 29 rsKd;ESifh avhusifha&;wGif
tokH;jyKrnfhypönf; av;rsKd;ESifh ½dk;&m
avS a vS m f tm;upm;enf ; twG u f
oHk;rsKd;wdkYtwGuf tar&duefa':vm
652ç218 wefzdk;&Sd tm;upm;tokH;
taqmif y pö n f ; rsm;jzpf o nf [ k
China Sport International ukrÜPDu
tzGJUacgif;aqmif Mr.FangPingjun
u ajymqdkonf/
(27) Budrfajrmuf SEA Games
jrefrmEdkifiHESihf w½kwfEdkifiH jyKrnf h tm;upm;taxmuf t ul
wd k Y Mum; cspf M unf a &;oabmwl ypönf;rsm;udk axmufyHhjcif;jzpfonf NydKifyGJwGif yg0if,SOfNyKdifrnfh jrefrm
tm;upm;orm;rsm;udk w½kwef nf;jy
pmcsKyft& (27) Budrfajrmuf SEA [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
tm;upm;enf;tvdkuf tokH; 27 OD;u ,ckESpfqef;ydkif;u pwifí
Games NyKdifyGJwGif tokH;jyK&ef China
jyK&ef axmufyHhonfhypönf;rsm;rSm aejynfawmfESifh &efukefNrdKUwdkYwGif
Sport International uk r Ü P D u
tm;upm;enf;rsm;tvdkuf tokH; 0l½LS ;? qef;qdk tm;upm;enf;twGuf avhusifhoifMum;ay;vsuf&Sdonf/

S

EA Games

wdkufppfrSL;ausmfudkudk udk abmvkH;tzGJYcsKyfuxyfrHta&;,l
&efukef? rwf 20

tm&SabmvkH;tzGJUcsKyfzvm;
ajcppfyGJtwGuf pcef;oGif;avhusifh
aepOf enf;jytzGUJ u csrSwx
f m;aom
pnf ; urf ; rsm;rvd k u f e m[k q d k u m
vufa&G;piftoif;rS xkwfy,fcJh
onhf ausmfudkudkudk jrefrmEkdifiH
abmvk;H tzGUJ csKyf pnf;urf;xde;f odr;f
aumfrwDu {jyDvukefydkif;xd yGJy,f
jypf'PfxyfrcH srw
S cf ahJ Mumif; pnf;urf;
xdef;odrf;a&;aumfrwDOuú|
OD;cifarmifaxG;u ajymMum;onf/
jrefrmEdkifiHabmvkH;tzGJUcsKyf?
pnf;urf;xdef;odrf;a&;aumfrwDESifh
enf;jycsKyfwdkYu vufa½G;piftoif;

pnf;vkH;rIrysufap&ef &nf&G,fí
ausmfuu
kd u
kd kd rdcifuvyfoYkd jyefvw
T f
cJhNyD; tm&SabmvkH;tzGJUcsKyfzvm;
ajcppf y G J N yD ; onf h t csd e f w G i f ,if ;
jypf ' Pf c srS w f & ef qk H ; jzwf c J h
jcif;jzpfonf[k ¤if;u qdkonf/
pnf;urf;xde;f odr;f a&;aumfrwD
ES i f h n§ d E d I i f ; pOf u ausmf u d k u d k u d k
EdkifiHwumyGJokH;yGJom jypf'PfcsrSwf
&ef tBuHjyKcJhonf[k jrefrmEdkifiH
abmvkH;tzGJUcsKyf\ owif;xkwfjyef
csuf E S i f h y wf o uf í vuf a &G ; pif
toif;enf;jycsKyf ywfaqmif[Gmu
ajymqdkonf/

tqdyk gjypf'PfaMumifh ausmu
f u
kd kd
rSm {jyDv 27 &ufaeYxd uscH&awmh
rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
ausmu
f u
kd rkd mS jrefrmhvufa&G;pif
toif;\pnf;urf;csK;d azmufjcif;? enf;jy
tzGJU\qkH;rajymqdkrIudk vdkufemrIr&Sd
jcif;ESifhenf;jytzGJUtm; ½dkif;yspGmjyKrl
ajymqdkcJhjcif;wdkYaMumihf azazmf0g&D
vqef;ydik ;f wGiv
f ufa&G;piftoif;u
rdcifuvyf &efukef,lEdkufwufodkY
jyefvTwfjcif;cHxm;&onfhtjyif rdcif
uvyf &efukef,lEdkufwuftoif;
uvnf ; wpf v pmay;aqmif & ef
jypf'PfcsrSwfcHxm;&onf/

SEA Games qkdif;bkwf'DZdkif;NydKifyGJ0iftm;vkH;qkcsD;jr§ifUrnf
&efukefrwf 20
SEA Games NydKifyt
JG BudKESiNhf ydKifyu
JG si;f onft
h csed w
f YkdwiG f wdik ;f a'oBuD;rsm;ESifh jynfe,frsm;&SNd rdKUBuD;rsm;\
tm;upm;uGif;rsm;odkY oGm;&mvrf;rsm;wGif tokH;jyKrnfhvrf;jzwfydkpwmrsm;ESifh Billboard 'DZdkif;NydKifyGJwGif
yg0ifot
l m;vk;H udk qkcs;D jr§irfh nfjzpfaMumif; tm;upm;0efBuD;Xme vlxyk nmXmecGu
J owif;xkwjf yefxm;onf/
'DZdkif;NydKifyGJü yxrqk&&Sdoludk usyfodef;okH;q,f? 'kwd,usyf 25 odef;? wwd, usyfodef; 20?
pwkw¬usyf 15 odef;? yOör usyf 10 odef;? ESpfodrfhqk&&SdolokH;OD;udk wpfOD;vQifusyfig;odef;ESifh usefNydKifyGJ0if
27 OD;udk tm;upm;0efBuD;Xmeu *kPfjyKonfhtaeESifh wpfOD;vQifusyfokH;odef;pD qkrsm;ay;tyfrnfjzpfaMumif;
,if;xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
qk&&Sdolrsm;udk 0PÖod'd¨tm;upm;uGif; tpnf;a0;cef;rü rwfv 24 &ufaeY eHeuf 9em&DwGif *kPfjyKqk
rsm; ay;tyfrnfjzpfaomaMumifh tm;upm;0efBuD;Xme vlxkynmXmecGJ zkef; 067-406026? 067-406027
wdkYodkYqufoG,fEdkifaMumif;vnf; ,if;xkwfjyefcsufwGifyg&Sdonf/
tqdkyg qkay;yGJwGif 2012ckESpf 'DZifbmvlxktm;upm;vIyf&Sm;rItxdrf;trSwf 0w¬Kwdk? aqmif;yg;ESifh
"mwfyNHk ydKifyrJG sm;rSq&k &SMd uolrsm;udv
k nf; qkrsm;ay;tyfrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;xkwjf yefcsuw
f iG af zmfjyxm;onf/

tBudK jrif;pD;NydKifyGJ
aMu;wHqdyfESifUom jrefrmauseyf&
SEA Games

&efukef? rwf 19
aejynfawmf&Sd 0PÖod'd¨jrif;pD;tm;upm;uGif;wGif jyKvkyfonfh SEA
Games tBudK ajcmufEkdifiHjrif;pD;tm;upm;NyKdifyGJokH;rsKd;wGif toif;vdkuf
wef;ausmftm;upm;enf;wpfrsKd;üom wwd,qkaMu;wHqdyf&&SdcJhaMumif;
tm;upm;0efBuD;Xmeu owif;xkwfjyefxm;onf/
52 rD w mc&D ; &S n f w ma0;jrif ; pD ; NyKd i f y G J w G i f rav;&S m ;u yxr?
tif'dkeD;&Sm;u 'kwd,ESifh xdkif;u wwd,&&SdcJhNyD; toif;vdkufjrif;tvSpD;
NydKifyGJwGif tif'dkeD;&Sm;u yxr? xdkif;u'kwd,ESifh rav;&Sm;u wwd,&&Sdum
wef;ckeftoif;vdkufNydKifyGJwGix
f ikd ;f u yxr? uarÇm'D;,m;toif;u 'kwd,ESifh
jrefrmtoif;u wwd,&&SdcJhaMumif; ,if;owif;wGif azmfjyyg&Sdonf/
tqdkygjrif;pD;NydKifyGJodkY jrefrm? rav;&Sm;? tif'dkeD;&Sm;? xdkif;? uarÇm
'D;,m;ESihf pifumylEikd if w
H Ykd yg0if,OS Nf yKdicf NhJ yD; jrefrmjrif;pD;tm;upm;orm;rsm;
tawGUtBuHK&&Sdap&ef &nf&G,fusif;ycJhjcif;jzpfonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHu tdrf&Siftjzpf vufcHusif;yrnhf (27) Budrfajrmuf SEA
Games NydKifyGJwGif tm;upm;enf; 33 rsKd;teuf jrif;pD;tm;upm;enf;rSm
vnf; wpfcktygt0ifjzpfonf/

NydKifyGJ0ifw½kwfe*g;avSrsm; aejynfawmfudk xyfrHa&muf&Sd
&efukef? rwf 18

jrefrmEdkifiHwGiftdrf&SiftjzpfvufcHusif;rnhf SEA Games ½dk;&mavS
(e*g;avS) NyKdifyGJtwGuf w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHu 0,f,lxm;aom
tar&duefa':vm 91ç952 wefzdk;&Sd avSrsm; aejynfawmfodkY rwfv 15
&uf aeYu a&muf&v
dS maMumif; jrefrmEdik if aH vStzGUJ csKyfrS twGi;f a&;rI;OD;az0if;
u ajymMum;onf/
w½kwjf ynfoYo
l r®wEdik if H China Sport International Co.,Ltd. rSTraditionalboa
½dk;&mavSrsm;jzpfaom 10 wufavSmfajcmufpD;? wuf20 avSmf ajcmufpD;ESihf
avSmfwuftacsmif; 80 a&muf&Sdvmjcif;jzpfonf[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGifusif;yrnhfta&SUawmiftm&Stmupm;NydKifyGJudk w½kwf
EdkifiHut"duulnDyHhydk;aeNyD; avSavSmfNydKifyGJ0ifrsm;udkvnf; w½kwfEdkifiHrS
enf;jywpfOD; vma&mufavhusio
fh ifMum;ay;aeum w½kwfEkdifiHwGifwpfv
vma&mufyl;wGJavhusifh&efzdwfac:xm;aMumif; avSavSmftzGJUcsKyfxHrS
od&Sd&onf/
SEA Games avSavSmfNyKdifyGJtwGuf aejynfawmf&Sd ivdkufqnfudk
a½G;cs,fxm;onf/

½dk;&mppfwk&iftrsKd;orD; wpfOD;csif;NydKifrnf
&efukef? rwf 19

&efukefNrdKU atmifqef;tm;upm;NydKif0if;twGif;&Sd jrefrmEkdifiHppfwk&if
tzGJUcsKyfNydKifyGJcef;rü jrefrmh½dk;&mppfwk&iftrsKd;orD;wpfOD;csif;NydKifyGJudk
rwfv 24 &ufrS 29 &ufaeYxd usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiH ppfwk&if
tzGJUcsKyfu owif;xkwfjyefxm;onf/
þNydKifyGJrSwpfqihf (27) Budrfajrmuf ta&SUawmiftm&Stm;upm;NydKifyGJ
twGuf yPmrvufa½G;pifrsm;udk a&G;cs,foGm;rnfjzpfNyD; yg0if,SOfNydKifvdk
olrsm;onf rwfv 23 &ufaeY aemufqkH;xm;í jrefrmEkdifiH ppfwk&iftzGJUcsKyf
½k;H cef;wGif pm&if;ay;oGi;f Ekid o
f nf[k ,if;owif;xkwjf yefcsuüf azmfjyyg&So
d nf/
jrefrmh½dk;&mppfwk&ifudk 2013 ckESpf 'DZifbmvwGif usif;yrnhf
ta&S U awmif t m&S t m;upm;Nyd K if yG J ü tmqD , H ppf w k &if u pm;enf ; tjzpf
xnhfoGif;usif;yrnfjzpfonf/

av;Edik if t
H aysmw
f rf;a*guNf yKd iyf q
JG ak Mu; a':vm 750cs;D jri§ Uf
&efukef? rwf 19

&efuek Nf rdKUawmf 'nif;uke;f a*gufuiG ;f ü jyKvyk o
f nfh av;Edik if H taysmw
f rf;
a*gufoD;½dkufNydKifyGJwGif yxrqkzvm;&&SdoltaeESihf qkaMu;aiG tar&duef
a':vm 750 om&rnfjzpfaMumif; &efukefa*ghzfuvyfu twGif;a&;rSL;
OD;atmifMunfu ajymMum;onf/
urÇmt
h qifh a*gufo;D ½du
k Nf ydKifyrJG sm;odYk 0ifa&muf,OS Nf yKdiEf ikd &f ef&nf&,
G f
usif;yjcif;jzpfonfhtwGuf taysmfwrf;a*gufo;D ½du
k Nf ydKifyGJrsm;wGif qkaMu;aiG
udk tar&duef a':vm 750 xuf ydí
k r&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u&Si;f jyonf/

23

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

om;aumifopfrdw¬Dvm
The Voice Weekly owif;tzGJY
GufrD;½dIUaewm Armtdrfa&m? rGwfqviftdrfa&m tukefavmifw,f}}qdkonfum; rdw¬Dvm
]]em &Dpnfpify&ifyfoum,maps;teD
;wGif aexdkifolwpfOD;\txdwfwvefY ajymMum;rIjzpfonf/
jrefrmEdik if aH wmftpd;k &tzGUJ ½k;H pdu
k f
&maejynfawmfESihf rdkif 80 cefYtuGm
rdwv
D¬ mNrKdUwGif bmomrwloal v;OD;
cdkuf&efjzpfyGm;rIonf vlaxmifcsD
yg0ifaom y#dyu©BuD; jzpfvmonf/
vl 10 OD; xufrenf; aoqkH;
onfqakd om owif;rsm;xGuaf y:ae
onh f , if ; y#d y u© r S m rwf v 21
&ufn ae 7 em&Dx d NyD; qk H ; jcif ;
r&Sdao;ay/ wkwf? "m; vufeufrsm;
udkifaqmifxm;aom vlpkrsm;&SdaeqJ
jzpfonf/
,if;y#dyu©onf rwfv20&uf
aeYeHeuf 9 em&Dtcsdefü tpövmrf
bmom0ifydkif e,l;0defYpdefa&TqdkifwGif
a&T a&mif;cs&mrS cdkuf&efjzpfyGm;cJhNyD;
em&Dydkif;twGif; &mcsDaomvltkyfBuD;
u a&TqdkifudkzsufqD;onftxd jzpf
vmonf/
]]rGef;vGJ 2em&Davmuf
a&Ta&mif;cswJhqdkifcef; &Spfcef;avmuf
udkzsufqD;vdkufNyD}}[ktcif;jzpfyGm;
&m teD ; &S d t xnf q d k i f z G i h f x m;ol
touf 40 t½G,f trsKd;orD;u
qdkonf/
,if;y#dyu©rSm ½IyfaxG;onf
xuf ydkrdk½IyfaxG;vmaeNyD; rwfv
20 &ufaeYnaeydkif;wGif yk'fr 144
xkwfjyefcJhaomfvnf; rwfv 21
&ufaeY nae 4 em&Dtxdqufvuf
jzpfyGm;aeum 'Pf&m&ESihf aoqkH;ol
OD;a&vnf; ydkrsm;vmaeonf/
]]&J v k H N cH K a&;awG a &S U rS m ud k
wkwfqGJ? "m;qGJeJY rD;½dIUaeMuw,f}}
[k rdwv
D¬ mNrKUd oD&rd *Fvm&yfuu
G w
f iG f
aexdkifolwpfOD;u qdkonf/
,if;aMumihftajctaersm;udk
tcsdefwdktwGif; xdef;odrf;Edkifa&;
rdwv
D¬ mNrKdUwGif jzpfymG ;aeaomy#dyu©
udk pkHprf;ppfaq;azmfxkwf&efpkHprf;
ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sifudk zGJUpnf;vdkuf
aMumif;? rEÅav;wdik ;f a'oBuD;tpd;k &
tzGUJ u rwfv 20 &uf&ufpjJG zihx
f w
k f
jyefvdkufNyD; jzpfpOftrSef tao;pdwf
udk pkHprf;ppfaq;í tpD&ifcHpmudk
&ufowåwpfywftwGif; wifjy&
rnfjzpfaMumif; xkwfjyefvdkufonf/
tpdk;&tzGJU\vkyfaqmifaerI
rsm;ESiyfh wfoufí Edik if aH wmfor®w½k;H
nTefMum;a&;rSL;OD;aZmfaX;urdw¬Dvm
NrKdUwGif jzpfyGm;aeaom y#dyu©tajc
taersm;udk xdef;odrf;&ef vkHNcHKa&;
tiftm;wdk;jr§ihfxm;NyD; oHCmawmf
rsm;? t&yfbuf vlYtzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESifh
0dkif;0ef;vkyfaqmifaeaMumif; ajym
Mum;onf/
]]'D v d k y #d y u© j zpf E d k i f a jc&S d w J h
ae&mawGudk tMurf;zufrIawG rul;
pufzdkY oufqdkif&mwdkif; a'oBuD;
tpdk;&awGudk apmihfMunhfcdkif;xm;
ygw,f/ vkHNcHKa&;awGvnf;wdk;cdkif;
xm;w,f}} [k¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
tqdkygy#dyu©onftpdk;&opf

oufwrf; 2 ESpfwmumvtwGif;
av;Burd af jrmufjzpfymG ;onhf bmoma&;
toGifaqmifaom y#dyu©jzpfonf/
2012 ZGefvtwGif;u &cdkif
jynfe,f ausmufjzLc½dkif &rf;NAJ
NrKdUe,f ausmufeDarmfaus;&Tm tkyfpk
wGif pwifjzpfyGm;cJhonhfypönf;vk?
rk'drf;usihf vlowfrIrSm bmoma&;
y#dyu©toGifodkY ul;ajymif;oGm;NyD;
armifawm? bl;oD;awmif? ppfawG?
&aoh a wmif w d k Y ud k ul ; puf c J h N yD ;
aoqkH;ol 167 OD;? 'Pf&m&ol 223
OD ; ? td r f a xmif p k a ygif ; 16980?
vlOD;a& 111ç000 OD;tdk;rJh tdrfrJh
jzpfNyD; tdk;tdrfESihf taqmufttHk
10100 vkH; ysufpD;cJh&onf/
&cdkifjynfe,fwpfckvkH;eD;yg;

uyk'fr144a'oEÅ&trdefYxkwfjyefcJh
NyD;,cktcsdefxd jyefvnf½kyfodrf;Edkif
jcif;r&Sdao;ay/
waiGUaiGUawmufavmif aeqJ
jzpf o nh f vd I i f o m,my#d y u© E S i h f
&ufaygif; 20 cefYtMumwGif ,ck
rdw¬Dvmy#dyu©rSm av;Budrfajrmuf
jzpfyGm;onhfbmoma&;toGifaqmif
aomy#dyu©jzpfonf/
odYkaMumihb
f moma&;t"du½kP;f
wpf&yfjzpfay:vmap&efzefw;D aejcif;
avm[k ar;cG e f ; xk w f r I r sm;vl x k
tMum;xGufay:vmawmhonf/
,ckjzpfay:vsu&f adS om rwnf
jidrfrIrsm;onf EdkifiHrwnfjidrf&ef
twGuf qlylvIHYaqmfrIrsm; jyKvkyfum

ac:wJhtjyKtrIrsKd;awmh vkH;0cGihfrjyK
Edkifbl;}}[k 4if;u qdkonf/
rdwv
D¬ mwGif vkNH cHKa&;rsm;onf
y#dyu©jzpfpOfwGif &yfMunhf½kHom
&yfMunhfaeNyD; xdef;odrf;rIr&Sdojzihf
tMurf;zufolrsm;onf vkHNcHKa&;rsm;
Mum;u wGe;f wdu
k 0f ifum tMurf;zuf
rIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhaMumif; rdw¬Dvm&Sd 88
rsKd;quf ausmif;om;u wpfESpf
ywfv;Hk zGUJ pnf;xm;aom uGe&f ufrsm;
\rSwfwrf;rSwf&mrsm;udk udk;um;
um OD;rif;udEk ikd u
f rwfv 21 &ufaeY
eH e uf y d k i f ; wG i f rD ' D , mrsm;ud k
&Sif;jyonf/
]]jidrf;csrf;pGmqE´xkwfazmfae
wm r[kwfbl;/ tJ'gaMumihf tMurf;
zufr,hftkyfpkawGudk wm;&r,f}} [k
¤if;u qdkonf/
vlrIuGef&ufpmrsufESmrsm;wGif

jzpfymG ;ojzihf yk'rf 144 xkwjf yefxm;
&onftxd ESpBf udrcf efYjzpfymG ;cJah om
jyif;xefonhf &cdkifjynfe,fy#dyu©
rsm; jyefvnfwnfjidrpf jyKvmcsdew
f iG f
2013 azazmf0g&D 18 &ufaeYu
oauwNrKdUe,f trSwf (3) &yfuGuf
rmef a jy 18 vrf ; ES i h f 19 vrf ;
taemufbufjcrf;&Sd tpövmrfbmom
a&;pmoifausmif;jyefvnfjyifqifrI
rSbmoma&;toGifaqmif y#dyu©
tjzpfodkY OD;wnfvmaomfvnf; jyef
vnfxed ;f odr;f vdu
k Ef ikd o
f jzihf jyif;xef
onhfy#dyu©jzpfyGm;onhftqihfodkY
ra&mufcJhay/
odYk aomfomauwy#dyu©tNyD;
wpfywfcefYtMum azazmf0g&Dv 28
&ufaeYwGifvdIifom,mNrKdUe,ftrSwf
1 &yfuGufOD;Owårvrf;wGifw&m;acG
zGi&fh mrStpjyKum tpövmrfbmom 0if
rsm;ES i h f y #d y u© j zpf y G m ;cJ h NyD ; &mcsD
aomvl t k y f B uD ; onf w k w f ? "m;
vufeufrsm;udkifaqmifumaetdrf
taqmufttHkrsm;zsufqD;cJhonhf
twGuf taxGaxGtyk cf sKyaf &;OD;pD;Xme

tpd;k &udk tusyaf wGUapNyD; bmoma&;
udk ckw;Hk vkyjf cif;jzpfaMumif; bmoma&;
acgif;aqmifrsm;u okH;oyfajymqdk
Muovdk EdkifiHa&;orm;rsm;uvnf;
tvm;wl okH;oyfMuonf/
vlrsKd;a&;? bmoma&;udk ckwkH;
vkyaf om y#dyu©toGif aqmifatmif
jyKvkyfaejcif;onf touftdk;tdrf
pnf;pdrfudk xdcdkufEdkifonhftwGuf
rnfonht
f Murf;zuf? tzsuv
f yk if ef;
rsm;wGifrQ ryg0if&ef rwfv 21&uf
aeYpjJGzihf a&T0ga&mifoC
H mrsm;uGe&f ufu
aMunmcsufxkwfjyefcJhonf/
,if;xkwfjyefrIrwdkifrD rwfv
20 &ufaeY n 10 em&D cefYu 88
rsKd;qufausmif;om;acgif;aqmif
OD;rif;udEk ikd u
f vlrsKd;a&;? bmoma&;
acgif;pOfajymif;wyfum vlYtzGUJ tpnf;
ESpfcktMurf;zufrnhfykHoP²mefjzihf
wdkufcdkufaerIudk a'oqdkif&m tkyf
csKyfa&;,EÅ&m;\wkHYjyefrIrSm oHo,
jzpfzG,faumif;aMumif; a0zefvdkuf
onf/
]]ppftkyfcsKyfa&;udk vuf&yf

oHCmawmfaoqkH;onhf "mwfykHrsm;
ESihfowif;jzefYMuouJhodkY tpövmrf
bmom0if[k ,lq&olrsm;uvnf;
¤if;wdYkvrl sK;d rsm;udk ESyd pf ufaeMuonf
[laomowif;rsm; tGefvdkif;ay:wGif
azmfjyxm;Muonf/
tdkvrmomoemhynm&Sifrsm;
tzGJU\'kwd,Ouú| OD;odef;jrihfu
]]uRef a wmf w d k Y t zG J U u ql y l a tmif
vIYHaqmfwt
hJ xJrmS yg0ifywfoufwm
r&Sdbl;/ uavuacsawG vkyfwJh
tvkyf? rdkuf½dkif;wJhtvkyfrsKd;awGudk
uRef a wmf w d k Y rES p f o uf b l ; }}[k
qdkonf/
tMurf;zufrIrsm;onf
orm;½d k ; us jzpf & yf r sm;r[k w f b J
Mum;vl w pf p k u tjrwf x k w f & ef
jyKvkyfaeonf[k,lq&NyD; tpdk;&u
wm;jrpfEdkifonhfudpörsm;wGif aESmihf
aES;aerIaMumihf tpövmrfbmom0if
rsm;u vlrsKd;a&;? bmoma&;t&
ESdyfuGyfonf[k xifjrif,lqrIrsm;
&S d a Mumif ; jref r mEd k i f i H v k H ; qd k i f & m
armf v 0D X mecsKyf (&ef u k e f N rKd U )

taxG a xG twG i f ; a&;rS L ;csKyf
trfatOD;ausmpf ;kd u rSwcf suaf y;onf/
]]tjyeftvSefarwåmw&m;eJYyJ
ajz&Sif;Edkifr,fvdkYxifw,f/ 'Dudpö
awG wpfEikd if v
H ;Hk jyefYomG ;rSmudk t&rf;
aMumuf&GHUwkefvIyfaeygNyD}}[k¤if;u
qdkonf/
aoG;xd;k vIaH qmfrrI sm;udk tajccHí
jzpfyGm;aom&mZ0wfrIjzpfaomfvnf;
&mZ0wfrIudk&mZ0wfrItwdkif;om;
½I j rif N yD ; w&m;Oya'pd k ; rd k ; a&;ud k
0d k i f ; 0ef ; ul n D & ef v d k t yf a Mumif ; ?
w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;udk aqmif½Guf
&mwGif wm0ef &Sdaomyk*¾Kdvfrsm;
taeESihf &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;? &J&J
wif ; wif ; ud k i f w G , f & ef vd k t yf
aMumif ; rif ; ud k E d k i f u tBuH a y;
onf/
&cdkifjynfe,frSonf &efukef
NrKdUawmf? ,if;rSonf rEÅav;wdkif;
twGif; tBuD;qkH;c½dkifNrKdUjzpfaom
rd w ¬ D v mNrKd U wG i f jzpf y G m ;aeonh f
bmoma&;toGifaqmif y#dyu©rSm
'Dru
kd a&pDpepfoYkd toGiu
f ;l ajymif;qJ
jrefrmEdkifiHtwGuf pdk;&drf&onhftae
txm;jzpfvmNyD; bmoma&;tzGJU
tpnf;rsm;omru Edik if aH &;tiftm;pk
rsm;tMum;wG i f oH o ,pd w f r sm;
ud e f ; atmif ; vmonf t xd t&S d e f
jrihfvmaeonf/
]]vl Y tzG J U tpnf ; twG i f ; rS m
'Pf&mawG rsm;vGef;vdkY temusuf
atmif tonf;toefBuKd;yrf;ae&wJh
jref r mh v l Y tzG J U tpnf ; twG i f ; rS m
aemufxyf 'Pf&mawGxyfrsm;vm
atmif bmjzpfvdkYvkyfaeMuygvdrhf/
w&m;Oya't& ajz&Sif;vdkY&wJhudpö
rsKd ; ud k vl t k y f p k e J Y tif t m;ok H ; NyD ;
tMurf ; zuf w mrsKd ; vk y f w m[m
'D r du
k a&pDtcGihfta&;r[kwfbl;qdk
wm em;vnf M uapcsif y gw,f } }
EdkifiHawmf or®w\ajyma&;qdkcGihf
&Sdol OD;&JxG#f\rSwfcsufrSm jrefrmh
ordkif;\emMunf;zG,fjzpf&yfrsm;udk
jyef ajymif;owd&aponf/
jynfoltrsm;pk\pdk;&drfrIrSm
jref r mEd k i f i H \ 'D r d k u a&pD Ek E k r S m
rkefwdkif;xefxefatmufwGif
paw;rcH&a&;jzpfNyD; rEÅav;wdkif;
a'oBuD;\ tBuD;qk;H c½dik Nf rKdUrdwv
D¬ m
udkvnf; aemufaMumif;jyefvdkol
rsm;\ om;aumifrjzpfa&; rsm;pGm
ta&;BuD;onf[k Edik if aH &;avhvmol
rsm;uqdkonf/
,if ; tjyif 88 rsKd ; quf
ausmif ; om;acgif ; aqmif wpf O D ;
jzpfol rif;udkEdkif av;av;eufeuf
ajymqd k v d k u f o nf u ]]ouf w rf ;
Eke,fvSwJh jrefrmEdkifiH&JU'Drdkua&pD
toG i f u l ; ajymif ; a&;umvud k
&nf ½ G , f c suf & S d & S d e J Y zef w D ; aewJ h
y#dyu©awG&JU acsmufurf;yg;xJudk
ta&mufcHvdkYr&ygbl;}}[l\/
The Voice Weekly

owif;tzGJY

24
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

rl;,pfaq;zrf;qD;&mu &Jt&m&SdwpfOD;aoewfxdrSef
rdkif;qwf? rwf 19

e,fta&SUydkif; rdki;f qwfNrdKUwGif rwfv 15 &ufaeYu rl;,pfaq;0g;&SmazGzrf;qD;a&; wm0efxrf;aqmif
&Srf; jynf
aeaom &Jt&m&Sd wpfOD;aoewfjzihfypfcwf xdrSefcJhaMumif; a'ocHrsm;\ ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/
rd k i f ; qwf N rd K U qd k u f a cgif
wHwm;t0if yl;aygif;ppfaq;a&;
*dwfwGif ,ckv 15 &uf eHeuf 8
em&D 45 rdepftcsdefu wmcsDvdwf
bufrS armif;ESifvmonhf 4c^xxxx

HONDA Fit ,mOfwpfpD;udk wm;qD;

&S m azG & mum;ay: ygvmonh f o l
ESpfOD;teufususD;qdkolu
ygvmonhfypöwdkjzihf ypfcwfcJhojzihf
rl;,pf (txl;) tzGJUrS &Jt&m&SdwpfOD;

0JvufzsHxdrSefcJhaMumif; rsufjrif
wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
]]uRefawmfu qdkifu,fESihf
wHwm;*dwfta&muf azmif;azmif;
qd k N yD ; aoewf o H E S p f c suf M um;&

NydKifum;ay:rSqif;vmNyD; aoqkH;olxHwGif
pdwf<uaq;jym;rsm;awGY
&efukef? rwf 18

&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; vdIif
NrdKUe,f tif;,m;uefabmifteD;
jynfvrf;ray:wGif NydKifum;ay:rS
"m;'Pf & mrsm;jzif h qif ; vmNyD ;
aq;½kHwGif aoqkH;cJhol\ tdwfuyf
twGif;wGif WY pmwrf;ygpdwf<u
aq;jym; 26 vkH; awGU&SdcJhaMumif;
vdIifNrdKUe,f&Jpcef;\ twnfjyKcsuf
t& od&Sd&onf/
touf 30 ESpcf efY ,if;trsK;d om;
udk &efukefaq;½kHBuD;odkY ydkYaqmif
cJh&m aq;½kHwGifaoqkH;cJhjyD; ¤if;\
tdwfuyftwGif; pdwf<uaq;jym;rsm;
ESifh usyfaiGESpfodef;cefYudk &SmazG
awGU&SdcJhaMumif; tqdkyg&Jpcef;rS
wm0ef&Sdolrsm;\ajymMum;csuft&
od&onf/
rwfv 17 &ufaeY n 8 em&D
30 rdepfcefYwiG f 8 rdik v
f rf;qkb
H ufrS
jynfvrf;rtwdik ;f armif;ESiv
f monfh
aiGrifa&mifNyKdifum; wpfpD;onf
tif ; ,m;uef a bmif t eD ; IBC

( International Biasness Centre )

a&SUta&mufwGif? *? auGUNyD;aemuf
&yfwefYoGm;pOfum;ay:rS vlwpfOD;
Adkufudk vufjzifhydwfíqif;vmum
um;armif ; ol u ¤if ; ud k " m;jzif h
xd k ; onf [ k atmf [ pf v suf o wd
arhvJhusoGm;aMumif; &efukefwdkif;
a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;½kH;\ xkwfjyef
csuft& od&onf/
"m;jzif h t xd k ; cH & ol o nf
,mOf u d k a rmif ; ES i f v mol j zpf N yD ;
vnfyif;nmbuftjcrf;wGif 'Pf&m
wpf c suf E S i f h &if n G e f Y a tmuf w G i f
'Pf&mwpfcsuf&&SdcJhum ¤if;ESihftwl
vdkufygvmolu ,mOfarmif;ae&m
wG i f ajymif ; xd k i f u m ,mOf u d k
at'Dvrf;rD;yGdKifhbufodkY armif;ESif
oG m ;aMumif ; rsuf j rif o uf a o
awGU&SdolwpfOD;\ ajymMum;csufudk
ud k ; um;í IBC taqmuf t tk H r S
vkNH cHKa&;0efxrf;wpfO;D u ajymonf/
vlemrSm &efukefaq;½kHBuD;wGif

aq;ukorIcH,laepOf n 10 em&D
40 rdepfwGif aoqkH;oGm;aMumif;?
tqd k y gNyd K if u m;ud k '*k H N rKd U opf
(awmifydkif;) NrdKUe,fwGif awGU&SdcJhNyD;
jypfrIusK;vGefonf[k ,lq&oludk
pk H p rf ; aeqJ j zpf u m jypf r I q d k i f & m
Oya'yk'fr 302 jzifh trIzGifhpkHprf;
ppfaq;vsuf&SdaMumif; vdIifNrdKUe,f
&Jpcef;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/

\ IT refae*sm
ykHESdyfpuf½kHacgifrdk;ay:rS jyKwfusaoqkH;

&efukef?rwf19
&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;?
omauwNrd K Ue,f puf r I v uf r I
&yf u G u f ? jref r mh * k P f & nf v rf ;
twGif;&Sd Eleven rD'D,mykHESdyfpuf½kH
acgifrdk;ay:rS tqdkygrD'D,m\ IT
(Information

& Technology)

awmifil? rwf 21

NrdKUe,fOD;pD;rSL; OD;aomif;Edkifuajym
onf/
zrf;qD;xm;onfhwyfMuyfudk
,if;aeYnaeydik ;f wGif oufqikd w
f yfrS
wm0ef&Sdolrsm;udk vTJajymif;ay;cJh
aMumif; awmifilNrdKUe,f trSwf(1)
&Jpcef;rS pcef;rSL; &Jtkyfcifpdk;vGifu
&Sif;jyonf/

,if ; jzpf p Of w G i f 'Pf & m&
&Sdonhf rl;,pf&Jt&m&Sd\ vuf'Pf
&mrS m rpd k ; &d r f & bJ aoewf j zih f
ypf c wf o l u susD ; onf qd k i f u ,f
wd r f ; arS m uf o jzih f ajcaxmuf
usKd;onhf'Pf&mjzihf rdkif;qwfc½dkif
jynf o l Y aq;½k H w G i f twG i f ; vl e m
tjzpf wufa&mufukoae&
aMumif; ,if;aq;½kHtkyf a'gufwm
OD;atmifaZ,su TheVoiceWeekly
\ qufo,
G af r;jref;csuu
f kd ajzMum;
onf/
rl;,pfA[dku xkwfjyefonhf
pm&if ; rsm;t& rl ; ,pf a q;0g;
o,f a qmif a&mif ; 0,f o k H ; pG J í
zrf ; qD ; ta&;,l c J h & mwG i f rl ; ,pf
aq;0g;trIaygif;ESihf w&m;cHaygif;
pm&if;rSm 2008 ckESpfwGif 2429 rI?
3773 OD;? 2009 ckESpfwGif 2519 rI?
3843 OD;? 2010 jynhfESpfwGif 2630
rI? 4905 OD;? 2011 ckESpfwGif 2617
rI? 3991 OD;? 2012 ckESpfwGif 4006
rI? 5740 OD;wdkY&Sdonf/ rif;aZmf

Eleven Media

wyfrawmfydkif,mOfay:wGif w&m;r0ifuRef;cGJom;rsm;
awmifilwGifzrf;rd
u&ifjynfe,f bm;tHNrdKUe,f
e,fjcm;apmihfwyf 1015 rS wyfMuyf
wpfOD;armif;ESifvmaom wyfrawmf
wH q d y f y g armf a wmf , mOf a y:wG i f
w&m;r0if opfcGJom;rsm;udk rwfv
20 &uf eHeuf 1 em&D rdepf 30ü
awmifilNrdKUteD; &efukef -rEÅav;
vrf ; ray:wG i f z rf ; rd c J h a Mumif ;
awmifilNrdKUe,f trSwf(1) &Jpcef;rS
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
wyfMuyfcspfOD; armif;ESifvm
onhf wyfrawmfydkif,mOfudk &efukef
-rEÅav;vrf; rdkifwdkiftrSwf 175^4
ay:awmfrlb&k m;teD;wGif aejynfawmf
rS bm;tHodkY xGufcGmvmaom(azm)
ajcmufbD;um; tjyma&mifay:wGif
yvwf p wpf t jyma&mif z k H ; um
o,faqmifvmaom w&m;r0ifuRe;f
opfcGJom; 4 'or 5 wefudk awGU&SdcJh
aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
tqd k y g zrf ; rd a omopf r sm;
onf umvwefzdk;usyf 1ç815ç640
jzpfNyD; tqkdygopfrsm;udk opfawm
OD;pD;Xmeu odrf;qnf;xm;aMumif;
awmifilNrdKUe,f opfawmOD;pD;Xme

w,f/ um;ay:uvlwpfOD;ckefcsNyD;
&GmbufxGufajy;wm awGY&w,f}}
[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
aoewfjzihf ypfcwfolonf
armf a wmf , mOf a y:rS ck e f c sí
qdkufacgif½GmtwGif; xGufajy;&m
wefYqdkif&Gmvrf;cGJwGif vli,fwpfOD;
\ qdkifu,fudkvk,uf armif;ESif
xGufajy;pOf &JwyfzGJUESihf e,fajrcH
wyf w d k Y u vd k u f v H z rf ; qD ; ojzih f
qd k u f a cgif & G m wH w m;teD ; wG i f
qdkifu,fwdrf;arSmufcJhaom aMumihf
zrf;qD;&rdcJhaMumif; rl;,pf (txl;)
tzGJUxHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
¤if ; wd k Y armif ; ES i f v maom
vd k i f p if r J h a rmf a wmf , mOf a y:wG i f
pdwf<uaq;jym;txkyfav;xkyfyg
&SdNyD; pkpkaygif;aq;jym; 7800 udk
awGU&SdcJhaMumif;? [efa*&DEdkifiHvkyf
32 ba&mif;eif; vdkifpifrJhypöwdkESihf
usnfqefrsm;udkyg odrf;qnf;&rd
cJ h a Mumif ; rd k i f ; qwf & J p cef ; xH u
pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/

tqd k y g w&m;r0if o pf r sm;
zrf;rdcJhaomaMumihf touf 27 ESpf
t&G,f&Sd wyfMuyfcspfOD;udk awmifil
trSwf(1) &Jpcef;u y-167 ^13?
jynfolydkifypönf;rsm; umuG,fapmihf
a&Smufa&; Oya'yk'fr 6(1) jzihf
ta&;,lxm;aMumif; ,if;&Jpcef;xH
rS od&onf/

vufaxmuf refae*smwpfOD; rwfv
18 &ufaeY rGef;vGJ 3em&DcefYwGif
jyKwfusaoqk;H cJah Mumif; &efuek w
f dkif;
a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;½kH;xHrS pkHprf;
od&Sd&onf/
aoqkH;ol IT vufaxmuf
ref a e*smonf touf 28 ES p f
t&G,f&Sd OD;jrwfpdk;ndrf;jzpfNyD; puf½kH
acgifrdk;ay:wGif tifwmeuf tokH;
jyK&ef wyfqifxm;onfh 0g,mvuf
Network udk wyfqif&mrS ajcacsmf
jyKwf u scJ h & m OD a cgif ; ayguf N yJ ?
ESmacgif;aoG;xGuf'Pf&mrsm;jzifh
&efukefjynfolYaq;½kHBuD;odkY ydkYaqmif
pOf aoqkH;cJhaMumif; wdkif;a'oBuD;
&JwyfzGJUrSL;½kH; xkwfjyefcsufrsm;t&
od&onf/
tqd k y gaoqk H ; rI u d p ö & yf E S i f h
ywfoufí Eleven Media Group
odkY qufoG,far;jref;cJh&m tqdkyg
rD'D,mwGif zkef;vufcHajzMum;onhf

0ef x rf ; wpf O D ; utBud r f B ud r f
zkef;vTaJ jymif;ay;aomfvnf; wm0ef,l
ajzMum;ay;rnfhol r&SdonfhtwGuf
t,f'DwmcsKyf OD;a0NzdK;\ vufudkif
zkef;odkY ig;BudrfcefY qufoG,fcJhaomf
vnf; zkef;udkifjcif;r&Sday/
tpnf;ta0; wufa&mufae
aomaMumihf tqdkygjyKwfusrIudk
tao;pdwfrod&Sdaomfvnf; jyKwfus
aoqk;H cJo
h nhf 'kw,
d xyfwiG f 25 ay
cefYtjrihf&SdaMumif;? tao;pdwfudk
*sme,fwdkufudkom ar;jref;yg&ef
pufrIvufrI&yfuGuf tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;
OD;atmifEdkifausmfu ajymMum;onf/
aoqkH;ol\½kyftavmif;udk
&efukefaq;½kHBuD;wGif yDtm&ftrSwf
057 jzifh vufcHppfaq;vsuf&SdNyD;
omauwNrKd U e,f trS w f ( 2 )
&Jpcef;u aorIaocif;trSwfpOf2^
13jzifhtrIzGifh ppfaq;vsuf&SdaMumif;
tqdkyg&Jpcef;xHrS od&onf/

tD&efEdkifiHom;wpfOD; w&m;r0if 0ifa&muf
wmcsDvdwf? rwf 19

&Sr;f jynfe,f ta&SUydik ;f wmcsDvw
d Nf rdKUe,ftwGi;f odYk tD&efEikd if o
H m;wpfO;D t0wfwpfxnf ud,
k w
f pfcjk zihf rwf 14 &ufaeYu w&m;r0if0ifa&muf
vmcJhaMumif; EdkifiHjcm;om;rsm;rw&m;0ifa&mufrI umuG,w
f m;qD;a&;tzGUJ ½k;H (ruz-8) xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
wmcsDvdwfNrdKUrS 31 rdkifa0;onhf wmavESihfvefYawmif;bk&m;oGm;vrf;qkHwGif wmcsDvdwfc½dkifvl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;ESihf trsKd;om;rSwyf w
kH ifa&;
OD;pD;XmetzGUJ u tqdyk gtD&efEikd if o
H m;udpk pfaq;&m e,fpyfjzwfausmcf iG v
fh ufrw
S Ef iS fh Edik if u
H ;l vufrw
S rf sm;ryg&So
d nht
f wGuf taxmuftxm;rsm;pdppf&ef
wmcsv
D dwf&Jpcef;wGif acwåxdef;odrf;xm;&SdcJhaMumif; tqdkygtzGJU½kH;wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
]]olYrSmaiGr&SdbJ ajcOD;wnfh&m0ifvmwmyg/ xdkif;axmufcHcsufawmhygw,f/ 'gaMumihf 'Dv 16 &ufaeY rGef;vGJ 2 em&DavmufrSm xdkif;EdkifiH
r,fqdkifNrdKUu wm0ef&SdolawGqDudk wmcsDvdwfc½dkifv0u wm0ef&SdolawGeJY oufqdkif&m&JwyfzGJUu vTJvdkufygNyD}} ¤if;uqdkonf/
tD&efEdkifiHom; Abdol Qadir Khoshravesh onf touf 40 ESpf&SdNyD; udkifaqmifaom EdkifiHul;vufrSwfrSm xdkif;EdkifiHtwGif; aysmufqkH;oGm;ojzihf
xdkif;EdkifiHrS axmufcHpmxkwfay;xm;onhf taxmuftxm;pmwpfapmifyg&SdaMumif;? aiGaMu;ESihftjcm;xl;jcm;onhfypönf;rsm;yg&Sdjcif;rawGU&aMumif;?
vdktyfonfrsm; ppfaq;ar;jref;NyD; vmcJhonhf xdkif;EdkifiHodkY v0uOya't& jyefvnfvTJajymif;ay;cJhNyD;jzpfaMumif; trSwf(8)EdkifiHjcm;om;rsm;
rw&m;0if 0ifa&mufumuG,fwm;qD;a&;tzGJU½kH;(ruz-8)xHu pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
rif;aZmf

NET N TECH
'

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

Vol.9 / No.12

The

VOICE

25

VOICE

The

March 25 - 31, 2013

FREEWARE
TECH

OD;aESmuftvkyfay;&r,fU

zkef;uaewpfqifU Facebook
ay:udk Status wifr,f
Facebook ay:udk tifwmeuf
rvdb
k eJ YJ zke;f uaewpfqifh Meessage
ydYk NyD; Status wifvYkd &r,fh pepfav;udk
ajymjyay;csiyf gw,f/ olu ud,
k w
f idk f
wifwJhpepfwpfckjzpfNyD; udk,fwifcsif
wJ h Status awG u d k b,f t csd e f
b,fae&mrSmrqdkzkef;vkdif;eJY zkef;&Sd
½k H e J Y Message ay;yd k Y N yD ; wif v d k Y
&rS m jzpf N yD ; yd k Y pf w if j cif ; twG u f
Message ykYdc 25 usyf ukefygr,f/
Ny;D awmh 'Dpepfu tifwmeufvikd ;f
rrdwJhae&mawG? tifwmeufvdkif;
r&Sw
d hJ ae&mawGrmS toH;k 0ifrmS jzpfNyD;
toHk;jyKcsifw,f qdk&if 18880 udk
ON MMFB qdkNyD; pmvHk;tBuD;eJY
udk,fhzkef;uaewpfqifh Message
ay;ydkY&rSm jzpfygw,f/ NyD;&if olwdkY

Plunber Land

jyefay;ydYk wv
hJ ifch u
f kd zke;f eJYziG v
hf u
kd fNyD;
Facebook Login
n 0ifay;yg/ NyD;wmeJY
k ydS Nf yD; Allow All qdw
k mudk
Install udE

ESdyfay;vkdufyg/ tJhvdkrsKd; jyKvkyfae
csd e f r S m awmh tif w meuf v d k i f ;
vdkygw,f/ NyD;&if zkef;eHygwfxnfhwJh
tcsdefrSmqdk&if 959 50 44514
tp&Sdojzifh zkef;eHygwf xnfhoGif;
ay;&rSm jzpfNyD; Regsiter udk ESdyfvdkuf
yg/ wu,fvdkY ydkYpfwifcsifw,f
qdk&ifawmh Wall [Your Message]
ykHpHtwkdif; olwdkYqD Message ay;ydkY
&rSmyg/ Oyrm- Wall I'm at thamine
qdk&if Wall ay:rSm I'm at thamine
qdkNyD;oGm;ay:rSmyg/ Feedd udk Munfch sif
w,fqdk&if FEED qdkNyD; ydkYay;vkduf
wmeJY olYbmomol tvdktavsmuf

ud,
k hf FEED awG bmawGwufaew,f
qdw
k mudk jyefay;ygvdrfhr,f/ olu
tckvuf&SdrSmawmh {NyD 11 &ufaeY
txd tcrJah y;toH;k jyKxm;Ny;D ausmo
f mG ;
wmeJ Y 35 usyf r,fvdkYqdkygw,f/
olYtm;enf;csufuawmh Facebook
taumifhzGifhNyD;om;olawGyJ toHk;jyK
vdkY&rSmjzpfNyD; wjcm;olawG toHk;jyK
vdkY&rSm r[kwfygbl;/
'D0efaqmifrIudk M188 ukrÜPD
u 0efaqmifraI y;wmjzpfNyD; &wemyHk
w,f v D y d k Y ? jref r mh q uf o G , f a &;
vkyif ef;eJY Call Center 0efaqmifraI y;
aewJh Blue Ocean ukrP
Ü aD wGeYJ yl;aygif;
aqmif&u
G fay;aewm jzpfygw,f/
TECH

HTC twGuf Wired Handset
HTC Mobile Handset oHk;olawGtwGuf HTC &JUaemufqHk;
rsKd;quf RC E 240 Wired Handset wpfrsKd;aps;uGufxJ0ifvmwm
awGU&vkdY 'Dypönf;taMumif; rdwfqufay;vkdufw,f/
Audio Jack oHk;xm;wJhtjyif Cable uvnf; Flat
Cable yg/ 'D
ear-phone rSm key av;ckyg0ifwmrdkY Music Remote Control
wpfcv
k dk oHk;Ekdif
r,f/ zkef;0ifvm&ifvnf; cyfvG,fvG,fzkef;ajymEdkifrSmyg/
Answer, Call, Play back music povdk cvkwfav;awGeJY tvG,fwulxdef;csKyfoHk;vkdY&w,f/
tjzLa&mifeJY teufa&mif ESpfrsKd;&Sdw,f/ udk,fhoHk;aewJh HTC &JU Beats Audio udk 'D Handset u
tjynft
h 0yHyh ;kd ay;Ekid w
f mrkYd toHt&nf taoG;twGuf pdwfcs&w,fvkdY 'Dypönf;a&mif;olawGu qkdw,f/
oDcsif;em;axmifolawGtwGuf wpfyk'fcsif;tvkduf jyefem;axmifwmrsKd;? tyk'fvkdufausmfwmrsKd;vnf;
vkyfvkdY&wmrdkY zkef;uwpfqifh oDcsif;em;axmifavh&SdolawG tBudKufawGUEkdifvdrfhr,f/ usyf 23ç000 avmuf &SdNyD;
HTC Concept Store awGeJY rkdbdkif;vfzkef;qdkif tawmfrsm;rsm;rSm 0,fEkdifatmif jzefYcsday;xm;w,fvkdY 'Dypönf;
jzefYcsdolawGu qkdw,f/
TECH

Yangon ICT Fair rSm

trsm;BuD;ay;r,fU

rwfv 22 &ufuaeY 24 &uf
txdwyfrawmfcef;rrSmusif;yr,hf
Yangon ICT Fair rSm Lenovo trSwf
wHqyd f uGeyf sLwmwpfv;Hk 0,fow
l ikd ;f
udk vufaqmifypönf;av;aomif;
ausmfzdk;awmifay;tyfoGm;rSmjzpfNyD;

vufaqmifawG
Lenovo

xl ; xl ; jcm;jcm;taeeJ Y Lenovo
trSwfwHqdyf Mouse, Headphone eJY
Speaker awGudk vufaqmifay;oGm;
rSmjzpfygw,f/

tar&dueftajcpdu
k u
f eG yf sLwm
ukrÜPDBuD;jzpfwJh Lenovo &JUenf;
ynmjrihfxkwfukefawGudkaysmfaysmfyg;
yg;*d r f ; awG u pm;&if ; 0,f , l E d k i f
atmifpDpOfxm;wJhtjyif Notebook,
Desktop, All-in-One PC eJYtjcm;
Lenovo &JUxkwfukefopfawGudkwyfr
awmfcef;ryGJrSmrdwfqufa&mif;csay;
rSmyg/
'ghtjyif Lenovo xkwfukef
awGudk wjcm;emrnfausmfuGefysLwm
qdik af wGwpfae&mwnf;rSm vma&muf
a&mif;csay;r,hf wyfrawmfcef;r
twGif;rSmyJ rdrdBudKufESpfouf&m
qdkifrSm a½G;cs,f0,f,lEdkifOD;rSmrdkY
Yangon ICT Fair rS m vuf a qmif
awGwpfayGUwpfydkuf&,lzdkY Lenovo
y&d o wf a wG u d k vuf w d k Y vd k u f y g
w,f/

Puzzel *d r f ; awG u d k
BudKufESpfoufolawG
twG u f Plunber Land
qdkwJh *drf;av;eJY rdwfquf
ay;csifygw,f/ 'D*drf;av;
u OD;aESmufudk tvkyfay;
&wJh *drf;av; jzpfygw,f/
a&vmzdkY ydu
k af wGukd pOf;pm;
NyD ; quf a y;&rS m jzpf N yD ;
tpydkif; rS m ydkufqufay;&
wmu vG,fayr,fh tqifh
wufvmwmeJY ydkydkNyD; cuf
vmwJ h yH k p H r sKd ; yg/ Puzzel
Mode &,f Time Mode &,f
ESpfrsKd;xJu BudKufESpfouf&m
ud k a&G ; cs,f a qmh u pm;Ed k i f
rSmyg/
2013 azazmf 0 g&D v
urS Update ay;wJ h 'D * d r f ;
av;&JU File Size u 7.3 MB
B
&Sdyg w,f/ Android zkef;awGeJY
Tablet awGrSm upm;EkdifrSmjzpfNyD;
Android Version 2.1 txuf

&Szd Ykdawmh vdt
k yfygvdrrhf ,f/ 1 Mobile
Market rSm tcrJh &,lEkdifygw,f/

Website wpfcu
k dk

vG,fvG,fululeJh
aqmufvkdh&r,fUae&m

Website wpfckudk udk,fwdkif
wnfaqmufcsifw,fqdk&if tenf;
qHk; HTML, CSS taMumif; od&
rSmyg/ 'gayrJh rodwJholawGtwGuf
vnf ; b,f v k d w nf a qmuf r vJ
qdkwmudk ajymjyay;csifygw,f/ tck
ajymr,fhqdkufu Ready Myanmar
qdkwJh qdkufjzpfNyD; olu wpfESpf
tcrJh jzpfygw,f/
NyD ; awmh vG , f v G , f u l u l e J Y
qkdufudkwnfaqmufvkdY&NyD;awmh
enf;ynm wwfajrmufzdkY? Software
Download vkyfzdkYawGrvdkbJ Mobile
zk e f ; uaewpf q if h Munf h ½ I o l a wG
twGufvnf; tqifajyygw,f/

t&ifqHk; Website udk toHk;jyK
vdkolawGtwGuf Website & J Y Sub
Domain udk t&ifq;kH &,lEi
dk yf gw,f/
NyD;&if & r&qdkwmudk a&G;cs,fEdkif
ygw,f/ 'gayrJh Register vkyfwJh
tcsdefrSm Email trSefudk xnfhay;
zd k Y vd k y gw,f / bmvd k Y vJ q d k a wmh
Email uaewpfqifh username JY
Password udkydkYay;wmaMumifh Ny;D wm
eJY ud,
k v
f kdcsiw
f ahJ e&mawGukd pmav;
awG½kduf? a&;NyD;awmhwpfcgwnf;
toH;k jyKvYk&d ygNyD/ wu,fvYkd prf;Munfh
csif w ,f q d k & if a wmh www.ready
myanmar.com rS m prf ; oyf v d k Y
&rSmyg/

26
The

VOICE

odkY
t,f'Dwm
2012 ckEpS f 'DZifbm aemufq;kH ywfxw
k f The Voice Weekly
*sme,fwiG yf g&Sad om &yfuu
G t
f yk cf sKyfa&;rSL;wpfO;D (jrpfom;) &JU
ql;Mum;u bl;oD;/ 2013 ckEpS f azazmf0g&Dv wwd,ywfwiG f
yg&Sad om vlarmf (ok0PÖ)\ The Voice Weekly yg ql;Mum;rSm
oD;wJb
h ;l oD;&JU tnGeYf bl;nGeYf aqmif;yg; ESpyf 'k u
f kd zwfvu
kd &f awmh
atmufajcwGif jzpfay:aeaom &yfuu
G t
f yk cf sKyaf &;rSL;? &yfuu
G af e
jynforl sm;&JU 'kut
© aygif; cHpm;rIrsm;udk pdwrf aumif;jzpfrw
d mawmh
trSeyf g/ uReaf wmfwYkd Edik if rH mS &yfuu
G af ygif; aomif;*Pef;ru
trsm;BuD; &Sad ewmyg/ 'Dvykd J ud,
k Nhf rKdUe,frmS &Sw
d hJ &yfuu
G w
f pfc&k UJ
jzpfpOfawG^ jyóemawG b,favmufrsm;jym;pGm &Sad ervJqw
kd m
pOf;pm;Edik yf gonf/
uReaf wmfu aejynfawmf ykAo
Á &D Nd rKdU wyifa&Tx;D &yfuu
G f
rSmaeygw,f/ uReaf wmfwYkdNrKdUudk 2009 ckEpS rf mS tdr&f mpDru
H ed ;f
pwifwnfaqmufwmyg/ ykAo
Á &D Nd rKdUrSm tydik ;f ESpyf ikd ;f &Syd gw,f/
aejynfawmfbw
l mBuD;eJY teD;wpf0u
kd rf mS t&yfbuf0efxrf;rsm;udk
ae&mcsxm;ay;aom tydik ;f udk t&yfyAk v
Á Ykd ac:ygw,f/ usnaf wmif
uef&mG BuD; ajrmufbuf wyfrawmf tNidr;f pm; aq;½Hck w
k if(300)
ESit
hf ydik ;f udk wyfyAk v
Á Ykd ac:ygw,f/ uReaf wmfu wyfrawmfom;
tNidr;f pm; ppfrx
I rf;qdak wmh wyfyAk rÁ mS tdr^f ajr ae&m&&Syd gw,f/
uReaf wmfaexdik w
f hJ ykAo
Á &D Nd rKdU wyifa&Tx;D &yfuu
G rf mS tdrf 4900
ausmf&Sdygw,f/ &yfuGufudk tkyfcsKyfwJh tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;wpfOD;?
q,ftrd rf LS ; 10 OD;aygif; 11 OD;eJY tkycf sKyfwmyg/ &yfuu
G u
f BuD;
tdraf jcursm;awmh vlaygif;pH^k tvTmaygif;pH^k a&TUajymif;tvkyo
f rm;
trsm;BuD;ayghAsm/ wu,faexdkifwmu tdrfaxmifpkZ,m;yHkpH
(66^u) eJY aexdik w
f m 10^1^2013 &ufaeYxd 36 OD;yJ &Syd gw,f/
usefwJh tdrfaxmifpkawGu {nfhpm&if;wdkif aexdkif&wmyg/
{nfph m&if;wpfcgwdik f ckepf&ufwpfBudrf 500 usyf ay;&wmyg/
{nfph m&if;wdik Mf um;vdYk &&Sw
d ahJ iGawGukd b,fbPfrmS pm&if;zGihf
xm;ygovJAsm/ &yfuu
G af ejynfoal wGtwGuf oma&;^ ema&;
twGuf bmawGrsm;vkyx
f m;ovJ (bmwpfcrk S vkyu
f ikd x
f m;wm
r&Syd g) "r®m½Hv
k nf;r&S/d oma&;^ema&;twGuf ZGe;f wpfacsmif;?
zsmwpfcsy?f yef;uefwpfv;kH r&S&d if/
aemufNyD; &yfuu
G x
f rJ mS Oya'r&S^d Oya'rJh vkyif ef;awG jzpfwhJ
avmif;upm;'dik f (1) vH;k (2) vH;k (3) vH;k 'dik af wG? w&m;r0if
rmqwfac: tESdyfcef;awG? t&ufykef;qdkif? vdkifpifr&Sd bD,m
qdkifBuD;awG (KTV) auwDADawG? rIdvdkaygufaewmyg/ vljrif
raumif;atmifukd oGm;vmvIy&f mS ;aeMuwmyg/ tJ'h v
D kd raumif;
wmrSeo
f rQ BuD;pd;k aewJh &yfuu
G x
f rJ mS tMum;rqH^h tjrifrawmfvYkd
&yfuu
G af ejynfol wpfO;D u txufXmeBuD;udk 2012 'DZifbmrSm
wifjycJhygw,f/ txufXmeBuD;uvnf; csufcsif; ta&;,lzdkY
aejynfawmfaumifpD vufatmufrSm&SdwJh wyfukef;NrKdU jynfolY
&Jpcef;udk pHpk rf;ppfaq;cdik ;f ygw,f/ wyfuek ;f NrKdU jynfoYl&pJ cef;u
2012 ckEpS f 'DZifbmaemufq;kH ywfrmS wpfBudrf rmqwfvyk if ef;
vkyu
f ikd af eolrsm;eJY avmif;upm;'dik rf sm;udk ac:,lar;jref;ppfaq;
wJt
h cg ¤if;wdYkrS &yfuu
G f tkycf sKyaf &;rSL;tm; vdik ;f aMu;ay;aqmifNyD;
zGiv
hf pS v
f yk u
f ikd af eaMumif; xGuq
f ckd yhJ gw,f/
&yfuu
G t
f yk cf sKyfa&;rSL;eJY q,ftrd pf rk LS ;rsm;udk qufvuf
ppfaq;&mrSm {nfph m&if; 15 &ufwpfBudrw
f ikd v
f Qif 500 &,laMumif;
xGuq
f ckd yhJ gw,f/ 7-1-2013 &ufaeYrmS wyfuek ;f NrKUd e,f &Jpcef;u
xyfrNH yD; vma&mufppfaq;jyefygw,f/ &yfuu
G f tkycf sKyaf &;rSL;ru
avmif;upm;'dkifBuD;rsm;? w&m;r0if rmqwfrsm;rS vdkif;aMu;
&,lcahJ Mumif; trSet
f wdik ;f 0efcx
H u
G q
f ckd yhJ gw,f/ q,ftrd pf rk LS ;
rsm;ud k v nf ; quf v uf p pf a q;&m {nf h p m&if ; 15 &uf

vrf;ay:rS um;wpfpD;u wpfpHkwpfckcsKdU,Gif;í xdkvrf;
ay:rS qkdifu,fwpfpD;udk 0ifwkdufrdvQif ,mOfarmif;ukd trIzGifh
ta&;,lonf/
aumif;uifrS av,mOfwpfpif;u um;vrf;ay:rS qkid u
f ,f
wpfpD;udk 0ifwkdufvQif bmrS ta&;r,lbl;vm;/
av,mOfay:rS vlwpfOD;xdcdkufvQif Oya't& avsmfaMu;
ay;onf/ um;vrf;ay:rS vlwpfO;D xdcu
kd rf d vQif bmrSr&bl;vm;/
tjypfuif;pGmjzifh oGm;aeaomvrf;ay:rS vlutaMumif;rJh
xdcdkufcHpm;&NyD; rdom;pkwpfck\b0 qHk;½IH;&rnfvm;/
2008 ckESpf xkdif;EkdifiHrSm touf½SLrGef;usyfNyD; aoqHk;
aom jrefrmEkid if o
H m;rsm;twGuf ,mOfyikd &f iS ?f pDpOf aqmif&u
G o
f l
ESifh ,mOfarmif;wdkYudk ta&;,ltjypfay;rIESifh EdIif;,SOfMunfhyg/
jynfom;wpfOD;

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

wpfBudrw
f ikd v
f Qif 500 usyf &,lcahJ Mumif; trSet
f wdik ;f 0efccH hJ
ygw,f/ w&m;cHrsm;rS trIusL;vGecf ahJ Mumif; 0efcx
H u
G q
f x
kd m;yg
aomfvnf; ta&;,ljcif;tydik ;f awmh rawGU&Sad o;ygAsm/
6-1-2013 &ufaeYxw
k f aMu;rHo
k wif;pm pmwnf;rSL;xH
ay;pmrSm &yfuGufaejynfolwpfOD;rS aejynfawmf ykAÁoD&dNrKdU
wyifa&Tx;D &yfuu
G w
f iG f w&m;r0if tESyd cf ef; (rmqwf)^avmif;
upm;'dik rf sm; aomif;use;f aeaMumif; yg&Sv
d mygonf/ oufqikd &f m
txuftzGUJ tpnf;rsm;rSvnf; 2013 ckEpS f Zefe0g&Dv ('kw,
d )
ywfrmS 0ifa&mufzrf;qD;um qifjzL&Sif &yfuu
G rf mS w&m;r0if
tESyd cf ef;wpftrd f wyifa&Tx;D &yfuu
G rf mS w&m;r0if tESyd cf ef;
wpftdrfeJY ESpfvHk;xD vufcGJa&mif;csaeaom trsKd;orD;wpfOD;
zrf;rdaMumif; aMu;rHo
k wif;pmwGif yg&Scd yhJ gonf/ uReaf wmfwYkd
wyifa&Tx;D &yfuu
G rf mS w&m;r0if tESyd cf ef;(rmqwf) tdraf ygif;
20 ausmf &Sdygw,f/ &yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;½Hk;udk wpfckwnf;
om&Sw
d hJ rD;yGKid v
hf rf;qHrk mS wnfaqmufxm;wmyg/ n 9 em&D
ausmv
f Qif &yfuu
G ½f ;kH a&SUrSm tESyd cf ef;(rmqwf)udk BuK^d ydYk (vlBuK^d
{nfhac:) qdkifu,f (u,f&D) ig;pD;txuf reufrdk;vif;txd
apmifq
h ikd ;f NyD; pD;yGm;&SmaeMuwmyg/ tJ'aD vmif;upm;'dik Bf uD;rsm;?
w&m;r0if rmqwfvyk u
f ikd af enfh tdrrf sm;onf &yfuu
G t
f yk cf sKyaf &;rSL;
aexdik o
f nfh tdrEf iS q
hf v
kd Qif tvGeaf 0;rS 10 tdrf rausmyf gbl;/
&yfuGuftwGif; w&m;r0if tESdyfcef;^avmif;upm;'dkif
BuD;rsm; tvGefaomif;usef; wdkifwef;ol^twdkifcH&ol^trIppf
aq;olrsm;ESifh ½IyfaxG;aeaomfvnf; 9-1-2013 &ufaeYrSm
&yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; a&G;cs,f&mwGifvnf; tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;^
q,ftdrfpkrSL;rsm;tm;vHk; jyefvnfa&G;cs,fcH&onfrSm tHhMo
p&mraumif ; bl ; vm;/ (tif r wef r S u d k tH h M op&mygAsm)/
vlrajymif;emrnfrajymif; wpfa,mufrS tajymif;tvJr&Sd/
uReaf wmfwYkd &yfuu
G f enf;enf;av;vGaJ ewmr[kwf trsm;BuD;
udv
k rJG mS ;aewmygAsm/ (rif;) aejynfawmf or®wBuD;aexdik w
f hJ
NrKdUBuD;&JU &yfuGufuav;wpfckrSm 'Dvdkjzpfaewm oufqdkif&m
Xmeqdik &f mrsm; rodava&mhovm;/
uRefawmfwdkY&yfuGufudk 2009 ckESpfrSm pDrHudef;pwif
td r f & mwnf a qmuf p Of u ,ck & yf u G u f t k y f c sKyf a &;rS L ;[m
ykvif;cGaH v;awG0,fNyD; a&mif;&wJh tvkyef YJ vkyaf qmifae&wJh
b0yJ &Syd gw,f/ ,cktcsderf mS t&ufu,
kd pf m;vS,af &mif;cswJh
qdik Bf uD;wpfqikd ef YJ tdr^f um;0,fp;D aewJh b0awGukd ydik q
f ikd af eygNyD
]]udv
k al rmf (ok0PÖ) pmxJu &yfuu
G t
f yk cf sKyaf &;rSL; qdik u
f ,fp;D ^
OD;xkyaf qmif;^aumif;bGKid t
f qifah vmufawmh ajym&&if tqdak wmf
BuD; wGaH w;ode;f wef oDcsi;f xJuvdk (ysi;f awmifysi;f ao;w,f)
ajym&rvdyk /J udv
k al rmf (ok0PÖ) a& onf;cHay;ygAsm/
tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;u t&ufudk,fpm;vS,fqdkifBuD;zGifh? vuf
atmufu q,ftrd pf rk LS ;^&mtdrrf LS ;rsm;u rsuEf mS csi;f qdik f tdr^f

wpftrd af usmrf mS &Sw
d (hJ rmqwf) w&m;r0iftESyd cf ef;awGukd tm;jyKNyD;
t&ufbD,ma&mif;NyD; pD;yGm;&Sm/ &mtdrfrSL;wpfOD;qdkvQif
hf pS v
f yk u
f ikd af ewmyg/
pm;aomufqikd Bf uD;eJYwNJG yD; KTV BuD; zGiv
w&m;r0if tESdyfcef;(rmqwf)? avmif;upm;'dkifBuD;awG?
t&ufykef;^bD,mqdkifBuD;awG[m &yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;eJY
e,fxed ;f &JwYkd rod&if^vdik ;f aMu;ray;&if zGiv
hf pS cf iG &hf r,f rxif
ygbl;/ tckawmhAsm w&m;r0iftESyd cf ef;(rmqwf)^avmif;upm;
olukd [efjyavmufzrf;NyD; cGijhf yKred Yfay;wJh &yfuu
G f tkycf sKyaf &;rSL;eJY
e,fxed ;f usawmh ta&;,laqmif&u
G jf cif;r&S&d if/
uRefawmfwdkY&yfuGufrSm tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;tygt0if q,f
tdrfpkrSL; 11 OD;eJY tkyfcsKyfaewmyg/ tJ'gtjyif oufqdkif&m
XmeawGjzpfwhJ c½dik ^f NrKUd e,f taxGaxG tkycf sKyaf &;rSL;&JU BuD;MuyfrI
ykAo
Á &D Nd rKUd e,f &Jpcef;? usnaf wmifuef&pJ cef;? xH;k bd&k pJ cef;awG&UJ
tkyfcsKyfrI aemufNyD; aeYpOf e,fajrvHkjcHKa&; pnf;urf;Oya'
xdef;odrf;a&;twGuf aqmif&GufaewJh e,fxdef;&J? e,fxdef;
acgif;aqmif&J ponfjzifh Xmeqdik &f m trsm;BuD;eJY BuD;Muyftyk cf sKyrf I
cH,al ewmyg/
ykAo
Á &D Nd rKdUe,f wyifa&Tx;D &yfuu
G u
f kd pd;k rd;k tkycf sKyfaewm
xH;k bd&k pJ cef;? usnaf wmifuef &Jpcef;? ykAo
Á &D Nd rKUd e,f &Jpcef; qdNk yD;
&Jo;kH &J&ydS gonf/ tJ'jD ynfoYl &aJ wG &yfuu
G v
f ufzuf&nfqikd rf mS
aeY^n tNrJwrf; av;? ig;a,mufpzk UJG NyD; xdik af ewm tNrJvv
kd kd
awGUae&wmyg/ npOf nwdkif; qdkifu,feJY &yfuGuftwGif;
vSnv
hf nfaewmvnf; tNrv
J v
kd kd awGUae&wmygyJ/ jrefrmpum;yHv
k kd
rodoal usmo
f mG ; odoal zmfpm;qdo
k vdk (od&UJ om;eJY wrifazmfpm;)
aewmvm;vdYk/ od&UJ om;eJY vkyyf ikd cf iG &hf &dS UJ om;eJY ta&;,lrrI &S&d if
tJ'g MuH&mygyJ/
jynfolY&Jqdkwm jynfolawG&JU touftdk;tdrfpnf;pdrf
umuG,af pmifah &Smufay;zdYk jynfoal wGa&SUu rm;rm;&yfNyD; &J&0J 0hH hH
pGefYpGefYpm;pm; Oya'rJhvkyf&yfrsm;eJY usL;vGefaeolawGudk
w&m;rQwwJh Oya'abmiftwGi;f uae aqmif&u
G af y;zdYk r[kwf
ygvm;/ &yfuu
G t
f ay: raumif;wmvkyaf ewJh jypfrI usL;vGeaf ewJh
&yfuu
G t
f yk cf sKyfa&;rSL;eJYaygif;NyD; uReaf wmfwYkd&yfuu
G u
f av;udk
a&mif;pm;aewmvm;Asm/ jynfoYl&q
J w
kd m owå&d &dS ?dS &J&0J 0hH ehH YJ ta&;
MuHK&if toufuykd if pGeYfvw
T pf eG Yfpm;&r,fh Edik if aH wmf&UJ vufeuf
udik t
f zGUJ tpnf;wpfcyk gAsm/ ckawmhvnf; uReaf wmfwYkd &yfuu
G u
f
jynfoYl&J (rwdYk&rJ xd&)J (jynfoYl&)J jzpfaeNyDvm;vdYk/
tJ'aD wmhAsm &yfuu
G ef mrnfrysuaf &; a&S;½INyD; tckvkd *sme,f
uwpfqifh a&;NyD; today;wifjywmudk wifjywJo
h u
l kd ta&;,lzYkd
pHkprf;rSmvm;/ tusifhysufvkyfpm;aewJh tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;eJY
q,ftrd pf rk LS ;awGukd ta&;,lzYkd pHpk rf;ppfaq;rSmvm; pOf;pm;zdYkawmh
vdak eygNyD/
jynfow
l pfO;D

t,f'DwmcifAsm; ...
azazmf0g&Dv 18 &ufaeYxkwf The Voice Weekly *sme,f? twGJ 9^7 wGif ]t&if;aysmufvlYtzGJUtpnf;} qdkonfh
acgif;pOfjzifh q&maZ,sol\aqmif;yg;udk zwf½Ivdkuf&ygonf/ q&mu pD;yGm;a&;vkyfvdkolrsm;? vkyfwwfolrsm;vufwGif
aiGr&Sd? t&if; r&SdaomaMumifh tuGufjrifvsufyif r&if;ESD;Edkif? vufydkufMunfhae&yHk? wcsKdUaomvkyfief;rsm;usawmhvnf;
qufvufBuD;xGm; oifhygvsuf rBuD;xGm;EdkifyHkwdkYudk axmufjy xm;ygonf/
,aeY jrefrmEdkifiH\bPfpepfuvnf; pD;yGm;a&; rvkyfvdkol? rvkyfwwfolrsm;vufrS pkaqmif;aiGrsm;udk pD;yGm;a&;
vkyfvdkol? vkyfwwfolwdkYvufodkY ,HkMunfpdwfcspGm vTJajymif;ay;Edkifjcif;r&Sdao;onfudk azmfjyxm;ygonf/ xdkYaMumifhyif
aiGyakd iGvQH&do
S lrsm;onf bPfwk;d xufyko
d nf[k ,lqaom? qH;k ½HI;Edik fajcvnf; enf;yg;onf[k ,HkMunfaom tdrf? NcH? ajr
rsm; 0,f,lpkaqmif;jcif;? a&T0,f,lpkaqmif;jcif;rsm;udk jyKvkyfMuay&m tdrfaps;? ajraps;rsm;onf tvGeftrif;
aps;wufukefonfudk awGU&ygonf/
xdkYaMumifh vdktyfaomt&if;tESD;rsm; xGufay:vma&;twGuf enf;vrf;wpfckckawmh &SmazGzdkY vdktyfvmNyD[k xifyg
onf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh bPfrsm;u tvG,fwul t&if;tESD; xkwfray;Edkifaom [muGufudk jznfhqnf;Edkif&ef jzpfygonf/
xdk[muGufudk jznfhqnf;Edkif&ef enf;vrf;wpfcktjzpf trsm;ydkifukrÜPDrsm; txl;a&yef;pm;ay:xGef;vma&;jzpfonf[k
jrifygonf/
,aeYjrefrmEdkifiHwGif opfawmzufpyfvkyfief;onf xif&Sm;aom trsm;ydkifukrÜPDwpfckjzpfonfudk awGU&ygonf/
EdkifiHawmf\ BuD;MuyfuGyfuJrI? wm0ef,lolwdkY\ BudK;yrf;tm;xkwfrIwdkYjzifh tpk&S,f,m0ifrsm; taMumif;rJhoufouf
qHk;½HI;rI r&SdcJhyg/ xdkuJhodkY EdkifiHawmf\ xdef;odrf;BuD;MuyfrIatmufwGif trsm;ydkifukrÜPDrsm; txl;a&yef;pm;um NrdKUwdkif;?
e,fwdkif;? aus;&Gmwdkif;txdyg ay:xGef;vmNyD; aiGydkaiGvQH&Sdolrsm;\ pdwf0ifpm;rIudk&,lum pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif
tpk&S,f,mrsm; xnfh0ifvmapjcif;jzifh vdktyfaomt&if;tESD;rsm; xGufay:vmEdkifvdrfhrnf[k ,HkMunfygonf/
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfudkifvdkol? vkyfudkifwwfolrsm;uvnf; rdrdwdkY uRrf;usif&mvkyfief;trsKd;tpm;udk pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sifrsm;?
Oya'ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh vufwGJvsuf trsm;ydkifukrÜPDrsm; xlaxmifNyD; jynfolrsm;\ pdwf0ifpm;rIudk &&Sdatmif pnf;½Hk;
jcif;? vkyfief;oabmobm0rsm;ESifh a&SUtvm;tvmrsm;udk yGifhvif;jrifompGm &Sif;vif;wifjyay;jcif;rsm; jyKvkyfMurnf
qdkvQif jynfolwdkY,HkMunfpdwfcsaom trsm;ydkifukrÜPDrsm; ay:xGef;vmEdkifNyD; tvkyftudkiftcGifhtvrf;rsm;vnf; wdk;wuf
vmrnfjzpfygonf/ qif;&JEGrf;yg;rIrsm;vnf; avsmhusvmEdkifrnf[k ,HkMunfygonf/
xdkYaMumifh trsm;ydkifukrÜPDrsm; xGef;um;vmatmif ynmay;aqmfMojcif;? vufawGUukrÜPDxlaxmif&mwGif vG,ful
acsmarGUrI&Sdapa&; oufqdkif&mrsm;u yHhydk;ulnDrIay;oifhaMumif; wifjyvdkuf&ygonf/
pHxuf

27
THE VOICE WEEKLY 27

Vol.9 / No.12 - March 25 - 31 , 2013

PERSPECTIVE
VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

difiH ajymif;vJaeonfrSm 2ESpfwm qdkaomtcsdefESifh
jref rmEk
,SOfMunfhvQiftvGefjrefonf/ urÇmtESHY tajymif;tvJ

rsm;udk avhvmaeonfh urÇmyh nm&Sirf sm;yif Mocs&avmufatmif
jrefvGef;onfh tajymif;tvJaemufodkY jrefrmEkdifiH\pepfrsm;?
vlrsm;? "avhrsm;u rrDruef; wdk;vdkYwGJavmif;vdkufae&onf/
edygwfawmfvm ykPu
Ö bDv;l jrif;pD;'ke;f pdik ;f onfah emuf bk&m;avmif;
0d"l&trwf jrif;NrD;qJGvdkufae&onfhtoGif/
Ekid if jH cm;om;rsm; tvmrsm;onfh ajccif;vufcif;omaom
pm;aomufqkdifwpfckokdY a&mufoGm;awmh omom,m,m/
atmufxyfwGif EkdifiHjcm;om;rsm;ESifh w½kH;½kH;? tm;vkH;aysmfvdkY
yg;vkdY qlqlnHnH/ ae&mjynfhaeaomaMumifh tay:xyfokdY
rwuf c sif w uf c sif w uf c J h & onf / ud k a &T p m;yG J x d k ; wd k Y u
awmfawmfESifhrvm/ tawmfBuD;MumrS a&mufvmjyD; [if;yGJrSm
jyefawmh tawmfMumoGm;jyefonf/ arhoGm;NyDvm;[k xifrdaom
tcgrS qdkufqdkufNrdKufNrdKuf a&mufvmonf/ udk,fhaemufrS
a&mufvmonfh EkdifiHjcm;om;ESpfa,muf [if;rSm&efyif pm;yGJxdk;
ud k r awG Y / zif w <u<uES i f h atmuf u d k Munf h o l u Munf h /
aemufqkH; rapmifhEkdifonfhtqkH; wpfa,mufu atmufudk
oG m ;ac:&onf / 'gawmif tawmf M umrS a &muf v monf /
xdkqdkifudk 0efaqmifrIaumif;onf[k oabmaygufxm;onfh
uRefawmf thHtm;oifh&onf/ trSefawmh olwkdY wm0ef,laeus
xuf rsm;jym;onfh azmufonfrsm; jyKHusa&mufvmjcif;aMumifh/
odkYaomf xdkwpfaeYwnf; NyKHusvmjcif;um;[kwf[efrwl/
EkdifiHjcm;om;rsm;ESifh xdawGYqufqHrIrsm;onfh XmeBuD;
wpfckrS rdwfaqGt&m&SdMuD;wpfOD;u tywfpOfvdkvdk EkdifiHjcm;
{nfhonfrsm;udk avqdyfodkY oGm;a&muf BudKqdkae&aomaMumifh
rl&if;tvkyfudk rwdkYrxdEkdifjzpfae&jyD[k nnf;onf/ olrBudK&if
b,f o l B ud K rvJ / &mxl ; tqif h w ef ; wl r wl ? t*F v d y f v d k
oGufoGufvufvuf ajymEkdifrajymEkdif 'gawG&Sdao;onf/
odYkaomf ol\t"du tvkyu
f vnf; Edik if t
H wGut
f a&;BuD;onf/
olYtvkyfudk olrvkyfvQif b,folvkyfrvJ/

jrefrmEkdifiH\ tajymif;tvJonf
0kef;'dkif;ajymif;aom tajymif;tvJjzpfonf/
udk,ftm;jzifUvnf;aumif;?
pdwftm;jzifUvnf;aumif;
renf;trDvdkufae&aom
tajymif;tvJjzpfonf/ ta&twGuf?
t&nftcsif;? enf;ynm? pufud&d,m
tm;wdkhjzifUulEkdifygrS
tajymif;tvJ acsmarGYvdrfUrnf/

avqdyfwGifyif Munfhyg/ ,cifu jynfwGif;a&m jynfyyg
okH;onfhavqdyf taqmufttHka[mif;udk jynfwGif; wpfck
wnf;om okH;apcJhonfrSm ESpftenf;i,f&SdNyD/ ,ckxdkjynfwGif;
avqd y f o nf tqif ; twuf tvG e f r sm;aejyD / ,cif u
um;usyJ g;vSaom um;&yfem;&m ae&mwGif ,ckav,mOfqif;csed f
qdv
k Qif avqdy0f if;twGi;f um;tjynf/h MudKonfah e&mwGiv
f nf;
ydwfusyfnyfaeonfhyHk/ qif;vmaomol wufoGm;aomolwGif
vnf; Ekid if jH cm;om;tcsKd ;tpm;u tvGerf sm;vmonf/ jynfybuf
tjcrf;qdv
k Qif c&D;onftvGerf sm;vmaomaMumifh vl0ifrBI u;D Muyfa&;
aumifwmrsm;onf rlv'DZkdif;csxm;onfh ae&mwGif rygonfh
ckrH sm;yif xyfw;dk xm;&onf/ tjyifrS BudKqo
kd rl sm; apmifq
h ikd ;f onfh
ae&mESifh yifuyfaejyD/ tjyifrS vSrf;MunfhvQif vl0ifrIt&m&Sd
ppfaq;aeonfh EkdifiHul;vufrSwfyg tcsuftvufrsm;udkyg
jrifae&onftxd/
&cdik jf ynfe,fwiG f tcif;jzpfymG ;pOfu wnfNird af t;csr;f atmif
&Jwyf&if;rsm; wk;d jr§ichf sonfw/hJ qE´jyyGrJ sm;uvnf; wpfEidk if v
H kH;
ae&mtESYHjzpfyGm;aeonf/ EkdifiHjcm;{nfhonfawmf rsm;uvnf;
tywfpOfvv
kd kd vma&muf vnfywfaeonf/ urÇmvSnchf &D;onf

rrDrurf;
tajymif;tvJ
aZ,sol
rsm;uvnf ; ½k w f w &uf w d k ; vmonf / td k b m;rm;uJ h o k d Y
txl;pyg,f&S,f{nfhonfawmftwGuf ay;xm;&aom vkHNcKHa&;
uvnf; &Jwyf&if; b,favmufqkdyJ/jrefrmEkdifiH &JwyfzGJY
tiftm;wdk;csJYxm;? rcsJYxm; uRefawmfrod/ odkYaomf olwdkY
tvkyu
f t&ifuxuf tqrwefrsm;vmrSe;f awmh jrifomonf/
wm0efvnf;ydMk uD;vmonf/ ,cifu {nfo
h nfawmfrsm; vmaomf
vnf; cyfusJusJom/ ,ckrl vmvdkufonfh {nfhonfawmf awG/
omrefumvQHumvnf;r[kwf? tm;vkH;u xdyfxdyfusJ/ &efol
rsm;onfh tar&duef? jAdwdefwdkYrS acgif; aqmifrsm;? jrefrmwGif
ajrmufudk&D;,m;ESifh &mZ0if&SdcJhonfh awmifudk&D;,m;or®w
qdak wmh ,lvu
kd &f onfh vkjH cKHa&;uvnf;txl;/ vkyx
f ;Hk vkyef nf;
uvnf; uGo
J mG ;onf/ ,cifuqdv
k Qif pdww
f ikd ;f us &SmEkid o
f nf/
zd w f a omol u vnf ; enf ; Ek d i f o rQenf ; atmif zd w f r nf /
,cktcsdefwGif &SmvdkvQifvnf; udk,fcE©mudk,f xdawGY&SmazGvdkY
r&NyD/ enf;enf;&Smwm rsm;vQifyif t&SmcH&olu rMudKufcsif

CARTOON OF THE WEEK

awmh/ &Jvyk if ef;wGif vlYou
d m© udk tav;ay;&aom acwfjzpfvm
onf/ pufud&d,mvdkvmonf? enf;ynmvdkvmonf/
wu,fhtoufxuf q,fESpfcefYi,fonf[k tjrJxif&
onfh rdwfaqGBuD;wpfOD; vydkif;cefYaysmufae&mrS jyefawGYawmh
olYtoufxuf q,fESpfavmufMuD;oGm;onf xif&onf/
qHyifjzLawGvnf; csufcsif;ay:vmovdkvdk/ vluvnf;
tdyfa&;r0onfh rsufESm/ vufpowfawmh EkdifiHjcm;ukrÜPDopf
rsm;ESifh a'ocHrdwfzuf (local partner) azmfaqmifaeonfudk;/
oltopfvyk af om vkyif ef;u jrefrmjynfwiG v
f yk o
f rl &So
d avmuf
vkyfief;rsdK;/ vkyfief;awGuawmh atmifjrifaeonf? vluawmh
tdkpmoGm;vdkufonfrSm olyif r[kwfovdk/ ,ckaemufydkif;
ar;Munfhawmh cyfvQKdvQKd ESdrfhESdrfhcscsp½dkuf&Sif oludk,fwdkifu
tvkyfu rEkdifavmufatmifyif vkyfief;tyfESHolrsm; rsm;jym;
aeonf[k ajzonf/
vltrsm;jrifuGif;xJrS yk*¾dKvfrsm;udk MunfhvQif tajymif;
tvJ\ zdpD;rIudk tvG,fwuljrifEkdifonf/ or®wOD;odef;pdef
w½kwfudkoGm;jyefvm/ wpf&ufomem;NyD; csufcsif;jyefxGufum
tar&duodkY a&mufoGm;onf/ tmqD,Htpnf;ta0;oGm;
wuf&if; tar&duefor®w a&mufvmawmh tdr&f iS 0f wå&m;twdik ;f
&efukefjyefvmjyD;awGY/ csufcsif; zEGrf;yif jyef&rnf/ OD;odef;pdef
u touf ckEpS q
f ,fem;eD;jyD/ onfMum;xJ ESv;Hk ykrH eS t
f vkyv
f yk f
atmif pufwyfxm; &aomol/
a':atmifqef;pkMunfa&m/ olvnf; toufcEk pS q
f ,fem;
eD;NyD/ jrefrmoufwrf;? jrefrmt,ltqESifhqdkvQif oufBuD;
pm&if;0ifNyD/ r&yfrem; jynfwGif;jynfy? xrf;xm;onfh
t&mrsm;uvnf; jA[®mhOD;acgif;rsm;/ ygwDwnfaqmufa&;?
EkdifiHwnfaqmufa&;? ,kHMunfrI wnfaqmufa&;rsdK;pkH aqmif
&Gufae&onf/
a':atmifqef;pkMunfwdkY? 88rsdK;qufwdkY tygt0if
,cif twdu
k t
f cH Ekid if aH &;orm;tcsKd Uonf tpd;k &uruxjyKum
zGJYxm;onfh aumfr&SifwdkY? aumifpDwdkYwGifvnf; yg0ifMu&m
olwdkYe,fokdY vma&mufvnfywfonfqdkvsif oufqdkif&mwdkYu
c&D;OD;BudKyJjyK&rvdk? apmifhyJMunfh&rvdkvdk/ ußGefawmf ajymcsif
onfu tajymif;tvJ\ t&SdefjrefaomaMumifh tajymif;tvJ
aemufodkY wvdrfhacgufauG; vdkufaeMu&onfudk/ ,cifu
&efol[k rSwfxm;olonf rdrdtm; nTefMum;ol jzpfvmonf/
tjyifuvl twGi;f a&mufvmjyD; twGi;f uvl tjyifa&mufonf/
,if;onf tajymif;tvJ\ p½dkufvnf; jzpfonf/
jrefrmEkdifiH\ tajymif;tvJonf 0kef;'dkif;ajymif;aom
tajymif;tvJ jzpfonf/ udk,ftm;jzifhvnf;aumif;? pdwftm;
jzifhvnf;aumif; renf;trDvdkufae&aom tajymif;tvJ jzpf
onf/ ta&twGuf? t&nftcsif;? enf;ynm? pufud&d,m
tm;wdkYjzifhulEkdifygrS tajymif;tvJ acsmarGYvdrfhrnf/
aZ,sol

28
The

w

VOICE

e*FaEGaeYu azaza[majymyGJESpfckudk wpfckNyD;wpfck
qufwu
kd v
f yk cf &hJ w,f/ trSeaf wmh'v
D rdk jzpfoifb
h ;l qkw
d m
em;vnfw,f/ reufrmS wpfcv
k yk ?f xrif;pm;NyD;csed rf mS wpfcv
k kyf?
'gqko
d yd t
f qifajyr,f/ 'gayrJh azazvkycf sio
f vdk rvkyEf idk cf b
hJ ;l /
yxryGu
J reuf 10 em&DpzkYd pDpOfxm;w,f/ wpfem&DyJ MumrSmrdkY
'kwd,yGJudk 11 em&DrSmpzdkYajymxm;jyefw,f/ 11 em&D prS yGJudk
12 em&D 30 rdepfrSmNyD;atmif aqmif&GufEdkifrSm cufcJr,fqkdwm
odayr,fh rwwfEkdifbl;av/ 'kwd,yGJu 12 em&D 30 rdepf rSmNyD;
udNk yD;&rSmjzpfNyD; yxryGu
J vnf; 10 em&DrpS vkYd jzpfrmS / wu,fudk
ab;usyef u
H syf qkyv
f nf;ql; pm;vnf;½l;qkw
d hJ pum;twkid ;f aygh/
yxryGu
J e*g;eDpmzwftoif; (75)ESpaf jrmuftcrf;tem;/
vkyw
f ahJ e&muvnf; trsK;d om;uZmwf½rkH mS / tcrf;tem;uvnf;
BuD;us,fcrf;em;vSwm/ EkdifiHa&;t& ta&;ygrI&SdwJhtzGJU 'gayrJh
azazorD;udkajymcJhovdk taMumif;aMumifhaMumifh 10 em&DrSm
rpjzpfbl;/ pr,fhtcsdefrSm rpjzpfcJhbl;/ azazrSmaemufwpfyGJu
&Sdaeao;wm tcsdefudkiJhnmNyD; ajymp&m&SdwmajymNyD; vmac:wJh
oleJY jrefrmEkdifiHtrsKd;orD;rsm; pD;yGm;a&;pGrf;aqmifa&nftoif;
&Sd&m bk&m;vrf;u½H;k csKyfukd oGm;cJ&h wm/ [dak &mufawmh y&dowf
awGu cef;vH;k tjynf/h toif;BuD;&JUem,uq&mrBuD;a':&D&jD rifh
u azazrvmcif vkdtyfwmawGudk aqG;aEG;ay;w,fvkdY od&
w,f/ Ouú|BuD; a':0g0gxGef;uvnf; azaz&if;ESD;NyD;ol/
tcef;xJrSm&SdwJholawGtm;vHk;u toif;BuD;&JUtrIaqmifawG?
toif;olawG vpOfvkyfaeus tpnf;ta0;vmwufaeMuwm/
'Dtpnf;ta0;rSm azazhudka[majymzkdY pDpOfay;cJhwm/ azazu
acgif;pOftjzpf jrefrmEkid if t
H rsKd;orD;rsm; pD;yGm;a&;pGr;f aqmif&nf
toif;udk jyefvnf&Sifoefa&;qkdNyD;ay;NyD; a[majymcJhwmyg/
q&mrBuD;a':&D&Djrifhta&SUrSm ajym&awmh azazuydkNyD;
owdxm;&wmaygh/ azazausmif;q&mb0 i,fi,fwkef;u
XmerSmtwlwl/ q&mrBuD;u tar&duefEkdifiHu emrnfBuD;
wuúodkvfwpfckjzpfwJh Standford u MBA bGJU&cJhol/ q&mru
0wfwmpm;wm oyf&yfw,f/ olukdai;MunfhaecJh&wm/ azaz
rSwfrdwmwpfcku olukd,fwkdif Mini Car udkarmif;NyD; ausmif;udk
vmwm/ q&mrBuD;&JUcifyGef;jzpfolu ppfrIwuúodkvfuq&m/
olwkdYrdom;pkeJY azaz&if;ESD;wm q&mrBuD;&JUnDra':nGefYnGefY&if
usawmh azazwd k Y yxrES p f r S m abm*aA'oif a y;wJ h o l /
a':nGefYnGefY&if&JUcifyGef;u ygarmu©csKyfq&mBuD;OD;jrwfodef;
q&mOD;jrwfodef;u tkef;awmtaqmifrSL;/ azazunbufudk
olYqDrMumcPa&mufjzpfw,f/ taqmifuwynfhawGudk
pmoGm;oifwm/ taqmifenf;jyawG&Sd&JUeJY oHa,mZOfaMumifh
a&mufjzpfwm/ tcef;xJrSm a&mufaeMuwJholawGu touf
tydkif;tjcm;trsKd;rsKd;yg0ifMuw,f/ tm;vHk;upD;yGm;a&;udk
udk,fwkdifudk,fus OD;pD;vkyfaeMuolawG/ trSefawmh olwkdYvkd
pD;yGm;a&;udk vufawGUususvkyfaqmifEkdifwJh trsKd;orD;awGudk
tckvdktzGJUtpnf;zGJUxm;wm tifrwef0rf;omp&mudpöygyJ/
wkid ;f jynfrmS vkt
d yfcsufwpf&yfukd jznfq
h nf;ay;jcif;jzpfygw,f/
trSefawmhq&mrBuD;u 'Dtoif;BuD;udkwnfaxmifcJhol
jzpfw,f/ wpfckawmh&Sdw,f/ toif;&JUtrnfudk pD;yGm;a&;pGrf;
aqmif & nf t oif ; vk d Y a y;xm;wm/ t*F v d y f v k d Myanmar
Women's Enterprenears Assocoation/ Enterprenears udk pD;yGm;
a&;pGrf;aqmif&,folrsm;vkdY bmomjyefxm;cJhwm/ azaztaeeJY
uawmh Enterprenear qkdwmudk ]pGefYxGifOD;pD;}vkdYjyefqkdcJhw,f/
q&mOD;&Jjrifhuawmh ]pGefYOD;wDxGif}vkdY jyefqkdcJhw,f/ t"dyÜm,f
uodyfuGmjcm;rI r&SdvSygbl;/ Enterprenear &JU a0g[m&rSm
t"dyÜm,foHk;rsKd;yl;wGJxm;wm awGU&ygw,f/ wpfckuawmh
pGefYpm;jcif; (risk-taking) jzpfw,f/ trSefawmh b,fae&mrSm
rqkd atmifjrifcsif&if pGefYpm;&rSmomjzpfwm/ rsm;rsm;pGefYpm;wJh
ol[m tusKd;tjrwfrsm;rsm;&rSmomjzpfw,f/ pGefYpm;rI[m
trSefawmh pD;yGm;a&;tzGUJ tpnf;vkyif ef;twGuf tajccHaomhcsuf
wpfckjzpfygw,f/
'kwd,tcsufu wDxGifrI (Innovation) jzpfygw,f/ b,f
ae&mrSmjzpfjzpf topftqef;wDxGifrI[m tvGefta&;BuD;yg
w,f/ vufbuf&nfqkdifwpfckrSm vufbuf&nfa&mif;aewJh
tcg topftqef;jzpfatmif trsKd;rsKd;pOf;pm;NyD; rkefYyJoa&pm
awG vufbuf&nfudkvnf; yHkpHtrsKd;rsKd;eJY zefwD;ae&rSmomjzpf
ygw,f/
wwd,tcsufuawmh OD;pD;rIyJjzpfygw,f/ vkyfief;udk
OD;aqmifrIrSefrSefuefuefay;EkdifzdkY tvGefta&;BuD;vSwm awGU
&ygw,f/ 'gaMumifhvnf; Entreprenear qkdwJh toHk;tEIef;
a0g[m&[m pD;yGm;a&;pGrf;aqmif&nfomru 'gutcsufoHk;ck
jzpfwJh pGefYpm;rI? wDxGifrIeJY OD;aqmifrI yg0ifrS&rSmjzpfaMumif;
azazuyrmPtaeeJY wifjycJhygw,f/ tckvkd pGefYxGifOD;pD;rI
udk wdwu
d sus t"dymÜ ,fziG q
hf Ndk yD; toif;olawGtwGuf A[kow
k
jzpf a pzk d Y 'D b mom&yf u d k b,f y H k b ,f e nf ; ay:ayguf c J h w J h
taMumif;udv
k nf; &Si;f jycJyh gw,f/ Entreprenear qdw
k hJ a0g[m&
trSeaf wmh t*Fvyd pf um;vH;k r[kwb
f J jyifopfpum;jzpfygw,f/
½dk;½dk;av;ajym&&ifawmh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;udk OD;pD;wJholvkdY
t"dyÜm,f&ygw,f/
'Dbmom&yfukd pepfwusazmfxw
k cf o
hJ u
l awmh emrnfBuD;

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

H m;
ygarmu© Schumpeter jzpfygw,f/ olu MopaMw;vsEdik if o
jzpf N yD ; Vienna wuú o d k v f u ygarmu© *sL;vl r sKd ; wpf O D ; /
pD;yGm;a&;ynmrSm tvGefxl;jcm;ajymifajrmufwJhol 'gayrJh
'kwd,ppfrwkdifrD emZD*smrefawG&JU zdtm;ay;rIaMumifh Austria
EkdifiHuae tar&duefEdkifiHudk xGufajy;cJhw,f/ emrnfBuD;
Harvard University rSm ygarmu©tjzpf wm0ef,lNyD; Centre for
Entrepreneurship Studies pGeYf xi
G Of ;D pD;rIavhvma&;Xmeudk pwnf
cJo
h jl zpfygw,f/ ygarmu© Schumpeter taeeJY pD;yGm;a&;ynm&yf
rSm txl;jcm;qHk;tokH;tEIef;wpf&yfudk azmfxkwfcJhygw,f/
olu pGefYxGifOD;pD;rI[m Creative Destruction jzpfw,fvkdY qkdcJh
w,f/ t"dymÜ ,fu tjyKoabmaqmifwhJ zsuq
f ;D rI/ pD;yGm;a&;rSm
atmifjrifzkdY vuf&Sdtajctaewpfckudk zsufqD;jzpf&rSmjzpfw,f/
tckvdk zsufqD;wJhae&mrSm zsufvdkzsufqD;vkyfwmr[kwfbJ
tjyKoabmaqmifwJh zsufqD;rIrsKd;jzpfygw,f/

a[majymyGJ
tawGYtBuHK (120)
ygarmu©a'gufwmatmifxGef;ouf

pGefYxGifOD;pD;rIvkdYajym&if azazu ]]ief;euf}}udk tNrJowd
&rdw,f/ azazwdkYpD;yGm;a&;ynmu uyfoD;uyfoyf ]]ief;euf
oDtkd&D}}[m wpfcsdefu acwfpm;w,f/ t"dyÜm,fu ½dk;½dk;av;yg
orD;/ wpfcsdeu
f Oa&mywku
d rf mS &Sw
d hJ obm0odyyHÜ nm&Siaf wGu
ief;awGudkavhvmwJhtcg ief;awG[mtjzLa&mifawGjzpfw,f
qdkwJhoDtkd&Dwpf&yfudk xkwfazmfcJhw,f/ cufwmu jrif&wJhief;
awGu tjzLa&mifawGomjzpfaeawmh 'DoDtkd&DudkvufcHaeMu&
wmaygh/ 'DvkdeJY 17 &mpkavmufrSm t*FvefEkdifiHuae t*Fvdyf
vlrsKd;awG Australia jynfa&mufawmh ief;teufwpfaumifudk
awGUvdkuf&w,f/ 'Dief;teufwpfaumifwnf;udkawGUwmeJY
apmapmuief ; awG t m;vH k ; [m jzL&r,f q k d w J h oD t k d & D [ m
csufcsif;ysufoGm;a&m r[kwfvm;/ 'gaMumifh pGefYxGifOD;pD;wJhol
awG[m ief;eufwpfaumifudk vkduf&SmaeMuolawGjzpfMuw,f/
wpfaumifwnf;awGUzdkYvkdw,fav/
azazu tckvq
dk &mrBuD;&,f? toif;Ouú| a':0g0gxGe;f
eJY tvkyt
f rIaqmifawG? trIaqmifawGukd pGeYfxiG Of ;D pD;rItaMumif;
ajymNyD; toif;BuD;udkt&Sdeft[keftopfeJY wkd;wufatmif r[m
AsL[mcsEkdifzkdY pOf;pm;&r,fhtaMumif;awGudk aqG;aEG;wifjycJhyg
w,f/ b,ftzGJUtpnf;rqkd jyKjyifajymif;vJrIu vkdtyfwmygyJ/
toif;utckqkd 17 ESpfawmif&SdcJhNyDav/ toif;pwifcJhwJh
tajctaeeJY tckvuf&Sd jrefrmEkdifiH&JU taetxm;u tvGef
uGmjcm;cJhygNyD/ ajymif;vJaewJhywf0ef;usifeJY vkdufavsmnD
axGpGm &SifoefzkdYu tvGefta&;BuD;vSygw,f/
azazwk d Y E k d i f i H [ m vl a wG t d y f r uf a wmif rruf & J w J h
tajymif ; tvJ a wG j zpf a eNyD orD ; / 'D t ajymif ; tvJ a wG & J U
taemuf u d k v k d u f z d k Y q k d w mxuf ajymif ; vJ r I a wG & J U ta&S U u
b,fvkda&mufatmif BudK;pm;oifhovJqdkwmudk pOf;pm;zkdYu
tvGefta&;BuD;wm/ 'gaMumifh azazutoif;BuD;twGuf

tem*wfajcvSrf;awG pOf;pm;Ekdifatmif a[majymNyD; tvkyf½Hk
aqG;aEG;yGJyHkpHeJY aqmif&GufcJhygw,f/ wufa&mufvmwJh toif;
olawGtm;vHk;udk tzGJUav;zGJU zGJUpnf;ay;vdkufw,f/ zGJUpnf;wJh
ae&mrSmvnf; trSwfpOfrSwfNyD; aqmif&GufcJhwmrkdY wufa&muf
vmoltm;vHk;a&marTvkdufw,f/
yxrtzGJUudk toif;BuD;&JUtm;omcsufawGudk azmfxkwf
apcJhw,f/ 'kwd,tzGJUudkawmh toif;BuD;&JU tm;enf;csufudk
pOf;pm;apw,f/ trSeaf wmh tm;omcsufeYJ tm;enf;csufawG[m
toif;BuD;&JUtwGi;f ydik ;f eJYqidk w
f m/ wwd,tzGUJ udak wmh toif;BuD;
twGuf jyifyywf0ef;usifrSm jzpfay:aewJh tcGifhtvrf;awGudk
pOf;pm;apcJNh yD; aemufq;kH tzGUJ udak wmh toif;BuD;twGuf tEÅ&m,f
jzpfapEdkifr,fhtcsufawGudk azmfxkwfapcJhw,f/ 'Dvkdaqmif&Guf
wJhae&mrSmvnf; 'Drdkua&pDpepfudk usifhoHk;NyD; tzGJU0iftm;vHk;
rSm ajymcGifhqkdcGifh&Sdw,f/ yg0ifaqG;aEG;cGifh&Sdw,f/ wpfa,muf
ajymwmudk usefwJholawGu [efYwm;wmudk rvkyf&bl;/ ruefY
uGuf&bl;vkdY owday;cJhw,f/
'DtzGJUawGudk tvkyfvkyfzkdY rdepf 30 tcsdefay;cJhw,f/
cef;rBuD;ae&muus,fawmh tzGJUav;zGJU[m vGwfvGwfvyfvyf
aqG;aEG;cGifh&SdcJhw,f/ tckvkd wufa&mufvmwJholawGudk vkyfcGifh
jyKvkdufawmh tm;vHk;[mwuf<uvmw,f? pdwfygvmw,f/
touf&iS v
f mw,f ajymoHqo
dk &H o
D aH rmoHawGeYJ / jiif;MuckeMf u
w,f/ trSefawmh 'Dvkdtajctaejzpfatmif tNrJwapzefwD;zdkY
vkdw,fav/ azazajymorQudk ausmif;olawGvdk vkdufrSwf,HkeJY
rvkHavmufbl;orD;/ 'gaMumifh azazutvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJyHkpH
udk t*FvefEkdifiHujyefvmNyD; 1979 ckESpfavmufu pD;yGm;a&;
wuúov
kd f 0gPdZaÆ A'XmerSm pwifusifo
h ;kH cJw
h m/ tckrMumcP
owif;pmawG? ½kyfjrifoHMum;awGrSm tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJqdkwJh
toHk;tEIef;udkoHk;wm awGU&w,f/ 0rf;omrdayr,fh wbufu
vnf; azazem;vnfwJhyHkpHrsKd;r[kwfbJ pmwrf;awGzwfwJh
tcrf;tem;awG jrif&awmh 0rf;enf;rdw,f/ ynm&SifawGu
olwYdk &UJ ynmawGukd tckvadk pwemtjynft
h 0eJY jzefYa0ay;wmudk
csD;usL;ygw,f/ aus;Zl;wifygw,f/ 'gayrJh 'gutvkyf½Hk
aqG;aEG;yGJ r[kwfbl;av/ pmwrf;zwfyGJvdkY bmaMumihf rajymMu
wmvnf; rodygbl;/ olrsm;awGudka0zefwmvnf; r&Sdygbl;/
ukd,fvkyfp&m&Sdwmudk vdyfjymoefYoefYeJYvkyfEkdifzdkY azaz tNrJ
BudK;pm;rdw,f/
tckvdk tcsdefay;NyD; tzGJUtvkdufaqG;aEG;aeMuwmudk
azazvku
d Mf unfyh gw,f/ tzGUJ av;zGJU&JU vIyf&Sm;rIawGu rwlMu
bl;/ Group Pynumics tzGJUvkdufvIyf&Sm;rIawGu odyfNyD;
pd w f 0 if p m;zd k Y a umif ; wm/ wm0ef a y;tyf w mcsif ; twl w l
jzpfayr,fh 'Dwm0efudkxrf;aqmifMuwJhtcg ]]wpfausmif;
wpf*gxm wpf&Gmwpfyk'fqef;}} qdkovdk yHkpHawG urwlMubl;/
tckvdk rwlwmu tESpfom&yJ orD;/ tm;vHk;yHkpHwlae&if
tvum;aygh/ azazu tckvkd vGwv
f w
G v
f yfvyfpOf;pm;awG;ac:
vIyf&Sm;wmrsKd; ae&mwkdif;rSm jzpfapcsifwm/ azazudk tcGifh
ta&;ay;&if awmh tNrJwef;tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJ awGvkyfaerSmyJ/
bmaMumihf'Dvdk aqmif&GufzdkYvdkovJqdkwmudk pOf;pm;vkduf&if
vlwkdif;tay: tjynhft0,HkMunfrI&Sd&r,fqdkwJh t,ltqyJ/
wpfenf;ajym&&if azaz tNrJajymaewJh (Trust) udpöyg/ vlawG
udk ,HkrS tckvdk vGwfvGwfvyfvyf pOf;pm;cGifhtajz&SmcGifhay;
rSmaygh/ ,HkMunfrI tm;enf;aewJh tajctaerSm vlawG&JU
oabmvlawG&JU toHudk em;axmifzdkYcJ,Of;rSm jzpfw,f orD;/
aqG;aEG;NyD;csdefrSm tzGJUwpfzGJUcsif;u olwdkYawGU&Sdcsufudk wifjy
Muw,f/ olwYk&d UJ wifjycsuaf wG usew
f o
hJ al wGem;axmifciG hf &w,f/
NyD;awmhrS azazu tm;vHk;udk vTrf;NcHKNyD;oHk;oyfay;cJhygw,f/
trSefawmh tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJ[m jyKvkyfNyD;wJh tcsdefrSm
NyD;roGm;ygbl;/ tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJu awGU&SdcsufawGudk qufNyD;
taumif t xnf a zmf & r,f / quf v k y f p &mt&mawG u d k
vkyf&vdrhfr,f/ azmfxkwfcJhwJh toif;BuD;&JU tm;omcsufawGudk
tajccHNyD;wpfzGJUu azmfxkwfcJhwJh tcGifhtvrf;awGudk b,fvdk
,l&rvJ qdkwmudk pOf;pm;zdkYvdkvdrfhr,f/ 'DvdkyJ tm;omcsuf
awGudktajcwnfNyD; &ifqkdif&r,fh tEÅ&m,fawGudk &ifqkdif
Ek d i f a tmif b ,f v d k vk y f & rvJ q d k w mud k pOf ; pm;Mu&r,f /
tm;enf;csufeJY ywfoufvdkYawmhwpfrsKd; pOf;pm;&rSm/ tm;enf;
csufawGudk avQmhyg;atmifvkyfNyD; tcGifhta&;udk b,fvkd,lEkdif
zdkY pOf;pm;ovdk tm;enf;csufawGudkavQmhNyD; &ifqdkif&r,hf
tEÅ & m,f a wG u d k &if q k d i f E k d i f a tmif bmawG v k y f o if h o vJ
qdkwmudk pOf;pm;&rSmjzpfw,f/ 'gawGtm;vHk;udk azazu
wifjycJhNyD; tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJudk tqHk;owfcJhygw,f/ NyD;awmh
q&mrBuD; a':&D&Djrifh? Ouú| a':0g0gxGef;eJY trIaqmifawG
{nf c H w J h pm;aomuf z G , f & mawG p m;NyD ; jyef c J h y gw,f /
toif;BuD;uazazudk *g&0vufaqmifay;cJhw,f/
wpf&ufwnf;yGJESpfyGJvkyfrdwJh 'ku©udkawmh pdwfraumif;
jzpfrdyg&JU orD;/ azaz&JU tm;enf;csufyg/ tm;vHk;twGuf
vkyfay;csifwJhqE´aMumifh wpfcgwav tckvdk tcuftcJeJY
BuHK&wm/ oifcef;pmaygh orD;/ b0rSm azaztNrJorD;udkajymcJh
ovkd trSm;qdkwm r&Sdygbl;/ oifcef;pmom &Sdygw,f orD;/
ygarmu©a'gufwmatmifxGef;ouf

29

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

k;&yfudk ydkif;jcm;usifhoHk;jcif;ESifh tjyeftvSefxdef;
tm PmoH
ausmif;onfh oabmw&m;

(Separation of powers and
check & balance - Charles Montesquieu) rsm;udk aemufyi
kd ;f zGYJpnf;yHk

tajccHOya'rsm;wGif t*Fg&yfwpfcktaejzifh jy|mef;avh&Sdonf/
zGYJpnf;yHt
k ajccHOya' (2008) yk'rf 11 (u) wGiv
f nf; EdkifiHawmf\
tcsKyftjcmtmPmoHk;&yfjzpfonfh Oya'jyKa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh
w&m;pDa&;tmPmwdkYudk ydkif;jcm;oHk;pGJ&rnfjzpfaMumif; azmfjy
xm;onf/ xdYk jyif yk'rf 11 (c) t& txufygydik ;f jcm; xm;onfh
tmPmrsm;udk jynfaxmifpk? wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;? jynfe,frsm;ESifh
udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&pD&ifpkrsm;tm; cGJa0tyfESif;aMumif;azmfjy
xm;onf/ xdkYaMumifh Oya'jyKa&;tmPmrsm;udk usifhoHk;&ef
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf (trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf + jynfoYlvw
T af wmf)?
wdik ;f a'oBuD;ESihf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfrsm;ESihf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKyfciG &hf
wdik ;f a'oOD;pD;tzGYJ rsm; toD;oD;ay:ayguf vmcJNh yD;jzpfygonf/
odkYaomfpma&;olwdkYEdkifiHonf vTwfawmfESifhwlaom vTwfawmf
rsm;ESihf 1962 ckEpS f aemufyikd ;f umvtawmfMum uif;uGmcJah om
EdkifiHwpfEdkifiH jzpfygonf/ xdkYaMumifh zGJYpnf;yHktajccHOya'
(2008)twGif; azmfjyxm;aom Oya'jyKa&;tmPm\ tcef;
u@udk tusOf;csKH;í rdwq
f ufcsiyf gonf/ tpd;k &pepf tm;jzifh
jynfaxmifpt
k qifhwGif or®wpepfudkusifhoHk;í wdkif;a'oBuD;?
jynfe,frsm;wGif ygvDrefoabmqefqef usio
hf ;kH xm;aomfvnf;
zJGYpnf;yHk tajccHOya'twGif; azmfjyxm;aom vTwfawmfrsm;\
vkyif ef; oabmobm0rSm rsm;pGmuGmjcm;rIr&So
d jzifh jynfaxmifpk
Oya'jyKa&;tmPmudk usifhoHk;onfhtzGJYtpnf;rsm;\ tcef;
u@ukdtusOf;csHK;azmfjyvdkuf&ygonf/

1/ rJay;a&G;cs,fjcif; (odkhr[kwf) twnfjyKjcif;
(Electoral Power)

(u) Edik if aH wmfor®wESihf 'kw,
d or®wrsm; a&G;cs,w
f ifajr§mufjcif;
zGYJpnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'yk'rf 60 t& jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf&dS
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf EdkifiHawmfor®w a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufa&;
tzGJY (Presidential Electoral College) taeESihf EdkifiHawmfor®w
ESifh 'kwd,or®rsm;udk a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufcGifh&Sdonf/ (rsm;aom
tm;jzifh EdkifiHawmfor®wESifh 'kwd,or®wrsm;udk jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmfu a&G;cs,fonf[k ajymavh&SdMuonf/ or®wpepf
usifhoHk;aomEdkifiHrsm;wGif EdkifiHawmftBuD;tuJ (Head of State)
ESifh tpdk;&tBuD;tuJ (Head of Government) jzpfol or®wudk
rsm;aomtm;jzifh vTwfawmfu a&G;cs,favhr&SdbJ oD;jcm;
a&G;aumufyGJrsm;usif;yí a&G;cs,favh&Sdonf/ wcsKdUaom
EdkifiHrsm;wGif or®wudk jynfoluwdkuf½dkuf a&G;cs,fwifajr§muf
jcif;wufovdk tar&duefuJhodkYaom EkdifiHrsm;wGif or®w
a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufa&;tzGJY (Electoral College) u a&G;cs,f
wifajr§mufonf/ pma&;olwdkYEdkifiH\ a&G;cs,fyHkrSm oD;jcm;
a&G;aumufyGJrsm;rvkyfbJ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
rsm;udk EdkifiHawmfor®w a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufa&;tzGJYu a&G;cs,f
&ef wm0efay;tyfxm;jcif;jzpfonf/ qdv
k o
kd nfrmS vTwaf wmf
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;taejzifh jynfaxmifpkv T w f a wmf q d k o nf h
tzGJYtpnf;udk udk,fpm;jyKjcif;r[kwb
f ?J Edik if aH wmfor®w a&G;cs,f
wifajr§mufa&;tzGJUqdkonfh tzGJYtpnf;udk udk,fpm;jyKí a&G;cs,f
jcif;jzpfonf/ (yk'fr - 60)
(c) jynfaxmifpktqifhtzGJYtpnf;0ifrsm;tm;a&G;cs,ftwnf
jyKjcif;
xdkYtjyif EdkifiHawmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJY
wGif yg0ifrnfh jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;\ trnfpm&if;rsm;
(umuG,af &;? jynfxaJ &;ESihf e,fpyf a&;&m0efBuD;Xmersm;twGuf
wyfrawmfom;udk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ trnfpm&if;udk wyfrawmf
umuG,fa&; OD;pD;csKyfxHrS&,l&rnf/) a&SUaecsKyfwdkY\trnf
pm&if;rsm;udk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd wifoiG ;f &mwGif jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfu oabmwl? rwl rJay;qH;k jzwfciG &hf o
dS nf/ xdYk tjyif
pm&if;ppfcsKyf? jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyfESifh w&m;olBuD;rsm;?
EdkifiHawmfzGJYpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;Ouú|ESifh tzGJY0ifrsm;
(a&G;cs,frItqifhwGif zGJYpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr - 321 t&
EdkifiHawmf or®wu oHk;OD;? jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|u oHk;OD;ESifh
trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú|u oHk;OD; toDoD;a&G;cs,f&rnf
jzpfonf/)\ trnfpm&if;rsm;udk Edik if aH wmfor®wu jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmfodkY wifoGif;vmaomtcg jynfaxmifpk vTwaf wmfu
oabmwl? rwl rJay;qH;k jzwfEikd o
f nf/ odYk aomf xdkodkY twnfjyK
qHk;jzwf&mwGif txufygyk*¾dKvfrsm;wGif t&nftcsif; rjynfYpHk
aMumif; taxmuftxm; txift&Sm;rjyEdik yf gu jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmftaejzifh jiif;y,fcGifhr&Sday/
(*) pmcsKyfrsm;ESifh oabmwlnDcsufrsm;tm; twnfjyKjcif;
EdkifiHawmfor®wtaeESifh jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfOya'

yk'fr 61 (c) Z,m; 2 wGif azmfjyxm;aom udp&ö yfrsm; (udp&ö yf
30 ck) ESifhywfoufí rdrd\oabmqE´jzifh tjynfjynfqkdif&m?
a'oqdkif&m odkYr[kwf EdkifiHtcsif;csif;qdkif&m pmcsKyfrsm;?
oabmwlnDcsufrsm; twnfjyKaqmif&Gufjcif;? y,fzsufjcif;?
EkwfxGufjcif;rsm;jyKEdkifaomfvnf; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfOya'
yk'fr 61 (u) Z,m; 1 azmfjyxm;aomudpö&yfrsm; (udpö&yf
ckepfck) ESifhywfoufvQif jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfodkY wifoGif;
twnfjyK&rnfjzpfonf/

2/ pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;

(Impeachment Power)

jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftaeESifh EdkifiHawmfor®w? 'kwd,
or®wrsm;ESifh jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\ oabmwlnDcsufjzifh
cefYtyfxm;aom jynfaxmifpktqifh tzGJYtpnf;0ifrsm;udk
zGJYpnf;yHktajccH Oya' yk'fr 71? yk'fr 233 ? yk'rf 302 (u)
(*)? yk'fr 334 wdkYwGif jy|mef;xm;aom taMumif;t&m
wpf&yf&yfESifh NidpGef;vQif ,if;jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD pGyfpGJ
jypfwifEdkifonf/

3/ tajccHOya'jyifqifjcif;
(Constituent Power)

zGJYpnf;yHktajccHOya' (2008) t& jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
onf zGYJ pnf;yHt
k ajccH Oya'udk jyifqifciG &hf adS om wpfcw
k nf;aom
tzGJYtpnf;jzpfonf/ yk'fr 436 (u) wGif azmfjyxm;aom
jy|mef;csufESifh oufqdkifaom yk'frta&twGuf (95) ckudk

zGJYpnf;yHk
tajccHOya'ESifU
Oya'jyKa&;u@
Edkifvif;xGef;
jyifqifvdkvQif jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,ftm;vHk;\
75 &mcdkifEIef;ausmf (Super Majority) axmufcHrJ&&SdNyD;aemuf jy
nfvHk;uRwfqE´cH,lyGJusif;y&rnfjzpfonf/ ,if;jynfvHk;
uRwfqE´cH,lyGJwGif rJay;cGifh&Sdoltm;vHk; (Oya't& rJay;cGifh
t&nftcsif;jynhfrSDol tm;vHk;)\ xuf0ufausmfqE´rJjzifh
jyifqifEdkifonf/ yk'fr 436 (c)ESifhoufqdkifonfh yk'fr
ta&twGuf 362 cktm;jyifqifvdkvQif jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
udk,fpm;vS,ftm;vHk;\ 75 &mcdkifEIef;ausmf (Super Majority)
axmufcHrJjzifh jyifqifEdkifonf/ jynfvHk;uRwfqE´cH,lyGJ usif;y
&efrvdkyg/

4/ Oya'jyKjcif;ESifU tkyfcsKyfa&;r@dKif? w&m;pD&ifa&;r@dKif
rsm;tm;apmifUMunfUxdef;ausmif;jcif;
(Legislative and Surveillance Power)

Oya'jyKjcif;ESifh tjyeftvSefxdef;ausmif;jcif;udpö&yfrsm;
onf Oya'jyKa&;r@dKif\ t"duvkyfief;wm0efrsm;jzpfonf/
vTwfawmf (odkYr[kwf) aumfrwDrsm;wGif tqdkwifoGif;jcif; ?
ar;cGef;ar;jref;jcif;rsm;onf tqH;k wGif Oya'jyKjcif;ESihf tkycf sKyaf &;
r@dKif? w&m;pD&ifa&;r@dKifrsm;udk apmifhMunfhxdef;ausmif; jcif;
oabmomjzpfonf/
zGJYpnf;yHktajccHOya't& jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfonf
yk'fr 96 Z,m; 1 ? yk'fr 98 (<uif;useftmPm- Residual
power -Oyrm - wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
qdkif&mOya'? wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJY
Oya' ) ES i f h yk ' f r 99 (jynf a xmif p k e ,f a jr - vuf & S d
aejynfawmf -twGuf jy|mef;&efvdktyfaom Oya'tm;vHk;)
ywfoufí Oya'jy|mef;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
rS twnfjyKjy|mef;aom Oya'udk EdkifiHawmfor®wtaejzifh
yk'fr 105 t& 14 &uftwGif; vufrSwfa&;xdk;í Oya'tjzpf
xkwfjyefaMunm&rnfjzpfonf/ tajccHOya'twGif;oD;jcm;
jy|mef;csufryg&Sdojzifh pae? we*FaEG av;&ufygxnfhoGif;
a&wGuf&rnfjzpfonf/ tqdkyg 14 &uftwGif; EdkifiHawmf
or®wu rdrd\oabmxm;rSwfcsufESifhtwl jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmfodkY jyefvnfay;ydkYEdkifonf/ 14 &uftwGif; EdkifiHawmf

or® w u jyef v nf a y;yd k Y jcif ; r&S d v Qif a omf v nf ; aumif ; ?
EdkifiHawmfor®w vufrSwfa&;xdk;í xkwfjyefaMunmjcif;r&Sv
d Qif
aomf v nf ; owf r S w f & uf j ynf h v Qif Ed k i f i H a wmf o r® w
vufrSwfa&;xdk;ouJhodkY Oya'jzpfvmrnfjzpfonf/ tu,fí
Ed k i f i H a wmf o r® w onf 14 &uf t wG i f ; Oya'Murf ; tm;
rd r d o abmxm;rS w f c suf j zif h jyef v nf a y;yd k Y vmvQif
jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf u aqG ; aEG ; qH k ; jzwf & rnf / xd k o d k Y
aqG ; aEG ; qH k ; jzwf & mwG i f Oya'Murf ; ud k Ed k i f i H a wmf o r® w
oabmxm;rSwfcsuftwdkif; jyifqifEdkifouJhodkY ,ciftwdkif;
rjyif&efqHk;jzwfí EdkifiHawmfor®wxH jyefvnfay;ydkYEdkifonf/
xdkYodkYrjyifbJ twnfjyKEdkif&eftvdkYiSm ,cifOya'Murf;udk
twnf j yK&ef vd k t yf c J h a om jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf
udk,fpm;vS,f\ xuf0ufausmfqE´rJ (Simple Majority) om
vdkonf/ omrefxufydkaom trsm;pkrJ (Super Majority) rvdk
yg/ xdkodkYtwnfjyKNyD; jyefvnfay;ydkYvQif EdkifiHawmfor®wu
ck e pf & uf t wG i f ; vuf r S w f a &;xd k ; xk w f j yef & rnf j zpf o nf /
jyef v nf a y;yd k Y v maomOya'Murf ; ud k ed k i f i H a wmf o r® w u
vuf r S w f a &;xd k ; jcif ; rjyKvQif owf r S w f u mvjynf h a jrmuf
onfhaeYwGif EdkifiHawmfor®w vufrSwfa&;xdk;ouJhodkY twnf
jzpfvmrnfjzpfonf/
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu Oya'jy|mef;onfhtcg yk'fr
97 (u) t& enf ; Oya'? pnf ; rsOf ; ES i f h pnf ; urf ; rsm;
xkwfjyefcGifhudk oufqdkif&mjynfaxmifpktqifh tzGJYtpnf;rsm;
tm;vTJtyfEdkifonf/ odkYaomf jynfaxmifpktqifhtzGJYtpnf;rs
m;onf enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf;ESifh pnf;urf;rsm; xkwfjyefNyD;onfh
tcg yk'fr 137 t& jynfolYvTwfawmfwGifvnf;aumif;? yk'fr
157 t& trsKd;om;vTwfawmfwGifvnf;aumif; vTwfawmfOuúX
toD;oD;\ cGifhjyKonfhtpDtpOfjzifh oufqdkif&mvTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;xH jzefYa0&rnfjzpfonf/ vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f
rsm;onf tqdkyg enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf;ESifh pnf;urf;udk rl&if;
Oya'ESifh nDnGwfrI&Sd^r&Sd pdppf&rnfjzpfNyD; nDnGwfrI r&Sdygu
avhvmawGY&cdS sufrsm;udk &ufaygif; 90 twGi;f oufqikd f&m
vT w f a wmf o d k Y wif o G i f ; &rnf j zpf o nf / vT w f a wmf E S p f & yf
oabmxm;uGJvGJygu jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfodkYwifjy&rnf
jzpfonf/ tqdkyg Oya'? enf;Oya'? pnf;rsnf;ESifh pnf;urf;
rsm;udk taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&Gufonfhtcg jynfolY
vTwfawmfonf yk'fr 115 t&aomfvnf;aumif;? trsKd;om;
vTwfawmftaejzifh yk'fr 147 t&aomfvnf;aumif; t&yf&yf
aom aumfrwDrsm;zGJYpnf;í oufqdkif&mtzGJYtpnf;rsm;\
taumif t xnf a zmf a qmif & G u f a erI r sm;ud k apmif h M unf h
xdef;ausmif;Edkifonf/
Oya'? enf;Oya'? pnf;rsnf;ESifh pnf;urf; ponfwdkYESifh
nDnGwfjcif;r&Sdygu aumfrwDtwGif; oufqdkifoltoD;oD;
(jyKol? tjyKcH&ol? Oya'ynm&Sif? bmom&yfqkdif&muRrf;usif
yk*¾dKvf ponfh) wdkYudkzdwfMum;í ar;cGef;rsm;ar;jref;jcif;?
Mum;em;jcif;? rsm;udkjyKEdkifonf/ tqdkyg Oya'? enf;Oya'?
pnf;rsnf;ESifh pnf;urf;rsm;ESifh tnDtaumiftxnfazmf&mwGi?f
(wpfenf;tm;jzifh) jynfolYa&;&m0efaqmifrIrsm;ay;&mwGif
Oya'jy|mef;csurf sm;\ tm;enf;csurf sm;&Syd gu tqdyk gOya'\
tm;enf;csufrsm;udk oufqkdif&maumfrwD (odkYr[kwf) wpfck
xufydkaomaumfrwDrsm;u avYvmqef;ppfí tm;enf;csuf
rsm;tm;jyifqif&eftqdk (odkYr[kwf)Oya'Murf;udk oufqdkif&m
vTwfawmftpnf;ta0; (Plenary Meeting) odkYwifjyNyD; rJcGJ
twnfjyK&rnfjzpfonf/
or®wpepfusio
hf ;kH Edik if rH sm;wGif vTwaf wmfrsm; aumif;rGepf mG
ouf0ifvIyf&Sm;a&;twGuf aumfrwDrsm;\tcef;u@rSm
tvGefpGmta&;BuD;vSygonf/ vTwfawmfBuD;wpfckvHk;taejzifh
,l&onfhwm0efrsm;udk oufqdkif&mu@ toD;oD;udk txl;jyK
onfhaumfrwDrsm;u cGJa0,lvdkufjcif;yifjzpfonf( Division of
Labour)/ tqd k y gaumf r wD t oD ; oD ; onf ¤if ; wd k Y t xl ; jyK
xm;onfhu@ESiyhf wfoufaom Oya'Murf;rsm;udk tpysK;d &mae&m
jzpfouJhodkY ¤if;wdkYtxl;jyKxm;onfh u@udt
k aumiftxnf
azmfaqmif&u
G af eonfh tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;u@
rsm;&St
d zGYJ tpnf;rsm;udk apmifMh unfx
h ed ;f ausmif;&ef t"duwm0ef
&Sdaom tzGJYtpnf;rsm;jzpfonf/

Edkifvif;xGef;
udk;um;- jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmfzGJYpnf;yHk
tajccHOya' (2008 ckESpf)
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfqdkif&mOya'
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJYOya'

30
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

,cifwpfywfrStquf
½kwu
f Rr;f usio
f t
l csKYd u w½kwEf idk if \
H tqdyk g xufoefrI
tm;enf;jcif;onf tdE,
d´ uJo
h Ukd aoma'owGi;f tiftm;BuD;
EdkifiHrsm;udk rsufuvJqefjym rjzpfap&ef owdjyKaejcif;aMumifh
jzpfonf[k&Sif;vif;cJhMuonf/ tjcm;aom uRrf;usifolrsm;u
vnf; jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd ppftpdk;&\ oabm obm0udk xnfhoGif;
wGucf sufxm;jcif;aMumifh jzpfaMumif;? jrefrmppfacgif;aqmifrsm;
onf ajrmufbuf&Sd w½kwfEkdifiHESifh &if;ESD;euf½Idif;vSaom
r[mAsL[mqufqHa&;rsm; xm;vdk[efr&Sdjcif;? oHo,wdk;yGm;
vmEdkifjcif; ponfhtaMumif;tcsufrsm;udk xkwfazmfajymMum;
cJhMuonf/ ta&;BuD;onfrSm w½kwfEkdifiHonf twdwfumv
tajctaersm;t& jynfwiG ;f a&;ESihf e,fpyfwpfavQmuf wnfNidrrf I
rsm;udo
k m tav;xm;cJ&h NyD; jrefrmEkid if u
H akd usmv
f eG í
f r[mAsL[m
ESifh a'oqdkif&m &nfrSef;csufrsm; BuD;BuD;rm;rm; r&Scd ahJ omaMumifh
jzpfEidk o
f nf/ odYkaomfvnf; w½kwEf kdifiH\ a'owGif;trsKd;om;
tusKd;pD;yGm;ESifh MoZmvTrf;rdk;rIrsm; BuD;rm;us,fjyefYvmonfh
twGuf jrefrmEdkifiH\r[mAsL[mta&;ygrIrmS ½kwjf cnf;jrifrh m;
vmcJo
h nf/ or®wOD;ode;f pdef wm0efvaJT jymif;vufc&H ,lcNhJ yD;aemuf
ydkif; w½kwfEidk if \
H jrefrmEkid if H qdik &f mrl0g'udk (1) r[mAsL[m
ajrmuf bufpyHk ;l aygif;aqmif&u
G f a&;rdwzf uftjzpfxal xmifjcif;?
(2) a'owGi;f qufqaH &; Regional Diplomacy wGif jrefrmEkid if \
H
axmufcrH &I ,ljcif;? (3) ppfa&;t&yl;aygif;aqmif&GufEdkifrIt
vm;tvm? (4) ,leef jynfe,ftwGuf aygif;ul;a&;r[mAsL[m
Yunnan’s Bridgehead Strategy ponfh av;rsKd;tay:wGif
tajccHaqmif&GufvmcJhonf/
3-2 bufpkHr[mAsL[majrmufyl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;rdwfzuf

w

vlaerIb0wdk;wufjrifhrm;vmap&ef aqmif&Gufaom BudK;yrf;
tm;xkwfrIrsm;udk axmufcHrIjyKonf/ ¤if;tjyif jrefrmEkdifiHrS
One China Policy udk qufvufxm;&Sd&ef vdkvm;cJhonf/
jrefrmtpdk;&opfudk todtrSwfjyKjcif;? axmufcHjcif;onf One
China Policy udk jrefrmEkdifiHu udkifqGJxm;jcif;tm; &&Sdvdkaom
aMumifhjzpfonf/ EdkifiHjcm;a&;rl0g'qdkif&mtm;jzifh tmqD,H+3?
tmqD,H+1 ESifh GMS ponfwdkYtygt0if a'owGif; yl;aygif;
aqmif&GufrIrsm;wGif jrefrmEkdifiHESifh yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI cdkifcdkif
rmrmxm;&Sdvdkonf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh a'owGif;yl;aygif;aqmif
&GufrIrsm;wGif wpfEdkifiHESifhwpfEkdifiH tjyeftvSefaxmufcHjcif;
tm;jzifh jrefrmEkdifiHESifhaygif;pyfnd§EIdif;rIrsm; wdk;jrifhay:ayguf
vm&ef arQmfvifhxm;cJhjyD; w½kwfEkdifiH\ a'owGif; EkdifiHjcm;a&;
rl0g'tpDtpOfrsm;udk axmufcHay;rnfh r[mrdwfwpfOD;tjzpf
jrefrmEkdifiHudk vdkvm;cJhonf/

3.3 China Seeking Myanmar’s Support on Multilateral Platforms

3.2 A Comprehensive Strategic Cooperative Partnership

2011 ckEpS f arvtwGi;f abusif;odYk Ekid if aH wmfor®wBuD;
tvnftywf oGm;a&mufco
hJ nfh c&D;pOftwGi;f w½kwEf iS jhf refrm
ESpfEdkifiHqufqHa&;udk bufpkHr[mAsL[majrmuf yl;aygif;
aqmif&Gufa&;rdwfzuftqifhodkY wdk;jr§ifhvdkufaMumif; aMunmcJh
onf/ þonfrSm w½kwfEkdifiHtaejzifh jrefrmEkdifiHudk r[m
AsL[majrmufqufqHa&;tjzpf yxrOD;qkH; twnfjyKowfrSwf
ay;vdu
k jf cif;vnf;jzpfonf/ tqdyk gaqmif&u
G cf suo
f nf q,fpEk pS f
rsm;pGm &if;ESD;cspfMunfaom EdkifiHa&;rdwfzuf? pD;yGm;a&;rdwfzuf
tjzpf wnf&SdcJh&mrS aemufwpfqifhodkY ul;ajymif;wufvSrf;vdkuf
jcif;jzpfaMumif; w½kwEf idk if rH S jrefrmhta&;uRr;f usio
f l xdyw
f ef;
ynm&Sif Song Qingrun u w&m;0if xkwfazmfajymMum;cJhonf/
w½kwf-jrefrmqufqHa&; ydkrdkeD;uyfonfxuf eD;uyfvmrnf
[laom arQmfrSef;csufrsm;onfvnf; txl;yifjrifhrm;cJhonf/
bufpkHr[mAsL[majrmuf yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&; rdwfzuf
wGif yg0ifonfh e,fy,frsm;udkcsrSwf&mwGif w½kwfor®w
[lusiaf wmifu atmufygtcsufav;csufudktav;ay;ajym
Mum;cJhonf/
(1) ESpfEdkifiHqufqHa&; wdk;jr§ifhjcif;ESifh tqifhtwef;
toD;oD;wGif tjyeftvSefzvS,fjcif;? yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufjcif;?

China’s Strategic
Misjudgement on
Myanmar By Yun Sun

(Elevating Bilateral realtions and Expanding Exchanges and
Cooperation at All Levels)

rSL;aZmf

w½kwfEdkifiH\
jrefrmr[mAsL[m
tcsdeftqtvGJ

(2) r[mAsL[majrmuf tjyeftvSef yHyh ;kd ulnrD I cdik rf ma&;?
(Strengthening Mutual Strategic Support)

(3) vufawGUyl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI eufeuf½Idif;½Idif;wdk;jr§ifh
jcif;?

(Deepening Pragmatic Cooperation)

(4) e,fpyfa'ownfNidrfrIudk xdef;odrf;xm;&Sda&;
(Maintaining Border Stability)

w½kwfEkdifiHonf qufqHa&;jr§ifhwifjcif;? e,fpyfa'o
wnfNidrfjcif; ponfh umv&SnfMum tav;xm;cJhonfh e,fy,f
rsm;udk OD;pm;ay;cJhojzifh eHygwf(1)ESifh eHygwf(4)tcsufwdkY
jyefvnfyg0ifvmjcif; jzpfonf/ odkYaomfvnf; eHygwf(2)ESifh
(3)tcsufwdkYrSm jrefrmEkdifiHtay: w½kwfEkdifiH\ arQmfrSef;csuf
topfrsm; jzpfvmcJhonf/
yxrtcsufjzpfaom r[mAsL[majrmuf tjyeftvSef
yHhydk;ulnDrI cdkifrma&;rSm w½kwf-jrefrm ESpfEdkifiHtMum; r[mAsL
[mudpö&yfrsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;í tjyeftvSefaxmufcHjcif;udk
&,lvdkaom w½kwfEdkifiH\ arQmfrSef;csufudk azmfnTef;aeonf/
w½kwfEkdifiHonf jrefrmjynfolrsm; a&G;cs,faom zGHUNzdK;a&;vrf;
aMumif;ESifh EdkifiHa&;pepfwdkYudk av;pm;rIxm;&SdjyD; tpdk;&opfrS
wnfNidrfrIudk xdef;odrf;&ef? pD;yGm;a&;wdk;wufap&ef? jynfolrsm;

The Voice Weekly

onfh 10 ESpfwmtwGif; r[mAsL[majrmuf rdwfzufqufqHa&;
rsm; wd;k csUJ aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ nf/ odUk aomfvnf; jrefrmEdik if \
H ta&;ygrI?
eD;uyfaomqufqaH &; &Sx
d m;rIwYkdaMumifh 2011 ckEpS t
f xd jrefrm
EdkifiHESifh r[mAsL[majrmuf rdwfzufqufqHa&; xlaxmifcJhjcif;
r&SdcJhay/ or®wOD;odef;pdef usrf;opömusdefqdkNyD;aemuf csufcsif;
yif ,if;r[mAsL[majrmufrdwfzufqufqHa&;xlaxmifcJhonfh
vkyfaqmifcsuf\ tcsdefa&G;cs,frIrSm jrefrmEkdifiHtm; EkdifiHa&;
ESifhpD;yGm;a&;rdwfzuftjzpf ½Ijrifxm;csufrS (t&yfom;tpdk;&
vufxufwGif) r[mAsL[majrmufrdwfzuftjzpf ½IjrifcsufodkY
ajymif;vJvdkufjcif;udk azmfjyaeonf/ tqdkygr[mAsL[majrmuf
rdwfzufqufqHa&;wGif ppfa&;qdkif&myl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIrsm;
udkaomfvnf;aumif;? tjcm;aom a'owGif;EdkifiHrsm;ü yl;aygif;
aqmif&GufrIrsm;udkaomfvnf;aumif; xnfhoGif;azmfjyxm;jcif;
r&Sdaomfvnf; umv&SnfMumvmonfESifhtrQ ,if;tcsufrsm;
vnf; yg0ifvmrnf[í
l w½kwEf idk if rH S uRr;f usio
f rl sm;u cefYreS ;f
xm;cJhaMumif; od&Sd&onf/
3-3 EkdifiHpkHyl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;rsufESmpmrsm;wGif jrefrmEkdifiH
\axmufcHrIudk&&SdEdkif&ef w½kwfBudK;yrf;

'kwd,tcsufjzpfaom tjyeftvSef tusKd;jzpfxGef;apjyD;
vufawGUusus yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G jf cif;[laomtcsuo
f nf jrefrm
Ekid if EH iS hf w½kwEf ikd if \
H pD;yGm;a&;qufqrH o
I nf jrefrmEdik if o
H mru
w½kwfEkdifiHudkyg tusKd;jzpfxGef;aponf[k xif&Sm;apjcif;jzpf
onf/ [lusiaf wmifonf pGr;f tif? vQypf pf? o,f,yl Ykdaqmifa&;?
v,f,mpdkufysKd;a&; ponfwdkYtyg0if w½kwfEkdifiHESifh yl;aygif;
aqmif&GufrI wdk;csJUrnfhe,fy,frsm;udk tao;pdwf xkwfazmfajym
Mum;cJhonf/ [lusifawmifonf vuf&SdwnfaqmufaejyDjzpf
aom yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G af &; pDru
H ed ;f BuD;rsm; tcsdeZf ,m;twdik ;f
jyD;pD;a&;rSm ta&;BuD;aMumif; tav;ay; ajymMum;cJhonf/
w½kwfEkdifiH\ tqdkyg rdwfzufqufqHa&;rSm rnfodkYrQ
topftqef;r[kwfaMumif; w½kwfavhvmolrsm;u a0zefcJhMu
onf/ 1990 jynfhESpfrsm;u w½kwfEkdifiHonf ½k&Sm;? tar&duef
Ekid if rH sm;ESihf r[mAsL[majrmufrw
d zf ufqufqaH &;rsm; xlaxmif
cJhMujyD; jAdwdef? jyifopf? *smreD? tdE´d, ponfhtiftm;BuD;
EdkifiHrsm;? ygupöwef? tif'dkeD;&Sm;? awmifudk&D;,m;? vmtdk?
uarÇm'D;,m;? AD,uferf ponft
h rd ef ;D csi;f Edik if rH sm;ESiv
hf nf; NyD;cJh

wGif azmfjyyg&SdcJUaom atmifxG#f aqmif;yg;rsm;pkpnf;rI

EdkifiHwnfaqmufa&;? 'Drdkua&pDtoGiful;ajymif;a&;ESifU
acsmwdkifwufolrsm;
xGufNyD

The Voice Weekly

bufpyHk ;l aygif;aqmif&u
G af &; r[mAsL[majrmuf rdwzf uf
qufqaH &;xlaxmifonfh tcrf;tem;wGif w½kwo
f r®w [lusiaf wmif
\ xkwfazmfajymMum;csuft& rdwfzufqufqHa&;\tcsuf
wpfcsuftjzpf a'owGif;yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;rsufESmpmrsm;
wGif jrefrmEkdifiH\tcef;u@udk xnfhoGif;azmfjycJhonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHESifh w½kwfEkdifiHwdkU\ tusKd;pD;yGm;rsm;udkumuG,f
Ekdif&eftwGuf tmqD,H+3? tmqD,H+1? rJacgifa'ocGJEdkifiHrsm;
pD;yGm;a&; yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G rf I ponfwYkdwiG f jrefrmEdik if EH iS hf yl;aygif;
aqmif&u
G o
f mG ;&ef w½kwEf idk if rH S qE´&adS eaMumif; xnfo
h iG ;f ajym
Mum;cJhonf/ jrefrmEkdifiHonf EkdifiHwumtodkif;t0dkif;ESifh
wjznf;jznf;csif; jyefvnfaygif;pnf;vmonfhtavsmuf a'o
wGif;ü w½kwfEdkifiH\ rl0g'? w½kwfEdkifiH\tusKd;pD;yGm; ponf
wdkYtwGuf cdkifrmtm;aumif;aom oHwrefa&;axmufcHoltjzpf
jzpfvmEkid o
f nf[í
l w½kwEf idk if u
H arQmv
f ifx
h m;onf/ jrefrmEkid if H
udk tjynfjynfqkdif&me,fy,fwGif ESpf&Snfvrsm; tumtuG,f
ay;xm;cJhonfh w½kwftvSnfhNyD;aemuf (EkdifiHwumtodkif;
t0dkif;odkY jyefvnf0ifqHhvmaom) jrefrmEkdifiHrS w½kwfEkdifiHudk
tumtuG,fay;&rnfh jrefrmtvSnfha&mufawmhrnf[k w½kwf
uRrf;usifolrsm;u rSwf,lxm;onf/
jrefrmEkdifiHrSm twkHUtvSnfh&,lvdkaom w½kwfEkdifiH\
ta&;wBuD; arQmfvifhcsufrSm awmifw½kwfyifv,fta&;udpö
ESifhpyfvsOf;í tmqD,HtzGJUtwGif; jrefrmEdkifiHu axmufcHrIay;
&efjzpfonf/ AD,uferf? zdvpfydkif? rav;&Sm; ponfh tmqD,H
oHk;EdkifiHonf awmifw½kwfyifv,fta&;udpöwGif w½kwfEkdifiH
ESihf wif;rmrIrsm;&Sad eNyD; 2011 ckEpS f yxr ESpv
f ,fyikd ;f wGif ordik ;f
aMumif;wpfavQmuf tjrifhqkH;taetxm;txd jrifhwufvmcJh
onf/ tiftm;BuD;rm;aom w½kwEf idk if EH iS hf awmifw½kwyf ifv,f
ta&;udpu
ö kd ndE§ idI ;f ajz&Si;f &mwGif tmqD,t
H zGUJ \ axmufcrH u
I kd
&,lí MoZmvTrf;rdk;rIudk wefjyef&m tmqD,Hu qE´&SdcJhaomf
vnf; w½kwfEkdifiHurl tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;udk oufqdkif&mEkdifiHESifh
ESpfEdkifiHcsif;om nd§EIdif;ajz&Sif;aqmif&GufoGm;&ef vdkvm;cJhonf/
w½kwfEdkifiHonf tqdkygta&;udpöESifhpyfvsOf;í jrefrmEkdifiHu
axmufcHxm;aMumif;? txl;ojzifh tmqD,HtwGif; ESpfEdkifiHcsif;
om ndE§ idI ;f ajz&Si;f oGm;onfh enf;vrf;udk jrefrmEkid if u
H axmufcH
xm;aMumif; qGJudkifajz&Sif;cJhonf/ xdkodkY jrefrmEkdifiHrS &yfwnf
ay;&ef arQmfvifhcsufudkvnf; 2011 ckESpf bmvDüusif;yjyKvkyf
onfh ASEAN Regional Forum rwdkifrD w½kwfEkdifiHu jrefrm
tpdk;&t&m&Sdrsm;xH wdkuf½dkufajymMum;cJhonf/
w½kwfEkdifiH\ rl0g'tay: jrefrmEkdifiHrS axmufcHay;ap
vdkonfh tjcm;aomudpöwpf&yfrSm w½kwfEdkifiHrS oabFmom;
13 OD; towfcH&NyD;aemuf w½kwf? jrefrm? xdkif;? vmtdk yl;wGJí
rJacgifjrpftwGif; uif;vSnfhrnfhtpDtpOf jzpfonf/ rlvu
w½kwfEdkifiH\ tqdkygtqdkjyKcsufudk xdkif;EdkifiHu tjyif;txef
qefYusifuefYuGufcJhaomfvnf; jrefrmEkdifiH\ axmufcHrI
&&SdcJhjcif;aMumifh nd§EIdif;tpnf;ta0;wGif vsifjrefpGm oabm
wlnDrI&&SdcJhonf/
rSL;aZmf

wGif tcef;qufazmfjyyg&SdcJUaom aqmif;yg;rsm;pkpnf;rI

rSefeef;aqmifuefhvefhumrsm;
aeoefarmif

xGufawmh rnf

31

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

2008 ckESpf zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'udktajccHí yHkazmf
usifhoHk;onhf EdkifiHa&;pepfudk jzwfoef;onfhtcdsef 2 ESpf
rjynfhao;rDrSmyif xkdzJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqifa&;
qkdonhfajymqkdoHrsm;us,fus,favmifavmif Mum;vmae&ay
onf/ wdkif;&if;om;vlenf;pkrsm;uvnf; zuf'&,fppfppfr&l &daS &;
twGuf tajccHOya'udkjyifqifvdkMuovdk NLD uvnf;
or®wa&G;cs,fwifajr§mufjcif;qkdif&m t&nftcsif;owfrSwfrI
rsm;ESihfywfoufNyD; tajccHOya'ukdta&;wBuD;jyifqifvdkae
ayonf/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfujyifqifvdkonhf Oya'
jy|mef;csuftcsKdUESiyfh wfoufívnf; tajccHOya'ygjy|mef;csuf
ESihfqefYusifaeojzihf jyifqifvkdygu zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk
omjyifyg[k tBuHay;wdkufwGef;onhf or®w\oabmxm;
rSwfcsuffrsm;vnf; xGufay:vmaeay&m zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'
jyifqifa&;ESihfywfoufNyD; vltrsm;updwf0ifwpm;&dSvmaeMu
ayonf/
xkdokdYzJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqifa&;qkdonfESihf
ywfoufí oufqkdif&mEdkifiHa&;tkyfpktoD;oD;u trsKd;rsKd;
ajymqkdaeMuaomfvnf; tajccHonhf tudsK;pD;yGm;rsm;rwlonhf
tavsmuf jyifqifvdkonhftcsufrsm;wGifvnf; MunhfjrifyHk?
oabmxm;yHkrwlMuacs/ uRefawmfhtaejzihf þaqmif;yg;wGif
rdrdyg0ifvIyf&Sm;&m EdkifiHa&;ygwDudk ukd,fpm;rjyKbJ EdkifiHa&;
avhvmolwpfOD;\ a,bk,sjrif&onhftjrifudkom pmzwf
y&d o wf t m;a0iS v d k a yonf / od k Y jzpf & m uRef a wmf h t jrif
oabmxm;onf uRefawmhfygwD\tjrif? oabmxm;r[kwf
ovdk vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,t
f rsm;pk\tjrif? oabmxm;vnf;
r[kwfaMumif; &Sif;vif;pGmyxrajymMum;vdkygonf/
2008 ckESpfzJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya' jyifqifa&;qkdif&m
aemufq;kH vIy&f mS ;rItjzpf 15 - 3 - 2013 &ufaeYuusif;yaom
jynfolYvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;wGif jynfaxmifpkBuHhcdkifa&;ESihf
zHYG NzdK;a&;ygwD 'kw,
d Ouú|ol&OD;at;jrifu
h wifoiG ;f aomta&;
wBuD;tqkdudkaxmufjy&rnfjzpfayonf/ tqkdyg tqkdrSm
zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqif&eftwGuf vkdtyf-rvdktyf
tydkif;vdkuf tydkif;vkduf avhvmoHk;oyf&eftwGuf aumfrwD
odkYr[kwf aumfr&Sifrsm;zJGYpnf;NyD; avhvmpdppf&ef jynfolY
vTwfawmfrSwpfqifh wdkufwGef;onhfoabmjzpfojzihf rMumrD
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGif tqkdygtqkdudk rJcJGumtwnfjyK
rnhfyHkawGYae&ayonf/ þtcsufu tmPm& jynfcdkifNzdK;ygwD
taejzihf 2008 zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqif&efvdkonf[k
½dk;om;pGmoHk;oyfrI&dSvmNyD[k pma&;olem;vnfvdkufayonf/
txl;ojzihf tqkdudkaxmufcHaomOD;odef;aZmfrSm jynfwGif;
Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifrIaumfrwDwGif Ouú|tjzpf wm0ef
xrf;aqmifaeoljzpfojzihf vufeufudkifwkdif;&if;om;tzJGYrsm;
awmif;qdak eMuaom wdik ;f &if;om;rsm;udk wef;wltcGit
hf a&;rsm;
ay;tyf&ef pdw0f ifpm;rI&v
Sd monfukd jyoaeonf[k ,lq&rnf
jzpfayonf/
zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'qkdonfrSm EdkifiHa&;qkdif&mOya'
pepfwpf&yfjzpfNyD; vGwfvyfaomtcsKyftjcm tmPmydkifEkdifiH
wpfckwGif EkdifiHawmfukdrnfonhfyHkpHrsKd;jzihf xdef;ausmif;tkyfcsKyf
oGm;Murnfqkdonfh vrf;nTefcsufwkdYukd a&;om;vufcHoabm
wlnDxm;csufrsm;yif jzpfayonf/ xdktajccHOya'wGif Oya'
jyKjcif;? w&m;pD&ifjcif;ESihf tkyfcsKyfjcif;qdkif&mtmPmrsm;
tMum; rnfokdYwm0efcJGa0owfrSwfrnf? rnfokdYqufoG,f
qufqMH urnf qko
d nfwYkd udk &Si;f &Si;f vif;vif;t"dymÜ ,fziG q
fh ?dk
uefYowfxm;avonf/ xdkokdYjzifh tpdk;&wpf&yfudk rnfodkY
a&G;aumufzJGYpnf;? tkyfcsKyfaprnfqkdonfudk azmfjyouJhodkY
jynfolrsm;\ tajccH&ydkifcGihfrsm;udkvnf; tmrcHcsufay;xm;
ayonf/ odkYjzpf&mzJYG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'onf jynforl sm;twGuv
f t
dk yfaom?
pD;yGm;a&;? usef;rma&;? ynma&;? obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;
a&;ponhf aemufxyfjyKpjk y|mef;rnhf Oya'rsm;twGuf vrf;nTecf suf
wpf&yfjzpfojzihf aemufjyKpkjy|mef;onhf Oya'rsm;onf tajccH
Oya'ESihf rqefYusifbJnDnGwf&efvdkayonf/ þtcsufrSm
Oya'wpfcjk y|mef;a&;twGuf vdt
k yfaom tajccHpnf;rsOf;wpfck
jzpfygonf/
EkdifiHawmfat;csrf;om,ma&;ESihf zHGYNzdK;a&;aumifpDu
jy|mef;ay;xm;cJhaom tcsKdUOya'rsm;yg jy|mef;csufrsm;rSm
zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif tao;pdwfjy|mef;xm;csufrsm;udk
pmom;tm;jzihf wdkuf½dkuful;,lazmfjyxm;csufrsm;jzpfMuonf/
xkdodkYaomjy|mef;csufrsKd;udk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu jyifqif
csifaeaom zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'qkdif&mcHk½Hk;Oya'wGif txif
t&Sm;awGYjrifEkdifayonf/
okdYjzpf&mtqkdyg Oya'yg jy|mef;xm;csuftcsKdUudk
tenf;i,fjyifqifa&;om;vdu
k v
f Qifyif rlvqdv
k o
dk nht
f "dymÜ ,f
rSm ajymif;vJoGm;ojzihf tajccHOya'ESihf qefYusif&ma&mufoGm;
ayonf/
zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'jyifqifa&;ESihfywfoufí or®w\tjrif
tkyfcsKyfa&;qdkif&m tBuD;tuJjzpfol EdkifiHawmfor®wu
zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqif&efpdwf0ifpm;onf[kqkdvQif

Oya'jyKa&;udpw
ö Gif or®w\tcef;u@rsm;pGm arS;rSdefaeonf
udk jyifqifvdkjcif;jzpfvdrfhrnf[k wGufqMunfhaerdygonf/
tar&duefor®wwGif Oya'jyKvTwfawmfu jy|mef;vkdufonhf
Oya'Murf;udk rBudKuEf pS o
f ufygu ADwadk c: wpfcsufvTwftmPm
jzihf y,fcscGi&fh aSd eygonf/ or®w\ ADwt
dk mPmudak usmfvmT ;&ef
twGuf vTwfawmfESpf&yfaygif;u oHk;yHkESpfyHkaxmufcHrJ&zdkYvdk
ygonf/ xko
d Ykd vHak vmufaomrJ&&drS o
S m or®w\ ADwt
kd mPmudk
ausmfvTm;um Oya'jyKEdkifrnfjzpfygonf/
,ckuReaf wmfwY\
k d Oya'jyKa&;wGiu
f m; jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf
wGif wufa&mufvmMuaom vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftrsm;pk\
axmufcHrJ&vQifyif or®w\rSwfcsuf odkYr[kwf jyifqifcsuf
udk ausmfvTm;Edkifojzihf or®wrSm EdkifiHudkpDrHtkyfcsKyf&mwGif
pdwfoGm;wkdif;udk,fryg qkdovdkjzpfaeayonf/ Oyrmtm;jzihf
ajym&vQif- jynfolYvTwfawmfqkdif&mOya'? EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;
jr§yfESHrIOya' ponfjzihf/
jynfaxmifpkBuHhckdifa&;ESihf zHGYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;ygwD\
tjrifoabmxm;
,ckwpfavm pm&if;ppfcsKyfOya'udk jyifqifonhOf ya'ESifh
Ekid if aH wmfzYGJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'qkid &f m cH½k ;kH Oya'udk jyifqifonhf
Oya'rsm;udk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu axmufcHjcif;jcif;rsm;ESihf
ywfoufí Edik if aH wmfor®wOD;ode;f pdeu
f tcsKUd aomtcsurf sm;rSm
zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'ygjy|mef;csufrsm;udk qefYusifaeojzihf
xkdOya' jyifqifjcif;jyKvkyfrnhftpm; zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'
udkom jyifqifzdkYBudK;pm;oihfaMumif; oabmxm;rSwfcsufay;
jcif;rSm vkyx
f ;kH vkyef nf;rSeu
f efap&eftwGuf &nf&,
G af jymqkjd cif;
om jzpfayonf/ xkdodkYjyifqifajymif;vJvdkufjcif;tm;jzihf
ajymif;vJomG ;rnfh t"dymÜ ,fukd ¤if;taeESihf axmufco
H nfqkdonhf
t"dyÜm,f vHk;0r[kwfacs/ ,aeYtcsdeftxd jynfaxmifpk

zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk
b,fvdkjyifMurvJ
&JxGef;(oDayg)
BuHhcdkzHGYNzdK;a&;ygwDtaejzifh zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuf
wpf&yf&yfudk jyifqifvdkaMumif; ygwDu w&m;0if xkwfjyefxm;
csufaomfvnf;aumif;? vTwfawmftwGif; vIyf&Sm;rIaomfvnf;
aumif; r&dSao;ygacs/ xkdokdYvTwfawmfwGif;rS jynfckdifNzdK;
trwf r sm;taeES i h f zJ G Y p nf ; yH k t ajccH O ya'ud k jyif q if & ef
rvIyf&Sm;MubJ rdrdwdkYvdkonhfOya'ukdom jyifqif&ef BudK;pm;
aeMujcif;rSm zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqif&ef BudK;pm;vQif
atmifjrifrI&&ef raocsmaomaMumifh jzpfayonf/ taMumif;rSm
tajccHOya' jyifqifEdkif&eftwGuf axmufcHrJ 75 &mcdkifEIef;
ausmf&&dSrSom atmifjrifEdkifrnfjzpfay&m wyfrawmfom; 25
&mcdkifEIef;xJrS rJtcsKdU\ axmufcHrIudk&&dSrSomvQif atmifjrif
EdkifrnfjzpfaomaMumifhaywnf;/ zJGYpnf;yHkjyifqifa&;ESihfywf
oufí rJay;&mwGif wyfrawmfom;rsm;rSm umuG,fa&;OD;pD;
csKyf\ oabmxm;udk&,l&rnf[k nTefMum;csuf&SdcJhvQif
zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya' jyifqifa&;udprö Sm wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;
OD;pD;csKyf\qE´u t"duusonf[k ajymqkd&ayvdrfhrnf/
xdkYtjyif ygwDwGif;nDnGwfa&;udk ygwD\ vrf;pOfay:vpD
qdkif&mudprö sm;tay:wGif cdkifrmpGmwnfaqmufrxm;Edkifjcif;u
zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'jyifqif&ef vTwfawmftwGif; vdktyfaom
rJta&twGuf&&SdEdkif-r&&dSEkdifqkdonfrSm oHo,yGm;p&mjzpfay
onf/
trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzJGYcsKyf\ tjrifoabmxm;
NLD ygwDtaejzifhrl ¤if;wdkYtaejzihf zJGYpnf;yHktajccH
Oya'wGif jyifqifvdkonhftcsufrsm;&dSaeaMumif; trsm;
odatmifajymqkdxm;NyD; ,ckwpfavm a':atmifqef;pkMunf\
ajymqkdcsufrsm;t& 2015 ckESpfrwkdifrD t"dujyifqifvdkonhf
tcsufrSm EkdifiHawmfor®wa&G;cs,fa&;ESihfywfoufonhf t&nf
tcsif;owfrSwfcsufrsm;yifjzpfaMumif; yGihfyGihfvif;vif;xkwf
azmfajymqkdvmayonf/ or®wa&G;cs,fa&;ESihfywfoufí
,ckvuf&dSjy|mef;xm;aom t&nftcsif;owfrSwfcsufrsm;rSm
a':atmifqef;pkMunf wpfOD;wpfa,mufwnf;udk&nf&G,fum
jy|mef;xm;csufrsm;jzpfaeojzihf w&m;rQwrIr&dSí y,fzsufoihf
onf[kqkdygonf/
xdktcsufudk jyifqifa&;ESihf ywfoufíum; wyfrawmf
umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf\ oabmxm;tjyif vuf&dSvTwfawmf
twGif; trwfae&mtrsm;pk&&dSxm;aom jynfaxmifpkBuHhcdkifa&;
ESizfh YGH NzdK;a&;ygwD ud,
k pf m;vS,t
f rsm;pk\ axmufccH suf&&drS o
S m

atmifjrifEkdifrnfjzpfojzihf ydkrdkcufcJaomudpöjzpfayvdrfhrnf/
odkYaomfvnf; EdkifiHa&;qkdonfrSm rarQmfvihfbJ aeYcsif;ncsif;
ajymif ; vJ o G m ;Ed k i f o nf h t ajctaerd s K; vnf ; &d S w wf a y&m
vHk;0rjzpffEdkif[kawmh rqkd0Hhacs/
vTwfawmfwiG ;f a&muf vlenf;pkwikd ;f &if;om; EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;\
tjrifoabmxm;
vlenf;pkwkdif;&if;om;EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;u 2008 zJGYpnf;yHk
tajccHOya'wGif jyifqif&efpdwf0ifpm;onhftydkif;rSmum;
txufuazmfjycJhonhf EdkifiHa&;ygwDBuD; ESpfygwDESihf rwlbJ
uJGjym;jcm;em;avonf/ ¤if;wdYkpw
d 0f ifpm;MuonfrmS jynfe,fEiS hf
wkdif;a'oBuD;rsm;tvdkuf &&dSxm;onhf vTwfawmfrsm;\ Oya'
jyKcG i h f t mPmES i h f jynf e ,f ? wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; tpd k ; &rsm;\
tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmrsm; wdk;wuf&&dSa&;yif jzpfavonf/
vlenf;pkwkdif;&if;om;wdkY&&dSvkdaom zuf'&,fppfppf
yHkpHqkdonfrSm jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfESihf jynfaxmifpktpdk;&
wk d Y u umuG , f a &;? Ed k i f i H j cm;a&;? aiG p uú L xk w f a 0a&;ES i h f
A[kdbPf? EkdifiHjcm;ukefoG,fa&;? jynfe,fESihfwdkif;a'oBuD;
rsm;tMum; e,fajrqdkif&m tjiif;yGm;rIrsm; ponhfudpörsm;ESihf
ywfoufonhf Oya'jyKa&;ESihf tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmrsm;rSty
usefaomudpö&yfrsm;ESihf ywfoufonhf Oya'jyKcGihftmPmESihf
tkyfcsKyfcGihftmPmrsm;udk jynfe,fESihfwkdif;a'oBuD;rsm;tm;
cJGa0ay;a&;jzpfonf[k qkd&rnfjzpfayonf/
þodkY &,lvdkonhfudpöESihfywfoufívnf; wpfygwDESihf
wpfygwD? wpfzJGYESihfwpfzJGY wpfoabmwnf; wlnDMuonf
r[kwfacs/ Oyrmtm;jzihf- &Srf;wdkif;&if;om;rsm;'Drdku&ufwpf
ygwDu vuf&dSzJGYpnf;yHktwdkif; jynfe,f ckepfckESihf wdkif;
a'oBuD; ckepfczk YGJ pnf;xm;jcif;udv
k ufcv
H suf vlrsm;pkArmvlrsKd;
rsm; aexdkif&ma'orsm;udk Armjynfe,fwpfjynfe,f odkYr[kwf
Armjynfe,fESpfjynfe,f (txufArm jynfe,fESihf atmufArm
jynfe,ftjzpfom cJGjcm;&ef) qdkonhf &Srf;wkdif;&if;om;rsm;
'Drdkua&pDtzJGYcsKyf\ jynfe,f&Spfjynfe,f (odkYr[kwf) udk;
jynfe,fom xm;&dS&rnfqkdonfhrludk rawmif;qdkay/ &Srf;wdkif;
&if;om;rsm;'Drdku&ufwpfygwDu awmif;qdkonfrSm wef;wla&;
ESihf udk,fhMur®m udk,fzefwD;cGihf&dSaom zuf'&,fyHkpH jynfaxmifpk
pepfom jzpfonf/
vlenf;pkwdkif;&if;om;rsm;u jynfe,frsm;twGuf Oya'
jyKcGihfESihf tkyfcsKyfcGihftmPmrsm; ydkrkd&&dS&ef arQmfvifhvmMujcif;rSm
pD;yGm;a&;zHGYNzdK;wkd;wufa&;twGuf A[kdcsKyfudkifrIudkajzavQmh
ay;&ef trSew
f u,fvt
kd yfr&I aSd ejcif;? wdik ;f a'oBuD;rsm;uvnf;
xkdudpöudk axmufcHEdkifbG,f&m tajctae&dSaejcif;ESihf wdkif;
&if;om;pnf;vHk;nDnGwfa&;udk ydkrdktaxmuftuljzpfapEdkifjcif;
wdkYaMumihf tem*gwfumvwGif xdkodkYaom zJGYpnf;yHkjyifqifrIrsKd;
rSm tjynhft0r[kwfonhfwdkif twkdif;twmwpfcktxd &&dSvm
vdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifh&ayonf/
'Drdku&ufwpfygwDjrefrmjynfESihf trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pD tiftm;pk
ygwDwdkY\tjrifoabmxm;
2015 a&G;aumufyJGrsm;wGif wpfEdkifiHvHk;taetxm;jzihf
,SOfNydKifEdkifpGrf;&dSaomfvnf; wpfNrdKUe,fcsif;tvdkuf Edkifajc
odyfrrsm;vSaom EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;jzpfMuonhf trdsK;om;'Drdk
ua&pDtiftm;pkygwDESihf 'Drdku&ufwpfygwDjrefrmjynf ponf
wdkYu tajccHOya'wGifjyifqif&ef ,ckavmavmq,f pdwf0if
pm;aeonfhudpörSm a&G;aumufyJGenf;pepfESihfywfoufonfh
zJYG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'tcef;(9) yg jy|mef;csurf sm;jzpfayvdrrhf nf/
taMumif;rSm xdkEdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;u 2015 a&G;aumufyJGwGif
tcsKd;usudk,fpm;jyKpepfac: (PR System) ukd vufcHusihfoHk;vdk
Mujcif;aMumifh jzpfayonf/ ,ckvuf&dSa&G;aumufyJGpepfrSm
qE´rJtrsm;qHk;&ol-tEdkif&pepf ( First-past-the-post system)
jzpfay&m tcsKdUaomrJ&v'frsm;wGif xdkrJqE´e,fa'o&dStrsm;pk
rJqE´&Sifrsm;udk tEkdif&udk,fpm;vS,fuudk,fpm;rjyKEdkif[k
¤if;wdkYuqkdMuonf/ Oyrmtm;jzihf udk,fpm;vS,favmif;
av;a,mufNydKifMu&mwGif &&dSaomqE´rJrsm;rSm (30%+25%+
25%+20%)toD;oD;jzpfMuvQif tEkdif&udk,fpm;vS,fu
qE´rJtm;vHk;\ 30 &mcdkifEIef;om&&dSaomfvnf; vTwfawmf
udk,fpm;vS,fjzpfrnfjzpfojzihf xdka'oaejynfoltrsm;pkudk
trSefwu,fudk,fpm;jyKjcif;r&dS[k axmufjyMuonf/ odkYjzpfí
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;wpfOD;csif;r,SOfNydKifbJ ygwDtvdkufom
,SOfNydKifí &&dSaomrJrsm;tm;vHk;udkaygif;um tcsKd;uspepfjzihf
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fae&m&,laom pepfudkusihfoHk;&ef
vdkvm;aeMuayonf/ xkdodkYaoma&G;aumufyJGpepfudk usifhoHk;
vdkvQif zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya' tcef;(9)yg a&G;aumufwif
ajr§mufjcif;tcef;&dS jy|mef;csufrsm;ukd jyifqif&efvdkonf/
þodYkjyifqifjcif;twGuf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf&Sd ukd,fpm;vS,f
tm;vHk;\ 75 &mcdkifEIef;ausmfu axmufcH&efomvdktyfNyD;
vlxkqE´cH,lyJGjzihf twnfjyK&efrvdkay/
odkYjzpfí xkdodkYaoma&G;aumufyJGpepfudkusihfoHk;&ef
pdwf0ifpm;Muonhf EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;rSm wpfEdkifiHvHk;wGif
0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifEdkifaomfvnf; wpfNrdKUe,fcsif;tvdkuf Ekdifajc
pmrsufESm 32 odkY

32
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

&ufydkif;awGtwGif;rSm jrefrmjynf&JU tBuD;qHk;twdkuftcHygwD NLD &JU yxrqHk;tBudrf ygwDnDvmcH usif;ycJhwm awGU&ygw,f/ ygwDnDvmcHqdkwm at;aq;wnfNidrfNyD; EdkifiHawGu
ygwDawGtzdYkawmh yHrk eS f av;ESpw
f pfBudrf ig;ESpw
f pfBudrf usi;f yMuwmyg/ 'gayrJh tcuftcJ tusyt
f wnf;aygif;rsm;pGm jzwfoef;aeMu&wJh Edik if aH wGu ygwDawGtzdYkawmh Edik if aH &;tcsK;d tauGU
tvSnfhtajymif;awGjzpfvmrS (odkY) tqifhwpfqifhudk wufvSrf;vmEdkifrS cufcufcJcJusif;yMu&wmjzpfygw,f/
jrefrmEdkifiH&JU vGwfvyfa&;&NyD; ordkif;acwftwGif; ygwD tJ'Dpum;rygaMumif; csufcsif;vSrf;axmufygw,f/ tJ'D vHk;u ajratmuf,l*sDawG? awmfvSefa&;orm;awG? wuf<uol
trsm;tjym; ay:xGe;f cJah yr,fh ygwDnv
D mcHwpf&yfukd yDyjD yifjyif uGef*&uf&JU rsufarSmuftajctaeoHk;oyfcsuftcsKyfuawmh awG trsm;tjym;a&mufvmvdkY w½kwfuGefjrLepfygwD[m
usif;yNyD; vkyfief;pOfwpf&yfudk yDyDjyifjyifcsrSwfvkyfaqmif ygwD[m twdwfumvu &&SdcJhwJh 'Da&jrifheJY tem*wfumvrSm tqaygif ; rsm;pG m BuD ; xG m ;vmcJ h w ,f / 'D ae&mrS m
oGm;EdkifwJh ygwDqdkwm vufcsKd;a&vdkY &avmufatmif tenf;pk rkcs&&Sdvmr,fh awmfvSefa&;'Da&jrifhBuD;&JU Mum;umvrSm aemufa&mufvmwJh vlopfawG (vlopfayr,fh NrKdUay:rSm
uav;bJ &SdcJhygw,f/ tcsKdUtauGUawG[m jyif;xefvGef;vdkY a&muf&Sdaew,fvdkY oHk;oyfcJhw,f/ csrSwfcJhwJh vrf;pOfuawmh xkom;ayom;usvmcJhwJh awmfvSefa&;orm;awGygyJ) [m
ygwDtrsm;tjym; vGifhpifaysmufuG,foGm;w,f/ tvm;wlyJ vufeufudkifwdkufyGJeJYom tmPmodrf;&r,fqdkwJh vrf;pOfyJ ynmwwfawGjzpfNyD; olwdkY[m vla&SmufcsD&JU vlawGrsm;yg
vQrf;vQrf;awmufqdkwJh vuf0J? vuf,m acgif;aqmif trsm; jzpfygw,f/ 'Dvykd pkH [
H m Auywpfcw
k nf; uGuNf yD; jzpfcw
hJ mawmh w,f/ rlvvla[mif;awGuawmh vuform;au'gawGjzpfNyD;
tjym;ordkif;a&pD;rSm wjznf;jznf; ESpfjrKyfaysmufuG,fukefMu r[kwfygbl;/ tJ'Dacwfumvu awmwGif;rSma&m rqvygwD armf&JUvlawGyg/ vla[mif;awGuawmh tMurf;ywrf;udpaö wGrSm
w,f/ ygwDtcsKUd [m awmwGi;f vufeufuikd b
f 0eJY wjznf;jznf; rSma&m uRefawmfwdkY ta&SUbufu EdkifiHBuD;i,f wcsKdUrSmyg ydk&NyD; vlopfawGu tkyfcsKyfa&;? pnf;½Hk;a&; vkyfief;awGrSm
csKyfNidrf;oGm;Muw,f/ wcsKdUu ajray:rSmwif zrf;qD;cH& ESdyf tm;vHk; 'DyHkpHtwdkif; jzpfcJhMuwmyg/
ydkae&m &vmMuwmyg/ 'DwtHkaEG;aEG;jyóem[m 1958 ckESpf
uGycf &H NyD; zsuford ;f jcif;cH&w,f/ jrefrmhordik ;f rSm vuf,mygwD
rSm r[mcHkysHausmfvTm;a&;qdkwJh pDrHudef;trSm;rSm ydkBuD;xGm;vm
NLD &JU ygwDnDvmcHuawmh 'DvdkyHkpHawGuae cGJxGufcJh
awG 1962 ckEpS af emufyikd ;f r&So
d avmufjzpfomG ;cJNh yD;? vuf0yJ gwD NyDvdkY qdkEdkifygw,f/ &yfaus;uaepNyD;awmh nDvmcH udk,fpm; NyD; armfpDwkef;udk,fwdkif tajctae,drf;,dkifvmwJh oabm
awGxrJ mS awmh ArmjynfueG jf rLepfygwD[m 1990 avmufupNyD; vS , f a wG ? A[d k a umf r wD a wG u tp 'D r d k u a&pD e nf ; uspG m jzpfvmwmyg/ 'gaMumifh 1964 rSm ay:xGufvmwJh ,Ofaus;rI
ajratmufpnf;½Hk;a&;ygwDtjzpf ,Jh,Jhav; usefaewmawGU& a&G;cs,fcJhwmawGU&w,f/ 'DvdkyHkpH[m 'DaeYacwftzdkY tvG,f awmfvSefa&;qdkwm[m vla&SmufcsDeJY olYvlawGudk &Sif;wJhyGJBuD;
ygw,f/
wulawGUaeusudpörsKd;vdkY ,lqEdkifayr,fh udk,fhudk,fudk,f jzpfvmwmyg/ Zmwfvrf;pwmuawmh vla[mif; vlopfjyóem
1939 ckESpfu pwifwnfaxmifwJh ArmjynfuGefjrLepf ,HkMunfpdwfr&SdwJh ygwDrsm;tzdkY tckacwfrSmvnf; 'Dtwdkif; yg/
ygwD&JU oufwrf;wpfavQmuf 1986 ckESpftxd ygwDuGef*&uf vdkufvkyfzdkY rvG,fvSygbl;/ NLD udk,fpm;vS,fa&G;yGJawGrSm
'gaMumifh 'DvdkjyóemrsKd;udk rSefrSefuefuef oabmxm;
oHk;Budrf usif;ycJhwm awGU&w,f/ usefwJhorkdif;rSm aysmufuG,f awmif *dkPf;*Pjyóem? tuGJtjyJjyóemudk tawmfBuHK Edkifa&;? rSefrSefuefuefajz&Sif;a&;[m tcuftcJ tusyftwnf;
oGm;cJhwJh ygwDawGrSm 'Dvdk uGef*&uf odkYr[kwf nDvmcH oHk; vdkuf&wmawGU&ygw,f/ 'gayrJh ajz&Sif;ausmfvTm;EdkifcJhwm udk jzwfoef;vmwJh ygwDwpfcktwGuf ta&;BuD;wJh vkyfief;pOf
Budrfusif;yEdkifwm r&SdcJhbl;vdkY xifygw,f/ qdkvdkwmuawmh awGU&w,f/ 'DtuGJtjyJawGuaeMunfh&if NLD twGuf a&&Snf wpfckjzpfygw,f/ vuf&Sd usif;ycJhwJh nDvmcHrSm 'Dudpöudk
nDvmcHwpf&yfawmif usif;yzdkY cufcJvSwJh jrefrmhEdkifiHa&; rSm *½kpdkufzdkYvdkwJh jyóemwpfckudkawmh awGU&ygw,f/ tJ'g rSefrSefuefuef ae&mcsxm;EdkifcJhwm awGU&ygw,f/ 'gayrJh
ordkif;aMumif;udk ajymcsifwmyg/
'DvIdif;*sme,frSm azmfjywJh aqmif;yg;wcsKdUrSm 'Djyóemtay:
rSefrSefuefuef oabmxm;a&; tjrifcsKdUwJhaewm awGU&w,f/
tck NLD ygwD[m oufwrf; 25 ESpftwGif;rSm yxrqHk;
usif;yEdkifcJhwJh nDvmcHjzpfygw,f/ ¤if;ygwD&JU oufwrf; 25
aemufwpfcku udk,fcsnf;yJtepfemcHcJh&w,fqdkwJhtjrifrsKd;
ESpftwGif;rSm vGwfvGwfvyfvyf vIyf&Sm;cGifh &csdef[m oHk;? av;
awGvnf; awGU&ygw,f/ Ouú|jzpfoel YJ uGv
J aJG ewmawGuv
kd nf;
ESpfxuf rydkbl;vdkY xifygw,f/ usefwJhwpfavQmuf vHk;uawmh
tawmfawGU&ygw,f/ wu,fwrf; jrefrmEdkifiHrSm temcH&qHk;
jyif ; xef w J h ES d y f u G y f r I a wG u d k wpf a vQmuf v H k ; cH c J h & wm
olawG[m b,folawGygvJ/ uRefawmfhtjrift&awmh jynfol
barmifnKd
awGU&ygw,f/ vufeufudkiftzGJUtpnf;awGrSm jyif;xef
awGvdkYyJ jrifygw,f/ txl;ojzifh tpdk;&wyfeJY vufeufudkif
Murf;wrf;wJh ordkif;aMumif;awG ESpfaygif; 5000 &SdcJhw,fqdkay
wyfzGJUrsm;Mum; ajrpmyif jzpfae&wJh &Srf;awG? 0awG? ytdkYawG?
r,fh olwdkYrSmu olvnf;vufeufeJY? udk,fvnf; vufeufeJY
yavmifawG? ucsif? u&ifawGygyJ/ rdef;rjzpfolu tdk;wpfvHk;
qdkwJh tjyeftvSefoabmawG &Sdygw,f/ e0wacwfygwDawG
apmifwpfxnf? qefEdkYqDbl;wpfvHk;ESpfvHk;avmufygwJh yvdkif;
tzdkY ajym&&ifawmh wpfzufowfESdyfuGyfwmudk cHMu&wm
udkvG,f? a,mufusm;jzpfolu uav;udkayGU? "m;wpfvufeJY
jzpfw,f/ jrefrmhordkif;rSm tESdyfuGyftcH&qHk;vdkY ajym&if
awm&Sif;&if ESpfaygufatmifajy;ae&wJh &Gmykef;&Gma&SmifawG?
&avmufygw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkY olwdkY[m rdk;xJa&xJ jzwfoef;cJh
anmifhpl;rdwJh'Pf&mavmufeJY tem0ifNyD;raooifhbJ aoqHk;
olawG? rD;awmESif;awmxJ raMumufr&GHUwdk;cJholawG? ta&;
oGm;&olawG? iSufzsm;eJY vHk;yg;yg;oGm;&olawG? rdkif;eif;rdolawG?
awmfyHkpdwf"mwftjynfh&SdMuolawGvdkY ab;rS &yfMunfholwpf
ay:wmqGJcH&NyD; b,fawmhrS jyefa&mufrvmawmhwJholawG?
a,muftaeeJY jrifawGU&ygw,f/
[dkbufudkvnf;aMumuf&? 'Dbufudkvnf;aMumuf&eJY ae&ol
tckawmh ygwDnDvmcHudkyg usif;yEdkifcJhMuygNyD/ nDvmcH
awG? wpfESpf 2 ESpfvnf;r[kwf? av; ig;q,fESpfvnf;ru
wpf&yf[m trsm;tm;jzifhawmh NyD;cJhwJhvu tawGUtMuHK?
ESpaf ygif; 20? 30 jzpfcMhJ uwmyg/ tckrS 'kuo
© nfpcef;qdw
k mawG
oif c ef ; pmawG u d k ed * H k ; csKyf N yD ; tm;aumif ; csuf a wG u d k , l ?
jynfwGif;rSm &Sdvmayr,fh t&ifwkef;u 'Dvdk jynfolawG&JU
tm;enf;csufawGudky,fum tem*wfumvtwGuf rSefuefwJh
udpö[m b,fae&mrSmrS b,folurS *½kpdkufcJhwJh udpöawG
vrf;pOfawGudk csrSwfEdkifzdkYyJvdkY qdkMuygw,f/ 1962 aemufydkif;
r[kwfcJhygbl;/
uRefawmfwdkYwpfoufwm awGUzl;wJh nDvmcHawG? uGef*&uf
nDvmcHwpfckrSm vkyfief;pOfwpfckvHk;tjyif tzGifhrdefYcGef;eJY
awG[m vuf0JnDvmcH uGef*&ufawGyJ rsm;ygw,f/ rqv&JU
tydwfrdefYcGef;awGu ta&;tBuD;qHk;ygyJ/ 'Drdef;cGef;awGud
ygwD nDvmcHawG? Auy&JU uGef*&ufawGeJY w½kwfjynfBuD;u uawmh vla[mif;? vlopfqdkwJh jyóemyg/
ajymMum;cJw
h hJ a':atmifqef;pkMunf&UJ tjrifoabmxm;awG[m
jynfolY uGef*&ufawG pwmawGyJ rsm;ygw,f/ 'gawGuawmh
'D jyóem[m ygwDwpfct
k aeeJY tcuftcJ tusyt
f wnf; ygwD&JU cH,lcsufeJY vrf;nTefoabmxm;awGyJ jzpfygw,f/
yHkpHus nDvmcHawGyg/ bmawGajymr,f? bmawGqHk;jzwfr,f udk jzwfoef;vmNyD; tqifhwpfqifhudk a&mufvmwJhtcsdefrSm ]]NLD ygwD[m 25 ESpfwmtwGif;rSm vGwfvGwfvyfvyf
qdkwm tm;vHk;pDpOfNyD;om;awGyg/ e,fudk,fpm;vS,fawG&JU awGU&avh&SdwJh jyóemjzpfygw,f/ EdkifiHwumtawGUtMuHKawG rvIyf&Sm;EdkifcJh&vdkY vdktyfcsufawG trsm;BuD;&Sdygw,f/ 'Dvdktyf
tpD&ifcHpmawGudk tm;vHk;qifqmjzwfawmufpdppfNyD;om;awG t&qdk&if w½kwfjynf uGefjrLepfygwDrSmvnf; 'DvdkjyóemawG csufawGjznfhqnf;zdkYqdkwm tcsdef,l&ygr,f/ tcsdefvnf;,l
yg/ Auy&JU wwd,tBudrfajrmufygwDuGef*&uf (1985) &SdcJhw,f/ olwdkY ordkif;rSm usifwef;awmifwef;wdkufyGJawGrSm &r,f/ 0D&d,vnf; pdkufxkwf&r,f}} vdkY a':atmifqef;pkMunf
&Srf;jynfe,ftv,fydkif;u udk,fpm;vS,f[m olY&JU tpD&ifcHpm yg0ifcJhNyD; armfpDwkef;eJYtwl c&D;&SnfcsDwufyGJ qifEGJcJholawG[m &JU rdefYcGef;rSm awGU&w,f/ aemufNyD; tzGJUcsKyf0ifawGeJYywfouf
rSm rygwJh pum;wpfcGef;ESpfcGef;udkxnfhajymcJhrdvdkY tcrf;tem; au'ga[mif;awG? 0g&ifhyk*¾dKvfawG jzpfvmMuwmyg/ 1937 ck NyD; ]]jynfoleJY qufqHwJhae&mrSm ajzmifhrwfyg/ udk,fhtcsif;csif;
rSL;vkyfwJh &JabmfxGef; (ac:) Adkvfusifarmifu tpD&ifcHpmrSm ,iftef;acwf? *syefckcHa&;umv a&mufwJhtcsdefrSm wpfEdkifiH tay:rSm opöm&Sdyg/ aus;Zl;w&m;udk b,fawmhrS rarhygeJY}}
qdNk yD; tvGe½f ;kd &Si;f pGm ajymMum;cJw
h m awGU&w,f/ ]]rwlujJG ym;wJh
pmrsufESm 31 zJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk rnfodkYjyifqifrS tquf
tjrifawGudk raMumufzdkY? rpdk;&drfzdkYeJY 'gawGudk BuKdqdkNyD;awmh
rrsm;aom EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;jzpfMuay&m xdktxJwGif wdkif;&if; udk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;csif;u &&dSaomqE´rJrsm;udk ¤if;wdkYudk,fpm; 'DrwluGJjym;wJh tjrifawGudk b,fvdk uRefrwdkY&JUtiftm;wpfck
om;pnf;vHk;nDnGwfa&;ygwDESihf jynfaxmifpkBuHhckdifa&;ESihf jyKaomygwD t vd k u f &rJ r sm;wG i f p k a ygif ; í jynf e ,f ^ jzpfatmif vkyfoGm;rvJvdkY uRefrwdkY qHk;jzwf&rSmjzpfygw,f}}
zH G Y Nzd K ;a&;ygwD r sm;vnf ; ygEd k i f a yonf / NLD ygwD E S i h f wdkif;a'oBuD;tvdkuf &&dSaomtrsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm; vdkY ajymoGm;ygw,f/ jcHKMunfhvdkuf&if 'DrdefYcGef;awGrSm
vlenf;pkwdkif;&if;om;ygwDrsm;u xdka&G;aumufyJGpepfudk vS,fae&m 12 ae&mtwGuf tcsKd;uscJGa0jcif;jzihf owfrSwf&ef rGefjrwfrI&SdwJh? aysmhaysmif;rI&SdwJh? tjrifus,frI&SdwJh? jynfh0rI&SdwJh
qefYusifMuayonf/ taMumif;rSmvuf&dSa&G;aumufyJGpepf jzpfonf/ qkdvdkonfrSm jynfolYvTwfawmfqkdif&m a&G;aumuf oabmxm;tjrifawG ygaewm awGU&ygw,f/
yJGonf (First-past-the-post) pepfjzpfvsuf trsKd;om;vTwfawmf
( First-past-the-post) qE´rJtrsm;qHk;&ol- tEdkif&pepf udkom
rnfodkYqdkap NLD taeeJYawmh 25 ESpfwmrSm nDvmcH
qufvufusifhoHk;rnfqkdvQif 2015 a&G;aumufyJGwGif NLD u qkdif&ma&G;aumufyJGonf (PR) pepfac: tcsKd;usudk,fpm;jyKp wpfck usif;yEdkifcJhwJh rSwfwdkifwpfck pdkufxlEdkifcJhygNyD/ 'DnDvmcH
ae&mtrsm;pktEkdif&&ef arQmfrSef;csufxm;Edkifíjzpfayonf/ epft&ygwDudk,fpm;jyKudk,fpm;vS,frsm;jzpfayrnf/ xkdokdYaom rSm wifoGif;&&SdvmcJhwJh oabmxm; tjrifawG[m 25 ESpfwm
xkdYenf;wl vlenf;pkwdkif;&if;om;ygwDrsm;rSm rdrdwdkYqkdif&m aygif;pyfpepf (Mix system) udkusihfoHk;rnfqkdvQif pepfwpfck twGif; pkaqmif;&&SdvmwJh tawGUtBuHKawGeJY tarGtESpfawGvdkY
a'orsm;wG i f wpf N rd K Ue,f c sif ; tvd k u f tEd k i f & Ek d i f a jcrsm; wnf;udkusihfoHk;jcif;xuf ydkrdkrQwEkdifajc&dSNyD;a&&SnfwGif qdk&rSmyg/ tar&duefordkif;rSm a*smh&Sf0g&SifwefupvdkY vuf&Sd
aomfvnf;? wpfjynfvHk;twkdif;twmjzifhrl ,SOfNydKifEdkifpGrf; vlenf;pkrsm;udkukd,fpm;jyKaom EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;aysmufuG,f or®wtdkbm;rm;txd ajymqdkcJhwJh rdefYcGef;awGeJY qHk;jzwfcJhwJh
r&dSacs/ odkYjzpf&m a&G;aumufyJGpepf jyifqifa&;ESihfywfoufvQif oGm;rnhfta&;udkvnf; [efYwm;Ekdifayvdrfhrnf/
qHk;jzwfcsufawG[m tar&duef&JU tvkyfvrf;nTefawGyJ jzpfyg
ed*Hk;csKyftm;jzihfqdkaomf 2008 ckESpfzJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya' w,f/ vifuGef;wdkY? ½l;pfbJhwdkYvdk tcsKd;tauGUBuD;wJhumvudk
NLD a&m? vlenf;pkwkdif;&if;om;EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;yg twlwuG
atmifjrifpGm jyifqifEdkifa&;qkdonfrSm vuf&dSvTwfawmftwGif; jzwfoef;cJhol or®wawG&JU rdefYcGef;awG[mydkNyD; tzdk;wef
qefYusifMuonfrSm rqef;acs/
xkdodkYaomtajctaersm;&dSaejcif;aMumihf a&G;aumufyJG tiftm;tBuD;qHk;ygwDjzpfonhf jynfaxmifpkBuHhcdkifa&;ESihfzHGYNzdK; eufeJNyD; ydkta&;ygwJh vrf;nTefawGjzpfwwfygw,f/ tck NLD
pepfonf (PR) pepfESihf ( First-past- the-post) pepfESpfrsKd; a&;ygwDESihf 25 &mcdkifEIef;&Sdaeaom wyfrawmfom;vTwfawmf 25 ESpfwm rSwfwdkif&JU tvkyfvrf;nTefawG[m aemif 25 ESpfpm
aygif;pyfxm;onfh yHkpHusihfoHk;&efaqG;aEG;nd§EdIif;jcif;rsKd; udk,fpm;vS,f wpfenf;tm;jzifh wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf twGuf [kwfaumif;rS [kwfygvdrfhr,f/ 'gayrJh vwfwavm
vnf;jzpfvmEdkifayonf/ Oyrmtm;jzihf wpfNrdKUe,fvQif wpfOD; wdkY\ oabmxm;tay:wGifom rlwnfaeygaMumif; wifjy &ifqdkif&r,fh 2015 umvavmuftxdawmh toHk;wnfhaer,fh
usa&G;aumufwifajr§muf&onfh jynfoYl vw
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f vkduf&ayonf/
vrf;nTefawGjzpfr,fvdkY ,lqrdygw,f/
a&G;cs,fyJGrsm;wGif (First-past-the-post) pepfudkomusihfoHk;NyD;
barmifndK
&JxGef;(oDayg)

'D

ygwDwpfck &Sifoefjcif;

33

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

,cifwpfywfrStquf
wDq&mawmfBuD;[m jrefrm
jynfrmS 0dyóemw&m;jyefvnf
jyefYyGm;xGef;um;vmatmif t"duaqmif&Guf
cJhwJholqdkwm tjiif;yGm;p&mrvdkwJh ordkif;
tcsuftvufyg/ rkH&Gmu oHCmawmfawG
qdkovdk vufyHawmif;awmif[m v,fwD
q&mawmfBuD;&JU y&d,wådeJY y#dywådtvkyfawGeJY
atmifajrpdkufcJhwJhae&mqdk&if pma&;oluawmh
a&S;a[mif;ordkif;0ifae&mvdkY qdkcsifygw,f/
0g;wJeJYyJaeae? wdkufausmif;eJYyJaeae ta&;
rBuD;ygbl;/ Ak'b
¨ mom0ifawG&UJ txGwt
f jrwf
xm; tav;xm;&r,haf e&mwpfcyk g/ xde;f odr;f
apmihfa&Smufoihfygw,f/ tvG,fqkH;jrifomwJh
Oyrmay;&&if a*gwrAk'¨arG;zGm;cJhwJh vkrÁdeD
tifMuif;awmudk bmrSrv
l vuf&mtaqmufttHk
awGr&SdvdkY? tifMuif;yifawGr[kwfawmhvdkY
a&TaMumBuD;&Sdw,fqdkNyD; a&Twl;ypfrSmvm;vdkY
ar;&rvdkjzpfaeygw,f/
aumfr&SiftaeeJY 'Dtcsufudktav;xm;
NyD; ydkNyD;jynhfpkHwJh a&S;a[mif;ordkif;,Ofaus;rI
qdkif&m avhvmqef;ppfrIawGjyKvkyfNyD;rS vuf&Sd
tBuHjyKcsufudk ay;oihfw,fvdkY xifygw,f/
vlrIa&;qdkif&mqef;ppfcsufxJrSm odyfNyD;r&Sif;
vSwJhtcsufu pDrHude;f aMumihf a'ocHjynfol
awG&JU usef;rma&;xd c d k u f r I e J Y ywf o uf w J h
avhvmok;H oyfcsuaf wGygyJ/ a'ocHawG&UJ a&m*g
[m tufppf"mwfaMumihf jzpfwmr[kwb
f ;l vdYk
usef;rma&;uRrf;usifolr sm;u qd k w ,f v d k Y
tpD&ifcx
H m;ygw,f/ 'Dae&mrSm 'Duav;awG&UJ
a&m*g[m tufppf"mwfaMumihf r[kwb
f ;l qd&k if
tjcm; Heavy Metal vdkYac:wJh owåKav;awG
aMumihf jzpfEdkifwJhtajctaeeJYaum oufqdkifrI
&Sdvm;/ &Sdw,fqdk&ifaum 'gu pDrHudef;owåK
wl;azmfwmeJY qdkifEdkifvm;/ 'grSr[kwf a'o
vlawG t&yfenf;eJY 'kxm¬ csuw
f t
hJ wGuq
f ufpyf
aewJh usef;rma&;qdk;usKd;jzpfEdkifvm;qdkwm
qef;ppfzYkv
d ykd gr,f/ 'Dvykd Nkd y;D tao;pdwaf vhvmrI&dS
r&Sd tpD&ifcHpmxJrSm azmfjyrxm;ygbl;/
owåKwGif;wl;vdkY? owåKoefYpifxkwfvkyf
o,f,yl Ykd aqmif xdawGUrIrsm;vdYk yg0ifw?hJ yg0if
EdkifwJh tufppf"mwfawG&,feJY owåKav;awG&JU
usef;rma&;qdkif&m tEÅ&m,fawGudk aocsm
qef;ppfzdkYvdkygw,f/ aumfr&Sifuwm0ef&Sdol
awG[m ay;xm;wJhtcsdefumvxJrSm Rapid
Health Assessment usef;rma&; a&Smifwcif
qef;ppfjcif;jyKvkyfEdkifygw,f/ pDrHudef;a'o
wGif;ESihf pDrHudef;jyifya'orSm&SdwJh vlawG&JU
usef;rma&;udk usyef;erlem aumuf,lppfaq;
vdYk &Edik yf gw,f/ aus;vufuse;f rma&;XmeawG&UJ
rSww
f rf;awGudk aumuf,lEdIif;,SOfavhvmNyD;
jzpfEdkifajctusKd;taMumif;awG okH;oyfEdkifyg
w,f/ txl;ojzihf tufppftokH;jyKwJh vkyfief;
awG[m touf½LS vrf;aMumif;qdik &f ma&m*grsm;
(Acute Respiratory Infectin - ARI) rsm; jzpfymG ;
Edkifygw,f/ ARI [m ig;ESpfatmufuav;awG
rSm taotaysmuftrsm;qkH;jzpfapwJh a&m*g
awGxJu ta&;BuD;wJha&m*grsKd; jzpfygw,f/
aq;rSww
f rf;rsm;t&a&m? a&Smifwcifppfaq;rI
t&a&m EdIif;,SOfavhvmEdkifr,fvdkYxifygw,f/
pDrHudef;a'oeJY pDrHudef;jyifyuvlawGudk
EdIif;,SOfwJhtcg 'Dvdka&m*grsKd;awGrsm; rrsm;?
rsm;ae&ifvnf; pDrHudef;eJYqufpyfrI&Sd r&Sd
qdkwm tpD&ifcHpmxJrSmygwJh a&wGif;awGrSm
rmusL&D"mwfrsm; rrsm;eJY pDrHudef;aMumihf
jzpfEikd af jc&Sd r&Su
d o
kd ;Hk oyfovdrk sK;d avhvmqef;ppf
zdYk vykd gw,f/ tcdik t
f rmqufpyfraI wG oufao
rjyEdkifao;&ifvnf; b,fvdkqufvufavhvm
oihfw,fqdkwm aqG;aEG;oihfygw,f/ 'Dudp&ö yf
awG aumfr&SiftaeeJY avhvmrvm;qdkwm rod
&ygbl;/ avhvmxm;&ifvnf; vlxkodatmif
tpD&ifcHpmxJrSm azmfjyoihfygw,f/
(4) tpD&ifcHpmxJrSm pD;yGm;a&;qef;ppf
csuyf gygw,f/ 'g[m pDru
H ed ;f udk qufvyk o
f ihf
roihq
f w
kd m pOf;pm;wJah e&mrSm ta&;ygygw,f/
txufygazmfjycJhwJh tcsufawGudk pD;yGm;a&;
tusKd;tjrwftom&rIeJY csdefxdk;avhvmzdkYvdkyg
w,f/ tpD&ifcHpmxJrSm tusKd;tjrwfrsm;Edkif

trdrJUom;a&enf;ig;
0if;rsKd;ol

w,f/ tusKd;tjrwfcw
JG ahJ e&mrSm jrefrmbufu
tompD;&ygw,fqNkdy;D aumufcsucf sxm;ygw,f/
'Dvdkazmfjy&mrSm pma&;ol r &S i f ; wJ h t csuf u
wu,ftusKd;tjrwf&Edkif rEdkifudkygyJ/ tusKd;
tjrwfcaJG 0rIukd &Si;f jywJah e&mrSm &wJ0h ifaiGxu
J
wdkuf½dkufukefusp&dwf 54 &mcdkifEIef;udkEkwfNyD;
usefwhJ 46 &mcdik Ef eI ;f rSm tpd;k &u b,favmuf?
OD;ydik u
f b,favmuf? w½kwu
f rk P
Ü u
D b,favmuf
qdkNyD; a,bk,sEdkifiHawmfrSm tusKd;tjrwfydk&Sd
w,fqw
kd hJ tcsufay:atmif tav;ay;a&;xm;
ygw,f/ 'Dae&mrSm owdcsyf&rSmu &&SdwJh
tusKd;tjrwf&mcdik Ef eI ;f 1 &mcdik Ef eI ;f [m wpfa':vm
jzpfEdkifovdk a':vmoef;wpf&mvnf; jzpfEdkif
ygw,f/ &mcdkifEIef;azmfjyvdkuf½kHeJY ywf0ef;usif
qkH;½IH;rIeJY vlrIa&;epfemrIawGaMumihf ay;qyf
vdkuf&wJh pD;yGm;a&;ukefusp&dwf (Economic
Cost) awGeJY EdIif;,SOfNyD; tusKd;tjrwf&Sd r&Sdudk
avhvmcsihfcsdefvdkY r&bl;jzpfoGm;ygw,f/
aps;xJrmS ukepf rd ;f a&mif;wJo
h [
l m pD;yGm;a&;
ynm&SifawGokH;wJh Net Present Value wdkY Cost
Benefit Ratio wdkY Internal Rate of Return wdkY
rodygbl;/ 'gayrJh wpfaeYaiGom; b,favmuf
usefrvJ? aeYjyefwdk; b,favmufudkufrvJ?
bPfrmS aiGpx
k m;wmxuf 'grSr[kwf ok;H usyw
f ;kd
eJY aiGacs;&wmxuf olYpD;yGm;a&;udkuf rudkuf
udk csihfcsdefpOf;pm;wwfygw,f/ 'Dvdk½dk;½dk;av;
tajccHpOf;pm;zdYk ukd avhvmok;H oyfcsurf ygawmh
rsm;pGmyJ tHhMorifouf&ygw,f/ OD;ydkifu&wJh
tusKd;tjrwf&mcdik Ef eI ;f [m jynfoal wGeYJ rouf
qdkifvdkY EdkifiHawmfu&r,hf tusKd;tjrwfudkyJ?
jynfolawGoG,f0dkuftusKd;&SdaprSmvdkY rSwf,yl g
w,f/ Edik if aH wmfu&r,hf tusK;d tjrwf&mcdkifEIef;
xJrmS 0ifaiGceG t
f wGu&f &Srd ,h&f mcdik Ef eI ;f udk t"du
tusKd;tjrwftjzpf azmfjyxm;ygw,f/ 0ifaiG
cGefqdkwm jrwfrS&rSmyg/ rjrwf&if r&bl;vdYk
rSw,
f El ikd yf gw,f/ uReaf wmf odwmrrSm;bl;qd&k if
0ifaiGcGefwGufcsufzdkYtwGuf aMu;eDa&mif;&aiG
xJu wdkuf½dkufukefusp&dwfEkwf½kHwifrubJ?
oG,f0dkufukefusp&dwf odkYr[kwf ysHUESHYukefus
p&dwfawG Ekwf&ygOD;r,f/ wpfenf;tm;jzihf
aMu;eDxGufxGuf rxGufxGuf? aps;aumif;eJY
a&mif;vdkY&& r&&? ukefusr,hf pDrHcefYcGJp&dwf
awGeJY &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHxm;wJh ra&TUrajymif;EdkifwJh
ypön;f awG&UJ ESppf Ofwefz;kd avsmh - tavsmw
h Guf
(Depreciation) p&dwfawGEkwf&OD;rSmjzpfw,f/
'Dawmh aMu;eDpDrHued ;f ukeu
f sp&dwf 54 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
rSm 'Dp&dwaf wGwGufcsufNyD;yg rygqdkwm tpD&if
cHpmrSm ruGJjym;ygbl;/ wu,fvdkY rygao;&if
xyfNyD;Ekwzf Ykdvykd gw,f/ 'DtcgrSm0ifaiGceG af qmif
&r,hyf rmP[m ydNk yD;enf;oGm;OD;rSmjzpfygw,f/
'DrmS xyfqihpf Of;pm;&rSmu w½kwu
f rk P
Ü D
taeeJ Y pD r H u d e f ; ud k q uf v k y f & if vl r I a &;?
ywf0ef;usifa&;&mtwGuf ydkrdkukefusp&dwfawG
&SdvmrSmyg/ 'Dxyfaqmif;p&dwaf wG Ekwv
f u
kd v
f dkY
0ifaiGcGef&zdkY xyfNyD;enf;oGm;rvm;qdkwm

pOf;pm;&rSmyg/ w½kwfukrÜPDtaeeJYvnf;
ukefuswJhtwGufol&JU &&Sdr,hftjrwf&mcdkifEIef;
[m &if;ES;D xm;wJo
h ef; 900 ausmef Y,
J OS &f if wGuaf jc
udu
k yf ghrvm;? b,fvrkd S wGuaf jcrudu
k b
f J quf
vkyfr,fqdk&ifawmh wpfckckrSm;aeNyD qdkwm
txif;BuD;odEdkifygw,f/ tvSnhftywfrsKd;pkHeJY
b,fvt
kd usK;d tjrwf xkwOf ;D rSmvJqw
kd hJ oHo,
awGBuD;xGm;vmrSmyg/ aMu;eDprD u
H ed ;f &JU pD;yGm;a&;
wGuaf jcudu
k rf eI YJ ywfoufNyD; jyif;jyif; xefxef
a0zefxm;wJh aqmif;yg;wpfckudk tifwmeuf
xJrmS zwf&ygw,f/ 'Dtcsut
f vufawGreS f rrSef
pma&;olrppfaq;Edkifayr,hf wifjyxm;csuf
awG[m ,kwadå A'usw,fqw
kd m awGU&ygw,f/
'Dawmh aumfr&SiftaeeJY 'Daqmif;yg;yg
a0zefcsufawGukd &Si;f vif;wifjyEdik rf ,haf vhvm
ok;H oyftBuHjyKcsurf sK;d jzpfoihyf gw,f/ pD;yGm;a&;
tusK;d tjrwfqef;ppfwahJ e&mrSm rxifrw
S Ef ikd w
f hJ
taMumif;t&mrsm;aMumihf xkwv
f yk rf aI vsmyh g;oGm;
wm? aps;EIef;rSef;xm;oavmufr&wm tp&SdwJh
qkH;½IH;EdkifrItEÅ&m,f (RISK) awGudk xnhfoGif;
pOf;pm;rI b,favmuftwdkif;twmtwGif;
pD;yGm;a&;tusK;d tjrwf&&SEd ikd rf [
I m tajymif;tvJ
&SdEdkifw,fqdkwm xnhfoGif;wGufcsufpOf;pm;
oihfygw,f/ qkH;½IH;EdkifajcxnhfrwGufxm;&if
wGufa&;awmh pufolaX;yJqdkovdk tjzpfrsKd;
a&mufaerSmyg/ aumfr&Sirf mS wm0ef&o
dS al wG[m
'Dvdkavhvmwmudk aemufwpfqihf Feasibility
Study jzpfEdkifajc qef;ppfrIawGvkyfrS okH;oyf
r,fvdkY pOf;pm;xm;vm;rodygbl;/ 'gqdk&if
awmh tm;enf;csufawGudkjyifNyD; pDrHudef;udk
qufvkyfoihfw,fvdkY tBuHjyKwm[m apmae
rvm;vdkY awG;p&mawG ay:vmygw,f/
(5) tpD & if c H p mrS m pD r H u d e f ; cG i h f j yK
taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&u
G w
f t
hJ cgrSm xifom
jrifomrIr&SdwmawG? wm0ef,lrItm;enf;ae
wmawG? vkyx
f ;Hk vkyef nf;ruswmawGaxmufjy
a0zefxm;ygw,f/ 'gawGu rqef;ygbl;/
tm;vkH;odNyD;om;tcsufawGygyJ/ 'Dxufru
0Sufxm;wJhtcsufawG&SdOD;r,fvdkY ,kHMunfrdyg
w,f/ b,fvdkajymajym 'Dtm;enf;csufawGudk
w&m;0ifxw
k af zmfajymqdw
k t
hJ wGuf aumfr&Siu
f kd
aus;Zl;wif&ygr,f/ 'gayrJh wjcm;b0ifruswhJ
tcsufu pDrHudef;taumiftxnfazmfwmudk
acwåqdkif;iHhxm;zdkY tBuHjyKwifjyxm;wmryg
vdYk ygyJ/ tpD&ifcpH mrSm azmfjyxm;ovdk vlraI &;?
ywf0ef;usifa&;jyKjyifp&mawG vdkao;w,f/
qufvufavhvmp&mawGvdkao;w,fqdk&if
'Dvv
kd t
kd yfcsufawGjynhrf ND yD;rS oabmwlncD suf
topfeJY pmcsKyfxyfcsKyfqdkNyD; pDrHudef;taumif
txnfazmfoihfygw,f/ raocsmrIawG Uncertainty awG rsm;aeao;wJh umvrSmpDrHudef;udk
ZGww
f ;kd qufrvkyaf qmifoihyf gbl;/ aumfr&Siyf J
rsufpdarSmufavovm;/ rsufvkH;wpfzufeJY
tpD&ifcHpmzwf&wJh pma&;olrSmyJ rsufpdvQrf;
avovm;rodbl;/ 'DtcsufawGygwm rawGU&

ygbl;/ 'grSr[kwf vuf&SdrSm pDrHudef;&yfqdkif;
xm;zdkY oufqdkif&munTefMum;csufxkwfNyD;
om;vm; pma&;olrodyg/
txufu wifjycJhwJhtcsuf ig;csuf[m
omreftawG;? omreftodeJYyJ EdIif;,SOfokH;oyf
Edik rf ,fxifygw,f/ tqihjf rihyf nmawGoifp&m
rvdyk gbl;/ bGUJ vGeyf g&*lbUJG awG ,lp&mrvdyk gbl;/
ywf0ef;usiaf &;&m? tajccHtodynm txdtawGU
&S½d rHk QeJY tvG,w
f ulpOf;pm;Edkifr,fhtcsufawG
jzpfr,fvdkY xifygw,f/
0ufarS;&Gmolwpfa,mufu ajymygw,f/
pDrHudef;aMumihf olYwdkYb0awG epfemoGm;ygap?
EdkifiHawmf wu,ftusK;d &r,fq&kd if a'ocHawG
ay;qyf&usK;d eyfygw,fvYkd ajymygw,f/ 'Dwifjy
csuftwGuf tpD&ifcHpm wdwdususa&a&&m&m
tajzygraeygbl;/ pma&;ol[m vufyaH wmif;
ta&;eJYywfoufvdkYar;vmwJh rD'D,mrSeforQ?
tBuÓ
H Pfaumif;wJh a'ocHrnforl qd?k 'Dru
kd a&pD
jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;tcsed u
f mvrSm vufyaH wmif;
awmif jyóemudk 'Drdkua&pDenf;usus Oya'
abmiftwGi;f u&Si;f vif;zdYk tpOftNrJwu
kd w
f eG ;f
cJholyg/ pkHprf;avhvmolawG&JU odu©morm"d?
ynmÓPftawGUtBuHKeJY jynfolYtusKd;aqmif
&GufvdkwJhpdwfawGtay:rSm oHo,r&SdzdkY tcsdef
wdik ;f rSm ae&mwdik ;f rSm ud,
k t
fh jrifuw
kd ifjycJo
h yl g/
tjynh f p k H Perfect r[k w f & if a wmif r S
taumif;qkH;awmhjzpfrmS ygvdYk arQmv
f ihrf yd gw,f/
odYkaomfvnf; txufrSmwifjycJhovdk omref
tawG;? omreftodeYJ avhvmok;H oyfwifjy&r,hf
tcsufawG tpD&ifcHpmrSmrawGU&awmh rsm;pGm
tm;i,frdygw,f/ aumfr&SifrSm wm0ef&o
dS al wG
taeeJYrodvYkd ra&;wmr[kwb
f J BuKw
d ifqkH;jzwf
NyD;om;tcsuf (Pre-defined Judgement) udk
taxmuftuljyK½kHavmuf yHhydk;ay;½kHtwGuf
r,kwrf vGeaf &;aewmvm;vdYk xifa,mifxifrmS ;
jzpfvmygw,f/ q&m0efawG vlemudkprf;oyfwJh
ae&mrSm jzpfEikd af jc&Sw
d mawGtm;vk;H udk Diagnosis
qef;ppfavhvmok;H oyfMuygw,f/ 'DawGU&Sdcsuf
ay:rSm rlwnfNyD;rSom ukor,hef nf;vrf;rsK;d pku
H kd
pOf;pm;NyD;rS toihfawmfqkH;enf;vrf;udk vlemeJY
n§dEdIif;NyD; qkH;jzwfa&G;cs,fwwfMuygw,f/
vufyHawmif;awmifjyóemrSm ay;vdw
k ahJ q;
twGuf vlemudk vdo
k avmufav;ppfaq;ovdk
jzpfaevm;vdkY pOf;pm;rdygw,f/ vufuek x
f w
k f
avhvmok;H oyfxm;w,fvdkY rjrifrdygbl;/
'DvdkBuD;rm;wJh pkHprf;ppfaq;rIawGrSm
tpD&ifcHpmtMurf;udk Peer Review vdkYac:wJh
wjcm;jyifyoihaf wmfwo
hJ al wG a0zefo;Hk oyfcsuf
awGudk&,lNyD;rS tNyD;owfaumufcsufcstpD&if
cHpmjyKpak vh&MdS uygw,f/ 'grSr[kwv
f nf; Public
Hearing jynfolYMum;emwmudk aqmif&GufNyD;rS
tNyD;owfaqmif&Gufavh&Sdygw,f/ aumfr&Sif
taeeJY 'Dvv
kd yk zf Ykd vkyif ef;pOfyg ryg rod&ygbl;/
'Dvrkd aorcsm&Sad ewJh pDru
H ed ;f rSm rNyD;rjynhpf w
Hk hJ
avhvmokH;oyfrIawGeJY tajzxkwfr,fqdk&if
pma&;olwdkY jynfolawGtaeeJY trdrJhom;?
a&enf;ig;vdyk J wu,hu
f kd cdu
k ;kd &mrJjh zpf&ygw,f/
pma&;olwYkd t,kMH unfq;Hk ? tarQmv
f ihq
f ;Hk
vlawGurS awGUBuHKae&wJh jyóemawGudk
twwfEdkifqkH; umuG,fraqmif&Gufay;bl;
qdk&if b,folawGu tem*wfrmS aqmif&u
G af y;
MurSmvJ/ taumif;jrif0g'&Szd Ykd tNrJBuKd;pm;olawG
taeeJY ajymEdkifwmuawmh aumfr&Si&f UJ BuK;d yrf;rI
[m vdt
k yfcsufawG&Sdaeayr,hf jzpfEdkifwmudk
taumif;qkH; vkyfxm;wmygqdkNyD; ajzodrhf&rSm
yg/ 'DvdkwifjyEdkifwmuudk t½IH;xJu tjrwf
jzpfNyD;? tem*wfrSm vdktyfcsufawGudk jyKjyif
jznhfpGufNyD; aqmif&Gufr,fqdk&if 'Dvdk½IyfaxG;
eufeJwJh ywf0ef;usifa&;&mudp&ö yfawGtwGuf
tajzwpfck enf;ay;vrf;jy&Edkifw,fqdkNyD;
tm;wif;NyHK;jy&rSmjzpfygw,f/
'DtpD&ifcHpmeJYyufowfNyD; a'ocHawG
uawmh vkH;vkH;auseyfEdkifrSm r[kwfbl;qdkwm
uawmh aocsmygw,f/ ywf0ef;usifa&;&m
jyóemupwJh EdkifiHa&;t½IyftaxG;wif;rmrI
awGukd b,fvakd jz&Si;f rvJqdkwmawmh aiGa&mif
ydwfum;ay:rSm qufMunhf&rSmjzpfygw,f/
0if;rsKd;ol

34
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

a&TqHukyfa&mif;cs&mu rdwD¦vmwGif y#dyu©jzpf
rdwåDvm? rwf 20

wdkif;a'oBuD; rdwD¬vmNrdKU&Sd NrdKUraps;BuD;wGif ,aeYeHeuf 9 em&DcefYu a&TqHukyfvma&mif;aom
ZeD;armifESHESihf a&Tqdkif&SifwdkYcdkuf&efjzpfyGm;&m a'ocHvlxktMum; ½kef;&if;qefcwfjzpfyGm;cJhaMumif;
,if;a'ocHrsm;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
rd w D ¬ v mNrd K UuG u f i ,f t k y f p k ESihf a&Tqdkifydkif&Sif OD;xGef;xGef;OD;wdYk OD;cifarmif0if;udk av;csufcefY½dkufrd
jyefaumuf&GmwGif acwåvma&muf tMum; pum;rsm;&mrS OD;xGe;f xGe;f OD;u cJNh yD; ½du
k Ef u
S o
f nhw
f w
k w
f iG f oHygonhf
aexdkifol OD;cifarmif0if; 45 ESpfESihf OD;cifarmif0if;udk vufoD;jzihf pwif twGuf OD;acgif;aygufNyJcJhonf[k
ZeD;jzpfol a':at;Edik f 46 ESpw
f Ykdonf xdk;cJhonf[k OD;cifarmif0if;uajym OD;cifarmif0if;u ajymMum;onf/
rdwD¬vmNrdKUraps; ta&SUbufwef;&Sd Mum;onf/
tqdkyga&Ta&mif;csoludk ½dkuf
0defYpdefa&TqdkifodkY a&TqHukyfwpfckudk
]]uRefawmhfudk vufoD;eJYxdk; ESufcJhonhf vlwpfpo
k nf ywf0ef;usif
rwfv 20 &ufaeY eHeuf 9 em&D 30 w,f/ aemufqikd x
f u
J vlEpS af ,muf &Sdvlrsm;a&mufvmcsdefwGif teD;em;&Sd
rdepfcefYwGif vma&muf a&mif;cs&m eJY qdkif&Sif&JUtrsKd;orD;xGufvmNyD; a&Tqdkifrsm;twGif;odkY 0ifa&mufxGuf
a & T r S w f a u s m u f w d k u f & m u 0dkif;½dkufMuw,f/ ab;qdkifu vl&Spf ajy;oGm;cJh&mrS vlxku rausreyf
a&Tqu
H yk u
f sK;d oGm;chaJ Mumif;? ,if;qHuyk f a,mufavmufuyg 0dik ;f ½du
k rf vdYk vm jzpfum ,if;a&Tqdkifrsm;udk 0dkif;xm;
ud k vnf; rlvajymxm;onhf usyf Muwm/ uRefawmfvnf; vrf;ray: cJhNyD; rGef;vGJ 2 em&DcefYwGif a&Ta&mif;
wpfoed ;f ESpaf omif;ray;bJ usyif g;aomif; xGufajy;NyD; tultnDawmif;cJh& csonhf qdkifcef;&Spfcef;udk zsufqD;cJh
&SpfaxmifcefYjzihfom aps;jzwfcJhonhf w,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
aMumif; ,if;aps;&Sdaps;olaps;om;
twGuf a&Ta&mif;csol OD;cifarmif0if;
,if;odkY 0dkif;0ef;½dkufESuf&m rsm;u ajymMum;onf/
]]uRerf trsK;d om;udk taoowf
qdNk yD; 0dik ;f ½du
k w
f ,f/ uRefrtultnD
awmif;rS ab;uvlawGu0dkif;zsefajz
ay;Muw,f}} [k t½dkufcH&ol\ZeD;
jzpfol a':at;at;Edkifuqdkonf/
,if;odkY a&Tqdkifrsm;twGif;
a&Tqdkif&SifOD;xGef;xGef;OD;ESihf taygif;
tygrsm; 0ifa&mufykef;cdkaeonf[k
armfvjrdKif? rwf 19
,lqí a&Tqikd rf sm;udzk sufq;D aeaom
wyfrawmftpd;k &vufxufwiG f {u 56 {uudk odrf;,lcJhNyD; 1983 a'ocHvpl u
k kd rdwv
¬D mc½dik &f w
J yfzUJG rSL;
arG;jrLa&;ESifh pdkufysKd;a&;vkyfief;rsm; ckEpS w
f iG f v,f{u 120 ausmu
f kd xyfrH
vkyu
f ikd rf nf[q
k u
kd m 28 ESpMf umodr;f odrf;,lcJhonf/ ,cktcg wyfrawmf
,lxm;onfh armfvNrdKifNrdKUa&TNrdKifo&D d u rnfonfhvkyfief;rS qufvkyfjcif;
&yfuGufrS v,f{u 150 ausmf r&So
d nft
h wGuf jyefvnfay;tyfjcif;
jyefvnfay;tyfrnfjzpfaMumif; rGef jzpfaMumif; tqdkygv,fodrf;cHcJh&
jynfe,f vlraI &;&m0efBuD;Xme0efBuD; onf h v,f y d k i f & S i f w pf O D ; jzpf o l
a'gufwmvSOD;u tqdkyg&yfuGuf&Sd OD;oef;atmifu ajymMum;onf/
v,form;rsm;ESifh awGUqHkpOfajym
tqd k y g v,f a jr{u 150
Mum;onf/
ausmrf mS jrefrmhq&kd ,
S v
f pf vrf;pOfygwD
tqdkyg v,fajrrsm;udk ydkif&Sif tpd;k &vufxufwiG f odr;f ,lxm;onfh &efukef? rwf 18
autdkifat\ zrf;qD;cH&rIrS
trSet
f m; jyefvnfay;Ekid &f ef wyfrawmf ajrrsm;jzpfaomaMumifh tpd;k &tajymif;
G af jrmufvmonhf rd;k n§i;f
umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf½kH;u rwfv tvJrsm;twGi;f ydik q
f ikd cf iG o
hf ufaocH jyefvnfvw
twGif; vma&mufppfaq;rnfjzpfNyD; ypön;f rsm;udk jyo&efcufcaJ eaMumif; NrdKUe,f&JwyfzGJUpcef;rS &JwyfzGJU0if
udk;OD;udk &Jpnf;urf; xdef;odrf;a&;
v,fajrydik q
f ikd af Mumif; taxmuftxm; ¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
rsm;jyí jynfe,ftpdk;&½kH;wGifvnf;
wyfrawmfu toHk;rjyKawmh Oya't& ppfaq;aeaMumif; jynfe,f
jyefvnfwifjyEkdifaMumif; ¤if;u onf h a jrrsm;ud k jyef v nf a y;&ef &JwyfzGJUrSL;½kH;\ &Jt&m&SdwpfOD;u
qufvufajymMum;onf/
jynfe,fESifh wdkif; 14 ck&Sd ppfXmecsKyf The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/
]]autdik af tu &JwyfzUJG 0ifawG
wyfrawmfu 1981 ckESpfwGif toD;oD;udk 2013 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv
wyfro
d m;pkrsm; pdu
k yf sKd ;a&;ESihf arG;jrLa&; twGif; wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD; rSef;odvdkY jyefvTwfay;vdkufwmyg}}
twGuf v,fyikd &f iS &f pS Of ;D xHrS v,fajr csKyf½kH;u nGefMum;xm;onf/  [k ¤if;t&m&Sduqdkonf/

wyfrawmfu ESpf 20 ausmo
f rd ;f xm;onfU
ajr{u 150 ausmf jyefay;rnf

"mwfykH-xkdufatmifvif;

'k w d , &J r S L ;BuD ; armif a rmif j rih f
OD;aqmifí rdwD¬vmNrKdUe,f&JwyfzGJU?
rD;owfwyfzUJG ESifh vlraI &;toif;tzGUJ
rsm; 0dkif;0ef;zsefajzcJhaomfvnf; vlpk
ruGJao;onhftwGuf oufqdkif&m
NrKdUe,foHCmawmfrsm; vma&muf
zseaf jzay;cJ&h m nae 3 em&D 30 rdepf
cefYwGif vlpkuGJoGm;cJhaMumif; a'ocH
rsujf rifoufaorsm;u ajymMum;onf/
,if;a&Tqdkif&Sif OD;xGef;xGef;OD;
ESit
fh aygif;ygESpOf ;D udk zrf;qD;ppfaq;
vsuf&SdaMumif;? ,if;yk*¾Kdvfrsm;\
"mwfykHrsm;udkjyí vlpkuGJ&ef arwåm
&yfc&hJ onf[k rdwv
¬D mc½dik f taxGaxG

tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;wifarmifpdk;u
ajymMum;onf/
,if;a&Tqikd yf ikd &f iS f OD;xGe;f xGe;f OD;
23 ESpf? a':jrihfjrihfat; 25 ESpfESihf
nDnD 18 ESpw
f Ykdukd rdwv
¬D mNrdKU trSwf
(2) &JwyfzGJUpcef;wGif (y)74^2013
yk ' f r 294^326^427^114 jzih f
zrf;qD;ta&;,lvsu&f adS Mumif; tqdyk g
&JwyfzGJUpcef;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
tqdkygtajctaersm;aMumihf
vwfwavmwGif rdwv
¬D mNrdKUraps;BuD;
udk acwåydwfxm;vsuf&SdNyD; vkHNcHKa&;
rsm; apmihfMuyfMunhf½Ivsuf&Sdonf/

autdkifatjyefvTwfonfU &JwyfzGJY0ifudk;OD;
&Jpnf;urf;xdef;odrf;a&;Oya't& ppfaq;

cdk;0ifb*Fvm;a'U&Sf&JwyfzGJY0ifrsm;udk jyefvTwfay;rnf[k
jrefrmtpdk;&ajymMum;
armifawm? rwf 21

jrefrmEkdifiHe,fpyfNcHpnf;½dk;udk w&m;r0ifausmfjzwfvmojzifh zrf;qD;xm;aom b*Fvm;a'h&SfEkdifiH
&JwyfzGJU0ifoHk;OD;ESifh t&yfom;wpfOD;wkdYudk tjrefqHk;jyefvTwfay;rnfjzpfaMumif; armifawmNrdKU? usD;uef;jyif
e,fpyfa'o vl0ifrIpdppfa&;ESifh uGyfuJrIXmecsKyf(epu)rS uGyfuJa&;rSL; OD;atmifEkdifOD;uajymMum;onf/
zrf;qD;pOfu ppfaq;csufESifh b*Fvm;a'h&Sftpdk;&uay;ydkYaom tcsuftvufrsm;uGJvGJaeojzifh ESpfEkdifiH
tpdk;&t&m&Sdrsm; rwfv 17 &ufaeYu jrefrm-b*Fvm;a'h&Sfe,fpyfwGif aqG;aEG;cJhNyD;aemuf jyefvTwfay;&ef
pDpOfjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
tqkdygzrf;qD;cHxm;&olrsm;onf jrefrmEkdifiHe,fpyfESifh okH;rdkifcefYtuGm 'ku©onfpcef;wGif wm0efus
olrsm;jzpfNyD; t&yf0wft0wftpm;jzifh rwfv 13 &ufaeYu jrefrmEkdifiHe,fpyfudkra&mufzl;í[kqkdum
w&m;r0ifa&mufvmNyD; e,fpyfNcHpnf;½dk;udk ausmf0ifcJhojzifh zrf;qD;xm;jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
e,fpyfNcHpnf;½dk;um&Hxm;NyD; vHkNcHKa&;rsm;csxm;aomfvnf; *dwfaygufrsm;vHkNcHKrIr&Sdojzifh rMumcP
0ifxGufoGm;vmrIrsm;&SdaeaMumif; tqdkyge,fpyfrS a'ocHwpfOD;uajymMum;onf/
&cdkifjynfe,f armifawmNrdKUajrmufydkif; b*Fvm;a'h&Sf-jrefrme,fpyf rSwfwkdif 50 ESifh 52 wGif e,fpyf
NcHpnf;½dk;um&HaepOf 2012 ckESpf Ekd0ifbmv 5 &ufaeYu trnfrodtzGJUtpnf;0ifa&mufwkdufcdkufrIaMumifh
wyfrawmfaqmufvkyfa&; (GE) wyfzGJUrS wyfom;oHk;OD;zrf;qD;cHcJh&rIESifhywfoufí jrefrm-b*Fvm;a'h&Sf
ESpfBudrfajrmuf aqG;aEG;cJhaomfvnf; ,cktxdratmifjrifcJhay/
LC ? cifarmifat;

rdk;n§if;NrKdUe,f &Jpcef;rS'k&Jtkyf
vSxeG ;f at;OD;aqmifaom &JwyfzUJG 0if
ud;k OD;ESifh um;orm;wpfO;D udk armf[ef
aus;&GmteD;&Sd erhfr&SDawmifajcwGif
autdkifatu rwfv 12 &ufaeYü
zrf ; qD ; vd k u f N yD ; aemuf rwf 15
&ufaeYwGif jyefvTwfay;vdkufonf/
,if;uJo
h Ykd jyefvnfvw
G af jrmuf
vmonhf &JwyfzGJU0ifrsm;udk &Jpnf;
urf;xdef;odrf;a&;Oya'ESihf ppfaq;
aeojzihf ta&;,ljcif;&Sd? r&SdESihf
ywfoufí The Voice Weekly u

ar;jref&mwGif jynfe,f&JwyfzGJUrSL;
½kH;u ajzMum;jcif;r&Sday/
&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; vdIif
NrdKUe,fwGif aexdkifaom tNidrf;pm;
&Jt&m&Sd wpfOD;url ]&mxl;avQmhwm
wdkY? ae&majymif;a&TUwmwdkY ta&;,l
cH&Edkifw,f} [k rSwfcsufay;onf/
tqdkyg &JwyfzGJU0ifudk;OD;onf
rl ; ,pf a q;0g;uG i f ; quf w pf c k u d k
ausmufprd ;f xGu&f o
dS nhf erhrf &SaD rSmw
f iG f
zrf;qD;&efoGm;a&mufpOf autdkifat
u zrf;qD;vdkufjcif;jzpfonf/ 

wuúodkvf0ifwef;vl&nfcRefrsm; aiGaqmifodkh
tyef;ajzc&D;oGm;rnf
ykodrf? rwf 19

jrefrmhqdk&S,fvpfvrf;pOfygwDacwfu xl;cReftajccHynmausmif;ol
ausmif;om;rsm;ukd ESpfpOfa&G;cs,fcJhonfh vl&nfcRefuJhokdY 2012 ckESpf 'DZifbm
vu jyefvnfa&G;cs,fcJhNyD; ,if;wdkYteuf wuúodkvf0ifwef;tqifhvl&nfcRef
rsm;udk aiGaqmifurf;ajcodkY tyef;ajzc&D;apvTwfrnfjzpfaMumif; {&m0wD
wdkif;a'oBuD; ynma&;½Hk;'kwd,nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;Munfatmifu The Voice
Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
rwfv 31 &ufaeYrS {NyDv 5 &ufaeYtxd aiGaqmifurf;ajcwGif
tyef;ajzpcef; zGifhvSpfrnfjzpfNyD; ykodrfNrdKUrS oBuFefoHcsyftzGJUrsm;u azsmfajz
MurnfjzpfaMumif; OD;Munfatmifu ajymqdkonf/
vl&nfcRefrsm;\ vHkNcHKa&;twGuf {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJU½Hk;u
wm0ef,lrnfjzpfaMumif; ykodrfc½dkif&JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;rS 'k&Jtkyfat;rif;oef;u
ajymMum;onf/
,ckESpftwGuf jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvHk;rS wuúodkvf0ifwef;vl&nfcRef 170
&SdNyD; t|rwef;rSpwifum vl&nfcReftjzpf jyefvnfa&G;cs,fjcif;jzpfaMumif;
{&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; ynma&;½Hk;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
Zaw G

35

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

]MPC taeeJh ndE§ iId ;f ay;wmoufoufuykd v
J yk w
f m/ eDyeG af zmifa';&Si;f u
wdkif;&if;om;tzJGYtpnf;awGeJh wkduf½dkufcsdwfqufNyD;vkyfwmyg}
Myanmar Peace Center

\ txl;tBuHay; OD;wifarmifoef;ESifU awGYqkHjcif;

t,f'DwmwpfOD;

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif

Voice

: Myanmar Peace Centre

udk b,fvdkuae b,fvdk&nf&G,f
csufeJY wnfaxmifjzpfoGm;wmvJ/
MPC udk b,facgif;pOfatmufrSm
xm;&rvJ/ NGO vm;? tpdk;&tzJGU
tpnf;vm;qdkwm enf;enf;avmuf
&Sif;jyay;yg/
UTMT : MPC bmaMumifhzJGU&vJ
qkd&if uRefawmfwdkY Nidrf;csrf;a&;
vkyfief;pOf pNyD;taumiftxnfazmf
csdefuae pajym&rSm jzpfygw,f/
or®wBuD;&JU Nidr;f csr;f a&;zdwaf c:rIt&
wm0efay;cH&wJh0efBuD;OD;atmifrif;
u wdkif;&if;om;vufeufudkiftzJGU
tpnf;awGudk wpfzJGUcsif;vdkufawGU
NyD; tusdK;taMumif;&Sif;jycJhw,f/
Nidr;f csr;f a&; pwifaqmif&u
G w
f t
hJ csed f
rS m u atmif j rif r I ? wd k ; wuf r I
b,favmuf&r,fqdkwm rodbl;/
tJ'DtcsdefrSmu Nidrf;csrf;a&;twGuf
aumfrwDzUGJ xm;wmuvJv
G Ykd zJUG pnf;yHk
r&Sdbl;/ xkwfEkwftiftm;awGeJYyJ
tvkyfvkyfcJh&wm/ 'DvdkvdkufawGU?
aqG ; aEG ; vd k Y & vmwJ h &v'f a wG u d k
tajccHNyD; Nidrf;csrf;a&;vkyfief;pOf
twGuf ½kH;tzGJUwpfzGJU pepfwuszJGU
pnf;zdYk vdt
k yfw,fqw
kd modvmw,f/
'gaMumifh MPC udk zJUG pnf;zdYkq;kH jzwfNyD;
BudK;pm;cJhwmjzpfw,f/ MPC [m
tzJGUtpnf;oabmw&m;t&qdk&if
awmh tpd;k &wpfpw
d w
f pfyikd ;f tzJUG tpnf;
jzpfw,f/ jrefrmEdkifiHNidrf;csrf;a&;
wnfaqmufrIjzpfpOf&JU vdktyfcsuf
awGeYJ pdeaf c:rIawGukd txda&mufq;kH
pDrHaqmif&GufEdkifzdkY 'DyHkpHrsKd;udkpOf;pm;
cJw
h mjzpfw,f/ jrefrmEdik if &H UJ Nird ;f csr;f a&;
wnfaqmufrjI zpfpOfrmS odraf rGUeufeJ
wmawG&w
dS ,f/ pdeaf c:rIawGrsm;w,f/
wcsKdUudpaö wGu tpdk;&taeeJY tajz
xkwrf &S rSmjzpfovdk wcsKdUudpaö wGus
awmhvnf; tpd;k &r[kww
f t
hJ zJUG tpnf;
taeeJY vkyaf qmif&rSmjzpfwmaMumifh
'Dvdk tpdk;&wpfpdwfwpfydkif;yHkpHjzpfwJh
Semi-Government tzJGUtpnf;yHkpH
zJGUpnf;cJh&wmjzpfw,f/ MPC &JU
&nf&G,fcsufoHk;csuf&Sdw,f/ yxr
wpfcsufu ½H;k tzJUG taeeJY aqmif&u
G f

rmNidr;f csr;f a&;vkyif ef;rsm; jyefvnfxal xmifa&;Xme Myanmar Peace Centre ESiphf yfvsO;f í rD',
D mrsm;wGif a0zefajymqkrd rI sm;xGuaf y:vsu&f ydS gonf/
tpkd;&ESihf wkdif;&if;om;vufeufukdiftzJGUtpnf;rsm;tMum; Nidrf;csrf;a&;&&Sd&ef nd§EIdif;aphpyfay;jcif;ukd t"duvkyfaqmifay;aeonfh tpkd;&wpfykdif;
tzJGUtpnf;jzpfaomfvnf; tpkd;&toHukdom t"duyJhwifxyfay;aeonf[k pGyfpJGajymqkdrIukdvnf; cHae&ygonf/ xkdYaemuf aiGa&;aMu;a&;ESihf vpmudprö sm;ukd
vnf; a0zefvsu&f ydS gonf/ xkt
d ajctaersm;uJjG ym;pGmod&EdS idk &f ef ,if;pifwm\txl;tBuHay;OD;wifarmifoef;ESihf awGUqkaH r;jref;cJo
h nfrsm;udak zmfjyvdu
k yf gonf/
ay;w,f (Secretariat)/ 'kw,
d tcsuf
uawmh typf t cwf & yf p J a &;eJ Y
Edik if aH &;aqG;aEG;rIawGtwGuf vdt
k yfr,fh
Technical Support / Institutional
f awmh
Support ay;zdYkeYJ wwd,tcsuu

wpfwGJwnf;ygvmr,fh Nidrf;csrf;a&;
wnfaqmufrIvkyfief;awGrSm nd§EdIif;
aqmif&GufrIawG vkyfaqmifay;zdkYyJ
qdkwJh &nf&G,fcsufokH;ckeJY xlaxmif
xm;wmjzpfw,f/
Voice : MPC &JU aiGaMu;oHk;pJGrI
u yGiv
hf if;jrifomrIr&Sb
d ;l vdYk a0zefrI
awG xGufaewJhtay: b,fvdkrsm;
wHkYjyefcsifygovJ/
UTMT : MPC &JU bwf*suv
f Ykad jym
&if Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;wnf a qmuf z d k Y
twGuf tvSL&SifEdkifiHawGu uwd
u0wfjyKxm;wJh bwf*sufeJYcJGjcm;NyD;
ajym&r,f/ uwdu0wfjyKxm;wJh
aiGaMu;yrmPuawmh PDSG u
wpfzJGUcsif;? wpfEdkifiHcsif;u uwdjyK
xm;wJh ig;oef;pDeJY pkpkaygif;a':vm
oef; 30 &Sdygw,f/ tJ'Dbwf*suf
awGu Nidrf;csrf;a&;wnfaqmufrI
vkyif ef;awGrmS toH;k jyKrmS jzpfygw,f/
vuf&Sdtaetxm;rSm prokH;ao;yg
bl;/ pepfwusoHk;pJGEdkifzdkY PDSG/
MPSI taeeJY Pilot Projects (prf;oyf
pDrHudefrsm;) vkyfaewm&SdNyD; Joint
Needs Assessment vdYkac:wJh avhvmrI
awGvkyfNyD; oHk;pJGoGm;rSmyg/ tJ'DvdkyJ
wjcm; NGO awG? tzJGUtpnf;awG
uvnf; Nidrf;csrf;a&;wnfaqmufrI
vkyfief;awGrSm ulnDaqmif&Gufvdk
w,fqdk&if wdkif;&if;om;tzJGUtpnf;
awGeJY wkduf½dkufcsdwfqufvkyfudkif
cGifhjyKoGm;rSm jzpfygw,f/ 'D[mawG
uawmh Nidrf;csrf;a&;wnfaqmufrI
vkyfief;twGuf tultnDawGudk
xdxad &mufa&muf oH;k pJv
G yk u
f ikd Ef ikd zf Ykd
jyifqifxm;rIyJjzpfygw,f/ MPC &JU
bwf*sufuawmh Nidrf;csrf;a&;wnf
aqmufrIvkyfief;awG&JU bwf*sufeJY
toGifoP²mefuJGjym;ygw,f/ MPC
udk t"du bwf*sufaxmufyHhwJh
tzJGUtpnf;u EU jzpfNyD; MPC &JU
vkyif ef;awGjzpfwhJ ½H;k tzJUG vkyif ef;awG?

tpnf;ta0;awG usif;ywm? c&D;
oGm;wmpwJh tkycf sKyfrq
I ikd &f mudpaö wG
vkyfzdkY jzpfovdkynm&SifawGOD;aqmif
vkyMf ur,fh Technical Support twGuf
vnf; oH;k pJo
G mG ;rSmjzpfygw,f/ 'gawG
uawmh rSww
f rf;wifwm? okawoe
jyKwmeJY aqG;aEG;yJaG wGtwGuf vdt
k yf
wJhpmwrf;awG jyKpkay;wmawGudk
tpd;k &&JU Nidr;f csr;f a&;aumfrwDtwGuf
a&m wdkif;&if;om;tzJGUtpnf;awG
twGufyg vkyfoGm;&rSmyg/ MPC
ynm&Sit
f zJUG u vkyaf ewJv
h yk if ef;awG
u Technical Support vkyfief;awG
jzpfwt
hJ wGuf bufvu
kd zf Ykdrvdt
k yfbJ
ormorwf&zdS Ykdomvdyk gw,f/ t"du
uswJhtcsufuawmh Nidrf;csrf;a&;
wnfaqmufrv
I yk if ef;awGrmS toH;k jyK
f ,
G f
r,fh bwf*sufukd MPC u udik w
toH;k jyKoGm;rSmr[kwb
f J oufqikd &f m
tzJGUtpnf;awGu vufcH&,lr,fh
wk d i f ; &if ; om;vuf e uf u d k i f a wG e J Y
wdu
k ½f u
kd cf sw
d q
f ufaqmif&u
G o
f mG ;r,f
qdkwm &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;odapvdk
wmyJ jzpfygw,f/
Voice : Nidrf;csrf;a&;vkyfief;pOf
tay:rSm tpdk;&u bwf*sufpdkuf
xkwfoHk;pJGrIr&Sdbl;vdkY qdkwmuaum
trSefyJvm;/
UTMT : rSefygw,f/ 'gayrJh tp
ueOD;rSm tpdk;&bwf*suftaeeJY
pdu
k x
f w
k o
f ;kH pJrG I r&Sb
d ;l qdak yr,fh MPC
twGuf toHk;jyKr,fh taqmufttkH
awGuawmh tpdk;&u In Kind tae
eJY axmufyHhay;xm;wmjzpfygw,f/
tckvmr,fb
h wf*sufrmS Nidr;f csrf;a&;
wnfaqmufa&;vkyfief;rsm;eJY MPC
vkyfief;awGtwGuf tpdk;&bwf*suf
awG &rSmjzpfygw,f/ wifwJhyrmP
udkawmhodygw,f/ vTwfawmfu
b,favmufjzwfr,fqw
kd m rodao;
vdYt
k wdtusawmh ajymvdYrk &ao;ygbl;/
Voice : tppt&m&m tckrS jyef
wnfaqmufaewJhtcsdef odyfqif;&J
aewJh vlawGtrsm;BuD;&Sad ewJEh ikd if rH mS
ynm&SifawG&JU vpmawGu odyfrsm;
w,fvYdk a0zefraI wGvnf; &Syd gw,f/
tJ'Dtay:rSma&m b,fvdkwkYHjyefcsif

jrefrmEdik if NH ird ;f csr;f a&;ESiUf jyefvnfxal xmifa&;A[dXk me
Myanmar Peace Center

pwifwnfaxmifonfhaeY
- 26? atmufwdkbm? 2012
&nf&G,fcsuf
- jynfaxmifpk Nidrf;csrf;a&;
azmfaqmifa&;A[dkaumfrwDESifh vkyfief;aumfrwDrsm;\vkyfief;
wm0efrsm; xda&mufjrefqefpGm taumiftxnfazmfEdkif&efESifh
vdktyfaom pDrHcefYcJGrI udpöt00ESifh tjcm;vdktyfaomudpörsm;udk
yhHydk;ulnDaqmif&Guf&ef
Ouú| - OD;atmifrif;? jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;? or®w½Hk;0efBuD;Xme(4)
tBuHay;tzJGU - OD;wifarmifoef; (tzJGUacgif;aqmif)
trIaqmif'g½dkufwm - OD;ausmfpdk;vdIif
tzJGUtpnf;yHkpH - Semi-Government
EdkifiHom; tBuD;wef;ynm&Sif - 41 OD;
EdkifiHjcm;om; ynm&Sif(tcsdefydkif;) - 8 OD;
EdkifiHom; ti,fwef;ynm&Sif - 22 OD;
vdyfpm - 11? a&TvDvrf;? urm&GwfNrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKU/
ygovJ/
UTMT : MPC xlaxmif&mrSm jynfy

a&muf jrefrmEdkifiHom;ynm&SifawG
&JU vkyt
f m;udk &,lzYkd vt
kd yfcyhJ gw,f/
'Dvdktyfcsuft& EU &JU bwf*suf
taxmuftyHeh YJ ynm&Siaf wGukd cefYxm;
wm0efxrf;aqmifapcJyh gw,f/ wpfO;D
csifpD;&JU vcawGtaeeJY EdkifiHwum
tzJUG tpnf;awGrmS usio
hf ;kH wJv
h yk ef nf;
vkyx
f ;kH awGt& MPC taeeJY xkwaf zmf
ajymqdck iG rhf &Syd gbl;/ 'gayrJu
h m,uH&iS f
ud,
k w
f ikd f olUoabmeJYoal jym&ifvnf;
ajymvdkY&ygw,f/ tckvdk Executive
Recruitment ukd EU u wm0efay;wJh
tzJGUwpfzJGUuvkyfcJhwmyg/ ynm&Sif
wpf O D ; csif ; pD e J Y tJ h ' D t zJ G U nd § E d I i f ;
oabmwlnDcJhwJhtwkdif; vcawGay;
xm;wmjzpfw,fqw
dk mudk ajymcsifyg
w,f/ vpmtenf;trsm;uawmh
ynmt&nftcsi;f vkyif ef;tawGUtBuKH
ay:rSmrlwnfNyD; uGmjcm;rI&w
dS ,fqw
kd m
od&ygw,f/ MPC rSm uRefawmfwdkY
taeeJY Edik if w
H um0efxrf;? jynfwiG ;f
0efxrf;vdYk cJjG cm;rIr&Sb
d J 0efxrf;tm;vH;k
udk,fht&nftcsif;tvdkuf vpmawG
&&SdzdkY rlcsNyD;vkyfudkifaeygw,f/

: aiG a Mu;oH k ; pJ G r I e J Y ywf
oufvdkY rD'D,mawGrSm azmfjyaewm
awGuakd &m b,fvrkd sm;ajymcsiyf govJ/
UTMT : tckwpfavm rD',
D mawG
rSm ygaewJh udef;*Pef;awGu vGJae
ygw,f/ eDyGefazmifa';&Sif;u 'DESpf
twG u f vsmxm;wJ h b wf * suf u
a':vmok;H oef;yg/ oef; 300 r[kwf
ygbl;/ 'DudpörSmvnf; MPC taeeJY
ndE§ iId ;f ay;wmoufoufuykd v
J yk w
f m/
eDyGefazmifa';&Sif;u wdkif;&if;om;
tzJUG tpnf;awGeYJ wku
d ½f u
kd cf sdwq
f uf
NyD; vkyfwmyg/
aemufqHk; uRefawmfhtaeeJY
jznfph u
G af jymcsifwmuawmh MPC &JU
H um
bwf*suu
f kd EU tygt0if Edik if w
u vufcu
H sio
hf ;kH wJh aiGaMu;oH;k pJjG cif;
qdkif&m pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;eJYtnD
oHk;pJGaew,fqdkwm&,f? tvJGoHk;rI
vHk;0r&Sdbl;qdkwm&,fyg/ 'DvdkyJ EU
udk &Sif;vif;&wJhenf;wl wpfzufrSm
vnf; uk,
d Ehf ikd if t
H pd;k &udv
k nf; vkyx
f ;kH
vkyef nf;awGeYJ tnD &Si;f vif;wm0efcH
vkyu
f ikd v
f sufaew,fqw
kd m ajymcsif
ygw,f/
t,f'DwmwpfOD;
Voice

36
The

VOICE

Monday,
Mo
M
Mon
ond
on
day
da
a , March 25
25 - 331,
1,, 2013
1

rdkufu,fvef;pf a&mUcf*DwyGJ emrnfausmf
jrefrmaw;oH&SifESpfOD; yg0ifazsmfajzrnf
&efukef? rwf21

rwfEdkifiHtajcpdkuf urÇmausmf Pop? Rock Band wpfckjzpfonfh rdkufu,fvef;pftzGJU\ rwfv 31 &ufaeY
n 7 em&DwGif &efukefNrKdUjynfolY&ifjyifüusif;yrnfh *DwazsmfajzyGJwGif jrefrmEdkifiHrSemrnfausmfaw;oH&Sif
ESpOf ;D jzpfaom aZmf0if;xG#Ef iS hf jzLjzLausmfoed ;f wdYk yg0ifazsmfajzrnfjzpfaMumif; tqdyk gaw;oH&iS Ef pS Of ;D uajymMum;onf/
S rf sm;udk silver circle 19900
]]'DyGJrSmuRefawmfu Emperor u udk,fydkifoHpOfoDcsif;awG jzpfyg vufrw
eJY olYa&SUu wpfem&Dpmavmufazsmaf jz r,f/ y&dowftqdkapcsifqkH;jzpfwJh usyf? gold circle 34900 usyf? vip
&r,f/ uRefawmfha&SUrSmawmh jzLjzLqdk cs,f&Dvrf;oDcsif;vnf; ygygr,f}} 99000 usyf? vvip 149000 usyf
r,f/ Edik if jH cm; band wpfcu
k kd yGo
J iG ;f [k aw;oH&Sif jzLjzLausmfodef;u owfrSwfxm;NyD; &efukefESifh rEÅav;
r,fqkd rdu
&Sd City Mart qdkifcGJrsm;? trSwf 9?
k u
f ,fvef;pfu toifah wmf qdkonf/
rdkufu,fvef;pftzGJUudk 1988
qk;H ygyJ/ 'Duy&dowfawmfawmfrsm;rsm;
u olwYkdocD si;f awG odMuwmqdkawmh ckEpS w
f iG t
f zGUJ 0if av;OD;jzifh pwifzUJG pnf;
av}}[k aw;oH&SifaZmf0if;xG#fu cJNh yD; 2000 jynfEh pS w
f iG f tzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D
ajymMum;onf/
EkwfxGufoGm;cJhonf/ aw;oDcsif;
] jzLjzLu Lazy Club eJY oDcsif; t,fvfbrf 10 acGxGuf&Sdxm;NyD; &efukef? rwf 18
ig;yk'favmufqrkd ,f/ aemufq;Hk xGuf *DwESiq
hf ikd af om xl;cRefqrk sm;&&Sx
d m;
tEkynmavmuESifh 11 ESpaf usmf
xm;wJhrde;f uav;wpfa,muftonf; onf/
uif;uGmaecJo
h l o½kyaf qmif? aw;oH&iS f
tqdkyg *DwazsmfajzyGJtwGuf pdk;ol\wpfudk,fawmf tcrJhazsmfajz
uGaJ ew,f acGxu
J eJY twGaJ cGawGxJ

mltr.dk

urÇmat;bk&m;vrf;? a&TawmifMum;
(2) &yfuu
G &f dS Friendship Car Showroom ESihf trSwf 37 (u)? zd;k &mZmvrf;?
ausmufuek ;f ? &efuif;NrdKUe,f&dS Pastel

wdYk wiG f 0,f,l&&Sd
Edik af Mumif; yGu
J ykd ;l aygif;pDpOfonfh Friendship Entertainment \ 'g½dkufwm
OD;&Joal zuajymMum;onf/

Communications

pd;k olwpfu,
kd af wmftcrJU azsmaf jzyGv
J ufrw
S rf sm; pwifxw
k ,
f El ikd f

twmaw;ESifU NrdKYroBuFef *DwazsmfajzyGJ usif;yrnf
&efukef? rwf 19

jreE´m? ref;awmif&dyfcdk ponfh
acwftqufquf r½d;k Edik af omoBuFef
aw;oDcsif;aumif;rsm;pGmudk zefwD;
cJhaom rEÅav;NrdKUr 0dkif;awmfom;
rsm;\twmaw;ESifh NrdKUroBuFe*f w
D
azsmfajzyGJudk {NyDv 6 &ufaeY nae
6 em&DwGif &efukefNrdKU NrdKUrausmif;
vrf;&Sd trsK;d om;uZmwf½w
Hk iG u
f si;f y
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; yGJpDpOfwifquf
onfh GLAXYPRO–RENT ukrP
Ü rD S
'g½du
k w
f m OD;zD;vpfuajymMum;onf/
rEÅav;rSmarG;NyD; &efukefwGif
tajccsaexdik af eMuolrsm;ESifh *Dwudk
cspfjrwfEdk;Muaom &efukefy&dowf
rsm;twGuf NrKdUraw;*DwtzGJUBuD;\
*DwazsmfajzyGJudk jrefrmoHaw;oH&Sif
rsm;ESihf wGJzufwifqufvdkí ,ckyGJ
udk pDpOf&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u
qufvufajymMum;onf/
]]oBuFefoDcsif;uawmh NrdKUr
tzGUJ BuD;udk b,forl rS Edik yf gbl;/ NrdKUr

tzGUJ Bu;D wD;rSyJ oBueF o
f cD si;f uNrKd iq
f ikd f
w,fvdkY tefwDjrem;xJrSmawmh rSwf
,lxm;w,f/ oBuFefeJY NrdKUr? NrdKUreJY
oBueF q
f w
kd m b,fvrkd ES iId ;f ,SOv
f Ykrd &wJh
tzGUJ BuD;ygyJ/ 'DyrJG mS u ppfuikd ;f awmif?
cspfwmy"me? wdrfvTmrdkYrdkYvGio
f cD si;f
awGtjyif rEÅav;NrKUd reJYqufE,
T af ewJh
oDcsif;av;awGqdkay;zdkYpdwful;xm;
ygw,f}}[k *Dwazsmaf jzyGw
J iG f yg0ifoq
D kd
rnhf aw;oH&iS w
f ifwifjruajymMum;onf/
rEÅav;NrKdUrwD;0dkif;ESihf wGJzuf
í ud k r if ; aemif ? armif o d e f ; 0if ; ?
oef;jrwfpdk;? &efydkifpdk;? &mZm0if;wihf?
rEÅav;ode;f aZmf? zd;k aomMum? zd;k cspf?
cspf a umif ; ? pnf o l v G i f ? bd k b d k ?
wifwifjr? nGeYfneG Yfped ?f &D&o
D efY? xm;?
&wemOD;? pdk;pE´mxGef;? tdtdcRef?
yef;tdjzLwdkYu oDqdkazsmfajzMurnf
jzpfaMumif;? vufrw
S af ps;EIe;f udu
k syf
20ç000? 10ç000 owfrSwfxm;NyD;
ASIA PLAZA &Sd yef;oD; Enter-

tainment? 34 vrf;ESihf a0Z,EÅm
Shopping Mall &Sd J B L SOUND
GALLERY qdi
k rf sm;wGif 0,f,&l &SEd ikd f

aMumif; OD;zD;vpfuajymMum;onf/

yGt
J wGuf vufrw
S rf sm;udk pwifxw
k f
,lEikd Nf yjD zpfaMumif; yGpJ pD Ofwifqufonhf
Forever Blossums rS OD0if;ol&vdIif
u The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;
onf/
Zkef A twGuf vufrSwfta&
twGuf 15ç000 owfrSwfxm;NyD;
xdkifckHESihf Munhf&rnfjzpfaMumif;?
rwfwwf&yfMunh½f &I rnhZf ek f B twGuf
vufrw
S f apmifa& 30ç000 xkwaf y;
rnfjzpfaMumif;? vufrSwfrsm;udk
City Mart qdkifcGJrsm;? &wemykH Call

Center? MRTV-4 'pf*spfw,f show
room rsm;? Ocean Super Market ESihf

pm;aomuf u k e f v k y f i ef ; &S i f r sm;
toif;0ifrsm;\ qdkifcGJaygif; 100
ausmfwGif xkwf,lEdkifaMumif; ¤if;u
qufvufajymMum;onf/
rwfv 30 &ufaeY n 6 em&D
rdkif'guGif;wGif jyKvkyfrnfh tqdkyg
azsmfajzyGJudk MRTV-4 ½kyfoHvdkif;rS
xkwv
f iT jfh yooGm;rnfjzpfNyD; acGtjzpf
jyefvnfxw
k af 0&efvnf; pOf;pm;vsuf
&Sad Mumif; OD;0if;ol&vdiI fuqdkonf/

vlxkyJUwifoH oHcsyfNydKifyGJ trsKd;orD;Zmwfydkhrsm;tzGJY
yg0if,SOfNydKifrnf
&efukef? rwf 18

ESpaf ygif;ok;H q,fausmw
f rd jf rKyf
aysmuf u G , f a ecJ h a om oBuF e f
oHcsyfrsm; jyefvnfay:xGe;f vmap&ef
&nf&G,fí Sky Net ½kyfoHvdkif;u
pD p Of u sif ; yonh f vl x k y J h w if o H
oHcsyfNydKifyGJwGif trsKd;orD;ZmwfydkY
o½kyaf qmifrsm; oHcsyftzGUJ yg0if,OS f
NyKdifrnfjzpfaMumif; tzGJU0ifwpfOD;
jzpfolo½kyfaqmifrsKd;rsKd;cdkifu The
Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/

Mu,fpifarmfuGef;½kyf&Sif ½HkrwifrD jr0wDwGifjyrnf
&efukef? rwf 21

&ufaygif; 200 ausmf tcsdef,l½dkuful;xm;onhf Mu,fpifarmfuGef;½kyf&SifZmwfum;BuD;udk wyfrawmfaeY
*kPjf yKZmwfvrf;tjzpf rwfv 26 &ufEiS fh 27 &ufaeYwYkd wiG f jr0wD½yk o
f v
H ikd ;f rsm;wGif jyooGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
tqdkygZmwfum;\ 'g½dkufwmyef;csDpdk;rdk;ESihf jr0wD&kyfoHwdkYxHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;\ vGwfvyfa&;BudK;yr;frItygt0if 1941 ckESpfrS ,aeYrsufarSmufacwfumvtxd
acwfo;Hk acwf&dS wyfrawmf\ordik ;f oufoufukd ½du
k u
f ;l xm;onhjf zpf&yfreS f Zmwfum;wpfum;jzpfum ½du
k &f uf
aygif; 200 ausmf,lcJh&aMumif;'g½dkufwmyef;csDpdk;rdk;u ajymMum;onf/
]]½du
k u
f ;l p&dwf ode;f ig;axmifavmuf&w
dS ,f/ ½ky&f iS u
f m;BuD;jzpfwt
hJ wGuf tEkynmBudK;pm;rI arQmv
f ihcf suf
&Sdw,f? toHutp tm;vkH;BudK;pm;xm;w,f/ jzpfpOfawGudk twdtus½dkufxm;wm? uRefawmf½dkufcJhwJh
Zmwfum;awGxJrSm tyifyef;qkH;Zmwfum;ygyJ}}[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
tqdkygZmwfum;udk jr0wD½kyfoHwGifomru &efukef&Sd½kyf&Sif½kHBuD;rsm;wGifyg jyooGm;&efpDpOfvsuf
&SdaMumif;? tao;pdwfudkrl ajymMum;Edkifjcif;r&Sdao;aMumif; ¤if;wdkYxHrSod&Sd&onf/
wifatmifpdk; (yef;NrdKUawmf) \ 0w¬Kudk Nidrf;rif;uZmwfnTef;a&;om;xm;NyD; 2009 ckESpfrS 2012 ckESpf
txd½dkuful;cJhaom tqdkygZmwfum;wGif vlrif;? a0VKausmf? aewdk;? &Jatmif? xGef;xGef;? Zif0dkif;? atmifcdkif?
pdk;jrwfolZm? yef;jzL? wihfwihfxGef;? td`E´mausmfZif? oufrGefjrihfpaom emrnfBuD;o½kyfaqmifrsm;yg0if
½dkuful;xm;aMumif; 'g½dkufwmyef;csDpdk;rdk;u &Sif;jyonf/
,if;Zmwfum;udkwyfrawmfESihfyl;aygif;í Zillon Entertainment u ½dkuful;xkwfvkyfjcif;jzpfaMumif;
'g½dkufwmyef;csDpdk;rdk;\ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/

"mwfykH-ckdifpkd;atmif

]]tpfrwdkYudk 'g½dkufwmrD;yGm;
uoHcsyfNydKifyGJ&Sdw,f/ rdef;uav;
oHcsyftzGJUqdkNyD; r&Sdzl;bl;/ NydKifMunhf
ygvm;vdkYajymawmh tpfrwdkYuvnf;
vkyfawmhrvkyfMunhfzl;bl;/ prf;vkyf
Munh f r ,f q d k N yD ; vl p k v d k u f w ,f /
tpfr? rMuLMuLoif;? at;oDwm?
a[rmref;0if;tygt0if 12 a,muf
tzGJUav;zGJUNyD; ]&SifvdrfnmwmawG
odNyD} qdkwJhemrnfeJYNydKifrSmyg}}[k
¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/
jrefrmh½dk;&moBuFefwGifoHcsyf
qdkonfrSm aysmufuG,faumif;onhf
t&mr[kwfbJ oBuFefESihfoHcsyfonf
'GefwGJaeaMumif; oHcsyfpmom;rsm;udk
*Dwpmqdk*E¦0ifarmif0dkif;\ om;jzpf
olu a&;om;ay;rnfjzpfNy;D rde;f uav;
rsm;jzpfonhftwGuf tdrf&Sifrrsm;\
jyóemrsm;udkoHcsyfwdkufoGm;rnf

jzpfaMumif; rsKd;rsKd;cdkifuqdkonf/
oHcsyftzGJU 17 zGJU 0ifa&muf
,SOfNydKifrnfjzpfaom vlxkyJhwifoH
oHcsyfNydKifyGJudk tkyfpktqihf,SOfNydKifrI
rsm;udk rwfv 25? 26? 28? 30 &uf
aeYwdkYwGif ,SOfNydKifoGm;rnfjzpfNyD;
SkyNet ½kyo
f v
H ikd ;f rS Delay jyefvnf
xkwv
f iT o
fh mG ;rnfjzpfaMumif;? aemufq;Hk
zdik ef ,f ig;oif;\,SONf ydKifrIudk {NyDv
7 &ufaeYwGif usif;yoGm;rnfjzpfNyD;
Sky Net ½kyo
f v
H ikd ;f ESifh a&T FM a&'D,kd
wdkYrS wdkuf½dkufxkwfvTihfoGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif;? qkaMu;aiGtjzpf yxrqkusyf
ode;f 30? 'kw,
d qkoed ;f 20? wwd,
qk 10 ode;f ? y&dowftBudKuq
f ;Hk qkukd
15 odef;csD;jr§ihfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
SkyNet ½k y f o H v d k i f ; rS w m0ef & S d o l
wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/

37
THE VOICE WEEKLY 37

Vol.9 / No.12 - March 25 - 31 , 2013

VOICE

FOREIGN AFFAIRS
The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

tD&eftay: wif;rmonfUrl0g'xm;&Sd&ef tpöa&;ESifUtar&duef tav;ay;aqG;aEG;
a*s½kqvrf? rwf 21

EsL

uvD;,m;ta&;udpörsm; zefwD;vsuf&SdonfhtD&efEkdifiHtay: wif;rmcufxefonfhoabmxm; xm;&Sd&ef
tpöa&;EkdifiHokdY yxrqkH;tBudrftjzpftvnftywfa&muf&Sdaeaom tar&duefjynfaxmifpkor®w bm;&uf
tkdbm;rm;ESifh tpöa&;0efBuD;csKyfaewef&m[kwkdY a*s½kqvifwGif tav;ay;aqG;aEG;cJhMuaMumif; BBC owif;Xmeu
a&;om;azmfjyonf/
xko
d YdkEpS Ef idk if H acgif;aqmifEpS Of ;D uk d v nf ; vuf c H , k H M unf a Mumif ;
xkYd jyif tpöa&;wGif ]rdru
d ,
dk u
f dk
aqG;aEG;&mwGif 0efBuD;csKyaf ewef&m[k ajymMum;onf/
rdrdukd,fwkdifumuG,fa&;} [lonfh
u tD&eftay:xm;&Sdonfh or®w
tD & ef E k d i f i H EsLuvD ; ,m; tcG i f h t a&;&S d x m;onf [ l a om
tkb
d m;rm;\&yfwnfcsuo
f abmxm; vuf e uf y k d i f q k d i f E k d i f a &;twG u f tcsufukdvnf; acgif;aqmifESpfOD;
ukd csD;usL;ajymqkdNyD; EsLuvD;,m; tcsdeftm;jzifh wpfESpfrQomMumjrifh pvk H ; u oabmwl n D M uonf /
vuf e uf y k d i f q k d i f a omtD & ef E k d i f i H vdrfhrnf[laomtcsufukd ESpfOD;pvkH; tpöa&;-ygvufpwkid ;f y#dyu©twGuf
jzpf r vmapa&;twG u f [ef Y w m; oabmwlncD ahJ Mumif; tpöa&;0efBu;D csKyf Ekid if EH pS Ef idk if yH g ajz&Si;f csujf zifh tajz&Sm
umuG,&f ef tkb
d m;rm;\qk;H jzwfcsuf uqkdonf/
oGm;rnf[al om qk;H jzwfcsuftwkid ;f

urÇmhxdyfwef;vufeufwifykdha&mif;csolEkdifiHrsm;pm&if;wGif
pifumyltqifUwuf
pifumyl? pifumyl -21

pifumylEidk if o
H nf urÇmYtBu;D qk;H
vufeufwifyYdk a&mif;csonfEh idk if rH sm;
pm&if;wGif tqifhrsm;pGmjrifhwufvm
aMumif; ,refESpftwGufvufeuf
wifykdYa&mif;csrIqkdif&m udef;*Pef;
rsm;ukd The Straits Times owif;pm
u ukd;um;a&;om;azmfjyonf/
pawmh[rk ;f Ekid if w
H umokawoe
tifpwDusK(Sipri) \tqkt
d & pifumyl
onf 2012 ckESpftwGif; xdyfwef;
vufeufwifykdYa&mif;csolrsm;pm&if;
wGif 11 ae&mxdjrifhwufvmNyD;
tqifh 20 okdYa&muf&SdvmaMumif;?
orm;½kd;usvufeufwifydkYa&mif;csrI
yrmPrSm 2011 ckEpS w
f iG f 12 oef;zk;d
&SdcJh&mrS ,refESpfwGif 76 oef;txd
a&muf&SdvmaMumif;od&onf/
umuG,af &;qkid &f m uRr;f usio
f l
ynm&S i f r sm;url ,ck v k d t qif h
jrifw
h ufvmrIonf pifumylvufeuf
qk d i f & mvk y f i ef ; \pG r f ; aqmif & nf
jrifhrm;vmrIukdnTef;qkdvsuf&Sdonf
[k okH;oyfMuonf/
]wjcm;wkid ;f jynfawG todtrSwf
jyKvmMuwJh ppfa&;wDxGifqef;opf
rI a wG u k d vk y f a qmif j cif ; tm;jzif h
pifumyl[m urÇmvkH;qkdif&mvuf
eufaps;uGufxJrSm ,SOfNydKifrItm;
aumif ; vmNyD j zpf y gw,f } } [k

Rajaratnam School of International
Studies rS S Rajaratnam uajym

Mum;onf/
EkdifiHwumr[mAsL[mavhvm
a&;tifpwDusK(ISS) rS okawoD
Tim Huxley url pif u myl o nf
vufeufwifyYdk reI nf;yg;onfh orkid ;f
aMumif;ESifh ao;i,faomaps;uGuf
t&G,t
f pm;&Scd &hJ m ,ckvdk 20 ajrmuf
urÇmhtBuD;qkH;vufwifykdYa&mif;cs
olEkdifiHjzpfvmjcif;onfxl;jcm;onfh
atmifjrifrIwpf&yfyifjzpfaMumif;
ajymMum;onf/
Sipri uxkwjf yefaom vufeuf
a&mif;0,frIqkdif&m udef;*Pef;rsm;
onf tpkd;&tzGJUrsm;? ukvor*¾
orm;½k;d usvufeufqidk &f m rSwyf w
Hk if
tzGJUESifh ppfbufukefoG,frIqkdif&m
pm&Gufpmwrf;rsm;ukd t"dutajccH
um xkwfjyefjcif;jzpfonf/
vwfwavm pifumylEkdifiHu
tmz*efepöwef&Sd NAdwdefwyfzGJU0ifrsm;
twGuf b&mukd(vufeufukdifwyf
zGJU0ifrsm; wifaqmifonfh,mOf) rsm;
wifyYdk a&mif;csrIrmS a':vm 227 oef;
zk;d &Sad Mumif;? xkid ;f Ekid if o
H Ydkvnf; wifyYdk
a&mif;cscJhaMumif; Sipri uqkdonf/
,refESpfuvnf; xkdif;EkdifiHokdY
wk d u f c k d u f a &;a&,mOf w pf p if ; uk d

a':vm oef; 200 jzifh a&mif;csco
hJ nf/
]]pifumyl[m a'owGi;f wjcm;
EkdifiHawGeJYrwlbJ ,kHMunfpdwfcs&wJh
vufeuf Supplier tjzpfowfrSwf
cHxm;&ygw,f}} [k ppfvufeuf
vkyif ef;qkid &f m uRrf;usifow
l pfO;D u
okH;oyfonf/

Reuters

qufvufvyk af qmifomG ;rnf[k ¤if;wkYd
u uwdu0wfjyKajymMum;onf/
tar&duefor®w tkdbm;rm;
onf 0efBuD;csKyfaewef&m[kESifh
awGUqkHNyD;aemuf &mrmvmNrdKUwGif
ygvufpwkdif;acgif;aqmif rmrGwf
tbwfpfESifhawGUqkHonf/ tpöa&;
0efBuD;csKyfurl tkdbm;rm;\c&D;pOf
aMumifh tpöa&;-ygvufpwkid ;f tMum;
qufqaH &;wGif pmrsuEf mS opfziG v
hf pS f
Ekdifvdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifhxm;aMumif;
ajymMum;onf/
okYdaomf tpöa&;\vkNH cKH a&;onf

tar&d u ef j ynf a xmif p k t wG u f
ta&;ygonfh wm0ef0wå&m;BuD;wpfck
jzpfonf[al omtcsuu
f dk xyfraH jymqdk
vkad Mumif; tkb
d m;rm;uqko
d nf/ tpöa&;
EkdifiHokdY tar&duefor®wa&muf&Sd
aepOf rwfv 21 &ufaeYwiG f *gZma'o
ü 'H;k usnfEpS v
f ;kH aygufuJcG Jha Mumif ;
&JwyfzGJU0ifrsm;u qkdonf/
aygufurJG aI Mumifh wpfpw
Hk pfO;D rQ
xdckduf'Pf&m&&SdrIr&SdcJhay/ xkdtcsdef
rSmyif tpöa&;-ygvufpwkdif;vlrsdK;
tkypf Ek pS pf pk vk;H u tkb
d m;rm;\c&D;pOf
ukd uefYuGufqE´jycJhMuonf/

*syefESifU*dktrf tar&duefppfpcef;rsm;udk
ajrmufudk&D;,m;Ncdrf;ajcmuf
qdk;vf? rwf 21

vGecf ahJ om oDwif;ywftwGi;f u
EsLuvD;,m;AkH;BuJcsEdkifaom bD-52
AkH;BuJav,mOfrsm; awmifudk&D;,m;
EdkifiHay:wGif ysHoef;cJhjcif;udk wkHYjyef
onft
h aejzifh *syefEikd if EH iS hf *ltrfuRe;f
rsm;&dS tar&duefppftajcpdkufpcef;
rsm;udk wdkufcdkufzG,f&dSonfh Ncdrf;
ajcmufpum;rsm;ajymMum;cJhaMumif;
CNA owif;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
vGefcJhaomoDwif;ywfcefYu
tar&duef-awmifudk&D;,m;yl;wGJ
ppfa&;avhusifhrIwGif tar&duefu
EsLuvD;,m;AkH;BuJcsEdkifaom bD-52
AkH;MuJav,mOfrsm;udk *ltrfuRef;&dS

azazmf0g&Dv *syefukefoG,fa&;vdkaiG &SpfbDvD,HausmftxdjrifU
wdkusKd? rwf 21

t"duukeo
f ,
G zf ufEikd if jH zpfaom w½kwEf iS yhf ikd ef uftjiif;yGm;rIjzpfymG ;vsuf&aSd om *syefonf 2013 ckEpS f
azazmf0g&DvwGif ukefoG,fa&;vkdaiG tar&duefa':vm 8 'or 1 bDvD,HxdjycJhaMumif; CNA owif;wGif
azmfjyxm;onf/
vuf&t
Sd cdsew
f iG f *syef,ef;aiGwefz;kd rSm usqif;vsu&f jSd cif;aMumifh oGi;f ukew
f efz;kd jrifo
h mG ;jcif;aMumifv
h nf;
,ckuo
hJ Ykduek o
f ,
G af &;vdak iGjyoaejcif;jzpfaMumif; *syeftpd;k &uxkwjf yefaomtcsut
f vufrsm;t& od&onf/
*syefEikd if o
H nf 2012 ckEpS u
f ukeo
f ,
G af &;ydak iGjycJ&h m wefz;kd tm;jzifh *syef,ef;aiG 25 'or 9 bDv,
D cH efY
&dSNyD; ,ckESpf azazmf0g&DvwGifrl *syef,ef;aiG 777 'or 5 bDvD,HcefY ukefoG,fa&;vdkaiGjyvsuf&dSaMumif;
*syefb@ma&;0efBuD;Xmeuxkwfjyefaom udef;*Pef;tcsuftvufrsm;t& od&onf/
2012ckESpfazazmf0g&DvESifh 2013 ckESpf azazmf0g&Dvtxd wpfESpfwmumvtwGif; *syef\ydkYukef
wifydkYrIrSm 2 'or 9 &mckdifEIef;avsmhusoGm;NyD; wefzdk;tm;jzifh 5 'or 28 x&DvD,H&Sdum oGif;ukefrSmrl
11 'or 9 &mcdkifEIef;jrifhwufoGm;cJhNyD; wefzdk;tm;jzifh *syef,ef;aiG 6 'or 06 x&DvD,Hxd &dSonf/

tef'gqiftar&duefavwyf tajcpdu
k f
pcef;rS awmifudk&D;,m;EdkifiHay:wGif
ysH0JcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
tar&d u ef \ EsLuvD ; ,m;
wd k u f c d k u f r I y g0if a om ppf a &;
avhusifhrIudk rdrdwdkYvkH;0onf;rcHEdkif
[k tar&duefudk jyif;jyif;xefxef
owday;vdu
k af Mumif;ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;
acgif;aqmifuif*sKt
H ef;acgif;aqmif
aom ppfa&;csKyf½kH;\ajymcGifh&yk*d¾Kvf
uajymMum;onf/
]]tar&dueftaeeJY *ltrfrmS &dw
S hJ
tef'gqifavwyftajcpdu
k pf cef;udak &m?
*syeftu
kd eD m0guRe;f rSm&dw
S hJ ppftajcpdu
k f
pcef;awGuakd &m[m rdrw
d Yk&d UJ ypfcwfEikd f
pGrf;&dSwJh ypfrSw{f &d,mxJrmS &dyS gw,f}}
[k ¤if;uajymonf/
&efoltaeESifh EsLuvD;,m;
vuf e uf j zif h N cd r f ; ajcmuf v mygu
rdrdwdkYuvnf; ydkrdkjyif;xefonhf
EsLuvD;,m;wdkufcdkufrIjzifhwdkuf
cdkufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uowd
ay;ajymMum;onf/
ajrmufudk&D;,m;wGif awmif
ud&k ;D ,m;ESihf *syefwYkduykd pfcwfEikd pf rG ;f
&dSonfh 'kH;usnfrsm;ydkifqdkifxm;NyD;
tar&dueftxdypfcwfEikd af om 'ku
H snf
rSmrl vufawGYjyoEdik jf cif;r&daS o;ay/
odYkaomfvnf; ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;
\ Ncdrf;ajcmufrIudk vufOD;rI&,lEikd f
&ef tar&dueftaemufbufurf;ajc

wpfavQmufwiG f 'k;H usnu
f muG,af &;
pepfudk wyfqifoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
vGecf o
hJ nfo
h w
D if;ywfu tar&duef
umuG,fa&;0efBuD; acsmhcfa[*,fu
ajymMum;onf/
ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;onf ,refEpS f
'DZifbmvu wma0;ypf'kH;usnfudk
urmÇ y wf v rf ; aMumif ; twG i f ; od k Y
atmifjrifpmG prf;oyfypfvw
T jf ycJo
h nf/
tqd k y g wma0;ypf ' k H ; usnf
onf od y H Ü q d k i f & mtwG u f o m[k
ajrmufudk&D;,m;uajymMum;vsuf&dS
aomfvnf; Edik if w
H umurl wdu
k cf sif;
ypf'kH;usnfprf;oyfjcif;jzpfonf[k
,lqxm;onf/
ajrmufudk&D;,m;\ tqdkyg
wma0;ypf'kH;usnfprf;oyfonfh wdk;
wufrIajcvSrf;wpf&yfjzpfaomffvnf;
wdkufcsif;ypf'kH;usnfenf;ynmjzpf
aom? urÇmajrjyifodkYjyefvnf0if
a&muf Edik o
f nfh enf;ynmyg0ifaom
wdkufcsif;ypf'kH;usnf wDxGif&efrSmrl
vdktyfaeao;onf[k uRrf;usifol
rsm;uokH;oyfMuonf/
xd k Y jyif azazmf 0 g&D v u
ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;onf wwd,tBudrf
ajrmuf E sLuvD ; ,m;prf ; oyf j ycJ h
aomfvnf; EsLuvD;,m;xdyfzl;udk
wma0;ypf'kH;usnfwGifwyfqiftokH;
jyKEdkifao;jcif;&dSr&dSrSmrl oHo,&dSae
qJjzpfonf/

38
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

awmifukd&D;,m;EkdifiH qkdufbmwkdufckdufcH&rI w½kwftifwmeuf IP rsm;ESifU csdwfqufae[kqdk
qkd;vf? rwf -21

difiHtay: qkdufbmwkdufckdufrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJholrsm;rSm w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiHESifh qufpyf
awmif ukywfd&D;o,m;Ek
ufvsuf&Sdonf[k tpkd;&wm0ef&Sdolrsm;uajymMum;aMumif;
owif;pmu
Korean Herald

a&;om;azmfjyonf/
rMumao;cifu awmifukd&D;
,m;EkdifiHrS bPfrsm;ESifh toHvTifh
Xmersm;tay: qkdufbmwkdufckdufrI
rsm;jyKvkyfcJhonfh [ufumrsm;\
tifwmeufvdyfpmrSm w½kwfEkdifiHrS
jzpfonfukdawGU&Sd&aMumif; w,fvD
uGef;qufoG,fa&;Xmeuqkdonf/
qkd;vfNrdKUawmf tajcpkduf BBC
owif;axmuf\tqkdt& [ufum

rsm;onf w½kwfvdyfpmukdtokH;jyK
NyD; Mal Code twkrsm;wDxGifum
awmifukd&D;,m;rS tzGJUtpnf;BuD;
ajcmufck\ tifwmeufuGef&ufukd
wkdufckdufcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
vuf&t
dS aetxm;wGif qku
d b
f m
wkdufckdufrI\Zmpfjrpfukd qufvuf
azmfxw
k v
f su&f adS Mumif;? ,cif 2009
ckESpfESifh 2011 ckESpfwGif; qkdufbm

wkdufckdufrIrsm;wGif ajrmufukd&D;,m;
ES i f h y wf o uf a eonf [ l a ompG y f p G J
ajymqkdcsufrsm;&SdcJhaMumif; awmif
ukd&D;,m;t&m&SdBuD;rsm;uqkdonf/
]]rnf o l r nf 0 grS e f ; rod & wJ h
[ufumawGu bPfeJYtoHvTifhXm
e pkpkaygif;tzGJUtpnf;ajcmufck&JU
uGe&f ufuw
dk u
dk cf u
dk &f mrSm w½kwEf idk if H
&JU IP vdyfpmukdtokH;jyKcJhygw,f/
BBC

tdrf&mzGY H NzdK;a&; a':vmwpfbDvD,Hausmfxkwfacs;&ef
AD,uferfA[kdbPfpDpOf
[EGdKif;? rwf 18

AD,uferfEidk if w
H iG f vlrzI v
l aHk &;
qkdif&m tdrf&mpDrHudef;rsm;twGuf
Ekid if aH wmfA[kb
d Pfu acs;aiGa':vm
1 'or 428 bDvD,H (a'gifaiG 30
x&D v D , H ) xk w f a y;&ef tqk d j yK
xm;aMumif; Viet Nam News owif;
Xmeu ukd;um;a&;om;onf/
A[k d b Pf \ tpD t pOf t &
0if a iG e d r f h u sol td r f i S m ;rsm;ES i f h
tdrf0,frnfholrsm; tygt0ifvlrI
tdrf&mpDrHudef;BuD;rsm;wGif &if;ESD;
jr§KyfESHrnfholrsm;ukd twkd;EIef; 6
&mcdkifEIef;jzifh okH;ESpfwmaiGacs;oGm;
rnfjzpfonf/
AD,uferf&SdvlrIa&; taqmuf
ttHkrsm; okdYr[kwf pwk&ef;rDwm 70
xufao;i,faomtdrfrsm; (a':vm
715? a'gifaiG 15 oef;atmuf)?
aqmuf vk y f a &;0ef B uD ; Xmeu
xkwfjyefxm;aom vlrIa&;tdrf&m
pDrHudef;BuD;rsm;wGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHol
rsm;ukd tqkdygacs;aiGrsm; axmufyHh
ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; A[kdbPfu
qkdonf/
acs;aiG&&SdEkdifrnfholrsm;wGif

tpkd;&0efxrf;rsm;? ppfbuftrIxrf;
rsm;? 0ifaiGtenf;i,fom &SmazGEkdif
olrsm;ESifh vlrIa&;tkd;tdrfpDrHudef;
rsm;ü &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnfolrsm; t"du
yg0ifonf/ twk;d EIe;f rSm 6 &mckid Ef eI ;f
jzpf N yD ; a,bk , stm;jzif h o k H ; ES p f
twGif; jyefqyf&efpDpOfxm;aMumif;?
okYd aomf vly*k Kd¾ vfwpfO;D csif;pDtwGuf
t&SnMf umqk;H umvrSm 10 ESpjf zpfNyD;
vkyfief;rsm;twGuf ig;ESpfowfrSwf
xm;aMumif; Vietnam News u qko
d nf/
A[kdbPfrS 'kwd,nTefMum;
a&;rSL; Nguyen Viet Manh u Sai
Gon owif ; pmok d Y ajymqk d & mwG i f
]]'DtpDtpOfu tdrf? NcH? ajraps;uGuf
tay: ,kHMunfpdwfcsrIawG jzpfay:
vmapzkdYeJY jynfolawGtaeeJY tdrf&m
0,f , l E k d i f z k d Y tm;ay;tm;ajr§ m uf
jyK&musygw,f}} [k qkdonf/
tpdk;&taeESifh 0,f,lola&m
a&mif;csrnfholukdyg axmufyHhay;
oGm;&ef pDpOfxm;jcif;jzpfaomaMumifh
0,fvkdtm;ESifha&mif;vkdtm; tq
rwefjrifw
h ufvmrIrsKd; r&SEd idk af Mumif;
¤if;u qufvufajymqkdonf/

ok d Y aomf v nf ; pD ; yG m ;a&;
uRrf ; usif o l r sm;u AD , uf e rf r S
0ifaiGerd yfh g;olrsm;onf pay:aiGay;&ef
twG u f yif aiG a Mu;vk H a vmuf pG m
r&SdMuaMumif;? okdYtwGufaMumifh
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnfh vkyfief;rsm;om
tjrwf x G u f E k d i f a Mumif ; ok H ; oyf
ajymMum;onf/

NyD;awmh Mal Ware awGxnfNh yD; olwYdk
&JUuGe&f ufawGuw
dk u
dk cf u
dk cf MhJ uwmyg}}
[k awmifu&dk ;D ,m;qufo,
G af &;Xme
rS ywfa*srGef;u ajymMum;onf/
]]vwfwavmtaetxm;rSm
awmh wkdufckdufrIawG&JUZmpfjrpfukdod
Ekid af tmif uRefawmfwYdk tpGr;f ukeBf udK;
pm;aeMuygw,f}} [k ¤if;uquf
vufajymMum;onf/
,cifuxko
d Ydk qku
d b
f mwku
d cf u
dk f
rIrsm;wGif ajrmufukd&D;,m;EkdifiHukd
oHo,jzpfcMhJ uaMumif;? ,ckwpfBudrf
wkdufckdufrIwGif ajrmufukd&D;,m;EkdifiH
om odoo
d momoHo,tjzpfc&H ol

EkdifiHt jzpf owf r S w f M uaMumif ; ?
okdYaomf trSefwu,f [kwf? r[kwf
oufaojy&ef &ufowåywftenf;i,f
okYd r[kwf vtenf;i,ftcsdef,l&OD;
rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
,ck w pf B ud r f [ uf u mrsm;
xkwv
f yk v
f u
dk o
f nfh Mal Ware trsdK;
tpm;rSm tifwmeufvNHk cHKa&;twGuf
tpGr;f ukew
f if;usyx
f m;onfu
h eG &f uf
pepfrsdK;ukd tvG,fwulrwkdufcdkuf
Ekid af omfvnf; awmifu&dk ;D ,m;toHviT hf
Xmersm;u qkdufbmvkHNcHKa&;twGuf
aumif;rGepf mG pDrrH xm;jcif;aMumifh xko
d Ydk
wkdufckdufcHvkduf&jcif;jzpfonf/

vlrsKd;wkH;owfjzwfrIjzifU
*GgwDrmvmppfacgif;aqmifa[mif;udk ppfaq;
*GgwDrmvm? rwf 20

*G g wD r mvmud k 17 vMum
tk y f c sKyf c J h a om ppf a cgif ; aqmif
a[mif ; tuf z &d e f & D , d k r G e f Y onf
vlrsdK;wkH;owfjzwfrI? vlom;rsdK;EG,f
tay:usL;vGefaom jypfrIrsm;jzifh
*GgwDrmvmNrdKUwGif w&m;pGJcHae&
aMumif; bDbDpDowif;wGif azmfjy
xm;onf/
ppfacgif;aqmifa[mif;
AP

EGrf;yg;olrsm; pm;eyf&du©maxmufyHUa&;tpDtpOf
tdE´d,tpkd;&twnfjyK
e,l;a'vD? rwf - 21

tdE´d,EkdifiHrS qif;&JEGrf;yg;aomjynfolrsm;twGuf pm;eyf&du©mp&dwfpkdufxkwfay;Ekdifrnfh tpDtpOfBuD;
wpf&yfukd tpkd;&uoabmwlcGifhjyKvkdufNyDjzpfaMumif; India Times owif;pmu a&;om;azmfjyonf/
]pm;eyf&du©vkHNcHKa&; Oya'Murf;} [ktrnf&NyD; qif;&JEGrf;yg;ol jynfolrsm;twGuf pm;eyf&du©mp&dwf
pkdufxkwfay;rnfhtpDtpOfukd tdE´d,tpkd;&u rwfv 21 &ufaeYwGif oabmwlcGifhjyKvkdufjcif;jzpfonf/
xkt
d pDtpOft& qif;&JErG ;f yg;aom jynfoo
l ef; 800 cefYudk wpfO;D twGuf wpfvvQif *sKH ESiahf umufyo
J ;D ESH
ig;uDvkd*&rfaxmufyHhay;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/
xkdYjyif qef 1 uDvkdvQif 3 ,lyD;aiGjzifhvnf;aumif;? *sHK wpfuDvkdvQif 2 ,lyD;jzifhvnf;aumif;
axmufyHhay;oGm;&ef ,if;Oya'Murf;ü tqkdjyKxm;onf/
tdE´d,EkdifiHwGif jynfoloef;aygif;rsm;pGmrSm qif;&JEGrf;yg;rIrsnf;atmufwGif&SdMuNyD; uav;i,frsm;rSm
tpmtm[m&rjynfh0rIESifh &ifqkdifBuHKawGUae&onf/ Oya'jyKyk*¾dKvfrsm;tqkdt& tqkdygtpDtpOfonf
wpfESpfvQif ,lyD;aiG 1 'ór 3 x&DvD,H(a':vm 23 'ór 9 bDvD,H) cefYukefuszG,f&Sdonf/ vwfwavm
taetxm;wGif ,if;Oya'Murf;rSm vTwfawmf\twnfjyKcsuf&,l&ef vkdtyfvsuf&SdaMumif;? pm;eyf&du©m
axmufyHha&;tpDtpOfonf tmPm&uGef*&ufygwD\a&G;aumufyGJrJqG,f uwdu0wfwpfckjzpfaMumif;
pm;eyf&du©m0efBuD; auADaomrwfpfu qkdonf/
tqkyd gtpDtpOfudk pwiftaumiftxnfazmfjcif;aMumifh vmrnfh 2014 ckEpS f taxGaxGa&G;aumufyBJG uD;
wGif uGef*&ufygwDtaeESifh taxmuftyHhrsm;pGm&&SdEkdifaMumif; avhvmapmifhMunfholrsm;u qkdonf/

&D,rkd eG Yfonf 1980jynhEf pS f ¤if;tkycf sKyf
pOfumvu a'ocHvlrsKd;rsm; 1700
ausmu
f kd owfjzwfco
hJ nf[k ,lqjcif;
cHxm;&oljzpfonf/
¤if ; ud k w&m;pG J q d k j cif ; ES i f h
ywfoufí ,ckjypfrIrsKd;jzifh EdkifihH
acgif;aqmifa[mif;wpfOD;udk ¤if;\
EdkifiHw&m;½kH;ü w&m;pGJqdkjcif;onf
ord k i f ; wG i f yxrqk H ; jzpf a Mumif ;
ukvor*¾u ajymMum;onf/
*G g wD r mvmacgif ; aqmif
a[mif; &D,dkrGefYu ¤if;udkpGJqdkxm;
aomjypf r I r sm;ud k jiif ; qd k x m;NyD ;
¤if;ukdppfaq;onfhtrIrSm vaygif;
rsm;pGm MumjrifhEdkifzG,f&dSonf/
*G g wD r mvmNrd K Uw&m;½k H ; wG i f
ppfacgif;aqmifa[mif; &D,dkrGefYudk
w&m; ppf a q;cgeD ; tcsd e f w G i f
¤if;bufrS a&SUaevdkufrnfhtzGJUudk
vJvS,fcJhNyD; ¤if;\a&SUaetopfrsm;
u trIukd tcsed q
f EJG ikd rf nfh avQmufvJ

csufrsm; jyKvkyfcJhaomfvnf; w&m;
olBuD;u y,fcscJhonf/
*GgwDrmvm ppfacgif;aqmif
a[mif; &D,dkrGefYonf ¤if; tkyfcsKyfpOf
1982-83 umvu a'ocHrm,m
vlrsKd; 1771 OD;udk owfjzwfc&hJ mwGif
qufET,frI&dScJhonf[laom w&m;pGJ
rIjzifh trI&ifqdkifae&onf/
xd k Y jyif ¤if ; onf a'ocH
29ç000 ausmfudk twif;tusyf
zdtm;ay;í ae&ma&TUajymif;apcJhrI
jzifhvnf; trI&ifqdkifae&onf/
1996 ck E S p f u NyD ; qk H ; oG m ;
cJhaom ESpfaygif; 36 ESpfMum jzpfyGm;
chJonfh *GgwDrmvm jynfwGif;ppf
twGif; vlESpfodef;cefYao;qkH;jcif;
odYkr[kwf aysmufq;Hk jcif;rsm;&dcS o
hJ nf/
*GgwDrmvmwGif ,ckw&m;pGq
J kd
cH a e&aom Ad k v f c sKyf B uD ; &D , d k r G e f Y
tkycf sKyfcahJ om 17 vMumumvonf
tMurf;zrfrt
I rsm;qk;H umv jzpfonf/

39

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

uGef*dkppfacgif;aqmifwpfOD; &0rf'g&Sdtar&duefoH½Hk;wGif vma&muftzrf;cH
uD*gvD (&0rf'g)? rwf 19

&mZ0wfaumif[k owfrSwfpGyfpGJxm;jcif;cHxm;&onfh uGef*dkEdkifiHrS ppfacgif;aqmifwpfOD;jzpfol abmhpfudk
emwm*ef'gonf &0rf'gEdkifiHNrdKUawmf uD*gvD&Sd tar&duefoH½kH;twGif;odkY vma&muftzrf;cHcJhum ¤if;udk
EdkifiHwum &mZ0wfckH½kH;odkYwifí w&m;pD&ifay;yg&ef awmif;qdkcJhaMumif; BBC tmz&dua&;&mowif;tpDtpOfu
a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/
ppf&mZ0wfaumif[k owfrw
S f ¤if;udkzrf;&eftwGuf 0&rf;xkwfay; uGef*dk jynfolUppfacgif;aqmiftjzpf
pGypf x
JG m;jcif;cHxm;&onfh uGe*f Ekd ikd if H xm;Ny;D 2006 ckEpS u
f wnf;u ¤if;onf EdkifiHtaemufajrmufydkif;ü 2002rS ppfacgif;aqmifwpfO;D jzpfoal bmhpf ppfajrjyiftwGi;f vlowfaumifwpfO;D 2003 ckESpfrsm;wGif ¤if;usifvnf
ud k e mwm*ef ' gonf &0rf ' gEd k i f i H tjzpf emrnf&cJo
h v
l nf;jzpfayonf/ cJhpOfu xdkodkYaom&mZ0wfrIrsm;
NrdKUawmfuD*gvD&Sd tar&duefoH½kH;
uav;ppfom;pkaqmif;tokH; usL;vGefcJhonf[k pGyfpGJxm;onf/
twGif;odkY vma&muftzrf;cHcJhum jyKjcif;? vlowfrIusL;vGefjcif;ESifh
xkdYaemuf tpdk;&bufrS buf
¤if;udk Edik if w
H um&mZ0wfc½Hk ;Hk odYkwifí rsKd;EG,fpkrwlonfh wdkif;&if;om;rsm; ajymif;vmcJhjyD; M23 tkyfpk[k emrnf
w&m;pD&ifay;yg&ef awmif;qdck ahJ Mumif; udk ESyd u
f yG u
f m rk'rd ;f rIrsm;usL;vGejf cif; &So
d nfo
h yl ek b
f ufuaeí tpd;k &udjk yef
ponfhjypfrIrsm;pGyfpGJxm;&SdNyD; ¤if;u wdu
k cf JholwpfOD;jzpfonf/ azmfjyyg
BBC tmz&dua&;&mowif;tpDtpOf
pGyfpGJcsufrsm;udk jiif;qefxm;onf/ olykeftzGJUudk &0rf'gtpdk;&u ausm
u a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/
'D r d k u &uf w pf o r® w Ed k i f i H axmufaemufcHjyKxm;onf[k ukv
Edik if w
H um&mZ0wfc½Hk ;Hk uvnf;

ppf

qD;&D;,m;olykefrsm;ukd vufeufaxmufyHUrnfUtpDtpOf
jyifopfumuG,fajymqkd
yJ&pf? rwf 18

qD;&D;,m;EkdifiHwGif tmPm&Sif
or®wbm&Smtmqwftpd;k &qefYusif
jzKwcf sa&;qE´jyvIy&f mS ;rIBu;D 2 ESpjf ynfh
txd r f ; trS w f u k d E k d i f i H a &;wuf < u
vIyf&Sm;olrsm;u usif;yjyKvkyfae
csdefü qD;&D;,m;twku
d t
f cHoyl ek rf sm;
twGuf vufeufaxmufyahH y;rnft
h pD
tpOfudk jyifopfor®w a[mvef',
J m;
u umuG,fajymqkdvkdufonf/
jyifopfEkdifiHrS qD;&D;,m;olykef
rsm;ukd axmufyHhay;tyfoGm;rnfh
vufeufrsm;rSm vGJrSm;aom olwkdY\
vuf0,fokdYa&muf&SdoGm;&efr&Sd[k
or® w a[mf v ef ' J , m;u Oa&my
J NyD;wGif tmrcH
or*¾(EU) aqG;aEG;yGt
ajymMum;onf/
jyifopfESifhNAdwdefEkdifiHwkdYu
EU taeES i f h qD ; &D ; ,m;tay:
vufeufa&mif;csrI uefYowfydwfyif
xm;rIudk z,f&mS ;ay;apvkad omfvnf;
*smreDEkdifiHu qkH;jzwfrIrjyKvkyf&
ao;aMumif; ajymqkdonf/

vuf&t
dS aetxm;wGif qD;&D;,m;
Ekid if rH S twku
d t
f cHoyl ek t
f zGUJ ESihf tpk;d &
tzGUJ ESpcf t
k euf rnfonft
h zGUJ tpnf;
ukd axmufyHhrnfenf;[lonfhudprö Sm
Ekid if w
H umtpd;k &tzGUJ rsm;twGuf Bu;D rm;
aomjyóemBuD;wpfckjzpfaeonf/
qD;&D;,m;wGif jzpfay:vsuf&Sd
onfh aygufurJG rI sm;ESihf taocHA;Hk cGrJ I
rsm;onf t,fvfau'g okdYr[kwf
olyek t
f zGUJ rsm;ESihf tquftpyf&adS om
vufeufukdiftkyfpkrsm;\vufcsuf
jzpfonf[k ,kHMunf&onf/
qD;&D;,m;tpdk;&urlolykefrsm;
tm;vk;H onf vufeufuidk v
f q
l ;dk *kP
d ;f
rsm; okdYr[kwf EkdifiHjcm;ausmaxmuf
aemufcH tMurf;zuftzGJUrsm;jzpf
onf[k owfrSwfajymqkdonf/
t u , f í EU u o m
axmuf y H h a y;rnf q k d y gu rd r d w k d Y
taeESifh qD;&D;,m;tay: vufeuf
a&mif ; csrI uef Y o wf y d w f y if r I u k d
z,f&Sm;rnfjzpfaMumif; NAdwdefESifh

jyifopfEidk if w
H Ydk u xkwaf zmfajymqkNd yD;
qD;&D;,m; olyek rf sm;ukd wpfzufowf
vufeufaxmufyHhrnfh oabmrsKd;
jyoxm;onf/
½k & S m ;Ek d i f i H u rl ol y k e f t k y f p k
rsm;uk d qef Y usif N yD ; qD ; &D ; ,m;
tpdk;&\r[mrdwftjzpf qufvuf
&yfwnfvsuf&Sdonf/

BBC

or*¾u ,kMH unfxm;NyD; &0rf'gtpd;k &
u tqdkygajymqdkcsufudk jiif;qef
xm;onf/
&0rf'g&Sd wGwpf rD sKd;EG,pf 0k ifjzpfaom
ppf a cgif ; aqmif A d k v f c sKyf abmh p f
udkemwm*ef'gonf M23 olykeftzGJU
twGif;&Sd NydKifbuf*dkPf;*Prsm;\
ajcrIe;f jcif;udk cH&aomaMumifh &0rf'g
EdkifiHbufudk xGufajy;vmcJhonf[k
uGef*dktpdk;&u aMunmxm;onf/
tar&duefEdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;
XmeajymcGifh&yk*¾dKvf Apfwdk;&D;,m;
EsLvefu ]]abmhpfudkemwm*ef'g
wpfa,muf NrKdUawmfu*D gvDu tar&duef
oH½;Hk 0if;xJukd vrf;avQmuf0ifa&muf
vmcJyh gw,fvYkd uRerf twnfjyKygw,f}}
[k ajymMum;cJhonf/

tqd k y gppf a cgif ; aqmif u
onf[w
d Nf rdKU&Sd EdkifiHwum ppfckH½kH;udk
ydYkay;yg&efvnf; awmif;qdak eonf[k
tqdyk gtar&dueft&m&Su
d qufvuf
ajymqdkcJhonf/
¤if;udk ICC odkYydkYaqmif w&m;
pD&ifapoifhonf[k vlUtcGifhta&;
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;u tar&duefESifh
&0rf ' gtpd k ; &ud k awmif ; qd k x m;
Muonf/
rnfonfhtaMumif;rsm;aMumifh
¤if ; onf Ed k i f i H w umw&m;½k H ; od k Y
oG m ;csif a Mumif ; wd u saocsmpG m
rod&ao;aomfvnf; M23 olykef
tzGJUNydKuGJoGm;jcif;u ¤if;udk tvGef
tm;enf;oGm;aponf[k uGef*dkta&;
avhvmolrsm;u rSwfcsufjyKonf/

EdkifiHwumESifUwif;rmrI tD&efavQmUcsoifU[k
tdkbm;rm;ajymMum;
0g&Sifwef? rwf 19

EsLuvD;,m;vufeufyikd q
f ikd &f ef
BudK;yrf;vsuf&dSonf[k EdkifiHwum
\½I j rif j cif ; ud k c H a e&aom tD & ef
taeESihf wif;rmaerIudkavQmhcsEdik &f ef
t"d y Ü m ,f & d S N yD ; vuf i if ; usonf h

ajcvSrf;rsm; vkyfaqmifoifhaMumif;
tD&efESpfopful;aeYwGif tar&duef
or®wtd k b m;rm;u wd k u f w G e f ;
ajymMum;vdkufonf/
tD&efonf EdkifiHwum\pdk;&drf

owif;axmuf'efeD,,fvfyg;vfudk owfjzwfcJUaom tMurf;zuform;
ygupöwef&Jrsm;zrf;qD;
tpövmrf[wf? rwf 20

emrnfausmf Wall Street Jouranl owif;axmuf'efeD,,fvfyg;vfudk 2002 ckESpfu acgif;jzwfowfcJhaom tMurf;zuftzGJUwGif yg0ifonf[k
oHo,&SdolwpfOD;udk ygupöwef&JwyfzGJUu zrf;qD;&rdcJhaMumif; CNN owif;XmewGif azmfjyxm;onf/
xdktMurf;zuform;\trnfrSm um&Dtufb'la[&D;jzpfNyD; yg;vfuzkd rf;qD;owfjzwf&mwGif yg0ifcJhonf[k ,HkMunf&avmufaom taxmuf
txm;rsm;&Sad Mumif; trnfrazmfvo
kd l ygupöwef&t
J &m&Sw
d pfO;D u ajymMum;onf/
yg;vfonf u&mcsdNrdKUwGif ygupöweftMurf;zufwkdufcdkufa&;orm;rsm;ESifh zdeyfxJwGifAHk;xnfhí tar&duefavaMumif;vdkif;udk wkdufcdkuf&ef
BudK;pm;cJhol &pfcsuf&d'ftaMumif; okawoejyKavhvmrIjyKaepOf zrf;qD;owfjzwfcHcJh&jcif;jzpfonf/
xdkYjyif ¤if;udkacgif;jzwfowfaeonfudk ½dkuful;xm;aom AD'D,dkzdkifudkvnf; tMurf;zuftzGJUu tar&dueft&m&Sdrsm;xH ay;ydkYcJhao;onf/
xdkAD'D,dkwGif yg;vfudkowfjzwfaeonfhjyuGufrsm;tjyif Ncdrf;ajcmufajymqdkckdif;ojzifh ¤if;onf *sL;rsdK;EG,fjzpfaMumif; yg;vfu0efcHajymqdkaeonfh
jyuGufrsm;vnf;yg0ifonf/
xdktMurf;zuftzGJUonf yg;vfudk zrf;qD;onfhvkyf&yfudk vGwfvyfaomygupöwefjyefvnfwnfaqmufa&; trsdK;om;vIyf&Sm;rI[k ¤if;wdkY
bmomtrnfay;cJhNyD; *GgwmemrdkESifh usL;bm;wGif zrf;qD;xm;aomygupöwefrsm;udk vTwfay;&ef tar&duefjynfaxmifpkudk awmif;qdkcJhonf/
xdkYjyif ygupöwef&Sd tar&duefwyfrsm;jyefvnf½kyfodrf;ay;&ef? ygupöwefu tar&duefxHrS0,f,lxm;aom F-16 wdkufav,mOfudk
vTJajymif;ay;&efwdkYudkvnf; awmif;qdkcJhonf/
a[&D;tjyif yg;vfuzkd rf;qD;owfjzwf&mwGif yg0ifcahJ omtmruftdkrmqmtd&SdwfpfESifh taygif;tygoHk;a,mufudkvnf; ,cifuzrf;qD;&rdcJhzl;NyD;
ao'PfESifhwpfoufwpfuRef; jypf'Pfrsm; toD;oD;csrSwfcJhonf/
]]yg;vfaoqHk;&rI[m BuD;rm;us,fjyefYwJh EkdifiHwum tMurf;zufuGef&ufwpfcktaMumif; wpfurÇmvHk;udk today;wyfvSefYrIwpfckjzpfoifhw,f}}
[k yg;vf\usef&pfol ZeD;u yg;vfaoqHk;NyD; wpfywftMumü jyKvkyfaomtifwmAsL;wGif CNN owif;XmeodkY ajymMum;cJhonf/

ylyefrrI sm;udk auseyfatmifvyk af qmif
vdkpdwfr&dSjcif;aMumifh wefzdk;BuD;NyD;
rvdv
k m;tyfaom ay;qyfrrI sm;jyKvyk f
ae&aMumif; tdb
k m;rm;uajymMum;onf/
tD&efwGifjyKvkyfvsuf&dSaom
EsLuvD,m;oefYpifjcif;rsm;onf
aq;0g;ES i f h pG r f ; tif t wG u f o m
&nf&G,fjcif;jzpfaMumif; tD&eftpdk;&
u wzGzGajymMum;vsuf&dSaomfvnf;
EsLvufeuf&&dS&ef BudK;yrf;aejcif;
omjzpfaMumif; tar&dueftygt0if
urÇmhEdkifiHrsm;u ,lqxm;onf/
tD&eftaeESifh urÇmhEdkifiHrsm;
ESifh ukefoG,fa&;wdk;jr§ifhaqmif&Guf
jcif ; u tD & ef j ynf o l r sm;twG u f
tusKd;&dSaprnfjzpfaMumif;? odkYaomf
vuf&dSvrf;aMumif;twdkif;oGm;ae
jcif;onf EdkifiHwumtv,fwGif
yd k r d k t xD ; usef a prnf j zpf a Mumif ;
tar&duefor®wtdkbm;rm;u owd
ay;ajymMum;vdkufonf/
tar&duefor®wtdkbm;rm;
onf or®w&mxl;tqifjh ziffh tpöa&;
ESifha*smf'efEdkifiHwkdYodkY yxrqkH;c&D;
pOfoGm;a&mufrnfjzpfNyD; tD&efta&;
udpöudk aqG;aEG;oGm;zG,f&dSonf/
tar&dueftpdk;&onf vGefcJh
onfhvu tD&eftay:ta&;,lydwf
qdkYrIrsm;udkydkrdkwdk;jr§ifhcJh&m tD&ef\
a&eHa&mif;csjcif;rS&&dSonfh0ifaiGrsm;
udk uefYowfxdef;csKyfjcif;ESifh tD&ef
tpdk;&ydkifrD'D,mtay: b@ma&;
uefYowfrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhonf/

40
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

½kd[if*sm'ku©onfrsm;ukd ypfcwfcJUjcif;r&Sd[k xkdif;a&wyfjiif;qkd
befaumuf? rwf 15

wyfzUJG rSwyfom;rsm;onf pufavSjzifhxGufajy;vmaom ½kd[if*sm'ku©onfrsm;ukd ypfcwfrIrsm;
xdkif; a&wyf
jyKvkyfcJhonf[laomowif;rsm;rSm rSefuefrIr&Sd[k a&wyfrSwm0ef&Sdolrsm;uajymMum;aMumif;
BBC

owif;Xmeuazmfjyonf/
xkdif;a&wyfrSwyfrSL; Surasak
Rounroengorm u ]]a&wyft&m&Sd
yk*dK¾ vf rnfolwpfOD;wpfa,muf urQ
,ckvkdvkyf&yfrsdK; rvkyfEkdifMuygbl;}}
[k ,if;owif;xGufay:rIrsm;tay:
ajz&Sif;ajymqkdonf/
rMumao;cif&ufykdif;twGif;

vlUtcGifhta&;apmifhMunfha&;tzGJU
(HRW) u xk d i f ; a&wyf z G J U onf
jrefrmEkid if rH S rav;&Sm;okYd pufavSjzifh
xGuaf jy;vmaom ½k[
d if*sm'kuo
© nf
rsm;ukd ypfcwfwkdufckdufrIrsm;jyKvkyf
cJh&m tenf;qkH; ESpfOD; aoqkH;cJh&
aMumif; pGyfpGJajymqkdcJhonf/

BBC owif ; Xmetqk d t &
jrefrmEkdifiH &ckdifjynfe,fwGif; qlyl
tMurf;zufrIrsm;aMumifh xGufajy;
vmaom ½k[
d if*smaxmifaygif;rsm;pGm
wkdYonf rav;&Sm;EkdifiHokdY OD;wnf
oGm;a&mufavh&SdaMumif;? okdYaomf
pufavStawmfrsm;rsm;rSm xkdif;EkdifiH

qD;&D;,m;jynfwGif;ppfwGif "mwkvufeuftokH;jyK[k
tpdk;&ESifUolykef tjyeftvSefpGyfpGJ
'rwfpuwf? rwf 20

jynfwGif;ppfjzpfyGm;aeonfrSm
2 ESpfausmf MumjrifhvmNyDjzpfaom
qD;&D;,m;wGif "mwkvufeufrsm;
tokH;jyKvsuf&dSonf[k tpdk;&ESifh
olykefwyfrsm;u wpfzufESifhwpfzuf
tjyeftvSepf yG pf aJG jymMum;vsu&f aSd Mumif;
CNA owif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/
qD ; &D ; ,m;Ed k i f i H tmvuf y d k
jynfe,f&Sd ceftuftufq,fv{f &d,mü
olykefwyfrsm;u "mwkypönf;rsm;yg
aom 'k;H vufeufjzifyh pfcwfcahJ Mumif;
qD ; &D ; ,m;tpd k ; &yd k i f rD ' D , mwG i f
azmfjyxm;onf/
tqdkygwdkufcdkufrIaMumifh vl
31 OD; aoqk;H oGm;aMumif; qD;&D;,m;
vufaxmuf EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;
zpfq,fruf'ufu ajymMum;cJhNyD;
vl 100 ausmf'Pf&m&&dScJhonf[k
qD;&D;,m;tpdk;&ydkifrD'D,mu xyfrH
ajymMum;onf/
qD;&D;,m;tpdk;&\pGyfpGJrIudk
ol y k e f w yf z G J Y u jiif ; qd k v d k u f N yD ;
qD;&D;,m;tpd;k &\wma0;ypf';Hk usnf
jzifh ypfcwfwdkufcdkufjcif;aMumifh
touf½SLrIqdkif&mjyóem BuHKawGY
ae&onf[k qD;&D;,m;olykefrsm;u
ajymMum;onf/
qD ; &D ; ,m;ol y k e f r sm;onf
"mwkvufeufrsm; tokH;jyKvsuf
&dSonfqdkaom owif;&&dSjcif;ESifh
ywfoufí ,if;vufeufrsm; olykef

vufwGif;odkY a&muf&dSoGm;jcif;tay:
pd;k &draf Mumif;? ,if;aMumifh qD;&D;,m;
tajctaeudk ydkrdk½IyfaxG;oGm;aprnf
jzpfaMumif; ½k&Sm;EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;
Xmeu ajymMum;onf/
qD ; &D ; ,m;ol y k e f r sm; "mwk
vuf e uf o k H ; aMumif ; qD ; &D ; ,m;
tpdk;&ESifh ½k&Sm;wdkY\pGyfpGJcsufrsm;ESifh
ywf o uf í tar&d u ef t aeES i f h
taxmuftxm; wpfpw
Hk pf&m rawGU
&aMumif; tdrfjzLawmfajymcGifh&yk*dK¾ vf
a*s;umeDu ajymMum;onf/
tmvufydkjynfe,f&dS ceftuf
tufq,f ppfwyfrsm;csxm;&m{&d,mü
ajrjyifrSajrjyifypf'kH;vufeufxdrSef
cJNh yD; ppfom; 16 OD;? t&yfom; 10 OD;
aoqkH;cJhaMumif; NAdwdeftajcpdkuf
qD;&D;,m;ta&;apmifhMunfhavhvm
aeaom vlYtcGifhta&; apmifhMunfh
a&;tzGJYu ajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg 'kH;vufeufwGif "mwk
vufeufyg0ifjcif; &dS r&du
S rkd l tqdyk g
tzGJYu ajymMum;Edkifjcif; r&dSay/
qD;&D;,m;wGif jzpfyGm;vsuf
&dSaom jynfwGif;ppfrSm 2 ESpfausmf
umvMumjrifhcJhNyDjzpfNyD; olykefrsm;
xdef;csKyfxm;aom e,fajrrsm;udk
tkyfcsKyf&ef qD;&D;,m;olykeftzGJYrsm;
pkaygif;xm;aom qD;&D;,m;trsK;d om;
nGeYfaygif;tzGYJ\a&G;cs,rf jI zifh yxrqk;H
0efBuD;csKyftjzpf t*FgaeYtapmydkif;

u a&G;aumufwifajr§mufcHcJh&onf/
qD;&D;,m;trsdK;om;nGefYaygif;
tzGJYu a&G;aumufwifajr§mufvdkuf
aom *gqef [ pf w d k u ¤if ; onf
qD;&D;,m;tpd;k &ESihf aphpyfaqG;aEG;rnf
r[kwfaMumif; ajymMum;xm;onf/
*gqef[pfwdkudk qD;&D;,m;
0efBuD;csKyftjzpf a&G;aumufjcif;udk
tar&duefu BudKqdkvkdufaomfvnf;
,if;udpo
ö nf qD;&D;,m;jynfwiG ;f a&;
wnf N id r f r I u d k qd k ; 0g;oG m ;apEd k i f
aMumif; ½k&Sm;EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;Xme
u owday;ajymMum;vdkufonf/

Bangkok Post

taemufbufurf;ajca'ookdYom
vma&muf q k d u f u yf a vh &S d a Mumif ;
od&onf/
rsufjrifoufaorsm;? owif;pm
q&mrsm;ESifh vlYtcGifhta&;apmifh
Munfha&;tkyfpkrsm;u xkdif;a&wyf\
ypfcwfrIrsm;jzpfay:NyD;aemuf tcsKdU
aom'ku©onfrsm;ukd u,fwifxm;
aMumif;? a&xJwGif tavmif;tcsKdU
arsmygaeonfukdawGU&aMumif; ajym
Mum;onf/
]]a&wyfu wyfzGJU0ifawGu
avxJ u k d aoewf y pf a zmuf N yD ;
uRefawmfwkdYukd rvIyf&Sm;zkdY owday;
ygw,f/ 'gayrJh uReaf wmfwYdkuvnf;
aMumuf&GHUxdwfvefYaeawmh pufavS
ay:uae ckefcscJhMuw,f/ tJ'DrSm
olwkdYu a&xJukdaoewfeJYypfawmh

EsLuvD;,m;udpö apUpyfn§dEIdif;rnfr[kwf[k NyHK,rf;owday;
qkd;vf? rwf 18

ajrmuf u k d & D ; ,m;Ek d i f i H \
EsLuvD;,m;tpDtpOfEiS yfh wfoufí
tar&duefjynfaxmifpEk iS hf aphpyfnEd§ idI ;f
rIrsm;jyKvkyo
f mG ;rnfr[kw[
f k NyHK,rf;
uGefjrLepftpkd;&u xkwfazmfajymqkd
aMumif; EkdifiHykdif KCNA owif;Xme
u azmfjyonf/
ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;\ Ncdr;f ajcmuf
rIrsm;ESifh wkdufckdufrIrsm;ukd umuG,f
Ekdifa&;twGuf 'kH;usnfumuG,fa&;
pepfrsm; wkd;jr§ifhwyfqifoGm;rnfjz
pf o nf [ k tar&d u ef yif w *G e f
ppfXmecsKyfu xkwfazmfajymqkdNyD;
&ufykdif;tMumwGif NyHK,rf;tpkd;&u

tar&duef\ &efpjyKrlaom rl0g'ukd
½Iwcf sajymqkNd yD; EsLuvD;,m;tpDtpOf
onf tay;t,lvkyf&rnfh t&m
okYd r[kwf aps;qpfí&onfu
h pd w
ö pfck
r[kwaf Mumif; today;ajymqko
d nf/
ajrmufu&dk ;D ,m;\ EsLuvD;,m;
vufeufrsm;onf wkid ;f jynftcsKyt
f jcm
tmPmESifhvkHNcHKa&;ukd umuG,fEkdif
a&;twGuf tiftm;jyif;xefNyD; tzkd;
xkdufwefaom "m;wpfvufjzpfonf/
xkYd aMumifh tar&duefjynfaxmifp\
k
EsLuvD;,m;Ncdrf;ajcmufrIESifh &efjyK
vkdaomrl0g'wnf&Sdaeao;oa&GU
ajrmuf u k d & D ; ,m; EsLuvD ; ,m;

&ufpGJrSwfwrf;
umh'fESpfopful;yGJawmfaeYwGif ordkif;0ifxkwfjyefaMunmoGm;rnf[k wl&uDtpdk;&tzGJU\zrf;qD;xdef;odrf;cHxm;&aom umh'f
vufeufudkiftzGJUacgif;aqmif t'lvmatmhuvefu xkwfazmfajymMum;oGm;onf/ umh'v
f ufeufuikd t
f zGUJ PKK onf wl&uDEikd if t
H a&SUawmifyikd ;f wGif
umh't
f yk cf sKyfciG &hf a'o&&SEd ikd &f ef 1984 ckESpfrS pwifNyD; tpdk;&tzGJUudk vufeufudkifawmfvSefcJhaomtzGJUjzpfonf/
- tar&duefjynfaxmifpk tvmpuma'owGif; 'Hk;cGif;'Hk; 14 ck topfxyfrHwyfqif&ef tar&duefu pDpOfjcif;onf a'oy#dyu©rsm;wdk;yGm;vm&ef
vkyfaqmifaejcif;jzpfaMumif; w½kwfEdkifiHua0zefoGm;onf/ ajrmufudk&D;,m;EdkifiHrSypfcwfvmEdkifaom wma0;ypf'Hk;ysHrsm;&efrSumuG,f&ef 'Hk;cGif;'Hk;
rsm;csxm;jcif;jzpfonf[k tar&duefjynfaxmifpku ajymMum;aomfvnf; ,if;vufeufpepfrsm;onf urÇmhwnfNidrfa&;ESifh tiftm;yg0gnDrQrItay:
oufa&mufrI&SdaMumif; w½kwfEdkifiHu ajymMum;oGm;onf/
t*Fg? rwf 19 - oD&dvuFmjynfwGif;ppftwGif; wrD;vfvlrsKd;rsm;owfjzwfcH&rItay: tpdk;&tzGJU\udkifwG,fajz&Sif;rIudk rauseyfjcif;aMumifh
tmPm& nGefYaygif;tpdk;&tzGJUrS DMK ygwD0ifrsm;EkwfxGufcJhonf/ DMK ygwDonf wrDvlrsKd;trsm;pkaexdkifaom awmifydkif;wrDvfem'ljynfe,f\
t"du twdkuftcHygwDjzpfNyD; uGef*&ufygwDOD;aqmifaom tdE´d,tpdk;&tzGJUwGif DMK ygwD0if 0efBuD;ig;OD;txd yg0ifzGJUpnf;xm;onf/
- tD&wfEdkifiHwGif;&Sd &SD;,m;vlrsKd;rsm; trsm;pkaexdkif&ma'orsm;ü AHk;rsm;qufwdkufaygufuGJrIjzpfay:vmjcif;aMumifh a'ocH 52 OD;aoqHk;oGm;NyD;
200 ausmf xdcdkuf'Pf&m&&SdoGm;onf/ &SD;,m;rGwfqviftrsm;pkyg0ifaom tD&wftpdk;&tzGJUudk EdkifiHwGif;&Sd qGefeDrGwfqvifbmom0ifrsm;u
oHk;vausmfMum qE´jyrIrsm;jyKvkyfaeNyD; vuf&SdjzpfaeaomAHk;azmufcGJrIrsm;onf tD&wfEdkifiHwGif; bmoma&;tMurf;zufrIrsm; ay:aygufatmif
&nf&G,fvkyfaqmifjcif;jzpfonf/
Ak'¨[l;? rwf 20 - qE´jyrIrsm;ESifhvHkNcHKa&;wif;usyfrIrsm;jyKvkyfxm;aom tpöa&;EdkifiHodkY tar&duefor®wtdkbm;rm; yxrqHk;tBudrftjzpf
oGm;a&mufvnfywfrnfjzpfonf/ tqdyk gc&D;pOftwGi;f tpöa&;0efBuD;csKyf aewefnm[k? ygvufpwdik ;f acgif;aqmif rmrGwt
f mbwfpw
f Ykd EiS hf awGUqHk&ef
pDpOfxm;NyD; qD;&D;,m;wdkufyGJta&;ESifh tD&efEsLuvD;,m;ta&;wdkY t"duxm;aqG;aEG;oGm;vdrfhrnf[k trsm;u arQmfvifhxm;onf/
wevFm? rwf 18 -

wmyJ}}[k ½k[
d if*sm'kuo
© nfwpfO;D u
ajymMum;onf/
HRW rS tm&StpDtpOfqkdif&m
nTefMum;a&;rSL; Brad Adams u
xkdif;tpkd;&taeESifh ckdvIHcGifh&&Sd&ef
BudK;yrf;aeolrsm;tay: ppfa&;t&
wk H Y j yef a erI r sm;uk d xk d i f ; tpd k ; &u
taotcsmpkHprf;ppfaq;&ef vkdtyf
aMumif; ajymMum;onf/
]]jrefrmEkdifiHuvmwJh zdESdyfcH
½kd[if*smvlrsdK;awGukd xkdif;tpdk;&
ulnDoifhygw,f/ olwkdY&JUjyóem
awGukd ykdrkdqkd;&Gm;atmif rvkyfoihf
ygbl;/ 'ghtjyif xkid ;f Ekid if u
H adk &muf&dS
vmwJh ½kd[if*smawGtm;vkH;ukd ulnD
apmif h a &S m uf E k d i f r ,f h uk v or*¾
at*sipf aD wGudk xkid ;f tpk;d &u xm;&Scd iG fh
ay;oihyf gw,f}}[k ¤if;u qko
d nf/

tpDtpOfukd tjiif;yGm;í &Ekdifrnf
r[k w f [ k KCNA owif ; Xmeu
azmfjyonf/
ajrmufukd&D;,m;ESifh
tar&duefjynfaxmifpk (r[mrdwf
awmifukd&D;,m;tygt0if) tMum;
wif ; rmrI r sm;onf NyD ; cJ h o nf h
'DZifbmvtwGif; NyHK,rf;tpkd;&u
wma0;ypf 'k H ; usnf w pf p if ; uk d
atmifjrifpGm ypfvTwfcJhNyD;aemuf
ykdrkdjrifhwufvmcJhonf/
rwf v 17 &uf a eYwG i f
tar&d u ef x d y f w ef ; vT w f a wmf
trwfwpfOD;jzpfol rkdufa&mf*smu
uGefjrLepfacgif;aqmif uif*Reftef
\wnfNidrfat;csrf;rIESifh ywfoufí
ar;cGef;xkwfonf/
]]ajrmufu&dk ;D ,m;rSm uk,
d u
hf ,
dk f
ukd,f ppfwyfukd vTrf;rkd;EkdifolwpfOD;
ygvkdY oufaojyzkdY BudK;pm;aewJh
touf 28 ESpft&G,f acgif;aqmif
wpfOD;&,f? ukd,fusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf
"m;w&rf;&rf;jzpfcsifaewJh ppfwyf
&,f&Sdaew,f/ tJ'DtajctaeESpf&yf
aygif;pyfaejcif;u tifrwef aMumuf
rufz,
G &f maumif;w,fqkdwmukd azmf
jyaeygw,f}}[k ¤if;uokH;oyf ajym
qkdonf/
xkdYjyif ajrmufukd&D;,m;wGif
tar&duefjynfaxmifpkukd trSef
wu,f wk d u f c k d u f E k d i f p G r f ; &S d o nf h
'kH;usnfrsm;&SdaeonfrSm taotcsm
yif jzpfonf[k ¤if;uqkdonf/

41

VOICE

The

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

zGY H NzdK;NyD;EdkifiHrsm;a&G;cs,f&rnfU 21 &mpk vlOD;a&pdefac:rI
oefhZifpdk;
;tajccs0if a&mufvmolrsm;udk qufNyD;vufcHrvm;/ udk,hfEdkifiHrSm vlOD;a&ususoGm;wmudk
jynf yrSvufa&TyUdkuajymif
fMunhfaervm; qdkwJhjyóemudk &ifqdkifae&onhfEdkifiHrsm; 21 &mpkwGif rsm;onfxuf rsm;vm
onf/ zGHUNzdK;NyD;EdkifiHrsm;xJwGif xdkjyóemESihf a&SUwef;wGif t"du&ifqdkifae&onhfEdkifiHrSm *syefaywnf;/ vmrnhf
q,fpkESpfav;cktwGif; vlOD;a& 14 &mcdkifEIef;usoGm;rnf[k wGufcsufcefYrSef;xm;onf/
xd k j yóemt"d u jzpf & jcif ; u usaeaomaMumihfjzpf\/
ayonf/ tqdyk gyrmPonf vuf&dS
taMumif;&if;rSm zGm;aoEIef;jzpfav
'DMum;xJ jynfyrS0ifa&mufvm 0ifa&mufvmNyD; aexdkifaeMuaom
onf/ aoEIef;u zGm;EIef;xufjrihf olawGuvnf;ra&muf? trsKd;orD; vl O D ; a&xuf tqaygif ; rsm;pG m
vmonhftcg a&TUajymif;0ifa&muf rsm;\ arG;EIef;usjcif;wdkYuvnf; ydkayawmh\/
vmolrsm;omrygcJhygvQif vlOD;a& &S d a evQif u m; xd k E d k i f i H \ vl O D ; a&
vlOD;a&wdk;EIef;½Iaxmihfbuf
usdef;aousayawmhrnf/
usaeayawmhrnf/ xdw
k ikd ;f jynfrsm; uMunhv
f Qif arG;EIe;f uav;ESpaf ,muf
,aeYaoEIef;u arG;EIef;xuf wGif trsKd;orD;rsm;\ uav;&,l eD;yg;tqihf&Sdaom MopBwD;,m;?
jrihfaeaom wpf'gZifrQ&SdonhfEdkifiH EI e f ; onf td r f a xmif p k w pf p k v Qif jyif o pf ? e,l ; ZD v ef ? ,l a uES i h f
rsm;xJwGif *smreD? [efa*&D? tDwvD? uav;wpfa,mufco
JG m&So
d nhfoabm tar&duefjynfaxmifpkwdkYyifvQif
*syef? ay:wl*D? ½k&Sm;ESihf ,lu&def;wdkY jzpfay\/
a&TUajymif;wdkY\ tcef;u@onf
vnf;yg0ifonf/ ,ck&mpkESpf\
vlOD;a&wdk;EIef;rsm;vSygonf tem*wf vlOD;a&wdk;EIef;twGuf
xuf0ufavmufwiG f aemufxyfEikd if H qdkaom tdE´d,wGifyif trsKd;orD; BuD;pGmaom oufa&mufrI&SdaeqJ
24 EdkifiHwGifvnf; vlOD;a& usqif; wpfOD;\ om;orD;&,lEIef;onf 2 jzpfayawmhonf/ om"ujy&vQif
zdkY&Sdjyef&m a&TUajymif;rsm; 0ifa&muf 'or 5 a,mufjzpfNyD; xdkwdk;EIef; ,lauEdkifiH\ &mpkESpf0ufvlOD;a&
vmaeaomf v nf ; a*smf * sD , mES i h f rSmvnf; 3 'or 2 a,mufru
S sqif; wd;k EIe;f rS 95 &mcdik Ef eI ;f onf a&TUajymif;
bla*;&D;,m;qdkvQif 26 &mcdkifEIef; vmjcif;jzpfayawmh\/ trsm;ESihf wdYkEiS fh ¤if;wdYk\rsK;d qufrsm;aMumihu
f
avmuftxd vlOD;a&usoGm;EdkifNyD; ,SOfygu arG;EIef;jrihfaeaom tdE´d, t"dujzpfaernf[k ok;H oyfxm;onf/
w½kwfyifvQif vlOD;a& 5 &mcdkifEIef; onf ¤if ; \vl O D ; a&jrih f r m;rI E S i h f MopaMw;vsESifh tar&duef
usqif;Edkifayonf/
tcsKd;jyKNyD; wGux
f w
k Mf unhaf omtcg jynfaxmifpkwdkY\ vlOD;a&rsm;onf
a&TUajymif;rsm; 0ifa&muftajccs urÇmhvlOD;a&wdk;EIef; 78 oef;\ 22 jynfyrS 0ifa&mufa&TUajymif;vmol
vmrIu dk vkH; 0z,fN yD; wGu f y gu &mcdkifEIef;avmufudk oluwm0ef,l wdkYtygt0if 35 &mcdkifEIef;ESihf 27
MopBwD;,m;? *smreD? tDwvDESihf xm;ovdkjzpf\/ xdktwdkif;qdkvQif &mcdkifEIef;txd wufvmrnfjzpfum
½k&Sm;wdkY\ vlOD;a&usqif;oGm;Edkif vmrnh f & S p f E S p f t wG i f ; w½k w f \ a&TUajymif;rsm;om 0ifa&mufvmjcif;
ajconf cefYrSef;wGufxkwfxm;onf vlOD;a&udk ausmfwufoGm;zG,f&Sday r&Sdygu vlOD;a&wdk;EIef;onf 10
xufyif ydkrsm;Edkifayonf/ tDwvD onf/
&mcdkifEIef;txdusqif;oGm;ayvdrhf
Edik if o
H Ykd ESppf Of0ifvmaom a&TUajymif;
tu,fí xdkodkYarG;EIef;ESihf rnf/
aexdkifvmolta&twGufudk wpfESpf aoEIef; rrQbJ arG;EIef;u avsmhus
oufBuD;vlxkOD;a& rsm;vm
vQif wpfodef;okH;aomif;ig;axmif aeaomEdkifiHrsm;rS tpdk;&wdkYonf jcif;uvnf; xnhfwGuf&rnhfudpö
[k taoowfrSwfvdkufMunhfygu vlO;D a&tcsK;d tpm;udk wnfNidraf tmif &yfwpfckjzpfavonf/ arG;EIef;u
2050 ckESpfwGif&Sdaernhf tDwvD\ jyKvkyv
f ykd gu xdrk nDrQcsuu
f kd jynhrf D aoEIef;udk rausmfvGefEdkifaomEdkifiH
vlOD;a&onhf vuf&Sdtcsdefxuf 3 atmif jynfyrS0ifa&muf tajccsvm rsm;wGif oufBuD;½G,t
f t
kd a&twGuf
&mcdik Ef eI ;f enf;aeOD;rnfyifjzpfonf/ olrsm;ESihf csdefcGifvQmudk n§d&ay uvnf; rsm;vmNyD; tvkyfvkyfEdkif
a&T U ajymif ; 0if a &muf v mol r sm;ud k awmhrnf/
onhf vlOD;a&uvnf; usqif;vm
vkH;0xnhfrwGufawmhqdkvQifum;
Oyrmqdk&vQif *smreDEdkifiH\ ayonf/ tDwvDonf vmrnhf&mpk
&mpkESpf0ufwGif tDwvD\ vlOD;a& 82 oef;wnf;[laom vlO;D a&yrmP ESpf0ufwGif oufBuD;vlOD;a& vuf&Sd
onf 15 &mcdkifEIef;avmuf avsmh udkxdef;odrf;xm;vdkygu cefYrSef;ajc \ 57 &mcdkifEIef; wdk;vmrnfjzpfum
oGm;rnfjzpfayawmhonf/
tm;jzihf jyifyrS0ifa&mufvmol ESpo
f ed ;f tvkyfvkyfEdkifrnhfvkyfom;tiftm;pk
zGm;EIef;xuf aoEIef;ursm; avmufjzihf ESpfpOfjyefvnfzmax; (touf 20 rS 64 ESpftwGif;)onf
aejcif;rSm aoEIef;u jrihfaeaom &ayawmhrnf/ *syefEiS fh ½k&mS ;wdYkqv
kd Qif vuf & S d y rmP\ 22 &mcd k i f E I e f ;
aMumihfr[kwfay/ arG;EIef;usaom vuf&SdvlOD;a&yrmPudk xdef;xm; usqif;zG,f&Sd&m xdkuGm[rIudkjynhfrD
aMumihjf zpfonf/ trsK;d orD;wpfO;D vQif vdkygu ESpfpOfjyifyrS vlESpfodef; ap&eftwGuf a&TUajymif; wpfoef;
uav;ESpOf ;D arG;onfqakd om tajccH okH;aomif;ESihf oHk;odef;cGJavmuf okH;odef;ig;aomif; vdktyfayawmh
a,bk,scefYrSef;xm;rIxuf arG;EIef; toD;oD; a&TUajymif;0ifvmaeMuzdYk vkd onf/ tu,fí jynfyvkyo
f m;oGi;f

PTT wGif

oufqiftpk&S,f,mryg0if[kqkd

befaumuf
aumuf? rrwf
wf 17

xkdif;EkdifiH\emrnfausmftrsm;ykdifukrÜPDBuD;jzpfaom PTT Plc a&eHESifhobm0"mwfaiGUwl;azmfa&;
vkyfief;wGif ,cif0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;oufqif&Sifem0yfESifh ¤if;rdom;pk\tpk&S,f,mrsm; yg0ifaeonf[laom
owif;rSm rSefuefrIr&Sd[k oufqif\Oya'a&;&mtBuHay;yk*¾dKvf Noppadol Pattama u ajymMum;aMumif;
The Nation owif;pmuazmfjyonf/
xkdif;EkdifiHwGifvwfwavm avmifpmqDaps;EIef;rsm;jrifhwufvmrIaemufuG,fü ,ck0efBuD;csKyf
&ifvwf&Sifem0yf\tpfukdjzpfol oufqif&Sifem0yfu BudK;ukdifvsuf&Sdonf[laom aumvm[vrsm;ukd
tcsKdUaomjynfwGif;owif;pmrsm;ESifhvlrIa&;rD'D,mrsm;u qufwkdufazmfjycJhMuaMumif;? oufqif&Sifem0yf
onf xkdif;EkdifiHwGifomru tdrfeD;csif;EkdifiHrsm;&Sd a&eHESifhobm0"mwfaiGUvkyfief;rsm;wGif rnfonfhtusKd;
pD;yGm;rQ yg0ifxm;jcif;r&SdaMumif; ¤if;u today;ajymqkdonf/
]]oufqif&JUrdom;pk[m PTT rSm &S,f,mwpfpkawmifrygygbl;/ wu,fvkdYESpfumvMum&SnfpGm pGyfpGJ
ajymqkdxm;wJhtwkdif; oufaotaxmuftxm;eJY tckdiftrmjyEkdifr,fqkd&if oufqifu PTT rSm&SdwJh
tpk&S,f,mawGtm;vkH;ukd vTJajymif;ay;rSmjzpfygw,f}} [k Noppadol Pattama u ajymMum;onf/ xkdif;
EkdifiHa&;orm;rsm;ESifhtzGJUtpnf;rsm;taeESifh tjcm;olwpfOD;wpfa,muftay: oufaotaxmuftxm;
rygbJ pGypf yJG w
k cf wfajymqkrd rI sm; rjyKvyk o
f ifah Mumif; ¤if;u qufvufajymqko
d nf/ rMumao;cif &ufowåwpfywf
twGif;uvnf; 0efBuD;csKyf&ifvwf&Sifem0yfx&mu rdrdonf tpfukdjzpfoloufqif\BudK;qGJ&m ujy&aom
½kyfao;½kyfwpf½kyfr[kwfaMumif; jiif;qkdcJhonf/

AP

tm;omxnhfrwGufygu tDwvD\
tvkyfvkyfEdkifaomvlOD;a&onf 44
&mcdkifEIef; usqif;oGm;ayawmhrnf/
zGm;EIef;jyefvnfjynhfryD gonf qdak om
Edik if t
H rsm;yif oufBu;D ½G,ftdkrsm;vm
jcif;aMumihf a&TUajymif;0ifvmrnhfol
rsm;twG u f teD ; uyf a pmih f M unh f
avh v mjyif q if a e&ayNyD / Oyrm
tm;jzih f q d k & vQif tar&d u ef
jynfaxmifpkrS touf 20 rS 64 ESpf
Mum; tvkyfvkyfEdkifrnhfvlOD;a&onf
wpfESpfvQif jyifyrSa&TUajymif;vmol
wpfoef; 0ifa&mufvmygu &mpk
ESpf0ufwGif 17 &mcdkifEIef;wufvm
rnfjzpfonf/ tu,fí tar&duef
jynfaxmifpku a&TUajymif;rsm;udk
0ifa&mufvmjcif; &yfvu
kd yf gu 2050
ckESpfwGif ,aeYacwftvkyfvkyfEdkif
onhfvlOD;a&xufyif 1 &mcdkifEIef;
avmufyif avsmhoGm;Edkifayonf/
0ifvmrnhf a&TUajymif;tiftm;
pk o nf v nf ; arG ; zG m ;aoqk H ; &m
tcsuf t vuf r sm;u xnh f o G i f ;
pOf;pm;p&mjzpfonf/ ,aeYa&TUajymif;
vmMuolrsm;qdo
k nfrmS wdik ;f &if;om;
t&? bmoma&;t&? ,Ofaus;rIt&
vufcHay;rnhfEdkifiHrsm;ESihf zDvmrI
rsm;&Sdaewwfay&m ,Ofaus;rIt&
wpfom;wnf;jzpfvmatmifBudK;yrf;
&mwG i f pd k ; &d r f & rI r sm;&S d w wf N yD ;
rsKd;EG,fpkt& jyóemrsm;yifjzpfvm
rnfudk owdxm;&ayonf/ *syefESihf
awmifudk&D;,m;wdkYuJhodkYaomEdkifiH
rsm;wGif wpfrsKd;wnf;aomrsKd;EG,f&Sd
onhfoabmudk taumif;w&m;[k
jrifayonf/ oufBuD;rsm; yifpifay;
Edkifa&;twGuf a&TUajymif;,Ofaus;rI
rwlorl sm;udk xdak e&mrsm;odYk tkv
H u
kd f
usi;f vdu
k f zdwaf c:vufccH v
hJ Qiv
f nf;
vlrIa&;rwnfjidrfrIESihf tMurf;zufrI
rsm; rMumcPjzpf y G m ;avh & S d & m
tmz&du? tm&S? Oa&myESihf tjcm;
a'orsm;rSjyóemrsm;udkygvufcH
vdkufouJhodkYvnf; jzpfoGm;Edkifay
onf/
tpdk;&? pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sif
ESihf EdkifiHa&;u@wdkYu a&TUajymif;0if
a&mufvmolrsm;udk vlOD;a&usjcif;?
oufBuD;½G,ftdkrsm;vmjcif; ponhf
jyóemrsm;twG u f Ed k i f i H a &;?
pD;yGm;a&; ½IaxmihfrS aumif;usKd;
tjzpf pOf;pm;aumif; pOf;pm;Murnf
jzpfaomfvnf; jynfolvlxkuawmh
wdkif;wpfyg;om;rsm; tkHvdkufusif;
vd k u f 0 if v mMurnh f tpD t pOf u d k

0rf ; yef ; womBuD ; BuKd q d k M urnf
awmhrjzpfEdkifay/ pifumylwGif EdkifiH
jcm;rS a&TUajymif;rsm;udkBuKdqdkonhf
tpDtpOftm; pifumylom;wdYk qE´jy
Mujcif;udkMunhfí odEdkifayonf/
pifumylonf trsK;d orD;wpfO;D
\arG;zGm;EIe;f rSm uav; 1 'or 3 OD;
tqihfom&Sdayonf/
vlxkonf wpfcgwpf&H wdkif;
wpfyg;om;rsm;vmaeMujcif;aMumihf
tvkyftudkif&zdkY ydkusyfvmonf/
vkyt
f m;c usqif;vmonf/ &mZ0wfrI
wdk;vmonf/ aps;wufvmonf/
jynfolYynma&; usqif;vmonf/
0efaqmifrIrsm; aps;jrihfvmonf/
tp&Sdojzihf jrifMuonf/ w&m;r0if
a&TUajymif;rsm;ESihf tvkyfvmvkyfol
rsm;udk vlxku odyfNyD;taumif;jrif
Muonfawmhr[kwaf y/ tvkyt
f udik f
&Sm;yg;jcif;? Oya'csKd;azmufrIrsm;vm
jcif;ESihf aps;uGufykef;rsm;jzpfvmjcif;
wdkYonf aps;aygaom w&m;r0if
vkyfom;rsm;aMumihf[k a&TUajymif;
qef Y usif a &;tawG ; tac:wpf c k
vnf; &Sdonf/
wdkif;jynftawmfrsm;rsm;wGif
aumuf,x
l m;aom vlxpk pfwrf;rsm;
t& jynfolvlxktrsm;pku vuf&Sd
a&TUajymif;0ifa&mufvmMuolrsm;
ta&twGufudk avQmhcscsifMuNyD;
w&m;r0if 0ifa&mufvmMuolrsm;
udk rl&if;XmaeodkYom jyefydkYvdkMu
ayonf/
½k&Sm;wGif ppfwrf;ajzMum;cJh
Muol okH;ykHESpfykHcefYu a&TUajymif;0if
vmolrsm;ta&twGufudk avQmhap
csifMuNyD; 73 &mcdik Ef eI ;f u w&m;r0if
jyefydkYypfvdkMuonf/
arG;zGm;EIef;ESihf aoqkH;rIrnD
rQjcif;aMumihf uav;arG;zGm;rIudk
jr§ i h f w if v d k M ujcif ; jzpf a omf v nf ;
vufawGUwGifrl tjrefqkH;taumif
txnfazmf&ef azmfjyyg tpd;k &rsm;tzdYk
rjzpfEikd af y/ a&TUajymif;0ifa&mufvmol
rsm;\vk y f t m;jzih f o m vk y f o m;
tiftm;pkavsmhyg;jcif;? oufBuD;
&G,ftdkrsm;vmjcif;wdkYudk axrdatmif
vkyfEdkifNyD; pD;yGm;a&;wdk;wufrIudk
xdef;Edkifrnf/ wpfzufu vlrIa&;
jyóemrsm;ygvmrnfjzpfonf/ Edik if H
om;awGenf;vmwmudk xdkifMunhf
rvm;/ tjyifvlawGudk vufcHrvm;
a&G;cs,f&rnf/
oefYZifpdk;

42
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31 , 2013

Soccer Weekly Fixtures
23-3-2013 (paen^we*FaEGeHeuf)
jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*f yGJpOf - 6
uarÇmZ - &wemyHk
nae 3;30 em&D
aZ,sma&Tajr - &ckid ,
f El u
kd w
f uf
nae 4;00 em&D
rauG; - [Hom0wD
nae 4;00 em&D
{&m0wD - &efukef,lEdkufwuf
nae 4;00 em&D
2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJ (Oa&myZkef)
qdkufy&yfpf-qGpfZmvef
n 11;00 em&D
2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJ (tmz&duZkef)
uifr&Gef; - wdk*dk
n 9;00 em&D
uGef*dk - *gbGef
n 9;00 em&D
Edkif*sD;&D;,m; - uifnm
n 9;30 em&D
erD;bD;,m; - rmvm0D
n 9;30 em&D
qDeDa*g - tef*dkvm
n 11;30 em&D
tdkify&DudkYpf - *rfbD,m
n 11;30 em&D
bmuDemzmqdk - Edkif*sm
(we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 00;30 em&D
wleD;&Sm; - qD&D,mvD,Gef
(we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 00;40 em&D
awmiftmz&du-pifx&,ftmz&du (we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 00;45 em&D
tm&Szvm;ajcppfyGJ
tif'ekd ;D &Sm; - aqmf't
D ma&As
n 6;30 em&D
24-3-2013 (we*FaEGn) jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*f yGJpOf - 6
aejynfawmf - raemajr
nae 4;00 em&D
aqmuforf;jrefrm - ZGJuyif
nae 4;00 em&D
2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJ (tmz&duZkef)
wefZef;eD;,m;-armf½dkudk
n 6;30 em&D
rdkZrfbpf - *leD,m
n 7;30 em&D
vDqdkodk - ZrfbD,m
n 7;30 em&D
tDoD,dk;yD;,m; - abmhqGmem
n 7;30 em&D
&0rf'g - rmvD
n 8;00 em&D
uGef*dk DR - vpfAsm;
n 9;00 em&D
tDauGw&kd &D ,f*el ,
D m-udyAf m'D
n 10;30 em&D
vdkufab;&D;,m; - ,l*E¨m
n 10;30 em&D
*gem - ql'ef
n 10;30 em&D
25-3-2013 (wevFmn^t*FgeHeuf) EdkifiHwum ajcprf;yGJ
uae'g - bDvm½kpf
n 9;30 em&D
½k&Sm; - b&mZD;
eHeuf 2;00 em&D
(t*FgeHeuf)
rav;&Sm; - ygvufpwdkif; (t*FgeHeuf)
eHeuf 6;30 em&D
tJvaf b;eD;,m;-vpfoal &;eD;,m; (t*FgeHeuf)
eHeuf 6;30 em&D
26-3-2013 (t*Fgn^Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJ (Oa&myZkef)
tmar;eD;,m; - csuf
n 10;30 em&D
tZmbdkif*sef - ay:wl*D
n 11;30 em&D
tufpfwdk;eD;,m; - tef'dk&m
n 11;30 em&D
wl&uD - [efa*&D
eHeuf 1;00 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
,lu&def; - armf'dkAm
eHeuf 1;30 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
'def;rwf - blvfa*;&D;,m; (Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
eHeuf 1;45 em&D
qm;bD;,m; - paumhwvef (Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
eHeuf 2;00 em&D
e,fomvef - ½dkar;eD;,m; (Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
eHeuf 2;00 em&D
ydkvef - qefrm&DEdk
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
ajrmuftdkif,mvef - tpöa&; (Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
tdkif,mvef - MopBwD;,m; (Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
a0v - c½dkat;&Sm;
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
b,fvf*sD,H - rufqD'dk;eD;,m; (Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
armfvfwm - tDwvD
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
*smreD - umZufpwef
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
rGefwDeD*½dk; - t*Fvef
eHeuf 2;30 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
jyifopf - pydef
eHeuf 2;30 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJ (awmiftmz&duZkef)
bdkvD;yD;,m; - tm*sifwD;em; (Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
eHeuf 2;30
tDauGa'g - yg&ma*G;
eHeuf 3;30
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
csDvD - O½ka*G;
eHeuf 6;00
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
AifeDZGJvm; - udkvHbD,m
eHeuf 6;30
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJ (uGefumuyfzfZkef)
aumfpwm&Dum - *sarum (Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
eHeuf 8;30 em&D
yem;rm; - [Gef'l;&yfpf
eHeuf 8;30 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
ruúqDudk - tar&duef
eHeuf 9;00 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJ (tmz&duZkef)
tD*spf - ZifbmabG
n 11;30 em&D
tJvf*sD;&D;,m; - bDeif
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
eHeuf 2;00 em&D
2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJ (tm&SZkef)
MopaMw;vs - tdkref
nae 3;00 em&D
awmifudk&D;,m; - umwm
nae 5;30 em&D
OZbwfupöwef - vufbEGef
n 7;30 em&D
a*smf'ef - *syef
n 8;30 em&D
tm&Szvm;ajcppfyGJ
ul0w
d f - tD&ef
n 11;05
EdkifiHwum ajcprf;yGJ
yD½l; - bDvm½kpf
n 6;30 em&D
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
vlZifbwf - zifvef
eHeuf 1;00 em&D
pvdkAufuD;,m; - qGD'if
(Ak'¨[l;eHeuf)
eHeuf 1;45 em&D

,ckwpfywfrSmawmh 2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJawGeJY EdkifiHwum
ajcprf;yGJawG&SdaewmrdkY Oa&mytygt0if wdkufBuD;rsm;tvdkuf
trSwfay;NydKifyGJawG &yfem;xm;&rSmjzpfwmaMumifh tm;upm;y&dowf
awGeJY teD;pyfqHk;jzpfwJh Oa&myZkefxJu tBudwfte,f&SdEdkifwJh
yGaJ umif;wcsKUd &JU yGpJ OfajcmufyJG ajrmufupm;r,fh 26^27-3-2013 aeY&UJ
yGJpOftcsKdUudk wifjy&&ifjzifh .../
xdyw
f u
kd af wGUqHrk I 32 yGrJ mS jyifopfu 11 yGEJ ikd u
f m 14 yG½J ;IH Ny;D aemufq;kH
jyifopf (17)Vs pydef (1)
awGUqHkcJhwJh av;ESpfwmtawmtwGif;rSm tdrf&SifwdkYEdkifyGJ r&ao;wmaMumifh
aemufqkH;awGUqkHrI (3) yGJ
pydef 1 - 1 jyifopf (yausmh)
'DyGJudkvnf; ½ke;f uef&rSmaocsmygw,f/ jyifopftoif;rSm tDA&m? befZrD m?
jyifopf 0 - 2 pydef
&pfbm&DwYkd[m oufqikd &f mtoif;awGrmS xdyw
f ef;tqifu
h pm; orm;awGjzpfvdkY
pydef 1 - 0 jyifopf
{nfhonfawGavQmhwGufrSmr[kwfygbl;/ pydeftoif;&JUxdyfqHk;ae&m&yfwnf
a&;rSm ZmAD? a';ApfADvmwdkY&JU vkyftm;EIef;u tvkyfjzpfygvdrfhr,f/ pydeftoif;&JU vuf&Sd pkzUJG rI[m jyifopfukd au
mif;pGmwHYkjyefEikd pf rG ;f &Sw
d maMumifh 'Jvaf bmhpau;wdYk Edik yf eJG YJtwl Z,m;xdyrf mS &yfwnfEikd yf gvdrrhf ,f/
rGefwDeD*½dk;rSm t"duupm;rsm;awGjzpfwJh AlcsDepfeJY *sKdADwpfwdkYomvQif
rGew
f eD *D ½d;k (28) Vs t*Fvef (4) xdyw
f ef;tqifu
h pm;orm;awGjzpfayr,fh useu
f pm;orm;awGuawmh a'owGi;f
aemufq;Hk awGUqkrH I (3)yGJ
vd*af wGrmS upm;aewJh upm;orm;awGjzpfaewmaMumifh t*FveftwGuaf wmh
rGew
f eD *D ½d;k 1 - 1 t*Fvef (y-ausm)h 'DyGJEdkif&if xdyfqHk;ae&m&rSmrdkY ½dGKifha[mhqefaocsmjyifvmrSmyg/ t*Fvef
t*Fvef 2 - 2 rGew
f eD *D ½d;k
uvnf;aemufqHk; 13 yGJrSm wpfyGJom ½HI;zl;ao;wJh rSwfwrf;[m tdrf&SifawG
rGew
f eD *D &d;k 0 - 0 t*Fvef
twGufawmh rsufESmom&zdkYrvG,fvSygbl;/ tdrf&SifawG[mvnf; ajcppfyGJ
umvrSm ½HI;yGJr&Sdupm;xm;EdkifwmaMumifh t*Fveftoif;Edkif&ifawmif *dk;rjywfavmufygbl;/
a0;vftoif;[m c½dkat;&Sm;eJY aemufqHk;awGUqHkrIoHk;yGJrSmvnf; EdkifyGJ
a0;vf (71) Vs c½dkat;&Sm; (9) r&cJo
h vdk ajcpGr;f ydik ;f rSmvnf; uGmjcm;rIawG&ydS gw,f/ a0;vfrmS u *sK;d t,fvef?
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
c½dkat;&Sm; 2 - 0 a0;vf (y-ausmh) *g&ufab;eJY 0DvD,rfwdkYuawmh xdyfwef;tqifhupm;orm;awG jzpfayr,fh
aemufwef;eJY *d;k orm;tm;enf;rIaMumifh *d;k awGay;ae&mrSm wdu
k pf pfaumif;rGew
f h J rd'k &pf?
c½dkat;&Sm; 2 - 0 a0;vf
yg&DqpfeYJ uDwpf&UJ wd;k tm;[m tvky½f yI af prSmyg/ urÇmt
h qifh owfrSwfrIt& upm
c½dkat;&Sm; 1 - 1 a0;vf
;orm;aumif;awGeYJ&v'faumif;aewJh {nfo
h nfawG[m tqifw
h ufvmayr,fh
a0;vftoif;uawmh urÇmt
h qifu
h sqif;oGm;wmaMumifh 'DyrJ G mS vnf; xdyq
f ;k H ae&m &yfwnfatmif c½dak t;&Sm;wdYk Edik yf &J G atmifvyk rf mS yg/
b,f*sD,Htoif;[m ajcppfyGJumvrSm ½HI;yGr&Sdupm;xm;NyD; Z,m;xdyf
b,fvf*sD,H (19) Vs rufqD'dkeD;,m; rSm &yfwnfaewJhtoif;jzpfwmeJYtnD toif;&JUupm;orm;awG[mvnf;
(73)
Oa&myvd*fawGrSm ajcpGrf;jyupm;aeolawGjzpfvdkY ajcpGrf;t&awmh aumif;rGef
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (2) yGJ
rufqD'dk;eD;,m; 0 - 5 b,fvf*sD,H ygw,f/ rufqD'dkeD;,m;uawmh tdrfuGif;rSm EdkifyGJwpfyGJom&xm;NyD; yef'yf?
f ahJ jcpGr;f awG&adS yr,fh
b,fvf*sD,H 0 - 1 rufqD'dkeD;,m; EdAk ,fpuD;wdYk[m toif;&v'f ajymif;atmif pGr;f aqmifEikd w
aemufwef;uawmh odyrf aumif;ygbl;/ tJ'gaMumifh Z,m;xdyq
f ;kH ae&m qufvuf
&yfwnfEikd zf YkdvakH vmufwu
hJ pm;orm;awGyikd q
f ikd x
f m;wJt
h rd &f iS t
f oif;udk a&G;cs,w
f m[m oifah wmfr,fvYkdxifryd gw,f/
tdrf&Siftoif;[m tDwvDeJY ig;BudrfawGUqHk&mrSm EdkifyGJvHk;r&SdcJhygbl;/
armfvfwm (130) Vs tDwvD (10) armfwmtoif;[m Z,m;&JUatmufqHk;ae&mrSm&yfwnfaeNyD; Ekid yf u
JG vnf;
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
tDwvD 2 - 0 armfvfwm (y-ausmh) wpfyrJG rS &ao;wmaMumifh ajcpGr;f wufaewJh tDwvDtoif;&JU upm;tm;udk
yGJcsdefjynfhcHupm;&rSmjzpfygw,f/ vuf&Sd tDwvDtoif;rSm t,f&Sm,m0D?
tDwvD 6 - 1 armfvfwm
bmavmhw,fvD? 'Demw,fvDwkdY&JU wkdufppf[mtaumif;qHk;pkzGJUrIjzpfaewJh
armfvfwm 1 - 2 tDwvD
tjyif tdr&f iS t
f oif;uvnf; *d;k rsm;rsm;ray;&a&; umuG,Ef idk zf Ykd&m vHak vmufwhJ
tiftm;r&SdwmrdkY xdyfqHk;rSm&yfwnfEkdifzkdY {nfhonftoif;tcGifhta&;udk *dk;trsm;eJYtoHk;csEkdifygvdrfhr,f/
tdrf&Siftoif;eJY urÇmtqifhuGmjcm;csufBuD;rm;ovdk ajcpGrf;t&vnf;
*smreD (2) Vs umZufpwef (139) bGe'f ufv*D gtajcpdu
k u
f pm;orm;aumif;awG&adS ewmaMumifh {nfo
h nfawGv;kH 0
aemufqkH;awGUqkHrI (2)yGJ
rvG
,
a
f
M
u
myg/
aj
c
pG
r
;
f
t&
rmud
&
k
;
l
pf
?
rI
v
m?
tk
a
d
Z;?
a*gh
v
Z
f
?
D
zD
;
vpf
v
ef
;eJY yGx
J u
G rf ,fh
*smreD 4 - 0 umZufpwef
upm;orm;awG[m urÇmhxdyfwef;upm;orm;awGjzpfNyD; umZufpwefvkd
umZufpwef 0 - 3 *smreD
toif;i,fav;twGuaf wmh jyefcu
H pm;zdYk vHak vmufwt
hJ iftm;&Srd ,frxifygbl;/
av;yGu
J pm;&mrSm 15 *d;k xd&xm;wJh *smreD&UJ wku
d pf pfaMumifh cHppfyikd ;f tm;enf;wJh
{nfhonfawGtwGufawmh ay;*dk;rrsm;a&; OD;wnfvmEkdkifwmaMumifh tdrf&SifawGeJY oGif;*dk;awG a&MunfhMu&atmif/
wl&uD[m{nfo
h nftoif;eJY 11 Budrq
f ckH &hJ mrSm av;yGEJ idk ?f ajcmufy½JG ;HI ?
wl&uD (45) Vs [efa*&D (32)
wpfyo
JG a&&v'faMumifh tdru
f iG ;f rSm ½kef;uef&zG,f&Sdygw,f/ tdrf&Siftoif;[m
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
ajcppfyGJumv tdrfuGif;rSm wpfyGJomtEkdif&xm;vkdY Z,m;&JU'kwd,ae&mrSm
[efa*&D 3 - 1 wl&uD (yausmh) &yfwnfaewJh [efa*&Dtoif;&JU t&Sed t
f 0gudak wmh avQmw
h u
G zf ,
G rf jrifygbl;/
wl&uD 3 - 0 [efa*&D
wl&uDrmS wl&efqm[ifwYdkvu
dk pm;orm;awG[m aumif;rGeNf yD;aemufwef;uvnf;
[efa*&D 0 - 0 wl&uD
aumif;ygw,f/ ESpfoif;awGUqHkrIawGrSmvnf; tdrf&Siftm;omcsuf[m
t"duusaewmaMumifh wl&uDwkdYajcppfyGJatmifzkdY tEkdifupm;oGm;Edkifygvdrfhr,f/
AefygpDOD;aqmifwJh e,fomveftoif;rSm urÇmhtqifhrDupm;orm;awG
e,fomvef (8) Vs ½dkar&D;,m; (31) yg0ifwmrkdY {nfhonftoif;twGufawmh rvG,fvSygbl;/ tdrf&Siftoif;[m
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
½dak r&D;,m; 1-4 e,fomvef(yausm)h ½dkar&D;,m;eJY 11 yGJawGU&mrSm ckepfyGJEkdif? oHk;yGJoa&xd upm;xm;wJh ajcpGrf;
[m {nfhonftoif;twGuf owif;aumif;awmhr[kwfygbl;/ 'gayrJh
e,fomvef 2 - 0 ½dkar&D;,m;
½dkar&D;,m; 1 - 0 e,fomvef ½dkar&D;,m;[m tdrfuGif;rSm e,fomvefwpfoif;wnf;udkom ½IH;edrfhxm;cJhNyD;
useo
f ;kH yGpJ vH;k tEkid &f xm;vkYd avQmw
h u
G rf ,fq&dk if rSm;oGm;ygvdrrhf ,f/ ESpo
f if;pvH;k
[mvnf; Oa&mytawGUtBuHK&Sdupm;orm;awG&SdaewmaMumifh tdrf&SifwkdYEkdifr,fqkd&ifawmif *dk;rjywfavmufygbl;/

Breaking News
- 2022 urÇmhzvm;NyKdifyGJ usif;ycGihf&&Sdxm;onfh umwmEkdifiHonf NyKdifyGJusi;f ycGihf tcGit
hf vrf; qk;H ½I;H Ekid af Mumif;
zDzmOuú| qufbvufwmu rwfv 21 &ufaeYwGif ajymMum;oGm;cJhonf/ UEFA Ouú| yvmwDeDu aEG&moDwGif
usif;yrnfh NyKdifyGJ\ tylcsdefrSm 50 'D*&DpifwD*&dwftxufwGif &Sdaeojzihf NyKdifyGJ0if upm;orm;rsm;\ usef;rma&;
twGuf aumif;rGefonfh tajctae r[kwfonfhtwGuf rusif;yoihfaMumif;ESihf tu,fí usif;yrnfqkdygu
tylcsdefavsmhusonfh aqmif;&moDwGif; usif;y&efckdifvkHonfh taMumif;t&mrsm; awmif;cHxm;aomfvnf;
jyefvnfrwkHYjyefcJhao;ay/ jyefvnfa&G;cs,frnfhtdrf&SifEkdifiHrsm;tjzpf tar&duef? *syef? awmifukd&D;,m;ESihf
MopaMw;vswkdY tcGifhtvrf;&SdaeaMumif; xnfhoGif; ajymMum;oGm;cJhonf/
- ref,lcHppfrSL; &D,kdzm'Deefonf t*Fvefvufa&G;piftoif;ü yg0if&ef urf;vSrf;rIukd y,fcs&mwGif BuHhcdkifrItm;e
nf;csufaMumifh[kqkdjcif;rSm t"du r[kwfbJ umwmokdY 15em&DMum oGm;a&mufrnfh aomMumaeY c&D;pOfonf
t"dujzpfaMumif; t,f*sm;ZD;,m;½kyfoHu xkwfazmfajymMum;cJhonf/
- vDAmyl;vftoif;\ wkdufppfrSL; vl;0SpfqGm&ufu toif;rS xGufcGmrnfh owif;rsm; xGufay:aerItay:
r,kHMunfMu&efESihf toif;wGif qufvuf aexkid af ernfjzpfaMumif;ukd 100 &mckid Ef eI ;f tmrcHaMumif; BBC wGif ajymMum;
oGm;cJhonf/ vD A myl ; vf t oif ; onf aqmuf o rf w ef t m; ½I H ; ed r f h c J h N yD ; aemuf Oya&myvd * f 0if c G i f h t wG u f
raocsmrIrsm;aMumifh ajcpGrf;jyupm;aeol touf 26 ESpft&G,f O½ka*G;vufa&G;piftm; toif;BuD;rsm;u ac:,l&ef
urf;vSrf;rIrsm; jyKvkyfvmNyD;aemuf owif;rsm; xGufay:vmjcif;jzpfonf/ qGm&ufonf at*suftoif;u aygif
22.7oef;jzihf 2011 ckESpfu ajymif;a&TU vmNyD;aemuf toif;twGuf t"duupm;orm;wpfOD;tjzpf owfrSwfcHxm;NyD;
toif;twGuf 29 *kd;oGif;,lxm;olvnf;jzpfonf/

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

Vol.9 / No.12

rºav;vTwfawmfwGif 2 ESpftwGif; w&m;a&;0efxrf; ESpfq,fausmfta&;,l
rEÅav;? rwf 20

wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif;&Sd w&m;½Hk;tqifhqifhwGif w&m;pD&ifa&;vkyfief;rsm;udk ayghqpGmaqmif&GufrIESifh 0efxrf;pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;azmufzsufrIjzifh rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf
onf 2 ESpftwGif; w&m;a&;t&m&Sd 12 OD;ESifh ½Hk;0efxrf; 9 OD;wdkYudk 0efxrf;pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;t& ta&;,lcJhaMumif; wdkif;a'oBuD; w&m;vTwfawmfw&m;olBuD;csKyf OD;pdk;odef;ESifh
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; w&m;vTwfawmf\ tpD&ifcHpmt& od&onf/
NyD;cJhonfh 2011 ckESpf rwfvrS wpfOD;? ti,fwef;pma&;wpfOD;udk w,fvYkdxifw,f/ 0efxrf;awG vmbf c½dik Ef iS hf NrKUd e,fw&m;½H;k rsm;wGif wm0ef cefY&SdaMumif; ,if;tpD&ifcHpmt&
2013 azazmf0g&DvtwGif; c½dkif 0efxrf;tjzpfrS xkwfy,fcJhaMumif; ay;vmbf,l uif;&Sif;zdkY ajymaewm ajymif;vJaqmif&u
G af paMumif; wdkif; od&onf/
w&m;ol B uD ; wpf O D ; ? 'k w d , c½d k i f tqdyk gtpD&ifcpH mwGiaf zmfjyxm;onf/ xufpm&if tJ'gudk apmifMh unfph nf;Muyf a'oBu;D w&m;vTwaf wmfw&m;olBu;D
w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;ESifh wnf
w&m;olBu;D wpfO;D ? NrKUd e,fw&m;olBu;D
]]ta&;,lwmxuf xda&mufwJh wm vkyo
f ifw
h ,f}} [k rEÅav;a'ocH csKyf OD;pdk;odef;uqdkonf/
Nidraf t;csr;f a&; aumfrwDrS OD;ode;f nGeYf
2 OD;udk pmjzifhowday;cJhNyD; NrKdUe,f enf;vrf;u w&m;a&;0efxrf;awG w&m;vTwfawmfa&SUae OD;vSudku
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; w&m; u rEÅav;NrKdU&Sd c½dkifw&m;½Hk;ESifh NrKdU
w&m;olBuD;ESpfOD;? 'kwd,NrKdUe,f Oya'eJYtnD qH;k jzwfwm? aqmif&u
G f ajymMum;onf/
vTwfawmftxl;w&m;½Hk;rsm;? c½dkif e,fw&m;½Hk;rsm;udk vSnfhvnf Munfh
w&m;olBuD;ESpfOD;? 'kwd,OD;pD;rSL; wmawG apmifMh unfw
h mu ydx
k ad &muf
w&m;a&;0efxrf;rsm;udk wpf w&m;½Hk;rsm;ESifh NrKdUe,fw&m;½Hk;wGif ½Ippfaq;cJhNyD;aemuf rEÅav; w&m;
ae&mwnf;wGif wm0efray;tyfbJ t&m&Sd pkpak ygif; 166 OD; wm0efxrf; pD&ifa&;pepf,dkifvJaeNyD[k oHk;oyf
vkyfief;uRrf;usifrI&Sdap&ef w&m;cGif aqmifvsuf&SdNyD; cGifhjyKcefYxm;OD;a& zl;onf/

pma&;rsm;ud k ajcmuf v wpf B ud r f ESifh EIdif;,SOfygu vpfvyfOD;a& 50

MumeDuefokomef
axmufMuefhppfocsKØif;ykHpHjyKvkyfrnf

rºav;oBuFefr@yf odef; 80 txdaps;ayguf
rEÅav;? rwf 20

rEÅav;? rwf 21

rEÅav; MumeDuef Ak'¨bmom
okomefudk trSwfw&*lwnfjcif;
pepfwus&dSapa&;ESifh om,mvSyap
a&;wdkYtwGuf {NyDv 1&ufaeUrS
pwifum &efuek af xmufMuefYppfocsKiØ ;f
uJhoYkd aqmif&u
G o
f mG ;rnfjzpfaMumif;
rEÅav;NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;
aumfrwD (MCDC) oefU&Sif;a&;Xme
XmerSL;OD;ae0if;jrifu
h ajymMum;onf/
]]MumeD u ef j ref r mok o mef & J U
toHk;rjyK&ao;wJh ajr{u 6 'or
25 {uay:rSm tkwf*lt&G,ftpm; 2
ay _2 ay csKHUNyD;wnfaqmufay;rSm
jzpfygw,f/ tkwf*lxJrSm t½dk;jym
xnfhoGif;xm;&dSEkdifrSmjzpfw,f}} [k
OD;ae0if;jrifhuqdkonf/
,if ; uJ h o d k Y t½d k ; jym*l a e&m

aqmif&Gufjcif;twGuf rD;oN*ØK[fc?
ajrae&mc? *l w ef z d k ; pk p k a ygif ;
79ç000 usyfusoifhrnfjzpfaMumif;
rEÅav;NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;
aumfrwD oefU&Sif;a&;XmexHrSpkHprf;
od&dS&onf/
]]jrefrmAk'¨bmomokomefudk
oyfoyf&yf&yfvv
S yS y aqmif&u
G w
f m
aumif;ygw,f/ wjcm;bmomawG&JU
tkw*f al wGeYJ,OS v
f u
kd &f if uReaf wmfwYkd
[mawGu ½IcsifhpzG,frjzpfb;l aygh/
tkwf*ludkcsKHUNyD; vkyfvdkufwJhtwGuf
t&ifu 4ay_6ay tkwf*lrmS ae&mc
tkwf*lc wefzdk; 650ç000 ukefus
p&dwx
f uf trsmBuD;oufomaprSmyg}}
[k rEÅav;NrdKUcHwpfOD;u okH;oyf

ajymqdkonf/

rEÅav;NrdKUawmf&dS t"duvrf;r
rsm;jzpfaom 26 bDvrf;ESihf 71 vrf;
0ef;usifwkdYwGif vkyfukdifcGifh&&Sdxm;
aom oBuF e f r @uyf r sm;onf
w&m;r0ifaps;uGuw
f iG f usyo
f ed ;f 80
txd a ps;ayguf a eaMumif ; r@yf
wnfaqmufot
l csKd UxHrS od&onf/
,cifEpS rf sm;u ,if;ae&mrsm;
onf usyf 45 ode;f txd aps;ayguf
cJhaMumif; ¤if;wkdYxHrSod&onf/
]]oBuFefa&muf&if r@yfae&m
a&mif;pm;wmu ESpw
f ikd ;f jzpfaeusyg/
r@yfa&mif;pm;wmuvnf; w&m;r0if
aps;uGuf Black Market eJYvyk Mf uwm
yg}}[k trnfrazmfvo
kd l usK;H a&SUbuf
wGif r@yfwnfaqmufrnhf touf
28 ESpft&G,f&Sd trsKd;om;wpfOD;u
qdo
k nf/

bmoma&;udk EkdifiHa&;vufeufozG,f tokH;csjcif;udk
xdef;ausmif;umuG,f&rnf[kqdk
rEÅav;? rwf 19

bmoma&;udk EkdifiHa&;vufeufozG,ftokH;jyKjcif;ukd bmomaygif;pkH? *dkPf;aygif;pkHrS xdef;ausmif;
umuG,foifhaMumif; rEÅav;NrdKUawmf&Sd oriental house ü ,aeYusif;yonfh bmomaygif;pkHcspfMunfa&;
tcrf;tem;odkYay;ydkYaom or®w½kH;0efBuD; OD;atmifrif;\o0PfvTmwGif azmfjyxm;csuft& od&onf/
bmomwpfckrS tjcm;bmomwpfck\ vGwfvyfcGifhtay: xdckdufrIr&Sdap&ef? vTrf;rdk;rIr&Sdap&efESifh
udk;uG,f&mbmomrwlnDrIaMumifh EdkifiHom;tcsif;csif;cGJjcm;qufqHrIr&Sdap&ef em;vnf,kHMunfxm;aMumif;
0efBuD;OD;atmifrif;\o0PfvTmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
nDnw
G af &;ukd rnfoYdkyifvyk af pumrl wdu
k cf u
dk o
f rl sm;&Sad ernfjzpfaMumif;? xko
d rl sm;ukd *½krjyKbJ qufvuf
vkyfudkifapvkdaMumif; rEÅav;NrdKU awmifxD;vif;q&mawmfu ,if;tcrf;tem;wGif rdefYMum;onf/
bmomw&m;tm;vkH; rnfrQyifaumif;rGefapumrl rvkdufemonfholrsm;vnf;&SdonfhtwGuf ¤if;udk
cGjJ cm;odjrif&efvadk Mumif;? tpövmrfqo
kd nfrmS Nidr;f csr;f a&;jzpfNyD; rGwq
f vifbmom0ifqo
kd nfrmS Nidr;f csr;f a&;ukd
wnfaqmufonf[k t"dyÜm,fzGifYqdkvQif&aMumif;? rdrdwdkYbmomwGif tjcm;bmomrsm;\ wnf&SdNyD;om;
bmoma&;taqmufttHkrsm;udk vkH;0rzsufqD;&efnTefMum;xm;ouJhokdY tjcm;bmom0ifrsm;udkvnf;
wwfpGrf;orQ ulnD&rnf[knTefMum;xm;aMumif; tpövmrfbmoma&;*dkPf;acgif;aqmifwpfOD;jzpfonfh

cvDzGmqAfOD;at;vGifu ,if;tcrf;tem;wGifajymMum;onf/

"mwfykH - rkd;ausmfvGif

usK;H ywfvnfwiG f r@yfrsm;jzifh
pnfum;avh&Sdaom rEÅav;NrKdUawmf
wGif ,ckEpS jf yKvkyrf nhf oBuFeyf aJG wmf
ü oBuFefr@yfaygif; 61 ck wnf
aqmufrnfjzpf ,refESpfu 74 ck
&SdcJhaMumif; rEÅav;NrKdUawmf pnfyif
om,ma&;aumfrwD (MCDC) tcGef
XmexHrSod&onf/
]]pdwfBudKufae&mr&vdkY r@yf
awG aqmufwmenf;oGm;w,f}} [k
'DrEdk rdk @yfrS wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D uajym
Mum;onf/
rEÅav;NrKdUwGif; usKH;ywfvnf
ae&mrsm;jzpfaom 26 bD vrf;ay:
wGif r@yf 16 ck? 66 vrf;ay:wGif
r@yf 15 ck? vrf; 80 ay:wGif
r@yfav;ckwnfaqmufrnfjzpfNyD;
atmifajrompHNrKdUe,fwiG f r@yf 10
ck? csrf;at;ompHNrKdUe,fwGif r@yf
wpfckck? r[matmifajrNrKdUe,fwGif
r@yfwpfck? csrf;jrompnfNrKdUe,f
wGif r@yfwpfck? jynfBuD;wHcGef
NrKdUe,fwGif r@yfwpfckESihf rEÅav;
uefawmfBuD;ywfvnfwGif r@yf
10 ck wnfaqmufrnfjzpfaMumif;
tqdkygXmexHrS od&onf/

tqdyk g oBuFerf @yfrsm; a&&&Sd
a&;twGuf usK;H ywfvnfr@yfrsm;rSm
usK;H a&udt
k ok;H jyKrnfjzpfNy;D uefawmfBu;D
r@yfrsm;rSm uefawmfBuD;rSa&udk
tok;H jyKrnfjzpfaMumif; MCDC \ a&
ESifh oefY&iS ;f rIXmexHrS pkpH rf;od&&dS onf/
oBueF rf @yfae&mrsm;udk rwfv
13 &ufaeYwGif rJpepfjzihf ae&mcs
xm;cJNh yD; 15 &ufaeYwiG f pwifaqmuf
vkycf iG jfh yKcJah Mumif;? ,if;r@yfrsm;udk
{NyDv 23 &ufaeYwGif tNyD;zsufodrf;
&rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkygtcGefXme
\ xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/
r@yfrJaygufolrsm; taeESihf
rd r d r @yf t m; trnf a jymif ; jcif ; ?
a&mif;pm;jcif;? r@yfraqmufjcif;
rsm; vkH;0rjyKvkyf&ef ppfaq;awGU&Sd
ygu r@yftm;odrf;,lí tjcm;
wpfOD;odkY jyefvnfae&mcsxm;ay;
rnfjzpfNyD; pnf;urf;rvdkufemoludk
(Black List) a&;oGif;í vdktyfovdk
ta&;,laqmif½Gufjcif; cH&rnfjzpf
aMumif; rEÅav;NrKdUawmf pnfyif
om,ma&;aumfrwDu r@yf wnf
aqmuf&ef avQmufxm;onho
f rl sm;udk
pnf;urf;csufxw
k jf yefxm;onf/ 

44
II
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifU jynfe,frsm;wGif

Mobile Team

tzGJYrsm;zGJYrnf

rEÅav;? rwf 19

a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,frsm;wGif pm;okH;oltumtuG,fay;a&;ESifh w&m;r0ifukefoG,frIwm;qD;xdef;csKyfa&;tzGJU
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;0if;jrifhuajymMum;onf/
rEÅav;NrdKUawmfü rwfv 16
&ufaeU rGe;f vGJ 3 em&DcefYwiG f rEÅav;
pufrv
I yk if ef;&Sirf sm;? toif;tzGUJ rsm;?
tpk t zG J U rsm;rS toif ; 0if r sm;ES i h f
awGUqkH&mwGif 0efBuD;u txufyg
twdkif; ajymMum;jcif;jzpfonf/

,if;uJhodkY wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh
jynfe,ftqifh Mobile Team tzGJY
rsm;wGif wdik ;f a'oBu;D odYrk [kwf jynfe,f
tpdk;&tzGJU? pD;yGm;a&;ESifhul;oef;
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme? jrefrmEkid if H
&JwyfzUJG pcef;? taumufceG Of D;pD;Xme?

rD',
D mrsm;ponfh wm0ef&o
dS rl sm;yg0if
rnfjzpfaMumif; e,fpyfuek o
f ,
G af &;
OD;pD;Xme 'kwd,nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf
OD;nGefYatmifu ajymMum;onf/
]]Mobile Team eJY zrf;qD;ppfaq;
ta&;,lrIawG jyKw,fqdkwmaumif;

pyspfoD;,mOfrsm;zrf;qD;rI n§dEdIif;rnf[kqdk
rEÅav;? rwf 21

rEÅav;wdkif; pyspftpktzGJU0if
&rnf;oif;NrdKUe,f &Gmwef;a'o pyspf
pdkufysKd;xkwfvkyfol awmifolrsm;\
pyspfo;D wif,mOfrsm;udk zrf;qD;ta&;,l
aejcif;ywfoufí c½dik t
f yk cf sKyfa&;rSL;
ES i h f n§ d E d I i f ; aqmif ½ G u f a y;rnf [ k
rEÅav;wdik ;f pD;yGm;a&;0efBu;D OD;atmifZH
uajymMum;onf/
a'otkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJU0ifrsm;?
,mOfxed ;f wyfzUJG 0ifrsm;? &JwyfzUJG 0ifrsm;
tygt0if opöm&wemum;toif;rS
zrf;qD;rIrsm;aerIaMumihf &Gmwef;
a'orS pyspfoD;rsm; aps;uGufodkY
tcsd e f r D w if y d k Y E k d i f j cif ; r&S d j zpf a eí
wdkif;a'oBuD; pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBu;D xH wifjycJhaMumif;
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; pyspftpktzGJU
Ouú| OD;armifxl;uajymMum;onf?
pyspfoD;aowåmrsm;udk opöm

&wemum;toif;\ um;rsm;ESihf
rwifí rwf 1 &ufaeYu pwifzrf;qD;
aeNyD; um;vdkifpifudkodrf;onftxd
ta&;,lrIrsm;&Sdonf[k OD;armifxl;
uqdkonf/
rwfv 4 &ufrS 8 &ufaeYtxd
wpfBudrf? rwfv 12 &ufrS 14 &uf
aeYtxd wpfBudrf ESpfBudrfzrf;qD;rI
rsm;&SNd yD; 14 &ufaeYaemufyikd ;f zrf;qD;
jcif;r&SdawmhaMumif; &rnf;oif;NrdKU
,mOfvdkif;rsm;BuD;MuyfrI aumfrwD
Ouú| OD;vSodef;xGef;u twnfjyK
ajymMum;onf/
,if;odYzk rf;qD;onht
f wGuf tcsed f
MuefYMumrIrsm;jzpfay:cJhNyD; aps;uGuf
odkY tcsdefESihfwpfajy;nD ra&muf&Sd
awmhbJ epfemqkH;½IH;rIrsm;BuHKawGU
ae&aMumif; pyspfawmifolrsm;u
ajymMum;onf/

&efukefESihf rEÅav;opfoD;0vH
aps;uGufodkY wpf&ufvQif pyspf puúL
aowåm 10ç000 wifydkYaeaMumif;
&Gmwef;a'orS pyspfoD;pdkufawmifol

OD;oufEdkifu qdkonf/

wmaygh/ rSefrSefuefuefjzpfzdkYvnf;
vdkwmaygh/ &dSzl;w,fAs/ rlq,fvrf;
aMumif;rSm rdb
k ikd ;f vfwif;rfudk ydkufqH
ay;vdkufawmh tqifajyoGm;wmrsK;d
BuKH z;l w,f}}[k rlq,f-rEÅav;ukepf nf
ydYak qmifa&;,mOfyikd &f iS w
f pfO;D uqdo
k nf/
pm;ok;H ol tumtuG,af y;a&;
ESifh w&m;r0if ukefoG,frI wm;qD;
xdef;csKyfa&;tzGJU Mobile Team ESifh
e,fpyfukefoG,fa&; pcef;tiftm;
tzGJUrsm;onf 2012 ckESpf Edk0ifbm
wpfvvkH;ukd ynmay;umv owf
rSwu
f m aqmif&u
G cf ahJ Mumif; rlq,frEÅav; vrf;aMumif;wGif ykyo
f ;kd ysupf ;D
vG , f o nf h tom;wk ? tom;pd k ?
Muufom; Muufqb
D ;l Muuftal csmif;

(tpdk) a&cJ½dkuf bJom;? yJykyfaph?
yifv,fpm? axmufcHcsufrygaom
"mwfajrMoZm? ydk;owfaq;? at;cJ
bJom;? at;cJMuufom;cefYreS ;f wefz;kd
13ç074ç810 usyzf ;kd ESihf jr0wD-&efuek f
vrf;aMumif;wGif Muuftonf;tjrpf?
ykpGefjzL? xdkif;EkdifiHvkyf tom;wktpdk
cefYrSef;wefzdk; 2ç661ç000 usyf?
wmcsDvdwfvrf;aMumif;wGif w½kwf
jynfoYo
l r®wEdik if x
H u
G f MuufO 12000
vk;H cefYreS ;f wefz;kd 1ç200ç000 usyzf ;kd ?
wrl;vrf;aMumif;wGif Benovate uGr;f
pm;aq;? uGr;f ikaH q; uGr;f aygif;aq;
cefYreS ;f wefz;kd 17ç749ç300 usyzf ;kd wdYkukd
zsufqD;aqmif&u
G cf ahJ Mumif; e,fpyf
ukeo
f ,
G af &;OD;pD;XmexHrSod&onf/

rEÅav;? rwf 21

rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; e,fajr
vkNH cHKa&;twGuf NrKdUe,f&w
J yfzUJG pcef;
rsm;wGif vkHNcHKa&;ypönf;ud&d,mrsm;
ESihf 0efxrf;tiftm;rsm; wdk;csJUxm;
&Sd&efpDpOfvsuf&SdaMumif; rwfv 21

rEÅav;? rwf 18

vkyfief;rSm &S,f,mxnfhxm;wm
odef;wpfaxmifausmfavmuf&dSw,f/
cku tjrwfvnf;r& t&if;vnf;r&
bl; jzpfomG ;w,f}} [k vm;½I;d NrdKU tajc
pdkuf ajymif;ukefonf OD;armifvSu
qkdonf/
usyfodef;aygif; wpfaomif;
ausmf vdrfvnfoGm;aom tqdkyg
ajymif;ukefonfrSm 1996 ckESpfcefY
uyif ukefonftjzpf aqmif&Gufae
olwpfOD;jzpfaMumif; OD;armifvSu
ajymqdkonf/
tqdkyg ajymif;ukefonfonf
ukefzkd;aiGrsm; rajz&Sif;Ekdifojzifh
azazmf0g&Dv 28 &ufaeYrSpwifí
vm;½dI;NrKdUwGif rdom;pktm;vHk; rawGU
&awmhaMumif; ¤if;xHrS ukezf ;dk aiG&&ef
&do
S l a':MuLMuL0if;uajymMum;onf/
]]uRefru 2012 uwnf;u
olYqDrSm ajymif;awG0,fxm;wm/
wpftdwfckepfaxmifaps;uae usyf
wpfaomif;ESpfaxmifaps;&dSwJh ajymif;
tdwfaygif; wpfaomif;eD;yg; 0,f
xm;wm/ wcsKdUwpf0ufukd ESpfopf
ul;NyD;&if ,lr,fvkdYajymxm;wm?
ckawmh a&Smifajy;oGm;NyD/ cefYrSef;ajc
yrmPqkd&if odef;wpfaxmifhav;&m
ausmf &dw
S ,f}} [k vm;&d;I NrKdUukeo
f nf
a':MuLMuL0if;uqkdonf/
¤if;udk ukefonfESifh awmifol
tcsKdU\ ukefzkd;aiGrsm; r&Sif;EkdifrIjzifh

tzGJUrsm; zGJUpnf;rnfjzpfaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;

rºav;wdkif;a'oBuD;&Sd NrdKY e,f&Jpcef;rsm;wGif
vHkNcHKa&;ypönf;ESifU zGJYpnf;yHkwdk;csJYrnf[kqdk

ajymif;ukefonf usyfodef;wpfaomif;ausmf vdrfvnf
jrefrmEkdifiH\ ajymif;t"du
xGuf&dS&m &Srf;jynfe,fajrmufykdif;
vm;&dI;NrKdU&dS ajymif;ukefonf wpfOD;
onf usyfodef;aygif; wpfaomif;
av;axmifausmfcefY tvGJoHk;pm;rI
jyKum NyD;cJhonfh azazmf0g&Dvukef
ydkif;cefYuwnf;u xGufajy;wdrf;
a&SmifaeaMumif; vm;½dI;NrKdU&Sd ajymif;
ukefonfrsm;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
tqdkyg ajymif;ukefonfrSm
avywfum; ta&mif;t0,f jyKvkyf
ojzifY rajz&Sif;EkdifbJ xGufajy;oGm;
jcif; jzpfEkdifaMumif; a'ocHukefonf
tcsKdUu oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/
]]uRefawmfwkdY od&oavmuf
awmh yGJ½HkrSmwif 'DaeYajymif;oD;ESH
aygufaps;eJY tdwfvkduf0,fNyD;awmh
ajymif;aps;twuftusay:rSm tavsmf
tpm;vkyfwm/ azazmf0g&Dvykdif;
avmufwkef;u ajymif;aps;u wpf
ydóm 350 usyfuae 400 ausmf
avmuf wufoGm;awmh 0,fxm;wJh
olawGqDukd aiGjyefrtrf;Edkifwm jzpf
Ekdifw,f}} [k vm;½dI;NrKdU&dS ukefonf
wpfOD;u cefYrSef;ajymqkdonf/
ukefonfrsm;tjyif ukefa&mif;
&eftwGuf yGJ½HkokdYypönf;xm;onfh
awmifolrsm;vnf; ukefzkd;aiGr&jcif;
rsm;vnf;&daS Mumif; vm;½I;d NrKUd ukeo
f nf
tcsdKUuajymMum;onf/
]]uG s ef a wmf u ol Y &J Y ajymif ;

Mobile Team

&Srf;jynfe,f ajrmufydkif;ukefonf
rsm;ESifh pufrIvufrI vkyfief;&Sifrsm;
toif;odkY azazmf0g&Dvukefykdif;u
pí vma&mufwkdifMum;ol ukefonf
40 ausmf&dSaMumif; tqkdyg toif;
Ouú|u ajymMum;onf/
tqkyd g usyo
f ed ;f aygif;wpfaomif;
ausmfukd ajz&Sif;ray;bJxGufajy;
wdrf;a&Smifaeojzifh epfemolrsm;u
Oya'tultnDjzifh jyefvnf&&dv
S ad k Mumif;
a'ocHuek o
f nfrsm;uajymMum;onf/

&ufaeYwGifusif;yonhf yxrtBudrf
rEÅav;wdik ;f a'oBuD;vTwaf wmf q|r
ykHrSeftpnf;ta0;xHrSod&onf/
NrKdUe,f&Jpcef;rsm;wGif vdktyf
aom vkHNcHKa&;ypönf;ud&d,mrsm;
vkHavmufpGm jznhfqnf;ay;Edkifa&;
ESiyfh wfoufí r[matmifajrNrKUd e,frS
wdik ;f a'oBuD;vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f
OD;ajy0if;u vTwfawmfwGifar;jref;
&mü vkHNcHKa&;ESihfe,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;
tpm; b@ma&;ES i h f t cG e f 0 ef B uD ;
OD;zkef;aZmf[efu ,if;odkYajzMum;
jcif;jzpfonf/
NrKdUe,f&Jpcef;rsm;wGifvdktyf
onhf vufeufc,
J rf;? tvlreD ,
D 'H ikd ;f
ESihf zdkifbmOD;xkyfrsm;udk jrefrmEdkifiH
&JwyfzUJG rSyyhH ;kd NyD; wdik ;f a'oBuD;&JwyfzUJG
taeESifh eHygwfww
k rf sm;? tumtuG,f
ypönf;rsm;? t"du½kPf;ESdrfeif;a&;
,mOfrsm;ESihf tcsKyf,mOfrsm;xm;&Sd
ay;xm;aMumif; tqdyk gtpnf;ta0;
xHrSod&onf/

rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;&JwyfzGJU
½k;H wGif wm0efxrf;aqmifaeolwpfO;D
u ]]vkHNcHKa&;ypönf;eJYywfoufvdkY
uRefawmfwdkYqDrSm tvkHtavmuf&Sd
ygw,f}} [kqdkonf/
jrpfom;NrKdUe,f &dG'g;&Jaumif;
aus;&GmESihf oajyawmif;aus;&GmwdkY
wGif &Jpcef;zGiv
fh pS &f efEiS fh jynfBuD;wHceG f
NrKdUe,f&Sd pufrIZkef&yfuGuf &Juif;udk
&Jpcef;tjzpfw;kd jr§iafh y;&efvt
kd yfvsuf
&SdaeaMumif; oufqdkif&mvTwfawmf
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ ajymMum;csuf
t&od&onf/
]]wdk;vmwJhvlOD;a&eJY rIcif;jzpf
yGm;rItajctae? e,fajrvkHNcHKa&;eJY
w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;t& vdktyfcsuf
ay:rlwnfNyD;awmh e,fajr&Jpcef;
zGihfvSpfay;zdkY jrefrmEdkifiH&JwyfzGJUXme
csKyfeJY n§dEdIif;aqmif&Gufay;oGm;r,f}}
[k vkHNcHKa&;ESihf e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;
AdkvfrSL;BuD;atmifausmfrdk;uqdkonf/

rºav;wkdif;jynfolYaq;½HkBuD;rsm;wGif tcrJUukoEkdifa&;
usyfodef;wpfaomif;ausmfzdk; aq;0,f,l
rEÅav; ? rwf 20

rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;&dS jynfolYaq;½HkBuD;rsm;wGif 90 &mckdifEIef;eD;yg; tcrJhaq;ukoay;Ekdifa&;twGuf
usef;rma&;bwf*suft& usyfodef;aygif;wpfaomif;ausmfwefzdk;&Sdaq;0g;rsm; 0,f,lxm;&dSaMumif; rEÅav;
wkdif;a'oBuD; vlrIa&;&m0efBuD; a'gufwm0if;vdIifu The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
rEÅav;jynfolYaq;½HkBuD;? wkdufe,faq;½Hk? aus;vufusef;rma&;XmecGJrsm;wGifXmetvkduf vlemtwGuf
trsm;qHk;vkdtyfonfhaq;0g;rsm;udk 0,f,lxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
]]aq;½HkawGrSm XmetvkdufvkdtyfwJhaq;0,f,lzkdY aq;0,f,la&;aumfrwDawG zGJUay;xm;w,f/ 0,fxm;
wJhaq;eJY vlemukdukay;&r,f/ aq;½HkrSmr&dSwJhaq;yJ vlemu0,f&r,f? Oyrm-aoG;vSLXmeawGrSmqkd aoG;ppf
ud&,
d mawG? aoG;tdwaf wGxm;ay;w,f}} [k a'gufwm0if;vdiI u
f qko
d nf/ jynfov
l x
l u
k se;f rma&;apmifah &SmufrI
twGuf aq;0g;ypönf;rsm;vHkavmufpGm axmufyHhulnDukoay;oifhaMumif; igef;ZGefNrdKUe,f wkdif;a'oBuD;

vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fOD;jrwfolu ajymMum;onf/

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

Vol.9 / No.12

a&mfbmvkyfief;udkomrrSDcdk&ef a':atmifqef;pkMunfajymqdk
xm;0,f? rwf 17

0,fa'ocHrsm;taeESihf obm0ywf0ef;usifESihf rudkufnDaoma&mfbmpdkufysKd;a&;vkyfief;udk rsm;pGmrrSDcdk&ef xm;0,fc½dkif? uHaygufa'oudk rwfv 17 &ufaeYua&muf&Sdvmaom
a':atmifqef;pkMunfu ajymMum;onf/
vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;? usef;rma&;? EdkifiHwdkYrS urÇmausmfpGrf;tif ukrÜPD
vma&muf&mvrf; wpfavQmuf a&mfbmcsJUxGifvmrIonf ZD0rsKd;pkH rsm;udk oGm;a&mufavhvmcJhonf/
c&D;pOfwiG f a':atmifqef;pkMunf ynma&;ESihf qufoG,fa&;qdkif&m rsm; tajcpdkufNyD; "mwfaiGUodkuf
wGif a&mfbmvkyfief;trsm;tjym; rsKd;uGJrsm;jzpfwnfrIESihf a&t&if;
trsm;tjym;wnf&&dS m uHaygufa'o
&S d o jzih f tjcm;ywf 0 ef ; usif E S i h f tjrpfvn
S yfh wfrI (a&oHo&mvSnyfh wf ES i h f t wl vuf y H a wmif ; awmif wdkYjzpfonf/
a'ocH r sm;u vd k t yf o nh f wG i f ud k , h f t m;ud k , f u d k ; 'D Z ,f
udkufnDaom tyiftrsKd;tpm;rsm;udk jcif;) udk rsm;pGmxdcdkufapEdkifNyD; pDrHudef; pkHprf;ppfaq;&Sif;aumfr&SifrS
pd k u f y sKd ; &ef pOf ; pm;oih f a Mumif ; a&mfbmpdkufysKd;rI trsm;tjym;cGihfjyK OD;armifarmifat;? ppfwyfydkif jrefrmh tcsuf r sm; awmif ; qd k j cif ; ES i h f pGrf;tifudk tokH;jyKae&qJjzpfNyD;
a':atmifqef;pkMunfu ajymqdck o
hJ nf/ xm;aom w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiH pD;yGm;a&; OD;ydkifvDrDwuf ukrÜPD ywf o uf í a'ozG H Y Nzd K ;a&;onf vQyf p pf " mwf t m; wpf , l e pf v Qif
]]b,fvo
kd pfyifpu
kd &f ifaumif; taeESihf a&t&if;tjrpfESihfywfouf wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESihf EdkifiHjcm;om; tpd k ; &\t"d u wm0ef o mjzpf N yD ; usyf 650 rS 700 cefYusoihfonf/
xm;0,fa'oodkY txufyg
k yf gvmonf/ vdktyfcsufrsm;twGuf oufqdkif&m
rvJ/ uRrf;usifolawGb,fvdkvkyf í pd;k &draf eaMumif; txufygtifwmeuf rsm;tygt0if 14 OD; vdu
vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eD Xmeqdkif&mrsm;udk taMumif;Mum; pDrHudef;rsm;rS vQyfppfrD;ay;a0&ef
ay;oihv
f q
J w
kd mudk pOf;pm;oihw
f ,f}} pmrsufESmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
hJ nf/ NyD;cJhonhf ESpf 20 eD;yg;uwnf;u
[k ¤if;uajymqdkonf/
a'ocHrsm;udk us,u
f s,jf yefYjyefY pDrHudef;tpD&ifcHpmudpöESihfywfouf oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdck o
tppt&m&m ukrÜPDrsm;udk tuG m ta0; rd k i f i g;q,f a usmf & S d
tm&Swpf0ef;wGif a&mfbmvkyif ef; BudKwiftaMumif;Mum;jcif;r&SdcJhonhf í vuf y H a wmif ; a'ocH r sm;ES i h f
wdk;csJUvmNyD; 2050 jynhfESpfwGif a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ c&D;pOfudk awGUqkHNyD; okH;&uftMum obm0 tm;rud;k oihaf Mumif; a':atmifqef; uHayguf-xm;0,fvrf;wpfavQmuf
k x
f cl ahJ omfvnf;
a&mfbmpdkufysKd;rIEIef; ESpfqrS okH;q jyifopfpGrf;tifukrÜPD wdkw,f\ "mwfaiGUpDrHudef;rsm;&Sd&m uHabmuf pkMunfuajymqdkcJhNyD; a'ocHrsm;udk vQypf pfr;D wdik rf sm; pdu
odYk wufvmrnfjzpfaMumif; tdu
k pf vef tpDtpOfjzihf rwfv 17 &ufaeYwGif a'ood k Y a':atmif q ef ; pk M unf vnf; qdkifu,fpD;eif;&mwGif OD;xkyf ,aeYtxd "mwfBudK;a[mif;avmif;
taetxm;om &Sdao;onf/
aqmif;&ef awmif;qdkcJhonf/
Ed k i f iHtajcpdkufywf0ef;usifqdkif&m a&muf&Sdvmjcif;jzpfNyD; ukrÜPD\ vma&mufavhvmjcif; jzpfonf/
jyifopf? xdkif;ESihf rav;&Sm;
rdausmif;avSmifaus;&GmwGif
tBuaH y;tzGUJ jzpfaom Beluga tifwmeuf vlrIpD;yGm;pDrHcsuf ae&mrsm;jzpfonhf
Dawei Watch
rdausmif;avSmif&Gm pdkufysKd;a&;NcH? acwåawGUqkpH Ofa'ocHrsm; awmif;qdk
pmrsufESmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
xdkodkY pufrIukefMurf;oD;ESH Zm'Daus;&Gm&Sd aus;vufaq;ay;cef; cJhaom udpö&yfrsm;rSm vQyfppfrD;?

xm;0,fta0;ajy;0if;jyKjyifrnf[kqdk

NrdwfNrdKYwGif wpfvtwGif; b*FgvDrsm;'kwd,tBudrfzrf;rd
Nrdwf? rwf 19

weoFm&Durf;½d;k wef;&Sd tcsuf
tcsmusaom pD;yGm;a&;NrdKUBuD;jzpf
onhf NrdwfNrdKUwGif wpfvtwGif;
b*FgvDvrl sK;d 70 eD;yg; xyfrzH rf;qD;&rd
aMumif; ,if;NrdKUe,f uRJul;aus;&Gm
&Jpcef;rS&t
J &m&Sw
d pfO;D xHrS od&&dS onf/
NrdwNf rKUd e,fpE´0wfaus;&Gmtkypf ?k
uGrf;oD;acsmif;aus;½Gm? uRJul;&GmESihf

teD;w0du
k w
f iG cf ;kd 0ifvmonhf b*FgvD
vlrsKd; 98 OD;teuf 69 OD;udk rwfv
17 &ufaeYrGef;vGJydkif;wGif zrf;qD;&
rdaMumif; ¤if;xHrSod&onf/
b*FgvDvrl sKd;rsm;pD;eif;vdu
k yf g
vmonhf pufavSonf rwfv 17
&ufaeY eHeuf 5 em&DcefYwGif NrdwfNrdKU
pE´0wfaus;&Gmtkyfpk uGrf;oD;acsmif;

aus;&GmteD;wGif pufcRwf,Gif;NyD;
urf;em;rSwpfqiht
f eD;w0du
k &f dS &Gmrsm;
odkY0ifa&mufvmcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;
¤if;wdkYudk Nrdwfc½dkifvl0ifrIBuD;Muyf
a&;½kH;odkY vdkufvHydkYaqmifay;cJhol
Nrdwfa'ocH OD;u&ifuajymjyonf/
NyD;cJhonhf azazmf0g&Dv 26
&ufaeYu cd;k 0ifvmonf b*FgvDvrl sK;d
40ausmfudk rwfv 6 &ufaeYu
Nrdwcf ½dik w
f &m;½k;H u tvkyEf iS afh xmif
'PfwpfESpfpD csrSwfcJhonf/

xm;0,f? rwf 16

c&D;onfwpfaxmufem;pcef;
jzpfvmaom xm;0,fta0;ajy;,mOf
&yfem;pcef;udk jyKjyifrnfjzpfaMumif;
xm;0,fc½dkif armfawmf,mOfvdkif;
aygif;pkHpnf;urf;xdef;odrf;a&;tzGJrS
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
,mOfvdkif;cef;rsm;udkESpfxyf
aqmufvyk &f ef? a&csK;d cef;? tdro
f mrsm;
jyKjyif&ef? c&D;onfem;aeaqmifaqmuf
vky&f efponfwYkdukd rwfv 16 &ufaeY
wGif usi;f ycJah om,mOfvdkif;wm0ef&Sd
olrsm;ESifh tpnf;ta0;wGio
f abmwl
cJhaMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
1997 ckESpfwGif pwifzGifhvSpf

cJah om xm;0,fta0;ajy;,mOf&yfem;
pcef;0if;wpfcv
k ;Hk wGif uefx½du
k af y;
xm;onhf trsm;ok;H tdro
f mwpfco
k m
&SNd yD; oefY&iS ;f rItm;enf;jcif;? vlO;D a&
ESihfoefYpifcef;rrQwjcif;wdkYaMumihf
c&D;onfrsm; tcufawGU&onf/
tNrJwrf;tokH;jyKEdkifonhf
tdrfomrsm;? a&csKd;cef;rsm; wdk;jr§ihf
vky&f efvt
kd yfNy;D vuf&w
dS iG n
f eufyikd ;f
tcsdefrsm;wGif tdrfoma&csKd;cef;rsm;
udk tok;H jyKír&awmhaMumif; ukew
f if
,mOfrsm;toif;Ouú| OD;csKdodef;u
ajymqkdonf/
Dawei Watch

wefzdk;enf;zkef;uwfowif; weoFm&Dzkef;aps;uGuf
tjynfUt0r,kH&J[kqdk
xm;0,f? rwf 20
Dawei Watch

tylydkif;a'owGifusufpm;avh&Sdaom Bryde's Whale rsKd;pdwf &Sm;yg;
a0vig;taowpfaumif xm;0,fa'oavmif;vHk;NrdKUe,f urf;yeDaus;&Gm
urf;ajcü rwfv 17 &ufaeYwGif urf;wifcJhonf/
awGU&S&d aoma0vig;rSm tvwfpm;t&G,t
f pm;&Sd rsKd;pdww
f pfcjk zpfum
oGm;ryg&SdbJ ausmzufwGif rD;cdk;a&mif0rf;AkdufrSm tjzLa&mif&SdNyD; tvsm;
40 ay? vHk;ywf 25 aycefY&SdaMumif; xm;0,fc½dkif ig;vkyfief;OD;pD;XmerSL;
OD;at;Edkifu uajymqkdonf/
tqdkyg rsKd;pdwfa0vig;onf urÇmay:wGif aumifa&udk;aomif;rS
wpfodef;tMum;omusef&SdawmhaMumif; rsKd;wHk;&Sm;yg;a&aeowå0grsm;
xdef;odrf;a&; ,Ofaus;rItzGJU\rSwfwrf;t& od&onf/
vGefcJhonfhq,f&ufcefYu aoqHk;cJhonf[k,lq&NyD; Akdufayguf
xGufum ykyfpjyKvsuf&Sdaom tqkdyga0vig;ukd t½dk;usoGm;ap&ef urf;yeD
urf;ajcoJaomifwGif 0if;NcHcwfí jr§KyfESHxdef;odrf;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
OD;at;Ekdifuajymqkdonf/ ,if;a0vig;rSm ig;zrf;orm;rsm;aMumifh
xdcu
kd jf cif;? oabFmjzifx
h cd u
kd jf cif;? oufwrf;&ifv
h mí aoqH;k jcif;wdYk aMumifh
jzpfEkdifaMumif; ig;vkyfief;OD;pD;Xmeu ,lqxm;onf/

{NyDvwGif pwifa&mif;csrnf[k tpdk;&ajymqdkcsufudkudk;um;í rD'D,mrsm;wGifazmfjyaeonhf usyf
axmif*Pef;jzihfa&mif;csrnhf zkef;uwfowif;tay: tjynhft0r,kH&Jao;aMumif; weoFm&Dwdkif;a'oBuD;
zkef;aps;uGuftwGif;rS od&onf/
tqdkygzkef;uwfrsm;udk {NyDv 1 &ufaeYwGif pwifa&mif;csay;rnfjzpfNyD; rwfv 27 &ufaeY wyfrawmf
aeYwGif uwfrsm;jzefYa0 oGm;rnf[k or®w½kH;0efBuD; OD;pdk;odef;ESifh or®wajyma&;qdkcGifh&Sdol OD;&JxG#fwdkY\
ajymMum;csufuu
kd ;kd um;í jynfwiG ;f rD',
D mrsm;wGif azmfjyaeaomfvnf; tjynft0r,k&H aJ o;aMumif; ¤if;wdYk u
qdkonf/
]]wefzdk;enf;zkef;uwfowif;u cPcP 'DvdkyJxGufaeawmh r,kHao;bl;}} [k NrdwfNrdKU Mobile City
zkef;ta&mif;qdkifrS OD;oJoJuqdkonf/
xdYk tjyif weoFm&Dwikd ;f a'oBuD;twGi;f &Sd xm;0,f? NrdwEf iS fh aumhaomif;NrdKUwkYd &dS zke;f qdik t
f rsm;pkuvnf;
wef;zdk;enf;zkef;uwfa&mif;csay;rnf[lonhfowif;udk tjynhft0r,kHao;[kqdkonf/
aocsm raocsmrodonhftwGuf vuf&SdwGif tajctaeMunhfaeNyD; jyifqifrItenf;i,fomjyKvkyfxm;
aMumif; xm;0,fNrdKU MKC zkef;qdkifrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
]]wpf0ufyJ,kHw,f}}[k ¤if;uzGihf[onf/
odkYaomf ,if;wefzdk;enf;zkef;uwfowif;aMumihf &efukefzkef;aps;uGufwGif zkef;[ef;qufrsm; xkwf
ra&mif;Muawmhojzihf [ef;qufrSm 0,f,lr&jzpfaeNyD; aps;EIef;vnf; tenf;i,fjrihfwufaeaMumif; xm;0,f
NrdKU Idea Mobile zkef;qdkifrS OD;ausmfZifuajymqkdonf/
]]ypönf;awmh pkaew,f/ aocsmoavmuf&SdaeNyDxifw,f}}[k udkausmfZifuqdkonf/
xdkif;EdkifiHrS w,fvDzkef;uwfrsm;udk t"dutokH;jyKMuonhf jrefrm-xdkif; e,fpyfNrdKU aumhaomif;wGif
vnf; zkef;aps;uGufrsm; ykHrSeftwdkif;om&SdNyD; wefzdk;enf;zkef;uwfESihfywfoufNyD; wpfpkHwpf&mjyifqifrIr&Sd
aMumif; ,if;aps;uGuftwGif;rS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
]]'gu tajymyJ&Sdao;w,fav/ xGufawmhrS xGufw,fvdkYajymvdkY&rSmyg}} [k aumhaomif;NrdKU a&ToD&d
zkef;qdkifrS ta&mif;0efxrf;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
Dawei Watch

42
ii
The

VOICE

Monday, March 25 - 31, 2013

xkdif;EdkifiHtajcpdkuf t*Fvdyfbmomjzihfxkwfa0aom emrnfBuD; Bangkok Post u rwfv 18 &ufaeYwGif 'The human side of a megaproject' trnfjzihf aqmif;yg;wpfyk'fazmfjycJhonf/
xm;0,fa&eufqdyfurf;pDrHudef;tNyD; a'ocHvlxkydkrdkwdk;wufvmrnhftaMumif;ESihf ukrÜPDuvkyfaqmifay;onfqkdaom vlrIpD;yGm;tpDtpOfrsm;udk aqmif;yg;wGif aZmif;ay;azmfjyxm;NyD;
oufqdkif&ma'ocHrsm; tuJjzwfEdkif&efrl&if;twdkif; bmomjyefqdkazmfjytyfygonf/ rl&if;aqmif;yg;udk http://www.bangkokpost.com/business/news/341146/the-human-side-of-at,f'Dwm
megaprojec twGif; 0ifa&mufzwf½IEdkifygonf/

vlxkbufawmfom; r[mU r[m pDrHudef;
e,fvif0dbGefcsufa&;om;onf
jrnf;aeonhf xm;0,fonf
a&eufqdyfurf;ESihf txl;
pD;yGm;a&;Zkepf rD u
H ed ;f \ vIyEf ;Id jcif;udk
cHvu
kd Nf y/D a'ocHrsm;\b0ESifh oufarG;
0rf;ausmif;rIrsm;vnf; ajymif;vJae
ygNyD/
wu,hftBuD;pm; pufrIZkef
pDru
H ed ;f rsm;onf tqdyk ga'ouvlawG
twGuf aysmf&Tifp&maumif;onhf
Zmwford ;f cef;udzk efw;D ay;Edik o
f nfrsK;d
&Sm;&Sm;yg;yg;yifjzpfonf/ odkYayr,fh
tDwmvs-H xdik ;f ukrP
Ü u
D awmh xm;0,f
a'oESihf a'ocHawGtay: xdcdkufrI
r&Sad p&efEiS fh olwYkd\rd½;kd zvmvkyif ef;
rsm; wdk;wufatmifaqmif&GufEdkifzdkY
pDrHcJhygonf/
xm;0,fa'oonf jrefrmEdik if H
\ awmif b uf & S d cyf q d w f q d w f
urf ; ½d k ; wef ; a'owpf c k j zpf o nf /
{&d,mtus,f 13ç750 uDvdkrDwm
ywfvnfus,0f ef;Ny;D vlO;D a&wpfoed ;f
cGcJ efY&o
dS nhaf 'o/ t"duoufarG;0rf;
ausmif;vkyfief;rSm v,f,mvkyfief;
ESihf a&vkyfief;wdkYjzpfonf/
xm;0,f p D r H u d e f ; {&d , mrS m
250 uDvrkd w
D mywfvnfus,f0ef;NyD;
urf;ajcawG? awmawGeYJ qDtek ;f awm
tdkrsm;&Sdonf/ pDrHudef;aMumifh &Gm
aygif; 15 &Gmu tdrfajcaygif; 4173
vHk;? vlOD;a&wpfaomif;ausmf u
ajymif;a&TUay;&rSmjzpfonf/
xm;0,fa'owGif *kP,
f 0l if<h um;
p&mtjzpf armif;ruefurf;ajc&Sdyg
onf/ odkYaomf onfurf;½dk;wef;
oG,o
f ,
G w
f iG f Edik if jH cm;c&D;oGm;vkyif ef;
rnfonht
f cgurQ jzpfjzpfajrmufajrmuf
tvkyfjzpfcJhay/ onhftwGuf &v'f
taejzihf a'ocHawmfawmfrsm;rsm;
onf ¤if;wdYk \0rf;a&;twGuf oD;yif
pm;yifrsm;udk pdkufysKd;Muayonf/
tydktvQH tenf;i,fom&SdNyD; pD;yGm;
jzpfpdkufysKd;jcif;vnf; r[kwfay/
ydkvQHonfrsm;udk tjcm;&Gmom;
rsm; txl;ojzihfa&vkyfom;rsm;udk
a&mif;csygonf/
qefpyg;? z&JoD;ESif oD[dkVfaph
ponfwYkdonf a'o\t"dupdu
k yf sK;d
yifrsm;jzpfonf/ a&mfbmESihf (agar )
pdkufysKd;Muonf/ xm;0,fa'oxGuf
oD[dkVfaphrSmemrnfausmfNyD; aps;EIef;
rSm befaumufaps; xuf0ufacguf
csKd; jzpfonf/
a&vkyo
f m;rsm;onf urf;½d;k wef;
wpfavQmuf avSi,frsm;jzihf ig;zrf;
xG u f N yD ; &vmonf h ig;rsm;ud k
¤if;wdkY\tdrfeD;csif;rsm;udk a&mif;cs
ygonf/ ig;vwfvwfqwfqwfawG
rsm;pGm&&Sdavh&Sdaomfvnf; a&mif;
rukefonhftwGuf ig;ajcmufvkyfNyD;
a&mif;Mu&onf/
od k Y aomf v nf ; xm;0,f u
ajymif;vJvmonfESihftrQ a'ocHvl
rsm; a&TUajymif;&awmhrnfjzpf&m ¤if;
wdYk\vufiw
k v
f uf&if; tvkyt
f udik f
rsm; qufvufwnfwHhaeEdkif? rEdkif
qdo
k nht
f csuu
f kd awG;ylvsu&f o
dS nf/

xm;0,fprD u
H ed ;f wGif wm0efus
aeonhf tDwmvsH-xdkif;\ obm0
ywf0ef;usiaf &;&mtBuaH y; Nophadol
Briksavand \tqdkt& tDwmvsHxdik ;f \&nf&,
G cf sufonf a'ocHrsm;
¤if;wdkY\ vufikwfvuf&if;tvkyf
rsm;udk qufvufvkyfudkifEdkif½kHru
vkyfaepOfwGifvnf; wdk;wufzGHNzdK;
atmif vkyaf qmif&ef&nf½,
G o
f nf[k
qdkonf/
]]tDwmvsH-xdkif;rSm enf;vrf;
ESpfrsKd;&Sdygw,f/ yxru&Gmom;awG
udk pD;yGm;jzpfpdkufysKd;a&;oifwef;awG
ay;zdkY? 'kwd,uxm;0,fpDrHudef;rSm
tvkyv
f yk cf efYzYkdyg}}[k ¤if;uqdo
k nf/
a'ocHtenf;tusOf;omvQif
aqmufvkyfa&;vkyfief;rsm;twGuf
vdktyfonhfuRrf;usifrI&SdaMumif;?
jrefrmtpdk;&taeESihfvnf; pufrI
vkyfief;BuD;rsm;twGuf a'ocHvlxk
tm;oifwef;ay;&ef aiGaMu;rwwf
Edkifonhf tajcqdkufaeojzihf rdrdwdkY
ud,
k yf ikd o
f ifwef;rsm; jyKvyk cf &hJ aMumif;
Mr.Nophad olu xyfavmif;ajym
Mum;onf/
tDwmvsH-xdkif;\ xm;0,f
pDru
H ed ;f vlrpI ;D yGm;Xme (CSR) rS&mG om;
rsm;tm; pdkufysKd;a&;qdkif&macwfrD
enf;opfrsm;udk oifwef;ay;ydkYcs&ef
twGuf o½kyfjyv,fuGufrsm;jyKvkyf
xm;onf/
,if ; oif w ef ; wG i f arG ; jrL
om;azmufonfuv
kd nf; oifMum;ay;
rnfjzpfNyD; rMumcif 0ufom;ayguf
rsm;udk a'ocHvufwGif;odkY jzefYa0
ay;Edkifawmhrnfjzpfonf/
pdkufysKd;a&;ESihf uRrf;usifvkyf
om; oifwef;tpDtpOfudk b0gjyef
vnfae&mcsxm;a&; {&d,modYkajymif;
a&TU&rnht
f pDtpOfEiS fh wpfqufwnf;
vkyfaqmifrnfjzpfonf/ a'ocHrsm;
onf ¤if;wdkY\tdrftopfudkajymif;
a&TUonfESihf wpfNydKifeufoD;ESHtopf
rsm;udk pwifpdkufysKd;EdkifrnfjzpfNyD;
tcsKdU&Gmom;rsm;rSmvnf; xm;0,f
pDrHudef;wGif tvkyf0ifvkyfEdkifrnf
jzpfonf/
xm;0,fwGif jzpfxGef;rI trsm;
qk;H jzpfonhf z&J? 'l;&if;? Muufarmuf
ESihf a&mfbmrsKd;aphrsm;udk xm;0,fü
pdkufysKd;Edkif&eftwGuf xdkif;EdkifiHrS
o,f,cl ahJ Mumif;? xdik ;f Edik if w
H iG t
f vkyf
vkyzf ;l onhaf 'ocHrsm;onf aumif;rGef
onhftxGufEIef;aMumihf aysmf&Gifae
MuNyD; rdrw
d Ykd&yf&mG üaexdik &f efq;Hk jzwf
cJhMuonf[k xm;0,fpDrHudef;\
tBuD ; wef ; pd k u f y sKd ; a&;ynm&S i f
OD;rif;ausmfa0u &Sif;jyonf/
]]tDwmvsH-xdik ;f taeeJYawmif
awGqDua&udk ydkufvdkif;eJYoG,f,lNyD;
ay;zd k Y &S d y gw,f / qd k a wmh ol w d k Y
wpfESpfywfvkH; pdkufysKd;Edkifygw,f}}
[k OD;rif;ausmfa0uqdkonf/
rl;'l;aus;&Gmae toufav;q,f
t&G,f v,form;wpfOD;jzpfonhf
OD ; atmif p d k ; onf xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H w G i f

tvkyform;tjzpf 15 ESpfavmuf
oGm;a&mufvyk u
f ikd zf ;l oljzpfNyD; vuf&dS
wGif rdrad jray:wGif a&mfbm? z&JESihf
oD[Vkd yf ifrsm;udk pdu
k yf sK;d vsu&f o
dS nf/
]]a&mf b mu ysKd ; yif p d k u f N yD ;
a&mif;wmyg/ uRefawmhfpdkufysKd;a&;
vkyfief;uae wpfEpS u
f kd ode;f av;q,f
avmuf&w,f/ 'gaMumihf udk,fwdkif;
jynfrmS yJ ud,
k af ezdYk q;Hk jzwfvu
kd w
f m/
tckawmh b0gudk ajymif;a&TU&if pdkuf
vdkYysKd;vdkY &r,hfae&mudk jyef&Smaeyg
w,f}} [k OD;atmifp;kd u ajymqdo
k nf/
tDwmvsH - xdkif;\ xm;0,f
pDrHudef; vlrIpD;yGm;tpDtpOfrefae*sm
TerapongTechasatian u tDwmvsHxdkif;taeESihf pdkufysKd;a&;oifwef;
ay;xm;onhf &Gmom;rsm;\ pdkufcif;
rsm;rS oD;ESHrsm;xGufvmvQif aemuf
wpfqihftaejzihf tDwmvsH-xdkif;rS
wnfaqmufaeonhf A[dak ps;BuD;wGif
¤if;wdYk\ xkwu
f ek af wGukd a&mif;cs&ef
wdkufwGef;rnf jzpfonf[kqdkonf/
]]vuf&Sdu xm;0,frSm wnf
aqmufa&;vkyif ef;awG trsm;BuD;vkyf
aeawmh pdkufysKd;a&;xGufukefawG
0,fvdktm; ododomomwdk;vmvdrhf
r,f}}[k Mr. Terapong uqdkonf/
wnfaqmufa&;vkyfief;cGif
ESihf ukefxkwfvkyfief;vkyfief;cGifrsm;
odkY vkyfom;tiftm; tvkH;t&if;jzihf
0ifvmrnfjzpfaMumif;? xdkaMumihf
&Gmol½Gmom;awGtaejzihf oD;ESHrsKd;pkH
udk aygif;pyfNyD; rnfodkY pdkufysKd;rnf?
xkwfukefrsm;udk aps;uGufodkY rnfodkY
a&mif;csrnfudk od&efvdktyfaMumif;
¤if;uqdkonf/
]]pm;zdkYavmufyJpdkufwJh tajc
taersKd;u odyftMumBuD;&SdawmhrSm
r[kwfbl;/ olwdkY ydkufqHtdwfawG
azmif;vmawmhrmS yg}}[k Mr. Terapong
u rSwfcsufjyKonf/
,if;uJo
h Ykd pdu
k yf sKd;a&;oifwef;
wifru tDwmvsH-xdkif;taeESihf
rl;'l;aus;&GmrS a'ocHrsm;udk pDrHudef;
wnfaqmufa&; vkyfief;cGifwGif
vkyfudkifEdkif&ef pkaqmif;cJhaMumif;?
wnfaqmufa&; vkyfief;cGifwGif
trsKd;om;a&m? trsKd;orD;yg tvkyf
orm; 500 ESifh 700 Mum; vdktyf
aeNyD; vkyftm;cudk tcsdefydkygNyD;om;
wpf&ufudk 3500 usyfESihf 5000
Mum; ay;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u
&Sif;jyonf/
NrKdUjytdrf&mrsm;jzpfonhf b0g?
yka*gZGe;f eJY yef;wiftif;ponhf tdr&f m
okH;ckudk tDwmvsH-xdkif;u wnf
axmif&ef pDpOfNyD;jzpfaMumif;? b0gu
tdrfajc 1849? yka*gZGe;f u 2272 ESihf
yef;wiftif;u 52 tdrfwdkY toD;oD;
&SdrnfjzpfaMumif; tDwmvsH-xdkif;\
tajccHtaqmuftODzYHGNzdK;a&; pDru
H ed ;f
refae*sm Panno Kraiwanit u ajymonf/
tdrftrsKd;tpm;u okH;rsKd;&SdNyD;
yxrtrsKd ; tpm;u 192 rD w m
ywfvnf? 'kw,
d trsK;d tpm;u rDwm
160 ywfvnfEiS fh wwd,trsK;d tpm;

u 128 rDwm ywfvnf&Sdum? tdrf
wefz;k d udk usyo
f ed f;ESpf&mausmfrS odef;
ok;H &m0ef;usit
f xd toD;oD;owfrw
S f
xm;onf/
b0gonf yxrqk;H wnfaqmuf
rnhf jyefvnfae&mcsxm;a&;pDru
H ed ;f
&Sdonhf &Gmjzpfonf/
,if;ae&mwGifausmif;topf?
bkef;BuD;ausmif;? aq;ay;cef;ESihf
aq;½kHrsm;udk ueOD;wnfaqmufay;
rnfjzpfaMumif;? &Gmom;rsm;ajymif;
a&TUNyD;onfESihf tDwmvsH-xdkif;rS
tjcm;vdt
k yfcsurf sm;jzpfonhf NrdKUawmf
cef;r? yef;NcH? upm;uGi;f ESifh pD;yGm;a&;
vkyfief;vkyfrnhfae&mrsm;udk azmf
aqmifrnf jzpfonf/
ukrÜPDtaejzihf rl;'l;aus;&GmrS
a'ocHrsm;tm; usyfaiGoef;aygif;
20 ausmf ay;avsmx
f m;NyD;jzpfaMumif;?
rwfvv,fcefYwGif rl;'l;aus;&GmrS
tdrfajc 343 tdrfonf pNyD;a&TU&
awmhrnfjzpfNyD; jyefvnfae&mcs
xm;a&; ae&mwGifvnf; tdrftopf?
a&? rD;tm;vkH;tqifoihfjzpfaeNyD
jzpfaMumif; tDwmvsH-xdkif;\ pDrH
cefYcrJG I 'g½du
k w
f m y&mcsKid ;f uajymonf/
]]ukrÜPDtaeeJY avsmfaMu;eJY
tdrf&mopftwGuf ajr,mpkaqmif;
zdkYtwGuf aemufxyft&efaiG usyf
oef;aygif; ckepfaxmifausmfvsmxm;
NyD;jzpfygw,f}}[k y&mcsKid ;f uqdo
k nf/
tpydkif;wGif a'ocHtrsm;pk
onf ¤if;wdkYrsKd;qufaygif;rsm;pGm
aevmcJhonhfae&mrS rajymif;csifMu
aMumif;? ¤if;wdkY\b0ESihf obm0
ywf0ef;usifxdcdkufrnfudk pdk;&drfNyD;
pDru
H ed ;f wnfaqmufrt
I m; uefYuu
G f
cJhMuaMumif; Mr.Terapong u ajym
qdkonf/
odkYaomf vlrIpD;yGm;tzGJUonf
a'ocHESihf ykHrSefqufoG,fajymqdkNyD;

aumif;rGefwJhqufqHa&;wpf&yfudk
wnfaqmufEikd cf o
hJ nf[k ¤if;uqdo
k nf/
]]uReaf wmfwYkdu olwYkdeYJwpfzuf
wnf;rSm &yfaewmyg/ uRefawmf
wdkY[m olwdkY&JUrdwfaqGawGygqdkwm
odapr,hf t&mtm;vkH;udk uRefawmf
vkyaf qmifyghr,f}} [k ¤if;uqdo
k nf/
tpd;k &\rl0g'jzpfonht
f wGuf
pDru
H ed ;f wnfaqmufrnfrmS vk;H 0aocsm
aMumif;? rdrw
d YEkd iS fh &Gmom;rsm;rSm wu,hf
rdwfaqGrsm;jzpfvmNyD; pDrHudef;rS
odkYr[kwf tpdk;&qDrS rnfonhft&m
rsm;udk vdck sifonfukd ajymqdMk uonf
[k Mr. Terapong u ajymqdkonf/
rl;'l;&GmrS OD;armifoef;u «rl&if;
aqmif;yg;wGif U Mg Tan, the chief
of Mudu village (rl;'l;&GmtBuD;tuJ
OD;armifwef) [k a&;xm;NyD; vuf&Sd
rl ; 'l ; aus;&G m tk y f c sLyf a &;rS L;rSm
OD;ausmq
f ef;jzpfonf/ bmomjyefo»l
vuf&SdtcsdefwGif a'ocHawmfawmf
rsm;rsm;rSm pDru
H ed ;f rS rnfonht
f usKd;
aus;Zl;rsm; Oyrmtm;jzihf tvkyt
f udik f
tcGihftvrf;rsm; ydkrdk&&Sdvmjcif;ESihf
pd k u f y sKd ; a&; vk yfief;rsm;tm; ydkrdk
aumif;rGepf mG vkyfvmEdkifjcif; ponf
wdkYudk &&Sdrnfudk BudKjrifaeNyDjzpf
aMumif; ajymMum;onf/
]]tusKd;aus;Zl;awG &r,fqdk
wmudk BudKjrifaeMuygNyD/ tvkyf
tudkiftcGihftvrf;awG ydkydk&vmwm?
pdkufysKd;a&;vkyfief;awGudk ydkaumif;
NyD; vkyfvmEdkifwmawGrsKd;aygh/
aemufqkH;awmh ajymif;r,fvdkY
uRefawmfwdkY qkH;jzwfvdkufw,f/
tpdk;&qDuaeawmh tmrcHcsufawG
ay;zdkYvdkygw,f/ pdkufysKd;ajray;zdkY?
tvkyftudkiftcGihftvrf; zefwD;
ay;zdkYyg/ 'grSvnf; uRefawmfwdkYb0
&yfwnfEdkifrSmyg}} [k OD;armifoef;
u qdkonf/

owif;wkdrsm;
xm;0,fwaygif;yGaJ wmf - a&Tawmif;pm;apwD ESpf 250 jynhAf 'k y¨ Zl ed,
yGJawmfESihf waygif;yGJawmfudk vmrnhfrwfv 24 &ufrS 28 &ufaeYtxd
usif;yrnfjzpfNyD; oHCmtyg; 250 udk qGrf;ajcmufavmif;vSLMurnf
jzpfonf/
xdkif;EdkifiH &aemif;a'orS ukefonfBuD;rsm;u ¤if;wdkYxkwfukef
ypönf;rsm;udk vma&mufcif;usif;a&mif;csMurnfjzpfNyD; NrdKUvkH;uRwf
edAÁmefaps;cif;usif;yrnfjzpfonf/
yGJawmfusif;yonhf ig;&ufwmumvtwGif; avmurm&Zdef
bk&m;BuD;0if;twGif; wifi pepfjzihf tifwmeuf tcrJhtokH;jyKEdkif&ef
pDpOfvsuf&SdaMumif;od&onf/

pmaya[majymyGJrsm; - 88 rsKd;quf (xm;0,f) ausmif;om;rsm;tzGJU?
Nidrf;csrf;a&;ESihf yGihfvif;vlYtzGJUtpnf;u rwfv 29 &ufESihf 30
&ufaeYnrsm;wGif usif;yrnhf pmaya[majymyGJudk xm;0,fNrdKUv,f&Sd
t.x.u (1) ausmif;0if;twGif; usif;yrnfjzpfonf/
xdpk maya[majymyGw
J iG f ygarmu©a'gufwmcifeeD o
D ed ;f ? prf;prf;EGUJ
(om,m0wD)? azjrihf? nDykav;wdkYu a[majymMurnfjzpfNyD; pmay
a[majymyGJESihftwl pmtkyfaps;yGJawmfudkyg usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif; 88
rsK;d quf (xm;0,f)ausmif;om;tzGUJ rS OD;ausmaf usmo
f ufuajymMum;onf/
tvm;wl uHaygufa'owGifvnf; rwfv 30 ESihf 31 &ufaeY
wdkYwGif uHayguftm;upm;uGif;ü txufygpma&;q&mrsm; a[majym
Murnfjzpfonf/
o&ufacsmif;pmay0goem&Sifrsm;pDpOfrIjzihf {NyDv 1 &ufESihf 2
&ufaeYnrsm;wGif pmaya[majymyGJusif;yrnfjzpf&m cspfOD;ndK?
armifped 0f if; (ykw;D uke;f )? atmfyu
D s,f? armifomcsKdwYkd u o&ufacsmif;
t.x.u ausmif;0if;twGif;a[majymMurnfjzpfonf/

zkd;aZmf(xm;0,f)

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful