By Robert Powell

www.astrogeographia.org/

Index

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Introduction: The Zodiac
A true understanding of the zodiac lies at the foundation of Astrogeographia. As Professor Otto Neugebauer (1899-1990) wrote in his great work A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy: "The natural reference system for the motion of the planets, moon and sun, are the fixed stars..." Once having grasped - through the application of "as above, so below" - that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the celestial sphere and the terrrestrial sphere, such that each place on the Earth corresponds to a star in the heavens, there is no other possibility for understanding the zodiac than in terms of the stars making up the signs of the zodiac. By way of illustration, returning again to the correspondence between Vienna and Aldebaran, there was a time when Vienna, under the Hapsburg dynasty, was the center of Europe. This perfectly mirrored the central position of Aldebaran in Taurus. As shown in Robert Powell's Ph.D. thesis, published in book form under the title History of the Zodiac, the original definition of the zodiac made by the Babylonians early in the fifth century BC was specified by the two first magnitude stars Aldebaran at the center of Taurus and Antares in the middle of Scorpio such that the zodiacal locations of Aldebaran and Antares were defined to be 15 degrees Taurus and 15 degrees Scorpio. Once this central axis running through the middle of the signs of Taurus and Scorpio was defined by these two stars, the longitudes in the 30 degree divisions known as signs of other bright stars in the twelve zodiacal constellations could be ascertained. For example, the bright star Regulus marking the heart of the Lion was found to have a longitude of 5 degrees in the sign of Leo, the first magnitude star Spica marking the tip of the sheath of wheat held by the Virgin was determined to have a longitude of 29 degrees Virgo. In this way the original signs of the zodiac, coinciding more or less with the zodiacal constellations of the same name, were clearly defined. This original zodiac was used in antiquity not only in Babylonia but also in Egypt, Greece, Rome, and India, where it is still in use - in a modified form - to the present day. Now it is known as the sidereal zodiac (Latin sideris, "starry") in order to distinguish it from the tropical zodiac used by most present day astrologers (excluding India, where the sidereal zodiac is still used). In light of Astrogeographia the signs of the sidereal zodiac, since they

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5 . Europa was a daughter of King Agenor of Tyre. Vienna is once again at (or near) the center of Europe. appeared to her from the waves of the Mediterranean Sea in the shape of a magnificent white bull.are defined in relation to the stars. who was strongly attracted to the beautiful girl. For example. The research of Astrogeographia confirms Greek mythology. with the expansion of the European Union to include a number of East European countries. Minos. Instantly the bull plunged into the sea and eloped with her to the island of Crete. Zeus. while she played at Sidon's sea shore. Europa mounted upon the bull's back. Europe (Europa) is connected with Taurus. Fascinated by the extraordinary creature. Already with the collapse of the iron curtain in 1989 coincidentally the year in which the last ruling Hapsburg passed away . Now. are also mirrored in specific regions on the Earth. was born. There is a symbolic significance to the alignment of Europe with the sign/constellation of Taurus. and the bull was set in the heavens as the sign/constellation of Taurus. According to Greek mythology.Vienna acquired a new sense of purpose as a gateway city to Central and Eastern Europe. which for centuries was the center of the European Hapsburg empire. The earthly projection of the star Aldebaran at the center of the Bull (15 degrees Taurus) coincides with the city of Vienna. From this union the first king of Crete. the earthly projection of the sign of Taurus coincides by and large with Europe. One day.

In 1971 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. At school he discovered a love of mathematics. During the years 1976 and 1977 he became interested in Isaac Newton's research into astronomical chronology. England. located near Brighton. Charles Schmitt from the Warburg Institute. which is part of the University of London. While researching at the Warburg Institute he first discussed the possibility of doing a PhD thesis on the history of the zodiac with Dr. He left his post as lecturer in mathematics and statistics at Brighton University in July 1976 in order to pursue his research into the history of astronomy in London. He was a lecturer there from 1969 to 1976 in Mathematics and Statistics for undergraduate students taking their B. From its inception in 1971 until 1974 he was a tutor in mathematics for the Open University of the United Kingdom. where he was awarded a Master's degree in mathematics (statistics) in 1970. a summary of which is included as Appendix II in his PhD thesis History of the Zodiac. and went on to study at the University of Sussex. Degree in Computer Science. For this research he used the library at the British Museum in London and also the library of the Warburg Institute.About Robert Powell. later in 1977 he received an invitation from Georg Ungar to spend some time doing research at Dr. During this time (in 1970/1971) he began to do research in the history of astronomy. England in 1947. Already in October 1969 he began a full-time teaching post as a lecturer at Brighton University (at that time called Brighton Polytechnic) in the Department of Computing and Cybernetics.Sc. Ungar's Mathematisch-Physikalisches Institut in 6 . teaching (during vacation time from Brighton University) courses in mathematics to undergraduate students. PhD Robert Powell was born in Reading. On account of his research into Newton's chronology.

he investigated the astronomical principles underlying astrology. After moving to Stuttgart. The degree was conferred in March 2005. The results of this research.Dornach. Germany. Romans. where he spent the next four years of his life (1978-1982). Like the astronomers Tycho Brahe and Kepler. and the application of astronomical chronology to dating the life of Christ. he was awarded a PhD for his original contribution to the history of science . near Basel. and began to investigate chronological aspects of Kepler's work. incorporating new research findings. which is of interest in connection with the history of the zodiac. His research on the history of the zodiac. and Hindus. in 1983. Greeks. a professor of galactic astronomy. which was carried out for more than a decade. were published in 1996 in his book Chronicle of the Living Christ. 7 . updated version of this thesis on the history of the zodiac. Obtaining his PhD was a thirty year odyssey. who expressed interest in his thesis on the history of the zodiac and suggested that he could submit it to an academic institution in Poland under his supervision. This entailed writing a new.or rather to the history of astronomy. also became extended to the field of astrology. he continued his research and studies. It was finally submitted to the Polish Academy of Sciences in 2004 with the title The Definition of the Babylonian Zodiac and the Influence of Babylonian Astronomy on the Subsequent Defining of the Zodiac. which had started in 1974 when he began writing down the results of the initial research on the history of the zodiac at the libraries of the British Museum and the Warburg Institute in London. It was here that he met Konrad Rudnički. After publicly defending his thesis in Warsaw. Newton's chronology. Through Professor Rudnički the possibility later came about that he could submit his PhD thesis to the Institute for the History of Science of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. in particular his ideas presented in De stella nova concerning the star of Bethlehem. He studied the chronology of the Hebrew calendar at the time of Christ and found confirmation of Kepler's dating of the birth of Jesus to March 6 BC through applying astronomical chronology. A revised and updated version of the PhD thesis was published by Sophia Academic Press in 2007 as a book under the title of History of the Zodiac. On the basis of his research into the history of the zodiac he discovered that contemporary astrology has a completely different basis from the ancient astrology of the Babylonians. Switzerland.

supplementing the movement aspects of the courses. Currently Robert teaches courses in cosmic and sacred dance in six different countries. and the twelve signs of the zodiac. teaching the cosmic dances of the four elements. the work of the Choreocosmos School was made possible through the founding of the Sophia Foundation of North America in San Rafael in 1995 by Karen Rivers and Robert Powell. which provides the foundation for cosmic and sacred dance). There the pupils were instructed in the mysteries of the elements relating to Mother Earth. For more information about Choreocosmos. The courses in cosmic and sacred dance are taught as a training in subtle eurythmic movement to classical music. and zodiacal signs in relation to the different levels of the human being. The whole is intended to lead to experience of the higher levels of Nature (four elements) and the cosmos (planets and zodiac). 8 . (Rudolf Steiner was the inaugurator of eurythmy. The Choreocosmos School offers a training in cosmic and sacred dance. Lacquanna Paul.through music and movement . In turn.to these three levels. the seven planets. A substantial number of people have graduated from the training and are now qualified to teach cosmic and sacred dance along the lines outlined in Cosmic Dances of the Planets and Cosmic Dances of the Zodiac. it is possible to engage in conversation and study activity focusing upon acquiring a deeper understanding of the elements. Some of the courses are introductory in nature. They are co-authors of the books Cosmic Dances of the Planets and Cosmic Dances of the Zodiac.Aside from his academic career. which describe the work that Robert has been doing since he founded the Choreocosmos School of Cosmic and Sacred Dance in the year 2000. At the same time. and finally the mysteries of the zodiac pertaining to the World Spirit. Robert Powell has also written books on a variety of other subjects. including the works written together with his wife. These twenty-three cosmic dances embody a path following the archetype taught in the Middle Ages at the School of Chartres (Chartres Cathedral) in France. click here. The introductory courses of the School of Cosmic and Sacred Dance are concerned with outlining a path of experience . then the mysteries of the planets having to do with the Cosmic Soul. planets. There are various levels of activity of the Choreocosmos School of Cosmic and Sacred Dance.

second edition 2007) 2. second edition 2007) These two volumes on Hermetic Astrology are described below. HERMETIC ASTROLOGY VOLUME I Astrology and Reincarnation (1987. CHRISTIAN HERMETIC ASTROLOGY The Star of the Magi and the Life of Christ (1991. second edition 1998) 9 . 3. HERMETIC ASTROLOGY VOLUME II Astrological Biography (1989. To order either of these volumes click here or here.Books by Robert Powell Hermetic Astrology A TRILOGY DEDICATED TO A NEW STAR WISDOM (ASTROSOPHY) *** 1.

the divine scribe.Origins of Star Wisdom Unearthed in the mid-nineteenth century from ancient Ninevah. The Enuma Elish creation account. this movement was deduced). by British Museum archaeologists Austen Henry Layard and Hormuzd Rassam. Greece.was just one of some 10. making a total of seven planets. also came from the excavations in the long undisturbed mounds on the eastern bank of the river Tigris. and of stars and planets. In these broken. there were extraordinary tales of gods and goddesses. near the modern city of Mosul. the movements of the Sun (Shamash) and Moon (Sin) were also observed against the background of the fixed stars (in the case of the Sun. Indeed. the Babylonian gods were always associated with the stars. and Rome. Nebo and Ishtar. the goddess of love. From Babylonian cuneiform texts we know the characteristics of these 2 five gods: Ninib. as in ancient Egypt. the lord of wisdom. Marduk. In addition to the five wandering stars visible to the naked eye. the god of justice.000 cuneiform texts collected in the seventh century BC into the world's first library by Ashurbanipal. Nergal. Nergal. the god of war. worn clay bricks fashioned twenty-five centuries ago. Characteristics Babylonian Greek Roman Characteristics "god of justice" "lord of wisdom" "god of war" "divine scribe" "goddess of love" Babylonian Ninib Marduk Nergal Nebo Ishtar Greek Chronos Zeus Ares Hermes Aphrodite Roman Saturn Jupiter Mars Mercury Venus 10 . the Mul Apin . capital of Assyria in northern Mesopotamia. The cuneiform tablets clearly showed that the Babylonian astronomers noticed five stars that 1 moved in relation to the background of the fixed stars. the last great king of ancient Assyria. named from the first line of a text describing the stars . They connected these five stars with the five gods belonging to the Babylonian pantheon: Ninib. which reached back to the dawn of time. including the "wandering stars. and Ishtar." or planets (Greek planetos). Marduk. Nebo.two clay tablets.

and that there were seventeen such groupings (constellations). Though faded and continuing to 11 . and Ea) were first and 4 foremost seen by the Babylonians as the abode of divine beings. Anu. This would be the gravest of errors. Twelve of those constellations make up what we know today as the zodiac. Australian. These texts were made by individuals who possessed clairvoyance for the spiritual world. or "circle of animals": Mul Apin text name Translation Mul Lu Hung Ga Mul Gud An Na 3 Greek Zodiac Name Aries (the Ram) The "Hired Man" The "Bull of Heaven" Taurus (the Bull) Gemini (the Twins) Cancer (the Crab) Leo (the Lion) Virgo (the Virgin) of Libra (the Scales) Scorpio (the Scorpion) Sagittarius (the Archer) Capricorn (the Goat) Aquarius Carrier) (the Water- Mul Mash Tab Ba The "Great Twins" Gal Ga Mul Al Lul Mul Ur Gu La Mul Ab Sin Mul Zi Ba Ni Tum Mul Gir Tab Mul Pa Bil Sag Mul Suhur Mashû Mul Gu La Mul Sim Mah The "Crab" The "Lion" The "Furrow" The "Scales Heaven" The "Scorpion" The "Grandfather" The "Goat Fish" The "Great One" The "Swallow" Pisces (the Fish) The Mul Apin text included two other star paths ." Ea was the "God of the Ocean.the "path of Anu. African." As Anu was the Babylonian "God of the Sky." the fixed stars (forming the paths of Enlil." and the "path of Ea. for both the mythic texts and the records of the Babylonian astronomers are testaments to an entirely different mode of consciousness and perception." and Enlil was "Lord of the Wind.as with contemporaneous Egyptian.The Mul Apin tablets showed that the Babylonian astronomers observed that these seven planets always move within a belt through the same groupings of fixed stars. Asian. or later Greek and Roman mythology . Oceanic.the identification of the Babylonian pantheon with objects in the sky is a kind of innocent but erroneous imagination. It is quite normal for the modern person to assume that .

the zodiacal 5 constellations are divided into twelve 30-degree signs. into the invisible world of the gods. it is striking how the ancient Babylonians gave almost exactly the same names to the zodiacal constellations as did the Greeks. Looking at the table above. the inseparability of the divine deeds from the doings of the stars meant that the official Babylonian stargazers were simultaneously priests and astronomers) to see far beyond the physical realm. Enuma Anu Enlil. already representing an unfolding "forgetting" of the stars and planets as actual "gods" or beings. and "physiognomies. this in no way can be thought of as similar to what the ancient Babylonians experienced." Some twenty-five centuries ago. detailing the sequence of events involved in the creation of the cosmos . in their transition to a mathematical/empirical astronomy. The Zodiac and the World's First Horoscope Within two centuries after King Ashurbanipal collected the Enuma Elish. with all of their variegated qualities. capacities. in the sense that their stargazing shifted from a strictly devotional activity to one whose systematic practice allowed them to make empirical descriptions . Their clairvoyance afforded them an actual supersensory experience of the intrinsic essence or "beings" of the stars. Like the Orphic Hymns. the Babylonian priest-astronomers had made a further refinement of their picture of the "Paths of the Gods. and other cuneiform texts into his great library." In two cuneiform texts dating from 475 BC and excavated from Babylon. Mul Apin. while also. The Mul Apin clay tablets from Ashurbanipal's great seventh century BC library were permanent remembrances of a vast accumulation of astronomical knowledge from many centuries before 700 BC.fade amongst their peers at the moment when the scribes created these cuneiform tablets. the ancient clairvoyance allowed Babylonian priest-astronomers (for indeed.detailing the motion of the planets and the composition of the zodiacal path traveled by those planets . One must refrain from assuming that the Babylonian priest-astronomers imposed these patterns and their associated myths upon the heavens.that would serve as the foundation for all subsequent astronomical science. the Babylonian stargazers became the world's first real astronomers.including the star path of the zodiac and the planetary wanderers upon that path. Although when we look to the night sky we see only the constellational patterns that we have learned from years of seeing "connect-the-dots" drawings. This is the 12 . the Enuma Elish is a cosmogony and cosmology.

His fame was such that Pythagoras came 6 to Babylon to receive initiation from him. the first magnitude star Spica. Initiated by the sublime Being of the Sun. is at 29 degrees Virgo. Antares. and Fomalhaut. at the heart of the constellation of Scorpio. Regulus. in the middle of the sign of Scorpio (see Figure below). the glowing red ember of Mul Gir Tab's (Scorpio's) heart. so that his clairvoyance extended beyond the Sun to the mighty beings of the zodiac. Zaratas spoke of four "royal stars" . the first magnitude star Regulus. "The 13 . the defining axis of the sidereal zodiac given by the remarkable fact that Aldebaran and Antares lie diametrically opposite one another in the zodiac and are located at the center of their respective zodiacal signs. the "Bull of Heaven". but the sidereal zodiac that they codified is anything but arbitrary. geometrical terms.original or sidereal zodiac (sidereal means "pertaining to the stars"). is at 5 degrees Taurus. marking the heart of the Lion. The 30-degree divisions reflect the clairvoyant perception of the exact extent of the influence of the spiritual beings underlying the twelve constellations of the zodiac. A Babylonian star catalog thought to date from the fourth century BC lists the bright zodiacal stars in terms of the twelve signs of the sidereal zodiac. are at 25½ degrees and 28½ degrees Gemini. The sidereal zodiac is defined in such a way that: the star Aldebaran ("Bull's eye"). the Pleiades. marking the tip of the sheath of wheat held by the Virgin. is in the middle of the sign of Taurus. the Lion's Heart. For example. These two stars comprise the fiducial axis. at the center (15 degrees) of the constellation of Taurus. Castor and Pollux. etc. Ahura Mazdao. the Lion. Those pictures were originally imparted to them by their teacher Zaratas (Greek: Zoroaster). This refinement of the zodiac into twelve equal signs might seem at first glance to be a convenient and arbitrary scheme. is at 5 degrees Leo. The stellar longitudes of other zodiacal fixed stars are determined in relation to this axis. the two bright stars marking the heads of the twins. the beautiful star cluster in the neck of the Bull. The Persian-born Zaratas was a relative of King Cyrus the Great (sixth century BC) and came to Babylon in the wake of Cyrus' conquest of the city in 539 BC. is at 15 degrees Scorpio. the Bull's Eye. the central star of Mul Gud An Na.Aldeberan. He was soon acknowledged as a great teacher by the Babylonian priesthood. but as living pictures of the cosmic beings standing behind the stars. and the star Antares ("Scorpion's heart"). shining from Mul Ur Gu La. The Babylonian stargazers learned this arrangement not in abstract. beneath the stream of water spilling from the urn of Mul Gu La.

" Thus. Zaratas could also see that the planetary configurations at birth held the secret of the soul's destiny. Each of these Holy Beings was flanked on either side by other majestic spiritual beings. one that sought to describe the destiny of every individual human being. the 14 . the moment of conception. to Earth. raised up from the shifting seasonal zodiacal patterns as seen from the earth. Zaratas introduced an entirely new art of prophecy. he taught the Babylonian stargazers this faculty of beholding the voyage of the soul into incarnation. and they could behold the "descent of the stork" at the moment of conception. Antares the "watcher in the West". Through a divinely inspired suite of initiation practices. Aldeberan he knew as the "watcher in the East". They regarded the Moon as the gateway for the soul on its voyage into incarnation. Especially significant for the Babylonian astronomer-priests was the passage of the Moon around the zodiac. and so on. the Twins. humanity would need a science of the cosmos that would in veiled form express the cosmic mysteries. nor even accept that such Beings existed. Inspired by his knowledge of the future unfolding of human history. embodied in 7 the zodiacal images of the Crab. To his clairvoyant perception. and Fomalhaut was the "watcher in the South. The mathematical exactitude that emerges from the astronomical texts of this period of ancient Babylon shows that Zaratas succeeded in this. His clairvoyance permitted him to see the descent of the soul from cosmic heights. the Babylonian astronomers had concerned themselves with reading omens in the sky for the benefit of royalty. the "watcher in the North". Zaratas's clairvoyance allowed him a panoramic vision of Time as well as Space. and he saw the imminent arrival of a period when humanity would no longer see these Holy Beings of the cosmos. Regulus. For many centuries before Zaratas's time. He understood that in this approaching period of spiritual darkness. into an age of increasing individualism and materialism. down through the planetary spheres. descending from the Moon to unite with the seed of the quickened embryo. Taurus . while Leo Aquarius marked the North-South.Scorpio marked the East-West (fiducial) axis. the four royal stars and their enveloping constellations marked for Zaratas the cosmic directions of space. since the spiritual reality standing behind them would be lost. and the planetary configurations at birth.Great One" (Aquarius). By focusing their spiritual gaze on the Moon they could gain 8 awareness of the moment of birth of the incarnating soul. the heart of his task as a teacher of the Babylonian astronomer-priests. With this threefold knowledge of the sidereal zodiac of twelve equal signs.

but now including modern astronomical knowledge constitutes what could be called The Astrological Revolution. History of the Planets. Robert Powell.GUD.has been dated to April 29." (Taurus) for example. 410 BC. By way of a summary. therefore appearing to be fixed upon the globe of the heavens. and is cast in terms of 9 the geocentric planetary positions in the sidereal zodiac. is written: MUL. But this movement is so slight that during the course of the last five thousand years there has been very little change from the patterns of the constellations as they were at the time of the Babylonians. Thus originated the world's first horoscopes.AN. and to enable interested readers to follow up on this new approach with horoscopes.preserved on another clay tablet dug up from Babylon by British archaeologists in the middle of the nineteenth century . The oldest known horoscope . as outlined in the the section Horoscopes Old and New.NA. For 15 . This website is intended to give an expanded perception of the deeper significance of this new approach to the stars. Modern astronomy has shown that the fixed stars are subject to minute shifts in position over tens of thousands of years.Babylonian astronomer-priests could read the "omens" for an individual's birth. Ancient Astrology in a New Form The modern continuation of the ancient Babylonian astrological practices . the present-day dates of passage of the Sun through the twelve signs of the zodiac originally defined by the Babylonians are as follows: View Zodiac Dates The term "fixed stars" was used because they believed these stars never change their position in relation to one another. which is the title of the book by Kevin Dann and Robert Powell from which the foregoing sections The Origin of Star Wisdom and The Zodiac and the World's First Horoscope are drawn. separated by a period. The "Bull of Heaven. The convention in reproducing the cuneiform character translation from the ancient Akkadian is to use upper-case letters.

and italicized the letters: Mul Gud An Na. 49-65. History of the Zodiac for all references to the history of the zodiac. pp. Abraham Sachs." The Pythagorean Sourcebook and Library. 15-24. Christian Hermetic Astrology. In his The Life of Pythagoras. The reader is referred to the foundational work by Robert Powell. pp. 125. 16 . 22-23. Robert Powell. Robert Powell. and was written in Akkadian.ease of reading. especially attaching himself to Zaratas [=Zoroaster]. 1952. we have dropped the period notations. "Babylonian Horoscopes. Babylonian mythology largely derived from the older Sumerian mythology." Journal of Cuneiform Studies 6. p. a Semitic language using the cuneiform script. pp. by whom he was purified from the pollutions of his past life. Christian Hermetic Astrology: The Star of the Magi and the Life of Christ. Porphyry says: "In Babylon [Pythagoras] associated with the other Chaldeans.

For example.Epoch Moon (19½º Libra) 2 17 . In ancient times the sending down of the spirit seed to unite with the fertilized egg was seen clairvoyantly as the "descent of the stork. "The spiritual germ woven by ourselves is lost at the moment when the physical germ. The epoch chart gives a picture of the structure of the etheric body. as described in detail in Hermetic Astrology. the moment of the sending down of the spirit seed is computed using the hermetic rule retrogressively from the birth chart. This discovery highlights the significance of the epoch chart in hermetic astrology.conjunct . the human being sends down the spirit seed to unite with the fertilized egg. in the case of the German Romantic poet Novalis (17721801): Death g-Saturn (25½º Cancer) . utilizing the interchange of the 1 position of the Moon and the Ascendant or its opposite. so-called because it is based on the application of the ancient Egyptian hermetic rule for determining the horoscope of conception. and the weaving of the "karmic cross" into the etheric body. consciously includes . volume II.Conception (Epoch) Chart The incarnating human being influences (inspires) the future parents to come together to provide the physical body needed for the approaching incarnation. is engendered through the act of conception" (Rudolf Steiner)." since the spirit seed appears to clairvoyant perception like a stork.in addition to the birth . Hermetic astrology.the moment of conception (epoch) as an important part of the process of incarnation. At this moment there begins the building up of the etheric body from the cosmic ether. which we shall have to assume on Earth.conjunct . containing the basic life force. In terms of the epoch (conception) chart. it was known that a child was on its way.Epoch Sun (25½º Cancer) And in the case of the Austrian spiritual teacher Rudolf Steiner (18611925). Death g-Saturn (19½º Libra) . Research shows that the moment of death is often indicated by transits to the epoch chart. When the stork was seen. When the egg is fertilized in the mother's womb.

At this moment the soul feels a great sense of loss. The feeling of bereavement becomes violent. And now this feeling of bereavement draws out of the universe the needful ingredients of the world ether. We ourselves. although working with the conception chart was a part of ancient Egyptian and Babylonian astrology. As Ptolemy states in the Tetrabiblos: Since the chronological starting-point of human nativities is naturally the very time of conception. And now a vehement feeling of bereavement sets in. in cases in which the very time of conception is known either by chance or by observation. is highly significant. The spiritual germ of the physical body has already descended to Earth. which is central to hermetic astrology.These are just two examples illustrating the research finding that the moment of death is often indicated by transits to the epoch/conception chart. This opens .a vast new realm of research intrinsic to the roots of astrology. Now. To summarize: the moment of the epoch is the time when the archetype of the physical body known as the spirit seed is sent down to unite with the fertilized egg in the mother's womb. however. 18 . Having sent the spiritual germ of the physical body down to Earth and remained behind?we draw etheric substance out of the world ether 5 and form our own etheric body.or rather re-opens . One of the reasons for the neglect of the conception horoscope in astrology is that the application of the hermetic rule to find the epoch from the birth chart is complex and open-ended. the various possibilities for the epoch can be seen at a glance. All this goes to show that the conception (epoch) chart. and with a little practice and experience it is relatively easy to determine the 4 actual conception horoscope. whereas we still dwell in the spiritual world. amounting to bereavement. are still above. which we have watched. but potentially and accidentally the moment of birth. We have lost the spiritual germ of the physical body. it is more fitting that we should follow it in determining the special nature of body and soul. It has been largely neglected in the history of astrology. This has already arrived below and united itself with the last of those successive generations. through the Astrofire computer program developed by Peter Treadgold. examining the effective power of the configuration of the stars at that 3 time.

Out of this sense of loss begins the weaving of the etheric body from the cosmic ether. also known as the Tychonic chart (after the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe. 19 . 1546-1601). At birth the hermetic chart. which is the moment the etheric body withdraws from the physical body. And the geocentric chart at birth.gives a picture of the spirit seed of the physical body. Against this background it can be understood why transits to the epoch chart might be significant at the moment of death. reveals the goal of the incarnating human being as an "I" coming into a new incarnation upon the Earth in order to fulfill a destiny. is the same as the geocentric horoscope except that the planetary positions are heliocentric rather than geocentric . it became evident that the two epoch charts (hermetic and geocentric) relate to the physical and etheric bodies.this clearly relating to the level of the astral body. and the geocentric chart gives a picture of the primary impulse from the surrounding etheric cosmos on the building up of the etheric body. which is the bearer of the soul (sometimes called the soul body). parallel to the formation of the physical body (embryo) in the mother's womb. which is the traditional astrological chart. In the course of further research into these hitherto hidden and mysterious connections. the beginning of the formation of both the physical body (through the spirit seed) and the etheric body (in relation to the Moon's orbit of the sidereal zodiac). Against this background it is evident that every human being has four horoscopes. This is the key significance of the epoch chart: it indicates the start of life. At conception the hermetic chart . relating to the four levels of the human being: hermetic conception horoscope geocentric conception horoscope geocentric birth horoscope hermetic birth horoscope physical body etheric body astral body "I" The hermetic horoscope. which is connected with the level of the Sun. has always been called the "map of the soul" .related to the level of the Sun .click here to order. and see the section Horoscopes Old and New (click here) for further clarification and for instructions as to how these four horoscopes relate to the four levels of the human being. Similarly the two birth charts (hermetic and geocentric) relate to the "I" and astral body of the human being. respectively.

F.Robert Powell. His Destiny.E. Hermetic Astrology. Robbins. Man's Being. the Moon at epoch is the same as the Ascendant at birth. 2 1 According to the hermetic rule. 20 . 3 See details of the Astrofire program in the Astrofire section of this website. volume I. 5 4 Rudolf Steiner. which in the case of Rudolf Steiner was 19½° Libra. Appendix 1. and World Evolution. p. describes the hermetic rule and its historical background. Ptolemy. Tetrabiblos III. pp. 223-225). 32. 1 (trsl.

attended by a midwife. Perhaps Frau Steiner and her husband Johannes . in ancient Egypt . who helped women during childbirth.a telegraph operator at the little out-of-the-way Kraljevec railroad station on the Puszta plain near the border of what is today Croatia and Hungary .the mystery of conception.on February 25. what was the conception of the ka? The ka was perceived not only as the source of a person's vital force. which for the ancient Egyptians was identical with the descent of the stork.Hermetic Rule Applied Shortly before midnight -. also gave thanks to Boldogasszony.for example.referring to the widespread folk notion that the stork "brought" children to their parents. which was opposite the Sun in the middle of Aquarius-. On the other hand. the conception of the ka would be called etheric conception . Two days later. Michael for their son's recovery (he had been bleeding at birth).under a nearly full Moon on the tail of the Lion. It is very likely that around the time of conception of their son Rudolf they had spoken of the "arrival of the stork" -. Clearly the moment of origin of the physical body is physical conception. In the language of the alchemical tradition. In earlier times . 1861. Similarly. the "blessed lady" of Hungarian folk legend. the baby boy was taken a couple of miles to the St. we can affirm that physical conception consists of the fertilization of the egg by the sperm. which is then embedded in the wall of the womb. but as an actual "body" attached to the human being.physical conception and conception of the ka. Such beliefs about the stork that help to make sense of the mystery of birth have their origins in an even deeper mystery -. 21 .the coming into existence of the etheric body (ka) thought of as a subtle body of life energy surrounding and interpenetrating the physical body. the Hindu prana. Michael church in the neighboring village of Draskovec to be baptized. Franziska Steiner gave birth to her first child. corresponding approximately to the Chinese chi. in the tiny Austro-Hungarian village of Kraljevec. on February 27.there existed a subtle differentiation between two different conceptions -.along with giving thanks to St. Translating the subtle knowledge of the ancient Egyptians into modern terms. the moment of origin of the ka or etheric body is the etheric conception. and the ether of the alchemists.

where the soul was said to exist in cosmic realms . etheric conception is an event belonging to the Moon sphere. thought of as the cosmic realm bounded by the orbit of the Moon. According to the ancient Babylonian tradition of horoscopic astrology inaugurated by Zaratas. The moment when the spirit seed descends from the Moon sphere to unite with the fertilized egg is the image that was clairvoyantly perceived in ancient times as the "descent of the stork" depicted widely in Egyptian hieroglyphs. thus indicating that whereas the physical conception is an earthly event. According to the teaching of this tradition.in the so-called "planetary spheres" . which originated with the Babylonians. stemming from the teachings of Zaratas: The notion that the soul descending from heaven takes on the characteristics of the planetary spheres through which it passes.The ancient Egyptians. as we shall see below. where it partook of the circulation of the stars. which then descended from above. the whole cosmological background of astrology. van der Waerden in his excellent survey of the origins of horoscopic astrology.the spiritual archetype of the physical body that is built up in the highest cosmic realm. a rule which has to do with the Moon. before it enters into corporeal existence. The modern folk belief about the stork bringing the child was a dim memory of the ancient clairvoyant image of the "spirit seed" . It unites itself with a body and forms with it a living being. having descended there from the fixed-star realm through the seven planetary spheres. the soul released something known as a spirit seed. Modern scientific knowledge is not accustomed to thinking of the pre-existence (prior to conception and birth) of the soul. This explains how human 1 character comes to be determined by the heavens. indeed. "The soul comes from the heavens. even had a cosmic rule specifying when the etheric conception takes place. According to Professor B.L. It is interesting to consider this tradition insofar as it helps us to understand the mystery of conception and.prior to coming into earthly incarnation. either simultaneously with or shortly after the occurrence of the physical conception. and that after death it makes its journey through the heavens in reverse direction and with opposite effect ." This notion underlying horoscopic astrology can be traced back to the Babylonians. the Moon sphere was the last stage of the descent of the soul. the zodiacal 22 . the region where the incarnating human being dwells at the moment of conception.this derives from the same religious circles as those in which the doctrine of the voyage of the soul through the spheres had 2 developed: the later Babylonian astral theology. but this was almost universally accepted in antiquity.

the spiritual archetype of the physical body. with the inspiration of the soul from its cosmic vantage point in the Moon sphere. The Ascendant-Descendant axis is the position of orientation taken up by the human being while in the zodiacal sphere of fixed stars during the formation of the "spirit seed" . the appropriate cosmic moment of conception was specified by a principle known as the hermetic rule. The Hermetic Rule The hermetic rule or rule of Hermes is an ancient astrological law for determining the horoscope of conception retrogressively from the day and hour of birth. prior to the soul's descent through the seven planetary spheres. Relating the moment of conception to the moment of birth. It stems from the ancient hermetic astrological corpus that was a sort of "bible" for Greek and Egyptian astrologers in 3 the early centuries of their practice. as an expression of the mystery of the soul's descent into incarnation. as there are examples of Babylonian horoscopes in which the horoscope of conception is presented alongside the horoscope of birth. etheric conception occurs close to the time of the physical conception. Approaching the end of its descent into incarnation. from whom the hermetic rule derives.sphere. Although ascribed to the great teacher of the ancient Egyptians. was known to the Egyptians and Babylonians. the hermetic rule holds the key-astrologically speaking-to the building up of the physical body in the womb during the embryonic period of development. The conception horoscope belonged very much to the original astrology of the Egyptians and Babylonians. we shall take a look "behind the scenes" at the events leading up to conception. Then follows the descent of the human being from the zodiacal 23 . For the Egyptians. This entails a leap of consciousness to grasp the esoteric reality underlying the incarnation of the human being which. The Egyptians. Hermes Trismegistus. It states that: The zodiacal location of the Moon at the moment of conception is in line with the Ascendant-Descendant axis at the moment of birth. Modern astrological research into the Egypian cosmic rule for specifying the moment of etheric conception shows that it usually takes place shortly after fertilization. the hermetic rule was known also to the Babylonians. In order to grasp the astrological significance of the moment of conception. had a highly developed esoteric cosmology in which subtle aspects of the human being were cognized beyond the level of the physical body. of course.

occuring (on average) some nine months prior to the moment of birth. it is evident that the spirit seed and the astral body are two primary astrological realities or aspects of the human being. The moment of birth is thus the goal of the incarnating human being. In the course of nine months the Sun-on its apparent path around the zodiac-moves through three-quarters of the zodiacal circle.e. Essential to arriving at this goal is the moment of conception.astral ("of the stars") this "body" is built up from the planetary spheres. That which individualizes the astral body is the choice of planetary positions for the horoscope at birth. Here the composition of this vehicle (astral body) becomes differentiated by way of the background zodiacal influence of the Sun.sphere through the seven planetary spheres bearing with him or her the spirit seed-diminishing in size from sphere to sphere from its initial expansion in the zodiacal realm of fixed stars. From this brief survey of the ancient tradition.. Both exist as spiritual archetypes. The whole descent into incarnation is made with a view to arriving on the Earth at the cosmic moment when the planetary configuration (hermetic and geocentric) of the chosen birth chart becomes actualized. i. As the name indicates . During the process of incarnation the spirit seed and the astral body work into the formation of the physical body and the vehicle of consciousness of the individuality. by means of which a suitable vehicle is formed for the individuality to bring its talents and faculties to expression. the planets being considered as moving stars (Greek: planetai). through nine of the 24 . That which individualizes the spirit seed is the choice of Ascendant. so . and five planets. which then acts as a focal point for the building up of the spiritual archetype of the physical body according to the zodiacal signs. During this descent through the planetary spheres a "vehicle of consciousness" for the individuality is built up. Just as the spirit seed is formed in the zodiacal sphere as the archetype of the physical body from the circle of the twelve sidereal signs of the zodiac. Moon. The Egyptians called this the ba. Given the choice of zodiacal location of the Sun at the moment of birth. the period of embryonic development determines more or less when the moment of conception should take place. often depicted as a human-headed falcon.the astral body is shaped as a vehicle of consciousness appropriate for the incarnating individual from the seven planetary spheres in the descent through the planetary spheres. In the alchemical tradition it is called the astral body. which become individualized in the process of incarnation.in light of the Babylonian tradition .

twelve zodiacal signs. Thus, during an average gestation period of nine months, the zodiacal location of the Sun at the moment of birth is nine signs advanced from its position in the zodiac at the moment of conception. Once the Sun's position at birth is chosen, its approximate zodiacal location at the conception is specified, the element of variation being dependent on whether the embryonic period turns out to be longer or shorter than nine months. The hermetic rule specifies the moment of conception more exactly. Going back from the moment of birth to the beginning of the embryonic period of development, the Moon's location in the zodiac at the moment of conception is the same either as that of the Ascendant chosen for the moment of birth, or as that of its opposite, the Descendant. Thus, given the choice of Ascendant for the moment of birth, chosen already long in advance in the zodiacal sphere of fixed stars, the zodiacal location of the Moon at conception is also specified in advance to be one of two possibilities. As we shall see in the next example of an application of the hermetic rule, karmic considerations can also play into the predetermination of the planetary configuration at the moment of conception, just as they play a role in the choice of planetary configuration at the moment of birth. An Application of the Hermetic Rule Because Rudolf Steiner always celebrated his birthday on February 27 (his date of baptism), hardly anyone knew that his birthday was 4 actually on February 25. Taking the stated time and date of Rudolf Steiner's birth as 11:15 PM on February 25, 1861 at Kraljevec, the zodiacal longitude of the Ascendant and the Moon are computed to be 17º25' Libra and 24º43' Leo, respectively. Applying the hermetic rule, this means that the Moon's zodiacal longitude at etheric conception must have been about 17º or 18º Aries or Libra, with an Ascendant of 24º43' Leo or Aquarius. Returning nine calendar months from February 25, 1861 leads back to May 25, 1860, and referring to an ephemeris for this time it is evident that the Moon was at about 18º Libra around midday on June 1, 1860. This date appears, at first sight, to be a possible date for the etheric conception, as calculated by the hermetic rule, and bearing in mind that his parents married on May 16, 1861. In fact, at 12:12 PM on June 1, 1860 the Ascendant at Kraljevec was 24º48' Leo and the Moon was at 19º48' Libra in the sidereal zodiac. Applying the hermetic rule, this fits well with the computed birth data, and could have been the moment of etheric conception. If indeed it was, then the birth time has to be corrected from 11:15 PM, to 11:25 PM, to yield for this moment (considered as the planned moment of birth) an Ascendant at 19º34' Libra and the

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Moon's position at 24º48' Leo in the sidereal zodiac, exactly fitting the hermetic rule. Given the open-endedness of the hermetic rule (e.g., in the case of Rudolf Steiner the Moon was at 18º Aries two weeks earlier on May 19, and was again at 18º Aries two weeks after June 1, on June 15, 1860), where several alternative dates of etheric conception are possible, how may we be certain that the correct date has been found? There are several viewpoints to be considered. First, it can happen that there is some indication of the approximate length of the embryonic period. It is rare that the parents know the exact date of the physical conception, but if it is known the etheric conception as determined by the hermetic rule must lie close to it in time. Sometimes there is an approximate indication, e.g., "the child was born one week premature". Such indications, when stemming from medical sources, usually reckon with a pregnancy of ca. 270 days, which means-if one week premature-an embryonic period of ca. 263 days. Here again the hermetic rule is given an approximate date around which the etheric conception must have taken place, in which case it is no longer a completely open-ended rule. Second, failing any indication whatsoever as to the length of the embryonic period, there is the argument of probability-approximately 270 days being the mean duration of a human pregnancy. In the example under consideration the interval from June 1 to February 25 amounts to 269 days, which is more probable than an interval of 255 days leading back to the date June 15 as a possible date of etheric conception. Likewise, 269 days is more probable than an interval of 283 days leading back to a possible date of etheric conception on May 19. Therefore the intervals of 255 days and 283 days yield the two next most probable dates of etheric conception after the most probable date of June 1, given by the hermetic rule-in this particular example-as dates when the Moon was at 18º Aries in the sidereal zodiac. The probability diminishes still further for an interval of 242 days (27 days less than 269) or 296 days (27 days more than 269) where, since the Moon makes an orbit of the sidereal zodiac in 27.32 days, the Moon was again at 18º Libra in the sidereal zodiac as it was on June 1, 269 days before the birthdate. According to the argument of probability then, June 1, 1860 was the most probable date for etheric conception in Rudolf Steiner's incarnation.

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Probability is not the only consideration, however, as premature and overdue births do occur. If other indications are not present, then the third consideration-in order to decide between several possible dates of etheric conception-is the astrological validity of the planetary configuration at the moment of etheric conception. Thus the several possible planetary configurations at etheric conception yielded by the hermetic rule may be compared with the birth configuration for similarities. This comparison may be extended to include the death configuration in the case of the conception chart of a historical personality (assuming the date of death is known). Finally, if the previous incarnation is known through karmic research, then just as the birth chart can be compared with the hermetic and geocentric birth/death charts of the previous incarnation, so the conception chart may also be compared with them for similar aspects or planetary alignments in the sidereal zodiac. As an example of these considerations, let us look at the conception chart of Rudolf Steiner computed for June 1, 1860 from the point of view of its astrological validity. View Note that the word epoch denotes the horoscope for the moment of etheric conception. Here with the birth horoscope of Rudolf Steiner, for the sake of comparison with the epoch (conception) horoscope, where the fulfillment of the hermetic rule (interchange of Moon and Ascendant) can be seen between the two horoscopes: View [pdf "Rudolf Steiner B"] Most remarkable in the conception chart computed for June 1, 1860 is the exact geocentric conjunction of Venus and Jupiter. This striking relationship between Venus and Jupiter is taken up again in Rudolf Steiner's geocentric birth chart, where these two planets are more or less in exact opposition. This lends support to the astrological validity of the conception chart computed for June 1, 1860. Further, if the conception chart computed for June 1, 1860 is correct, then the Ascendant at Rudolf Steiner's birth has to be corrected from 17º25' Libra (computed for the stated birth time of 11:15 PM) to 19º35' Libra (computed as the birth time of 11:25 PM according to the hermetic rule). Now, the geocentric sidereal longitude of Saturn at

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Rudolf Steiner's death was 19º33' Libra, so Saturn was exactly transiting (orb 0° 02') the degree of the zodiac computed to b e the Ascendant according to the hermetic rule. This lends considerable weight to the astrological validity of the Ascendant of 19º 35' Libra, which is the authentic Ascendant according to the hermetic rule if June 1, 1860 was the date of conception. This confirmation of a birth time of 11:25 PM with an Ascendant of 19º35' Libra is based on the concept of a transit, i.e., that at the moment of Rudolf Steiner's death there was an exact transit of Saturn over the position of the Ascendant at his birth. View [insert pdf "Rudolf Steiner b-d geo"]
1

B.L. van der Waerden, Science Awakening, volume II, p. 147. Hans Lewy, Chaldean Oracles and Theurgy, p. 146.

2

Wilhelm und Hans Georg Gundel, Astrologumena, p. 147. This corpus consisted of Greek astrological writings composed in Hellenistic Egypt-primarily in Alexandria-during the first two centuries B.C. Fragments of these writings were preserved and transmitted to later Greek astrologers. Common to the writings of the hermetic astrological corpus is that they are invariably attributed to the "ancient Egyptians"-including Hermes and also Nechepso and Petosiris among these venerable founding fathers of astrology. In the fragments attributed to Nechepso and Petosiris-written in the form of instructions from the priest Petosiris to the king Nechepso-there are some references to the hermetic rule. (See Robert Powell, Hermetic Astrology, volume I, Appendix I for an English translation of these fragments.) You may wonder why the astrological rule for calculating the horoscope of conception is referred to as the hermetic rule and not the rule of Petosiris, the named authority for this rule in each of the fragments stating this ancient astrological tenet. The reason for this appears to be the fact that Nechepso and Petosiris were regarded simply as mediators of the teachings of Hermes. Thus Hermes was recognized as the originator of this astrological rule, which then was entrusted to the "divine men" Nechepso and Petosiris. For example, Firmicus Maternus (4th Century AD) in his great work on astrology-the eight books of the mathesis-speaks of "most powerful Hermes" entrusting his secret to these "divine men". Similarly, a papyrus of AD 138 states that Nechepso and Petosiris "established" their teachings upon Hermes. Nechepso and Petosiris composed their astrological works in Egypt during the second century BC and fragments of these works-transmitted to later Greek astrologers-were collected by Ernst

3

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cast for February 25. I would like to express to you in true commemoration my warmest good wishes for your well-being . clearly Alan Leo interpreted it to be 11:15 PM local time. to cast a horoscope. She encouraged my teacher Willie Sucher (1902-1985) to apply this rule in his astrological research. or whether he stated it as "less than an hour before midnight. shows that she knew this: My revered Master: Today. one of Rudolf Steiner's pupils in the Esoteric School. generally acknowledged as Rudolf Steiner's birthday.) The original horoscope cast in 1909 by Alan Leo for the incorrect date of February 27 was reprinted repeatedly until in 1980 the Dutch astrologer Jan Kampherbeek eventually published a correct horoscope. 29 . 1861. 1921. on the day which is actually the day of birth of your Individuality in this incarnation (whilst hitherto we always held it to be February 27). .Riess. from Eugenie von Bredow. 4 A letter dated February 25. . 1861 at 11:15 PM. Here it is not known whether Rudolf Steiner communicated this time as being exact. The time of Rudolf Steiner's birth (11:15 PM) was communicated to the theosophical astrologer Alan Leo by Rudolf Steiner himself." (If the latter holds true. Alan Leo utilized this time and the date February 27. Rudolf Steiner's collaborator Elisabeth Vreede (1879-1943) translated the hermetic rule from Greek into German.

Now millions of people believe that they are born in a particular zodiacal sign. they were born with the Sun in Pisces. From everywhere on the Earth.click here. is that a mistaken conception of the zodiacal signs has become widespread in the whole world (with the exception of India).with the Sun in Pisces in the sidereal zodiac. The consequence of the adoption by western astrologers of the tropical zodiac.concerning the definition of the signs of the zodiac.remains the same whatever the location on the Earth might be. which falls in the month of Aries at the beginning of spring in the northern 30 . Apart from India. the date March 25. which originally was not a zodiac but a calendar. However. whereas in fact they were not born in that sign. as the cycle of the seasons (tropical calendar) is the reverse in the southern hemisphere of that in the northern hemisphere. whereas the Sun on March 25 is actually in Pisces . where the tradition of Vedic astrology still holds to the original definition from ancient Babylon of the signs of the zodiac (nowadays known as the sidereal zodiac). To give an example: someone born on March 25 generally believes that they are an "Aries".click here to view the Sun's location in the signs of the sidereal zodiac throughout the yearly calendar cycle. looking up to the Sun it is located against the background of the same fixed star for everyone on the Earth at that moment in time. For someone born on March 25 in the southern hemisphere it is accurate to say that they were born in the month of Libra in the tropical calendar . The Sun's location in the sidereal zodiac . the rest of the world has adopted the tropical zodiac of Greek astronomers in place of the original sidereal zodiac. The historical background to this is discussed at length in History of the Zodiac . However. It is correct to say that someone born on March 25 in the northern hemisphere was born in the month of Aries in the tropical calendar. in terms of the sidereal zodiac.Your zodiac sign is not what you think it is One of the reasons for offering the chart calculation service is to help clear up one of the most widespread scientific misconceptions of our time . which was the predecessor of the tropical zodiac.in this example in the sign of Pisces for someone born on March 25 .

From a consideration of the basic finding of Astrogeographia that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the starry heavens and the earthly globe. as shown conclusively by the research presented in Hermetic Astrology. And moreover. etc. Tychonic (hermetic). Moreover. it is the location of the Sun. which means "of the stars". Since most people (with the exception of those living in India) have a mistaken conception of their zodiacal sign and their entire horoscope. falls in the month of Libra (opposite Aries) at the beginning of autumn in the southern hemisphere. the chart calculation service is provided to enable one to know one?s true sign and horoscope. 31 . which comprises the birth horoscope. it is also possible to request one's tropical sign and horoscope. one can specify "tropical" or "sidereal" for all the variety of horoscopes offered .horoscopes of conception and birth: geocentric.hemisphere. it should be evident that also the horoscope is based on the relationship of our solar system to the background of the starry heavens . However. People using this chart calculation service are generally interested in knowing their sidereal sign and horoscope. volume I click here. heliocentric.in other words: sidereal. Moon and planets in the sidereal zodiac.

[click here] HERMETIC ASTROLOGY Astrogeographia is applicable not only to places on the Earth but also to individual horoscopes. One points directly to Orion's Belt . The method of casting horoscopes in hermetic astrology is based on the teachings of Hermes from ancient Egypt. In fact.. so the city of Alexandria corresponds to the star Alnilam . we can see the same pattern of layout between the three pyramids of Giza with the three stars of Orion's Belt. In light of Astrogeographia." (Robert Bauval-Adrian Gilbert. The Orion Mystery). To learn 32 . just as the Great Pyramid at Giya corresponds to the star Alnitak. the lower star in Orion's Belt. so below" (The law of correspondences attributed to the Egyptian initiate Hermes Trismegistus) Astrogeographia is a new science concerning the correspondence between stars in the heavens and earthly geographical locations such that each star is mirrored at a specific location on the Earth. This means that your horoscope .is different from the usual horoscope drawn up by contemporary western astrology.Alnitak and Alnilam being two of the three stars in the belt of Orion. The Great Pyramid has four shafts pointing meridionally towards important stars relating to the rebirth cult. Correlating this star to the Great Pyramid. Moreover. and also upon the ancient star wisdom of the Babylonians and Greeks. the ancient city of Ephesus (on the west coast of present-day Turkey) corresponds to the star Bellatrix marking the left shoulder of Orion. Alnitak and the Great Pyramid at Giza "The pyramids exhibit stellar alignments: the bases are aligned meridionally (north to south) with the stars.Astrogeographia "As above.more specifically to Al Nitak..based on hermetic astrology . four horoscopes are generally drawn up for each person in hermetic astrology.

more about this unique and comprehensive approach to understanding yourself. when computed from both the geocentric and the heliocentric/hermetic/Tychonic standpoint yields two of the four horoscopes mentioned above .the other two being the geocentric and the heliocentric/hermetic/Tychonic horoscopes of birth. consult the various entries on this website and make use of the chart calculation service or the Astrofire program. 33 . which enables the application of the law of Hermes to find the conception (epoch) horoscope that.

based on a deeper understanding of the different levels of the human being.includes the heliocentric horoscope. as well as the soul activities of thinking. which is the bearer of the human being's instincts and passions. the etheric body. Therefore. each human being has a hermetic horoscope of birth as well as a geocentric birth chart. and the "I" (self) of the human being (as comes to expression. 34 .Horoscopes Old and New Traditional astrology works solely with the geocentric birth chart. the nature of the "I" is spiritual and less easy to characterize . Hermetic astrology takes into account not only the "I" and the physical body. and the astral body. because it was the perspective of the ancient Egyptians. In addition there is the heliogeocentric viewpoint of the Tychonic (hermetic) perspective based on the astrological system of the great Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601). Hermetic astrology includes the hermetic perspective of the ancient Egyptians in addition to the geocentric viewpoint that was the astrological perspective of the Babylonians. These four aspects are: the physical body. as described in Robert Powell's books Hermetic Astrology. The heliocentric perspective relates to the level of the Sun (Helios) and the geocentric to the level of the Earth (Ge or Gaia). if one says: "I myself believe?"). This Tychonic perspective includes the heliocentric perspective and yet at the same time maintains the Earth at the center. volumes I and II.each horoscope relating to one of the four aspects of the human being. Hermetic astrology. which is clearly identifiable and can be objectively described.because it is helio-geocentric . as it can come to a characterization of something that is otherwise intangible. also known as the life body. which is the case for the incarnated human being. the astral body. for example. and the will. works with four birth charts for each person . but also that which mediates between them and which is also of a subtle (invisible) nature: the etheric body. The Tychonic viewpoint is also called hermetic. whereby the hermetic horoscope . What are the horoscopes relating to these four aspects of the human being? The next section of this website describes the significance of the two perspectives: heliocentric and geocentric. In contrast to the physical body. feeling.and this is where hermetic astrology is helpful.

And the geocentric chart at birth. Similarly the two birth charts (hermetic and geocentric) relate to the "I" and astral body of the human being. relating to the four levels of the human being: hermetic conception horoscope geocentric conception horoscope geocentric birth horoscope hermetic birth horoscope physical body etheric body astral body "I" Upon request. it has become evident that the two epoch charts (hermetic and geocentric) relate to the physical and etheric bodies. At conception the hermetic chart .In addition. Against this background it is evident that every human being has four horoscopes. In the course of research into the hidden and mysterious connections relating to the incarnation of the human being.related to the level of the Sun .this clearly relating to the level of the astral body. respectively. our chart calculation service is able to compute all four of these charts - 35 . also known as the epoch chart. which is the bearer of the soul (sometimes called the soul body).a destiny that has been elaborated upon the descent through cosmic spheres on the way into incarnation. reveals the goal of the incarnating human being as an "I" coming into a new incarnation upon the Earth in order to fulfill a destiny . hermetic astrology applies the ancient Egyptian hermetic rule to determine the human being's conception chart. which is the traditional astrological chart. At birth the hermetic chart. and the geocentric chart gives a picture of the primary impulse from the surrounding etheric cosmos on the building up of the etheric body. The conception (epoch) chart can also be cast from both the hermetic and the geocentric standpoints. which is connected with the level of the Sun.gives a picture of the spirit seed of the physical body. has always been called the map of the soul .

the alignment is EarthPlanet A-Planet B. which takes place midway betwe en these two alignments. In the writings of the German astronomer Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) he puts forward that the aspects are perceived by the Earth soul. rather than its mean position. since these two aspects signify that an alignment of the two planets takes place. one is requested to specify which aspects one would like to include in 36 . In the case of a geocentric conjunction between Planet A and Planet B.Tychonic (Hermetic) Charts Geocentric. this being the point of intersection of the Moon's orbit with the Sun/Earth plane as it rises north of this plane. In making use of the Astrofire chart calculation service (click here). Moon's Node. and then it moves direct (forward) again through the signs.with regard to position of the Moon's Node in the chart . Uranus. Venus. In the same way. which responds in the phenomena of nature such as the weather. Moon. The planets also form geocentric aspects with one another . The Descending (South) Node is exactly opposite in the zodiac. 120° (trine). where it is seen to move backward through the zodiacal signs. Sometimes a planet moves retrograde. Mars. Conjunction (0˚) and opposition (180˚) between two planets are the most important aspects.the Moon's Ascending (North) Node that is given.Features . The next most important aspect is the square (90° ). and Tychonic (Hermetic) Charts Geocentric: Planetary positions as seen from the Earth Each day the positions of the Sun. Moreover. the true zodiacal longitude of the Moon's Node is given in the charts computed by Astrofire. Neptune and Pluto change as they move through the zodiacal signs. In the Astrofire chart service it is . and in the case of a geocentric opposition the alignment is Planet A-Earth-Planet B. Mercury.aspects being significant angles between planets. Saturn. Jupiter. 90° (square). Heliocentric. such as 180° (opposition). the human soul responds to the aspects imprinted into it at birth. etc.

it is only since the birth of heliocentric astrology in the twentieth century that some . Whereas the geocentric planetary positions relate to the level of the human being's astral and etheric bodies.see previous section (click here) for further explanation. Heliocentric: Planetary positions as seen from the Sun Each day the positions of Mercury. Saturn.see previous section (click here) for further explanation of this. In the case of a heliocentric conjunction between Planet A and Planet B. etc. In making use of the Astrofire chart calculation service (click here).actually only very few astrologers have begun to cast the heliocentric birth horoscope. one is requested to specify which aspects one would like to include in one's heliocentric chart. and in the case of a heliocentric opposition the alignment is Planet A-Sun-Planet B. Uranus. and the Aspect Set "Conjunction. Jupiter. The heliocentric birth chart relates to the human being's "I". The relationship of the "I" to the Sun is intrinsic to the whole astrological tradition. Opposition. Opposition. The geocentric birth chart is a map of the soul and relates to the human being's astral body.). 120° (trine). However. whereas the geocentric conception (epoch) chart reflects the etheric body . click here. These heliocentric planetary positions are just as important for the incarnating human being as the geocentric planetary positions. Square" is the default set. The human "I" responds to the heliocentric aspects imprinted into it at birth. and the Aspect Set "Conjunction. Square" is the default set. which takes place midway between these two alignments.significant angles between the planets as seen from the Sun. Neptune and Pluto change in relation to the Sun.one's geocentric chart. Mars.this is the horoscope of the spirit seed underlying the formation of the physical body. the alignment is Sun-Planet A-Planet B. the Earth. such as 180° (opposition). This is the horoscope of the "I" or self. The next most important aspect is the square (90° ). 37 . whereas the heliocentric conception (epoch) chart reflects the spirit seed . 90° (square). the heliocentric planetary positions have to do with the "I" or self of the human being and how the "I" participates in the building up of the physical body through the spirit seed (for further elucidation regarding this. Venus. The planets in their movements around the Sun also form heliocentric aspects with one another . The Astrofire chart calculation service enables also the heliocentric horoscope of conception (epoch) to be computed .

since the horoscope includes the positions of the Sun. and also the other House Cusps. In the Tychonic (hermetic) system. and there is an exact hermetic conjunction of the Moon and Mars in the hermetic horoscope of Andy Warhol. Nevertheless they are intrinsic to the heliogeocentric astronomical system of Tycho Brahe used in modern hermetic astrology. the Earth is regarded as central. whereas Venus is otherwise unaspected in her birth horoscope. but instead of the Sun. which is also called the hermetic chart.through Christ's sacrifice . which are all geocentric. the aspects involving the Earth become modified to aspects involving the Sun. the hermetic aspects involving the Moon. and at the descent of Christ into the underworld after his crucifixion there was a hermetic conjunction of these two planets. Years of research show that the Tychonic (hermetic) chart is highly significant for an understanding of the human "I" or self. this viewpoint is essentially Christocentric. Click here to read more about the Star of the Magi and the life of Christ in relation to the stars. the planetary positions are heliocentric. according to the change of perspective from the Sun to the Earth. but the entire framework of the horoscope is geocentric. at the same time. 38 . however. since this is the perspective of the incarnated human being The Tychonic system . as seen from the Sun. where the heliocentric movements of the planets are retained. For instance. which is thus called the hermetic system. If the hermetic viewpoint is adopted.Tychonic (Hermetic): Planetary positions are heliocentric. the Tychonic (hermetic) horoscope treats the Earth as the center. there is an exact hermetic conjunction of the Moon and Venus in the hermetic horoscope of Marilyn Monroe. Hermetic means "hidden" and the aspects of conjunction and opposition of the Moon to these heliocentric positions of the planets are indeed hidden for us. One important feature is that additional aspects arise in the Tychonic (hermetic) chart which are not found either in the geocentric or in the heliocentric horoscopes .named after the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) who introduced it .the Earth has become the center in a moral and spiritual sense. the Ascendant. recognizing that . in whose geocentric horoscope there is no relationship between the Moon and Mars. Tabor there was a hermetic opposition between the Moon and Venus. It is described at length in Robert Powell's Hermetic Astrology. And it is striking that at the transfiguration of Christ on Mt. In the Tychonic horoscope.is a helio-geocentric system. volume I.for example. the Moon. as in the Tychonic system.

several important new tools for the astrologer are discussed: relating to the calculation of Tychonic (hermetic) charts and also to the casting of horoscopes not only of birth but also of conception. it is possible to look at the astrological significance of the entire embryonic period between conception and birth.provided that the correct astrological biography is found . Now. however. it also not possible to guarantee finding the correct astrological biography. Astrological biography is based on the discovery that there is a direct correspondence between the planetary configurations taking place during the embryonic period and the events that subsequently take place during the course of life between birth and death. In order to apply this correspondence. is the key to applying astrological biography as a science of destiny . The printout of the astrological biography also indicates the 39 . with the Astrofire chart calculation program.that it gives an amazing overview of the events of destiny in one's life. Up until recently. one needs to know that the biography or spiral of life unfolds in a basic rhythm of seven-year periods during the course of a person's life. having found the conception (epoch) chart. Astrofire produces a clear. the astrological biography is now described briefly. For. However. Just as it is not possible to guarantee that the correct conception (epoch) chart has been found.Astrological Biography In this section of the website on the features of hermetic astrology. Knowledge of this rhythm reveals profound and fascinating regularities-among them the discovery that stellar configurations during the embryonic period are reflected in the subsequent periods of life according to the basic rule that one lunar sidereal orbit during the embryonic period corresponds to one sevenyear period in life. since the epoch is the starting point of the astrological biography.as described. it is relatively easy to compute the astrological biography .this being a primary and unique feature of Astrofire not offered by any other astrological software. anyone who applies astrological biography to their own life will discover . one hindrance to applying astrological biography has been that it is too complex computationally. tabular printout of the astrological biography showing which dates in life the planetary configurations during the embryonic period apply to. which was discovered by Willi Sucher (1902-1985) in the 1930's. This correspondence. Following upon this and directly connected with it. volume II: Astrological Biography. in Robert Powell's book Hermetic Astrology. with examples.

Note that generally speaking life does continue beyond the cut-off (average: age 70) of the astrological biography. this is a considerable help in finding the correct conception (epoch) chart and therewith the correct astrological biography. the cosmos was at work shaping one on various levels. the Astrofire chart calculation service will provide you with your astrological biography . which is available not only for the geocentric planetary movements but also for the heliocentric orbits of the planets between conception (epoch) and birth. including shaping the path of one's destiny. one can see at a glance the nodal points in one's life .click here. whereas the solar zodiacal periods in one's life change about every 7½ years. the lunar zodiacal periods change every seven months. depending upon the actual length of the embryonic period.changing zodiacal periods in life: solar. Astrofire can provide a rectangular chart of the planetary movements from conception to birth projected onto the timeline (seven-year periods) of the astrological biography. if requested.displayed around a circular image of the embryo. 40 . during one's embryonic period. If one is able to provide information regarding the length of one's embryonic period. Astrofire can also provide you with a graphic display of your astrological biography showing the planetary movements that took place between conception and birth .where planets come into conjunction with one another and then separate again (in terms of the astrological biography). With this rectangular chart. If requested. For example. which varies from person to person. The indication that the astrological biography extends from birth to age 70 is an average value. and planetary. full term) or premature or overdue (and by how much). lunar. Lastly. Upon request. This is a wonderful mandala with which to contemplate how. whether one was born on time (9 months.

As an example. that is. He never recovered from his illness. The configuration of the solar return at (or around) the time of one's birthday can be a source of inspiration in coming to 41 . At the time Rudolf Steiner was ill. (plus five days) .that is. having made one orbit of the zodiac between birthdays). The solar return is shown by the identical positions of the Sun in the two circles . and the horoscope cast for this moment is known as the solar return.click here to view this solar return. 1925. is thus often a propitious time for making decisions about one's destiny. the Sun at the solar return is transiting the Sun at birth (this is the definition of the solar return). or the time around the birthday. The birthday. and death ensued on March 30. the Sun. can provide you with solar returns for any birthday(s) you request . embedded in the entire planetary configuration of the moment of the Sun's return. the c onfiguration of this solar return is extremely potent. The planetary configuration of the solar return is shown in the outer circle and the birth horoscope is in the inner circle. representing this higher spiritual perspective. The higher perspective offered by the Sun at this moment in time is. All in all. if requested. let us consider the solar return around the time of th Rudolf Steiner's 64 birthday. On this account it is customary to wish someone many happy returns. Moreover." The Sun represents the "I" (self) .click here if you would like to avail yourself of this service. The cosmic background to the celebration of the birthday is the fact that on or around one's birthday the Sun returns to the same position as where it was located at one's birth. is able to ray in around the time of the birthday. often enabling new insights into the future unfolding of one's destiny. At the same time Neptune (27° Cancer) is tr ansiting the birth position of Jupiter (27° Cancer). "May you experience many more happy birthdays (when the Sun returns. which was the last solar return on his life.Solar Returns Each year one celebrates one's birthday. Astrofire.hence the significance of the heliocentric or hermetic horoscope. The intensity of this solar return is evident in the transit of Saturn (20½° Libra) to his birth Ascendant (19½° Libra) in opposition to Mars (20½° Aries) transiting his Desc endant (19½ Aries). of course. since he died at the age of 64 years and one month.

essentially. Whereas the exaltations were discovered to be stars or stellar clusters lying within the zodiacal belt . is based on the Hipparcos catalog.know one's destiny intentions on the level of the "I" (self) for the coming year. mega stars represent an extension from the exaltations discovered by the Babylonians. distance and luminosity of more than 4000 stars.000 times that or our Sun. For the use of mega stars in the context of a new star wisdom all that needs to be known. For further information about Astrofire. For example. Similarly. apparent magnitude. class. who were focused primarily upon the passage of the Sun. which is the most accurate of all star catalogs. type. the meridian of the mega star Deneb. whose luminosity is 270. latitude. The Stars New Perspectives Finding one's birth star Astrogeographia and also the discovery of the significance of mega stars [click here] show that true star wisdom is a science that takes into account the entire celestial sphere and not just the stars comprising the signs of the zodiac. in turn. Moon. the beautiful star cluster of the Pleiades at 5° Taurus was seen by the Babylonians to be the place of exaltation of the Moon . Although Deneb is located 60° north of th e ecliptic. information about the mega stars can be derived from Astrofire. through the knowledge of the stellar meridians. it is at last possible to know why every star in the heavens exerts an influence. intersects the ecliptic at 10½° Aquarius. These are known thanks to the star catalog included in Peter Treadgold's program Astrofire. are the mega stars' longitudes in the sidereal zodiac. Now. This signifies an enormous expansion upon the astrology of the Babylonians. The Astrofire star catalog. click here.for example. and five visible planets against the background of the fixed stars making up the twelve signs of the zodiac. and that this influence proceeds along the star's meridian into our solar system via the point of intersection of that meridian with the ecliptic running through the center of the zodiac. absolute magnitude.the meridians which run through the mega stars circle around the entire celestial globe. whose measurements were made by the Hipparcos satellite between 1989 and 1993. Thus. which lists the longitude. Hitherto the modus operandi as to how the stars of the entire celestial sphere (and not just the zodiacal stars) send their influences into our solar system has remained hidden. 42 .

000) and is located 64° north of the ecliptic. the birth star of the child Jesus whose birth is described in the Gospel of St. In this sense one can speak of a conjunction. at the miracle performed by Christ of the feeding of the 5000. with its stellar energy flowing through that meridian. it is in conjunction with the Deneb meridian and is thus conjoined with the influence of Deneb. this red supergiant is one of the largest and most luminous stars that can be seen with the naked eye. 43 . the Sun was located at 10½° Aquarius and was therefore in c onjunction with the mega star Deneb even though the Sun and Deneb were 60° apart at this miraculous event. according to the Hipparcos catalog its luminosity is 46. In this way a person's birth star can be found . Located in the crown of Cepheus the Crowned King. Matthew is the famous Garnet Star. so called because of its deep red color. or it can be far below (south of) the ecliptic. The meridian of the Garnet Star intersects the ecliptic at 15½° Pisces. For example. It is a mega star many thousands of times more luminous than our Sun (estimates of its luminosity vary. The Garnet Star was the birth star of this Jesus child. which was t he exact location of the Sun at the birth of the child Jesus who was visited by the three magi. and one of the exciting possibilities of the Astrofire program and the chart calculation service based on Astrofire is its use to determine one's birth star.the birth star lying on the meridian passing through the Sun at the moment of a person's birth. For example.whenever the Sun or Moon or any planet is located at 10½° Aquarius. husband of Cassiopeia and father of Andromeda. The birth star may be at a considerable distance above (north of) the ecliptic.

). which is the exact middle of the sign. For example. In the sidereal zodiac the Pleiades are located at 5° Taurus. And the symbol (glyph) for any sign of the zodiac is based directly on the stars belonging to that zodiacal constellation. In this sense. is at the center of the sign and the constellation of Taurus.originated directly from a perception of 2 the flow of spiritual forces within the corresponding constellations. Thus. etc. Antares at 15° Scorpio.in 44 . The midpoint of the sign. sideris) as they actually appear in the night sky. What is not generally realized is that all twelve signs of the zodiac represented by their glyphs . The scientific definition of the zodiacal signs originated with the Babylonians who. It is called the sidereal zodiac because it is based on the stars (Latin for star: sidus. The signs are literally embedded in the zodiacal constellations. in the world's first star catalog. Looking up at the signs embedded in the constellations . Further. marking the Bull's eye at 15˚ Taurus. the signs truly are embedded in the constellations of the zodiac. Therefore all references to the zodiac in the following are in 1 terms of the sidereal zodiac. it can be seen that the star cluster of the Pleiades is located on the upper part of the neck of the Bull. which correspond to the tips of the crescent surmounting the sign of Taurus . which is possible through the sidereal frame of reference. since each sign is thirty degrees long. Aldebaran. the circle passing through Aldebaran and the Pleiades in the region of the neck of the Bull is represented by the circular part of the glyph. the two horns of the Bull are marked by the stars Elnath (28° Taurus) and Alhecka (30° Taur us). In the sidereal zodiac the twelve signs are defined in relation to the stars comprising the corresponding zodiacal constellations. specified the locations of the stars in each of the signs (Aldebaran at 15° Taurus.Zodiacal Signs (Babylonian) The purpose of working with one's sidereal charts of conception and birth is to arrive at self knowledge and also to come to an experience of the living cosmos. where the circle meets the crescent in the glyph. Correspondingly. is marked by the star Aldebaran at 15° Taurus.this crescent representing the horns of the Bull. let us consider how the zodiacal sign of Taurus is embedded in the constellation of the Bull. Looking at the constellation of Taurus.

A "conversation" with the stars of a zodiacal constellation begins. Hermetic Astrology. Volumes have been written about the signs of the zodiac.star-gazing fashion . See Robert Powell's PhD thesis. The creation of this resonance with a cosmic archetype is a matter of direct experience that grows in profundity in the course of time. Robert Powell. and Hindus. 2 1 45 . Egyptians. through star-gazing. so that repeated stargazing enables one to come to ever deeper levels of comprehension of the spiritual nature of the zodiacal signs. Greeks.the glyph being a portrayal thereof . The sidereal zodiac was used by astronomers and astrologers for almost one thousand years before it became replaced by the tropical zodiac used in Arabic astrology. in order for the heavenly conversation to take place. By and large it is the tropical zodiac that is used in modern astrology. Further material on the twelve signs of the zodiac is offered in the book Cosmic Dances of the Zodiac by Lacquanna Paul and Robert Powell. The sidereal zodiac is the original zodiac of the Babylonians. Here it is a matter of considering the true origin of the zodiacal signs and how. which was then introduced into Europe in the twelfth century AD. See also Robert's works The Sidereal Zodiac (co-authored with Peter Treadgold) and The Zodiac: A Historical Survey. This experience is then intensified in the course of time through the continued practice of star-gazing. Here it is a matter of entering into a "heart relationship" with the stars. pages 230-237 depicts the zodiacal signs . Romans.embedded in the corresponding zodiacal constellations.enables one to enter into the flow of spiritual forces comprising a sign as represented by its glyph. thus attracting the essence of that sign creating a resonance with the sign in the heavens. volume I. In this way a direct experience of the being of a zodiacal sign is made possible. with the exception of Hindu (Vedic) astrology that continues to use the sidereal zodiac. History of the Zodiac (San Rafael: Sophia Academic Press. 2007). one can come into a living connection with the signs.

On this account. and Saturn are indicated as the rulers of the three decans of Taurus. For Hermes. esoteric Mercury was understood to be the ruler of the first decan of Taurus (having to do with the cosmic unfoldment of planetary evolution). etc. Mercury. The decans originated with the Egyptians and are referred to in an ancient text ascribed to the legendary teacher of the Egyptians. a further defining which describes the interiority or inner qualities of each of these vast regions proves to be helpful. Mercury and Venus are interchanged throughout the decanal descriptions used in hermetic astrology and indicated below.as the ruler of the first decan of Taurus. Mars ruling the third decan of Pisces. To understand this. 46 . Therefore references to these planetary names are the same as those assigned 3 to Mercury and Venus by modern astronomy. three de cans in each sign of thirty degrees. This is offered by the subdivisions of the zodiacal signs which are called decans.from a modern standpoint . The 36 decans are 10° subdivisions of the zodiac. Jupiter ruling the second decan of Pisces.The Stars New Perspectives Decans (Egyptian) The Decans In the contemplation of the constellations/signs of the zodiac. These same planetary rulerships are used in hermetic astrology. In this text the planetary rulers of the decans are indicated (Saturn ruling the first decan of Pisces.). These planetary rulerships assigned to the decans by 2 Hermes were confirmed as valid by Rudolf Steiner. the Moon. and also for Rudolf Steiner. However. with the exception of the interchange of Mercury and Venus. let us consider the example of the sign of Taurus. in astronomical science Venus and Mercury are interchanged. 1 Hermes Trismegistus. This signifies that the planet called Venus in astronomical science is considered . as we seek to discover the relational qualities of the inner work of the decans. The planetary rulerships describe the quality or mood of the subdivisions.

the planetary rulerships of the decans referred to in hermetic astrology are the same as those indicated by Hermes and confirmed by Rudolf Steiner. it is only now.Careful study of the mythology associated with the stars in each decan reveals the accurancy of this interchange. Apart from this detail of the interchange of Venus and Mercury. Only in a few instances is it necessary to refine and update the ancient tradition of decanal associations with extra-zodiacal constellations. 47 . As we come into a greater awareness of the cosmic realm as a relational field. we can begin to have an understanding of the relationship of the constellations which inhabit the region that surrounds the zodiacal belt as an expression of the subtle body of the zodiac. the rulership (influence) of this Pleiades decan by Venus can be felt as an experiential reality. Since the Pleiades are called the Seven Sisters. as far as it is possible to assign only one decan to an extra-zodiacal constellation.given by the star's longitude in the sidereal zodiac . Applying this method. each of the 36 decans is associated with one or other of the 36 extra-zodiacal constellations as recorded in Ptolemy's 4 star catalogue in the Almagest. with the application of modern astronomy in determining the longitudes in the sidereal zodiac of the stars in our cosmos that the precise determination of an association of each decan with an extrazodiacal constellation is possible. For example. it is evident that the decan associations with extrazodiacal constellations given by the ancient tradition referred to by Frances Rolleston are by and large correct. However. The updated associations are listed below. Just as the human being has a subtle body of life energy which extends beyond the physical form. the images which present themselves as constellations surrounding the zodiac bring to expression the qualities of the inner work of the decans. as we have seen. The methodology underlying the alignment of each star in the heavens with a particular location or meridian . The association is given by virtue of the constellation being located above or below the corresponding ten degree division (decan) of the sidereal zodiacal sign.is described in detail in the section on mega stars (click here). and the star cluster of the Pleiades (5 Taurus) is located at the center of the first Taurus decan ruled by Venus (esoteric Mercury). Aldebaran (15 Taurus) is at the center of the second Taurus decan ruled by the Moon. According to an ancient tradition researched by Frances Rolleston in her work Mazzaroth. given that it often occupies an area (longitudinally in the sidereal zodiac) much larger than simply one decan (10˚) of the zodiac.

as the outer body of some constellations often comprises such a vast expanse in the heavens. Known in antiquity as the "queenly woman. Recent research findings concern the relationship of the greater cosmos to the signs of the sidereal zodiac. In the light of cosmic correspondences. Therefore. Orion the Hunter extends below the third decan of Taurus and the first decan of Gemini. these two decans are associated with both Auriga and Orion. we 5 find an amazing correspondence.e. the Sun.Mars . the Ram first decan . matchless in beauty and exalted in dignity".for example Auriga the Shepherd extends above the third decan of Taurus and the first decan of Gemini. For Cassiopeia. and also the extra-zodiacal constellations they are associated with. and this comes to expression in the connection of the extra-zodiacal constellations with the decans. which are above or below the 6 respective decans in terms of sidereal longitude. Likewise. "the woman clothed with the Sun". if we read the starry script that supports the region of the heavens identified as the central ten degrees of Aries. their regions sometimes expand beyond a single decan. The following . "The Enthroned Woman" stretches her starry body out as protectress of this region. Modern astronomy has made it possible to more accurately define this relational aspect through recording the light emanations from the individual stars. the middle decan of the Ram. Aries. however. Auriga is associated primarily with the third decan of Taurus and Orion is associated primarily with the first decan of Gemini. i.Cassiopeia 48 . This research reveals the reality of the greater cosmos as a living productive working body of spiritual significance. because these are the regions whose cosmic stories most magnify their unique influences. described in chapter 12 of the Book of Revelation.including the above example of the relationship between the second decan of Aries.is a complete list of the decans and their planetary rulers (allowing for the interchange of Mercury and Venus).the Girdle of Andromeda second decan .Sun .Thus. and Cassiopeia . Cassiopeia is revealed as a symbol for Sophia. For example. which is said to be ruled by the Sun. In several cases there are shared regions of influence .

Sun . the Twins first decan . the Bull first decan . the Virgin first decan .Mercury .Saturn .Ursa Minor (the Lesser Bear .Mars .Canes Venatici (the Hunting Dogs) Virgo.Crater (the Cup) 49 .the Neck of the Bear) third decan .Jupiter .Puppis.Leo Minor (the Lesser Lion) second decan .the Throne of Cassiopeia Taurus.Canis Minor (the Lesser Dog) Cancer.Saturn .Orion second decan .Jupiter .Auriga (the Shepherd.Eridanus (the River) third decan .Ursa Major (the Greater Bear .Sun . the Lion first decan .Moon .Mercury .Mars .Perseus second decan .Moon . the Stern) second decan .Venus .Ursa Major (the Tail of the Great Bear) third decan .the Flank of the Bear) Leo.Venus .Canis Major (the Greater Dog) third decan .Argo Navis ( the Ship Argo .third decan . also called the Charioteer) Gemini. the Crab first decan .

the Scales first decan .Tail of the Serpent) Libra.Mercury .Jupiter .Hercules third decan .Saturn .Sagitta (the Arrow) third decan .Mercury .Mercury .Piscis Australis (the Southern Fish) 50 .Lyra (the Lyre) Capricorn.Sun .the Sacrifice) second decan .Boötes (the Ploughman) second decan .Delphinus (the Dolphin) Aquarius.second decan . the Scorpion first decan .Moon .Centaurus (the Centaur) Scorpio.Corona Australis (the Southern Crown) third decan . the Goat first decan .Mars .Ara (the Altar) second decan .Corvus (the Raven) third decan .Ophiucus (the Serpent Bearer) Sagittarius.Corona (Northern Crown) and Crux (Southern Cross) third decan .Jupiter .Saturn .Moon .Venus .Hydra (the Serpent .Venus .Sun . the Waterman first decan .Mars .Aquila (the Eagle) second decan .Lupus (the Wolf . the Archer first decan .

The Witness of the Stars and Joseph A.Cepheus (the Crowned King) third decan . The Labours of Hercules (Lucis Press: New York and London. 5 4 Cassiopeia's main stars create a large "W" in the night sky or an "M" according to one's viewing perspective (location) on the earth.Pegasus (the Winged Horse) Pisces. Rudolf Steiner.the Square of Pegasus (the Body of the Winged Horse) second decan . and also gives indications of historical personalities born in the various decans. 1978). Bailey. CA. The tradition of decans associated with extra-zodiacal constellations referred to by Frances Rolleston.Jupiter . has been expanded upon by the following authors: Alice A. and pages 238-261 elaborates upon the decans and their planetary rulers. 1971). The Gospel of the Stars both published by Kregel Publications: Grand Rapids / MI. Frances Rolleston.Mars . discusses the interchange of Venus and Mercury. CA. 1967. 6 51 . (Rudolf Steiner Press: London. Neue astrologische Texte des Hermes Trismegistos ("New Astrological Texts of Hermes Trismegistus") (Gerstenberg Verlag: Hildesheim. volume I (Sophia Foundation Press: San Rafael. 3 2 Robert Powell. 2007). 1974). who first published her work in 1865. pages 57-58. 2007) offers further material relating to the decans and the mythologies of the corresponding extra-zodiacal constellations.Andromeda 1 Wilhelm Gundel.Cygnus (the Swan) third decan .second decan . Cosmic Dances of the Zodiac by Lacquanna Paul & Robert Powell (Sophia Foundation Press: San Rafael. Mazzaroth (Weiser Books: York Beach / ME. 2001). Seiss. Ancient Myths. the Fishes first decan . and Ethelbert W.Moon . pages 103-112.Venus . Hermetic Astrology. 1972.Saturn . Bullinger.

comprise a lunar zodiac marking the passage of the Moon 2 around the night sky. . three decans to a zodiacal sign. In other words. the earliest nakshatra lists associate each lunar mansion with a presiding deity (seeTable below) . The Egyptian decans are of considerable antiquity. Three divisions of the twelve zodiacal constellations originated independently of one another: the sidereal zodiac (12 equal signs each 30° in length) in Babylon. the 36 decans (10° divisions) in Egypt. The Pleiades are the stellar determinants of Krittika. Seeking favour of the twenty-eight-fold wondrous ones. . first appearing on coffin lids around 2150 BC. and the 28 nakshatras in India. As in the Egyptian decan lists. for the better or the worse. Similarly. Only into astrology were incorporated two remnants of pre-scientific astronomical lore from other than Mesopotamian or Greek background: the 36 Egyptian 1 "Decans" and the 28 Indian "Lunar Mansions" (nakshatras).practically all fundamental concepts and methods of ancient astronomy. the 28 Indian lunar mansions have a history dating back to around the beginning of the last millennium BC. the deity of Krittika. as the Indian lunar mansions are called. is Agni. This fact alone. I worship with 3 songs the days. The 28 nakshatras. the 36 Egyptian decans became assimilated into the zodiac. suffices to distinguish it from the 52 . which have otherwise contributed so much to the material and artistic culture of the world. After the introduction of the zodiac from Mesopotamia into Egypt not long after the founding of Alexandria in 332 BC. The nakshatras are alluded to in the Vedas. the firmament. that the Pleiades are associated with the beginning of the lunar 4 zodiac (of 28 nakshatras).The Stars New Perspectives Nakshatras (Indian) The Nakshatras (Lunar Mansions) . ever-moving.for example. shining in the sky together. both the decans and the nakshatras were assimilated into the sidereal zodiac. have ever reached an independent level of scientific thought. the first nakshatra in the Vedic lists. hasting in the creation. each decan corresponding to 10° in a given sign. can be traced back either to Babylonian or to Greek astronomy. In the course of time. none of the other civilizations of antiquity.

53 . In order that the stellar determinants of each nakshatra may be readily found. and therefore the above Figure represents a schematic relationship of the 28 nakshatras in connection with the twelve signs of the Babylonian sidereal zodiac. nor are the nakshatras necessarily of equal length. the 28 nakshatras are assumed to be of equal length. An exact definition of the lunar zodiac of nakshatras in relation to the Babylonian sidereal zodiac is not known.Babylonian sidereal zodiac. however. In the Vedas the 28 nakshatras are not defined precisely in relation to the fixed stars. whose premier sign is marked by the stars of Aries. the Babylonian astronomers did draw an association between the Pleiades and the Moon. Interestingly. ascribing the "exaltation" of the Moon to this star cluster.

that was important (see Table). that is. Visakha. Table The 28 Nakshatras and Their Deities Ecliptic Longitude Nakshatra Vedic Deity Zodiac Sign Abbreviations Agni Prajapati Soma Aries AR (Ram) Taurus TA st 1 00° 00' TA. Krittika. whose stellar determinants are the "balance pans" Alpha and Beta Librae. according to tradition Gautama Buddha was born at the full Moon in the (lunar) month of Vaisakka. Generally the lunar synodic months in ancient Hindu culture were named after the nakshatra (or its neighbour) in which the Moon became full . although in Indian culture it was especially the ceremonial aspect of the nakshatras. They were named manzils. Persia. Greece. In the course of this "nakshatra month" the Moon becomes full in a particular nakshatra.Krittika 12° 51' TA 2 12° 51' TA. The Moon passes through the zodiac of 28 nakshatras in one (sidereal) month of approximately 27 and one-third days. with each nakshatra being sacred to some deity. the fixed stars belonging to each nakshatra are easily found.Mrigasiras 08° 34'GE 54 . Using the above Figure in conjunction with the reconstructed Babylonian star catalogue (Appendix 1 in Robert Powell's History of the Zodiac).for example. th when the full Moon stood in the 14 nakshatra. Arabic verses in which weather lore is related to the full Moon in a given manzil reflect a similar usage of the manzils by the Muslims to that of the nakshatras by the Hindus. by Islamic astronomers. beginning at 0° Taurus in the Babylonian zodiac. and Egypt.each 12° 51'26" long. with the 1 nakshatra. The use of lunar asterisms in astronomy and astrology is evident not only in India but also in China.Rohini 25° 43' TA 3 25° 43' TA. The zero point of the lunar zodiac is here defined to coincide with 0° Taurus not only fo r the sake of convenience but also because this choice yields a close agreement with the known stellar determinants of nakshatras (see Table below). spending approximately 24 hours in each nakshatra.

Hasta 21° 26' VI 12 21° 26' VI.Magha 12° 51' LE 9 12° 51' LE.Svati Sarpah (the Cancer CN Serpents) Pitarah (the (Crab) Fathers) Aryaman Bhaga Savitar Tvastar* Vayu Indra Agni Mitra Indra Nirrti* Leo LE (Lion) Virgo VI (Virgin) Libra LI and (Scales) Scorpio SC (Scorpion) Sagittarius SG 14 17° 09' LI.Purvashadha 21° 26' SG 19 21° 26' SG.Ecliptic Longitude Nakshatra Vedic Deity Zodiac Sign Abbreviations Rudra Aditi Brhaspati (Bull) Gemini GE (Twins) 4 08° 34' GE.Pushya 17° 09' CN 7 17° 09' CN.Uttaraphalguni 08° 34' VI 11 08° 34' VI.Aslesha 00° 00' LE 8 00° 00' LE.Uttarashadha 04° 17' CP 20 04° 17' CP.Anuradha 12° 51' SC 16 12° 51' SC.Purvaphalguni 25° 43' LE 10 25° 43' LE.Jyestha 25° 43' SC 17 25° 43' SC.Ardra 21° 26' GE 5 21° 26' GE.Sravana 00° 00' AQ 22 00° 00'AQDhanistha Apah (the (Archer) Waters) VishveDevah Brahma Vishnu Vasavah Capricorn CP (Goat) Aquarius AQ (Water-Bearer) 55 .Visakha 00° 00' SC 15 00° 00' SC.Punarvasu 04° 17' CN 6 04° 17' CN.Mula 08° 34' SG 18 08° 34' SG.Chitra 04° 17' LI 13 04° 17' 17° 09' LI LI.Abhijit 17° 09' CP 21 17° 09' CP.

Krittika. and with the stellar determinants of the corresponding manzils. 205. Kane.Ecliptic Longitude 12° 51'AQ Nakshatra Vedic Deity Zodiac Sign Abbreviations (the Vasus) Varuna* Pisces PI (Fishes) 23 12° 51' AQ.V. 906). 6. volume I.Revati 04° 17' AR 27 04° 17' AR.7. except those marked with an asterisk (*). p. 1. with marking 56 .i (translated by Whitney. The Vedic deities are those given by P.Satabhisaj 25° 43' AQ 24 25° 43' AQ. volume V.Uttarabhadrapada Ahi 21° 26' PI Budhniya 26 21° 26' PI. It is assumed that the nakshatras are of equal length. History of Dharmasāstra (1962). with the exception of certain of Dumont's renderings (given in parentheses). 2 There is some controversy over the dating of the Vedas. 1 Otto Neugebauer.Bharani 00° 00' TA Pusan Asvinau (the 2 Asvins) Yama See the above Figure for the schematic definition of the lunar nakshatras in relation to the Babylonian zodiac as indicated in this Table. This definition conforms well with the stellar determinants of the nakshatras. but it is possible that their date of composition lies anterior to 800 BC. with the first nakshatra.Purvabhadrapada Aja Ekapad 08° 34' PI 25 08° 34' PI.Asvini 17° 09' AR 28 17° 09' AR. 501-504. the nakshatras became redefined. which are duplicates in Kane's list and are therefore replaced by the deities listed by Paul-Emile Dumont in his article "The Istis to the Nakshatras. beginning at 0° Taurus in the Babylonian sidereal zodiac. 3 4 After the introduction of the zodiac into India. p. Otherwise the two lists are identical. Asvini. p. History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy. Arthava-veda Samhita XIX. pp. each 12° 51'26" long. probably in the second century AD." in Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 98 (1954).

stars Beta and Gamma Arietis. leaving 27 nakshatras in the later Indian astronomy from around the second century AD onwards. and one of the nakshatras became discarded. became the premier nakshatra. 57 .

The famous Bayer catalog of stars was compiled in 1603 by Johann Bayer. which can be referred to as mega stars. Deneb is a first magnitude star (apparent magnitude 1. Both the Swan and the Lyre were sacred to Apollo. usually in descending order of apparent brightness (but he was not always consistent in this). The Flamsteed catalog (which includes the stars in the Bayer catalog) is more or less sufficient in terms of exploring the visible cosmos. whose third point is marked by Altair in the constellation of the Eagle.Mega Stars With the inclusion of the decans and the extra-zodiacal constellations corresponding to them. which marks the tail of the Swan (or the head of the Northern Cross) and which can be seen on high during summer nights in the middle of the Milky Way. they are of extraordinary importance. and both Deneb and Vega are of great significance in relation to our solar system. Whereas Vega is the fifth brightest star that we can see in our cosmos. But for the purpose of exploring the sidereal influences at work in our cosmos (our local region of the galaxy) the combined Bayer-Flamsteed catalog is more or less sufficient . which appears less bright than its neighbor Vega in the constellation of the Lyre. In the early 1700s John Flamsteed assigned numbers to the bright stars in each constellation. Here the word cosmos is used in the Greek sense of the word to encompass the entire visible universe. The Flamsteed numbers proved useful. In order to illustrate the notion of mega stars. This includes all stars visible to the naked eye. with the development of more and more powerful telescopes. Deneb is the nineteenth brightest in terms 58 . as recent research indicates. who assigned Greek letters to the brightest stars visible in each constellation.25). that also need to be taken into consideration. but there is no limit to the number of stars that can be assigned a number. in order of right ascension. the whole celestial sphere is opened up as a field of research. let us consider the star Deneb. Of course. Recent research reveals the significance of the most luminous stars (mega stars) in our cosmos. because one eventually runs out of Greek letters."more or less" because there is an interesting group of stars. more and more stars in our galaxy have now been catalogued. Deneb and Vega mark two points of the summer triangle. The mega stars are exceedingly bright stars and.

Having specified luminosity. if Sirius were our Sun . We can ask the question: How bright is Sirius objectively? In other words.000. which measures a star's intrinsic brightness. From our perspective our Sun is an extremely bright star. Deneb is shining with a light 270. Vega's luminosity is 51. In fact.000 times more powerful than our 59 .in other words. How may this be understood? Our grasp of the surrounding cosmos is changed immediately when we consider the distance of stars from our solar system. would appear 24 times brighter.appears a lot less bright to us than Sirius. of course. If the luminosity of our Sun is set at the value one (L=1). where one light year is the distance travelled by light during the course of one year. Vega . so that if the Earth were revolving around the star Vega as our Sun. neither Vega nor Sirius is a mega star. if we were to place Sirius alongside our Sun. Deneb is over 3200 light years distant from our solar system and its luminosity L=270.as the fifth brightest star . However. However.is a close neighbor. whereas Deneb is. how bright would it appear in comparison with our Sun? This leads us to the concept of luminosity. In other words Sirius. a fifth Sun. we are now in a position to understand why Deneb is a mega star. which would blaze down upon us with the light of 24 of our Suns. If Vega would appear to us to be just as bright as Sirius then. These distances are so vast that a special cosmic unit for measuring them has been devised: light years. in comparison with other stars.it would be seen by us to be 24 times brighter.8½ light years away (amounting to some fifty trillion miles) . we need only consider that Sirius . It is because Sirius is so close. if it were to be placed alongside our Sun. However. the luminosity of Vega (L=51) is a little more than twice that of Sirius. If we imagine a second Sun alongside our Sun. then the luminosity of Sirius is 24 (L=24). up to a 23 Sun. Vega would blaze down upon us with a light over fifty times brighter than that of our Sun. we gain a conception of the luminosity of Sirius. if the Earth were revolving around Sirius . then a third Sun. that it appears so bright. it would follow that the intrinsic brightness (luminosity) of Vega would be nine times (3x3) that of Sirius. Sirius. is the brightest star we can see. because the intensity of light decreases proportionately to the square of the distance. a rd fourth Sun. all bunched together as 24 Suns. Vega at 25 light years is three times the distance of Sirius. In other words. To gain an understanding of the enormous distances involved.of apparent magnitude.

(Here energy is to be understood as the Divine Energy or Divine Love radiating from the stars.this is its latitude.) Astrosophically speaking.Sun. we see that it is 60° North of the zodiac . although of course latitude is important in order to physically locate a star. According to the research presented in Robert Powell's book Chronicle of the Living Christ. "It was always in accordance with the collective Being of the whole Universe with whom the Earth is in 2 harmony. seen in the light of astrosophy. there was a conjunction of the Sun with Deneb at Christ's feeding of the 5000. these meridians exist also in the greater cosmos of the macrocosm. we can picture an energy flow streaming from each star and intersecting the zodiac. a mega star is a star that is many thousands of times more luminous than our Sun. Let us consider this in the light of Rudolf Steiner's indication that. Here the word "conjunction" means a conjunction in longitude. For Deneb this point of influx is 10½° Aquarius. so below". and so whenever the Sun or any pl anet in our solar system crosses the Deneb meridian at 10½° Aquarius. Just as there are meridians .in the human being. the place of intersection indicating the point of influx of the energy flow from our cosmos into our solar system. Looking up at Deneb. Focussing upon the meridians as energy lines flowing through every star. stellar latitude is disregarded. at the feeding of the 5000 the Sun 1 was at 10½° Aquarius. Thus. As may be understood from the law of correspondences "as above." From these words it is clear that it was not mere coincidence that there was a conjunction between the Sun and the mega star Deneb at the feeding of the 5000. Deneb well illustrates the significance of mega stars. If we trace an arc down from the ecliptic pole through Deneb. they must exist also "above" in the cosmos. it intersects the sidereal zodiac at 10½° Aquarius . Even though the Sun and Deneb were 60° ap art in terms of latitude. there was still a conjunction in longitude. In this and other examples. that all which Christ Jesus did took place. the entire celestial sphere becomes astrosophically significant. if there are meridians in the human being. the Deneb energy flows in to unite with that planet or with our Sun. with the Sun crossing the Deneb meridian at the time of the miracle.lines of energy flow . 60 . but that the cosmic forces streaming from Deneb were received by our Sun and transmitted to Christ at the time of the miracle of the multiplication of bread and fish.t his is Deneb's longitude. both at 10½° Aquarius. Thus.

in conjunction with Praesepe (the Beehive). It is thanks to the clairvoyance of the Babylonian astronomer/priests. that the background of the fixed stars was divided into twelve equal constellations/signs of the zodiac.this being the original definition of the zodiac. these being generally identified with stars or star 3 clusters in the zodiac. the entire celestial sphere. Likewise. For example. with the development toward a new star wisdom or astrosophy. The teaching of the exaltations has been fundamental in the history of astrology. Moon and planets not just in relation to the constellational background of the signs of the sidereal zodiac. the B abylonian tradition which located the positions of the planetary exaltations was not so exact. each 30° long. Again. Each of the fixed stars in the twelve signs was assigned a degree in longitude in the zodiac . The clairvoyance of the Babylonians. the astrological tradition that Jupiter's exaltation is 15° Cancer is erroneous. through the guidance in the sixth century BC of the great Persian initiate Zaratas (Greek: Zoroaster). in conjunc tion with the Pleiades (the Seven Sisters). the Babylonians found that the Moon's most powerful location (exaltation) in the entire zodiac was when the Moon was in conjunction with the star cluster of the Pleiades in the neck of the Bull (5° Taurus). near the end of Virgo. However.to include the entire celestial sphere. and so in modern astrology the Moon's exaltation is said to be 3° Taurus when in fact.Astrosophy signifies a broadening . Thanks to the star-gazing Babylonians the exaltations of the planets were discovered. Now.in relation to the original Babylonian and Egyptian astronomy/astrology based on the ancient sidereal zodiac . Cuneiform tablet VAT 7851 shows the Moon at exaltation in conjunction with the Pleiades in Taurus. was found to have a zodiacal longitude of 29° Virgo. For the Egyptians and the Babylonians the sidereal zodiac provided the natural frame of reference for observing the passage of the planets (meaning "wandering stars") against the background of the fixed stars. led to the discovery of the exaltations as the most potent stellar locations of the planets in the zodiac. 61 .Spica. because Jupiter's exaltation point is 12½° Cancer. with Aldebaran at 15° Taurus and Antares at 15° Scorpio . it is 5° Taurus. but to include all the stars in the heavens. the Babylonians discovered Jupiter's exaltation to be in conjunction with the star cluster of Praesepe in Cancer (12½° Cancer). for example. focussed upon the passage of the planets against the background of the fixed stars. our consciousness is expanded to see the Sun.

the Christian Star Calendar now refers to mega stars. Thus. which lists the longitude. latitude. For this reason. when Christ descended into incarnation in Jesus. To read more about mega stars. Barrington / MA. The research that has been carried out thus far indicates that the mega stars are even more significant than the stars or star clusters marking the zodiacal locations of the astrological exaltations. (Anthroposophic Press: Gt. There are numerous other examples of conjunctions of the Sun with mega stars at the Christ events indicating the remarkable significance of mega stars. there was a conjunction of the Sun with 1 Mega at the baptism in the Jordan. the meridians which run through the mega stars circle around the entire celestial globe. distance and luminosity of more than 4000 stars. "It was always in accordance with the collective Being of the whole Universe with whom the Earth is in harmony. where the Divine Energy flowing from the extraordinarily luminous star 1 Mega was transmitted to our Sun and from our Sun to Christ . For astrosophy all that needs to be known. 62 . drawing attention to their significance in relation to the Christ events. with Robert Powell's discovery of the mega stars in the year 2003. information about the mega stars can be derived from Astrofire . absolute magnitude. From this and other examples. apparent magnitude. Chronicle of the Living Christ. the significance of the mega stars becomes evident.remembering Rudolf Steiner's words quoted above. Thus. type. Whereas the exaltations were discovered to be stars or stellar clusters lying within the zodiacal belt. is the mega stars' longitudes in the sidereal zodiac.click here if you are interested in learning more about Astrofire.reveals that the most important heavenly meridians are those running through the mega stars. essentially.Research into the planetary configurations during the life of Christ inspired by the words from Rudolf Steiner quoted earlier that. that all which Christ Jesus did took place" . 1996). click here 1 Robert Powell. The mega stars could be thought of as indicating astrosophical exaltation points. class. page 170. These are known thanks to the star catalog included in Peter Treadgold's new program Astrofire. there still remains much research to be done to investigate the individual nature and influence of these most luminous stars. At the moment of the baptism of Jesus in the River Jordan. Of course. the Sun at 0°50' Libra was 4 located on the meridian of 1 Mega. Mega stars thus represent an extension from the exaltations discovered by the Babylonians.

1 Mega is located in the southern hemisphere constellation of Centaurus the Centaur. 4 63 . 225-230 discusses the astrological tradition of planetary exaltations originally called qaqqar nisirti ("places of secret revelation") by the Babylonians. Spiritual Guidance of the Individual and Humanity (Anthroposophic Press: Gt. It is just under 60 00 light years away and has a luminosity of over 77. It is 56° South of the zodiac and has a lo ngitude in the sidereal zodiac of 0° 24' Libra. 1992). Robert Powell. Barrington / MA. page 28. 3 This is the designation of this star in the Astrofire program. volume I. Hermetic Astrology.000. pp.2 Rudolf Steiner.

when the guiding forces of civilisation will work from the sidereal sign of Aquarius just as they now work from Pisces. after the lapse of one period of thirty-three-and-a-third years (the length of the life of Christ). The Waterman can be looked upon as a cosmic symbol of the etheric body in the human being. which is when the vernal point will pass into Aquarius from Pisces. From the exact definition of the zodiac given in History of the Zodiac. the start of the New Age in 1899 coincided with the beginning of the entry of Christ into the earth's etheric aura and. however. Thus the Waterman in the human being is the etheric body. So the sign of the Son of Man in heaven is the Waterman. and for him it had a definite connotation . We are now living in the period between the start of the 64 . the disciples asked. it is possible to calculate precisely the start of the Age of Aquarius to the year 2375. This refers to the beginning of the Age of Aquarius.as the Age of Christ's Second Coming. the Age of Pisces will come to a conclusion in the year 2375. The sign of the Son of Man in heaven points to the working of Christ as the Aquarian Waterman. Rudolf Steiner was one of the first people to use the expression New Age. a relationship between the New Age and the Age of Aquarius emerges from the following considerations. 1899 can be likened to the dawn and 1933 to the sunrise of the Age of the Second Coming. (The date given in the American Sidereal Ephemeris is 2376. This is the closing of the age. as many people believe. That there is. it has to do with the entrance of the vernal point into Aquarius.) This means that the present New Age is not to be identified with the Age of Aquarius. that of the Babylonians. Thus. the New Age. the onset for humanity in 1933 of a new working-in of Christ in his etheric body. As described in the Gospel of St. in 1933 the presence (parousia) of Christ etherically became tangible for earthly humanity.Aquarian Age and New Age Son of Man is a new designation for Christ in the Gospels. He indicated the date 1899 as the beginning of the New Age and. after the lapse of one period of Christ's life. Matthew. "What will be the signs of the close of the age?" In this connection Christ speaks about the appearance of the sign of the Son of Man in heaven. As is evident from the definition of the original zodiac. The etheric organism is that which lives in the watery element within us. given in History of the Zodiac.

1899 signified the end of the 5. It is simply that Rudolf Steiner's statement concerning the length of Kali Yuga (5.000 years and the preceding Yuga lasted 10. each Yuga or age being characterised by a metal: gold. and iron. which started in 1899. Clearly. in which the Kali Yuga is said to last for 432. it is important to distinguish between the New Age and the Age of Aquarius. silver. lasts only 2. Here it would help to call to consciousness what the extent of the New Age is. as noted above. extending from 2375 to 4535. However.000-year period of history known as Kali Yuga. was the fourth Yuga. was a time during which human consciousness began to become increasingly cut off from spiritual realms. the present Yuga. which started in 1899. which can be simply translated as the Age of Light or Age of Truth.agrees with the Hindu tradition for the start of Kali Yuga.000 years. To summarize: New Age: 1899-4399 Aquarian Age: 2375-4535 Present period (up to the start of the Aquarian Age): 1899-2375. Here there is a speeding-up of time.000 years) is very different from the period of 432. or as historians would say 3102 B. approximately. According to Hindu chronology. In Hindu terminology the New Age is called Satya Yuga.160 years.500 years. Following Steiner's indications. Kali Yuga lasted 5. the Dark Age. On the other hand. also known as the Iron Age.500-year period for the New Age. 65 .C. If one follows the Hindu chronology. bronze. it has to be borne in mind that the Yuga dates given here are based on Rudolf Steiner's indications and are not those of the Hindu tradition itself. Kali Yuga. the Age of Aquarius will last 2. Therefore the Age of Aquarius will last slightly longer (136 years) than the New Age. differing only by 136 years. the close of the New Age (Satya Yuga) coincides more or less with the end of the Aquarian Age.3102 BC (written astronomically as -3101) . the New Age. because the following Yuga. Kali Yuga. will last until the year 4399. the Age of Light (Satya Yuga) is also Rudolf Steiner's indication. From 1899 to 4399 is a 2. In other words.000 years. The 2. which started in the year -3101.000 years given by Hindu sources. Thus the New Age comprises the present period from 1899 up to the start of the Aquarian Age plus the Aquarian Age.New Age in 1899 and the commencement of the Aquarian Age in 2375. The starting point taken by Rudolf Steiner .500-year period.

and an awakening through Christ and Sophia to the etheric. everything that he or she does. through connecting with the event of the Second Coming. Thus we are approaching the Age of Aquarius as a time of awakening to the etheric. At the same time there will be extraordinary blessing coming through nature toward human beings who open themselves to receive the grace of the Etheric Christ. associated with the etheric body of the human being. Luke are war. the possibility exists. when new cosmic forces will begin to work here on the earth. through humanity's misdeeds. The reality is that. natural catastrophes will be called forth. there is a reality to the predictions for natural catastrophes . there will be a general awakening to the etheric realm. In the time preceding this . A positive development is the awakening in the ecology movement to the realisation that everything within the human being. earthquakes. has its effect upon nature. epidemics.the present period of tribulation . Matthew as the period of tribulation preceding the appearance of the sign of the Son of Man in heaven.Against this background it emerges that it is precisely the present period which is referred to in the Gospel of St.that are being made. This is the struggle that is taking place at the present point in time. 66 . famine. of awakening already to the etheric world.earthquakes. Thus. entailing an awakening to the Earth Mother and her kingdom. It is a struggle between materialism working to bind consciousness to the physical. designated in the orient as Shamballa. The signs of this period of tribulation spoken of by Christ in the Gospel of St. natural catastrophes will take place. What is the significance of this? At the start of the Age of Aquarius. Matthew and in the Gospel of St. The etheric forces will be stimulated during the Age of Aquarius. having to do with the elemental realms. and so on .through the renewed working of Christ's etheric body in the New Age. working to cut humanity off from the etheric world and to blot out any experience of the Second Coming of Christ. On the other hand the power of materialism is growing stronger and stronger. and "great signs in heaven". through humanity's separation from nature. All the trials and tribulations of the present time are connected with this conflict. This means that the human being's soul life works in such a way that if it is not harmonious. which in turn is connected with the etheric realm of nature. symbolised by the Waterman.

as it says in the Gospel. This outline of a new Christian wisdom of the stars can help to give some understanding of the task for the future. who is working for those who are striving to become spiritually conscious in this age of tribulation. This possibility is given by Christ. If one then gazes up at the clouds and sees the lightning flashing from them. and every eye will see him. the task of a healthy evolution for the earth. one will then be able to behold Christ in his etheric form ." This indicates the general awakening to the Second Coming of Christ in the Age of Aquarius. and the task of humanity to find the right path together with Christ. This vision will one day appear to every human being." that is to say. all the tribes of the earth will mourn. only the Father knows the day and the hour . Concerning the History and Content of the Higher Degrees of the Esoteric School. he is coming with the clouds. 1904-1914. to awaken to Mother Earth. 369=370. He will appear in spirit form. to counteract the influences of chaos arising in the world. and they will behold him. with the elements.with the "clouds. and through this event.) 67 . whether it is sooner or later. Yet there is the possibility of awakening to this already now. and who are endeavouring to bring their own soul life into inner harmony. When one understands the Mystery of Golgotha. 2005. Scotland: Etheric Dimensions Press. pp. Matthew: "When the sign of the Son of Man appears in heaven. and all peoples of the earth will lament on account of him.The possibility exists everywhere where there are people who are seeking to awaken to a new consciousness of nature. Argyll. As it is expressed in the Gospel of St. that is the only thing that enables us to experience the whole of nature morally." And as it says in the first chapter of the Book of Revelations: "Behold. (Rudolf Steiner.

let us 1 call this rule "Powell's rule. and that linked to this is a "science of karma". 2005. The first rule relates to the angular relationship between the Sun and Saturn at death in one incarnation and how this angle-sometimes in a metamorphosed form-repeats itself at birth in the following incarnation. volume I. 68 . There I was awarded the title of Ph. eurythmy therapist. The mathematician. I wrote my thesis on the "History of the Zodiac" for submission to the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. and in the year 2007 my thesis was published under the title of History of the Zodiac. What does the second astrologicalreincarnation rule state? The sidereal zodiacal position(s) of h-Mercury and/or h-Venus at birth in one incarnation tend(s) to align with the sidereal zodiacal position(s) of h-Mercury and/or h-Venus at death in the preceding incarnation. on March 3.. . and astrologer Robert Powell has discovered a rule which stands out significantly from various positions in so far as this discovery can be reconstructed . I embarked upon a thirtyyear odyssey of research into the origins of astrology. After a six-year teaching career in mathematics at England's Brighton University (formerly Brighton Polytechnic). For more than a quarter of a century I have occupied myself with the science of the stars as a science of reincarnation and karma. In my two volumes on Hermetic Astrology [click here] the first two "rules" of astrological-reincarnation research were initially published. . The second rule is extremely important for grasping the new science of the stars as a science of reincarnation and karma. Resulting from this research..Astrology and Reincarnation There exists a star wisdom-a "science of the stars"-which one needs to understand karma.D. This rule is discussed in detail in Chapter 6 of Hermetic Astrology. calling for an indepth look that we will begin here. Heinz Herbert Schöffler referred to the first rule in his book Rudolf Steiner und die Astrologie ("Rudolf Steiner and Astrology").

Schöffler. and 2. so the second rule refers to the heliocentric (hermetic/Tychonic) positions of Mercury and Venus in the sidereal zodiac. See Hermetic Astrology. the sidereal zodiac is the authentic astrological zodiac. 1 Heinz H. There are two major implications of this second rule of astrological reincarnation: 1. pp. Appendix IV [click here] for examples of the application of the two rules of astrological reincarnation. and therefore the heliocentric (hermetic/Tychonic) horoscope is an astrological reality needing to be taken into consideration along with the traditional geocentric horoscope. And an alignment occurs either on the same side of the zodiac (conjunction) or on the opposite side (opposition). 106-107. 69 .The designation "h" signifies heliocentric (hermetic/Tychonic). Rudolf Steiner und die Astrologie. volume I. that the heliocentric (hermetic) planetary positions are significant.

The Star of the Magi As I have described in Chronicle of the Living Christ and also in Christian Hermetic Astrology: The Star of the Magi and the Life of Christ.C. which took place on the evening of March 5 in the year 6 B.C. This led to the massacre of the Innocents. the background to the Star of the Magi we find in Babylonian astrology and astronomy. March 5 in the year 6 B. Jupiter.C. And they had computed in advance the meeting of Mars and Jupiter on March 5. Already the German astronomer Kepler tried to identify what the Star of the Magi was.C. and on the other side the grapes symbolising the wine. The three kings believed that he must have been born in Jerusalem. So they set off to seek the newborn king there. They beheld the disc of the Moon and saw the radiant soul of the child descending toward them. coming down to the Earth. so the three planets Mars. 6 B. It was the evening of the Full Moon in Virgo. which is the date he arrived at for the birth of Jesus. As we know. one can even identify the day or rather the evening of his birth. This was the computational side of what 70 . It is a remarkable thing that a tablet has been excavated from Babylon which shows that the Babylonian priesthood had actually computed this particular day. These two planets Jupiter and Saturn met three times during the course of the year 7 B. On that very day there took place the conjunction between Mars and Jupiter. And they also knew from the Babylonian tradition that the Persian king Cyrus the Great had freed the people of Israel in order that they could go back and rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem.. The Full Moon in the middle of the Virgin was the sign of the birth.C. It was this great vision that led them to know that on this night Jesus was born on Earth. Kepler computed that they were joined by the planet Mars. 6 B. If one follows this up. On the one side of the Virgin they saw her holding the bread symbolised by the ear of corn. they made the mistake of going to King Herod and asking him the whereabouts of the newborn king. and Saturn were very close together in the month of March. On that evening the three Magi were gazing up to the heavens and saw the shining orb of the Full Moon in the Virgin. What was it that the Magi saw in the heavens? He came to the conclusion that the Star of the Magi was connected with the threefold conjunction between the planets Jupiter and Saturn in the constellation of Pisces in the year 7 B.C.

Click here to see the horoscope of the Star of the Magi . Matthew.this being the birth horoscope of the child Jesus whose birth is described in the Gospel of St. 71 .the Magi experienced on an inner plane of vision through spiritual beholding of the starry heavens.

and the symbol for Jesus was the cross. This is the deeper significance of the coming of Christ in the Age of Aries. is that it was also prepared for by the people of Israel.was understood to mean Ich for Ießoûs Christòs (Jesus Christ). the incarnation of Christ had been prepared for by the tradition of the Magi.Ichthys is a Greek word meaning fish . This sign was 72 .Horoscopes Jesus of the Birth of It was during the last part of the Age of Aries. to A. "Ießoûs Christòs Theoû (h) Yiòs Ssotér -. inaugurated by Zoroaster in Babylon in the sixth century B.C. who became sacrificed for humanity.160 years from 1946 B. and John the Baptist heralded him with the words. in his life's teaching and work Christ prepared the way for the approaching Age of Pisces. which is also a symbol meaning fish. At the same time. Ichthys (I-Ch-ThY-S) . Thus. Saviour. we see a manifestation of Christ in the power of the Divine Fish. God's Son. X = Jesus. in the Age of Aries Christ took on flesh and was named the Lamb of God. around the year 215. And there are further indications that point to the coming age of Pisces. This is one aspect of Christ's incarnation. obviously.D. 215.C. In this connection it is significant that Christ gathered his disciples from fishermen. "Behold the Lamb of God who bears the sins of the world. Having come down to the Earth in the Age of Aries. The three Magi were the fulfillers of this tradition." The Lamb relates to Aries.Jesus Christ. In the event of the walking on the water. that the incarnation of Christ took place. the sign of the Ram. In the Age of Pisces the symbolism for Christ is connected with the Fish. In the Age of Aries the incarnation of Christ on the Earth took place. Another. in the catacombs the symbol of Christ was used. = Jesus Christ. For example. as I have described in detail in Christian Hermetic Astrology: The Star of the Magi and the Life of Christ. During the life of Christ the vernal point was at 2½ degrees Aries. then Th Y for Theoû (h) Yiòs (God's son) and S for Ssotér (Saviour). it was right at the beginning of Aries and about to pass over into Pisces. The symbol for Christ among the early Christians was simply the vertical line connecting heaven and earth. | = Christ. Here Christ is designated as the fish." this was the word Ichthys (fish). which lasted for 2. at the start of the Age of Pisces.

Here it is a matter of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth as described in the Gospel of St." With regard to the life of Christ as discussed in Chronicle of the Living Christ. Thus the divine birth of Jesus of Nazareth as described in the Gospel of St.C. there took place the births of two Jesus children: one birth is described in the Gospel of St. Against this background we can understand why Jesus Christ gathered his disciples from fishermen and taught in terms of such sayings as.] This latter 1 figure is the human being who lived 33 /3 years and passed through death on the Cross.. His whole life was a living out of the higher image of Sagittarius as the teacher and healer. the night of December 6/7 in the year 2 B. Here we see this incarnation of Jesus. Contemplating this birth of Jesus of Nazareth in Sagittarius. This child was visited by the shepherds. took place when the Sun was in Pisces. when the Sun was in the middle of sidereal Pisces.C. Let us dwell upon an important aspect of the new wisdom of the stars.] This divine birth took place when the Sun was in Sagittarius. in the sign of Pisces. as the Sun was in the middle of Sagittarius. This birth has to be distinguished from the birth of Jesus as described in the Gospel of St Matthew.. The birth of the other Jesus child is described in the Gospel of St. who was visited by the three Magi from the East and who could be called Jesus of Bethlehem. his birth took place in the evening of March 5 in the year 6 B.C. who was visited by the shepherds. and his birth took place on March 5. 6 B.C. Matthew. Luke. who was visited by the three Magi? It was in Pisces. He was visited by the three kings. Matthew. the Sun was opposite in Pisces. Luke took place when the Sun was in the middle of sidereal Sagittarius.seen as the symbol of Jesus Christ. Matthew. which is that the Magi were prepared through their star knowledge for the coming birth of Jesus. This birth took place on the night after the Sabbath. Where was the Sun in the zodiac at this birth of Jesus as described in the Gospel of St. This is also the hieroglyph for fish ( = fish). "You shall be fishers of men. [Click here to see the horoscope. when the Sun was in the middle of sidereal Sagittarius. As discussed in my book Christian Hermetic Astrology: the Star of the Magi and the Life of Christ. Luke.] It was the night of the Full Moon in Virgo. [Click here to see the horoscope. The Full Moon was more or less in the middle of Virgo. toward midnight.. whereas the other birth. that of Jesus of Bethlehem connected with the visit of the Magi. we may think of the image for 73 . [Click here to see the horoscope. He was born shortly before midnight on the evening of December 6 in the year 2 B. in the light of the Gospel of St.

the teacher and healer. Therefore the transition to the new millennium was also the 2000th birthday anniversary of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. the wise being of Cheiron. we have a commemoration of the birthday of Jesus. Jesus is called the Saviour because he healed. In Greek mythology this is connected with the figure of Cheiron. who was the wise teacher of the Argonauts. who became called the Saviour. We can contemplate each New Year's Eve. he healed the sick and also he taught the people of Israel.Sagittarius. And on January 1 in the year 2000 the Sun returned for the 2000th time to the same position where it had been at his birth. So we find this archetype of the centaur. that of the centaur. when at midnight the church bells ring to herald the New Year. Now it is no longer on the evening of December 6 that the Sun returns to the middle of Sagittarius. Saviour actually means healer. He was the wise teacher and healer. Everywhere he went. Just as John the Baptist is so called because he baptised. At the present point in time it is on January 1 each year. the hidden or deeper significance to this celebration. Each year when the Sun returns to the same position in the middle of Sagittarius. In this event we can recall each year something of his divine mission. he laid his hands on the sick. 74 . actually finding its fulfillment in the life of Jesus of Nazareth. In almost every town he visited. Because of the precession of the equinoxes. instructor of the great Greek heroes. the Sun returns to the middle of sidereal Sagittarius a little later each year. when the Sun returns to the same position in the zodiac as at his birth. as depicted in Greek mythology. This archetype was fulfilled in Jesus of Nazareth. It is a celebration of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth in a cosmic sense.

who was a co-worker of Rudolf Steiner (18611925). There are numerous individuals who are researching and working on the development of Astrosophy. I mentioned this line on purpose in order to indicate the context of the research work presented here. the reader of the material offered on this website could take what is presented here as a hypothesis (or series of hypotheses) to be tested. coupled with tolerance and respect for various perspectives. Willi Sucher (19021985) [click here]. Willi Sucher was supported in his astrosophical research by Elisabeth Vreede (1879-1943). In this connection the principle of making hypotheses. who encouraged me to research into the foundation of Cosmic Christianity. and (ii) to believe in it. Switzerland. In the context of spiritual research. It has to be emphasized . that the material on this website is presented as a contribution to spiritual-scientific research on the basis of Astrosophy.Chronicle of the Life of Christ The purpose of the presentation of the material on this part of the website is on the one hand to stimulate a deepening into the mystery of Christ's second coming and on the other hand to extend the foundation of Cosmic Christianity provided in my book Chronicle of the Living Christ. In true 75 . and a small group of astrosophers meets yearly in 1 Boulder. there is a fine distinction between two different attitudes: (i) to consider something as a hypothesis.in relation to this line . near Basel. which is central to the scientific method. She was the first leader of the Mathematical-Astronomical Section at the Goetheanum University. It was the pioneer of Astrosophy. as far as possible I apply the same principles underlying the scientific method of research.that it is a matter. and it is quite natural that there are differences of opinion and a variety of approaches and ways of working. For example. Colorado to explore this and other astrosophical themes. It is in a spirit of research. of the coming into being and development of a new wisdom of the stars (Astrosophy) on the basis of serious research. One obvious principle is not to simply believe or disbelieve something before having investigated it thoroughly. to develop Astrosophy as a science of Cosmic Christianity. However. first and foremost. can be helpful. As a mathematician and astronomer I have been trained in the methods of the exact sciences and have also studied the history of 2 astronomy.

b. hold water or not.independently of one another . Everyone who is able to think logically is able to critically test the content for themselves. let us consider the finding that the life of Christ Jesus lasted exactly thirty-three-and-a-third years from the birth shortly before midnight on December 6. c. I was able to determine Jesus' birth date from Anne Catherine Emmerich's visions. on any other aspect of my research. often without noticing. The moment one steps across the boundary and starts to believe in something without really knowing if it is true. so as not to fall prey to superstition. not being certain in either direction. A true scientist guards against this. AD 33.in the course of time. through probability theory.scientific research one always observes the boundary between (i) and (ii). The reason for considering this is that as a matter of principle I would not want any reader to simply believe in the content of the research I have presented on the chronicle of the life of Christ . The method of formulating hypotheses offers the possibility for the reader to remain objective in relation to the content. to reach certainty that the hypothesis is not true. One does not need to be a mathematician to see that it would have been impossible for Anne 76 . to decide whether the ideas and the results of research presented. one can rightly ask: How is it possible to know with certainty that this birth date of Jesus is accurate? As with other dates in Christ's life. as I have described in my book Chronicle of the Living Christ. This date of the resurrection is now widely accepted. I and two other mathematicians investigated the dates she communicated. regarded purely hypothetically. for that matter. it remains a hypothesis. this requires patience in order not to make the mistake of making a "leap of faith" . She communicated the day of the week and the date in the Hebrew calendar of various events in the life of Christ. as far as possible.that the probability of these weekdays coinciding by chance with the right dates in the 3 Hebrew calendar is 1:435 billion. For a true scientist there are three possibilities with respect to testing a hypothesis: a.or. 2 BC [-1] to the resurrection at sunrise on April 5. however. We discovered . to reach certainty that the hypothesis is true. By way of testing a central finding of my research into Christ's life. Regarding (c). one enters the realm of superstition. Mathematically. to come to believe in a hypothesis without really knowing if it is true or not.

When she says that Jesus was born on the twelfth day of the Hebrew month of Kislev at around midnight on the evening after the Sabbath. This is all the more exciting. From this point in time until the resurrection on April 5. In other words. Here Rudolf Steiner's indication of thirty-three-and-a-third years is confirmed. December 6/7.that astrology which leads our attention to the stars which 6 shine in the history of humankind's evolution.in other words. when such a seed that has been laid. Jesus was born around midnight from Saturday to Sunday on the twelfth day of Kislev. for the sake of simplicity. then this date is in all probability accurate . in order to read the new astrology .Catherine Emmerich to have simply made up the dates. it works further.. A whole century is one hundred years = 3 x thirty-three-and-a-third years. Once ripened. There is a communication made by Rudolf Steiner which confirms this period of thirty-three-and-a-third years: In the historical process everything arises after 33 years in a transformed state .that this rhythm works further in the unfolding of history. her dates are authentic. In the lecture. One can recognize the intensity of an impulse which someone implants into the historical process also in its 5 effect through three generations. AD 33 is exactly thirty-three-and-athird years (minus 1½ days). it works further in the unfolding of history through 66 years. The reader can imagine how encouraging it was to discover that the statement by the clairvoyant Anne Catherine Emmerich regarding Jesus' birth date was confirmed in this (indirect) way by Rudolf Steiner. 2 BC [-1]. through a whole century. my dear friends.arises from the grave through a power which has 4 to do with the most holy redemption that humanity has received. 77 . A "thought seed" ripens through one generation of 33 years to become a "deed seed".. And then. In this way I arrived at certainty with respect to the truth of this thirty-three-and-a-third-year rhythm and also that one can follow the rhythm of thirty-three-and-a-third years through history. ripens. he says simply 33 years . This date in the Hebrew calendar corresponds to Saturday/Sunday. since Rudolf Steiner speaks of a "new astrology" in this connection: This is an introduction.

1 David Tresemer with Robert Schiappacasse. Barrington/MA: Steiner Books. In conclusion: Anne Catherine Emmerich's calendar indications provide a scientifically verifiable foundation upon which the chronicle of Christ's life presented in my book Chronicle of the Living Christ rests . 1996). 1917. lecture of December 26..It was a special joy to be able to confirm the discovery of the thirtythree-and-a-third-year rhythm as the basis for a new star wisdom emerging as the "crown" of astrosophical research. In the English edition this figure is given incorrectly as 1:53 trillion. Star Wisdom and Rudolf Steiner (Gt. Ibid. 2007) is a fruit of the work of the Boulder astrosophical research group. 455. 1917 (GA 180). entitled "Et incarnatus est". The next step was 7 then to follow this rhythm through history. This lecture is entitled "Et incarnatus est". Mysterienwahrheiten und Weihnachtsimpulse ("Mystery Truths and the Impulses of Christmas"). especially of David Tresemer's research into the significance of each degree of the zodiac expressed in images. iv. Chronicle of the Living Christ (Gt. and Robert Schiappacasse (Boulder/CO: StarHouse. lecture of December 23. David Tresemer. 2 3 4 Rudolf Steiner. 2007). Robert Powell. 1917. which has been corrected to 1:435 billion in the German and Italian editions. 5 6 7 See the diagram in my book The Christ Mystery (Fair Oaks/CA: Rudolf Steiner College Press. My PhD thesis was published under the title History of the Zodiac (San Rafael/CA: Sophia Academic Press.. 2000). lecture of December 23. Barrington/MA: Steiner Books. 78 . Another fruit is the book Signs in the Heaven: A Message for Our Times by William Bento. GA refers to the number in the Complete Works (German edition) of Rudolf Steiner's works. 1999).and this is confirmed by the spiritual research of Rudolf Steiner. Ibid.

albeit in modified form. who came from Babylonia across to Bethlehem to pay homage to the newborn child. where it is still used to the present time. in which the positions of the planets are given day by day together with brief indications regarding viewing of the planets in the night sky. If we are concerned with finding a modern path leading to a new wisdom of the stars. it is important to start with physical perception of the planets. This came about through the excavation of cuneiform texts from Babylon. To attain to this spiritual perception. For example. 79 . in the middle of the first decan of Leo [click here concerning the Egyptian decans]. had been fulfilled by the three Magi. it became transmitted to India. the sidereal zodiac. the significance of which is that the ancient star wisdom had to pass through the "needle's eye" of Christianity. With the disappearance of Babylonian culture. we need to connect onto the spiritual tradition of the Magi. the tropical zodiac. stars. This means connecting onto the sidereal zodiac. In the West it disappeared completely and only reemerged again toward the end of the nineteenth century. 75. Has anyone seen Venus recently? Whether or not the planet of Aphrodite is visible right now. Its mission. the sidereal zodiac vanished in the West. The ancient sidereal zodiac is different from that which is used in present-day astrology. Regulus is at 5 degrees Leo. the sidereal zodiac. In seeking a new star wisdom. we need to return to the original zodiac based on spiritual perception of the reality of the spiritual beings of the cosmos. Around this time the last remnants of Babylonian culture disappeared altogether.A Modern Path of the Magi At the culmination of the ancient tradition of star wisdom appeared the three Magi.D. bound up with the Magian spiritual stream. The three Magi hold the key to this step because they were representatives of the ancient star wisdom who came to visit the founder of Christianity. and constellations. it is in terms of the original zodiac. In the Christian Star Calendar. which was used by the Babylonian priesthood up until about the year A. in giving degrees in the zodiac to the planets. also known as the three kings. The work of translating the texts brought to light that the Babylonians had used another zodiac. which is defined in relation to the stars themselves. What stands behind this? Here we touch upon one of the deeper mysteries. which became introduced by the Greeks. this is something one can learn about from the yearly Christian Star Calendar. However.

if one were to look at the night sky and see a planet in conjunction with Antares. It was a completely different way of finding the positions of the planets than what is done now in modern times. It is a peculiar thing to hear someone say that a planet is in Sagittarius when. For the red super giant Antares. is just as valid now . where observing the movements of the planets in relation to the stars is hardly practiced at all. this is how we see the sign of Scorpio. The world of modern tropical astrology does not correspond with the real world where the planets actually are in the night sky. Antares is called the heart of the Scorpion. However a tropical astrologer. Right at the location indicated by the tip of the Archer's arrow and also by the upward-pointing tip of the tail of the Scorpion is the direction of the Galactic Center. which was the foundation of the ancient star wisdom. one sees that this planet is close to Antares marking the heart of the Scorpion. and the drawing of the astrological glyph represents a mirror image of what we see [click here]. It is a place toward which the arrow of Sagittarius the Archer points. Scorpio is a very striking constellation. near Antares. The stars to the right of Antares mark the claws of the Scorpion. which is located much further 80 .as a starting point toward star wisdom . For example. one would know that this planet's zodiacal degree is 15 degrees Scorpio. and those to the left. In modern times everything is done by way of computation and there is not much star-gazing. would say that it is in Sagittarius. at the same time. Seeing a planet in this position. Just above the tail of the Scorpion there is a region of space which no prominent visible star actually marks . they were able through observing the planets in relation to the zodiacal stars to determine the zodiacal locations of the planets. Connecting the stars. This is what one sees in contemplating the brightest stars in this constellation [click here]. is at 15 degrees Scorpio. upon looking at the night sky. mark the tail.as it was in ancient Babylon down to the time of the three Magi. arching down.The Babylonians determined where the planets were by observing them in relation to the stars. Knowing the degrees of the zodiacal stars.by "visible" I mean visible to the naked eye. The images seen clairvoyantly on the astral plane are the reverse of how we see them physically in the night sky. upon consulting an ephemeris. and it is these clairvoyant images that form the basis for the astrological glyphs representing the signs of the zodiac. the heart of the Scorpion. tells us that it is at (or near) 15 degrees Scorpio. Star-gazing. They had specified the degrees of the zodiacal stars by way of careful measurement and observation. located in the middle of the second decan of Scorpio. however.

Above Regulus there is a less bright star (Eta Leonis. marks the back of the Lion. These seven stars are important stars that form a whole system working upon the seven chakras of the human being [click here]. the heart of the Scorpion. like Scorpio.000 light years away. The Galactic Center is approximately 25. Our Sun revolves around this center once in about 227 million years. which will be referred to simply as Eta).revolve slowly in a clockwise direction around the Galactic Center [click here]. central one of the three was on July 17. and the lower one. Because Pluto moves so slowly it remains in the vicinity of the Galactic Center for a long time. Not only is it so with the stars comprising Leo but also with each of the twelve zodiacal signs that their stars are imprinted within us. All the stars in the Milky Way galaxy . Eta) are in the region of the head/mane of the Lion. Two stars in the triangle are above one another.the current estimate is that there are approximately two hundred billion stars . at 2 degrees Sagittarius. we can begin to gain a sense for the power of the Galactic Center which is holding some two hundred billion stars in their orbits. as it is hidden by interstellar clouds of dust. so we cannot see it. The region of the Galactic Center is a very significant location in the zodiac. Zosma. is the brightest star in Scorpio. we see a triangle of stars. the second brightest star in Leo. The Galactic Center is the great and powerful center of our Milky Way galaxy. marks the flank of the Lion. Adhafera). Whereas Antares. If we contemplate the power of our Sun. with eight (or nine) planets and countless asteroids revolving around it. and we see another two stars further above (Algieba and then. Three conjunctions of Pluto with the Galactic Center took place during the year 2007 (the second. Since the year 2006 Pluto has been in Sagittarius in close proximity to the Galactic Center. The upper one. Further across to the left of Chort is the star Denebola. If we then look across to the left of these four stars. we see how the sign of Leo is imbedded in the constellation of the Lion [click here]. Chort. above Algieba. the Lion's heart. 2007) [click here]. Algieba. In the spirit of a modern path of the Magi based on star-gazing. marking the tail of the Lion [click here]. Connecting these seven stars. the brightest star in Leo is Regulus. let us turn to consider the constellation of Leo which. and how the astrological glyph for Leo is a mirror image of the sign of Leo formed by these seven stars. is a majestic gathering of stars in the night sky. whereas Regulus marks the heart.away than the visible stars that define the constellations of Scorpio and Sagittarius [click here]. These three stars (from above down: Adhafera. Leo is imprinted within us in the human heart and also in the circulation of the blood which is streaming out from the heart to the 81 .

With the fixed stars it takes a more subtle level of inner experience to perceive the relationship of the chakras to a particular fixed star . The sign of Leo expresses this quality of life circulating within us. which takes its point of departure from star-gazing. in relation to the seven chakras. the sacral chakra to Chort. and the solar plexus chakra to Zosma. As Rudolf Steiner said in a lecture held on June 8. Venus-sacral. a divinecosmic stellar radiance that one can receive into oneself." In gazing at the star... Moonroot [click here]. also work upon the seven chakras of the human astral body in a harmonizing way. To see a star means to feel a caress that has been prompted by love. Sun-heart. as indicated above for the seven main visible stars of Leo in relation to the seven chakras. one connects on a heart level with the love streaming from that star. crown) in the region of the head. while working organically upon the heart and the circulation of the blood.. and the three stars above Regulus are connected with the upper three chakras (throat. Mars-throat. whose seven stars also work upon the seven chakras [click here]. sacral.periphery and then streaming back to the heart again. brow.for example. What is the essence of this path? All one has to do is to gaze at a star and receive that which is streaming from that star. A further question that one can hold in addressing the star is: Which chakra do you stream into most strongly? In the case of gazing at the planets. another example of a complete and balanced star system is the Big Dipper. In addition to these seven prominent stars in Leo.. the relationship between the chakras and the planets is fairly tangible: Saturn-crown. These seven prominent stars in Leo.inwardly addressing the star . Jupiter-brow. whereby the root chakra corresponds to Denebola. one can begin to experience the star's blessing. 1924: "The stars are the expression of love in the cosmic ether. Mercury-solar plexus..one can hold the question: What is your gift? What is your blessing for humanity? By "blessing" is meant an actual transmission of star energy. Discoveries such as this one concerning these seven stars in Leo are possible on the modern path of the Magi. The three stars comprising the triangle to the left of these four correspond to the three lower chakras (solar plexus. and . To gaze at the stars is to become aware of the love proceeding from divine spiritual beings. since the heart chakra corresponds to Regulus. After a few minutes of lovingly focusing upon a star. root). Moreover. which is an expression of its divine purpose. 82 . the region of the human heart is connected to the star Regulus..

This particular image was introduced by Ptolemy in the second century AD. those of the Egyptians . (The same applies. To acknowledge the significance of the planetary exaltations. to the exaltations of the other planets. just as the Pleiades is the exaltation of the Moon. In Virgo the brightest star is Spica. each of the planets has its place of exaltation.reveal her as a standing figure [click here]. The head is in this region here. through Ptolemy in the second century AD. the Bee Hive. Before considering the quality of Spica that is revealed to modern stargazing. generally marked by a star or star cluster in the zodiac. The Virgin is seen in modern astronomy as supine (lying down) and stretching across a very large area of space. Just as the Pleiades star cluster was seen in ancient times as the most powerful location of the Moon in the whole zodiac.) To the left of Cancer and Leo we see the constellation of Virgo. this places the exaltation at about 10 degrees Aries in the sidereal zodiac at the present time. of course.for example. extends above the zodiacal constellations Cancer and Leo. However. The places of exaltation can also be chosen as the focus of attention in a star meditation. When we look at Cancer. we can consider the way in which modern astronomy depicts Virgo. we see the beautiful star cluster called Praesepe. The star cluster Praesepe is close to the center of this constellation. Everything has a symbolic significance and the symbolism we see here is what we can describe as the dethroning of the Virgin that happened at the time of the flourishing of the Roman empire . This location is known as the exaltation of Jupiter. at 12½ degrees Cancer.The Big Dipper. so the most powerful location of Jupiter in the zodiac was seen to be the star cluster Praesepe. so called because (with binoculars) it has the appearance of hundreds of bees [click here]. with the legs extending all the way here [click here]. So there is quite a different between the image with which modern astronomy depicts Virgo and the way the Egyptians and Babylonians depicted this constellation. part of the Great Bear. previous depictions of Virgo . if the Moon's exaltation is held to be 5 degrees Taurus in the tropical (rather than in the sidereal) zodiac. which is precisely the fact of the Moon being in conjunction with the Pleiades. far removed from the Pleiades and thus eradicating the original meaning attached by the Babylonians to the Moon's exaltation. When looking at this constellation. one of the most ancient astrological teachings. For example. located at 29 degrees Virgo. In fact. there is something very important and significant to consider about this constellation. is to acknowledge the sidereal zodiac.in particular. This dethroning is a reality that has continued to 83 .

Gazing up at Spica and connecting on a heart level with this star enables a powerful in-streaming of Sophianic wisdom and purity. and priestesses. or experts 1 in hierophantic matters. The counterpart to this star is here. Long ago wise women.was seen as the star par excellence of feminine wisdom: "When Spica is so found for female births it makes priestesses of the goddesses Demeter. We arrive at a complete counter image in the Earth itself to that which is outside [in the sphere of the starry heavens] . which is the study of the stars in relation to the earth on the basis of knowledge of the one-to-one correspondence between every point on the globe and a unique star in the heavens. We can think of the Earth's mineral 2 realm as a result of this mirroring . Astrogeographia. By the same token womanhood has also became devalued. With the devaluation of the Feminine it has come about more and more that the Earth is no longer regarded as a living being. In other words. to drag the Feminine down. however. the Virgin was seen in relation to the quality that many women were known for in antiquity. The tip of the sheath of wheat is marked by the star Spica and thus Spica is called the Ear of Wheat. the Earth Mother. and women priests were greatly honored. Once a heart connection with a star is established.unfold in modern times... For the Greeks the image of the ripe harvest. The foundation of Astrogeographia is something that Rudolf Steiner mentions briefly in his Astronomy Course: "We are led to the center of the Earth as the polar opposite [of the sphere of the starry heavens] . but as something inanimate . for example.. the counterpart to that star is there..as the brightest star in Virgo . with the golden sheaths of wheat in the fields gently flowing in the wind.and thus to be plundered. sibyls.. In earlier times the constellation of Virgo was seen by the ancient Greeks as Demeter. symbolized by the sheath of wheat she holds in her right hand (left from the viewer's perspective). It is the impulse to devaluate the Feminine. mysteries." . and Spica . in Hollywood movies. We see this. or sacrifices. was that of the golden hair of Demeter wafting in the breeze. and so on.. For modern stargazers.. It was this quality in particular that was connected with Virgo. Spica is found to be a star of extraordinary purity and wisdom. we can conceive of the active heavenly sphere mirrored in the Earth. as wise women. In earlier times. Persephone or Isis. " 84 . opens up the possibility of coming to an understanding of the spiritual influences emanating from a star by way of studying the nature and culture prevailing at the terrestrial location corresponding to that particular star. one can always call inwardly upon the radiant blessing of that star just by holding the star in consciousness.. sibyls.

the Greek goddess Artemis . which marks the left shoulder of Orion. This is a confirmation of the fundamental research finding of Astrogeographia that there are correspondences between the ancient mystery centers and certain prominent stars. who came in the year 1087 BC and colonized Ephesus. drove the Amazons away. The great pyramid corresponds to the star Alnitak. Bellatrix is called the Amazon star. The Greeks introduced the name Artemis for the goddess of this temple.that a particular place on earth corresponds to a particular star.essentially . who provided this key to what I believe to be the solution to the problem of the one-to-one correspondence between the starry sphere and the earthly globe. Coming back to the discoveries of the research of Astrogeographia.according to their experience of her .Without elaborating on it any further. one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.does not really correspond very much to Artemis of Ephesus. and then took over the temple there and subsequently rebuilt it. However. (My gratitude to the authors of The Orion Mystery. Interestingly. and another place corresponds to another star. For Artemis of Ephesus is more an aspect of the Mother goddess. It was not until the year 2006. Thus it came about that they called what was originally the temple of Oupis the temple of Artemis. while preparing for the Sophia Foundation pilgrimage to Egypt.) From this correspondence I was able to find out that various mystery centers were aligned with certain stars. like Demeter. another finding of Astrogeographia is that the city of Vienna corresponds to the star 85 . the great mystery center of Artemis of Ephesus was founded more than twelve hundred years before Christ by a tribe of women called the Amazons. he says . The name Artemis derives from the Greeks. The Amazons called their goddess Oupis. The great pyramid was the starting point for my research concerning Astrogeographia. corresponds to the star Bellatrix. this great temple at Ephesus. lower star of the three stars in the belt of Orion. because for them the goddess Oupis who was worshiped by the Amazons was . rather than Artemis. that I was able to solve the riddle of the one-to-one correspondence between the celestial sphere and terrestrial globe.most like their Greek goddess Artemis. which is an extraordinary parallel in relation to the tribe of Amazon women who founded the great temple at Ephesus. For example. symbolized by the deer . which is the left. Robert Bauval and Adrian Gilbert. As referred to on the home page of this website.virginal goddess of the hunt.

1 Anonymous of 379. Astrogeographia can thus play a role in the emergence of a new star wisdom. linked to the star Aldebaran. 1997. This prominent star is the central star in the constellation of Taurus. Treatise on the Bright Fixed Stars (Berkeley Springs/WV: Golden Hind Press. Alnitak clearly emanates an influence promoting the celebration of the mysteries of death and resurrection such as those of the initiation rites performed in the hidden recesses of the great pyramid. the impulse of the Divine Feminine that flourished at Ephesus indicates the nature of the influence of the star Bellatrix in the left shoulder of Orion. 86 .can also lead to a profound deepening of humankind's relationship to the stars. 1993). has given birth to a highly musical culture. just as the modern path of the Magi . From the foregoing examples the potential of Astrogeographia to illumine the connections between the stars and humanity and the earth is indicated. Das Verhältnis der verschiedenen naturwissenschatlichen Gebiete zur Astronomie ["The Astronomy Course"]. Mozart. and it is evidently a musical star. To grasp this we need only recall that Vienna was the city of the birth of classical music (Haydn. Johann Strauss junior).founded on star-gazing . Lastly. lecture of January 10. 5. Similarly. which is one of the four royal stars of ancient Persia. For the cosmic influence that is present at this location of Vienna. p. Beethoven) and also of the waltz (Johann Strauss senior. from the Egyptian mysteries celebrated at the great pyramid at Giza it is possible to grasp something of the nature of the influence of the star Alnitak. Rudolf Steiner Verlag: Dornach/Switzerland. 1921 (quote translated from the German by RP). at 15 degrees of Taurus. It is perhaps still one of the most cultured cities on the planet with an extensive and ongoing high quality cultural offering (and correspondingly very little crime). an influence promoting the mysteries of the Divine Feminine such as those celebrated in the temple of Artemis of Ephesus. 2 Rudolf Steiner. From the cultural life of Vienna it is possible to gain insight into the nature of the influence of the star Aldebaran in Taurus.Aldebaran.