Planetary Laws of Motion

 In the early Egyptians time until now , many are still wondering about the universe.  They have also observed the first five planets , these planets are called the “ wandering stars”. The First Five Stars Are: • Mars • • • • • Planet Comes from the greek word “PLANETES” which means “wanderer”. Aristotle A greek philosopher who advocated the idea that the earth was the center of the universe. Claudius Ptolemy - presents the“Geocentric Theory”. Geocentric Theory • is the theory, now superseded, that the Earth is the center of the universe and other objects orbit around it. Nicolaus Copernicus • A polish astronomer who presented the Heliocentric Theory. Heliocentric Theory • is the theory in which the Earth and planets revolve around a stationary Sun at the center of the universe. Tycho Brahe • A Danish astronomer who made more Careful observation about the universe. Johannes Kepler Mercury Venus Jupiter Saturn

A german astronomer who made the Kepler’s laws of Planetary Motion.

Kepler’s Laws of Planetary motion: First Law = "The orbit of every planet is an ellipse with the Sun at a focus." Second Law = "The line joining a planet and the Sun sweeps out equal areas during equal intervals of time." Third Law = "The square of the orbital period of a planet is directly proportional to the cube of the semi major axis of its orbit."

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