Biblio grap h yo f In do n es ian G eo lo gy

BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE GEOLOGY OF INDONESIA AND SURROUNDING ARE AS
Edition 4.1, July 2012

J.T. VAN GORSEL

I. REGIONAL GEOLOGY

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I. REGIONAL GEOLOGY
The first chapter of the bibliography contains >180 pages with over 1900 titles of papers on the regional geology of Indonesia and adjacent SE Asia- Pacific, as well as general papers that do not fit in any of the regions or specialist categories listed separately. It is subdivided in five chapters: I.1. Indonesia Regional Geology I.2. SE Asia Tectonics, Paleobiogeography I.3. Volcanism, Volcanic rocks geochemistry I.4. Modern environments, Oceanography I.5. Carbonates, Coral Reefs I.1. Indonesia Regional Geology This chapter includes the references of textbooks and papers on the tectonics and regional geology of Indonesia. The Indonesian archipelago is an extremely complex collection of continental blocks, active and extinct volcanic arcs and associated subduction complexes (commonly with ophiolites, marking sutures where former oceans were consumed) and old and young ocean basins. It is now at the convergence of three major tectonic plates: Eurasia, Pacific and Australia. The area of Sulawesi contains elements of all three plates.

A pre-plate tectonics depiction of 'tectonostratigraphic provinces' in Indonesia, fairly accurately grouping areas with similar tectonic histories, mainly based on similarities/ differences in Permian- Eocene stratigraphic successions (Umbgrove, 1938)
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Western Indonesia ('Sundaland') is a complex of continental blocks that amalgamated in Late Paleozoic- Early Mesozoic time. Eastern Indonesia contains a number of small continental microplates derived from the Australia- New Guinea Gondwanan margin, now separated by young age oceanic marginal basins and volcanic arc systems. Many parts of Indonesia's tectonic history remain poorly understood. Numerous reconstructions have been proposed in the last 40 years since the acceptance of plate tectonics theory. Most agree on the broad relative motions of the three major plates, but they vary in many other details. Places like Timor, Seram, W Papua Birds Head, etc. continue to generate debate. Umbgrove (1938) lamented that 'in the last decades at least one or two new hypotheses have been suggested every year to explain the structure of the East Indian Archipelago'. Now, more than 70 years later, new models continue to be proposed and debated. Much progress has been made, but there is still no agreement on the 'final answer'. Suggested Reading Text books: Rutten (1927; remarkable understanding of Indonesian geology for its time; in Dutch), Van Bemmelen (1949), Umbgrove (1949), Hamilton (1979), Hutchison (1989), Darman and Sidi (1999). Tectonics, Reconstructions: Katili (1971, 1989, etc.), Pigram and Panggabean (1984), Rangin et al. (1990), Struckmeyer et al. (1993), Simanjuntak (1993-2000), Prasetyo (1995), Lee and Lawver (1995), Packham (1996), Simandjuntak and Barber (1996), Hall (1996, 1998, 2002, 2012 etc.), Hall, Clements and Smyth (2009), Harris (2006), Longley (1997), Villeneuve et al. (1998, 2001, 2010), Charlton (2000), Milsom (2000, 2001), Pubellier et al. (2003, 2005), Satyana (2003, 2009), Spakman & Hall (2010). I.2. SE Asia Tectonics, Paleobiogeography This chapter contains a large (>500 titles), mixed collection of papers on regional SE Asia tectonics, as well as papers on the tectonics and geology of parts of mainland SE Asia that are relevant to the understanding of parts of Indonesia (Thailand, S China, Myanmar, some Vietnam, etc.). Numerous papers on Paleozoic- Mesozoic faunas and floras are also included, especially those that help identify faunal and floral provinces indicative of paleoclimate and relative positions of plates through time. Paleobiogeographic patterns and stratigraphic successions are key tools underpinning plate reconstructions of SE Asia, especially in the pre-Cenozoic. The main patterns of the geologic evolution of SE Asia are reasonably well understood, but details and exact timing of events are still debated. SE Asia is a complex collage of continental blocks, all once part of the Gondwana supercontinent, separated from the New Guinea- Australia- India margin during multiple episodes of Devonian- Jurassic rifting (S China, Indochina, Sibumasu, W Burma, etc.). After Northward drift from the S Hemisphere to equatorial latitudes (recorded by changes in flora and fauna from colder to warmer climates), the various Gondwanan-origin blocks amalgamated with mainland Eurasia during multiple Late PaleozoicEocene episodes of collision. Multiple suture zones, many with ophiolites, represent the closing of a succession of ocean basins (PaleoTethys, Meso-Tethys, Neo-Tethys/ Indian Ocean) by subduction along the S Eurasia margin. These are accompanied by volcanic-plutonic arc systems and associated subduction complexes. Oceanic marginal basins formed by slab rollback after various collisions, some of which are already consumed, some of the Eocene and younger ones still remain (Andaman Sea, South China Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, Banda Seas). Probably related with these are widespread Tertiary basins, mainly initiating in the Late Eocene-Oligocene. Several large strike slip fault zones, many still active today, further add to the complexity of the region. Suggested Reading Tectonics, Terrane reconstructions: Stauffer (1974-1986), Ridd (1980), Metcalfe (1988, 1996, 2009 a.o.) Sengor et al. (1988, 2009), Hutchison (1994), Hall (1997, 1998, 2002, 2009 a.o.), Pubellier et al. (2003, 2005), Satyana (2003, 2009) a.o.

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com July 2012 . This chapter contains mainly papers on regional volcanism.recent magmatic arcs/ subduction zones Indonesian Archipelago (Katili 1974) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Most of the papers on modern volcanoes and descriptions of historic activity are not included. Volcanic rocks geochemistry Krakatau after 1883 eruption (Verbeek 1885). Cretaceous.3. Indonesia has attracted volcanological studies for a long time. many additional papers that are specific to one area will be under the chapter for that area. the first three of which were probably once continuous and related to the same subducting Indian Ocean plate. Volcanism. Active volcanism occurs along four arc segments. Banda.1 3 www.4. Sangihe and Halmahera. unless they contain data or observations that are relevant to interpretation of the regional geology.vangorselslist. Sunda. With its 128 active and many additional extinct volcanoes.I.

Most of the volcanism in the modern Sunda. Elburg. Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Hutchison (1975. A recent topic of great academic interest has been the flow of deep Pacific Ocean water to the Indian Ocean through the Indonesian Archipelago ('Indonesian Throughflow') and its imact on climate in the region. Up to 15 older volcanic-plutonic arc systems have been recognized in Indonesia. Van Bergen. Kuenen (1950).4. (1979) and many others I. Handley. coral reefs. W Sulawesi) or the North ('Proto-South China Sea Plate': Kalimantan Cretaceous. starting in the last 3-6 Ma. Tomascik et al.1983).4. Oceanography This section contains papers on modern environments and depositional processes in Indonesia.) and Snellius II (Van Hinte et al.M Miocene. 1981). etc. (2003).Philippine Sea Plate: Halmahera. (2004). 1989) Wyrtki (1961) Molengraaff (1922. Soeria-Atmadja et al. Gordon (2005 and others) Sidi et al. Foden. post-collision New Guinea Late Miocene.com July 2012 . Hartono (2009). Philippines. MacPherson. Gupta (2005) Reports of expeditions Challenger (Brady 1884. Turner.). Indonesia has been a study area for many types of modern environments. etc. Modern volcanoes and activity: Stehn (1927).Banda Arc is quite young. ranging in age from Permian to Recent. Neumann van Padang (1936. like tropical rainforests. (1997) Kuhnt et al. Carlile and Mitchell (1994). Eight of these have associated commercial mineral deposits. 1930). etc. 1974. the East (Pacific Ocean. Arc systems may be classified by age and whether the subducting oceanic plates were from the South (Tethys. papers by Bellon. peat swamps. Hutchison and Jezek (1978).1 4 www. Whitford.Pleistocene) Suggested reading (see more complete listing in Van Gorsel 2009) Volcanic arcs through time: Katili (1973. Modern environments. Woodroffe (2005). 1989). An understanding of this is obviously important to interpret the geological record. Indian ocean: most Indonesian arcs).vangorselslist. Snellius (Kuenen 1935. Kusumadinata et al. Suggested reading General text books: Oceanographic Expeditions: Physical Oceanography: Marine Geology: Indonesian Throughflow: SE Asia deltas: Ecology of Indonesia series. deltas and deep marine environments and oceanography. Vroon. Hoogewerff. Harris (2006). (1986-2001) Volcanic rocks chemistry: Westerveld (1954). Siboga (Weber 1902).

I.5. Carbonates, Coral Reefs The Indonesia archipelago has long been a research area for the study of modern coral reefs. Early papers were by Molengraaff (1930), Kuenen (1933) and Umbgrove (1928-1947), more recent ones include Longman et al. (1993). Renewed interest in reefal limestone deposits came with the string of oil and gas discoveries in mainly Oligocene-Miocene age reefal buildup reservoirs on Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi and West Papua. A comprehensive overview of the widespread Tertiary limestones is Wilson (2002). Pre-Tertiary carbonates are relatively rare in Indonesia. Carboniferous- Permian limestones with fusulinid foraminifera are known from Sumatra, W Kalimantan- W Sarawak (Terbat Limestone) and Timor (papers by Fontaine, etc.). The E-M Permian of Sumatra includes the only true reefal Permian limestones in Indonesia (Guguk Bulat, W Sumatra). Late Triassic shallow water carbonates have been reported from Sumatra (Gafoer and Fontaine 1989), Bangka (De Neve and De Roever 1947), Timor (Vinassa de Regny 1915, Haig et al. 2007), E Sulawesi (Cornee et al. 1994, 1995, Martini et al. 1997), Buru (Gerth 1910, Wanner 1923), Seram (Wanner et al. 1952, Martini et al. 2004), Banda Sea (Sinta Ridge ;Villeneuve et al. 1994) and the Kubor terrane of Papua New Guinea (Skwarko et al. 1976, Kristan-Tollman 1986, 1989). Late Jurassic- Early Cretaceous shallow marine carbonates are present in Sumatra (Gafoer and Fontaine 1989) and W Kalimantan- W Sarawak (Bau Limestone). Deep water pelagic limestones of these ages are relatively widespread in Eastern Indonesia. Fractured Upper Triassic limestones are secondary oil reservoirs on Seram Island. Most of the references on individual carbonates are found in the chapters on areas in which they occur.

Detail of Molengraaff (1922) map of modern distribution of coral reefs. Red = fringing reefs, Blue = barrier reefs and atolls formed as response to sea level changes, Green = barrier reefs/ atolls caused by 'diastrophism'. Uplifted coral reefs are common East of the yellow line.

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I. REGIONAL GEOLOGY
I.1. Indonesia Regional Geology Aadland, A.J. & R.S.K. Phoa (eds.) (1981)- Geothermal gradient map of Indonesia, 2nd ed.. Indon. Petrol. Assoc., Spec. Publ., p. 1-43 + 2 map sheets 1: 2,500,000. (Compilation of temperature data from petroleum wells in Indonesia. See also updated version by Thamrin & Mey, 1987) Abendanon, E.C. (1914)- Geologische schetskaart van Nederlandsch Oost-Indie, 1:2,500,000. Koninkl. Nederl. Aardrijksk. Genootschap, Smulders, The Hague, 6 sheets. (‘Geological overview map of the Netherlands East Indies’. First geological overview map of Indonesia, commissioned by the Netherlands Royal Geographical Society, The Hague) Abendanon, E.C. (1919)- Aequinoctia, an old Palaeozoic continent. J. Geol. 27, 7, p. 562-578. (Early tectonic interpretation of Indonesia. Presence of crystalline schists across E Indonesia suggests area from Borneo to New Guinea may all be parts of one ancient continent, stretching from Sulawesi to Tasmania, here named Aequinoctia) Adinegoro, A.R. Udin (1973)- Stratigraphic studies by the Indonesian Petroleum Institute (LEMIGAS). United Nations ECAFE, CCOP Techn. Bull. 7, p. 55-74. (Review of Cenozoic stratigraphic successions in NE Java, Jambi-Sumatra, NE Sumatra and E Kalimantan. One of first attempts to tie these local stratigraphies to global low latitude planktonic foram zonations) Ali, J.R. & R. Hall (1995)- Evolution of the boundary between the Philippine Sea plate and Australia: paleomagnetic evidence from eastern Indonesia. Tectonophysics 251, p. 251-275. (New paleomag from Sorong Fault Zone, Obi and Taliabu. Sula Platform Coniacian-Santonian paleolatitude at 19°+/- 6°, similar to Misool, suggesting Sula/Taliabu and Misool part of single microcontinent, >10° farther N than expected if attached to Australia, implying region separated from Australia before Late Cretaceous. Obi contains rocks of Philippine Sea and Australian origin. Volcanic arc at S edge Philippine Sea Plate collided with New Guinea at ~25 Ma, changing Philippine Sea-Australian plate boundary from subduction to strike-slip) Ali, J.R., S. Roberts & R. Hall (1995)- The closure of the Indo-Pacific ocean gateway: new plate tectonic perspective. In: F. Hehuwat et al. (eds.) Proc. Int. Workshop Neogene evolution of Pacific Ocean gateways, Bandar Lampung 1993, p. 10-20. Alzwar, M. (1986)- Geothermal energy potential related to active volcanism in Indonesia. Geothermics 15, p. 601-607. (90 geothermal areas identified in Indonesia, most located in active volcanic belts) Amiruddin (2009)- A review on Permian to Triassic active or convergent margin in Southeasternmost Gondwanaland: possibility of exploration target for tin and hydrocarbon deposits in the Eastern Indonesia. Jurnal Geol. Indonesia 4, 1, p. 31-41. (online at: www.bgl.esdm.go.id/dmdocuments/jurnal20090104.pdf) (Permian-Triassic magmatic-volcanic belts signify active Paleo-Pacific margin along New Guinea- E Australia part of SE Gondwanaland. Granitic plutons of S- type and may be tin-bearing. Back-arc basins of S Papua and Galille-Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basins filled by fluvial, fluvio-deltaic to marine Permian-Triassic sediments, locally with coal, unconformably overlain by marine Jurassic-Cretaceous) Anderson, R.N. (1980)- Update of heat flow in the East and Southeast Asian seas. In: D.E. Hayes (ed.) The tectonic and geologic evolution of Southeast Asian seas and islands, 1, Amer. Geoph. Union, Geoph. Mon. Ser. 23, p. 319-326. Angelich, M.T., R.L. Brovey, M.E. Ruder & C.C. Wielchowsky (1986)- Use of Seasat-derived free-air gravity to interpret the structure of Southeast Asia. Proc. 15th Ann. Conv. Indon. Petrol. Assoc. 1, p. 1-18.

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(In areas of low sea-bottom relief SEASAT-derived gravity data can be treated qualitatively as low-pass-filtered Bouguer gravity field. Examples from SE Asia) Astjario, P. (1995)- A study of the uplifted coral reef terraces in the eastern part of Indonesia. In: J. Ringis (ed.) Proc. 31st Sess. Comm. Co ord. Joint Prospecting Min. Res. Asian Offshore Areas (CCOP), Kuala Lumpur 1994, 2, p. 116-121. Audley-Charles, M.G. (1965)- Permian palaeogeography of the northern Australia-Timor region. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclim., Palaeoecol. 1, p. 297-305. (Autochthonous Permian rocks of Timor were derived as detritus from Kimberley region of N Australia. This conflicts with suggestions of large crustal dislocations immediately N of Australia recently advocated on basis of regional palaeomagnetic studies) Audley-Charles, M.G. (1966)- Mesozoic palaeogeography of Australasia. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclim., Palaeoecol. 2, p. 1-25. Audley-Charles, M.G. (1976)- Mesozoic evolution of the margins of Tethys in Indonesia and The Philippines. Proc. 5th Ann. Conv. Indon. Petrol. Assoc. 2, p. 25-52. Audley-Charles, M.G. (1978)- The Indonesian and Philippine archipelagoes. In: M. Moullade & A.E.M. Nairn (eds.) The Phanerozoic geology of the world, II, The Mesozoic. Elsevier, p. 165-207. Audley-Charles, M.G. (1981)- Geological history of the region of Wallace’s Line. In: T.C. Whitmore (ed.) Wallace’s Line and plate tectonics. Clarendon Press, Oxford, p. 5-25. Audley-Charles, M.G. & D.J. Carter (1974)- Petroleum prospects of the southern part of the Banda Arc, eastern Indonesia. Comm. Co-ord. Joint Prosp. Min. Res. Asian Offshore Areas (CCOP), Techn. Bull. 8, p. 55-70. (Mainly an overview of the geology of Timor, with some comments on oil seeps and prospectivity of island) Audley-Charles, M.G., D.J. Carter & A.J. Barber (1974)- Stratigraphic basis for tectonic interpretations of the Outer Banda Arc, Eastern Indonesia. Proc. 3rd Ann. Conv. Indon. Petrol. Assoc., p. 25-44. (Outer Banda Arc islands (Timor, Tanimbar, etc.) are imbricated N margin of Australian shelf and slope on which overthrust Asian elements and major olistostrome have been superimposed, all emplaced from N) Audley-Charles, M.G., D.J. Carter & J.S. Milsom (1972)- Tectonic development of Eastern Indonesia in relation to Gondwanaland dispersal. Nature Phys. Sci. 239, p. 35-39. Audley-Charles, M.G. & R. Harris (1990)- Allochtonous terranes of the Southwest Pacific and Indonesia. Philos. Trans. Royal Soc. London A331, p. 571-587. (Mainly on Timor. Deformed Australian margin, overridden by three allochtonous nappes) Audley-Charles, M.G. & D.A. Hooijer (1973)- Relation of Pleistocene migrations of pygmy stegodonts to island arc tectonics in eastern Indonesia. Nature 241, p. 197-198. (Pleistocene pygmy stegodonts in Sulawesi, Flores and Timor, areas now separated by deep seas. Dwarf Stegodon co-existed in Flores and Timor in Pleistocene. Flores now separated from Timor by 3,000 m deep Savu Sea, narrowest in Ombai Strait (30 km) between Alor and Timor. Because elephants (and presumably stegodonts) could not swim across Savu Sea- Ombai Strait, a Pleistocene land connection between Flores and Timor must be postulated (but elephantoids now believed to be rel. good swimmers; HvG) Badan Geologi (2009)- Sedimentary basins map of Indonesia based on gravity and geological data, 1:5000,000. Geol. Survey Indonesia, Bandung. (online at: www.grdc.esdm.go.id) (Map of Indonesia sedimentary basins, color-coded by age and labeled by basin type)

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Crow (2008). von Avadt (eds. 39-47. Soc. MacDonald (1981). Major Late Pliocene.Eurasia collision in Taiwan) Barr.co.) (1981). London.Tectonic controls on magmatic-hydrothermal gold mineralization in the magmatic arcs of SE Asia. R. Publ. H.Geochemistry and geochronology of Late Cenozoic basalts of Southeast Asia: summary.J. p. Verhand. (IAGI).pdf) (W Burma-W Sumatra ribbon-continent has Cathaysian E Permian fauna and flora. (4) M. volcanism.M Miocene (N8. Nederland en Kol. (1982). 92. (Old seismic profiles and interpretation NW Australia. Mijnbouwk. 23.vangorselslist. Wyman (2002). Barber. Geol. & A. S.The origin and emplacement of the West Burma-West Sumatra ribboncontinent.M. (Conference volume with many benchmark papers on tectonics of Eastern Indonesia) Barley. & P. Spec. Ubaghs.S. p. S..Het Palaeogeen in den Indischen Archipel. Assoc. Am. Geol. 58. Useful compilation. c and d (Eocene. in 1936) Baker.Late Miocene (N11/12N14/17).Geology and jungle fieldwork in Eastern Indonesia. Geoscience Resources and Environments of Asian Terranes (GREAT 2008). F. p.N7?.Sunda Arc) Becker. Reigber (2000).Recent volcanic phase) Beck. P. Neubauer & A. p. Bull. 2.J. 415 p.Depositional cycles on magmatic and back arcs: an example from Western Indonesia. Spec.chula. Reinhart. Michel & C. Geol. D. Separated in M-Late Permian from E margin of Cathaysia as thin continental sliver by formation of a backarc basin and by M Triassic had moved along transcurrent fault system around Indochina into present position W of Sibumasu.jp/journals/EPS/pdf/5210/52100721.. Dev.sc. In: Proc Int. Wiryosujono (eds. M.The geology and tectonics of Eastern Indonesia. (1993). (1936). followed by uplift. Geology Today 10. poorly known). Overview of Paleogene sediments in Indonesia and Philippines.pdf) (Review of GEODYnamics of S and SE Asia (GEODYSSEA) project.Improving the velocity field in South and South-East Asia: the third round of GEODYSSEA. 3. Revue Inst. ('The Paleogene in the Indies Archipelago'. Hall & E. 1. (2) M Miocene/ 17 Ma mineralization following maximum extrusion of Indochina and cessation S China Sea spreading.H.J. 233-292. Sumatra: (1) M Eocene. Lehner (1975). (online at: http://www. 18-23. Centre. Geol. block faulting. Bangkok 2008.geo.uplift?.J. p. Geol. A.E Miocene (P22/N3. Blundell. S. 8.N10-11. observed between 1994-1998) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. 1. Barber. (2) Latest Oligocene. subduction and collision in Eastern Indonesia. (3) majority and largest deposits formed since 5 Ma during plate reorganization with change in relative motion between Indian-Australian and Pacific plates between 5..) The timing and location of major ore deposits in an evolving orogen.E Oligocene (P11-P17). A.th/Geology/English/News/Technique/GREAT_2008/PDF/001. Gen.Oceans.Badings. (3) late E Miocene. b. Assoc. new frontiers in exploration. Soc. Petrol. Geol. In Miocene two blocks separated by formation of Andaman Sea) Barber.4.. M. 376-395. & M. Proc. Bull. ending with volcanism. Ser. 18-21. CCOP-IOC Working Group Meeting. 3-17.3. similar to S China and Vietnam. Symp. (Five main depositional cycles in Eocene. Conv. E. p.terrapub. faulting. Publ. N18. Baumann. 1. (Most gold deposits in SE Asian arcs formed during tectonic reorganization intervals rather than steady-state subduction: (1) 25 Ma collision of Australian craton with Philippine Sea plate arc. Indon. but severely criticized in series of papers by Van Bemmelen. 508-512. (online at http://mail. P. Francais Petrole 37. Rak & D.H. Geol. a network of 42 GPS stations across SE Asia. Koolhoven.ac. 11. p.5 Ma following Philippine arc. In: D. p. Proc. 721-726. Forde (1994). 22nd Ann. etc. R. Earth Planets Space 52.E.Oligocene). A.J. (5) Pliocene-Recent. 204. starting with major transgression at MiocenePliocene boundary.Dispersion.Recent of Java. & S. Angermann. G.1 8 www. Res. 4th IGCP 516 and 5th APSEG. Bandung 1979. With outcrop distribution/ basic paleogeographic maps for Tertiary a. followed by uplift. Amer. Bin Nordin.. p.com July 2012 .

now called ‘Benioff zone’) Benson. p. von Quadt (eds. gebergtevorming en vulkisme bij plaatselijke plastische vervorming van de aardkorst. p. E. F. Ben-Avraham.A. Subarya et al. Res. etc. but still interesting discussion of tectonics. but still interesting discussion of Australia. geosynclinalen. p. 71p. 269p.N.A provisional catalogue of deep-focus earthquakes in the Netherlands East Indies.Palaeozoic and Mesozoic seas in Australasia. (Old. without own synthesis or opinion) Blundell. B8. geosynclines.N. 108. Y. 28. AAPG Bull. Proc.com July 2012 . Jena. (1923). p. H. London. Amer. Bijlaard. Neubauer & A.. transferring E-W Pacific motion into N-S shortening across N Sulawesi trench. 2367.Y. Geophysik 50. (2002). PLATES Project. ('Geological problems in the Malayan Archipelago'. 1440-1454. Geophys. Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Indie.Principal sedimentary basins in the East Indies. 6th Pacific Science Congr.De verklaring voor het optreden van zwaartekracht anomalieen. (2003). p. the geodynamic context.P. mountain building and volcanism near local plastic deformation of the earth’s crust’) Blom. diepzeetroggen. 39-47. S Banda Arc (CW rotation rel.Beckley. De Ingenieur in Nederl. Bull. Thesis Massachusets Inst. New Zealand 54. Trans. (Old. 65. Ph.The structural features of the margin of Australasia. C. Benioff.Cenozoic basin formation in Southeast Asia. (1936). (Vintage Indonesian basins map and basin summaries by Stanvac (Standard Oil NJ) geologist) Ben-Avraham. (1934). Publ. Royal Soc. McCaffrey. I. 269-288. p. Inaugural-Dissertation Friedrich Schiller University. 204. Progress Rept. Prawirodirdjo. Soc.One hundred deep-focus earthquakes in the Netherlands Indies. C. R. Crustal blocks all experience significant internal deformation). L.P. Blundell.The evolution of marginal basins and adjacent shelves in east and Southeast Asia.Crustal motion in Indonesia from Global Positioning System measurements. 19181936. 385-400. Geol.4.W. Stevens. of Texas. Proc.J.Structural framework of the Sunda Shelf and vicinity. Beltz.. H. L. Z. to Eurasia). Overview of pre-1934 tectonic theories on Indonesia. Bock. (1925). additional evidence from seismology. (1944). (1978). (‘Explanation for gravity anomalies.P.J. Royal Soc. sect.) Berlage. 17p. (1973). deep sea troughs. 99-137. Austin. Genrich. 1-62. Proc. Spec. Trans. Z. 62. P. Soc. Technology/ Woods Hole. L.. (GPS surveys suggest tectonics dominated by interaction of 4 blocks: Sunda Shelf (moves 6 mm/yr SE rel.D. 16p. Tectonophysics 45. Geol. 93-97.The timing and location of major ore deposits in an evolving orogen. 7. Gerland Beitr.E Indonesia paleogeography) Benson. D.) The timing and location of major ore deposits in an evolving orogen. 135-138. to Sunda and Australia). W. Lee (1993). J. p. 10. 7-17. J. Birds Head (rapidly moves WSW. (1939). California.Orogenesis and deep crustal structure. (1937). p. NW Australia. In: D.vangorselslist. (1954). subducting beneath Seram Trough) and E Sulawesi (CW rotation. J.W. p. H. New Zealand 55. (Sunda arc example of dipping earthquake zones below volcanic arcs. (First text to notice deep earthquakes in Indonesia are on plane dipping toward Asian mainland (now known as Benioff zone) Berlage.structure of East Indonesia.Geologische Probleme im Malayischen Archipel. W.. Lawver & T.1 9 www.F. Univ.

Series of mainly paleontological papers from E Indonesia. 4-10.A. Geol. Geol. 987-994. Singapore. 2001. ('Geological reconnaissance in the East Moluccas'. W Cenderawasih Bay (Wendesi M Jurassic ammonite Phylloceras). Proc. Jurassic) and Permian.Neues aus dem Indo-Australischen Archipel. (‘On the new Upper Triassic fauna from the Moluccas’. NW coast Buru. 53. Palaeontographica. Tijdschr.) (1904-1959). 657-662. Geol. p. G. Kon. Palaont. (1906). (Early. G. Miner. p.the implications for petroleum resources. Geol. 6. 31-56. different from those from Misool (brachiopod-coral facies)) Bostrom. Buru U Triassic limestones in bivalve-cephalopod facies.Australia and Eastern Indonesia at the cross-roads of Gondwana and Tethys.. III (Molengraaff issue). (‘Travel notes of geological reconnaissance trips to various islands of the Moluccas’) Brouwer. (Early overview of Mesozoic macrofossil localites in E Indonesia: Sula islands. 5 vols. (1904). 83-89.A. Listed individually) Boehm.Geologische Ergebnisse einer Reise in den Molukken.Over de tektoniek der Oostelijke Molukken. Deutsch.1 10 www. Ser. AAPG Bull. Proc. Beil.Geologische verkenningen in de Oostelijke Molukken. Verhand. H. Geol.C. Brief. noticing similarities of rocks and faunas with those from European Alps) Boehm. Buru) Boehm. G. Band 22. H. (2001). H. and Bara Bay. Vol. brief overview of tectonics of the E Moluccas. etc. Compt. New Guinea. Ges. SEAPEX Expl. (1984).Mesozoic petroleum systems between N Australia. Aardrijksk. W Buru. Continuation of paper above. Pal. 41. ('More from the Moluccas'.Age of abyssal deposits of East Indian Archipelago. Min. 359376.C. Conf. first report on Mesozoic fossils in 200 years since Rumphius) Boehm.Weiteres aus den Molukken. p. Nederl. 74-78. ('From the Moluccas'. Congress. p. Timor and other parts of eastern Indonesia) Bradshaw. Zeitschr. (1901). G. 54. Wetensch. (Brief review of very deep marine deposits in East Indies: Borneo Danau Fm of Molengraaff (1910. p. On Ambon Mesozoic sandstone-limestone. p. Geol. (1941). 1910. Gen. (1915). Ges.Westward Pacific drift and the tectonics of eastern Asia.Boehm. Mainly on visit to S coast of Sula Islands. 385-412. (1901).4. (ed. (1916). early report on widespread Triassic and Jurassic marine sediments on islands of E Indonesia. p. (Brief overview of tectonic history and shared Paleozoic. (‘Contributions to the geology of the Netherlands Indies’. 2. 320-322. Amsterdam 24. Vienna 1903.Reisbericht omtrent geologische verkenningstochten op verschillende eilanden der Molukken. IV. Neues Jahrb. First brief report by Boehm from his geological travels in E Indonesia in 1900-1901. Geol. G. Suppl. Highly folded Upper Triassic asphalt beds near Fogi. 9th Int. New Guinea N Coast (Walckenaer Bay ammonites and Inoceramus). G.vangorselslist. Mijnbouwk. p. Branson.Beitrage zur Geologie von Niederlandisch-Indien. p. Gen. Deutsch. C.)) Boehm. (‘Geological results of a trip in the Moluccas’. See Brouwer (1917) for English version) Brouwer.Zur neuen obertriadischen Fauna aus den Molukken. Geologische Mitteilungen aus dem IndoAustralischen Archipel I.. Rend. (1916). Brief overview of reconnaissance of E Indonesia islands) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Akad..A. Triassic and Lower Cretaceous abyssal deposits of Timor) Brouwer. (1910). M. 161-163. Nederl. Kon. Tectonophysics 102. Kol. Zeitschr. 33. p. 8p. R. Centralbl.Aus den Molukken.com July 2012 .

Akad. 32p. Kon.com July 2012 .I. (1919). 2.A.. Geol. Australia 1923. 242-248.A.4. p. 2nd Pan-Pacific Sci. ('Brief overview of our knowledge of the geological formations and mountain building movements in the east Indies archipelago East of Java and Sulawesi'. (‘On mountain building and volcanism in the Moluccas’) Brouwer. (3) inner zone with young active volcanoes) Brouwer. Wetensch.Brouwer. 856. of Geology 29. Proc. (online at: http://www. Australia 1923. Proc. H.. (1926). (‘Phases of mountain building in the Moluccas’. p. Early. p. Brouwer.. Amsterdam. MacMillan. Brouwer. W New Guinea S of Mac Cluer Bay (= Bintuni) and probably also Kei-islands. Brouwer. Early overview of distribution of Paleozoic. (1918). p. (1918). II. II. New York. Akad. Brouwer.dwc. 22.. 3-4. Rundschau 8.Structure of the East Indies. Oost-Indie 46 (1917). H.A. No maps. comprehensive overview of 1917 state of knowledge of East Indonesia geology) Brouwer. H.nl) (Early review of E Indonesia tectonics) Brouwer.A. (online at: http://www. Washington Acad. Univ. Archipel beoosten Java en Celebes. Verhand. Ser. Geol.Mesozoic. Proc. Gen. Verhand. H. Nederl. Sci. Congr.nl/DL/publications/PU00012138.Tertiary rocks across E Indonesia) Brouwer.A.nl/DL/publications/PU00012027. 6. (online at http://www. (1918).A. Wetensch.A. dated overview of Indonesia tectonics. Kol.pdf) (Curving rows of islands of Moluccas similar to many chains of Alpine structure.A. 166-182. J. (1917).knaw. America 11. 1. Proc. Akad. (1921). Kon. (1921).. Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. 2nd Pan-Pacific Sci.The major tectonic features of the Dutch East Indies.pdf) (On a variety of different age volcanic-plutonic rocks in E Indonesia) Brouwer. (1926). Kon. Nederl. 160 p. Bull. 7-8. Brouwer. Congr. Seismol. p.. H. J. Amsterdam.A.On the crustal movements in the region of the curving rows of islands in the eastern part of the East-Indian Archipelago. 12. Amsterdam 19.The horizontal movement of geanticlines and the fractures near their surface.. (1919). 2nd Pan-Pacific Sci. Congr. H. (2) marginal zone without overthrust tectonics (Sula-islands. 197-209.vangorselslist.. 784.A.A. H. H. H.A. (1920). H. 145-452. 1024-1027. (1922).On the age of the igneous rocks in the Moluccas. 7. Rows of islands of Moluccas may be grouped into (1) zone characterized by outward-directed overthrusts (Timor-Ceram row). H. H.Geologisch overzicht van het oostelijk gedeelte van den Oost-lndischen Archipel.digitallibrary. (Rel.Some relations of earthquakes to geologic structure in the East Indian archipelago. H. Nederl. Jaarboek Mijnwezen Nederl..Kort overzicht onzer kennis omtrent geologische formaties en bergvormende bewegingen in den O. (Early attempt to explain deep basins and uplifted islands of E Indonesia) Brouwer. p. p. Geol. p. p. Proc.The Carboniferous and Permian of the Netherlands East Indies.Uber Gebirgsbildung und Vulkanismus in den Molukken. 5-8. 803-815. Inaugural speech Techn. 772-782. Soc.Phasen der bergvorming in de Molukken. Delft. p. Misool. H. p. 172-185. Mijnbouwk. Proc. Australia 1923.1 11 www. Wetensch.knaw.On the tectonics of the eastern Moluccas.dwc. (1925). p. (1926).A.Volcanic action and mountain building in the Dutch East Indies.A.The geology of the Netherlands East Indies. figures) Brouwer. 560-577. 21. 293-332.

p. Res. Hayes (ed. (2) descends to SW to ~100 km depth in Seram Trough region and may be joined to Banda subduction system by W extension of New Guinea Tarera. (Overview of occurrences of Paleozoic in Indonesia: Sumatra. 31-42. Wang.L Heesterman & A. Manipa and Sulabesi) Budiman. p. Meded. Timor. with special reference to Sulawesi and Timor islands) Brown. B.G. M. Proc. Noble (eds. 29-47. Res.Zur Geologie des nordostlichen Indischen Archipels. Nederl. 42-46. Conv. (Earthquake data fault plane solutions suggest two lithospheric plates descending into upper mantle beneath Banda Sea: (1) along Banda arc. R.Tectonic evolution of Southeast Asia. Sobari & W. p.A review of the configuration of the lithosphere subducted beneath the eastern Indonesian and Philippine Islands. In: L. 231-253. 2. McCallum (1997). p. E. R. I. Geophys.J. Carlile. Publ. ser.R. Geochem. 91-142. New Guinea) Brouwer. I. laterally continuous slab that subducted at plate boundary defined by Java trench-Timor Trough-Aru Trough system. van Leeuwen et al. Akad. H. Obi Besar. p.E. Centre Bandung. Z. p. In: J.Gravity anomaly map of western part of Indonesia. p. J. Geol. (Tectonic model for SE Asia using the ‘expanding earth’ theory (Carey did not believe in subduction)) Carlile. J. 23.V. Isacks (1981).Geology of the Netherlands East Indies.. (eds. Dong. Leiden.4. Geol. (New model of Asia tectonic plates relative horizontal motions from GPS measurements) Cardwell. Lett. Kon. Int. Conf. Res. 1-6. Petrol. S.Aiduna fault zone. 1-35. production and potential in Indonesia. H. Indon. Karig (1980). 2825-2838.M.A. I. (1975). Contortion appears to be lateral bend in subducted slab that is continuous from surface to depths of 600 km) Cardwell. Amsterdam. Bandung. Hebert et Haug 7.vangorselslist.com July 2012 . p. Carey. Nasution. (1949). & B. Wetensch. B6. Geol. Geophys.C.) Proc. Simamora (2000). Brouwer.) Science in the Netherlands Indies. 33.L.J. H. Petroleum Systems SE Asia & Australia.K.L. Assoc.A. Ann. 552-566.. 17-48. Mitchell (1994).C.The spatial distribution of earthquakes.M. J.H. Petrol. Isacks & D. & A. Rutten (ed. but does not appear to be linked to Seram Trough) Cardwell. Sammlung. Descriptions of rocks from Bacan. p. Centre.H. J. (Account of orogenic history of Indonesia. Indon.. Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. In: D. L. Mandioli. (‘On the geology of the NE Indonesian archipelago’. Barber & S. (1929).Continental deformation in Asia from a combined GPS solution.Paleozoic. J. (1931).C.L. H.000.Evolution orogenique ou consolidation prochaine aux Indes orientales. 101-125.Geometry of the subducted lithosphere beneath the Banda Sea in Eastern Indonesia from seismicity and fault plane solutions.A. 50. scale 1:2. Howes & R. J. 837-841. & B.. R. Isacks (1978). Wiryosujono (eds.1 12 www. Assoc. (Identification of subducting slabs from earthquake data.) The tectonic and geologic evolution of Southeast Asian seas and islands. In: T. Geophys.K. Shen & M. Mitchell (1996).E.Brouwer.A. p.) The geology and tectonics of Eastern Indonesia.discoveries of the past 25 years. 1. Bucking. Jakarta 1997.Gold distribution. & J. Dev.K. Res. In: Feestbundel Martin.) Indonesian mineral deposits.G. Borneo. Mon. L24391. Vergnolle (2006). Leidsche Geol. Kasiruta. Reichs-Mus. In: A.000. 5. Seismic zone from Timor Trough to >600km depth below S Banda Basin. Banda arc slab contorted at E end of arc where trench and line of active volcanoes curve NE.Magmatic arcs and associated gold and copper mineralization in Indonesia. Expl.L. 1.E.W. (1904). Dev. Spec.An atlas of sealing faults in SE Asia. The AusIMM Bull. p.H. 4th Ann. 83. focal mechanism solutions and subduced lithosphere in the Philippine and North-eastern Indonesian islands. 7. p.. Calais.

p. Bull. Le Pichon. (1991). etc. (Geotectonic Map of E and SE Asia. Probably caused by major meteorite impact. Huchon. 841-888.. simpe three plate indentation model) Charlton. Rangin. Asia. Myanmar. J. Sheet 8: W Pacific Ocean) Chamot-Rooke. Sunda shelf and part of Indonesia behave as rigid ‘Sundaland’ platelet. Extension results from decoupling of subducting oceanic lithosphere from unsubductable continental lithosphere.com July 2012 . (GPS over SE Asia revealed Indochina.) Charlton.Pliocene. 173. Indon. 394-396.000 kms in length. (Postcollisional extension common in E Indonesia orogenic belts. (1986). Chapman. Bull.Postcollision extension in arc-continent collision zones. 'Glass pebbles' locally known as billitonites. 1-16. known ore bodies in six mid-Tertiary. Vietnam. Sato and Working Group (2002). which rotates clockwise relative to Eurasia. active for 3-20 My intervals from Cretaceous. Earth Planet. starting <5 My after compressional deformation (Timor area. offshore East Asia. Pubellier. 27. Acta 28.Total sedimentary isopach maps.4. 487 p.R. S China. australites. Sheets 1. CCOP Techn. Wandamen Terrane of Irian Jaya).Proc. Sato and Working Group (2000). 5 and 6. Geochim.Studies in East Asian tectonics and resources. Sci. p. Le Pichon (1999). Geology 19. D. T. Tektites remarkably similar in composition. p. 3974. 3 and 8. C. Wonders (1996). eastern Indonesia. 2.On the unity and origin of the Australasian tektites. p. (Sediment isopach maps and summaries of SE and E Asia basins) CCOP.A. 31. 1-16. Lett.R. Individual arcs or segments of arcs characterized by specific mineralization types reflecting arc basement related to earlier collisions and reversals in tectonic polarity and erosion level) Caughey. Indonesia arcs total ~7. 2nd ed.GPS determined eastward Sundaland motion with respect to Eurasia confirmed by earthquakes slip vectors at Sunda and Philippine trenches. (1964). CCOP-CPCEMR Geotectonic map project. CCOP-IOC (1981). M. javanites. Paper 7a. P.J.2 NE Asia. N. p. D. Sheet 5: Malaysia. W Indonesia.Pliocene arcs. CCOP Techn. p. M. ESCAP.vangorselslist.Geotectonic map of East and Southeast Asia: sheets 1. probably on moon. 28-31. T.(Gold mineralization in andesitic arcs. 23. Nature 319. 439-455.. Gulf of Bone in Sulawesi. In: The Geodynamics of S and SE Asia (GEODYSSEA) Project.C. (Report on ongoing geological research along nine SEATAR mega-regional transects ) CCOP (1991).K.1 13 www. 3: S China. N. T. superimposition of extension is virtually unavoidable consequence of arc-continent collision) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. C. & X. Potsdam. p. Fifteen major arcs. (Geotectonic Map of E and SE Asia. Size and shape of tektites interpreted to reflect higher Temp portion of crater ejecta descended over SE Australia and lower T portions were strewn progressively over SW Australia-Indonesia and further North. CCOP Tech. philippinites. GeoForschungsZentrum. X. Gresko. Walpersdorf (1999)Sundaland motion in a global reference frame detected from GEODYSSEA GPS measurements: implications for relative motions at the boundaries with the Australo-Indian plates and the South China block.R.. Carter. R. p 1-116.Geotectonic map of East and Southeast Asia: sheets 4. philippinites. Sundaland E-ward velocity of ~10 mm/yr on S boundary increasing to 16-18 mm/yr on N boundary) Chamot-Rooke. Cosmochim. Assoc. p. Bull. Park & A.. Vigny & A. STR 98/14. sheets 1-6. T. (Review of distribution and origin of widespread Pleistocene tektites several 1000 km across SE Asia and Australia. Sheet 4: Philippines. Jakarta 1995. Lowry. Sheet 6: E Indonesia) CCOP. CCOP-CPCEMR Geotectonic map project.A plate tectonic model of the eastern Indonesia collision zone. Indochina. C. Clure.E. 1-250. CCOP Tech. International Symposium on Sequence Stratigraphy in S. (E Indonesia interpreted in terms of rel. Petrol. P.

to intracontinental rift system in S. Gondwanan E Indonesia acted as continental connection between Sibumasu/Indochina and Australia in Permian. Soc. D.dipping slab into mantle.Charlton. 603-631. etc.com July 2012 . Geol. 355.earliest Permian. S. Asian Earth Sci.4. Asian Earth Sci. From ca 18 Ma S-directed subduction commenced at Maramuni Arc in N New Guinea. T. 595-617. 74-145 Ma (E-M Cretaceous granites of Schwaner Mts of SW Borneo). Extension in N rift margin ceased in M Carnian. AAPG Bull. Bol. J. Cottam (2011).The petroleum potential of inversion anticlines in the Banda Arc.1 14 www. Urals and Corsica. 19. p.R.Deep earthquakes and deep-seated tectonic zones: a new interpretation of the WadatiBenioff zone. Publ. Wang & P. and consequent uplift and denudation of sediment-filled Late Jurassic. (online at: http://searg. T.Tertiary evolution of the Eastern Indonesia collision complex.C. London 168. descent of N. 1187-1200. 5. (Extensive Cretaceous-Paleocene regional unconformity from Indochina to Java may be due to subductiondriven mantle processes.H.. (2004). (eds. Sibumasu Terrane originated on Gondwanaland margin. (E Indonesia continental fragments with Australian/Gondwanan affinities remarkably uniform Permo-Triassic tectonostratigraphy. 37-51. Ching.Triassic. 79-118.faunal interchange between Gondwanaland and SE Asia until final separation in Late Triassic. ranging from granitoid belt in N. with decline in igneous activity in granitoid belt to North. p. p. Geol. P.vangorselslist.Vol. intracontinental rift system began in latest Carboniferous. (2001). London. 5. J.M. Sediments started to accumulate above unconformity from M Eocene when subduction recommenced under Sundaland) Clements. p. Papua New Guinea.) Clements. Wezel (ed. (Unorthodox tectonic model for SE Asia tectonics. Sorong Fault Zone strike-slip system active from ~12 -6 Ma) Charlton. 5. T. (Timor.K. from Sulawesi in W to PNG in E. B. Cessation of subduction. In rift system complementary upper and lower plate rifted margins recognised in N and S Banda Arcs. 202-298 Ma (Permian-Triassic Tin Belt Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v.) The SE Asian gateway: history and tectonics of Australia-Asia collision. Soc. Hall et al.pdf) (Detrital zircons from Eo-Oligocene sandstones of SW West Java derived from local volcanic sources and Sundaland. p. Choi..Geodynamic processes of Taiwan arccontinent collision and comparisons with analogs in Timor. Geol. Ital. P.R. permitting limited floral. Hall (2011). J.uk/pubs/clements_hall_2011%20Sundaland%20emergence. R. (Interpretations of last 35 My of tectonic evolution of E Indonesia. 565-585. Soc. N granitoid belt initiated in mid-Carboniferous. & R. In: F.A record of continental collision and regional sediment flux for the Cretaceous and Palaeogene core of SE Asia: implications for early Cenozoic palaeogeography. Y. 18. At ~24 Ma present-day pattern of oblique convergence between N margin of Australia and Philippine Sea Plate began. Proposes inversions of PermianJurassic grabens as fundamental structural style) Chi. Spec. 5. Chung (2000). Tectonophysics 325.A. rifted away in E Permian. Seram perceived structural complexity may be overstated. M Carnian structural event in E Indonesia may be related to this separation) Charlton. Tanimbar.R. Hall & M. Yuan. W.Subsidence and uplift by slab-related mantle dynamics: a driving mechanism for the Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic evolution of continental SE Asia? In: R.rhul. (2005). p. Oldest reconstruction predates collisional deformation between N-moving Australian continent and E-W oriented.L. (2000). Burgess.Permo-Triassic evolution of Gondwanan eastern Indonesia.. p. through continental platform. Beginning at ~30 Ma the Australian continental margin commenced collision with subduction zone along restored N margin. Populations with ages of 50-80 Ma (from two discrete volcanic arcs in Java and Sulawesi). and the final Mesozoic separation of SE Asia from Australia. 88.R.B.) Earth dynamics beyond the plate paradigm. T.. Spec.E Cretaceous dynamic topographic low help explain extent and timing of unconformity.C.ac. with plate reconstructions at 5 My intervals.facing subduction zone extending from S margin of Eurasian continent E-wards. 1-21. B.

Econ. Oil and Gas J.. D. Teh (ed. Western (Peninsular Thailand-Burma) Province. (1954). Propose correlative framework using sequence stratigraphy) Courteney.. (Study of formation waters from 400 SE Asia wells. M Eocene sediment derived mainly from Tin Belt.M. (1995). Kalimantan.J. Clure. Bull.E.E.J. J. Proc. 1994. (Hydrocarbons in Sumatra. E.com/corbett_and_leach_1997. Barito. Biostratigraphy handicapped by lack of age diagnostic fossils in E Miocene and older sediments in most of Sumatra and Natuna. Majority fresh or brackish meteoric to connate waters) Collette. Mijnbouw 16. p. Wetar. 6. Cockroft. Indonesia basins. Teoh (1986). & K. SEAPEX Proc. (Interpretation of five gravity profiles through Sumatra and Java. older sequences in rifts key to potential in Western Indonesia.granites). NW Java. based on broadly spaced gravity data from Vening Meinesz and BPM) Corbett. B.H. Soc. Mem..J.On the gravity field of the Sunda region (West Indonesia). Courteney. Pitfield. (draft online at: www. 221238.) Southeast Asian basins: oil and gas for the 21st century. Eastern Province. (1982). J. North Thailand Migmatitic Province) Cobbing. 8. Geol. 2. Natuna.F. 38. Publ. & T. etc. Courteney. Mallick (1992). 238 p. 94. May 20. Expl. Published work is of regional nature. p.H. Elf. British Overseas Geol. Conf.vangorselslist. mainly lacustrine. Spec.pdf) (On Indonesia. but errors in age determination due to reworking. May 27.. each with its own pattern of mineralization: 1.J. (1998).I.4. 480-653 Ma and 723-1290 Ma (Proterozoic SE Asia basement once part of Gondwana).) CoreLab/ PERTAMINA (1995). 369 p. p. Malaysia 37. 91-95. limited to Paleogene rifts) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. 10. Main Range Province. 363-394.-Prod. J. 143. 2. Darbyshire & D. (>3. AAPG-GSM Int. Pitfield & L. 71-74. Leach (1998). S. 94. p. 22.The granites of the Southeast Asian tin belt. Includes discussions of Masupa Ria. Proc. 96. Soc. P.New GuineaPhilippines gold deposits.Southwest Pacific gold-copper systems: structure. P. alteration and mineralization.Sequence stratigraphy applied to the hydrocarbon productive basins of western Indonesia. 86-90. Centr. Geol.. By 1992 over 300 producing fields in 11 basins and 100 fields shut-in or abandoned. 7. Geol. Bull. Lombok. Rech. 503-511. Sunda Basin. 4. 7th Offshore South East Asia Conf. 3. G.The petroleum geology and economic assessment of the foreland basin areas of Eastern Indonesia. Lithostratigraphy mainly based on pre-1960's work. London. p.Western Indonesia-1: Sequence stratigraphy buoys W.J. JavaKalimantan older section more marine with age diagnostic fossils.P. Soc. Oil and Gas J.I.Aquitaine 6. Mallick.J. In: G.. S. 5 vols. Late Eocene and after Borneo source more important. (Four granite provinces.J.The granites of the South-East Asian tin belt. E. possibly also E Java basins all tied to M Eocene source rocks.Complex Eastern Indonesia poses exploration challenges. with terminology varying between companies. S.corbettgeology.J. p. Geol. Triassic. (1996). p.Eastern Indonesia peripheral to northern Australia: post-Mesozoic structures and orogeny.com July 2012 . Cobbing.Chemistry of oilfield waters in South East Asia and their application to petroleum exploration. D.1 15 www. 271300. 537-550. Surv. p.Western Indonesia-2: Middle Eocene.000 exploratory wells drilled since 1870 in W Indonesia with 750 discoveries. Singapore 1988. (1996). P. Robinson (1988). Microcontinental collision at Java margin (~80 Ma) halted Cretaceous subduction and resulted in elevation of large parts of continental SE Asia) Clermonte. Oil and Gas J.

outline on a decade of development aspects in exploration and evaluation for Mining (1970-1980).An outline of the geology of Indonesia. Bandung 1999. M. van Hinte et al. (Late 1980’s BP plate reconstructions) Daly. Hooper (1991). p. 27. Smith & B. Sunda.A. Variations along arc function of direction and speed of convergence across subduction zone and sediment thickness on underthrusting plate) Daly.Cenozoic plate tectonics and basin evolution in Indonesia. 173-183. p. In: J. Lett. Geol.Tertiary plate tectonics and basin evolution in Indonesia. 2-21. Jakarta. (1914). Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. M. (1981). (eds. 1999.G.C.) (1999). Deninger. Smith (1987). p. IAGI.G. M. 1-15.The Sunda Arc: a model for oblique plate convergence. Timor is part of NW Australian margin. Hooper & D. 7th Offshore SE Asia Conf. 248-262..C.) Proc. 3rd World Petroleum Congress.G.4. H. Cooper. McLean-Hodgson (1988). Proc. Symposium Snellius II Expedition.G. Situmorang (ed. (Two 1:10 million scale isogam maps. p. (Same paper as above) Darman. etc. Much of book also online on Wikipedia) Das. Proc. G. Wilson.Tertiary plate tectonics and basin evolution in Indonesia.A geometrically consistent plate-tectonic model for Eastern Indonesia.E. Petrol. SEAPEX Proc. M.geology mineral hydrocarbon res. M. 131140. B.J. with examples from Sumatra. Gilbert (2000). Southeast Asia. Mtg. 16th Ann.vangorselslist. B. (‘Remarks on the stratigraphy of the Moluccas and the value of paleontological age determinations’) Derksen. Netherlands J.E.D. p. Geol. I.Curray. S.G. & H. (Sunda Arc extends from Himalayas to Banda Arc. 1st Reg.) Proc. 1.M.) Daly.G. Indon. Min. Smith (1987).. H. the other of SE Asia.. (1951). Geol. & H. 399-428.C. 24. 99p. Indonesian Sedimentologists Forum. H. 192 p.A. S. K. Conv. In: B. (BP plate reconstruction. (The most recent.Hydrocarbon potential and structural style of continental rifts: examples from East Africa and Southeast Asia. J. 8. Singapore 1988. (1989). concise overview of Indonesian geology by collective of 25 Indonesian geologists.W. 2. Maps based on published Royal Dutch Shell gravity surveys) De Neve. Philippines and New Guinea. Indonesian Assoc. Sidi (eds. 10th Ann. Conv. 24. 831-834. Slab thickens. Conf. 2/3..com July 2012 . one Caribbean Sea and surroundings. Res.Indonesian non-metallic mineral resources.D. Assoc. Thailand) De Smet.Tectonics and sedimentation of Indonesia. Jakarta 1987.D. Neues Jahrb. p. Sea Res. Netherlands J. D. Schoffel & F. p. Geophys. Hooper & D.Isogam maps of Caribbean Sea and surroundings and of Southeast Asia. Sidi (eds.Einige Bemerkungen uber die Stratigraphie der Molukken und uber den Wert palaeontologischer Altersbestimmungen uberhaupt.1 16 www. (IAGI). Proc. Marine Petrol. p.) (2000). (Overview of rift basins structure and sediment fill. p. (Symposium commemorating 50th anniversary Van Bemmelen (1949) book Geology of Indonesia) Darman. Assoc. (New data set of relocated earthquakes >400 km under Indonesia. 8. Sea Res. Indon. (1989).. Proc. 105-134. 1910. J. (IAGI).R. The Hague 1951. 6. & J. p... 6th Reg. I. including East Indies. shortens and weakens before penetrating below 670 km by shearing along conjugate fault planes on upper and lower portions of seismic zone) De Bruyn.Mechanism of slab thickening near 670 km under Indonesia. Includes Oligocene arc polarity reversal in Sumatra. 47-62. developed by Schöffel and Das.

Hermann Minjon. On distribution of porphyry copper and epithermal gold deposits in SE Asia region and plate-tectonic controls) Djohari.Die Sunda-Expedition des Vereins fur Geographie und Statistik zu Frankfurt am Main. (Broad overview of Indonesia mineral resource assessment) Edelman. Report of 1910 geographic expedition to Bali. (IAGI). Kuntjara (1990). S. No correlation with age of subducting ocean floor or thermal parameters of slab) Ernst.. Wallis (1997). 1-274. XV. Proc. J. Geol. 377-408.full. J. Flores. (Extended abstract.Die Sunda-Expedition des Vereins fur Geographie und Statistik zu Frankfurt am Main. Irian Jaya. Maruyama & S. Acad. etc'.Buoyancy-driven. 263p. Worldwide ranges 65-130 km. Intracratonal position of most UHP complexes reflects consumption of intervening ocean basin and introduction of sialic promontory into subduction zone.A geologic and mineral resource assessment of Indonesia. Sula. Nat. low-density slice. Dev. 416 p.nl/isric/fulltext/isricu_i00000621_001. Veenman. Frankfurt. Geoph. Proc. A. normal faulting and exposure of UHP terrane. (Depth to top subducting slab below Java volcanoes ~100km. vol.J. 3 and 4) Proc. J. p. Salayer. Wageningen.. USA 94. Frankfurt. (online at: http://www. Banda Arc used as example) ESCAP (1976).1 17 www. (1912). 19th Ann. SGA Meeting. Chan (2009). Our subduction model involves (1) underflow of continental crust embedded in cold. p. Muna.935. p. Sumbawa. 1. Mengkoda. (1911).Williams & G. Conv.Stratigraphic correlation between sedimentary basins in the ECAFE regions (Vols. Assoc. largely oceanic crustcapped lithosphere. (eds. W. Townsville 2009. p. UHP paragneisses contain most abundantly preserved crustal diamonds. (1941). & U. B. Festschrift zur Feier des 75 jahrigen Bestehens des Vereins. J. Inverse correlation between depth and descent speed of subducting plate. 350-364. Main purpose of expedition was to explore geographical relationship between Asia and Australia) Elbert.org/content/94/18/9532. R. rapid exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphosed continental crust. Thatcher (2004). Tukang Besi.. (2) loss of leading portions of high-density oceanic lithosphere by slab break-off as increasing volumes of microcontinental material enter subduction zone. C.(E Indonesia plate tectonic model for last 10 Myr assuming six rigid rotating plates: Banda Sea. S.. ('The Sunda-Expedition of the Frankfurt Geographic Society.G. Buton.P.pdf) (Preservation of ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) minerals formed at depths of 90-125 km require unusual conditions.4. Hermann Minjon.Tectonic controls on the distribution of large copper and gold deposits in Southeast Asia to identify productive and non-productive structures. Sci.pdf) ('Studies on the soil science of Netherlands Indies') Elbert. Clark & Djumhani (1986). Wetar.) Smart Science for Exploration and Mining. W Pacific. Australia) De Waele.L. Kabaena. Proc. and parts of Java and Sumatra.Systematic variation in the depths of slabs beneath arc volcanoes.The occurrences of rare metal minerals in Indonesia.H. 42. 156. Int. J. XXV. Williams et al.vangorselslist. Rubia.) England.Studien over de bodemkunde van Nederlandsch-Indie. Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Buru-Seram. UHP metamorphic terranes consist chiefly of transformed continental crust (otherwise could not return to shallow depths). p. (online at: http://library. UN ECAFE Min. etc'. Ser. Engdahl & W. Indon. P.wur.pnas. backfolding. p. Spec. Dorian. Southeast Asian Earth Sci. (3) buoyancy-driven return to midcrustal levels of thin (2-15 km thick). P.com July 2012 . Regional Working Group. 1-373. (4) uplift. Festschrift zur Feier des 75 jahrigen Bestehens des Vereins. In: P. Res. (Volume 2 of 'The Sunda-Expedition of the Frankfurt Geographic Society. Lombok. vol. 10th Bienn. 2. 9532-9537. 933. 33-44. p.

(1970). Kon. Late Jurassic ocean lithosphere N of N Australian craton was capable of entraining large volumes of continental lithosphere. Flenley. Meded. (In montane areas in Sunda-Sahul region Upper Montane rainforest appears to be absent in Late Pleistocene.R. (Voluminous K. I. (online at: http://www.H.Earthquake mechanisms and island arc tectonics in the Indonesian-Philippine region. dipping zone of earthquakes and zone of negative gravity anomalies as recently identified by Vening Meinesz. Deepwater and Frontier Exploration in Asia & Australia Symposium. 677-685. America 60. R. Aardrijksk. (1972). Proc. 405-412 (Subduction of old continental lithosphere to depths of >100 km under Banda arc suggested by tomographic images and isotope signatures in arc volcanics.G.Philippine region. (‘On the indirect relationship between volcanism and Vening Meinesz’ belt of negative gravity anomalies in E Indies’) Escher.pdf) (Pre-plate tectonics paper exploring the apparent relationships between belts of active volcanoes. Rev.Plate convergence. Martin commerative volume. p. Soc.Problems of the Quaternary on mountains of the Sunda-Sahul region.A.) Proc. Leidsche Geol.-Indie en de strook van negatieve anomalie van Vening Meinesz. Indon. p.D. Umbgrove & P. van Bergen (2010). Kon. Res. In the 1950's/ 1960's these understood to be expressions of Benioff/ subduction zones) Escher.. consistent with massive accretionary complex on Timor island.com July 2012 .. DFE04-PO-006.dwc. Timor tomographic images indicate island not directly above N margin of N Australian craton. 6. Petrol. p. 748p.P. B. 15.Feestbundel uitgegeven ter eere van Prof.. Wetensch.nl/DL/publications/PU00016465. J.On the relation between the volcanic activity in the Netherlands East Indies and the belt of negative gravity anomalies discovered by Vening Meinesz. p. & P.H. (1933). J. Nederl. p. Dr. van der Vlerk. (eds. 4432-4460. (1999). transcurrent faults and internal deformation adjacent to southeast Asia and western Pacific.1 18 www. (1933). Bull.G. Gen. Akad. Lett. (New GETECH processing method ERS-1 and GEOSAT satellite gravity recovers gravity anomalies with wavelengths down to 10 km) Fainstein. Possible explanation involves delamination within continental crust. Nederl. 727-740. p. 1431-1444. summarizing ‘state of the art’ of paleontology and stratigraphy in the Netherlands East and West Indies. Fitch. BGS Technical Report. J.D. 2. 50.. M.vangorselslist. J. SEAPEX meeting. Jakarta. T. (2). 36. Sci. WC/94/60. C. B. Quat. p. Fairhead.J.. Martin 1851-1931.knaw. Earth Planet.G. T. (1998). Noble et al. 5. Geophys. 297.Subduction of continental lithosphere in the Banda Sea region: combining evidence from full waveform tomography and isotope ratios. In: R. I.F. 549-555. With listings of species and fossil localities and stratigraphy) Evans. James & R. Brett. 7p.A new global satellite gravity dataset for screening and evaluating offshore basins in S. T. Molnar (1970). J. Amsterdam. Sci. Res.Over het indirecte verband tusschen het vulkanisme in Ned.E. Seismol. K. (One of first papers applying ‘new plate tectonics’ concepts to Indonesia) Fitch. Holmes (1995). C. Asia. B.. 565-591. De Wit & M.Shallow seismic reflection profiles from the waters of east and southeast Asia: an interpretation manual and atlas. Kuenen (1931). J.J. Singapore 1998. separating upper from lower crustal units. Estimates of temperature lowering in Late Pleistocene strikingly greater in mountains than in lowlands) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. 77.Focal mechanisms along inclined earthquake zones in the Indonesia. Fichtner. Geophys.4. Tijdschr. Somerton &G.C.Deep water exploration off Southeast Asia.Escher. 75.W.J. p. with evidence from Pb isotopes for lower-crust involvement in arc volcanism) Fitch.M. Assoc. Gifford (2004). A.

tectonics and eustasy: sea level changes at active margins. M.vangorselslist. In: Proc. Rev.000.. suggesting negative dynamic topography and heatflow anomalies due to basin formation above slab burial grounds) Garwin.Cenozoic tectonic and depth/age evolution of the Indonesian gateway and associated back-arc basins. (Reconstruction of tectonics and depth history of Indonesian seaway and associated SE Asian back-arc basins. 79-89.R. L. S. Keynote Papers. Assoc. Soeparjadi (1976). R. & M. McCaffrey. wrench and suturerelated basins) Gaina C.M.Fletcher. 288-295. Offshore South East Asia Conf.Petroleum geology of SE Asia. (Genetic classification of 63 SE Asia basins.. Sedimentol.S. Three major plate reorganizations at ~45. Calais et al. Conv. p. Indon.. Malaysia. Matthews & R.Indonesia's Tertiary basins.A. accompanied by negative regional heatflow anomalies.J. R. p. Bock. Int. 1-27. Proc. Y.) Sedimentation. backarc. CD-ROM Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Ann. p. 9th Ann. 83.S. MacDonald (ed. Twenty major arcs and several less extensive Cenozoic arcs form complex border to Sundaland core and N margin of Australian continent. and Solomon Sea (42-33 Ma) S of S. Garwin. A. Gage.4. with Caroline (37-24 Ma) and Celebes Seas (48-35 Ma) opening N of N. Multiclient study.. related to relocation of subduction zone NW of Australia under Philippine Sea plate due to collision and accretion of old Pacific plate material to N-subducting Australian plate.Digital geologic map of East and Southeast Asia. Spec. basins and hydrocarbon plays) Fugro-Robertson (2008).. (1996). 427p..L. suggesting mantle-driven dynamic topography.Eurasia convergence appears to occur as N-ward translation of Banda Arc. SEAPEX 1976. p. 100th Anniv. (Gold and copper deposits in SE Asia and W Pacific largely in M-L Cenozoic (25–1 Ma) magmatic arcs. (1996).000. Hall & Y. Paper 8. All marginal seas N of Australia formed in back-arc setting.1 19 www. characterized by collisional events that changed plate boundaries and motions.com July 2012 . with shortening on Flores and Wetar thrusts) Geological Survey of Japan (2004). 891-930. Earth Sci. Digital Geoscience Map Series G-2. Soc. 1: 2. S.M. 177-203. Timor Trough now inactive. J. Tomography shows marginal basins with negative dynamic topography underlain by massive buried slab material. p. p.W.Rates and magnitudes of Late Cenozoic vertical movements in the Indonesian Banda Arc and the distinction of eustatic effects. I: Text. Singapore.Murphy (eds. another 35 remains to be found. Assoc.I. Most of Australia. p. Negative anomalous depth of several back-arc basins is ~650-800 m (range 300-1100 m).F. Fraser. (Good collection of papers on SE Asia tectonics. Several major tectonic events N of Australia at ~45 Ma. Geol. 126.) (1997). (Good overview of geology and hydrocarbon plays in Indonesian Tertiary basins) Fortuin. Econ.Exploration opportunity screening: Eastern Indonesia-Papua New Guinea.E. Tectonics 15. London. Four of 11 recognized basin types contain 84% of all SE Asian oil: ocean margin. Publ.dipping subduction zone. S. 1-54.dipping subduction. Conference. geology and gold and copper mineralization in Cenozoic magmatic arcs of Southeast Asia and the West Pacific.Southeast Asian basin-types versus oil opportunities. and 5 Ma..the land of plenty. (GPS measurements show Australian continent has accreted to Banda arc. In: D. E. 2nd ed. Geol. Vol. Wing (1980). & R.000 years) Genrich.Accretion of the southern Banda Arc to the Australian plate margin determined by global positioning system measurements. vol. de Smet (1991). Geol. & D. G. Muller (2007). Spec. Geol.. 25. A. Hydrothermal systems active for durations of <100. Watanabe (2005). Publ. 124-147. 9.The settings and styles of gold mineralisation in Southeast Asia. Petrol. Over 35 billion bbl oil found. vol. & R.Tectonic setting. II: Enclosures. Most deposits developed during episodes of plate reorganization.J. Soc. 12.

Granath.J. 335p. Harrington & M. Armidale.4. J. E. Tectonophysics 181.com July 2012 . R. 199-208. Untung (1979).M. Lett. Bandung 1999 (Abstract only?) (Indonesian archipelago often divided into E and W parts. and similar rocks from Sumatra.Overriding plate controls spatial distribution of megathrust earthquakes in the Sunda-Andaman subduction zone. p.Were South-East Asia and Indonesia parts of Gondwanaland ? Nature Phys. Cretaceous of Timor. (1974). a transition between Eurasian W Indonesia and Pacific.D. P. Eastern Indonesia. Yoshioka & K. 58. Serpentinized mantle wedge would limit width of coupling zone to 30–40 km. Oike (1990)-Three-dimensional numerical simulation of the subduction dynamics in the Sunda arc region. of New England.F. Christ et al. H. Marine Geol.D. p.S. Proc. J.Bouguer gravity anomaly map of Indonesia.A.Tertiary tectonic compilation in a GIS for Indonesia. Green. (1995).Tectonics and oil prospects of the Moluccas..source and transport by ocean currents. 223-255. Assoc. (Older. H. (Summary of 1:5M map. 345-351. (E Indonesia tectonic blocks in GIS format) Green. (1973).. A. Geol. Gingele. J.Bouguer gravity map of Indonesia.. Univ. Burrett (1973). Petrol. map not included) Grevemeyer. New subdivision proposed here. oblique subduction of young oceanic crust shifts seismogenic coupling zone roughly 40 km trenchward offshore of N Sumatra and increases width of locked megathrust. & V. typically intensely folded and associated with turbidites and ophiolites. & C. incl.. Guntoro. Southeast Asia. Boundary between W and C Indonesian Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v..S. Malaysia 6. Soc. p.Clay mineral distribution in surface sediments between Indonesia and NW Australia. p. Indon. compared to N120 km off Sumatra. p. Adkins. 157206. while shallow mantle wedge may limit violence of rupture off Java) Gribi E.A new propose of geological division in the Indonesian archipelago from tectonic evolution point of view. 251. SEAPEX 1973 Conf. p. Sci. 23-30. J..Tectonic evolution and crustal structure of the Central Indonesian region from geology. JurassicCretaceous of E Sulawesi and Triassic of Malay Peninsula.. 179. A. Hillenbrand (2001).vangorselslist. 245. R. Adkins. 267-280. Conv. (2001). In: FOSI 1st Regional Seminar: Tectonics and sedimentation of Southeast Asia.R. I. 135-146. F. H. Tiwari (2006). Sumatra remains therefore most vulnerable for future megathrust earthquakes. Triassic and Cretaceous of Seram. (1999). Geol. descriptions of ?Jurassic Danau Fm and Cretaceous Lupar Fm of Borneo. p. gravity and other geophysical data.X. 11-16. (1958).Radiolarian cherts and associated rocks in space and time. with boundary in Makassar Straits and Lombok Strait. Bull. Australia.Ghose. (Review of radiolarian cherts worldwide. p. De Deckker & C. Ph. Thesis University College London. introducing C Indonesia Province. Proc.J. (Thermal models and structural constraints derived from seismic and gravity data used to explain seismogenic behaviour in Sunda subduction zone.Petroleum geology of the Moluccas. Eastern Indonesia.W. Helv. S. 1-4. Grunau. Radiolarian cherts typical deep water 'geosynclinal' deposits (mainly Tethys eugeosyncline). Harrington & M. Eclog.1 20 www. Prominent positive gravity anomaly offshore Java caused by shallow mantle wedge underlying forearc basin. J. Singapore. 92-93. 1.A. Untung (1981). 28th Ann. broad overview of potential hydrocarbon plays in E Indonesia) Griffiths. As already concluded by Molengraaf (1909) these are remnants of former ocean basins) Guntoro. Earth Planet. With respect to Java. R. Gribi. Tectonophysics 71. Sci.Australasian related elements of E Indonesia. p.R.

(No data on Banggai-Sula. Kuala Lumpur. Proc. 2.) Implications of continental drift to the earth sciences. 2546. Boundary between C and E Indonesia at Paleogene subduction complex accreted to this margin.The recognition of former subduction zones in Southeast Asia.H. R. 1975. Thesis University of Utrecht. (2004). p. Teh (ed. N. M. Tarling & S.. fore arcs and magmatic arcs and subsequent opening of Makassar Strait) Guntoro. Spec. Barber & S. 35-46. 39-44.D. In: G. 3. B08401. 81-87. (Summary of paleomagnetic results from Borneo. E. Am.regions is Pre-Tertiary subduction zone at SE Eurasian margin. Res. p. p. Wortel.) The geology and tectonics of Eastern Indonesia. Dev. W.Modelling the seismic velocity structure beneath Indonesia: a comparison with tomography. but within margin of error. p. 449-460. mainly on Western Tethys) Haile. Buiter. GEOSEA '98. Geol.S. 2.R. CCOP Workshop Paleomagnetic Research in E and SE Asia. J. (1981). 885892. N.S.S. SW Sulawesi E Cretaceous radiolarian chert formed at ~3° and.J. Malpas et al.H. Reg. In: M. In: J. Tectonophysics 333. Sulawesi. SE Asia. 111.) Ophiolites: oceanic crustal analogues. p. S.C. (Generally good agreement between modeled tomography velocity structure and Rangin (1999) and Lee & Lawver (1995) plate reconstructions) Hafkenscheid. Geoph.S. Centre. Bijwaard (2001). Hall. marked by Selayar-Bonerate Ridge. Seram) Haile.The effect of collision of the Banggai-Sula microcontinent to the tectonic development in Central Indonesian region.W. M. In: D. SEAPEX Proc.Subduction-related ophiolite terrains: evidence from southeast Asia. Timor. Geol. Sumatra. Geol. (Ph.) Paleoreconstruction of the continents.H. doi:10. Runcorn (eds. focused around W Borneo. Min. may have rotated 30-40° anticlockwise since Jurassic.J. Academic Press. (Tomography.Subduction of the Tethys oceans reconstructed from plate kinematics and mantle tomography.Subduction history of the Tethyan region derived from seismic tomography and tectonic reconstructions. Sumba. Geol. London. 43.S. Similar cherts from E arm Sulawesi formed at 42°S) Haile. Proc. 1987. 103-111. N.. Geoph.4. Publ. p. Geodyn. McElhinny & D. (1976).Progress report on paleomagnetic research in Southeast Asia. (1973).J.Paleomagnetic evidence and paleotectonic history and paleogeography of eastern Indonesia.Malay Peninsula) Haile. Survey Cyprus. (1990). W. p.A. Ultraiectana 241. p. Union. 33-36. Briden (1983). with Kalimantan and Malay Peninsula. Ser.The regional implications of paleomagnetic research in Southeast Asia. (Early paper on plate tectonics application in SE Asia. Geol. Malaysia Bull. Sumatra. Res.) Proc. E. Haile. Timor Permian Cribas Fm higher paleolatitude (34°) than Maubisse Fm (27°). Kuala Lumpur 1982.com July 2012 . Spakman (2006).Eocene site of complex subduction. Haile.Past and future paleomagnetic research and tectonic history of East and Southeast Asia. Bone Bay rifting in S Sulawesi attributed to Banggai-Sula collision) Hafkenscheid. 1-26. N. (eds. Wortel. p.vangorselslist. C Indonesian region Cretaceous. & J. (1978). 129-135.Valencio (eds. E.K. Res. N. (1999).R. online) Hafkenscheid. A.Paleomagnetism of Southeast and East Asia. (Seram 74° anticlockwise rotation since Late Miocene. 2. Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v.S. 191p. Spakman & H. Conf. Soc. p. vol. N.J.1 21 www. Bandung. In: A. Wiryosujono (eds. separating Flores and Banda Seas. (1981).1029/2005JB003791.

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vangorselslist. In: Gravity expeditions at sea. and are all part of dissected Cretaceous-Eocene oceanic basin (Banda Sea age now commonly accepted to be Late Miocene. 2. Vening Meinesz (1934). 7.. (LESTARI) and CCOP. Newly identified magnetic reversal ages. 2.. & L. (1936).Slab detachment of subducted Indo-Australian plate beneath Sunda arc. First paper to suggest trenches with their negative anomalies are site of seafloor 'downbuckling'. Vol. p. Leman. T. etc. 57-92.4. 216p. nothing new) Lebedev.Die Geologie von Niederlandisch-Indien. Y. Meded. previously interpreted as trapped oceanic basin which was once continuous with Late Jurassic Argo abyssal plain (Bowin et al.com July 2012 . Part I. J. (online at: http://www.pdf) (Proposed geological monuments in Indonesia) Landenberger. ('The geology of Netherlands Indies. E. p. Meded. P. Includes overview of earlier tectonic syntheses of region) Kuenen.ias. Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. & G. suggest Celebes and Sulu Seas may have been continuous with Banda basin. Netherlands Geodetic Commission. Leidsche Geol. Sci. Utrecht. from 105°E to 116°E) and in-depth of 300–500 km. Indonesia. 124 p. J. but clearly shows negative anomalies outlining accretionary wedge belts. 1. Geoph.th/download/pub/CCOP-geoheritage-book.H. Res. Umbgrove & F. 51-54. later understood as subduction) Kundu. B. (2008). Volcanoes. Inst. well before collision of Australian continental mass)) Kusumahbrata. geology and morphology of the East Indian Archipelago.The negative isostatic anomalies in the East Indies (with experiments). 169-214.Eocene oceanic crust? Nature 322. Leidsche Geol. 6074. 8. Stuttgart.Geoheritage of Indonesia. 5.or. nebst einem kurzen Anhang Die Geologie der Philippinen.). (online at www. etc. 149-180. 1923-1932. Hinschberger et al.Geological interpretation of the bathymetrical results. (Sandbox compressional deformation modeling of crustal buckling) Kuenen. (One of first Indonesia-wide gravity anomalies maps.ac. 108. Gahalaut (2011). p.A. Alam Sekitar Pemb. (eds. Schweizerbart Verlag. & R. S. p.. (1922).K. P.Y. Gunung Api. P.ccop. (1935). 1-2. Lawver (1994). 106-194. McCabe (1986). 2048.Cenozoic plate reconstruction of the South China Sea region. etc. (Descriptions and interpretations of E Indonesia seafloor morphology..S. p.H.Kuenen.1 35 www. (Banda basin underlain by oceanic crust. & V. heatflow data. et al. Kemink.H. p.) (2008). 193-204.Upper mantle beneath Southeast Asia from S velocity tomography. C. Tectonophysics 235.The Banda-Celebes-Sulu Basin: a trapped piece of Cretaceous.Contributions to the geology of the East Indies from the Snellius expedition. Early overview of Indonesia geology for travelers.in/jess/apr2011/193.Geoheritage of East and Southeast Asia.H. II: The interpretation of the results. (1935). J.pdf) (Patterns of seismicity. Serua and Tidore) Kuenen.H.A.F. In: M. HvG) Lee. Nolet (2003). B1.Gravity.Pliocene (Hamilton 1979. (Brief descriptions and sketches of volcanoes on E Java. p. seismic tomography and geochemistry of arc volcanoes reflect horizontal slab tear in the subducted Indo-Australian slab beneath Sunda arc. with a short chapter on the geology of the Philippines'. 273-334. In: The Snellius Expedition in the eastern part of the Netherlands East Indies (1929-1930). Earth Syst. Geological Results. P. Control density is limited. p. Lee. maximum positive anomalies for oceanic basins. Interaction of spreading centre with Sunda arc in E Tertiary probably nucleated small horizontal tear on slab and slab detachment process dominated beneath E Java arc after 20 Ma (E Miocene) but before 10 Ma (Late Miocene). 2001). 120.

Soc. Late Tertiary (~6.ccop. Feestbundel Martin. Reeedman & C.com July 2012 . Tectonophysics 251. 52 p.Cenozoic plate reconstruction of Southeast Asia.The Tertiary. Conv.Structure of sedimentary basins in Eastern Asia. probably from M Eocene. Sopaheluwakan (1997). (Reconstructions of SE Asia region from 60. P de Clarens. possible remnants of Molucca Sea Plate outcrop in E arm of Sulawesi and Obi Island. M Miocene. Helmers & J. Example of the eastern Sunda shelf (Indonesia). Londono. & L. Opening of C Thailand basins. Petrol. W.Recent folding/ inversion/ thrusting. Geol. transcurrent.vangorselslist.Geodynamics of continental plate collision during late Tertiary foreland basin evolution in the Timor Sea: constraints from foreland sequences. W of Burma block.. p. Assoc. Berthon (1983). as inferred from biogeographic patterns and thermal evolution of Miocene equatorial Pacific waters) Lloyd. 320p. Gulf of Thailand. 341-362. 37-54. Impact between Greater India and SE Asia in NW part of SE Asia. etc. Amiruddin et al. L. Tectonophysics 281.th/download/pub/CCOP-geoheritage-book.1 36 www. Martin memorial volume) Linthout. T. NW Borneo. Meded. Desautels.000.Halmahera area) Letouzey.pdf) (Book describing geological monuments and proposed monuments in Indonesia and other Asian countries) Letouzey.Geoheritage of East and Southeast Asia. Lorenzo (2004). (N Banda-Molucca area at junction of three converging plates. (online at www. (Cross sections through E Asian basins S China Sea. M. 377-384. p.. 143-156.Early Miocene extension with graben fill. p. Inst.S.M. Philippines. reverse faults prolong Sorong fault.9-7. Petrol. 1-4. S of Halmahera several sinistral. p. p.S. Tectonophysics 183.5-1. and Malay Basin require dextral megashear zone to compensate relative motion between Indochina and Malay Peninsula.M. Koch. J. & J.) Letouzey J. (Miocene shallowing and closure of Indonesian Seaway between Indian Ocean-Pacific related to plate-tectonic developments at S margins of Banda Sea.M. & I. Muller (1988). 12th Ann.. a quiescent period. (Three main Cenozoic tectonic periods: Paleogene. 1-2. K.A. elastic flexure and normal faulting. Tulsa. Proc. J. Assoc. a mosaic of remnant and active island arcs and continental and oceanic fragments. Letouzey.. Normal faulting related to bending implies some Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. M. as consequence of oblique collision between Eurasian and Australian plates. Tectonophysics 392. (Modeling of flexure of Australian NW margin as result of Timor collision. van der Vlerk (1931). GEOSEA ’98. and Kalimantan should extrude to SE along left-lateral Mae Ping and Three Pagodas fault zones as suggested by Peltzer and Tapponnier (1988). Pei (2008). Singapore 1988. Good cross-sections Seram. 5. J.introductory notes. Am.Molucca area from multi-channel seismic reflection data. SEAPEX Proc. Marty (1990). Sage & C..which may extend into W Kalimantan and serve as boundary between Indochina block and Kalimantan) Leman.. 17-30.Structure of the North Banda. Geol. Bull. (Overview of Tertiary formations and correlations across the Indies in K.4. From deep Salawati basin to N Buru large tectonic zone with mud diapirs delimited. 7th Offshore SE Asia Conf. p. Malaysia 43.Geological and structural maps of eastern Asia. 611-648. Due to collision. In: Stratigraphie van Nederlandsch Oost-Indie.L. Malay Peninsula. (1999). P.. Lawver (1995). Many folds on E Sunda Platform are inversions of Paleogene grabens) Leupold. p. + 3 map sheets 1: 2.or. Proc. Muller (1988). D. H. Backarc and intraplate compressive deformations. (LESTARI) and CCOP.Late Miocene obduction and microplate migration around the southern Banda Sea and the closure of the Indonesian Seaway.5 Ma history of shallowing and closure of Indonesian Seaway. Alam Sekitar Pemb.Fault reactivation and structural inversion. Proc.. p. Werner & A. so no reason to assume Sumatra. J. NW-SW late Neogene thrusts and anticlines in NE part of S Halmahera. J. Indon.E Miocene. 85138.Chasing channel sands in Southeast Asia.. P. 8.500.5 Ma. Leidsche Geol. 63-68. Model good agreement with 9. & C. Guignard & J.6 Ma) foreland basin subsidence of Australian lithosphere propagates from SW to NE in Timor Sea. R.Y. A.Lee.

1. 1458.Island arcs. (2000).J. deep-sea trenches. with onset of extension in S China Sea and the failed rift system of Makassar Straits. Conf. Sulawesi and Timor areas. Geol. C. Assoc.M. Physics Solid Earth 44. p. Abstracts. & R.inelastic yielding. Hall (2002). AAPG Int. (Criteria to distinguish between wrench and compressional faults. 5. p. rotations creating Malay Basin and inversion along Sunda Arc ending the rifting in these basins. Hall (1999). Paleogene evolution mainly driven by M Eocene plate re-organisation caused by India-Eurasia collision. Russian Acad. 1999.A. Indon. Petroconsultants. (Tertiary tectono-stratigraphic evolution of SE Asia fourr phases: (1) 50-43. Mining Metallurgy. deep-sea trenches and seismofocal zones of Indonesia differ from those of Pacific ring proper) Lunt. Shevchenko (2008).Tectonic controls of geochemical evolution in arc magmatism of SE Asia. p. (1980).vangorselslist.com July 2012 . 63-70. and wrench structures in Pungut/ Tandun fields in C Sumatra) Lukk.New Guinea (Lacazinella) realms) MacPherson. Fraser. 84. Longman.Southeast Asian Tertiary carbonate reservoirs.Biogeography of some Eocene larger foraminifera.Timing and tectonic controls in the evolving orogen of SE Asia and the western Pacific and some implications for ore generation. resulting in extension in adjacent fore-arc and back arc areas. Extrusion Tectonics also fails to explain origin of backarc basins of Sumatra and Java.M. p. (eds. Publ. London Spec. (1997).W. initially due to opening of S China Sea and later due to effects of extrusion tectonics) Longley. Petrol. 9. S. Malay Basin..D.Extrusion tectonics. I. p. p.G. Blundell et al. (2002). (2) 43. SEAPEX Proc. Lowell. Pal. NE Java. June 2002.Wrench vs. & V. 2. MacPherson. Soc. 85-118. Flexural models indicate at least 570 km of Australian plate was flexed. 311-340. Matthews & R. Australian Inst. Geol.M. producing second phase of rifting. together with rotation of Sumatra resulted in extensive structural inversion) Longley. A.4. compressional structures with application to Southeast Asia. 359.htm) (Eocene larger foram assemblages can distinguish between Asian-Pacific-Mediterranean (Pellatispira-Assilina) or Australian. & R.give it up ! . (Abstract only) (In Paleogene SE Asia experienced rift phase with no significant transtension or transpression. 4th PACRIM Congr.org/paleo/2003_2/geo/issue2_03. suggesting island arcs. with extrusion tectonics as Neogene modifier to basins formed by Paleogene rifting. Exhib.368. Murphy (eds. Electronica 6. p.1 37 www.J. similarity and distinctions. (3) 32-21 Ma): first phase of seafloor spreading in S China Sea.5-32 Ma: termination of oceanic subduction beneath the IndiaEurasia collision zone caused plate reorganization. With examples of compressional faults in Kawengan. Model suggests all Tertiary rotations in SE Asia are clockwise. Major collisions in NW Borneo.1-22. (online at http://palaeoelectronica. 16-19. and their application in distinguishing geological plates. J. Soc.I.The tectonostratigraphic evolution of Southeast Asia. I. 126. AAPG Bull. M. primarily by tectonic loading of Timor Island and at least 100 km of plate subducted) Longley. Publ. 2 vols. etc. Sci. C. (2003).) The timing and location of major ore deposits in an evolving orogen. In: A. In: D. and seismofocal zones of Indonesia and the Pacific Ocean. Izvest.) Petroleum Geology of Southeast Asia. London Spec. First major collision of Luconia Shoals block with subduction system along NW Borneo margin. (Non-plate tectonic interpretation. Newsletter. p. 49-67.5 Ma: Start of India-Eurasia collision caused reduction in convergence along Sunda Arc subduction system.it does not explain the Tertiary evolution of SE Asia. 204.Extrusion collusion and rotational confusion in SE Asian tectonic models. (Review of SE Asia tectonics and associated mineral deposits) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Proc.G. (1993).J. P. (4) 21–0 Ma: cessation of first phase of seafloor spreading inS China Sea caused by collsion of Baram block with NW Borneo subduction system. I.

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(3) collision of Bird’s Head microcontinent with Papua at 10 Ma (Late Miocene) creating Lengguru foldbelt. PITIAGI2006-036.Sumbangsih eksplorasi minyak dan gas bumi terhadap pengetahuan geologi Indonesia: data dan pandangan baru geodinamika Indonesia. (2009). Andaman Sea. Meso-Tethys (Jurassic opening. p. and Timor-Tanimbar uplifts may be caused by isostatic exhumation of once subducted microcontinents in collision zones. Publ. SE Sundaland accreted crustal masses include oceanic Meratus. (IAGI). (IAGI). and NatunaBelitung suture between SW Borneo and E Malaya terranes. between Sibumasu and Woyla terranes and MeratusBawean suture between SW Borneo/Schwaner and Paternoster-Kangean terranes.1 51 www. Slivering caused segmentation of E Java Sea basement to presently extend more E than should be) Satyana. Lombok. 2. (2010). IGCE10-OP-108. These crustal masses accreted to 'original' SE Sundaland (Schwaner Core) during 150-60 Ma (Late Jurassic. Ciletuh-Luk Ulo-Bayat subduction complex. Geol. A. (5) ~3 Ma N margin of Australian continent collision with Banda Island Arc) Satyana. Indon. (2009). In: Geologi Indonesia: dinamika dan produknya. Conv. in M Eocene. Flores Sea Islands. PIT-IAGI2010-205. Proc. all with lateral escape features: (1) collision of India to Eurasia at 50 or 45 Ma (E-M Eocene). Proc. Assoc. Compressional structures such as Samarinda Anticlinorium (E Kalimantan) and N Serayu fold-thrust Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Assoc. (2003). Flores Sea Islands. (Five major collisional events fashioned Cenozoic tectonics of Indonesia. Discussion of aspects of Indonesia tectonics and sedimentation. (2010). Res. HAGI-SEG Int. Makassar straits and Salawati Basin) Satyana.Post-collisional tectonic escapes: fashioning the Cenozoic history. (Sundaland made up of terranes or micro-plates from N Gondwanaland.H. Batui (E Sulawesi).Satyana. 10 p.H. Spec. 38th Ann. and continental Sumba Island. (IAGI). (2007). Ceno-Tethys suture is E Sulawesi Ophiolite Belt. A. parts of SE Sundaland rifted and drifted E and SE-ward slivering continent. Indon. opening of marginal seas of S China Sea.H.H. Paleo-Tethys (Devonian opening. (2006).vangorselslist. 33. linking E Malaya and Sibumasu terranes. Bandung. Dev.. 21p.4. Proc. Bali 2010.E Tertiary). Central Ranges of Papua. Java. Geol. IPA10-G-153. East Java Sea. W Sumatra. A. 32nd Ann. (4) 11-5 Ma Buton-Tukang Besi and Banggai-Sula microcontinents collision with E Sulawesi ophiolite. Conv. and Sumba Island. 1-26.H. Pekanbaru 2006. Proc. (IAGI) and 28th HAGI. continental Paternoster.com July 2012 . formation of Sundaland sedimentary basins. Gorontalo and Bone Basins) Satyana.Crustal structures of the Eastern Sundaland’s rifts. Semarang 2009. Assoc. 39th Ann. Assoc. (Same paper as above) Satyana. Geol. Geol. Uplifts in collision zones of Indonesia (Meratus (SE Kalimantan). BantimalaBarru-Biru subduction complex.Finding remnants of the Tethys Oceans in Indonesia: sutures of the terranes amalgamation and petroleum implications. Central Indonesia: geophysical constraints and petroleum implications. Geosci. Proc. A. Centre. (‘Contributions of oil and gas exploration towards the knowledge of Indonesia geology and geodynamics’. (Indonesia built by terranes rifted off Gondwana between Devonian and Paleogene. A. mid-Cretaceous closing): Takengon-Bandar Lampung. Conf. 31 p. Jakarta 2003.a companion to plate tectonics: cases of isostatic exhumation and gravitational sliding.H. Seimic sections across Makassar Straits. A.Accretion and dispersion of Southeast Sundaland: the growing and slivering of a continent. 35th Conv. (At several areas in Indonesia geologic phenomena can not be explained by plate tectonics only. marking suture between Banggai microcontinent and W Sulawesi terrane) Satyana. leaving five belts of sutures.. followed by escape of Sundaland SE-ward.H. A.Gravity tectonics in Indonesia. Proc. Assoc. (Discussion of M Eocene (~50Ma) and younger rift basins along E margin of Sundaland. Indon. 12p. Indon. Conv. Dispersed masses include SW Sulawesi through opening of Makassar Strait. Three successive Tethyan oceans opened and closed.Finding remnants of the Tethys Oceans in Indonesia: sutures of the terranes amalgamation. 34th Ann. Starting at ~50 Ma. Petrol. (2) 25 Ma (Late Oligocene) collision of oceanic island arc at S margin of Philippine Sea Plate collided with New Guinea. 26p. Indon. particularly E Kalimantan. Geol. Conv. M-L Triassic closing): Karimun-Bangka suture off NE Sumatra. 27p.

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Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1931)- De bicausaliteit der bodembewegingen. Natuurk. Tijdschrift Nederl.-Indie 91, 3, p. 363-413. ('The double causes of ground movements'. First unveiling of Van Bemmelen’s ‘undation theory’, a tectonic theory that is a variation of the oscillation-theory of Haarmann and never found much acceptance. Crystallization processes in upper mantle trigger uplift ('geotumors'), subsidence and outward flows to reestablish hydrostatic equilibrium) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1932)- De undatie-theorie (hare afleiding en toepassing op het westelijk deel van de Soenda boog). Natuurk. Tijdschrift Nederl. Indie 92, 1, p. 85-242. (Van Bemmelen’s ‘undation theory’ and its application to the W part of the Sunda orogenic arc). Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1932)- Nadere toelichting der undatie-theorie. Natuurk. Tijdschrift Nederl.-Indie 92, 2, p. 373-402. ('Clarifying comments on the undation-theory'. Reply to critical comments of Van Tuyn & Westerveld (1932)) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1933)- Versuch einer geotektonischen Analyse Sudostasiens nach der Undationstheorie. Proc. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Amsterdam, 36, 7, p. 730-739. (online at: http://www.dwc.knaw.nl/DL/publications/PU00016473.pdf) ('Attempt at a geotectonic analysis of SE Asia after the undation theory'. Possibly historically interesting, but otherwise very controversial interpretation of SE Asia tectonics) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1933)- Versuch einer geotektonischen Analyse Australiens und des Sudwestpazifik nach der Undationstheorie. Proc. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Amsterdam, 36, 7, p. 740-749. (online at: http://www.dwc.knaw.nl/DL/publications/PU00016473.pdf) ('Attempt at a geotectonic analysis of Australia and the SW Pacific after the undation theory'. Possibly historically interesting, but otherwise very controversial interpretation of Australia-Pacific tectonics) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1933)- Die Neogene Struktur des Malaysischen Archipels nach der Undationstheorie. Proc. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Amsterdam, 36, 10, p. 888-897. (online at: http://www.dwc.knaw.nl/DL/publications/PU00016473.pdf) (‘The Neogene structure of the Malay Archipelago after the undation theory’. Possibly historically interesting, but otherwise very controversial interpretation of Indonesia tectonics) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1935)- Over het karakter der jongteriaire ertsgangen in den vulkanischen binnenboog van het Soenda systeem.. Geol. Mijnbouw 14, p. 21-25. ('On the nature of the young Tertiary ore veins in the volcanic inner arc of the Sunda system') Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1935)- Uber die Deutung der Schwerkraft-Anomalien in Niederlandisch Indien. Geol. Rundschau 26, 3, p. 199-226. (‘On the significance of the gravity anomalies in the Netherlands Indies’. Belt of negative gravity anomalies identified by Vening Meinesz and explained by him as downwarping/ buckling of light sialic crust thought to be better explained with Van Bemmelen’s ‘undation theory’) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1938)- On the origin of the Pacific magma types in the volcanic inner arc of the Soenda Mountain System. De Ingen. in Nederl. Indie 5, 1, p. Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1938)- The distribution of the regional isostatic anomalies in the Malayan Archipelago. De Ingen. in Nederl. Indie, ser. IV, 5, 4, p. 61-67. Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1939)- Gravitational tectogenesis in the Soenda Mountain System. 17th Int. Geol. Congress, Moscow 1937, 2, p. 361-382.

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Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1940)- Bauxiet in Nederlandsch-Indië. Dienst Mijnbouw Nederl.-Indie, Verslagen en Mededeelingen betreffende Indische delfstoffen en hare toepassingen 23, 115 p. ('Bauxite in Netherlands Indies'. Lateritic weathering of probably basic igneous rocks lead to the formation of bauxite. Occurences in Netherlands Indies on Banka, Bintan, ) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1941)- Origin and mining of bauxite in Netherlands Indie. Econ. Geol. 36, 6, p. 630640. Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1949)- The geology of Indonesia. Government Printing Office, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, vol. 1, Geology, 732 p. (also 1970 reprint with updated references list) (Classic overview of pre-WWII knowledge of Indonesia geology. Still the most comprehensive compilation of geology of region. Excellent documentation of the state of knowledge of regional geology and stratigraphy of Indonesia at the end of the colonial period. Tectonic interpretations using the 'undation theory' model are controversial and outdated) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1949)- The geology of Indonesia. Government Printing Office, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, vol. 2, Economic geology, 265p. Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1949)- The geology of Indonesia. Government Printing Office, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, vol. 3, Plates. Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1950)- On the origin of igneous rocks in Indonesia. Geol. Mijnbouw 12, 7, p. 207-220. Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1950)- Gravitational tectogenesis in Indonesia. Geol. Mijnbouw 12, 12, p. 351-361. (Only vertical movements are result of endogenic forces. All other tectonic forces are reactions to gravitation) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1952)- De geologische geschiedenis van Indonesie. Van Stockum, Den Haag, 139 p. (‘The geological history of Indonesia’. Popular summary of Indonesia geological evolution) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1953)- Relations entre le volcanisme et la tectogenese en Indonesie. Bull.Volc., ser. II, 13, p. 57-62. (‘Relations between volcanism and tectonics in Indonesia’) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1954)- Mountain building; a study primarily based on Indonesia region of the world’s most active deformations. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 177 p. (Pre-plate tectonics text book on mountain building, primarily based on Indonesian geology. Interpreted mainly in terms of Van Bemmelen's controversial and outdated 'undation theory') Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1955)- L’evolution orogenetique de la Sonde (Indonesie). Bull. Soc. Belge Geol. Pal. Hydr. 64, 1, p. 124-152. (‘The orogenetic evolution of Indonesia’. Another overview of Indonesia tectonic evolution in terms of the preplate-tectonic ‘undation theory’) Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1961)- Volcanology and geology of ignimbrites in Indonesia, North Italy, and the USA. Geologie Mijnbouw 40, 12, 14 p. Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1965)- Mega-undations as the cause of continental drift. Geol. Mijnbouw 44, 9, p. 320333. Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1965)- The evolution of the Indian Ocean mega-undation (causing the Indico-fugal spreading of Gondwana fragments). Tectonophysics 2, 1, p. 29-57. Van Bemmelen, R.W. (1976)- Plate tectonics and the undation model. Tectonophysiscs 32, p. 145-182.

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(Final paper on Van Bemmelen's undation theory' first proposed by him in 1931, but never found acceptance, especially after the advent of plate tectonics theory) Van der Voo, R. (1993)- Paleomagnetism of the Atlantic, Tethys and Iapetus Oceans. Cambridge Univ. Press, 411 p. (Review of global paleomagnetic data, including Sibumasu, Borneo, E Indonesia, etc.. Misool-Timor probably not continuously part of Australian Plate: Misool paleolatitudes 10-20° lower than predicted if remained with Australia. Large rotations suggested for Cretaceous of Sumba and Timor) Van Es, L.J.C. (1919)- De tectoniek van de westelijke helft van de Oost Indische Archipel. Jaarboek Mijnwezen Nederl. Oost Indie 46 (1917), Verhand. 2, p. 15-144. (‘The tectonics of the western half of the East Indies Archipelago’. Synthesis of Western Indonesia geology as known in 1917) Van Es, L.J.C. (1918)- De voorhistorische verhoudingen van land en zee in den Oost-Indischen Archipel, en de invloed daarvan op de verspreiding der diersoorten. Jaarboek Mijnwezen Nederl. Oost Indie 45 (1916), Verhand. 2, p. 255-304. ('The prehistoric relationships of land and sea in the East Indies Archipeago and its influence on the distribution of the animal species'. Pliocene paleogeography of Indonesian archipelago) Van Gool, M., W.J. Huson, R. Prawirasasra & T.R. Owen (1987)- Heat flow and seismic observations in the northwestern Banda Arc. J. Geophys. Res. 92, B3, p. 2581-2586. (High heat flow values in centers of three basins in NW Banda Arc. Average in N Buru basin 161 mW/m2. Two small, N-S to NW-SE elongated subbasins in Lucipara basin 175 and 134, mW/m2, respectively. High heat flow in N Buru and Lucipara basins interpreted to be result of recent E-W strike-slip movement in NW Banda Arc) Van Hinte, J.E., T.C.E. van Weering & A.R. Fortuin (eds.) (1989)- Proceedings of the Snellius II Symposium, Geology and geophysics of the Banda Arc and adjacent areas, Jakarta 1987, vol. 1. Netherlands J. Sea Res. 24, 2-3, p. 93-381. Van Hinte, J.E., T.C.E. van Weering & A.R. Fortuin (eds.) (1989)- Proceedings of the Snellius II Symposium, Geology and geophysics of the Banda Arc and adjacent areas, Jakarta 1987, vol.2. Netherlands J. Sea Res. 24, 4, p. 383-622. Van Leeuwen, T.M. (1994)- 25 years of mineral exploration and discovery in Indonesia. J. Geochem. Explor. 50, 1-3, p. 13-90. (History of mineral exploration by foreign companies in Indonesia between 1967 and 1991. Four main phases: (1): 1967-1976) mostly investigations of mineral prospects previously identified by Dutch; (2) (1970-1975) extensive porphyry copper search in Sunda arc, W Sulawesi and central belt of Irian Jaya; (3) (1981-1988) extensive coal exploration in S and E Kalimantan; (4) (1984-1990) major gold rush, focused primarily on Cenozoic magmatic belts of Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Moluccas and Sunda arc) Van Tuyn, J. & J. Westerveld (1931)- Opmerkingen naar aanleiding der 'undatie theorie' van Bemmelen en hare toepassing op het westelijk deel van de Soendaboog. Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned. Indie 92, p. 341-372. (Critical review of Van Bemmelen’s new tectonic 'undation theory' and its application to the western part of the Sunda Arc) Vening Meinesz, F.A. (1930)- Maritime gravity survey in the Netherlands East Indies, tentative interpretation of provisional results. Proc. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Amsterdam, 33, p. 566-577. (online at: http://www.dwc.knaw.nl/DL/publications/PU00015922.pdf) (First account of Vening Meinesz' well-known shipboard gravity work. Principal feature discovered is a ~100 miles wide narrow strip of strong negative anomalies through whole archipelago (W of Sumatra, S of Java, islands of Timor, Tanimbar, Kei, Seram, then to North), bordered at both sides by fields of positive anomalies. With map of ship traverses and stations, and axis of negative gravity anomalies)

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Kuenen (1934). Vol. Bull. Jaarboek Mijnwezen Nederl. Proc. Indonesia 5.F. Includes brief paleontological reports by specialist paleontologists.M. (1932). 3.A. 278-293. 3. Umbgrove & Ph. Comm.php/dir/article_detail/275) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v.Vening Meinesz.Deep focus and intermediate earthquakes in the East Indies. p.dwc. F. Reconnaissances geologiques dan la partie orientale de l'archipel des Indes orientales neerlandaises. Gravity. (1940). F. Delft. 66. (online at: http://www. F. Wet.A.Indonesian archipelago.geological reconnaissance trips in the eastern part of the Netherlands East Indies archipelago’.go. + Atlas (‘Moluccas Report.De theorie van Wegener. America 65.com July 2012 .H..D. E.bgl. J. Wetensch. (Geophysical work in Netherlands Indies and other regions no clear data to support or negate the Wegener theory of continental drift) Vening Meinesz.Dynamics of continental deformation in Asia. Waltman. Soc. II. Ed. 56. 1-22. Shift of axis of Sunda-Banda trench minimum gravity zone between Sumba and Timor) Vening Meinesz.A. Geologische verkenningstochten in het oostelijke gedeelte van den Nederlandsch Oostindische Archipel. 112. Proc. the computations and the results.. and last of Verbek's voluminous reports on geology of parts of Indonesia. H.Molukkenverslag. Kon. R. Nederl. Netherlands Geol.Rapport sur les Moluques. Amsterdam 43. Batavia. 143-164..A. possibly also on Ambon and Babar. (1900).. Government Printing Office.Gravity expeditions at sea 1923-1932. F. (2010).id/publication/index. Geol. TriassicJurassic rocks and faunas similarities with Himalyas and Alps. Early summary of Verbeek (1908) book) Verbeek.knaw. Nederl. 197-207. ('Preliminary account of a geological trip through the eastern part of the Indies Archipelago'. p. The expeditions. geology and morphology of the East Indian archipelago. p.D.Th. Kon. H. Classic early geological reconnaissance survey of 250 islands in E Indonesia. 'Old schist formation' metamorphics rel. 844 p. Verbeek. (Early paper on belts of strong negative gravity anomalies and the theory of ‘crustal downbuckling’ (which came close to recognizing subduction)) Vening Meinesz. Vening Meinesz.Indonesian landforms and plate tectonics. ) Verbeek. 8. Permian present on Timor and adjacent islands.dwc. 453-457. Akad. 3-48. 109-194. 826p.Voorlopig verslag over eene geologische reis door het oostelijk gedeelte van den Indischen Archipel. Dong (2007). Kon. Netherlands Netherlands Geodetic Commision.pdf) Vening Meinesz.nl/DL/publications/PU00017410. (French edition of Verbeek (1908)) Vergnolle. Wetensch. (1954). I. M. (1939). Aardrijksk.A. Tijdschr. Geophys. (1908). Vol. Res. Delft. The interpretation of the results. Geol. J.1 67 www. F. etc.A. p. p.M.The earth's crust deformation in the East Indies..D.nl/DL/publications/PU00015922. Gen. Calais & L.knaw. Nederl. (online at: http://www. (online at: http://www. 855-865. + Atlas. Akad.M.esdm. R. p. Widespread marine Mesozoic sediments. (1946). p.Gravity expeditions at sea 1923-1932.pdf) (New regional isostatic gravity anomaly map of Indonesia. B11403. Extra bijvoegsel Javasche Courant 1900. (1908). R.vangorselslist. Amsterdam 49. Ged. J. widespread. (Another model of Asia tectonic plates relative horizontal motions from GPS measurements) Verstappen.4. p.a geophysical study. Oost-Indie 37 (1908). F.

F. Paris. obsolete tectonic model of Indonesia) Voris. Sci. C.Banda Block in Buton.Seismic isobaths in the East Indian Archipelago. S.J. J. O. W. 291-302. 1153-1167. 5. Tanimbar.. Timor and Kolonodale blocks detached from Gondwana in Jurassic. ('The Malay Archipelago: its framework and relation with Asia'. suffered opening of N and S Banda back-arc basins by Late Miocene. p. S.W.. (E Indonesia 3 main plates (Eurasian. All Gondwanan blocks collided with Eurasian active margin near Sulawesi. p. 420-437. Volz. (2000). Monnier (2010). en Meteor. J. and fault scarps are important geomorphic indicators of active plate tectonics) Villeneuve. Lucipara. p. 18. 22. IIA. Sinta Ridge). Buru. Soz. 120 p. (1930).J. p. Weltevreden. (2) BanggaiSula. Indo-Australian. R. M.. Geobanda-Group (1998). Greatest relief amplitudes near plate boundaries: deep ocean trenches at subduction zones and mountain ranges at collision belts. Living and raised coral reefs. (1912). H. And Atm.vangorselslist. river systems and time durations.P. Seram. Conf. p.K. AAPG Bull. Villeneuve. (4) E Pliocene collision Banggai Sula. Honthaas & C.M Pliocene and. Honthaas. Cornee. Rehault. (5) Late Pliocene collisions of Australia and Banda and Irian Jaya blocks.Geodynamic evolution of Eastern Indonesia from the Eocene to the Pliocene. Rehault. 178-204.The main steps of the geodynamic evolution of Eastern Indonesia since Upper Eocene times. Visser.Der Malaiische Archipel. Martini. Seram and Banggai-Sula blocks originated from W extension of PNG while Irian Jaya block is still linked to N Australian margin. Geophysik 53. S. C.. W. J. Halmahera from Pacific plate).W. p. 327. Magnet. Gondwana Res. Oligocene-E Miocene arc.Maps of Pleistocene sea levels in Southeast Asia: shorelines.Sulawesi. Phys. 84. H. Verhand. 4. J.Mediz. Timor with its Late Miocene calc-alkaline intrusions in N was part of Banda Arc before M Pliocene collision with Australia) Villeneuve. volcanoes. Rend. 264-275.4. S. Cornee. M. Seram and Banggai-Sula collided with Sulawesi between M Miocene. C. J. (1938). Tukang-Besi Ridge + Kur. J. J.W. trapped by convergence of Asian. S. Timor and Kolonodale (or Argo) blocks came from NW Australian margin. Timor and Kolonodale joined Eurasian margin by end Paleogene. Lucipara. Hinschberger. (2000). Albrecht. Philippine-Pacific). Honthaas et al. Batavia. Lucipara. Gerlands Beitr. Bellier. 1511. Seram and Bangga-Sula detached from PNG in Neogene. Ser. Burhannuddin. (Abstract). 389391. Observ.P. 42. In: The geodynamics of S and SE Asia (GEODYSSEA) Project. (3) Late Miocene extension with opening of N.Deciphering of six blocks of Gondwanan origin within Eastern Indonesia (South East Asia). Honthaas & W. M. 7 blocks (six from NE Gondwanan margin. p. Magn. Visser. Early.(Landforms in Indonesia resulted primarily from plate tectonics.A connection between deep-focus earthquakes and anomalies of terrestrial magmatism and gravity. Main events: (1) Late Eocene-Oligocene collision Banda block. (Rather simplistic series of maps from Australia to Sri Lanka to Taiwan showing areas of exposed land in IndoAustralian region during periods of Pleistocene when sea levels were below present day levels) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Cornee. Rehault. Earth Plan. Savu basins. Bellon. 9. Banda.1 68 www. Bali 2000.P. Rehault. Electr. C. Timor block moved S with S margin of S Banda basin and collided with N Australian margin in M Pliocene) Villeneuve.com July 2012 . (1937). Acad Sci. Gunawan. (2) E Miocene collision Lucipara Block (incl.On the distribution of earthquakes in the Netherlands East Indian Archipelago II. Biogeography 27. Gunawan (1998). J. P. Cornee.J. (3) Lucipara (S Banda Ridges. Visser.Tectonostratigraphy of the East Indonesian blocks. 19021926. 361-362. p. with E Miocene metamorphism event) and (4) Halmahera. Sitzungsber. Terr. (Geodynamic reconstruction based on evolution of 4 continental blocks. J. Compt. M. Banda. Tukang Besi). with Kolonodale. 5. Australian and Pacific plates: (1) Banda (= dismembered E Sulawesi. Kon. AAPG Int.E Sulawesi. Erlangen 44. sein Bau und sein Zusammenhang mit Asien. J.

S Sulawesi (Bantimala) and S Kalimantan (Meratus) mainly polymict clasts in muddy matrix. Wakita. 43. This margin surrounded by marginal sea. and deposition of sandstone. In: R.Y. Kim et al. Survey Indon. P.1 69 www. Dheeradilok et al.html) Wahju. p. K. (Early version of Wakita series of papers on Cretaceous accretionary complexes at SE Sundaland margin. Metcalfe (2005). Metals and Fuels 52. Geol. Teh (ed. siliceous shale (mixed radiolarians and detrital grains in hemipelagic setting) and shale.sandstone (sedimentation at or near trench of convergent margin).J.. GEOSEA '98. mixing with detrital clays to form hemipelagic siliceous shale. Asian Earth Sci.id/pbumi/index.) Tectonic Evolution of Southeast Asia. Accretionary wedge with fragments of oceanic crust. (Ancient accretionary wedges recognized by glaucophane schist. Volc. radiolarian chert and shale. limestone (ridge covered by reefs).Current status of mining in Indonesia.shale near trench of convergent margin. Stratigraphy and tectonic evolution in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific and IGCP 359 and IGCP 383.Cretaceous accretionary: collision complexes in central Indonesia. p.Coord. Oceanic plate subducted beneath arc from S.go. 201-218. Jiwo).Ocean plate stratigraphy in East and Southeast Asia. J. Geol. Kuala Lumpur. Van Bergen & E. 679-702. radiolarian chert (pelagic sediment). Sess. particularly Luk-Ulo melange complex in C Java and Bantimala Complex of S Sulawesi) Wakita. p. 158-166.Mesozoic melange formation in Indonesia. Collision exhumed very high pressure metamorphic rocks from deeper part of accretionary wedge) Wakita.) Proc. 6.) Proc.Cretaceous subduction. In: P. Publ. p. P. Lithologic successions in different tectonic units similar and reflect ‘Oceanic Plate Stratigraphy’ sequence: birth of oceanic plate at oceanic ridge. 388-401. (http://www. (1996). Typical ‘Ocean Plate Stratigraphy’ (OPS) from old to young: pillow basalt (birth of oceanic plate at mid-ocean ridge).Geothermal resources in Indonesia. Banda Ridges = ‘Pacific’ New Guinea and Sumba= Sundaland) VSI (Volcanological Survey Indonesia) (2005). Common blocks of metamorphic and ultrabasic rocks derived from blocks exhumed following microcontinent collision) Wakita. (eds. Comm. K. Coastal Offshore Geosc. 1. with immature volcanic arc at periphery. 24. Bacan= North Australia. J. accretion and collison along the southeastern margin of Sundaland. (Cretaceous mélange in C Java (Luk Ulo). glaucophane schist. (eds.) Proc. S and C Sulawesi and S Kalimantan(Meratus. 739-749. Soc. E and SE Asia (CCOP). 18. carrying microcontinents detached from Gondwanaland. J. K. Tsukuba 1995. B. C Java (Karangsambung. as shown in example of Luk-Ulo Melange of C Java.J. (2000). Bangkok.vsi. (2004). p. calcilutite sedimentation at flank of volcanic islands. 445-453. Conf. limestone. radiolarian chert and melange. Mines. (1997). 19-30. Asian Earth Sci. Soc.. In: G. M. & I. London.com July 2012 . Laut) reflect Cretaceous convergent SE margin of Sundaland craton.vangorselslist.N. K. Progr.Vroon. 106. Hall & D. (1999). formation of volcanic islands near ridge covered by reefs. Jurassic shallow marine allochthonous formation was emplaced by collision of continental blocks in Bantimala. In: S. with special reference to Jurassic melanges of Japan.Z.H. (Components of ancient accretionary complexes include pillow basalt.Oceanic plate stratigraphy and tectonics in East and Southeast Asia.Pb and Nd isotope constraints on the provenance of tectonically dispersed continental fragments in East Indonesia. K. Radiolarian biostratigraphy shows oceanic plate subduction occurred continuously along paleo-trench during Cretaceous) Wakita. Malaysia Bull. p. (Cretaceous accretionary complexes in W Java (Ciletuh). p. pelagic deposition of radiolarians on oceanic plate. Forde (1996). Radiolarian biostratigraphy useful for reconstruction of accretionary complexes.4. (Pb-Nd isotope signatures of igneous and (meta) sedimentary rocks from E Indonesia continental fragments help identify provenance areas: Ambon-Seram= southern New Guinea. Int. etc.esdm. Spec. p. S Sulawesi. (VSI) Geothermal Division. ultramafic rocks. Blundell (eds. 32nd Ann. Radiolarian biostratigraphy provides information on time and duration of ocean plate subduction) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v.

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Spec. 125. 23. p. p. Review of paleomag data suggests Sundaland can be divided into 3 domains with different rotation/ translation histories: Shan-Thai. 2515-2540. & L. Indochina. Soc. including S. Soc. Crowell. Australia.Cretaceous paleomagnetism of Indochina and surrounding regions: Cenozoic tectonic implications.1 82 www. Springer. Lee (2005). p.. J.C. (1996). Paper 370.Pre-Mesozoic ice ages: their bearing on understanding the climate system.Eurasia collision. Acharyya (1998). Geol.R. In: P. Geol. p.. Frakes (1971).C. Langkawi. 123. Science. Fortey & C. Area was part of Paleozoic Sibumasu Terrane. London. & S. (eds. Palaeogeogr.) Aspects of the geological evolution of China.Shan Thai block reveal complex intraplate deformations due to India. C. in contrast to deeper-water basin of N Perak. America 192. In: J. IV. A. p.js. (eds. (1999).A.4. J. p. (1986). Frakes (1971).The ending of the Late Paleozoic ice age during the Permian period.Late Palaeozoic glaciation of Australia. Crowell. H. J. (2007).A. ~1700 km). Geol. J. Crowell. & C. E AustraliaNew Guinea (spottily preserved isolated platforms. Soltan & S. 62-74.vangorselslist. (Paleomagnetic studies of Cretaceous volcanics and seiments from S Vietnam suggests minor S-ward displacement and insignificant rotation.Devonian of S Thailand and NW Peninsular Malaysia reassessed. C. J.P.T.L. P. 220-230. 79. with at least five biochores: Boreal. America Spec. (1993). China plate (Vietnam-Hunan.Cocks.A. 17.K.75-104. (1995).R. 226. Counterclockwise rotations recorded from Borneo and Malay Peninsula indicate complex tectonic evolution of SE Asian region) Cung. Soc.edu.vnu. Soc. Dorobek (2004). R. Scotese (2003). offshore Sundaland) Dagys. (Cambrian.115-155. ~2000 km) and Canning Basin (~400 km)) Crame J. Scholle et al. (Maximum palaeobiogeographic differention of Triassic brachiopods in Late Triassic. p. Asian Earth Sci. and mainland Kedah and Perlis. Mag. (online at: http://www. Cung.Geographic differentiation of Triassic brachiopods.Late Mesozoic bipolar bivalve faunas.A. Geol..S. Geol. (>7 Mid-Devonian ‘Great Barrier Reefs’.T. 106p. Earth Sci. Palaeogeogr.C. Timorhynchia) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Single depositional basin in shallow-water and cratonic areas of S Thailand.Late Paleozoic glaciation.A review of Lower and Middle Palaeozoic biostratigraphy in west peninsular Malaysia and southern Thailand in its context within the Sibumasu Terrane.. 149-170 Copper. Malpas et al. VNU J. their Cenozoic tectonic implications: a review. J. N.pdf) (Cretaceous paleomagnetic data from S China block confirms S China block has been relatively stable with respect to Eurasia since Cretaceous time. J. 209-230. p.Paleomagnetism of Cretaceous continental redbed formations from Indochina and South China. Bull. Burma (Myanmar) and SW China (part of Yunnan)) Conroy G.com July 2012 . 24.. Aust. 1.R. Cuneo.vn/e_4_07/B3.Permian phytogeography in Gondwana. Palaeoecol.C.A. Geol. 703-717. 273-287.. which also included C and N Thailand. Palaeoecol. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoclim. Geodynamics 26. Notal or Maorian and E Pacific. E part of peri-Gondwana Tethys with Misolia.) The Permian of Northern Pangea. Publ. since Cretaceous. peri-Gondwanian. & L. Berlin.M. Mem.Megareefs in Middle Devonian supergreenhouse climates. 100. 611-618. Crowell. p. Soc. Cretaceous paleomagnetic data from Indochina. America 82. N Tethyan. p.87.Break-up of the greater Indo-Australian continent and accretion of blocks framing South and East Asia. p. L.

(1973). (2002). p.Tectonic evolution of the India/Eurasia collision zone. N portion of NinetyEast ridge (NyR) major discontinuity for strain and velocity. p.) The Western Pacific: island arcs. (1996). Geobios 35. Eclog.1 83 www. p. & F. S. 83-92. p. 9.vangorselslist. strike-slip). Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. (Earliest Permian of most Gondwanan areas characterized by glacial deposits and cold-water marine faunas) Dickins. In: P. Austral. Int. J. 818-842. Bur.) Delescluse. Rundschau 85. p. Dickins (eds. L. 35-53. Palaeogeographic analysis for three Mesozoic high sea-level intervals (Toarcian. (1985). 163-169. Nairn (eds.. focal mechanisms and the boundaries of the Indian-Australian plate. p.E.E. we obtain convergence rate of 46 mm/ yr towards N18°E at epicentre of 2004 Aceh mega-earthquake. Dercourt & A.. geochemistry. Palaeoclim. M.com July 2012 . P. Maps do not include much of SE Asia) De Wever. Plenum Press. J. P.M.Palaeobiofacies and palaeobiogeography of Gondwanaland from Permian to Triassic.Problems of a Late Palaeozoic glaciation in Australia and subsequent climate in the Permian. Palaeoecol. 82. (Fourteen plate reconstructions and paleogeography maps of Tethys Oceans from mid-Permian-Tortonian. Suppl. Palaeogeogr.Jurassic evolution of Southern Hemisphere marine palaeobiogeographic units based on benthonic bivalves. (1992). (1993). 168. 1. Dercourt. (Latest Triassic.J. & F. 125. Rev. Dickins.4. 717-734. J. J. Azema & E. Tethyan Realm with Australian unit restricted to Late Triassic.M. Int. 2 . & N. S. J. p.Permian geology of Gondwana countries: an overview. 100.M.F. Vrielynck B. 986-1000.Radiolarians and Tethyan radiolarites from primary production to their paleogeography. In: J. Geol. Min. 89-94. Geol. J. marginal seas. p. etc.Seismicity.C. Baudin. Palaeoclim. Palaeogeogr. D.M. Helv. GauthierVillars. (b) during Cretaceous times often associated) De Wever. Siliceous marine phtanite family facies contains organic material and are blackish (vs red/green for radiolarite facies) and deposited generally in shallower environments. Predicted shortening in CIB and WB and extension near Chagos-Laccadive in agreement with deformation measured from plate reconstructions and seismic lines. Kimmeridgian and Cenomanian) show: (a) during Jurassic times siliceous deposits being closer to open ocean waters than organic-rich ones. Palaeoecol.Damborenea.Palaeogeography of radiolarites and organic-rich deposits in Mesozoic Tethys. 2.. Baudin (1996). Paris 307 p. shortening) and within Wharton Basin (WB.) The ocean basins and margins 8. Tokai Univ. Fourcade (1996). Dickins. Taking into account intraplate velocity field in vicinity of Sumatra trench. Chamot-Rooke (2007). p. J. Dickins. Cande & W.) The Tethys. Res. Press. (1985). 34. Geol.Late Palaeozoic glaciation. J. The Tethys Ocean.M. sometimes separate in space and time.M.earliest Cretaceous distribution of bivalves in S Hemisphere. (Siliceous and marine organic-rich deposits both result of high planktonic productivity.M. In: K. Dickins. Ricou & B.Atlas Tethys. Coleman (ed.Climate of Late Devonian to Triassic.5-8 Ma) Denham. Tokyo. Geophys. 310-326. p.E. Univ.. p. suggesting continuum of deformation since onset of intraplate deformation around 7. Pitman (1989). 51-71. (eds. Geoph. Nakawara & J. 185-197.Instantaneous deformation and kinematics of the India-Australia Plate. J. Palaeoenvironmental Maps. Western Australia Press. J.) (1993). Dewey. Geol. 267-318. S Pacific Realm with Maorian Province based on monotoid genera. (Present-day deformation distributed around Afanasy Nikitin Chain in Central Indian Basin (CIB. but sometimes associated.

located in equatorial realm near S China/ Khanka Terranes. Publ.F.early Aptian Austral Realm was initiated with first Gondwanan family. van Hinsbergen & T. (eds. Palaeobiogeogr. Kon. (Mainly mainland E Asia papers.) Origins and evolution of Antarctic biota. Proc. Wien. S. bivalve Eurydesma. & Phan Cu Tien (1997).Die marinen Reiche der Triasperiode. Second Indosinian orogenic phase at end-Carnian. often occurring with tillites along N margin of Gondwanaland in E Permian. Yin Hongfu et al.1 84 www.Ammonoid palaeobiogeography of the South Kitakami palaeoland and palaeogeography of eastern Asia in Permian to Triassic time. Extensive review of worldwide Triassic macrofaunas as known in 1916. Mediterranean. Yin et al. nothing on Indonesia) Diener. 18.Persistently low Asian paleolatitudes: implications for the India-Asia collision history. (1916). Zunyi. Spec. In: J. In: J. Elsevier. (eds.. (1993). In U Permian-Triassic a N shore of Gondwanaland can be traced with a southern sediment source. (Biogeographic analysis of Permian. Geol. J. 255p. Dev. Four ammonoid provinces in Permian: Boreal.. (1997). M.H. Cephalopods and corals from Timor limestones very similar to Alps) Dong-Li.. Dupont-Nivet.) Permian-Triassic Evolution of Tethys and Western Circum-Pacific.Late Palaeozoic and Early Mesozoic Circum-Pacific events and their global correlation. brachiopod Globiella and fusulinid Monodiexodina are cool climate flora/fauna. etc. 724-729 (in Japanese) Ehiro. 207-216.. Palaeoclim.. p. Utrecht. In: H. Howlett (1989). (2000). Himalayan and Andean.Gondwana Antarctic belemnite biogeography and the break-up of Gondwana. 18-28. Geol. In late Barremian. & P.) Late Palaeozoic and Early Mesozoic Circum-Pacific events and their global correlation. p. rugose coral Lytvolasma. Chikyu Monthly.M. 12.at/pdf_frei_remote/DAKW_92_0405-0549. (1992). (Review of U Devonian. also bivalves. Tethyan belemnite realm cannot be recognised after Cenomanian) Doyle.M. Cambridge Univ. Indosinian orogeny manifested by Dzhulfian (U Permian) widespread unconformity and volcanic activity. (Belemnites display Boreal and Tethyan marine faunal realms from Early Jurassic.87-96.M. Press. Austral marine realm was lacking. (1996). (online at: http://www.Indosinian tectogeny in the geological correlation of Vietnam and adjacent regions.vangorselslist.) (1997). 47. Youngest recognized marine deposits connecting through warm water C Asian Sea not younger than E Permian (Sakmarian).M. J. 167-182.. 92. J.4. P. p.On the Permian biogeographic boundary between Gondwana and Eurasia in Tibet. Glossopteris flora.Permian and Triassic paleogeography based on ammonoid fossils of East Asia.J.J. M. 100. 405-549. 30th Int. Beijing 1996.landesmuseum. p. Stratigraphy 18.E Early Permian no apparent continuous sea in Tethys sensu Suess. p. Congr. TC5016 Ehiro. Tectonics 29. Soc. China as the eastern section of the Tethys. Cambridge Univ. N shore of Tethys largely remains to be delineated) Dickins. VSP. D. p. (Mainly on China terranes. Crame (ed. Dickins et al.A. (eds. 92. 257-270 (In latest Carboniferous. p.Dickins.Triassic stratigraphy of Vietnam. Palaeontology and historical geology. C. P. no mention of Timor. Y. Palaeogeogr. Press. with widespread intrusive activity and deposition of coal-bearing molasse) Dickins. Palaeoecol.The northern margin of Gondwanaland: uppermost Carboniferous to lowermost Jurassic and its correlation. Four main faunal provinces: Boreal. Akad. Palaeoclimatol. 59-77. Sumatra Triassic mainly shallow marine clastics.earliest Cretaceous. Denkschr. Based primarily on cephalopods. Palaeont. G. London. Torsvik (2010).Triasic ammonoids in E Asia suggests Kikatami Terrane in NE Japan. Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. In late M Permian Gondwana Tethys became still warmer and warm tropical fauna of Neoschwagerina and Verbeekina replaced cool water one) Doyle. p. Dimitobelidae.com July 2012 .A review of the biogeography of Cretaceous belemnites.pdf) (‘The marine realms of the Triassic period’. Earliest Permian land barrier separated C Asian Sea from southern sea connecting 'Gondwana' countries. Palaeogeogr.

Cathaysian elements more important. Palaeoclim. Fang. Koloskov (2005).Tithonian/ Berriasian peri-Gondwanan faunas. Southeast Asian Earth Sci. 344-349. 375-385. P. J.M Triassic N-ward continental subduction of SCB responsible for development of UHP metamorphism. M Permian Timorites.Permian independent biotic province.vangorselslist.Accreted terranes and mineral deposits of Indochina.Cenozoic volcanism of Southeast Asia. (Sibumasu province characterized by: (1) No reliable Gondwana cold-water biota or glacial deposits (interpreted glaciomarine pebble-bearing layers are debris flows and molluscs identified as Eurydesma are Schiziodus). Palaeogeogr. ESCAP (1990). Dev. indicating Cathaysian and Sibumasu biotas began to merge. (3) Contains Peri-Gondwana and Cathaysian elements but also European. Sibumasu rifted from Gondwanaland in M Ordovician or earlier and sutured to East Continent in Late Permian and E Triassic) Faure. Late Permian. (Paleozoic biogeographic history of Sibumasu block stages: (1) Cambrian-Ordovician with Australian faunal affinites. Xiao (2000).1 85 www. R. and Viet-Lao. in Tethyan realm.R. & E. 4. with E Permian perrinitids. p. 92 p. Low diversity Austral ammonite fauna around E and S Gondwanaland.Carboniferous and Permian zoogeographical change of the Baoshan Block. Asian Earth Sci. p. 1. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 340. SE Asia.. Sinica 39.S. (Jurassic ammonite faunas form basis for new biogeographical interpretation of U Bathonian. Res.Triassic biostratigraphy and paleogeography of Asia. before 400 Ma. S China. Timor. with cluster of ages around 240-210 Ma.W. carbonates not common. Y. p. Ser. Waagenoceras?) and Peri-Gondwanan (incl.Biogeographic constraints on the rift-drift accretion history of the Sibumasu block..Jurassic ammonite faunas from Nepal and their bearing on the palaeobiogeography of the Himalayan belt. Zong-Jie (1994). Radiometric ages from Neoproterozoic. & A. G. P.Equatorial American. Monie & S. different from both peri-Gondwanaland (no true E Permian glacial deposits) and Cathaysian biotas (no Permian coals). 18. (2) Silurian-Devonian with Rhenish-Bohemian faunal affinities. and Khorat-Kontum (combined into Indochina) terranes) Fang. Zong-Jie (1991). 5-6. Lin. Iran. Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. 4. Min. 139-150. 4. Acta Palaeont. (2000). W. from Himalaya to Patagonia) Enay. Palaeoecol.C. 134. Australia. 17.I. Meffre (2008). (4) Common endemic genera and species) Fang. Asian Earth Sci.F. SW China. Temperate and warm water fauna dominant. Zhou & Y. New York. Towards end Permian. 342-350. p. (3) Carboniferous. Uttaradit.com July 2012 . especially in E margin. 829-848. Z. J. Age of UHP metamorphism unsettled. incl.V. Structures and zircon dating of migmatites in core of C Qinling suggests Silurian continent collision. Cariou (1999). Ural and Boreal elements. (Brief descriptions of Triassic across Asia. p. and the problem of the ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism. leading previous authors to accept a Triassic age for NCB-SCB collision) Fedorov. (2) No tropical Cathaysian biotas and reef complexes. Shi.Palaeozoic collision between the North and South China blocks. ESCAP Atlas of Stratigraphy IX. Cariou (1997). (Widespread ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) rocks in Qinling-Dabie suture between N and S China blocks. Indochina is amalgamation of Sino-Vietnam (=S China). p.Ammonite faunas and palaeobiogeography of the Himalayan belt during the Jurassic: initiation of a Late Jurassic austral ammonite fauna. Salt Range)) Enay. Petrology 13. p. & E. United Nations. R. M. Equatorial Tethyan (incl. Wang. Absence of Late Paleozoic coal seams and occurrence of mixed Permian CathaysianGondwana flora in W Yunnan suggest Sibumasu between equatorial coal swamp zone (Cathaysian flora) and S temperate coal swamp zone (Glossopteris flora)..Cretaceous. J. R. 9. Triassic intracontinental tectonics. P.Sibumasu biotic province and its position in Paleotethys. Acta Palaeont. Sinica 30. Malaysia and Timor) Fan. 352-380. p. 1-38.4. (Summary of Indochina terranes and mineral deposits. 493-506. Himalayas.J. 59.

(Yunnan. NW Thailand. (Late Permian. D.Early Carboniferous radiolarians from North-West Thailand: palaeogeographical implications.L. Chonglakmani.4.. Q. Helmcke.. 6. Micropal. Thailand and S China Sea: E Tertiary. D. N. This suggests Shan-Thai terrane had already rifted apart from Gondwana in E Carboniferous. Miocene and Pliocene-Quaternary.. O. Thailand.Correlation of Triassic stratigraphy between the Simao and Lampang-Phrae Basins: implications for the tectonopaleogeography of Southeast Asia.. Main oceanic basin was in 'Shan-Thai Block'. Afghanistan.L. which detached from Indochina and S China during back-arc opening due to W-ward subduction of Palaeopacific. 84. Inthanon. but composed of Paleotethyan Ocean and two continental terranes affiliated with Gondwana and Cathaysian domains. Malila. 777-785. Ingavat-Helmcke & B. First period characterized by potassic basalt (Vietnam) and tholeiitic bimodal (SE China) volcanism.1 86 www. 47. (Early Carboniferous. etc. They signify pelagic basin at W side of Shan-Tai Terrane. Wonganan. Helmcke. with Strophomenida. Guizhou. ) Feng. U Triassic magmatism in E Vietnam and L-M Permian arc volcanites in W Sumatra. D. in melange zone composed of Silurian to Triassic slices.. Subsequent periods dominated by intraplate-type tholeiitic and alkaline volcanism and minor bimodal tholeiitic magmatism (basalts and rhyolites of the Okinawa Trough) Feng Rulin (1998). which was not single block. we introduce Orang Laut terranes. R. ‘Shan-Thai Block’ in N Thailand. similar similar to E Permian of W Australia.. belongs to Cathaysian domain and suture corresponding to Changning-Menglian Suture in Yunnan must lie to W of Sukhothai Terrane in Thailand) Feng. Guizhou Geology 1998. Sukhothai Terrane. Rev.(Three main periods of activity in Cenozoic volcanic complexes of SE China.M. p. Simao Basin and Thailand Lampang-Phrae Basin same tectono-paleogeographic unit in Triassic.L. Liu (2005). Stampfli (2008). Palaeontology 47. late Ladinian and M Carnian radiolarians (51 species) from Mae Hong Son. Ingavat-Helmcke (2004). 377-393.China and it's significance. Q.Mae Sariang area.Triassic geodynamic evolution of SE Asia. C. Hochard & G.Long-lived Paleotethyan pelagic remnant inside Shan-Thai block: evidence from radiolarian biostratigraphy. K. including Lampang-Phrae Basin. 2. Q. can be divided from E to W into Sukhothai.E Permian arc magmatism in Mergui (Burma) and Lhasa block (S Tibet) and absence of arc magmatism E of suture. J.com July 2012 .M-Late Triassic radiolarians from ribbon chert in NW Thailand indicate pelagic basin in this region. Vietnam. Timor. 3. Ingavat-Helmcke & B.vangorselslist. between Shan-Thai and Gondwana. Faunas chiefly Asselian-Sakmarian. Chonglakmani. 346-365. Science in China D.M. which was not single block. and Shan terranes. 12. This also explains location of Cathaysian W Sumatra block W of Cimmerian Sibumasu block) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Closure of E Palaeotethys related to S-ward oceanic subduction that triggered E Neotethys opening as back-arc. Q. representing Paleotethyan pelagic basin in Late Paleozoic-Triassic. Helmcke & R. etc. . p. of high diversity and warm water. S China.An alternative plate tectonic model for the PalaeozoicEarly Mesozoic Palaeotethyan evolution of Southeast Asia (Northern Thailand-Burma). (middle Early Carboniferous radiolarians from bedded cherts S of Mae Hong Son. Chonglakmani. NW Thailand. p. Pakistan Salt Range. Liu (2004). Ptaluctida and Spiriferida. 237-255. R. C. Tectonophysics 451. Pamirs. C. Asian Earth Sci. Caridroit (2005)Permian and Triassic radiolaria from Northwest Thailand: paleogeographical implications. Globiella foordi. p. respectively) Ferrari. (E Permian brachiopod fauna from Bianping section. Ingavat-Helmcke & M. Situated on ‘Shan-Thai Block’. E Permian Brachiopods fauna can be correlated with those of E Permian of Irian Jaya. earlier than commonly assumed) Feng. p. C. p. D. C. Differs in Palaeotethys suture location in Thailand at Mae Yuam fault.Discovery of Australia Early Permian brachiopods Faunas from Bianping Section of Southwestern Guizhou Province.. but composed of Paleotethyan Ocean and two continental terranes affiliated to Gondwana and Cathysian domains respectively) Feng. incl. To explain Carboniferous-E Permian and Permo-Triassic arcs in Cambodia. Spiriferella sp. 24. R. (Alternative model for Cambrian. 11131119. Chonglakmani. due to Late Carboniferous.Helmcke.

. J.. H. L. p. Beauvais (1986).vangorselslist. Bull. Berthelin (2001). Local occurrences of thick-bedded cherts indicate deep marine environments. H. Joint Prosp. C.Triassic limestones within and around the Gulf of Thailand. & L. Comm. David. Cambodia.P. Noted similarities of several fossil groups with Timor Permian faunas) Fontaine. Broutin & M. Fontaine. Euramerian and Cathaysian floral elements in ‘Mid’ Permian Gharif Fm of Oman) Fontaine.Extension of Cathaysian flora during the Permianclimatic and paleogeographic constraints. Lett. UN-ESCAP CCOP Techn. 20. Thailand. NE Palawan). CCOP. Malay Peninsula. Co-ord. p. Proc. Malay Peninsula. & S. HvG).P. but widespread in N Vietnam. Pebbly mudstones in Myanmar. 193. Thailand (Mae Sot)) Fontaine. p. Borneo (W Sarawak and W Kalimantan). Southeast Asian Earth Sci. Pardede & N. H. In: H. but ones without fusulinaceans and previously assigned to Permian. Piyasin (1994).Fluteau F. Joint Prosp. Papers 22nd Sess. and incomplete sections. Philippines (Mindoro. P.A. low diversity corals and fusulinids (Pseudofusulina.) Fontaine. Red beds at Triassic-Jurassic boundary above Triassic Halobia shale. W Borneo. Beauvais. with Jurassic of Japan in Upper Jurassic) Fontaine. Gafoer (1989). 567-588. Marine Jurassic generally in limited areas only. 1.. Chonglakmani. Fontaine & S. Suwarna (1983)The Jurassic in Southeast Asia (Thailand. p.Callovian not found. Ho Chi Minh City. Faunal and floral assemblages used to establish climatic conditions. 16. 3-30. Co-ord. David. (M-U Permian-Triassic Ratburi Lst of Peninsular Thailand and Chuping Lst of NW Peninsular Malaysia with rel. Cariou et al. Sumatra.The Permian of Southeast Asia. Bull.4. J. Indochina. Besse. (Mixed Gondwanan. J. R. H. L. Asian Offshore Areas (CCOP). Beauvais. Bangkok 1987. I. Many limestones with fusulinaceans recognized as Permian. 8.Permian of Southeast Asia: an overview. E. (1989). R. 137-145. Publ. 16. Sumatra. Chonglakmani. Y. Widespread massive limestones represent extensive carbonate platforms. (late E Permian brachiopod faunas of W Papua correlate with faunas of W Australia and do not show close relationship to Tethyan faunas) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. 19.Aalenian with ammonites. Sumatra. J. 1-75. Calamian Islands. (Marine Jurassic known only from W Thailand (E Thailand continental with only minor marine ingressions). Staffella. J. Volcanic rocks absent in NW Peninsular Malaysia and Thailand. Mineral Res. Laos. 6. Ingavat. 24th Sess. (2002). Suwarna (1983). 18.A well-defined Permian biogeographic unit: peninsular Thailand and northwest Peninsula Malaysia. environments of deposition and to define crustal blocks and Permian palaeogeography) Fontaine. Khoo (1993). H. Monodiexodina). Bassoullet. J. E. Sumatra.Marine Jurassic in Southeast Asia. W Philippines). 137-146. Res. 3. W Sumatra.Jurassic of West Thailand. Pardede & N. (Triassic limestones found at many localities in Peninsular Thailand and NW Peninsular Malaysia) Fontaine. No marine Cretaceous in Thailand or E Burma. Piyasin.. etc. 99-112. Almeras. R. Comm. Malaysia. Proc. Asian Offshore Areas (CCOP). Thailand. M Jurassic and Oxfordian coral limestones and mudstones present) Fontaine.Distribution of Jurassic corals in Southeast Asia. Min. CCOP Techn. found to be Triassic. Strong faunal affinities with Tethyan realm in E-M Jurassic. Kampuchea and Vietnam. Ibrahim & H. Amnan & S. S. (On Jurassic corals from S Vietnam. Bull. overlain by Toarcian. p. 83-95. 1st Conf. Bassoulet. NW Malaysia and Sumatra formed in glacial environment. Techn. Cambodia. (1986). B.The Middle Permian. p. H. Asian Earth Sci. 1-111. CCOP Techn. p.P. Bathonian... P. E Malay Peninsula and Timor. 2. These characterize a well-defined biogeographic unit (Shan-Tai/ Sibumasu terrane. (Extensive review of geology and paleontology of permian of Thailand. C. (Permian rocks widespread in SE Asia. Hemigordiopsis and Shanita.) The pre-Tertiary fossils of Sumatra and their environments. Viet Nam.1 87 www. H. p. Buffetaut. and with forams incl.com July 2012 . J. Guangzhou 1985. Borneo. 9. 129-151. 603-616. S Laos. Laos. H. Vietnam. Geol. Gafoer (eds. H. p. (Jurassic in W Philippines (Palawan Block). Sci. p. Earth Planet. Southeast Asian Earth Sci.

J. 1-171. Gatinsky. J. M. In: R. p. 5. D. (Continental SE Asia dominated by Precambrian continental blocks overlain by Late Proterozoic-Paleozoic platform successions. C.. Int. Most blocks rifted and drifted from Australian Gondwanaland in Early Paleozoic and were in equatorial position by Permian time. Conf. p.A. & C. GEOSEA III. Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Fornasiero..) Biogeography and geological evolution of SE Asia. p. Bull. Cocks (1998).G. 157. M. Vinogradov & A. Geosciences J. (Paleomag data for Borneo.Australia. Lin. (Paleobiogeography of Late Paleozoic ammonoids in SE Asia. Backhuys Publ. D.G.G. p. p.Palaeogeography and palaeoenvironments of the Tethys during Jurassic Pangaean break-up. (1986).P.Fontaine.) The ocean basins and margins 8. Hutchison. L. (Sibumasu (= Shan-Tai) paleocontinent comprises Sumatra. In: P. Malay Peninsula.M. In: G. The Tethys Ocean. 179-199. (eds. Jolivet. Y.) Proc. GEOSEA V Conf. J. 375-386.V. p.) Proc. Vachard & C.L.Biogeography and palaeogeography of the Sibumasu terrane in the Ordovician: a review.. Bangkok. (Geodynamics of SE Asia closely connected with cyclic development of large oceanic basins: Paleotethys (M Paleozoic-E Mesozoic).V. Philippines) Gatinsky. Haston. p.Asia collision) Fujikawa. 27th Int.com July 2012 ..The Permian of Southeast Asia. E. Vozenin-Serra (1986). Azema. B. Mus.The main metallogenic belts of Southeast Asia as the result of different geodynamic conditions interference. Palaeoclimatol.beginning Cenozoic). 3rd Reg. Hutchison (1986).. New York.vangorselslist. and Indian and Pacific Oceans (Late Mesozoic. Dercourt et al. Gondwanaland.. N..D. & T. Teh & S. 295-300. Geol. A.Backarc extension and collision: an experimental approach to the tectonics of Asia. Asian Inst. Ricou et al. Congress. Civ. Y. Rovereto 11 (1995).Langkawi are low-latitude faunas and show affinity with N China. Opening of basins accompanied by simultaneous closing of earlier basins) Gatinsky.4.E.Tertiary paleomagnetism of regions around the South China Sea. L. Moscow. W Thailand and Burma. 2. Sibumasu terrane separated from Gondwanaland in E-M Permian. Bassoullet. Geology Mineral Resources of SE Asia. 4. Almasco (1991).Geodynamics of Southeast Asia in relation to the evolution of ocean basins.. (1995).H.Mathematical model in benthic paleobiography for the Indonesian Tethyan and PostTethyan molluscs. In: A. Thomas (2004). P. 313-318. Soc. R. 55.R. 3-4. & L.Cenozoic). Richter. 2. 20. p. J.S.E.V.. Tethys (end Paleozoic.S. 191-214. M. Ann. 161-184. 4. 871-889. Cecca. p. then detached from Indosinia in Late Cretaceous-Paleogene and moved S along fault margin of Vietnam shelf) Gatinsky. Holloway (eds. (1996). 43-56.T. 18. Y. Techn. H.G. J. Kovalev (1978). CCOP Tech.Cathaysia. Palaeoecol. M. Nutalaya (ed. Nguyen. Amsterdam. I. Tri (1984). Lower Ordovician shelf faunas from Thailand. no close faunal resemblance between Indochina and S China from Pensylvanian to M Permian) Fuller.Tectonic evolution of Southeast Asia.A. Hall & J. Kuala Lumpur 1984. 225-239. Plenum. N. E. R. Fournier. 127-144. F. 6. Contrary to previous opinion.Paleozoic ammonoid paleobiogeography in Southeast Asia. Ishibashi (2000). Mischina. J. Fortey. Southeast Asian Earth Sci. S Thailand and interior Australia mainly carbonates. and the Paleotethys in the evolution of continental Southeast Asia. Geol. Nairn. West Borneo block initial separation from Eurasia in Late Triassic-Jurassic (creation of Proto-South China Sea). Burma. Malaysia. Y. Palaeogeogr. Minh & T. Ordovician rocks in China.M. Geophys. p. Between blocks are intensely folded mobile belts. but M-U Ordovician trilobites most similar to S China) Fourcade. Rep. Paramananthan (eds. (Modeling of E Asia deformation during India. Malaysia Bull. p. Schmidtke & J.1 88 www. Davy & J.

N-ward drift of Cimmerian continents driven by closing of Paleotethys and opening of Neotethys Ocean. Golonka. (Brief descriptions of characteristics of main fault zones in SE Asia) Geyer.. Palaeoclim. p. 161. D. Gatinsky.igcp. Triassic. Geologia 33.Phanerozoic paleoenvironment and paleolithofacies maps. plus possible extensions in Java probably continental object that left NW Australia in BerriasianHauterivian. Geol.Late Paleozoic. 297-307. von Rad et al. Second Int. (Last major breakup from NW Australian continental margin along Exmouth. Structural and tectonic correlation across the Central Asian orogenic collage.Permian time intervals. 1-34. (eds.edu. N. J.. In: U. Paleont.Mesozoic. Proc. Van Giang (2006).4..Carboniferous and Permian correlation in Southeast Asia In: Proc. Palaeoclim. 1. Also present in Futu Limestones of Timor (Krumbeck 1923. Triassic continued N-ward drift of Cimmerian continent corresponded with closure and consumption of Palaeotethys and opening of Neotethys. (Palaeogeographic maps for Late Triassic (Carnian-Norian) and E Jurassic (Hettangian-Toarcian). Tokyo 1982. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoecol. & A. Y. Soc. J. SE Asia not very well portrayed in this global map series) Golonka. Regional Conf. O. 2. Sci. Y. Hayami 1984)) Gobbett.Paleogeography and tectonic evolution of the Eastern Tethysides: implications for the Northwest Australian margin breakup history.G.M. Ocean Drilling Program. Most significant Triassic convergent event was Indosinian orogeny (collision of Indochina and Indonesia with S China). 131-142. p. p. J. In: Proc. Tethyan Early Jurassic reefal limestones commonly dominated by large thick-walled Lithiotis-type bivalves.. & D. p.C. 244.) Proc. Y.itu. CCOP. 2.pdf) Gorur. 243-253. This sliver records E Cretaceous rapid subsidence and collision with Sumatra along Woyla suture Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v.Geodynamics of Eurasia. Geologia 33. J. (2007). Bull.J. 71-74. result of consolidation of S and N China blocks.. M. (2007).A.tr/Publications/GolonkaKrob_06. 19th Sess. Indochina and Indonesia sutured to S China. (2007). Malaysia. 6. p. (Extended Abstract only) (online at: http://www. p. (1977). Major continental fragments in Asiatic Tethyside orogenic collage already collided with Asia by that time. 211-264 (Global plate tectonic and paleogeographic maps for 8 Mesozoic time intervals. College Station. p. 304-340.(Majority of mineral occurrences of SE Asia in five metallogenic belts) Gatinsky. Techn.F.Fault tectonics in Southeast Asia. 153. Wombat. & D.Phanerozoic paleoenvironment and paleolithofacies maps. (1973).. Geology of Southeast Asia. Most significant Late Triassic convergent event was Indosinian orogeny. Sengor (1992).vangorselslist.G.Jurassic boundary important biotic extinction event) Golonka. p. Includes AustraliaSE Asia blocks evolution) Golonka. plate tectonics and block tectonics.Pangean (Late Carboniferous-Middle Jurassic) paleoenvironment and lithofacies. 2. Krobicki & N. Scott Plateaus in Berriasian-Hauterivian. Neues Jahrbuch Geol. ('The Lithiotis limestones' in the Early Jurassic Tethys Realm'. (Global plate tectonic and paleogeographic maps for 8 Devonian.Late Triassic and Early Jurassic palaeogeography of the world. J. 145-209. Rundquist (2004).Die "Lithiotis-Kalke" im Bereich der unterjurassischen Tethys. Geotectonics 38. Similarity of Mesozoic geological record suggests Sikuleh-Natal continental sliver in Sumatra.Paleogeographic maps of Southeast Asia. Palaeoecol. Chistyakov (1983).1 89 www. Zorina & A. Ulaanbaatar 2006. Golonka.G. Also.com July 2012 .p. 83-106.V. Results 122. Palaeogeogr. Workshop IGCP Project 480. Abh. Ford (2000). Repts. p.. 1-16.

S. T. K. Y.com July 2012 . U. S. In: R. Mandic. (First paper to recognize three Permian floral provinces in Asia: Gondwanan-Glossopteris in SW.On the distribution of the Late Palaeozoic floras in Asia.M.. p. Rotterdam. probably Rhaetian) Grant-Mackie.) Bibliography of Indonesian Geology v. Soc. Kitamura et al.J.Gondwanan events and palaeogeography: a palaeomagnetic review. W. 1-6. Reuter & B. 15. M. N.J. 155-167. 219-287. E Burma).J. Piller.Jurassic palaeobiogeography of Australasia. T. NW Australian margin two older breakup events: (1) latest Carboniferous-earliest Permian: departure of Sibumasu block and E Cimmerian continent (Baoxan. J.) Palaeobiogeogeography of Australasia. In: 11th Offshore SE Asia Conf. Metcalfe (ed. Balme. (Late Mesozoic. 28. Angara in N.C Burma block left Gondwanaland. R. marine faunal exchange via Mesopotamian Trough and Zagros Basin.A.R. M. W. A. Challinor. A. (1986). p.. Stevens & R..Thulborn (2000). p.1 90 www. Mem. p. H.B. Also evidence for N-ward movement of continental segments along NE Asian margin. Displacement of these low-latitude faunas high latitudes around Pacific margins provides evidence for movement of displaced terranes..A.. p. We suggest Lhasa. African Earth Sci.E. G.A. Cathaysian/ Sino-Malayan or Gigantopteris in SE) Harzhauser. A.a mechanism for an earlier South China Sea opening and an alternative paleogeographic reconstruction of Southeast Asia. (Extensive terrestrial exchanges initiated by closure of Tethyan Seaway in Early Miocene. MacFarlan. In: 48th Phylogenetic symposium on historical biogeography. Bunopas. Palaeont. Molnar. Fullest story worked out for W margin of N America.vangorselslist. Suppl. Balkema. Around closure event Proto-Mediterranean faunas already little in common with Indo-West Pacific Region) Hasegawa (1996). Yoshikura (1999).B. W Thailand. Cottam & M.. Geol.E.) Gondwana dispersion and Asian accretion (IGCP 321 Final Results Volume).E. Philippines. 23. which leads us to think breakup event was latest Triassic. Aliate.The SE Asian gateway: history and tectonics of the AustraliaAsia collision. University of Tokyo Press. p. 53-69. Wilson (2011).in Late Cretaceous. 1. R. Publ.Jurassic Tethyan marine invertebrate faunas from low latitude can be distinguished from less diverse higher latitude faunas. Zoologischer Anzeiger 246. p.J. Until closure. Geografiska Ann. 237-330. E. 17. as far N as S Alaska. etc.G. Wilson (eds.Tertiary plate reconstruction. Divergences on both sides of seaway starting in Oligocene. 209-216. 311-353. J. p.. (Introduction to collection of geological papers on E Indonesia from 2009 SAGE conference) Hallam.Biogeographic responses to geodynamics: a key study all around the Oligo-Miocene Tethyan Seaway. (Permian.Cretaceous system of Southeast Asia. Wright (ed. Sven Hedin volume. Singapore 1996. M. Hall.) The SE Asian gateway: history and tectonics of the Australia-Asia collision. In: Geology and Palaeontology of Southeast Asia. 106-111. A.Rift-drift history and the amalgamation of Shan-Thai and Indochina/East Malaysia Blocks. (1935).Ridge subduction model. Berning (2007).E.A. 355. Australasian Assoc. Ishibashi. Java. (1999). London. Soc.4. reflected by Indonesian corals in Iran and “western” gastropods in Pakistan and India. (1975). B. generally compatible with Tapponier extrusion model. In: A. Spec. Sulawesi. O. Balce. In: I. (Extensive review of Japanese work on Cretaceous stratigraphy and paleontology of Taiwan. 4. N. 67-87. Aita. J. (2) Late Triassic-Jurassic. London 143. p. Gohlich. Ishii & S. Grunow.E. Hall. W Malaya and part of C Sumatra. M. Borneo. Cottam & M. Hada. G.A. Kroh.Evidence of displaced terranes from Permian to Jurassic faunas around the Pacific margins. The now subducted Kula-Pacific Ridge beneath Eurasia Plate caused S China basins rifting and provides heat under S China continental crust)) Hashimoto. D. Aoki. Geol. Campbell. Torlesse Terrane of New Zealand appears to have moved considerable distance S-wards) Halle.

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