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Chemistry Paper 2 Exam Premi

Chemistry Paper 2 Exam Premi

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MID YEAR EXAM 2011 CHEMISTRY FORM 4 PAPER 2 ( 2 ½ HOURS) SECTION A [ 60 marks ] Answer all questions in this section

. 1. Diagram 1 shows the set up of apparatus to determine the melting point of substance X by heating solid X until it melts. Then the temperature of substance X is recorded every half minutes when it is left to cool at room temperature.

(a) What is the purpose of using water bath in the experiment ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. (1 mark) (b) Name one substance which its melting point can be determined by using water bath. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. (1 mark)

(c) Sodium nitrate has a melting point of 310 ⁰C. Can the melting point of sodium nitrate be determined by using water bath as shown in the diagram ? Explain your answer. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………. (2 marks)

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..... (2 marks) (iii) What is the state of matter for substance X at RS ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………..(d) Explain why do we need to stir the molten substance X when it is left to cool to room temperature ? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………….... Diagram 2 (i) .. State the melting point of substance X ? …………………………………………………………………………………………. (ii) Explain why there is no change in temperature from Q to R. (2 marks) (e) The graph of temperature against time for the cooling of molten substance X is shown in Diagram 2. (1 mark) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………. (1 mark) 2 ..

(2 marks) 3.2. Liquid bromine Diagram 3 (a) What can be observed after several hours ? 3 . A bit of liquid bromine is put into a gas jar as shown in Diagram 3 below. (a) Draw the arrangement of sulfur particles at 100 ̊C 300 ̊C 600 ̊C (3 marks) (b) Sketch a graph of temperature against time when sulphur is heated from room temperature to 200 ̊ C and mark the melting point. The gas jar is then covered with another gas jar and left for a few hours. The boiling point and melting point of sulfur is 444 ̊C and 119 ̊C.

………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1 mark) (c) Explain. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… (3 marks) (d) Draw and label the atomic model proposed by Niels Bohr.. (i) State two observations after the heating performed...……………………………………………………………………………………………… (2 mark) (b) State the process that occurs. (2 marks) (ii) Write the chemical equation to show the effect of heat on copper (II) carbonate. (2 marks) (e) What is the shortcoming of the model proposed by Neils Bohr ? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1 mark) 4.. ………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4 . using the kinetic theory of matter how the process occurs. Diagram 4 (a) Copper (II) carbonate is heated and the gas produced is passed through lime water. Diagram 4 shows the apparatus arrangement to determine the heat effect of copper (II) carbonate.………………………………………………………………………………………..

............ a yellow precipitate is formed.................................. C=12................. ..... Table 1 shows the positive and the negative ions in salt solutions.. [Relative atomic mass: Cu=64............. (2 marks) (iii)Calculated the volume of gas released at room condition if 12...4 g of copper (II) carbonate is heated..... (1 mark) 5.....…………………………………………………………………………………………………........... Name of salt Copper (II) sulphate Sodium sulphate Lead (II) nitrate Magnesium chloride Positive ion Cu2+ Negative ion SO4 2- Table 1 (6 marks) (b) Write the chemical formula for (i) (ii) Sodium sulphate : …………………… Lead (II) nitrate : ....................... molar volume: 24 dm3] (3 marks) (b) When lead (II) nitrate aqueous solution is added to potassium iodide aqueous solution................... .................................. (2marks) (iii) State the type of particles exist in the substance mentioned in b(ii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………........................…………………… (2marks) (c) What is another name for a positively charged ion ? 5 ................... (2 marks) (ii) Name the yellow precipitate..... (i) Write a chemical equation for the reaction........................... (a) Complete the table below................................ O=16...........................

30 g = 47...... ………….... Given that the relative atomic mass of O=16. Diagram 5 The following data was obtained: Mass of the combustion tube + porcelain dish Mass of the combustion tube + porcelain dish + oxide of copper Mass of the combustion tube + porcelain dish + copper (a) What is meant by empirical formula ? …………...........70 g 6 ................................................................................................................................................................... Cu=64.........30 g = 53. Diagram 5 shows the set up of the apparatus used in an experiment to determine the empirical formula of an oxide of copper........................………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1 mark) 6.......... Mass of copper = ………………………… g Mass of oxygen =………………………… g (2 marks) (ii) Calculate the mol ratio of copper to oxygen................. = 25...... (2 marks) (b) Based on the data given (i) Calculate the mass of copper and the mass of oxygen contained in the sample of oxide of copper...................

…………………………………………………………………………………………… (2 mark) 7 .(2 marks) (iii) Write the empirical formula of the oxide of copper. (1 mark) (d) Diagram 6 shows the structure of aspirin. C. (1 mark) (ii) How would you make sure that all the lead oxide has been reacted with hydrogen? ………………………………………………………………………………………………….1. what is the mass of aspirin present in the pill? ……. Diagram 6 (i) Write the molecular formula of aspirin. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1 mark) (ii) Determine the molecular mass of aspirin.12.……………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1 mark) (c) (i) State one precautionary step to be taken while conducting this experiment.O. [Relative atomic mass: H.16] ………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1 mark) (iii) If an aspirin pill contains 0. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……….005 mol of aspirin...

0. (1 mark) (b) Compare matter in solid.48 g carbon. C=12 ] (4 marks) (c) Caffeine is one of the substances in coffee. (4 marks) (d) Using element chlorine as an example. briefly describe (i) the electron arrangements of chlorine-35 and chlorine-37 (ii) the electron arrangement of chlorine ion.05 g hydrogen. 7. (a) State the meaning of (i) Relative atomic mass (ii) One mol of a substance (iii) Molar mass (iv) Molar volume (8 marks) (b) 1 mole of any gas occupies 24 dm3 at room condition Explain why 16 g of oxygen gas occupies the same volume as 22 g of carbon dioxide at room condition.. (a) Define the term ‘ matter ’. The molar mass of caffeine is 194 g mol-1. 8 . 0.005 mol of aspirin ? [ Avogadro Constant = 6. explain the change in the state of matter when a liquid boils to form a gas. liquid and gas forms in terms of (i) the arrangement of particles (ii) the movement of particles (iii) the force of attraction between particles (9 marks) (c) By using the kinetic theory of matter.28 g nitrogen and 0.97 g of caffeine consists of 0. Cl(6 marks) 8.02 X 1023 ] ……….…………………………………………………………………………………… (2 mark) SECTION B [ 20 marks ] Answer any one question from this section. 0.16 g oxygen.(iv) How many molecules are there in 0. [Relative atomic mass : O=16 .

explain why the elements are inert. 9. (a) Group 18 in the Periodic Table consists of elements known as noble gases. Describe briefly their contributions. State the physical properties of noble gases. Element Neon Argon Krypton Symbol Electron arrangement Ne 2. O=16 .Based on the information above. (10 marks) (b) Explain the differences between the Periodic Table proposed by Antoine Lavoisier and the Modern Periodic Table.8 Kr 2. (4 marks) Using the information given. Describe how the noble gas is useful in our daily life. Is helium a Group 2 element ? Explain why. N=14] (8 marks) SECTION C [ 20 marks ] Answer any one question from this section. (6 marks) (c) The valence electron of helium is 2. determine the empirical formula and molecular formula of caffeine.8. [ Relative atomic mass : C=12 . 9 .8 Table 2 (4 marks) 10. (6 marks) (d) Table 2 shows the electron arrangements of the atoms of some noble gases. H=1 .18.8. (a) Scientists such as Antoine Lavoisier. Dobereiner.8 Ar 2. Explain briefly the change in physical properties of Group 18 elements down the group in terms of (i) Atomic size (ii) Melting point (iii) Boiling point (iv) Density of elements (8 marks) (c) Noble gases have many applications in daily life. John Newlands. Lothar Meyer and Dmitri Mendeleev have contributed greatly to the development of the Periodic Table of elements. (2 marks) (b) The physical properties of Group 18 elements change progressively down the group. Johann W.

Suria Binti Hamzah ) (GKMP Sains dan Metematik) Disemak oleh. ___________________ (Pn. ___________________ (Pn.END OF QUESTION PAPER Disediakan oleh. Norazizah Binti Abdullah) (Guru Mata Pelajaran & Ketua Panitia 10 . __________________ (Cik Premeeta Rai a/p Surase Prasad) (Guru Mata Pelajaran) Kimia) Diluluskan oleh.

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