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IELTS Speaking Band Descriptors and explanation

Taken from the Public Band Descriptors published at http://takeielts.britishcouncil.org/sites/default/files/IELTS_Speaking_band_descriptors.pdf

IELTS SECRETS

IELTS Scoring Rubrics for Band 8


Fluency and coherence
speaks fluently with only occasional repetition or self correction; hesitation is usually content-related and only rarely to search for language develops topics coherently and appropriately uses a wide vocabulary resource readily and flexibly to convey precise meaning uses less common and idiomatic vocabulary skillfully with occasional inaccuracies uses paraphrase effectively as required uses a wide range of structures flexibly produces a majority of error free sentences with only very occasional inappropriacies or basic/non-systematic errors is easy to understand throughout, with some accent having minimal effect on intelligibility uses a wide range of phonological features to convey meaning effectively
IELTS SECRETS 2

Lexical resource

Grammatical range and accuracy Pronunciation

Pronunciation

Interpreted Requirements for Meeting Band 8


Fluency (flow of language) and coherence (logical flow of interconnected ideas)

speaks very fluently with limited repetition or self correction hesitation is usually content-related and only rarely to search for language shows a very strong ability to connect ideas develops topics coherently and appropriately

Vocabulary

uses a wide vocabulary resource readily and flexibly to convey precise meaning uses less common words and idiomatic vocabulary skillfully with occasional inaccuracies uses complex words suitably and accurately

IELTS SECRETS

Interpreted Requirements for Meeting Band 8


Grammatical range and accuracy Uses quite advanced grammar flexibly and effortlessly Appropriate use complex structures such as the past perfect tense, the passive voice, perfect modals, conditional sentences or if...would sentences and reported speech with very few errors produces almost no small errors candidates reaching Band 8 level in grammar in China are quite rare. Pronunciation to get an 8 you need to 'sound like' a native English speaker need to show native-speaker usage of intonation and sentence stress. need to speak exceptionally clearly and the examiner would feel that all aspects of your pronunciation are nearly perfect

IELTS SECRETS

IELTS Scoring Rubrics for Band 7


Pronunciation
uses a wide range of phonological features to convey meaning effectively can be understood throughout without strain for the listener uses a mix of simple and complex structures flexibly may make occasional mistakes with complex structures, though these rarely cause comprehension problems

Grammatical range and accuracy

Lexical resource
uses vocabulary resource flexibly to discuss a variety of topics uses paraphrase uses some less common and idiomatic vocabulary and shows some awareness of style and collocation with some inappropriate choices

Fluency and coherence

speaks at length without noticeable effort or loss of coherence uses a range of connectives and discourse markers with some flexibility may demonstrate language-related hesitation at times, or some repetition and/or self-correction
IELTS SECRETS 5

Interpreted Requirements for Meeting Band 7


Fluency (flow of language) and coherence (logical flow of interconnected ideas)
speaks at length without noticeable effort or loss of coherence uses a range of connectives and discourse markers with some flexibility may demonstrate language-related hesitation at times, or some repetition and/or self-correction use linked pronunciation and use contractions must demonstrate that you know a variety of different ways to link sentences

Vocabulary
uses vocabulary resource flexibly to discuss a variety of topics uses some less common and idiomatic vocabulary usage of phrasal verbs (two-word verbs) is a key sign of a 7 or above for vocabulary) Some examples of these are: look after somebody; come up against difficulties; look forward to uses paraphrase

IELTS SECRETS

Interpreted Requirements for Meeting Band 7


Grammatical range and accuracy uses a mix of simple and complex structures flexibly Appropriately uses complex structures such as the past perfect tense, the passive voice, perfect modals, conditional sentences or if...would sentences and reported speech with few errors demonstrates a knowledge of a wide variety of linking words and phrases. They also show that they can use them accurately. make grammatically high-level sentences with minimal effort makes only a small number of 'minor grammar errors'. Link your answers to the questions by using the same verb tense Pronunciation your speech is easy to understand throughout the interview Shows awareness of intonation and sentence stress (KEY FACTOR) Has minimal native accent interference IELTS SECRETS Has minimal pronunciation errors

Most people who are aiming for a 7.0 should plan to do the test two or three times over a period of 6 months to a year, depending on how good they are at English.

IELTS Scoring Rubrics for Band 6


Pronunciation can be understood throughout, though mispronunciation may occasionally cause momentary strain for the listener Grammatical range and accuracy uses a mix of simple and complex structures, but with limited flexibility may make frequent mistakes with complex structures, though these rarely cause comprehension Problems Lexical resource has a wide enough vocabulary to discuss topics at length and make meaning clear in spite of inappropriacies generally paraphrases successfully Fluency and coherence is willing to speak at length, though may lose coherence at times due to occasional repetition, self correction or hesitation uses a range of connectives and discourse markers but not always appropriately
IELTS SECRETS 8

Interpreted Requirements for Meeting Band 6


Fluency (flow of language) and coherence (logical flow of interconnected ideas)
keep talking, without too many unnatural pauses is willing to speak at length No more than 2 or 3 self-corrections in the whole test avoid unnecessary repetition of what you have just said uses a range of connectives and discourse markers but not always appropriately Uses linked speech and contractions must demonstrate that you know a variety of different ways to link sentences Lexical resource has a wide enough vocabulary to discuss topics at length and make meaning clear in spite of inappropriacies generally paraphrases successfully
IELTS SECRETS 9

Interpreted Requirements for Meeting Band 6


Grammatical range and accuracy uses a mix of simple and complex structures, but with limited flexibility appropriate use of complex structures such as the past perfect tense, the passive voice, perfect modals, conditional sentences or if...would sentences and reported speech most of the time may make frequent mistakes with complex structures, though these rarely cause comprehension problems must use some complex sentences using and, but, because, although, which, that, who examiners especially look for which

Pronunciation
can be understood throughout, though mispronunciation may occasionally cause momentary strain for the listener If your speech is a little difficult to understand only once or twice in the test, you should still get a 6. Shows little knowledge of intonation and sentence stress Native language interference quite noticeable
IELTS SECRETS 10

IELTS Scoring Rubrics for Band 5


Pronunciation
can be mostly understood throughout, though mispronunciation may occasionally cause strain for the listener produces basic sentence forms with reasonable accuracy uses a limited range of more complex structures, but these usually contain errors and may cause some comprehension problems manages to talk about familiar and unfamiliar topics but uses vocabulary with limited flexibility attempts to use paraphrase but with mixed success usually maintains flow of speech but uses repetition, self-correction and/or slow speech to keep going may over-use certain connectives and discourse markers produces simple speech fluently, but more complex
IELTS SECRETS 11

Grammatical range and accuracy

Lexical resource

Fluency and coherence

Interpreted Requirements for Meeting Band 5


Fluency (flow of language) and coherence (logical flow of interconnected ideas)
usually maintains flow of speech but uses repetition, selfcorrection and/or slow speech to keep going may over-use certain connectives such as 'and', 'but', 'because' and 'so' produces simple speech fluently

Vocabulary
manages to talk about familiar and unfamiliar topics but uses vocabulary with limited flexibility attempts to use paraphrase but with mixed success

IELTS SECRETS 12

Interpreted Requirements for Meeting Band 5


Grammatical range and accuracy
produces basic sentence forms with reasonable accuracy uses a limited range of complex structures such as the past perfect tense, the passive voice, perfect modals, conditional sentences or if...would sentences and reported speech, but these usually contain errors and may cause some comprehension problems makes only a few complex sentences, usually just using and or but as conjunctions. When they try to use more difficult joining words or phrases, they often make mistakes.

Pronunciation
can be mostly understood throughout, though occasional mispronunciation Native speaker intonation and sentence stress interference obvious

IELTS SECRETS

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IELTS Scoring Rubrics for Band 4


Pronunciation produces some acceptable features of English pronunciation but overall control is limited and there can be severe strain Grammatical range and accuracy produces basic sentence forms and some correct simple sentences but subordinate structures are rare errors are frequent and may lead to misunderstanding Lexical resource is able to talk about familiar topics but can only convey basic meaning on unfamiliar topics and makes frequent errors in word choice rarely attempts paraphrase Fluency and coherence cannot respond without noticeable pauses and may speak slowly, with frequent repetition and self correction links basic sentences but with repetitious use of simple connectives and some breakdowns
IELTS SECRETS

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Interpreted Requirements for Meeting Band 4


Pronunciation can pronounce some words and sentences correctly but with a severe strain for the listener
Grammatical range and accuracy have lots of grammar mistakes which lead to misunderstanding Lexical resource talk about familiar topics but can only convey basic meaning on unfamiliar rarely attempt to paraphrase make lots of mistakes in word choice Fluency and coherence speak slowly with many pauses, hesitation, repetition and selfcorrection link basic sentences with few connective words
IELTS SECRETS 15