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Continuous Casting

Continuous Casting


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Published by klawsis
Continuous Casting report prepared by a mechnical enginerring student in ain shams university
Continuous Casting report prepared by a mechnical enginerring student in ain shams university

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Published by: klawsis on Mar 13, 2009
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Ain Shams University Faculty of Engineering

Continuous Casting

March 2008

Continuous casting
Continuous casting is a casting method in which the steps of pouring, solidification and withdrawal (extraction) of the casting from an open end mold are carried out continuously. Cross-sectional dimensions of a continuous casting are constant along the casting length and they are determined only by the dimensions of the mold cavity. The length of a continuous casting is limited by the life time of the mold. Continuous casting technology is used for both ferrous and nonferrous alloys. Depending on the mold position (vertical or horizontal) continuous casting machines may be vertical or horizontal.

Vertical continuous casting

Steels are commonly cast in vertical continuous casting machines.

Molten metal is continuously supplied from the ladle to the intermediate ladle (tundish) from which it is continuously poured into the mold at a controllable rate keeping the melt level at a constant position. The water-cooled copper mold (primary cooling zone) extracts the heat of the metal causing its solidification. The mold oscillates in order to prevent sticking with the casting. When the casting goes out from the mold it is cooled in the secondary cooling zone by water (or water with air) sprayed on the casting surface. Most of vertical continuous casting machines are equipped with strand guide units bending the casting and changing its configuration from vertical to horizontal. The casting is continuously extracted from the mold by the withdrawal unit followed by a cut-off unit. The casting process begins from inserting a dummy (primary) bar into the mold. Then a molten metal is poured into the mold where it solidifies and grips the end of the dummy bar. The dummy bar is disconnected from the casting after passing the withdrawal unit.

Horizontal continuous casting

Horizontal continuous casting machine is generally used for casting non-ferrous alloys. In horizontal casting machines graphite water-cooled molds are used. Due to the water cooling (primary and secondary) solidification rate provided by continuous casting is higher than in other casting methods therefore continuous castings have more uniform and finer grain structure and enhanced mechanical properties.

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