The last lesson by Alphonse Daudet

the prose 'The last lesson',written by Alphonse Daudet narrates about the year 1870
when the prussian forces under Bismark attacked and captured France.The french
districts of Alsace and Lorraine went into Prussian hands.The new Prussian rulers
discontinued the teaching of French in the schools of these two districts.The French
teachers were asked to leave.The story describes the last day of one such
French,M.Hamel.Mr. M.Hamel had been transfered and could no longer remain in his old
school.Still he gave last lesson to his students with utmost devotion and sincerity as
ever.The story depicts the pathos of the whole situation about how people feel when they
dont learn their own language and then losing an asset in M.Hamel.
One of his student Franz who dreaded french class and M.Hamel's iron rod, came to the
school that day thinking he would be punished as he had not learnt his lesson.But on
reaching school he found Hamel dressed in sunday clothes and all the old people of the
village sitting there.It was due to an order on the bulletin board. That was the first day
when he realised for the first time that how important french was for him, but it was his
LAST LESSON in French.

Lost spring by Anees Jung
Raju works at a roadside dhaba for sixteen hours a day. Idrees has lost his memory and
bears on his body the scars of being tortured at the carpet-manufacturing unit where he
worked. Saheb scrounges the garbage dumps on the streets of Delhi for his daily wages.
Munni has travelled long distances from her village home, looking for work as a domestic
help in the city. Like Raju and Idrees, Saheb and Munni, millions of children all over the
country are doomed to a life of backbreaking toil. Half adult, half children, victims of
physical and mental abuse, they represent the dark underbelly of India’s economic
growth. In Lost Spring: Stories of Stolen Childhood, best-selling author Anees Jung
exposes a national shame: children cleaning floors and tables in shanty restaurants;
making locks, slates and fireworks; rolling bidis; weaving saris and carpets; packing and
hauling loads in factories and stone quarries. With her trademark sensitivity and insight,
she analyses the grinding poverty and traditions sanctified by caste and religion which
condemn these children to a life of exploitation. In this bleak world, the author also finds
stories of resilience and fortitude—children who have refused to accept their condition,
thus opening new vistas for themselves and others like them. She also documents
incredible profiles in courage—individuals and institutions who battle not only
governmental and bureaucratic apathy but also social values and cultural norms that
support and accept the concept of child labour.

Deep water by William Douglas
Deep water shows how scared of water Douglas had been as a boy. His very first
experience was when he first went to the sea beach with his father and a powerful wave
swept over him. Although the wave had receded still it left him terrified .But then to
overcome his fear he made up his mind to learn swimming. He went to the Y.M.C.A. pool
which was two feet at the shallow end and nine feet at the deep end.
One day a strong big boy picked him up and threw him into the deepest part of the pool.
He sank to the bottom but he tried to jump and come up gradually. As fear had gripped
him all his efforts went in vain. He was nearly drowned .He tried to breathe but swallowed
water. He lay there in complete peace without sensation or fear of death. But someone

But he sends a letter to the iron masters daughter telling her that she was a wonderful hostess and he cannot lie to her. This experience of fear at first and then conquering it made his life worth living. The peasants were share croppers with the British planters. Once again he is on his way to continue his usual profession of selling rattraps.S. Later lawyers were appointed . Some illiterate peasants agreed but others refused. So to over come his fear he found an instructor who trained him as a swimmer bit by bit. He managed to get justice after a year long battle for the peasants. He was so terrified that the sight of water made him sick. poets and pancakes (my years with boss) by Asokamitran for nearly thirty years from 1940. Just to release the peasants from the fifteen percent agreement they demanded compensation. He also returned the money that he had stolen from the crofter and asked her to return it.’ Gemini films entertained millions all over India and abroad. thievery and begging. Vasan lent substance and quality to the rather fragile and unpredictable movie business. and hygiene for the families of the poor peasants. these are baits. The crofter entertains him as a guest and friend. The book covers only five of his fourteen years with the Studios but captures that phase of Indian movie business when the key factors of the box office were imperceptibly shifting from the studios to the stars. clothing etc. He also made arrangements for the education. The British didn’t need the indigo crop any more when Germany had developed synthetic indigo. Sahitya Akademi award-winning Tamil writer Ashokamitran worked for the Gemini Studios from 1952 to 1966. Those who touch them are trapped Indigo by Louis Fischer this story portraits Gandhiji’s struggle for the poor peasants of Champaran. the peasants had to cultivate indigo on fifteen percent of the land and give as rent.At that time Gandhiji went to Champaran. Just like the rats are trapped by cheese and food similarly men are lured by land. He gave them the lesson of self reliance. the Gemini Studios of Madras (Chennai) was the most influential film-producing organisation of India and its founder. A full twenty years after he ‘renounced’ films. shelter. The Gemini emblem of two small boys with bugles was true to Vasan’s slogan for the Studios. there is a great show. food. the brilliant multi-faceted entrepreneur S. But the rattrap seller returns later the next day. He lets her know that this whole world is like a rat trap. He was able to overcome his fear completely. There he stays for two days as his guest. . The fortune however turns later when the iron master mistaking him to be an old comrade takes him home. ‘when the bugles blow. The rattrap by Selma Lagerlof the rattrap seller is a homeless fellow who stays in the crofter’s cottage for a night. He could not go fishing or canoeing. smashes the window pane and steals the money of the crofter. poet-editor Pritish Nandy persuaded Ashokamitran to record his reminiscences and the result was a series of articles making up My Years with Boss.saved him. According to one old agreement. health.

My Years with Boss is one of the most unusual books to be written about the entertainment world and clearly indicates the enormous impact of the movies on virtually every aspect of life in India. an art. She comes from a poor financial background.The story revolves around the life of Sophie. They feel it diminishes them. Umberto eco pan academician refers himself to be called an academician. the novel would not have got such success. tries to pull Sophie to reality. Part II is an extract from an interview of Umberto Eco. ‘it is a serviceable medium communication’.’ Name of the Rose’ by Mukund Padmanaban from ‘The Hindu’ This interview helps us know many aspects of his writing style and ideas. It is surprising to notice that as interviewer. As we go through this extract. Sylvester lists out well – known writers who are against interview – V. Perhaps the appropriateness of the time it was written could be the reason. Through his modest answers. Naipaul. but in vain. and his puckish narrative make this a brief but special book of film history. who. Others despise the interview as an ‘unwarranted intrusion into their lives’.empty spaces to his advantage. methods and merits vary considerably. they feel it much disturbing and diminishing. H. Rudyard Kipling. as an interviewee. is filled with fantasies and desires.S. Though he gives the impression of doing many things at a time. Going Places by A. The author’s ability to capture the life and breath of people and events. He interacts properly and modestly. like others of her age. Wells though he had interviewed many personalities. interview is a crime or an offence. each one is comfortable. Lewis Carrol. but hopes to be sophisticated in the future.R.He utilises the interstices . However. He himself admits had the novel come 10 years later or earlier.of its functions. Jansie." THE INTERVIEW SUMMARY: ‘The Interview’ written by Christopher Sylvester briefs the new invention – interview in the field of journalism. Today. but her friend Jansie believes that both of them are earmarked for the biscuit factory. we can easily note that Umberto Eco does not think. Some claim it as a source of truth and in its practice. Barton the theme of this story is adolescent fantasising and hero-worship. Interview that was invented over 130 years have become a commonplace journalism. opinions of interview. Yet in the words of the writer. pursuing his philosophical interests through his writings and his novels. every literate or illiterate will have to experience interview at some point of the daily life. he tells the secret of his success . When Mukund Padmanaban asks the reason behind the huge success of ’The Name of the Rose’. whereas. Sophie dreams of owning a boutique one day ot being an actress or fashion designer. He has written 40 philosophical writings and just 5 novels. who is more realistic. he says he is doing the same thing. . he honestly replies that it is a mystery even to him.G. a teenager. author of the popular novel.

the chief astrologer told him that he may kill 99 tigers but he must be careful with the hundredth one. Geoff and little Derek. strong and handsome and reserved. her parents pooh-pooh her. does not really believe her. wondering how her brother would be disappointed on knowing that Danny Casey never showed up. even if she wants to. Charley tries to buy tickets to Galesburg. Sophie gets so pulled into the story she made that she herself begins to believe that its true. In ten years he killed 70 tigers . dated July 18. and a locomotive from 1894.He banned the killing of tigers in Pratibandhpuram . She envies his silence and often wonders about his thoughts and areas of his life that she doesn’t know about. So the maharaja married to a royal family in a state where tiger population was rich . An infant born just ten days ago was talking in such a manner .The chief astrologer told the Prince that he was born in hour of the bull. She makes up a story about how she met him in the streets and tells this to Geoff. who is more sensible than Sophie. who is tall. but obviously. she makes her way home. During his lunch break the next day.The tiger population had become extinct at Pratibandhpuram . However. She tells him that Danny has promised to meet her somewhere again. unlike her. Geoff. are more mature and know the truths of life. Sophie finds a sort of fascination for her elder brotherGeoff. from Galesburg. unperturbed The third level by Jack Finney Charley explains that one evening while hurrying home. The ten day old Jilani Jung Jung Bahadur started speaking. When he told the chief astrologer about that. But he can never again find the entrance to the third level at Grand Central Station. Then. an Irish football player. he told them that all those who were born would have to die one day. The centre of this story is that Sophie fantasises about Danny Casey. the astrologers had foretold that one day the king would actually have to die.Sophie lives in a small house with her parents and brothers. Charley finds evidence the third level actually exists when he discovers a letter to him. As bull and tiger were enemies therefore his death would come from tiger. he never arrives. 1894. Thus thereby he killed 99 tigers but one was still . Everyone stood stunned. The Tiger king by Kalki When Maharaja Jilani Jung Jung Bahadur was born. whom she had seen playing in innumerable matches. The Maharaja grew stronger and took to tiger hunting. IL. he begins to hope that it could be true. he decided to take the subway from Grand Central Station. She waits for the Irish player. It seems Charley's psychiatrist was not as incredulous of the third level as he appeared. he asked them to tell the manner of his death. Though she voices her feelings and desires. Understanding he'd somehow gone back in time. but whe Sophie describes the meeting in all her details. He eventually found himself on a strange third level with spittoons on the floor. oddly dressed people. Sophie still fantasises about her hero. IL. Charley withdraws nearly all their savings and buys old-style currency. He was overjoyed when he killed the first tiger. It seems an unlikely incident for Sophie to meet the prodigy in their street. because they. and became lost.

There was no sign of tigers anywhere . It was a time when the humans hadn’t arrived on the global scene and the climate _____________________________ with an immense variety of flora and fauna. Some words and phrases have been left out and have been placed below the paragraphs as hints in bullet form. and involved crossing nine time zones. three bodies of water. Maharaja took his men for hunt . the landmass was separated into countries giving the globe its present shape. so they killed the tiger . travelling by car. as a result its sharp edge pierced into Maharaja’s hand . ozone and carbon. South America drifting . Journey to the end of the Earth by Tishani Doshi The chapter is an account of the author’s unique experience on an expedition to Antarctica in 2006: The Lesson At A Glance Given below is the summary of the lesson. There was a tiger brought later for Maharaja . aeroplane and ship. Next day the infection spread into his whole hand and Maharaja at last died . He gifted him a wooden tiger . It is unbelievable to imagine: India pushing northwards jamming against Asia to buckle its crust and form the Himalayas. then they may lose their job . It’s to understand the significance of Cordilleran folds and precambrian granite shields (geological and geographical terms). He raised the land tax and also dismissed some of his men . But maharaja did not know that he still has one tiger left to be killed . The journey began 13:09 degrees north of Equator in Madras. _____________________________. • expansive white landscape • 100 hrs to reach Antarctica • Russian research vessel • was of relief • part of the same landmass Part of history The Gondwana super continent that existed ______centred around present day Antarctica. Gondwana thrived for 500 million years but when the ___________________________ out and the age of mammals evolved. Akademik Shokalsky. He shooted the tiger but it missed the tiger . Maharaja’s men knew it but they feared that if they tell it to Maharaja . What amazed her was its immensity. ________________________ is to get an idea where we’ve come from and where we are heading to. six checkpoints. The tiger was made by an unskilled man .left . in order to test your understanding. its isolation and that there was a time when India and Antarctica were ___________________.Maharaja did not notice that . Before directly picking up the hints. Maharaja had to attend his 3 year old son’s birthday . It was and overwhelming experience filled with wonder on seeing Antarctica’s _______________________________________ and uninterrupted blue horizon but the first emotion _________________ after the long journey. attempt first to fill in the blanks independently. and ecospheres (regions fit for living).Its surface was rough . driest and windiest continent: Antartica by a ________________________________________. Maharaja could not bear any more . The writer started her journey to the coldest. Thus the fateful hundredth tiger though a wooden one was the cause of the Maharaja’s death and proved the predictionof the astrologer correct. It took them ___________________________________________.

Uncontrolled burning of fossil fuels has created a blanket of carbondioxide. One _________________ and days go on for 24 hours. Being a part of the expedition and actually seeing glaciers retreating and ____________melting makes one realize the reality of global warming. which has led to an increase in _____________Climate change has led to the receding of glaciers and melting of ice shelves. Hence the lesson learnt is that if small things are taken care of then ___________________________________ • big things will take care of themselves.off to join North America. Scientists warn that ____________________________________ will affect the activities of the phytoplankton which will further affect the marine life of the region. Human civilizations have been around only for 12000 years. Rapid increase in population __________________________ . billboards or buildings. opening up the Drake passage to create a cold circumpolar current. The all pervading silence is broken either by an _______________ or the breaking of an ice sheet.as half a million old carbon records are trapped in the icy layers.the largest _______________________________ so far was of the size of Belgium. mighty whales and ice bergs . For example the Phytoplankton. The simple ecosystem and the lack of diversity of plant and animal life makes Antarctica the perfect place to bring forth the idea that little changes in the environment can have big repercussions. • global warming • have depleted natural resources • recorded iceberg • loses an earthly sense of time • avalanche • past. Antarctica is a place for the study of the ___________________________. • a further depletion in the ozone layer. · six hundred and fifty million years ago · was much warmer · dinosaurs were wiped · To visit Antarctica 90 percent of the Earth’s total ice volumes are stored in Antarctica. learn. keeping Antarctica cold desolate and _____________________________ · evolution and extinction · at the bottom of the world . • Ice shelves • marine life . Geoff Green. and act. trees. present and future The writer says that the ‘Students on Ice’ programme focuses on taking high school students to the ends of the world and providing them with inspiring educational opportunities which will help them foster a new understanding and respect for our planet. The future generation thus had a life changing experience at the appropriate age when they were ready to absorb. The group of 52 students went aboard the Russian vessel _______________________________ and was headed by a Canadian. There are midges and mites. the microscopicgrasses form the food chain of the entire Southern ocean’s __________________. Being there is like walking into a ping pong ball devoid of humanity.

who is more sensible than Sophie. At the outside edge they saw ______________________ sunning themselves on ice floes which reminded them of _________________________ under the banyan tree. The story revolves around the life of Sophie. The writer had an exciting experience just short of the Antarctic circle at 65. They were all then instructed by the Captain to ____________________________ on the ocean. She waits for the Irish player. Geoff and little Derek. She tells him that Danny has promised to meet her somewhere again. It seems an unlikely incident for Sophie to meet the prodigy in their street. Underneath their feet was a metre thick ice pack. Sophie still fantasises about her hero. an Irish football player. and below that 180 metres of living. breathing. Sophie finds a sort of fascination for her elder brotherGeoff. like others of her age. who is tall. but in vain.• Akademik Shokalskiy. whom she had seen playing in innumerable matches. because they. wondering how her brother would be disappointed on knowing that Danny Casey never showed up. her parents pooh-pooh her. Geoff. tries to pull Sophie to reality. she makes her way home. Sophie dreams of owning a boutique one day ot being an actress or fashion designer. Then. he begins to hope that it could be true. are more mature and know the truths of life. The Shokalskiy got stuck into a _________________________ between the peninsula and Tadpole Island. She comes from a poor financial background. but whe Sophie describes the meeting in all her details. does not really believe her. Buck . However. who is more realistic. So all the _____________________ wore their waterproof garments and started walking on the ice. but her friend Jansie believes that both of them are earmarked for the biscuit factory. unlike her. Jansie. a teenager. but obviously. She makes up a story about how she met him in the streets and tells this to Geoff. The writer wonders how the world would be if Antarctica were to become a warm planet once again and would we be there to see it? He ends the chapter on a positive note saying that the younger generation alive with the idealism to save the world can make a lot of difference. Though she voices her feelings and desires. he never arrives. She envies his silence and often wonders about his thoughts and areas of his life that she doesn’t know about. After covering nine time zones. is filled with fantasies and desires. three bodies of water and many ecospheres the writer marvelled at the ________________________ working on our planet. Sophie gets so pulled into the story she made that she herself begins to believe that its true. but hopes to be sophisticated in the future. six checkpoints.55 degrees south. Sophie lives in a small house with her parents and brothers. It brought the revelation that everything has a connection. strong and handsome and reserved. unperturbed The enemy by Pearl S. even if she wants to. salt water. The centre of this story is that Sophie fantasises about Danny Casey. who. • climb down and walk • Crabeater seals • beauty of balance • thick white stretch of ice • 52 travellers • stray dogs sunning Evans tries an o level by Colin Dexter the theme of this story is adolescent fantasising and hero-worship.

Dr.It seemed they had studied about a new aniaml at school today for she enthusiastically said skunk..She said real friends are the ones who accept you for who you are and not for who you want to become..the magician then performed his magic and roger no longer melled of roses. They ran towards him.The owl directed him to go the the magician .and the difficult moral questions she raises during the story session with her father.Roger skunk found his way to the magicians house and seeked his help. A man was suddenly seen in the ocean...As he reached home his mother was disappointed with roger skunk as she thought that it was not right to change one's identity to please their friends..The roger creature then as directed gave the magician the pennies he had and as per the instruction of the magician went to the well to get the extra pennies. They were shocked to see that he was an enemy soldier and badly in need of medical aid.who would solve his problem in exchange for a few pennies more than the creature had and in the same breath would direct the creature to go to a place where he could find it...so jack had to tell her a story..Jack was now ready to start the story and was filled with creative enthusiasm. He was unconscious.and henceforth roger skunk was content in being himself.the story started with the creature being unable to play and make friends with other creatures. Sadao knew that he would not be arrested by the general as he himself might need his services any time for an operation.She then took roger back to the magician and hit the magician with the umbrella she had been carrying. So as soon as he was out of danger.roger chipmunk)..After that they returned home just in time to hear the whistle of the train blow that brought roger skunks father home. The man recovered.this was a childs perspectivbe of things.. Then roger skunk went back home.The character was set and so began the story..for a child their friends mean everything and they are not much of moral values and the importance of parents.. he told him to escape from the house Should wizard hit mommy by John Updike This story deals with the worldview of a little child..roger skunk...who had some problem and went with it to the wise owl.the the roger creature would be so happy and would return home just in time to hear the train whistle that brought his daddy home from boston..So he began his story and asked joanne what should the creature be named . Jack(joannes father) had become accustomed to or putting it more precisely obligated to telling stories out of his head to his daughter joanne during the evenings and saturday afternoons.The creature having no other option went to seek the advice of the wise old owl who directed him to go the magician.she want the wizard to hit rogers mommy back and let roger smell of roses and not change him. Sadao and Hana stood outside their house.this tradition itself was now two years old and joanne had been two when it started..these stories were almost the same except for some slight variations .. Sadao desired to get rid of him now.rogersquirrel..the reason was he smelled awfull....but his daughter joanne who was just a child reacted differently with th stories ending. Though for such a deed they could have been arrested but Dr.. . Throught this story jakc wanted to teach his daughter joanne about moral values..it started with a creature usually named roger(roger fish... As loyal citizens it was their duty to hand over the soldier to the officials but they took him inside into their house.... For this they saw rebel from their domestic helps. On this particular day a saturday and it was time for joannes nap.Dr.the magician with his magic wand turned the awful smell that roger had into a smell that was of roses...

After the story ended jack went down to help his wife clare paint the furniture .Jack had faced similar problems like roger had faced so he was trying to jo that whatever parents say or do for them are in their best interest.touch her. .a cage of moldings and rails and baseboards all around them .When he reached downstairs he sawt that the woodwork.and though he as well felt his wife's presence in the cage with him.was half old tan and half new ivory and he felt caught in an ugly middle position.he did not want to speak with her.work with her.Clare was three months pregnant.But jo was adamant and wanted another ending for the story.anything NOTE:jack had a son named bobby two years old.

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