You are on page 1of 31

ivigyxsg2 eggi2 gyi2 rii2 we2 fi2 eegrihF

xy2 gexxih2 py2

irsfs2 psvihD2

rehgy2

ie2 psw2yp2 ri2ypisyxev2vsgixi2hipixi2


d wb2
n2
2

f2

xxFE2

wc2 d2 BIY2 n}2x2 D8D2 D m2


DI2

~`bE

GEF42 IAD2E92

D2

I2

x2

XQW2

`XII~~X52

Pkgd2
F2

dD2
`FE2

cB4~2

Q2

Y`E 2 F2

`2 `92

`PR2 BE2 W2 9IXEbP2 D2

I2

x 2

EDfYE2

he2hn2vw2pirmDp3gF2
iisixgi pyw2 fixips2 y2
92

{9W2

eer2 uF2 euipsivh2


ryxi2 @SIPAUVWEQVWH2 iEwesvX2 eerdrexveelxFgyw2

wrh2 RD2PHIQ2

hoketing2hivision2 he2 ronorle2 edministrtive2vw2 tudge2oy2 qF2uddy2 tte2yfe2 of2 edministrtive2rerings2 FyF2fox2IQHPS2 eustinD2exs2UVUIIEQHPS2
eX2

rnd2 i2 helivery2

UVWIWU2@xA2nd2IRVUIQ2@vxA2sssued2to2 eres2enn2furrisY2 fefore2the2 tte2 yfe2of2 edministrtive2rerings2 yur2 pile2xoFI2 IPEHHIIW2

yer2 hoket2 ermnent2gertite2xumers2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPUY2sn2the2wtter2of2

her2 tudge2uddyX2
inlosed2 plese2 nd2espondents2wotion2for2ummry2hisposition2 nd2xotie2 of2 sntent2 to2 se2 hisovery2roduts2 hisposition2roeedingF2 fy2 xot2 on2pile2in22ummry2 opy2 of2this2 letterD2 e2re2 forwrding2 2 opy2of2this2 doument2to2 the2 etitioner2 through2 ounselF2 lese2feel2free2to2ontt2the2rm2 questions2 hve2ny2 t2the2numer2 ontined2ove2should2you2 or2onems2 regrding2this2mtterF2 hnk2 for2your2 time2nd2ssistne2in2this2mtterF2 you2
inerelyD2

ve2 ri2 rex2 pswD2FgF2


fyX2
F2

keeldD2vegl2essistn2

u2

he2 hn2 pirm2 g2 y2 vw2 fox2SHPPU2 eustin2 exs2UVUTQ2 fx2 wwwFplinlwustinFHm @SIPA2UVWEQVWH2phone2 @SIPA2WHRESSIT2
|2 |2 |2 |2

psw2yp2 ie2 P2 ri2ypisyxev2vsgixi2hipixi2


s

inlosures2

uGskw2

X2

xikki2 ropkinsD2isqF2@i2 rnd2 heliveryA

glient2@vi2eEmilA2

I2

phone2 @SIPA2WHRESSIT2fx2 @SIPA2UVW~QVWH2


s2

he2 hn2 vw2 pirm2 g2 y2 fox2SHPPU2 eustinD2exs2UVUTQ2 wwwFphnlwustinFom


|2 s2 |2

FdFDu7PiiX7iSB2

2 2 wyid2 sjl2
IIYE2

D2

t2

XII42 `Q2 v2 F~~aa2 2 DFFF2 aF~wB~2 SIF2 DDF2 D2 S42 4E2 igD2 I3t`2
F2

F2

9i|2

F2

imlXi2
9I2

iwexix2 iqsiih2 xi2 vsgixi2 xoF2UVWIWU282 iwexix2 ygesyxev2 xi2 vsgixi2


iie2 exx2 fs2
xyFIRVUIQ2 sih2 o2

sx2rf2

F2

P2

S2

Aygui2 SHUEIQEHUPU xwfi2


fipyi2 ri2 yppsgi2 ei2

s2

ehwsxsesi2 riesxq2
hsyssyx2 ygiihsxq2

iyxhix2 wysyx2 py2 wwe2 hsyssyx2 exh2 xysgi2 yp2 sxix2 y2 i2 hsgyi2 yhg2 psvi2 xy2 sx2 yx2 e2 wwe2
y2ri2 ryxyefvi2ehwsxsesi2 ve2thqi2exh2ri2ryxyefvi2 ie2 fyeh2 yp2 xsxqX2

iie2exx2fsD2ermnent2egistered2 xurse2 viense2 xoF2 UVWIWU2 nd2


ermnent2 otionl2 xurse2 xumer2 IRVUIQD2 espondent2 @lso2 nd2 interhngely2
hereinfterD2 wsF2furrisA2in2the2oveEstyled2nd2numered2use2of2tionD2 nd2pursunt2to I2

iF2ehwsxF2gyhi22 ISSFSHS2 files2 this2 wotion2for2ummry2hisposition2 nd2xotie2 of2


sntent2 to2

se2 hisovery2 roduts2 xot2 on2 pile2 in2 2 ummry2 hisposition2 roeedingF2

espondent2moves2for2finl2 deision2in2her2fvor2on2summry2disposition2ithout2evidentiry2
heringF2 espondent2 would2respetfully2show2 the2ourt2s2followsX2
sF2

iyxhix2 wwe2 hsyssyx2 ishixgi2


piled2 ontemporneously2 herewith2 is2 espondent2 eres2 enn2furris2 FxFD2
D2

IF2

ttement2of2wteril2ndisputed2pts2in2upport2of2wotion2for2pinl2heision2on2ummry2
hisposition2 nd2 xotie2 of2 sntent2 to2 se2 hisovery2 roduts2 xot2 on2 pile2 in2 2 ummry2

hisposition2roeedingF2 ee2 I2iF2 ehwsxF2gyhi2 2ISSFSHS@A@PAD2@QAD2@A@PA@fAF2


PF2

nder2the2 uthority2 of2 I2 iF2ehwsxF2gyhi22 ISSFSHS@A@PAD2 @fA2 nd2the2

exs2ule2of2givil2roedure2ITT@dAD2espondent2eres2enn2 her2intent2 furrisD2gives2notie2of2


to2 use2the2 exerpts2 tthed2to2 this2 wotion2t2 ixhiit2i2from2etitioners2 pirst2esponse2to2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2
hisposition22 ge I2

yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU2

espondents2 equests2 for2 hislosureF2 his2 disovery2 is2 intended2 nd2 used2 in2 support2 of2 espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hispositionF2 espondent2filed2the2forementioned2tthed2
ixhiit2t2the2sme2time2she2filed2her2wotion2 for2ummry2 hispositionF2 espondent2serves2this2
notie2nd2the2tthed2disovery2produts2on2 ll2prtiesF2
QF2

sn2support2of2 this2motionD2espondent2relies2on2 nd2inorportes2y2referene2for2

ll2purposes2 the2followingX2
F2

effidvit2 of2 eres2 enn2furrisD2 vFFxFD2 FxFD2 dte2 wrh2 ID2 PHIQD2

@furris2effidvitAY2
F2

effidvit2 of2eron2fellowD2 FxFD2 xFFD2 dte2 wrh2QD2 PHIQD2 @fellow2 effidvitAY2

F2

true2 nd2 orret2 opy2 of2 wedil2 eords2 of2 tient2 hgt2xumer2

VPVISQ2 @lso2 ptientD2 hereinfterAD2 with2effidvit2 of2hevorih2 xuls2


dte2 tnury2 PRD2 PHIQD2 tthed2 t2 ixhiit2 eF2 @tient2

wedil2

eordsAF2
dF2

true2

nd2 orret2 opy2 of2 porml2 ghrges2 dted2 eptemer2 SD2 PHIPD2

tthed2t2ixhiit2fF2
eF2

true2nd2orret2opy2of2 espondents2yriginl2enswer2 filed2ytoer2PWD2

PHIPD2tthed2t2ixhiit2gF2
fF2

true2

nd2 orret2 opy2 of2espondents2 equests2 for2 hislosure2 filed2

ytoer2PWD2PHIPD2tthed2t2ixhiit2hFI2
gF2

true2 nd2 orret2 opy2 of2etitioners2 pirst2 esponse2 to2 espondents2

equests2 for2 hislosure2 served2 xovemer2WD2 PHIPD2 tthed2 t2 ixhiit2

I2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition22 ge P2 yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

espondents2equests2for2hislosure2were2inluded2s2prt2of2 its2 yriginl2enswerF2

f2
hF2

true2nd2orret2opy2of2 etitiHners2pirst2emended2 porml2ghrges2filed2

perury2UD2PHIQD2tthed2t2ixhiit2pF2
iF2

true2 nd2orret2 opy2of2etitioners2 eond2emended2porml2ghrges2


filed2perury2 PSD2PHIQD2 t2ixhiit2qF2

jF2

true2

nd2 orret2 opy2 of2 espondents2 pirst2 emended2 enswer2 led2

perury2PSD2PHIQD2tthed2t2ixhiit2rF2
kF2

true2nd2orret2opy2of2 tient2gre2eport2prepred2y2engel2gre2

emulne2ervieD2snFD2 with2effidvit2of2tessi2qrz2dted2perury2
IQD2PHIQD2tthed2t2ixhiit2IFP2

ee2I2iF2 ehwsxF2gyhi2 2ISSFSHS@AF2


ssF2

wwe2 yp2 wysyx2


mnner2

RF2

he2etitioner2@lso2 nd2interhngely2hereinfter2s2fordA2omplins2tht2
to2 prtie2 professionl2 nursing2 in2 n2 eptle2 professionl2

wsF2 furris2 filed2

onsistent2with2puli2helth2nd2welfre2nd2violted2her2stndrd2of2re2y2filing2to2initite2

rdiopulmonry2resusittion2 @hereinfterD2 gAF2

peifillyD2 the2 ford2omplins2tht2

wsF2furris2filed

2
F2

F2

F2

to2re2dequtely2for22ptient2or2to2onform2to2the2minimum2 stndrds2

of2eptle2 nursing2prtie2 in2 2mmier2thtD2 in2the2 fords2opinionD2 exposes22ptient2 or2


other2 person2 vmneessrily2 to2 risk2 of2hrmD2 nd2 tht2 she2 engged2 in2 unprofessionl2 or2

dishonorle2 ondut2 thtD2 in2 the2 ords2 opinionD2 is2 likely2 to2 deeiveD2 defrudD2 or2 injure 2
ptient2 or2the2 puliF2 ee2iF2yggF2

gyhi22 QHIFRSP@A@IHAD2 @IQAY2 see2lso2etitioners2

eond2emended2 etition2t2ixhiit2qF2

ptients2identity2hs2een2 he2 redted2to2omply2 with2yer2 yrder2 xoF2IF2 espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge Q2

P2

yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

SF2

he2fordD2per2its2 pledingD2nd2speifilly2to2 ghrge2sD2 omplins2of2speifi2


F2

ondut2y2 wsF2furris2in2tht2she 2

F2

F2

filed2to2initite2rdiopulmonry2resusittion2@gA2 for2

tient2gwD2 exs2heprtment2of2 griminl2tustie2@hgtA2xumer2VPVISQD2fter2the2ptient2

ws2found2hnging2in2his2ellF2 ee2etitioners2eond2emended2 etitionD2 ghrge2sD2 t2ixhiit2


aFqDD2

TF2

fsed2on2this2 ondutD2the2ford2omplins2tht2wsF2furris2 ondut2deprived2


ee2etitioners2eond2emended2porml2ghrgesD2

the2ptient2of2timely2resusittion2effortsF2

ghrge2sD2 t2ixhiit2qF2
UF2

sn2 esseneD2 the2 ford2 is2 tking2 the2 undenile2 position2 tht2 2 registered2 or2

professionl2nurseD2who2 responds2to2n2unwitnessed2rrest2of22ptient2tht2does2not2hve22vlid2

do2not2resusitte2@hxA2orderDQ2my2 not2exerise2judgment2nd2mke22deision2to2withhold2
rdiopulmonry2resusittion2 @gA2upon2n2evlution2nd2ssessment2of22ptient2y2tht2
nurse2 despite2 linil2 signs2 supporting2 inppropriteness2 or2 futile2 interventionY2 hereD 2

determintion2of2inppropriteness2or2futility2sed2upon2presumptive2nd2onlusive2signs2of2
deth2tht2 were2presentY2 the2 ltter2 eing2livor2 mortis2 nd2rigor2mortisF2 ut2nother2wyD2the2

fords2position2in2this2mtter2is2 tht2regrdless2of2 whether22ptient2is2 or2ws2eyond2the2need2


for2

emergeny2 medil2 intervention2 @iFeFD2

resusittive2 effortsY2 hereD2

gAD2 the2 generlly2


initite2

epted2 stndrds2 of2 nursing2 prtie2 require2 tht2 2 professionl2 nurse2


interventionF2

g2

ee2 etitioners2 pirst2 esponse2 to2 espondents2 equests2 for2 hislosure2 t2

ixhiit2iFR2 er2the2fordD2it2 is2 outside2the2sope2of2nursing2prtie2 to2 determine2tht2g2

Q2

sn2response2to2iF2 F2gsF2F2 IWRFP@AD2etitioner2providesD22the2ft2tht2the2ptient2 hve2expired2 my2 prior2to2her2 wsF2furris2disovery2re2not2ftors2tht2would2relieve2espondent2of2 her2duty2to2initite2potentilly2 lifesving2interventionF2 espondent2should2hve2 lled22gode2 to2ttempt2resusittion2of2 the2ptientF2@imphsis2
F2 F2 F2

R2

t2the2time2 of2 reF2

his2my2 lso2inlude22sitution2here2there2is22vlid2hxD2 ut2this2ft2is2unknown2 to2the2responding2 regiver2

espHndents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition22 ge R2 yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

ddedAF2

will2not2e2initited2in2the2sene2of22

hx2 orderF2 st2 ppers2tht2the2fordD2in2ringing2this2

seD2 disounts2 informtion2 lerned2 y22 professionl2 nurse2 during2 2 omprehensive2 nursing2

ssessment2nd2disounts2other2irumstnes2nd2ssessments2tht2ould2influene2 2deision2

on2the2prt2of2 the2professionl2nurse2not2to2initite2gF2 purtherD2the2fordD2for2purposes2of2 this2


disiplinry2 heringD2 tkes2 the2 undenile2 position2 tht2 the2 stndrd2 to2 initite2 g2pplies2

regrdless2of2 prtie2settingF2 fut2 see2espHndents2pirst2emended2 enswer2 t2ixhiit2rF2


VF2

espondent2 knowledges2tht2 the2 ultimte2 issue2 in2 this2 se2 t2 the2 ontested2

se2 hering2 is2 whether2 the2

minimum2 stndrds2 of2 nursing2 re2 llow2 2 registered2 or2

professionl2nurseEEupon2n2ssessment2of2 2ptient2who2 hs2suffered2n2unwitnessed2rrest2nd2

who2does2not2hve22vlid2hx2 orderEEto2withhold2resusittion2sed2on22determintion2tht2

g2is2 inpproprite2 or2 futile2 interventionF2

roweverD2 2 determintion2 of2the2 minimum2

stndrds2of2 s2 motion2 nursing2re2is2not2 needed2 nor2 is2it2required2 to2determine2espondent2 for2

summry2disposition2in2her2 nowF2 fvor2


WF2

espondent2 provides2 tht2 sed2 on2 the2 undisputed2 fts2 she2 is2 entitled2 to 2

deision2 in2 her2 fvor2 s2 2 mtter2 of2lw2euse2 the2 ford2 nnot2 ddue2 ny2 dmissile2

evidene2rising2 2genuine2issue2 s2 to2 ny2mteril2 ft2 on2n2essentil2 element@sA2of2its2 se2


prior2to2rehing22determintion2on2the2issue2of2 the2minimum2 stndrds2of2 nursing2reF2

ee

I2

iF2ehwsxF2 gyhi2 2ISSFSHS@AF2


sssF2

weisev2 xhsih2 peg2

IHF2

he2mteril2undisputed2fts2of2 this2se2re2s2followsX2
F2

wsF2furris2holds22liense2s22votionl2nurse2nd22professionl2nurse2
in2the2tte2of2 exsF2 furris2effidvit2t2xoF2QF2

hisposition22 ge S2

espHndents2wotion2 for2ummry2

yer2 hoket2xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

F2

yn2wrh2PPD2 PHIID2 wsF2furris2 ws2employed2with2the2 niversity2 of2


exs2wedil2frnhEgorretionl2wnged2gre2or2wfEgwg2 nd2

ws2working2 t2 the2 illim2 qF2 wgonnell2 nit2 loted2 in2 feevilleD2


exsF2 furris2efdvit2 t2xHF2RF2
F2

yn2wrh2PPD2PHIID2wsF2furris2ws2employed2s2nd2s2ting2only2in2
the2 pity2 of2 2 liensed2 registered2 or2 professionl2 nurseF2

furris2

effidvit2t2xHF2SF2
dF2

yn2wrh2PPD2PHIID2wsF2furrisD2who2ws2orking2in2the2medil2unit2of2
the2illim2qF2wgonnell2nit2followed2seurity2personnel2responding2
to2n2inmte2hnging2in2the2edministrtive2egregtion2unitD2 2protetive2

ustody2wrdF2 furris2 effidvit2t2xHF2TF2


eF2

wsF2furris2lerned2from2seurity2personnel2tht2there2hd2een22hnging2
involving2n2 inmteF2 furris2effidvit2t2 HF2UF2

x2

fF2

yn2 wrh2PPD2PHIID2t2HRHID2wsF2furris2rrived2t2the2ell2of2n2inmteD2
tient2gFwF2or2tient2hgt2 xumer2VPVISQF2 furris2efdvit2t2xHF2
VF2

gF2

eurity2or2nonmedil2personnel2ere2lredy2present2in2nd2outside2the2
ell2of2 tient2

hgt2 xumer2 VPVISQF2 furris2efdvit2t2xHF2WF2

hF2

eurity2personnel2hd2ut2tient2hgt2 xumer2VPVISQ2down2prior2to2

wsF2furris2rrivlF2 furris2effidvit2t2xHF2IHF2
iF2

eurity2 personnel2 did2 not2 initite2 ny2 resusittive2 efforts2 on2 tient2

hgt2 xumer2 VPVISQF2 furris2efdvit2t2xoF2IIF2

hisposition2E2 ge T2

espHndents2wotion2 for2ummry2

yer2 hoket2 xHF2SHUEIQEHUPU

jF2

tient2hgt2 xumer2VPVISQ2hd2suffered2n2rrestF2 furris2effidvit2

t2xHF2IPD2PIF2
kF2
lF2

he2rrest2ws2 unwitnessedF2 furris2 effidvit2t2xoF2IQD2PIF2


wsF2 furris2 initited2
2 nursing2 ssessment2 of2 tient2 hgt2 xumer2

VPVISQ2within2 seonds2 of2rriving2 on2the2 sene2 whih2ws2the2 ell2 of2


tient2hgt2 xumer2VPVISQF2 furris2effidvit2t2xoF2ISF2
ssIF2

wsF2 furris2 performed2 2 nursing2 ssessment2 of2 tient2 hgt2 xumer2


VPVISQF2 furris2effidvit2t2xosF2ISD2IUF2

sIF2

wsF2furris2hd2diffiulty2moving2tient2hgt2 xumer2VPVISQ2euse2
of2rigidity2 nd2stiffness2 nd2she2 ould2 not2move2his2 rms2whih2were2

ehind2his2kF2 furris2effidvit2t2xoF2ITF2
yF2

wsF2furris2oserved2the2followingX2 ligture2mrks2t2the2inmtes2wristsD2
nekD2 nd2 nklesY2 inmte2 ws2 ynotiD2 mottledD2 his2 rms2were2 rigid2

ehind2his2kF2 furris2 effidvit2t2xoF2IVF2


pF2

wsF2furrisD2during2the2evlution2nd2ssessmentD2sw2 wht2tient2hgt2

xumer2VPVISQ2looked2like2up2loseD2felt2his2skinD2oserved2the2olor2nd2
depth2of2the2ligture2mrk2on2his2nekD2nd2oserved2the2tul2olor2of2
his2skin2toneF2 furris2 effidvit2t2xoF2IVF2
qF2

wsF2 furris2 oserved2 the2 following2linil2 signs2 during2 her2evlution2


nd2 ssessment2 of2 tient2 hgt2xumer2VPVISQX2 @IA2 tient2 hgt2

xumer2VPVISQ2 ws2unresponsiveY2 @PA2 tient2 hgt2xumer2VPVISQ2


hd2no2respirtionsY2 @QA2tient2hgt2xumer2VPVISQ2hd2no2pulseY2 @RA2
tient2hgt2 VPVISQs2pupils2were2fixed2nd2diltedY2@SA2tient2 xumer2

espondents2wotion2 for2ummry2
hisposition2E2 ge U2

yer2 hoket2xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

hgt2xumer2VPVISQs2ody2temperture2 indited2 hypothermi2@iFeFD2


old2 to2 the2 touhAY2 @TA2 tient2 hgt2xumer2VPVISQ2 hd2generlized2
ynosisY2 @UA2 there2 ws2 presene2 of2 livor2 mortisY2 nd2 @VA2 there2 ws2

presene2of2rigor2mortisF2 furris2effidvit2t2xoF2PHY2wedil2eords2

ixhiit2eD2t2ppF2QD2UD2IID2ITF2
s4
F2

wsF2 furris2 noted2 these2 linil2 signs2 in2 the2 medil2 reordF2 furris2
effidvit2t2xosF2QRD2QSD2QTY2wedil2 eords2ixhiit2eD2pF2IIF2

F2

he2presumptive2signs2of2deth2inludeX2

@IA2ptient2unresponsiveY2@PA2no2

respirtionsY2 @QA2 no2 pulseY2 @RA2 pupils2 re2 fixed2 nd2 diltedY2 @SA2 ody2

temperture2indited2hypothermi2@iFeFD2 old2to2 the2touh2reltive2 to2 the2


seline2skin2tempertureAY2@TA2generlized2ynosisF2 fellow2 effidvit2t2

xoF2IS@gAY2etitioners2pirst2esponse2to2espondents2equests2for2
hislosure2@referening2osition2ttement2ISFPHA2ixhiit2iF2
tF2

tient2

hgt2 xumer2 VPVISQ2 hd2 rigor2 mortis2 present2 on2 initil2

ssessmentF2 furris2effidvitY2 wedil2eords2ixhiit2eD2ppF2PD2QD2


UD2WD2IHD2IIF2 uF2

tient2 hgt2xumer2VPVISQ2suffered2 n2unwitnessed2trumti2 rrest2

seondry2to2hnging2nd2livor2mortis2ws2present2on2initil2 ssessmentF2

furris2effidvit2t2xoF2PIF2
vF2

wsF2furris2oserved2nd2determined2tht2the2ptient2presented2with2rigor2
mortisF2furris2effidvit2t2xosF2PPD2PQY2wedil2eords2ixhiit2eD2
pF2IIF2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2
hisposition22 ge V2

yer2 hoket2xHF2SHUEIQEHUPU

F2

e2onlusive2 sign2 of2 deth2 is2 the2 presene2 of2 livor2 mortisF2

furris2

effidvit2 t2 xoF2 PSY2 fellow2 effidvit2 t2 xoF2 ITY2 etitioners2 pirst2

esponse2 to2 equests2 for2 hislosure2 @osition2 ttement2 ISFPHA2


ixhiit2iF2
F2

vivor2mortisD2 lso2 lividityD2 is2 2 ondition2 mrked2y2hypostsis2 of2the2

lood2following2deth2tht2uses22purplish2red2disolortion2of2the2skin2

due2to2lk2of2 lood2irultionF2 vivor2mortis2is2 used2y2umultion2


of2lood2in2vessels2in2dependent2res2due2to2grvityF2 fellow2effidvit2
t2xoF2IVF2
yF2

vivor2mortis2is2 evident2PHEQH2minutes2postmortemF2 fellow2effidvit2t2

xo2IWF2
F2

vivor2 mortis2 is2 2 onlusive2 sign2 of2dethF2 furris2effidvitY2 fellow2


effidvitY2 etitioners2 pirst2 esponse2 to2 equests2 for2 hislosure2
@osition2ttement2ISFPHA2ixhiit2iF2

F2

igor2 mortis2 is2 postmortem2 rigidity2 due2 to2 uildup2 of2lti2 id2 nd2
using2myosin2nd2tin2 to2 hrdenF2 smmeditely2 following2dethD2 the2

ody2is2 idD2followed2y2inresing2rigidity2 due2to2lk2of2denosine2


triphosphe2 @eA2nd2uildup2of2lti2 idF2 fellow2effidvit2t2xoF2
PHF2

F2
F2

igor2mortis2ppers2IER2hours2fter2dethF2 fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2PTF2

igor2mortis2is22onlusive2sign2of2 dethF2 fellow2 efdvit2t2xoF2PWF2 igor2mortis2ours2fter2the2onset2of2livor2mortisF2 fellow2effidvit2t2

ddF2

xoF2IUF2

espondents2wotion2 for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge W2 yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

eeF2

igor2mortis2is2 n2ojetive2sign2of2 irreversile2 dethF2 fellow2effidvit2


t2xoF2 QHF2

ffF2

here2is2 no2ondition2tht2mimis2the2musle2rigidity2 of2rigor2mortis2in2


ptients2tht2re2onlusively2dedF2 fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2PPF2

gVE2

e2 do2not2resusitte2@hxA2is2 2medil2order2tht2must2e2given2y 2
physiinF2 fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2PVF2

hhF2

fsed2on2her2ssessment2nd2euse2ll2 presumptive2signs2of2deth2nd2 two2onlusive2signs2of2deth2were2oservedD2wsF2furris2determined2tht2

g2would2e2futile2 nd2inpproprite2 interventionF2


t2xosF2PSD2PVF2
iiF2

furris2effidvitF2

wsF2furris2withheld2inititing2gF2 furris2effidvit2t2xosF2PSD2PVF2
efter2wsF2furris2hd2determined2tht2there2were2two2onlusive2signs2of2

jiE2

werle2willerD2FxFD22hrge2nurseD2to2 dethD2wsF2furris2ws2 instruted2y2


initite2gF2 wedil2 eords2ixhiit2eD2pF2PF2

kkF2

g2 ws2initited2on2the2ptientF2 wedil2eords2ixhiit2eD2ppF2PD2
QD2IID2ISF2

llF2

wsF2furris2doumented2tht2g2 hd2een2inititedF2 furris2effidvit2t2


xosF2QRD2QSY2wedil2 eords2ixhiit2eD2ppF2QD2IID2ITF2

srssIF2

he2exs2 xursing2 rtie2 et2 governs2 wht2professionl2 nurses2 re2


uthorized2to2doF2 fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2IPF2

sIIIF2

he2exs2xursing2rtie2et2defines2the2 sope2of22nurses2prtieF2
fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2IQF2

espondents2wotion2 for2ummry2 hisposition22 ge2IH2

yer2 hoket2xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

here2 is2 2 distintion2 etween2 the2 sope2 of2prtie2 of22 professionl2


nurse2 @registered2 nurse2 or2 xA2nd22liensed2votionl2 nurse2 @vxAF2

fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2IRF2

he2 exs2 ford2 of2 xursingD2 osition2 ttement2 ISFPHD2 egistered2


xurses2in2 the2 wngement2of2n2nwitnessed2rrest2 in2 2 esident2in 2

vong2

erm2

gre2

pilityD2

found2
provides2

t2

hplGGFsIFiilsTF9FpI9glYIgGpylllysIGhiflllD2

nd2

estlishes2 instnes2 tht2 g2 interventionEEfollowing2 2omprehensive2

nursing2 ssessmentEEwould2 e2

futile2

nd2 inpproprite2 given2 the2

ondition2of22ptientF2 fellow2effidvit2t2xHF2 ISY2 etitioners2pirst2

esponse2

to2

espondents2 equests2 for2 hislosure2 @osition2

ttement2ISFPHA2ixhiit2iF2
here2 is2 no2 indition2 for2 g2in2 2 ptient2 tht2 is2 onlusively2 dedF2

fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2PIF2

he2dte2of2 deth2for2tient2hgt2 xumer2VPVISQ2ws2wrh2PPD2PHIIF2


tient2gre2 eport2 ixhiit2sF2

heth2ws2 pronouned2y2toseph2vyversF2 tient2gre2eport2ixhiit2

v2
he2hour2of2 deth2ws2 HRQHF2 tient2gre2 eport2 ixhiit2sF2

e2 ptient2who2 presents2with2rigor2mortis2ndGor2other2onlusive2signs2of2
deth2 suh2 s2 livor2 mortis2 nnot2e2 exposed2 unneessrily2 to2 risk2 of2

hrmF2 furris2effidvit2t2xoF2QIY2fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2PQF2

e2ptient2 who2presents2 with2 rigor2 mortis2 ndGor2 hs2 other2 onlusive2


espondents2wotion2for2ummry2
hisposition22 ge2II2

yer2 hoket2 xo2SHUEIQEHUPU

signs2 of2deth2 suh2s2 livor2 mortis2 nnot2e2unneessrily2 exposed2to2


injuryF2

furris2effidvit2t2xoF2QPY2fellow2 efdvit2t2xoF2PRF2

F2

efter2it2 is2 determined2nd2estlished2tht2 2ptient2presented2with2rigor2

mortis2ndGor2hs2other2onlusive2signs2of2deth2suh2s2livor2mortisD 2
ptient2nnot2inur2risk2of2hrm2or2injuryF2 furris2effidvit2t2xoF2QID2

QPY2fellow2 effidvit2t2xosF2PQD2PRF2
F2

e2 ptient2who2presents2with2rigor2mortis2 ndGor2hs2nother2onlusive2
sign2of2 deth2nnot2e2stilized2or2e2exposed2to2omplitionsF2 furris2

effidvit2t2xoF2QQY2fellow2 effidvit2t2xosF2PQEPSF2
E2

e2 ptient2who2 is2expired2or2who2 is2onlusively2ded2 nnot2e2stilized2


or2develop2omplitions2tht2n2e2prevented2with2further2intervention2

suh2s2gF2 fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2PSF2


zzF2

yn2wrh2PPD2PHIID2wsF2furris2ws2ertified2 in2edvned2grdi2vife2
upport2@egvAF2 furris2effidvit2t2xoF2PTF2

QFQPIF2

egv2is2 2 systemi2 pproh2 to2 providing2 re2 to2 vitims2 who2hve2


suffered2 2 rdi2 rrest2 or2 from2 severl2 other2 speifi2 medil2

emergeniesF2

egv2is2 n2extension2of2si2life2 support2@fvAF2 fv2

is2 where2the2 proess2 of2resusittion2 eginsD2 ut2

egv2is2 required2 for2

suessful2resusittionF2 furris2effidvit2t2xoF2PUY2fellow2effidvitF2 t2xoF2 QTF2

he2 emerin2 rert2 essoition2 estlishes2 stndrds2 on2 gF2 he2


emerin2rert2essoition2is2 responsile2for2the2development2of2egv2
nd2 fgv2 ourses2 for2 helthre2 providersF2

he2 emerin2 rert2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2IP2 yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

essoition2reommends2tht2 resusittive2 efforts2 suh2s2 g2 my2e2

withheld2 for2 the2 following2resonsX2 signs2 of2irreversile2 deth2suh2s2


rigor2mortis2or2depittionD2 thret2to2sfety2of2 the2providerD2inditors2of2

2doEnotEttempt2resusittion2 @hxeA2sttus2 suh2s2 2reletD2 nkletD2 or2written2doumenttion2suh2s22vlid2do2 not2resusitte2orderF2 fellow2

effidvit2t2xoF2QUF2
F2

es2prt2 of2wsF2furris2 egv2triningD2 she2ws2tught2nd2trined2tht2


resusittive2efforts2suh2s2rdiopulmonry2resusittion2@gA2my2

e2withheld2for2situtions2involving2sfety2of2the2providerD22vlid2do2not2
resusitte2orderD2or2rigor2mortisF2 furris2 efdvit2t2xoF2PVF2

dddF2

es2nd2egv2 providerD2wsF2furris2ws2 tught2how2 to2perform2g2 nd2to2


know2 the2rtionle2for2nd2 effets2of2 gF2 furris2effidvit2t2xoF2PWF2

eeeF2

wsF2furris2 ondut2ws2limited2 to2 tient2hgt2xumer2VPVISQD2ws2


limited2to2one2osion2of2 wrh2PPD2PHIID2nd2ourred2within22spn2of2
severl2minutes2in2durtionF2 furris2 efdvit2xoF2QHF2

fffF2

wsF2furris2reD2doumenttion2of2 her2ondutD2nd2linil2oservtions2
were2limited2to2 tient2hgt2xumer2VPVISQD2ws2doumented2on2one2
osion2 of2 wrh2 PPD2 PHIID2 nd2 she2 doumented2 ondutD2 linil2
oservtionsD2 nd2 re2 tht2 ourred2within2 2 spn2of2severl2 minutesF2

furris2efdvit2 xoF2QIF2
sF2

eqwix2 eryssi2 exh2


F2 F2 F2
F2 F2 F2

espondent2is2 entitled2 to2 summrv2disposition2euse2the2sttute2uthorizing2disipline2 requires22showing2of2ondut2tht2exposes22ptient2 unneessrilv2to2risk2of2hrm2 nd2ondut2tht2is2 likelv2 FF2 hese2elements2do2not2require 2 to2injure22ptient2 determintion2 on2the2proper2stndrd2of2nursing2reF2 es22mtter2of2lwF2 there2is2 no2
F2 F2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2
hisposition2E2 ge2IQ2

yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

exposure2of22ptient2unneessrily2to2 risk2of2hrm2or2likelv2 iniurv2 to2 2ptient2hereD2 without2disputeD22ptient2is2 ded2s2indited2y2onlusive2 signs2 of2dethF2livor2mortis2

nd2rigor2mortisF2
IIF2

yers2summry2disposition2rule2sttes2tht2n2evt2my2issue22nl2deision2

or22proposl2for2deision2on2ll2 or2prt2of2 2ontested2se2without2n2evidentiry2hering2if2the2

evidene2 shows2there2 is2 no2genuine2 issue2 s2 to2 ny2mteril2ft2 nd2 2 prty2 is2 entitled2 to 2
deision2in2its2fvor2s22mtter2of2 lwF2 ee2I2iF2 ehwsxF2
IPF2

gyhi2 FSHS@AF2 2ISS2

he2grvmen2of2 the2 fords2omplint2is2 tht2wsF2furris2 ommitted2ts2tht2

rehed2her2stndrd@sA2of2re2s22registered2or2professionl2nurse2for2whih2the2ford2hs2
uthority2 to2 initite2 disiplinry2 tionF2 ee2etitioners2 eond2emended2porml2 ghrgesD2

ixhiit2qF2 tndrd2of2 reD2in2this2seD2will2e22entrl2issue2tht2the2ford2must2 estlish2 efore2it2 n2e2determined2hether2wsF2furris2hs2devited2from2tht2stndrd2to22degree2tht2

wrrnts2disipline2y2 the2fordF2 ee2 henton2 egionl2 wedil2genter2vF2 vgroixD2WRU2FFPd2


WRID2WSH2@exF2eppF2

s2 wedF2 port2orth2IWWUD2rit2deniedAY2 see2lso2wgHms2 vF2 ghildren2

gtrFD2 FFQd2PSTD2 PSW2@exF2 eppFEexrkn2 IWWWD2 petF2 deniedAY2 eed2vF2

gorpDIIU2fFFQd2RHRD2RHW2@exF2eppF2
is2

2 ort2orth2 PHHQD2no2

qrnry2rospitl2

petFAF2

ixpert2medil2testimony2

required2 to2 estlish2 ht2 eh2 governing2 stndrd2 of2 re2 is2 nd2hether2 it2 hs2 een2

rehedF2 ee2 rood2 vF2 hillipsD2 SSR2FFPd2ITHD2ITSDITT2@exFIWUUAY2 vgroixD2WRU2FFPd2t2 WSHY2wgomsD2I2 FFQd2t2PSWY2eed2 vF2 qrnury2 rospF2gorpFD2 IIU2FFQd2t2RHWF2

emong2

the2 resons2 expert2 testimony2 on2the2 stndrd@sA2 of2re2 is2 essentil2 is2 tht2 the2 nture2 of2the2

lleged2reh@esA2is2outside2the2experiene2of22lypersonF2 ee2 relthre2gorpF2vF2 unfridge2

ennyD2 ITH2FFQd2PQHD2PRTERU2@exF2 eppFEEexrkn2PHHSD2no2petFA2 @iting2ork2vF2 ellenD2

TQQ2FFPd2VHRD2VHW2@exFIWVPAAF2ee2lso2ppi2 2 rnspF2erviesD2snF2 vF2 ulghmDISR2FFQd2


VRD2WH2@exF2PHHRAF2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition22 ge2IR2 yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

IQF2

he2fordD2s2it2 is2required2to2doD2must2estlish2nd2prove2eh2nd2ll2essentil2
sn2 this2 seD2 etion2

elements2 of2 the2 lim2 for2 ondut2 in2 order2 to2 impose2 disiplineF2

QHlFQSP@A@IHAD2@IQAS2nd2ford2rules2PIUFII@IA@eAD2@gAD2@wAD2@QA@eA@ivA2nd2PIUFIP@IA@eAD2@fAF2

ee2etitioners2 eond2emended2 porml2ghrgesD2ghrge2sD2 tthed2t2ixhiit2iF2

gritil2

to2this2motion2for2summry2 disposition2is2 the2threshold2reliztion2tht2the2prties2need2not2nd2

re2not2required2to2reh2or2onsider22determintion2on2 the2minimum2 stndrds2of2 nursing2re2

euse2the2undisputed2fts2 of2this2se2mke2it2 impossile2for2etitioner2to2prove22violtion2


s2 to2 n2essentil2 element@sA2 required2 in2 this2 lim2to2 impose2disiplinry2 tion2ginst2 wsF2 furrisF2

he2 essentil2 element@sA2 isGre2 required2 to2 e2 estlished2 nd2 nnot2 e2 ltered2

irrespetive2of2 wht2the2minimum2stndrds2of2nursing2re2my2or2my2not2eF2

yn2 this2pointD2

expert2 opinionD2 lthough2 instrutiveD2 is2 not2 needed2with2 respet2 to2 determining2 hether2the2
essentil2 element@sA2hsGhve2een2metF2

he2ford2nnot2meet2n2essentil2element@sA2sed2

on2the2 provisions2 tht2 it2 ites2 whih2entitles2 wsF2 furris2 to2 2 finl2 deision2 in2 her2 fvor2 on2

summry2disposition2ithout2n2evidentiry2heringF2 sn2shortD22violtion2nnot2e2estlished2
s22mtter2of2 lwF2

he2element2tht2requires2the2estlishment2of2exposure2of22ptient2unneessrily2to2risk2 of2 hrm2 E2 his2 element2 is2 pproprite2 for2 onsidertion2 here2 nd2 does2 not2 require2
rehing2nv2 determintion2on2the2generlly2epted2stndrds2of2 nursingprtieF2
IRF2

etion2 QHIFRSP@A@IQA2 of2the2 exs2 yuptions2 gode2@lsoD2 xurse2rtie2

etA2providesX2

e2 person2is2 sujet2to2 denil2 of22liense2 or2to2 disiplinry2 tion2under2


this2suhpter2forX2 filure2to2re2dequtely2for22ptient2or2to2onform2

to2the2minimum2 stndrds2of2eptle2nursing2prtie2in22mnner2thtD2

risk2of2 hrmF2

in2the2fords2opinionD2exposes22 ptient2or2other2 person2unneessrily2to2

S2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2IS2 yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

etion2QHIFQSP@A@IHAD2@IQA2hs2lso2een2 ited2for2ghrge2ss

F2

ee2iF2yggF2 gyhi2 2Q@AIFQSP@A@IQA2@imphsis2ddedAF2


ISF2

he2ford2hs2exlusively2limited2ghrge2s2 in2this2se2to2speifi2ondutD2the2
ee2 etitioners2 eond2emended2porml2 ghrgesD2

filure2 y2 wsF2 furris2 to2 initite2 gF2

ghrge2sD2 t2 ixhiit2iF2 ith2respet2 to2 ghrge2sD2 ny2llegtion2tht2 wsF2furris2violted2


usetion2QHIFRSP@A@IHA2or2@IQA2or2ny2of2the2rules2ited2in2the2porml2ghrges2is2 limited2to2
this2ondut2nd2 this2ondut2loneF2

ITF2

wsF2furris2rrived2 t2 the2inmtes2ell2 t2 HRHIF2 ee2furris2effidvit2t2 xoF2VY2

see2wedil2eords2ixhiit2eD2 ppF2QD2 lTF2 ithin2seonds2of2 entering2the2ptients2ellD2 wsF2


furris2 egn2 to2 perform2 2 omprehensive2 ssessment2 to2 determine2 the2 pproprite2 medil2
interventionF2

ee2furris2effidvit2t2 xoF2ISF2 wsF2furris2hd2diffiulty2moving2tient2hgt2

xumer2VPVISQ2euse2 of2rigidity2 nd2 stiffnessF2 ee2furris2effidvit2 t2 xoF2 ITY2 wedil2


eords2ixhiit2eD2t2ppF2QD2 llD2 ISDT2ITF2 he2ould2not2move2 his2rms2 whih2were2ehind2his2
kF2 sdF2
F2

IUF2

wsF2 furris2 oserved2 the2 following2 linil2 signs2 upon2 her2 evlution2 nd2

ssessment2of2 the2ptientX2 @IA2the2inmte2ws2 unresponsiveY2@PA2no2respirtionsY2@QA2no2pulseY2@RA2


pupils2 were2 fixed2 nd2diltedY2 @SA2 ody2temperture2 indited2 hypothermi2 @iFeFD2 old2 to2 the2
touhAY2 nd2@TA2 generlized2 ynosisF2 ee2furris2 effidvit2 t2 xoF2 PHY2 see2 wedil2eords2

ixhiit2eD2t2ppF2QD2UD2 IID2ISD2ITF2
IVF2

er2wsF2furrisD2the2presene2of2livor2mortis2ws2oserved2nd2onfirmed2y2wsF2

furris2 during2 her2 initil2 ssessmentF2 ee2furris2 effidvit2 t2 xoF2 PHD2 PIY2 see2 lso2 wedil2

eords2ixhiit2eD2ppF2IID2ISD2 ITF2 vivor2mortis2is22luishEpurple2disolortion2of2 the2skin2on2


the2dependent2prts2of2 2ded2humn2 lood2due2 hypostsisD2or2umultion2of2 odyD2used2y2
T2

rs2feguF2

er2wsF2wri2 wnfrediD2vFFxFD2esix2 ew2 ii2 xefvi2 y2 fi2 iwyih2 pyw2 firsxh2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2IT2 yer2 hoket2xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

to2 the2 tion2of2grvityF2

ee2fellow2effidvit2t2 xoF2 IVF2 vivor2mortis2is2 venous2pooling2of2

lood2in2dependent2ody2prts2using2purple2disolortion2of2the2skin2whih2does2lnh2with2
pressureF2

ee2 etitioners2

pirst2

esponse2 to2 equests2 for2 hislosure2

t2

ixhiit2 iD2

referening2ford2osition2ttement2ISFPHY2fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2IVF2

he2presene2of2livor2

mortis2is22onlusive2sign2of2 dethF2 sdY2see2lso2fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2ITY2furris2effidvit2t2

xoF2QIF2
IWF2

tient2

hgt2 xumer2 VPVISQ2

lso2 hd2 rigor2 mortis2 present2

on2

initil2

ssessmentF2ee2furris2effidvit2 t2 xosF2 PHD2 PIY2 wedil2eords2ixhiit2eD2ppF2 P2@rms2

ehind2himAD2QD2U2@no2movementAD2IH2@no2motor2 response2to2pinAD2 ll2 @ptient2old2nd2stiffAD2


ISD2ITF2

ws2 furris2oserved2nd2determined2tient2hgt2 xumer2VPVISQ2presented2with2rigor2

mortisF2 sdY2 see2lso2engel2gre2emulne2ervieD2 snF2 tient2 gre2eport2t2 ixhiit2 s2

@used2the2term2rigor2mortisAF2he2rigor2mortis2ws2onrmed2upon2wsF2furris2 ssessmentF2

ee2furris2 effidvit2 t2 xHF2PHY2 wedil2eords2t2 ixhiit2eD2t2 ppF2 QD2 UD2 IHD2 IID2 ISD2 ITY2

engel2gre2emulne2ervieD2snF2tient2gre2eport2t2ixhiit2sF2
PHF2

he2presene2of2rigor2mortis2is2 2onlusive2sign2of2dethF2 ee2furris2effidvit2


igor2mortis2is2 n2ojetive2sign2of2irreversile2

t2ixhiit2xoF2PRY2fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2IUF2

dethF2 ee2 fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2QHF2 PIF2

igor2mortis2 is2 postmortem2rigidity2 due2to2 uildup2of2lti2 id2 nd2using2

myosin2nd2tin2 to2 hrdenF2 smmeditely2 following2dethD2 the2 ody2is2 idD2 followed2y2


inresing2rigidity2due2to2lk2of2denosine2triphosphte2@eA2nd2uildup2of2 lti2idF2 ee2

fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2PHF2 igor2mortis2is2stiffening2of2 the2odyD2one2to2four2hours2fter2dethD2


from2hrdening2of2the2musulr2tissues2s22onsequene2of2the2ogultion2of2the2myosinogen2
nd2 prmyosinogenF2 ee2 fellow2effidvit2t2xosF2PHD2PRF2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2IU2 yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

PPF2

feuse2of2the2presene2of2livor2mortis2nd2rigor2mortisD2two2onlusive2signs2of2

deth2onfirmed2y2wsF2furris2upon2n2ssessmentD2the2ptient2ws2dedF2 ee2furris2effidvit2

xosF2PHD2PID2PPD2PQD2PRD2PSY2wedil2eords2ixhiit2eD2ppF2P2@rms2ehind2himAD2QD2 U2@no2

movementAD2 IH2@no2motor2response2to2 pinAD2 ll2 @ptient2 old2nd2stiffAD2 ISD2 ITY2 engel2gre2

emulne2ervieD2snF2tient2gre2eport2t2ixhiit2s2@rigor2mortis2expressly2notedAF2
PQF2

yther2medil2personnel2who2 were2lso2on2sene2or2who2 rrived2lso2orroorte2

tht2the2ptient2presented2with22onlusive2sign2of2 dethD2rigor2mortisF2

ee2wedil2eords2of2

ixhiit2 eD2 ppF2 P2 @werle2 F2 willerD2 FxFAD2 lS2 @wri2 wnfrediD2 vFFxFAY2 engel2 gre2

emulne2ervieD2 snF2 tient2gre2eport2t2ixhiit2s2@report2prepred2y2n2imergeny2


wedil2 ehniinErmediAF2 here2 is2 no2 linil2 enefit2 to2 this2 ptient2 or2 ny2ptient2
involving2ny2resusittive2 mesures2@inluding2gA2one2rigor2mortis2hs2een2detenninedF2

ee2fellow2effidvit2t2xoF2QIF2
PRF2

he2ford2must2prove2tht2when2wsF2furris2filed2to2initite2 rdiopulmonry2

resusittion2@gA2for2tient2gwD2
F2
F2

hg2 xumer2VPVISQ2

F2

F2

F2this2ondut2 exposes22ptient2

F2

unneessrily2to2risk2of2 hrmF2 ee2iF2yggF2gyhi2 2QHIFQSP@A@IHAD2 @IQA2@imphsis2

ddedAY2see2lso2etitioners2eond2 emended2 porml2ghrgesD2ghrge2sD2 t2ixhiit2qF2


PSF2

feuse2it2 is2 undisputed2 tht2 the2ptient2 presented2with2rigor2 mortis2 nd2rigor2

mortis2is2 2onlusive2 sign2of2deth2nd2only2present2 fter2 deth2hs2ourredD2 espondents2


ondutD2 even2 if2 it2
is2

estlished2 tht2 she2 ws2 or2 ws2 not2 within2 the2 generlly2 eptle2

stndrds2of2nursing2prtie2in2withholding2resusittive2efforts2sed2on22sitution2involving2
futility2 of2reD2 ould2 not2 hveD2 on2its2 feD2 exposed22ptient2
F2 F2 F2

unneessrily2 to2 risk2 of2

hrmF2 ee2 iF2 yggF2gyhi22 QHIFRSP@A@IQAY2 ee2furris2 effidvit2 t2 xoF2 QIY2 fellow2
effidvit2t2xosF2PQEPSD2QREQSF2 purthermoreD22ptient2who2 presents2with2onlusive2signs2of2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2IV2

yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

dethD2 livor2mortis2 nd2rigor2mortisD2 nnot2e2deprived2

F2

F2

F2

of2 timely2resusittion2effortsF2

ee2etitioners2 eond2emended2 porml2ghrgesD2ghrge2sD2 t2ixhiit2qY2fellow2effidvit2


t2xoF2QIF2 elsoD2one2it2 is2estlished2tht22ptient2is2ded2 @iFeFD2 s2evidened2

y2rigor2mortisAD 2

ptients2ondition2nnot2e2stilized2or2e2sujeted2to2further2omplitionF2 ee2 etitioners2

eond2emended2 porml2ghrgesD2ghrge2sD2 t2ixhiit2qg2furris2effidvit2t2xoF2QQY2fellow2


effidvit2t2xosF2PQEPSD2QREQSF2
PTF2

ursunt2to2 ghrge2sD2 the2 fords2rules2 ited2 y2etitioner2 in2 its2 pledingsD2 PP2

iF2ehwsxF2gyhi2 2PIUFII@IA@eAD2@gAD2@wAD2@QA@eA@ivAD2nd2PIUFIP@IA@eAD2fAD2re2ll2ited2
to2prove2misondutD2ut2re2speilly2nd2exlusively2relted2to2 2filure2 to2 initite2 gF2

ee2etitioners2 eond2emended2porml2 ghrgesD2 ghrge2 sD2 t2 ixhiit2 qF2 feuse2 the2


ondut2is2 limited2to2filure2 to2 initite2 gEEnd2the2undisputed2fts2 estlish2no2exposure2to2
unneessry2risk2of2hrmD2no2injury2or2likely2injuryD2 or2no2development2of2omplitions2for 2
ptient2 presenting2 with2 rigor2 mortis2 or2 who2ws2 dedEEthe2 issue2 of2 determining2 hether2

violtions2 under2these2provisions2 exist2 re2 not2rehed2nor2re2 they2implited2 s22mtter2of2

lwF2 his2is2 espeilly2true2in2light2of2the2immutle2ft2tht2the2only2ondutU2tht2hs2een2 lleged2 reltive2 to2 these2 provisions2 fous2 exlusively2 on22filure2 to2 initite2 g2 for2 tient2

hgt2xumer2VPVISQF2

husD2 one22ptient2 presents2 with22onlusive2 sign2 of2deth2or2 n2

irreversile2 sign2of2dethD2 nd2the2 lleged2ondut2is2 restrited2 to2 2filure2 to2 initite2

g2@s2

opposedD2for2exmpleD2to22filure2to2perform22omprehensive2nursing2ssessmentAD2no2 violtion2

n2e2mde2 under2PIUFII@IA@eAD2@gAD2@wAD2@QA@eA@ivA2nd2PIUFIP@IA@eAD2fAF2

nprofessionl2 or2 dishonorle2 ondut2 llegtion2 nd2 the2 element2 tht2 requires2 the2 estlishment2of2ondut2likelv2to2 injure22ptientF2 his2element2is2 pproprite2for2 onsidertion2 here2 nd2 does2 not2 require2 nv2 determintion2 of2expert2 opinion2 on2 the2 generlly2epted2stndrds2of2nursingprtieF2 es22mtter2of2lwD2there2is2 no2likely2
F2 F2 F2

U2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2IW2 yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

eferening2ghrge2s2 speifillyF2

iniurv2 to2 2ptient2whereD2without2disputeF2 2ptient2is2 ded2s2 indited2 y2onlusive2 signs2of2 dethF2livor2mortis2nd2 rigor2mortisF2
PUF2

etion2 QHlFRSP@A@lHA2 of2the2 exs2 yuptions2 gode2@lsoD2 xurse2rtie2

etA2providesX2

e2 person2is2 sujet2to2 denil2 of22liense2 or2to2 disiplinry2 tion2under2


puliY2
this2 suhpter2 forX2 unprofessionl2 or2 dishonorle2 ondut2thtD2 in2 the2 ords2opinionD2 is2 likely2to2 deeiveD2 defrudD2 or2injure2 2ptient2or2 the2

ee2iF2yggF2 gyhi2 2QHIFQSP@A@IHA2@imphsis2ddedAF2


PVF2

he2 ford2 is2 uthorized2

to2 tke2 disiplinry2 tion2 ginst2 2 nurse2 for2


F2 F2 F2

unprofessionl2or2dishonorle2ondut2thtD2 in2the2ords2opinionD2 is2 likely2 to2


ptient2
F2
F2

injure 2

FF2

ee2iF2yggF2gyhi2 exxF22 QHIFRSP@A@IHAY2 see2lso2etitioners2 eond2


nprofessionl2or2dishonorle2ondut2

emended2porml2ghrgesD2ghrge2sD2 t2ixhiit2qF2

likely2 to2 deeiveD2 defrud2 or2 injure2 2 ptient2 or2 the2 puli2 inludesX2 @eA2 relessly2 filingD2

repetedly2filingD2or2exhiiting2n2 inility2to2perform2 registered2nursing2in2onformity2 with2the2

minimum2eptle2level2 of2nursing2prtie2 desried2in2 ule2PIUFIIY2 nd2@fA2relessly2or2


repetedly2 filing2 to2 onform2to2 generlly2 epted2 nursing2 stndrds2 in2 pplile2 prtie2
settingsF2 ee2 PP2 iF2

ehwsxF2 gyhi2 2PIUFIP@IA@eA2nd2@fAFV2

PWF2

eginD2s22threshold2mtter2for2this2summry2 the2 dispositionD2the2fous2is2not2on2

minimum2stndrd2 of2nursing2 re2 nd2 the2 determintion2 of2smeD2 ut2 rtherD2 initillyD2 the2
undisputed2ft2tht2the2ptient2presented2with22onlusive2sign2of2dethD2rigor2mortisD2nd2ws2
V2

ford2ule2PIUFIP@IA@eA2providesX2
grelessly2filingD2repetedly2filingD2or2exhiiting2n2 inility2to2perform2 or2 votionlD2registered2 dvned2prtie2nursing2in2onformity2with2the2stndrds2of2 minimum2 eptle2level2of2 nursing2 lF2 prtie2set2out2in2ule2 PIUFI2

ford2rule2PIUFIP@IA@fA2providesX2
settingsF2

grelessly2or2 repetedly2filing2to2onrm2 to2generlly2epted2 nursing2stndrds2in2pplile2prtie2

espondents2wotion2 for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2PH2

yer2 hoket2 xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

dedF2

yne2this2 determintion2ws2mde2y2wsF2furrisD2 ny2disussion2or2nlysis2involving2

the2minimum2 stndrd2of2 nursing2re2is2simply2not2neessry2nd2need2not2e2rehedF2 hen 2 ptient2is2 dedD2no2injury2or2no2likely2injury2exists2to22ptient2s22mtter2of2 lw2nd2holds2


true2 reltive2 to2 the2 ondut2of2inititing2 gF2

ee2iF2yggF2gyhi2 2 QHIFRSP@A@IHAY2 see2

lso2 fellow2effidvit2 t2 PQEPSD2 QREQSF2 rereD2 etitioner2 ontends2 tht2 wsF2furris2 my2hve2

used2or2tht2injury2my2 hve2resulted2from2wsF2furris2filing2to2initite2gD2reognizing2tht2 n2tul2 injury2need2not2e2estlishedF2 ee2 PP2iF2ehwsxF2gyhi2 PIUFIP2@etul2 2 2


injury2to22lient2need2 not2e2estlishedFAF2 eginD2ny2injury2or2likely2injury2is2limited2to2

the2tion2limed2in2ghrge2s2 of2 etitioners2eond2emended2 porml2ghrges2whihD2in2this2


seD2is2 the2filure2to2initite2 gF2 ee2etitioners2eond2emended2 porml2ghrges2tthed2
t2ixhiit2qF2 purtherD2it2 nnot2e2rguedD2s22mtter2of2 lw2nd2per2the2undisputed2fts2of2

this2seD2tht2the2ondut2of2 filing2to2initite2

g2 is2deeptive2or2one2 tht2defrudsF2

QHF2

eny2ondut2tht2 is2 likely2 to2 deeive2 or2 defrud2 2ptient2 @or2 the2 puliA2

nnot2e2proven2nd2is2 n2impossiility2 s22mtter2of2lw2in22sitution2where2the2ptient2is2


dedD2 espeilly2 where2 the2 limed2 ondut2 is2 solely2 for2 the2 filure2 to2 initite2 gF2

ee2

etitioners2 eond2emended2 porml2ghrgesD2ghrge2sD2 t2ixhiit2qF2 vikewiseD2ny2lim2


tht2 wsF2 furris2

ondut2 deprived2 the2 ptient2 of2timely2 resusittion2 efforts2 is2 lso2 n2

imprtility2nd2 flly2euse2the2ptient2is2dedF2 ee2 fellow2 effidvit2t2PQEPSD2QID2QREQSF2 QIF2


pinllyD2 wsF2 furris2 re2 ws2limited2 to2 re2 provided2to2 one2ptientD2 hgt2

xumer2VPVISQD2 nd2on2one2osionD2 wrh2PPD2 PHIIF2 ee2etitioners2 eond2emended2


porml2ghrges2t2ixhiit2qF2@iting2PP2iF2ehwsxF2gyhi2 2 PIUFIP@IA@eAD2@fAAY2 furris2
effidvit2t2xoF2QHF2 wsF2furris2 re2enompssed22spn2of2severl2minutesF2 sdF2 eginD2nd2

per2the2 fords2pledingD2 the2 reless2 ondut2 it2 lims2hs2 een2pled2to2 ondut2relted2

espondents2wotion2 for2ummry2 hisposition22 ge2 PI2 yer2 hoket2xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

speilly2to2 filure2 to2 initite2 rdiopulmonry2resusittion2 @gA2for2tient2 gwD2hgt2

xumer2VPVISQD2 fter2 the2 ptient2 s2found2hnging2in2 his2 ellF2 ee2etitioners2 eond2

emended2porml2ghrgesD2ghrge2sD2 t2ixhiit2qF2 es2suhD2wsF2furris2 ondut2nnot2e2


hrterized2under2the2provision2s2either2reless2or2s2repetitive2filures2under2 PP2eg
2

PIUFIP@IA@eAFW2 ee2PP2 iF2ehwsxF2

gyhi2 2PIUFIP@IA@eAD2@fAY2ee2lso2etitioners2eond2

emended2 ghrges2t2ixhiit2qF2
QPF2

he2requirement2of2 reless2or2repetitive2does2not2enompss22nurses2re2

provided2 to2 one2 ptient2 on2 one2 osionD2 within2 2 spn2 of2 severl2 minutesF2 he2 resons2

dvned2ove2s2to2why2 there2ould2e2 no2violtion2when2 there2is2no2 possile2exposure2of2 this2


ptient2who2 hd2n2undisputed2onlusive2sign2of2 deth2@iFeFD2 rigor2mortisA2to2unneessry2risk2of2

hrmD2 eqully2 pplies2 nd2holds2 true2 hereF2 ynes2 ondut2 of2not2 inititing2 g2nnot2e2

onluded2s2reless2upon2determining2tht2the2ptient2presented2with22onlusive2 sign2of2
deth2s2well2s2presented2with2other2presumptive2signs2of2dethY2the2former2onsisting2of2livor2 mortis2nd2rigor2mortisF2 he2term2reless2is2 dened2s2not2pying2enough2ttention2to2ht2

one2doesF2
@IWVVAF2

ri2exhyw2ryi2gyvviqi2hsgsyxe2isih2ihssyx2PHR2
espondent2ws2reless2

st2is2 signint2tht2etitioners2pleding2is2not2lleging2tht2

euse2she2filed2to2perform2n2ssessmentD2tht2she2ws2reless2euse2she2did2not2know2
the2 xursing2 rtie2 et2 nd2the2 ords2 rules2 nd2regultionsD2 or2 tht2 she2 ws2reless2

euse2she2did2not2know2 the2rtionl2nd2effets2of2 gF2 er2ghrge2sD2 the2only2t2etitioner2


lims2 s2 unprofessionl2 ondut2whih2is2 sujet2to2 the2 reless2 nlysis2 is2 the2 filure2 to2
initite2 gF2

es2dvned2oveD2nd2euse2it2 is2 undisputed2tht2tht2 the2ptient2 ould2not2

his2nlysis2lso2pplies2to2the2ondut2lleged2tht2wsF2furris2filed2 to2ompletely2nd2 urtely2doument2 the2nursing2re2rendered2nd2 not2rendered2for2tient2gwD2 2 xumer2VPVISQ2 F2per2etitioners2pledings2 hgt2


F2 F2

W2

espondents2wotion2 for2ummry2 hisposition22 ge2 PP2

under2PP2 iF2 ehwsxF2 gyhi2 etitioners2eond2 emended2 porml2ghrgesD2ghrge2 2PIUFIP@IA@eAD2@fAF2 ee2 qF2 ssD2 t2ixhiit2

yer2 hoket2 xHF2SHUEIQEHUPU

hve2een2 exposed2 nd2ws2not2 exposed2 unneessrily2 to2 risk2 of2hrmD2 it2 follows2 tht2 the2
ondut2to2detennine2tht2g2 ws2inpproprite2or2futile2 interventionD2 one2it2 ws2determined2
tht22 ptient2hd2 2 onlusive2sign2of2 dethD2ould2 not2hve2een2reless2or2tht2it2ould2 hve2

resulted2 in2 n2 injuryF2 woresoD2 one2 2 ptient2 is2 dedD2 there2 re2 no2 pproprite2 nursing2

interventions2tht2might2e2instituted2 in2 order2to2 stilize2 2lients2 ondition2ndGor2prevent2

omplitionsF2 ee2 fellow2 effidvit2t2xoF2QIY2PP2 iF2ehwsxF2


QQF2
filed2 to2

gyhi2 2PIUFII@IA@wAF2
wsF2furris2

st2 is2 signifint2 tht2 this2 mtter2does2not2involve2 n2llegtion2 tht2

perform2 2 omprehensive2 ssessmentD2 tht2 she2 unneessrily2 delyed2 in2 the2

performne2of2the2ssessmentD2tht2she2did2not2know2 how2to2initite2 gD2or2tht2she2did2not2

know2the2enefits2or2effets2of2gF2 e2 elieve2tht2ny2of2 these2issues2my2 nd2will2likely2e2


rised2 y2 etitioner2 in2 its2 response2 to2 this2 motion2 to2 defet2 summry2 dispositionD2 ut2 its2

pledings2on2this2point2mke2ler2tht2the2limited2ondut2it2 lims2to2e2in2violtion2ws2tht2

wsF2furris2filed2to2initite2gFIH2 ee2etitioners2eond2emended2 porml2ghrgesD2ghrge2


sD2 t2

ixhiit2qF2
QRF2

ivents2tht2 trnspired2 fter2it2 ws2determined2 nd2estlished2 tht2 the2 ptient2

ws2dedD2lthough2likely2to2e2disputed2y2etitioner2in2its2response2with2respet2to2n2ttempt2
to2 rise2 ft2issues2tht2would2e2pproprite2for22ontested2se2heringD2re2not2rehed2nd2

need2not2e2rehed2or2determined2for2purposes2of2this2motionF2 wke2no2mistkeD2this2will2e2
etitioners2gol2in2its2 responseF2

roweverD2ft2issues2tht2re2in2disputeD2ut2fter2the2 ft2do2

not2hnge2the2undisputed2ft2initilly2tht2the2ptient2ws2ded2nd2sed2on2thisD2 etitioner2

nnot2estlish2vitl2elements2of2 its2se2neessry2to2impose2 disiplineF2

exxF22PHHIFHSY2see2lso2retzer2vF2 exs2 wotor2ehile2fordD2IPS2FFQd2PQD2QU2@exF2eppFE2eustin2PHHQAD2


espHndents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2PQ2
reversed2in2prt2nd2ffirmed2in2relevnt2prtD2 IQV2FFQd2WHV2@exF2PHHRAF2

en2 geny2must2suffiiently2identify2the2fts2or2evidene2in2its2xotie2of2 rering2 whih2it2intends2to2prove2t2 the2hering2so2tht22prty2my2 hve22meningful2opportunity2to2prepre22defenseF2 ee2iF2qy2


IH2

gyhi2

yer2 hoket2 xHF2SHUEIQEHUPU

QSF2

edditionl2 issues2 or2 fts2 tht2 etitioner2 my2 rise2 in2 its2 response2 to2 this2

summry2disposition2motion2to2 overome2summry2disposition2 in2wsF2furris2 fvor2must2e2


ritilly2exmined2nd2 viewed2y2the2

yer2 evt2s2they2re2likely2to2touh2upon2the2generlly2

epted2stndrds2of2 prtie2or2events2tht2trnspired2fter2wsF2furris2ssessment2nd2one2it2

ws2determined2tht2 the2ptient2hd2presumptive2nd2onlusive2signs2 of2dethF2 espondent2


sumits2nd2knowledges2tht2lthough2these2issues2my2 rise2 the2possiility2of2 ft2disputesD2
these2 efforts2 do2not2hnge2the2 initil2 threshold2 nlysis2 tht2 the2ptientD2 undisputedlyD2 ws2in2
rigor2mortis2whih2mkes2ll2 other2ondut2therefter2not2pplile2for22onsidertion2on2this2

motion2for2summry2dispositionD2espeilly2given2the2elements2of2the2provisions2tht2etitioner2
hs2lleged2nd2lsoD2given2how2 limiting2in2nture2the2fords2porml2ghrges2re2with2respet2
to2 the2 speifi2 ondut2limed2to2 e2in2 violtion2 @iFeFD2 filure2 to2 initite2 gAF2

yne2moreD2

these2issuesD2 we2elieveD2 will2e2nothing2more2thn2n2ttempt2to2 misdiret2the2


ttention2nd2 rete2ft2issues2on2 tngentil2issues2to2void2summry2 dispositionF2

yer2evts2

QTF2

iven2ifD2 rguendoD2it2 n2e2estlished2tht2wsF2furris2ondut2in2not2inititing2

g2following2 her2 ssessment2 fell2 elow2 the2 stndrds2 of2 minimum2 nursing2 reDII2 the2
hrteriztion2 y2 etitioner2 tht2 wsF2 furris2 ondut2 to2 withhold2 g2ws2 2 reless2 or2
repetitive2 filure2 for2 2 ptient2 who2hd2 presented2 with2 livor2 mortis2 nd2 rigor2 mortisD2 oth2

onlusive2 signs2 of2deth2 @lsoD2 irreversile2 dethA2 or2tht2 she2hd2filed2to2 ompletely2nd2


urtely2doument2
F2
F2

F2 nnot2 e2

deemed2or2hrterized2s2reless2or2repetitive2sed2

on2the2undisputed2fts2nd2is2inonsistent2with2the2pplile2uthorityF2 ee2PP2iF2ehwsxF2

gyhi2 2PIUFII@IA@eAD2@fAF2 rior2to2eptemer2PVD2PHHRD2susetion2@lA@eA2did2not2require2tht2


espondent2rgues2nd2stresses2gin2tht22determintion2on2the2minimum2 stndrds2of2 nursing2re2need2not2e2 rehed2for2this2motion2for2summry2 judgmentF2 his2is2espeilly2true2for2PP2 ehwsxF2gyhi 2 iF2 PIU2 FIP@IA@fA2despite2the2lnguge2relted2to2onforming2to2generlly2epted2 nursing2stndrds2 FF2 etitioners2 pledings2hrterizing2espondents2ondut2@oth2s2to2filing2to2initite2g2 or2doumenttion2of2 smeA2is2 inonsistent2with2the2requirement2tht2the2ondut2e2reless2or2repetitive2filuresF2
F2 F2

II2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2 PR2 yer2 hoket2xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

s2

2nurses2 filures2 e2 reless2 or2 repetitive2 in2

order2to2 onstitute2 unprofessionl2 ondutF2

he2 hnge2 to2 this2 rule2 nd2 the2 imposition2 of2 this2 dditionl2 requirement2
eptemer2 PUD2 PHHRD2 does2 not2 enompss2 2 nurses2 re2 provided2 to2 one2

susequent2 to2

ptient2 on2 one2

osionD2 within2 2spn2of2severl2 minutesF2 imilrlyD2 the2 sme2 resoning2lso2 pplies2 to2 PP2

iF2 ehwsxF2 gyhi22 PIUFIP@IA@fADIP2 whih2 underwent2 2 nerly2 identil2

revision2 in2

eptemer2PHHRF2 wsF2furris2 ondutD2to2the2extent2tht2it2 is2 onsidered22 filure2to2perform2


n2t2imposed2y2the2generlly2epted2nursing2prtie2nd2even2
if2it2 is2proven2 to2e2 the2seD2

ws2not22repetitive2filure2nd2ws2 not2relessF2

ith2respet2 to2 ghrge2ssD2 espondent2is2 entitled2 to2 summry2disposition2 euse2 it2 is2 undisputed2tht2wsF2furris2doumented2her2ndings2of2 rigor2mortis2nd2 lso2the2initition2 of2g2 when2it2 ws2ordered2to2e2initited2v22hrge2nurseF2 his2ondutF2s22mtter2 of2 lwD2nnot2e2deemed2 to2e2 flseD2deeptiveF2or2 misledingD2
QUF2

sn2ghrge2ss2of2 etitioners2eond2emended2 porml2ghrgesD2the2ford2lleges2


F2 F2 F2

tht2wsF2furrisD 2

filed2to2 ompletely2nd2urtely2doument2the2nursing2re2rendered2
F2 F2 F2

nd2 not2 rendered2 for2 tient2 gwD2hgt2xtnner2 VPVISQ2

F2

ee2 etitioners2 eond2


2

emended2porml2 ghrgesD2 ghrge2ssD2 t2 ixhiit2 iY2see2lso2 PP2iF2ehwsxF2gyhi

PIUFII@IA@eAD2 @hAD2 2 PIUFIP@IA@eAD2 @fAD2 T@rAF2 wsF2 furris2 doumented2 tht2 tient2 hgt2

xumer2VPVISQ2s2in2rigor2mortisF2 ee2furris2effidvit2t2xoF2QSY2see2lso2wedil2eords2
t2ixhiit2eD2 pF2 QEIRD2 ITF2

wsF2furrisD2when2g2 ws2ordered2y2the2hrge2nurseD2ut2fter2

she2hd2determined2tht2the2ptient2hd2 presented2with2two2onlusive2signs2of2 dethD2ssisted2in2

g2nd2doumented2this2into2the2reordF2 ee2furris2effidvit2t2xoF2QSY2wedil2eords2t2
ixhiit2eF2 pF2QEIRD2ITF2

espondent2notes2tht2this2would2lso2hold2true2for2PP2 iF2 ehwsxF2 not2een2ited2s22grounds2for2seeking2disiplinry2tion2ginst2


IQ2

IP2

espondents2wotion2 for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2 PS2 yer2 hoket2xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

rereD2the2ondut2pplies2to2oth2the2filure2to2initite2g2 nd2to2

wsF2furrisF2

gyhi2 2PIUFIP@RAD2ut2this2provision2hs2

doumentF2

QVF2

ursunt2to2 iF2yggF2gyhi2 e2disiplined2 2 QHIFRSP@A@IHAD22liensee2my2

for2engging2in2unprofessionl2ondut2whih2is2 defined2to2inlude2unprofessionl2ondutD2ut2

more2speillyD2misondut2tht2inludes2providing2informtion2whih2ws2flseD2deeptiveD2
or2 misleding2 in2 omqetion2 with2 the2 prtie2 of2 nursingF2

ee2 iF2 yggF2 gyhi 2

QHIFRSP@A@IHAY2 PP2iF2ehwsxF2gyhi2 2 PIUFIP@TA@rAF2 plse2is2 dened2s2 not2true2 or2


orret2 or2 uttering2 or2 delring2 wht2 is2 untrueF2

ri2exhyw2ryi2gyvviqi2

hsgsyxe2 isih2ihssyx2RUT2@IWVVAF2 heeptive2is2 dened2s2pt2or2tending2to2


deeiveF2 sd2t2 QRRF2 heeive2 is2 dened2 s2 to2 misled2 y2 2 flse2 pperne2 or2 flse2
sttementF2 sd2t2 QRRF2 wisleding2is2 dened2s2 to2 led2into2 error2of2ondutD2thoughtD2 or2

judgmentF2 sdF2t2VSRF2
QWF2

wsF2furris2doumented2her2ssessmentD2findings2s2to2rigor2mortisD2other2linil2

oservtionsD2 nd2the2initition2 of2g2 when2it2 ws2orderedD2 nd2the2re2she2rendered2in2the2

gorretionl2 wnged2 gre2 glini2 xotes2 2xursingD2 imergeny2 eordD2 gorretionl2

wnged2 gre2 xursing2 rotool2 for2 xervous2 ystem2 gomplintsF2 ee2 wedil2 eords2
ixhiit2e2 t2ppF2QEIRD2ITY2furris2effidvit2t2xoF2QSF2
RHF2 rior2to2mking2 her2findings2nd2ondut2in2the2notesD2she2 ny2doumenttion2of2

disussed2her2hndling2in2 the2 re2 of2tient2 hgt2xumer2VPVISQD2 her2finding2 s2 to2 rigor2


mortisD2other2linil2oservtionsD2nd2the2initition2of2 g2 hen2 instruted2with2

wfEgwg2

stffD2 wsF2 wri2wnfrediD2vFFxFD2nd2wsF2werle2willerD2FxF2 ee2 furris2effidvit2t2xoF2QTF2

RIF2

yther2wfEgwg2 medil2providersD2 inluding2wsF2wri2wnfrediD2 vFFxFD2

nd2wsF2werle2willerD2FxFD2doumented2their2linil2oservtions2nd2re2provided2to2tient2

hgt2 xumer2 VPVISQ2 s2 prt2 of2 their2 reporting2 nd2 doumenttion2 nd2 lso2 provided2

espHndents2wotion2 for2ummry2 hisposition22 ge2 PT2

yer2 hoket2xHF2SHUEIQEHUPU

hndwritten2 sttements2 regrding2 their2 ondut2 in2 n2 snterEyffie2 gommunitionsF2 ee2

wedil2eords2ixhiit2e2 t2ppF2PEIT92furris2 effidvit2t2xoF2QVF

I l2

F2

gyxgvsyx2 exh2 ei2


yer2 evt2grnt2

riipyiD2 iwsi2 gyxshiihD2 sed2 on2 the2 summry2 disposition2


evideneD2s2ell2s2the2pplile2legl2uthoritiesD2 espondent2requests2the2

her2wotion2for2 ummry2hisposition2 on2the2 sis2 tht2 the2 elements2requiring2 exposure2 of 2


ptient2unneessrily2to2risk2of2hrm2or2ondut2likely2to2 injure22ptient2nnot2e2estlished2

on2undisputed2fts2nd2s22mtter2of2lw2when22ptient2presents2with2rigor2mortisD2is2 expiredD2
exhiits2presumptive2nd2onlusive2signs2of2dethD2 nd2hs2irreversile2dethF2 imilrlyD2s 2

mtter2of2 lwD2etitioner2nnot2meet2ll2 of2 the2essentil2elements2s2required2y2the2uthorities2


it2

ites2 sed2 on2 the2 undisputed2 ftsD2 inluding2 ghrge2 ss2 regrding2 doumenttionD2 whih2

entitles2

wsF2 furris2 to2 2 finl2 deision2 in2 her2 fvor2 on2 summry2 disposition2 ithout2 n2

evidentiry2heringF2 sn2shortD22violtion2nnot2e2estlished2s22mtter2of2 lwF2 espondent2

mkes2 herself2 ville2 for2 2 hering2 if2 the2 yer2evt2elieves2 this2 would2 e2 helpfulF2
espondent2 further2prys2for2ll2other2relief2to2whih2 she2might2 e2entitledF2
espetfully2umittedD2

FyF2fox2 SHPPU2 eustinD2exs2UVUTQ2 elephone2 @SIPA2UVWEQVWH2 @SIPA2WHRESSIT2psimile

ri2 rex2 ve2 FgF2 pswD2

G2

ry2

tte2fr2 xoF2PRHIHSVV2

eyxi2 py2 iyxhix2


espondents2wotion2 for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2 PU2 yer2 hoket2xoF2SHUEIQEHUPU

gispsgei2 yp2 isgi2


his2 is2 to2 ertify2 tht2 2true2 nd2orret2 opy2of2espondents2 wotion2for2 ummry2 hisposition2 nd2 xotie2 of2 sntent2 to2 se2 hisovery2 roduts2 xot2 on2 pile2 in2 2 ummry2 hisposition2 roeeding2were2served2on2etitionerD2through2ounsel2of2 reordD2y2hnd2deliveryD2 on2this2 RQ92 dy2of2 wrhD2PHIQX2

i2 rnd2 heliveg2 xikki2ropkinsD2isqF2


eustinD2exs2UVUHI

QQQ2qudlupe2treetD2uite2QERTH2

x2

espondents2wotion2for2ummry2 hisposition2E2 ge2 PV2

yer2 hoket2 xHF2SHUEIQEHUPU