ALS Series

Dual Native IP/SDH/SPDH Microwave Radio for Point-to-Point applications

ALS Series Brochure

Document Number B.ALS_SERIES.2.05-11 Page 2 of 61

SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. Proprietary and Confidential. All rights reserved. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. No part of this document may be copied, reprinted or reproduced in any material form, whether wholly or in part, witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. Further, the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.

GENERAL INDEX
ABBREVIATIONS........................................................................................................................................................... 5 GENERAL INTRODUCTION ON ALS SERIES ................................................................................................................... 7 Applications ............................................................................................................................................................. 8 Product Range ......................................................................................................................................................... 9 IDUs application range ............................................................................................................................................ 9 ODUs application range ......................................................................................................................................... 10 IDU-ODU compatibility .......................................................................................................................................... 10 Main Features........................................................................................................................................................ 11 NMS common Platform ......................................................................................................................................... 11 Outdoor Unit Characteristics ................................................................................................................................. 12 Indoor Unit characteristics .................................................................................................................................... 16 ALC IDU (PDH/ETH) ................................................................................................................................................ 18 ALplus IDU (PDH/ETH) ........................................................................................................................................... 20 ALS IDU (SDH/ETH) ............................................................................................................................................... 27 ALplus2 IDU (SPDH/SDH/ETH) ............................................................................................................................... 32 Adaptive Code Modulation (ACM) ............................................................................................................................ 32 General Concepts .................................................................................................................................................. 32 Traffic classification ............................................................................................................................................... 32 Link Quality measurement .................................................................................................................................... 33 Nodal Interconnections ......................................................................................................................................... 40 ETHERNET CHARACTERISTICS .................................................................................................................................... 42 Ethernet Frame mapping over Radio Link ............................................................................................................. 42 Ethernet Throughput ............................................................................................................................................. 42 Ethernet Interface characteristics ......................................................................................................................... 42 QoS management .................................................................................................................................................. 43 Ethernet Resiliency ................................................................................................................................................ 43 MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................................ 46 TMN Connection.................................................................................................................................................... 46 TMN Protocols ....................................................................................................................................................... 47 Management Functionalities................................................................................................................................. 49 Management Software.......................................................................................................................................... 49 TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS .................................................................................................................................. 50 Physical Dimensions of system components......................................................................................................... 50

ALS Series Brochure

Document Number B.ALS_SERIES.2.05-11 Page 3 of 61

SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. Proprietary and Confidential. All rights reserved. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. No part of this document may be copied, reprinted or reproduced in any material form, whether wholly or in part, witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. Further, the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.

..................................................................p.............. ........ 58 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B...............................................................................................Weight .............. No part of this document may be copied................ ........................................................................ All rights reserved.......05-11 Page 4 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S............................................................................ 53 Appendix 2 : Ethernet Benchmark parameters.... 51 Frequently requested standards compliances (Note1) ..... 53 Latency .......................................A....p....................................................................................................................................................... 50 Power supply ......................................... the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.......................................................A................................p...................................................................................................................................... reprinted or reproduced in any material form................................................................................................. Further......................A.......2........................................................................... The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.... 51 Environmental conditions ........................ witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Proprietary and Confidential...........................ALS_SERIES............................................. whether wholly or in part................................. 54 Throughput . 52 APPENDIX 1: Adaptive Modulation details....................... 51 Power Consumption ...................................................

All rights reserved.p. . The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.2.A. No part of this document may be copied. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.A. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p. whether wholly or in part.ALS_SERIES.p.ABBREVIATIONS ACM ATPC BW CAPEX CRC DCCr DCN DSCP ETH` FEC IDU IP IPV4 – IPV6 IS-IS LAN LCT MAC MDI MDIX MPS MSE MST NE NMS NML NMS5UX/LX ODU Adaptive Code Modulation Automatic Transmission Power Control Bandwidth Capital Expenditure Cyclic Redundancy Check Data Communication Channel Regenerator Data Communication Network Different Service Code Point Ethernet Forward Error Corrector Indoor Unit Internet Protocol Internet Protocol Version 4 and Version 6 Intermediate system to intermediate system Local Area network Local Craft Terminal Media Access Control Medium Dependent Interface Medium Dependent Interface Crossover Multiplex Section Protection Mean Square Error Multiple Section Terminal Network Element Network Management System Network Manager SIAE MICROELETTRONICA Network Management System Outdoor Unit ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.05-11 Page 5 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Further. Proprietary and Confidential.

No part of this document may be copied.2. .ALS_SERIES.A.p. Proprietary and Confidential. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.p.p.A. Further.OSI OSPF PDH QAM QoS RU SCT SDH SNMP SPDH SW TDM TMN ToS VLAN WAN XPIC Open System Interconnection Open Shortest Path First Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Quality of Service Rack Unit Subnetwork Craft Terminal Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Simple Network Protocol Management Super PDH Software Time Division Multiplexing Telecommunication Management Network Type of Service Virtual Local Area Network Wide Area Network Cross Polar Interference Canceller ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. All rights reserved.05-11 Page 6 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. whether wholly or in part.

.ALS Series MW Radio A single shelf can manage up to 1 Gbit/s with 1RU version. All rights reserved. A unique distributed processing architecture allows expanding the node capacity up to 8xGbit/s. with very low initial CAPEX.p. rapid deployment and modular implementation of a network Terrain independent connectivity The ALS Series provides scalable data rates from 4 to 500 Mbit/s per radio module with a single platform across the full range of licensed frequency bands. It is also a competitive alternative or complement solution to optical fiber networks in any application that requires: Cost-effective.A. whether wholly or in part.A. Figure 1 . Ethernet traffic is handled by a powerful integrated switch able to manage VLANs. Further. The ALS equipment is managed by an SNMP agent using communication ports that are able to connect to IP and OSI DCNs.GENERAL INTRODUCTION ON ALS SERIES The PDH/SDH/Ethernet ALS MW Radio series is the ideal solution for a wide range of applications in both access networks and backbone provisioning.05-11 Page 7 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.p. Modularity options. commonalities.2. No part of this document may be copied.p. A wide range of tributary interfaces and system configurations offer maximum versatility in system engineering and network planning. This greatly simplify integration efforts in existing NMS networks. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. QoS and ToS. yielding a product that will easily fulfill any future requirement. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. Several IDU models are available ranging from single board solutions to nodal implementations in which high capacities and complex protection schemes are required: ALC IDU ALCplus IDU ALplus IDU ALS-c IDU ALS IDU (Compact for PDH/Ethernet traffic) (Compact for PDH/Ethernet traffic) (Modular for PDH/Ethernet traffic) (Compact for SDH traffic) (Modular for SDH/Ethernet traffic) ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. Proprietary and Confidential. and extensive software management capabilities result in cost-effectiveness and scalability. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.ALS_SERIES. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Full SW licensing approach allows very smooth migration from pure TDM to IP networks.

LANs.p. Further.p. light and easy to install/maintain and characterized by high performances: AL ODU AS ODU Applications The ALS Series has been conceived and designed to cover a wide range of applications. SDH and Ethernet traffic or a mix of them) (Modular.ALS_SERIES. etc.) Back-up transmission medium to Fibre Optic links Spur Links for Backbones/Rings Last Mile Fibre Extension Leased Lines Replacement High Capacity SDH/IP Radio Ring Deployment up to 4xSTM-1/800 Mbit/s High Capacity Broadband Access Networks ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. etc.A. for PDH. Pipelines. SDH and Ethernet traffic or a mix of them) Two ODU versions have been designed with the target of being at the same time compact. No part of this document may be copied.A. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. .) Utility Networks (Railways.A.2.ALCplus2 IDU and ALCplus2e IDU ALplus2 IDU (Compact and Enhanced Compact for PDH. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Proprietary and Confidential.p. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.05-11 Page 8 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. such as: 2G and 3G / 4G / LTE Mobile Network Infrastructure 10/100/1000 Mbit/s Ethernet connections WiMAX backhauling LTE backhauling Private data Networks (WANs. All rights reserved. whether wholly or in part.

p. In equipment configurations such as ALS IDU with 4xSTM-1 and 2xSTM-1 or ALCplus2e IDU. All rights reserved. In the same way aggregating 2xALCplus2e IDUs.0 Gbps throughput is achieved. with full featured hitless ACM (Adaptive Code and Modulation). unduplicated or duplicated configuration and with throughput capacity from 4Mbit/s up to 500 Mbit/s per radio module. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Proprietary and Confidential.2. Eg. with mixed TDM and ETH interfaces.A. .A.p.p. No part of this document may be copied.05-11 Page 9 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.IDUs application range 1 1 Throughput in above figures are also referred to multishelves configurations.A. frequency re-use (cochannel operation) is available with the XPIC technology (Cross Polar Interference Canceller). ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. with traffic aggregation. Further. IDUs application range Figure 2. an aggregated 2. The modulation scheme is software programmable from 4QAM to 256QAM for ALplus2 IDU. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. whether wholly or in part.Product Range The ALS Series is available in all frequency bands from 6 GHz (6L and 6U) to 42 GHz (4GHz is available for PDH/ETH application). ALS exploits an innovative dual native radio engine capable of transmitting both native TDM (from 4xE1 up to 4xSTM-1) and native ETH (up to 1 Gbit/s).ALS_SERIES. Gbps capacity can be provided by one single LCplus2e IDU as well as by aggregating 2xALCplus2 IDUs. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.

ODUs application range Figure 3 .2.A. whether wholly or in part.ODUs application range IDU-ODU compatibility AL ODU AS/ASN ODU Table 1 . the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.A. All rights reserved.p. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.ALS_SERIES. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.A. Further. . No part of this document may be copied.p. Proprietary and Confidential. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.05-11 Page 10 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.IDU-ODU compatibility ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.

the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.ALS_SERIES.g multiple path interference for lower frequency bands) In addition. SNMP Protocol is used for TMN connections with standard communication protocol stacks and industry-standard interfaces allowing equipment connection to any IP or OSI-based DCN. the ALS Series can increase the system gain when needed.05-11 Page 11 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. As an alternative a WEB management (with embedded WEB server) is available as an installation-less management option. on the basis of received signal quality calculations. ALCplus2 IDU with its state-of-art high speed ACM can compensate fading speed up to 40dB/s. NMS5LX and NMS5UX Network Management System platforms developed by SIAE MICROELETTRONICA.p.A. user configurable ACM profiles allow per-link optimization with the possibility to full customize adaptive modulation behavior. each traffic class is assigned with its minimum required QoS.2. whether wholly or in part. common NMS platform and cost effectiveness make the ALS Series the proper network solution for a wide set of network applications. the introduction of heavily coded modulation schemes allows the system to perform in challenging environmental conditions. . allowing easy overbooking of existing radio link. this allows easy network planning in very bad environment condition characterized of deep fading conditions and with fast fading phenomena (e. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.A.p. Further. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. No part of this document may be copied.p. All rights reserved. and capable of controlling and monitoring all equipment included in SIAE MICROELETTRONICA product catalogue. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. Adaptive Code and Modulation allows the automatic selection of the optimum modulation scheme according to current radio link propagation conditions and on received signal’s quality can be software enabled. Delay compensation allows jitter free modulation switchover. ease of installation. integrated XPIC functionality. Proprietary and Confidential. thus forwarding the high priority traffic in bad propagation conditions too. Both electrical and optical interfaces are available on the same terminal radio equipment.Main Features Scalable capacity. NMS common Platform The ALS series is integrated into the SCT/LCT. high performance and reliability. With ACM and traffic classification. In addition.A. All SIAE MICROELETTRONICA NMS solutions are based on standard protocols. without any impact on antenna sizes and infrastructure hardware.

p. In addition RF loop is available.Outdoor Unit Characteristics The ODU has been designed with the target of being at the same time compact.ODUs application range ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. ALS Series include two different ODU models: AL ODU : a cost-effective solution. Proprietary and Confidential. whether wholly or in part. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. AS ODU doesn’t require any hardware change if configured for frequency reuse (independence from XPIC functionality).2. it is the recommended solution for modulations higher than 32QAM and 56/28 MHz channel usage. This model can also provide up to 40 dB ATPC.ALS_SERIES. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. that supports 4/16/32QAM modulation schemes and all capacities from 4 Mbps to 106 Mbps AS ODU o Universal AS ODU supports all modulation schemes (4/8/16/32/64/128/256QAM) and all capacities from 8 Mbit/s to 500 Mbit/s.p. Advanced AS ODU: includes all the characteristics and features of the AS Universal ODU. No part of this document may be copied. light and easy to install/maintain and characterized by high performances.A. moreover It is compatible with ALL IDU models. This model provides up to 20 dB ATPC. . o Figure 4 . the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A.A. Further. All rights reserved.05-11 Page 12 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. In installations where more than 15/30 m of waveguide is used.

reprinted or reproduced in any material form.ALS_SERIES. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. No part of this document may be copied.A. .A. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Proprietary and Confidential. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.p.A.AL ODU/AS Universal ODU with integral antenna in 1+0 and 1+1 confugurations ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. Mechanical Layout The same mounting kit type fits both ODU for an easily upgrade from AL to AS ODU. whether wholly or in part.Figure 5 .05-11 Page 13 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Further.p. Integrated antenna solutions Figure 6 .2.p.AL ODU/AS Universal ODU and AS Advanced ODU These modulation independent ODUs allow an “install-and-forget” approach for simple station upgrading. All rights reserved.

the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. Proprietary and Confidential.05-11 Page 14 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. whether wholly or in part.Figure 7 .AL ODU/AS Universal ODU with not integrated antenna solution in 1+0 and 1+1 configurations Figure 9 . All rights reserved. No part of this document may be copied.ALS_SERIES.A. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p. .A.AS Advanced ODU with integral antenna in 1+0 and 1+1 configuration Not integrated antenna solutions Figure 8 . The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.2. Further.A.p.p.AS Advanced ODU with not integrated antenna solution in 1+0 and 1+1 configurations ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.

No part of this document may be copied.05-11 Page 15 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. Further.p.A. the output power can be reduced up to 20 dB in 1 dB steps (40 dB in Advanced AS ODU). Power Control has two operational modes: Fixed output power attenuation mode (ATPC disabled).p.ALS_SERIES. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. . All rights reserved. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. whether wholly or in part.A. ATPC mode: the ATPC algorithm adjusts the output power attenuation in order to reach a predefined Rx level at the remote terminal.ATPC Feature Automatic Transmit Power Control (ATPC) is available as a standard feature in all configurations.A.p. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. Proprietary and Confidential.2.

Further.IDUs application range 1 IDUs have been designed with two different approaches. No part of this document may be copied. an aggregated 2. Eg. An MST expansion unit provides up to 126xE1 G. Excellent reliability is always a key point. STM-1 interfaces are available also for SPDH configurations reducing installation cable count. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA has developed several types of IDUs. SDH or Ethernet traffic or a mix of them. All IDUs are frequency independent.703 electrical ports.p. with traffic aggregation. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. 1 Throughput in above figures are also referred to multishelves configurations. In the same way aggregating 2xALCplus2e IDUs.2. Gbps capacity can be provided by one single ALCplus2e IDU as well as by aggregating 2xALCplus2 IDUs. ALC IDU.05-11 Page 16 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A. single board Compact IDU (1RU) and modular structure IDU (1RU and 2RU for Nodal Version).p. ALplus IDU and ALplus2 IDU for transmitting PDH. Figure 10 . the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.ALS_SERIES. or nxE3 or FE/GE ports or a mix of the above. Proprietary and Confidential.A. . witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Figure 8 shows the application ranges of these IDUs in terms of capacities and modulation schemes. All rights reserved.0 Gbps throughput is achieved. whether wholly or in part.Indoor Unit characteristics The ALS Series include several IDU models ranging from single board solutions to nodal implementations in which high capacities and complex protection schemes are required.p.A. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.

witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.A.A.ALS_SERIES. . The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.2. All rights reserved. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.p. No part of this document may be copied. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. Figure 11 – Bracket on IDU compact version ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. This simplifies the IDU installation in street cabinet applications.p. It allows an easy IDU positioning into a rack in three different 30 mm steps as shown in the picture below.05-11 Page 17 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Proprietary and Confidential. whether wholly or in part.p. Further.The single board compact IDUs are provided with adjustable brackets on both sides.

.A.5 MHz to 28MHz. All rights reserved. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.ALS_SERIES.A. Modulation ALC IDU can be SW configured with any modulation scheme in the range from 4 to 16QAM and in all channel bandwidth from 3.0 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz Hierarchical Structure 4QAM 2xE1/4 Mbps 4xE1/8 Mbps 8xE1/16 Mbps 16xE1/34 Mbps 16QAM 4xE1/8 Mbps 8xE1/16 Mbps 16xE1/34 Mbps 161xE1/64 Mbps Table 2 . ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. No part of this document may be copied.A.p. Proprietary and Confidential. 32xE1TDM traffic available on radio frame.ALC IDU Modulation scheme 1 16xE1 physical interfaces available on the equipment. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.2. Channel Spacing 3.ALC IDU (PDH/ETH) ALC IDU is the entry level solution for low and medium capacity with a 64 Mbps maximum throughput.05-11 Page 18 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p. Further.p. whether wholly or in part.5 MHz 7. 16xE1 TDM and 3xFE tributary interfaces. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.

ETH payload 10/100 RJ45 FE 3. Power supply 5. providing sixteen E1s G.A. IDU-ODU cable interface 6.ALC IDU – 1RU Compact version 2 3 4 5 1 6 Figure 12 . witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. nxE1 payload on SUB-D connectors (75/120 ohm depending on cabling) 4. 16xE1. . Further.703 75/120 Ohm interfaces with SUB-D connectors. whether wholly or in part. Protection Schemes 1+0 1+0 expandable to 1+1 1+1 hot stand-by.A. USB-B.703 75 Ohm interfaces with 1.703 75/120 Ohm interfaces with SUB-D connectors. Proprietary and Confidential.05-11 Page 19 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. 3xEthernet + 16xE1. providing three 10/100 BASE-T Ethernet/Fast Ethernet interfaces with RJ45 connectors and sixteen E1s G.p. providing three 10/100 BASE-T Ethernet/Fast Ethernet interfaces with RJ45 connectors and sixteen E1s G.p. frequency and/or space diversity ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.p. RS232) 2.ALS_SERIES. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.0/2.ALC IDU – 16xE1 + 3xFE – (PDH/ETH) 1. All rights reserved.3 coax connectors. providing sixteen E1s G. 3xEthernet + 16xE1.2. Alarm IN/OUT IDU options 16xE1. TMN-access (ETH.A.0/2.703 75 Ohm interfaces with 1. No part of this document may be copied.3 coax connectors. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.

whether wholly or in part. No part of this document may be copied.A.A. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.p. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.p. .0 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz Hierarchical Structure 4QAM 16QAM Non-Hierarchical Structure 4QAM 16QAM 32QAM 2xE1/4 Mbps 4xE1/8 Mbps 8xE1/16 Mbps 16xE1/34 Mbps 4xE1/8 Mbps 8xE1/16 Mbps 16xE1/34 Mbps 32xE1/64 Mbps - 5xE1/10 Mbps - 5xE1/10 Mbps 10xE1/20 Mbps 10xE1/20 Mbps 21xE1/42 Mbps 21xE1/42 Mbps 42xE1/84 Mbps 53xE1/106 Mbps Table 3 .5 MHz 7. All rights reserved.2.A. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.Modulation scheme ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. Channel Spacing 3. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. Modulation Modulation can be SW configured for any modulation scheme in the range from 4 to 32QAM.05-11 Page 20 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.AL IDU plus .ALS_SERIES. Further.ALplus IDU (PDH/ETH) AL IDU plus provides nxE1 payload through high density connectors. Proprietary and Confidential.

The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Service channels 2. Alarm IN/OUT 5. No part of this document may be copied. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.32xE1 .(PDH/ETH) 1. RS232) 4. Protection Schemes 1+0 1+0 expandable to 1+1 1+1 hot stand-by. whether wholly or in part.p.A. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. .ALS_SERIES. Proprietary and Confidential.05-11 Page 21 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. nxE1 payload on SCSI connectors (75/120 ohm depending on cabling) 6.p.ALCplus IDU– 1RU Compact version 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Figure 13 – ALCplus IDU .2. USB-B.703 75/120 Ohm interfaces with SCSI connectors. ODU cable interface IDU options 3xEthernet + 32xE1. providing three 10/100 BASE-T Ethernet/Fast Ethernet interfaces with RJ45 connectors and thirty-two E1s G. TMN-access (ETH. Further. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. Power supply 7. All rights reserved.A. ETH payload 10/100 RJ45 FE 3.p.A. frequency and/or space diversity ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.

controller 1. service and wayside channels interfaces for PDH traffic 3. IN/OUT Alarms. Further. Main Controller Unit (MCU) which includes the main system CPU and provides TMN access.ALplus IDU (PDH/ETH) 1. Service channels Radio Interface Module (RIM) 1 2 Figure 16 .Alplus IDU – RIM 1. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. Line Interface Module (LIM) which includes traffic interfaces and baseband signals processing. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.ALplus IDU– 1RU Modular Version 1 3 2 Figure 14 .A. 2.A. .ALS_SERIES. RS232) 2.05-11 Page 22 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p. Power supply ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. USB-B. No part of this document may be copied. Main Controller Unit (MCU) 1 2 1 3 Figure 15 – Alplus IDU . witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. IDU-ODU cable interface 2.p. TMN-access (ETH. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.2. Alarm IN/OUT 3. All rights reserved. Radio Interface Module (RIM) which includes the power supply unit and the cable interface for the connection to the Outdoor Unit (ODU).p. Proprietary and Confidential.A. whether wholly or in part.

frequency and/or space diversity ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. nxE1 payload on SCASI connectors 8 2 Figure 18. nxE1 payload on SCSI connectors 2.05-11 Page 23 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.ALS_SERIES. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. whether wholly or in part. .A.LIM . Protection Schemes 1+0 1+0 expandable to 1+1 1+1 hot stand-by. Proprietary and Confidential. Maximum Ethernet throughput is 100 Mbps per radio unit. ETH payload 10/100 RJ45 FE LIM options The following types of LIMs are available PDH/Ethernet traffic capacities: o o LIM 32xE1. providing up to 32xE1 using four SCSI connectors with 75 or 120 Ohm impedance. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.32xE1 1.Alplus IDU LIM . the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. Further.p.Alplus IDU .2.p.A. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.p. No part of this document may be copied.703 75/120 Ohm interfaces using SCSI connectors. All rights reserved.Line Interface Module (LIM) 1 Figure 17 . LIM 4xEthernet + 24xE1.24xE1 + 4xFE8 1.A. providing four 10/100 BASE-T Ethernet/Fast Ethernet interfaces with RJ45 connectors and twenty-four E1s G.

The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.ALS_SERIES. Nodal LIM 4. Radio interface Module (RIM) which includes the power supply unit and the cable interface for the connection to the Outdoor Unit (ODU). Cover 4. . Radio interface Module (RIM) in protected configuration.A. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.2 RU 16xE1 SCSI + 2xSTM-1 +1FE + 1GE + Expansion Bus . Main Controller Unit (MCU) which includes the main System CPU and provides TMN access.A. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. service and wayside channels interfaces as well as service data channels 2.p. Main Controller Unit (MCU) which includes the main System CPU and provides TMN access. Line interface Module (LIM) which includes traffic interfaces and baseband signals processing.Modular Nodal/Drop Insert 1.p.2RU 53xE1 SCSI Terminal 1. IN/OUT alarms. This unit can be duplicated to implement protected configurations. 3.05-11 Page 24 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Radio processor 3.ALplus IDU .Alplus IDU . witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. whether wholly or in part. No part of this document may be copied. IN/OUT alarms.2. All rights reserved.Alplus IDU . Nodal Configuration 4 1 2 3 2 Figure 20 . Proprietary and Confidential.p.A.2RU Modular Version Terminal Configuration 4 1 2 3 Figure 19 . service and wayside channels interfaces as well as service data channels 2. Further.

Nodal Bus 4. No part of this document may be copied. providing up to 53xE1 using four SCSI connectors with 75 or 120 Ω impedance ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.ALS_SERIES. Terminal Configurations: o o LIM 32xE1. Proprietary and Confidential.A.p.2RU 32xE1 SCSI .05-11 Page 25 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. nxE1 payload on SCSI connectors 2.Line Interface Module (LIM) 1 Figure 21 .2RU 16xE1 + 2x-1 + 1xFE + 1xGE .Modular Nodal/Drop Insert 5 6 3 4 1 Figure 23 .Modular Nodal/Drop Insert 1. GE payload with SFP module LIM options The following types of LIMs (Line Interface Modules) are available PDH/Ethernet traffic capacities. 2 MHz synchronization interfaces 3.2. .A.p.2RU 16xE1 SCSI + 2xSTM-1 .Alplus IDU LIM. providing up to 32xE1 using four SCSI connectors with 75 or 120 Ω impedance LIM 53xE1. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. Further.Modular Nodal/Drop Insert 1 2 3 4 1 Figure 22 . ETH payload 10/100 RJ45 FE 6. whether wholly or in part.p.Alplus IDU LIM .A. All rights reserved. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.Alplus IDU LIM . STM-1 with SFP modules 5.

The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.o 4xEthernet + 53xE1. Nodal Configurations an Cross connection: o o LIM 16xE1 SCSI + 2xSTM-1(MSP or dual) + Expansion Bus LIM 16xE1 SCSI + 2xSTM-1(MSP or dual) + 1xFE + 1xGE (SFP electrical/optical) + Expansion Bus Protection schemes and supported configurations 1+0/1+1 up to 53xE1/100 Mbps Nx(1+0) Drop / Insert with N up to 4 2x(1+1) Drop / Insert Nx(1+0) + Mx(1+1) Nodal connection with N +2xM ≤ 12 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.A.703 75/120 Ohm interfaces using SCSI connectors PDH/Ethernet traffic capacities with embedded cross connection: o LIM 32xE1. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.p. providing four 10/100 BASE-T Ethernet/Fast Ethernet interfaces with RJ45 connectors and fifty-three E1s G. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. No part of this document may be copied.p.ALS_SERIES. All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. whether wholly or in part.A. Further. .p. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. providing up to 32xE1 using four SCSI connectors with 75 or 120 Ω impedance PDH/Ethernet traffic capacities.2.05-11 Page 26 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.

IDU-ODU cable interfaces ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. STM-1 with SFP modules 2.A.A. Channel Spacing 28 MHz 56 MHz Hierarchical Structure 32QAM 128QAM STM-1 STM-1 2xSTM-1 Table 4 . reprinted or reproduced in any material form.p.2xSTM-1 1.2. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.ALS IDU .05-11 Page 27 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. All rights reserved.5/56 MHz channel BW. Service channels 3.ALS IDU (SDH/ETH) ALS IDU provides SDH capacity up to 4xSTM-1 with electrical or optical interfaces and 1xE1 or 2xE1 WS service channels depending on configuration. Modulation ALS IDU modulation is SW configurable as 32/128QAM in 28/27.ALS_SERIES. It is also available with GE/FE/nxE1 interfaces and XPIC functionality in the modular version.Modulation scheme ALS-C IDU – 1RU Compact version 1 2 3 4 5 6 Figure 24 .p. No part of this document may be copied. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. TMN-access (ETH. Power supply 6.A.ALS-C IDU . USB-B) 4.p. Further. Alarm IN/OUT 5. whether wholly or in part. Proprietary and Confidential. .

witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.A.3 coax connectors o 2xSTM-1 using plug-in connectors (1. .05-11 Page 28 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.0/2.0/2. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.3 coax connector module for electrical interface or LC connector module for optical interface) Protection Schemes 1+0 1+0 expandable to 1+1 1+1 hot stand-by.A.2. Further. whether wholly or in part.ALS_SERIES.p.703 interfaces using 1.p.p. No part of this document may be copied. All rights reserved. frequency and/or space diversity ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.A. Proprietary and Confidential.IDU options o 2xSTM-1 electrical G.

Main Controller Unit (MCU) 1 2 1 Figure 26 . No part of this document may be copied. service and wayside channels interfaces for PDH traffic 3. USB-B. whether wholly or in part. Line Interface Module (LIM) which includes traffic interfaces and baseband signals processing. IDU-ODU cable interface 2.p. IN/OUT Alarms.ALS IDU – 1RU Modular version 1 3 2 Figure 25 . All rights reserved. Alarm IN/OUT Radio Interface Module (RIM) Without XPIC 1 2 Figure 27 . the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. Power supply ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. Main Controller Unit (MCU) which includes the main system CPU and provides TMN access.ALS IDU controller 1. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. XPIC functionality option. 2.ALS IDU RIM without XPIC 1.A.05-11 Page 29 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. .p.p.A. Radio Interface Module (RIM) which includes the power supply unit and the cable interface for the connection to the Outdoor Unit (ODU). TMN-access (ETH.2.ALS_SERIES. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. Further. RS232) 2. Proprietary and Confidential.ALS IDU 1.

S1.A. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.4xSTM-1 1.ALS IDU LIM .A. Service channel LIM options LIM 2xSTM-1 electrical or optical. E1 payload on SCSI connectors (120/75 ohm) 4. Service channels 1 2 3 4 Figure 30 . The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.1. IF loop connectors for XPIC Line Interface Module (LIM) 1 2 Figure 29 .1.ALS_SERIES. GE payload with SFP module 3. L1. 1xGE Base X (SFP) and 8xE1.p. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. S1. providing four STM-1 G.1.703 electrical ports or G. the capacity can be set (via SW) to either STM-1 or 4xSTM-1.A. Maximum Ethernet throughput is 700 Mbps (with XPIC).p.p. .703 electrical ports or G.ALS IDU LIM .1. providing two STM-1 G. All rights reserved. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. ETH payload 10/100 RJ45 FE 2. Power supply 3. whether wholly or in part. LIM Ethernet. Further.957 optical ports I1.2. providing 2x10/100 BASE-T (electrical) . IDU-ODU cable interface 2. STM-1 With SFP modules 2.05-11 Page 30 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. the capacity can be set (via SW) to either STM-1 or 2xSTM-1 LIM 4xSTM-1 electrical or optical. Proprietary and Confidential.ALS IDU RIM with XPIC 1.With XPIC 1 3 2 Figure 28 .2xFE + 1xV11 + 1xGE + 8xE1 1. L1.957 optical ports I1. No part of this document may be copied. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.

the capacity can be set (via SW) to either STM-1 or 2xSTM-1 LIM 4xSTM-1 electrical or optical. providing 2x10/100 BASE-T (electrical) . 1xGE Base X (SFP) and 8xE1.1. Proprietary and Confidential.1. Further. LIM Ethernet.957 optical ports I1. providing four STM-1 G. the capacity can be set (via SW) to either STM-1 or 4xSTM-1. providing two STM-1 G.4xSTM-1 plug-in 1. Radio Interface Module (RIM) which includes the power supply unit and the cable interface for the connection to the Outdoor Unit (ODU).1. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Line Interface Module (LIM) LIMs models are the same as the ALS IDU 1RU version. whether wholly or in part.2. LIM options LIM 2xSTM-1 electrical or optical. Main Controller Unit (MCU) which includes the main system CPU and provides TMN access.A. XPIC functionality option. service and wayside channels interfaces for PDH traffic 4.ALS IDU . S1.p. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. Protection Schemes 1+0 1+1 hot stand-by. IN/OUT Alarms. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. Maximum Ethernet throughput is 700 Mbps (with XPIC). L1.05-11 Page 31 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.703 electrical ports or G. 3.ALS IDU .957 optical ports I1. L1.703 electrical ports or G. Line Interface Module (LIM) which includes traffic interfaces and baseband signals processing.p.A. Cover 2. S1. All rights reserved.A.2RU Modular Version (terminal configuration) 1 4 2 3 Figure 31 . The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. . No part of this document may be copied.ALS_SERIES.p.1. frequency and/or space diversity 2x(1+0) 2x(1+1) 2x(1+1) with XPIC ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.

Proprietary and Confidential.1p layer 2 tag.2.ALS_SERIES. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. For example if the modulation is reduced from 128QAM to 4QAM all traffic exceeding 4QAM capacity cannot be carried anymore. Adaptive Code Modulation.05-11 Page 32 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. please refer to Appendix 1 for more details.A. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.ALplus2 IDU (SPDH/SDH/ETH) ALplus2 IDU is based on a dual engine solution providing up to 400 Mbps capacity per radio direction . the decreasing of the traffic capacity. All rights reserved. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.A.p. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA radio systems gives this possibility through Adaptive modulation. Traffic classification The adaptive modulation entails a change in the available bandwidth with regard to the modulation scheme that is used and as a consequence. Further. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA systems are also able to classify them. Adaptive Code Modulation (ACM) General Concepts A radio communication system should be designed with a nominal received level well above its threshold. This allows real time traffic to be always transmitted. moving from higher modulation downward. higher spectrum efficiency and embedded TDM full cross-connect are the main plus points. This procedure has a drawback: when propagation conditions are favourable the system could support higher data traffic but it cannot increase its throughput unless it changes its modulation scheme. ETH packets are usually classified according to 802.A.p. this allows withstanding received signal reduction in bad weather conditions. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. according to IP TOS or IPV6 TC. The possibility to classify the traffic allows to decide what traffic to transport according to the available bandwidth. No part of this document may be copied. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA solutions have four output queues –through which up to 8 priority classed can be managed– with user configurable quality management. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA implementation manages TDM and ETH traffic in different ways: E1 ports are manually configured for being high or low priority. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. .p. whether wholly or in part.

ALS_SERIES. each one can be selected by SW in order to build a user configured Adaptive Modulation Profile.A. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.p. All rights reserved.ALplus2 ACM profiles Table 5 .Link Quality measurement In order to trigger a modulation change some switching criteria must be implemented. Figure 32 . well before errors are detected by the FEC It involves one direction at a time and the process is completely jitter and error free for surviving traffic. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. whether wholly or in part.p. No part of this document may be copied. .2. 8 ACM profiles are provided.05-11 Page 33 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.A. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA implements MSE based Adaptive Modulation in all channel bandwidths.p.Packet Data Radio System ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA solutions are based on MSE measurements that allow the system to react to any source of degradation. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Further. Proprietary and Confidential.

A.p. No part of this document may be copied. Capacity will be automatically adjusted according to the table 5. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.05-11 Page 34 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Maximum modulation upgrading and channel bandwidth expansion can be achieved through simple license file download. All rights reserved. whether wholly or in part. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.Typical Ethernet throughput 1 This is the default configuration. Further. .A.Keeps on monitoring the MSE parameter. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.2. Channel Width Packet IDU – Typical Ethernet throughput for 64 bytes frame (including Header Optimisation) Mbit/s 4QAM “Strong” 10 20 40 58 80 4QAM 8 QAM 18 37 75 102 150 16QAM 25 50 100 138 200 32QAM 30 60 120 165 240 64QAM 38 s 75 145 203 290 128QAM 42 85 170 240 340 256QAM 50 100 200 280 400 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 40 MHz 56 MHz 12 1 25 50 70 100 Table 6 . when it falls below a user-configurable limit a modulation switch request is transmitted backward. ALplus2 Series can be configured for all channel bandwidths from 7 to 56 MHz and all modulations in the range from 4QAM up to 256QAM. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.p. Proprietary and Confidential. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.A.ALS_SERIES.

It supports Synchronous Ethernet with mixed TDM/ETH synchronism distribution.ALCplus2 IDU – 1RU Compact version ALCplus2 is available with a wide range of interface options. Alarm IN/OUT 10. IDU-ODU cables interfaces ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. whether wholly or in part. from 4xFE/GE Sync/Async to 4xFE/GE Sync/Async + (2+32)xE1 + 2xSTM-1 (MSP).A. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. ETH payload with optical GE SFP modules 9.ALS_SERIES.05-11 Page 35 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.ALCplus2 IDU . The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. TMN-access (ETH. RS232) ETH payload 10/100/1000 RJ45 FE/GE STM-1 payload With SFP modules 2xE1 payload o Traffic o Sync Input/Output (G703/ 2 MHz clock or HDB3 AIS) o Traffic + EOC (G704 framing) 5. Proprietary and Confidential. 2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 9 10 Figure 33 .p. CAT6 proprietary expansion Bus Traffic 6.18xE1 + 4xGE + 2xSTM-1 + Nodal Bus 1 2 3 4 6 7 8 1 9 10 Figure 34 . No part of this document may be copied.p. Further.p.ALCplus2 IDU . nxE1 payload on SCSI connectors (120/75 ohm) 7.2. Power Supply 8. All rights reserved. 4. 3. USB-B. .34xE1 + 4xGE + 2xSTM-1 1.A.

p. Further. as following: 500 Mbit/s capacity per radio direction 1 Gbit/s total throughput capacity managed by a single equipment 2+0 configuration as well as 2+0 XPIC. . the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.IDU options o 4xFE/GE Sync/Async + 2xE1 o 4xFE/GE Sync/Async + 2xE1 + 16xE1 o 4xFE/GE Sync/Async + 2xE1 + 16xE1 + 2xSTM-1(1+1 MSP) + Nodal Bus o 4xFE/GE Sync/Async + 2xE1 + 32xE1 + 2xSTM-1(1+1 MSP) Protection Schemes 1+0 expandable to 1+1 1+1 hot stand-by. whether wholly or in part. frequency and/or space diversity ALCplus2e IDU – 1RU Compact version ALCplus2e is an evolution of the ALCplus2 providing all above described solution with some major upgraded features to be underlined.A. IDU options 4xFE/GE Sync/Async +2xE1 4xFE/GE Sync/Async +16xE1+2xE1+2xSTM-1+Nodal bus 4xFE/GE Sync/Async +32xE1+2xE1+2xSTM-1 Protection Schemes XPIC (2x(1+0) (co-channel) 2x(1+0) ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.2.A. The mechanical layout is the same as ALCplus2.ALS_SERIES. both available in 1RU shelf Advanced Ethernet /IP features ALCplus2e is available in two HW configurations. All rights reserved.05-11 Page 36 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. ALCplus2e is in link backward compatible with ALCplus2 version. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. No part of this document may be copied. Proprietary and Confidential.p.p. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.

A. M-STP (Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol) support up to 4 instances Selective RMON on VLAN basis G. Regardless to the configuration options.1x(1+1).8264 (“Distribution of timing information through packet networks ”) support Note: These functionalities are available if both terminal of the link are with ALCplu2e. 60 max.ALS_SERIES. whether wholly or in part. in the following table is summarized the limits applied for the different HW versions: IDU type ALCplus2 IDU ALCplus2e IDU XPIC ALCplus2e IDU 2x(1+0) Permanent TDM traffic max. 1x(1+1) FD/FSD (up to 18 MHz). The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. 21 max.p. o Frame fragmentation o VLAN rewriting TDM redundancy on selected E1s WRED or Hard limiting. 2x21 Total 80 164 164 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. Proprietary and Confidential. 2x80 Extra TDM traffic max.2. SD 1x(1+0) In addition to the some Traffic Management features have been improved: EVPN profiling o Bandwidth limiting per VLAN o Bandwidth limiting per priority.A. 2x80 max. Further. 2x2 max. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. HSB. . reprinted or reproduced in any material form. All rights reserved. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.p. Hard limiting or WRED algorhythm (software selectable) Enhanced Ethernet prioritization based on MPLS “Exp bits” Selective QinQ based on VLAN and 802. No part of this document may be copied.05-11 Page 37 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.1p priority VLAN rewriting (Radio side) 8 queues Ethernet scheduler towards radio interface Layer 2 and layer 1 link aggregation.

A. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. Radio Interface Module (RIM) which includes the power supply unit and the cable interface for the connection to the Outdoor Unit (ODU) Controller 1 2 1 3 Figure 36 . Further. whether wholly or in part.ALplus2 IDU – 1RU Modular Version 1 3 2 Figure 35 . . IDU-ODU cable interface 2.ALplus2 IDU RIM 1. USB-B. Service channels Radio Interface Module (RIM) 2 1 Figure 37 . Alarm IN/OUT 3.2. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p. All rights reserved. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. IN/OUT Alarms.05-11 Page 38 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A. service and wayside channels interfaces for PDH traffic 3. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. No part of this document may be copied. TMN-access (ETH.A. Main Controller Unit (MCU) which includes the main system CPU and provides TMN access. Line Interface Module (LIM) which includes traffic interfaces and baseband signals processing. Power supply ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.p. RS232) 2. Proprietary and Confidential.ALplus2 IDU controller 1. 2.ALplus2 IDU 1.ALS_SERIES.p.

Line Interface Module (LIM)
1 2 3

Figure 38 - ALplus2 IDU LIM – 2xTSM-1 +3xFE/GE +16E1 1. ETH payload : 2x 10/100/1000 BaseT + 2x 1000 BaseX (3 x active LANs) 2. STM-1 with SFP modules 3. nxE1 payload on SCSI connectors

LIM option LIM 2xSTM-1 (MSP) electrical or optical, providing two STM-1 G.703 electrical ports or G.957 optical ports - I1, S1.1, L1.1(MSP Protection) + 1FE/GE (Electrical) + 1FE/GE (Optical) + 1FE/GE (Electrical or Optical) + 16xE1 Maximum Ethernet throughput is 400 Mbps per radio unit (up to 800 Mbps per IDU).

Protection Schemes 1+0 expandable to 1+1 1+1 hot stand-by, frequency and/or space diversity 2x(1+0)

ALS Series Brochure

Document Number B.ALS_SERIES.2.05-11 Page 39 of 61

SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. Proprietary and Confidential. All rights reserved. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. No part of this document may be copied, reprinted or reproduced in any material form, whether wholly or in part, witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. Further, the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.

Nodal Interconnections
SIAE MICROELETTRONICA Implements proprietary IDUs interconnection using standard CAT6 cables with RJ-45 shielded connectors. This serial high speed connection carries proprietary frames in an MSP like protected configuration and capacity up to 1.3 Gbit/s.

Nodal Interconnections in ALplus IDU
The approach proposed by SIAE MICROELETTRONICA in order to manage a nodal site is based on a scalable configuration that, starting from one IDU capable of handling up to four independent directions, allows the interconnection of up to three IDUs (through two bi-directional 300 Mbit/s high speed busses). The maximum number of directions that can be managed in a nodal site is twelve. In a Nodal Station the cross-connection function is distributed over up to three different switching units (one for each IDU), being each one capable to manage up to four directions. This implies that in case of a cross connect failure, there is no loss of traffic relevant to directions other then directly connected to that IDU. The following picture shows a Nodal site.

Figure 39 – Alplus IDU 2RU - Nodal configuration

ALS Series Brochure

Document Number B.ALS_SERIES.2.05-11 Page 40 of 61

SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. Proprietary and Confidential. All rights reserved. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. No part of this document may be copied, reprinted or reproduced in any material form, whether wholly or in part, witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. Further, the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.

Nodal Interconnections in ALCplus2 or ALCplus2e IDUs (N-concept)
SIAE MICROELETTRONICA Implements proprietary IDUs interconnection using standard CAT6 cables with RJ-45 shielded connectors. This serial high speed connection carries proprietary frames in an MSP like protected configuration and capacity up to 1.3 Gbit/s. ALCplus2 IDU implements an innovative distributed switch architecture that allows simple node expansion through shelves stacking, with a dramatic reduction in initial CAPEX. Depending on traffic requirements, units can be daisy chained by a CAT6 proprietary expansion bus for TDM applications (BUS capacity 126E1) and/or by a standard GE connection for Ethernet applications.

Nx2FE/GE + NxSTM-1 + Nx16E1 N=1….8
Figure 40 - ALCplus2e - Nodal configuration

ALS Series Brochure

Document Number B.ALS_SERIES.2.05-11 Page 41 of 61

SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. Proprietary and Confidential. All rights reserved. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. No part of this document may be copied, reprinted or reproduced in any material form, whether wholly or in part, witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p.A. Further, the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.

A. Proprietary and Confidential.ALS_SERIES.1ag ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. It is possible to associate a given bandwidth to a single Ethernet port. this approach provides a point-to-point unacknowledged connectionless service over the radio channel.p.p. No part of this document may be copied.ETHERNET CHARACTERISTICS Ethernet Frame mapping over Radio Link When equipped with Ethernet Interfaces. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. whether wholly or in part. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA ALS maps Ethernet straight into the radio frames (Native IP). .2. The embedded Switch supports the following Layer 2 functionalities: MAC switching MAC Address learning and aging Auto negotiation MDI/MDIX crossover Automatic MDI/MDIX crossover is supported. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. it allows NIC-to-SWITCH and SWITCH-to-SWITCH connection regardless of cable type (straight-through or crossover). the ALS Series transfers Ethernet packets directly onto the radio link. Ethernet Interface characteristics The ALS Series implements a multi-port store-and-forward Layer 2 Switch.05-11 Page 42 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. IEEE 802.1q VLANs and VLAN stacking (Q in Q) Quality of Service ITU-T Y.1731 ETH OAM / IEEE 802. A CRC is added to prevent wrong packets being forwarded. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Further. Ethernet Throughput The ALS Series provides full-duplex Ethernet throughput ranging from 4 up to 500 Mbps per radio channel.p.A. All rights reserved.A.3x (full-duplex operation) and Back Pressure (half-duplex operation) to prevent packet loss during traffic peak. It can be assigned in fixed steps up to full wire speed. Please refer to Appendix 2 for Throughput and Latency details. Layer 2 Flow Control / Back Pressure SIAE MICROELETTRONICA implements flow control based on IEEE 802.

p. Proprietary and Confidential.ELP is used to protect the network from Ethernet link failures in various network topologies and application LAG .is a link layer network protocol that ensures a loop-free topology for any bridged LAN.p.A. whether wholly or in part.3ad) designed for using multiple media in parallel to increase the link speed beyond the limits of any one single medium and increase the redundancy for higher availability ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.Link Aggregation – is a recommendation (802.In order to control the traffic flows incoming the equipment and thus the network. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. In particular.05-11 Page 43 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol . Further. .1P QoS) Level 3 priorities IPv4 (ToS or DSCP) or IPv6 (TC) Ethernet Resiliency LLF . the basic function of STP is to prevent bridge loops and ensuing broadcast radiation.1Q) Level 2 priority bits (802. Thus.A. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. this access limitation/control policies is introduced with a “leaky bucket architecture” RSTP .QoS management QoS refers to the ability of a network device to provide improved services to selected network traffic over various underlying technologies. No part of this document may be copied.2.1AX-2008 or 802.Link Loss Forwarding PIRL .Ethernet Link Protection . The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A. ELP . including Ethernet and wireless LANs. All rights reserved.p.ALS_SERIES. as follows: Improving loss characteristics Avoiding and managing network congestion Prioritizing services to different kinds of network traffic Setting traffic priorities across the network QoS is implemented in SIAE MICROELETTRONICA products in a multilevel approach: VLAN per port Level 2 VLAN identifiers (802.Peak Input Rate Limiting . QoS feature provides an improved and more predictable network services.

witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.A.1Q VLANs Virtual LAN (VLAN) support is the ability to logically break a LAN into a few smaller LANs and prevent data from flowing between the sub-LANs. whether wholly or in part.A. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. Proprietary and Confidential. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.Level 2 priorities: Priority queues are introduced on switches output ports.1p describes 8 priority levels. Micro segment the LAN in a scalable way Distribute traffic load Relocate servers into secure locations ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. No part of this document may be copied. .1p priority levels 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Traffic type Best Effort Background NOT DEFINED Excellent Effort Controlled Load Video ( latency 100 mS ) 3 Voice ( latency 10 mS ) Network Control Table 7 Used queue 0 1 2 Two scheduling algorithms are available in SIAE MICROELETTRONICA equipment: strict priority or weighted scheduling WFQ (SW selectable). Further.2. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. All rights reserved. A typical mapping scheme is shown below. Strict priority means that Higher priority queues are emptied first Weighted scheduling (WFQ) means that queues are served proportionally to their weights (1-2-4-8). mapped onto 4 output queues.05-11 Page 44 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. This is a key performance used to: Share the same physical carrier among different users that require maintaining a complete logical network independency. Mixed Strict priority and WFQ (Alplus2) IEEE 802. 802.ALS_SERIES.p. 802.p.p.

1Q TAG.p. Once a packet enters into the radio.1Q TAG. Based on IEEE 802. VLAN stacking (QinQ) SIAE MICROELETTRONICA products support VLAN stacking (QinQ). The scope of VLAN staking is to differentiate the traffic at different levels when the packets must cross networks managed by different entities. Locally configured tagged frames are managed according IEEE 802. This means that each packet received on a specific port will be forwarded only to the ports belonging to the same VLAN.1Q TAG with an ID depending from the port.A. when a packet leaves the remote office to enter the WAN connection. VLAN staking (also named QinQ) is a feature that allows an Ethernet frame to include more than one IEEE 802.ALS_SERIES. Finally. As an example. This means that if input traffic is 802. depending on the local port ID.Better control the broadcast messages VLANs can be activated in three different ways: Based on Port. A packet belongs to a particular VLAN. it is possible to add a new IEEE 802. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. A packet belongs to a particular VLAN. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA radio systems supports the VLAN staking.A.p. the Service Provider TAG is dropped and the WAN connection can be fully transparent. In this way the first TAG (with the company ID) still remain on the packet. The Service Provider could also need to TAG the traffic in order to carry it independently from the traffic of other companies. No part of this document may be copied.05-11 Page 45 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. but it is not used to route it on the Service Provider Network.p. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.1Q TAG. VLANs are implemented. All rights reserved. it is possible to create other VLAN inserting 4 additional bytes in Ethernet header for routing and QoS purposes. whether wholly or in part. depending on its VLAN ID. However. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. defined by the VID (VLAN Identifier) TAG content. it can be considered the case of a WAN connection provided by a Service Provider to a company to connect some remote offices to a headquarter. The packets on the company LAN can be tagged on the basis of the rules stated by the Company’s Network Administrator. Further. . It is a mix of previous ones. the Service Provider will add a second TAG to the packet with an ID that identifies the customer. Proprietary and Confidential. all others follow port rules.1Q compliant. Moreover.A. when this packet has reached the Main Site.2. i. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA equipment can also be configured to add a VLAN tag (VD and user priority) to untagged traffic. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.e. Hybrid.

ALCplus2 and ALCplus2e IDUs) one RS-232 (V. All rights reserved. These ports can be used for: connection to other equipment connection to TMN’s DCN direct connection to SIAE MICROELETTRONICA’s Element Manager Depending on equipment configuration.p. Supervisory information can be terminated by other equipment or. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.p. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. the ALS Series provides other TMN connections depending on IDU model: ALC/ AL-ALCplus IDU o o ALS IDU o Transmission of supervisory information embedded in the STM-1 frame using the DCCR bytes. EOC.p. by an external router. whether wholly or in part.A. can be used as communication port Transmission of supervisory information on “in-band” channels using a 64 kbit/s timeslot of an E1 G704 tributary interface.ALS_SERIES. the following TMN ports are available: 2x Ethernet 10baseT (one on ALC. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.05-11 Page 46 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. No part of this document may be copied. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. The bit-rate over the E1 port can be software selected as Nx16kbit/s. embedded in the radio frame. .2.A. thanks to the standard mapping.MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TMN Connection The ALS Series provides several communication ports for TMN connections. ALplus and ALS IDU) USB In addition to the TMN ports listed above. ALSplus2 IDU o TMN and main traffic can coexist on same ports (In band management). Proprietary and Confidential. Further. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.A.28) (available on ALC.

reprinted or reproduced in any material form. Figure 41 – Full IP Protocol Stack for ALS System (SDH-ETH) Figure 42 – OSI+IP Protocol Stack for ALS System (SDH-ETH) ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.TMN Protocols The ALS Series allows local and remote management thanks to an embedded SNMP agent. No part of this document may be copied. The implementation of standard communication protocol stacks in conjunction with industry-standard interfaces (as depicted in the following figures) enables equipment connection to any IP or OSI based DCN. Further.ALS_SERIES.p. and IS-IS in case of OSI+IP option. All ports previously described can be logically connected through two protocol stack versions: Full IP protocol stack OSI+IP protocol stack.p.2. .811. whether wholly or in part. Q.p.784.A. layers 1 to 3 are compliant with recommendations ITU-T Q. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.812 and G. All rights reserved.05-11 Page 47 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.A. Proprietary and Confidential. When implementing the OSI+IP stack. Routing among communication ports can be configured as “static routing” or based on OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) in case of full-IP stack. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.

A.A.p.A. No part of this document may be copied.Full IP Protocol Stack for PDH/SPDH/ETH systems * Not available on ALC IDU Figure 44 – OSI + IP Protocol Stack for PDH/SPDH/ETH systems ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.* Not available on ALC IDU Figure 43 . reprinted or reproduced in any material form. Proprietary and Confidential.p. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Further. whether wholly or in part.2.p. .ALS_SERIES. All rights reserved. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.05-11 Page 48 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.

date. Network Element multi-level access according to Operator’s rights) Management Software In order to satisfy the requirements of local and centralized management.) Software management (i. events.) Configuration and test Management (i. software release management and software download) Performance management and monitoring relevant to G. etc. .05-11 Page 49 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. All rights reserved. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. manual forcing of 1+1 switches. severity. mapping of relay alarms and user inputs. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.NEs (MS Windows® OS) NMS5-LX (Element Manager) for centralized management of medium networks with up to 1000 Network Elements per server (Linux OS) NMS5-UX (Element Manager) for centralized management of large networks with up to 10000 Network Elements per server (HP Unix OS) Web LCT for maintenance and line-up activities (MS Windows® OS & Adobe flash) accessible via Browser For a more detailed description of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA supervision software platforms.p. set-up of loop-backs. Security Management (i.e. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA has developed the following software/platforms/systems: LCT (Local Craft Terminal) for maintenance and line-up activities (MS Windows® OS) SCT (Subnetwork Craft Terminal) for centralized management of up to 100 Network Elements .ALS_SERIES. No part of this document may be copied. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Further. Proprietary and Confidential.A. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.828 parameters. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.p.Management Functionalities The management functionalities implemented at NE level are: Fault management (alarms. whether wholly or in part. configuration of ALS parameters. please refer to the specific product literature.A. time.e.e.2. etc.p.

3 to 7 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. No part of this document may be copied. .TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS Physical Dimensions of system components System Version AL ODU 1+0 AL ODU 1+1 AS ODU 1+0 AS ODU 1+1 Compact IDU 1RU Modular IDU 1RU Modular IDU 2RU Width (mm) 254 278 254 358 480 480 480 Height (mm) 254 254 254 254 45 45 90 Depth (mm) 114 296 154 296 190 270 270 Weight System Version AL ODU (1+0) AL ODU (1+1) AS ODU (1+0) AS ODU (1+1) Compact IDU 1RU (1+0/(1+1) Modular IDU 1RU (1+0)/(1+1) Modular IDU 2RU (1+0)/(1+1) Weight(Kg) 4.3 to 3.p.p.5 15.5 3.2. Further.05-11 Page 50 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.3 2.5 13. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. whether wholly or in part.5 to 5.A.5 5.3 5.ALS_SERIES.p. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. All rights reserved. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Proprietary and Confidential.A.

whether wholly or in part.8 -57.p.p. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. . All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential.6 Vdc According to ETSI EN300132-2 Power Consumption AL ODU 1+0 Radio Terminal 1+1 Radio Terminal Compact IDU ≤ 31 Watts ( f 15GHz ) ≤ 24 Watts( f > 15GHz ) ≤ 51 Watts ( f 15GHz ) ≤ 40 Watts( f > 15GHz ) Modular IDU 1RU ≤ 35 Watts( f 15GHz ) ≤30 Watts( f > 15GHz ) ≤ 60 Watts( f 15GHz ) ≤ 49 Watts( f > 15GHz ) AS ODU Universal/Advanced 1+0 Radio Terminal 1+1 Radio Terminal Compact IDU ALC/ALplus IDU ≤ 35 ≤ 60 ALS IDU ≤ 45 ALCplus2 IDU ≤ 60 ≤ 90 AL IDU ≤ 40 ≤ 70 Modular IDU 1RU ALS IDU ≤ 45 ≤ 80 ALplus2 IDU <70 <100 Environmental conditions Environmental Conditions Operational range for IDU Operational humidity for IDU Protection Class for ODU Wind load Surge and lightning protection -5° C +50° C Range up to 95% not condensing IP65 200 km/h according to ETSI EN 301 489 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. No part of this document may be copied.05-11 Page 51 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.A.Power supply AL ODURange -40. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p. Further.ALS_SERIES.A.2. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.A.

p. All rights reserved.742 ITU-T G.p. Point-to-point and Point-to-Multipoint Systems.783 ITU-T G.3u (100BASE-TX/FX).3ab (1000 BASE-T).p.1191 CEPT IEE 802 IEE 1588-2008 ITU-T 1731 ITU-T G.957 ITU-T G.1p (QoS). Spurious emissions and receiver immunity at equipment/antenna port of Digital Fixed Radio System Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point equipment and antenna Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services Information Technology Equipment – Safety ITU Recommendations for all frequency bands Bandwidths and unwanted emissions of digital fixed service systems CEPT Recommendations for all frequency bands 802. . 802. 802.825 ITU-T G. whether wholly or in part. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.Frequently requested standards compliances (Note1) EN 300 132-2 EN 300 019 Power supply interface at the input to telecommunications equipment Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications equipment (Operation: class 3.703 ITU-T G704 ITU-T G. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.823 ITU-T G. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. 802. 802.8264 Note1: where applicable ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.3ad-2008 (link aggregation).1Q (VLAN). 802.ALS_SERIES.3i (10BASE-T). The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. No part of this document may be copied.2.2.1W (RSTP).1ag (Connectivity Fault Management). 802. Further.3) Fixed Radio Systems.2 for IDU and class 4. transport: class 2. 802.A. storage: class 1.1 for ODU. 802.3z (1000BASE LX/SX) Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems Ethernet OAM fault management Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical levels Characteristics of 1544 and 2048 Kbit/s hierarchical levels Second order digital multiplex equipment operating at 8449 Kbit/s and using positive justification Characteristics of synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) equipment digital block The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the 2048 Kbit/s hierarchy The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) Optical Interfaces for equipment and system relating to the synchronous digital hierarchy Timing and Synchronization Aspects in Packet Networks Characteristics of synchronous Ethernet Equipment slave Clock Distribution of timing through packet networks EN 301 390 EN 302 217 EN 301 489 EN 60950 ITU-R ITU-R F.3x (Flow control).8261 ITU-T G.05-11 Page 52 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.8262 ITU-T G.A. 802. Proprietary and Confidential.

p. Proprietary and Confidential. In addition. ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. It makes ETH parameters MTU dependant.3 Eb N0 10 3 3 Received field at BER Bit rate Receiver noise figure Energy per bit/Noise spectral density (at specified BER) 10 3 We can discover that minimum received signal. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Appendix 2 : Ethernet Benchmark parameters.2. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.ALS_SERIES. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. Reducing user bit rate Changing modulation scheme and FEC redundancy SIAE MICROELETTRONICA implementation does all the above with its ALplus2 .A.APPENDIX 1: Adaptive Modulation details In order to better understand how Adaptive Modulation operates.A. if transmitter is not jet emitting its maximum power.A.05-11 Page 53 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. depends on some fixed figures. with no effect on other links.p.p. All rights reserved. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA maintains channel width constant. Increasing TX power on remote terminal. SIAE MICROELETTRONICA Native ETH solutions remove ETH packet Header. without any need to reconfigure the entire network. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. No part of this document may be copied. whether wholly or in part. . alternative methods can be implemented. we should recall some information from signals theory: Ps10 Ps10 Br NF Eb N0 3 114 10 LOG10 ( Br ) NF 10. All parameters are measured according to RFC2544 . such as required bit rate (Br) and demodulator implementation If a receiver is working at such a level that cannot allow the required quality. able to guarantee certain performances (BER).Benchmarking Methodology for Network Interconnect Dev. This can obviously be done. Further.

572 0.287 0. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.5 1518 1.437 0.5 7 14 28 28 0. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.315 0. ALplus (PDH/ETH) Typical Latency [ms] Modulation Capacity [Mbps] RF Channel Width [MHz] 64 4QAM 5x2 10x2 21x2 16QAM 5x2 10x2 21x2 42x2 32QAM 53x2 7 14 28 3. objective of this test is: To determine the latency as defined in RFC 1242.0 0.p.A.530 0.Latency According to paragraph 26.555 0.586 1.2 of RFC2544.960 0.133 0.301 0.2. whether wholly or in part.078 0.393 0.015 0.03 0.216 0.082 0.038 0.784 0.523 0. according to RFC2544. Proprietary and Confidential. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. All rights reserved.61 0.336 0.A. Latency is capacity dependent.468 0.127 0. Further. .345 512 0. Please note that.757 0. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.p. the latency is measured Last in First out (LIFO).ALS_SERIES.445 1.385 0.102 0.84 1.666 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.187 0.059 0.178 0.p.A.420 Frame size 1024 0. No part of this document may be copied. therefore in the following tables different latency parameters will be specified for each configuration.89 1. The effective link delay will be this value plus packet transfer time over physical ETH interfaces.314 1.202 0.05-11 Page 54 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.58 2047 1.

whether wholly or in part. reprinted or reproduced in any material form. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. Further.2.A. . Latency depends on this configuration . The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.ALS (SDH/ETH) ALS IDU can be configured as BRIDGE or SWITCH.p. All rights reserved. ALS as switch Typical Latency [ms] Modulation Capacity RF Channel Width [MHz] 64 32QAM STM-1 2xSTM-1 128QAM STM-1 2xSTM-1 2xSTM-1 XPIC 4xSTM-1 XPIC 28 56 28 56 28 56 288 279 342 249 280 248 512 324 299 377 272 299 265 Frame size 1024 365 321 418 299 322 284 1518 404 343 457 325 343 303 1522 405 344 458 326 343 303 ALS as bridge Typical Latency [μs] (Note1) Modulation Capacity RF Channel Width [MHz] 64 128QAM STM-1 4xSTM-1 28 56 262 184 512 287 190 Frame size 1024 315 197 1518 342 204 12000 921 349 1 Store & Forward measurement method ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.A.A.p.ALS_SERIES.05-11 Page 55 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. No part of this document may be copied.p. Proprietary and Confidential.

276 0.428 0.557 0.233 0.639 0.122 64QAM 0.112 32QAM 0.271 0.144 32QAM 0.229 0.227 0.p. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.477 0.179 32QAM 0.ALS_SERIES.462 0.312 0. All rights reserved.608 0.241 4QAM 0.642 0.176 0.895 0.735 0.507 0. Proprietary and Confidential. Further.628 0.226 0.418 0.575 0.324 8 QAM 1.274 0.14 Typical Latency [ms] 1024 bytes MTU Channel width (MHz) 7 14 28 56 4QAM Strong 2.439 0.882 0.231 0.207 8 QAM 0.2.A. .237 0.475 0.573 0.477 0.8 0.226 Physical Mode 16QAM 0.59 0.67 0.844 0.162 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.265 0.347 0.172 256QAM 0.726 0.719 0.499 0.518 0.05-11 Page 56 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.A.126 256QAM 0.154 64QAM 0.51 0.p.995 0.152 128QAM 0.594 0.774 0.214 0.094 64QAM 0.272 0.181 Physical Mode 16QAM 0.627 0.693 1. No part of this document may be copied.607 0.756 0.261 8 QAM 0.ALplus2 (SPDH/SDH/ETH) ALplus2 implements 8 ACM profiles with all Channel BW.523 0. Please refer to “Adaptive Modulation” paragraph for ACM details.522 1. Typical Latency [ms] 64 bytes MTU Channel width (MHz) 7 14 28 56 4QAM Strong 1.52 0.508 0.345 0.401 0.954 0.311 0.406 0.334 0.426 0.A.595 0. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.444 0.913 0.224 0. whether wholly or in part.768 0.298 0.304 4QAM 1.121 Typical Latency [ms] 512 bytes MTU Channel width (MHz) 7 14 28 56 4QAM Strong 1.178 128QAM 0.125 128QAM 0.518 0.14 Physical Mode 16QAM 0.p. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.458 0. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.09 1.265 0.147 256QAM 0.377 4QAM 1.186 0.042 0.

.541 1.p.557 1.35 2.623 0.677 1.907 1.914 0.02 1.326 0.697 64QAM 3.356 0.183 Typical Latency [ms] 10000 bytes MTU Channel width (MHz) 7 14 28 56 4QAM Strong 11. Proprietary and Confidential.235 0.669 0.761 1.663 0.27 Physical Mode 16QAM 1.205 128QAM 0.757 0. No part of this document may be copied.938 0. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.715 0.115 0.176 1.222 1.418 8 QAM 6.656 0. All rights reserved.908 0.465 5.74 0.845 0.214 32QAM 0.447 4QAM 2.71 128QAM 3.549 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.p.104 3. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.395 0.881 1.483 0.439 0. whether wholly or in part.12 2.A.196 256QAM 0.618 0.067 0.05-11 Page 57 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person.136 1.113 1.A.333 0.609 1.684 6.508 0.003 0.384 8 QAM 1.755 2.351 0.651 4QAM 9.ALS_SERIES.Typical Latency [ms] 1518 bytes MTU Channel width (MHz) 7 14 28 56 4QAM Strong 2.974 3.185 64QAM 0.214 2. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.601 256QAM 2.044 0.052 Physical Mode 16QAM 4.867 0.A.2. Further.634 1.982 0.p.83 32QAM 4.

2. (1+1) 2x(1+0).50 10 20. 2x(1+1) 168 338 168 338 338 676 Frame size 512 153 309 153 309 309 617 1024 146 294 146 294 294 588 1518 146 292 146 292 292 584 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. Throughput is configuration and capacity dependent.50 43 10 20.p. (1+1) (1+0). witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.50 23.ALS_SERIES.50 23.50 Frame size 1024 10 20.50 50 11.50 43 1518 10 20. whether wholly or in part.p. (1+1).A.A. 2x(1+0) 2x(1+0).50 43 10 20. Further.50 50 512 10 20. 2x(1+1) (1+0).50 43 10 20. ALplus Typical Throughput [Mbps] Modulation Capacity [Mbps] RF Channel Width [MHz] 4QAM 5x2 10x2 21x2 16QAM 5x2 10x2 21x2 42x2 32QAM 7 14 28 3.A.50 43.Throughput Throughput is defined according to paragraph 26. Please note that effective throughput depends also on MTU size. . The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.50 100 86.5 7 14 28 28 64 11.50 100 86.50 43 2047 10 20.50 43 53x2 100 100 87. Proprietary and Confidential.50 43.05-11 Page 58 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.50 100 86 100 ALS Typical Throughput [Mbps] Modulation 32QAM 128QAM Capacity STM-1 2xSTM-1 STM-1 2xSTM-1 2xSTM-1 4xSTM-1 Configuration 64 (1+0). No part of this document may be copied. so in the following tables a different throughput parameter will be specified for each configuration.1 of RFC2544.p. All rights reserved.

Proprietary and Confidential.p. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.ALplus2 Typical Radio Throughput at point X/X' for E1 input traffic [E1] Channel width 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 56 MHz 4QAM Strong 4 8 17 34 4QAM 5 10 20 40 8 QAM 7 14 30 60 16QAM 10 20 40 80 32QAM 12 25 50 80 64QAM 15 30 60 80 128QAM 17 35 70 80 256QAM 20 40 80 80 Typical Radio Throughput at point X/X' for Ethernet 64 bytes input traffic [Mbps] Channel width 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 56 MHz 4QAM Strong 10 20 41 82 4QAM 12 24 49 96 8 QAM 17 34 73 143 16QAM 24 48 97 193 32QAM 29 60 121 235 64QAM 36 71 145 280 128QAM 41 83 169 333 256QAM 48 98 198 396 Typical Radio Throughput at point X/X' for Ethernet 128 bytes input traffic [Mbps] Channel width 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 56 MHz 4QAM Strong 9 19 39 77 4QAM 12 23 45 89 8 QAM 16 31 68 133 16QAM 23 44 90 179 32QAM 27 56 113 218 64QAM 34 67 135 260 128QAM 38 78 157 310 256QAM 45 91 184 370 Typical Radio Throughput at point X/X' for Ethernet 256 bytes input traffic [Mbps] Channel width 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 56 MHz 4QAM Strong 9 18 37 74 4QAM 11 22 44 86 8 QAM 15 30 65 128 16QAM 22 43 87 172 32QAM 26 54 108 210 64QAM 33 64 130 250 128QAM 37 75 151 297 256QAM 43 88 177 355 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B.2.A.A. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.p. . witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. whether wholly or in part.ALS_SERIES.p.A.05-11 Page 59 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. Further. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be copied.

All rights reserved. The copyright of this document is the property of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.ALS_SERIES.A.p. .p. Further.A.p. the contents of this document or the methods or techniques contained therein must not be disclosed to any person. No part of this document may be copied. Proprietary and Confidential.Typical Radio Throughput at point X/X' for Ethernet 512 bytes input traffic [Mbps] Channel width 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 56 MHz 4QAM Strong 9 18 36 72 4QAM 11 21 43 84 8 QAM 15 30 64 125 16QAM 21 42 85 168 32QAM 26 53 106 205 64QAM 32 63 127 244 128QAM 36 73 148 291 256QAM 42 86 174 348 Radio Throughput at point X/X' for Ethernet 1024 bytes input traffic [Mbps] Channel width 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 56 MHz 4QAM Strong 9 18 36 71 4QAM 11 21 42 83 8 QAM 15 29 63 124 16QAM 21 41 83 166 32QAM 25 52 104 203 64QAM 31 62 125 241 128QAM 35 72 145 288 256QAM 41 84 171 343 Radio Throughput at point X/X' for Ethernet 1518 bytes input traffic [Mbps] Channel width 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 56 MHz 4QAM Strong 9 17 36 71 4QAM 11 21 42 82 8 QAM 15 29 62 123 16QAM 21 41 83 165 32QAM 25 51 104 202 64QAM 31 61 124 240 128QAM 35 71 145 287 256QAM 41 84 170 342 Switching capabilities IDU type ALplus ALC ALS and ALplus2 Mac table size 1023 Up to 2048 8192 ALS Series Brochure Document Number B. reprinted or reproduced in any material form.05-11 Page 60 of 61 SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S. whether wholly or in part.A.2. witho ut the written consent of SIAE MICROELETTRONICA S.

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