SEMINAR ON AUTOMATION

SUMBITTED BY: DIKSHA VAID

AUTOMATION-DEFINATION
Delegation of human control function to technical equipments  to increase production  to reduce cost  to reduce manpower  to improve safety working conditions  to reduce power consumption  to improve quality

TYPES OF AUTOMATION

AUTOMATION

SCIENTIFIC AUTOMATION

INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION

OFFICE AUTOMATION

LAYOUT OF INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION .

The computer can analyze a vast number of sensory inputs from a system and decide which of many responses it should make. .ROLE OF COMPUTERS  When an automated machine is placed under the control of a computer a large number of operations can be performed.

SMALL COMMUNITIES ENDLESS CHALLENGES      Remoteness of site Limited financial resources Limited staff Limited access to technology and supplies Limited access to training .

ADVANTAGES REPLACING HUMAN OPERATOR ECONOMY IMPROVEMENT MAKING TASK BEYOND HUMAN CAPABILITIES .

SUPERVISORY CONTROL AND DATA ACQUISITION(SCADA) .

.WHAT IS SCADA SCADA stands for Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition. SCADA refers to a system that collects data from various sensors at a factory. plant or in other remote locations and then sends this data to a central computer which then manages and controls the data.

TYPES OF PROCESSES INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES FACILITY PROCESSES INFRASTRUCTURE PROCESSES .

WHAT IS DATA ACQUISITION Data acquisition is the process of retrieving control information from the equipment which is out of order or may lead to some problem or when decisions are need to be taken according to the situation in the equipment. So this acquisition is done by continuous monitoring of the equipment to which it is employed. The data accessed are then forwarded onto a telemetry system ready for transfer to the different sites. .

HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE .

SCADA AS A SYSTEM  TYPICAL SCADA SYSTEM .

SUBSYSTEMS OF SCADA SYSTEM   Human-Machine Interface is the apparatus which presents process data to a human operator. . and through this. Remote Terminal Units connecting to sensors in the process. converting sensor signals to digital data and sending digital data to the supervisory system. the human operator monitors and controls the process.

Communication infrastructure connecting the supervisory system to the Remote Terminal Units .  Programmable Logic Controller used as field devices because they are more economical. flexible. versatile. and configurable than special-purpose RTUs.

SYSTEM COMPONENTS OF SCADA SYSTEM MULTIPLE REMOTE TERMINAL UNIT COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE CENTRAL HOST COMPUTER .

You can have better look of the parameters through the trend. you can simply go to the historical trend data and do the analysis. If your batch fails or the plant trips. .FEATURES OF SCADA  REAL TIME AND HISTORICAL TREND The trend play very important role in the process operation.

Most of the SCADA software support four types of alarms like LOLO.  ALARMS have a very critical role in automation. you just have to load the recipe of the particular product. RECIPE MANAGEMENT When you have different products to manufacture. . .LO.HI and HIHI. Generally we have alarm states for each inputs/outputs.

  SECURITY You can allocate certain facilities or features to the operator. process people. engineering dept and maintenance dept. . DEVICE CONNECTIVITY SCADA software should have connectivity to the different hardware used in automation.

USEFULNESS OF SCADA       Production department Quality department Maintenance department Enterprise information Engineering department Manufacturing department .

GENERAL TERMINOLOGY        TAG ANALOG TAGS DISCRETE TAGS SYSTEM TAGS STRING TAGS TOUCH PUSH BUTTONS COLOUR LINKS .

           VISIBILITY BLINK ORIENTATION DISABLE VALUE DISPLAY LINK PERCENTAGE FILL APPLICATION SCRIPT WINDOW SCRIPT KEY SCRIPT CONDITION SCRIPT APPLICATION SECURITY .

Flow control and continuous totalizer     Transportation belt application Speed or mass control with adjustable PID Weight totalization of product transported ± 1% accuracy with 1s sample rate and 1 to 10 speed max/min ratio .

Packaging Weigher        One scale dosing of a preset load for 99 recipes Dosing with an intermediate hopper or within the packaging operation Automatic correction of dose values Tuning and production alternated cycles Automatic in-flight error correction at the end of tuning cycle Rate optimization at every cycle Adaptable reset frequency Average and standard deviation calculation at the end of tuning cycle Printing during production cycle Rate example : 1200 bags of 25 kg per hour (on one scale) .

supervisors. Intouch enables engineers. . operators and managers to view and interact with the working of entire operation through graphical representations of their production processes.WHAT IS INTOUCH  Wonderware InTouch provides a single integrated view of all your controls and information resources.

MAJOR PROGRAMS OF INTOUCH INTOUCH INTOUCH APPLICATION MANAGER WINDOWMAKER WINDOWVIEWER .

easy to implement Easy configuration. simplified maintenance High security and availability Virtually unlimited scalability .WONDERWARE SCADA SOFTWARE     Easy-to-use.

electric power transmission. . electricity distribution. district heating. electricity generation. Control mechanisms are described in Process Control.PRACTICAL USES OF SCADA   SCADA used as a control mechanism for chemical plants.

OPERATION. CUSTOMER SERVICE FEW OPERATORS CONTROL LARGE NO. OF INDIVIDUAL ASSETS PROVIDE RAPID RESPONSE TO EMERGENCIES .ADVANTAGES CHEAPER CONTINOUS OPERATION RELIABLE IMPROVES MAINTAINANCE.

DISADVANTAGES TROUBLED ALARMS LACK OF TRAINED PERSONS INITIAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT .

S View Wincc Moriecon Cimplicity I Fix Ashtra .SCADA MANUFACTURER AND NAME OF THE SOFTWARE WONDERWARE ALLEN BRADLEY SIEMENS MODICON G E FANUC INTELLUSION KPIT Intouch R.

BENEFITS OF SCADA      Long distance monitoring Long distance training Protection against terrorism/vandalism-alarm Data management (engineering and operations) Automated operations with real time control .

but offer different functionality than DCS ● And finally various applications .CONCLUSION SCADA is a control system with ● More interfaces and efficient storage ● More record or device oriented configuration ● But system wide configuration tools are needed ● Are less expensive than DCS.

THANK YOU .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful