This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
The elements of carnapping as defined and penalized under the Anti-Carnapping Act of 1972 are the following: 1. That there is an actual taking of the vehicle; 2. That the vehicle belongs to a person other than the offender himself; 3. That the taking is without the consent of the owner thereof; or that the taking was committed by means of violence against or intimidation of persons, or by using force upon things; and 4. That the offender intends to gain from the taking of the vehicle (People of the Philippines Vs. Renato Lagat y Gawan, a.k.a. Renat Gawan and James Palalay y Villarosa, G.R. No. 187044. September 14, 2011 ). REVISED RULES ON EVIDENCE (Rules 128-134, Rules of Court) AS AMENDED PER RESOLUTION ADOPTED ON MARCH 14, 1989 PART IV RULES OF EVIDENCE
RULE 133 Weight and Sufficiency of Evidence Section 2. Proof beyond reasonable doubt. — In a criminal case, the accused is entitled to an acquittal, unless his guilt is shown beyond reasonable doubt. Proof beyond reasonable doubt does not mean such a degree of proof, excluding possibility of error, produces absolute certainly. Moral certainly only is required, or that degree of proof which produces conviction in an unprejudiced mind. (2a)