50 Keys To CAT

Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Modern Mathematics
A collection of 50 very important formulae for Quantitative Ability Section of CAT from the pioneers of online CAT training


1. Averages

2. Mean

For two numbers a and b,

3. Percentage Change

For two successive changes of a% and b%,

4. Interest

Amount = Principal + Interest © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. 1

5. = Compound Annual Growth Rate] 8. S. A. Growth Absolute Growth = Final Value – Initial Value [Here. 2 . G. G. All rights reserved. R. r% = rate of annual depreciation] 7. r% = rate of annual change] 6. P = original value. R. = Simple Annual Growth Rate. = Average Annual Growth Rate and C. A. Population Formula [Here. Profit and Loss Profit = SP − CP Loss = CP − SP © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. A. P’ = final value after n years. R. A. P’ = population after n years. Depreciation Formula [Here. P = Original population. G. Ltd.

© 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. x are bought and articles worth Rs.9. Ratios If a : b = c : d. then the discount is equal to y and discount percentage is given by Successive Discounts When a discount of a% is followed by another discount of b%. then 11. False Weights If an item is claimed to be sold at cost price. then the overall percentage profit is given by 10. 3 . Ltd. then a : b = c : d = (a + c) : (b + d) If a < b. All rights reserved. then for a positive quantity x. y are obtained free along with x articles. using false weights. Discount Discount = Marked Price − Selling Price Buy x and Get y Free If articles worth Rs.

12. Proportions 13.If a > b. All rights reserved. 4 . then for a positive quantity x. Ltd. y is the quantity that is replaced and n is the number of times the replacement process is carried out. Successive Replacement Where x is the original quantity. © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.

5 . All rights reserved. Average Speed If the distance is constant. Alligation Cross: 15. Ltd. then average speed is given by harmonic mean of two speeds: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.14. Alligation Rule The ratio of the weights of the two items mixed will be inversely proportional to the deviation of attributes of these two items from the average attribute of the resultant mixture. Speed and Distance Important Conversion Factors: 16. Time.

Time and Work 19.C.F.F.C. is the H.M. y and z) + r 21.C.C. respectively. All rights reserved.C. y and z leaving remainders r1. Relative Speed For Trains For Boats and Streams 18. The greatest natural number that will divide x. and L. y and z leaving the same remainder r in each case is the L. of (x − r1). of Fractions © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. H. Ltd.M.C. then average speed is given by arithmetic mean of two speeds: 17.F. r2 and r3. (y − r2) and (z − r3) 20.If the time is constant. 6 . of (x.M. Application of H. The smallest natural number that is divisible by x. Application of L.

Laws of Indices If a and b are non-zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers.22. All rights reserved. 7 . then © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. Properties of Surds 23.

Laws of Logarithms 25. Ltd.24. Binomial Theorem If n is a natural number that is greater than or equal to 2. then according to the binomial theorem: 26. ax2 + bx + c = 0 are given by: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 8 . Roots of Quadratic Equation The two roots of the quadratic equation. All rights reserved.

27. Arithmetic Progression 29. Ltd. All rights reserved. Harmonic Progression © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Algebraic Formulae (a + b) (a − b) = a2 − b2 (a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2 (a − b)2 = a2 − 2ab + b2 (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca (a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3 (a − b)3 = a3 − 3a2b + 3ab2 − b3 a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 − ab + b2) a3 − b3 = (a − b)(a2 + ab + b2) 28. 9 . Geometric Progression 30.

Permutations 34. All rights reserved. Combinations Important Properties: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Sum of Important Series Sum of first n natural numbers Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers Sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers 32.31. Factorial n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … × (n − 1) × n n! = n × (n − 1)! 33. Ltd. 10 .

Ltd. Pythagoras Theorem For right triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Probability 37. 11 .35. Partition Rule Number of ways of distributing n identical things among r persons when each person may get any number of things = 36. All rights reserved.

Ltd. 12 . All rights reserved.For acute triangle ABC For obtuse triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.

All rights reserved. Ltd. 13 . Area of Triangle When lengths of the sides are given When lengths of the base and altitude are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.38.

Ltd.When lengths of two sides and the included angle are given For Equilateral Triangle © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. 14 .

15 . Apollonius Theorem If AD is the median.For Isosceles Triangle 39. then: AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + BD2) © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.

Area of Quadrilateral For Cyclic Quadrilateral If lengths of one diagonal and two offsets are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Angle Bisector Theorem If AD is the angle bisector for angle A. Ltd. All rights reserved. 16 . then: 41.40.

If lengths of two diagonals and the included angle are given For Trapezium For Parallelogram © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. 17 . All rights reserved.

For Rhombus For Rectangle For Square © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. 18 . Ltd.

Ltd. Area of Regular Hexagon © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Polygons Number of Diagonals The sum of all the interior angles The sum of all the exterior angles 43. All rights reserved.42. 19 .

44. Perimeter of Sector © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Circle Circumference Area Length of Arc Area of Sector Or. Ltd. 20 . All rights reserved.

Ellipse If semi-major axis (OD) = a and semi-minor axis (OA) = b. if P is the length of perpendicular. Perimeter of the ellipse Area of the ellipse 46. H is the length of hypotenuse and © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. For a right triangle. 21 . Ltd. B is the length of base. Trigonometric Ratios is the angle between base and hypotenuse.45. All rights reserved.

S. Ltd.) = L.) = Perimeter of base × height Total Surface Area (T. All rights reserved. + 2 × Area of base Volume (V) = Area of base × height © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 22 . Right Prism Lateral Surface Area (L.47.S. Distance between Points Distance between two points A (x1.A.A.A. y2) is given by 48.S. y1) and B (x2.

= 4a2 T.S.A.S. 23 .A.S. All rights reserved.A. = 6a2 Volume (V) = a3 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.S.Cuboid L.A. Ltd. = 2(lh + bh) T. = 2(lh + bh + lb) Volume (V) = lbh Cube L.

A. Right Pyramid T.A. All rights reserved. + Area of base © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.) = 2πrh T.S.A. Ltd.S. 24 .A.Cylinder Curved Surface Area (C.S.S. = 2πrh + 2πr2 Volume (V) = πr2h 49. = L.

= πrl + πr2 Frustum of a cone © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.S.A.A.Cone C. All rights reserved. 25 . = πrl T.S. Ltd.

A.S.A.A. Ltd. Sphere C.S. = 3πr2 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.S. 26 . = 4πr2 Hemisphere C.50. All rights reserved. = 4πr2 T.A.S. = 2πr2 T.

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