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5th Grade Cst Math Prep Key Standards with hints and explanations

5th Grade Cst Math Prep Key Standards with hints and explanations

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California 5th grade Math CST release questions (key standards only)
California 5th grade Math CST release questions (key standards only)

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5TH GRADE MATH TEST PREP

(Key Standards with Hints and Re-teaching)

3. What is 40% of 250?
Hint: Change 40% into a decimal and remember what operation of means. Write it and solve.

A 50 B 100 C 150 D 200

The Answer

0.40 X 250= 100 B 100

4. What is 3/8 written as a percent
What does the line mean in a fraction? Solve.

A 26.7% B 30% C 37.5% D 50%

The Answer

3 divided by 8 = 0.375 0.375 X 100 (per hundred) = C 37.5%

5. What is the decimal 0.7 written as a fraction? Hint:
Say it out loud!

A 1/7 B 3/4 C 3/7 D 7/10

The Answer

Seven tenth = D 7/10

6. A company donated 200 books to a local library. If 70 of them are fiction, what percent of the donated books are fiction?

A 35% B 40% C 60% D 65%

Hint: Say it out loud. 70% of them? What is them? Write it down and solve.

The Answer

70% of 200 books= .70 of 200= .70 X 200= 0.35 0.35=35% A 35%

7. In a parking lot, 1 out of every 8 cars is blue. What percent of the cars in this lot are blue?

A 1.25% B 7% C 9% D 12.5%

Hint: Turn the ratio into a fraction. Turn the fraction into a decimal. Turn the decimal into a percent.

The Answer

1/8= 1 divided by 8 =0.125 0.125 X 100 (per hundred)= D 12.5%

8. What decimal is equal to 3/5
Hint: What does the line mean in a fraction? Solve.

A 0.30 B 0.35 C 0.60 D 1.67

The Answer

3 divided by 5= C 0.60

9. What is 50% of 40?
Hint: Change the percent into a decimal and remember what operation of means. Write it and solve.

A 2000 B 200 C 20 D2

The Answer

50% of 40 = 0.50 of 40= 0.50 X 40= 0.5 X 40= C 20

11. What is the prime factorization of 45? Hint:
Make a factor tree. 45 ^ The numbers MUST be prime numbers!

A B C D

23 X 5 2 3 X5 2 5 X3 2 5 X9

The Answer

45 ^ 9X5 ^ 3X3 3 X 3 X 5= 2 B 3 X5

12. What is the prime factorization of 12? Hint:

A X3 2 2 B 2 X3 C 4X3 D 1X2

2 2

Make a factor tree. 12 ^ The numbers MUST be prime numbers!

The Answer

12 ^ 3X4 ^ 2X2 2 X 2 X 3= 2 A 2 X3

(one option)

13. What is the prime factorization of 36?
Hint: Make a factor tree. 36 ^ The numbers MUST be prime numbers!

A X 2 3 B 2 X3 C 4 X 32 D 4X9

2 2

2 3

The Answer

36 ^ 6 X 6 ^ ^ 3X2 3X2 2X2X3X3 A 22 X 32

(one option)

14. Which of the following shows the number 60 factored into prime numbers?

A B C D

2 X 30 3 X 20 2 X 3 X 10 2X2X3X5

Hint: Make a factor tree. 60 ^ The numbers MUST be prime numbers!

The Answer 60 ^ 2 X 30 ^ 2 X 15 ^ 3X5 D 2X2X3X5

(one option)

(one option)

15. Which expression shows the prime factorization of 48?
Hint: Make a factor tree. 48 ^ The numbers MUST be prime numbers!

A B C D

6X8 2X4X6 2X2X2X6 2X2X2X2X3

The Answer 48 ^ 6 X 8 ^ ^ 2X3 2X4 ^ 2X2 D 2X2X2X2X3
(one option)

16. What are all of the different prime factors of 36?

A B C D

3 7 2 and 3 3 and 7

Hint: Make a factor tree. 36 ^ What are the prime numbers in your answer?

The Answer

36 ^ 6 X 6 ^ ^ 2X3 2X3 C 2 and 3

(one option)

A B C D

P Q R S

HINT: Add the other numbers to the number line.

The Answer

A P best identifies -6

18. Which point on the number line best Hint: Add the represents 1.35?
decimals to the number line.

The Answer

C best represents 1.35

19. Which number line appears to Hint: show the dot placed at 1/5? Split each
whole into 5 sections and write the fractions.

The Answer

A has the point at 1/5

20. 11.3 X 2.7=
Hint: Multiply the numbers as if they were whole numbers. Line up the numbers at the RIGHT, do NOT line up the decimal points. Multiply. Count the decimal places from the right in the numbers you are multiplying and move the decimal that many places from the right in the product.

A B C D

29.31 29.51 30.31 30.51

The Answer

11.3 X 2.7 791 + 2260 30 51 D 30.51

21. Javier bought 9 pounds of ground beef. He saved $8.37 by using a store coupon. How much did he save per pound of ground beef?

A B C D

$0.89 $0.93 $1.08 $75.33

HINT: Read carefully. Eliminate answers that are unreasonable. If he saved $8.37 on 9 pounds, how much did he save on 1 pound?

The Answer

8.37 divided by 9= If you are dividing by a divisor without a decimal, divide as usual and bring the decimal straight up. B $0.93

22. Veronica can type 28 words per minute. At this rate, how many words can Veronica type in 5.5 minutes?

A B C D

154 157 159 162

Hint: Read carefully. Determine what information the question is asking you to solve for.

The Answer

28 X 5.5 140 + 1400 1540 A 154

23. Tony had a rope 8.35 meters long. He cut off 2.6 meters. How long was the piece of rope that was left?

A 5.65 meters B 5.75 meters C 6.65 meters D 6.75 meters

Hint: Say it out loud. If he cut off a piece should you add it or subtract it? Remember to line up the decimals for addition or subtraction.

The Answer
8.35 - 2.6=
When adding or subtracting decimals ALWAYS LINE UP the decimals. Add zeroes on the right to make the place values even without changing the value. Bring the decimal straight down.

8.35 - 2.6 . 5.7 5 B 5.75 meters

24.

39.06 X0.3
Hint: Multiply the numbers as if they were whole numbers. Line up the numbers at the RIGHT, do NOT line up the decimal points. Multiply. Count the decimal places from the right in the numbers you are multiplying and move the decimal that many places from the right in the product.

A 9.708 B 9.718 C 11.608 D 11.718

The Answer

39.06 X 0.3 11718 D 11.718

25. Robert wants to buy 3 notebooks that cost $1.25 each. How much do the notebooks cost all together, without tax?

A $1.28 B $2.40 C $3.75 D $4.25

HINT: Read carefully. What are they asking you to solve? Draw a picture if you need to. Chose the correct operation. Eliminate any answer that is not reasonable.

The Answer

1.25 X 3 375 C $3.75

26. Maria has $7.50 to buy lunch. If she buys a turkey sandwich that costs $2.75, how much money will she have left?

A B C D

$4.75 $5.25 $5.75 $10.25

Hint: What are they asking you to find? What operation do you need to use? Eliminate any unreasonable answer.

The Answer
When adding or subtracting decimals ALWAYS LINE UP the decimals. Add zeroes on the right, if necessary, to make the place values even without changing the value. Bring the decimal straight down.

7.50 - 2.75 4.75 A $4.75

27.

7.2 X 3.3
Hint: Multiply the numbers as if they were whole numbers. Line up the numbers at the RIGHT, do NOT line up the decimal points. Multiply. Count the decimal places from the right in the numbers you are multiplying and move the decimal that many places from the right in the product.

A B C D

23.76 24.86 237.6 248.6

The Answer

7.2 X 3.3 216 +2160 2376 A 23.76

28. 15.12 ÷2.4
Hint: To divide by a decimal, you must first change the divisor into a whole number. ( Multiply by a power of 10move the decimal to the right as many times as necessary.) Remember any change you make to the divisor, you must also make to the dividend.

A B C D

0.513 0.63 5.13 6.3

Click here to be reminded how to divide a decimal by a decimal

The Answer

D 6.3

29.

35,705 ÷ 37
Hint: If there are no decimals, just divide.

A B C D

89 843 925 965

The Answer

D 965

A B C D

30. At a school, there are 704 desks to place into 22 classrooms. If the same number of desks is placed in each classroom, how many desks will be in each room?

32 34 42 44

Hint: Read carefully. Determine which operation to use.

The Answer

A 32

31. What is the answer to this division problem? 246 ÷ 12
Hint: If there are no decimals, just divide. Remember there are no remainders. Add a decimal point and zeros if you need to.

A B C D

2.05 2.5 20.5 25

The Answer

C 20.5

32. Maurice talked on the telephone to two friends. He talked to Sherry for 1/4 hour, Gabriel for 1/3 hour. How much time did Maurice spend on the telephone?

A B C D

1/6 hour 2/7 hour 5/12 hour 7/12 hour

Hint: Read carefully to determine which operation to use. Remember to add or subtract fractions, you must have a common denominator.
Click here to see an explanation and an example of adding and subtracting fractions with unlike denominators.

The Answer

1/4 + 1/3 3/12 + 4/12= 7/12 D 7/12 hour

33.

2 ⅓ + 4½=
Hint: Remember to add or subtract fractions, you must have a common denominator.

A 6⅙ B6⅕ C6⅖ D6⅚

For explanations and examples of how to add and subtract mixed numbers click here.

The Answer

2 1/3 + 4 1/2 7/3 + 9/2 14/6 + 27/6 = 41/6 41÷6 = 6 5/6 D 6⅚

34. It takes Suzanne ⅙ hour to walk to the playground and ⅓ hour to walk from the playground to school. How much time does it take Suzanne to walk to the playground and then to school? Hint: Read carefully to

A B C D

2/9 hour 1/3 hour 1/2 hour 2/3 hour

determine which operation to use. Remember to add or subtract fractions, you must have a common denominator. Remember simplest form.

Click here to see an explanation and an example of adding and subtracting fractions with unlike denominators.

The Answer

1/6 + 1/3 1/6 + 2/6 = 3/6 3/6 = 1/2 C ½ hour

35.

4¾ - 2½=
Hint: Remember to add or subtract fractions, you must have a common denominator. Remember simplest form. Remember simplest form.

A B C D

1¼ 1¾ 2¼ 2¾

Click here to see an explanation and an example of adding and subtracting fractions with unlike denominators.

The Answer

4¾-2½ 19/4 – 5/2 19/4 – 10/4 = 9/4 9÷4=2¼ C 2¼

36. Hector can throw a ball 50⅗ feet. Lee can throw the same ball 48⅓ feet. How much farther can Hector throw the ball than Lee?

A B C D

2 2/15 feet 2 4/15 feet 2 3/5 feet 2 4/5 feet

Hint: Read carefully to determine what operation to use. Remember simplest form.

For explanations and examples of how to add and subtract mixed numbers click here.

The Answer
One way:

50 3/5 – 48 1/3 50 9/15 – 48 5/15 = 2 4/15 B 2 4/15 feet

37. Yoshi spent 1⅓ hours reading and ¾ hour doing chores. How many total hours did Yoshi spend on these activities?

A B C D

1 1/3 1 4/7 2 1/12 2 1/6

Hint: Read carefully to determine what operation to use. Remember simplest form.

For explanations and examples of how to add and subtract mixed numbers click here.

The Answer

1 ⅓+ ¾ 4/3 + 3/4 16/12 + 9/12 = 25/12 25 ÷ 12 = 2 1/12 C 2 1/12

45.If n=4, what is the value of 6 X n – 3?

A B C D

6 9 18 21

Hint: Plug it in, plug it in!
PEMDAS

The Answer

6 X 4 -3 24 – 3 = 21 D 21

46. If k=6, what is the value of 7k-2?

A B C D

30 40 54 65

Hint: A number right next to a variable means divide Plug it in, plug it in! PEMDAS

The Answer

7 X 6 -2 42 – 2 = 40 B 40

47. If n=31, what is the value of 6-n

A B C D

-37 -25 25 37

Hint: Plug it in, plug it in!

Click here for explanations and examples of how to add and subtract positive and negative integers.

The Answer

6 – 31 = -25 B -25

48. Which expression represents the product of n and 25?

A B C D

25n 25-n 25+n 25÷n

Hint: What does product mean?

The Answer

A 25n

49. If z=3, what is 5 X (6-z)?

A B C D

10 15 27 53

Hint: Plug it in, plug it in! PEMDAS

The Answer

5 X (6 – z) 5 X (6 – 3) 5 X 3 + 15 B 15

50. Sophie caught twice as many fish as her dad. If her dad caught F fish, how many fish did Sophie catch?

A B C D

F+2 F-2 FX2 F÷2

Hint: Write it out or plug in the facts to each expression to see which one makes sense.

The Answer

Two times as many fish as her dad C FX2

51. Anh has 64 crayons. This number is 18 more crayons than Bill Has. Which equation should be used to find b, the number of crayons Bill has?

A B C D

b= 64 - 18 b = 64/18 b= 64 + 18 b= 64 X 18

Hint: Write it out or plug in the facts to each expression to see which one makes sense.

The Answer

A b= 64-18

52. If s=4, what is the value of s(9-4)?

A B C D

16 20 32 45

Hint: Plug it in, plug it in!

PEMDAS
Remember, when a variable or a number is right in front of the parenthesis, it means multiply

The Answer

s (9 - 4) 4 (9 - 4) 4 X 5 = 20 B 20

53. Bill played a game and scored 5 times. If each time Bill scored he earned p points, which expression represents the total number of points that Bill scored?

A B C D

p+5 p-5 pX5 p÷5

Hint: Write it out or plug in the facts to each expression to see which one makes sense.

The Answer

He scored 5 TIMES. C pX5

Hint: (x,y)

Which ordered pair best names Joe’s location? A B C D (3, -4) (-3, 4) (4, -3) (-4, 3)

The Answer

C (4, -3)

Hint: (x,y)

Which store is at the point (3,-1)

A B C D

Hardware Store Grocery Store Shoe Store Toy Store

The Answer

A Hardware Store is at (3,-1)

Hint: Double check that you begin at the correct starting point.

She walked 2 units west and 2 units north. Which ride did she walk to? A B C D Giant Coaster Little Dipper Sky Train Ferris Wheel

The Answer

B Little Dipper

Hint: Do you really need a hint?  (x,y)

A B C D

(-4,2) (-2,4) (2, -4) (2, 4)

The Answer

B (-2,4)

61. Which tent is located at point (-4,3)?

A B C D

Tent P Tent Q Tent R Tent S

Hint: Do you really need a hint?  (x,y)

The Answer (-4,3)

B Tent Q

62. Which point represents (3,-6)?
Hint: Do you really need a hint?  (x,y)

A B C D

point P point Q point R point S

The Answer

D point S

A y = x/2 B y = 2X C y = x-4 D y = x+4

Hint: Plug in each ordered pair. Make sure every ordered pair works.

The Answer

-5= -9 +4 2 = -2 + 4 8 = 4 +4 15= 11 + 4 D y=x+4

Which ordered pair is located on line m?
Hint: Plot all of the points to see where they are located.

A B C D

(1,4) (0,0) (4,1) (4,0)

The Answer

A (1,4)

65. Which table represents values of x and y such that y=x+5?
Hint: Plug each x and y into the equation.

The Answer

A

x -1 0

y 4 5

y= x +5 4 = -1 + 5 5= 0+5

66. Which equation shows the relationship of all the values in the table below?
Hint: Plug each ordered pair in to determine which is the correct equation for all the ordered pairs.

X

Y

-2
-1 0 1

-6
-3 0 3

2

6

A B C D

y=3x x=3y y=x+3 x=3y

The Answer

-6 = 3 X -2 -3 = 3 X -1 0=3X0 3=3X1 6=3X2 A y = 3x

67. Joaquin charges $4.00 per hour to baby-sit. What equation could Joaquin use to find the number of hours (h) he needs to baby-sit in order to earn $50.00?

A B C D

4h = 50 h/4 = 50 h-4 = 50 4 + h = 50

Hint: Read each equation aloud.

The Answer

$4.00 per hour = $50 Per means multiply A 4 h = 50

Hint: What is the relationship between a parallelogram and its triangle?

A B C D

11 square inches 22 square inches 33 square inches 44 square inches

The Answer

A parallelogram is two times the area of its triangle. 22 X 2= 44 D 44 square inches

Hint: What is the relationship between a parallelogram and its triangle?

A B C D

18.5 ft2 37 ft2 5.5 ft2 74 ft2

The Answer

A parallelogram is two times the area of its triangle. 37 X 2= 74 2 D 74 ft

Hint: Read carefully. Write the area of each triangle inside of the triangle.

A 8 cm2 B 24 cm2 C 32 cm2 D 48 cm2

The Answer
16 cm2 is the area of 2 of the triangles. So each triangle has an area of 8 cm2 There are 3 triangles so 8 X 3 = 24 B 24 cm2

Hint: What is the formula for finding the area of a parallelogram?

A 31.5 square meters B 54 square meters C 63 square meters D 70.6 square meters

The Answer
The formula for finding the area of a parallelogram is b X h Base is 9m Height is 7m 9 X 7 = 63 C 63 meters squared

A B C D

3.5 square units 7 square units 14 square units 18.5 square units

Hint: Triangles are congruent when all corresponding sides are the same length and all corresponding interior angles are equal.

The Answer
If triangles A and B are congruent they have the same area. If the area of the rectangle is 7 square units, the area of the parallelogram (using the same triangles, just positioned differently) MUST be the same also. B 7 square units

Hint: Write the area of each section and add them for the total surface area.

A B C D

28 cm2 24 cm2 14 cm2 8 cm2

The Answer

The areas of the sections, in square centimeters, are 4 + 8 + 4 + 8 + 2 + 2 = 28 2 A 28 cm

Hint: What is the formula for finding the volume of a rectangular prism? How many square cubes would fill it?

A B C D

25 cubic inches 42 cubic inches 112 cubic inches 336 cubic inches

The Answer
The formula for the volume of a rectangular prism if length X width X height l = 14 in w = 3 in h = 8 in 14 X 3 = 42 X 8 = 336 D 336 in3

Hint: What is the formula for finding the volume of a rectangular prism? How many square cubes would fill it?

A 2880 in3 B 2580 in3 3 C 390 in 3 D 360 in

The Answer
The formula for the volume of a rectangular prism if length X width X height l = 12 in w = 8 in h = 30 in 12 X 8 = 96 X 30 = 2880 A 2880 in3

76. What is the volume of a cube that measures 10 inches on each edge?

A 10 cubic inches B 100 cubic inches C 1000 cubic inches D 10, 000 cubic inches

Hint: What is the formula for finding the volume of a cube? How many square cubes would fill it?

The Answer

The formula for finding the volume of a cube is side X side X side (side3) Each side is 10 inches 10 X 10 = 100 X 10 = 1000 C 1000 cubic inches

A 11 yd3 B 24 yd3 C 40.5 yd3 D 47.25 yd3

Hint: What is the formula for finding the volume of a rectangular prism? How many square cubes would fill it?

The Answer
The formula for the volume of a rectangular prism if length X width X height l = 4.5 yd w = 3.5 yd h = 3 yd 4.5 X 3.5 = 15.75 X 3 = 47.25 D 47.25 yd3

A B C D

70° 80° 100° 110°

Hint: Always line up one ray with the zero on the protractor. Start measuring from that zero.

The Answer

It is an obtuse angle so it must be over 90 degrees and under 180 degrees. D 110°

Hint: Look carefully. Eliminate choices you know aren’t correct. Think!

A B C D

acute angles obtuse angles parallel lines perpendicular lines

The Answer

D perpendicular lines

Hint: Look carefully at your choices. Rule out unreasonable choices. Think of benchmarks like 90° and 180°!

A B C D

20° 45° 110° 135°

The Answer

The angle looks like it is in between a 1° angle and a 90° angle So the appropriate measure would be… B 45°

A B C D

12° 102° 122° 180°

Hint: The angles of a quadrilateral always equal the same thing. It is a skateboard trick…  How do you find a missing angle when you have the total?

The Answer

The measure of angles in a quadrilateral ALWAYS equals 360° 82 + 109 = 191 + 67 = 258 360 - 258 = 102 B 102°

A B C D

25° 45° 70° 90°

Hint: What is the measure of a right angle? What is the total measure of the angles in any triangle?

The Answer
A right angle measures 90° The measure of angles in a triangle ALWAYS equals 180° 90 + angle + angle = 180 180 – 90 = 90 90 ÷ 2 = 45 B 45°

Hint: What is the measure of a right angle? What is the total measure of the angles in any triangle?

One angle is 45°. What is the measure of the third angle of Nina’s triangle?

A B C D

30° 45° 55° 60°

The Answer
A right angle measures 90° The measure of angles in a triangle ALWAYS equals 180° 90 + 45 + angle = 180 90 + 45 = 135 180 – 135 = 45° B 45°

Hint: What is the measure of the known angle? What is the total measure of the angles in any triangle?

A B C D

50° 60° 80° 100°

The Answer
The known angle measures 80° The measure of angles in a triangle ALWAYS equals 180° 80 + angle + angle = 180 180 – 80 = 100 100 ÷ 2 = 50 A 50°

Hint: What are the measures of the known angles? What is the total measure of the angles in any triangle?

A B C D

17° 29° 31° 39°

The Answer
The known angles measure 92° and 59° The measure of angles in a triangle ALWAYS equals 180° 92 + 59 + angle = 180 92 + 59 = 151 180 – 151 = 29 B 29°

89. The measure of three interior angles in a quadrilateral are 35°, 50°, and 125°. What is the degree measure of the fourth interior angle?

A B C D

60° 90° 120° 150°

Hint: The angles of a quadrilateral always equal the same thing. How do you find a missing angle when you have the total and three of the angles?

The Answer
The measure of angles in a quadrilateral ALWAYS equals 360° 35 + 50 + 125 + missing angle = 360° 35 + 50 + 125 = 210 360 - 210 = 150 D 150°

Hint: What percent is ½?

A B C D

4 5 6 7

The Answer

½ = .50 .50 = 50 % B 5 days

What was the high temperature on July 7? Hint:

A B C D

86°F 87°F 88°F 89°F

Read carefully. Double check your answer.

The Answer

B 87°

Hint: (x,y)

A B C D

point K point L point M point N

The Answer

B point L

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