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NURSERY

ESTABLISHMENT

VICTOR V. GERALDE
Administrator
Provincial Nursery and Farmers
Training Center
Bolocboloc, Barili, Cebu
NURSERY ESTABLISHMENT

NURSERY - is a place where


young plants are raised and
taken cared of with special
attention and protection.
TYPES OF NURSERIES

1. Permanent or central nursery


- for a large scale reforestation/
planting program requiring
longer period, usually five years
or more.
TYPES OF NURSERIES

2. Temporary or subsidiary nursery


-the area is small where only a
limited number of seedlings are
raised for a small scale
planting program requiring
short duration, usually for one
or two planting seasons only.
MAJOR STEPS IN NURSERY
ESTABLISHMENT
1. Site selection
-has a major effect on the overall
success of nursery establish-
ment and operation.
Criteria for site selection

A. Water supply
Available throughout the year
Depend on size of nursery, type of
soil,method of irrigation, and plant
species to be raised
• Water quality
Criteria for site selection

B. Soil
Sandy loam and/or loamy
soils preferably with high
humus content and pH
between 5.5 and 6.5
Criteria for site selection
C. Topography
• Should nearly be level for easier
nursery operations
• For light sandy soils, the surface
must be completely level
• A gentle slope of 1-2% is allowed for
average soil condition like sandy
loam or loam, since it permits
sufficient drainage
Criteria for site selection

D. Size
May vary but large enough to
supply the planting requirements
or needs
Nursery Lay-out
MAJOR STEPS IN NURSERY
ESTABLISHMENT
2. Site preparation
Involves clearing or removal
of undesirable vegetation and
other physical surface cover
such as stone rocks
A bulldozer maybe used to
facilitate clearing operations
MAJOR STEPS IN NURSERY
ESTABLISHMENT

3. Construction and development of


nursery infrastructure/facilities
• Usually, 40% of total nursery area is
allotted for infrastructures, including
pathways, road networks, buildings,
sheds, etc.
NURSERY INFRA/FACILITIES
1. Shading and shelter for plants – for
hardening process
2. Potting shed – for mixing and storage
of potting media, and filling of
containers
3. Composting area
4. Water storage and pumps
5. Fences, windbreaks and road networks
6. Germination shed
7. Shelter for tools, materials, seeds, and
workers
NURSERY BEDS
(60% of total nursery area)

● Standout beds – designed to encourage


root pruning and good drainage
● Seedbeds/germination beds –1meter
width with about 0.6m pathway between
them
● Potbeds – usually 1m wide and 5-10m
long
BASIC NURSERY TOOLS
• For preparation of potting soil and
pot filling : sieve, funnel or scoop
• For watering : watering cans,
water hose, sprinklers
• For extracting soil, nursery beds
preparation, and layout : pick mat
tock, traditional hoe, round-nose
shovel, flat-pronged fork, rake,
tracing line.
BASIC NURSERY TOOLS

• For transport : wheelbarrow


• For tending of seedlings : pruning
equipment and tools for pricking out, small
shovel, flat piece of wood, spoon,
budding/grafting knives
• For maintenance : grass and bush cutter
• For records and administrative works :
type writer
BASIC NURSERY SUPPLIES

• Fertilizers : organic and/or


commercial fertilizers
• Pesticides : insecticides and
fungicides
• Containers : polyethylene bags,
germination trays, bamboo
pots, beer cans, etc.
BASIC NURSERY SUPPLIES

• For labeling : pentel pens, ballpens,


paints and paintbrushes, GI sheets,
etc.
• Other supplies : record books,
mimeo papers, black/white boards,
plastic straws, nylon twines, tie
wires, etc.
THANK YOU