User’s manual and Technical description

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Document No: 1MDV07203-YN Issued: July 2007 Version A Data subject to change without notice NI 40/41 Numerical Three phase Over current and Earth Fault Relay

Contents

Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Description About this manual The use of the relay Feature application Brief description of operation Connection diagram Power supply module and output relay card HMI features Menu systems Main Menu Group menu, subgroup menu and Parameter menu. Measurements Recorded data Settings Configuration Time current characteristics Technical Data Maintenance & Repair Internal relay failure Dimensions and mounting Ordering Details

Page No. 3 3 3 4 4 6 10 11 14 14 14 15 17 22 27 32 37 41 41 41 42

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About this manual
This manual provides information on the protection relay NI 40/41 and its applications, focusing on giving a technical description of the relay. The manual also provides basic information on the protection relay NI 40/41 and presents detailed instructions on how to use the Human-Machine Interface (HMI) of the relay, also known as the Man-Machine Interface (MMI).

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The use of the relay
NI 40/41 is a versatile protection relay mainly designed to protect incoming and outgoing feeders in a wide range of feeder applications. NI 40/41 is based on a microprocessor environment. A self supervision system continuously monitors the operation of the relay. The HMI has a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) which makes the local use of the relay

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Features
Protection functions Three-phase over current protection low-set stage (IDMT or DT) Three-phase over current protection, high -set stage (DT) Earth fault protection, low-set stage (IDMT or DT) Earth fault protection, high-set stage (DT) Facility of site selection of IDMT curves for low set stage Four standard IDMT curves (NI, VI, EI, LI) as per IEC standard. Wide and accurate numerical settings with perfect long time stability. Measurement, Monitoring and Recording Function Measuring of 3 Phase current in primary or secondary terms Measurement of Neutral current in primary or secondary terms. Latest Five fault data recording Extensive relay internal self supervision monitoring relay hardware and software. Trip lockout function Display and Indications 16 x 2 Alpha numeric LCD display with backlit Aux. supply on, Fault alarm / trip, Internal Relay Failure indication LED's Display of fault cause indication Inputs and Outputs Four accurate current inputs Normally open heavy duty output contacts Two change over signaling output contacts Freely configurable output contacts Dedicated output contact for relay internal self supervision Low burden on current transformer Relay Design Relay case with a degree of protection according to IP54 Design confirming to requirements of IEC 60255 Design immune to any kind of electromagnetic interference Dimensions: 196 (H) x 166 (W). Depth behind panel only 158 mm. X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X ANSI Code 51 50 51N 50N X X X X NI40 X MODEL NI41 X X X X X X X

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Application
This composite relay facilitates combined three phase over current and neutral current relay functions for use with selective short-circuit and time-over current protection of distribution feeders. It can also be applied to feeder earth fault protection in solidly earthed, resistance earthed and isolated neutral networks. As multi-function solutions, these relays can be flexibly adapted to different kind of incoming and outgoing feeders in varying substation environments. The NI 40/41 series of relays can be used for protection of feeders of utility and industrial applications. With its compact size and unique technical features, NI 40/41 is an ideal relay for retrofit, small switchgear and switchgear with limited space. A small mounting depth makes it possible to install the relay in places where space is money and every millimeter counts.

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Brief description of operation
In addition to its comprehensive protection functions, the relay provides additional features such as measurement data in primary value, RMS value in terms of In, fault data recording, fault indications etc. LCD display and three front LEDs enable fast fault indication. The fault recorded data helps user for quick fault diagnostics and analysis. The relay also has freely configurable output relays for tripping and signaling. These value-added features make NI 40 / 41 a product beyond compare. The combined over current and earth-fault relay is a secondary relay to be connected to the current transformers of the object to be protected. The three phase over current unit and the earth-fault unit continuously measure the phase currents and the neutral current of the protected object. On detection of a fault, the relay trips the circuit breaker, provides alarm, records fault data etc. in accordance with the application and the configured relay functions. When the phase current exceeds the set start current of the low-set stage I>, and when the set operate time at definite time elapses or the calculated operate time at inverse time operation elapses, the over current unit operates. In the same way, the high-set stage I>> of the over current unit ( for NI 41 ) operates and delivers a trip signal when the set start current exceeds and the set operate time elapses. When the earth-fault current exceeds the set start current of the low-set stage Io>, and the set operate time at definite time operation elapses or the calculated operate time at inverse time operation elapses, the earth-fault unit operates. In the same way the highset stage Io>> of the earth fault unit ( for NI 41 ) operates and delivers a trip signal when the set start current exceeds and the set operate time elapses. The low-set stage of the over current unit and the low-set stage of the earth-fault unit may be given definite time or inverse definite minimum time (IDMT) characteristic. When the IDMT characteristic is chosen, four time / current curves are available that comply with BS 142:1962 and IEC 255 standards and are named "Normal inverse", "Very inverse", “Extremely inverse” and "Long-time inverse". By appropriate configuration of the output relay matrix, the trip signals of the over current and earth fault units are obtained as contact functions.

5 IL1 TRIP IL2 THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET OVER CURRENT PROTECTION 51 SIGNAL 1 IL3 THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET EARTH FAULT PROTECTION SIGNAL 2 51N Io IRF Figure 1: Protection function of Three phase over current and earth fault relay Type NI 40 IL1 THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET OVER CURRENT PROTECTION TRIP 51 IL2 THREE PHASE INSTANTANEOUS OR DEFINITE TIME HIGH SET OVER CURRENT PROTECTION SIGNAL 1 50 IL3 THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET EARTH FAULT PROTECTION SIGNAL 2 51N Io THREE PHASE INSTANTANEOUS OR DEFINITE TIME HIGH SET EARTH FAULT PROTECTION IRF 50N Figure 2: Protection function of Three phase over current and earth fault relay Type NI 41 .

IRF .6 6 Connection diagram INTERNAL RELAY FAILURE Figure 3 Connection diagram for three phase Numerical overcurrent and earth fault relay type NI 40/41 with core balance CT for earth fault.

7 Connection diagram Figure 4 Connection diagram for three phase Numerical overcurrent and earth fault relay type NI 40/41 with residual connection of CT’s for earth fault. .

8 Uaux Tr. S2. IRF IRF TRIP SIGNAL 1 SIGNAL 2 T1 T2 T3 Auxiliary voltage Output relays Self-supervision (Internal relay failure) Trip output relay Signal on operation of the overcurrent / Earth fault unit Signal on operation of the overcurrent / Earth fault unit Power On indication IRF indication Start / Trip Indication Figure 5 Terminal arrangement of Numerical three phase over current and earth fault relay Type NI 40/41 . S1.

. The auxiliary supply voltage of the relay is connected to terminals 14-16. or on loss of auxiliary supply. The permitted auxiliary voltage range of the relay is marked on the relay front panel. Output relays S1 and S2 can be used for signaling on operation of the relay module.9 The energizing currents of the over current unit are connected to terminals R1-R2. If a fault is detected by the selfsupervision system. The energizing current for the earth-fault unit is connected to terminals E1-E2. The operate signals of the different protection stages are routed to the trip relay by selecting relay configuration inside the main menu of the relay and routing the desired relay for that protection function. The relay IRF is energized under normal operating conditions and contact gap 27-28 is closed. the output relay drops off and the NO contact 28-29 closes. For further details earth see the description of the power supply module. Signal Diagram Figure 6 The figure below schematically illustrates how the trip and control signals can be configured to obtain required protection function. Output relay Tr is a heavy-duty trip relay capable of controlling most circuit breakers. The signals to be routed to the output relays S1 and S2 is carried out by selecting relay configuration submenu in Configuration menu and then routing over current or earth fault for desired signaling relays S1& S2 Both signaling relays. Y1-Y2 & B1B2 The relay can also be used in single-phase or two-phase applications simply by leaving one or two energizing inputs unoccupied. supply the positive lead is connected to terminal 16. At d. Available levels are 18-80v DC or 80-265v AC/DC. On delivery from the factory all the protection stages are routed to the trip relay. The level of the voltage to be applied to the terminals depends on the type of power supply module . A latching of the output relay Tr can be selected by setting the configuration of TRIP as HR (Hand Reset). Output relay IRF functions as output relay for the self-supervision system of the protection relay.c. S1 & S2 are configured for signaling on operation of the over current unit and earth fault unit which is the default setting of the relay on delivery from the factory.

The output voltages +12 V and +24 V are stabilized in the power supply module. A green LED indicator POWER ON on the system front panel is lit when the power supply module is in operation. If a secondary voltage differs too much from its rated value. IL3 Io Tr S1 S2 IRF Energizing current of phase L1. IL2. The supervision of the voltages supplying the electronics is located in the power supply module. An alarm is also issued on loss of auxiliary supply. The 18.e. while the +5 V & + 3. The permitted auxiliary voltage range of the relay is marked on the relay system front panel...80V power supply module is designed for dc supply only. There are two versions of power supply modules available. It forms the dc secondary voltages required by the protection relay module. The power supply module forms the voltages required by the protection relay cards and the auxiliary relays.10 Signal Abbreviation IL1.. i. For both types. The power supply module contains the power supply unit and the control circuits of the output relays. 1 min Rated power Pn 5W Voltage ranges of the power supply modules : 1.80 V dc The power supply module for 80.3 V required by the processor card are stabilized by linear power supply on it. F1. L2 & L3 Neutral Current (Residual Current) Trip relay Signal Relay 1 Signal Relay 2 Internal relay Failure 7. The fuse size is 1 A (slow). located on the PCB of the module. The primary side of the power supply module is protected with a fuse. Power Supply Module and Output relay Card To be able to operate the relay needs a secured auxiliary voltage supply. a self-supervision alarm will be generated...265 V dc/ac 2. the secondary sides and the relay driver circuits are identical. but the input voltage ranges differ. Insulation test voltage between the primary and secondary side and the protective earth 2 kV... 50 Hz. Uaux = 80. + 12 V and +8 V. +24 V. Output relay card contains trip and signal output relays. Uaux = 18. The power supply unit is a pulse-width modulated (PWM) dc/dc converter with galvanically isolated primary and secondary sides.265v can be fed from either an ac source of a dc source. ..

. Green/Red) An HMI push button section with four arrow buttons and buttons for clear/cancel and enter 1 2 3 4 Figure 8 Front view of Numerical three phase overcurrent and earth fault relay Type NI 40/41 1 2 3 LCD HMI push button section Indicator LEDs: • • • 4 Top: Power On (green) Middle: IRF (Red) Bottom: Alarm (Green) / Trip (red)* Voltage rating. Current rating.11 8 HMI features Front panel The front panel of the protection relay includes: • • • An alphanumeric 16 x 2 characters LCD (Liquid crystal display) with backlight which makes the local use of the relay safe and easy. details Navigation Push Button The front panel of the relay module contains four arrow push buttons and buttons for Clear [C] and enter [E]. . The arrow buttons are used for navigating the menu structure and for adjusting the setting values. Figure 9 Navigation. Clear and Enter buttons * In order to reset the trip indicating LED press Enter Key [‘E’] and left arrow button [ ]for three seconds after entering the main menu. Article No. Red. Relay Serial No. Three indicator LEDs (Green.

The "Power on" indicator glows green. 4. 5. 6. Simultaneously start/trip indication glows.Also used to change the digit location to left in settings mode Up Key . The backlight is lit.Used to go inside the given menu/sub-menu . Table 1.Used to come out of the given sub-menu .Used to enter the edit mode in Settings and Configuration menu + E Release Key . Push Button functions Key Functions Left Key . The display will continuously show three phase dynamic current and earth fault leakage current in secondary terms per unit value.Used to scroll down in the menu/sub-menu . 3.12 The next table gives short explanations of the push-buttons and their functions. 2.Used to release the latched indication / Relay Display Display Test at power up When connecting the auxiliary voltage to the relay: 1. if the same existed before the last power failure.Also used to increment the value of the digit in settings menu Down Key .Used to come at the top of the menu from anywhere E + C Password Key .Also used to change the digit edit location to right in settings mode E Enter Key .Also used to decrement the value of the digit in settings menu Right Key .Used to scroll up in the menu/sub menu . .Used to store the data in the settings C Escape Key . The display shows the relay type “NI 40” or “NI 41”. The display will be returned to the idle mode and the backlight turned off.

the dynamic values of phase and earth current will be displayed in secondary terms per unit values. . • • The backlight is lit in approx 5 sec. If the HMI panel is not used for approximately ten seconds. and relay will resume idle mode. This displays “ABB” on the LCD. Figure 10 Display in idle mode When the display is in the view mode. the backlight will be turned off automatically. The below figure shows current in phase L1 in primary terms. you can only view the parameters. Figure 12 Display in setting mode Display backlight Normally the backlight of the display is off. after pressing any arrow button on the HMI. you can also edit the settings. Figure 11 Display in view mode When the display is in the setting mode.13 Display modes When the display is in idle mode.

11. reading recorded values. To return the display to the top of all menu press [C] button The display will be returned to the idle mode on expiration of the time out. subgroup and parameter menus. the first row of the display is dedicated for the header text that shows the name of the current menu. The menu system is divided into three or four levels (depending on the parameters): • MAIN MENU • Group menu • Subgroup menu • Parameter menu 10. in which case it is also the name of the parameter. use UP and Down arrow keys. or just the parameter value. Menu system The menus are used for reading and setting the parameters. The name of the main menu group is always shown on the first line. The main menu contains four main groups: • MEASUREMENTS • RECORDED DATA • SETTINGS • CONFIGURATION To enter the main menu press the down arrow button for approximately 5 seconds after back light is displayed.14 9. which is followed by the hierarchical structure of group. Group menu and Sub group menu and parameter menu The menu structure contains several Groups and Subgroups. the name of the parameter and the parameter value. and so forth. Figure 13 The display shows one of the main menu group To navigate between the main menu groups. Figure 14 The display showing the first group menu of the main menu “recorded data” . The second line displays either the name of the group menu. In all menu levels. Main menu The main view is the MAIN MENU.

the currents of Phase L1. press Left arrow key.15 Figure 15 The display showing the first sub group menu of group menu. The first main menu is the Measurement Press the right arrow key to enter the group menu. 12. L2. which has 4 parameters showing the current of phases L1. 5. . ‘Nominal’ group displays the PU value of currents in secondary terms. when the relay is connected to 300/5A CT & the current of 150 A is flowing. use up or down arrow keys. 4. use up or down arrow keys. Use of right arrow key allows you to enter the parameter menu directly. 6. 2. L3 and Earth fault current Io in primary terms respectively. e. L3 and Earth fault current Io in secondry terms. L2. 1 To enter a Group or sub group menu. 5 Press [C] push button to return the display to the top of main menu.g. This is the second & the last group menu "AMPERE". 4 To navigate between the levels in the parameter menu. L3 & neutral current are displayed in • Secondary term per unit values • Primary terms To access the measured values on phases L1. L3 and Io via the HMI menu 1. The 'Ampere' group menu displays the current in primary terms. use right arrow key to enter parameter menu. In the measurement menu. 3 On entering group/subgroup menu. Use of right arrow key allows you to enter the parameter menu directly. Press the down arrow button to access the main menu. press right arrow key & to return back / exit. From the group menu “nominal” push the down arrow button to go the next Group menu of measurement menu. 2 To navigate between the main levels in the submenus. “Recorded data-current”.50 and the current in Ampere will be 150A* * Refer note on sheet 22. MEASUREMENTS You can monitor all measured values via MEASUREMENTS in the HMI menu. the current displayed in nominal measurement is 0. 3. which shows 4 parameters. The first group menu is the "Nominal". L2. 7. L2. the values on phases L1. Figure 16 The display showing the first parameter menu of first subgroup & group menu of recorded data menu.

X X M E A S U R E M E N T N O M L 2 : X X . X X M E A S U R E M E N T N O M I 0 : X X . X X M E A S U R E M E N T N O M L 3 : X X . group and parameter menu Main Menu M E A S U R E M E N T Group Menu M E A S U R E M E N T N O M I N A L N Parameter Menu M E A S U R E M E N T O M L 1 : X X . X X M E A S U R E M E N T A M P E R E M E A S U R E M E N T A m p L 1 : X X X X X A M E A S U R E M E N T A m p L 2 : X X X X X A M E A S U R E M E N T A m p L 3 : X X X X X A M E A S U R E M E N T A m p I 0 : X X X X X A Figure 17 Measurement menu and its sub menu's .16 The below figure represents measurement main.

Use right arrow key to enter into the sub group menu "Event 1" of the submenu Current. Use Down arrow keys to view current value in phases L2. The recorded data. 7 In order to return to the event 1 press left arrow key 8. Io> & Io>> • stored duration between start and unit trip situation of the protection functions I>. in the event list will keep rolling with first in first out principle. Io> & Io>> • registers number of trips of I>. Io> & Io>> can be viewed in event subgroup menu of Time group menu & trip counts of individual fault in "Trip count" group menu. On returning to Current menu Use Down arrow to go to other group menu "Time" and "Trip Count" 10. How to monitor recorded data Press an arrow button to access the main menu. 3. 5. I>>. Main Menu Group Menu 1. 2. Using the navigation keys currents of previous 4 events can be viewed as described above. Figure 18 The below figure represents the main menu "Recorded Data" and its group menu's . I>>. 4. 6. Use DOWN arrow key to select RECORDED DATA which is the second in the main menu. Further use of right arrow key displays the Parameter menu showing Current value in phase L1 during that particular event. All settings and fault records are maintained in a non . Recorded Data The menu displays • stored event values of the protection functions I>. I>>.volatile memory. Similarly Duration of start to unit trip situation of I>.17 13. The data are stored in the registers even if the auxiliary voltage supply to the relay is interrupted. I>>. 9. L3 and Earth current. Io> & Io>> The parameter values measured at the trip instance are recorded in the registers. Press right arrow to enter the first group menu "Current".

Current" and its Subgroup menu's "Events 1-5" .18 Group Menu Sub Group Menu Figure 19 The below figure represents the group menu "Recorded data .

L3 & Io for event 1. L2.19 Sub Group Main Menu Parameter Menu Figure 20 The below figure represents the subgroup menu "Event 1" and its parameter menu's showing the value of current L1. In the same manner Each Current Events (Event 2.Event 5) have recorded data of Three phase currents and earth current .

20 Main Menu Group Menu Figure 21 The below figure represents the group menu "Recorded data .Time" and its Subgroup menu's “Events 1-5" .

Event 5) have recorded data of three phase currents and earth current duration between start & trip of unit.21 Sub group menu Parameter menu Figure 22 The below figure represents the subgroup menu "Event 1" of Time group menu and its parameter menu's t>. to>> Similarly each time events (Event 2. t>>.trip count" and its parameter menu's . Group menu Parameter menu Figure 23The below figure represents the group menu "Recorded data . to>.

9. Press an arrow button to access the main menu. 5. Relay is programmed with default factory setting of 100A primary and 1 A secondary. If for any reason. 2. ** For NI 41 only # Maximum primary current that can be set is 1600A. further use the right key to enter the parameter menu. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD blink. The relay should be ordered such to have In = 1A or 5A in line with CT specification. How to change the setting values. Use up or down keys to select the appropriate digits and left and right arrows to move between digits thereby set the desired value of primary current #. 8. "I primary" & “I secondary” should be set accordingly in order to observe correct measurement in measurement parameter menu. Settings This menu is used to change the value of primary and secondary* currents and setting of overcurrent and earth fault lowset and higset** values.22 14. all settings and values are recorded in non volatile memory. In order to secure all parameters. * The secondary current rating 1A / 5A of the relay is fixed as per article no/name plate. all default setting from the DSP controller are written in the memory. In order to change the value first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed. Press Enter key to save the setting. 10. the content of memory are disturbed. Use DOWN arrow key to select SETTINGS which is the third in the main menu. 3. 7. (Primary current for measurement purpose only) . Pressing right key shows group menu "Primary CT ratio" Main Menu Group Menu Figure 24 The display shows first group menu of main menu "Settings” 4. 1. If the memory is damaged the relay will set an alarm signal through IRF output relay and will display IRF code on LCD screen. The first parameter menu is for setting the primary current Group Menu Parameter Menu Figure 25 The display shows first parameter menu for setting primary of group menu "Primary Settings" 6. The second parameter menu is for setting secondary CT ratio 1 or 5 Amps.

In order to change the value first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed 12. 14. I>. Use up or down keys to choose between 1 or 5 Amp.e. Io>>.I>>. 13. 15 The next group menus are settings for Low and High** set of Over current and earth fault i. Releasing the key will show the cursor on right hand side of LCD blink. Press Enter key [’E’] to save the setting. Io>. ** For NI 41 only .23 1st Parameter menu 2nd Parameter menu Figure 26 The display shows second parameter menu for setting secondary current 11.

24 Main Menu Group menu Figure 27 The display shows group menus in order for Main menu "Settings” .

These curves comply with the BS 142 and IEC 60255 and are named "Normal inverse". When the IDMT characteristic is chosen four time/current curves are available. In order to select/change. Group menu Parameter Menu Figure 28 The display shows parameter menus for selection of setting curve. 3. first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed else the screen will return to top of all menu. . Press [E] key to save the selected curve. if added in future. "Extremely inverse" and "Long-time inverse". 5. Use up or down keys to choose between DMT and other different types of curves. shall be located at the end of existing curve’s in parameter menu. The first parameter menu for I> or Io> is the selection of Characteristic Curve*. 4.25 The low set stage of the overcurrent unit and the low set stage of the earth fault unit may be given definite time or inverse definite minimum time (IDMT) characteristic. The next parameter menu is for setting the value of I> (or Io>). 2. 6. How to set a parameter for I>. The high set stage (for NI 41 only) can be used for instantaneous application by keeping the minimum setting of 50ms or for DMT with Maximum time duration of 64 Seconds. Group menu Parameter Menu Figure 29 The display shows parameter menus for setting of I> Group menu Parameter Menu Figure 30 The display shows parameter menus for setting of Io> * All new characteristics curve. "Very inverse". Io> 1. Releasing the key will show the cursor on right hand side of LCD blink.

simply use up or down key after entering the edit mode.e. (Steps 7-10) Figure 32 The display shows parameter menus for setting of k> when any IDMT curve is selected.2.10 .right arrows for selecting digits.1. The relay will only show t> (for I>) or t0> (for I0>) or "k" based on the type of curve characteristic selected.1-1. 2. The next parameter menu is the time 't>' or 'to>'. .26 The relay can be set for 0. The setting range of time multiplier 'k' is 0. In order to change the setting. Parameter Menu for I> setting 1st parameter Parameter Menu for Io> setting 2nd parameter Figure 31 The display shows parameter menus for setting of t> to to> when DMT characterisitics is selected. The next parameter menu is for setting of time (t> to to>) for DMT curve.0.05.00 in step of 0.50 . In order to change the value of “K” . 7. or TMS Factor 'K' incase any IDMT curve is selected. I> and 0. 13.0 in the steps of 0. The method of changing the time in sec for t> to to> is the same as that of setting the Values of I> & I0> as shown above. first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed else the screen will return to top menu.01for Overcurrent i. 10. 0. 8.01 for Earth fault.64 Sec. 11. t0 can be set between 0. 9. Releasing the key will show the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink. if selected. Figure 33 The display shows parameter menus for setting of I>> & Io>> The setting range of I>> is from 50-2000% of In (In = 1 or 5A).80 of In in steps of 0.05 sec . How to set parameter for I>> & Io>> 1. Use up or down keys to choose between values and left . The setting range of Io>> is from 10-1000% of In (In = 1 or 5A). Press [E] key to save the selected value. The first parameter menu of group menu “High set I>>” or “High set I0>>” is for setting the value of I>> or I0>>.

The setting range of time 't>' & 'to>' is 0. Use DOWN arrow key to select CONFIGURATION which is the last in the main menu. 11. l Relay configuration . 5. 6. The procedure of changing the the Values of I>> & Io>> and time t> & to> is the same as mention above. Use the down arrow to go to next parameter menu(s). As a company default setting all the protection funcitons are unblocked. 9. 1. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink.05 to 64Sec. The first parameter menu is for blocking the Low-set over current. 10. 15. Group menu Parameter Menu Figure 36 The display shows first parameter group for blocking of I>. 2. How to enable blocking of protection function. In order to change the value first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed else will return out of all menus 8. Configuration Blocking The first group menu of the configuration menu is "Blocking” Main menu Group menu Figure 35 The display shows the first group menu Blocking of the main menu "Configuration". 4.27 Figure 34 The display shows parameter menus for setting of t> and to>>.to route particular protection to trip and/or signaling relay. . Press Enter key to save the setting. Pressing right key shows group menu "Blocking" Further use the right key to enter the parameter menu. Use up or down keys to select 'YES' for blocking or 'NO' to keep protection in USE. 3. Press an arrow button to access the main menu. 7. Configuration This menu is used for l Blocking of particular protection l Assigning Hand reset (HR) or Self reset (SR) to trip relay Tr.

1. Figure 41 The display shows parameter menu for selecting Trip relay Tr. . 4. 3. The trip signal is to be manually rest by pushing the push button [E] and left arrow key ( )simultaneously after accessing main menu. Press right key to enter group menus. Configuration Trip The second group menu of the configuration menu is "Trip” Main menu Group menu Figure 40 The display shows the second group menu "TRIP" of the main menu "Configuration". Press down arrow for"Trip" which is second in the group menu. Press an arrow button to access the main menu. Io>> is same as mentioned above for blocking I>. although the energizing current falls below the start current. This menu is used to latch (the output relay remains picked up after operation ) the trip relay Tr on a fault. How to latch & reset the trip relay Tr. Io>. Use DOWN arrow key to select CONFIGURATION which is the last in the main menu. Figure 38 The display shows third parameter group for blocking of Io> Figure 39 The display shows fourth and last parameter group for blocking of Io>>** The procedure of blocking of I>>.28 Figure 37 The display shows second parameter group for blocking of I>>**. for Hand or Self reset. Use the right key to enter the parameter menu. 2.

to reset as soon as energizing input goes below setting level. Press down arrow for "Relay config. 8. In order to change the mode of reseting the trip relay Enter key [E] and then [C] with [E] key still pressed else will return out of all menus Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink." which is third/last in the group menu. is set as SR or self reset. in latched mode or 'SR' or self reset which allows the trip relay Tr. Use the right key to enter the sub group menu.The display above shows the group menu 'Relay configuration' in configuration menu. 5. 9. Use DOWN arrow key to select CONFIGURATION which is the last in the main menu. Then press left arrow key with “E” key pressed for 3 seconds. 6. Relay Configuration Relay configuration' is the third and last group menu of 'Configuration' menu. Group Menu Sub group menu Figure 43 The display shows subgroup menu for routing Over current protection. . Press Enter key [E] to save the setting. relay when latched. press any key and wait till the backlight glows. 2. As a company default setting the trip relay Tr. Press an arrow button to access the main menu. The first parameter menu is for routing low set overcurrent stage to desired relay. In order to reset the Tr. 3. How to route desired protection to trip and/or signal relay 1. 7. Use up or down keys to select 'HR' for selecting trip relay Tr. Press right key to enter group menus.29 5. Main Menu Group Menu Figure 42. Further use of right arrow key button allows us to enter into the parameter menu. 10. 4.

30 Sub group menu Parameter Menu Figure 44 The display shows Parameter menu for routing Lowset overcurrent protection 6. 9. The High set stage of over current is routed to trip and/or signal relay in similar manner. press the Enter key [E] and then [C] with [E] key still pressed. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink. . In order to change the desired relay for routing this protection. 13. * None means no relay shall be energized for trip operation. 7. 8. Use the down arrow key for routing Highset overcurrent to desired relay. Figure 46 The display shows the parameter menu for configuration of overcurrent protection. 10. The second subgroup menu is for routing earth fault to trip or signal relay. Use up or down keys to select individual or group of relays. Press Enter key [E] to save the setting. As a company default setting all the protection trip are routed to trip and signalling relay. 11. 12. * Figure 45 The display shows the various selection available for routing protection to desired relay or group of relays.

Navingation and selection of relay for the E/F protection is same as mentioned above for Overcurrent. 14. ** High set available for NI41 only .31 Group Menu Sub Group Menu Figure 47 The display shows the group & subgroup menu for configuration of earth fault protection Sub-Group Menu Parameter menu Figure 48 The display shows the parameter menu for configuration of Earth fault protection.

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The stage includes four time/current curve sets . the operate time of the stage will be a function of the current. the shorter the operate time. includes an additional filter and detection time plus the operate time of the trip output relay. as selected by the user. very inverse or extremely inverse. The relationship between current and time complies with the BS 142.0 b 0.26 E 1. 2. The following requirements with regard to operate time tolerances are specified in the standard (E denotes accuracy in per cent.22 E 1.1966 the normal current range is defined as 2.01 E 1. .34 E 1.00 E Extremely inv.00 E - The actual operate time of the relay.00 E Long-time inv.. presented in the graphs in Fig.5 80. 1966 and IEC 60255-3.four according to the BS 142 and IEC 60255 standards The stope of the time/current curve sets is determined by the constants a and b as follows : IDMT characteristic Four standard curves named extremely inverse..01 E 1. 40…43.13 E 1.. 2.32 16 Time/current characteristic The operation of the low-set overcurrent stage I> and the low-set earth-fault stage I0> is based on definite time or inverse time characteristic. when the time/current characteristic is normal inverse.34 E 1.0 120. The operation characteristic is selected with selection of configuration of curve for the low set overcurrent stage I> and low set earth-fault stage I0> (refer “How to change parameters for I> or I0>”) When IDMT characteristic has been selected. 2..0 1. 2. very inverse. According to the standard BS 142. normal inverse and longtime inverse are available.14 13. At long-time inverse characteristic.= not specified): I/I> 2 5 7 10 20 Normal inv. Additionally the relay must start at the latest when the current exceeds 1. these additional times of about 30 ms in total have to be added to the time received.00 E Very inv.26 E 1.7 times the set start current and the relay must start when the current exceeds 1. the normal range is 2.48 E 1.3 times the set start current.0 2.44 E 1.02 E 1.0 t [s] = kxb I a -1 I> where t = operate time in seconds k = time multiplier I = measured current value I> = set start current value The relay includes four time/current curve sets according to BS 142. When the operate time of the relay is calculated using the mathematical expression above. 1966 and IEC 60255-3 standards and can be expressed as follows : Slope of the time/ current curve set Normal inverse Very inverse Extremely inverse Long-time inverse a 0.1 times the setting. the higher the current.02 1.20 times the set start current. .

02 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I> Figure 49 Extremely inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit .1 0.05 0.0 x In can be set on the relay. the maximum permitted continuous current carrying capacity of the energizing inputs (4 x In) must be observed.8 0.6 0. although start current settings within the range 2.07 0.5 x In. At inverse time characteristic any start current setting above 2.3 0.05 0.9 0.5…2.5 x In.03 0.2 0.2 1.5…5.8 0.4 0.09 0.5 x In of the low-set stage will be regarded as being equal to 2. At inverse time characteristic the effective setting range of the low-set overcurrent stage is 0.3 k 0.1 0.08 0.5 0.6 0.04 0.0 0.7 0.06 0.33 If the set start current exceeds 2.5 x In. t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.4 0.

07 0.06 0.9 0.05 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.05 0.5 0.04 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.34 t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.09 0.3 k 1.03 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.02 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I> Figure 50 Very inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit .1 0.0 0.8 0.08 0.6 0.8 0.

5 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.07 0.08 0.04 0.7 0.06 0.02 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I> Figure 51 Normal inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit .9 0.35 t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 k 1.6 0.0 0.1 0.9 0.2 0.05 0.4 0.05 0.4 0.8 0.09 0.03 0.2 0.5 1 0.7 0.1 0.3 2 0.

8 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.1 0.7 0.6 0.36 t/s 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 k 1.05 0.4 0.2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I> Figure 52 Long-time inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit .2 1 0.4 2 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.9 0.

01 sec * Any new characteristic curve shall be added at the end of the existing list.0 in steps of 0.64 Sec in steps of 0.1 50-2000% of In in steps of 1/5 50 m Sec 0.05 . rated values & limits Type designation Energizing Inputs Rated Current In Thermal Withstand a) Continuous b) For 1 Second Dynamic current withstand Input impedance 4A 100 A 250 A <100mW 20 A 500 A 1250 A <20mW 1A 5A NI 40/41 Auxiliary power supply Rated auxiliary supply Rated Frequency Power Consumption a) Under quiescent condition b) Under Operating condition -4W -6W 18 . 0. .265 V AC/DC 50 Hz Indications Relay supply healthy Protection start Protection trip Relay internal failure Relay display Green LED Green LED Red LED Red LED 16 x 2 Alpha numeric LCD display with backlit Over current and earth fault relay settings Over Current Protection Low Set (I>) Stage a) Current Range b) Operate time at DMT mode c) Item/current characteristic at IDMT mode (site-selectable) 50-200% of In in steps of 1% 0.01 sec Normal Inverse Very Inverse Extreme Inverse Long-time Inverse* d) Time Multiplier “K” High Set (I>>) State a) Current Range b) Operate time at Inst. mode c) Operate time at DMT mode 0.05.05 .1 to 1.80 V DC or 80 .64 Sec in steps of 0.37 17 Technical Data Energizing quantities.

0 sec Make and carry 0.0 sec Make and carry 0. 22. 25.1 to 1.5 sec voltage a) 220V DC b) 110V DC c) 48V DC 30 A Breaking capacity for DC when control circuit time constant L/R <40 ms and at 1A 3A 5A Signaling & IRF contact Terminals 21.05 .15 A 0. 26 (C/O) & 29.05 . mode c) Operate time at DMT mode 0.25 A 1A * Any new characteristic curve shall be added at the end of the existing list. 23 (C/O) & 24. .64 Sec in steps of 0.01 sec Normal Inverse Very Inverse Extreme Inverse Long-time Inverse* d) Time Multipier l ‘k’ High Set (Io>>) State a) Current Range b) Operate time at Inst.64 Sec in steps of 0.1 10-1000% of In in steps of 1% 50 m Sec 0.01 sec Output contact ratings Tripping Contact Terminals 11. 0. 27 (C/O) Rated Voltage Continuous Carrying capacity Make and Cary 3.0 in steps of 0.38 Over current and earth fault relay settings Earth Fault Protection Low Set (I0>) Stage a) Current Range b) Operate time at DMT mode c) Item/current characteristic at IDMT mode (site-selectable) 10-80% of In in steps of 1% 0.05.5 sec voltage a) 220V DC b) 110V DC c) 48V DC 250V AC/DC 5A 8A 10 A Breaking capacity for DC when control circuit time constant L/R <40 ms and at 0.12 (NO) 250V AC/DC 5A 15 A Rated Voltage Continuous Carrying capacity Make and Cary 3. 28.

. conducted emission (main) Conducted and radiated RF emission test (IEC 60255-25.. EN55011-CISPRII)... f=150 kHz .2/50ms. 1. 160 ms Max. conducted emission (main) Power frequency magnetic field immunity test (IEC 61000-4-8). contact discharge 6 kV Power Supply Test (IEC 60255 . 1000 Mhz 2 kV. common mode High Frequency (1 MHz) disturbance test (IEC 60255-22-1).11.. differential mode Fast transient (IEC 60255-22-4.. Class III). Class III). air discharge RF electromagnetic field test (IEC 61000-4-3 and ENV 50140) Conducted RF disturbance test (IEC 61000-4-5 and ENV 50141) Surge immunity test (IEC 60255-22-5 and IEC 61000-4-5). f=80.. 30 ms 0. 200ms 0. 2.2/50ms. 12W 1 kV... IEC 61000-4-11) Variation voltage Interruption 80 V . 1. class III and IEC 801-4.5 kV 1. 1. class III and IEC 801-4. common mode Surge immunity test (IEC 60255-22-5 and IEC 61000-4-5). EN55011-CISPRII). continuous Power frequency magnetic field immunity test (IEC 61000-4-8). level 4). 12% of DC value ..39 Electrical Tests Insulation Requirement Dielectric test voltage (IEC 60255-5) Impulse test voltage (IEC 60255-5) Insulation resistant (IEC 60255-5) 2.0 kV. 50W 8 kV 10 V/m..1000MHz 10 Vm. power supply port Fast transient (IEC 60255-22-4. Short duration 100 A/m 300 A/m Class A 2.5 kHz.2/50 ms. level 4).100% Interruption 255 V . other ports Electrostatic discharge (IEC 60255-22-2 and IEC 801-2.50% Interruption 80 V . differential mode Conducted and radiated RF emission test (IEC 60255-25.1 min 5.0 kV 4 kV.5 kHz. 50 Hz. 50W 2 kV.. 50 Vdc Interference Test High Frequency (1 MHz) disturbance test (IEC 60255-22-1). 0.255 V 0.0 kV.100% Ripple in DC voltage 68.5J >100 MW. 2W Class A Electrostatic discharge (IEC 60255-22-2 and IEC 801-2. 2..

...98-1987). operating basis earthquake test Seismic test (ANSI/IEEE C37..2 Hz.. 1000 bumps/direction Environmental test Service temperature range Transport and storage temperature range (IEC 60068-2-48) Dry heat test.+700C -55 0C.2. 96% Rh -10 C.25 g 0.-20 C Battelle test IP 54 0 0 0 . + 1.100 Hz..13.0 mm 13..5.5g 2.5..40 Mechanical Tests Seismic test (ANSI/IEEE C37..5.... (IEC 60068-22-2) Cyclic (12+12 hour cycle) damp heat test. safe shut down earthquake test Vibration response and endurance test (IEC 60255-2-1) Shock response and endurance test (IEC 60255-21-2) Bump test (IEC-60255-21-2) 0. (IEC 60068-2-30) Cold heat test.7. 11 ms 20g..7g Class 1.. + 0..98-1987)..... IP test (IEC 60529) -10 0C. +40 C.+550C -40 0C..+700C <95%. (IEC 60068-22-1) Corrosion test Degree of protection by enclosure.

humidity. ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the equipment. If the relay fails in operation or if the operating values remarkably differ from those of the relay specifications. the relay ought to be visually inspected in association with the relay secondary test. a fault code indicating the nature of the fault. the relay should be given a proper overhaul. Shortly after the internal self-supervision system has detected a permanent relay fault in the relay module. its program execution and the electronics. overhaul and recalibration of the relay. The power supply input. the relay is practically maintenance free. The relay modules include no parts or components subject to an abnormal physical or electrical wear under normal operating conditions. one 6 mm2. measuring input. 19 Internal relay failure (IRF) In addition to the protection functions. Note ! Numerical protection relays contain electronic circuits which are liable to serious damage due to electrostatic discharge. as to temperature. the Red IRF indicator on the front panel is lit. especially during transport. which holds the relay firmly. the relay module is provided with a self-supervision system which continuously supervises the function of the microprocessor. These holders are made up of PBT (poly butylene terephthalate) . The internal relay fault code shown on the display remains active until the internal fault possibly disappears. On request. for instance. caused by abnormal environmental conditions.e. When such internal relay fault occurs. No parts of the relay are site replacable. the relay can be given a special treatment for the protection of the printed circuit boards against stress on materials. Two terminal strips and two multipole connectors are mounted on the back of the relay case to facilitate all input and output connections. or if the atmosphere around the relay contains chemically active gases or dust. 20 Dimensions and mounting The relay is housed in normally flush mounted case. A front cover frame with rubber gasket provides a degree of protection by enclosure to IP54 between the relay case and the panel surface when the relay is panel mounted. At the same time the module puts forward a control signal to the output relay of the self-supervision system (IRF relay) of the protection relay NI 40/41. by touching the relay case. .5 mm2 wires can be connected. The relay is fixed / mounted on the panel with the support of two relay holder on top and bottom of the relay. To each multipole connector i. the fault code should be recorded for statistical and maintenance purposes and immediately stated with order of service. In most fault situations. The relay case is made up of mild steel power coated with RAL 7035. Before removing a module containing electronic circuits. Please contact the manufacturer or his nearest representative for further information about checking. trip contacts and signalling outputs are available on two ten pole detachable connectors. If the environmental conditions at the relay operating site differ from those specified. appears on the display of the module. one 4 mm2 or one or two 2.41 18 Maintenance & Repair When the protection relay is operating under the conditions specified in the section "Technical data". Note ! Static protection relays are measuring instruments and should be handled with care and protected against moisture and mechanical stress.

42 21 Ordering details Relay Type NI 40 NI 40 NI 40 NI 40 NI 41 NI 41 NI 41 NI 41 Current Input 1A 5A 1A 5A 1A 5A 1A 5A Aux Supply 80-265 V AC/DC 80-265 V AC/DC 18-80 V AC/DC 18-80 V AC/DC 80-265 V AC/DC 80-265 V AC/DC 18-80 V AC/DC 18-80 V AC/DC Article No. 1MYN742837-A 1MYN742837-B 1MYN742837-C 1MYN742837-D 1MYN742838-A 1MYN742838-B 1MYN742838-C 1MYN742838-D .

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