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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang
English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photos Book Size : Artono Wardiman Masduki B. Jahur M. Sukirman Djusma : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
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WARDIMAN, Artono English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs)/ Penulis Artono Wardiman, Masduki B. Jahur, dan M. Sukirman Djusma; -- Ed. 1. -- Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 152 hlm: ilus.; 25 cm. BibliograÀ : hlm. 140 Indeks ISBN 979-462-972-3 1. Bahasa Inggris–Studi dan Pengajaran I. Judul II. Jahur, Masduki B. III. Djusma, M. Sukirman
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dicetak. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada DepartemenPendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. pada tahun 2008. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. digandakan. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional tersebut.Oleh karena itu. Kami berharap. Namun. dapat diunduh (down load).Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. dalam hal ini. Pemerintah. Jakarta. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk di sebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui website Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. dialihmediakan. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan.
All the components help you understand English and use it as the media of communication. July 2008 Writers iv . Bandung. young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. reading and writing. Hopefully. It aims to build your language. support and encouragement. The content of the book is integrated in the four language skills. listening. The necessity of English as one of the foreign languages studied in Indonesian schools. The activities will explore your creativity and encourage you to use your language skills in English. speaking. The writers have made an effort to develop your ability in English use through this book.Preface English in Focus for Grade IX is one of a three-level English textbooks for you. this book will help you learn English in communicative way. i. Last but not least. brings this book forward. We also would like to appreciate PT Setia Purna Inves and the editorial team that give the support and contribution so that the books can be used by the young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs).e. This book also presents theories as well as activities that are closely familiar to the students. sociocultural and strategic competence. discourse.
v . 4. Learning Review brings to you in the form of questions that reminds you of some learning materials. Index helps you Ànd grammar.Guide to Read This Book 7 13 8 1 2 9 4 11 10 12 16 14 15 3 5 6 1. Photo Credits shows you the resources of pictures. Chapter Title displays the title theme of every chapter. Follow Up Activity gives you an activity to practice some materials that you have studied. 6. The materials have been taken from the internet in order to enhance your ability. New Horizon enriches you with knowledge related to the learning material. expressions. 15. 8. Exercise of Chapters recycles learning materials from the preceding chapters. 12. 3. Final Evaluation reminds you of the materials in each chapter. Learning Essential describes the primary subject of the chapter. Grammar Stage explains grammar which is learned in every chapter. Glossary consists of list of words or terms to enrich your vocabulary. UN Challenge challenges you some problems to solve that are taken from Ujian Nasional. 13. 14. Materials You’re Going to Learn in This Chapter mentions main subjects in every chapter. and author of each chapter. Bibliography shows you the resources for this book. 5. 7. 2. 10. Enrich Your Knowledge relates to the theme of the chapter. Log On enriches your knowledge. 16. 11. 9.
............................... Learning Review ........................................ • Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas ....................................................................... • Asking repetition .................. Writing .......................... • Listening to expressions of showing hesitation ................................................. • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide ........................................................................................ • Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of a procedural text ....................................... Chapter 1 Do It This Way! ..... iii iv v 1 2 2 5 6 7 8 11 11 14 18 21 22 22 23 24 24 26 27 28 29 31 34 35 41 43 45 47 48 48 49 50 51 51 54 vi ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... • Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text ..................................................... • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure ...............................Chapter Contents Chart Kata Sambutan ........................................................................................................ • Writing your own procedural text ........................................... Speaking .................... • Listening to the expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration • Listening to short functional text in the form of poster ............. Learning Essential ................................................................. • Listening to an art schedule from the radio ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts .......................................... Listening ..................................................................................... Writing .... • Writing a report text ............................................................................................... • Retelling the story in the form of report text .......................... • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text .............. Reading ................................................ Learning Review ....................................................... Guide to Read This Book .................................................... Listening ........... Preface ............................................................................................................. • Reading aloud procedural texts ...... Learning Essential ........................................................................................................................... Reading ............................................ Chapter 3 Be Creative! .......... • Studying the structure of a report text ............................................................................................................................................................................... • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts ............................... Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing ......................................... Listening ............................. Speaking ...................................................................... • Responding to hesitation ............
..................................................................... Speaking .................................................................................. • Writing narrative texts ......................... • Promoting something through an advertisement .................................... • Using polite expressions to show manner ........................................................ Writing ................ Listening ........................................................................ • Reading report text ..................................................................................................................... • Identifying the structure of narrative text ..... Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter..................... Writing ..................................................................... • Identifying characteristics of procedural text .................................................. • Telling monologue in the form of procedural text ................................................................................................................................................................. Speaking .................................................................................... • Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form ................................................................................................ Learning Review ....................... • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information ....................................................... • Reading texts in narrative form .... • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner ... • Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster ......... • Performing a monologue in the form of a report text .................................... Learning Essential .......................................................................................................... • Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary ........................ Exercise of Chapters 1–3 ........................................................................................................... • Composing a procedural text .................. Reading .................................................................................................................... Listening .........................................................Speaking ............ Learning Essential ................................................................................... Reading ... • Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form .................................................................... Reading ................................. • Telling interesting news or information ....................................................................................................... • Showing attention and expressions of admiration ......................... Please . Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 55 56 58 58 62 66 67 68 68 69 75 76 77 81 82 83 83 85 87 88 90 93 96 96 98 98 99 100 101 103 105 106 109 111 112 114 vii ............... • Listening to monologue in the form of a report text ..................................................................... • Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story ................................ Learning Review ...................
....Writing ................................... • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic .................. Final Evaluation ........................................................................................... Photo Credits .............. Listening Script ...... Exercise of Chapters 4–5 ............................... Learning Review ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Index .................................. Bibliography ........................................................................ 120 120 124 126 126 127 132 140 141 142 144 145 148 viii .................................................................................................. Answer Key . • Writing and sending a letter .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Learning Essential ................................................................................... Glossary ......................................
Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Source: www.germes-online.com Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text Speaking • • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure Asking repetition Reading • • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts Reading aloud procedural texts Writing • Writing your own procedural text 1 .
listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. After learning the lesson in this section. 5. My white shirt is stained. Then. Nur : Are you sure? Nayla : Positive! I’ve already tried this tip several times and it works for me. Do you always give hints or tips to your friends if they need them? Could you give an example of your “number one” hint? Have you ever received any useful hints from another person or maybe from media? What kind of hints were they? Do you always feel certain about hints that you hear or see? Practice 2 Act out the following dialogue. 1. 3. Nayla. First. rub the stain gently with a clean cloth. listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of a procedural text. After that. Nur : OK then. Nayla : No! Don’t do that. Try my hints. I think it’s better to use it for a cloth or something. Nur : I’m not in a good mood today. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Continue rubbing until the stain is completely gone. Speech Act The expressions of certainty Asking for certainty • Are you certain? • Are you sure? Informal 2 English in Focus for Grade IX . spray the stain with hair spray.Listening In this section. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. Thanks so much. 2. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text. 4. I’ll try it. put a paper towel under the stain.
Listen to the tape about the recipe of fried chicken. 2. Practice 3 Listen to the tape about the missing expressions. don’t think too much.. Then. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta Practice 4 Role play Practise the dialogue with your partner. I feel fresh again. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that doesn’t sleep easily... 1. when I get up.. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Informal • Really? • Are you really certain about that. You will sleep really well.. Sir/Ma’am? Responding to certainty • I’m quite sure. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. Àrst. First. about it? : : . I take medicine. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping.. Next. Listen again to the tape. Nona Ardi : I haven’t slept well lately. I go to sleep. Finally. Practice 5 Practice 6 Do It This Way! 3 . Write down each thing you will need to make fried chicken. • Certainly/deÀnitely • I’ve no doubt about. I don’t know why. : : . Discuss it with your partner. Then.
satu sendok makan gorenglah satu sendok teh campurkan haluskan Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. How to Make a Tropical Fruit Juice Source: www.com Ingredients: 4 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. 2. Then.Practice 7 Listen again to the tape about the dialogue in Practice 5. Àll in the following blank spaces.Áheritage. Then. 1. 5. 4. 1. 4. Ànd the English equivalent of the following Indonesian words/phrases taken from the dialogue. 2. Do you like juice? What kind of juice do you like? What about other kinds of food? Could you mention some of your favourite foods and drinks? Practice 9 Listen to the tape about the ingredients for making a tropical fruit juice. 3.
. 2 3 persons). the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. 5 your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. a into a blender syrup together with some c and d on high for one minute.Àles. How to make: the b of papaya. Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Source: ayiedyary. 3. g . by 29 March 2008. Practice 11 Listen to the tape about the announcement below and Àll in the blanks.wordpress • • • • • 1 your best pose and smile! your photo with a digital camera or a pocket camera. 2. e vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. red 1. Jln.Practice 10 Now.h the juice into some glasses.15. do the same to the remaining f . Do not use 4 effects or contact lenses. Àll in the blanks with the procedure of how to make a tropical fruit juice while listening. together all of your friends (max. Ria No. 15 Do It This Way! 5 . pineapple.
. 1.Practice 12 Now. Dance competition Singing competition Cooking competition Speaking In this section.. 2. I gave my magic Ànishing touch. that’s nice. Kesya? Kesya : Oh. he. that’s right.. 1. make your own announcement. Kesya. What did you say? Resty : How did you do that. four–Àve glittery beads. Kesya : Hello. Look at my new purse. 2.. Isn’t that your old purse? The one that we bought one year ago? Kesya : Yup. express correctly to spoken act of repetition. do a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. 3. I just added some colourful buttons. Hey. Àrst. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally.. Finally. I made it myself. What will you say if you want someone to repeat something? What do you feel if someone replies to your question or statement in an unexpected way? Practice 2 Practise the following dialogue. he. show expressions for asking repetition.. you will learn how to: • • • • respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. Resty : Hello. After learning the lesson in this section. Choose one of the following topics. Well. 6 English in Focus for Grade IX . he. The italicised sentence in the dialogue is asking the other speaker to repeat what was said.Then. Resty : How did you do that? Kesya : Sorry. Resty.
Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make a paper aeroplane. Carefully follow the diagram and make paper aeoplane from one A4 sheet.Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Expressions of asking repetition • Sorry. Then listen to her/him carefully and follow the instructions. Do It This Way! 7 . Throw the Áat sheet of paper into the air and watch its path. please? • Would you be louder. please? • Sorry. • Could you repeat again. what did you say? Practice 3 Class Project. 2. I didn’t catch what you said. Preparation of how to make a paper aeroplane. I can’t hear you! • I’m sorry. You will need: 2 sheets of A4 size paper How to Make a Paper Aeroplane 1.
2005 Note Don’t forget to practise the expressions of asking for repetition while doing the experiment.”reply Sasha. It has been quite long since they have contacted each other. make your own dialogue with the expressions for asking repetition. Practice 4 Practice 5 Now.” Sasha said. where have you been? I’m Àne. (Sasha opens the door) “Hi. How to Make a Chocolate Ball (Oky is in front of Sasha‘s house right now.) (Oky knocks at the door) “Yeah. thanks. Sasha. hi Oky. Answer the following questions orally. just a moment please. Act it out in front of the class. Now throw the paper aeroplane into the air. 8 English in Focus for Grade IX . “Oh. 3.3. How are you?” greeted Oky. 2. and watch its path. Have you ever done a procedure by following some instructions? Is it difÀcult for you to do that? Why is it difÀcult or not difÀcult? Practice 6 Practise the following dialogue with your partner. 1. Come on in. Source: The Big Book of Science Projects.
. It should be somewhere in between hard and mild.” Practice 7 Retell only the procedure in Practice 6 in your own words. Do It This Way! 9 .” “Oh. until the mixture becomes hard. and toothpicks just for accessories.” “Yes. It’s Ànished. Place it in the small cookie paper. Let’s continue. it’s been so long since I ate your delicious food. Let’s eat..” “OK. OK. you should prepare a can of chocolate milk. It tastes bitter. add the chocolate milk and at the same time stir it thoroughly.what about if the mixture is runny? What will happen?” “Well. So. make sure it’s not too runny.. So.” “Yup. smash the biscuit until it seems like a powder.” “OK. What about a chocolate ball? I like them very much. I am taking many courses before my Ànal exams. sure.. what snack do you prefer?” “OK.. Mmm. Next. So.” “Uhm-hm. Shall we eat now?” “Yeah. three packs of milk biscuits.” “First of all.“Thanks Sas.” “Wow. Finally. Thanks a lot. I don’t mind. Then.. I’ve been so busy lately. I thought it was complicated. what do you think if we try one of your fantastic recipes today?” “I see. one pack of colourful chocolate sprinkles.. just like this.that’s easy. it will be easy to form balls with. stir it. We can’t use solid chocolate. roll the ball in to colourful chocolate sprinkles. as easy as that. so I still have the ingredients.” “Now. Well. Why not? My mom and I just made some yesterday. since you’re my best pal. By the way. Then. stick in the toothpicks for handles. Let’s go to the kitchen.. we can start to form it like balls.what if we use solid chocolate instead of chocolate milk?” “No.?” “After that. then.
If your nose continues to bleed.artcraft. 2.. Put a cotton pad in the bleeding nostril.com 10 English in Focus for Grade IX . call a doctor. Practice 10 Pronounce It! 1. Make Your Own Accessories Come to Activity Room at 4 this afternoon! You will learn to make Y a simple brooch. Source: www. create your own tips/advice about something then share it with the class. First. Now. 3. Try to create your own advice about something and share it with the class. Squeeze your nose until it stops bleeding.. Compare with other groups’ work. What Should You Do to Stop Nose Bleeding? 1. /tʃ / (ch) chocolate chain /ɵ/ (th) think /ŋ/ (ng) sung /ʃ / (sh) sheep /tʃɒklət/ /tʃeɪn/ /ɵɪŋk/ /sʌŋ/ /ʃ i:p/ 2. 4. Practice 11 Announce it to the class.Practice 8 Take turn to tell the following Àrst-aid instructions. 4. 3. and more. loosen the clothing around your neck. 5. Then sit down with your head leaning forward.. a hairpin. Practice 9 Work in groups.
read aloud a procedure correctly. rearrange the instructions based on the pictures. Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem You will need : gravel a net water plants water animals 1 Materials a jug full of pond water an aquarium tank a bucket 2 Do It This Way! 11 . 2.Practice 12 Answer the following questions orally. 3. 1. Then. understand a procedural text in the form of pictures. you will learn how to: • • • • identify procedural text by looking through pictures. Where do you think you will Ànd this kind of announcement? Can you say brieÁy what the announcement is about? Do you think the announcement in Practice 11 is interesting? Why? Reading In this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Goal/purpose Observe the following pictures carefully. After learning the lesson in this section. read a procedural text correctly.
do a simple scientiÀc experiment. read a manual on. how long. how. Finally. add a few water animals you have collected from local ponds. details. 2008 • • • The frame • • • The covering • Then. but not in direct sunlight. spread the gravels over base of the tank. There is your own aquarium ecosystem! Place the tank in bright light. Taken from Hands on Science. how many. add a jug full of pond water. Now. 2008 Note What Is a Procedural Text? Basically. Example: Place the tank in bright light. action verbs). how to turn on a CD player. even though we rarely realise it. We often use procedural texts. After that. Nature. put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. Àll in the tank about half way and pour the water gently from a jug. • The frame (commands. a bucket • Steps: What to do Example: Spread the gravels over base of the tank. procedural texts are part of our daily life.3 4 Steps Source: Hands on Science. add some water plants from an aquarium centre. 12 English in Focus for Grade IX . The structure of a procedural text • Goal/purpose Example: Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem • Materials (precise information. First of all. The tell us how something is done through steps or actions. etc. what type). with what) Example: Put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. Example: water plants. • The covering (where. Next. The examples are when we follow the instructions of a recipe on television. Nature.
g. 1. 2. 4. You can use to decorate your aquarium. 2. 5. 2. 4. 7. d. 1. jug tank pond net pebbles gravel base A a. 6. b. Use a to Àlter the water. What do you do after you put the gravel in a net? What is the next step before you add a jug full of pond water? Where do you add some water plants? Why do you pour the water from the jug gently? Do you know why we can’t place the aquarium in direct sunlight? Do It This Way! 13 . jug water plants gravel ponds tank net Practice 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. Use a to make your aquarium ecosystem. B loose open material of knotted string wire small stones small stones made smooth and round by water the lowest part of something. 3. No. 3. 1. Add to the base of the tank. 6. 5. 3. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. You can Ànd water animals from nearby . e f. 4. Fill full of water. 5. small area of water large container for liquid or gas deep container for liquids Practice 3 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. c.Practice 2 In pairs.
com. He uses a 1 .cp-ij. When he wants to see the results of the picture. Attach a wire to each of the screws on one bulb holder. Read the following procedure carefully. The picture will be saved in a 2 .blogspot.UN Challenge Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. video recorder CD ROM video compact disc Adapted from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. com or www. We can make many forms from a piece of paper. 14 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2004 Practice 5 Log On Making papercraft is really fun. There you can download free papercraft models.cp. Let’s Make a Monster with Bright Eyes You will need : • • • • • • • • 2 bulbs in bulb holders 3 wires a battery coloured card coloured paper scissors sticky tape glue 1. To make a papercraft you can click on www. The man wants to take a picture of a bird.papercraftworld. he puts it into the 3 and the picture will appear on the screen or monitor.
Tape the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. 2001 Do It This Way! 15 . Watch the eyes glow! Taken from How Does It Work?.2. Connect your third wire to the other screw on the second bulb holder. 5. 3. Cut the card into a monster face with two eye holes. 4. Turn the monster face around. Finish it by gluing on a paper mouth and nose. Push the bulbs through the holes in the back of the card. Connect the loose wires to the ends of the battery. Connect the other end of one of these wires to the second bulb holder.
You also need glue for the experiment. 3. 4. 6. Can you write Àve action words from the text? Practice 8 Decide whether the following statement is true (T) or false (F) based on the text. when these are not addressed to the hearer/reader (or not only to the hearer/ reader). Connect your third wire to the other screw. The following clues will help you. 1. Three bulbs are needed to turn on the monster’s eyes. 1. 2. details and tools. Use glue to stick the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. 6. G r a m m a r Stage Using the Word Let to Introduce Imperatives Let can be used to introduce suggestions and orders. What is the purpose of the text? Can you state the materials you will need? How many steps are there? How about the frame? Mention some commands. Use sticky tape to attach the paper mouth and nose. 5. 5. 5. What should you do to make a monster? Where should you attach a wire? Which tool should you connect to the second bulb holder? What do you connect to the ends of the battery? Where do you push the bulbs to? Where should you tape the bulbs and the battery? Practice 7 Identify the structure of the text in Practice 5. 2. 3. 1. 3. Pattern Let + Object + Verb 1 16 English in Focus for Grade IX . Colored wire is used to turn on the monster’s eyes. 2. Correct the false one. 7. 4. You need three batteries to make a monster with bright eyes.Practice 6 Answer the following questions based on the text. This structure can be considered a kind of imperative. 4.
“Your boyfriend’s going out with another girl. Add some salt by yourself. Ask your friend to cook together.. I don’t care. Let’s see.We can use let us (formal) or let’s (informal) to make suggestions or to give orders to a group that includes the speaker. not the speaker or hearer. Let the prayers begin. Ask your friend to make an aquarium together. State them orally. with let us not and do not let us (informal let’s not/don’t let’s). Let us not despair.” • Practice 9 Make the imperatives of the following sentences. 6. OK. (informal) Forms with don’t. • Let me is used to ‘give instructions to oneself’. Keep the water boiling. let’s (and let’s. don’t in American English) are very informal. eg. Let me just get my coat and I’ll be with you.” “Let him be. 1. Let us pray. 8. 3. let’s is used as a short answer. Stir the coconut milk by yourself thoroughly. (formal) Don’t let’s stay up too late tonight. Ask your friend to have dinner in a new restaurant together. Keep stirring coconut milk. “What time do you want to have breakfast?” “Let me think. Yes. • Let can also introduce a suggestion or order for someone or something else.. (formal) Let’s not get angry.. wherever they may be. the expressions • Let me see and Let me think are very common.” Now what’s the best way to get to Manchester? Let me see– suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. Do It This Way! 17 .. I reckon eight o’clock will be early enough. (informal) Do not let us forget those who came before us. • Shall we? is used as a question tag in British English. 7. let’s all get moving. 5. • In a very informal style. shall we?” “Yes. Let our enemies understand that we will not hesitate to defend our territory and our interests.” • There are two possible negatives. “Let’s go for a walk. Ask your friend to get lunch together. let’s is often used to mean let me. Let’s have a drink. eg. but informal uses are also possible. Suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. 4. 2. This is common in formal and ceremonial language. let’s.
a teaspoon. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read the following explanation carefully. Note Time-order (signal words) • First. After learning the lesson in this section. How to do it: 1. using the dessert spoon. He was one of the welknown architects in Egypt. When you write your paragraph. write a procedural text correctly. third • Next • First of all • Now • Then • Finally • After that Practice 2 New Read the following procedure carefully. the Àrst thing you need to do is write down the steps of the process. Adapted from Ensiklopedia Tanya dan Jawab Seni. The egg sinks to the bottom. When you want to tell someone how to do something. we carefully put the egg in water.Writing In this section. you will learn how to: • • write a procedural text. The most famous one was Imhotep. 2005 18 English in Focus for Grade IX . a large glass. you should give/use signal words to guide your reader from one step to the next. you should arrange the steps according to time order. Horizon The Brine Effect You will need : table salt. a dessert spoon and water. Then. second. astronomers and goverment ofÀcers. The piramyd in Egypt was designed by writers. an egg. Olahraga dan hiburan. Then. We half Àll the glass with water.
We take the egg out and slowly Àll the glass totally. We put in the egg again. the egg was denser than clear water. making the egg sty in the middle. or a recipe book. then surprise a family member. They will be happy because of your attention. a magazine. 2005 Practice 3 Identify the time order (signal words) and the structure in Practice 2. Make dishes from it. 3. Follow-up Activity Find a simple recipe from the internet. so it sank. but less than the brine. when clear water was added. We put the egg in the water again. 4. Do It This Way! 19 . salt water (brine) was denser than clear water. The egg remains suspended in the centre of the glass. In the second stage. Taken from The Big Book of Science Projects. it Áoated on the brine. Finally. as it has more density than clear water. Do you know why? In the Àrst stage.2. Ask them to taste it. helping the egg to Áoat. 5. Now we add 10 tablespoons of salt in water and mix thoroughly to make brine. The egg Áoats.
Let’s Make ButterÁy Garden 1. dig several small slohe for your plants with the trowel. teafr hatt. 3. etxn. dig over your chosen ctpah of earth with a trowel. break up any large dsclo of earth with a trowel. Won start to take over the pot of your plot so that the earth is evenly spread and crumbly. Arrange the jumbled letters by looking at the box that follow. It would be tetber to twaer your plants at kuds. 4. They will need to be watered regularly. hten. Wearing a pair of sveolg. 20 English in Focus for Grade IX . tsÀr fo lla. water your plants well.Practice 4 Work in pairs. 2. you need to wgro some plants from dees or buy young plants. place the plants in the holes and sspre the earth wodn Àrmly with gloved hands around the sbae of each plant. inlylifa.
dcorer which butterÁies you can see visiting your beautiful Áowers? Which is the most popular plant? Taken from Hands on Science. Then. make a procedural text.5. In your exercise book draw a form like the example below. Then. (names of your procedural text) Materials Steps : : Do It This Way! 21 . You are free to choose the topic. In groups of three. 2008 record down seed base gloves now after that water patch press dusk rake then clods grow next Ànally holes better Àrst of all Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Identify the instructions that you can Ànd in the text. tell the class what you have created. Nature. Compare with other groups. write your own procedural text. Then. write them down in your exercise book.
.The frame . ʇ Asking repetition . .. 1. 2.Learning Essential • Language Function ʇ Asking for certainty .Materials .Are you sure? ʇ Responses for certainty .Steps . • Grammar : Using let to introduce imperative Examples Let me help you.Are you certain? . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. What have you learned in this chapter? What do you say to ask for certainty? What do you say if you cannot hear what your friend says? If you Ànd some difÀculties while answering the questions.I'm quite sure . I can't hear you! . Next...I've no doubt about . First of all. dig several small holes for your plants with the trowel. After that. • Genre of text: Procedure ʇ Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps ʇ Generic structure: .Goal . L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. Let’s have a snack. 3. break up any large clods of earth with a trowel. answer the following questions. 3..The covering 1..I'm sorry. 22 English in Focus for Grade IX ..Sorry. I didn't catch what you said. 2. you need to grow some plants from seed or buy young plants.
indonesiaok Speaking • • Responding to hesitation Retelling the story in the form of report text Reading • • Studying the structure of a report text Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas Writing • • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide Writing a report text 23 .Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts Listening to expressions of showing hesitation Listening to an art schedule from the radio Source: www.
you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Àll in the missing words on the text. 4. And last but not least 8 of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. After learning the lesson in this section. identify a monologue in the form of report texts. Gigi. They are played by 3 in dance halls. and the night clubs and on 4 . 2. 1. understand expressions of hesitation. 3. Ungu. 24 English in Focus for Grade IX . Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. listen to some expressions of showing hesitation. you will learn how to: • • • • • listen to a monologue in the form of report texts. While listening. They are successful because they are singers of great 9 and they can 10 well before an audience. get the meanings from an art schedule in the radio. The songs are mainly simple 1 with lyrics about 2 . 7 held by Maroon Five. cafe. The boys bands are 6 today. The bands consist of six to more than six 5 . Pop Song Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. What kind of music do you like? Why do you like it? Who is your favourite singer? Why do you like him/ her? What kinds of songs do you like? How often do you buy new cassettes or CDs in a month? Practice 2 Listen to the tape carefully. restaurants.Listening In this section. 5.
5. The songs are complex. 6. While listening. Pop songs come from pop composers only.Practice 3 Your will hear the text from the tape again. 8. Boy bands are not popular today. Practice 4 Find the synonyms of the following words taken from the text in Practice 2. 1. 2. 3. come from popular attract fascinate well Practice 5 Retell the text in Practice 2 in your own words. 3. state whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). 2. 3. Pronounce It! 1. 4. 1. 4. 6. The boy bands are successful because of their physical appearance. 7. Gigi is a boy band. 2. The bands always consist of eight persons. Consult your dictionary for help. popular record beat emerge tremendous industry entertainment sold : : : : : : : : /ˈpɒpjʊlə/ /rɪˈkɔ:d/ /bi:t/ /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ /trɪˈməndəs/ /ˈɪndəstrɪ/ /̩entəˈteɪnmənt/ /səʊld/ Let’s Dance and Sing 25 . 5. 5. 4.
Who is Mr Herman? What will Budi have the next day? Why does Sute have some doubt about Handy? Does Yurike agree with Sute? What does Mrs Handoko say to her daughter? What is the name of Mrs Handoko’s daughter? What is Dora going to see next month? Does Wildan agree with Dora? Why? Where is the new art gallery? What is Rani waiting for? Why is Roni uncertain about the performance of the Gigi Band? 12.. Answer the following questions orally. • There’s surely some doubt about . • I couldn’t really be sure about ... • I’m afraid I can’t be certain about . Practice 8 Now. 8. 2.... 1. 3. • There’s some doubt in my mind that/about .. 11. 6. Practice 9 Listen to the short dialogues from the tape.... Then..... Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Showing Hesitation • I’m not too sure ... • I’m not convinced about . 5.Practice 6 Practice 7 Work in pairs. 2. What would you do to state your hesitation about something? Does hesitation have the same meaning as uncertainty? Give your reason.. • I couldn’t say . 1... answer the following questions. 7. 4. Discuss it with your friend. Listen to the text from the tape then try to retell it in your own words.. 10. Whom is Ronnie talking to? 26 English in Focus for Grade IX . 9. study the following explanation carefully..
Then. 3.com with the name of the artist or the album as a keyword. write down the expressions for showing hesitation you have heard in your exercise book. Let’s Dance and Sing 27 . Practice 11 Log On Find new artist and album that you like much. sonybmg.uk No. Listen to the art schedule in the radio.co. Place Day Time Art Exhibition Practice 12 Listen to the art schedule in your favourite radio station. then complete the following table. 1. Then make a report about them.id or you can use the search engine www.offshoreradio.co.Practice 10 Listen to the tape carefully.google. then share it to the class. For help click to www. Source: www. 2.
. 3. Informal 28 English in Focus for Grade IX . retell the text in the form of a report.. • You can be sure about ... Then..id 1. you will learn how to: • • respond to speech. • . such as responding to hesitation correctly.Speaking In this section.unj.absolutely positive/certain . www.id.. study the following expressions. Do you like dancing? What kind of dancing do you like? What is the difference between modern dances and traditional dances? Practice 2 Now. After learning the lesson in this section. • I’ve no doubt about ..ac.. answer the questions that follow orally. • do a monologue in the form of reported text..go.. Practice 1 Study the following pictures carefully. you are expected to be able to: • use the expressions for responding to hesitation.. Source: www..banten. Speech Act Responding to Hesitation • I’m a hundred percent certain .. 2..
. She can really sings beautifully without lip-sync... There’s some doubt in my mind that Britney Spears can really sing well without lip-sync.. Examples: • Our group is absolutely positive that dangdut is the music of joy.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) • . (say with a smile... Lana.. • There’s no/very little doubt in my mind . Practice 3 Study the following dialogues carefully. • I don’t think there can be any doubt about that .... My uncle is sick.. (isn’t it?)... are you sure you’re going to your singing course this afternoon? I couldn’t say right now. • We don’t think there can be any doubt that traditional art is becoming extinct..m... it can sound rude) • It’s quite certain .. • There can’t be any doubt .. and only to friends. • Our group is quite certain that 75% of young people love rock music. Lana and Siska Surya and Kristin Let’s Dance and Sing 29 . and my sister asked me to visit him at 5.00 p.(surely) that’s obvious... I don’t think there can be any doubt about that. • I’m (quite) convinced/that .... • I’m fairly sure . • I don’t think there can be any doubt .
Is there any doubt in your mind that dancing can really help our body to stay healthy? I’m not too sure that dangdut is the music of our country. When we dance. Then. Son? I’m not all convinced that they had good preparation before. 1. 4. Balinese dances are famous throughout the world. identify the expressions for responding to hesitation in the dialogue in Practice 3. 2. 4. 3. 5. based on the dialogues in Practice 3. 3. Young people prefer rock music to pop music. 30 English in Focus for Grade IX . I couldn’t be sure that we can make new friends by dancing. we have fun.What do you think of the dancers. Use the expressions of showing and responding to hesitation. act it out. Dad. Who hesitates to go to the singing course? Why is that? Does Surya think that Britney use lip-sync? What does Soni think of the dancers? Practice 6 Respond to what your teacher says. Father and Soni Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. 1. 6. Answer the following questions orally. 2.
in ballet. usually through long periods of special training. jumping. For example. Every culture emphasises certain features in its dance styles. stretching. bending. our body has the potential to be developed. Most people dance to have fun. Listen to her/him carefully. Taken from Indonesian Heritage: Performing Arts: 1996 Let’s Dance and Sing 31 . Basically. or turn out the legs at the hips and many more. It is a part of Islamic performance in Indonesia. 1. With all these physical actions. uses a mask to perform its dance. New Horizon The rebana is a frame drum. or topeng dance from Betawi. 3.Practice 7 In groups of four. has some candles carried by the dancer. Dancing belongs to rich people. 2. Dance Our body can perform some actions such as rotating. lilin dance from West Sumatra. And there are many more. 4. How is the development of dance in our country? State your opinion based on the dances that you often see on TV. We can also dance when we are in a bad mood condition. Use the expressions that you have learnt. 2. Then. each group asks their representative to speak on their discussion’s result from number 1 to number 4. and turning. For example. discuss the following statements. 1. Can you predict the development of Indonesian dances in the future? Give your opinion. Is it necessary to keep the traditional dances in the future? Why? Practice 9 Your teacher will read the following text. 3. the ballerina exercises to rotate. Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. we can create a number of body movements. Dancing is moving the body together with music. The rebana has tubular bodies made of wood or metal and a membrane covering one end only.
(Your answer can be the guide). 1. 2. 1. 9. 3. The sequences /aɪə/ and /ɑʊə/ have weakened or eliminated in their second element. Ànd in your English dictionary the phonetic symbols of the following words. Then use your dictionary to write the phonetic symbols. What can our body perform? What is the use of some physical actions? Could you give an example that every culture emphases certain features in its dance? Could you mention another example of our body’s potential? Practice 11 Work in pairs. Then. 6. 3. shower 3. 2. 1. Discuss with your friend the meaning of the following words/phrases taken from the text. 4. 4. do the exercise. 5. Àre 4. diary 32 English in Focus for Grade IX . shine 2. Examples: tyre /taɪə/ tower /tɑʊə/ • Now.Practice 10 Answer the following questions based on the text orally. Study the questions Àrst. human beings certain feature perform some actions number of body movements culture emphases jumping and turning dance styles basically the legs at the hips Practice 12 Practice 13 Retell the text in Practice 9 in your own words. Then. 7. 8. pronounce them. Read the following explanation carefully.
(Gerund) The girl singing now is my sister. the gerund may have its own object: Breaking his promise was his greatest mistake.much . “Stop talking!” the man commanded.2 . (Passive) Gerund vs Present Participle • You may be confused as to whether an ‘-ing’ form of a verb is a gerund or a present participle. The gerund can also be used as the direct object of a sentence. d.8 d.clothes . Remember that the participle has the force of an adjective while a gerund has the force of a noun: Singing is one of my hobbies. a.5 . 3 . (Passive) Perfect : He regretted having told us the secret.8 Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. The gerund may also have its own ‘subject’: There’s no sign of the bus coming. 6 . (Participle) Gerunds Participle a running-track running water a diving-suit planning trip Gerund : Subject & Object a. Present : He couldn’t help telling the truth. As the subject.4 .4 .6 .for. For this reason it is also called a verbal noun.money .8 .1 .1 . c.8 b. 6 .3 c. (Active) He complained of having been ordered to vacate his room.6 . UN Challenge Arrange the following jumbled words into a good sentence buying . 2005 Let’s Dance and Sing 33 .7 .7 .2 . We avoid meeting him.5 .5 .5 .3 .2 .G r a m m a r Stage Gerunds The gerund is the -ing form of a verb and is used as a noun.2 . b. (Active) He dislikes being told what to do.we . The gerund is used as the subject of a sentence: Working for that lady is a pleasure.7 .1 .4 .2 .did not .spend .1 . after these verbs: begin need deny detest keep bear allow escape remember resent risk enjoy avoid imagine start miss hate Ànish prevent love stop like defer practise worth eg.7 . 3 .
My youngest brother dislikes (bathe) in cold water. Mrs Dana deferred (make) a decision until the last minute. 1. (Learn) English is much easier than (learn) French. “Neil. know the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. 3. identify the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. thank you for (help) my little brother. 4. you will learn how to: • • • • identify the characteristic in the form of report text. Reading In this section. Example: (Collect) stamps is my hobby. 3. 6. The chairman left the conference room without (say) anything or (look) at anyone. Do you like rock music? In your opinion.Practice 14 Supply the gerund form of the verb in the brackets. 7. 10. 8. Have you heard of the saying ‘(see) is (believe)’? 2. 2. how is the development of rock music today? What is the difference between the rock music today and the rock music ten years ago? 34 English in Focus for Grade IX . know the characteristics of a report text. 5. He was already late and couldn’t risk (miss) the bus. 1. I don’t like (interfere) in other people’s affairs.” she said. She has completed (pack) her bags. The new clerk resented (tell) what to do. 9. Collecting stamps is my hobby. After learning the lesson in this section.
Where is rock music played and listened to? What was the name given to the music developed in the early 1950’s? Who was Elvis Presley? What happened after he appeared on nation-wide television? Who emerged after Elvis? Do you agree with the statement that says rock is become mainly the music of the youngsters? Give your reason. It is played and listened in almost every countries in the world. In 1955. 7. 2007 General classiÀcation Description Practice 3 Read the text again and answer the following questions. It is believed that the term rock and roll was Àrst used by a disk jockey. Rock and roll was the name given to the music that developed in the early 1950’s. Taken from The Book of Knowledge. Rock became a very big business. 2. After he appeared on nation-wide television. earned more money annually than any other form of entertainment including the Àlm industry. They understood its beat and sound. 4. 6. 1. What happened in the 1970’s? Let’s Dance and Sing 35 . Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. 5. 3. and its lyrics. Rock mainly became the music of the young. Elvis Presley. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in the rock industry. Alan Freed. were heard across the US. Rock Music Rock music is part of popular music today. Then came Bill Haley and The Comets. records of a young singer from Tennessee.Practice 2 Read the text carefully.
b. His performing style was rock and roll.Practice 4 1. Music. Kinds of Music. c. He was a young singer from Tennessee. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in rock music. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style b. Bill Haley and The Comets d. Rock and Roll was the name given by Alan Freed. c. Rock music vs Àlm industry. or d based on the text. c. d. d. 3. Music from Time to Time. Rock mainly became the big business. Bill Haley and The Comets sang rock and roll in their times 2. Practice 5 The text in Practice 2 describes the series of events which led to Elvis Presley’s performance. All countries. d. The main idea of paragraph two is . Read the text again and put the actions in a correct order. c. Elvis Presley’s voice was heard across the US d. b. What is the best title for the text? a. What is the main idea of paragraph one? a. b. in 1955 b. young singer c. Elvis Presley’s performing style What is the supporting idea of paragraph three? a. d. Rock music is played and listened in most countries. d. 36 English in Focus for Grade IX . Alan Freed. Rock Music. 2. a. 7. c. Rock became a very big business at that time. 4. The supporting idea of paragraph two is . Which statement is not true based on the text? a. 1. After Elvis appeared on nationwide television c. He appeared on nation-wide television. Elvis Presley 6. b. 4. b. Rock music is part of popular music today. What does the word “it” in paragraph one line 1 refer to? a. Rock music. b. Rock and Roll. Rock is popular among young people. The term rock and roll wasn’t Àrst used by a disk jockey. Alan Freed was the one who used the term rock and roll. c. Below are some of his actions. Choose either a. Popular music. By the early 1970’s. 5. 3. He was heard across the US. young singer from Tennessee. a.
Practice 7 Match the italicized words in the following sentences with their meanings or synonyms in the box. 1. Discuss it with a friend. The music-making parts of a music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of different lengths. What Is a Report Text? The Àrst point we should be aware of is the general deÀnition and the classiÀcation of each subject that we intend to write in the form of reported text. Let’s Dance and Sing 37 . parades. do not forget that a report text is different from a descriptive text. Descriptive text (more speciÀc) Music Box Music boxes are small instruments that play tunes by themselves. such as religious services. Almost means . 2. People use music for a part of ceremonies. A spring or a set of wheels turns the cylinder. But. Description text has a function to give an explanation about a speciÀc subject. his singing and performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. and weddings. People also use music to show their feelings and ideas. Almost all of the young know Elvis Presley.Practice 6 Read the following explanation carefully. After he appeared on nation-wide television. The following are examples of a report text and a descriptive text. Report text (more general) Music Music is sound put into pleasing or interesting patterns. Appeared means .
4.kbrimanila. Source: appreciativeorganization. Anually means chieÁy nearly yearly came Practice 8 Work with your friend. . earning more money annually than the Àlm industry. wordpress. Look at the pictures and answer the questions orally.Àles.ph Source: www. Mainly means Rock became a very big business. .org2.com 38 English in Focus for Grade IX .kbrimanila.Àles.3.ph Source: brangwetan. Rock mainly became the music of the young.com Source: www.org.wordpress.
2003 Practice 10 Work in pairs. Buddhist or Muslim inÁuences. The Chinese inÁuence was restricted to an adapted form. The architectural elements in some temples for example. reveal Chinese inÁuence. Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. The Chinese InÁuence in Indonesian Visual Art Source: Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. furniture and household objects. Can you describe the pictures? Where do the dances come from? What do you think of the dancers’ costumes? Can you mention the names of the dances you know already? Practice 9 Read the text carefully.1. Identify the characteristic of the text. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. 2003 Chinese culture played a truly signiÀcant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style rooÀng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. 2. Let’s Dance and Sing 39 . 4. In Gianyar Bali. China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. In Cirebon. 3. Chinese inÁuence also occurs in textile.
Chinese culture played a truly signiÀcant role . d.. 3. Adapted means . 1. e. Evidenced means 4. . Played means . 6. 10. 5. c. j. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China.. 1. have the same form take in or absorb not very strong have a role give a reason for believing take and use something 40 English in Focus for Grade IX . 5. i. 9. Buddhist or Muslim inÁuence. 8. although not as strong as the Hindu. g. Assimilated means . Identical means . 3. 2. . .Practice 11 Match each word in column A with its Indonesian equivalent in column B. and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style rooÀng . Not as strong as means Many Chinese culture form artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. f. Use your dictionary if necessary. NO. 7. 4.... A culture inÁuence indigenous restrict original mainland evidence palace rebuilt household a. h. 2. b.. B bukti dibangun kembali dibatasi asli budaya keraton alat-alat rumah tangga pengaruh pribumi dataran utama Practice 12 Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box..
• Concluding idea unites main idea and supporting idea into one complete paragraph so. In Gianyar Bali. • Main idea tells us what the paragraph is about. Main idea Chinese culture played a truly signiÀcant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style rooÀng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. Examples are taken from Practice 9. Main idea. Buddhist or Muslim inÁuences. supporting idea and concluding idea. • Supporting idea consists of evidences. examples and explanation of main idea. we can get the meanings.Practice 13 Read the following explanation carefully. Let’s Dance and Sing 41 . Supporting idea Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. furniture and household objects. The Chinese inÁuence was restricted to an adapted form. A paragraph is developed by three parts. The architectural elements in some temples for example. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. reveal Chinese inÁuence. Concluding idea China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. Chinese inÁuence also occurs in textile.
it’s not leaving many evidence. supporting idea and concluding idea of the following text. Introduction of Islam in the 21th century made some of the designs were lost. Indian inÁuences from around the Àrst century AD led to the developing of a new designs. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Climatic condition problem have eliminated some remain of wooden artefacts from a very early date. Many motifs found in prehistoric artefact used bronze in woodcarving. Woodcraft The developing of wood in Indonesia from earliest times. 2003 Practice 15 Rewrite the text in Practise 14 in your own words by developing the main idea. supporting and concluding idea. 42 English in Focus for Grade IX . The existing motifs that remain today are inÁuenced most with religious style. try to Ànd main idea. So. but it seemed the woodcarving was an early form of artistic expression. provided the people with the raw materials to produce functional and artistic artefacts. we have known now that woodcarving is an old art and keep developing into many form and designs.Practice 14 Now.
all of these helped to shape the development of what we now see as traditional art. Indonesian Art The earliest Indonesian art marked by cave paintings and the arts of the pre-Hindu period. 2003 Practice 2 Identify the characteristic of the text. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Chinese. played a fundamental role in the development of Indonesian traditional and modern art. However. write and produce a report text and its other form. write and produce a report text and its other form in your own words. you will learn how to: • • • • get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. in their own ways. Then came after various design inÁuences – Hindu Buddhist. get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. Then identify main idea. one must remember that there are more than 300 diverse ethnic geoups in the archipelago which have. Let’s Dance and Sing 43 . After learning the lesson in this section. Islamic. and Western. supporting idea and concluding idea. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read and study the following text.Writing In this section.
environment. Copy the table into your exercise book. social matters. just like the way it is. information. Description of a general classiÀcation. or human matters. The subject includes natural things. • Description of the subject. • Use of present tense Practice 3 Now. 1. Text structure: • General classification which includes the report’s subject.m. The purpose of a text: To report something.Note What Is a Report Text? a. (5) Sport (6) Reality Show (7) TV Drama (8) Documentary (9) Variety Show 44 English in Focus for Grade IX .30 a. and its classiÀcation. (2) Entertainment News (3) Cartoon (4) Film No. b. together with your friend classify the list of programmes based on the TV channel’s guide in Practice 4. TV’s Channel RCTI Transformer Animated No. (1) Time 09.
00 11.00 11.00 17.00–12.00 20.00 09.30 Decide what TV programmes each number belongs to.30 08.30 16.00 18. Let’s Dance and Sing 45 . Siang.30 10.00–12.30 12.30 08.30 13.00 14. Fokus Euro Silet Sergap Idol: Hi Five Emang Gue Pikirin Sinetron: OB Hamba-Hamba Allah Cerita SMA Munajah Cinta Inbox Cinta Fitri Halo Selebriti Liputan 6 Siang Ada Gosip Sinema Siang Pacar Pertama Liputan Petang Sue Cinta Bunga Azizah Cinta 'Indah 3.30–10.00 07.45 06.00 07.00 11.30 00.00 15.30 13.45 12.30 07.30 10.00 09.00 09.00 Gengsi Gede-Gedean Halo Polisi Patroli Fokus.00 22.00 09.30 20. 4.30–08.00 07.00 15.30 18.30 07.00 12.30 17.00 20. 07.00 08.30 11.30 11. 04.00 11.30–08.00 15.00 19.30 11.30 17.00 20.00 17.00 12.30 00.30 07.00 20.30 20.00–16.30 15. Go Spot Sinetron OB Seleb Transformer Animated 5.00 18.Practice 4 1. Noda-Noda Cinta Intan Dragon Ball Drama Asia Kama dan Arjuna Sinema Unggulan Gaul Anak Muda Lensa Peristiwa Dangdut Asyik Layar Spesial Sinetron Sidik Sinema Religi Terbaik MusaÀr dan 3 Sahabat Kartun: Tom & Jerry Kartun: Casper Sinetron: Rahmat Dewa Dewi Malam Just for Laugh Gags Reportase Pagi Jazirah Insert Pagi Cerita Pagi Tom & Jerry Dorce Show Sketsa Liburan Insert Jelang Siang Ceriwis 2.00 22.30 16.00 14.30 14.
Percussion instruments have keys connected with a part that makes tones. or by pressing valves that make the tube longer or shorter. percussion instruments. 2007 Study carefully the following pictures. 1 2 3 4 5 6 46 English in Focus for Grade IX . match them with their names. Stringed instruments make tones when the player makes one or more string vibrate. Then. wind instruments. and guitar are stringed instruments. The musician presses the keys to make sounds. The Áute. cello. electronic pianos. Wind instruments are played by blowing into or through a tube. and pipe organ are keyboard instruments. synthesizers. and electronic instruments. The piano.Enrich Your Knowledge Musical Instruments There are Àve main groups of musical instruments. trumpet and saxophone are wind instruments. harp. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. keyboard instruments. and electronic organs are electronic instruments. The violin. The player controls the sound by placing the Àngers on holes in the instrument or on keys that cover holes. Electronic instruments use electricity to make sounds or to make the sounds louder. They are stringed instruments. Electric guitars.
Let’s Dance and Sing 47 . accordion d. Which report is the most unique? Practice 5 Work in groups. castanets g. Find a report text and complete it with its characteristic. conga e. Present the report in front of the class. Follow-up Activity Make a report about something unique that happens around you. main idea. harp b. 2007 The Names of the Instruments a. supporting idea and concluding idea. electric guitar f. tambourine Classify each instrument according to their groups based on the information from the text. triangle c.7 8 Source: Kamus Visual. drum h. Compare your report to your friends’ reports.
He couldn’t help telling the truth.. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. .. or human matters.. information. . Grammar: Gerunds Examples .. environment.. and its classiÀcation.You can be sure about . answer the following questions. Chinese culture played a truly signiÀcant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter..I could say . . just the way it is.. . 3. Genre of text: Report ʇ Social function: To report something. 1. Buddhist or Muslim inÁuences.Working for that lady is a pleasure.Learning Essential • Language Function ʇ Showing hesitation . What do you say to state hesitation? What do you say to response hesitation? Can you mention the steps for reporting something? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.I'm a hundred percent certain . social matters.Description of the subject. 2. The subject includes natural things. Description of a general classiÀcation.General classiÀcation which includes the report’s subject. ʇ Responding to hesitation . 48 English in Focus for Grade IX . ʇ Generic structure: ..There's some doubt in my mind that/about .
Chapter 3 Be Creative! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text Listening to expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration Listening to short functional text in the form of poster Source: www.slbn3yogja.n et Speaking • • Showing attention and expressions of admiration Telling monologue in the form of procedural text Reading • Identifying characteristics of procedural text Writing • • Composing a procedural text Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster 49 .
Finally. Thanks for the explanation. you hang up the phone. 50 English in Focus for Grade IX . : Then. : 4 . get the meanings of a monologue in the form of procedural text. get the meanings from a poster. After learning the lesson in this section. Dial the service number. : 1 . : And then. respond to expressions of showing attention and admiration. Then. 4. pick up the phone. 2 . state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. state your destination to the operator. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before you listen to the tape. Then. Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. 2.Listening In this section. understand the expressions of attention and admiration. First. 3. state your name and address to the operator. 1. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? : Of course I do. Àll in the blanks with the correct words/phrases. answer the following questions Àrst. listen to short functional text in the form of poster. : 3 . you will learn how to: • • • • • • listen to monologue in the form of procedural text. Have you ever made something by yourself? Have you ever followed a procedure to make something? What are the things you have made by following some procedures ? Have you ever been asked by your friend about the way to do or to make something? Practice 2 While listening to the tape.
answer the following questions. 2. 3. Then. Gun. Then. ! Dona : Practice 4 Answer the following questions. Source: www. What is Gun doing? Does Dona surprise? What does she say to express her admiration? Can you mention two materials needed to make a windmill like Gun’s? Practice 5 Listen to the procedure from the tape carefully. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. Then. Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Gun : See. now it is Ànished.recipezaar. Àll in the missing expressions. Dona : Hey. Then. 1. Dona : . I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre.com Be Creative! 51 . 4. ! Gun : After that.Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. Dona : . ! How did you do that? Dona : Wow. Ah.
Sir/Ma’am. 3. 2. Source: www. etc) Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) 52 English in Focus for Grade IX . that’s really brilliant. • If I may say. 3.. Discuss it with your friends. Sir/Ma’am. • Tell me more. What do you say to show that you are paying attention to someone? What do you say to show that you admire something? Could you give examples for both expressions? Speech Act Expressions to show attention • Oh. • Really? • Has it? Does it? Expressions to show admiration • Wow. What is a suitable title for the text you’ve heard? Can you mention two materials you will need to make them? Can you mention one of the steps? Practice 6 Listen to a dialogue about how to make sweet buns. Then.1. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book.. lovely! • That’s really fantastic. • Well . Informal (If you want to say it to older people or a stranger you can add could you please tell me more.rasamalaysia. I see.com Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. that’s marvellous! • TerriÀc! • How can you do that? • Oh. 2. 1.
” “Oh I see. Care to taste this?” “What is it? It looks so delicious. strong ropes. I saw the recipe in my mom’s magazine. Then. . tie the sticks together and make the frame for the house. No. Angga. oh. Next. Be Creative! 53 . he does. woods. cookies Angga’s expression to show his admiration is a. c. it looks so delicious! Angga’s expression to show his attention is a. After that. Now the house is ready. I see. I call this fruit kebab. b. b. oh. .” “Well. a. c. Riana has made a . 4. Do you know how to make an Amazon hut? With the help of three or four people. Yes. First of all. what’s that? b. “Hi. prepare palm leaves. choose a. Not really. 2. saw. I see. 1. Riana has made some fruit kebabs. c. choose the place for the house. Practice 10 Now listen to your teacher reading the following monologue. snack c. juice b. we can make an Amazon hut.” “Great!” Of course I’ll taste it” Practice 9 Now. She wants Angga to taste them. or c for the right answer based on the monologue. How do you make them?” “It’s easy. b. it looks so delicious. great! Does Angga want to taste fruit kebab? a.Practice 8 Listen to the following monologue read by your teacher. 3. Put palm leaves on top for the roof. cut woods into large sticks to make frame for the house.
com Practice 13 Answer the following questions. You must have a name.Àgurethings. What does the poster tell you about? What is the meaning of costume party? What is the meaning of the character or weapon must be unique? 54 English in Focus for Grade IX . For 4 details 5 us Hana 09992434 Riko 09997326 Email Àgureparty@www. You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the OutÀt. Practice 12 Listen to the complete poster from the tape. 2. 1.Practice 11 Listen to some questions from the tape. 4. Your or weapon must be unique. 3. 2. and Go Out for Party! Source: CD Image Conditions: character outÀt must be original. Then complete the missing phrases. 3. 1. You must have a .
place the cheese slices on a piece of bread. take two slices of bread. you will learn how to: • • respond to the speech acts. Put a slice of butter on each slice. and then? Vita : After that. put the other piece of bread on top. Vita : I brought some sandwiches. Nely : Really? Tell me how to make them. • do a monologue in the form of procedural text. Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the dialogue in Practice 2. such as showing attention and admiral expression. Who brought sandwiches? Does Nely take the sandwich? Did Vita make them by herself or did she buy them? What do you call the italicised phrases in the dialogue? What are the ingredients for a sandwich? Be Creative! 55 .Speaking In this section. Nely : Uh. First.. 1. (Nely takes the sandwich) It’s very delicious. Vita : OK. Finally. Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Nely) Nely : Thank you. Have you ever seen or read a procedure? Where did you Ànd it? Did you follow the procedure step by step? Practice 2 Role Play Act out the following dialogue. 2. Then cut some cheese into slices.. 4. 3. 5. After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: • use speech acts of showing attention and admiral expression. Vita : I made them by myself. Fantastic taste. respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. 3. 2. uh. 1.
Class Project Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make Flick Book. Listen to her/him carefully and follow her/him instructions.
Preparation of how to make Flick Book. You will need: • White paper • Colours • Pencil • Stapler How to Make Flick Book 1. Take a white paper and draw a background picture on it. Trace this picture on atleast 12 papers of some size. On each drawing leave a margin down one side. Draw a ball high in the sky on the Àrst page. Draw it a bit lower on the second page. repeat it until the ball falls on the ground. assemble the papers together and staple them with the stapler along with one side of the margin.
Hold your Áick book by the margin and see the ball going down as you shuffle the pages.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
Choose the correct expression to Àll in the blank. Wulan : you can do the test well. Renny : Thank you. Wish me luck. a. I hope b. I doubt c. I'm curious d. I'm not sure
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Read the following dialogue carefully.
Mita Sarah Mita Sarah : : : : Hi, Sarah. What are you doing? I’m making milk shake. What are the ingredients to make it? You need 1 pint of milk, ice-cream, Áavouring, a jug, a tablespoon, a whisk, glasses and straws. Oh, I see. Tell me how to make it. First, put four tablespoons of ice-cream into a jug and pour on the milk. Add the Áavouring and whisk well. Pour into glasses. That’s all. Can I get some? Yes please. Oh, It’s terriÀc! Very delicious!
Mita : Sarah : Mita : Sarah : Mita :
Work in pairs. Make a dialogue similar to the dialogue in Practice 5. Then practise it.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. milk shake ingredients procedure jug Áavour whisk terriÀc delicious : : : : : : : : /mɪlk ʃeɪk/ /ɪnˈɡri:dɪənts/ /prəˈsi:dʒə[r]/ /dʒʌɡ/ /ˈfleɪvə[r]/ /wɪsk/ /təˈrɪfɪk/ /dɪˈliʃəs/
In this section, you will learn how to: • identify the characteristics of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to: • understand a procedural text.
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then, match each picture with the instructions.
BeneÀcial Magnets You will need: • A bowl • Clean, dry sand • A drinking straw • Green paper • Sticky tape • Cardboard • Iron or steel bolt • A magnet 1. Fill the bowl with sand to make a desert island.
English in Focus for Grade IX
2005 4. Example: For Àve minutes. such as then and while.2. 5. two centimeters from the top. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. Use action verbs. 2005 Note • • • • Characteristics of Procedural Text Use imperative sentences. Find the treasure from the sand with the help of magnet. Now put an iron or steel bolt in it. published from 1731 to 1914. cut. At Àrst. this magazine collected true stories or articles from books. Example: Cut the paper. mix and put. Bury the treasure firmly near the surface in the sand. Connector to show chronology. Later it published new stories. One of the Àrst magazines in England was The Gentleman’s Magazine. such as turn. 3. Be Creative! 59 . Now make a tree using a drinking straw and paste some green paper leaves with sticky tape and plant it on your island. Adverbials to show when or how. New Horizon To make a treasure chest cut the cardboard in a shape of box.
outward appearance thin tube through which liquid is sucked up like or covered with glue Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. f. What is a drinking straw for? Why must we put an iron inside the cardboard? What is the clean. dry sand for? Where should we put the cardboard? Practice 4 Read the following text carefully.com 60 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. 1. g. 3. B piece of iron or steel that attracts other metal object outer form or outline. state (mass of) Àne grains of crushed rock (store of) very valuable object or person fairly hard. condition. c. 5. 6. 7. Use your dictionary if necessary. 1. e. b.Practice 2 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 8. 2. A treasure straw shape Àrm magnet sticky sand surface a. 4. steady or stable the outside or topside of any object. 3. h.parkseed. d. Germinating Petunia Seeds Source: www. 2. No.
Use the correct lifting and moving techniques. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds are germinating. Taken from: www. Place seed tray in warm. the italicised words above are called imperatives. . 6. Incorporate fertiliser into soil. It is one of the three moods of an English verb. 7.You will need: • a packet of petunia seeds • a seed tray or small pots • loamy friable soil or potting mix • water • fertiliser. Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil. Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil. 4. imperative. Imperatives should be used carefully in English. Imperatives are verbs used to give orders. Fill seed tray with soil. . Press Àrmly. . Be Creative! 61 . to give Àrm orders or commands. poor posture puts a strain on your lower back.Don’t slouch.Keep a positive attitude about your school and home life. 5. Spray water to moisten the seed bed. but not as much when trying to be polite or show respect to the other person. .Maintain your proper body weight to avoid straining your back muscles.au Practice 5 Enrich Your Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice 4 and mention its features such as action verb. commands and instructions. 2.14 days. Then seeds will germinate in approximately 10 . Knowledge Another Form of a Procedural Text Read the following text aloud How to Prevent Back Pain .impc. sunny position (at least 25 degree C).edu.Exercise regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong and Áexible. 3. The term used is usually the same as the base form. Steps 1. Imperatives Meanwhile. connector and adverbial.
“Where you (be)? We were looking for you everywhere. Writing In this section. He/she/it has slept. 2. (has in the third person singular) I have slept. After learning the lesson in this section. 4. make poster. 5.Large glass jar 62 English in Focus for Grade IX . Look at this magazine. Practice 1 Read the following procedure carefully. We (not subscribe) Tempo for years. “All my money (steal)!” he said. Mrs Laluna (give) us her special edition Dolly magazine’s. Practice 6 Put the verbs in the brackets into present perfect tense. Make an Underwater Volcano You will need : .Red food colouring . you will learn how to: • • compose a procedural text. They have slept. We have slept.String .Hot and cold water . You have slept. you are expected to be able to: • write a procedural text.Scissors .Small bottle . You have slept.G r a m m a r Stage Pattern: Examples: The Present Perfect Tense Subject + have / has + past participle of the main verb. • make and get meaning from poster.Paint brush . this is a picture of your. 3. I (read) this newspaper for an hour. 1.
2. Add food colouring to turn the water bright red.1. 3. Pour cold water into the large glass jar until it is about threequarters full. Be Creative! 63 . Cut a long piece of string. Fill the bottle with hot water. Tie one end Àrmly around the neck of the bottle. Tie the other end of the piece of string around the neck of the bottle to make a loop. 4.
5. 3. Can you mention the purpose of the experiment? What materials do we need to do the experiment? How many procedures that we can Ànd? Please explain. 2006 Practice 2 Do the following exercise. 6. 4. Lower it gently into the jar of cold water. 64 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1. The hot red water rises from the bottle like smoke from an erupting volcano. 5. What is the conclusion of the experiment? How many imperatives are there? Mention it. 2. Taken from: 101 Great Science Experiments. Hold the bottle by the loop of string.
method of scoring and the number of players. 3. Cut the meat into small cubes. onions and green peppers into quarters.Practice 3 Read the following information carefully. • ScientiÀc experiments usually include the tools. 4. procedure. Practice 4 Arrange the jumbled instruction below into the correct order by adding some connectives. A procedural text has a format: • Recipes usually have the information presented in at least two basic groups: ingredients and method. • Games instructions usually include instructions on how to play. Chop up the tomatoes. 1 2 3 4 Be Creative! 65 . 1. Practice 5 Rearrange the following pictures into the correct order based on the instruction in Practice 4. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. equipment that you need. observations and conclusion. purpose of the experiment. rules of the game. 2. Cover them with berbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes.
2008 Practice 7 In groups of three. you can click www. connectors. 2. Steps of your procedure. tell the class what you have created. (Those include imperative sentence. materials and subjects. The form of the procedural text. Some clues below will help you.Practice 6 Log On Do you like doing an experiment? For ideas. Use your dictionary. (games.) 66 English in Focus for Grade IX .com Study the following pictures carefully. scienceproject. Then. 1 2 3 4 5 Source: Hands on Science.com or www.all-science-fairprojects. 3. Compare with other groups. action verbs. adverbial phrases. help. Then. 1. make a procedural text. try to make some instructions. Nature. recipes. scientiÀc experiment or user guide/manual) Materials/ingredients that you need.
Be Creative! 67 . 4. 3. What do you think the most suitable title for the movie? Is it a horror. popcorn and mineral water. You’ll see that you can sellyour stuff easily. Just include it out with bright colours and big photos of your stuff. Coming Soon! Source: CD Image Don’t Miss it! Watch it in Cute Cinema Get free tickets. 5. You don’t have to be too fancy. 6. comedy or drama movie? Where will the movie be played? What will you get from watching the movie? When will the movie be played? What is the meaning of scream out loud? Follow-up Activity Have you ever tried to advertise your stuff by poster? Why don’t you start to do it now? If you have some stuff that you’re going to sell. Premiere Sunday.Practice 8 Study the following poster then answer the questions. 2. advertise it with an attractive poster. 2 March 2008 Scream Out Loud!! 1.
. answer the following questions. ʇ Generic structure: . 3.. that's marvellous! . • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. 1.The frame .Materials . 2. 3.Oh. nail all the pieces together.Steps .Goal ... 68 English in Focus for Grade IX . The theme is free.TerriÀc! Genre of text: Procedure ʇ Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. She has written Àve novels in a month.The covering 1. and draw around it in pencil. I see. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to say if you admire something? What will you say to express your attention? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.Wow. First of all. add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting box. Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense Examples: We have run for two kilometres.Practice 9 Make your own poster. After that. 2.Tell me more ʇ Expressions of admiration . Next. Learning Essential • Language Function ʇ Expressions to show attention . Place the box in the middle of the rear board. Take great care with the hammer.
certainty c. 10. b. Come on go as soon as they have Ànished. Let she b. razor d. a. scissor b. Hello. b. a. agreement d. 5. c or d. Excuse me. scissors c. Let me d. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours You will need: • • white stickers • • silver glitter • non-toxic glue • • sticky tack • Adapted from How Does It Work. Can you say it again? I can’t hear you. a. b. torch 2. Excuse me. felt-tip pen d. agreement b. But I can’t hear you. repetition d. I’m really sorry to hear that. hesitation have a look! a. listen to some expressions and choose your response. The italicised sentence shows . I can’t hear you. b. a. This helps drivers to see them clearly. 8. a. 9. you look awesome with that jacket! Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : DeÀnitely. uncertainty c. 11. pens b. a torch c. a bright torch b. a. I’m not really sure but. Wow! b. Let she b. Excuse me? a. giving interesting news Donita : Hello. b. Let us c. a.Exercise of Chapters 1–3 Listen to your teacher carefully. a. a. Hello. certainty b. Can I c. 7. razors 3. sheet b. Text 1 Bright Colours Police ofÀcers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traffic. You will need 1. a. May I d. 13. tip pens c. Wow. Let me b. can I speak to Lisa? Lisa’s mother : Sorry. bright d. I have no doubt about it. a sheet c. The italicised word shows . Come on c. a. Let he 69 . Wow. I think you should see a doctor soon. a sheet of black paper 4. black paper d. Let us d. felt-tip pens 12. especially when it is dark. Because my parents asked me to go with them. The signal is low. I’ll do my best. Questions 1 to 15 are based on Text 1. 14. Give your best try. Let them have a drink! a. As long as you keep studying. Then Àll in the blanks by choosing a. 2001 6. 15. you look cool! b. a. I have no doubt about it. For numbers 5 to 10.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 2.
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
16. What did the puppets use for centuries in Indonesia? a. Used to tell the stories of the ancient epics and myths. b Used to tell the stories of ancient art. c. Used to form a local art. d. Used to tell the characters of Indonesian people. 17. What are the famous tales of puppets in Indonesia? a. Wayang kulit and wayang golek. b Wayang klitik and wayang orang. c. Ramayana and Mahabrata. d. Malin Kundang and Timun Mas. 18. What is wayang kulit also called? a. Wayang golek. b. Shadow puppet. c. Skin puppet. d. Wooden puppet. 19. Who are enjoying to collect characters of Indonesian puppets? a. Some tourists. b. Some rich people. c. Some elders. d. Some expatriats. 20. What can we found in traditional puppet forms? a. Nature, animals, people. b. Nature, kingdom, people. c. Animals, people, demons. d. Demons, nature, animals.
Puppets Puppets have been used for centuries in Indonesia to tell the stories of the ancient epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabarata, as well as ancient myths. Modern stories also utilize this ancient art form for contemporary audiences. Puppets fall into two major classifications, wayang kulitthe leather or shadow puppet of Central Java, and wayang golek -wooden puppets of West Java. There are several varieties of wooden puppets. Some expatriats enjoy collecting the same character by various artisans, or all the characters in a scene or story, or just characters that strike their fancy. Good guys, bad guys, gods, demons, nobles, giants, clowns, princes and princesses and monkeys, all can be found in traditional puppet forms. Less commonly seen are the Wayang Klitik, a Áat wooden puppet.
Taken from www.indonesianart.blogspot.com
Questions 21 to 30 are based on Text 3.
Text 3 kettledrums
English in Focus for Grade IX
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
21. Which one of the following musical instruments is not a percussion? a. Bell. c. Harmonica. b. Gong. d. Cymbal. 22. What does percussion mean? a. Pressing. c. Twanging. b. Striking. d. Blowing. 23. Bell is a hollow, metal vessel, usually , which makes a ringing sound when struck with a hammer. a. rectangular b. Áat like a Áoor c. round like a ball d. round like a cup 24. What is a gong? It’s a saucer-shaped bell made of metal, struck to give a . a. signal c. warning b. mark d. message 25. How are percussion instruments in Eastern orchestras? They are . a. numerous b. not numerous c. quite numerous d. not very numerous 26. What kind of percussion instruments are always played in Western symphony orchestra? a. Bongo drums. b. Triangle. c. Glockenspiel. d. Kettledrums. 27. Cymbals are brass plates. What is brass? a. Plates that are clashed. b. Plates that are clashed or jangled. c. Plates that is jangled. d. Plates that are clashed or jangled together. 28. Timpani when struck can give a soft or loud tone. Why? Because it depends on what tone the player . a. plans c. needs b. wishes d. decides
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
Percussion Instruments Percussion means striking. All percussion instruments make musical sounds when struck by the hands, by the Àngers, or by some suitable implement. Bells and gongs, bars of wood or metal, and even bowls and thin stones make Àne percussion instruments. The orchestras of Eastern people sometimes have a wonderful variety of these and other kinds of percussion instruments, including drums of every size and shape. But in Western symphony orchestra percussion instruments are not very numerous. The bowl-shaped kettledrums, or timpani, are .almost always present. They give a clear, deÀnite note and a sonorous tone that can be as soft or as loud as the player wishes. Other types of drums may also be used. Cymbals are brass plates that are clashed or jangled together. The triangle is a metal rod left open at the corner. The xylophone is a row of wooden bars. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. It is often played by a keyboard, called a celesta. Only the kettledrums are regular percussion sections of the orchestra in Western music.
Adapted from The Instruments of Music
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
29. Give a clear, deÀnite note and sonorous tone. Sonorous means giving a full, rich, loud sound. What part of speech is sonorous? a. Adjective. c. Verb. b. Adverb. d. Noun. 30. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. The Indonesian equivalent of the English word enchanting is . (Which option is wrong?) a. memesonakan b. memikat c. mengusik d. menawan hati
Glue the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks. 2
Questions 31 to 40 are based on Text 4.
Text 4 Electric Fan Electronic motors can make things move. A washing machine, for example, has a powerful electric motor to move the washing around. Why not set up a circuit with an electric motor that drives an electric fan to keep you cool? To make an electric fan, you will need: • a small electric motor • a battery • 2 small blocks of wood • 3 wires • a thick block of wood • a plastic propeller • a large, metal paper clip • 2 metal drawing pin • glue • sticky tape 1
Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. 3
Connect two wires to the motor. Make a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. 4
English in Focus for Grade IX
a battery. 36. glue. Cut it. a lighter. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Go to the bathroom. 35. b. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. 212 wires 38. c. b. Sticky tape. Which one is glued to one of the small blocks? a. 37. What do you have to do to get the motor glued to the top of the thick block? a. 3 wires. d. Exercise of Chapters 1-3 73 . Wire from the paperclip. b. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. Connect the battery and switch. To start a fan. 32. 31. d. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. c. tires. What should you do after you have glued the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks? a. c. Connect two wires to the motor. d. To make an electric fan. 3 wires d. 3 wires. Belt. What must you do with the wires? a. Pillow. b. 2001 Choose either a. Glue it to the scissors. d. c. Eat some food. Two stones. Glue it. Connect two wires to the motor. b. c. What should you do before making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood? a. After making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. glue. sticky tape . Which wire is connected to the battery? a. rice. Push it. tape. Wire from the motor. Connect it. Scissors. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Tape it with the motor. d. b. turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. Wire from the block of wood. d. d. Let it Áow. What is the purpose of the experiment? a. Wire from your friend. b. 33. d. Connect it to the motor. What things do we need to do the experiment? a. The thick block . Turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. b. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. c. To compose a letter. How many wires are needed for the experiment? a. 34. c. d. 40. To make an electric fan. 39. or d for the correct answer. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. c.4. Taken from How Does It Work?. Cut it into pieces. To make a battery. what must you do? a. 10 wires c. c. 111 wires b. b. b. c.
What is a report text? 9. Compose a dialogue containing the expressions of showing certainty and hesitation. Can you mention the character of a report text? Do the following instruction.Now. 3. Compose a dialogue using expressions of asking repetition and showing attention. Write the steps of how to make a procedural text. 10. 8. 6. 4. Change the sentences below into the present perfect tense. Make a paragraph that tells a report text. He (lose) his books. You ever (see) a possum? 74 English in Focus for Grade IX . 5. Answer the following questions. 7. Compose a dialogue containing an expression of admiration. They (not work) together again since they quarrelled. 2. do the following instructions. 1.
leeds.u k Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary Speaking • • Telling interesting news or information Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form Reading • • Reading texts in narrative form Identifying the structure of narrative text Writing • • Writing narrative texts Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story 75 .Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Source:www.ac.german.
In this section, you will learn how to: • • • • listen to someone giving interesting news or information; listen to monologue discourse in the narrative form. understand expressions for responding to interesting news or information; get meanings from monologue discourse in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
Answer the following questions.
1. 2. 3. Do you know the story of Malin Kundang or Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih? What other stories do you know? What is your favorite story? Tell it to your friends brieÁy.
Stories around us • Si Pungguk • The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu • The Legend of Lake Toba • The Legend of Mountain and Lake Batur • The Legend of Separapat Island
Study the following short dialogue carefully and pay attention to the expression for giving interesting news and its response.
Guess what! I've read Stories from around the World.
Hahahah, there are many funny stories inside, aren’t there? It’s deÀnitely a good story book.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, listen to the tape carefully. Then, Àll in the missing phrases/sentences you have heard.
! I’ve already read the story of Laskar Pelangi.
Tell me more about it, then.
I when I read the story of a Lovely, Lovely Mud.
Oh, really? I thought that was a sad story.
Expressions to tell interesting news • Guess what! • Surprise! • Funnily enough… • Normally, ... • Believe it or not, ...
Role play Now, with your partner, act out the complete dialogues in Practice 3 in front of the class.
It’s a Great Story
Practice 5 Practice 6
Try to make a short dialogue with your partner using the expressions in Practice 3. Then, act it out. Listen to the dialogue from the tape carefully. Then, arrange the expressions in italics into the correct order.
Loki Tari Loki Tari : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing? : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. ssgue thwa, this is the second time I’m reading it. : Well, what’s so special? Tell me more. : This story is about powerful love. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan, although they were in love with each other, Purnama Bulan already had a Àance. One day, Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. When Pungguk walked, Purnama Bulan’s Àance noticed the veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his sword, he killed Pungguk. elvebile ti ro ton, from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms, it changed into living creatures, birds. Those birds were called Pungguk, they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. rsrpisiupngyl, they called“Pungguk! Pungguk!”. : What an interesting story! Well, unfortunately, it ended sadly.
Pronounce the following words taken from the text after your teacher.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. 9. princess although Àance veil sword creature highest branch : : : : : : : : /prɪnˈses/ /ɔ:lˈðəʊ/ /fɪˈɒnseɪ/ /veɪl/ /sɔ:d/ /ˈkrɪ:tʃə/ /haɪɪst/ /bra:ntʃ/
English in Focus for Grade IX
Look at the pictures and answer the questions.
Source: www.grasindo.co.id, www.melayuonline.com
1. 2. 3.
Do you know about the pictures above? If so, explain them. Which kind of story do you prefer to read? A legend, a fable or a fairy tale? Do you have a favorite story? What is it?
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. While listening, choose a, b, or c for the correct answer based on the story.
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
It’s a Great Story
b.1. regret What did the dog do in the bank of the river? a. pleased c. b. • Give some highlights to every important sequence in the story. ReÁection of himself. Yes. Did the dog realise it? a. What is meant by "so was left with nothing"? a. c. 3. Another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Practice 10 Read the following explanation carefully. 6. 5. c. Check this out. 4. c. The dog got nothing. 2. Full with meat in his stomach. No. he did. he did. A reÁection of another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. c. b. What was the other dog in the river? a. Yes. b. • About Retelling Story Have you ever retold a story you have heard to someone else? Or maybe someone told you an interesting story? Can you remember the most pleasing part of the story you have heard or retold? Actually. b. The dog looked down into the river water. he didn’t. c. The dog was very after he stole a big piece of meat. but he ignored it. Full with hunger. The dog stayed hungry. Full of greed. 80 English in Focus for Grade IX . displeased b. Stepping stone to retell the story • Read carefully all parts of the story. The dog left the river. The dog saw another dog. you can also make your own interesting story by how you retell it to someone else. a. What is meant by "when he was full"? a. The dog ran off.
• Enrich your vocabulary with some meaningful words/phrases (e. Surprisingly. (Say it Àrst with low intonation then high. So the Sea go along. • Give some stressed intonations to the parts of story. 1990 It’s a Great Story 81 . so that the Sun and the Moon have to climb up to the roof because they do not want to be drowned. telling interesting news: surprisingly.). the Sun and the Moon are a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea.) – And the lion jumped to catch the deer.) • Don’t forget to pay attention to your audience. especially in the word “jumped”. with the Àsh and all the members of his family. Check their facial expressions. where they have remain ever since. luckily enough. funnily enough. they invite the Sea to visit them. One day. Examples : – Can you guess what happened next? (Say it in a mysterious and deep voice. Then correct some usages of the verb tense mistakes in the following story. do they seem to understand? Are they bored or excited with your story? Practice 11 Listen to the text from the tape carefully. Adapted from 366 and More Fairy Tales. the water begin to rise. then they climbed up into the sky. etc. 1990 A long time ago.g. Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales.
stayed Practice 13 Practice 14 Listen to the tape about Thalia’s diary. the water began to rise. asked for Answer b. us. choose the synonym from the italics taken from the text in Practice 11.Practice 12 Now. He 6 for a money to buy some food. He said thanks and went away. poor boy came out from the bush. And were great friends of the Sea. the library together. some one was 3 some noises behind the bush. We were very afraid that we 4 we were 5 by a pick pocket or a freak. neglected for b. started 5. 2. seemed b. Example: 1. a. continued b. 82 English in Focus for Grade IX . Santi and I 1 going to the town . complete the Thalia’s diary and listen again to the tape. a. But then. he was just a 7 kid. Gosh. They invited the Sea. So. That was a very 8 experience. a. Dear diary. big/huge friends b. stayed b. Now. We heard Near the park. We went 2 weather was ﬁne. we gave him some money. In addition. a. Surprisingly. Where they have remained ever since. a. nice/close friends 4. Last Sunday. A married couple who lived. conquered 3. a dirty.
• Excellent! • How great! • Wow. 1. use the expressions for giving interesting news or information. express monologue in the narrative form. After learning the lesson in this section. • This is the most marvelous news I’ve ever read. classify each of the words you have heard in your exercise book. /ɔ:/.Practice 15 Listen to your teacher when she/he is reading the following words. do monologue discourse in the narrative form. Speech Act Responding to interesting news or information • You know what? This story is really interesting. I can’t believe it. you will learn how to: • • • • give interesting news or information. Sir/ Ma’am. /ɔ:/: o (long). Pay attention to the sound of vowels /ɒ/. /ʊ/. • I believed that news is really interest you much. /ʊ/: u Words to look for on /ɒ/ /ɔ:/ /ʊ/ Speaking In this section. 2. You pronounce /ɒ/: o. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Then. Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) It’s a Great Story 83 . Sir?Ma’am. What will you say to give an interesting news or information? How do you respond to someone who gives you interesting news or information? Practice 2 Study the following expressions carefully.
Hurricane Katrina has hit Florida. Two Indonesian novelists have been awarded the Nobel prize for literature. So. that the factory outlets are cool. not only the factory outlets are cool you know! The food is also outstanding. I’ll do shopping then. 5. : I can’t wait! : Practice 5 Tell your friends about the interesting news or information based on the following topics. Yeah. causing widespread damage. Practice 6 Make your own dialogue using the expressions of giving interesting news or information with their responses. 84 English in Focus for Grade IX .000. 2. an 18-year old student won the world’ chess tournament. A priceless painting was stolen from Madrid Art Gallery. : but. There will be a library near our home. 2. 3.00 promotion. 4. Let’s go to Flynn Fried Chicken! They have an all you can eat for Rp10. Practice 4 Complete the missing words with the expressions of giving and responding to interesting news or information. Last week. Surya got Àrst place in the World Environment Speech Competition. it’s so exciting. Have you ever tried to ride on the Tornado? Gosh. 1.Practice 3 Respond to the following statements orally. we don’t have to go down town anymore. A dangerous prisoner was recaptured by police. 3. Now. 6. Then practise with your partner. A cruise ship sank near Sumatra. you can watch TV from your cellular phone. Lena Raka Lena Reka that our school will have a study tour to Bandung next month? : ! Bandung is one of my favorite cities. 5. 4. 1.
3.Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. 2002 It’s a Great Story 85 . Collin collected a crumb. 2002 Collin Caterpillar and Sylvia Snail were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning. a pen nib. “But I know a way to change all that!” said Sylvia wisely. “It’s huge. Sylvia brought back a drawing pin. how small these things are. “Look! You’re almost a giant Collin!” said Sylvia.” chuckled Collin. So the two of them spent the rest of that morning collecting the tiniest things they could Ànd. Do you like listening to a story? What kind of story do you like? What do you like most when you tell the story to the people around you? Practice 8 Read the story aloud. Collin Thinks Big Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. a peanut. who thought a lot about such things inside her mind. it’s enormous” agreed Sylvia. a shell and a petal. “and look how big I am!” Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. a pea. “It makes me feel so very small. a pin and a needle. a paper clip. 2. Soon he had found a feather. “Isn’t the world big?” remarked Collin as he gazed around. 1. “Funnily enough. a button and a berry.” Collin said.
e. d. k. What did Collin and Sylvia do one sunny morning? What did Collin say? What did Sylvia agree to? How did they spend the rest of that morning? What did Collin collect? What did Sylvia bring? And what did they say at last? Practice 10 Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B. Some questions will help you. 8. i. nuts. A crawling remark gaze enormous wise crumb pea shell petal pen nib needle a. 11. greatly Practice 11 Now. g. h.Practice 9 Answer the following questions based on the story in Practice 8. bread) move slowly along the ground or on the hands and knees having good judgement round green vegetable say or write something especially as a comment hard outer. and some animals look long and steadily very large. 4. 2. 7. B coloured leaf. used in sewing metal point of a pen very small pieces of dry food (eg. covering of eggs. 3. Role play With your friend. retell the story in Practice 8 in your own words. Then compare your sentences with your friend’s and say them aloud. 1. Practice 12 86 English in Focus for Grade IX . No. 4. 5. 10. b. like division of a Áower small pointed piece of steel. f. 2. 3. 1. j. c. 6. try to make sentences from the words in Practice 10 (choose three words only from column A). 7. 5. 9. 6.
develop your own story and share it to the class. pronunciation and pause. you will learn how to: • • • • read narrative text with correct punctuation. 3. 5. 4. 1. Who were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning? What did Collin and Sylvia talk about? What did they do then? Could you mention some things that were collected by Collin? What about Sylvia? Practice 13 With your friend. 3. What a big plane it is! c. 2005 Reading In this section. identify the structure of narrative text. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions. identify the structure of narrative text.1. read narrative text correctly. After learning the lesson in this section. a. Do you know a story from your city/town? Could you mention other stories from Indonesia? What is your favorite one? Could you give a short explanation about them? It’s a Great Story 87 . Dona : Look! Mother : Yes. Dona : Will it take us to Bali? Mother : I think so. How nice it is! b. What a horrible plane! Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. 2. 4. that’s right. 2. UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to Àll in the blank. Father told me that it was also comfortable. How expensive it is! d.
Milne (1882 . 4.A. Milne also wrote two books of children’s poems. Pay attention to the pronunciation. 1. Winnie the Pooh is one of the most beloved characters from A. plays. f. No. 8. g. long ago. 5. was a wise man. 2006 Long. 2. punctuation and pauses. Milne’s Childen’s Stories. and short stories for grown-ups. 88 English in Focus for Grade IX . h. B The Strange Porridge The Frog The Bitter Tongue The Wonderful Dog How the Parakeet King Regained His Freedom How Lake Toba Came into Existence Gold Cucumber Leafy Stone Practice 3 New Your teacher will guide you to read aloud the text below. who was famous for her beauty but she was not married. 7.A. as well as novels.Practice 2 Before you read the text. He had an only daughter. b. match each Indonesian story title in column A with its English translation in column B. called Princess Teja Nirmala. named Sang Prabu. The Legend of Mount Wayang Horizon A. These stories were based on Milne’s son. e. One day Sang Prabu made up his mind to settle the matter by a show of strength. The King. there was a small kingdom on the slope of Mount Wayang in West Java. when the gods and goddesses used to mingle in the affairs of mortals. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.1956) was an English author. Christopher Robin. 3. c. A Si Pahit Lidah Kembalinya Kebebasan Raja Parakeet Asal Usul Danau Toba Bubur yang Aneh Sang Katak Anjing yang Hebat Batu Badaon Timun Mas a. and his stuffed animals. 6. d.
4. No. 2. 1. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. The story goes that on certain moonlight nights. c. i. B mix subject. 8. d. named Raden Begawan had won the competition. It indicates that Sang Prabu and his daughter have not met each other till dawn when it is time for them to part and to meet again on another moonlight night. h. 9. So a nice fairy took her to the Kahyangan. When Sang Prabu was searching. she was very sad. b. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. Prince of Blambangan. so she killed Raden Begawan. j. Princess Segara fell in love with Raden Begawan and used magic power to render him unconscious and he forgot his wedding. Raden Begawan saw him and soon realised that he had been enchanted by the wicked fairy. g. k. 5. 10. Unfortunately. 7. e. important things must die.After that. The fairy could not accept this. human being make permanent/ make something permanently not conscious disappear suddenly morally bad matters of interest placed under a magic spell imaginary creature with magical powers Àrst light of day It’s a Great Story 89 . When Princess Teja Nirmala heard this. 6. 1999 Practice 4 In pairs. 3. f. the wicked fairy. mingle mortals affairs settle matter fairy unconscious wicked enchanted dawn A a. one can hear the sound of music in the air above from the top of the mountain.
Sang Prabu. Her father’s name. 7. 5. His name was Opie. 4. Resolution Where the problems in the story is solved. 90 English in Focus for Grade IX . Compare your story with your friends’ stories. The beautiful princess from a small kingdom. 6. The wicked fairy. 3. Practice 6 Find as many pronouns in Practice 3 as you can. sad or horror. magazine. The prince of Blambangan. 8. newspaper or the internet. 2. Example: “He” in paragraph 1 refers to the King. Mantu had an elephant of his very own. 1.Practice 5 Find the paragraphs in Practice 3 that give you the following information. Her father’s idea to search for the right man to be her husband. Note Characteristics of a Narrative Text Orientation It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced. Example : Now. Follow-up Activity Find an interesting story from a story book. The story may be funny. The meeting of Sang Prabu and his daughter. The princess went to Kahyangan. The death of Raden Begawan. Then tell it to your class. Mention what they refer to and their paragraph number. Example : Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’s back and went home to the village. Complication Where the problems in the story developed. Example : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle where elephants helped the men with their work.
Then the water in the well rose higher and higher until at last it overÁowed and formed Lake Batur. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. One day he had eaten too much. Kbo Iwo was buried alive. DifÀculties arose when for the Àrst time the barns were almost empty and the new harvest was still a long way off. he destroyed all the houses and even all the temples. The limestone made the water inside the hole boiling. there lived on the island of Bali a giantlike creature named Kbo Iwo. and the villagers began to throw the limestone they had collected before into the hole. he fell asleep in the hole. The Legend of Lake Batur A long time ago. a destroyer as well as a creator. Pay attention to the punctuation. he began to dig a deep hole. The oldest man in the village gave a sign. 1999 It’s a Great Story 91 . In his hunger. but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men. So. It made the Balinese turn to rage. They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep well.Practice 7 Read the text carefully.This made Kbo Iwo wild with great anger. After they fed Kbo Iwo. and rebuild all the houses and temples he had destroyed. The people of Bali used to say that Kbo Iwo was everything. they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant by using his stupidity. pronunciation and pause. The mound of earth dug from the well by Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur. He was satisÀed with the meal.
line 9) 92 English in Focus for Grade IX . 6. 5. heap Practice 10 Find what the following pronouns refer to. rage 7. well 10. What was Kbo Iwo? What is meant by a destroyer as well as a creator? What made him satisÀed? What had caused Kbo Iwo’s anger? Why did the Balinese turn to rage? How did the Balinese oppose this powerful giant? What did they ask Kbo Iwo to do? How could he fall asleep in the hole? Where did the Balinese throw the limestone? What happened then? Practice 9 Find the meaning and the phonetic symbols of the following words and what parts of speech they belong to. line 1) he (paragraph 3. oppose 8. creature : makhluk (noun) 2. 6. Example: 1. 4. 1. 3. harvest 6. stupidity 9. 7. 8. 7. line 6) them (paragraph 3. barns 5. 9. 5. 2. 2. 10. destroyer : penghancur (noun) 3. line 6) it (paragraph 2. line 5) they (paragraph 2. line 6) this (paragraph 2. 1. 4. devour 4. line 4) it (paragraph 3. 3.Practice 8 Answer the following questions by looking through the text. he (paragraph 1.
you will learn how to: • • • • write a narrative text. Writing In this section. write a narrative text correctly. Adverbs that can follow: already and all adverbs that can be used with the past tense. Examples: • The news about the royal competition had also reached the prince of Blambangan. write a diary in the form of imaginary story. Have you ever written an imaginary story? Do you like writing stories? What kinds of stories do you like best? Have you ever shared your story to your friend or magazines via e-mail? It’s a Great Story 93 . After learning the lesson in this section. 3.G r a m m a r Stage The Past Perfect Tense Pattern: S + had + past participle (of the main verb) I You He She It We They had grown The past perfect tense shows action that happened in the past. • Sang Prabu saw that his only beloved daughter had vanished into the air. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. write a diary in the form of imaginary story correctly. 1. 4. 2.
She had to do all the house work. speciÀc characters) (end of the story’s conÁict) Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. What Is a Narrative Text? Purpose : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. the fairy godmother came and helped her to get to the ball. speciÀc characters • end of the story’s conÁict • coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story a. 1990 Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. Text structure is indicated by: • who. 94 English in Focus for Grade IX . Cinderella was sad. They treated her badly. The stepsisters went to the ball without her. action verbs) (linking words. They lived happily ever after. her stepsisters would not let her go. Cinderella The structure of the text is indicated by: (who. Fortunately. The prince fell in love with her and then married her. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. At the ball. Cinderella danced with the prince. where.Practice 2 Read the following information carefully. action verbs • linking words. The characteristic of the text is marked by conÁict and resolution. But. where. b.
2002 One sunny day. we’ll give them a fright for a change!”. and so they did. Practice 3 Log On Do you like to chat? Or maybe have a private community? If the answer is Yes. just click on www.. A blog provides you a free space to create a community.multiply. he forgot all about his magnifying glass. 2002 It’s a Great Story 95 . To help you create a blog. com Read the following story carefully. a very forgetful professor got down on a grassy bank and began to look at the insects through his magnifying glass. Furthermore. Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. What Hideous Creatures Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. The birds had never seen such hideous creatures.. “This is just the thing we need!” and they jumped for joy. then you should create a blog.Note What lessons do you get from the story? A patient and kind-hearted person will always find happiness. “When the birds Áy down to gobble us up. you can sell and advertise anything on your blog. so straight away all the insects gathered round. Now when the professor left for home. They took off squawking with fright and never Áew down again.
and as a complement in prepositional phrases. Ouucchh.. oh my God..Practice 4 Can you try identifying the structure of the text? Mention the linking words. D LOL Dany 96 English in Focus for Grade IX . She said that I was screaming and yelling aloud. Read the following explanation carefully. It was my mom.. object. Then.. Last night I met a monster. Thank God it was only a horrible dream. middle of nowhere. my body was 10 hard. Example: crafty mouse (a) The mouse (b) The crafty mouse is smart.. they were approaching me. Ànd noun phrases in the text and change them like the example given. their teeth 7 out in a way that made them seem to be smiling foolishly. they were very much like the 6 but their skin was more scaly.oh no! Oh God! Were they going to eat me? I never 9 that I must die young. A 1 monster. speciÀc characters.. Dear diary. I was 2 in a 3 place. complement of sentences. the end of the story’s conÁict and the moral values. It 4 like an island.I saw 5 reptiles. Practice 5 Practice 6 Complete the following blank spaces using the words in the box. she was calming me down. In their 8 steps.they were biting me and going to swallow me! But a 11 hand touched my head. (c) The crafty mouse in the corner (d) The crafty mouse that felt hungry • Now. Suddenly. They had heads a bit like young cows. Noun Phrase The noun phrase typically functions as subject.
met was damped saw 5. calm Practice 8 smart missed fast harsh Practice 9 Find the inÀnitive (V1) of the following words taken from the text. 8. identify the structure of the text. 1. strange 6. with your friend. meet 2. 6.shaking thought looked damped stuck horrible gentle slow amphibians strange some Practice 7 Now. The words in the box may help you. said It’s a Great Story 97 . touched 11. 3. Consult your dictionary if necessary. foolish 8. 7. 4. gentle familiar frown 7. 2. 1. were had made thought 9. looked 10. slow 5. smile agitated day 4. Find the antonyms of the following words taken from the text. night 3.
Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense Examples They had studied for six hours. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.linking words. 2. answer the following questions.DeÀnitely! Genre of text: Narrative ʇ Social function : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. action verbs ..end of the story’s conÁict .It's a great legend.who. where.You know what! This story is really interesting.Learning Essential • Language Function ʇ Giving interesting news or information .. . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher..I am certain/not certain. . ʇ Responding with certainty/uncertainty (convincing) . 1. ʇ Generic structure: . They treated her badly. speciÀc characters . She had to do all the house work. This characteristic of the text is marked by conÁict and resolution one. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to tell interesting news to your friend? What will you say when your friend gives you interesting news? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. 98 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. Amrizal had sleept for ten hours. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother.
Please Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner Listening to monologue in the form of a report text Source: www. Reading • • Reading report text Identifying another form of a report text Writing • • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic Writing and sending a letter 99 .com Speaking • • • Using polite expressions to show manner Performing a monologue in the form of a report text Promoting something through an advertisement.Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.frightenstein.
2. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before listening to the tape. SMS. 5. Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? . get meanings from a monologue in the form of a report text. Its 4 located inside the post ofÀce. 1. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to polite expressions. answer the following questions. Would you tell know about some 3 me more about it? Herman : Yeah. sure. 100 English in Focus for Grade IX . Àll in the blank spaces. They are used by people who Ànd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. To whom do you usually send a letter? For what purposes will you send a letter? Have you ever sent a letter to another country? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. How often do you send letters? Do you prefer to send news by letter. He works for the Ministry of Education. After learning the lesson in this section. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. or e-mail? Give your reason. In fact. What do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post OfÀce Box. I want to . He is employed by Herman : My father is a 1 the post ofÀce to 2 and collect those posted in pillar boxes. how to show polite expressions.Listening In this section. The words in the box may help you. 3. 4. listen to monologue in the form of a report text.
Nino. The post ofÀce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. The addressee must sign a receipt for it. Nino Mr Randi Nino Practice 4 Role play Act out the dialogue in Practice 3 with your partner. Herman. They almost brought me to the immigration ofÀce. : I see. How are you? : Hello. really? Why was that? : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. 3 . 1 . Pay attention to your expressions. Wu Fei : All right. I called 5 and they helped me. : So. Thank you very much for the information. Send Me a Letter. : Oh. I looked very different because of the surgery on my chin two months ago and my haircut. What happened next? : Then. : 4 .Wu Fei : And 5 ? 6 for valuable mail for an Herman : It offers additional fee. anyway how’s your trip to Singapore? 2 ? : Well. Please 101 . locked mailboxes registered mail postal matters extra safety box deliver letters postman Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully and complete it. Discuss the dialogue with your friend. Mr Randi. Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi : Hello.
Santi : Would you like to buy some sugar for me. Ma’am? Post ofÀce clerk : Mrs Dina : I need envelopes. I don't know d. Of course b. I'm in a hurry. Sir. I'm sure c. Ma’am. Mrs Yuna : How much does ? Post ofÀce clerk : It . please. a. Àve and a . I'm really sorry Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Àll in the blanks with some suitable information you have heard. Santi : It is OK then. Then. 3. Post ofÀce clerk : Absolutely. please. . please? Santo : I can't. Mr Tora : I need of East Jakarta. Identify the different of the sounds. I will buy it myself.UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to Àll in the blank. 2. It’s . 102 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2005 Practice 5 Listen to your teacher read the following words. feed league food card sword feet leak boot cart sort Àt lick foot cut soot Practice 6 Listen to the tape carefully. 1.
1. Consult your dictionary for the meanings. Àll in the blanks with the missing words. Then. the 4 often travels by 5 or motorcycle. 2007 Practice 9 Find any difÀcult words from the text. In Spain or Indonesia. 6 mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7 . Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. 5. 2. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1 drivers. If this is unsuccessful. Adapted from The Book of Knowledge. Post ofÀce clerk : . a 2 carrier sometimes must walk 3 his route. the mail is 10 and any valuables are sold.4. Please 103 . This may happen if it is 8 addressed and does not have a return address. 3. Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. Send Me a Letter. Do you know for to Singapore ? Kiko : Which one ? Sending or by ? news by Ela : I prefer . please. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or deadletter ofÀce. Do you like collecting stamps? What do you like most about stamps? What is the name for someone that collects stamp? Practice 8 Listen to the tape. The mail is opened to try to 9 the sender or addressee. Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. In the US.
What radio station announces the ads? a.m. Four. 7. Tom and Jerry. These questions will help you. Rp150.000 How many series of the stamp collection are in the ads? a. b. Donald and Daisy Duck. Trijaya FM. What cartoon character is mentioned in the ads? a. Then answer the following questions by choosing a. Two.m. c. c. 5. Collecting stamps.000 When are the ads announced? a. b. How is mail usually delivered? How is mail delivered in Mauritania? How is mail delivered in the USA? How is mail delivered in Spain or Indonesia? What is rejected mail? Practice 11 Listen to the radio advertisement read by your teacher. 2. One. 1. How much does the Heroes stamp series cost? a.000 b. c. 4.000 c. 6. Ramajaya FM. 2. 5. b. How much must you spend for the stamp cartoon series? a. Darajaya FM.Practice 10 Work in pairs and try to retell the text in Practice 8 in your own words. Around 7-8 a. Drawing stamps. Sylvester and Tweety. Rp140. Rp150. 1.000 c. 3.000 b. Around 2-4 p. 104 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. c. b or c for the right answer. What do the ads tell you about? a. b. Rp155.m. 4. Around 7-8 p. Rp140. Rp155. c. b. Buying stamps.
speak politely in your daily life. express monologue in the form of report texts. 3. promote something through an advertisement. After learning the lesson in this section.Speaking In this section. 4. Please 105 . Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Where was it? Could you mention some hotel names that you know? Could you mention some facilities that we can usually Ànd in four/Àve-star hotels? Do you think staying at a hotel is nice? Why? Could you mention Àve names of hotels in your city/town? Send Me a Letter.com.my 1. Source: www. 2. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the following questions. 5. promote something through an advertisement. you will learn how to: • • • • • • speak politely.rhhotels. perform monologue in the form of report texts.
And what is your Àrst name. Could you please spell that address for me again? 20 Flamboyant. Sir? Morgan. • Would you mind ... May I help you? Yes.. it’s 6 oh 5. Sir/Ma’am... 5-7-1-T.. Sir. thank you.. practise it with your friend.Practice 2 Below is the dialogue for making a hotel reservation. That will be Àne ... Ah. England. Shall I complete the registration form for you? Oh. we’re putting you in room 265 and 266. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest : : : : : : : Good evening. I reserved two rooms for my wife and family. American Express. Sir... How long are you going to stay with us. I’ll get the porter to show you the room now. How do you intend to pay? By credit card. • • • • All right. the 6th March. Thank you very much. • Would you please . Could you please . Study the italicised sentences/phrases carefully. Then D-A-V-E-N-T-R-Y. Sir? 20 Flamboyant Street. Could you please tell me your passport number. Sir. Now. 106 English in Focus for Grade IX . All right.. The name’s Anderson. Sir? Sure. You’ve arrived today. M-O-R-G-A-N... Daventry England. Sir? Five days. Ah yes. A-N-D-E-R-S-O-N. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Speech Act Polite expressions • May I help you ... Sir. F-L-A-M-B-O-Y-A-N-T Street.... Sir.. I hope you and your family enjoy staying with us. And your private address. Daventry. My name’s Anderson. Mr Anderson. • Shall I .. One moment . I’m sorry. Thank you very much for . That’ll be Àne. please. And Ànally. Then.
Where does the dialogue take place? a. Cash. b. What is he? a. Daventry. Three d. b. How does he intend to pay? a. Fill in hotel cheques. England. or d based on the dialogue in Practice 2. Morgan Anderson. b. By American Express. d. A cafe. d. b. A purchasing manager. c. 1. In England. Andrew. 8. c. d. What is the name of the guest? a. 6-5-5-7-9-1-T. Fill in the registration form. Anderson Morgan. A bungalow. Spain. c. What should he do after making the reservation? a. 7. b. Pay the hotel. A restaurant. 5-7--1-T. c. 5-5-7-9-1-T. c. c. Four. b. Bournemouth. c. Make sure that his rooms are ready.Practice 3 Choose the correct answer either a. b. d. By debit card. . Send Me a Letter. 6. A hotel. Where does he come from? a. 2. In PT Heat Exchangers International. 5. Europe. A manager. b. d. One. Please 107 . b. What is the number of his passport? a. 3. 4. Two. 5-7-9-7-T. By credit. How many rooms did he reserve? a. d. d. c. c.
11th March. practise it in front of the class. d. two. Caller : 10 . please. b. d. b. 10. Complete the following dialogue with the words or phrases in the box provided. Room 266. Work in pairs and make a short dialogue using polite expressions. Caller : I’d like to 5 a table for . Then. Room 165. Then. What room is he going to stay in? a. Room 166. Employee : May I have your 7 please.m. Pay attention to the expressions in the dialogue. Madam? Caller : Mrs O’Connel. with your partner practise the dialogue in Practice 2. Room 265. Practice 5 Practice 6 108 English in Focus for Grade IX . Caller : You’re welcome. c. Employee : Hello. When is he going to leave the hotel? a. Madam. What time do you open this 3 ? Employee : At 7 a. Madam? Caller : Around eight. Employee : A 8 for two this evening at 9 for Mrs O’Connel. 12th March. 10th March. Practice 4 Role play Now. the 1 . Bye. 6 Employee : For what time. 13th March. answer the questions that follow.2 I help you? Caller : Yes. Madam.9. Employee : Thank you. c. and we close at twelve 4 .
2.m. 1.m. d. c. eight night ordered husband’s name all right restaurant name p.Holiday Inn table could Marguiritta Restaurant evening reserve reservation seven please hotel may a. b. History of Hotel Source: homepage. Is she going alone or not? Give your reason! Could you write the polite expressions you notice from the above dialogue? Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Where does the dialogue happen? What does Mrs O’Connel want? Explain your answer. Please 109 . 3. that’s right a.net Send Me a Letter. make some notes and retell it again using your own words.eircom. Do you know what a hotel is ? Where do you usually Ànd a hotel? Can you mention types of hotels that you know? Practice 8 Read the text aloud.
After the construction of railroads in the 19th century. When did inns start serving travellers? Where are hotels usually available? What happened by the end of the 18th century? Where were larger hotels built in the 19th century? Practice 10 Fill in the blanks with some words from the text. It’s better for you to take the South . 4. 3. ancient lodging inn taverns luxurious route 1. Some apartments are growing fast especially in big cities. The location of hotels has always been related to the transportation available. In times. 2. 1. 3. but by the end of the 18th century. people used horses or ships to go to another place. Adapted from Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. 110 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2008 Practice 9 Answer the following questions orally based on the text. If you go outside your town. 4. many inns and taverns were constructed to offer lodgings along highway routes. Because the distance you’ll take will be shorter. is a place where you can stay. 6.Inns have served travellers since ancient times. but usually only for a short time. It’s cheaper than a hotel. you can use to stay the night. Some offer you a room to spend the night along highway routes. During colonial times hotels were usually situated in seaport towns. 2. larger hotels were built near railroad stations to accommodate railway travellers. Standards of service and comfort rose appreciably and in the larger cities the types of lodging offered by certain hotels became luxurious. 5.
7. 8. Belibis A Àve star hotel with city Promotion Package during only Includes 1X 2X dinner Free to Use Our Facilities Such as : and view Swimming pool Spa centre beach breakfast View Week days Rp750. 3. Send Me a Letter. 10.00 Fitness centre Hotel Practice 12 Now.Pronounce It! 1. Please 111 . travellers times hotels towns inns routes railroads cities luxurious types : : : : : : : : : : /trævlə(r)s/ /taɪms/ /həʊ'tels/ /taʊnz/ /ɪns/ /ru:ts/ /reɪlrəʊdz/ /sɪtɪs/ /lʌg'ʒʊərɪəs/ /taɪps/ Practice 11 Complete the following advertisement with the words in the box and promote the hotel to your friend in your own words. 4. 9. 5. Then try to promote it to your friend. make your own advertisement.000. 6. 2.
3. After learning the lesson in this section. identify another form of report text.Reading In this section. identify certain information and characteristic of report texts. parcel glue mailbag postmark envelope seal postcard stamp 112 English in Focus for Grade IX . What is the man? Is the motorcycle important for him? Why? How does the man travel if he does not use his motorcycle? Can you guess more about his profession? Practice 2 Write down the words in the box under the correct pictures. 4. 1. 2. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions orally. you will learn how to: • • • read aloud report texts.
substance. 6. Send Me a Letter. This is a . Whose is it? 4. This is a postage . A is a design stamped on a piece of wax. 2. 5. Please 113 . My friend Matt gave me a from Australia. This my father. is from 8. This is an .1. 3. is a very sticky Source: Publisher’s Documentation 7.
3. 2. It is the duty of our postal service to see that your mail gets to its destination as quickly as possible.Practice 3 Answer the following questions before reading the text. When is the mail collected from the mail box? Practice 4 Read the text carefully and answer the questions that follow. 114 English in Focus for Grade IX . Through it you can go into nearly every country in the world. Each postage stamp becomes a personal messenger of your letter. 4. postcard. documents. Postal Matters Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. If your letter. 2006 The mail box can be your doorway to the world. Is there a mailbox near your house? Does much of the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is mail transported? Can you give some examples of mail transportation? Mention them. 1. or package is going overseas. Because they connect each country. they will pass through many hands and perhaps many lands. 5.
3.New Horizon 1. 2. The British Stamp Act in 1765 taxed the American Colonists. amount charged for the sending of a letter g. 4. Please 115 . be or make slow or late d. The Àrst stamp taxes were used by the Dutch in 1624. The mail always goes through. 3. That’s why most nations cooperate closely on postal matters. postcards and small parcels are taken to a central post ofÀce which employ many people. A stamped letter is mailed from the post ofÀce or mail box. list of planned events. an entrance Send Me a Letter. touch with or hold in the hands e. A Áood in China or India. All letters. 7. but new routes are quickly found and mail is still delivered. Basically. A doorway postage overseas destination handle schedule delay B a. 2006 Much of the world’s business depends upon the postal service. The mail is collected from the mailboxes on a regular schedule. No. 6. Why can the mail box be the doorway to the world? What are the means of transportation used to carry mail? What will happen if our letter is goes overseas? Where are stamped letters mailed? Why does the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is the mail collected? Practice 5 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 2. 4. 5. 2. or an earthquake in Turkey or Iran may cause a delay. place to which something or somebody is going c. 1. times for doing something b. 6. Adapted from United States Postal Service 1. mail is handled in the same way in almost every country. 5. to or from (places) across the sea f. The world’s Àrst adhesive stamp was made in Great Britain in 1840. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.
Paragraph General ClassiÀcation Description Practice 7 Complete the following sentences using the words/phrases in the box. 3. 8. Then identify its character and its feature such as present tense. I have to go to the to mail some letters. 6. Would you like to these letters? There is a in the neighbourhood. 4. 10. post ofÀce postage stamp regular schedule mail-box parcel deliver postcard post earthquake employed 1. 9. The in Mexico has caused many deaths. 2. 5. Follow-up Activity Find from any literature another report texts. He has her as a secretary. Who has the most interesting topic? 116 English in Focus for Grade IX . 7. The departure of the train follows a From whom did you get the ? She wants to send a letter and she needs a . Compare your work with your friends’. Can I send a by using the postal service? My father is going to a speech in a seminar.Practice 6 Identify the characteristic of report text in Practice 4 by Àlling in the following table.
Travel is usually safe and pleasant.royalhoteliow. So. Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually meals and various personal services for the public. the hotel is only minutes away.uk People sometimes need hotels if they travel far from homes. Some travellers stay at airport inns when their Áights are delayed.Practice 8 Log On Is travelling one of your hobbies? Which places do you like most to visit? Can you tell why? Travelling can help us to relax from the work routines that go through every day. Send Me a Letter. brochures. Hotels Source: www. As the pace of jet travel grows. Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two important factors. Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common. To save time. you can click www.com to look for the latest info about places of interest. if you plan to go on vacation soon. business executives often select airport hotels for meetings or conferences. First. Read the text and answer the questions that follow. Second. hotels spring up near airports. and magazines. the location of the airport is close to the hotels. People can Ànd the advertisements of the hotels in newspapers. Once the plane lands. Please 117 . A good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences. business travellers wish to stay close to the ofÀces or industrial plants they plan to visit.co. They sometimes need hotels when they arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any relatives there. iloveblue. the internet.
d. business executives often . c.. Keep from injury. Keep for future use. What is the Indonesian word for lodging? a. Avoid loss of time. Cancel. Tempat istirahat. c. 2. Coffee. b.. Losmen. Remain alive. c. Which one is it?) a. dinner. lunch. What does public mean in Indonesian? a. 4. they (paragraph 1) b. their (paragraph 4) What does a good hotel provide? What kind of hotel is common today? Where can you Ànd advertisements for the hotels? Practice 9 1. a. Penginapan. b.. Once the plane lands. What is an inn? a. 9. Penempatan. c. and sleep. Some travellers stay at airport inns . Bring.. soup. Manusia. c. b. c. d. A large building where travellers may get meals and lodging. Continue to live. Bread. there (paragraph 1) c.. depth c. Luxurious hotels. Breakfast. Hotels are places that provide lodging and meals . A place where whisky is sold and drunk. Orang. drink. Go bankrupt. What is meant by meals? a. Big hotels. b. butter.. What do the following words refer to? a. . What does spring up mean? a. A building in which aeroplanes are kept. 7. . To save time. time b. 118 English in Focus for Grade IX . various personal services for the public. Which hotels can survive and prosper more? a... b. c. d. Downtown hotels. Postpone.. except one. What does survive mean? (All the answers are correct. tea. the hotel is only 10 minutes away. What does delay mean? a. 10. distance d. A public house where travellers may eat. Arrive. Continue to exist. Retreat. or d for the right answer. 3. c. d.1. d.. Set free from sin. c.. Perorangan. d. As the pace of jet travel grows. Leap.. d. b. b. 5. What does save mean? a. 8. length 2.. when their Áights are delayed. porridge. b. Umum. d.. c. 3. b. Appear. Jump. hotels spring up near airports. Small hotels. b. Read the text once again and choose either a. Rice. Minutes away means a very short space of . d.. 4. jam. 6. milk..
you can. usually in official notices: Participants may not enter the ring until the bell rings. you may. 1. We use ‘may’ to express formal permission whether it is asked. Identify the general classiÀcation of the text. ‘might’ can refer to either present. you can’t.” b. to replace the more formal ‘may/might’ in expressing permission: “Can I borrow this book?” “No. Then answer the following questions. Both ‘may’ and ‘might’ show possibility: We have a few minutes left. Please 119 . Special Finites ‘Can’ and ‘Could’ • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are always used as special Ànites. 2. 4. we may still catch the bus.Practice 10 Read the text in Practice 8 once again. given or refused: “May I go now?” “Yes. a. • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are used a.” “Could I ask you a question?” “Yes. Then. c. • ‘Could’ is the past tense form of ‘can’. food. He wants a . 3. to and . 1. past or future. 7. ‘May’ is also used to express prohibition. Can you write a description of the text? What is the form of the text? Enrich Your Knowledge Taking a Message from Incoming Hotel’s Telex Listen carefully to the incoming telex in one hotel. 6. Number : Attention : Hotel : Message : The guest’s name is He wants to stay from He will arrive at about to at . to express ability or capacity to do something: I can beat him at swimming any time! Send Me a Letter. 5. G r a m m a r Stage Special Finites ‘May’ and ‘Might’ • ‘May’ and ‘might’ are always used as special Ànites.” (Not: could) b. Remember that we do not use ‘may’ to refer to the past. write down the messages in the following form. 2. 3.
He can leave it here. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Study the following graphic. He can play chess. write a letter correctly. Writing In this section. write a letter. You can drive a car when you are 17. 5. 4. Hotel’s occupation (in percent %) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 A B City C D E 120 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. (this afternoon/when he was young). you will learn how to: • • • • identify report text in the form of simple graphic. 2. You say: 1. I can Áy a plane (after a few more lessons/when I was in the air force). Example: You can drive (when you are 17/after you got your license).Practice 11 Make sentences like the example. 2. After learning the lesson in this section. 1. (with more practice/when I knew her). We can do this exercise (next week/last week). You could drive a car after you got your license. She can cook very well. (for an hour/whenever he wanted to). write report text based on graphic.
Use the coordinators and/or connectors. 2. In city B the occupation rate is City C has occupation rate.. Send Me a Letter. write a paragraph based on Practice 2. therefore. We can see that in city D the occupation rate is Practice 3 Study the following explanation about coordinators and connectors. thus. accordingly Meaning additional idea contrast idea reason choice of two possibilities result negative choice Practice 4 Now. in addition more over.Practice 2 Complete the following sentences based on the graphic in Practice 1. The sentence connectors are used to link the ideas between sentences. yet for (untuk) or so nor Sentence Connectors furthermore. 4. nevertheless still in contrast otherwise consequently. The Àve-star hotel in city A has occupation rate. 1. also however. Begin your paragraph with The Àve-star hotel in city A has 20 % rate. besides. Coordinating Conjunctions and but. Please 121 . but in city B the occupation rate is ... 3.
Nugraha Wisata has no phone number.Practice 5 Study the following information about hotels in Central Java and classify them based on star hotel category. 2. Phone (0293) 63347. Kencana (J-3)** Gintungan Bandungan. Phone (0293) 64114. Phone (0298) 91154. Phone (0293) 65095. Nugraha Wisata* Jln. In Plaza Panghegar we can Ànd a pujasera and a department store. Ungaran Cantik* Jln. (0298) 91474 is the Kencana’s phone number. Sudirman 68. A. Diponegoro Ungaran. * = one-star hotel *** = three-star hotel ** = two-star hotel Adapted from Guides to Central Java. Cempaka 9. 6. 5. Semarang Regency 1. 3. 5. 3. Puri Asri** Jln. 1996 Practice 6 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) based on the information in Practice 5. If we want to stay in Ambarawa. Daha 23. Phone (024) 921334. 3. Amanda Cottage* Jln. 2. Phone (0293) 64481. Borobudur* Jln. 7. 4. Phone (0293) 64502. 4. Yani 4. Plaza Panghegar*** Jln. Trio** Jln. Raya Sumowono Bandungan. we can go to the Sarimaryn. 4. Phone (0298) 91449. 5. Amanda Cottage is a Àve-star hotels. Jend. 122 English in Focus for Grade IX . Phone (0298) 91501. The phone number of Ungaran Cantik is (0298) 921334. 1. Magelang Municipality 1. Kenteng Bandungan. A. Yani 492. City* Jln. 2. Puri Asri is a two-star hotel. Phone (024) 91485. Sarimaryn (J-3)*** Bandungan Ambarawa.
• Do not use a title like Mr together with a Àrst name. with your partner make a short report based on the picture given. street. Then. (NOT Dear Mr Bobi Iskandar) Send Me a Letter. 1.. Put your own address at the top on the right. Post code and telephone number come last. Common ways of addressing people are: • by Àrst name (informal): Dear Hany. followed by the month and year.. Begin with day. Each culture has its own way of organizing a letter. • by title and surname (more formal): Dear Ms. English-speaking people generally observe the following rules. Hopkins. Please 123 . Put the date directly under the address.Practice 7 Look at the following picture carefully. Start with the ‘smallest things’: house number. Practice 8 Let’s write a letter. Begin the letter (Dear. 3. 2.) on the left. Some people like to use the name and surname (Dear Hany Panggabean) when writing to strangers or people that they do not know well. and town.
complete each part based on the explanation in Practice 8. Practice 9 Now. 1. In informal letters. Say you can bring them with you later. for example. Informal letters may Ànish. On 26 August 2008. A. After ‘Dear. Forbes. put a comma or nothing at all. study the following form of letter..4. You send a letter to Ali in 22 Green Street London WIB 9DX Phone 071 066 956. 124 English in Focus for Grade IX . A. 6. Formal letters which begin with the person’s name (e. Dear David Brown) usually Ànish yours sincerely. Forbes.g. You tell him that you’ll visit him next month with your parents.. Sign with your Àrst name (informal) or your full name (formal).’. see you or love. Then. Letters which begin Dear Sir(s) or Dear Madam usually Ànish yours faithfully. after thoughts (tambahan/sisipan) that are added after the signature are usually introduced by PS (Latin language = post scriptum). 7. yours. 2. Dear Miss Laney. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Practice 10 Make a letter to your friend Ali in London. J. 3. 5. Give him a post script asking if he wants Indonesian stamps to add to his collection. The following clues will help you. Ways of writing one’s full name: Alan Forbes.
com and search for a friend to send your letter to. Follow-up Activity Do you like to write letters? What about writing a letter to a new friend outside your country? It must be interesting and you can practise your English. After writing the letter. your name and address attach a stamp here! the addressee Practice 12 Let’s send a letter to your classmate. Write down the addressee of the letter completely. • • • • • • Write a letter to one of your classmates. Send Me a Letter. Then post the letter. Please 125 . put it in the envelope.penfriend. Choose a friend that has similar interests to you. Why don’t you click www. Follow the steps of the letter mentioned in Practice 8.Practice 11 Complete the following envelope with the clues given. Make sure your friend receives the letter. You can write about an unforgetable experience in your life.
information. and its classiÀcation. Buddhist or Muslim inÁuences... • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.. 'Can' and 'Could' Examples They had studied for six hours.May. The subject includes natural things.. What will you say when you greet older people? Make a report of your daily activities Did you Ànd any difÀculties in this unit? What were they? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. ʇ Generic structure: . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. environment. Description of a general classiÀcation.General classiÀcation which includes the report’s subject. 3.. . She believed she could Áy... 1.Description of the subject. I help you . just the way it is. social matters. . Special Finites 'May' and 'Might'. or human matters. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense.. answer the following questions. Chinese culture played a truly signiÀcant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. Genre of text: Report ʇ Social function: To report something. Amrizal had slept for ten hours. I can run to school.Would you mind .Learning Essential • Language Function ʇ Polite expressions to show a manner . 126 English in Focus for Grade IX .. 2. May I talk now? I might forget an apointment with Mr Rusdi tomorrow.
Text 1 Dear Lula. b. 6. a. responding to happiness c. I only stayed for one night. I also visited Nagoya. a. Don’t forget to write me soon. Dika : Have you heard that we will be going to Dunia Fantasi next holiday? Tina : Really? How wonderful! The Àrst italicised phrase is an expression of a. happiness c. go as soon as they have Ànished. uncertainty c. I remembered that I 6 Àve cold drinks in one hour. responding to pleasure b. 2. a. Let she b. One week ago I 1 to Batam island for business. we 5 our journey to the hotel. My colleague 4 me up at the airport. The second italicised phrase in the dialogue in number 9 is an expression . Let me d. b. Lula. I have reserved one table for me and my friend. Do you want to order? Susan 1. have done d. a. Love. pleasure b. Miss. a. responding to interesting news d. I’m so sorry I could not 2 to Jakarta. giving information 11. have do c. b. tent went come came sort short picked tick continue continued have had 127 . a. a. Let us c. b.Exercise of Chapters 4–5 Listen to the tape. OK. Àll in the blanks while listening by choosing a or b. Because my parents asked me to go with them. please. because it was only a 3 visit. giving interesting news d. a. Is there anything I can do. a. a. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : DeÀnitely. had do b. 7. How are you? b. I help you? c. Then. Batam Centre and Galang Island. Then. It was a very hot day. That’s enough for now. b. Waiter : Good afternoon. had done 12. How are you? I’m doing good here. 4. giving interesting news 8. 5. agreement d. Let them 9. 3. a. He thanked her for what she (do). asking for information 10. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. May. certainty b. b. Miss Aura : Yes. d. Questions 1 to 6 are based on Text 1. The italicised words show .
What does a forest ranger do? a. Stops any illegal logging. 14 years c. b. 15 years d. Could I ask you some questions? . the weather was hot and there had been no rain for a long time. Takes care of the forest. on a dark cold night.. I rarely face any real . Then. problems.. 16. 16 years b. it was a horrible dream. Fire Àghters rushed to the blaze in trucks. d. Yes. Sir d. : Thank you very much. I am always be careful. I rarely face great problems. Questions 15 to 29 are based on Text 2. All the answers are correct. Yes. grafÀting. aeroplane engines were roaring over my head. in six hours. d. Especially when I check the camping area or in the holiday season where many people come to the forest. a. in the afternoon from my watchtower high above the trees. A forest guard. Yes. Oh my God. Sir c.13. He has been working there for . almost never b. These men were Àre Àghters called smoke jumpers. or d for the correct answer. Sir b.. No. Finally. I’m. often 128 English in Focus for Grade IX . Working as fast as they could. From other planes came men with parachutes. c. came the aeroplanes dumping massive amounts of water treated with special chemicals to put off the blazing forest. you can. Fire! I yelled aloud. Not one single active cigarette left or camp Àre remains. never c. the men battled against the blaze with streams of water. c. 17. They parachuted into places that men on the ground cannot reach easily. d. c. They started to chop down trees and dig up the ground to keep the Àre from spreading. I was so worried. you couldn’t. A forest scientist. 15 years d. the Àremen had stopped the spread of Àre. I heard a terrible ringing sound coming from inside of the trees. just small groups of illegal loggers and non-serious violations such as littering. It happened three years ago. b. A porter will carry your lugage. This is very dangerous work because no one can save them if they get into trouble. In my duty. Taking care of forests has been my job for Àfteen years. Rarely means a. Then. eventhough sometimes it can be very dangerous. Watches from a tower in the forest. I could lose my life. 15. I love it. you could. Receptionist : Mr Tanaka a. b. All right. What is a forest ranger? a. a. I saw a thin spiral of smoke. Yes.. Certainly. a great Àre sparking. It would just take a tiny spark to turn the whole forest into a raging sea of Àre. I had one bad experience that changed my life forever. People in yellow everywhere. 25 years 18. . A policeman. Then.. I will not let the forest Àre in my dream come true. Sir 14. c. Thousands of trees had become blackened stumps had been saved. Choose either a. In my duties. b. Have a nice holiday. and camping in illegal places. Text 2 The Forest Ranger’s Dream I am a forest ranger. Since then. The trees in the forest were dry as a bone. A police ofÀcer. Please.
c. Chop up the trees and dig up the ground. Throwing a plastic can. Tiny beam. Sparking. Tiny lamp. What changed the writer’s life forever? a. What is the meaning of parachute here? a. b. Fire Àghters rush to the blaze in trucks. Dry all over d. Descriptive. c. Horrible dream. Helicopter. b. d. Aeroplane. 21. Valuable dream. running b. expanding Àre d. Àre like a sea c. Throwing a dead leaf. walking 29. 24. A half dry. c. d. Tiny light. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 129 . c. . jumping d. Now. Where do men with parachutes come from? a. c.19. Private parcel carriers also compete with the post ofÀce. d. Camping in forbidden areas. Tiny Àre. large Àre spreading b. person that steals wood d. 2007 Post ofÀces in industrial countries have a policy to provide their customers with a better service. The statements below are stated as nonserious violations in the text. b. They parachute into places . Which one is it? a. What is the form of Text 1? a. Chop down the trees and dig up the ground. Private Àrms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. b. d. Other planets. d. c. big Àre 25. b. Chop down the young trees and dig up the ground. Lighting. magazines. Questions 30 to 40 are based on Text 3. Narrative. Government also takes part to increase the function of post ofÀces. Text 3 Recent Developments at the Post OfÀce Source: The World Book Encyclopedia. What is the meaning of “dry as a bone”? a. c. 22. Parachutes. person that comes to the forest illegally 20. b. What does blaze mean? a. b. b. landing c. 26. person that chops down trees illegally b. a. Writing symbols on trees. What do they do to keep the Àre from spreading? a. What does “tiny spark” mean? a. the postage rates have risen. c. although some private carriers have been increasingly in circulating catalogues. 27. person that sells wood illegally c. But there is one wrong statement. One of their better services is the handling of mail. Horrible experience. Dry inside and outside 23. d. Dry enough. Chop out the trees and dig up the ground. Recount. d. 28. Illegal logger is a . Report. and merchandise samples. Bad experience. Fire. A raging sea of Àre means a. Battle.
and c are incorrect. They handle it foolishly. 40. However. b. b. c or d for the correct answer. b. Parcel businesses. What is the main job of post ofÀcers and postal workers? a. To be continued. First development. d. 39. c. Invaluable income. What is the meaning of the phrase “being extended” in paragraph 2 line 4? a. Many small nations earn valuable income from the stamp collectors. c. a. c. Because some private carriers have also increased their services. b. Choose either a. postmen driving cars b. d. using pigeons c. In developing countries. b. 38. They don’t deliver mail on time. d. d. now.The growth of electronic postal services has been a major development. Because it has better service. How can the government increase the function of post ofÀces? a. b. d. c. To be enlarged. Customers only. Valuable income. Earning income. c are incorrect. They handle it carelessly. Modern countries. b. What competes with the post ofÀce? a. a. a. d. delivery of letters remains the main job of post officers and postal workers around the world. c. 2007 c. 32. To provide better services for customers. Great money. Single development. using web services d. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. Funding b. Stricter laws. Delivering parcels. Private carriers. b. c. 35. b. Why have the postage rates risen? a. d. What is the policy about? a. Private Àrms. They handle it carefully. To provide better service for everyone. b. using hotline services What do small nations get from the stamp collectors? a. c. 34. 130 English in Focus for Grade IX . and modernised into new technological developments. 31. d. 30. 37. d. Developing countries. Better service. B e c a u s e t h e g o v e r n m e n t i s involved. c. 36. To be stopped. Because the private firms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. In your opinion. b. b. 33. c. how can they increase their better services by handling of mail? a. To be delayed. An example of modernising into new technological developments of the post ofÀce is . b. Government. Delivering money. a. Main development. Industrial countries. In what countries do post ofÀces have a policy? a. What is the meaning of the phrase “a major development” in paragraph 2 line 2? a. Asking people to write many letters. the postal service is being extended to rural areas. c are incorrect. d. Delivering mail. Initial development.
Sam Spider new shoes.Change the following sentences using can and could. A : Did you Ànish reading the fable? it yesterday. B : Yes. Citra : Did Sam Spider buy new shoes? Wulan : Yes. Present Perfect 5. Change the words in brackets into the correct form. 3. 8. I can write a short story quickly. He saw that his beloved daughter (vanish) into the air. 7. 1. Present Perfect 6. 9. He can play football. He did. Change the following sentences using may or might. I did. The tenses are given. The door (already shut) by Bona. 4. I 10. (if he doesn’t disturb me/every day last week). (after a few practises/when he was seventeen years old) 2. Simple Past Exercise of Chapters 4-5 131 . The article (beautiful write) by Lola. The building (bomb) two months ago. Can I go now? Change the following sentences into passive voice with agent. Angel (write) this story when she was in elementary school.
you have to spend money on pet food. Birds. Dogs eat a lot and that means you have to buy a lot of dog food. Secondly. Which is needed to have a pet? a. Babies may get scratched by pets. Dogs and Cats. The passage is all about . Choose a pet carefully and you will enjoy taking care of it. But about a half of New Guinea and three quarters of Borneo also belong to Indonesia. Dogs only. Those islands are the second-and-third largest islands in the world. Do you have a room in your house for a pet cat or dog? They need plenty of room to run about. You do not need to take care of pets. Are you thinking of getting a pet dog or cat? You must think carefully about how to take care of a pet. And you need to take dogs out often so that they will not fall sick. Dogs. Questions 6 to 10 are based on Text 2. c. Many geographers divide the more than 13.000 kilometers. 3. Java and Sumatra. taking care of a pet c. b. The islands lie along the equator and extend more than 5. 5. The Greater Sunda includes Borneo. c. Taken from UPSR. Baby brother. Many of the islands cover only a few square kilometers. choosing a pet dog b. Indonesia also includes Irian Jaya. which is part of New Guinea. Lastly. 2001 4. d. and (3) the Mollucas. c. So if you do not have time to take them out. b. it is better not to get a pet. a. The Mollucas lie between Sulawesi Choose either a. if there are small children in the house. Dog food. Text 2 The Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia that consists of more than 13. Cats only.Final Text 1 Evaluation Questions 1 to 5 are based on Text 1. b. Cats. c. What pets are mentioned in the text? a. that costs money. d. or d for the correct answer. Babies may get bitten by pets. after Greenland. d. Your little baby brother or sister may get bitten or scratched. 1. (2) the lesser Sunda Islands. Baby sister. c. Firstly. 2. Birds. 132 English in Focus for Grade IX . Time and money. d. Dogs and Cats. Which is not true? a. ask yourself. playing with brothers and sisters. b. Sulawesi. It costs money to keep pets. The Lesser Sunda Islands extend from Bali eastward to Timor.000 islands. Which pets need to be taken out for walks? a. choosing a pet cat d. b.600 islands of Indonesia into three groups: (1) the Greater Sunda Islands. don't get a pet dog.
13. c. b. b.and New Guinea. b. c. The Mollucas lie between . Sulawesi. Taken from Make and Do. d. Tape the edges of the slotted card to the tube. c. Rule a line. sticky tape. The western part of New Guinea is called Irian Jaya. 1993 9. the greater Sunda islands. d. 2007 You will need: • 2 sheets of lightweight card in different colours. d. cut the second sheet of card in half widthways. Rule a line. 5. Compared to the other regions. Irian Jaya. sticky tape. Sulawesi. c. In the Greenland. Pencil. d. ruler. Java and Sumatra Questions 11 to 15 are based on Text 3. 2007 6. Borneo. Rule a line along the length of the card near the unfolded edges. 3. ruler. 7. The greater Sunda includes a. 6. d. 10. scissors. In Southwest Asia. Java and New Guinea. ruler. What will you need to do the experiment? a. a. Overlap the ends and tape them together. • a pencil • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape How to make it: 1. Where is Indonesia located? a. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Sumatra. the Indonesian geographers. New Guinea and Sulawesi. Cut a fringe for the base. 12. pencil. the three divisions of Indonesia's islands. 2. sticky tape. To make the centre tube. Greenland. Lightweight card. making sure that the two side edges overlap a little. b. Which of the followings belong to the Àrst largest island in the world? a. Java. the position of Indonesia 8. c. Along the equator. Final Evaluation 133 . Cut a fringe for the base. Sulawesi and Borneo. Cut a fringe for the base. Unfold the slotted card. Sumatra. c. Irian Jaya is the most thinly populated. b. Fold one of the sheets of card in half lengthways. New Guinea. d. Sumatra. d. Overlap the ends and tape them together. Near Mollucas. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. Fold one of the sheets of card. b. What must you do after folding one of the sheets of card? a. sticky tape. Kalimantan. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. New Guinea. 4. scissors. Text 3 Japanese Lantern Source: Make and Do. b. b. 1993 11. c. pencil. Ruler. What must you do before making the centre tube? a. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Borneo. c. an Indonesian territory. d. Cut slits about 1 cm apart ip to this line. Lightweight card. Paragraph two talks about a.
means to make a place a. You need strings. 2000 16. d. please? . many things are needed to make mobiles 21. clean b. Tie a piece of string at its centre. can I speak to Dinita? Dinita's mother : Sorry. children like to make mobiles c. four d. I didn't catch what you said. two c. are of many shapes 19. c. you need at sticks least a. Fold one of the sheets of card. b. Anton : Hello. The italicised sentence is showing a. How to make it: 1. Cut out the shapes. Report. beautiful c. window or ceiling d. How do you make the centre tube? a. Cut the second sheet of card in half width ways. What kind of text is Text 3? a. certainty b. it is easy to make mobiles b. one b. are colourful d. three 18. Use string to hang the cut-out shapes on both sides of the stick. agreement d. 4. Descriptive. Unfold the slotted card. move easily b. Taken from UPSR. to keys. Procedure. at the centre of the stick c. From the passage. Ramdan : Are you sure? Rani : . interesting 20. Narrative. stars and other shapes on a cardboard. It is best to use light things because they . You can hang other light things like keys. Overlap the ends and tape them together. Text 4 How to Make Mobiles Make some mobiles to decorate your room. rectangles. feathers. c. hesitation 22. Make sure that the stick is balanced. The word decorate in the Àrst paragraph . a. 2. pencil or sharpeners. Rani : Hi. feathers and sharpeners 17. Ramdan. Draw squares. 15. Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 4. Each end of the stick should not be higher or lower than the other. at both ends of the stick b. we can see that . b. Then. mobiles can be hung anywhere d. are balanced c. d. You can hang them from the ceiling or on the windows or doors. To make a simple mobile. triangles. 134 English in Focus for Grade IX . Take a stick. Do the same thing with another stick. tie these two sticks to another stick above them. 3. a. circles. Can you repeat again. to the door. sticks and cardboard to make mobiles. a. The string should be tied .14. colourful d. They will move easily when there is some wind. repetition c. I will go to Surabaya to visit my sister. Balance the stick from this string.
" King Aruya said angrily. I'm quite sure b. opening d. said. Then he thought to himself. I'm not too sure c. buying b.' a. We will become very rich. don't you? Guards! Throw him into the river of crocodiles. visiting Questions 28 to 32 are based on Text 5. All your subjects will be happy. "That is not true! No body knows everything. The correct expression to show hesitation is .23. They were ambitious and winning. I didn't hear Rizki : I got 10 for Mathematics yesterday. I know nothing. truly! Everybody knows at least something. So if I say the opposite. Ànished d. Ànishing b. a. the elder brother. my answer will be right. Sorry. I can d." King Aruya said. attention b. Really? c. Yes. 2000 Final Evaluation 135 . 27. a. "Your Majesty. The italicised word is showing a. a. visiting A: Can I have this newspaper? B: 'Yes I have with it. Text 5 Two Brothers Long ago. "If we become the King's employees. there were two brothers called Akomi and Ombah. For example. I know everything. I can d. Actually." Ombah then said. do you know how many stars there are in the sky? Guards! Throw this liar into the river of crocodiles!" Ombah's hands trembled. a. repetition It was cold and humid yesterday. "Your majesty. Akomi. I am wise and clever. agreement d. Ànish c. let us be your ministers. being Ànished Bob Ànished at midnight. 24. opening c. admiral c. "That is also a lie. we can make laws to collect more money from the people. Tika : Really? Fantastic! . 25. Yes. you know your father's name. My brother said he knew everything and his answer was wrong. too!" Taken from UPSR. Yes. buying b. "King Aruya will also punish me if I say the wrong thing. working c. to King Aruya. For example. I'm sure b. so we postponed the botanical gardens." They went to see King Aruya. studying d. We will make good laws. Akomi said. Nobody knows nothing. 26. Really? Ami : Are sure you can do it by your– self? (the expression of Tika : certainty).
about two thousand b. had the right answer 32. make the King's subjects happy 29. King Aruya called Akomi a liar because . Sun Vista sank in the Straits of Malacca yesterday after its engine caught Àre. a. a. The two brother's ambition was to . could make good laws c. The passengers remained in lifeboats for several hours. thought that the answer would be right 31. Some passengers song My Heart Will Go On while black smoke was billowing from the engine room. to show that they were very brave c. a. more than one thousand c. disliked people who told lies Penang. All the 461 passengers and 632 crew members were rescued.m. leave the ship b. Ombah said I know nothing because he . was afraid b. a. knew everything b. Some passengers panicked when there was as shortage of life-jackets. There were passengers and crew members on the ship. a. Marine police boats were the Àrst to reach the scene at 12.m. kept many crocodiles b. 2000 Questions 33 to 37 are based on Text 6. The passengers were ordered to get into the sixteen lifeboats. The passengers were moved to the open upper decks for safety. Sat. The captain gave the order to evacuate the ship at 5. save the passengers 136 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2000 33. The ship was on its way to Singapore from Thailand. The holiday cruise ship. Text 6 Ship Sinks – All Rescued Source: UPSR. More boats including Penang Port tugboats and two Langkawi ferries also rushed to the rescue. to all crew. we can see that King Aruya . because they enjoyed the excitement 35. a. made him angry c. did not want to lie to King Aruya b. because they liked the song b. was thinking hard d. Some passengers sang “My Heart Will Go On” probably . From the story. knew nothing c. become ministers c. Ombah's hands trembled because he . help the King make good laws d.30 p. become rich b. Taken from UPSR. wanted to see the crocodiles c. The Royal Malaysian Navy sent nine vessels to the rescue. use the lifeboats d. did not tell the truth d. did not know how many stars there were d. six hundred and thirty two 34. The Àre started in the engine room at about 2.05 a. a. to remain calm during the emergency d. Akomi a. They waited for rescue ships.28. wanted to collect money 30.m. did not need any ministers d. four hundred and sixty one d.00 p. put out the Àre c. The word evacuate means to .
football d. As you can see from the address above I have moved house. Swimming pool. jumped b. Football Àeld. It has a river. b. a. c. I like the new house. pushed 40. Final Evaluation 137 . Àshing c. pleasure Questions 38 to 42 are based on Text 7. a. It is bigger with more rooms. there were only sixteen lifeboats c. Which of the following would probably be built later? a. Marine Police boats b. I think my father will listen to my mother. 2008 Jl. I think you will enjoy a weekend here. It has a swimming pool. my mother said she would rather have a rock garden complete with waterfall. telling interesting news d. a. d. they were moved to the uppendecks d. June 21. congratulations. Irma : Hi. As for me I would rather have a space for playing football or badminton. good friend c. It has a rock garden. Badminton court. Why does Budi like the new house? a. There are more rooms and we have big garden. new house 42. agreement c. shifted d. there were not enough life jackets 37. b. 43. c. badminton b. How are you getting along? It has been quite some time since I wrote to you. Royal Malaysian Navy c. 41. See you soon! Your Sincerely. they waited for several hours b. a. Text 7 Bandung. My father bought a new house.36. two Langkawi ferries How about visiting me and seeing our new house? I have already found a river which is good for Àshing. Penang Port tugboats d. for a. cousin brother d. The compound is so much bigger than the old house. were a. Risa : That’s great. Risa. The word moved means . Guess what! I passed the test yesterday. Some passengers panicked because . younger brother b. Dina is probaby Budi’s . d. bought c. gratitude b. My father said that we could have a swimming pool in the garden if we want to. Mawar no. The Àrst ships to arrive at the scene . uncle 39. Budi 38. We sold off the double storey terrace house and moved to a double storey semi-detached house. The italicised phrase is the expression . From the letter we know that Dina likes . I hope that you and your family are doing well. Rock garden. However. 30 Bandung – 12345 Dear Dina.
May I help you? b. fallen Liana : My brother had an accident last night. have written b. showing sympathy 138 English in Focus for Grade IX . Olga : Did Gigi sing last night? last Rima : Yes.44. is making Rima his new article for Publisher's Weekly. make c. a. Played d. a. forgot d. sung c. can Ànish b. simphaty c. certainly 46. Rusdi : How awful. slept d. a. Really? 45. 56. 52. a. went 51. fall b. a. must saw 48. sleep c. they did. a. fell d. Being played a decision Mrs Clarke deferred until the last minute. writing d. a. football is my hobby. Play b. sang b. was sleeping 49. Someone to lock the door. must see b. go c. Are you sure? d. had forgotten 47. going d. 54. a. write My mother a special dinner for my father last night. I’m so sorry to hear that. showing certainty b. a. making d. giving compliment d. Mey Mey : I lost my wallet yesterday. a. The italicised words express . made b. falling c. 55. Playing c. gone b. can be Ànished He from the stair last night. made I my work tonight. 53. make b. showing uncertainty c. Sir. They night. was sleeping 50. Raka : What time did you sleep last night? Ami : I at 10 p. is making d. Joe a doctor today. singing d. can Ànished c.m last night. forget b. Bayu : Oh. Can you help me? c. gratitude d. Sales : Good morning. ? Mr Edi : I want to know more about your products. pleasure b. a. have forgotten c. sleeping b. a. 57. Susan to Lombok with her friends last week. making c. must d. can Ànishing d. see c. The italicised sentence is an expression of . a. a. wrote c.
when farmers used horses a lot. worked on the farm b. nose for the . He said. The horse . (Modal. in the sea can be dangerous. The horse did not like this. was very old c. a friend came to see them. The farmers told him about the problem. That'll be easier and quicker. tall c. 3. 10. 2000 59.' So they found a saw and started cutting. (Present Perfect Tense) 7. Text 8 Two Farmers Two farmers had a big horse. ears d. 'Let's cut away the top of the entrance. The horse was too entrance. Make a sentence using might.' The farmers thanked their friend. Then the entrance will be higher. 4. Tisa Ayat-Ayat Cinta three times. Can you state the structure for Present Perfect Tense? 58. feet b. 2. a. short 60. The horse's ears are the problem. 'What are you doing?' their friend asked. My sister Ungu concert two days ago (Past Tense) 8. Make a sentence using an expression of asking repetition. After a long time. and he went away. Then one farmer said to the other. was a big animal Final Evaluation 139 . 5. 'That man's stupid. The friend said. Identify the structure of text 9. a. slept all day d. After a few minutes. one of them thought of an answer. slow d. and the entrance of its ears hit the top of the entrance. not its feet. thin b. 'What can we do about this problem?' they often asked. so the work was hard. Make a sentence using an expression of showing and responding to uncertainty. it got angry and often kicked the farmers. Do the following instructions. (Gerund) 6. I well without sleeping pils. 1. Then the Áoor will be lower. The horse worked in the Àelds in the day and slept in a stable at night. The horse was a big animal.' Taken from Junior Comprehension 2. head c. This was Àfty years ago. Their saw was old and not very good. It always hurt its a. can) 9.Questions 58 to 60 are based on Text 8. Make a sentence using an expression of asking and giving certainty. You can dig the entrance with a spade. 'You don't have to cut the entrance with a saw.
Word by Word. Chicago: World Book. Wardiman. Indonesian Children’s Favorite Stories. London: Oxford University Press. Seal. Tan Boon. Reading Elementary. D'Arcy. Rosemary. Soars. 2000. Allen. Indonesia : Binarupa Aksara. Blundell. Kim. London: Longman. Suyenaga. 2000. Function in English. The Topic Dictionary. Stannard. Junior Comprehension 2. 1993. W. Washington D. The New Book of Knowledge. Nm. Artono. 1995. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.G. Ready to Write. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD. London: Longman. A Beginning Writing Text. London: Oxford University Press. L. 1987. Jakarta: PT Setia Purna Inves. 1994. London: Longman. A Basic Writing Text. London: Longman.G. Steven J.Bibliography Adrian – Vallace. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons. London: Oxford University Press. Standar Isi. English in Everyday Life. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. World Book Team. Kheng. Step into Writing. Reference Guide to English. A Conversation Book 2. A First Composition Text. 2005. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 1992 Primary 1: Vocabulary Practice. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. Margaret. London: Oxford University Press. Blanchard. S. Vocabulary Builder. 140 English in Focus for Grade IX . Hornby. 1982.C: CBS College Publishing. Alice. Tina Kasloff and Sandra Douglas Fotinos. Blanchard. Guide to Patterns and Usage in English. UPSR. Singapore: Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. 1998. 2007. Alexander. T. and Van Veen. 1998. 2006. 1994. 1983. Childcraft: Nature in Danger. 1972. 1987.S. Karen and Christine Root. A Handbook of English as a Second Language. Jonathan Higgens and Nigel Middle Miss. 1994. UPSR. 2007. 1983. Liz and John. London: Grolier Incorporated Danbury Co. Bennet. 2006. 2000. London: Longman. Jon. World Book Team. 2008 Molinsky. 2003. Headway Student’s Book. London: Longman. A. London: Longman. Living English Structure. London: Longman. Bonner. Get Ready to Write. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD Maclin. Bernard. Kim. Practice and Progress. Scott. Tan Boon. 2005. Joan. Carver. 1991.M. Make Yourself a Master of English for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs). Chan S. Karen and Christine Root.
rhhotels. 2008• 11. Kamus Visual. 2005• 7. 67 5.wordpress.com• 52 4. 20 6.com• 4 3. 2003• 39.2006• 63 8.wordpress. 81.co.files.blogspot.com• 79 3.grasindo.eircom. 2007• 129 Final Evaluation 1.id• 28 www. www.Àles. 94 4. Visual Arts. Publisher Documantation• 113 5. 2007• 47 Chapter 3 1.com• 38 5. german. www. Hands on Science. 42.net• 109 4. 18 5. How Does It Work?. 1993• 133 2. wayangsuket.kbrimanila. Make and Do. 20 Chapter 2 1. homepage. UPSR.unj.slbn3yogja.uk• 75 2. 1990• 79. 2000• 135.offshoreradio. CD Image• 54.co.com• 1 2.ok• 23 2.royalhoteliow.uk• 117 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. How Does It Work?.com• 70 2.go. The World Book Encyclopedia. Hands on Science. 2005• 50. www. The Big Book of Science Projects. 366 and More Fairy Tales. www. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com• 71 2. 43 6.artcraft. 2006• 114 6.id• 79 www.leeds. www.wordpress.ac. 58 6. 2002• 85.org.banten. 2007• 70. Nature. www.my• 105 3.uk• 27 3.parkseed.Áheritage. appreciativeorganization.org2. www.rasamalaysia.kbrimanila.recipezaar.com 7. Kamus Visual. 95 Chapter 5 1.germes-online.Photo Credits Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1.wordpress• 5 4. www. www. www. 101 Great Science. 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. www. 2001• 72 Chapter 4 1. 2008• 66 141 .Àles. com• 38 www.com• 51 3.com• 10 7.net• 49 2.frightenstein.com• 99 2.id•28 4.Àles. www. Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. www. www. Experiments.ph• 38 www.co.indonesia.com. Nature.melayuonline. ayiediary. 71 3.ac.indonesianart.ph• 38 brangwetan. www. Indonesian Heritage. 136 Chapter 1 1. www. 2001• 14.
pesisir konservasi. menolak 2. wadah/kotak terus-menerus mengubah makhluk menjelajah pelayaran. kebiasaan biasa 1. tambahan bertiup. unggul 142 English in Focus for Grade IX . timbul memeriahkan sangat besar. pertunjukan lingkungan ulung. perlindungan alam terus-menerus. sabuk lagi pula. tak henti-hentinya. merosot lezat. menyertai pesawat terbang tiap tahun meminta maaf menghadiri perhatian rata-rata berdasarkan pada paruh binatang (buas) pelayan/pesuruh pria di hotel (= bellboy) ikat pinggang.Glossary accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ accompany /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ aircraft /eəkrɑ:ft/ annually /ænjʊəlɪ/ apologize /əˈpɒlədʒaɪz/ attend /əˈtend/ attention /əˈtenʃn/ average /ævərɪdʒ/ based on /beɪsd ɔn/ beak /bi:k/ beast /bi:st/ bellhop /belheʊp/ belt /belt/ besides /bɪ’səɪd/ blow/bləʊ/ break down /ˈbreɪkdəʊn/ ceremony /ˈserɪmənɪ/ chance /tʃɑ:ns/ circulation /ˈsɜ:kjʊleɪˈʃn/ coast /kəʊst/ conservation /ˈkənsəˈveɪʃn/ constantly /ˈkɒnstəntlɪ/ container /kənˈteɪnə/ continually /kənˈtɪnjʊəlɪ/ convert /kən’vɜ:t/ creature /ˈkri:tʃə/ cruise (v.) /kru:z/ custom /ˈkʌstəm/ customary /ˈkʌstəmərɪ/ decline /dɪˈklaɪn/ delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ diet /ˈdaɪət/ diving /daɪvɪŋ/ dot /dɒt/ earn one’s living /ɜ:n wúns lɪvɪŋ/ emerge /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ enliven /ənlɪvən/ enormous /ɪnɔ:məs/ entertainment /ˈentəˈteɪnmənt/ environment /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/ excellent /ˈeksələnt/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : kecelakaan menemani. makanan menyelam titik. baik sekali. hebat hiburan. koran/surat kabar) pantai. pesiar adat. oplah (mis. meniup rusak upacara kesempatan peredaran. bintik mencari nafkah muncul. enak diet.) /kru:z/ cruise (n.
melunasi 2. kebetulan saja pokok/kepala berita tumit lari gawang tidak teratur lembing alat memasak/dapur kadal memuat(i) 1. ekspansi menjelaskan. belaka mengalikan. terjadi 2.expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ explanation /ˈekspləˈneɪʃn/ farm implement /fɑ:m ˈɪmpləmənt/ favourable /ˈfeɪvərəbəl/ fencing /fencɪŋ/ Àre extinguisher/ˈfaɪə ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃə/ Áeet /Ái:t/ Áesh /Áeʃ/ frequently /ˈfri:kwentlɪ/ furrow /ˈfʌrəʊ/ fuselage /ˈfjʊ:zəlɑ:ʒ/ grand /grænd/ happen /ˈhæpən/ headline /hedlaɪn/ heel /hi:l/ hurdling /ˈhɜ:dlɪŋ/ irregular /ɪˈregjʊlə/ javelin /ˈdʒævlɪn/ kitchen appliance /ˈkɪtʃɪn əˈplaɪəns/ lizard /ˈlɪzəd/ load /ləʊd/ look out /lʊkʌʊt/ manufacture /mænjʊˈfæktʃə/ marbles /ˈmɑ:bl/ merely /ˈmɪəlɪ/ multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/ mythical /mɪðɪkl/ nation /ˈneɪʃn/ naval vessel /ˈneɪvl vesl/ necessity /nɪˈsesətɪ/ nevertheless /ˈnevəðə’les/ ofÀcially /əˈfɪʃəlɪ/ parlour /ˈpɑ:lə/ pay off /peɪəf/ pea /pi:/ possibility /pósəˈbɪlətɪ/ preserve /prɪˈzɜ:v/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : perluasan. memberi hasil kacang polong kemungkinan 1. melipatgandakan dongengan bangsa kapal angkutan laut keperluan. menguntungkan anggar alat pemadam kebakaran armada daging sering kali galur. mengawetkan Glossary 143 . menyenangkan. pengembangan. memelihara 2. menyenangkan. awas membuat/menghasilkan dengan tangan/mesin kelereng hanya. menerangkan penjelasan alat pertanian baik. berhati-hati 2. alur badan pesawat terbang agung. hebat 1. meskipun begitu/demikian secara resmi kamar/salon tamu 1. kebutuhan namun.
46. 19. 50. 118. 129. 85. 89. 103. 53. 53 Index of Grammar • Using let to introduce imperatives. 12. 63. 134. 100. 76. 96. 34 • The present perfect tense. 29 • Showing attention. 51. 8. 127. 3 • Asking repetition. 103. 4. 92. can and could. 102. 24. 117 144 English in Focus for Grade IX . 29 • Responding hesitation. 78. 95 • Wardiman. 115. 95. Colin. 5. 58. 84 • Showing polite manners. 59. 17 • Gerunds. 55. 37. 79 • La Fontaine. 110. 52. 9. 136. 88. 101. 33. 132 • Narrative text. 139 Index of Authors • Clark.Index Index of Expressions • Asking and responding certainty. 28. 73. 62. 70. 137 • Report text. 56. 106. 83. 108 • Showing simpathy. 18. 52. 14. 43. Anne. 135. 52. 55. Artono 24. 11. 114. 44. 56 • Giving admiration. 91. 31. 56 • Giving interesting news or information. 119 Index of Texts • Procedural text. 71. 20. 93 • Special Ànites may and might. 77 • Responding interesting news or information. 81. 107. 82. 133. 72. 7 • Showing hesitation. 2. 81 • Mckie. 128. 42. 26. 53. 51. 7. 85. 127. 64. 39. 6. 15. 35. 16. 61 • The past perfect tense. 117. 94.
They like it very much. how do you make your fried chicken? Mrs Hery : I use a traditional recipe. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. : Are you certain about it? : DeÀnitely. First of all. mix the Áour with a grain of peppers. Ungu.let’s see. I want to make fried chicken for Sisi and Niar. Finally. Nona Ardi Script Practice 10 1. I am going to the market. 3. Next.Listening Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Practice 3 1. Son? Budi : I’m not so sure. Practice 5 Mrs Siregar : Hello. They are successful because they are singers of great 9voices and they can 10perform well before an audience. pour the juice into some glasses. I know that an instant recipe is much quicker but I don’t think it’s better. Mrs Hery : I deÀnitely sure. Fira : I’m not sure I can dance Serimpi Dance beautifully. Where are you going? Mrs Hery : Oh. Instant recipe is much quicker. Yurike : Hmm. Practice 11 • • • • • Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Bring together all of your friends (max. Practice 9 : I will go to watch wayang orang in Taman Sriwedari tonight. Àrst. peppers. Practice 6 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. You will sleep really well. Do not use computer effects or contact lenses. They are played by 3bands in dance halls. Mom. The ancient Hindu epic is the basis for many aspects of life in Java.25 kg Áour. Dad.I’ll have an English test tomorrow. Then. Contemporary art has also developed here. Would you like to come. 1 tablespoon vanilla syrup 6. Fira. arts. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people.15. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. 3. cafe. He sang badly last night. jln. Mrs Siregar : I see. 3 cm of ginger. when I get up. I don’t know why. You just need some slices of chicken thighs for about 0. I feel fresh again. Fried it in a hot oil until it turns light brown. Ria No. 3 pieces of garlics. one tablespoon of salt. Then. Practice 6 Javanese Culture Culture. 4. take medicine. Practice 7 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. red syrup together with some ice cubes into a blender and blend on high for one minute. Roll the chicken thighs to the Áour. spirits and powers of good and evil are together to be a part of Javanese culture. 2. After a while prepare 0. The bands consist of six to more than six 5persons. mix the chicken thighs with egg yolk. : Really? : I’ve no doubt about it. restaurants. Sute : There’s some doubt in my mind that Handy will pass to the next level of Indonesian Idol. one teaspoon full of peppers. 1 tablespoon red syrup 4. Next month is an examination time! 1. Dora : Would you like to see Glenn Fredly concert next month? Wildan : I couldn’t really be sure about that. garlics and salt. Mrs Siregar : Are you sure? Why don’t you use an instant recipe? I don’t think that a traditional recipe will much better. mix it with the pound of the spices. I make it easy and quick.. 15 persons) Give your best pose and smile is a must! Take your photo with digital camera or pocket camera. vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that does not sleep easily. magic. keep in the freezer for a half hour. OK. Just keep practising. Some ice cubes Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Practice 2 Pop Songs Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. and the night clubs and on 4television. pound ginger. do the same to the remaining soursoup. And last but not least 8the programmes of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. pineapple. First. by 29 March 2008. 4 slices (400 gr) papayas 2. Next. I go to sleep. Mr Herman 145 . By the way. Mrs Siregar : Can you tell me the recipe? Mrs Hery : Well. hello Mrs Siregar. The songs are mainly simple 1music with the lyrics about 2love. Gigi.5 kg. 1 slices (100 gr) pineapple 3. 1 egg. 2. Get the chicken thighs out from the freezer. The boys bands are 6famous today. 2.. Mrs Hery. 7Boys bands held by Maroon 5. Collect your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta : I haven’t slept well lately. 1 piece (300 gr) soursoup 5. Practice 9 Ingredients : 1. Finally. Mrs Handoko : Don’t worry. Put the slices of papaya. don’t think too much.
You may want/need to add a little more Áour or milk based on the consistency you want. : That’s too bad. 3. 1 egg.. Dona : TerriÀc! Practice 12 You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the OutÀt. It’s Fantastic! Can you tell me the recipe to make this buns. Mixture. 1 tablespoon baking powder. you hang up the phone. Mr Burhan said. Your character or weapon must be unique. She probably used lip synch. 2. Sir. : I can’t be certain about the presentation of Gigi Band. Add Áour. Thanks for the explanation. well.com Exercise of Chapters 1-3 Text 1 Bright Colours Police ofÀcers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing trafÀc. especially when it is dark. I’m not all convinced about the singer’s voice.2Tell me more. egg. I couldn’t really be sure about where Salsa Dance originally came from. then tell me what to do to the ingredients. 1/2 teaspoon salt. Practice 5 You will need: 1 cup all-purpose Áour. Bring above mix to the boiling. 2 teaspoons sugar. I see. oyster sauce 15 ml. You must have a name. First. tell me more! Gun : After that. I see. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours 146 English in Focus for Grade IX . Sinyo : 4Well. Their manager says that they’re on a full schedule. Well. Add in any extra goodies and cook over med heat griddle. please. I couldn’t say. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. state your name and address to the operator. pick up the phone. What are the materials to make an Amazon hut? What is the Àrst step? Why should we cut woods into large sticks? How can we make the frame for the house? Where we put palm leaves? 1. salt. soy sauce. Shall we see it? : I don’t know. 5. you need barbecue beef 500 g. 2. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? Anti : Of course I do. You must have a mission.. he would announce it in one hour. I’m not so sure that my sister will become a good singer. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. milk. Then. Finally. now it is Ànished. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin.Àgurethings. and beef for 1 minute. state your destination to the operator. oyster and remainder water in wok and stir well. remove roast beef Àlling to bowl and refrigerate. Mrs Jhon : First of all. oil 15 ml. Mix constarch with 6 table spoon water completely into a smooth. onion. soy sauce 15 ml. Then. This helps drivers to see them clearly. sugar. 2. 5. Mr Jhon : Oh. Mix well. 4. Imaginary character outÀt must be original.. Taste it. 3/4 cup milk. Ànely chopped onion 25 g. Add contract slurry to the wok and stir until thickened over mild heat. 3. What will you do at the coming Saturday night? I’ve some information to Àll your Saturday night. And in the end. Add sugar. Practice 11 1. Ah. I wish they would come for this charity. Dona : Oh. First. 3. I couldn’t say that rap music was from Africa. sugar 15 ml.. That’s marvellous! How did you do that? Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Dona : Well. add and stir oil. Dona : Wow. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. 4. Mrs Jhon : Well. I just made it. Then. 1/2 teaspoon vanilla (optional) How to make it 1. Gun : See.. Then. Anti : And then. and vanilla.. Roni Headmaster Practice 10 : There’s a new art gallery at Jln. 3. sauce. Tio Rani 6. and Go Out for Party! Conditions: 1. hmm. Then. 2. 4.. I see. cool sweet and savoury beef down for Àlling. at 7 pm. Theatrical Performing Art by Alama n’ friends in Selasar Open Theatre at 8 pm and Ska Music Festival starts from 5 pm. powder. Dial the service number. Practice 11 Good evening young listeners. Practice 3 Dona : Hey Gun. Practice 6 Mr Jhon : What is that? Mrs Jhon : It is sweet buns. Sinyo : 1 Oh. Choose your favorite programme and leave your chair! Chapter 3 Be Creative! Practice 2 Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. Sinyo : 3What should I do after that? Anti : Then. There’s some doubt in my mind that Hula-Hula Dance originated from Honolulu. For further details contact us Hana 09992434 Riko 09997326 Email Àgureparty@www. I’m still waiting for my examination result right now. Mr Jhon : Ok.. Sabang. Place a wok of sauce pan over medium heat until hot.5. cornstarch 20 g and water 100 ml. launching of Tristan’s painting in Rialto Gallery.
they invited the Sea to visit them. Guess what. One day. What do you think of my new hair cut? Hello. although they were in love with each other. a dirty. a dog stole a big piece of meat and he was very proud of it. Santi and I 1 were going to the town library together. Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. it ended sadly. Loki : What an interesting story! Well unfortunately. really? I thought that was a sad story. Believe it or not. • • • • white stickers silver glitter a sheet of black paper felt-tip pen So the Sea went along. 6. Practice 11 Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky A long time ago. In fact I want to know about some 3postal matters. really? Why was that? Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. Practice 6 Loki : Hi. 10. A : I laughed out loud. Practice 14 Dear diary Last Sunday. I’m reading the story of Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. because of the surgery in my chin two months ago and my haircut. They almost brought me to the immigration ofÀce. He is employed by the post ofÀce to 2deliver letters and collect those posted in pillar boxes. We were very afraid that we 4 thought we were 5 followed by a pick pocket or a freak. some one was 3 following us. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. I looked very different. Purnama Bulan’s Àance noticed the veil. Listening Script 147 . B : Oh. he had to let go the remains of the meat to avoid drowning. What do you think of my new jacket? Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Practice 3 1. So. with the Àsh and all the members of his family. What happened next? Mr Randi : Then I called 5The Indonesian Embassy and they helped me. he killed Pungguk. Those birds were called Pungguk. Practice 6 1. Its 4locked mailboxes located inside the post ofÀce. we gave him some money. The post ofÀce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. the Sun and the Moon were a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. what so special? Tell me more. But then. this is the second time I’m reading it. We heard some noises behind the bush. He said thanks and went away. then they climbed up into the sky. then. Then. where they have remained ever since. Please Practice 2 Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? Herman : My father is a 1postman. Thank you very much for the information. Would you tell me more about it? Herman : Yeah sure. what do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post OfÀce Box. He looked down into the river water carefully and he saw another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. they called “Pungguk! Pungguk!”. when he was in the water. 7. when I read the story of a Lovely. When Pungguk walked. Gosh. He 6 asked for a money to buy some food. and thought that Pungguk stole it. the weather was Àne. That’s very a 8 heartbeating experience. anyway. 3not very smooth exactly. Àve stamps and a postcard. Wu Fei : All right. Tari. please. it changed into living creatures. How are you? Mr Randi : Hello. and so was left with nothing. When he was full. poor boy came out from the bush. Nino : So. Nino. Near the park. Wu Fei : And 5registered mail? Herman : It offers 6extra safety for valuable mail for an additional fee. he threw himself on the other dog to steal his meat as well. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan. birds. thanks. We went 2 in the afternoon . 8. the dog did not realise that it was his own reÁection in the water. They are used by people who Ànd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. Surprisingly. Lovely Mud. so that the Sun and the Moon had to climb up to the roof because they did not want to be drowned. Practice 3 Nino : Hello. Ma’am? Mrs Dina : I need three envelopes. B : Tell me more about it. Nino : 4That’s horrible. He works for the Ministry of Education. A : Surprise! I have already read the story of Laskar Pelangi. Nino : Oh. Expressions for number 5 to 10 Are you sure that you will get the scholarship? I doubt that I will pass the test Can you hear me? I got headache for the last two days. Unfortunately. from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms. he was just a 7 hungry kid. What’re you doing? Tari : Hi. Fira. 9. he ran off until he reached the bank of the river. Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. In addition . Surprisingly. Loki : Well. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. Tari : This story is about a powerful love. Loki. how’s your trip to Singapore? 2Would you tell me more about it? Mr Randi : Well.You will need: • a bright torch • scissors • non-toxic glue • sticky tack 5. they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. Post OfÀce Clerk : What do you need. Practice 9 The Greedy Dog One day. Nino : I see. One day. With his sword. Funnily enough. 2. the water began to rise. Herman. Purnama Bulan already had a Àance. Mr Randi. The addrese must sign a receipt for it. 1I’m Àne.
00 and get 10% discount if you buy both series. OK. Do you know how much is the charge for a package to Singapore as soon as possible? 5. I remembered that I 6drank Àve cold drinks in one hour. Mrs Yuna : How much does the stamp cost? Post OfÀce Clerk : It costs Rp3. The mail is opened to try to 9Ànd the sender or addressee. Love. In the US a 2mail carrier sometimes must walk 3along his route. Tom and Jerry. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. 4. Practice 8 Practice 11 Good evening youngpals wherever you are. Now. 3. Kiko : Which one do you prefer? Sending news by air mail or by electronic mail? Ela : I prefer by air mail. I only stayed for one night. Back to Ramajaya FM. If this is unsuccessful.2. please. Ma’am. One week ago I 1went to Batam Island for business. I’ll tell you one interesting ads. That’s enough for now. because it was only a 3short visit. Lula. Sir. In Spain or Indonesia the 4postman often travels by 5bicycle or motorcycle. Post OfÀce Clerk : May I help you. My colleague 4picked me up at the airport.500. especially for you Àllatelist freak. Heroes series and cartoon series. Wonder woman. How are you? I’m doing good here. 6 Rejected mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7sender. we 5continued our journey to the hotel. What’re you waiting for? Get it now on your nearby post ofÀce. Mickey and Minnie Mouse. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1post drivers.000. Then. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 Dear Lula. Each series only Rp150. Post OfÀce Clerk : Absolutely. Spiderman. the mail is 10destroyed and any valuables are sold. I’m so sorry I could not 2come to Jakarta. Susan Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or dead-letter ofÀce. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. It’s 17421. 148 English in Focus for Grade IX . Don’t forget to write me soon. Central post ofÀce has launched two new series of stamp. It was a very hot day. I also visited Nagoya. You’ll Ànd Superman. This may happen if it is addressed 8wrong and does not have a return address. Spongebob and Patrick. Batam Centre and Galang Island. Mr Tora : I need the postal code of East Jakarta please.
6. 5. 4. 4. seeing is believing missing interfering helping telling bathing learning making packing saying. g f e d 5. c 3. 1. F T F originate famous charm captivate. 3. 7. 8. 2. 3. 2. Let me stir the coconut milk thoroughly. 3. 10. 1. b f d e Answer Key 149 . 10. down. 1. 10. holes. 3. 2. h 4. Let’s keep the biscuit smashing. 6. 2. have a role not very strong – take and use something – take in or absorb have the same form give a reason for believing Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Listening Practice 3 1. 6. 1. 7. 7. 7. 3. 2. 3. water. 3. better. 2. 2. 3. 5. grow. 6. 1. dusk record Practice 12 1.Answer Chapter 1 Do It this Way! Listening Practice 7 1. 4. 3. j a f b g Practice 9 Practice 11 Writing Practice 6 1. 4. 2. press. F F T T T 6. clods. Let’s have dinner in a new restaurant. 4. magnetise Ànely Practice 4 Reading Practice 2 (Grammar Stage) 1. 2. 4. 3. base Ànally. 5. 5. 6. 4. F F F Writing Practice 8 1. a 2. 8. 6. 2. 4. 1. 5. 4. 3. looking c d b d a b b Reading Practice 2 1. Let’s make an aquarium (together). 5. 9. 7. Let’s keep the water boiling. one table spoon fried one teaspoon mix pound Key 4. 2. Let’s get lunch (together). now after that. Let me add some salt. patch next. 6. seed. 4. 8. nearly came chieÁy yearly e h i c d 6. 7. 3. 7. 5. Àrst of all. 9. 5. 9. 2. 8. 9. gloves. 2. 5. then. 4. c b a Practice 3 water plant tank gravels ponds net jug Let’s cook (together). 5. 4. g 5. T F T F F Practice 6 Practice 5 (Grammar Stage) Practice 8 1. 5. 3. Let’s keep the coconut milk stirring. 8.
1. 10. 2. 3. 15. 2. 24. 28. 7. 4. 4. 10. 20. a c b d c c b c a c d d b a c 31. 12. 29. 10. 5. 3. action verbs). 1. 22. 2. 4. 7. 2. 6. answer my vary answer my vary answer my vary haven’t worked has lost have you ever seen Practice 4 Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Listening Practice 9 1. 4. and the bridle 6. 3. 8. 3. 18. 1. how. 3. 6. Practice 11 c-a-b-e-f-d-g Reading Practice 2 1. 4. 9. c e f a b d h g a c h d b j e g i k Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 6. 19. 7. 3. 2. 2. 5. 4. e h j k f 6. 2. a h c f 2. b c c b 1. 35. 10. 36. 14. 1. a b d c b b b a a b a b c a b 16. 3 1 2 4 5 Reading Practice 2 1. 5. 2. 25. how many. 4. 7. 5. 3. 3. 3. what type • Steps : What to do • The frame (commands. 23. 33. b Writing Practice 4 3-2-1-4 Practice 7 1. 38. with what) • The covering (where. 4. 9. 2. 9. how long. 4. 2. details. 3. 5. b c a d d c b a d c Practice 4 150 English in Focus for Grade IX . 13. 8. 11. 5. 21. 6. A text that gives informations about something just the way it is as the result of systematical observation and analysis. 8. The generic structures of procedural text • Goal • Materials (precise information. 4. 4. 5. A text that gives hints about the way to make something with its steps. 3. 32. 3. 4. 40. 17. 5. 8. 5. 6. 7. 6. 6. 37. d g b e F T F T haven’t subscribed has given have you been have read has been stolen has been caught. a a c a b a a b b b Practice 6 Practice 12 Speaking Practice 10 1. 7. 7. 30. 8. 34.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Listening Practice 10 1. d g i a c 11. 39. 26. 2. 8. has been brought haven’t collected has been cheated have been swept has written 5. 27. 9.
2. 4. 2. 3. 3. 1. 11. 2. have make think look touch say Practice 7 Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. 9. 2. 10. 6. 4. 5. 8. 6. Kbo Iwo. 4. 5. 2. 5. 2.00 breakfast spa centre Àtness centre swimming pool Practice 9 Answer Key 151 . 7 8. 3.Practice 5 1. 5. 2. 3. 5. 4. 5. had left had done had tasted had done was sat/rested post/had written had gone went/had lost had gone Kbo Iwo. The destruction of all the houses and even the temples. Please Listening Practice 12 1. 2. 8. 2. 6. 7. 10. 9. 4. Kbo Iwo The Balinese. Speaking Practice 3 1. 8. 8. 4. b b c a c a c Practice 8 1. 6. 7. 1. 4. 5 6. The Balinese. 3. 7. 4. b c a d c b d d b b Marguiritta Restaurant may restaurant p. 3. 1. 4. 2. 4. 11. 9. 1. 10. 9. The water. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 had planted had drawn had painted had written] had confused 6. 2. 5. 7. 3. 1. 10. 6. 5. 7. 10. 5. 7. 6. 3. 5.m. 7. 1. 9. 4. 3. 6. 7. 8. 3. horrible damped strange looked some amphibians stuck slow thought shaking gentle missed day frown fast familiar harsh smart agitate meet am/is damp see are Practice 10 Practice 8 Practice 12 Hotel view beach weekdays Rp750.000. 8. reserve please name table eight That’s right inn route ancient luxurious lodging tavern Practice 13 Practice 6 Writing Practice 6 1. 6. 3.
55. I can go early if he lets me. 48. 33. 20. 7. I could go early everyday last summer. 43. 36. 39. 5. 25. 2. 23. a. 42. 4. 3. 31. 10. 2. 32. 6. 38. 9. 13. 5. She can read easily with her new glasses. 9. 57. 17. 25. 7. 6. F F F T F T F Practice 5 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. 8. a. envelope postcard mail bag seal postmark glue parcel stamp g f e b d a c employed post mailbox post ofÀce parcel post basically postcard postage stamp money order depend Writing Practice 6 1. She can make her own dresses in a few years. He can leave it for an hour. 7. 15. 8. 37. 49. 5. b. 4. 18. 8. 21. Practice 10 1. 13. 56. 11. 7. a. 34. 40. 59. 4. 5. 24. 7. He could play chess when he was young I can Áy a plane after a few more lessons. 22. 10. 28. b a b a a b a a c c d b d a b a c a d b b a d a c b a c c b b b a b c 16. d a b d b b c d c c 152 English in Focus for Grade IX . 39. 51. 2. 6. 60. 35. 3. 4. 7. 37. 46. 29. b. 54. 5. 8. 12. d b c a c c c b a c d a a c d b b a b d c c a c d c d b c a d a b c b 31. 47. 2. 33. 5. 50. 11. 17. She can cook well with more practice.Reading Practice 2 1. 5. 2. a. 2. 45. 40. 34. 14. 58. b. b. 6. 1. 27. 7. 21. 12. 8. 27. 3. 44. 6. 14. I could Áy a plane when I was in the air force. a. 30. We could do this exercise last week. 26. b. a. d c a c c a b c c d Practice 6 Final Evaluation 41. She could make her own dresses before she got married. 3. a. 1. 32. 53. b. We can do this exercise next week. 4. 15. 3. 38. 22. 3. 24. 36. He could leave it whenever he wanted to He can play chess this afternoon. 7. b c c a b d a a c d b c a d a c d d b c Practice 7 (Grammar Stage) 1. b. 3. 10. 52. 26. 4. 10. a. 5. 19. 1. She could cook well when I knew her. b. She could read easily before her eye got trouble. 20. 9. 9. 6. 18. 19. 4. 29. 35. 8. 28. 6. 6. 3. 23. 16. 2. 2. 4. 30.