SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMEN

(MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM)

Raymond McLeod,Jr

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SISTEM

Sekelompok Elemen yang terintegrasi dengan maksud yang sama untuk mencapai suatu tujuan Data yang telah diolah / memiliki arti

INFORMASI

MAnajemen

Kumpulan aktivitas (Planning, Organazing, Commanding, Coordinating dan Controlling)>Henry FAyol
2

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TUGAS MANAJER

Manusia

Manajer Informasi/Data

Mesin (Energi & Fasilitas)

Uang MAterial

SD. FISIK
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SD. KONSEPTUAL
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MANAJEMEN SUMBER DAYA

Manusia Mesin (Energi & Fasilitas)

Uang Informasi/Data MAterial

MANAJEMEN SUMBER DAYA

MANAJEMEN INFORMASI

Memperoleh,Menyusun,memaksimalkan,Mengganti
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FAKTOR M'PENGARUHI PERHATIAN PADA MANAJEMEN INFORMASI
1. Kompleksitas Kegiatan Bisnis • Pengaruh ekonomi Internasional • Persaingan Dunia • Kompleksitas Teknologi Meningkat • Batas Waktu Singkat • Kendala Sosial 2. KEmampuan Komputer • Ukuran • Kecepatan
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PENGGUNA MANAJEMEN INFORMASI

• Manajer • Non Manajer • Orang dan organisasi dalam perusahaan

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MANAGER DAPAT DITEMUKAN PADA SETIAP LEVEL DAN AREa FUNGSIONAL PERUSAHAAN
Strategic planning level Management Control Level Operational Control Level
Finance Function Human Resources Function Information Services Function Manufacturing Function Marketing Function
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PENGARUH LEVEL MANAJEMEN PADA SUMBER DAN BENTUK INFORMASI
Strategic planning level Management control level Operational control level Strategic planning level Management control level Operational control level
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Environmental Internal

Summary Detail
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FUNGSI MANAJEMEN HENRY FAYOL
Strategic
Planning Level

Management
Control Level

Operational
Control Level

Plan
Direct
Staff
Control

Organize
Plan
Control
Staff
Organize

Direct
Staff
Plan

Organize

Control

Direct

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FUNGSI MANAJEMEN MINTZBERG
 Interpersonal roles – Figurehead – Leader – Liaison • Informational roles – Monitor – Disseminator – Spoke sperson
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Decisional roles – Entrepreneur – Disturbance handler – Resource allocator – Negotiator

KEAHLIAN MANAJEMEN
KOMUNIKASI
Komunikasi dgn bawahan,atasan,sesama manager dan orang luar

PEMECAHAN MASALAH
Dengan membuat perubahan pada operasional prsh -> tercapai tujuan

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Computer Reports
Noncomputer reports

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Letters & Memos Electronic mail

Internal Sources

Written Media

Periodicals

BENTUK & SUMBER INFORMASI PEMECAHAN MASALAH

Problem Solving
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Scheduled Meetings
Unscheduled Meetings

Telephone Voice Mail Tours Business Meals

External Sources

Oral Media

PENGETAHUAN MANAJEMEN

COMPUTER LITERACY
Pengetahuan mengenai komputer (istilah,keunggulan & kelemahan, menggunakan dll)

INFORMATION LITERACY
Pengetahuan mengenai informasi (bagaimana menggunakan, memperoleh, membagi)

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KOMPONEN SISTEM
Bagian2 Sistem yg dpt Mengendalikan Operasinya Sendiri
Objectives

Control mechanism

Input

Transformation

Output
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Open-Loop System

Input

Transformation

Output

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OPEN VS CLOSED SYSTEMS
• Open system
– Terhubung dengan lingkungannya melalui arus sumber (input)
Cth : Sistem pemanas mendpt input dari PLN

• Closed system
– Tidak terhubung dengan lingkungannya
Cth : sistem di lab. nuklir

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SISTEM DAPAT BERUPA SUBSISTEM / ELEMEN
System
Subsystem A Subsystem B
Elemental part C

Subsystem A-1

Subsystem B-1

Subsystem A-2

Subsystem B-2

Subsystem A-3
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Elemental part B1

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PHYSICAL and CONCEPTUAL SYSTEMS • Physical system
– The business firm – Composed of physical resources

• Conceptual system
– Represents a physical system – Uses conceptual resources
• Information • Data
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A SYSTEMS VIEW
• Business operations are embedded within a larger environmental setting – Mencegah manajer tersesat dalam kerumitan struktur organisasi dan rincian pekerjaan (Reduces complexity) – Menyadari perlunya memiliki tujuan-tujuan yang baik (Requires good objectives) – Menekankan pentingnya kerjasama dari semua bagian dalam organisasi (Emphasizes working together) – Mengakui keterkaitan organisasi dengan lingkungannya (Acknowledges interconnections) – Memberi penilaian yg tinggi pada informasi umpan19 fatkhulamin@gmail.com balik (Values feedback)

DATA and INFORMATION • Information processor
– – – – Key element in the conceptual system Computer Noncomputer Combination

• Data is the raw material transformed into information

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EVOLUTION of THE CBIS
• Data Processing (DP) • Management Information Systems (MIS) 1964 – IBM promoted the concept as a means of selling disk files and terminals • Decision Support Systems (DSS) 1971 – Text book’s distinction: • MIS: Organizational/group - general • DSS: Individual - specific • Office Automation (OA) 1964 • Artificial Intelligence (AI)/ Expert Systems (ES) 1990s – Heavy investment by businesses

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THE CBIS MODEL
Computer-based Information System (CBIS) Accounting Information System

Problem

Decisions

Information

Management Information System

Decision Support Systems Problem Solution The Virtual Office Knowledge-based Systems fatkhulamin@gmail.com

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DATABASE

Kumpulan data komputer yang terintegrasi, diatur dan disimpan menurut suatu cara yang memudahkan pengambilan kembali

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TRADITIONAL COMMUNICATION CHAIN
Database Administrator

User

Systems Analyst

Programmer

Operator

Computer

Network Specialist

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END-USER COMPUTING (EUC)

• Pengembangan seluruh atau sebagian sistem berbasis komputer oleh para pemakai.

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END-USER COMPUTING (EUC)
• End-user computing
– Development of all or part of applications – Information specialists act as consultants

• Stimulants to EUC
– Meningkatnya pengetahuan tentang komputer (Increased computer literacy) – Antrian jasa informasi (IS backlog) – Perangkat keras yg murah - Low-cost hardware (the PC) – Perangkat lunak jadi - Prewritten software (electronic spreadsheets)
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IS and EUC
The End-User Computing Communication Chain
Information Specialists

Support

Communication

User
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Computer
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Justifying the CBIS
• Justify in the same manner as any other large investment • Economic – Cost reduction – Reduced inventory investment – Increased productivity (CAD/CAM) • Noneconomic – Perceived value
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Achieving the CBIS

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Reengineering the CBIS • Business Process Reengineering (BPR)
– Reworking systems – Good system features retained – Becoming development methodology of choice

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Roles Played by the Manager and by the Information Specialist
Phase Manager Information Specialist

Planning Analysis Design Implementation Use

Define problem Control Control Control Control

Support System Study Design system Implement system Make available
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Summary
• Information is one of five main resources • Computer output used by managers and nonmanagers • A system is an integration of elements working toward an objective – Physical – Conceptual • Data vs. Information
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Summary [cont.] • CBIS composed of various components
– – – – – AIS MIS DSS Virtual office Knowledge-based systems

• End-user computing trends • CBIS development
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