The selection of the proper type of film to be used for the x-ray examination of a particular part depends on: D A. the thickness of the part. B. the material of the specimen. C. the voltage range of the available x-ray machine. D. all three of the above factors.

406. Radiographic sensitivity, in the context of the minimum detectable flaw size, depends on: D A. graininess of the film. B. the unsharpness of the flaw image in the film. C. the contrast of the flaw image on the film. D. all three of the above.

407. Any of the body tissues may be injured by excessive exposure to X or gamma rays but particularly sensitive are: D A. blood. B. lens of the eye. C. internal organs. D. all of the above.

408. X-ray exposure may be due to: C A. the direct beam from the x-ray tube target. B. scatter radiation arising from objects in the direct beam. C. both A and B above. D. both A and B above plus residual radiation that exists for the first few minutes after the xray machine has been returned to the "off" position.

409. Lead foil screens are used in radiography: C A.to improve the quality of the radiograph by preferentially reducing the effect of scatter radiation. B. to reduce the exposure time. C. both A and B are reasons for using lead foil screens. D. to prolong exposure time .

pair production. The purpose of fixation is: D A. B. D.410. source kilovoltage and milliamperage. scatter radiation. C. . Gamma and X-radiation interact with matter and may be absorbed by: D A. C. B. B. dosimeters. B. 414. all of the above. photoelectric absorption. D. too short source-to-film distance. to leave the developed silver as a permanent image. to harden the gelatin. C. radiation exposure survey meters. C. B. all of the above. all of the above. 412. D. D. The exposure of personnel to X. all of the above. screens and film not in close contact. The cause for poor image definition could be: D A. film badges. Compton scattering. D. film graininess. it is important to control: D A. In performing fluoroscopic examination of a part. C. to remove all the undeveloped silver salts of the emulsion. geometry. 413.and gamma radiation can be measured or monitored By means of: D A. all of the above. 411.

D. 417. C. radiation quality. D. Excessive subject contrast caused when the thickness range in the test specimen is too great for the radiation quality used may be corrected by: C A. neither A nor B. the intensity of the beam. scattered radiation. The kilovoltage applied to an x-ray tube affects: C A. D. the thickness and density of the material. neither A nor B above. soft X rays are usually employed. increasing the kilovoltage. both A and B are methods for correcting excessive subject contrast. all of the above.415. . thickness differences in specimen. In the microradiographic technique: D A. decrease the exposure time. both A and B above. C. C. using a filter at the X-ray tube and increasing the exposure time. B. The x-ray absorption of a specimen depends on: C A. a kilovoltage range of 5 to 50 kV is usually employed. the atomic number of the material. B. Subject contrast is affected by: D A. B. D. both A and B above. C. 416. the photographic material is often finer grained than an ordinary X-ray film. B. 419. C. all three of the above choices are correct. B. the quality of the beam. D. 418.

D. increase the photographic action on the film. raising the kilovoltage. all of the above. C. the voltage range of the X-ray machine. Lead screens are put in direct contact with the film to: D A. B. 423. Film selection for an X-ray exposure depends on: D A. intensify the photographic effect of the primary more than the scattered radiation. B. both A and B. Attenuation of gamma rays in the energy range commonly used for testing takes place through: C A. D. none of the above. B. C. photoelectric absorption. C. . C. B. D. 422. Mottling due to diffraction can be reduced and in some cases eliminated by: C A. using lead foil screens. all of the above. neither A nor B. Compton absorption. D. the material of the specimen. both of the above. thickness of the part.420. absorb the longer wavelength scattered radiation. 421.



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