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Botanical Pesticides

Botanical Pesticides

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Published by: leolasty on Mar 16, 2009
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10/02/2014

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Organic Insecticides and All Purpose Insect Spray

JACK A. JAKOSALEM
Agriculturist II/Farmcaster

Provincial Agriculture, Cebu

BOTANICAL PESTICIDES
a. Atis (Anona squamosa) – Pulverize the seeds and mix with water. Use as spray against aphids, ants and other insects. b. Chrysanthemum – Grind the dried flowers. Mix with clay loam soil and water. Spray against a wide range of insects. Proportion will be 6-7 tablespoons of dried ground flower to 1 gallon of water.

BOTANICAL PESTICIDES
c. Tubli (Derris sp.) – Pound the fresh bark and rods and extract the juice with water. Mix 6 tablespoons of juice to 3-4 liters of water. It makes an effective insect spray. d. Madre de cacao (Glirieidia sepium) – Extract the juice from leaves and stems. Mix with water and spray against insects. Fresh stems with leaves can be placed between plants to deter insects.

BOTANICAL PESTICIDES
e. Adelfa (Nerium indicum) – leaves and skin of stem are soaked in water for 30 minutes. Spray against ants, flies and other insects. f. Tomato – Boil the stems and leaves of tomato in water. Cool it. Spray against caterpillars and black or green flies. This will also serve to deter future attack.

BOTANICAL PESTICIDES
g. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) – Boil the midribs and stems in water for a few minutes or soak for 3-4 days. Let it cool. This is an effective spray against numerous insect pests. h. Red pepper – Pound several red pepper in water and drain. Mix the solution with water and spray to target pests

All Purpose Insect Spray
a. Soap and water spray – Mix 3 tbsp of soap flakes in 1 gallon water. Spray against insects. b. Wood ash – Spray wood ash around the plant roots to control root maggots in radish, onions, cabbage and other brassicas. Encircle plants with a 3-4 inch wide trench, 1-2 inches deep and fill this with wood ash to discourage snails slugs, and cutworms.

All Purpose Insect Spray
c. Onion brew – roots, stems and leaves of aromatic herbs like garlic, onion, red pepper, malunggay, mustard and mints sliced thinly. Add water and small amount of liquid detergent. Spray to plants. d. Tobacco and aromatic leaves – smash tobacco leaves, red pepper, garlic, mint and onions. Juice extract is mixed with same amount of water. Spray or water to plants infested with pest.

All Purpose Insect Spray
e. Garlic and Marigold mix – use 3-4 cloves of garlic, 2 handful of marigold mix, 2 pcs of onions and 3 pcs of red pepper. Slice all ingredients thinly, add water and boil. Cool of before use. Dissolve concoction at 1:5 ratio of water, always stir mixture while spraying. f. Kerosene & soap spray – mix ¼ cup of soapy water and ¼ tsp of kerosene to 1 li of water. Use only when infestation is severe.

SALAMAT !

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