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1, (Spring 2008) 41- 45
Allama Iqbal: A Critic of Capitalism & Globalization
Muhammad Ali Siddiqui *
Institute of Business & Technology (BIZTEK)
Allama Iqbal & globalization! Iqbal’s denunciation of capitalism and his profectious of the maladies which this system of economics makes him a real visionary. Globalization is in the final analysis, a sparkly exploitative system in the era of corporate capitalism with a substantial percentage of international trade in the hands of MNC’s much of Iqbal’s fears have proved themselves to be true. Iqbal is the first Urdu poet to have a book of Economics, entitled Ilm-ul-Iqtisad to his credit hence his views on capitalism one not only a portic expression but a viewpoint based on an intimate knowledge of the subject.
Keywords : Allama Iqbal, Globalization, Economic, Capitalism
Globalization is not as simple as it looks. It is the most intensive form of global exploitation by the forces which govern corporate imperialism in the name of democracy. Allama Iqbal, as we know, was against the exploitative tendency of capitalism. We would like to trace the development of corporate capitalism in order to see what Allama Iqbal had to comment on this cancerous development. Globalization means shutting out possibilities of economic growth for the third world. It has been creating virtual fences to shut our people of schools, hospitals, workplace, farms even houses & communities. Mass privatization and deregulation have bred armies of locked out people, whose service are no longer needed, whose life style are written off as “backward” whose basic needs must go unmet. These fences of social exclusion can discard an entire industry, and they can write off an entire country “as happened in Argentina”, some time ago and now being reversed by new coalition government headed by Chavas. Take the example of Africa where we find that a whole continent finds itself exited to the global shadow world, off the map off the news.(Klein, 2002, pp. XXI) Lenin was quite right when he classified imperialism in his theory of imperialism, as a special stage in the development of capitalism, arising towards the end of the 19th century (Magdoff, 1969, pp. 27). It is true that the urge to dominate is integral to business. “Risks abound in the business world. Internal and external competition, rapid technological changes, depressions, to name but a few, threaten not only the profit but the capital investment”(Magdoff, 1969, pp. 35).
The material presented by the author does not necessarily portray the viewpoint of the editors and the management of the Institute of Business & Technology (BIZTEK)
Siddiqui : firstname.lastname@example.org
* Muhammad Ali
JMSS is published by the Institute of Business and Technology (BIZTEK). Main Ibrahim Hydri Road, Korangi Creek, Karachi-75190, Pakistan.
he said. and is going for more sophisticated industries such as micro electronic industries. has unleashed globalization.and the causes of the decline of Muslim society. according to Jagan Nath Azad. corporations are achieving the last cited goal quite effectively. The Secretary of State had ruled out criticism against the US in the following words: “This criticism (imposing international interest upon other nations) is. The globalization is. The Financial times had reported in 1995.S Companies had incomes 29 times larger than that of the average manufacturing workers. Now I come to Allama Iqbal. atmosphere. his first collection of Persian poetry. Allama seams to be concerned with the cause of economic rise of Japan & the West. or the North Atlantic community. therefore. the new phase of the development in imperialism doesn’t admit of any barrier – even the barrier of opposition of its poor sections of population.000 billion pounds in cash or liquid assets. The next requirement is the conquest of foreign markets and the requirement of foreign markets is by way of foreign investment and the giant multi-national. Throughout his book Ilm. Ricardo & Marshal who could be called fathers of international capitalism.Latin America & Asia accounts for a further 1. It has resulted in the very rich of the United States becoming better off than ever before: “In 1980 the top managers of the 300 bigger U. 9). The new phase of imperialism is busy dismantling its own traditional industries. Throughout his poetry Iqbal has hit out western imperialism. pp. We have to be concerned with all of it – with all of its land.ul-Iqtisad the first ever effort by an Urdu poet to understand the basic roots of Adam Smith. an Indian scholar of iqbaleen studies. the latest form of unbridled imperialism. by 1990 their incomes were 93 times greater (Harman. 1969). we come across a basic disagreement of Iqbal towards an economic philosophy which believes in exploitation of weaker sections of the society. The globalization is. he describes. a figure which is growing fast”. he continued. thus throwing millions of its own working population out of work. To achieve the above cited essential requirements the United States after achieving the hegemonistic role of unipolar power. according to a newspaper report. He thought that the world’s view of mystical poetry was mainly responsible for the decline of the élan vitale (soul-energy) which was necessary for the spiritual & material development of a society. therefore the outcome of the above declaration of intent. and with surrounding space” (The Age of Imperialism. to have some 1. he says: Vol.being in defense and politics which are confined to North America. “But we know we can no longer find security and well. “I think a sign of strength . This has become a very small planet.000 billion of private wealth.of our strength and the strength of international law”. In his poem “Gift of Hijaz”. water. In the year 2000 this figure was more then 110 times. the Western Hemisphere. is imposing the West’s corporate interest upon other nations. the most obvious first requirement to assure safety and control in a world of tough antagonists is to gain control over as much of the sources of raw material as possible. 4. ” Rich people in Europe and the Middle East are estimated by Chase Manhattan. His article National Life & view of Millat i Baiza (A view of the Muslims community) and his Introduction to Asrar-i-Khudi (Secrets of the Self). He believes that nothing good could come out of a morally bankrupt view of thriving on an economically weak people battling with scarcities of life. (Spring 2008) 42 . western imperialism “as an idol which must be thrown down the arch of mind.Allama Iqbal: A Critic of Capitalism & Globalization According to Harry Magdoff. No. It began in 1945 and now after the dismantlement of Soviet Russia and end of the cold war. 1.
Iqbal. the spirit of freedom and dignity of man are being trampled underfoot in a way of which not even the darkest period of human history presents a parallel…” So long as this socalled democracy this accursed nationalism and this degraded imperialism are not shattered. Iqbal wanted to liberate his country from colonial hegemony. It was a transitional period when the general crisis of capitalism in the developed countries of Europe and America was deepening & the crisis of the world colonial system inevitably began” (Marek. Iqbal and Social Justice. Very unmanly. a Czech scholar of Iqbalean studies. 1938. 304). pp. 145-146): Let us give new regulations to the magicians & their temples. four months before his death: “Inspite of all these development. 1977.P. criticized the existing capitalist society and its short comings essentially from the stand point of a Utopian whereas Neruda took a much more realistic attitude. It forbids accumulation of capital and is opposed to usury & speculation. He composed these lines (Azad. All of it boils down to the act that Iqbal didn’t agree with the Western view of the progress in knowledge and its matchless scientific development if it doesn’t contribute to the general well being of the world as a whole. covering its forces in the mask of Democracy. G. because. Iqbal thinks that the Quran is a message of death for the capitalist & ofcourse for the destitutes. Communism. land is God’s state (Polinskaya. He went on: “Now is the time for establishing a new order Let us wipe the heart’s slate clean & begin every thing anew The imperial crown is tarnished it has been cast away Kuhkun carver came with a chipping hammer in his hands. 149). Fell this idol down the arch of your mind.Muhammad Ali Siddiqui “You have bowed before Darius and Jamshed. the tyranny of imperialism struts. the ignored one. color and 43 Journal of Management and Social Sciences . Nationalism. according to Jan Marek. in his paper “Muhammad Iqbal & Pablo Neruda” compares Iqbal with Neruda in his denunciation of capitalism and says: “Both Iqbal and Neruda wrote their poetry at a time when imperialism was losing its position one after another. 1977. And demanded for himself the estate of Parvaiz”. Don’t bring a bad name to Harerm don’t go to western imperialism For the fulfillment of your desire. you have expired in the idol-house Your intellect is far away from your heart. pp. in her paper. You have dedicated your self to European idols. Under these masks in every corner of the earth. Let us overturn the feudatory of strong old tavern. 1977. He said in the New Year massage broadcast from the All India Radio Lahore on January 1. As you have not tasted wine from the vine of ancestor. your heart from warmth. has taken full cognizance of Iqbal’s exposure of the evils of social oppression & social injustice. according to its principles. pp. Jan Marek. G. It stands for the abolition of feudalism in all its forms.P Polinskaya. He was greatly influened by the Great October Revolution. Fascism and heaven knows what else besides. so long as men do not demonstrate by their actions hat they believe that the whole world is the family of God. as long as the distinction of the race.
Toronto. 1977. equality and fraternity will never (Jawed. 1068 as contained on pp. 1. ‘IQBAL. (The Age of Imperialism.C. All India Iqbal Centenary Celebrations Committee. pp. 1945 to June 30. The Unknown Iqbal. technology and newly privatized resources are going to snatch the basic human right so lead one’s life according to one’s own vision of life. U. This is what capitalism is.S Duggal. ed Ali Sardar Jafri & R. 1977. 9 JAWED. CHRIS. they will never be able to lead a happy & contended life and the beautiful ideals of liberty. Barriers around knowledge. 1969) HARMAN. ed Ali Sardar Jafri & R. This public interest barrier is also under the serious threat.rather they are ensuring that the present quantum of world resources 20:80 to be further squeezed to the ratio of 10:90 in favor of the developed world. 4. New Vol. London. pp.Allama Iqbal: A Critic of Capitalism & Globalization geographical nationalities are not wiped out completely. All India Iqbal Centenary Celebrations Committee. Los Angeles. REFERENCES: AZAD. Obligations and Loan Authorizations.S single largest export. The way barriers between public and private spaces are being levelled shows that not even agriculture is being left to the peasant proprietors of the third world. Chicago & Sydney. New Delhi. except that he could not countenance with this upsurge of degradation of human life because the world’s most developed economies and capitalistic system don’t believe in sharing the fruits of their progress. JAGAN NATH.political development of the societies being trampled underfoot by it. New Delhi. Port Alegre and other centres of Asia & Africa in recent years only prove that the protests from the platforms of World Social Forums are against the philosophy of globalization. 1996. pp. 1977. ISLAM & the Modern Age from Iqbal & Commemorative Volume. AZAD. MUHAMMAD ASLAM. Kitab Publishing House. Economics of the Madhouse (Capitalism and the Market Today). (Spring 2008) 44 . I wonder what else Allama Iqbal could say. Allama Iqbal believed that man can be maintained on this earth by honoring mankind. 1996. pp. So isn’t it what Allama Iqbal imagined the latest phase of imperialism to be: shutting out of all humanistic values from the human life under it and building the edifice of imperialism on the annihilation of all scope of socio-economic. Washington DC March 29. No. if he were alive today.S Duggal. Bookmark. water and human stem cells are also under threat and there is a prospect of copyright becoming the U. 42. ‘IQBAL. July 1. pp. 145-146 FROM DATA IN AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT. Even traditional herbal plants. 1067.S Duggal. The public demonstrations against the rich and developed nations in. 144. 153-154). JAGAN NATH. Washington D. Barriers between the genetically modified crops are threatening traditional ways of growing crops. ISLAM & the Modern Age from Iqbal & Commemorative Volume. ed Ali Sardar Jafri & R. ‘IQBAL. Overseas Loans and Grants. 163). ISLAM & the Modern Age from Iqbal & Commemorative Volume. pp. JAGAN NATH. 87 AZAD. and this world will remain a battleground of ferocious beasts of prey unless and until the educational forces of the whole world are directed to inculcating in man respect for mankind (Jawed. Allama Iqbal has called it barbarous & unacceptable leaving us to opt for still more bitter adjectives. All India Iqbal Centenary Celebrations Committee.S. New Delhi.
149 45 Journal of Management and Social Sciences . pp. 1969. New Delhi. XXI MAGDOFF. The Age of Imperialism. New Delhi. 35 MAREK. New York & London. Fences & Windows. Kitab Publishing House.P ‘IQBAL & Social Justice’ from Iqbal’s Commemorative Volume New Delhi. pp. 1996. pp. 1969. 153-154 JAWED. MUHAMMAD ASLAM. HARRY. 2002. New Delhi. Modern Reader paper back. 27 MAGDOFF. 1977. XXI KLEIN. NAOMI. The Age of Imperialism. 163 KLEIN. 1977. Fences & Windows. pp. MUHAMMAD IQBAL & Pablo Neruda from Iqbal’s Commemorative Volume.Muhammad Ali Siddiqui Delhi. pp. Leftworld. New York & London. 1996. HARRY. pp. Leftworld. G. NAOMI. pp. 2002. pp. 304 POLINSKAYA. Modern Reader paper back. JAN. The Unknown Iqbal. New Delhi.
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