Welding Techniques & Concerns

Mike Tarkanian DMSE Technical Instructor 8-014 March 16, 2007

Welding Suggestions

CLEAN!!!!
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You can only weld bare metal Remove oxides, paints, oils, rust, etc Make every part fit the best you can BEFORE welds For wheelchair tubing, may need to assemble jigs Clamp carefully

Prepare joints/interfaces
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Be patient and calm

Welding Geometries .

Oxygen-Acetylene Welding ● Set gas pressures according to tip being used – Never exceed 15 psi in acetylene .

Oxygen-Acetylene Welding ● Adjusting Flame – Almost all operations will use a neutral flame .

right to left (for right handed) .Oxygen-Acetylene Welding ● Forehand welding – Leave weld behind you.

Oxygen-Acetylene Welding ● Troubleshooting .

Arc Welding ● “Stick” or Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) – – Electrode coated with protective flux Constant voltage. varied flux .

Arc Welding .

Arc Welding .

Arc Welding .

MIG Welding ● Metal Inert Gas or Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) – – – Variable voltage Gas shielding (typically Argon/CO2) Automatic Wire Feed ● Electrode and filler the same .

MIG Welding ● Short Circuit GMAW – low voltage machines .

MIG Welding .

Welding Problems .

Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) .

Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) .

Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) .

Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) .

Heat Effects .

Heat Effects .

Heat Effects .

Negating Heat Effects .

Negating Heat Effects .

Negating Heat Effects .

Negating Heat Effects .

et. .References Althouse.” John Wiley & Sons.. al.” Butterworths Monographs in Materials. et al. Inc. Jerry. “Modern Welding.” North-Holland. et al. “Introduction to the Physical Metallurgy of Welding.” Goodheart-Willcox Company.L. D. Kenneth. Easterling. 1983. 1990. “Welding Theory and Practice. Olson. 1984. Gaylen. “Welding Fundamentals and Procedures. (editors). 1988. South Holland. Ill. Andrew D.