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Provides both visual and auditory input simultaneously Relatively straightforward techniques that focuses on the following: o Parent (or any other individual in the community) and child reading together o Program to be carried out consistently o Child selects reading material o As few distractions as possible o Use of praise as reinforcement o Discussion of the story and pictures Two principal stages of paired reading: o Reading together Parent/teacher and child read all the words aloud Adult must adjust to the speed so that the pair read in harmony This allows the child to comprehend the meaning of the text (through the assistance of an adult) and to enjoy the experience of language and reading, in particular o Reading alone Occurs when the child becomes more confident at reading aloud
The child takes the lead in reading, while the adult just speaks softly This phase uses scaffolding to stimulate independence for the child
COMMUNICATION SKILLS Organization o Structure* should be developed to help encourage this. o They need to be provided with structure to elicit within them correct responses o The teacher must aid the student to create an organizational framework which will facilitate the retention of details from a story
*Structure can be applied in: classroom set-up, 2 3 4 flow of lesson, format of lecture notes, guide questions that must be answered immediately after reading the text, etc
auditory. though the effect will not be as good as the use of multisensory instruction Mind Mapping o Developed by Buzan to help children and adults develop their learning skills and utilise as much of their abilities as possible o Extends memory capacity and develops lateral thinking o This can be applied through use of images. or any other possible means . and develop. colors. and oral means o Tedious rote learning can also help. the main ideas of a passage or material to be learned o Mind maps are individual learning tools and someone else’s mind map may not be meaningful to you MEMORY SKILLS Repetition and Overlearning o Use of multisensory mode of instruction to retain information to the child’s mind o Repetition may occur through visual. kinesthetic. Sequencing o Used to help the learner to remember a considerable amount of information and encourages students to think of. text.