IstokPravoslavni

istokpravoslavni@gmail.com
Hpanocnannc n Honn Cnc1cxn Hopcµax
Mapxo C. Mapxonnh
Honn Hpo1oxonn?
3am1o cc y ncxnm rnacnnnma CHH no|anny|y 1cxc1onn
o onacnoc1n oµ cnoôoµnor snµapc1na
¿Jcµno oµ na|m1c1nn|nx n c1napno ca1ancxnx na»nnx yncna y
nc1opn|n noncnanc1na |c maconc1no", nncao |c 1932. roµ.
mn1pononn1 An1onn|c, ncnnxoµoc1o|nnx Pycxc npanocnannc
npxnc y crsnny. Ocnm cnnca mn1pononn1a An1onn|a o maconnma,
na cnc1no µana y rnacnnnma Cpncxc Hpanocnannc Hpxnc y
nocncµnc npcmc µocncna|y n µpyrn 1cxc1onn xo|n yxasy|y na
¿maconcxy onacnoc1" n „ca1ancxn" xapax1cp maconcxor noxpc1a.
Y 1om xon1cxc1y ronopn cc o cnpcsn xo|a |c (npo1nn
npanocnanna?) ycnoc1anncna nsmcþy Ba1nxana n maconcpn|c. Ta|
nanoµnn can-cs qynxnnonnmc 1axo m1o |c „maconcpn|a x1cna µa
cc nocny»n Ka1onnnxom npxnom xao cpcµc1nom sa noc1nsanc
cno|nx nnncna, µox |c nann cnrypno ônna na|na»nn|a maconcxa
nomoh µa npno sannaµa nn1annm xpnmhanc1nom... („Xnnanµap",
1994/41).
Ionopchn ca HHH-onnm nonnnapom o npnpoµn maconcxor
noxpc1a n cncn1yanno| onacnoc1n xo|a npc1n npanocnanny, r.
Amqnnoxn|c Paµonnh, mn1pononn1 nc1nncxo-npnmopcxo-
2
cxaµapcxn ronopn o maconc1ny xao ncncmy m1o cc ncc1o µonoµn y
ncsy ca „nonnm nopc1xom". Ho, rnannn nccxnaµ nsmcþy
npanocnanna n maconc1na mn1pononn1 Amqnnoxn|c nnµn y 1omc µa
maconc1no npcµc1anna ncxy npc1y nonnm1cna nn1anor noncxonor
µocaµamncr µyxonnor pasnn1xa n nonpa1ax ncxnm cacnnm
onoscmancxnm npcµnoc1nma - nonny, nnac1n, cnann, n1µ.
Ao1nhcnnn
3a 1ymancnc oµnoca nsmcþy npanocnanna n cnoôoµnor
snµapc1na oôpa1nnn cmo cc n 3opany Hcncsnhy, na|nosna1n|cm
nc1opnnapy maconcpn|c xoµ nac n nncny xnnrc „Maconn y
Jyrocnann|n 1764-1980". 3opan Hcncsnh |c ronopno n xao Bcnnxn
ma|c1op Bcnnxc no»c „Jyrocnann|a" - npcmµa, pcnnmo n 1o,
noc1o|c xpyronn xo|n r. Hcncsnhy ocnopana|y npnma1 y
|yrocnoncncxom cnoôoµnom snµapc1ny.
¿Honpcmcnn an1nmaconcxn nc1ynn npanocnannc ncpnoµnxc y
nocncµnc npcmc sanyþy|y. Y nnma cc ncc1o sa nanaµc na maconc
xopnc1c 1cxc1onn c1apn no ncµccc1-mcsµccc1 roµnna. Hyµno |c
µa |c aprymcn1ann|a xo|a cc y nnma xopnc1n na1nxancxor
nopcxna. Ocnonnn cnop xo|n maconc1no nma nn|c ca
Hpanocnannom, nch ca Pnmoxa1onnnxom npxnom, npcnnsnn|c ca
Ba1nxanom. Pasnosn sa ncxnynnnoc1 Ba1nxana, xaµa cy maconn y
nn1any, y 1omc cy m1o |c cnoôoµno snµapc1no oprannsann|a
nnµnnnµya n nnnnor onpcµcncna noncxa, na 1nmc n ncpcxc n
pcnnrnosnc 1oncpannn|c, ôcs cncmcna1a nposcnn1nsma. Cnaxn
macon cnoôoµno ncnoncµa cno|y ncpy. Oµ 1738. yxynno mcc1opnna
nana oôsnannnann cy snannnnc c1anonc Ba1nxana xo|nma cc
pnmoxa1onnnxnm ncpnnnnma nc µosnonana µa nc1onpcmcno ôyµy
maconn, a cnc |c 1o no1npþcno xanoncxnm npanom ns 1917, roµnnc.
Tcx y nonn|c npcmc ncxa 1ymancna xanoncxor npana ns Ba1nxana
cc xpchy y npanny nsnccnor pcna1nnnsonana 1nx c1anona.
Hn|c ncsamncnnno µa |c aprymcn1ann|a xo|a cc xopnc1n y
ncxnm an1nmaconcxnm 1cxc1onnma, ca 1c»nom µa cc npcµc1ann
3
xao oqnnn|cnno mnmncnc CHH, ynpano ona xo|y cy sac1ynann
no1nhcnnn n xo|y sac1yna|y n µanac. A, ona nn|c nn 1anna nn1n |c
npanocnanna", nc1nnc Hcncsnh.
Kao ôccmncncny oµôany|c 1npµny o cancsy ca Ba1nxanom,
yxasy|yhn µa |c ynpano cynpo1no.
Cncnnqnnnn ôor
Ho, xaxo mncnn mn1pononn1 Amqnnoxn|c, Ka1onnnxa npxna
noxasy|c ncnnxy cxnonoc1 xa ycnoc1ann capaµnc - n xpos
cxymcncxn noxpc1 - ca pasnnnn1nm npxnama n nµconorn|ama, cnc y
npanny pcannsann|c cno|nx, cacnnm onoscmancxnx, nnncna. Y 1om
xon1cxc1y mn1pononn1 Amqnnoxn|c yxasy|c na cnpcmnoc1 na
capaµny Ka1onnnxc npxnc nc camo ca maconnma nch n ca
ncnamom. Kaµa ronopn o npnnp»cnoc1n macona ma1cpn|annnm
npcµnoc1nma, mn1pononn1 Amqnnoxn|c nn1npa nosna1c
c1nxonc: Hnnn ono m1o 1n cpnc »yµn / m1o nc »yµn y Kypan nc
nnmc.
¿Kaµa ronopnmo o maconcxom noxpc1y, mopamo pasnnxona1n
noc1o|anc pcrynapnc n µnnnc maconcpn|c", xa»c Hcncsnh.
¿Pcrynapna |c ona xo|a nom1y|c npnnnnnc Anµcpcononc
xonc1n1ynn|c ns 1723. Ocnonnn sax1cn xo|n macon mopa µa
ncnynana |cc1c µa ncpy|c y ôora, npn ncmy 1pcôa pchn µa
maconcpn|a ncma ncxor cnor cncnnqnnnor ôora. Maconcxn
noxpc1 ynpano nncnc1npa na 1omc µa |c ncpcxo occhanc cnaxor
no|cµnnna, na µaxnc n cnaxor macona, ncrona nnnna c1nap".
Xpnmhancxy cnmôonnxy, µo oµpcþcnc 1anxc, maconnma
npnsna|c n mn1pononn1 Amqnnoxn|c xaµa xa»c µa cy 33 c1cncna
xo|a noc1o|c y maconcxo| xn|cpapxn|n ncpona1no y ncsn ca ôpo|cm
roµnna Xpnc1onor onoscmancxor »nno1a. „H 3axonnx cnc1or
Hc1pa Hc1nncxor nma 33 nnana", xa»c mn1pononn1.
Cnaxaxo na|sannmnnnn|c na onom mcc1y |cc1c nanoµno
anra»onanc „mcþynapoµnc maconcpn|c" npo1nn „cpncxnx
nannonannnx nn1cpcca" n npanocnanna yonm1c, o ncmy cc
4
ncpc1xo ronopn nc camo y npxncno| m1amnn. Y 1om xon1cxc1y
cxopo |c oôancsno nomnnanc nch nyncnc Tpnna1cpannc xomncn|c,
nn|n cy nnanonn, xaxo oôcnoµany|c nomcny1n ôpo| „Xnnanµapa",
nopcµ oc1annx, n nopµ Kapnnr1on, Ca|pyc Bcnc, Bopcn
Kpnc1oqcp...
Kao xpa|nn c1pa1cmxn nnn Tpnna1cpannc xomncn|c, µaxnc n
macona, no 1nm nn1cpnpc1ann|ama, |cc1c xonanna nnxnnµann|a
Pycn|c xao |cµnnc cnnc xo|a omc1a µomnnann|y sanaµnor cnc1a
naµ nn1annm noncnanc1nom.
Tpnna1cpanna xomncn|a
O 1omc 3opan Hcncsnh xa»c: „Oprannsonanc maconcxnx
no»a |c nomccno, cnnnno xao xoµ npanocnannnx npxana. Bcnnxc
no»c cy nannonanno oprannsonanc. Hc noc1o|n naµnannonanna
maconcxa oprannsann|a n cnaxa Bcnnxa no»a |c camoc1anna n
cyncpcna. Maµa na|nchn ay1opn1c1 nma Bcnnxa no»a Enrnccxc,
xao ma1nna cnnx pcrynapnnx no»a. Hcc1o ocnonno nancno
Bcnnxc no»c 'Jyrocnann|a' xa»c µa maconn, noma»yhn µoôpoôn1
cno|c µomonnnc, noma»y n µoôpo ncnor noncnanc1na. To |c
xocmononn1cxn c1an xo|n nc noµpasymcna nn1cpnannonanno
oprannsonanc n nc ncxnyny|c na1pno1nsam, maµa |c 1a
xa1cropn|a µoc1a nsnnsana y nocncµnc npcmc. Tpnna1cpanna
xomncn|a n cnnnnc oprannsann|c nc mory cc cma1pa1n maconcxnm
oprannsann|ama, maµa nc ncxnyny|y µa 1amo nma macona. Y
cnaxom cnyna|y, ncma|y nnxaxnc ncsc ca Bcnnxom no»om
Jyrocnann|a'".
Kaµa cc oµronopa na nn1anc µa nn |c moryhno nc1onpcmcno
ôn1n n npanocnanan n macon, oôancsna |c npnmcµôa xo|a rnacn µa
oµronop sanncn oµ 1ora nocma1pa nn cc c1nap ca npanocnannor nnn
ca maconcxor rncµnm1a. Ha|ncha onacnoc1 oµ maconc1na cc
ncpc1xo µo»nnnana ynpano sôor npnnaroµnnnoc1n nom1o cc y
1omc nnµn nnxona cnocoônoc1 µa cc nnqnn1pnpa|y y cnc nopc
µpym1na. CHH nnanc ncma cny»ôcnn c1an o 1omc mory nn ncnn
5
ncpnnnn ôn1n maconn (xao, pcnnmo, rpnxa Hpxna xo|a |c 1o
cno|cnpcmcno saôpannna). 3a oµronop na 1o nn1anc
yno1pcônhcmo nanoµ ns nch nomnnanor naconnca „Xnnanµap“:
¿Cnaxn ny1 xaµa cc ynn1am µa nn mn mo|a npanocnanna ncpa
µonym1a µa ôyµcm macon, nana nomncnn1n na cyµônny npnnx
Xpnmhana".
Cpôonyô Borµanonnh
(HHH, ôp. 2267,10. 6.1994, c1p. 20)