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Oracle

Oracle

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Oracle Versions

Introduction

Oracle Editions . Oracle is the first database designed for enterprise grid computing. Larry Ellison and his friends. The purpose of a database is to store and retrieve related information. SDL developed the original version of the Oracle software. where a collection of data is treated as a unit.The Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is an ObjectRelational Database Management System (ORDBMS) produced and marketed by Oracle Corporation. The name Oracle comes from the code name of a CIA-funded project Ellison had worked on while previously employed by Ampex. the most flexible and cost effective way to manage applications. The oracle database (or ORACLE RDBMS) is a fourth generation database management system. started the consultancy Software Development Laboratories (SDL) in 1977. former co-workers Bob Miner and Ed Oates.

the right to use is NOT included with Standard Edition One. Oracle Standard Edition Four-processor version of Oracle Database. Oracle Personal Edition Full-featured version for individuals. While Real Application Clusters is included in the installation package. Oracle Standard Edition One Two-processor version of Standard Edition at an attractive entry-level price. Oracle Express Edition Free version of Oracle that is limited to 1 processor. compatible with the entire Oracle Database family (except Real Application Clusters). Version History . including full clustering support (Real Application Clusters).Oracle Enterprise Edition Oracle's top-end database server product for big enterprise customers. 1 GB RAM and 4 GB of data.

ASM Intelligent data placement. Real Application Testing (Option) 2004 Oracle10g . Varchar2 datatype. declarative referential integrity. Analytic functions 2.First commercial SQL database (PDP11/VAX) . Automatic Storage Management. 1999 First RDBMS on Linux. Database Replay (performance analyzer). Row Level Locking. and index creation.Oracle tools integrated in middle tier: 9i Application Server available. introduced read consistency.First web database. 1982 Version 3 .Oracle Financial Applications built on relational database. Table Partitioning.0.First portable toolset. Data Pump.RAC and Advanced Analytic Service (business intelligence). 1998 Oracle8i . Fine-grained auditing. SQLJ. Very Large Database (VLDB) features.2009 Oracle 11g R2 .for UNIX. and distributed queries.2 . triggers. first true client/server database. 2007 Oracle 11g . 1986 Version 5 .First distributed database. Recursive WITH clause.First portable database (mainframes. was ported to multiple platforms. In-Memory Parallel Execution. 2002 Oracle9i Release 2 . 1997 Version 8 .Symmetric cluster access using Oracle Parallel Server. 1995 Version 7 for 64-bit RDBMS 1994 Version 7 for PC.Native XML database. first RDBMS to support SMP 1980 Version 2 . and PC). distributed transactions. Cost based optimizer. 1988 Version 6 . Binary datatypes. load. Referential Partitioning. first RDBMS for IBM PC. Parallel operations including query.Database File System (DBFS). ANSI SQL92. XML and Oracle interMedia.Cube Organized Materialized Views. stored procedures. VAX-cluster support. first interoperability between PC and server. 1992 Version 7 . 2000 Oracle8i Release 2 . minicomputers. object-oriented development and multimedia. 2001 Oracle9i Release 1 .Flashback Query. row-level compression. column-level compression. User-Defined Functions.Java support. 1989 Version 6. 1984 Version 4 . Backup Compression.

1979 Version 1 .Not commercially released. Oracle Versions .

Oracle 6 . Roles were created at this version to make the security maintenance easier for users and privileges. database administrators were required to shut down the database to back it up. Oracle addressed the increasing use of the internet in business computing. DBA’s could do a backup while the database was still online. Once the hot backup feature was introduced. and what users were doing in the database. rather than locking an entire table. which was the culmination of four years of hard work and two years of customer testing before release to market. This version supported Java. The company announced Oracle version 7. This version of Oracle provided a vast array of new features and capabilities in areas such as security. and PCs – or any hardware with a C compiler. hot backup capability and row level locking – which locks only the row or rows being used during a writing operation. Oracle 4 .1997 The Oracle 8 Database was launched in 1997 and was designed to work with Oracle's network computer (NC). It supported the execution of SQL statements and transactions.Oracle 3 .1988 The PL/SQL language came with Oracle version 6 in 1988. The two-phase commit was added to support distributed transactions. which would help determine who and when someone accessed the database.1985 With the introduction of version 5 in 1985. This version provided a host of new features including the support of OLTP high-speed systems. Oracle version 4 included support for reading consistency. minicomputers.1983 The Oracle version 3 was developed in 1983. Prior to the hot backup feature. demand was so great that Oracle was compelled to improve the software even further with the release of version 4 in 1984. HTML and OLTP. which allows one the ability to create a report based on a query.1984 Despite the advances introduced in version 3. and performance.1992 1992 was a memorable year for Oracle. This version was equipped with the capability to connect clients’ software through a network to a database server. Oracle 5 . This version also included new options of pre-join data to increase Oracle optimization. The Clustering Technology was introduced in this version as well and Oracle became the pioneer using this new concept – which would later be known as Oracle Real Application Cluster in version 9i. Oracle 7 . administration. development. which made it much faster than any previous version. This version was assembled using C programming language and could run in mainframes. . Oracle version 4 also brought us the introduction of the export/import utilities and the report writer. Oracle 8 . when. Oracle 7 also addressed security concerns by providing full control of who. Oracle version 5 added some new security features such as auditing.

This version includes:  Oracle Database Replay.Oracle 8i . Oracle 9i . Oracle 11g . Transaction Management using Log Miner and Flashback Data Archive to get DML statements from redo log files.2007 The latest version of Oracle Database is 11g which was released on July 11th 2007.2001 Oracle Real Application Cluster came with Oracle 9i Database in 2001. This feature provides software for clustering and high availability in Oracle database environments. Oracle launched version 10g in 2003. Supporting native XML was also a new feature of Oracle 9i and this was the first relational database to have these characteristics. The release of 10g brought us the introduction to Grid Computing technology. This version introduced more features than any other in Oracle history. Virtual Column Partitioning. scalability and performance. thus lowering the cost of computing infrastructure. 10g was also the first Oracle version to support 64-bit on Linux. Version 9i release 2 enabled Oracle to integrate relational and multidimensional database.1998 Just one year later Oracle released Oracle 8i which was the first database to support Web technologies such as Java and HTTP. Oracle 10g . Online Patching. Case sensitive passwords. In 2000 Oracle 8i Parallel Server was working with Linux which eliminated costly downtime. Despite the fact that hard disks were becoming cheaper. Data centres could now share hardware resources. data was increasing very quickly in databases and Oracle 9i came with a special technology named table compression that reduced the size of tables by 3 to 10 times and increased the performance when accessing those tables.      . which have high availability. Parallel Backups on same file using RMAN and many others. With Oracle Database 10g and Real Application Cluster it was now possible to move from very expensive SMP boxes and mainframes to an infrastructure that relies on low costs such as UNIX or Windows servers.2003 Although Oracle 9i had only been in the market for two years. a tool that captures SQL statements and lets you replay them all in another database to test the changes before you actually apply then on a production database.

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