2009 Global Trends

Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons

Division of Programme Support and Management 15 June 2010

© 2010 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees All rights reserved. Reproductions and translations are authorized, provided UNHCR is acknowledged as the source.

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Cover photo: New Somali refugee arrivals wait to be registered at Hagadera camp, Dadaab, Kenya.
UNHCR / P. W IGGERS

Printed by UNHCR.

2009 in review

Trends at a Glance

There were 43.3 million forcibly displaced people worldwide at the end of 2009, the highest number since the mid-1990s. Of these, 15.2 million were refugees; 10.4 million who fell under UNHCR’s responsibility and 4.8 million Palestinian refugees under UNRWA’s mandate. The figure also includes 983,000 asylumseekers and 27.1 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). More than 26 million people – 10.4 million refugees and 15.6 million IDPs – were receiving protection or assistance from UNHCR at the end of 2009. This is 1 million more people than in 2008. By the end of 2009, UNHCR had identified some 6.6 million stateless persons in 60 countries. However, the Office estimated that the overall number of stateless persons worldwide could be far higher about 12 million people. Some 5.5 million refugees were in a protracted situation at the end of 2009. They were living in 21 different countries, accounting for 25 protracted situations. Developing countries were host to four-fifths of the world’s refugees. Pakistan was host to the largest number of refugees worldwide (1.7 million), followed by the Islamic Republic of Iran (1.1 million) and the Syrian Arab Republic (1.05 million; Government estimate). Pakistan also hosted the largest number of refugees in relation to its economic capacity with 745 refugees per 1 USD GDP (PPP) per capita, followed by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (592) and Zimbabwe (245). America accepted the highest number (80,000).

Afghan and Iraqi refugees accounted for almost half of all refugees under UNHCR’s responsibility worldwide; one out of four refugees in the world was from Afghanistan (2.9 million). Afghans were located in 71 different asylum countries. Iraqis were the second largest refugee group, with 1.8 million having sought refuge primarily in neighbouring countries. Some 251,500 refugees repatriated voluntarily during 2009, the lowest figure since 1990. In contrast, more than 2.2 million IDPs were able to return, the highest in at least a decade. UNHCR presented over 128,000 refugees for resettlement consideration by States. Some 84,000 refugees were resettled with UNHCR’s assistance. According to government statistics, 19 countries reported the admission of 112,400 resettled refugees during 2009 (with or without UNHCR assistance). The United States of

More than 922,000 individual claims for asylum or refugee status were registered in 2009. Of these, UNHCR registered 119,100 (13%) With more than 222,000 claims - almost one quarter of applications globally South Africa was the world’s largest recipient of individual applications, followed by the United States of America and France. More than 18,700 asylum applications were lodged by unaccompanied and separated children in 71 countries, the highest number in four years. The applications came mostly from Afghan and Somali children. Based on the data available for 8.8 million refugees, UNHCR estimates that more than half of the world’s refugees resided in urban areas and less than onethird in camps. However, 6 out of 10 refugees in sub-Saharan Africa resided in camps. Women and girls represented, on average, 49 per cent of persons of concern to UNHCR. They constituted 47 per cent of refugees and asylum-seekers, and half of all IDPs and returnees (former refugees). Forty-one per cent of refugees and asylum-seekers were children below 18 years of age.

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2009 Global Trends 1

the report describes some of the major humanitarian developments that occurred in 2009. Cameroon. many of them leading to involuntary TABLE 1 Global forced displacement | 2008-2009 * movements of millions of people. both within and across borders. the number of IDPs protected or assisted by UNHCR rose to an unprecedented 15.6 million.1 million IDPs (3) and close to 1 million individuals whose asylum application had not yet been adjudicated by the end of the reporting period. girls and boys but prevented the return of refugees and IDPs as well. with the Office having reliable statistics for some 6.2 0.3 million people worldwide were forcibly displaced due to conflict and persecution. The total number of refugees and IDPs under UNHCR’s care remained high.2 1.5 0. 2 2009 Global Trends . Humanitarian crises and the prevailing political situation in a number of countries not only uprooted millions of women. This figure includes 4.(1) In doing so. This included 15.2 million IDPs under UNHCR’s care.8 15.1 Total 10. asylum-seekers and IDPs Total 10. 2009 (in mln) 2008 (in mln) At the end of 2009.6 26. Introduction The 2009 Global Trends report reviews statistical trends and patterns in populations considered to be of concern to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).3 Protected/ assisted by UNHCR 10.1 43.2 * Does not include natural disaster-related displacement. 3 Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC). Pakistan. and Somalia mainly accounted for the overall increase of 1.2 15.Mbororo refugees from the Central African Republic wait to be registered by UNHCR mobile teams in Djalingo. The 1 2 See page 23 for a definition of each population group.6 million of them. UNHCR estimated that some 12 million people were stateless.collectively referred to as “persons of concern”. In addition. Category of displaced population Refugees under UNHCR mandate Refugees under UNRWA mandate Total number of refugees Asylum-seekers (pending cases) Conflict-generated IDPs Total number of refugees. some 43.5 _ 10. The tragic situations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.(2) 27.4 million.2 14.0 Protected/ assisted by UNHCR 10.7 15. returnees. standing at 26 million by end-year.4 _ 10. NOY I. While the number of refugees remained relatively stable at 10.8 26.0 42. stateless persons and certain internally displaced persons (IDPs) .4 4. This can include refugees.0 27. men.4 0.5 4.8 million Palestinian refugees who fall under the responsibility of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).2 million refugees.4 25. UNHCR / F. the highest number since the mid-1990s.

do?uri=COM:2010:0213:FIN:EN:PDF 6 For more information. Unless otherwise specified. the number of refugees in a protracted situation remained high at over 5.internaldisplacement.(4) The European Commission’s proposed Action Plan on Unaccompanied Minors (2010-2014) is a crucial step towards addressing this important protection issue.(7) it is beyond the scope of this report. over 20 million were displaced by suddenonset climate-related disasters. Likewise. migrants applying for asylum or refugee status are included in this report. This report analyses trends related to new displacements.000 refugees for resettlement consideration by States. (5) The number of refugees residing in urban areas continued to grow. Unfortunately. With 18. Information on the demographic composition and location of the population falling under UNHCR’s responsibility. despite the fact that global migration poses a challenge for asylum and refugee management. Although displacement resulting from natural disasters is growing in numbers and complexity.2 million) was the highest in more than a decade.pdf. representing more than half of the world’s refugees. In contrast. Of those. which is crucial for planning and monitoring. the figures contained herein should be considered provisional and may be subject to change. The numbers have been rounded up to the closest hundredth or thousandth for the purposes of this report. Resettlement of refugees continued to increase. the report does not refer to events occurring after 31 December 2009. 4 5 In 2006. to be released later this year.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ. See http://eur-lex. The challenges faced by refugees living in urban locations received wide attention during the third meeting of the High Commissioner's Dialogue on Protection Challenges which took place in December 2009. UNHCR presented more than 128.html 7 The findings of a study by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the IDMC. UNHCR has developed a “10-Point Plan of Action” which aims at ensuring that protection space continues to be available for those persons who deserve it.700 UASC having filed an asylum application in 2009.org/8025708F004CFA06/%28httpPublications%29/451D224B41C04246C12576390031FF63?OpenDocument) 8 As part of UNHCR’s strategy to address the phenomenon of mixed migration flows. 2009 Global Trends 3 .000) has continuously decreased since 2004. UNHCR was involved in several humanitarian crises caused by natural disasters. is another important feature of this document. the number is at its highest since 2006. whether they are the result of massive movements of people or of individuals who sought international protection independent of larger groups. reports from non-governmental organizations and UNHCR’s registration activities. the highest in 16 years. this type of information allows the Office to closely monitor the growing number of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) seeking international protection.(8) However. the statistics in this report have been reported by UNHCR country offices. based on government sources. indicate that at least 36 million people were displaced by sudden-onset natural disasters in 2008. (See: http://www.unhcr.number of returned refugees (251. See: http://www. the number of returned IDPs (2.europa. this report does not address mixed migration flows mainly due to the lack of reliable and precise statistical data required for a comparative analysis of this phenomenon.unhcr. Finding durable solutions for these people is central to UNHCR’s mandate and is therefore an issue also covered in this report.org/pages/4a12a4a26. For the most part.org/protect/PROTECTION/4742a30b4. in 2009.5 million spread across 21 countries. with 2009 being the lowest level in two decades. As some adjustments may need to be made for the publication of the 2009 Statistical Yearbook. visit http://www. (6) In addition to conflict-generated forced displacement. For instance. UNHCR began collecting data on unaccompanied and separated children seeking asylum in a systematic way.

000.6 million people in refugee-like 16 (Mln. Overview of global trends By the end of 2009. The analysis in this report is based on individual population groups. and his 18-year old daughter. The asylum-seeker population. the lowest level since 1990. UNHCR identified some 6. This figure takes into consideration new displacement. Ecuador. or some 12 million people. During 2009. 4 2009 Global Trends 9 . revised estimates.) situations. 2 Refugees Ninety-two per cent of the 1.5 million. including 129. While 2. 10 Refugees and asylum-seekers who are at the same time also stateless. are not included in the stateless population figure. there were an estimated 10. durable solutions found.500 refugees repatriated voluntarily. They are rather reflected in the figures relating to refugees and asylum-seekers. Fig 1 Refugees and IDPs By the end of 2009.000 people in IDP10 like situations. were receiving humanitarian assistance 8 under arrangements in which UNHCR was either a 6 lead agency or a key partner.6 million stateless persons in 60 countries but estimated the total number of stateless persons worldwide at almost double that number.(10) There are an additional 411. UNHCR/ A.000 individuals who do not fall into any of the above categories (known as “other groups or people of concern”) but who received protection and/or assistance from UNHCR based on humanitarian or other special grounds.(9) The number of IDPs protected and/or 14 assisted by UNHCR was the highest on record. 4 IDPs protected/assisted The number of returnees shows a divergent picture.4 protected / assisted by UNHCR million refugees under UNHCR’s responsibility. after fleeing Burundi in 1972. only 251. the total population under UNHCR’s responsibility stood at 36. 1997-2009 (end-year) including some 1. A total 12 of 15. the highest in at least a decade. increased to 983. Pakistan.A returnee who was able to go home.6 million IDPs. that is people whose asylum applications had not yet been adjudicated by the end of the reporting period.2 million IDPs were able to return home during '97 '98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 the year.6 million people in a refugee-like situation are located in Bangladesh. KIRCHHOF II. and legal and demographic changes. improved availability of data. and Venezuela (the Bolivarian Republic of).

000.000 Including people in refugee-like situations (2) Including people in IDP-like situations (1) AMERICAS AFRICA OCEANIA ASIA 2009 Global Trends 5 .Map 1 Total population by category | end-2009 EUROPE 4.000 Refugees (1) Asylum-seekers IDPs protected / assisted by UNHCR (2) Returned refugees.000. returned IDPs Stateless persons Others of concern ♦ Total population below 10.000 400.000 2.

In the absence of a reliable and accurate figure for Palestinian refugees in Saudi Arabia.000 Burundian refugees in the United Republic of Tanzania(12) and successful voluntary repatriation operations to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (44. where figures dropped by 15 per cent during the year.1 million refugees compared to more than 3. 11 12 See Chapter V for more details on the demographic composition of refugees. Government figures for Iraqi refugees in Jordan and in the Syrian Arab Republic were revised downward by 50.000 Palestinian refugees was removed from UNHCR statistics.g. primarily due to the naturalization of 155. based on the presumption that a number of Iraqis left either to return to Iraq or move onward to other countries. remaining in their region of origin.000.4 million) live outside their region of origin.000 people primarily to the Republic of the Congo (94. Somalia and Sudan. decreases in the refugee population in some countries were offset by mass outflows in others due to renewed or continuing conflict. In sub-Saharan Africa.600). with three quarters of them being Afghans. or 80 per cent of the global refugee population. such as in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Somalia.4 million in 2000.5 per cent between the start and end of 2009. By the end of 2009. These refugees were living in 21 host countries accounting for a total of 25 protracted situations globally.g. the number of refugees continued to decline for the ninth consecutive year. the previously reported figure of 240. was primarily the result of a revised estimate for Palestinian refugees in Saudi Arabia rather than due to population movements. UNHCR estimates that some 1. primarily from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.000) and Kenya (72. with Colombians constituting the largest 25. Saudi Arabia. and the Syrian Arab Republic were revised downwards (-23%). Table 2 (below) shows that more than one-third (37%) of all refugees were residing in countries covered by UNHCR’s Asia and Pacific region. while situations Europe’s share was 16 per cent. Serbia. 6 2009 Global Trends . Second. women and girls constituted less than half (47%) of refugees globally.300). refugees from Iraq. however. At the time of writing. Based on this definition. Overall.000 Somali refugees in Yemen. The Americas region had the refugee situation as one in which smallest share of refugees (8%). estimates for the Palestinian and Iraqi refugee populations in Jordan. The Middle East and North Africa region Protracted refugee hosted 19 per cent of the world’s refugees. A decrease in the number of refugees was observed in the Middle East and North Africa region. renewed armed conflict and human rights violations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Somalia led to new refugee outflows and the movement of 277. The major refugeegenerating regions hosted on average between 76 and 91 per cent of refugees from within the same region. The overall decrease in the number of refugees in the region was partly offset by the arrival of 32. SubSaharan Africa was host to one-fifth of all refugees. By the end of 2009. with a marginal decrease of less than one per cent compared to the year earlier. mainly from Iraq. The 49 least developed countries provided asylum to 1.5 million refugees were in a protracted situation by end 2009. UNHCR defines a protracted and Turkey were the largest groups. Asia and Pacific) and decreased in others (e. Southern Sudan (33. the Middle East and North Africa). Burundi (32. Most refugees remain within their region of origin The available statistical evidence demonstrates that most refugees flee to neighbouring countries.100). The refugee population decreased by 1.000 each. in particular through voluntary repatriation and local integration.7 million refugees (17% out of the total of 10. This decrease.000 or more refugees of the number.400). (11) Developing countries hosted 8. Refugee population While the number of refugees under UNHCR’s mandate increased in some regions (e. The minor decrease arose from two main sources.500). same nationality have been in exile for five years or longer in any given asylum country. it is estimated that some 5. there were less than 2. globally it remained stable at 10.3 million refugees. a number of refugees found a durable solution during the year. and Rwanda (20.4 million. In Europe. First.III.9 million refugees. further naturalizations of Burundian refugees had brought the total to more than 162. Unfortunately.

589.500 2.100 -95.500 593.800 450.400 14. (c) (1. almost all Afghans.000 China (d) 2009 were the same as those in 2008 (see 275. total refugee population in Pakistan decreased (d) UNHCR estimate.106.700 49.351.2% 0.023.300 2.500 Islamic Rep.400 United Kingdom for almost half (47%) of all refugees under the UNHCR mandate.467.300 -31.666.000 people) based on the presumption that a number of Iraqis had left the country.044.600 43.05 million Iraqi refugees according to Government estimates.9%).20. Pakistan was again the (a) Includes Afghans in a refugee-like situation.500 8.300 1.East and Horn of Africa .900 58.100 143. these countries accounted 269.070. of Iran Syrian Arab Rep.400 % -3.597.300 -17.000 people as a result of a re-registration exercise (known as “Amayesh IV”) conducted in the course of the year among Afghan and Iraqi refugees. The Islamic Republic of Iran hosted slightly over 1 million refugees.005.7% -0. including people in a refugee-like situation.800 In the Americas.054.200 Colombians by Ecuador.500 Absolute -36. Fig 2 Major refugee hosting countries End-2009 Pakistan (a) 1. In Europe.900 10.900 1.500 500.856.100 2.7 million).Central Africa and Great Lakes . Together.700 72.300 2.806.700 Total refugees 1.200 1.(13) In the Asia and Pacific region.740.800 161.006. Best practice in data collection: the case of Ecuador. by 40. mainly due to the inclusion of an estimated 200.6% 6. the refugee population increased marginally (+1.500 258.074.5% 1. the number of Colombians in Ecuador assessed to be in a refugee-like situation was adjusted from 82.400 as a result of an ongoing enhanced registration exercise. (b) Germany Jordan (b) Kenya Chad (c) The five major refugee-hosting countries in 301.800 3.800 303.TABLE 2 Refugee population by UNHCR regions | 2009 Start-2009 People in refugee-like situations 27.900 Refugees 945.300 2.600 1. nearly all from Afghanistan.400 149. The Syrian Arab Republic was host to 1.900 338.6 million (+0.200 End-2009 People in refugee-like situations 24.000 2.000 Vietnamese refugees are well integrated and in practice receive protection from the Government of China.1%) owing primarily to the granting of refugee status to 26.9% UNHCR regions .500 1.800 -26.700 Change (total) Total refugees 969.9% -14.5% -11.700 1. The The 300.633. was estimated at 3.491.016.962.000 293. the total number of refugees.400 8. the refugee population remained stable at 1.024.400 149.200 175.000 61. Refugees 978. This is an increase of over 7 per cent during the year.800 34.300 3.9 million at the end of 2009. registration and resettlement. voluntary repatriation.200 729. country with the largest number of refugees (b) Government estimate.800 812.1% 7.0% -15.500 1.200 175.Southern Africa .396.300 5.200 2.800 519.627.400 5.900 1.000 2.800 358.West Africa Total Africa* Americas Asia and Pacific Europe Middle East and North Africa Total * Excluding North Africa.300 803. This registration exercise follows up on a comprehensive survey carried out by the Government and UNHCR in 2007-2008. The survey was undertaken to determine the magnitude and the profile of the Colombian population and to assess the main protection gaps.000 763.574. The Government increased its refugee estimate by 90.500 1. making it the third largest refugee hosting country.200 143.100 9.189.200 779. The figure was revised downward by 5 per cent (-50. 2009 Global Trends 7 .500 2. Germany and 13 See the UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2007.300 813.100 33.300 -345.300 to 71.0% -1.641.647.000 10.600 1.000 people from the previous year as a consequence of demographic factors.500 United States (d) Figure 2). p.278.000 1.000 people from Myanmar in a refugee-like situation in Bangladesh.800 161. At the same time.

Fig 3 Major source countries of refugees End-2009 Afghanistan * Iraq Somalia 678.600 1. the refugee population dropped by more than 200. when the country was host to close to 700.000 100. Even though Afghan refugees could be found in 71 asylum countries worldwide in 2009.887. As of the end of 2009. figures in the United Republic of Tanzania have gone down by 83 per cent since 2002.9 million Afghan were still refugees.000 Vietnamese refugees are well integrated and in origin of refugees for the past three decades practice receive protection from the Government of China. of Congo Myanmar * Colombia * Sudan Viet Nam ** Eritrea Serbia * Includes people in a refugee-like situation Afghanistan has been the leading country of ** The 300. In Chad. Rep.200 195.000 Burundian refugees and the voluntary repatriation of more than 30.700 (-63%) due to the naturalization of 155.000 and 451. In Germany figures remained fairly stable (+2%).785.300 455.000 refugees.100 Dem.000 250.000 during the year (+12%).000 to 500.000 to 250.000 to 100.Map 2 Main source countries of refugees | end-2009 Major refugee origin > 500.000 < 10. Iraqis were the second largest group. the United Republic of Tanzania’s ranking as a host country fell from 7th place in 2008 to 21st in 2009.000 Jordan (14) reported 594.900 406.500 by the end of 2009 (+2%) due to new arrivals from the Central African Republic and Sudan. respectively. The figure increased by more than 38. whereas in Jordan the estimate for the Iraqi refugee population was revised downwards by 50. 8 2009 Global Trends .000 10. with an 14 Number of Iraqis in Jordan estimated by the Government. the refugee population increased to 338.700 389.200 339. close to 2.000 refugees from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In the United Republic of Tanzania. the largest refugee-hosting country in Africa between 1997 and 2007.800 368. mainly as a result of new arrivals from Somalia. Overall. 96 per cent of them were located in Pakistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran alone. at year end. Kenya was the sixth largest hosting country at the end of 2009 with close to 360. One out of four refugees in the world is from Afghanistan. As a consequence.200 2.000 refugees.000 refugees.000 people to 118.300 209. with up to 6.000 to account for estimated departures from the country.4 million of its citizens having sought international protection during peak years.

000 Somalis fled their country during 2009. in the north-west of the country. At the same time.800). World Economic Outlook Database. Pakistan was hosting the highest United Rep. The majority fled clashes sparked by fishing and farming disputes in Equateur Province.600). poverty.000 people who were newly displaced within Somalia during the year. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the fourth largest country of origin. mainly in neighbouring countries. a measure can be obtained of the relative impact of hosting refugees. The first developed country was Germany at 26th place with 17 refugees per 1 USD GDP (PPP) per capita.000 new arrivals.000 unregistered people in Bangladesh. followed by Zimbabwe (527). "World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision". renewed fighting in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo led to an outflow of 31. This figure includes refugees as well people in a refugee-like situation in Ecuador. Population Division. The Central African Republic and the Republic of the Congo were the countries most affected by the crisis with a combined number of more than 113. 16 Source for Gross Domestic Product (Purchasing Power Parity): International Monetary Fund. all are developing countries. Security and humanitarian conditions in Somalia continued to steadily deteriorate and were particularly acute in the central and southern areas of the country. Afghan and Iraqi refugees account for almost half (45%) of all refugees under UNHCR’s responsibility worldwide. Capacities and contributions of host countries Countries with strong economies are more likely to be capable of absorbing and supporting refugees. Some 132. an increase of 117.(15) and Sudan (368. Fig 4 Number of refugees per 1 USD GDP (PPP) per capita End-2009 Pakistan 745 592 527 244 237 234 164 142 113 101 99 Dem. 17 Source for national population: United Nations. Kenya Chad Bangladesh Ethiopia Uganda Nepal Islamic Rep. with 456. October 2009 (accessed 14 May 2010). 2009 Global Trends 9 15 . The crisis was further compounded by severe drought conditions. food insecurity and periodic heavy flooding in the Horn of Africa. Venezuela (the Bolivarian Republic of).700). during October 2009. primarily to Kenya (72. Sudan 89 Jordan 88 As such. This is in addition to the almost 300.8 million having sought refuge. Among the 25 countries with the highest number of refugees per 1 USD GDP per capita. Somalis constitute the third largest refugee group under UNHCR’s responsibility with 678. the relative contribution and effort made by countries compared to the national economy can be considered as high. New York. and other countries in the region. The increased number from Myanmar was due to the inclusion of an estimated 200.000 persons at the end of 2009.500).000 over 2008. Ethiopia (23. Colombia (389. The estimates of Sudanese refugees decreased for the fifth consecutive year following the return of more than 33. of Congo Zimbabwe Syrian Arab Rep. The Democratic Republic of the Congo was second with 592 refugees per 1 USD GDP (PPP) per capita.200).000). of Tanzania 97 number of refugees compared to its national economy.estimated 1. By comparing the refugee population with the average income level of a country (measured by the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (PPP) (16) per capita (17)). If the number of refugees per 1 USD GDP (PPP) per capita is high. Rep.000 people to Southern Sudan.000 people to Sudan and Uganda. 2009. Yemen (32. More than 144. and Kenya (237). and Djibouti (3. it hosted 745 refugees per 1 USD GDP (PPP) 73 Yemen per capita. of Iran At the end of 2009. Other main source countries of refugees were Myanmar (406.000 people fled the country during 2009 alone.700). the Syrian Arab Republic (244). including 14 least developed countries.000 refugees under UNHCR’s mandate at the end of 2009.

000 refugees were resettled. the Democratic Republic of the Congo (44. more often.000 returns). Sudan (33. With the number of returning refugees decreasing in recent years. Resettlement to a third country is another potential solution. 1. vital in resolving some protracted refugee situations. Fig 5 Distribution of resettlement arrivals and refugee returnees | 2002-2009 5% 6% 7% 9% 9% 13% 31% 2% 98% 95% 94% 93% 91% 91% 87% 69% 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Comparatively. comprising distinct but inter-related legal. some 810.7 million refugees have returned 1. Durable solutions Millions of people around the world live in exile year after year with little hope of ever returning home. resettlement benefits a small number of refugees. Globally. Voluntary repatriation Based on consolidated reports from countries of asylum (departure) and origin (return).0 0. most of them with UNHCR assistance. in 2009.5 home over the past 20 years. an estimated 24. only one per Refugee returnees Resettlement arrivals cent of the world’s refugees directly benefited from resettlement. it is estimated that 251. however. Voluntary repatriation is the durable solution which has historically benefited the largest number of refugees. Resettlement is a key protection tool and a significant responsibilitysharing mechanism. economic and socio-cultural dimensions. This is an indication that the 2. Iraq (38. finding a home in the country of asylum and integrating into the local community could offer a durable solution and the opportunity of starting a new life. creating protection space.IV.400). resettlement has become an increasingly applied solution. and Rwanda 10 2009 Global Trends . During the past 10 years. Burundi (32. Some of them cannot go home because their countries face continuing conflict or. The analysis of data on local integration is therefore limited to integration through the naturalization of refugees by the host country.6 million refugees who were able to repatriate.5 0.) large-scale repatriation movements observed 2.600).0 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009 The main countries of return in 2009 included Afghanistan (57. for every refugee who has been resettled since 2000. difficult to quantify in numerical terms given the large variety of forms in which local integration can occur.000). about 12 have repatriated.300). Local integration is a complex and gradual process.500 refugees repatriated voluntarily during 2009. In cases where voluntary repatriation is not a viable option.0 in the past continue are in decline. Thus.5 (Mln. less than half (-58%) than in 2008 (604.000). because they remain fearful of persecution if they were to return. and opening up solutions that may have otherwise remained closed. Repatriation figures have Fig 6 Refugee returns | 1990-2009 continuously decreased since 2004 with the 2009 figures being the lowest since 1990 (139. compared to 9. It is.100).

Of the 300.3 million Afghan refugees – or roughly one-fifth of Afghanistan’s population – have returned home since 2002. health or other fundamental human rights are at risk in their country of asylum. UNHCR has been working closely with States to enlarge the pool of resettlement places to respond to these challenges. 2009 Global Trends 11 . During 2009. basic services or job opportunities.600). Unfortunately.000 80. Afghanistan continued to be the main country of return with 57.800).000 who returned during this period.000 received assistance from UNHCR to return. February 2009 marked the return of the 300. Fig 7 UNHCR-assisted resettlement departures of refugees | 2000-2009 100. some people who recently returned to Afghanistan were unable to go back to their villages of origin due to insecurity and/or a lack of land.(20. and Zambia (19. Overall. constructing houses and cultivating land.600 registered returns during the year. the United Republic of Tanzania (30. and whose life. BRUNNERT An Iraqi boy arriving under UNHCR’s resettlement programme in Germany. safety. The 2009 levels were the lowest since the start of large-scale refugee return in 2002. some two million Afghans returned on a voluntary basis. more than 5. UNHCR and the Southern Sudanese administration continued joint efforts to provide basic facilities such as wells. over 180. Pakistan (51.000 60.000 20. During the first year alone.000th Sudanese refugee from exile since the end of the civil war and the start of UNHCR’s repatriation operation in Southern Sudan in December 2005. liberty. but it is also a vital protection tool.600).000 The challenges faced by States and UNHCR to 0 bridge the gap in resettlement delivery are '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 formidable: even more so in the current global economic and financial climate.300). It aims to provide protection to refugees who cannot go home or who are unwilling to do so because they will face continued persecution.000 40. Resettlement Resettlement is not only an international responsibility-sharing mechanism and a key element in comprehensive solution strategies.300). while returnees worked on rebuilding their lives. The largest number of refugee departures was reported by Uganda (61. while tens of thousands went back independently. UNHCR has submitted more individuals for resettlement annually than the UNHCR/ R. health centres and schools for returnees. shelter. In the last three years.

400). The largest number of refugees who were resettled with UNHCR assistance departed from Nepal (17. Malaysia (7. Some 94 UNHCR country offices were engaged in facilitating resettlement during 2009.500).000). During the year. and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2. Overall. the Syrian Arab Republic (10. Australia (11. Nepal and Thailand.500) and Turkey (6. Canada (12. Somalia (5. Local integration The degree and nature of local integration are difficult to measure in quantitative terms. UNHCR submitted more than 128.800). In 2009.800). During 2009.400 refugees were admitted by 19 resettlement countries.900). Sweden (1. 18.500). more than 84. Malaysia.500). as well as the continued streamlining of procedures for Iraqi refugees in the Middle East. the main beneficiaries of the UNHCR-facilitated resettlement programmes in 2009 were refugees from Myanmar (24. a total of 112. This is the highest number since the early 1990s. Eritrea (2. Bhutan (17. By nationality.000). including the United States of America (79. Thailand (16.000 individual refugees for resettlement consideration by States. The Office’s response to the gap between needs and places available is threefold: (i) encourage more countries to establish resettlement programmes or consider UNHCR submissions. UNHCR / B.500).100).500). contributed to these achievements. this was one quarter above the total for 2008 (88.Burundian refugees during a naturalization ceremony in the United Republic of Tanzania.000).100).000).800) and the highest level since 1995 (134. in light of the limited places available. and Norway (1. Group resettlement programmes in Ethiopia. Germany (2. the highest number in the past 16 years and 6 per cent above the 2008 level (121. The five UNHCR offices in these countries together accounted for 7. statistical data is often very limited as the countries concerned generally do not distinguish between refugees and others who have been 12 2009 Global Trends . In those cases where refugees acquire citizenship through naturalization. Iraq (23. BANNON number of places made available by resettlement countries (some 80.5 out of every 10 resettlement departures assisted by the Office in 2009.100). and (iii) prioritize resettlement needs and submissions.000 individuals departed for resettlement with UNHCR assistance.900).400).500). (ii) work with established resettlement countries to increase their intake of UNHCR-identified refugees.000 more than the year before.

naturalized.000 Burundian refugees. Nevertheless. Ireland (730). Therefore. reflect the increasing need for demographic and locationdisaggregated data.300). During 2009. and the participation of refugee women in decision-making bodies. The United States of America also granted citizenship to a significant number of refugees in 2009 (55. Age and sex characteristics UNHCR and other humanitarian organizations pay particular attention to collecting demographic information in monitoring and addressing the specific situation of displaced women and children. Topics such as the situation of unaccompanied and separated children. national laws in many countries do not permit refugees to be naturalized. the limited data on the naturalization of refugees available to UNHCR show that during the past decade more than 1. Armenia (400). a major breakthrough for this refugee population living in exile since 1972. girl’s schooling. Eritrean refugees arriving in Mai Ayni camp. Moreover. equal access to services for women and men. The United States of America alone accounted for more than half of this figure. and the Russian Federation (370). Data on geographical locations is crucial for identifying gaps in interventions as well as interpreting differences between and within countries. UNHCR / F. Recent initiatives such as the European Commission’s proposed Action Plan on Unaccompanied Minors (2010-2014) and the High Commissioner’s Dialogue on Protection Challenges (December 2009) for refugees in urban areas. the recruitment of children into armed forces. In addition.200). UNHCR was informed of refugees being granted citizenship in Belgium (2. This section analyses demographic and location data availability and highlights some of the most relevant patterns relating to the characteristics of UNHCR’s populations of concern. the United Republic of Tanzania granted citizenship to 155.3 million refugees were granted citizenship by their country of asylum. the naturalization of refugees is both under-reported and restricted. COURBET 2009 Global Trends 13 . during 2009. Ethiopia. sexual and gender-based violence. V. have been placed at the top of the humanitarian response agenda.

The data coverage for refugees was relatively high (72%) due to the use of proGres. however. hide significant variations across population groups and locations. as part of its responsibilities in the cluster approach. detailed demographic data was available for 21. The availability of data varied significantly depending on the type of population and the region. less so in developed countries where States are responsible for data collection. In Latin America and the Caribbean. Demographic information on IDPs is now available for some 12. The overall significantly higher data coverage is the result of several factors including the progressive deployment and use of UNHCR’s registration software proGres (18). Information on the age breakdown was available for 14 million (38%) of the 36. women represent less than half of these Fig 8 Percentage of women populations in most regions. demographic information is known for slightly more than half (54%) of the population. demographic and location information on displaced populations is not available for all countries and population categories. nearly 80 per cent. which is relatively consistent across regions.Unfortunately. 14 2009 Global Trends . however. The availability of data also differs by region. Half of the population was between the ages of 18 and 18 The software proGres had been rolled out to 75 countries by the end of 2009.8 million persons of concern in over 140 countries. others of concern (23%). 11 per cent of whom were under the age of five. In relative terms. on average IDPs Returnees Stateless Refugees Asylumprotected/assisted (refugees) persons seekers women represent 51 per cent of by UNHCR refugee returnees but only 40 per cent of asylum-seekers in locations where data is available. Another important reason is that. For instance. Demographic characteristics By the end of 2009.8 million people in 2008. It was high for refugees (76%). Some 45 per cent of persons of concern to UNHCR were children under the age of 18.8 million people) show that women represent about half (49%) of most populations falling under UNHCR’s responsibility. leading to more accurate IDP estimates in a number of countries. IDPs (78%) and refugee returnees (86%). In Chad. and the highest in the Central Africa and Great Lakes 47% 40% 50% 51% 50% region (53%). for instance. an increase over 2008 due to the new availability of data in Germany. The corresponding value for Europe is 43 per cent. The available data by sex (21. The by population category | end-2009 lowest proportion of refugee women is to be found in Europe (44%). In terms of refugees.1 million people as compared to 9. In Africa. UNHCR and its partners have successfully conducted a number of IDP profiling exercises. demographic data was available for almost all populations of concern as compared to two-thirds coverage in Asia. These averages.5 million people of concern to UNHCR. and stateless persons (12%). This information is more available in countries where UNHCR is operationally active and interestingly. availability remained relatively stable compared to 2008 with 60 per cent coverage for persons of concern. This is the highest level on record. Sex and age information is available for only two thirds of UNHCR’s population of concern while the coverage for location data is significantly higher. resulting in a higher number of countries being able to produce sex and age-disaggregated data. refugee women represent one-third (33%) of refugees in urban areas but up to 70 per cent of refugees in the Daha 1 camp. and low for IDP returnees (13%).

(19) This represents close to 41 per cent of the total population of concern. Thus. in particular with respect to education in those locations where schools have been damaged or destroyed.2 million people).Young Afghan boys and teenagers have to endure the cold in Calais. Of these. the figures above cannot be considered fully representative of the entire population under UNHCR’s responsibility. and rural areas. North America and Oceania. a population often largely composed of single men particularly in the industrialized world. populations in camps were younger (52 per cent children) than in urban areas (43 per cent children). This poses considerable challenges for reintegration programmes. Location characteristics Information collected about the location characteristics of where persons of concern reside is broken down by the following categories: camps/settlements/centres. 2. With some 78 per cent coverage (8.5 million people were residing in organized camps or centres (30%) and 4. The last two categories usually correspond to people privately accommodated with host families or living on their own. the availability of location data was higher for refugees than for any other group. Some sleep under bridges at night while others find accomodation through an organization defending the rights of migrants. the location or settlement type for 14 million persons (mostly IDPs) was unclear or a mixture of types. In 2009. Children constituted only 27 per cent of asylum-seekers. Their proportion was significantly higher among those refugees who returned home in 2009 (54%). Moreover. The availability of information according to age breakdown was particularly limited for developed countries in Europe. urban areas. CAUX 59 years.8 million (58%) in 19 Fig 9 Distribution of refugees by type of location * | end-2009 58% 50% 50% 30% 30% 34% 2007 % Camps 2008 % Urban 2009 * Excludes unknown locations Even though UNHCR offices reported the information on the location for a total of 29 million persons of concern. 2009 Global Trends 15 . UNHCR / H. Among refugees and people in refugee-like situations. children constituted 41 per cent of the population. whereas 5 per cent were 60 years or older. France. the type of location was reported for some 15 million persons of concern residing mainly in non-industrialized countries.

urban areas.000 in 2008). Myanmar and Zimbabwe. March 2010.000 Jointly** reasons explain this trend. 24 Rather than reflecting a new influx into Malaysia. as this type of data is often either not collected by States or not published separately.e.(21) Two main 26.400 claims were submitted on appeal or with courts. particularly in developed countries.000 36. Owing to the fact that some European countries have not yet released all their national asylum data at the time of writing. this figure is likely to be revised upwards later this year. most asylum applicants have been in the country for a number of years.100 applications out of the total of 922. The recent increase is primarily due to the higher number of applications registered with UNHCR offices in Malaysia (24) and Somalia. Lebanon. available at: http://www. Colombia. Jordan. This constitutes a 5 per cent increase 2007 2008 2009 compared to the previous year (875. with figures ranging from 10 per cent in Oceania to 47 per cent in Asia. VI. and 86. at least 922.100 countries figures have remained stable.400 119. During 2009.800 777. Ethiopia. i. an estimated 836. and the Syrian Arab Republic. second is the continued high number of certain ** Refers to refugee status determination conducted jointly between populations seeking international protection during the UNHCR and the Government.000 765.800 73. and the Syrian Arab Republic. the applicant submitted at least one previous application in the same or another country. The number of refugees living in urban areas outnumbered those in camps for the first time in 2007.500 asylum claims. The gap between the two categories has significantly increased ever since.unhcr. see Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries. and 207. UNHCR Geneva. The * Includes revised estimates.(22) lodged in first instance procedures. by the end of 2009 the number of refugees in urban sites had almost doubled compared to those living in camps (see Figure 9).400 the third consecutive annual rise.000 claims in 2009.2 million refugees. 23 Statistical information on outcomes of asylum appeals and court proceedings is under-reported in UNHCR statistics. The figures do not include mass refugee movements nor do they make reference to people who have been accorded refugee status on a group or prima facie basis. This number increased by 62 per cent compared to 2008 (73. (23) UNHCR offices registered some 119. 16 2009 Global Trends 20 .300 claims) and State* 548. 2009. This was primarily the result of large numbers of Iraqi refugees having sought refuge in urban centres in Jordan.500 claims in 2009.000 people were reported to be living in rural areas dispersed among the local population. Over 85 per cent of refugees in urban areas were found in Asia and the Middle East.800 875.500 Total high number of asylum applications in South Africa 12% 8% 13% % UNHCR only (222. The Office’s share in the global number of applications registered stood at 13 per cent in 2009 compared to 8 per cent in 2008 and 12 per cent in 2007. particularly those from Afghanistan.100 26. 22 Despite the fact that statistical reporting on new asylum-seekers has improved in recent years. it should be borne in mind that the data include a significant number of repeat claims. Out of the provisional total of 922.500(20) individual applications TABLE 3 for asylum or refugee status were submitted to New and appeal applications governments or UNHCR offices in 159 countries or received | 2007-2009 territories. The type of accommodation and location information was unknown or unclear for 2. mainly in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Asylum-seekers The following sections present some of the main trends related to asylum applications lodged on an individual basis.100 were initial applications. Based on available data. Pakistan. In industrialized UNHCR 79.org/statistics. in particular in Europe. Some 931. year.300 922. Women represented on average less than half (47%) of refugees in urban areas. 21 For a detailed analysis of asylum trends in industrialized countries.400 claims). The first is the persistent 653.

000 and 93.900 2. Indonesia. (25) Both regions accounted for 39 and 37 per cent. The top five receiving UNHCR offices together registered three-quarters of all new applications in 2009. UNHCR offices received 114. Malaysia was the fourth most important destination country for new asylum-seekers in 2009.000).000) In 2009.700 respectively. Malaysia and Somalia witnessed an increase in applications. 90 per cent of UNHCR’s refugee status determination work in terms of applications received was concentrated in 12 countries.100 15.(26) and Armenia (+50%).600 15. The office in “Somaliland” (north-west Somalia) was the second largest receiver of new claims in 2009 (15.000).000 3. The number of new asylum claims lodged in the United States of America remained stable in recent years. New individual asylum applications received South Africa was again the main destination for new asylum-seekers worldwide with more than 222.100 claims).600 new claims).600 * Excludes appeal/review claims.htm.900 applications. the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.000 asylum claims registered in 2009 . 27 Source: Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) Canada.800).600 individuals sought international protection.000 new applications for refugee status and 5. Turkey (7. 10 UNHCR offices* 2008 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 (x1.000 2.800 6. respectively. The United States of America. was in second position with 47.800). Moreover.000). 25 26 Malaysia Somalia Kenya Turkey India Indonesia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Cameroon Iraq Egypt 40.un.600 asylum claims registered during the year in Europe. Nine out of ten applications are lodged by Serb citizens from Kosovo. This figure also accounted for almost one quarter of all individual applications globally. The number of applications more than quadrupled compared to 2007.400 claims) and * RSA=South Africa. France was the third largest recipient during 2009 (42. mostly by people from Myanmar (94%). with more than 40.400 7. 2009 Global Trends 17 .200 3. and India (6. when 45. These figures include applicants who were unsuccessful at first instance and subsequently filed an appeal. GER=Germany the second consecutive annual rise. and Turkey saw a decrease in new applications.400). RSA* USA FRA MLS* ECU CAN UK SWE ETH* GER* recording a 19 per cent increase compared to 2008 (35. MLS=Malaysia.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49. UNHCR operations in India. followed closely by Africa (336.700 2. The Americas and Asia recorded 125.400). followed by Kenya (15. while offices in Cameroon.With a provisional total of 358.100 applications for appeal or for review. ETH=Ethiopia. Kenya.almost as many as were lodged in the 27 Member States of the European Union combined.000 asylum-seekers. The office in Malaysia received the largest number of new requests (40. Other important destination New asylum claims countries for asylum-seekers were Ecuador (35.000 asylum claims registered with the UNHCR TABLE 4 office.500). The increase in 2009 is partly attributed to a higher number of asylum-seekers from Serbia (+67%). while Oceania received 9.500 applications). Zimbabweans accounted for twoof new asylum-seekers | 2008-2009 thirds of all claims submitted in 2009 (149. Canada (34. this region remained the primary destination for individual asylum-seekers. receiving roughly one-fifth of the number of claims 2009 as South Africa. The geographical regions used are those of the UN Statistics Division http://unstats. of all claims lodged. and is 7 per cent higher than in Fig 10 Main destination countries 2008.(27) lodged in 2009 in top and the United Kingdom (29.

(28) In 2009. South Africa (10. as a significant number of decisions rendered by States at the appeal or review stage of the asylum procedure has not yet been released.900). the highest number of new asylum claims was filed by individuals originating from Zimbabwe (158. no-show for interview. Eritrea (43. including Ethiopia and Mauritania. close to 21. these figures hide patterns of certain nationalities tending to cluster in a limited number of countries. or 12 per cent of the total – a share similar to that of previous years. Colombia (39. Ethiopia (42.200. nine out of ten Zimbabwean asylum claims were lodged in South Africa alone. accounting for 84 per cent of all new Ethiopian claims. the 2009 decision data quoted in this report are not fully comparable with previous years.500) were prime destination countries. or the determination that another country is responsible for the claim (‘Dublin II’ procedure). withdrawal of the application. Provisional figures indicate that some 585. a 7 per cent increase compared to 2008. See Map 3 below.600).900).700). eight out of ten applied for refugee status in Ecuador. among others.Map 3 Main countries of origin of new asylum-seekers | 2009 Asylum applications 120. some 158. In the case of Ethiopian asylum-seekers. 29 This figure is likely to be substantially higher.500). For instance. These figures exclude cases which were closed for administrative reasons without taking a decision on the substance.500 claims estimated by UNHCR).000 60. It is important to note that the 2009 data on decisions is still incomplete as a few States have not released their official statistics. Afghanistan (38. Myanmar (48.300). Some 274.500 decisions on individual asylum applications were rendered during 2009. As a consequence. abandonment of the claim.200). 18 2009 Global Trends 28 .400) in the course of 2009.500 asylum-seekers were recognized as refugees (225.200).000 By nationality. Somalia (15. Even though asylum-seekers from Colombia sought protection in more than 40 countries. Similarly.000 substantive decisions were taken jointly by UNHCR and the concerned State. three-quarters of asylum claims lodged by citizens of Myanmar were registered in Malaysia while twothirds of all Eritrean requests were submitted in Ethiopia (17.300 cases were closed without a substantive decision issued to the applicant. and Somalia (37.000 12. This number includes an estimated 15. UNHCR staff adjudicated 69.300) and Sudan (10.800 (29) Also labeled as “non-substantive” decisions which might result from.100) or given a complementary form of protection (49. As observed in previous years.200). the death of the applicant. In 12 countries. and Kenya (9.

Non-substantive decisions are.TABLE 5 Substantive decisions taken 2007 2008 468. * Refers to refugee status determination conducted jointly between UNHCR and the Government. and rejected cases).250).900 46. For the purpose of global comparability. (30) Both values are significantly Unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) above the corresponding rates in 2008 seeking asylum * (29 per cent for RRR and 40 per cent for In 2009. Ethiopia (53%).000 positive grants). UNHCR uses two rates to compute the proportion of refugee claims accepted during the year.800). Sweden (2. Among the industrialized when 16. It includes applications at any stage of the asylum procedure. to the extent possible. The largest number of undecided cases at the first instance and on appeal was reported by South Africa (309. respectively). 16.700 undecided cases at the first instance and 138. and rejected cases).200 21. This Ecuador were important constitutes about 4 per cent of the destination countries for data. Recognition Europe accounted for 64 per cent (1. Malaysia and States have not yet reported the relevant children in 71 countries. Among the children were recognized as United Kingdom registered the main countries of origin of asylumrefugees or granted a highest number in Europe with seekers in 2009.000 585.300 69. This figure includes an estimated 171.000 less than the year before. from Somalia (around 75%). counted twice. Finland and Malta had the The available information asylum. Kingdom received 1.200 fewer UASC claims compared to 2008. In the absence of an internationally agreed methodology for calculating recognition rates. The Refugee Recognition Rate divides the number of asylum-seekers granted Convention refugee status by the total number of substantive decisions (Convention status. see 2008 Statistical Yearbook. 2009 Global Trends 19 30 . Instances where the percentage of decisions overturned at the appeal stage was particularly high may be an indication of deficiencies in the asylum procedure in some countries. Geneva.500 12% 399. At the global level (UNHCR and State asylum procedures combined). in 2009. Asylum-seekers who appealed a negative decision at first instance which was upheld under appeal may have been counted twice in this figure.100 or highest TRR at the first instance in 2009 indicates that 7. Like in previous years. the Democratic Republic of the Congo * For additional information.500 and 500 asylum claims the one observed a year earlier respectively.000 individuals were still awaiting a decision on their asylum claim by the end of the year. 48-49.000 51.800 11% State UNHCR Jointly* Total % UNHCR only individuals who initially received a negative decision that was overturned at the appeal or review stage. UNHCR. the (78% and 65%.900 81 per cent of the 18. Afghanistan (50%). While the United rates were also high for asylum-seekers of all positive decisions rendered.600 UASC sought countries. This figure is higher than followed by Norway (2. UNHCR only uses these two recognition rates and does not report nationally calculated rates. at this time global applications were lodged by went up significantly (+81% and recognition rates are indicative as some unaccompanied and separated +49% respectively). This number includes negative decisions at the first instance as well as those on appeal. complementary protection. The children outside Europe. Colombia. Globally more than 983.600 470. Europe received 15.000 UASC claims.200 546. The Total Recognition Rate divides the number of asylum-seekers granted Convention refugee status and complementary form of protection by the total number of substantive decisions (Convention status. Some 311.000 claims were rejected on substantive grounds. more than 18. pp. those originating from complementary form of protection close to 3. Also.300).800 31.700 asylum in Norway and Sweden figures TRR). and Iraq (50%). Eritrea. (61%). However. excluded from both calculations.200 20. and Myanmar had in 2008 (6.700 UASC unaccompanied and separated claims.900 9% 2009 495. complementary protection. the Refugee Recognition Rate (RRR) amounted to an estimated 38 per cent of all decisions taken during 2009 while the Total Recognition Rate (TRR) was 47 per cent.500). with for those rejected on appeal are often relative figure is consistent with 1. This is 19 per cent more persons than in 2008.100 cases which were pending decision at the end of 2008. the proportion of positive total number of asylum claims unaccompanied and separated decisions is in reality higher as decisions lodged in those countries. and Germany TRRs of 80 to 90 per cent.

000 1.000 Fig 11 Conflict-induced internal displacement | 2001-2009 (end-year) (Mln. UNHCR offices reported at least 4 million newly internally displaced people in 2009.1 million at the end of 2009.6 million in 2005).100).(31) However. see the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) website of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) at www. The number of internally displaced persons.2 million compared to the previous year (14.internal-displacement. including people in IDP-like situations (32) who benefited from UNHCR’s protection and assistance activities stood at 15. This is the highest figure on record.000. 20 2009 Global Trends 31 . estimated at some 27.4 million) and more than double the figure before the activation of the cluster approach (6. Internally Displaced Persons UNHCR does not have a mandate to protect or assist all conflict-generated IDPs. since the introduction of the inter-agency cluster approach in January 2006. The Office has also continued its programmes Map 4 IDPs protected / assisted by UNHCR | end-2009 IDP population 3.VII.500.6 million at the end of 2009.700) and the Russian Federation (23. 32 The IDP-like situations refer to Georgia (105. UNHCR has become increasingly involved with IDPs as part of a broader engagement by the United Nations and other agencies.org.2 million IDPs were able to return home Global number of IDPs (Source: IDMC) 28 24 20 16 12 8 4 - '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 Share of UNHCR in global IDPs For detailed statistics on global internal displacement. while more than 2. an increase of 1.) for IDPs to whom it was already providing protection and assistance prior to the adoption of the cluster approach.000 300.

In Iraq. the number of IDPs was estimated at 2. the IDP estimate was revised downwards from 2. Colombia. but no official figures are available as yet. the number of IDPs protected or assisted by UNHCR was approximately one million by the end of the year.1 million. reducing the IDP population remaining in camps and transit sites to 446.55 million people. This figure excludes the pre-2003 IDPs in Iraq which are now considered to be integrated.(34) Renewed armed conflict in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo displaced hundreds of thousands during the year.55 million by year end. by end 2009. Fig 12 Number of countries reporting statistics on stateless persons | 2004-2009 48 30 49 54 58 60 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 The statistics in this report only include data on countries for which reliable official statistics or estimates of stateless populations are available. In addition. Some 408. As a consequence. some 1.3 million is an accummulated figure dating back to 1997 and that the Government has highlighted an under-registration of 21 per cent (see report by the National Government to the Constitutional Court.000. The political and humanitarian situation in central and south Somalia continued to deteriorate in 2009.1 million of these IDPs were able to return home in 2009. Extensive new internal displacement (up to 3 million people) was witnessed in Pakistan in mid-2009 due to the humanitarian situation in the north-west of the country. the identification of stateless populations and improving the understanding of the scope of statelessness are among the tasks UNHCR has been called upon by its Executive Committee to prioritize under its statelessness mandate. Stateless persons Unlike refugees. India and Indonesia. including Cambodia. and led to the displacement of some 300. In the absence of reliable estimates on newly displaced persons during 2009. Both IDPs and IDP returnees in Uganda continue to benefit from UNHCR’s protection and assistance activities under the cluster approach. 2009 Global Trends 21 33 . UNHCR statistics include IDP populations in 22 countries (see Annex table 6). Although surveys carried out in some countries are starting to yield more reliable data on stateless persons.000 IDPs in Uganda were also able to return to their villages in the course of the year. Judgement T025/2004). information about the global magnitude of the statelessness phenomenon remains incomplete.000 people. the number of IDPs in Somalia increased to 1. Extensive new internal displacements were also witnessed in Afghanistan. Annex table 7 also includes some countries (marked with an asterisk) that have significant stateless populations but for which no reliable figures could be provided.(33) In all. 35 In Sri Lanka.000 Iraqi IDPs returned to their homes during 2009.(35) and Yemen during 2009. identifying stateless persons and the scope of the problem in any given country is a necessary step in designing efforts to address statelessness situations through advocacy and targeted programmes. this figure excludes movements in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In recognition of this.6 to 1. a substantial number of IDPs were able to return voluntarily to their areas of origin by year end. 34 It is important to note that the figure of 3. now has a total of 3. Côte d’Ivoire.9 million remained displaced within Pakistan by year end. VIII. Although an estimated 1. close to 168. stateless persons in most countries are not registered and granted a legal status and documentation.3 million registered IDPs.during the same period. At the same time.000 people have returned. In Sudan. which began registering IDPs in 1997. Sri Lanka. The Government also estimates that some 500.

6 million. First. but who are deemed by UNHCR to be in need of international protection. By the end of 2009. Even though they were naturalized in 2009.For 2009. The increase in data coverage and gradual improvement in the quality of the data through increased use of population profiling methods. 22 2009 Global Trends . IX.000 former refugees from Burundi in the United Republic of Tanzania. UNHCR is not in a position to provide comprehensive statistics on the number of stateless persons in all countries around the world. Second. for instance. and reflects the data collection efforts of UNHCR offices. Two reasons explain these positive trends. the first year UNHCR started collecting statistics on stateless populations in a more systematic way. Other groups or people of concern UNHCR also extends its protection or assistance activities to individuals whom it considers “of concern”. include asylum-seekers who have been rejected by States. UNHCR remains engaged with this group through local integration programmes.000 by the end of the year. UNHCR’s efforts were bolstered by an increasing awareness of the statelessness issue in a number of countries. such as surveys. will continue to narrow this gap. These activities are based on humanitarian or other special grounds and might. surveys and censuses are increasingly used to identify stateless populations. UNHCR expects the 2010 round of national population censuses to further increase its data coverage on stateless populations. there is a discrepancy between reliable country-level data reported by UNHCR and the total estimated number of stateless worldwide. but who do not fall into any of the above population categories.000 at the start of 2009 to almost 412. two more than in 2008. statistics on statelessness were available in 60 countries. This compares to 30 countries in 2004. The increase arose primarily from the inclusion of some 155. some 12 million people. the number of identified stateless populations remained stable at almost 6. As a result. The number of people in these groups more than doubled from 167. The data show a continuation of the trend already observed in previous years of a gradual expansion in coverage and knowledge of stateless persons.

40 The term is descriptive in nature and includes groups of people who are inside their country of nationality or habitual residence and who face protection risks similar to IDPs but who. This usually applies to situations of largescale influx. for practical or other reasons. Stateless persons are individuals not considered as citizens of any State under national laws. in practice. in particular as a result of. E/CN. based on humanitarian or other special ground. Other groups or people of concern refer to individuals who do not necessarily fall directly into any of the groups above but to whom UNHCR has extended its protection and/or assistance services. irrespective of when they may have been lodged. Francis M. Returned IDPs refer to those IDPs who were beneficiaries of UNHCR’s protection and assistance activities and who returned to their areas of origin or habitual residence between January and December 2009. operations may assist IDP returnees for longer periods. However. only refugees who returned between January and December 2009 are included. 37 Temporary protection refers to arrangements developed by States to offer protection of a temporary nature to people arriving from situations of conflict or generalized violence without the necessity for formal or individual status determination. 38 The term is descriptive in nature and includes groups of people who are outside their country or territory of origin and who face protection risks similar to refugees. (39) For purposes of UNHCR’s statistics. Addendum to the Report of the Representative of the Secretary-General. could not be reported as such. (38) Asylum-seekers are individuals who have sought international protection and whose claims for refugee status have not yet been determined. for practical or other reasons. situations of generalized violence. (40) Returned refugees (returnees) refer to refugees who have returned voluntarily to their country of origin or habitual residence. or natural. UNHCR statistics also include de facto stateless persons and persons with undertermined nationality.X. this population only includes conflict-generated IDPs to whom the Office extends protection and/or assistance. its 1967 Protocol. However.or human-made disasters. the 1969 OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa.4/1998/53/Add2 (1998). (37) This category also includes people in a refugee-like situation. UNHCR has been given a global mandate by the United Nations General Assembly to contribute to the prevention and reduction of statelessness and the protection of stateless persons. For the purposes of this report. but for whom refugee status has. Internally displaced persons are people or groups of individuals who have been forced to leave their homes or places of habitual residence. UNHCR’s Executive Committee has requested the Office to report regularly on the magnitude of the phenomenon. submitted pursuant to Commission (on Human Rights) Resolution 1997/39. but indiscriminate risks. Who are included in the statistics? Refugees include individuals recognized under the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. The Office also has specific functions under Article 11 of the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness to receive claims from persons who may benefit from the safeguards contained in that Convention and to assist them and the States concerned to resolve those claims. Those covered in this report refer to claimants whose individual applications were pending at the end of 2009. individuals granted complementary forms of protection. those recognized in accordance with the UNHCR Statute. Deng. 36 See: Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. not been ascertained. United Nations. violations of human rights. 2009 Global Trends 23 Complementary protection refers to protection provided under national or regional law in countries which do not grant 1951 Convention refugee status to people who are in need of international protection against serious. in practice. those enjoying temporary protection. operations may assist returnees for longer periods. 39 .(36) or. or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict. and who have not crossed an international border. The IDP population also includes people in an IDPlike situation.

845 10.329 713 182.052.856 124.Hong Kong SAR.980 85.205 679 7.269 230.290 151 228.663 2.355 12.156 17.298 24.586 580 15.539 300.411 24.415 251 7.325 7.818 89 71.751 24 121.406 27 4.338 29 1.583 11 2.232 5.888 2.485 3.811 13.703 710.319 531.140 2.514 6 6.638 232.407 1.675 - 2.898 3 6.342 232 53 7.589 1.411 19.303.323 185.238 407 3.149 454 2.586 580 15.325 7.967 135 99.903 3.102 6.263 64 104.047 314.364 8.640 1 Returned 7 IDPs Stateless 8 persons Various 9 Total population of concern 361.920 587 222 39 5 5.362.886 2 8.809 20.058 163.642 139 28.Macao SAR.361 6 13.015 1.898 3 19 6.022 2.531 3.604 1.355 12.784 35.734 3.406 30 4.192 94.111 116.037 301. returnees (refugees and IDPs).658 15.047 338.604 1.967 135 97.044 37 70 90.548 38.364 8.434 1 27.688 106 11 237 3.393 543 24.219 64 498 43 791 6 116 4.872 28.280 1.710 13.013 113.985 90 94.548 38.362 53 1.273 - 523 2.443 58 134 19 2.906 1.018 11.289 45.233 21 124 34 367 206 176 6 1.893 104.545 230 7.886 2 7.557 94.740 37 70 94.816 212 78. and others of concern to UNHCR by country/territory of asylum | end-2009 REFUGEES Country/territory of asylum1 Afghanistan Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Rep.287 69 26 38.285 2.189 107.205 332 1.406 30 4.393 1.469 34.539 300.343 360.193 921 50.716 121.447 196.022 4.137 14.022 4.799 13.132 12.771 543 24.845 8.447 196.132 4. asylum-seekers.667 164 101.411 19.888 2.903 3.231 510 50.296 1 8 17 1 1 8 - .942 870 13. Rep. of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Haiti Honduras Hungary 24 2009 Global Trends .479 82.350 32.434 1 27.132 3.312 61.545 230 7.078 1.607 22.305 460 7.129 586.078 7.677 8.226 260 49 14.658 1.156 135 16.365 - Total refugees Of whom and people assisted by in refugee-like UNHCR situations 37 70 94.586 8. Dem.486 658.205 679 7.845 10.044 57.874 4 23.734 3.325 7.799 13.859 5.265 643 1. stateless persons.232 5.225 299 20.449 1 874 32.632 14.032 167. Rep.319 314.604 5 225.196 515 6.201 4 928 289 12 1 647 Returned 5 refugees IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR.989 86 6 196 111.393 64 86 6 71 1.458 4 3.323 185.440 15.632 13.291 35.393 543 24.304.257 50.799 637 9.000 197.118 870 593.411 12.588 2. internally displaced persons (IDPs).582 7. China .607 22.906 1.642 100.118 870 593.000 24.146 46 12 90 18.957 169.809 20.Table 1 Refugees.137 14.642 139 228.575 590.228 4.111 45.604 1.695 131 15.132 3.979 519.876 3.254 8.967 135 99. of Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Rep.230 3.036 877 12 3.495 1.932 598 48.957 169.824 328 3.914 88 4.000 170. incl.362 116. Chad Chile China 11 10 Refugees 2 People in refugee-like 3 situations 200.886 2 7. China Colombia Comoros Congo.751 24 121.813 2. people in IDP-like 6 situations 297.802 60 80 90 711 1 44.230 3.898 3 19 6.642 139 28.044 Asylumseekers (pending 4 cases) 12 20 153 4.170 4 1.771 166.677 352.241 750 39 2.187 23 20 6.295 24.192 24.695 131 15.268 4.898 71.086 4.877 24.989 86 6 196 111.116 24.238 454 2.658 1.

485 218 18.144 4.108 95 15.323 798 1.678 282 4 1 104 2.547 7.014 306 50.000 - Returned 7 IDPs Stateless 8 persons Various 9 Total population of concern 217 190.000 2.016 575 22.740.526 1.544 62 185.944 9.872 10.706 93 1.800 6.571 800.354 113 8 787 26.163 108.740 5.928 221 423 43 50.325 38 4.000 93.360 12.955 26.218 9.639 12 2.430 1 790 3 4 376 55 2.703 89 1.048 13.740.332 450.069 4.442 66.402 19 8 660 52 398 1.031 2.323 798 1.734 15.705 227 61 - Kazakhstan 357.571 382 54.880 54.736 54.000 16.356 720 358.965 26 2.008 3.881 1.365 2.206 25.289 120 325 9.037 453 1.230 5.894 4 1 70.272 57.924 9.828 118 96 3 7 318 4.860 1 865 31 1.297 981.441 1.443 65.019 773 2.461 76.289 120 325 9.538 521 250 11 24.127 26 1.550.137 13.952 9.005 91 793 3. Rep.320 389 29 268 141 1.632 26 540 47.235 1 11 24.679 24.034 2.392 11 1.815 47.331 1 387 25.538 5.326 21.351 9.861 8.051 7 401 289 1.163 86.488 35.070.008 3. of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Dem.769 1.000 5.098 12 17.127 37.602 10.091 7.001 373 1.894.070. people in IDP-like 6 situations 1.350 13.005 91 793 3.408 12.413 6.707 2.218 9.244 7.714 9.489 7 1.000 1. of Korea Rep.985 495 52 607 535 3.329 476 68 386 59 - 311 38.245 232 1 32 1.230 5.711 11 16.322 144 4.415 74.351 9.051 7 289 1. of Moldova Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Somalia South Africa15 14 12 Refugees 2 People in refugee-like 3 situations 17.880 54.521 121 357 10.395 12.950 224.127 37.151 86.902 177 40.923 4.000 67.051 7 401 289 1.576.700 911 4.346 2. incl.151 86.764 2.571 17.773 137.106.016 575 22.965 26 2.218 9.320 389 29 268 141 1.026.123 26 6.019 773 3.118 882.615 344.916 97.340 358.703 89 1.756 4.070.928 221 423 43 50.768 2009 Global Trends 25 .164 76.351 9.151 86. Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia13 Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Occupied Palestinian Territory Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Rep.649 100.319 15.343 978 16.625 4.019 773 3.107 7.798 12.069 4.020 11.525 7.538 5.557 79.947 331.396 878 871 - 133 230.533 344.974 12.744.878 1.826 26 1.935 604 129 18.974 167.267 1.237 1.000 793 1.815 - Asylumseekers (pending 4 cases) 22 5.145 16.443 66.317 47 70 465 4.440 798 1.668 309.952 752 5.955 795 1.045 177.706 1.488 35.000 27 - Total refugees Of whom and people assisted by in refugee-like UNHCR situations 62 185.826 26 759.755 4.000 5.235 1 11 24.108 95 15.923 9.163 106.REFUGEES Country/territory of asylum1 Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Rep.537 909.858 3.723 790.880 54.587 439 1.880 60.013 31 1 4 1 29 20.200 103 2.000 24.300 6.547 7.552.207 1.792 451.000 70.072.800 2.795 1.459 1.263 6 3.756 4.332 450.783 38.928 44 423 10.287 3.796 30 211 254 80 24.711 11 3.162 71 194 9.290 1.340 358.500 61.090 - 2.926 1.815 47.500 723.958 2.358 51.765 3.176 1.794 Returned 5 refugees IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR.339 96.003 399.016 548 22.488 35.644 89 127 11 29 28 141 281 4.596 2.

183 983.119.350 60 127.189 33.000 15.647.011 70 59.494 1.300 250.897 5.854 56.149 2.422 149.260 2. in accordance with the UNHCR Statute.420 99.133.540 28 7.731 275.060 992.542 1 8.148 25 36.589.663 645.034 118 6.895 35.800).086 367.590 983.466 2.589.345 2.547 5.412 1 1.264 6.061 3.620.731 84 555 3 20.403 5.356 46.966 2.221 7.064 5.552 3.276 5.057 6.306 10.000 1.513 10.520 74.876 1.893 355 281.203 1.345 421 279 118.327 34.660 89.607 293.426.818 3.578 1.806.626 3.264 209 567 4 215.443 2. 11 The 300.953 17.678 422.920 10.460. of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Various/unknown Grand Total Refugees 2 People in refugee-like 3 situations 33.628.685 9.357.478 2.035 4.460.600 166.626 339.052 25 251.128 143. They do not receive direct UNHCR material assistance but they benefit from advocacy and reintegration support upon return.363 118.965 233 128 19.027 1.000 118 5.479 4.628.991 170.140 446.679 105.468 274.062 5.080 1. the 1969 OAU Convention.363 118. 26 2009 Global Trends .641.411 1.139 3.932 19.359.917 477 5.566 43.350 60 127.622.685 9.320 193.969 4. 3 This category is descriptive in nature and includes groups of persons who are outside their country or territory of origin and who face protection risks similar to those of refugees.785 124. of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Boliv.540 846.369 108.973 2. based on their own definitions and methods of data collection.924 92.802.069.357 170.162 25 36.018 519.930 67.559.932 1.102 33.422 149.941 610 18.046 1.693.631 325.854 56.000 1.855.306 3.615.739 12.820.565 486.334 279 269.000 1.234 2.520.334 279 269. 13 According to UNHCR. incl.054.558 8.434.740.867 94. 16 The IDP figure at the end of 2009 represents the remaining IDP population in camps and transit sites.970 251 186.229.698 1.815 718.785 3.573 100.540 100.698 3.220 56.140 3. In the absence of Government figures.356 46.663.766 2.700 2. not been ascertained.500.357 170. 9 Refers to individuals who do not necessarily fall directly into any of the other groups but to whom UNHCR may extend its protection and/or assistance services.500 205 7. Rep.520 4.057 99. there are 20.313 2.673 84. for practical or other reasons.700 undecided cases at first instance at the end of 2009 and 138.229.139 284 26 88 12 121 19 25 251.489 33.297 1.041.932 Asylumseekers (pending 4 cases) 3.995 8.306 UN major regions Africa Asia Europe Latin America and the Caribbean Northern America Oceania Various Total Notes The data are generally provided by Governments.900 407.559.200 6.000).460.877 1.214 68.357 639. This category is descriptive in nature and includes groups of persons who are inside their country of nationality or habitual residence and who face protection risks similar to those of IDPs but who. 2 Persons recognized as refugees under the 1951 UN Convention/1967 Protocol.867 24. 8 Refers to persons who are not considered nationals by any State under the operation of its laws. for practical or other reasons.540 251 92.211 143.034.000 2.649 25 36. See table 7 for footnotes.673 969.255 75 10 150 196 36 5. These activities might be based on humanitarian or other special grounds.396.037 105.208 3.468.203 1.502 1.788 5.584 4.621 1 612 222.987 11. 1 Country or territory of asylum or residence.420 436.863 4.057 Returned 7 IDPs Stateless 8 persons Various 9 Total population of concern 7.917 8 293. Source: UNHCR/Governments.673 Total refugees Of whom and people assisted by in refugee-like UNHCR situations 3.877 175.278 531. Individuals in all categories have been issued a Proof of Registration Card by the Government of Pakistan.512.065 1 8.567.698 174.059 76 11.062 14.12 Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda16 Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Rep.758 67 300.350 60 127.135 614.346 50.528 694.551 2.754. 10 According to the Government of Algeria. 7 IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR who have returned to their place of origin during the calendar year.000 Sahrawi refugees in the Tindouf camps.409 1. A dash (-) indicates that the value is zero.067 63. and based on lists provided by refugee communities in Malaysia.440 519.900 844 63.117.979 2. people in IDP-like 6 situations 434.984 3.660 5.000).758 42.991 1. Source: country of origin and asylum.216.297 1.000 who have already returned to their villages.303.000 Vietnamese refugees are well integrated and in practice receive protection from the Government of China.573 306 155.755 4.928 282.577 411.656 61.437 444.628.026 812.396.201.624 411.345 7.257 13. They remain of concern to UNHCR together with the 408. 4 Persons whose application for asylum or refugee status is pending at any stage in the asylum procedure.115 3.254 444.806.628.300.917 143. and registered Afghans outside refugee villages who are living in a “refugeelike” situation (981.600 62.666.911 2.567 18.559.895 30.REFUGEES Country/territory of asylum1 Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Rep.420 Returned 5 refugees IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR.389 569.566 293.979 15.803 41 14.051 411.292 1 759 81.183 1.909 64.863.310.372 1.000 unregistered asylumseekers in Malaysia who share the same profile as the current population of asylumseekers and refugees and who are being progressively registered and having their refugee status determined.408 12.785 3.303.605 1.183 5.867 2.466 2. 12 Refugee figures for Iraqis in Jordan and the Syrian Arab Republic are Government estimates.000 56.461 168 555 4 201.758 3.280 338 5.020.868 38.005.248 3.540 2.478 UNHCR-Bureaux Central Africa-Great Lakes East and Horn of Africa Southern Africa Western Africa Americas Asia and Pacific Europe Middle East and North Africa Various/unknown Total 945.418.475. registered Afghans in refugee villages who are assisted by UNHCR (756.816 1.540 626.212 4. 6 Persons who are displaced within their country and to whom UNHCR extends protection and/or assistance.528 11 8.546 6.319 70 25 251. those living outside refugee villages are now in the “refugee-like” category. 14 Total refugee figures for Pakistan include individually recognized Afghan refugees (2.573 155.984 65. 5 Refugees who have returned to their place of origin during the calendar year.366 78 635 983.679 105.317 126.531 37 92 10.176 779. Following the completion of the registration exercise in 2007.962. there are an estimated 165. could not be reported as such.313 2.297 1.531 37 92 10.995 5.280 139.900 1. UNHCR has estimated the refugee population in 24 industrialized countries based on 10 years of individual refugee recognition.100 undecided cases at the end of 2008 (no update available).396.731 275.375 1 759 81.854 35.512.278 813.600 166. persons granted a complementary form of protection and those granted temporary protection.558 10.993 89.085 850.197 144.806.480 97.533 167.499 2.189.995 10.381.532 420.054. It also includes people in IDP-like situations. not available or not applicable.978 3.970 251 152.978 2.426 8.429. 15 Asylum-seekers (pending cases) refers to an estimated 171.588 1.003 15.542 472 37 45 10.512.332 3.000 200. but for whom refugee status has.478 149.229.629.740 2.630 579.589.208.461 168 555 4 1.

724 14.021 28 608 18.758.258 11 7 870 2.296 1 8 17 - 2009 Global Trends 27 .468 28 16 18 85.140 2.067 881 455.248 17.231 510 50.873 1.052.337 69 64.892 6 57.313 248 62.025 14. of Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Rep.027 6.478 7.711 8.425 - Asylumseekers (pending 4 cases) 30.365 1.070 573 70. internally displaced persons (IDPs). People's Rep.226 2 2.171 8 289 79.312 39 14 605.375 2 8.412 1.990 5.987 5.182 1.018 30 973 1 2.642 100. Dem.506 97 36 608 90.000 28 12 16. China .711 8.662.465 17.802 384 223.000 170.067 881 455.478 6. Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faroe Islands Fiji Finland Refugees 2 People in refugee-like 3 situations 981.021 28 608 18.081 11 2 2.000 197.303 9.525 71 17 411 86.905.821 11 784 75 637 1.279. Chad Chile China . asylum-seekers.816 212 78.751 40 14.745 990 94. incl.011 14.492 198.449 1 874 32.781. people in IDP-like 6 situations 297.184 6 141.766 99 24 159.347 1 3.367 231.Table 2 Refugees.303.024 110 31 357.592 1.549 11 1.941 13 14 63.225 299 20.892 6 2.008 165 1.979 106 2.010 2.014 1. Rep.312 180.979 519.852 10 622 53 230 1.546 2 699 42 157 4.479 82. returnees (refugees and IDPs).544 1 344 23.432 29 5. of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Rep.629 14.874 4 23.554 55.732 8 158.471 17.753 268 20.042 72 8 14 61 445 68 111.582 7.127 281 23.863 227 1.632 1.051 344 209.078 738 236.558 12 9 104.166 1.899 81 9 3.739 360 2 Returned 5 refugees IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR.409 9.000 3 11.531 3.123 15.297 107 4 14 5.439 1.343 19.027 6. and others of concern to UNHCR by origin | end-2009 REFUGEES Origin1 Afghanistan10 Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Rep.388 268 20.477 250.911 30 973 1 2.156 1 153.646 1.677 1 - Returned 7 IDPs Stateless 8 persons Various 9 Total population of concern 3.859 - - 14.129 586.202 79 5.185 6 141.776 13 3.335 13 3.239 17.638 9.804 15.889 1.051 344 197.476 103.826 66 981 26 19 197 1.549 33.852 10 622 53 230 1.005 21.864 223 2.368 285.939 15 79 10.939 15 79 10.258 95 6.156 197 374 437 377 4.583 11 - 2.Hong Kong SAR.Macao SAR.239 17.394 40 48.168 248 62. China Colombia Comoros Congo.036 65.766 99 24 154.528 13 207 2.308 8.913 100 30.425 4 5 20 263.156 14 134 26.277 140 2.312 180.745 986 94.285 2.319 1 2.773 573 69.470 32 4 1.000 28 12 16.432 29 5.570 288 111.648 70 765 104.153 76.645 2.826 1 423 714.099 129 31.525 71 17 411 89. of Korea Dem.126 1 162 22 407 281 1. Rep.252 8 1.544 1 344 23.855 16 - Total refugees Of whom and people assisted by in refugee-like UNHCR situations 2.362 53 1.153 76.558 12 9 389.321 180 18.549 11 1.933 47 83 12. stateless persons.802 60 80 90 711 1 44.445 1 29.887.013 113.771 166.

663 6 2.003 399.097 345.774 1.398 791 16.478 72.920 1.973 10.015 2.329 476 - 311 38.108 44 10 1.020 170 14.565.465 885 58 807 11 376 14.310 45 909 150 2.542 1.310 45 909 150 2. of) Iraq12 Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Dem.383 5 1.408 12.757 2.893 1 62 333 5.735 1 2 1 27 1 200.992 5 24.347 21 90 9.932 16.010 16 3.102 25.608 4 95.143 23 6.REFUGEES Origin1 France French Guiana Gabon Gambia Georgia11 Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Holy See (the) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Rep. Rep.348 417.435 1 1.526 3.768 10.675 2.620 33 938 2.212 7 1.241 1 83 423 14.455 1 4.294 377.592 877 18.759 87 1.213 72.285 175 610 9 22.692 9 52.612 8.710 2.572 2.915 1.000 7.260 10 71.032 14 77.740 5.495 2.285 136 206.768 10.891 1.049 8.166 3.669 921 5.599 2.537 4 19.398 791 16.752 22.514 12.744 9.650 921 5.126 Asylumseekers (pending 4 cases) 78 2 48 1.973 15.896 145 496. incl.166 1.495 2.478 822 15.062 34 582 32 772 604 2.273 167.435 1 1.702 87 144 1.668 24 2 1 2 10 31.890 1 62 333 5.010 13.930 7 2 23 5 197.926 9 39.020 170 14.129 3.202 501 274 130 532 16 2.843 617 1 306 176 62.000 3 5.848 1 3.202 501 274 130 532 16 2.400 75 12 1.785.113 2.108 44 10 1.166 1.000 67.037 453 1.527 3 137 1 72 111 32 235 25 3 19 3.203 641 116 1 32 46 149 766 911 17 20.109 727 24.052 34 1.979 1 67 437 194 86 1.612 8.500 61.116 1.749 1.428 24 24 272 3 34 62.272 10 97.620 33 938 2.501 Returned 5 refugees IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR.722 2.005 3.552.019 1 24 Total refugees Of whom and people assisted by in refugee-like UNHCR situations 87 144 1.292 15.116 1.286 136 406.478 822 15.828 338 325 11.920 1.000 - - 2.640 1.052 36.785. people in IDP-like 6 situations 1 1 8 352.582 2.534 86.236 20.780 2.537 4 19.109 727 24.514 18.000 2.067 40 26.609 4 95.901 4.772 4 2.413 2.375 12 2.447 1.583 48 1.881 13.134 19 30 12 4.290 - Returned 7 IDPs Stateless 8 persons Various 9 Total population of concern 165 2 192 5.127 3.926 9 39.143 23 6.692 17. Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Occupied Palestinian Territory13 Refugees 2 People in refugee-like 3 situations 5.744 9.773 1.491 182 2.013 31 1 - 28 2009 Global Trends .177 5.156 17.201 6 15 2.815 31 2 437 280 9.582 2.212 7 1.372 79 1.259 10 71.165 4.

540 595 20 4 647 2 5 13 33 2.721 368.522 414 156 1.221 339.289 90.881 1.139 284 26 88 12 121 19 25 251.306 79 73 892 6.357 109.080 7 18.705 227 61 1.407 256 1 921 176 3.420 Returned 5 refugees IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR.271 979 2.712 348.517 17 912 1.132 105 70 77 6.153 41 140 17 7.495 252.600 166.816 804 247 48 5 319 739 421 13.034.059 31 68 573 5.404 3.281 568.073 1 1 57 633 12.221 339.840 2 1 2.084 170 53 7.578.080 7 18.084 7 19.550.864 174.242 36.293 76 909 1.489 33.396 878 871 94.551 26.932 Asylumseekers (pending 4 cases) 8 4.914 562 502 7.957 8.195 45 32 19 18 17. of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Rep.456 62 1.559.684 10.922 12 56 15 5 5.806.867 1.264 29 2.573 68 386 59 306 155.296 57 88 34 23 23.554 260 23.522 414 155 1.040.559.664 4.012 819 1 862.775 58 18.306 64 35. people in IDP-like 6 situations 4 1 1.387 743 1 7.811 332.259 146.260 146.581 2 1.872 6.387 441.068 3.460.900 1.900 407.695 1 30 16 1 1 1 1 1 26.554 24.557 79.474 1.000 15.229.926 20.378 5 240 2.801 340.458 3.454 554 87 684.066 440 204 156.306 9 2.934 206 22.894.925 4.554 24.533 983.700 2.938 436.779 203.455 129. incl.000 1 2 11.845 145 82 109 12.377 5 240 2.566 16.088 1.000 434.596 2.305 195.204 2.293 4.204 2.474 1.368 188 6.106.698 Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Rep.500 45 32 18 18 17.573 6.109 4 314 849 1 33 633 16.057 Returned 7 IDPs Stateless 8 persons Various 9 Total population of concern 72 3.386 743 1 7.484 831 903 8.512.801 20.669 6.986 27.593 93 746 58 66 2.167 49 15.628.589.309 384 34 145.812 13 598 1.417 80 334 39 66 678.109 4 314 849 1 33 633 16.626 49 15.949 13 353 19 21.580 1.756 40 12 32 5.570 269 401 875 4 970 25 272 505 9.455 129.478 2009 Global Trends 29 .610 116.289 116.884 562 486 7.305 195.262 2 7.605 154.449 15.492 19.866 186. of Korea Rep. of) Viet Nam16 Western Sahara17 Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Stateless Various Total 29 20.059 31 68 573 5.933 206 22.396.200 21 620 54 1.417 80 334 39 66 678.824 250 8.673 Total refugees Of whom and people assisted by in refugee-like UNHCR situations 64 35.765 156.449 15.922 1 2 33 690 16.980 5. of Moldova Romania Russian Federation14 Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Rep.809 1 46 10.300 250.953 32 9 14. Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tibetan Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda15 Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Rep.544 26 48 203 1.367 188 6.132 105 70 77 6.961 86 25 9 1 486 216 222 90.865 2.669 6.926 20.140 446.271 993 2.826 628.308 384 34 145.358 109.276 1.632 30 512 2.727 1.511 3 1.249.REFUGEES Origin Oman Pakistan Palau Panama 1 Refugees 2 People in refugee-like 3 situations 14 1 459 1 9 19.540 6.925 4.950 224.619.051 411.

087.628.068 36.396.368 719.909 3.979 15. 13 Refers to Palestinian refugees under the UNHCR mandate only.876 1.766 2.790 165.032 2.366 1.046 1.410 4.744 105. Following the completion of the registration exercise in 2007.540 6.499 1. 16 The 300.466 2.011 70 59.636. 14 IDP figure in the Russian Federation includes 23.487 1.278 8.105 190.990 60. those living outside refugee villages are now in the “refugee-like” category.303.160.821 8. 11 IDP figure in Georgia includes 105. based on their own definitions and methods of data collection.924 92.935 194.559. registered Afghans in refugee villages who are assisted by UNHCR (756.411 1.550 10.656 61.352 185.573 155.319 70 25 251.877 175.189.260 2.708.304. the 1969 OAU Convention. 4 Persons whose application for asylum or refugee status is pending at any stage in the asylum procedure. They do not receive direct UNHCR material assistance but they benefit from advocacy and reintegration support upon return.003 15.540 6.057 99.526 1.468.440 519.365 1 11.156 5.577 411.920 983.758 29.693. Source: country of origin and asylum.068 36. persons granted a complementary form of protection and those granted temporary protection.808 2.000 Sahrawi refugees in the Tindouf camps.671 916.520 4.424 5.540 1.087.211 7.628.624 411.541 131.303. 5 Refugees who have returned to their place of origin during the calendar year.845 83.917 31. In the absence of Government estimates.698 3.662 4.954 117.676 176. A dash (-) indicates that the value is zero.867 96.207. 10 Afghan refugee figures for Pakistan include individually recognized Afghan refugees (2.624. Individuals in all categories have been issued a Proof of Registration Card by the Government of Pakistan.434.478 6.520. and registered Afghans outside refugee villages who are living in a “refugee-like” situation (981.802 1.854.420 99.533 167.221 7. there are an estimated 165.700 people who are in an IDP-like situation. in accordance with the UNHCR Statute.346 50.633 190.717 527.000 Vietnamese refugees are well integrated and in practice receive protection from the Government of China.635 5.530 465. for practical or other reasons.494 178.559.935 194. 15 The IDP figure at the end of 2009 represents the remaining IDP population in camps and transit sites.062 14.806.567 36 286.478 2.208. 30 2009 Global Trends .105 202.788 5.275 4.049.207.719 444. incl.276 2.698 10.559.396.189 33.484.464.573 174.885 1.429.306 Notes The data are generally provided by Governments.682 28. 6 Persons who are displaced within their country and to whom UNHCR extends protection and/or assistance.000 132.156 5. It also includes people in IDP-like situations.589. 12 Refugee figures for Iraqis in Jordan and the Syrian Arab Republic are Government estimates.467 2.000).010 83.502 1. could not be reported as such.842.460.140 3.331.332 118.550 10.245 462.934 2.602 2.479 4.100 people who are in an IDP-like situation.078 134.000 who have already returned to their villages.932 192.088.802. 1 Country or territory of origin. but for whom refugee status has.729 1.197 144.979 2.563 173.099. 9 Refers to individuals who do not necessarily fall directly into any of the other groups but to whom UNHCR may extend its protection and/or assistance services. This category is descriptive in nature and includes groups of persons who are inside their country of nationality or habitual residence and who face protection risks similar to those of IDPs but who.519 7.867 38.276. 8 Refers to persons who are not considered nationals by any State under the operation of its laws. for practical or other reasons.700 3.420 149.816 1.432 3. See table 7 for footnotes.381.189 2.166 3.673 930.600 166.229. people in IDP-like 6 situations Returned 7 IDPs Stateless 8 persons Various 9 Total population of concern 891.198.073.673 2.357 165.460.758 3.902.532 420.792 724. not been ascertained.920 983.898.639 5. 2 Persons recognized as refugees under the 1951 UN Convention/1967 Protocol.344 3.052 25 251.467 414 444.443 2.422 10 1 4.418. 3 This category is descriptive in nature and includes groups of persons who are outside their country or territory of origin and who face protection risks similar to those of refugees.512.315 483.932 49.573 6.234 2.165 6.306 UN major regions Africa Asia Europe Latin America and the Caribbean Northern America Oceania Various Total 2.821 8.584 4.064 11.806. 17 According to the Government of Algeria.800).483 569 286.589.540 538. UNHCR has estimated the refugee population in 24 industrialized countries based on 10 years of individual refugee recognition.000).350 103.146 40.208 3.630 579.740 2.573 6.480 97. These activities might be based on humanitarian or other special grounds.805.729 1.REFUGEES Origin1 UNHCR-Bureaux Central Africa-Great Lakes East and Horn of Africa Southern Africa Western Africa Americas Asia and Pacific Europe Middle East and North Africa Various/unknown Total Refugees 2 People in refugee-like 3 situations Total refugees Of whom and people assisted by in refugee-like UNHCR situations Asylumseekers (pending 4 cases) Returned 5 refugees IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR.499 2.194.239 13. not available or not applicable.570 26.200 528. They remain of concern to UNHCR together with the 408. 7 IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR who have returned to their place of origin during the calendar year.057 846.028 39.559.697 202. Source: UNHCR/Governments.359.393.229.336.512.153 3.

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