P. 1
Unani Physician and There Contribution

Unani Physician and There Contribution

|Views: 148|Likes:
Published by faizijust4u
sdfdsfd sgfdgfdg
sdfdsfd sgfdgfdg

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: faizijust4u on Mar 31, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/20/2013

pdf

text

original

unani physician and there contribution

By editor, on November 5th, 2010

hippocrate, FATHER OF MEDICINE Name of Physician Asclepius Period Greek 600 B.C. Contribution God of Health, First Physician, Ilhami (Spritual) Physician, Student of Hurmus (Hazrat Idris Alaihis Salam), His daughter Hygeia is know as Goddess of Health Proposed Trimatter Theory, Humoral Theory, Physic Theory, know as father of medicine. Described the role of both male and female in the formation of foetus.He described the „heart‟ as a first organ formed in the foetus.Coined the term Vessel.Described the brain and its meninges. Described the functions of Stomach. Described the structure of Lungs and Parotid Glands. Coined the term „logic‟. Father of Anatomy.Differentiated between Cerebrum and

Hippocrates

Greek 460 – 377 B.C.

Aristotle

Greek 384 – 322 B.C.

Herophilus

Greek 300 B.C.

. Inventor of Huqna (Enema).Wrote an Encyclopedia “Kitab Al Hashaish”. A member in team of compilation of “Alexandrine Collection” Searched and identified single drugs. Erasistratus Greek Yahya Nahwi (Joannes Grammaticus) Dioscorides Greek Roman.Differentiated between Motor and Sensory nerve. Described the morphological classification of muscles.Pioneer in Advia.Described the heart valves.Cerebellum.Described the function of Epiglottis.Morphological classification of Bone.Founder of Advia. Father of Physiology.Described the origin of Nerve from Brain and Spinal Cord. Ist Century A. Differentiated between Artery and Vein. Discovered the role of Opium as sedative and as a cough reliever. Differentiated between ureter. auditory and facial nerve. 129 – 100 A.Differentiated between Nerve.D.Described the Opitic.D. Tendon and Vein. Jalinoos. Discovered the instrument “Embryotome” to listen the foetal heart sound. Discovered an instrument “Clepsydra”. Discovered the role of Sarkhas as Antihelminthic. Discovered the membrane. Galen Roman. to know the Pulse rate.

570-633 A.D. Arabic.D. Invented distillation apparatus.D. and Mushil therapy.D. 704 A. Arsenic and lead carbonate from sulphides. wrote kitabul Mushajjar. 660-750 A.D. Translator of medical books from Greek into Arabic Wrote Kitabul Abdal. (Johannes Damascenus) Hunani ibn Ishaque (Juhannitus) Abbasid 739-809 A. 570-633 A. Court physician of Hazrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz Renowned translator of baitul hikmah (House of wisdom). Kitab Al Amrazi Prince Physician-cum-Chemist. 777-857 A.D. Invented Nitric Acid and sulphuric Acid. Described the Anatomy of Kidneys and Bladder. Qai.D. wrote kitabul masail (questions medicinal) Haris Bin Kalda Nazar Bin Haris Kalda Abi Ramsa Tamini Ibn Asal 570-633 A. Renowned Physician in Prophetic Period Surgeon Toxicologist. Jabin bi Haiyaan (Gaber) Ummavi Tiyazooq Ummavi period (Ummiyad period) Abdul Malik Bin Abjar Kanani Ummavi period (Ummiyad period) Yuhanna ibn Masawaih Abbaid period. Discovered Naushadar (Ammonium Chloride) Court physician of Hajjan bin yusuf. Masir Joyeea A-Bari Khalid Bin Yazid Ummavi (Ummayal) Ummavi. . Wrote 16 books of medical education know as Alexandrine Collection. He is considered as first chain of Arabic Caravan of knowledge and technology Father of Chemistry. Described the function of vital organs. Ummavi. Kitabul Aghzia. invented aqua regia. expert of Hamam. Fasad. kitabul Fasd was Hijamah Renowned translator of baitul kamal.Vein and Artery. Prepared surma.

D Physician Moosa bin Maimoon 1135-1214 Fusool Musa (Maimonide) Ismail Jurjani 12th Century A. First Arabic encyclopedia. Kitab Al Taisir Ibn Rushd (Averroes) Abbasid Period 12th Century Kitabul Kulliyat. Spanish A. researcher.D.(death) Yaqub ibn Ishaque Rabban Tabri Zakaria razi (Rhazez) Abbasid 873 A. Kitabul Manazir (Amptic). astrologer.D Expert in treatment of tuberculosis and paralysis. Kitab fil Aqsamul Hummiyah. Inventor of inoculation. mathematician. (Death) Abbasid 780-850 A. differentiated between measles and small pox.Thabitiya ibn Qurrah Abbasid 836-903 A. venesection.D. expert in cupping.D Ali ibn Abbas Majoosi (Hally Abbas) Abus Sehl Masihi Abbasid 932-994 A. leeching.D 1126-1198 A.D 10th Century A. Ibn Jazlah Be Giesla Abbasid Period 1054-1100 A. court physician and court astronomer. father of optics.D. kitab fil assehaw wa azalatul marz Wrote kitab fil Ghiza wal dawa. and Physicist. Ali Bin Isa Kahhal (Jesu Haly) 1039 A. Kitab al Casis) Tasreef. versatile genius. Philosopher. expert in catarrh surgeryTazkiratul Kuhaleen Ibn Haitham or Hazen Abbasid period 965 AD – 1039 Ophthalmologist.D Kitab Minhaj Biyan. Fisrt used Anaesthesia in Ophthalmologist. Al-Havi. physician.D Al Qanoon fit tib (Medical Encyclopedia) (Cannon of Medicine) Abul Qasim Zahrawi (Abul 936-1036 A. Philosopher A. Zakhira Khawarzm shahi . Qusta bin luqa Abbasid 812 A.D.D. surgeon. pioneer in modern education system Kamilus sana (Liber Regius) Miyata fit tib.D. kitab fil waba. 850-923 A.D. Mathematician. He explained first theory of vision.D (death) Ophthalmologist. Ibn Sina (Avicena) 980-1037 A. Father of surgery. Al-Mansoori. Abbasid Translator of biatul hikmah. cautery.D. musician. Ibn Zuhur (Avenzoar) Abbasid Period 1091-1162 A. Firdausul Hikmah. Pioneer in bed side clinic.

Abdullah tabeeb 1920 A. Botanist.D. Commentary on Al-Qanoon Fit tib. Mathematician.D 909 -998 A.D 1541-1599 A.Abul Lateef Baghdadi Ibn Baitar 1163-1231 A. Sharah Mujoozul Qanoon. Mughal Period Shareef Khan Khwaja Abdullah Ghazi Mughal Period 1725-1807 Mughal Period Tuhlaq Period. Taleef Sharifi Ist Kashmiri physician in Mughal Period. Risala Miqdariya. period Mohammad Quli Qutub Shah Hk. Tarikhul Hukma Medical historian. Ophthalmologist. Kitab Al Fahrist Medical Historian. Tibbi Shahabi Ikhtiyarat Qutub Shahi. Shahab Abdul Kareem Nagori Mir Mohammad Momin He described that Sacrum is single bone. period Mohammad Tazkiratul Shahwat Fi Tabsirat Gilani Quli Qutub Shah Al Lazzat . Expert in diagnosis by Pulse. 1552 A. Uyoonul Anba Fit Tabqat Atibbah. Qarabadeen Qadri. Fontes Relationnum De Classibus Medicorum Bizyaze Gilani. Shamshuddin Hussain Al Physician.D 15th Century A. Mizanut Tib. Kitab Asbab wa Alamat Discovered blood circulation Sharah Asbab wa Alamat Kitab Tazkirah Medical Historian.D 1197-1248 A. Muffarahul Quloob.D 1192-1248 A. considered as encyclopedia of kitab al jameel mufridat.Hashiya Sharah Asbab wa Alamat. Pharmacist.D.D Ali Gilani 1526-1857. Mughal Period Akbar Arzani Mughal Period 1722 (Death) Alvi Khan 1749 AD (Death).D 13th century A. Physicist.D.D. period Mohammad Quli Qutub Shah 1512 A. single drug. period Mohammad Tibbul Fareed Quli Qutub Shah Shafiuddin Mohammad Tabib 1520 A. Ikhtiyarat Badiee. 14th Century A.Mujazul Aqsarie.D Najeebuddin Samarqandi Ibn Nafees Nafees Ibn Iwad Kirmani Dawood Antaki Ibn Nadeem Jamaluddin Qufti Ibn Abi Usaiba 1222 A. Jurjani translated Tazkiratul Kahaleen. Tibb Akbar. First introduced Arabian Ophthalmology in India.D. Ilajul Amraz.D (death) 1210-1288 A.

Mu‟âlijâtal-nabawî (Prophetic treatments) Nabbaz(Specialist for diagnosis of diseases by pulse). Dastur Al Atibba. Wali Gilani Hk. Ziaul Absar Fi Haddil ba‟b. Asif Jahi Dynasty Ilajul Advia. Marabadina kaderi and Mijanut tibb Sajahan reign1592-1666 Wrote “Attibbae ahade muglia” 1776 1830 1235 Hz. 1489 AD. Risalae Chob Chini. Wrote two books . 1544 AD Nizam Shahi Dynasty Hummiyate Murakkabh. Quli Qutub Shah 1508-1583 AD Nizam Shahi Taqweemul Abdan. Karnamaya Asrat Founder of Madrasae Tibb Established the Takmilut Tibb Hakim Abdul Majid Khan Hakim Abdul Aziz 1883 1902 . Rustam Jurjani Hk. Risalah Dynasty Hifze Sehat. 1857 Takmila-yi hindî (Indian perfection). Mizanul Mizaj. Shah Shajrahe Danish 1625-1672 AD Mohammad Tazkiratul Hukma.D period Mohammad Zubdatul Hukma Quli Qutub Shah 1611-1625 AD. Al-Mulk Nizamuddin Ahmad Gilani Hk Islami Bin Tabrezi Hk. Zakhira Nizam Shahi. Tazkiratul Hind. Qasim Farishta Raza Ali Khan Shifai Khan Emperor Mohammad Tuglak Emperor Firoz Shah Tuglak Hakim Jilani Hakim Sarfuddin Hakim Sadra Hakim Satunnesa (tabiba) Mohammad Akbar Arjani Hakim Sayed Ali Ahmad Chandpuri Shâh Ahl Ullâh Ghulâm Imâm Hakim Mohammad Khan Dehlavi 1530A. period Mizan Al Tabaye Qutub Shahi Mohammad Quli Qutub Shah 1625-1672 AD Abdullah Qutub Majmoa Hakeem Al Mulk. 1948 Asif Jahi Dynasty Yadgari Risaii.Shamshuddin Bin Nooruddin Taqiuddin Mohammad Bin Sadruddin Ali Hk. Asrarun Nisa. Mujarribat Dar Bayane Hummiyat 1325-1351 Translation of Arabic and Sanskrit to Persian language 1351-1388 Translation of Arabic and Sanskrit to Persian language Akbar reign1542-1605 Description of “Al-Qanon Fit Tibb” in persian Akbar reign1542-1605 Wrote the “Tibbe Shefai” Nuruddin Salim Jahangir‟s Court physician physician(1569-1627) Sahjahan reign1592-1666 Female treatment Sahjahan reign1592-1666 Tibbe Akbar. Adil Shahi Dynasty Ikhtiyarate Qasmi.

Short note of hummiyatul kanon. 1970AD 1894-1950 1888-1950 1908-1999 Hakim Mohammad Saeed 1920-1998 College Established Allahabad Tibbia College Elmul Amraz. Philosophy of medicine and science problem and perspective-1972. 1911AD 1317 hz. Attahfatul hamidiah fil kenayatul kullia.Principle Delhi Jamia tibia college Timardari. Tasrih(Anatomy). Founder Principle of Luknow takmilut tibb college 1927. First founder of tibbe madrasa in Delhi He established the Hindustani Dawakhana in 1910. Founder-1910Anjumane Attibbae Kolkata Chancellor Jamia Hamdard1962. 1900-1390 hz. 1864-1927 Hakim Mohammad Azam Khan Hakim Haji Abdul Aziz Shefaul Mulk Hakim Abdul Latif Falsafi Allama Hakim Kabiruddin Shefaul Mulk Hakim Mohammad Sadeq Hakim Hafez Abdul Hamid 1229 – 1320 Hz. 1855AD-1329.Madinatul hikmat- .1965. Aksire Azam. Founder –Hamdard Laboratories waqf Delhi. Exchange between India and Central Asia in the field of medicine-1986. Faoaeda Fharifia(Arabic). short note of Sharul Asbab wal Alamot. His famous books are Resala Al-Kaulul margub fil maul masrub.1902 1271 Hz. Karabadina Azam . Korol bagh Unani and Ayurvedic tibia college in 1912.Hakim Ahmad Hossain Hakim Sharif Khan Dehlovi 1904 1134 Hz. He evaluate the two alkaloid namely Ajmalin and Ajmalinin from Raulfia serpentine. Hamdard pharmacopeia(urdu)1964. Mnafeul Aza(physiology) Application experimental formulation. Hakim Abdul Majid Khan Hakim Hafiz Ajmal Khan 1266-1319 1284 Hz.Teacher in AMU.He wrote the books-Such as Theories and philosopher of medicines-1973. Karabadina hamdard1967 Founder. 1949principle AMU.

Shareasbab wal alamot. Kitabul Abdal. Kolb aur sehat. CCRUM-1985. alamot and ilaj. Manafeul Aza(urdu).CCIM Makhjanul Hikmat. Urdu Translate( Muzzul Qanon.Hakim Abdur Razzak Hakim Dr Golam Jeelani Hakim Hafiz Jalil Ahmad Ansari Shefaul mulk hakin Mohammad Hasan Qarshi Hakim Nayar Wasti 1931-1992 1873-1930 1906-1960 1890-1974 1902-1982 Karachi. Hakim Khwaja Rizwan Ahmad 1910-1973 FORGOTTEN HEROES . asbab. Talimul Advia Jameul hikmat. Director. Ilaz bil mufradat. President. Biaja Khash President –Unani &Ayurvedic Board. tajrabate tabib. Diq aur sil. Hummiyate Qanon.

near Benha. It is also said that he is one of the few reciters whose studio recordings are as effective as the live performance recordings. He joined the Radio in 1951. The University of Texas Press. having established his reputation in the south. so he learned the art by listening to reciters in person. He came to Cairo from the city of Armant in Upper Egypt in 1950. Shaykh cAbd al-Bâsit cAbd al-Samad [b. Among his recordings are the complete text of the Qur'ân in both styles. She gives biographies of only the Egyptian reciters. He also learned his music by listening. He is from a village north of Cairo. 1927]. 1969 at the age of about forty seven]. Shaykh cAbd al-Bâsit is probably the best-known of Egyptian reciters outside of Egypt. he came to Cairo in 1933. Shaykh c Abd al-Bâsit is one of thc four top-ranking reciters in Egypt.The following material is edited from the book The Art Of Reciting The Qur'ân by Kristina Nelson. pp. He was the first president of the newly formed Reciters' Union. Shaykh cAbd al-Hakam cited Shaykh Rifcat as the major influence on his reciting. Shaykh cAbd al-Hakam is admired for the dignity and correctness of his reciting as well as a subdued but fluent musicality. . as he was the first to make commercial recordings of his reciting. he was encouraged to become a professional reciter. He was with the Radio since 1944. The influence of Shaykh Rifcat shows in the lower registers. He is especially admired for the quality of his voice. 192-198. murattal and mujawwad. clear (harîmî) voice. Shaykh Hâsim says that he always wanted to be a reciter. He was the protégé of Shaykh Muhammad Salâmah. Shaykh Mahmûd cAbd al-Hakam [d. and others not known generally in Cairo. having established his reputation in the south. Shaykh alSacsâcî. and relaxed in both the high and low registers. Shaykh Hâsim Haybah [b. Born in Karnak in Upper Egypt. He journeyed to Cairo to hear Shaykh cAli Mahmûd recite. Shaykh Kâmil Yûsuf al-Bahtîmî [d. 1985. and stayed. listening to Shaykh Muhammad Rifcat and Shaykh Muhammad Salâmah. Shaykh Kâmil studied music with Ahmad Sabra. He said it is the Radio which really encourages professionalism: employment by the Radio is important in establishing an audience and a wide reputation. although he also listened to Shaykh cAlî Mahmood. as reciting was secondary to his studies. He is the first reciter in his family. He never studied music. His father was the owner of a rug factory. Shaykh cAbd al-Bâsit is admired for breath control and his high. he is one of the few reciters whose voice is equally clear. and it is said that the influence of his mentor shows in his high registers and melodic cadences. ca. His first intention was to study at alAzhar. strong. because of his voice. 1920]. 1982]. However. but his grandfather was a religious scholar of al-Azhar training. but considered music beneficial to recitation. In those days (1927-34) there was no recitation on the Radio. He memorized the Qur'ân and learned the qirâ'ât. and he has traveled extensively outside of Egypt.

murattal and mujawwad and was the first to record and broadcast the murattal style. When he was twenty-five years of age he went to Tanta and established himself as a reciter. In Cairo Shaykh al-Husarî also studied at al-Azhar University: he was a well-known religious scholar and author of many books on various aspects of the Qur'ân. having negotiated for longer recordings. His voice is light and high. but mastered the art by listening. his recordings are not generally available outside Egypt. Born in Mît Ghazâl. and his brother. and became the reciter at the Husayn mosque in 1955. He did not study music formally. Shaykh cAlî Mahmûd [1878-1949]. His status as reciter was somewhat official: he held the title Shaykh al-Maqâri. He studied the Qur'ânic sciences and planned to continue his studies at al-Azhar University in Cairo. He was the reciter at the well-known Ahmadî mosque there. Ten years later he moved to Cairo. His son also recites professionally. 1944. a village near Tanta (north of Cairo). He joined the Radio soon after. he recorded the complete Qur'ânic text in both styles of recitation. and his opinions were frequently solicited and quoted by the media. Shaykh Mustafa was reciter at the prestigious al-Azhar mosque. As one of the four top-ranking reciters in Egypt. and. yet correct in tajweed. Shaykh Muhammad Siddîq al-Minshâwî [d. He was born near Tanta [north of Cairo]. early 1970s?]. It is said that he would render the call to prayer from the Husayn mosque with a differeut maqaam for . Shaykh Mahmûd Khalîl al-Husarî [d. He began to establish his reputation in the Delta in the 1930s. Although as a top-ranking reciter he recorded the complete text of the Qur'ân in both the murattal and mujawwad styles. and about the age of fifteen or sixteen he went to study at the Azhari institute in Tanta. I980]. He is especially admired for the spirituality. extremely innovative musically. joined the Radio in 1944. and fluent with ornamentation. At the time of his death. Shaykh cAlî Mahmûd is one of the models for musical reciting. but was encouraged to become a reciter. His father was also a well-known reciter. He is of the same generation as Shaykh Kamil Yûsuf al-Bahtimî. has now established himself as a respected professional reciter in Cairo. he was also a protégé of Shaykh Muhammad Salâmah. He soon established his reputation in Cairo and was invited to recite for King Farouk during Ramadan. Shaykh Mustafâ Ismâcîl [1905-1978]. Shaykh al-Husarî's recordings are widely distributed outside Egypt. He also accompanied the rector of al-Azhar on his travels and was invited to participate in the World of Islam festival in London (1976). Shaykh alHusarî is known for the correctness of his recitation. Shaykh Mustafa is considered one of the most effective reciters of this century. One can count a generation of younger reciters among his imitators. Shaykh Mahmûd alMinshâwî. Also admired for his singing (he made a number of commercial recordings). Shaykh Mustafa traveled extensively and was known abroad from his personal appearances. Shaykh alMinshâwî was born in Upper Egypt and established himself as a reciter there before coming to Cairo. in fact. Shaykh Mustafâ learned the Qur'ân. Shaykh Mustafa admired the reciting of Shaykh Muhammad Rifcat and Shaykh cAbd al-Fattâh al-Sacsâcî but was proud of his own unique style. gravity. Shaykh Mustafa first went to Cairo in response to an invitation to recite. and dignity of his style. and from his associations with the best musicians of his day. as his voice needed a minimum of time to warm up.Shaykh Hâsim has also established himself as a singer of religious songs. He was also involved in the recent Azhari printing of the Qur'ânic text. Shaykh Mustafa was the official reciter of Anwâr al-Sadât and traveled with him to Jerusalem in 1978.

show and acknowledge his influence on their own style of recitation. Shaykh Fathî began reciting for the Radio in 1970. He teaches tajwîd and qirâ'ât at the Institute of Qirâ'ât in Suhra. He is admired for his musicality. He is the only prominent reciter who refused to record for the Radio. When another reciter was performing. He studied music at the Music Institute in Cairo. He is highly respected for his musicality. He learned music by listening and studying with private tutors. He was the acknowledged mentor of Shaykh Kâmil Yusuf al- . Shaykh Rifcat was the first reciter to broadcast his recitation (1934). In addition to recordings made by the Radio. Shaykh Muhammad Rifcat [1882-I950]. his spirituality and uprightness. thc traditional primary school. His style is characterized by the melodic cadences and a density of modulations. where he was taught the Qur'ân by his father. there exist a great number of recordings made by Zakariyyâ Muhrân Bâsâ and Muhammad Khamîs which his son. Husayn Rifcat. and at the age of nineteen was encouraged to become a reciter. one of the reasons being the latter's failure to comply with certain conditions set by him. ignoring the admiring comments. He had already been reciting since the age of ten. then at al-Azhar University in Cairo. Shaykh Rifcat is unanimously considered the best reciter of this century. and he acknowledges the influence of a number of reciters on his style. such as not having the Qur'ân broadcast into the streets and taverns and not having the female announcer present in the same room while he was rccording. Others point to his mastery in correlating melody to meaning (taswîr al-macnâ). He learned the Qur'ân in the kuttâb. Shaykh Salâmah fought in the Sacdist rebellion against the British in 1919 and proudly acknowledged his role in that. Only in the high registers did he seem to me to interact with his listeners. Music critic and composer Suleiman Gamil specifies aspects of Shaykh Rifcat's style such as the unpredictability of the melodic line and the resonance of his voice. even turning away from those who came up to kiss his hand or compliment him.1982). Mr. as well as his general character. from whom he also learned tajwîd. Shaykh Salâmah was both extremely articulate and sincere about his faith. He participated in a conference of reciters in 1937 which resulted in the establishment of a Reciters'Association. Shaykh Fathî Qandîl. The issue at stake was that some reciters were afraid that broadcasting recitation would harm the less prominent reciters. His father was a cloth merchant. Shaykh Ramadan joined the ranks of Radio reciters in 1972. and continued his studies with a Shaykh. Shaykh Ramadan was born {ca. Shaykh Muhammad Salâmah (ca. such as Shaykh Muhammad Salâmah. and his voice and style. A number of reciters. He is considered to be of the "school" of Shaykh cAlî Mahmûd. Shaykh Mahmûd Muhammad Ramadan. among them the prominent qanoon player Ahmad Sabra. and his right intent. as their services would be less in demand. Shaykh Salâmah was a student at alAzhar University. his mastery and understanding of the art of recitation in all of its aspects. have been a model of the ideal reciter to generations of Egyptians and others ever since. He studied at the Azhari institute in Tanta. 1888/1900. Shaykh Salâmah would listen with eyes closed and head bowed.each day of the week. where he earned an advanced degree in Qur'ânic sciences. He grew up in rural Egypt. In performance he was restrained in his gestures. 1929) in the same baladi area of Cairo in which he still lives. His father was a merchant. is dedicated to making available to the public. and Shaykh Mahmûd Muhammad Ramadan.

and his recordings are widely distributed and extremely popular in Egypt. Shaykh Mustafa Ismâ'îl. the kuttâb. Shaykh Ibrâhîm joined the Radio in 1968. Shaykh cAlî joined the Radio in 1946-47 and entered the Music Institute to study 'ud and music theory for four years when he saw the encouragement and success of his reciting. He also learned from listening to Shaykh Rifcat. He did not begin to recite in public until 1954-55. He studied the Qur'ân in the traditional school. Shaykh Salâmah is considered to be second only to Shaykh Rifcat in correlating melody to meaning (taswîr al-macnâ). and Shaykh Muhammad Siddîq al-Minshâwî. a reciter of the generation before Shaykh Rifcat. Shaykh Ahmad sings and plays the cûd as well. He acknowledges the influence of his father's style on his own and says that his father was influenced by Shaykh Ahmad Nadâ. He holds the position of reciter at the Sayyidah Zaynab mosque. ca. al-Hareeree. Shaykh Ibrâhîm al-Sacsâcî (b. he grew up in Upper Egypt in thc same area as Shaykh cAbd al-Bâsit cAbd al-Samad. and used to recite on the same program. Shaykh Salâmah studied music with Shaykh Darwees. a famous musician and teacher. He impresses one with how much he enjoys reciting. but considers Shaykh Muhammad Siddîq al-Minshâwî his mentor because they have similar deep voices and voice quality. and received a degree from the Azhari institute. His father was chief elerk at the Islamic court in Cairo.Bahtimi and Shaykh Muhammad Siddîq al-Minshâwî. Shaykh Ahmad was encouraged to become a reciter because of his beautiful voice. Shaykh cAlî Hajjâj al-Suwaysî began reciting in public at an early age: he remembers reciting for a group of Yemenis at a conference when he was only seven or eight years of age. 1926]. He used to sing and play the c ûd until the death of his wife. a post held by his father before him. both in Cairo and in the countryside. Shaykh Sayyid Darwees. He then studied for three years with Shaykh Darwîs al. People . He used to sing a great deal. teacher of several prominent musicians and reciters. He studied Qur'ân with Shaykh Abu cAzîz al-Sahhâr. and the general dignity and gravity of his recitation.Harîrî. and at the age of twenty entered the Music Institute to study the art of Arabic music. and now his son is beginning Qur'ânic studies. both of whom lived in his house for a period of time. and Shaykh Zakariyya Ahmad. Shaykh cAlî Hajjâj al-Suwaysî [b. Some speak of the 'school' of Shaykh Muhammad Salâmah as being in a direct line from thc style of Shaykh cAlî Mahmûd. and was singled out for his voice and encouraged to become a professional reciter. He memorized the Qur'ân. Shaykh al-Bahtîmî.and for his imitation of Shaykh Muhammad Rifcat. 1930. are from the same area. He learned music by listening and cites Shaykh Mahmûd cAlî alBannâ. He recited in public at Qina. He is president of the Reciters' Union. but now he just recites. and Shaykh Abû l-cAynayn al-Sacîsah as reciters he particularly admires. Shaykh Ahmad al-Ruzayqî (b. rich voice. He is the son of another prominent reciter. 1936 near Cairo in Mît cUqba]. and Shaykh cAbd al-Bâsit cAbd al-Samad. his knowledge of pause and beginning. Shaykh cAlî is admired for his use of maqâm saba . his renderings of qirâ'ât Warsh. His grandfather was also a reciter. Shaykh Muhammad Mahmûd al-Tablâwî [b. Cairo). Shaykh Ibrâhîm is admired for his deep. Shaykh c Abd al-Fattaah al-Sacsâcî.his voice is considered especially suited to saba . Shaykh al-Tablâwî was the first to record on cassette tape. 1939). learned tajwîd and qirâ'ât in school with Shaykh c Amir cUthmân (see below). One of the younger generation of reciters. a prominent Azhari scholar and father of Shaykh Sacid al-Sahhar. such as Shaykh cAli Mahmood.

Shaykh cAmir al-Sacîd cUthmân. Shaykh cAmir also serves on a number of panels whceh evaluate reciters' performances. he teaches three of the public recitation classes with humor. and so forth. He is presently assistant to the general director of the General Administration of Qur'ânic Affairs at al-Azhar. and an amazing command of the material. Shaykh cAbd al-Mutacâl presents a daily radio lesson on the rules of tajwîd.attribute his popularity to his impressive breath control and the "freshness" of his voice. One of the prominent scholars and teachers in Cairo. Scholars & Teachers Shaykh cAbd al-Mutacâl Mansûr cArafah. He also participated in preparing the most recent Azhari publication of the Qur'ânic text. Shaykh Muhammad al-Tablâwî sueceeded Shaykh Mustafa Ismâ'îl as reciter at the al-Azhar mosque. patience. . Shaykh cAbd al-Mutacâl graduated from the Institute of Qirâ'ât in Subra. became a teacher there. He holds the title and position of Wakeel (deputy) Shaykh al-Maqâri. al-Rahmân cAllama l-Qur'ân. the Intemational Recitation Competition in Malaysia. such as the auditions for the Friday prayer reciters. An expert in these sciences. asperity. he has taught tajwîd and qirâ'ât to many of the leading professional reciters. in conjunction with Shaykh Rizq Habbah.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->