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Soe Resistance Disguise and Concealment

Soe Resistance Disguise and Concealment

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WWII resist disguise and concealment history of the soe
WWII resist disguise and concealment history of the soe

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WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE RESISTANCE & SOE: TASK INSTRUCTIONS

The key question: What was the role of Special Operations Executive and what kind of people worked for it? Your task Use our sources to find out about the people who worked for the SOE and create a recruitment poster for more agents. Use the outline to plan your poster.

http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/worldwarII/ Page 1

WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE
Here are some artists’ impressions of SOE agents in action
Catalogue refs: a: INF 3/488; b: INF 3/502

Source a

http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/worldwarII/ Page 2

WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE
Source b

http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/worldwarII/ Page 3

Does this mean they are pure imagination? Use the other sources in the box to help you answer.. To tackle this problem British Prime Minister Winston Churchill set up the Special Operations Executive (SOE). childrens’ books containing images like this.learningcurve. During this period it was difficult for Britain and its allies to take any direct action against German forces. collect information and attack important targets. The British Ministry of Information commissioned this artwork for the wartime "Boys’ Adventure stories". Where are both agents operating? 2. The majority of these had been driven out of their home countries by the German occupation. They were then recruited because they would be able to blend in easily to the country they were working in. SO2 agents went into occupied territory to blow up railways. SOE did not just operate in Europe. postcards and photographs.gov. Artists produced both of these scenes. It’s worth knowing that. What’s the background to this source? From 1939 to late 1942 Germany and its allies had the upper hand in the war. Why is it likely that Source b was used as propaganda? http://www. radio transmitters and similar devices. magazines.uk/worldwarII/ Page 4 . Agents like Christine Granville (who also features in this investigation) were also active in North Africa and in Asia against the Japanese. What do we learn about SOE from this source? 1.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What is this source? These pictures were produced by government artists and show the activities of SOE agents in the Second World War. Many SOE agents were not British. SOE’s job was to go into occupied countries and spread propaganda. SO1 dealt with propaganda while SO2 dealt with active operations. What do you learn from this source about the type of people who became SOE agents? 4. 3. were also used to support the war effort on the home front. SOE had two main departments. bridges. Along with posters.

gov. SOE was designed to try and take the war to the Germans at a time when Britain was unable to attack Germany in any other way.uk/worldwarII/ Page 5 . http://www. This "opening address" sets out the aims and methods of the Special Operations Executive.learningcurve.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Extract from the records of the Special Operations Executive setting out some of their aims Catalogue ref: HS 7/55 What is this source? This source is part of a series of lectures used to train SOE agents. except by bombing.

Now repeat this exercise for Economic and Strategic aims.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What’s the background to this source? British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was anxious in the early 1940s that Germany was able to use the resources and manpower of the lands it had conquered for its war effort. What do we learn about SOE from this source? 1. SOE was formed in the summer of 1940 by a direct order of Churchill. When SOE was first set up there was a good deal of tension between it and the existing intelligence services. SOE's approach was more disruptive to enemy operations. He was also aware that there were resistance movements in the countries that Germany had occupied. It was under the control of Hugh Dalton.gov. 4. Minister of Economic Warfare.uk/worldwarII/ Page 6 . MI6 generally operated spies abroad and preferred a low-key approach that it felt was better at collecting information. What type of actions might SOE use to achieve these aims? 2. Study the political aims.. SOE had two main departments.learningcurve. By contrast. 3. The aim of the SOE was to try and disrupt Germany's use of its conquered lands and to help resistance movements. What type of people would the new SOE be looking for? http://www. SO1 dealt with propaganda while SO2 dealt with active operations.. Some in MI6 felt this would endanger MI6 operations by making the Germans more aware of the danger of enemy agents. It’s worth knowing that. Write your own definition for the term "irregular warfare". MI5 and MI6.

gov.uk/worldwarII/ Page 7 . A citation was a statement recommending a person for a medal for bravery Catalogue ref: HS 9/612 Extract a Extract b http://www.learningcurve.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE These document extracts relate to the citation of SOE agent Christine Granville.

What’s the background to this source? Granville was an agent for the Special Operations Executive (SOE). intelligent and spoke several languages. The extracts are part of her citation.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Extract c What is this source? These documents come from the personal file of SOE agent. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was anxious in the early 1940s that Germany was able to use the resources and manpower of the lands it had conquered for its war effort. The aim of the SOE was to try and disrupt Germany's use of its conquered lands and to help resistance movements.gov. Christine Granville was actually cited for medals on other occasions for her work in Poland. a document recommending the award of a medal for her work in the war.uk/worldwarII/ Page 8 . http://www. This made her an ideal SOE agent. She escaped the occupation of Poland by Germany.learningcurve. She worked in Poland. France. You can also find her photograph in the source box. He was also aware that there were resistance movements in the countries that Germany had occupied. She was brave. Her name was actually Kristina Gizycka and she was Polish. Italy and North Africa as a British agent. Christine Granville.

.. In 1941 she was arrested and interrogated. 2. Study extracts a-c. she returned to Poland to carry out her work. At the end of the war she was told by British intelligence that they no longer had any use for her. Which qualities or qualifications would have helped her most to carry out this work successfully? 3.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE It’s worth knowing that. She escaped but the Gestapo now had a photograph of her and were looking for her. Despite this.uk/worldwarII/ Page 9 . A citation is a recommendation for a medal. What do we learn about SOE from this source? 1. and she felt bitter about this.gov. She returned to Poland and started working for the Polish intelligence agencies. Make a list of Christine's achievements.learningcurve. Would it be going too far to say that Christine was the perfect SOE agent? http://www. If you were the Prime Minister would you have awarded Christine the medal? 4. Christine also worked in Hungary and Turkey as a British agent.

February 1943 Catalogue ref: HS 2/185 http://www.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Recommendations for awards for the members of an SOE operation in Norway.gov.uk/worldwarII/ Page 10 .learningcurve.

uk/worldwarII/ Page 11 .gov. the British were defeated and Norway surrendered in June 1940. Norway was especially important to Hitler. Where did the SOE get its information about the Vemork works? Why were the agents involved in Operation Gunnerside Norwegian? In what ways does Operation Gunnerside show the bravery of these agents? What does this source tell you about SOE activities? http://www. The Norwegians resisted with British help when Germany invaded in April 1940. 2.. What’s the background to this source? After invading Poland. Many SOE agents were awarded for their actions in the war. As well as resources. It’s worth knowing that. What do we learn about SOE from this source? 1. there was an important underground resistance movement in Norway. One of the German research facilities was involved in the early stages of the German programme to develop a nuclear bomb.. Norway had technology as well. The Germans used bases and facilities in Norway to research and develop new weapons and equipment.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What is this source? This source is part of a recommendation for medals to be awarded to a number of SOE agents for a mission they carried out in Norway. 4. Norway also had important natural resources. such as timber. 3. They faced terrible dangers and could be treated as spies if captured. However. However. Hitler's forces invaded Denmark and Norway. Norway also had efficient hydroelectric power plants to generate electricity. This movement had strong links with British intelligence and received supplies and equipment throughout the war. It had aircraft and submarine bases that could be used to attack ships supplying Britain from North America. Hitler cancelled this project.learningcurve. Despite this.

uk/worldwarII/ Page 12 .WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Extracts from the SOE descriptive catalogue of special devices Manual explaining the sleeve gun Catalogue ref: HS 7/28 http://www.learningcurve.gov.

collect information and attack important targets..uk/worldwarII/ Page 13 . SO1 dealt with propaganda while SO2 dealt with active operations.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What is this source? The devices shown here come from the and Supplies used by the SOE. SOE had two main departments. Descriptive Catalogue of Special Devices compiled and issued by the War Office. What do we learn about SOE from this source? 1. The catalogue contains many other devices that could be used on a mission. sponges and tubes of toothpaste. They were then recruited because they would be able to blend in easily to the country they were working in. What does this source show about the work of SOE agents and the dangers they faced? http://www. Vital equipment such as radio sets is shown camouflaged (disguised) as vacuum cleaners. agents countries. radio transmitters and similar devices. During this period it was difficult for Britain and its allies to take any direct action against German forces. portable gramophones and bundles of twigs.gov. To tackle this problem British Prime Minister Winston Churchill set up the Special Operations Executive (SOE). the special training programme used at would learn how to operate in occupied These sources suggest a wide range of skills that were required to be an effective agent and the many dangers they faced.. Here. It’s worth knowing that. SOE's job was to go into occupied countries and spread propaganda. The majority of these had been driven out of their home countries by the German occupation. Many SOE agents were not British. It was The advice about disguise comes from SOE's training schools.learningcurve. SO2 agents went into occupied territory to blow up railways. Agents are shown how to conceal explosives in fake logs and plaster fruit. They are shown how to hide information in soap. What’s the background to this source? From 1939 to late 1942 Germany and its allies had the upper hand in the war. bridges.

Can we learn anything from these sources about the type of people who became agents? Use this outline to plan your poster. http://www.gov. Do these sources provide any evidence that SOE took good care of its agents? 3.uk/worldwarII/ Page 14 .learningcurve.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE 2.

During this period it was difficult for Britain and its allies to take any direct action against German forces. Here.uk/worldwarII/ Page 15 . Descriptive Catalogue of Special Devices compiled and issued by the War Office.learningcurve. the special training programme used at would learn how to operate in occupied These sources suggest a wide range of skills that were required to be an effective agent and the many dangers they faced.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Extracts from the SOE descriptive catalogue of special devices Instructions for creating an exploding rat Catalogue ref: HS 7/49 What is this source? The devices shown here come from the and Supplies used by the SOE. http://www. agents countries.gov. It was The advice about disguise comes from SOE's training schools. What’s the background to this source? From 1939 to late 1942 Germany and its allies had the upper hand in the war. To tackle this problem British Prime Minister Winston Churchill set up the Special Operations Executive (SOE).

http://www. Many SOE agents were not British. SO1 dealt with propaganda while SO2 dealt with active operations.. What do we learn about SOE from this source? 1. They are shown how to hide information in soap. portable gramophones and bundles of twigs. They were then recruited because they would be able to blend in easily to the country they were working in.gov.. radio transmitters and similar devices. collect information and attack important targets. bridges. Vital equipment such as radio sets is shown camouflaged (disguised) as vacuum cleaners. The majority of these had been driven out of their home countries by the German occupation. SO2 agents went into occupied territory to blow up railways. Can we learn anything from these sources about the type of people who became agents? Use this outline to plan your poster. What does this source show about the work of SOE agents and the dangers they faced? 2. SOE had two main departments.learningcurve. The catalogue contains many other devices that could be used on a mission. Agents are shown how to conceal explosives in fake logs and plaster fruit. Do these sources provide any evidence that SOE took good care of its agents? 3.uk/worldwarII/ Page 16 . It’s worth knowing that.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE SOE's job was to go into occupied countries and spread propaganda. sponges and tubes of toothpaste.

gov.uk/worldwarII/ Page 17 .WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Extracts from the SOE descriptive catalogue of special devices SOE training advice on disguise Catalogue ref: HS 7/55 http://www.learningcurve.

They were then recruited because they would be able to blend in easily to the country they were working in. It was The advice about disguise comes from SOE's training schools. Many SOE agents were not British... agents countries.learningcurve. SO1 dealt with propaganda while SO2 dealt with active operations. Agents are shown how to conceal explosives in fake logs and plaster fruit. What does this source show about the work of SOE agents and the dangers they faced? http://www. portable gramophones and bundles of twigs. To tackle this problem British Prime Minister Winston Churchill set up the Special Operations Executive (SOE).WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What is this source? The devices shown here come from the and Supplies used by the SOE. Here. They are shown how to hide information in soap. What’s the background to this source? From 1939 to late 1942 Germany and its allies had the upper hand in the war. collect information and attack important targets. Vital equipment such as radio sets is shown camouflaged (disguised) as vacuum cleaners. The majority of these had been driven out of their home countries by the German occupation. Descriptive Catalogue of Special Devices compiled and issued by the War Office. During this period it was difficult for Britain and its allies to take any direct action against German forces. SO2 agents went into occupied territory to blow up railways. radio transmitters and similar devices. It’s worth knowing that. SOE's job was to go into occupied countries and spread propaganda. The catalogue contains many other devices that could be used on a mission. bridges. sponges and tubes of toothpaste.uk/worldwarII/ Page 18 . What do we learn about SOE from this source? 1. the special training programme used at would learn how to operate in occupied These sources suggest a wide range of skills that were required to be an effective agent and the many dangers they faced.gov. SOE had two main departments.

Can we learn anything from these sources about the type of people who became agents? Use this outline to plan your poster.gov. http://www.uk/worldwarII/ Page 19 . Do these sources provide any evidence that SOE took good care of its agents? 3.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE 2.learningcurve.

WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Extracts from the SOE descriptive catalogue of special devices Articles that can be adapted to conceal information Catalogue ref: HS 7/49 http://www.learningcurve.uk/worldwarII/ Page 20 .gov.

They were then recruited because they would be able to blend in easily to the country they were working in. Vital equipment such as radio sets is shown camouflaged (disguised) as vacuum cleaners. SO2 agents went into occupied territory to blow up railways.. collect information and attack important targets.gov. sponges and tubes of toothpaste. portable gramophones and bundles of twigs. It was The advice about disguise comes from SOE's training schools. Agents are shown how to conceal explosives in fake logs and plaster fruit.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What is this source? The devices shown here come from the and Supplies used by the SOE. SOE had two main departments. agents countries. SO1 dealt with propaganda while SO2 dealt with active operations. Many SOE agents were not British. It’s worth knowing that.learningcurve. radio transmitters and similar devices. They are shown how to hide information in soap. The majority of these had been driven out of their home countries by the German occupation.uk/worldwarII/ Page 21 . Descriptive Catalogue of Special Devices compiled and issued by the War Office. http://www.. To tackle this problem British Prime Minister Winston Churchill set up the Special Operations Executive (SOE). the special training programme used at would learn how to operate in occupied These sources suggest a wide range of skills that were required to be an effective agent and the many dangers they faced. Here. What’s the background to this source? From 1939 to late 1942 Germany and its allies had the upper hand in the war. The catalogue contains many other devices that could be used on a mission. SOE's job was to go into occupied countries and spread propaganda. bridges. During this period it was difficult for Britain and its allies to take any direct action against German forces.

WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What do we learn about SOE from this source? 1.gov.uk/worldwarII/ Page 22 . What does this source show about the work of SOE agents and the dangers they faced? 2. Do these sources provide any evidence that SOE took good care of its agents? 3.learningcurve. http://www. Can we learn anything from these sources about the type of people who became agents? Use this outline to plan your poster.

gov.learningcurve.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Extracts from the SOE descriptive catalogue of special devices How to conceal an aerial Catalogue ref: HS 7/49 http://www.uk/worldwarII/ Page 23 .

It’s worth knowing that. the special training programme used at would learn how to operate in occupied These sources suggest a wide range of skills that were required to be an effective agent and the many dangers they faced. The catalogue contains many other devices that could be used on a mission. Vital equipment such as radio sets is shown camouflaged (disguised) as vacuum cleaners.learningcurve.. portable gramophones and bundles of twigs. What’s the background to this source? From 1939 to late 1942 Germany and its allies had the upper hand in the war. What does this source show about the work of SOE agents and the dangers they faced? http://www.. collect information and attack important targets. agents countries. SO1 dealt with propaganda while SO2 dealt with active operations.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What is this source? The devices shown here come from the and Supplies used by the SOE. Here. To tackle this problem British Prime Minister Winston Churchill set up the Special Operations Executive (SOE). They were then recruited because they would be able to blend in easily to the country they were working in. Descriptive Catalogue of Special Devices compiled and issued by the War Office. SOE had two main departments. SOE's job was to go into occupied countries and spread propaganda. They are shown how to hide information in soap. Agents are shown how to conceal explosives in fake logs and plaster fruit. What do we learn about SOE from this source? 1. bridges. During this period it was difficult for Britain and its allies to take any direct action against German forces. SO2 agents went into occupied territory to blow up railways.uk/worldwarII/ Page 24 . Many SOE agents were not British.gov. The majority of these had been driven out of their home countries by the German occupation. radio transmitters and similar devices. sponges and tubes of toothpaste. It was The advice about disguise comes from SOE's training schools.

learningcurve. Can we learn anything from these sources about the type of people who became agents? Use this outline to plan your poster. http://www. Do these sources provide any evidence that SOE took good care of its agents? 3.uk/worldwarII/ Page 25 .WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE 2.gov.

learningcurve. SOE agent Catalogue ref: HS 9/612 What do we learn about SOE from this source? Look at the photograph of Christine Granville.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Photograph of Christine Granville.uk/worldwarII/ Page 26 .gov. Would her appearance be relevant to SOE if they were looking for an agent? http://www.

British agents working with the French Resistance are shown disrupting enemy communications in preparation for the Normandy landings. Male agent: What do we do when we get there? Interviewer: Organise resistance. I'm on! Female agent: Of course! What is this source? This film is a reconstruction showing the work of men and women who belonged to the Special Operations Executive in WW2. The SOE was set up to carry out missions in enemy territory. Miss Williams will be your wireless operator. We make extensive inquiries before we recruit our people. Male agent: Do you think that we are right people for the job? Interviewer: We're sure of it. http://www. Female agent: France? Male agent: How? Interviewer: By sea or air. That must be obvious to you both. Are there any questions before you decide? Female agent: What made you pick on us? Interviewer: It wasn't just haphazard. Act as liaison officers with London. Transcript Interviewer: I want you both to go to occupied France.learningcurve.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE An SOE mission Catalogue ref: IWM RMY 78 Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum. only you won't be going in uniform. Male agent: All right. I don't need to say that the job is dangerous and difficult. London.uk/worldwarII/ Page 27 .gov. Extract from a film called "Now It Can Be Told" produced by the RAF Film Production Unit for the British Government in 1946 about the work of British agents during the war. Male agent: Will we be working together? Interviewer: I hope so.

Some of these were recruited as agents to be sent back to their own countries because they spoke the language. It’s worth knowing that. What type of people carried out this work? Use this outline to plan your poster. Many of the 'British' agents were not British! Large numbers of people fled from the German advance in the early stages of the war and ended up in Britain. Resistance took many forms. destroying important factories and rail links.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE The film was produced in 1946 by the RAF Film Production Unit and was paid for by the Central Office of Information. Resisters risked being tortured and executed. What training and equipment were they given? 2. they were familiar with those countries and they wanted to help their country.uk/worldwarII/ Page 28 . Many resistance workers focused on collecting information about German activities. What’s the background to this source? When the Germans overran most of Europe in 1939-40 there were still many people in the occupied lands who were prepared to resist them. The SOE was one of many organisations that carried out operations behind enemy lines.gov. http://www. The SOE and other agencies also had to work closely with the RAF and Royal Navy.. There were often reprisals for acts of resistance as well.learningcurve. What do we learn about SOE agents from this source 1. troop movements and weapon sites. because agents were usually dropped in from planes or submarines. Some took part in sabotage operations. The job of the SOE was to locate people who could resist the Germans and also send agents in to help the resistance movements.. What tasks did they carry as agents working in occupied France? 3. It was a very dangerous activity.

uk/worldwarII/ Page 29 . British and foreign. No smart drill movements or parade ground stuff.gov. The SOE was set up to carry out missions in enemy territory.learningcurve. London. Extract from a film called "Now It Can Be Told" produced by the RAF Film Production Unit for the British Government in 1946 about the work of British agents during the war. Female agent: We went on a thirty-mile walk across country with only a map and compass to guide us. http://www. British agents working with the French Resistance are shown disrupting enemy communications in preparation for the Normandy landings. What is this source? This film is a reconstruction showing the work of men and women who belonged to the Special Operations Executive in WW2. Male agent: And how to use them in any emergency.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Training Catalogue ref: IWM RMY 78 Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum. Transcript Male agent: They had their own ideas about getting us fit. What’s the background to this source? When the Germans overran most of Europe in 1939-40 there were still many people in the occupied lands who were prepared to resist them. The film was produced in 1946 by the RAF Film Production Unit and was paid for by the Central Office of Information. The job of the SOE was to locate people who could resist the Germans and also send agents in to help the resistance movements. They wanted us to look like ordinary unhealthy civilians and yet be able to take a commando battle course in our stride! They seemed to take a delight in making us climb up things and then jump down or slide down! Female agent: We were taught all about firearms.

Many resistance workers focused on collecting information about German activities. Some took part in sabotage operations. It’s worth knowing that. The SOE and other agencies also had to work closely with the RAF and Royal Navy. It was a very dangerous activity. What type of people carried out this work? Use this outline to plan your poster. Resisters risked being tortured and executed.uk/worldwarII/ Page 30 . Many of the 'British' agents were not British! Large numbers of people fled from the German advance in the early stages of the war and ended up in Britain. What do we learn about SOE agents from this source 1.learningcurve.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Resistance took many forms. destroying important factories and rail links. Some of these were recruited as agents to be sent back to their own countries because they spoke the language.gov.. they were familiar with those countries and they wanted to help their country. because agents were usually dropped in from planes or submarines. troop movements and weapon sites. The SOE was one of many organisations that carried out operations behind enemy lines. http://www. What tasks did they carry as agents working in occupied France? 3. What training and equipment were they given? 2. There were often reprisals for acts of resistance as well..

suicide pills. Male agent: Learned how to recognise all ranks of the German services. I mean we had lessons. to be taken only as a last resort. The SOE was set up to carry out missions in enemy territory. They told us almost apologetically about 'lethal tablets'. Male agent: How the BBC sent personal messages during the French news. Male agent: Until our brains reeled under the load of information! Male agent: At another school we were taught how to organise reception committees.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE More training and lectures for work in the field Catalogue ref: IWM RMY 78 Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum. London. That's local people who'd collect in a field the night the RAF were coming to parachute supplies. http://www.learningcurve.gov. Female agent: The organisation of the Gestapo. The instructors were smooth university dons who had taken a course under "Pimpernel Smith" or "Raffles". Transcript Male agent: This really was a school. They told us in the most gentlemanly manner how to organise our private lives as saboteurs. British agents working with the French Resistance are shown disrupting enemy communications in preparation for the Normandy landings. Female agent: Told how to use codes. The film was produced in 1946 by the RAF Film Production Unit and was paid for by the Central Office of Information. Extract from a film called "Now It Can Be Told" produced by the RAF Film Production Unit for the British Government in 1946 about the work of British agents during the war. how to get out of handcuffs.uk/worldwarII/ Page 31 . What is this source? This film is a reconstruction showing the work of men and women who belonged to the Special Operations Executive in WW2. how to burgle a house. Female agent: We made notes about organisation and personal security.

. What training and equipment were they given? 2. Some of these were recruited as agents to be sent back to their own countries because they spoke the language. It’s worth knowing that.uk/worldwarII/ Page 32 .. Many of the 'British' agents were not British! Large numbers of people fled from the German advance in the early stages of the war and ended up in Britain. http://www. There were often reprisals for acts of resistance as well. troop movements and weapon sites. Resisters risked being tortured and executed. they were familiar with those countries and they wanted to help their country. Many resistance workers focused on collecting information about German activities.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What’s the background to this source? When the Germans overran most of Europe in 1939-40 there were still many people in the occupied lands who were prepared to resist them. destroying important factories and rail links.gov. It was a very dangerous activity. What tasks did they carry as agents working in occupied France? 3.learningcurve. The job of the SOE was to locate people who could resist the Germans and also send agents in to help the resistance movements. What do we learn about SOE agents from this source 1. Resistance took many forms. What type of people carried out this work? Use this outline to plan your poster. Some took part in sabotage operations. The SOE was one of many organisations that carried out operations behind enemy lines. because agents were usually dropped in from planes or submarines. The SOE and other agencies also had to work closely with the RAF and Royal Navy.

Officer: And "Cat". Female agent: I see. Officer: Identity card. (Officer hands him a cork) Male agent: How's it work? Officer: Oh.gov. Here's some lose money. Now you have your codes and WT plan haven't you? Female agent: Yes. I'll show you. Micro-photos of your targets? Male agent: Oh yes. Officer: Right. Extract from a film called "Now It Can Be Told" produced by the RAF Film Production Unit for the British Government in 1946 about the work of British agents during the war. Male agent: Thanks very much. Officer: Some small money that will be useful.uk/worldwarII/ Page 33 . Male agent: Thank you. Felix.learningcurve. your tablets are in the lipstick. http://www. Can I have your British identity card? (Female agent hands this over) Officer: Good. London. Officer: Here are your papers. Officer: Oh good. Officer: And the money belt. Male agent: In a cork. very neat! Thank you. Officer: Have you got your British Card? Good. they were given to me in London. here are your lethal tablets. Thank you. ration card. Male agent: Good. Male agent: Good. Transcript Officer: Here are your papers "Felix". demobilization. Male agent: Thank you very much.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Getting kitted with gadgets and suicide pills Catalogue ref: IWM RMY 78 Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum.

learningcurve. What type of people carried out this work? Use this outline to plan your poster. because agents were usually dropped in from planes or submarines.. It’s worth knowing that. http://www. The job of the SOE was to locate people who could resist the Germans and also send agents in to help the resistance movements. Some took part in sabotage operations.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What is this source? This film is a reconstruction showing the work of men and women who belonged to the Special Operations Executive in WW2. What’s the background to this source? When the Germans overran most of Europe in 1939-40 there were still many people in the occupied lands who were prepared to resist them. What tasks did they carry as agents working in occupied France? 3. troop movements and weapon sites. destroying important factories and rail links. British agents working with the French Resistance are shown disrupting enemy communications in preparation for the Normandy landings. The SOE was one of many organisations that carried out operations behind enemy lines. There were often reprisals for acts of resistance as well. The SOE and other agencies also had to work closely with the RAF and Royal Navy.. Many of the 'British' agents were not British! Large numbers of people fled from the German advance in the early stages of the war and ended up in Britain. Resisters risked being tortured and executed. Many resistance workers focused on collecting information about German activities. What do we learn about SOE agents from this source 1. Resistance took many forms.uk/worldwarII/ Page 34 . The film was produced in 1946 by the RAF Film Production Unit and was paid for by the Central Office of Information. What training and equipment were they given? 2. they were familiar with those countries and they wanted to help their country. The SOE was set up to carry out missions in enemy territory. It was a very dangerous activity. Some of these were recruited as agents to be sent back to their own countries because they spoke the language.gov.

British agents working with the French Resistance are shown disrupting enemy communications in preparation for the Normandy landings. those I could rely on to a job work. I had to do everything by personal contact. Extract from a film called "Now It Can Be Told" produced by the RAF Film Production Unit for the British Government in 1946 about the work of British agents during the war. usually older people who could be relied upon for hospitality and where I could go at any time of day or night and get a bed or meal no questions asked. The SOE was set up to carry out missions in enemy territory.uk/worldwarII/ Page 35 . people like caf’ proprietors or garage owners where I could leave messages or meet people by appointment without attracting attention.learningcurve. it almost became that. a farmer. Then.sabotage or taking part in a reception committee. Then there were safe houses. the real work of building up an organisation. Transcript Male agent: Now the real work started. I had to keep a good look out for controls on the roads and avoid them where possible. http://www. they'd be tapped.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE How to set up a resistance organisation in occupied France Catalogue ref: IWM RMY 78 Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum. a wine merchant. I used to borrow everything from them. My plan was to organise eight or ten resistance groups within a radius of 25 miles of the town. The French were marvellous. even internal letters were censored. London. In the first group were the active ones. Broadly speaking there were three kinds of contacts and I tries to keep them separate. thirdly there were the letterboxes that is. It was impossible to buy a bike and before I managed to get one on the black market I had to live on borrowed bikes. The film was produced in 1946 by the RAF Film Production Unit and was paid for by the Central Office of Information. we couldn't use telephones. Of course. I say live on. It was amazing how one good contact. priest led invariably to another. What is this source? This film is a reconstruction showing the work of men and women who belonged to the Special Operations Executive in WW2.gov.

uk/worldwarII/ Page 36 . they were familiar with those countries and they wanted to help their country. Resistance took many forms. Some took part in sabotage operations. What type of people carried out this work? Use this outline to plan your poster.. http://www. What training and equipment were they given? 2. What tasks did they carry as agents working in occupied France? 3. destroying important factories and rail links. Many of the 'British' agents were not British! Large numbers of people fled from the German advance in the early stages of the war and ended up in Britain. The job of the SOE was to locate people who could resist the Germans and also send agents in to help the resistance movements. because agents were usually dropped in from planes or submarines. It was a very dangerous activity. There were often reprisals for acts of resistance as well. It’s worth knowing that. troop movements and weapon sites.. The SOE was one of many organisations that carried out operations behind enemy lines. Resisters risked being tortured and executed.learningcurve. Many resistance workers focused on collecting information about German activities.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What’s the background to this source? When the Germans overran most of Europe in 1939-40 there were still many people in the occupied lands who were prepared to resist them. The SOE and other agencies also had to work closely with the RAF and Royal Navy.gov. What do we learn about SOE agents from this source 1. Some of these were recruited as agents to be sent back to their own countries because they spoke the language.

There is sound of loud piano music. The navigator had to watch a green line that moved horizontally across a dial. I was all prepared to receive those unwelcome visitors. fitted with special apparatus. London. The aircraft. they'd watch until they were sure of the actual room. They search the apartment. Subtitles: Send two men to Place Carnot . then. picked up our radar waves ten minutes before we heard the engines. There are shots of German police officers listening to transmissions. but find nothing and leave. the danger signal.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE A mission for "Felix" and the Gestapo attempt to locate "Cat" transmitting Catalogue ref: IWM RMY 78 Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum. It meant we could soon begin our sabotage activity. Extract from a film called "Now It Can Be Told" produced by the RAF Film Production Unit for the British Government in 1946 about the work of British agents during the war.gov.learningcurve. They ask her to show her papers. So when I'd heard a loud thumping on her piano. Female agent: Luckily. they were able to place a transmitter to within a few hundred yards. they sent out small listening vans. It was a grand feeling seeing the stores dropping to us. Transcript Male agent: For my next operation I used another field with a new reception committee. It wasn't only explosives we needed. this line showed him at once when he wondered off course.they're transmitting now. http://www. Two men walk towards "Cat's" building and knock on the door of her apartment. it was just as important to have arms for protection. so perhaps we were a little too confident.uk/worldwarII/ Page 37 . Once they realised an operator was working within a certain area. That meant I was transmitting or receiving. I tried the "Eureka" this time and it worked very well. This meant the operator had to be continually on the move. All he had to do was to keep it in the middle. "Cat" hadn't been working in the same room for very long. Finally. We knew the Germans had wireless direction finding stations in France. I had made an arrangement with the girl who lived in the house opposite to keep a sharp lookout when my curtains were drawn.

The SOE was set up to carry out missions in enemy territory. It was a very dangerous activity. What do we learn about SOE agents from this source 1. troop movements and weapon sites. It’s worth knowing that. The film was produced in 1946 by the RAF Film Production Unit and was paid for by the Central Office of Information. British agents working with the French Resistance are shown disrupting enemy communications in preparation for the Normandy landings. because agents were usually dropped in from planes or submarines. There were often reprisals for acts of resistance as well. destroying important factories and rail links. What’s the background to this source? When the Germans overran most of Europe in 1939-40 there were still many people in the occupied lands who were prepared to resist them.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE What is this source? This film is a reconstruction showing the work of men and women who belonged to the Special Operations Executive in WW2. What training and equipment were they given? 2.learningcurve. The job of the SOE was to locate people who could resist the Germans and also send agents in to help the resistance movements. Some of these were recruited as agents to be sent back to their own countries because they spoke the language. The SOE was one of many organisations that carried out operations behind enemy lines... Many of the 'British' agents were not British! Large numbers of people fled from the German advance in the early stages of the war and ended up in Britain.gov.uk/worldwarII/ Page 38 . Some took part in sabotage operations. Many resistance workers focused on collecting information about German activities. Resisters risked being tortured and executed. http://www. The SOE and other agencies also had to work closely with the RAF and Royal Navy. they were familiar with those countries and they wanted to help their country. What type of people carried out this work? Use this outline to plan your poster. Resistance took many forms. What tasks did they carry as agents working in occupied France? 3.

being male or female. fit and so on: WE WILL PROVIDE … List or show some of the training or support the SOE provided for agents INTERESTED? THEN GET IN TOUCH WITH US http://www.uk/worldwarII/ Page 39 . speaking languages etc) ARE YOU … List things here which would be useful for particular types of mission e. old or young.learningcurve. bravery.gov.g.WESTERN EUROPE 1939-1945: RESISTANCE AND SOE Resistance outline THE SOE NEEDS YOU Britain still needs agents because… WOULD YOU LIKE TO … List and or show images of some of the things here which SOE agents carried out: CAN YOU … List and or show images of the various personal qualities and abilities SOE agents showed (e.g.

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