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Published by Jisha Annie John

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Published by: Jisha Annie John on Apr 01, 2013
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Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the surface or covering of the eye.DEFINITION Ophthalmia neonatorum is conjunctivitis that occurs in a newborn. Any eye infection that occurs in the first month of a baby’s life can be classified as ophthalmia neonatorum. .

•Chlamydia is the commonest cause of infective neonatal conjunctivitis.EPIDEMIOLOGY •It affects 1-2% (some report up to 12%) of infants in the western world. although this varies according to the socioeconomic status of the area. •The main risk factor for ophthalmia neonatorum of infective origin is the presence of a sexually transmitted disease in the mother •There is a high rate of transmission from infected mother to infant. The figure goes up to 23% in developing countries. .

usually lasting 2–4 days. Other agents causing ophthalmia neonatorum include Herpes simplex virus. Infectious The two most feared causes are Ngonorrheae and Chlamydia acquired from the birth canal during delivery. .Staphylococcus aureus streptococcus haemolyticus.Non infectious Chemical irritants such as silver nitrate can cause chemical conjunctivitis.

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