This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Contents Part I Reading and the Alphabet 11 Part II Introducing Endings 79 Part III Those Small Words 143 Part IV Word Studies 171 Part V Verbs 239 Topical Index 301 A Word to the Greek Specialist 302 Answers 304 5 .
Understand the background of dozens of religious terms through seeing the Greek components that form them. 2. 3. Know the meanings of hundreds of New Testament words. you will: 1. and even using guesswork as tools for successful learning. Workbook—The author is convinced that “learning by doing” will lead to the greatest understanding and retention for the student. For Laymen—The author is also convinced that there are a great many practical concepts about the Christian faith that can be learned even with the easy introduction to Greek found in this workbook. What Are These Benefits? After completing this workbook. matching words. This book will not make you into a Greek “scholar.New Testament Greek Workbook for Laymen Why the Subtitle? New Testament Greek—Every Greek word used in this book is found in the Greek New Testament. On almost every page of this book you will find yourself filling in blanks. Be able to pronounce Greek words fluently and feel “at home” with the alphabet. 7 . You will not have to learn any words that you will not need for studying Scripture.” but you will reap the benefits of understanding the Bible better from learning the basic Greek presented here.
6. 2. Be able to use Greek dictionaries and other valuable reference books. See relationships between Bible words that are not easily apparent in English translation. which means “look”? And that the original Greek form of this word was used to designate the person appointed to “over-look” or “watch-over” the Christians in a given place? 2. 4. Scripture quotations are used very early in the book. 5.8 New Testament Greek Workbook for Laymen 4. and scope. Did you know that the English words “holy. Who Should Use This Workbook? This workbook is meant especially for the person who does not have the time to take two years of college-level Greek. the student will be at a high level of confidence and motivation which will carry him through the drudgery of learning rules and memorizing grammatical endings. It is also valuable for the person who would like to take college-level Greek. the author believes this book could be used as the first few weeks of a full-fledged college Greek course. Could You Give Me Some Examples? 1. Understand the general outlines of Greek grammar. using Greek letters that resemble the English letters. After completing this book. 3. The student’s vocabulary is built up quickly and easily through much use of Greek words that resemble English words of similar meaning (“cognates”).” and “saints” are all translations of various forms of a single Greek word-family? What Is Unique about the Approach of This Workbook? 1. which means “over” in Greek. but is unsure about whether he would be able to understand it—this book should give him the confidence to proceed into a standard academic course. Finally. and removes the fear of mastering the Greek alphabet. . The student reads entire words right from the start. Technical terms are avoided as much as possible. This builds confidence and fluency. Did you know that the word “bishop” developed over centuries by gradually changing the pronunciation of the word from which we get “episcopal”? And that this word “episcopal” is made up of two parts: epi.” “sanctify.
he was already sharing many of the materials and approaches found in this workbook with youth Bible studies. Gresham Machen). he is now a Director of Christian Education. by J. Even before finishing that book. and with the eighth graders in a Christian school. When a fresh commitment to Christ led to many opportunities to lead Bible studies. New Testament Greek for Beginners. for the benefit of the Greek specialist. . in the field of music. with small groups of adults. An explanation of the approach used in this book is included on page 302. for eighteen years. The excitement and appreciation of those who used these materials are what have caused him to believe they could be of value to a wider audience. “Languages” and “languagelearning theories” were major hobby interests which led him to study the basics of many modern languages. he began to study Greek on his own (using the textbook. New Testament Greek Workbook for Laymen 9 What Are the Author’s Qualifications? The author taught in the public schools.
Part I Reading and the Alphabet After completing Part I. 3. Pronounce all the Greek letters. Use the words you have learned in context in Bible passages. 4. Read Greek words quickly and fluently. you will be able to: 1. . Know over 200 Greek words. 2.
The letter “a” is written like a circle crossing itself: (α). so we must spell “cab” as “kab. As you begin to read. but they are written in Greek letters.” Note uneven shape of s (ς). and is curved: (ι). There is no “c” in the Greek alphabet. Notice the way you say the letter “o” in the first two of these words. That’s the way you’ll always say it later on when pronouncing Greek words. and note the curved form of the letter “δ” (d). Check your answers with the answer page in the back of the book. βεδ δοττεδ βετ δαδ βατ ταβ κατ κιτ κοτ κιδ βιτ καβ βοςς κοςτ δοτ Note that there is a small tail at the bottom of the letter “β” (b). Some of the words on these pages are spelled “wrong.” and must be sounded out to get the meaning. Note that the letter “i” is not dotted. Answers for exercises are given in the answer pages at the end of the book (304).Lesson One Exercise One Reading English Words in Greek The words on this page are English words. simply imagine that you are reading “fancy” English lettering. Instructions: Read all three words in each box. then circle the word that corresponds to the picture. 12 .
” ω as in “pope. πετ ποτ τοπ πιτ τιπ διπ ποπ πωπ βωτ τωδ κωδ κωτ ρωπ ρωδ ρωβ κριβ δριπ δαρτ καρτ κορκ παρροτ πιν καν παν ρατ ραββιτ βρεδ βων κωτ κων Pronunciation Guide π=p ω = long “o” ρ=r ν=n Note the two kinds of “o”: ο as in “log. Circle the word that corresponds to the picture. Lesson One 13 Exercise Two More English Words in Greek Letters This page introduces four Greek letters that do not look like English letters.” . There is a pronunciation guide at the bottom of the page.
Circle the word that corresponds to the picture.14 Exercise Three Additional Greek Letters Reading and the Alphabet Refer to the pronunciation guide at the bottom of the page. λιπς λαπ πιλλ καλλ λανδ πλαν σελλ σινκ σταρ πενσιλ σποτ σλεδ γας γλας πιγ λογ ρινγ γεαρ μαπ λαμπ ριμ μεν μιλκ μασκ γρας μωστ λεγ γωλ μαν μαρ Pronunciation Guide λ = l (L) σ = s γ = g (always “hard”) μ=m Note: The sound for “s” is written ς at the end of a word. but is written σ anywhere else. .
Barabbas d. so pronounce σατανας sah-tah-nahss These are pronounced differently in Greek and English: IV . Solomon k. Anna b. Lesson One 15 Exercise Four Names from the Bible These are spelled as they appear in the Greek New Testament. Rebecca g. Isaac g. Peter i. Messiah c. Samaria j. Andrew Greek doesn’t have a letter for the “h” sound. Barnabas h. Arabia f. Mary d. __ σιμων __ σολομων __ Αβρααμ __ πετρος __ Ισαακ __ Ανδρεας f. __ Αβελ __ Αδαμ __ Ααρων __ βαρναβας __ δαν __ σαμαρια a. These have different “endings” in Greek and English: III. Adam k. Ααρων would be pronounced Ah-roan. Simon j. Satan All the a’s in Greek words should sound like the a in father. __ βαραββας __ Αραβια __ ρεβεκα __ Αννα __ Κανα __ Ναιν II. Nain e. For your quick reference. I. Ισαακ would be: Izz-ah-ahk. Abel i. Cana c. Abraham h. Match the Greek to the English equivalent. Aaron I’ve omitted some capital letters and accents at this stage for simplicity. all the Greek letters are listed on page 72. Dan l. . Mark b. __ Ιταλια __ Μαρκος __ Μαρια __ σατανας __ Μεσσιας a. All we’re after is recognition. Italy e. Pronounce each “a” in Αβρααμ separately: Ah-braahm.
sigh-mun b. Eye-tal-ee-ah All o’s are pronounced like the “o” in “log”: 4. σολομων would be: a. Since all “a’s” are pronounced like the “a” in “father”: 1. pronounced as one sound. αυ sounds like “ow.” as in foil ου sounds like “oo. see-moan 16 . Ea-ta-lee-ah b. Pee-truss All i’s are often pronounced like the “i” in “machine”: (Sometimes i’s are pronounced as in pin) 3. Ah-bell b. Abe-ell.Lesson Two Exercise One Some Pointers on Pronunciation Circle correct answer. Ιταλια would be: a.” as in cow αι sounds like “ey” οι sounds like “oi. All e’s are like the “e” in “pet”: 2. pe-tross b. saw-law-moan All w’s are pronounced like the “o” in bone: 5. Αβελ would be: a. sha-lah-mun b.” as in boot a. πετρος would be: a. σιμων would be: Exercise Two Diphthongs Two vowels together.
using English words. my “self”. Some Grseek Names with Diphthongs.” b. sah-dew-kye-yoss p. αυλ 4. Let’s flip a κοιν. 2. Caesar k. lew-kahss l. (πολις is Greek for “city. 3. bread from heaven c. Luke i. Lesson Two 17 English words used as examples: 1. Claudia f. οιλ 3. Sadducee j. related to our word “egotist. Three strikes and you’re αυτ. εγω a. Paul h. __ 10. μουν a. __ __ __ __ 1. gah-lee-lie-ah o. αρωμα __ 2. You eat soup with a σπουν. In Holland. Match the Greek words and their definitions. II. __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 5. Match the English name and the Greek pronunciation with the equivalent Greek name in the left column. 4. αιλ 2. aisle c. kye-sar-oss Exercise Three I. this is the Greek word for “I”. καισαρος e. Galilee g. γαλιλαια __ 9. Cognates (Words with similar spellings that mean about the same in Greek and English).”) . μαννα __ 3. σαδδουκαιος __ 7. b. pow-loss n. __ 1. μετροπολις __ 4. water is held in by a δαικ. very large urban area. Match the letter of the picture or English word to the corresponding word spelled with Greek letters. klow-dee-ah m. petroleum d. I. παυλος __ 8. λουκας κλαυδια __ 6. something sweet-smelling d. Matching sounds.
γαλιλαια 7. οικος βιβλος λαμπας σκορπιος πετρα λεων house ________________ scorpion ________________ book _______________ rock _______________ lamp _______________ lion _______________ . Pow-loss b. Match the English words with their Greek equivalents. λεπρος __ 11. Paw-luss a. Μεσσιας σατανας 2. λουκας 8. a. λαμπας __ 7. baptism h. βαπτισμα __ 5. See-moan a. genealogy Exercise Four Pronunciation Check Select the correct pronunciation for each Greek word __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 1. αγωνια __ 6. scorpion k. lamp i. agony g. Sah-tah-nus a. leper f. γενεαλογια e. Cognates with slight spelling changes. σιμων 3. Sigh-moan b. λεων __ 8. Mess-see-us b. παυλος 6. lion j. Mess-sigh-us a. Lew-cuss b. Gah-li-lay-uh a.18 Reading and the Alphabet II. Say-tah-nus b. Pee-tross a. Iz-ah-ock a. __ 10. Copy the Greek word on the long blank after the English word. Ισαακ 5. σκορπιος __ 9. πετρος 4. Pe-tross b. Gah-lee-lye-ah b. Low-cuss Six Greek Words These are all real Greek words. Eye-zack b.
a. te-trah a. βιβλος __11. σκορπιος εν οικῳ b The word after a preposition. oh-core-pie-oss b. oo-cuss b. Guess at the meaning of the following phrases. bi-bloss b.” Do not pronounce it. score-pee-oss a. πετρα εν βιβλῳ . such as οικῳ. oy-cuss a. pe-trah b. βιβλος εν οικῳ __ 4. lamb-pace b. Lesson Two 19 Pronunciation Check of the New Words __ 9. above. Le-on b. λαμπας εν σκορπιῳ __ 3. Pronounce the ω as if there were no small ι there (oy-coe). (The actual endings will be the subject of Part II of this book). σκορπιος __12. The little mark under the last letter of the word οικῳ. will end differently than it does at other times. λεων Exercise Five Phrases The English word “in” is a preposition. lahm-pahss a. You must be able to recognize the meaning of a word no matter how it ends. οικος __14. οικος εν βιβλῳ __ 5. and write a or b in the blank. λαμπας __13. The Greek word for “in” is εν. πετρα __10. leh-own a __ 1. __ 2. bye-bloss a. is a small letter “ι.
You do not need to put names or obvious cognates in your dictionary. You will need to refer to your dictionary constantly in order to proceed through this book! . but start by putting in the words you learned on the previous page. a __ 6. λαμπας επι οικῳ Start Your Dictionary Set aside one page in a notebook for each letter in the Greek alphabet. οικος εν πετρᾳ __ 9. There are 24 letters all together. you’ll find the entire alphabet listed on page 72. Then add every new word in this book as you come to it. λεων επι βιβλῳ Reading and the Alphabet b __ 7.20 The Greek word for “on” is επι. λαμπας εν οικῳ __ 10. σκορπιος επι πετρᾳ __ 8.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.