SCE 3110 EARTH AND SPACE ACTIVITIES INVOLVING PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICAL

SCE3109 EARTH AND SPACE Activities Involving PCK (Pedagogical Content Knowledge) of the Primary School Science Curriculum and Practical Contents Topic PCK 1 PCK 2 PCK 3 PCK 4 Practical 1 Practical 2 Practical 3 Practical 4 Water Cycle Seasons Solar System Moon Phases / Eclipses Clouds and Weather Page 1 1 1 1 2 Identifying Rocks 3 The Rising of the Sun 4 Movement of The Stars / Moon Phases 5 .

3. Reflection on how activity and assessment contribute to achievement of the learning outcomes.SCE3109 EARTH AND SPACE Activities Involving Pedagogical Content Knowledge You are to prepare a teaching resource package to teach particular learning outcomes for the four topics given related to the primary school curriculum. learning outcomes. Procedure to run activity/activities. 1 . The teaching resource package includes activity/activities with procedures. 4. aids etc appropriate to achieve the learning outcomes stated and assessment ideas with appropriate resources. models. aids etc appropriate to achieve learning outcomes. worksheets. title of activity/activities and assessment ideas. models. Assessment Requirement 1. 2. Assessment ideas with appropriate resource. State topic. worksheets.

tables. Assessment Requirement 1. date. Cirrocumulus c. Stratocumulus b. Nimbostratus 3.) Analysis and interpretation of data that are related to research on the subject discussed. Procedure: • • • • • • • Find out more about clouds from any textbooks or internet. 2 . You can also study about their patterns and thus organise your activity effectively. Cirrostratus 2.Practical 1 Clouds and Weather Cloud Clouds are formed when water vapour in air becomes saturated due to adiabatic cooling. Write your report including photographs. what is observed and how data are collected. 2. Altostratus c. High ( from 5 to 13 kilometres in the sky) a. Observation data (pictures of the clouds. appearance and height of formation. What are the implications of your findings to your daily live? Explain. Low ( 0 to 2 kilometres) a. Record your observations including any climatic changes (including whether it rains or not) Analyse and interpret your data. Cumulonimbus By studying clouds you may be able to find out about the weather on a certain day. You are to make your observation at a fixed time everyday. Middle ( 2 to 7 kilometres) a. charts. to support your discussion. Choose a suitable location and observe the types of clouds available in that area for a period of two weeks. humidity etc. Cirrus b. 3. By using power point. Cumulus d. references etc. Introduction that includes the location. time and duration of observation. temperature. Stratus c. They are classified on the basis of shape. Altocumulus b. There are three main classifications of clouds based on their altitudes: 1. present your findings in class.

Types of rocks Colour mass volume sheen hardness layers texture pattern Table 1 Assessment Requirement 1. Discuss the differences in the rocks by using Table 1 below. Practical 3 The Rising of the Sun We have been taught the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 2. sedimentary rock is formed by precipitation of materials in the sea. 3. Analysis and interpretation of data. You are able to find the densities of the rocks using the mass/volume relationship. sedimentary rock and metamorphic rock. 3 . 5. Igneous and sedimentary rocks will in turn change into metamorphic rocks when exposed to high temperature or pressure or both. you are required to classify the different types of rocks available in your own neighbourhood. Igneous rock is formed by the cooling and formation of magma. 3. Procedure3 • Find a suitable place to observe sunrise for a period of time over two weeks. From the data you collected find out if you could name the rocks You can also include other techniques to classify or name the rocks. Procedures: 1. river or lake or by deposition of minerals particles transported by water. 2. Introduction that includes some information and useful data on rocks. wind or ice. In the following practical. 4. But does the sun rise at the same position and at the same time everyday of the year? How fast does the sun rise everyday? What does it mean when the position and time of rise of the sun changes everyday? What makes these changes to occur? In this practical you will observe the rising of the sun to answer the questions above and discover about the effects of the relative movement of the sun around the earth.Practical 2 Identifying Rocks Rocks are classified into three different types: igneous rock. Bring rock samples from your neighbourhood. Observation data and some sample calculations.

4. time and duration of observation. charts or diagrams as appropriate and relate your data with research on the relative movement of the sun around the earth and its effect on earth. what is observed and how data are collected. 3. 2. altitude. Analysis and interpretation of data that related to research on the relative movement of the sun around the earth. altitude. azimuth. Introduction that includes the location.• • • • Draw a sketch of the landscape that you are observing. time etc). Record your naked-eye observation (sketches on the movement of the sun. azimuth. Implications of the movement of the sun around the earth. Analyse and interpret data. time etc). 4 . Write a report of your field observation with tables. Observation data (sketches on the movement of the sun. date. Assessment Requirement 1.

magnitude. sketches. azimuth. • Observe the stars/constellation/moon over a period of time for two weeks.Practical 4 Movement of the Stars/Moon Phases Sometimes when we look up the sky. Introduction that includes the location. pathfinders. location of South and/or North etc). altitude. Observation data (star/constellation/moon movements. Display use of telescope and/or binoculars (sketches of objects). date. 4. will the same star be at the same position at the same time? Do we see the same stars all the year round? What does the movement of the stars tell us about the movement of the earth? We are familiar with the moon. extra objects. 3. hand and fist observations using azimuth and altitude. extra objects. special events). We usually see them at night. star chart. moon phase. • Record naked-eye observations during the field night (star/constellation/moon movements. But we sometimes see the moon in the morning as well. Analysis and interpretation of data. Have you wondered what those stars are or whether the stars stay at the same position the whole night? What about the next night. what is observed and how data are collected. magnitude. Research data in preparation for field night (rising and setting time. pathfinders. star chart. Procedure • Research on the night sky to prepare for field night (rising and setting time. moon phase. Assessment Requirement 1. sketches. When do we see the moon at night and when during the day? How is moon rise and moon set related to the phases of the moon and the position of the moon relative to the earth and sun? In this practical you can choose to observe the movement of the stars or the moon and answer the questions above. 2. location of South and/or North etc). • Identify at least two stars that are close to one another or a constellation viewable at night. special events). altitude. • Display use of telescopes and/or binoculars on the field night (sketches of objects). hand and fist observations using azimuth and altitude. 5 . • Use computer programs to identify the stars or positions of moon for viewing. azimuth. we see some stars. time and duration of observation.

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