Company Presentation

Company Presentation
Vattenverkvage
n
20021 Malmö
Sweden
TURBEC R&D
Production Plant
and R&D
Via Statale 20/A
44040 Corporeno
(FE) Italia
TURBEC S.p.A.
Head office
Turbec T100 History
Turbec T100 History
At the beginning of the ‘80s, Volvo started the development of
different gas turbine systems for applications on cars, bus and
trucks (VT40 and VT100).
Turbec T100 History
Turbec T100 History
In 1985, two VT100 prototypes were produced to be installed on
a bus. During the Paris exhibition in 1992, they presented a
VT40 microturbine installed on a car.
Turbec T100 development
Turbec T100 development
First Prototype
(1997)
SERIES I (1998-
1999)
SERIES II (1999-
2001)
SERIE III (2002-
2005)
Turbec T100
Turbec T100
The T100 S3, currently on production, is a
high efficiency co-generation and tri-
generation unit which makes possible to
save up fuel. The T100 can be fuelled both
with natural gas, diesel but also with
renewable bio-fuels like bio-gas, bio-
masses and vegetable-oils.
The Turbec T100 microturbines have the
advantages of a great flexibility together
with a sound reliability and the reduced
service schedule that make easy and
cheap the installation of the unit in new or
existing plants; additionally the remote
control, used in every unit, makes possible
to install the units in critical places.
T100 Main Data
T100 Main Data
Dimensions (CHP):
900x1810x3652 mm (WxHxL)
Weight:
2650 kg
Operation Conditions:
-10°C to +40°C
Hr≤100%
Air Inlet Conditions:
-25°C to +40°C
Hr≤100%
Gas Requirements:
From 0.02 to 1 bar (g)
0 °C to +60 °C
Fuel Consumption:
333 kW
Acoustic emission level:
70 dBA (at 1 meter
Gross Electric Power Produced:
105 kW
3 phases 400 (480) VAC ± 10%
50 (60) Hz ±5%
Adjustable power factor
Electric Efficiency 30%
Produced Heat (hot water):
167 kW (About 144.000 kcal/h)
Thermal efficiency 48% (50°C
inlet water and 70°C outlet
water)
Exhaust Gas:
70°C
Exhaust gas emissions at 15% O2;
100% load:
Nox <15 ppm/v (<32mg/MJ
fuel)
CO <15 ppm/v (<18mg/MJ
fuel)
Advantages of
Advantages of
Microturbine
Microturbine
Reliability
Low maintenance
60.000 hours long life
Easy to operate
Low noise
Flexibility on heat use
It works using a wide range of fuels
Easy to install
Low emissions
Available in compact packages
It can be remotely accessed and
controlled
Turbec T100
Turbec T100
Biogas Application
Biogas Application
Biogas Development
Biogas Development
In 2001, T100 had not been trialed on biogas
During the following years Turbec set up partnerships
with several companies specialized in biogas in order
to improve its knowledge.
Basic Principles and Aims of the development were:
Operate the T100 with untreated biogas
Develop a reliable method of gas compression –
T100 requires gas at 6-8 bar pressure
Understand the effects of biogas on T100
maintenance schedule
Test the effects of the gas contaminants on the
turbine parts
Ultimate objective to allow T100 to be commercially
proven for biogas applications
Development issues
Development issues

The
The
five
five
main issues to be solved in the
main issues to be solved in the
development phase were:
development phase were:
Biogas compressor Biogas compressor
Fuel system Fuel system
Turbine hot Turbine hot parts parts
Heat exchanger Heat exchanger
Biogas specifications Biogas specifications
Gas Compressor
Gas Compressor
Gas Compressor
Gas Compressor

Oil/filter life proven to 6000 hours, which
Oil/filter life proven to 6000 hours, which
matches T100 service intervals
matches T100 service intervals

No corrosion issues
No corrosion issues

Compressor removes approx 1/2 litre of
Compressor removes approx 1/2 litre of
condensate per hour
condensate per hour
Main parts
Main parts

Early problems with failure of Power
Early problems with failure of Power
Module type fuel valves
Module type fuel valves

New fuel system with Proportional type
New fuel system with Proportional type
valves developed and proven
valves developed and proven

Turbine engine/combustor/
Turbine engine/combustor/
recuperator
recuperator


biogas has no detrimental or corrosion
biogas has no detrimental or corrosion
effects
effects
Assembly @ 15000
Assembly @ 15000
hours
hours
Combustor and Volute
Combustor and Volute
Main parts
Main parts
Heat Exchanger Contamination
Heat Exchanger Contamination

Deposits of Sulphur and Silica form on the T100
Deposits of Sulphur and Silica form on the T100
Heat Exchanger
Heat Exchanger

Speed of contamination relates to output unit is
Speed of contamination relates to output unit is
operated at and levels of H2S and
operated at and levels of H2S and
Siloxanes
Siloxanes
in
in
Biogas
Biogas

Materials can be easily cleaned off using
Materials can be easily cleaned off using
pressure washer and heat exchanger returned
pressure washer and heat exchanger returned
to service
to service

Heat exchanger cleaning process takes approx
Heat exchanger cleaning process takes approx
10 man hours
10 man hours
.
.
Gas Quality Ranges
Gas Quality Ranges

Gas Quality Ranges encountered to date
Gas Quality Ranges encountered to date
35% to 65% Methane 35% to 65% Methane
Up to 1.500 Up to 1.500 ppm ppm Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S)
Up to 100 mg/ Up to 100 mg/cu.m cu.m Siloxane Siloxane* *
* *Decamethylcyclopentalsiloxane Decamethylcyclopentalsiloxane
Conclusion
Conclusion

Despite early problems with the gas
Despite early problems with the gas
compression the final outcome of the process is
compression the final outcome of the process is
positive
positive

The T100 can be operated on biogas with the
The T100 can be operated on biogas with the
same service schedule (6000 hour intervals) as
same service schedule (6000 hour intervals) as
on Natural Gas
on Natural Gas

The screw gas compressor operates reliably
The screw gas compressor operates reliably
using the same service schedule as the T100
using the same service schedule as the T100

We have proven that the Turbec T100 is
We have proven that the Turbec T100 is
technically and commercially viable for use in
technically and commercially viable for use in
biogas applications
biogas applications
First Installation
First Installation


July 2002
July 2002
Shelford, Canterbury – NewEnCo Landfill Gas
R&D Unit
Since 2002 some installation....
Since 2002 some installation....
Monkmoor Monkmoor UK UK
(W.T.P.) (W.T.P.)
Totnes UK Totnes UK
(W.T.P.) (W.T.P.)
Höganäs Höganäs Sweden Sweden
(W.T.P.) (W.T.P.)
Hagavik Hagavik Norway (W.T.P.) Norway (W.T.P.)
Wingston Wingston UK (W.T.P.) UK (W.T.P.)
Four Four Ashes Ashes UI (W.T.P.) UI (W.T.P.)
Chester Chester UK (W.T.P.) UK (W.T.P.)
Bergamo – Italy (W.T.P.)
Pavia – Italy (W.T.P.)
Nendaz – Switzerland (W.T.P.)
Schwäbisch Hall – Germany (W.T.P.)
Bad Pyrmont – Germany (W.T.P.)
Landfill
Landfill
application
application
Perugia Perugia - - Italy Italy
Reference
Reference
list
list
2011
2011
applications
applications
GDF
GDF


SUEZ
SUEZ
Group
Group

N° 2 T600 biogas turbine
N° 2 T600 biogas turbine


Clerac landfill
Clerac landfill

N° 23 T100 biogas microturbine
N° 23 T100 biogas microturbine


various landfills
various landfills
Thank for your attention......
Thank for your attention......
Dr. Dr. Matteo Matteo Cevolani Cevolani
Turbec Turbec S.p.A S.p.A. .

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