Dambreak Structure

Dambreak Structure
Two Types of Dambreak

Crest Failure
•Erosion based failure
•Collapse shape specified


Piping Failure
•Erosion based
•Pipe is circular
•Pipe is horizontal
•Pipe is always full


Composite structure with
crest and breach overflow

Trapezoidal Breach Shape
• HB Breach Level
• WB Breach Width
• SS Side Slope

Dambreak
Structure

Time Dependent
•Time relative to failure
•Specify Breach Geometry in Time Series File
– Level
– Width
– Slope

Initial and final breach shape must be specified.
Erosion rates computed using the Engelund-Hansen
sediment transport formula
Erosion Based Breach

b
t
b
b
t
b
dH
dt
=
q
L
(1- )
or
H
=
q
L
(1- )
t
c c
A A
H
b
breach level
q
t
sediment transport rate
c porosity of the sediment
L
b
breach length in flow direction
t time

Piping Failure
Pipe flow

Friction


|
|
.
|

\
|
=
s
k
R
f
12
log 2
1
10
|
.
|

\
|
+
A
=
R
f L
H g
A Q
4
5 . 1
2
Assumptions:
the shape of the pipe is circular
the pipe is horizontal
the pipe must always be running full
Erosion of the soil along the "pipe“, collapse of
pipe and dam
Limiting Section
• Erosion Based
• Piping Failure



Dambreak
Structure

Implementation


Location of dam
break structure.

Remember to
specify a
structure ID

Implementation


Dam geometry :
• Crest level
• Initial crest length

Implementation


Limit for breach
development

• Identify limiting
cross section in xns11
file. Separate branch
in xns11 editor
• Center dam
structure with respect
to the cross section

Implementation


Failure moment
and mode

Failure moment:
• Hours after start
• Specify time
• W level
controlled

Failure mode:
• Time dependent
• Erosion based

Implementation


Time step
control:
Used for
speeding up
simulation
after the initial
break

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful