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Structural Design of Swimming Pool

Structural Design of Swimming Pool

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DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT, PLOT NO.

(SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND, ABU DHABI, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools

DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT, PLOT NO. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND, ABU DHABI, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF SWIMMING POOLS

Section
1. 2. 2.1 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 4. 5. 6. Introduction Geotechnical Design Data Site Condition and Recommendation Design Criteria Design Loading Load Combinations Materials Concrete Cover Crack Control Codes and Standards Design of Vertical Wall & Base Slab Check of Early Thermal Cracking Check Soil Bearing Capacity

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2 3 3 3 3 4 4 5 5 5 6 11 12

09 Aug. 2010

Page 1 of 12

50 Approximate Width 3.10 1. Introduction This design calculation shall cover the structural design of the swimming pools structures for BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.00 0.90 0.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.60 3.00 21.00 Water Depth 1.90 / 1.10 0. This design calculation shall cover the following swimming pools: No.40 1. ABU DHABI.25 9. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.10 1.00 4. SAADIYAT ISLAND.00 09 Aug.10 Length & Width are Varied Length & Width are Varied Length & Width are Varied 4.00 4.20 30.45 1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Structure Name Garden Villa Swimming Pool Royal Garden Villa Swimming Pool Type 1 Royal Garden Villa Swimming Pool Type 2 Swimming Pool Type 1 Swimming Pool Type 2 Swimming Pool Type 3 Cabana Plunge Pool Kid's Pool Ryad Single Story Villa Swimming Pool Ryad Double Story Villa Swimming Pool Approximate Length 4.60 3.90 0. PLOT (SB-06).00 3. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 1. 2010 Page 2 of 12 .00 15.60 11. PLOT NO.10 1.00 2.

09 Aug.1. 3.2 Super Imposed Load The following super imposed dead loads shall be taken into account: • • Floor Finishes Services 1. and it is equal to 30 .0 kN/m 20. PLOT NO.50 KN/m 2 Sand load shall be additive to live loads when area under consideration is used as 2 a work area.1 Design Criteria Design Loading Dead Load The following densities and dead load allowances will be adopted in the design of the structural elements: Density of Reinforced Concrete Density of Unreinforced Concrete Density of Soil Submerged Density of Concrete Submerged Density of Soil 25. the earth pressure will be determined as follows: Ka (active earth pressure) = 1–sin ¢ / 1+sin ¢ = 0. A 0.1. ABU DHABI.1 3.0 kN/m 10 KN/m 10 KN/m 3 3 3 3 3 3.0 kN/m 23. The foundation designs will be verified against the data and recommendations received from the soil investigations.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.4 Earth Pressure For the design of earth retaining structural elements. 2010 Page 3 of 12 .50 (used for design of section) º (used for check of stability) Where ¢ is angle of internal friction.75 kN/m load shall be used in design of slabs. 2. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.5 KN/m 1. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 2. 3.0 Ko (at rest pressure) = 1-sin ¢ = 0. 3.0 KN/m 2 2 3.33 Kp (passive earth pressure) = 1+sin ¢ / 1-sin ¢ = 3.1. the soil bearing capacity 2 shall be assumed 50kN/m .1 Geotechnical Design Data Site Condition and Recommendation Since there is no available information about the site condition.3 Live Load The following live loads shall be taken into account: • • Loading Bay 7.1.

2.3. ABU DHABI.3.0 WP + 1. PLOT NO.2 T 3.0 T Legend: DL LL EP WP T Dead Load Live/Imposed Earth Pressure Water Pressure Uniform Temperature 3.1 Load Combinations Ultimate Limit State Ultimate Limit State Combinations ULS_01 1. 3.4 DL + 1.0 DL + 1.2 3.6 LL + 1. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 3.2.1 Concrete The following concrete grades and properties shall be used: Concrete Grade Structural Element Characteristic Strength fcu C40/20 C20/20 All Structural Elements Blinding / Mass Concrete 40 N/mm 20 N/mm 2 2 Modulus of Elasticity 2 2 28 KN/mm 20 KN/mm 3.3 Materials All materials shall conform to the applicable standards as stated herein or as specified in the performance specification. 2010 Page 4 of 12 .0 LL + 1.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.0 EP + 1.2 Serviceability Limit State SLS_01 1.2 EP + 1.4 WP + 1.2 Reinforcing Steel Hot rolled reinforcement to BS 4449: 1997 will be specified with the following properties: Type Mild Steel High Yield Deformed Type 2 Designation R T Yield Strength 250 N/mm 460 N/mm 2 Modulus of Elasticity 200 KN/mm 200 KN/mm 2 2 2 09 Aug.

DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. crack width shall be calculated to BS8007. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. 3. PLOT NO.6 Codes and Standards BS 8007 BS 8110 BD 28 Design of Concrete Structures for Retaining Aqueous Liquids Structural Use of Concrete Early Thermal Cracking in Concrete 09 Aug. Cover 75mm 50mm 60mm 40mm 50mm 40mm 3. 2010 Page 5 of 12 . ABU DHABI.4 Concrete Cover Element Raft Exposure Earth Faces Other Faces Retaining Walls Earth Faces Exposed to Weather Water Tank Walls Water Faces Other Faces Min.20 mm shall be adopted.5 Crack Control For retaining aqueous liquids structures a maximum crack width of 0. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 3.

70 = 14.0 kN/m’ = 3. ABU DHABI.50 = 16.m The maximum wall height The at rest earth pressure due to soil The at rest earth pressure due to surcharge Service Moment due to earth pressure = 1.m Ground water table is lower the base slab so NO bending moment on the base slab due to the water weight.m Ultimate Moment due to earth pressure = 1.60 / 3 + 3.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.60 = 0.57 = 6. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 4.75 kN/m’ = 0. = 0. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.00 kN.60 m.0 kN/m’ = 0.20 * 11.50 * 14 * 1. PLOT NO.57 kN.43 kN.40 m.60 * 1.40 * 1. 09 Aug.m Ultimate Moment due to water pressure = 1.50 * 7. 2010 Page 6 of 12 .60 / 2 Service Moment due to earth pressure = 6.0 * 1.60 * 1.80 = 11. Design of Vertical Wall & Base Slab The maximum water depth The water pressure Service Moment due to water pressure = 1.70 kN.50 * 16.40 = 14.75 * 1.90 + 4.50 * 20 * 1.40 / 3 = 4.40 * 4. = 10 * 1.

eq. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools Flexural Capacity of Reinforced Concrete Rectangular Section According to BS8110 Structural Design of Swimming Pools Part Title :.95d. d = The effective depth to the tension reinforcement. 2. Mu1 = The ultimate resistance moment . b = Width of rectangular section. (2).eq. Mu capacity As min. 115 540 Kn.Design of Vertical Wall 1.m Notations : M ULT = Factored Bending Moment. (1).m z = The lever arm <= 0. Mu2 = The ultimate resistance moment . As = Total area of non-prestressing steel. fy = Yield strength of non-prestressing steel. Steps of Design z Mu1 Mu2 276 115 505 mm Kn. Properties of Concrete section & Steel fcu fy b h d As (T16-175) 40 420 1000 360 290 1142 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm mm mm mm2 fcu = Compressive strength of concrete (Cube). As provided is OK As provided is OK 09 Aug. 2010 Page 7 of 12 . ABU DHABI. Mu capacity As provided > > Mult As min. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.m ) M ULT 14 Kn.m Kn. Factored Bending Moments ( Kn.m mm2 Mu = The ultimate resistance moment.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. h = Overall depth of section. PLOT NO. 3.

s = Spacing between steel bars.20 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm Fcu = Characteristic concrete cube strength. As = Area of tension reinforcement.Design of Vertical Wall 1. 4. n = Es / (0.44 7. Cnom = Clear Nominal cover. 6. Es = Modulus of elasticity of steel.50*Ec) dc = depth of concrete in compression.98 acr = distance from the crack point considered to the surface of nearest longitudinal bar.m Kn. M LL = Service bending moment due to live load. εs ε1 εm acr εs = Strain in tensile reinforcement. Calculations of crack width Ec n dc Inv M 34000 12. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.000 mm Safe of crack width 09 Aug.70 38. 3. Inv = Moment of inertia of cracked section.m N/mm2 N/mm2 Ec = Modulus of elasticity of concrete. ε1 = Strain in concrete at tensile zone neg.78 1. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools Calculation of Crack Width According to BS 8110 ( Considering Stiffening Effect of The Concrete in Tension Zone ) Structural Design of Swimming Pools Part Title :. d = Effective depth to tension reinforcement. ABU DHABI.35 77. M = Total service bending moment.80 Kn.85E-04 2. Service Bending Moment ( Kn.00E+00 εm = Strain in tensile reinforcement at tensile zone Taking Stiffening of concrete in tension.922E+08 11. mm 96.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. Properties of Section b h d 1000 360 290 1142 16 175 50 mm mm mm mm2 mm mm mm b = Width of section. Properties of Materials Fcu Es Allowable Crack Width 40 210000 0. As φ s Cnom φ = Bar diameter. 0. PLOT NO.45E-04 mm mm4 Kn. σs σs = Stress in tensile reinforcement.m ) M DL M LL 2. Crack width = ( 3 * acr * εc ) / (1 + 2 * ( acr-Cnom ) / ( h-dc )) = 0. concrete effect in tension. 2010 Page 8 of 12 .90 4. h = Overall depth of section.m Notations : M DL = Service bending moment due to dead load.

(2). Factored Bending Moments ( Kn.m Kn.m mm2 Mu = The ultimate resistance moment. Properties of Concrete section & Steel fcu fy b h d As (T12-175) 40 420 1000 250 170 645 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm mm mm mm2 fcu = Compressive strength of concrete (Cube).Design of Base Slab 1.eq. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools Flexural Capacity of Reinforced Concrete Rectangular Section According to BS 8110 Structural Design of Swimming Pools Part Title :. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. 3.m ) M ULT 14 Kn. 2010 Page 9 of 12 . Mu1 = The ultimate resistance moment . d = The effective depth to the tension reinforcement. Mu capacity As provided > > Mult As min. As provided is OK As provided is OK 09 Aug. 2.eq.m z = The lever arm <= 0.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. ABU DHABI. Mu capacity As min. 38 375 Kn.m Notations : M ULT = Factored Bending Moment. fy = Yield strength of non-prestressing steel. PLOT NO. Steps of Design z Mu1 Mu2 162 38 173 mm Kn. As = Total area of non-prestressing steel. b = Width of rectangular section. (1).95d. Mu2 = The ultimate resistance moment . h = Overall depth of section.

3. d = Effective depth to tension reinforcement.89 acr = distance from the crack point considered to the surface of nearest longitudinal bar. As φ s Cnom φ = Bar diameter.549E+08 11. 4.m ) M DL M LL 2.90 4. Crack width = ( 3 * acr * εc ) / (1 + 2 * ( acr-Cnom ) / ( h-dc )) = 0. εs ε1 εm acr εs = Strain in tensile reinforcement.57E-04 9. Cnom = Clear Nominal cover. h = Overall depth of section. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. Properties of Materials Fcu Es Allowable Crack Width 40 210000 0. 2010 Page 10 of 12 . mm 97. Properties of Section b h d 1000 250 170 645 12 175 50 mm mm mm mm2 mm mm mm b = Width of section. σs σs = Stress in tensile reinforcement. ABU DHABI. ε1 = Strain in concrete at tensile zone neg. 6. n = Es / (0. 4.50*Ec) dc = depth of concrete in compression. PLOT NO. concrete effect in tension.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools Calculation of Crack Width According to BS 8110 ( Considering Stiffening Effect of The Concrete in Tension Zone ) Structural Design of Swimming Pools Part Title :.20 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm Fcu = Characteristic concrete cube strength.m Kn. Es = Modulus of elasticity of steel.Design of Base Slab 1. M = Total service bending moment.70 116. Inv = Moment of inertia of cracked section. Calculations of crack width Ec n dc Inv M 34000 12.21E-04 εm = Strain in tensile reinforcement at tensile zone Taking Stiffening of concrete in tension.69 1. s = Spacing between steel bars.35 44. M LL = Service bending moment due to live load. Service Bending Moment ( Kn.084 mm Safe of crack width 09 Aug.80 Kn.m N/mm2 N/mm2 Ec = Modulus of elasticity of concrete. As = Area of tension reinforcement.12E-04 mm mm4 Kn.95 5.m Notations : M DL = Service bending moment due to dead load.

= 12 mm = 0.5 * 0. Restraint Factor clause 5.50 * (0.6 clause 5. As = ( fct / fb ) * Ac * φ * [R (εsh + εth) .0001 = 0.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. Gross area of section.0.7 fct / fb = 0.0001 + 0.000012 * (30 + 20) = 0. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.67 * 250000 * 12 * [ 0.175 As provided = 1290 mm2 > As required OK 09 Aug.0002 ] / ( 2 * 0.50 = 0. Check of Early Thermal Cracking Early thermal cracking shall be checked according to BD28.4.0002 = 0. As provided = T12-175 at Top & Bottom Surface = 2 * 113 / 0.67 Ac = 250 * 1000 = 250000 mm2. bar size. 2010 Page 11 of 12 .80 * 0. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 5.00048) .3 clause 5.00048 = 0.0. ABU DHABI.20 ) As required = 955 mm2. PLOT NO.5 * εult ] / ( 2 * w ) clause 5.80 * α * (T1 + T2) = 0.3 clause 5.20 φ R εult εsh εth εth w allowable crack width As required = 0.

36 kg/cm2.98 + 14.25 m.40 kN/m’ Total pressure on the soil = 21. = 0.38 kN/m2. Assuming the vertical wall weight shall acting on 1. = 0.10 m. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.40 m.975 kN/m2.36 * 1. = 0. Weight of vertical wall = 0. PLOT NO.40 * 10 = 21. ABU DHABI. 2010 Page 12 of 12 .075 * 23 + 0.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. 09 Aug. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 6.25 * 25 + 1.60 * 25 = 14.00m width of base slab.40 = 36. = 1. Check Soil Bearing Capacity Thickness of Plain concrete Slab Thickness of Reinforced Base Slab The maximum water depth Pressure on soil due to base slab and water = 0.

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