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# Teaching & Learning Aids

Measuring Instruments

MTE3106 Resources in Mathematics PISMP Sem3 IPG Kampus Kota Bharu February 2013

Learning Outcomes: • Be able to choose appropriate measuring instruments for the teaching and learning of KBSR/KSSR Mathematics. • Be able to use appropriate measuring instruments for the teaching and learning of KBSR/KSSR Mathematics .

Topics in KBSR Mathematics that involve Measuring Instruments • • • • Length Mass Volume of Liquid Time weight liquid capacity time duration .

Some Examples of Measuring Instruments for Length straight ruler vernier caliper measuring tape micrometer Which of these are suitable for teaching KBSR Mathematics? .

More Examples of Measuring Instruments for Length odometer Is this instruments suitable for teaching KBSR Mathematics? .

Some Examples of Measuring Instruments for Mass spring balance electronic balance Which of these are suitable for teaching KBSR Mathematics? beam balance .

Some Examples of Measuring Instruments for Volume of Liquid • Which of these are suitable for teaching KBSR Mathematics? .

Some Examples of Measuring Instruments for Time Which of these are suitable for teaching KBSR Mathematics? .

Some Examples of Ancient Clocks sundial sand dial water clock .

Common Error in Using a Ruler • What are the possible mistakes that children may make when they start to learn about measuring length using ruler? • What does “1” represent in the ruler? .

Problem with Rulers • Children are not sure how to line up with the object being measured • Children often read from 1 rather from 0 or the end of the ruler beyond the calibration – Why do children align the object being measured to 1? – How to help the children overcome this problem? .

Activity • How to make use of these strips to help children to align object being measured correctly? .

• Use 1 cm square strip. count the squares and line them up against the ruler to the number they have counted 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 .

Common Errors in Using a Weighing Scale Calibration of zero .

Common Errors in Using a Measuring Cylinder meniscus .

Common Errors in Reading a Clock 11 12 1 2 10 9 8 7 6 5 3 4 5:45 .

Some Examples of Virtual Measuring Instruments from National Numeracy Strategy .

ISL Think of a way to create a student-made instrument for each of the following attribute: • • • • length mass volume of liquid time .