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01/23/2015

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Higher Functionality of reactive coupling agent for Better Performance in plastic compounding application

MASTERBATCH ASIA 2013

• •

New opportunities and expanding markets 18-20 March 2013, Marina Bay Sands Hotel, Singapore

John Yun, Ph.D Polymer Modifier Technology Manager Chemtura Corporation

© Copyright 2012, 2013 Chemtura Corporation. All rights reserved.

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Topics
         Needs for New Polymer Compounds Value proposition of POLYBOND® compatibilizers Introduction of POLYBOND® compatibilizer family Chemistry of POLYBOND® compatibilizers Application of POLYBOND® compatibilizers in PP/WF Conclusion Application of POLYBOND® compatibilizers in PP/ CaCO3 Conclusion Acknowledgment

© Copyright 2012, 2013 Chemtura Corporation. All rights reserved.

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Cost Efficient Solution: Talc. 2013 Chemtura Corporation. dimension stability. gel Regulations Process Regulations: Halogen flame retardant © Copyright 2012. 3 . die swell.Why do we Need New Polymer Compounds? Super High Performance: With GF employment. PP keeps expanding its application. All rights reserved. recycled plastics Value Performance Cost User Friendly Process: Unstable melt viscosity.

4 . 2013 Chemtura Corporation.What is the Value of POLYBOND® Compatibilizer to Make New Polymer Compounds? Mixing two or more chemically dissimilar Materials to impart desired properties Repulsion POLYBOND® Compatibilizer Affinity © Copyright 2012. All rights reserved.

5 .Portfolio of our Polymer Modifiers POLYBOND® polymer modifiers Polypropylene Maleic POLYBOND® 3200 POLYBOND® 3150 POLYBOND® 3002 POLYBOND® 3000 Polyethylene Acrylic Maleic POLYBOND® 3149 POLYBOND® 3039 POLYBOND® 3029 POLYBOND® 3009 Acrylic POLYBOND® 1009 POLYBOND® 1001 POLYBOND® 1002 POLYBOND® 1103 © Copyright 2012. All rights reserved. 2013 Chemtura Corporation.

Grafting Chemistry Additive 2~ 10% Customers Synergy Effect Improve properties Impact strength Low temperature impact strength Modulus Tensile strength Dispersion Adhesion © Copyright 2012.POLYBOND® Compatibilizer Chemistry & Expected Results Polyolefin PP. 2013 Chemtura Corporation. 6 . PE Reactive Monomer MA. AA. All rights reserved.

7 . 2013 Chemtura Corporation.How does POLYBOND®Compatibilizer Make Fillers Compatible? © Copyright 2012. All rights reserved.

2013 Chemtura Corporation. 8 .Why Natural Fiber Composite in Durable Goods Applications such as automotive? When plastics are blended with natural fibers Benefits Cost less Weigh less Sustainable Less carbon foot prints Luxury look Pleasing smell Challenges Heat resistance Flexural strength Moisture uptake Process challenge POLYBOND® compatibilizer offers compatibility to the blend of PP /natural fibers to overcome challenges © Copyright 2012. All rights reserved.

2013 Chemtura Corporation.Effect of Polybond® Compatibilizer on Mechanical Properties of PP filled with Natural Fibers Function • • Help disperse natural fiber in the Polyolefin Cause natural fibers to adhere to the Resin Performance • • Reduced water uptake Improved flexural strength © Copyright 2012. 9 . All rights reserved.

2013 Chemtura Corporation.Process Equipments for PP filled with Wood flour © Copyright 2012. All rights reserved. 10 .

11 . 50/50) © Copyright 2012. 2013 Chemtura Corporation. New Product Polybond® 51F0-3 compatibilizers in PP/Wood Flour (PP/WF.Polybond® 3200 vs. All rights reserved.

5 Coupling agent Level 51F0-3 © Copyright 2012.5 2 2. New Product Polybond® 51F0-3 compatibilizers in PP/Wood Flour (PP/WF.Polybond® 3200 vs. 2013 Chemtura Corporation.5 1 1. 12 . 50/50) Water Uptake % Gain after 30 Da Immersion 12 10 PB3200 8 6 4 2 0 0 0. All rights reserved.

13 . 2013 Chemtura Corporation. All rights reserved. Polybond® 51F0-3 compatibilizer performs better than Polybond® 3200 compatibilizer.Conclusion Polybond® 3200 and Polybond® 51F0-3 compatibilizers improved flexural strength. Polybond® 3200 and Polybond® 51F0-3 compatibilizers improved water resistance. © Copyright 2012.

Why Is CaCO3 added in PP compounds?  Balance of stiffness and impact  Good appearance and color consistency  Cost effective  Further enhancement  Treat CaCO3 with stearic acid or silane chemicals  Polybond® compatibilizer © Copyright 2012. All rights reserved. 14 . 2013 Chemtura Corporation.

2013 Chemtura Corporation.Effect of Polybond® Compatibilizer on Mechanical properties of PP filled with CaCO3 PP/CaCO3/Polybond® 50/40/10 ® on PP/CaCO3 Effect of Polybond 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Tensile Strength (Mpa) Flexural Moduldus (Gpa) Elongation @ Break (%) PP/CaCO3 10% Polybond®3150 10% Polybond®1001 POLYBOND® 3150 (PP-g-MAH) and POLYBOND® 1001 (PP-g-AA) compatibilizers improve mechanical strength *References © Copyright 2012. All rights reserved. 15 .

Effect of Various level of Polybond® 3150 Compatibilizer on Tensile Strength PP/CaCO3/Polybond® 50/40/10 Effect of Polybond® 3150 on Tensile Strength 16 15 14 Mpa 13 12 11 10 PP/CaCO3 2% 5% 7. 16 . All rights reserved.50% 10% Up to 5% addition of POLYBOND® 3150 compatibilizer improves tensile strengths *References © Copyright 2012. 2013 Chemtura Corporation.

17 . 2013 Chemtura Corporation.Viscoelastic Nature of Polymers Linear viscoelasticity Viscous Response Modulus E” ð E’ Elastic Response Modulus © Copyright 2012. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. 2013 Chemtura Corporation. 18 .Effect of Polybond® Compatibilizers on Dynamic Mechanical Properties DMTA PB1001 @ 5% PB3150 @ 10% PB3150 @ 5% PB3150 @ 5% Control POLYBOND® 3150 and 1001 @ 10% The addition POLYBOND® 3150 (PP-g-MAH) and POLYBOND® 1001 (PP-g-AA) compatibilizers improves elastic properties *References © Copyright 2012.

Effect of POLYBOND® Compatibilizers on Viscoelastic Properties PP/CaCO3/POLYBOND® 3150 PP/CaCO3 PP/CaCO3/POLYBOND® 1001 PP The addition of POLYBOND® 3150 (PP-g-MAH) compatibilizer improves melt strength-Easy process *References © Copyright 2012. All rights reserved. 2013 Chemtura Corporation. 19 .

2013 Chemtura Corporation.Effect of POLYBOND® Compatibilizers on Viscoelastic Properties PP/CaCO3/ POLYBOND® 3150 PP/CaCO3 PP/CaCO3/POLYBOND® 1001 PP The addition of POLYBOND® 3150 compatibilizer maintains the elastic properties – Heat deflection temperature *References © Copyright 2012. 20 . All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. 2013 Chemtura Corporation.Conclusions  POLYBOND® 3150 compatibilizer enhances elastic properties of PP/CaCO3 composites  POLYBOND® 3150 compatibilizer enhances melt strength for extrusion or calendaring process  POLYBOND® 3150 compatibilizer enhances HDT of PP/CaCO3 compounds © Copyright 2012. 21 .

Tucker. Harry Areford J. Jianguo Zho Dr. Engi. 22 . 506-509 (2000) © Copyright 2012.D. et al. William Sigworth Mr. Chem. 17(5). 2013 Chemtura Corporation. All rights reserved.. Korean J..Acknowledgment and References Dr.

Thank You Chemtura The Partner for Your Success © Copyright 2012. 2013 Chemtura Corporation. 23 . All rights reserved.

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