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ΜΕ ΠΛΑΣΤΗ ΤΑΥΤΟΤΗΤΑ

ΜΕ ΠΛΑΣΤΗ ΤΑΥΤΟΤΗΤΑ

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Published by Haris Seirah

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Published by: Haris Seirah on Apr 02, 2013
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Sections

  • Ἔκφρασις εὐχαριστιῶν
  • Εἰσαγωγή
  • Η ΝΟѲΕΥΣΙΣ ΤΗΣ ΤΑΥΤΟΤΗΤΟΣ ΜΑΣ
  • Ἡ ἀφελλήνισις τῆς ὀνοµατοѳεσίας µας
  • Ἐντυπωσιακή µεταστροφή
  • Τό νέο µου ὄνοµα
  • Πρός τήν ὀρѳή κατεύѳυνσι
  • Οἱ ἰδιαιτερότητές µας
  • Ἐνδιαφέρουσες ἀπόѱεις, κρίσεις καί
  • 1. Τό «δίτερµα» στήν ὀνοµατοδοσία τοῦ
  • α. Ὑѱηλές ἔννοιες στά ἑλληνικά ὀνόµατα
  • β. Ἐκκλησιαστικές περί ὀνοµατοѳεσίας ἐγκύκλιοι
  • γ. Ἡ ἐναντίον τῶν Ἑλλήνων ѳέσις
  • 4. Ὀνοµατοδοσία – Ὀνοµατοπλασία
  • ΑΝΑΦΟΡΑ ΣΤΙΣ ΠΡΟΓΟΝΙΚΕΣ ΑΞΙΕΣ
  • Ἐπίκλησις τῶν ἑλληνικῶν ἀξιῶν ἐκ βάѳους
  • Νόστιµον ἦµαρ
  • Ἑλλάς: Ἡ πολιτιστική Ὑπερδύναµις
  • Ἡ αἰώνια Ἑλλάδα
  • Ἡ ἑλληνική γλῶσσα
  • Ρήσεις ἐνίων διανοουµένων γιά τή γλῶσσα µας:
  • ΤΑ ΑΡΧΑΙΑ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΑ ΟΝΟΜΑΤΑ
  • Ἡ σηµασία καί τά χαρακτηριστικά τους
  • 1. Γενικά χαρακτηριστικά
  • 2. Ἐπί µέρους χαρακτηριστικά
  • α. Τά ὀνόµατα ἀνδρῶν
  • β. Τά ὀνόµατα γυναικῶν
  • γ. Τά ὀνόµατα ѳεῶν καί ѳεαινῶν καί ἡ ἐτυµολογία τους
  • Ἡ ἀπαλλαγή ἀπ' τά διλήµµατα
  • Ὀνόµατα ἁγίων, ὁσίων καί µαρτύρων
  • 1. Τά ἑλληνικά τοπωνύµια
  • 3. Πρόσѳετα στοιχεῖα
  • ΣΥΓΧΡΟΝΑ ΕΚΦΥΛΙΣΤΙΚΑ
  • Ἡ παραφѳορά τῶν ὀνοµάτων
  • Παρεφѳαρµένοι τύποι ὀνοµάτων σέ εὐρεῖα
  • α. Ἀνδρικά
  • β. Γυναικεῖα
  • Ξενικῆς προελεύσεως ὀνόµατα
  • α. Ρωµαϊκά
  • β. Ἑβραϊκά
  • γ. Εὐρωπαϊκά
  • Βυζαντινά καί χριστιανικά ὀνόµατα
  • 1. Ξενόγλωσσα ἐπώνυµα
  • α. Λατινικά
  • β. Ἀλβανικά
  • γ. Σλαβικά
  • δ. Ἑβραϊκά
  • ε. Τουρκικά
  • 2. Ἡµιξενόγλωσσα ἐπώνυµα
  • α. Σύνѳετα
  • β. Παράγωγα
  • Πῶς πρέπει νά ἐµφανίζωνται στό ἑξῆς
  • Ἡ ἑορτή τοῦ ἁγίου Βαλεντίνου
  • Ἀναισѳησία ἤ ὕποπτη σιωπή;
  • Φαινόµενα ἐντροπῆς καί ὑποτέλειας
  • Ὧρες εὐѳύνης
  • Ἀντί ἐπιλόγου
  • Σύντοµη ἐπεξηγηµατική ἀναφορά

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R#SC*'Q5 &+1, L3+5: 3^"µ9µ212, Gk"', 3#$12, s#*6µ5',
38*.]2"m, t$*12, ?+*1#, L9*5', L)86;', Q62&4Y2, a%.µ-5]'
+%-., R1&0 NB"µ%µ1'1"5, ;€"1&"5, N#0'1"5, Š#&)µ/, NG&(D1"*&"5,
y0&+1"5, ‡*&'#"5, ƒ%&CJ", ƒ/G%"5, w)1'PM1&"5, n-(µ3CDJ" *-3.
30
@^ *"1.1)5 3'Q JC%3'(1 &.1 GS/µ"&CGµ. &M1 e1'µD&+1 G%
L-)5 &05 3&XG)C5 &O5 3#X&/5, &O5 J)(&%#"5 *"0 &O5 &#0&/5 *-0G)+5
)K1"C 73'&0$)&"C B1+G&'0. ]*)E1' 3'Q S#4W)C IJC"C&%#"5 µ1)0"5
)K1"C r B)1C*4 3&MGC5 &'2 m1C*'2 R#C$µ'2 (3'Q -"µHD1)&"C U5
,J/B.5) *"0 BCD &. -.B' R*#CHM5 "c&. J0J'(µ) &.1 &Q3' &/5 G&D
e1.µ"&" &O5 3#X&/5 *-0G)+5, L3'( )K1"C &'2&' R3"#"0&/&' *"0 G%
L-" R1)V"C#%&+5 &D e1.µ"&" &O5 &#0&/5, -.B+ &M1 IJC"C&)#'&4&+1
&/5.
='2&' 3CG&)Q'(µ) L&C $D H'/$4G/ G&. 1D R3'P)QB+1&"C '^
G(BSQG)C5, JC.&C )K1"C H%H"C'1 L&C 3'--'0 $D JC)#+&M1&"C 3M5
G(µH"01)C e1.µ"&" 3'Q TS'(1 &05 €JC)5 *"&"-4V)C5 G&41 e1'µ"G&C*4
3&MGC, 1D R14*'(1 G% JC"P'#)&C*%5 *-0G)C5 *"0 „--" 3'Q R14*'(1
G&41 "c&4 *-0GC, 1D GS/µ"&0W'(1 &4 B)1C*4 &'(5 *"&' „--'1 &#.3'1.
8% RP)&/#0" -'C3.1 &'Q5 R#SC*'Q5, e#$'J.V'(5 &Q3'(5 &M1
e1'µD&+1, 3"#%S'(µ) &05 R*.-'($)5 JC)(*#C10G)C5, R3"#"0&/&)5
1'µ0W'(µ), BCD &. 3M5 *-01'1&"C U#CGµ%1" e1.µ"&", &D ,3'E"
3"#'(GCDW'(1 &05 IJC'&(30)5 &'(5 *"0 J/µC'(#B'21 RµPCH'-0)5, U5
*"0 &4 GS)&C*4 J(G*'-0" G&4 S#OGC &'(5, µ% J)J'µ%1/ F30 3-%'1 &41
F--C3O z µ/J)1C*4 *"&D#&CGC, 3'Q &"-"C3+#)E &'Q5 1)'%--/1)5,
-.B+ &'2 L&C r 3"#)S'µ%1/ F30 &M1 rµ)#M1 µ"5 B-+GGC*4 3"CJ)0"
)K1"C R3'*'µµ%1/ R3. &05 *-"GC*%5 µ'#P%5 &/5.
b&GC TS'(µ):
31
@#7*) +%$85'
1) 8)#C*D R#G)1C*D e1.µ"&" -4B'1&" )I5 –"' GS/µ"&0W'(1 &4
B)1C*4 )I5 –&. (*"&D &.1 *"1.1") *"C )I5 –" (*"&D &4 J+#C*4
JCD-)*&') L3+5:
, :)+10J"5 ! &'2 :)+10J'( *"0 :)+10J"
, ]3"µ)C1X1J"5 ! &'2 ]3"µ)C1X1J'( *"0
]3"µ)C1X1J"
, !($"B.#"5 ! &'2 !($"B.#'( *"0
!($"B.#", *"0 „--".
2) _D3'C" GS/µ"&0W'(1 &4 B)1C*4 µ.1'1 )I5 –", L3+5:
, N-*%&"5 ! &'2 N-*%&"
, ZC"B.#"5 ! &'2 ZC"B.#"
, =CG"B.#"5 ! &'2 =CG"B.#" *-3.
3) qCD &D $/-(*D 3#+&.*-C&" e1.µ"&" &D -4B'1&" )I5 –", ,
GS/µ"&CGµ.5 &O5 B)1C*O5 3&XG)+5 B01)&"C U5 mVO5:
") Š1 3#01 R3. &41 *"&D-/VC " 73D#S/ P+1O)1 z #, &.&)
&. " "c&. -%B)&"C *"$"#., )K1"C *"1'1C*D
µ"*#.S#'1' *"0 P(-DGG)&"C G&4 B)1C*4, L3+5:
NB-"Ž" (–"5), …PCB%1)C" (–"5), …1X" (–"5), <+GC$%" (–
"5), ;€$#" (–"5), ‰#" (–"5), *-3.
H) Š1 3#01 R3. &41 *"&D-/VC " 73D#S/ GQµP+1' (3-41
&'2 #) &.&) &. " "c&. -%B)&"C µ4 *"$"#., )K1"C
32
*"1'1C*D H#"SQS#'1' *"0 G&4 B)1C*4 &#%3)&"C )I5 ),
L3+5:
N1$'2G" (–/5), Z%G3'C1" (–/5), ‰#C11" (–/5),
…PCD1"GG" (–/5), o).1C--" (–/5), Y#QGC--" (–/5)
*-3., 3-41 &M1 G(1/#/µ%1+1, L3+5:
N$/1i (–i5), o"(GC*i (–i5), 3'Q 3#'%#S'1&"C R3. &D
RG(1"0#)&" r N$/1D" (&O5 N$/1D"5), r o"(GC*D"
(&O5 o"(GC*D"5) *.„.
B) ]V"C#'21&"C R3. &.1 *"1.1" &O5 3#'/B'(µ%1/5
3)#C3&XG)+5 (H') F*)E1" 3'Q -4B'(1 )I5 –X", –=", –µ"
*"C –%" (µ% s1" -DµHJ") JC.&C TS'(1 &. " µ"*#.1 *"0
&. JC"&/#'21 G&4 B)1C*4 3&MGC, L3+5: ZC'µ4J" (–"5),
o%J" (–"5), <Cµ"0$" (–"5), ZC'&0µ" (–"5), …'JDµ" (–
"5), |C-'µ4-" (–"5) *-3.
(6.*9#" +%$85'
=• e1.µ"&" &O5 J)(&%#"5 *-0G)+5, &D -4B'1&" )I5 –&',
GS/µ"&0W'(1 U5 B1+G&.1 &4 B)1C*4 )I5 –&. (3.S. , ;€BCG$'5 – &'2
;IB0G$'(, , |0-C33'5 – &'2 |C-033'(), &D J% G(1/#/µ%1" -4B'1&"
)I5 –&.' (U5 1.'5 = 1'25) GS/µ"&0W'(1 *"0 F*)E1" &4 B)1C*4 )I5 –&.,
L3+5: , N*-01'(5 (s&)#'5 &Q3'5 &'2 N-*01''5) – B)1C*4 &'2
N-*01'(, , N1&01'(5 – &'2 N1&01'( *-3.
33
J#$*) +%$85'
!%#" R3. &D „--" e1.µ"&" &O5 &#0&/5 *-0G)+5, &D e3'E"
JC"*#01'1&"C F* 3#X&/5 fg)+5 G% 3'CD *"&/B'#0" &/5 R14*'(1,
L3+5 ƒ/G)Q5 –%+5, ‡*&+# –'#'5, b#+5 –&'5, •DG+1 –'1'5, •+1 –
+1'5, _-)C&'PM1 –M1&'5, !D#C5 –CJ'5, Š#&)µC5 –CJ'5, ]-305 –0J'5
*-3., 73D#S'(1 3'--D, &D ,3'E" F1J%S)&"C 1D F*-/P$'21, 1D
$)+#/$'21 J/-"J4 U5 e1.µ"&" &O5 3#X&/5 *-0G)+5, -.B+ &'2 L&C
J%1 JC"P"01)&"C R3. &.1 &Q3' &O5 e1'µ"G&C*O5 &'(5 3&XG)+5 G%
3'CD *-0GC R14*'(1.
!#.*)C&"C:
") qCD &D GCBµ.-/*&" R#G)1C*D )I5 –/5 (B)1. –'(5) z –*-O5 (B)1.
–*-%'(5), µ% $%µ" )I5 –68, &D ,3'E" G&41 e1'µ"G&C*4 &'2
m1C*'2 J%1 3"0#1'(1 *"&D-/VC *"0 F*&)01'(1 &. H#"SQS#'1'
P+1O)1 6 &'2 $%µ"&'5 )I5 ).
!.S. <+*#D&/5, !)#C*-%/5 *"0 µ% G(1"0#)GC !)#C*-O5. (=.
$%µ" &M1 G(B*)*#Cµ%1+1 e1'µD&+1 )K1"C <+*#"&)G– *"0
!)#C*-))G–).
<&4 B)1C*4 *"0 -'C3%5 3-DBC)5 3&XG)C5 R3'HD--'(1 &.1
S"#"*&O#" 8 µ)&"VQ &M1 JQ' P+1/%1&+1 *"0 *"&.3C1
G(1"C#'21 &D JQ' "c&D P+14)1&":
&'2 <+*#D&)G –'5 ! <+*#D&) –'5 ! <+*#D&'(5•
&'2 !)#C*-%)G –'5 ! !)#C*-%) –'5 ! !)#C*-%'(5.
34
=%&'C" e1.µ"&" )K1"C *(#0+5 &D -4B'1&" )I5:
–DB/5, –D-*/5, –D1$/5, –B%1/5, –)Q*/5, –*4J/5, –*#D&/5, –
*QJ/5, –µ%1/5, –µ4J/5, –1)0*/5, –G$%1/5, –&%-/5, –PD1/5, –
SD#/5 (L3+5 9cDB/5 –'(5, …G'*#D&/5 –'(5, :)+G$%1/5 –'(5
*-3.) *"0 L-" &D -4B'1&" )I5 –*-O5 (L3+5 ƒ)µCG&'*-O5 –%'(5
*-3.).
</µ)CX1'(µ) L&C &D v3-i (µ4 GQ1$)&") e1.µ"&" _#D&/5,
8%1/5, =%-/5, |D1/5, YD#/5 GS/µ"&0W'(1 U5 mVO5 &4 B)1C*4
&'(5: _#D&/&'5, 8%1/&'5, =%-/&'5 (F10'&) *"0 =%-'(),
|D1/&'5, YD#/&'5.
H) qCD &D -4B'1&" µ%1 )I5 –"', R--' TS'1&" &. $%µ" &'(5 )I5 –2*
*"0 &D ,3'E" GS/µ"&0W'(1 &4 B)1C*4 3&MGC )I5 –"1&'5, L3+5
N-*CJDµ"5 –"1&'5 (F* &'2 N-*CJDµ"(1&)–5 ! N-*CJDµ"1& –
'5).
_"&D &. N-*CJDµ"5 *-01'1&"C , ŠH"5, , ;€"5, , N$Dµ"5, ,
N1&0P"5, , y0"5, , …'JDµ"5, , ‘"5 *.„.
l3)1$(µ0W)&"C &%-'5 L&C &D &#C&.*-C&" $/-(*D e1.µ"&" 3'Q
-4B'(1 )I5 –7 *"0 –7' (*"0 &D ,3'E" J%1 73DB'1&"C G&05 R1+&%#+
3)#C3&XG)C5) GS/µ"&0W'(1 &4 B)1C*4 )I5 –&>', L3+5: r q'#BX (&O5
q'#B'25), r ]#"&X (&O5 ]#"&'25), r :/&X (&O5 :/&'25), r \X5
(&O5 \'25) *.„.
35
d 73.µ1/GC5 &M1 *"1.1+1 J%1 3#%3)C 1D $)+#/$O U5
„G*'3/ 3)#C&&'-'B0", JC.&C G% 3'--%5 3)#C3&XG)C5 J%1 )K1"C
J(1"&.1, -.B+ RB1'0"5, 1D J'$'21 R3"1&4G)C5 G% )•-'B)5 R3'#0)5
3'Q B)11M1&"C )€&) R3. v3-O 3)#C%#B)C" )€&) R3. 3/B"E'
F1JC"P%#'1 BCD µD$/GC. _"&)H-4$/ „--+G&) 3#'G3D$)C" 1D )K1"C r
JC"&Q3+G05 &'(5 *"&D &. J(1"&.1 G(1'3&C*4, ’µ" *"0 *"&"-/3&4.
<% F*)01'(5 J% 3'Q $D %*P#"G$'21 &(S.1 )I#+1C*D *"0 $D
73'G&/#0V'(1 L&C &. G/µ)#C1. B-+GGC*. µ"5 IJ0+µ" TS)C $%G)C G%
RS#/G0" 3'--'Q5 &Q3'(5 -%V)+1 *"0 R#*)&'Q5 B#"µµ"&C*'Q5 z
G(1&"*&C*'Q5 *"1.1)5 &O5 R#S"0"5 B-XGG"5 µ"5, TS'(µ) 1D
)I3'2µ), L&C, µ'-'1&'2&', r R3'V%1+GC5 R3. &D R#S"C')--/1C*D
3#.&(3" J%1 )K1"C '•&) 3-4#/5 '•&) #CWC*4 *"0 *"&D G(1%3)C"1
TS'(1 &4 S#/GCµ.&/&D &'(5, 3CG&)Q'(µ), LG" 3#'/B'(µ%1+5
FV)$%G"µ).
N*.µ/ µ4 V)S1iµ) L&C µ%G" µ"5 *"0 G&.1 3%#CV *.Gµ' µ"5
G(1(3D#S'(1 *"&' R1DB*/1 GS)J.1 L-" *"0, -0B' z 3'-Q,
)7#0G*'1&"C F1 S#4G)C.
d B-MGG" 3'Q S#/GCµ'3'C'2µ) G4µ)#", „5 B01/ F30 &%-'(5
*"&"1'/&., L&C, „1 *"0 3"#)P$"#µ%1/, J%1 3"Q)C 1D )K1"C r $)x*4,
B)µD&/ JQ1"µC *"0 G(µ3"1&C*4 B1MGC R#S"0" B-MGG" µ"5.
36
EABDH @BIJD
K FDLAMHCH JKH JGMJDJKJDH EGH
u Z46%%V2585' *e' <2&µ"*&=68$"' µ"'
‡1" 1'G/#. P"C1.µ)1' 3'Q 3"#"&/#)E&"C &)-)(&"0+5 G&4
SX#" µ"5, )K1"C r RP)--41CGC5 &O5 e1'µ"&'$)G0"5 µ"5 *"0 r
R3D$)C" µ% &41 ,3'0" &. R1&Cµ)&+30W'(1 '^ 3)#CGG.&)#'C
G(µ3"&#CM&)5 µ"5.
d &DGC5 "c&4 TS)C -DH)C R1/G(S/&C*%5 JC"G&DG)C5 *"0
G(1)S0W)C R1)µ3.JCG&/ &4 JC"H#+&C*4 &/5 FVD3-+GC.
39
!C)G&C*4 *"&D G(1%3)C"1 $)+#'2µ) &41 R1DB*/ *'C1O5
3#'G3D$)C"5 BCD &41 F3"1)--41CGC &O5 e1'µ"&'$)G0"5 &'2 B%1'(5
µ"5, &41 F3"1"P'#D J/-"J4 G% S#OGC &M1 R#S"0+1 m--/1C*M1
e1'µD&+1, *"$' L&C r 73.$)GC5 µi5 RP'#i „µ)G" L-'(5 *"0
F3CHD--)&"C 1D &41 IJ'2µ) µ% &41 J%'(G" G'H"#.&/&" *"0 1" &41
µ)&"HCHDG'(µ) G&D 3"CJCD µ"5, RP'2 r G(1J#'µ4 &O5 !'-C&)0"5
)K1"C 3"1&)-M5 R1Q3"#*&/ *"0 r $%GC5 &/5 R3. RG"P45 s+5 *"0
R#1/&C*4.
Y"#"*&/#CG&C*. J)EBµ" &O5 B)1C*O5 R3"VCXG)+5 G% F303)J'
*'#(PO5, )K1"C &. L&C '^ 3'-C&C*'0 µ"5 *"0 &M1 JQ' PQ-+1
R#%G*'1&"C, G&41 3-)C'1.&/&D &'(5, 1D S#/GCµ'3'C'21 &'Q5
3"#)P$"#µ%1'(5 &Q3'(5 &M1 IJ0+1 &'(5 e1'µD&+1, µ% R3'&%-)Gµ"
1D R3'3#'G"1"&'-0W'(1 &. -"., R*'(G0+5 z m*'(G0+5 *"0 1D &.1
F*&#%3'(1 3#.5 -D$'5 *"&)Q$(1GC.
b*3-/VC F30G/5 3#'V)1)E r F* µ%#'(5 &M1 e#$'J.V+1
^)#%+1 *"0 µD-CG&" 8/&#'3'-C&M1, ]3CG*.3+1 *"0 !"&#C"#SM1
3#'&0µ/GC5 mH#"x*M1 *"0 -"&C1C*M1 e1'µD&+1, R1&0 m--/1C*M1,
*"&D &/1 G(1/$CW'µ%1/ µ)&'1'µ"G0" &'(5, L3+5 )K1"C 3-41 „--+1
&D N1"10"5, y"#$'-'µ"E'5, …D*+H'5, …G"D*, …+"*)0µ, …+DG"P,
…+G4P, 8CG"4-, <)#"P)0µ, <(µ)X1 *"0 &D ;IµC-C"1.5, qDx'5,
q)#HDGC'5, Z'1i&'5, …B1D&C'5, 8DVCµ'5, 8D#*)--'5, 8i#*'5,
8.J)G&'5, @c#H"1.5, ="#DGC'5, |-"HC"1.5.
40
8)BD-/ r SD#C5 &M1 vB0+1, R--“ L&"1 )7#0G*/ *"1)05 µ)&"VQ
&M1 pXGG+1, &M1 N#µ)10+1 *"0 „--+1 -"M1 R#SC)#)E5 3'Q P%#'(1
&D e1.µ"&" NBD$+1, N#0G&"#S'5, o0*+1, !-D&+1 *"0 „--" 3'--D
m--/1C*X&"&", J%1 H-%3'(µ) &.1 -.B'1 BC"&0 '^ ^)#+µ%1'C &'2
T$1'(5 µ"5 1D µ4 &D 3#'&Cµ'21 *"0 "c&'0 *"0 3-O$'5 „--+1, JCD
&M1 ,3'0+1 F-"µ3#Q1$/ *"0 FJ'VDG$/ r [G&'#0" *"0 r ]**-/G0"
µ"5.
A v3-.5 ‡--/1, 3'Q JC"$%&)C F1 &'Q&'C5 *#0GC e#$4, J%1
F11')E BC"&0 1D µ4 B01'(1 3)#CGG.&)#'1 *'C1D G&'Q5
µ)&'1'µ"W'µ%1'(5 vB0'(5 3"&%#)5 &D ^)#'3#)3%G&"&" e1.µ"&"
N#CG&)0J/5, [%#+1, [)#X1(µ'5, oC*.J/µ'5, <.-+1, <+*#D&/5,
=Cµ.$)'5, |+*0+1 *"0 LG" „--" TBC1"1 T1J'V" BCD R#)&4 z G'P0".
d FV4B/GC5 3"#D &"2&" )K1"C v3-O. d ]**-/G0" &/#)E
G*'30µ+5 &05 R3'G&DG)C5 &/5 R3. &41 *-"GC*4 *"0 &41 GQBS#'1/
m--/1C*4 G*%gC, JC.&C $)+#)E U5 F3CW4µC" BC“ "c&41 &41 R3'J'S4 *"0
F1G+µD&+GC G&'CS)0+1 &O5 m--/1C*O5 R1&C-4g)+5 G&. JC*. &/5
$#/G*)(&C*'3'-C&C*. IJ)'-.B/µ".
=O5 )K1"C J% J(G&(SM5 JQG*'-' 1D R1&C-/P$O, L&C J%1 TS)C
*"&'#$XG)C s+5 &X#" 1D FµP(&)QG/ &4 «PC-'G'P0"» &/5 G&C5
G(1)CJ4G)C5 &M1 j--41+1, &[ T-&c&5 µ92&.2 Zµ6*"+$2)*&5 8*V2
-$8*5 *&.', :*5 6h2"5 -#Y*" ?%%)26' +"$ µ6*] U#58*5"2&$, R*.µ/
*"0 LG'C &%-'5 3D1&+1 J%1 )K1"C S#CG&C"1'0 µ.1'1 *"&“ f1'µ".
41
]1 µ%G+ &M1 3"#"J'V'&4&+1 "c&M1 JC*"C'Qµ)$" 1D
R1"P+14G'(µ):
Y"E#) &O5 Fµ3"$)0"5 R3Q$µ)1'1 HD$'5,
S"E#) &O5 µ+#0"5 J(G$)X#/&'1 {g'5!
=D R#S"E" m--/1C*D e1.µ"&" )K1"C R1"1&C##4&+5 s1"5
R1)*&0µ/&'5 $/G"(#.5, &.1 ,3'E'1 &)01)C 1D 3)#C$+#C'3'C4G/ R3.
&4 GQBS#'1/ m--/1C*4 *'C1+10" *"0 r «µ.J"» &O5 F3'SO5 R3. &4
µ0" 3-)(#D, 3'Q J)0S1)C IJC"0&)#/ G(µ3D$)C" G% 3"#"--"Bµ%1" z
V)1.P)#&" e1.µ"&", R3. &41 „--/ J% r G*.3Cµ/, 3"B)#4
RJC"P'#0" *"0 r GC+3/#4 „#1/GC5 &'2 31)(µ"&C*'2 µ"5 *.Gµ'(.
]V "C&0"5 &'Q&+1 *"0 µ%G" G&. *#"&'21 *-Eµ" &M1
RµPCGH/&4G)+1 *"0 &M1 R#14G)+1, &. R#S"E' 31)2µ" *"0 &.
*D--'5 TS'(1 73'S#)+$O G% 3"1&)-O GS)J.1 GCB4, , J% •-C'5 &O5
j--DJ'5 TS)C SDG)C µ)BD-' µ%#'5 R3. &4 -DµgC &'( *"0 r !"&#0J",
„S#+µ' ,µ'0+µ" &'2 3"-"C'2 G3'(J"0'( m"(&'2 &/5, RJ(1"&)E 1D
){#/ &41 3-4#/ T*P#"G0 &/5.
(92 *V2 2&57=&.µ6, X92 *V2 Z2"^21#$p&.µ6v X92 6h2"5 "f*V
-&; =9%&.µ6, ^5"*$ -"*#$X" X92 6h2"5 µ,2&2 µ$" `+*"85' \X"45+V.
Ah2"5 +"$ w%%", -&%%] -#]^µ"*" µ"p$, -&; 6x#$8+&2*"5 µ98" µ"'
+"5 ^;#1 µ"', :-1': n57µ"*", 8;2X68µ&5 8.2"58=)µ"*5+&$ +"$
y=5+&$, -&%5*58µ5+] 8*&5U6c", -26.µ"*5+9' +"*"+*V865', -"#,2
42
+"$ -"#6%=,2, \-5X57m65', -,=&5, U1#$' *] T-&c" S Z2=#7-52)
x-,8*"85' (= z-"#m5') +"*"2*l µ6*91#), -*1UV +"$ X.8*.UV'.
:.B'C G'H"#'0 -'C3.1 J%1 F3C&#%3'(1 *+P.&/&" z
FP/G(S"Gµ.. _"0 s1" 3#M&' HOµ" )K1"C 1D F3C*)1&#XG'(µ) &.
F1JC"P%#'1 µ"5 G&. µ)EW'1 $%µ" &O5 F3"1)--/10G)+5 &M1 e1'µD&+1
µ"5 *"0 1D µ)&"&#%g'(µ) &05 )c"CG$/G0)5 µ"5 G% T#B' 'cG0"5, L3+5
*D1'(1 '^ ,µ'B)1)E5 µ"5, 3'Q W'21 µ"*#(D R3. &41 3"&#0J", G%
L-" &D µ4*/ *"0 3-D&/ &'2 3-"14&'(.
ƒD R1"P)#$'2µ) F1J)C*&C*M5 G% JQ' 3)#CG&"&C*D 3'Q TS'(1
IJC"0&)#/ G/µ"G0".
J, -#Y*&: ‡1" *"-'*"E#C, 3#01 R3. R#*)&D S#.1C",
)7#%$/*" G&4 1OG' <EP1' &M1 _(*-DJ+1, L3'( T&(S) 1D B1+#0G+
s1" FV"0#)&'1 „1J#", j--/1'"µ)#C*"1., 3'Q )KS) T-$)C BCD
JC"*'3%5 G&41 j--DJ" µ% L-/ &'( &41 'I*'B%1)C".
8)BD-/ k&"1 r T*3-/V05 µ'( G&. „*'(Gµ" &'2 e1.µ"&.5
&'(, L&"1 µ'2 G(G&4$/*). l3%$)G" 3#.5 G&CBµ41, L&C „--' 3#iBµ"
z$)-) 1" )I3O, R--D *D&C &%&'C' J%1 G(1%H"C1). A „1$#+3'5, 3'Q
3#. e-0B'( )KS" B1+#0G)C, ”1'µ"W.&"1 38*.]2"m! o"0.
N#S"C.&"&' m--/1C*. &. f1'µD &'(!
N--D 73O#V) *"0 G(1%S)C", L&"1 R#B.&)#" µ'2 G(1%G&/G)
&4 GQW(B. &'(, &05 JQ' $(B"&%#)5 *"0 &. BC. &'(. =. f1'µ" &O5
43
G(WQB'( &'( k&"1 o%-$', &O5 µCi5 &'( *.#/5 3X5]2*), &O5 „--/5
u85,2) *"0 &'2 BC'2 ("µ]^)*&'.
bµ)C1" „1"(J'5, L3+5 k&"1 P(GC*., JC.&C &. B)B'1.5, 3'Q
k&"1 BCD µ%1" R3#'GJ.*/&' *"0 G(BS#.1+5 FV"C#)&C*D )cSD#CG&',
µ% F1&(3+G0"G) RPD1&"G&". d 'I*'B%1)C" ,-.*-/#/ TP)#) FV"0GC"
R#S"C')--/1C*D e1.µ"&" *"0, L3+5 TJ)CS1"1, kG"1 L-'C
73)#4P"1'C BC' "c&..
J, X6;*6#& -6#58*"*5+,: _"&D &41 F30G*)g0 µ'( µ% s1" P0-'
G&. G30&C B1+G&O5 &'( 'I*'B%1)C"5 j--/1'"µ)#C*"1M1 G&41
N$41", r ,3'0" 'I*'B%1)C" )KS) FB*"&"G&"$O µ'10µ+5 G&41
j--DJ" *"&D &4 J)*")&0" &'2 1960, )KJ" T*3-/*&'5 G&. G"-.1C µ0"
µ)BD-/ P+&'B#"P0", JC"G&DG)+1 3)#03'( 70 Y 50 m*"&'G&M1,
G&41 ,3'0" )I*'1CW.&"1 L-/ r 'I*'B%1)C", '^ B'1)E5 *"0 &D 3%1&)
3"CJCD &'(5 (3%1&) RB.#C") G% e#$0" G&DGC.
=. F1JC"P%#'1 *"0 G&41 3)#03&+GC "c&4 k&"1, L&C *"0 &D
3%1&) RB.#C" TP)#"1 R#S"E" m--/1C*D e1.µ"&", G/µ)C+µ%1" G&.
*D&+ µ%#'5 &O5 P+&'B#"P0"5 µ% &41 mVO5 G)C#D (L3+5 &D µ)&%P)#"
G% 3#.S)C#' PQ--' S"#&C'2): P"%%58=92)', 3%9m"2X#&',
u#,8*#"*&', !#;85--&', 3%+5n5]X)'!
=0 „--' 1D 3#'G$%G'(µ) G' "c&D; =. µ.1' 3'Q $D `$%-"µ)
1D )I3'2µ) )K1"C: @^ ,µ'B)1)E5 &O5 JC"G3'#i5, fSC v3-M5 -"&#)Q'(1
&41 j--DJ", R--D 3'1'21, µ% L-/ &4 G/µ"G0" &O5 -%V)+5, BCD &41
44
3"&#0J". w%#'(1 &0 $%-'(1 *"0 V%#'(1 3'-Q *"-D &0 *D1'(1, JC.&C
"IG$D1'1&"C 3)#CGG.&)#' ‡--/1)5 R3. 3'--'Q5 G(µ3"&#CM&)5 µ"5
FJM, 3'Q J%1 JC"*#01'1&"C BCD 3"#.µ'C)5 )c"CG$/G0)5...
45
o2*.-185"+V µ6*"8*#&4V
!"#D &"2&" *"0 )I5 3)EGµ" &M1 &)-)(&"0+1 mG&CM1
R1&CJ#DG)+5, 3#%3)C 1D ,µ'-'B4G'(µ) L&C TS)C R#S0G)C 1D
3"#"&/#)E&"C *"0 F1&.5 &O5 j--DJ'5 µ0" 3/B"0", F1JC"P%#'(G"
µ)&"G&#'P4. NVC'G/µ)0+&' )K1"C &. B)B'1.5, L&C 3'--'0 •#Cµ'C
1%'C J%1 F3C$(µ'21 1D *D1'(1 S#OGC &M1 H"3&CG&C*M1 &'(5
e1'µD&+1, -.B+ &'2 L&C TS'(1 G(1)CJ/&'3'C4G)C &X#", L&C -D$'5
f1'µ" &'Q5 TJ+G"1 (V)1.P)#&' z „--' 3'Q J%1 &'Q5 F*P#DW)C),
RP'2 J%1 &'Q5 F#X&/G"1 ('•&) k&"1 J(1"&.1 1D &'Q5 F#+&4G'(1
„--+G&)), L&"1 &'Q5 FHD3&CW"1.
<&.1 G&)1. *'C1+1C*. µ"5 *Q*-' B1+#0W'(µ) s1J)*" 3#.5
&. 3"#.1 1%" 3"CJCD, 3'Q S#/GCµ'3'C'21 G% L-)5 &05 GS%G)C5 *"0 &05
F*J/-XG)C5 &'(5 &D 1%" e1.µ"&" 3'Q TS'(1 F3C-%V)C *"0 3'Q )K1"C
&D 3#5]X2), 3#*6µ58$", ()µ,45%&', (5&^92)', {%%)2, o#52(2);',
|%6+*#;12, u%5&+%e', @6%"8^,', !]#12 +"$ 0#$12!
q1+G&.5 FV „--'( G(µ3'-0&/5, 1%'5 GS)&C*M5 &41 r-C*0" *"0
31)(µ"&C*M5 *"--C)#B/µ%1'5, 3'Q JC"µ%1)C µ'10µ+5 µ"*#(D R3.
&41 B)1%&)C#D &'(, G% 3#.GP"&/ G(1D1&/G0 µ"5 FJ4-+G) µ% T*J/-/
^*"1'3'0/GC F1X3C'1 *"0 „--+1, L&C R3. &C1'5 S#.1'(
46
S#/GCµ'3'C)E &. 1%' &'( f1'µ", 3'Q )K1"C R#S"C')--/1C*. &O5
3#'&Cµ4G)X5 &'(, RP'2 J%1 µ3'#'2G) 3-%'1 1D G(µHCH"G$O µ% &41
IJ%", L&C R3. &41 rµ%#" &O5 H"3&0G)X5 &'( k&"1 P'#%"5 V)1C*O5
3#')-)QG)+5 e1.µ"&'5.
N1"P)#.µ)1'C G&41 3)#03&+GC &'2 P0-'( G(µ3'-0&'(,
µ)&"P%#'(µ) FJM (Rµ%G+5 *"&+&%#+) G% Tµµ)&#/ *"0 3CG&4 *"&D &.
J(1"&.1 R3.J'GC, LG" , €JC'5 )KS) "IG$"1$O &41 R1DB*/ 1D F*$%G/
3#.5 P0-'(5 &'( 3"-C'Q5 *"0 µ4.
J, 29& µ&. b2&µ"
=. f1'µD µ'( )K1"C ˆ"S"#0"5,
"c&. µ'2 JXG"1) '^ JC*'0 µ'( s1"1 *"C#.,
µ4 V%#'1&"5 *C’ "c&'0 3X5 )K1"C V%1',
P)#µ%1' R3’ „--'1 &.3' µ"*#(1..
N#BD, G&41 U#Cµ.&/&D µ'( &X#"
&. 1'CX$+ „GS)&' *"0 HD#'5 G&41 g(S4˙
1D &. JC"B#Dg+ $%-+, 1D &’ R--DV+
*"0 1D V)3-Q1+ T&GC &41 1&#'34.
47
=. )cB)1%5 &M1 3#'3"&.#+1 "–µ"
J%1 W/&C"1)Q)C &0&-'(5, J%1 )K1"C P&+S.
*C’ '•&) G&4 PQG/ &'( &"C#CDW'(1 µ)0V)C5
µ% L,&C &(S"—', „S#+µ', #/S..
w)S1M -'C3.1 3M5 F-)B.µ'(1 3#M&",
$D )Kµ"C , ‡*&+# R3. &'Q&/ &4 G&CBµ4,
f1'µ", JM#' µ'( G&.1 m"(&. µ'(,
S"#D, &Cµ4 µ'(, JCD*#CG/ &#"14.
48
@#,' *V2 <#=V +"*6;=.285
qCD &'Q5 -.B'(5 "c&'Q5 J%1 )K1"C R3"#"0&/&' 1D )€µ"G&)
3#'G*)*'--/µ%1'C G% G&)E#)5 R1&C-4g)C5 *"0 1D 73'G&/#0W'(µ), L&C
)K1"C 73'S#%+G05 µ"5 1D J01'(µ) ,3+GJ43'&) G&D 3"CJCD µ"5 &D
e1.µ"&" &M1 3"&%#+1 µ"5 *"0 &M1 µ/&%#+1 µ"5.
=. R1&0$)&' *"-'Qµ)$" µD-CG&" 1D *D1'(µ), s+5 L&'(
R3"--"B'2µ) R3. &. R3"#DJ)*&' P"C1.µ)1' &O5 e1'µ"&'3)10"5,
3'Q S+#05 RµPCH'-0" µi5 )c&)-0W)C (= µi5 µ)CX1)C) U5 „&'µ" *"0 U5
-"..
='Q5 B'1)E5 µ"5 '{&+5 z „--+5 &'Q5 $(µ.µ"G&) µ%S#C &41
&)-)(&"0" µ"5 31'4, S+#05 1D G/µ"01/, L&C J%1 R3'&)-)E R3.J'GC
&CµO5 3#.5 "c&'Q5 &. L&C J%1 $D JXG'(µ) G&D 3"CJCD µ"5 &D JC*D
&'(5 e1.µ"&".
]30 3-%'1 J%1 H-%3'(µ) &. -.B' BC"&0 3#%3)C 1D
3)#C'#CWXµ)$" G&D e-0B" e1.µ"&" &M1 µ)BD-+1 µ"5 vB0+1 (µ%
L-'1 &.1 G)H"Gµ. 3'Q &#%P'(µ) G&. f1'µD &'(5 *"0 G&4 µ14µ/
&'(5), BCD 1D )€µ"G&) G(1)3)E5 3#.5 &41 R#S4, L&C TS'(µ) JO$)1
73'S#%+GC 1D µ4 RB1''2µ) &. F**-/GC"G&C*. m'#&'-.BC' G&05
m*DG&'&) 3#'&Cµ4G)C5 µ"5 &'2 „-P" z &'2 HO&" e1.µ"&'5.
49
]3' "c&'2 'cJ)05 FS%P#+1 ‡--/1 TS)C F*P#DG)C &4
JC"P+10" &'( '•&) IGS(#0G$/*) 3'&% *"1)05, L&C R3)C-)E&"C
µ% ...$"1DGCµ' *01J(1' r ]**-/G0" µ"5 *"0 r $#/G*)0" µ"5 R3. &4
S#OGC &M1 R#S"0+1 m--/1C*M1 e1'µD&+1, L3+5 T*"1"1 3"-"C.&)#"
F3X1(µ'C, «3)P+&CGµ%1'C» *"&D &41 R1&0-/g0 &'(5 #"G'P.#'C, '^
,3'E'C 3)#C4#S'1&' 3)#C'S%5 &O5 j--DJ'5 *"0 73)S#%+1"1
3C)G&C*D *"0 R3)C-/&C*D &'Q5 J(G&(S)E5 *"&'0*'(5 1D J01'(1 G&D
3"CJCD &'(5 e1.µ"&" *"$' 73.J)CV01 &'(5.
<% G(B*)*#Cµ%1/ µD-CG&" 3)#C'S4 &O5 1'&C'"1"&'-C*O5
!)-'3'114G'( (3)#0 &. :)+10JC'1 N#*"J0"5) '^ *D&'C*'C )KS"1
73'S#)+$O F30 µ"*#.1 S#.1'1 1D J01'(1 G&D „##)1" &%*1" &'(5
µ.1'1 &. f1'µ" «_+1G&"1&E1'5», µ% R3'&%-)Gµ" 1D F3C*#"&O
&'2&' *"&' R1DB*/1 G(1&#C3&C*D F*)E F30 3'--%5 B)1)%5 µ%S#C *"0
&M1 rµ)#M1 µ"5.
N3.##'C" &M1 µ)$'J)QG)+1 F*)01+1, GQ1 &'E5 „--'C5, )K1"C
r G/µ)#C14 e1'µ"&C*4 µ"5 T1J)C", 3'Q TS)C IG'3)JXG)C *D$) T11'C"
)IJC*O5 GS%G)+5 e1.µ"&'5 *"0 R&'µC*O5 – 3#'G+3C*O5
IJC"C&)#.&/&'5.
9K1"C J% R3. 3"#DJ'V' s+5 *+µC*. &. G(1)SCW.µ)1'
P"C1.µ)1', 1D 3"0W'(1 «3#+&"B+1CG&C*'Q5» #.-'(5 G&41
e1'µ"&'$)G0" µ"5 -CBX&)#" R3. J%*" V)1.P)#&" *"0 -'C3D µ4
R#S"C')--/1C*D e1.µ"&", µ% F3"*.-'($' &' 50% GS)J.1 &M1 F1
50
S#4G)C e1'µD&+1 1D 3#'%#S)&"C R3. "c&D *"0 µ.1'1, L3+5 )K1"C &D
Š11", 8"#0", y"G0-)C'5 (*"0 y"GC-)0" z y"GC-C*4), q)X#BC'5 (*"0
q)+#B0"), …+D11/5 (*"0 …+D11"), _+1G&"1&E1'5 (*"0
_+1G&"1&E1"), !"1"BCX&/5 (*"0 !"1"BCX&").
bS'(µ) J/-"J4 s1" f1'µ" R1D 3'--%5 SC-CDJ)5 „&'µ", F1M
r e1'µ"&'J'G0" R3. &.1 SM#' &M1 FV.S+1 R#S"C')--/1C*M1
e1'µD&+1 &)-)E R*.µ/ *"&D &. 3-)EG&'1 73. R3"B.#)(GC1,
U5 ...F3C*01J(1/ BCD &41 *"$)G&/*(E" &DVC!!!
A3'0" $-CH)#4 *"&D-/VC5!
d R&(S45 ^G&'#C*4 G(B*(#0", r ,3'0" TP)#) R1&Cµ)&X3'(5
&05 J(1Dµ)C5 &O5 RµPCGH/&4G)+5 *"0 &.1 B0B"1&" j--/1CGµ.,
UJ4B/G) G% µ0" „1CG/ 3D-/, 3'Q *"&%-/V) )I5 HD#'5 &'2 J)(&%#'(,
µ% eJ(1/#D BC' "c&.1 R3'&)-%Gµ"&".
NJQ1"µ'C U5 F* &'Q&'( *"0 RP+3-CGµ%1'C 31)(µ"&C*D '^
‡--/1)5 F30 3'--'Q5 "IM1)5, *"&41&/G"1 G4µ)#" 1D RB1''21 z 1D
R3'G&#%P+1&"C &D *"&"--C&)S1C*D R#CG&'(#B4µ"&" &M1 G'PM1
J/µC'(#BM1 – 3#'B.1+1 &'(5 – *"0 TS'(1 µ)&"H-/$O G% v3-'25
S#OG&)5 V%1+1 3#'x.1&+1 *"0 73'3#'x.1&+1 )c&)-'25 RV0"5.
H*&;' %,^&.' Z+#5nY' "f*&;' <46$%6*"5 +"$ *,
6m"µn%1µ"*5+, (= *6#"*,µ&#4&), g*6#,+%)*& (= Z2&µ&5&^629',
X5"4,#&. -#&6%6;861') 8;^U#&2& +#lµ" <2&µ]*12, :-1' `U65
*6%5+Y' X5"µ&#41=e, X)%"XV gn#"}+Y2, #1µ"}+Y2, 6f#1-"}+Y2,
51
Z#U"$12 g%%)25+Y2, n.p"2*52Y2, U#58*5"25+Y2 +"$
-"#64="#µ9212 261*9#12, *, T-&c& 6h2"5 S Z-&=9185' *&>
-"#"%&^58µ&> +"$ 8.2]µ" X6c^µ" x-6#*#&45+e' µ1#$"',
X5"8*#&4e', \+-68µ&> +"$ Z=%5,*)*&'!
˜µ+5 «&D 3D1&" #)E», *"&D &.1 B1+G&.1 GCJ/#'21 *"1.1".
_"0 F3)CJ4 FGSD&+5 JC"1Q'(µ) f1&+5 *"0 G&. FG+&)#C*. &O5 SX#"5
µ"5 3)#0'J' "c&'B1+G0"5, J%1 G(BS+#)E&"C '^"J43'&) 73'SX#/GC5
z G(µµ.#P+GC5 G% «„1+$)1» F3C&"B%5.
Z%1 µi5 S#)CDW'1&"C *"0 „--)5 3-"G&%5 &"(&.&/&)5. Z%1 &05
$%-'(µ)• R#1'Qµ)$" 1D &C5 J)S$'2µ)...
52
D[ WX5"5*6#,*)*9' µ"'

8)BD-/ &Cµ4 µi5 F3)PQ-"GG) r &QS/ µ% &. 1D B)11/$'2µ)
G&41 j--/10J" BO.
]JM , 1'25 *"0 r g(S4 -)C&'(#B'21 µ% FV"C#)&C*4
*"$"#.&/&" *"0 GP#0B'5 RJCD-)C3&', P$D1'1&"5 G&41 &%-)C"
T*P#"G0 &'(5, 73. s1" •-C' -"µ3#. *"0 &41 )c)#B)&C*4 )c*#"G0"
&'2 P(GC*'2 &'(5 *-0µ"&'5.
A S"#CGµ"&C*.5 j--/1C*.5 :.B'5 FJ/µC'Q#B/G) FJM
R$D1"&'(5 $)'Q5, G&'Q5 ,3'0'(5 TJ+G) e1.µ"&" µ% µ(G&/#C"*4
T11'C" *"0 G/µ"G0", *"$X5 *"0 3-O$'5 7g/-M1 „--+1 F11'CM1,
3'Q R1)P%#'1&' G% L-' &. PDGµ" &M1 J#"G&/#C'&4&+1 *"0 &M1
31)(µ"&C*M1 R1"W/&4G)+1 &'2 ‡--/1'5 R1$#X3'(.
@^ ‡--/1)5, 3#'C*CGµ%1'C µ% &05 R#)&%5 &'(5 *"0 µ% &41
*"&"3-4GG'(G" JQ1"µC &'2 !1)Qµ"&.5 &'(5, F3#'SX#/G"1 G% µ0"
)I5 HD$'5 $)X#/GC &'2 *.Gµ'(, µ% R3.-(&' G)H"Gµ. G&'Q5 $)0'(5
1.µ'(5 *"0 G&'Q5 *"1.1)5 3'Q '^ €JC'C F$%G3CG"1, BCD &41 v#µ'1C*4
-)C&'(#B0" L-+1 &M1 *'C1+1C*M1 $)GµM1 *"0 &41 `$C*4 &)-)0+G0
&'(5.
!"#"--4-+5 FJ/µC'Q#B/G"1 s1" „#CG&' µ%G'1 F3C*'C1+10"5
*"0 F*P#DG)+5, &4 B-MGG" &'(5. =41 )•P+1/, &41 )•/S/, &41
53
3-/#%G&)#/, &4 µ'(GC*X&)#/ *"0 &41 3)#CGG.&)#'1 )c%-C*&/ FV
L-+1 &M1 B-+GGM1.
;c&%5 '^ JC"CX1C)5 RV0)5 *"0 R#S%5, 3'Q FGP(#/-D&/G)1 r
F*3-/*&C*4 JCD1'C" &M1 j--41+1 JCD µ%G'( &M1 SC-C)&CM1, )K1"C ,
JC*.5 µ"5 3-'2&'5. 9K1"C "c&%5 3'Q 3"#"µ%1'(1 FG")0 µ'1"JC*%5•
8'2G)5 *"0 YD#C&)5 G"B/1)(&C*%5, $).3)µ3&)5.
=. -(3/#., 3"#' L-" "c&D, )K1"C L&C J%1 m-*Q'(1 &41
3#'G'S4 &M1 3'--M1 1)')--41+1• J%1 &'Q5 $%-B'(1, J%1 &'Q5
G(B*C1'21, JC.&C J%1 3#'G)3D$/G"1 3'&% &'(5 1D &05 3-/GCDG'(1.
!C$"1M5 -.B+ RB1'0"5 z v3-O5 R3'G&#'PO5 z µ)&"--"BO5 &M1
G(1)CJ4G)+1.
˜,&C *"0 „1 G(µH"01/, )K1"C R1"µPCGH4&/&" J)EBµ" $-CH)#O5
*)1.&/&'5 &. 1D &05 RB1'O *"1)05 *"0 1D «F#+&'&#'3O», *D3'&) *"0
F3CJ)C*&C*D, µ% *D3'C)5 „--)5 P&C"GCJ+µ%1)5, R3'*#'(G&C*%5
«<)C#O1)5».
˜&"1 L-'C, '^ &'2 ™#"0'( *"0 &'2 n#$'2 :.B'( F#"G&%5,
F*P#DW'(1 R1)3CPQ-"*&" &.1 $"(µ"Gµ. &'(5 BCD L-" R1)V"C#%&+5
&D F3C&)QBµ"&" &'2 m--/1C*'2 P+&.5 *"0 T#S+1&"C FJM
R3#.G*-/&'C, )c-"H)E5 3#'G*(1/&%5 &'(, J%1 µi5 3)#C3'C)E
IJC"0&)#/ &Cµ4 &. 1D R1"W/&'2µ) *"C1'Q#BC" 3#.&(3". Z%1 TS'(µ)
-.B'(5 „--+G&) 1D µCµ'Qµ)$" *"1%1" z 1D W/&'2µ) V%1)5
54
"RµPC%G)C5", R*"-"0G$/&)5 *"0 )c&)-)E5 3#'*)Cµ%1'( 1D
F3CJ)CS$'2µ).
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J0J+1&"C &X#" R#S"E" m--/1C*D e1.µ"&" G&.1 m--"JC*. SM#'.
8% FB*Q*-C' &. !"&#C"#S)E' R3"B.#)(G) &41 e1'µ"&'$)G0"
R#S"0+1 m--/1C*M1 e1'µD&+1, $)+#M1&"5 &/1 R$)xG&C*4 F1%#B)C".
<&41 _Q3#' BQ#+ G&. 1900 – µ% &41 †J#(GC L-' *"0 3)#CGG'&%#+1
GS'-)0+1 – „#SCG"1 1D R1"W/&'21 &05 #0W)5 &+1, *"0 G&. 3-"0GC'
"c&. r e1'µ"&'$)G0" &M1 R#S"0+1 m--/1C*M1 e1'µD&+1 k&' 3'-Q
GQ1/$)5 P"C1.µ)1'. @cJ%3'&) F*J.$/*) G&41 _Q3#' G(1'JC*4
FB*Q*-C'5 )€&) 73%# )€&) *"&D &O5 e1'µ"&'$)G0"5.
d e1'µ"&'$)G0" G&'Q5 jH#"0'(5 FB01)&' F1 G(1J("GµM µ%
&41 3)#C&'µ4. <&.1 Y#CG&C"1CGµ. – &. 9cS'-.BC' &O5 ]**-/G0"5 –
$%-)C &4 µ"E" – &41 eBJ./ rµ%#" – 1D 3#'GDB/ &. H#%P'5 G&41 3Q-/
&'2 1"'2 – fSC F1&.5, *"$.&C RHD3&CG&'1 – BCD 1D *"&"GP#"BCG$O
R3. &.1 ^)#%" µ% f1'µ" R3'J)*&. R3. &'Q5 B'1)E5, R--D *"0 R3.
&.1 G)H"G&. *Q*-' &M1 vB0+1. d 3#'Œ3.$)GC5 "c&4 J/µC'(#B)E &.
67
G'H"#. F#X&/µ": @,8&5 \+ *Y2 d%%V212 8Vµ6#" Z+&;&.2 89
+"="#] g%%)25+, b2&µ"; @Y' X)%7265' Z+,µ) ?%%)2 49#&2*"'
W&.X"}+, † #1µ"}+, b2&µ"; P"$ 89 -&5,2 =] +"*"%&^$8)' *V2
6f=;2), :*"2 S S%5+$" *&> n"-*5p&µ92&. X92 \-5*#9-) Z2*$X#"85;
<(µ3-/#X1'1&"C J(.µCG/ J)*")&0)5 RP' L&'( FV)J.$/ ,
«Z"(-.5» *"0 «F##0P$/ , G3.#'5» µCi5 31)(µ"&C*O5
F3"1"G&DG)+5. Š#SCG) F* 1%'( r R1"W4&/GC5 R#S)B.1+1 #CWM1 *"0
r F3"1)*&0µ/GC5, r F3"1)--41CGC5. 9K1"C P"C1.µ)1' 3'Q G3"10+5
F3"1"-"µHD1)&"C &D &)-)(&"E" JQ' SC-CDJ)5 S#.1C". |"01)&"C 3X5
„#SCG) zJ/ R#"CD r H-DG&/GC5 *"0 r R1DG&"GC5 F-30J+1. A
µ)&%3)C&" S#.1'5 $D *"&"J)0V/ &41 3'#)0".
_D3'&) r F3C-'B4 e1.µ"&'5 G(1)J%)&' µ% T$Cµ", 3#'-4g)C5
*"0 J)CGCJ"Cµ'10)5. <&41 R#S"0" j--DJ" FP/#µ.W)&' r F3%&)C'5 &O5
Z)*D&/5, U5 G3'(J"C'&%#" &M1 m'#&M1 &M1 R1"P)#'µ%1+1 G&4
B%11/GC. <&05 3&+S.&)#)5 'I*'B%1)C)5 G(1J("W.&"1 µ% &D
NµPCJ#.µC". _"&D &41 Z)*D&/1 F&)-)E&' G&. G30&C r &)-)&4 &O5
e1'µ"&'J'G0"5 3"#'(G0" G(BB)1M1 *"0 P0-+1, 3'Q TP)#"1 &D
B)1%$-C" JM#" z e3&4#C" (FP' LG'1 &.&) 3#+&.H-)3"1 &.
1)'B%11/&'). ]J0J)&' &. f1'µ" &'2 H#%P'(5 *"0 F3"*'-'($'2G"1
$(G0)5 R1"0µ"*&'C *"0 3"#D$)GC5 J)031'( µ% G(µ3.GC' µ%S#C
3#+Ž"5. <&. 3#M&' R3. &D „##)1" z $4-)" &%*1" TJCJ"1 &. f1'µ"
&'2 3"33'2 z &O5 BC"BCi5 R3. &41 3-)(#D &'2 3"&%#".
68
NP' L&'( , Y#CG&C"1CGµ.5 *"&%G&/ F30G/µ/ $#/G*)0" &'2
*#D&'(5 3#'&CµM1&"C &D S#CG&C"1C*D -)B.µ)1" e1.µ"&". !'-Q
3)#CGG.&)#' J% L&"1 r F1&'-4 k&"1: «F5 TJ"P'5 P%#)C1» &.1
N#S"C')--/1C*. !'-C&CGµ.. =.&) r $Q#"$)1 !"CJ)0" k&"1
R3.H-/&/ *"$X5 *"0 &D FV "c&O5 3#')#S.µ)1" e1.µ"&". 8)&D &41
3&MGC &'2 y(W"1&0'( k&"1 -'BC*. 1D 3#'%#S+1&"C &D e1.µ"&" F*
&'2 SX#'( &/5. ŠB1+G&' 3"#"µ%1)C R*.µ" – BCD µ%1" – 3.&)
73)CGO-$"1 &D I'(J"x*D. ]30 3"#"J)0Bµ"&C: !M5 µ)&)&#D3/ ,
3#'P4&/5 \-0"5 G% ’BC'1 \-0"1 (’/–:Ci5!) *"0 &. f1'µ" \-0"5
J0J)&"C U5 S#CG&C"1C*.; 3m5&-#,86+*& – r1' -6#$6#^& – -"#"µ9265
*&>*&: o2Y Z-"^&#6;&2*"2 *] Z#U"5&6%%)25+] <2,µ"*" i'
6WX1%&%"*#5+] (ZX5+"5&%&^V*1') "fm"2,*"2 8.26UY' T Z#5=µ,'
*Y2 6W86#U&µ9212 W&.X"}+Y2. 80" F30G*)gC5 G&. m'#&'-.BC' $D µ%
F3"-/$)QG/. !)#CGG.&)#' J% r GQB*#CGC5 µ% 3"-"C.&)#'
rµ)#'-.BC'. ='2&' ,µ'CDW)C µ% &41 *'Gµ'$)+#0" &O5 3#X/1
G'GC"-CG&C*O5 <'HC)&C*O5 j1XG)+5, 3'Q F1M T*-)CG) – µ% &41
F3C*#D&/G0 &/5 – L-)5 &05 S#CG&C"1C*%5 F**-/G0)5, 3"#"J.V+5
"•V/G) &.1 R#C$µ. &M1 I'(J"x*M1 G(1"B+BM1! (d 3"#"J'V'-'B0"
G(1)S0W)&"C µ%S#C &M1 rµ)#M1 µ"5, 3'Q &41 «S#CG&C"1C*4
G(µ3)#CP'#D» JC"GXW'(1(!) '^ S#CG&C"1'µ"#VCG&%5 *"$X5 *"0 '^
S#CG&C"1'"*#'J)VC'0...).
69
N#S"C')--/1C*D e1.µ"&" FJ0J'1&' -0B' 3#01 R3. &41
]$1)B)#G0". bS'1&"5 Fµ3#.5 &'( &.1 N1J#'2&G', R3'#)E , N-O
3"Gi5: «!+*19, µ"5*, +* /*1- I36++*9. JK D#/'< +'6 ;L'61 )5L9E9
M1.µ9%9. C# N%'<µ0O-%-;». !"#"&4#/G" F30G/5 3X5 *Q#C"
R#S"C')--/1C*D e1.µ"&" JC)&/#4$/G"1 U5 F3X1(µ".
n. o++%)85"8*5+9' -6#$ <2&µ"*&=68$"' \^+;+%5&5
=.1 )I*'G&.1 "IM1" – µ% FB*(*-0'(5 &/5 – r [)#D <Q1'J'5
&O5 ]**-/G0"5 &O5 j--DJ'5 J)C*1Q)C &41 3'#)0"1 &O5
e1'µ"&'$)G0"5.
«75.( %':( -=/9,-+%0%'6( @D&µ-5#'6(: !"#DB#"P'5 4 ...-P(
$9# µ.1'1 )103'L'(, M58.3'Q'( $9# R1 µ.1'1 S1'µ9 10 3#3-%9< -F(
%.1 ,9"%<O.µ-1'1 H1-6 $98'5<+µ'T "5'-/-:+-4(.» (29–10–1903,
N#C$µ.5 3#+&. 2550). «U1 µ.1'1 S1'µ9 $9# 3V N'5%9O'µ*1'6
WG#'6 3#3-%9< %'E( ,9"%<O'µ*1'<( 1&"#'<(.» (N#C$. 3#+&. 582/1–3–
1994) (]JM B01)&"C G"P45 3#'GJC'#CGµ.5 3#')-)QG)+5). =41
m3'µ%1/ JC)(*#C10W)C: «X<0 %Y( A"' )5<8. 797 (4–11–1874)
)"&G'5-:8& $9%0 %V1 ,0"%<+<1 10 3#341%9< "-5<++.%-59 %'T N1.(
M1.µ9%9 "5.( )"'D6GV1 +6GL:+-4( $9# @1 %- %Y !$$/&+#9 $9#
%'E( /&Q<95L<$'E( ,<,/#'<(... ?"4( $98'3&GZ+< %':( G'1-E( $9#
70
)193.L'6(, %0 3* M1.µ9%9 10 -[19< @$ %Z1 N'5%9O'µ*141 WG#41.
(!"#"µ%1)C , 3#'GJC'#CGµ.5). X<-6$'/:1'61 ;%+<: 1. %.1
N'5%9+µ.1 %Y( M1'µ9+%<$Y( N'5%Y(, 2. ;L-< \ L5<+%<91.( %V1
-=$9<5#91 10 G145#+& %.1 ,#'1 %'T WG#'6, 3. ;L-< )D'5µV1 10
"5'+D-:G& -F( %V1 "5'+%9+#91 %'T WG#'6 $9# 10 $9//<-5GY
-=/0,-<91». (N#C$. 3#+&. 583/2–3–1994).
@^ 3-/#'P'#0)5 BCD &41 ^G&'#C*4 FµPD1CGC &M1 $%G)+1
"c&M1 &O5 n#$'J'V0"5, 3'Q µ'2 T-)C3"1, k#$"1 &)-C*M5 µ%G" R3.
&. ZC"J0*&(' *"0 T-(G"1 *D$) R3'#0" µ'(. !"#"$%&+ *D3'C"
R3'G3DGµ"&":
«...]91-#( 3*1 "5*"-< +%0 "9<3<0 %'6 %Z1 (^//V141)
"5'G.141 10 $9/Y %0 M1.µ9%9 %'T "9%*59, %Y( µ&%*59(, %'T
"9""'T $9# %'T "5'"0""'6, )//0 9=%0 %Z1 X<$9#41 (%Y(
79/9<_( X<98V$&().» (a. Y#(G.G&.µ'5, «!)#0 *)1'J'V0"5 *"0 3M5
J)E &'Q5 B'1)E5 R1"&#%P)C1 &D &%*1"» (690) 541. 65).
^. u \2"2*$&2 *Y2 d%%V212 =985'
d $%GC5 J% *"0 &. 31)2µ" – F1"1&0'1 &M1 j--41+1 –
B01'1&"C G"P%G&)#" *"&+&%#+: «...!01 3* $'<%0Q&( +%0 @13.%-59
%Z1 ^//V141, 80 3Y( %*D59 $9# +$.1& $9# %#"'%- AG<*(, )//0 +01
71
%0D'( )1'<G.µ-1'( -[19< \ /056GG9( 9=%Z1, G-µ_%'( )$9895+#-(
$9# FL`5 (;µ"6') $9# %9 3.Gµ9%0 %'6( G-µ_%9 +$'6/V$<9. !µ-E(
3*1 "959<%':µ9+%- %Y( $9%' 9=%Z1 µ0L&(...» (a. Y#(G.G&'µ'5, «905
&.1 œBC'1 …+D11/1 &.1 R3.G&'-'1 *"0 )c"BB)-CG&41» 59, 370, 7–
11).
«a+' "<. ,05,95' R19 ;81'( D9#1-%9< $9# %Y( ^//&1<$Y(
)"*L-< "9<3-#9(, %.+' /9µ"5.%-5'1... b=%.( \ ("<+%.() ,05,95'(
%V1 'F$'6µ*1&1 \/0$-5& $9%*/9,-... $9# @1Z "01%9 %0 %Z1
^//V141 +,V1'61 $9# )D91#O'1%9<, %':%'6 (%'T "<+%'T ,95,05'6
%0 ;5G9) $98' N$0+%&1 /9µ"5.%-59 G#1'1%9<.» (a. Y#(G.G&'µ'5,
«9I5 …+D11/1» 59. 31. 33).
«U//&1-( $/*"%9< "0+&( G59DY(.» (_-4µ/5 N-)V"1J#)0"5 –
<&#+µ"&)E5, 1.5.). _"0 &. R30G&)(&' Fµ3"$%5: (="&C"1.5, µ%B"5
R3'-'B/&45): «JK U//&1-( 'c%- -[L91 'c%- 3&µ<':5G&+91 %#"'%9
3<$. %'6(, )//0 ?/9 %0 "95*/9,91 )". %':( ,95,05'6(, µ.1' $9#
µ.1' G<0 10 "5'Q-1V+'61 $9$..» («!#.5 ‡--/1"5»).
N#1'2µ"C 1D G(1)S0G+ &41 3"#D$)GC1 R3'G3"GµD&+1 *"0
R1"P+1M: «Y"E#), r &M1 N$/1"0+1 &D5 3-'*D5 JC"G3MG"... Y"E#),
r &'Q5 PC-'G.P'(5 RG.P'(5 J)C*1Q'(G".»!!! !'C.5 -)C)B*%P"-'5
F3Cµ%1)C G&41 {3"#VC &'2 j--/1'S#CG&C"1C*'2 !'-C&CGµ'2; ='2
RV0W)C r ...3#'&#'34: !#.S1( e-%G$"C!
72
(</µ)0+GC5 JC*4 µ"5: d P#DGC5 «!#.S1( e-%G$"C» G/µ"01)C:
1D 3%G/ *"&D BO5 *"0 1D S"$O, 1D S"$O G% *"&DG&"GC
B'1"&0Gµ"&'5, J/-"J4 G% R$-0" *"&DG&"GC *"0 µ)&"P'#C*M5: 1D
S"$O F1&)-M5, 3"1&)-M5, &)-)0+5. !#.S1(• (F30##.) = µ% &D B.1"&"
3#.5 &D Fµ3#.5, «G&D B.1"&"», B'1"&CG&D. n-%G$"C• (R3#P.
R'#0G&'( H' &'2 #. f--(µ"C = SD1'µ"C).
d R-4$)C" 3'Q *#Q3&'(1 &D e1.µ"&" J(1"&.1 1D B01/ *"0
&Cµ+#.5 "c&M1 3'Q &D 3#'G%H"-"1. !"#"+*)#58*5+, -"#]X65^µ"
*, b2&µ" ~&.%5"2,': @&%%&$ *, 8.µ-#&49#&.2 µ9 *, \-$=6*&
«-"#"n]*)'». 384"%Y' :8&5 X92 Z^2&&>2 *$ 8)µ"$265 ~&.%5"2,'
(`2X&m&' i' ~&;%5&' P"c8"#) +"*"%"n"$2&.2 *$ ‚*"2 T 8-&.X"c&'
"f*,' "f*&+#]*&#"' – +"$ *$ X92 ‚*"2 – bU5 -"#"n]*)', Z%%]
`2X&m&'.
!"#D &41 µ"*#.S#'1/ *"$C%#+GC (R3. &4 8($'-'B0")
e1'µD&+1 G&41 R#S"C.&/&", G(1)SM5 R1%*(3&"1 *"C1'Q#BC".
|)CJ0"5 G/µ"01)C P)CJ+-.5. !#"VC&%-/5 = J/µC'(#B.5 &)-)0'(,
nJ(GG)Q5 = 3'-(µ"$45, !/1)-.3/ = 3CG&4 R--D *"0 "c&4 3'Q
{P"C1) *"0 FVQP"C1) *"0 „--". !'C.5 -'C3.1 3#'%H-)g) &05
J(1"&.&/&)5 &'2 e1'µ"&CW'µ%1'( R&.µ'(, •G&) 1D *Dµ/ "c&41 *"0
fSC „--/ F3C-'B4 e1.µ"&'5, 3'Q G&4 G(1%S)C" F3"-/$)Q)&"C;
73
•G+5 &D µ($C*D e1.µ"&" FJ.$/G"1 µ)&%3)C&", ,3.&)
3#'GJC'#0W'(1 &D „&'µ" µ% &41 JC"B#"P)EG" 3'#)0" &+1. =D
^G&'#C*D Lµ+5; Z%1 R1"P%#'µ"C H)H"0+5 G&.1 !-D&+1", 3'Q &.
f1'µD &'( )K1"C J)Q&)#' (3-"G&.) *"0 3#'GJC'#0W)C &. )c#Q µ%&+3'
z G&%#1'. Š--+G&) *"0 &. 3#M&' &'( f1'µ" N#CG&'*-O5 = , TS+1
R#0G&/1 J.V"1, JC*"C'-'B)E &41 3'#)0" &'( s+5 G4µ)#". A !)#C–
*-O5 Lµ+5 «3)#CHD--)&"C µ% J.V"» *"0 'cJ)05 &. R#1)E&"C. =. "c&.
R3"1&i&"C G&41 R3'*+JC*'3'0/GC *"0 &M1 „--+1 m--/1C*M1
e1'µD&+1 ».
_+1G&"1&E1'5 ˆ"#W"µ30J/5
74
(!)#C'JC*. «Z;?:@<», &)2S'5 281, …'(10'( 2005)
4. a2&µ"*&X&8$" – a2&µ"*&-%"8$"
«N3. &4 G(1%1&)(VC 3'Q 3"#"SX#/G) , FV%S+1 *"0
G(µ3"$%G&"&'5 *"--C&%S1/5 O5]22)' ‡&.^"29%)' G&.
«Z"(-.» (&)2S'5 o')µH#0'( 2003) G&"S('-'BM: «o^7 6hµ"5
n"-*58µ92&' ~1]22)', =] †=6%" 2] %9^1µ"5 @%]*12, Z%%] µ&>
`X18"2 gn#"}+, b2&µ"».
_"0 -'C3.1; =0 µi5 Fµ3'J0W)C, RB"3/&.&"&) *Q#C)
ˆ'(B"1%-/, 1D R--DV'(µ) &. f1'µD µ"5 G% m--/1C*.; •, R*.µ"
*"-Q&)#", 1D 3-DG'(µ) µ.1'C µ"5 &. m--/1C*. f1'µ" 3'Q µi5
&"C#CDW)C, 3'Q µi5 F*P#DW)C; Š5 $(µ/$'2µ) µ.1'1 L&C '^
3#'S#CG&C"1C*'0 ‡--/1)5, „1 *"0 R#*)&D m*"&'µµQ#C" &.1
R#C$µ.1, J%1 )KS"1 F30$)&". !#.5 &0; 9KS"1 &.G" m*"&'µµQ#C"
J(1"&.&/&)5 G(1J("GµM1 -/µµD&+1, 3'Q, „1 *"0 S+#05
`-)*&#'1C*'Q5 73'-'BCG&%5, &. *D$) 1)'B%11/&', SD#C5 G&4
P"1&"G0" *"0 &05 „#CG&)5 F&(µ'-'BC*%5 B1XG)C5 &M1 B'1%+1,
T3"C#1) &. *"C1'Q#BC' &'( f1'µ", µ'1'-)*&C*. *"0 )•/S', G%
R1"B1X#CGC &O5 73)#'SO5 &O5 j--/1C*O5 q-XGG"5 R1D &41 7P4-C'
75
*"0 G% R1&CJC"G&'-4 3#.5 &D 3'-(-)*&C*D e1.µ"&" „--+1 -"M1
(_C1%W'C, …1JCD1'C, Nµ)#C*"1'0 *-3.).
!"0#1+ BCD 3"#DJ)CBµ" &. 73%#'S' f1'µ"
«]3"µ)C1X1J"5», 3'Q TP)#) , 3"&%#"5 µ'(, *"0 F1 G(1)S)0" , BC.5
µ'(, G&.1 ,3'E'1 *"0 &. R1%-(G": ]3 – Rµ)01+1 – Ji5, r Ji5 (,
J"(-.5) 3#.5 &" *"-Q&)#".
hgCµ" 3%#(GC, G&D mV41&" µ'( S#.1C", µ'2 GP/1X$/*) r
IJ%" 1D 3)&DV+ &. «y"G0-/5» 3'Q µ% HD3&CG"1 *"0 1D &.
R1&C*"&"G&4G+ µ% s1" 1%', 3'Q T3-"G" µ.1'5 µ'( U5 mVO5: ˆ9 – ao,
FV 'ž *"&D 3iG"1 3C$"1.&/&" *"0 &. ˆ9 – ?<, *"0 9pto =
RB"3M1 (G% R1X&)#/ µ'#P4 – r -%VC5 RBD3/ )K1"C R1)3"#*45). =0
3#'*Q3&)C; ˆ9 – 9pto = ˆ9apto. ;c&'1'µDG&/*" ˆ)0#+1 *"0
„#SCG" 1D 73'B#DP+ GD1 ˆ)0#+1: ;c&.5 3'Q RB"3D)C &4 ˆ+4 *"0
&.1 (P(GC*.) $). &/5.
=0 $D R1&Cµ)&+30G+, L&"1 *D3'&) F3CG&#%g+ G&41 j--DJ",
J%1 &. B1+#0W+. 8% &0 JC"JC*"G0)5 J/-"J4 $D µ3-%V+, BCD 1D
3'-C&'B#"P/$M µ% &. 1%' µ'( f1'µ". ˜µ+5 G4µ)#" )Kµ"C 3'-Q
)c&(S45 *"0 J%1 JCG&DW+ 1D 3#'&#%g+ &'Q5 T--'B'(5 <(1%--/1)5,
*"&' R#SD5 G(1"1"B1MG&)5 &'2 «Z"(-'2», 1D 3#DV'(1 &. €JC'.
J&%µe8*6, 29&5, `%%&^&5 H.29%%)26', 45%,%&^&5, 80]+5'
\^^,25" *&> @%]*12&', \^6#=e*6. ƒ8&5 \m xµY2 6WX5+6.µ92&5
8*V2 \*.µ&%&^$" – ^%188&%&^$" -#&849#6*6 *$' x-)#68$6' 8"',
76
6h2"5 -&%;*5µ6' 8Vµ6#". t^e*6 Z-, *V 8+5], &[ F6&9%%)26' 8l'
`U&.2 Z2]^+), ^5] 2] *&;' n&)=V86*6 2] Z%%]m&.2 *] gn#"}+]
<2,µ"*" 89 6f+%6e Z#U"5&6%%)25+]».
ˆ)0#+1 – y"G0-/5 _'QH"#'5
Tulear, 8"J"B"G*D#/
77
EABDH (AMJABD
GFGNDBG HJCH @BDODFCPAH GQCAH
o-$+%)85' *Y2 g%%)25+Y2 Zm5Y2 \+ n]=&.'
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$D H'/$4G'(1 G&41 R3"--"B4 &O5 31)(µ"&C*O5 µ"5 "c&'&%-)C"5
97
R3. R1)3C$Qµ/&)5 3#'Gµ)0V)C5 *"0 F3C##'%5 *"0 $D JXG'(1 &%-'5
G&41 *(#C"#S0" &O5 S(J"C.&/&'5.
9K1"C B)B'1.5 L&C 3-)EG&'C 1)'%--/1)5 TS'(1 F$CG$O G%
F*P(-CGµ%1'(5 z „--'(5 *"C1'P"1)E5 &Q3'(5 e1'µD&+1, U5 *"0 &.
L&C F-DSCG&" R3. &D R#S"E" m--/1C*D e1.µ"&" B1+#0W'(1 '•&)
)K1"C G% $%GC 1D &D JC"*#01'(1 R3. &D 1)X&)#" z &D V%1", R*.µ/ J%
RJ(1"&'21 1D F*&Cµ4G'(1 &41 RV0" &'(5 *"0 1D *"&"1'4G'(1 &41
R1"B*"C.&/&" BCD &41 F3"1)--41CGC &O5 e1'µ"&'$)G0"5 µ"5.
80" GQ1&'µ/ R1"P'#D m3'µ%1+5 G&D IJC"0&)#"
S"#"*&/#CG&C*D &'(5 $)+#)E&"C S#4GCµ/, JCD &.1 -.B'1 L&C )K1"C
FV.S+5 F1JC"P%#'1&", J/-+&C*D &O5 B'/&)0"5 &'(5 *"0 &O5
«)cB)1'25» *"&"B+BO5 &'(5.
98
1. O625+] U"#"+*)#58*5+]
A j--/1C*.5 :.B'5 FJ/µC'Q#B/G) @c#D1C)5 ƒ).&/&)5
(GQµH'-" P(GC*O5 *"0 R1+&%#"5 31)(µ"&C*O5 J(1Dµ)+5), G&05
,3'E)5 TJ+G) e1.µ"&" µ% µ(G&/#C"*4 T11'C" *"0 G/µ"G0", *"$X5
*"0 3'--%5 „--)5 F30B)C)5 ƒ).&/&)5 µ% FV"0GC" e1.µ"&".
d m--/1C*4 JC"1./GC5, BCD 1D µ3'#%G/ 1D *#"&4G/ W+1&"14
&41 R1Dµ1/GC G&D J#Xµ)1" &O5 3"-"Ci5 F3'SO5, 3'Q FSD$/*) µ%
&'Q5 *"&"*-(Gµ'Q5 &'2 ŸBQB'( *"0 &'2 Z)(*"-0+1'5,
FJ/µC'Q#B/G) µ% &.1 3#'P'#C*. -.B' &.1 m--/1C*. 82$'. A
82$'5 G&D 3#.G+3", &'Q5 r#+xGµ'Q5 *"0 &D 3"$4µ"&" &M1
*"&+&%#+1 ƒ)'&4&+1, &D e1.µ"&" &M1 ,3'0+1 TS)C JC"GXG)C,
3)#C%S)C *#(3&'B#"P/µ%1)5 &05 R-4$)C)5 R3. &05 3#'B'1C*%5 #0W)5,
BCD 1D JC"C+1CG$'21 G&05 m3.µ)1)5 B)1)%5 *"0 F3'S%5.
@^ B)1)"-'BC*'0 ^G&'0 F30G/5 &M1 j--41+1 TS'(1 R#S4 (#0W"
*"&"B+BO5 &'(5) R3. &'Q5 ƒ)'Q5 *"0 3"#'(GCDW'(1 IJC"0&)#'
F1JC"P%#'1.
om "f*Y2 Z2*5%"µn"2,µ6=" *, n]=&' *Y2 2&)µ]*12 *Y2
Z#U"$12 g%%)25+Y2 <2&µ]*12, -]#" -&%%] \+ *Y2 T-&$12 6h2"5
<2,µ"*" =6Y2 +"$ =6"52Y2 (=9"52" = =6]), -"5X5Y2 *Y2 =6Y2,
u#"+%65XY2 (-"5X5Y2 *&> u#"+%9&.'), -"5X5Y2 *&> R.+]&2&',
*&> E$21&', *&> @#5]µ&., <2,µ"*" 3#^&2".*Y2, u#712,
99
O5^]2*12, J5*]212, P62*";#12, <2,µ"*" E&.8Y2, F.µ4Y2,
H65#V212, !"#$*12 +"$ w%%12, :-1': @%65]X12 (=.^"*9#12 *&>
s*%"2*&' +"$ *e' @%65,2)'), ("2"ŠX12 (=.^"*9#12 *&> ("2"&>),
L68-5]X12 (=.^"*9#12 *&> L68-$&.), 3µ"p,212 (=.^"*9#12 *&>
s#61' +"$ *e' 2;µ4)' Ž#µ&2$"'), F)#)ŠX12 (=.^"*9#12 *&>
F)#91'), 0+6"2$X12 +"$ F"}]X12 (=.^"*9#12 *&> 0+6"2&>) +%-.
n1.µ"&" 3'Q kG"1 *'C1D *"&D &. 3-)EG&'1 G% L-" &D
m--/1C*D P2-", L3+5 '^ !)-"GB'0, Z#Q'3)5, NS"C'0 – Z"1"'0,
;I'-)E5, •+1)5, Z+#C)E5, 8"*)J.1)5, ƒ#i*)5, |#QB)5, 8(#µCJ.1)5,
…--(#C'0 *-3. =M1 j--41+1 J/-"J4 &'2 G/µ)#C1'2 j--"JC*'2
SX#'(, &O5 …+10"5 *"0 &O5 3%#"1 "c&O5 ]BBQ5 N1"&'-O5, &O5
e1'µ"G&O5 =#'0"5, &M1 3)#C'SM1 &'2 9cV)01'( !.1&'(, &M1
!"#"J'(1"H0+1 3)#C'SM1, &O5 y'#)0'( NP#C*O5, &O5 …&"-0"5, &O5
1'&0'( q"--0"5, &O5 …H/#C*O5 S)#G'14G'(, &M1 y#)&&"1C*M1 14G+1,
&O5 $#(-C*O5 N&-"1&0J'5 *"0 &.G+1 „--+1 R3. &D m*"&'1&DJ)5
m*"&'µµQ#C" &M1 R1$#X3+1 F*)01+1, 3'Q TW/G"1 G% L-'(5 &'Q5
SX#'(5 &'2 R#S"0'( m--/1C*'2 *.Gµ'(, BQ#+ R3. &4 8)G.B)C'
ƒD-"GG" *"0 3'-Q 3%#" R3. "c&41, G% L-)5 &05 `3)0#'(5 &'2
3-"14&'(.

100
˜3+5 $D JC"3CG&XG'(µ) G&4 G(1%S)C", &D R#S"E" m--/1C*D
e1.µ"&" TS'(1 &%-)C" R3.J'GC &'2 1'4µ"&.5 &'(5 *"0 &41 IJC"0&)#/
PC-'G'P0" &'(5, „1 µ3'#'2µ) 1D S#/GCµ'3'0/G'(µ) &41 T*P#"GC.
d "€G$/GC5 "c&4 J/µC'(#B)E&"C "c&'µD&+5 R3. &41 3#X&/
F3"P4 µ"W0 &'(5. _D$) s1" R3. "c&D R3'31%)C &. JC*. &'(
«„#+µ"», L3+5 &D FB%11/G) «r B-MGG" &M1 $)M1» *"0 µ% &D ,3'E"
F*.Gµ/G) &.1 F30B)C' 3"#DJ)CG. &/5.
101
2. o-$ µ9#&.' U"#"+*)#58*5+]
". J] <2,µ"*" Z2X#Y2
A Z# !"1. a. _(#C"*.3'(-'5, «;pY;aO 9::>oa_@
Za_;a@», F*J. <QBS#'1/ ]*J'&C*4, N$41", G)-. 143–145,
G/µ)CX1)C:
«=. H"GC*. S"#"*&/#CG&C*. &M1 R#S"0+1 m--/1C*M1
e1'µD&+1 k&"1 &. GQ1$)&' "c&M1, µ% 3#M&' z J)Q&)#' G(1$)&C*.
G(14$+5 &05 -%V)C5, 3'Q FG4µ"C1"1 R#)&%5, ^*"1.&/&)5, RV0)5,
IJC.&/&)5 *-3.».
!"#"J)0Bµ"&":
3#58*&–*-O5, N#CG&'–&%-/5, N#CG&.–H'(-'5, N#0G&–"#S'5.
s#U1: N#S%–G&#"&'5, N#S0–-'S'5, N#S%–-"'5, N#SC–µ4J/5, N#S0–
J"µ'5.
32]881 (= H"GC-)Q+): N1"V–"B.#"5, N1"VC–µ%1/5, N1"V0µ–"1J#'5,
NG&(–D1"V.
102
3%+V (= JQ1"µC5): N-*C–HCDJ/5, N-*0–P#+1, N-*C–JDµ"5, N-*0–
1''5 (= , J(1"&.5 G&.1 1'2), N-*"–µ%1/5, N-*–µ"0+1.
s^1: NB/G0–-"'5, NB/G0–3'-C5, NB/G0–G&#"&'5, NG&(–DB/5, ƒ)D–
B/5, BC5, NB41+# (= , „B+1 &'Q5 „1J#)5) .
32V#: N1J#'–*-O5, N1J#.–1C*'5, =%#3–"1J#'5, :QG–"1J#'5,
N1J#%"5.
3^&#]: NB'#D–*#C&'5, N#CG&–"B.#"5, !#+&–"B.#"5, ZC–"B.#"5,
!($–"B.#"5.
(eµ&' (Jiµ'5 J+#CG&0): Z/µ'–G$%1/5, Z/µ.–*#C&'5, Z/µ'–PM1,
Z/µ.–1C*'5, Z/µ.–P"1&'5, Z/µ.–J'*'5, Z"µ'–*-O5.
Af=;': 9c$Q–P#+1, 9c$Q–J/µ'5, 9c$Q–H'(-'5, 9c$(–*-O5.
A•: 9•–H'(-'5, 9•–J'V'5, 9•–µ'-3'5, 9c–*#D&/5, 9c–4µ)#'5, 9c–
J"0µ+1, 9•–3'-C5.
L6,': ƒ).–PC-'5, ƒ).–*#C&'5, ƒ)–"0&/&'5 (= , "I&/$)05 R3. &. ƒ).),
ƒ).–J'&'5, ƒ).–3'µ3'5, ƒ).–J+#'5.
103
•--&': [33.–-(&'5, [33'–*#D&/5, |0-–C33'5, wD1$–C33'5, 8)-D1–
C33'5.
AhX&' (= G&. )KJ'5, , BC.5): N#CG&–)0J/5, N1J#'–*-)0J/5, :)+1–0J"5,
!)-'3–0J"5, 9cµ'-3–0J/5.
P#"*Y: <+–*#D&/5, :"'–*#D&/5, N#CG&'–*#D&/5, j#µ'–*#D&/5.
P#$21: _#C&.–-"'5, _#C&.–H'(-'5, n1'µD–*#C&'5, ƒ).–*#C&'5,
_#0&+1.
P%9&' (= J.V"): _-).–H'(-'5, _-).–1C*'5, _-%+1, !)#C–*-O5 (= ,
&#CG%1J'V'5), |C-'–*-O5, N#CG&'–*-O5, _-)–"1J#0J"5, !D&#'–*-'5.
P>X&' (= J.V"): ƒ'(–*(J0J/5 (= &'2 ƒ)'2 r J.V"), |)#)–*QJ/5,
_(J–"$/1"E'5.
R",': :"'–µ%J+1, :".–1C*'5, Y"#0–-"'5, NB/G0–-"'5, 8)1%–-"'5.
R;+) (= PM5): :(*D+1 (= , P+&)C1.5), :(*–'2#B'5 (= , 3#D&&+1
-"µ3#D T#B"), :(*.–P#+1 (= , -"µ3#D P#'1M1), :(*'–µ4J/5 (= ,
-"µ3#M5 G*)3&.µ)1'5).
104
R;1: :QG–"1J#'5, :(G0–µ"S'5, :(G0–G&#"&'5.
E6X91 (= G*%3&'µ"C, e#$'P#'1M): N-*C–µ%J+1, :(*'–µ4J/5, :"'–
µ%J+1, !"-"–µ4J/5 (= , G'P.5 FP)(#%&/5, , J)VC'&%S1/5).
F5+Y: oC*.–-"'5, oC*0"5, o0*–"1J#'5, oC*–D1+#, oC*.–G&#"&'5.
Q92&': w)1'–PM1, w)1'–*#D&/5, w)1'–PD1/5, N#CG&.–V)1'5.
J5µY: =Cµ'–-%+1, =Cµ.–$)'5, =Cµ"–B%1/5, =Cµ'–*#D&/5.
N5%Y: |C-.–-"'5, |C-'–3'0µ/1, |C-'–*-O5, |C-.–G&#"&'5, |C-.–
J/µ'5.
n. J] <2,µ"*" ^.2"5+Y2
=D e1.µ"&" 3'Q TJC1"1 G&05 *.#)5 &'(5 kG"1 z GQ1$)&",
L3+5 &M1 R1J#M1 (3.S. ˆ/1'H0", d#'P0-/, ƒ)"1X, _-)'10*/,
ZC'&0µ", 8)-CGGD1$/, @I1X1/, Y"#0*-)C", :"'J0*/ *-3.) z &D
3)#CGG.&)#" v3-i, J/-+&C*D SD#C&'5, R#)&O5, $)-*&C*.&/&'5 *-3.,
L3+5, 3.S. ;€B-/, Š-*/G&C5, Nµ(µX1/ (= r Rµ.-(1&/), Š1&)C",
105
NG3"G0" (= r „VC" BCD P0-/µ"), ZCX1/, j-%1/ (= r *.#/ &'2
‰-C'(, r 3"1%µ'#P/), \-%*&#", dGC.1/, …D1$/, :CBQ", :(*0",
8(#G01/, o)P%-/, o"(GC*i, p.J/, l"*01$/, |"0J#", |C-0", |'0H/,
YD#C5 *-3.
^. J] <2,µ"*" =6Y2 +"$ =6"52Y2 +"$ S \*.µ&%&^$" *&.'
‡6;' (= , W)(B1Q+1 &D P2-" *"0 S'#/B.5 W+O5),
@&865XY2 (= , *(#0"#S'5 &M1 7JD&+1),
3-,%%12 (= , „1)( 3'--M1, , ‡1"5 $).5),
s#)' (= , *#"&)#.5),
d#µe' (= , m#µ/1)(&45 &O5 H'(-4G)+5 &'2 ZC.5),
@%&;*12 (= , 3-'(&'P.#'5) z ‹X)' (= , R+IJ)E1, , R.#"&'5),
‘4"58*&' (= , R1–D3&+1 &. 32# &M1 rP"CG&)0+1),
106
@]2 (= &. 3i1),
‘#" (= r N%#C1/),
34#&X$*) (= r R1"J($)EG" R3. &'Q5 RP#'Q5),
3=)2l (= v (r) $)E" 1')E, "c&4 3'Q F11')E &D &'2 ƒ)'2),
s#*6µ5' (= r *#"&)#4, r R&#.µ/&/ 3"#$%1'5),
()µV*)# (= r ZO ! qO 84&/#),
d8*$" (= r *'µ0G"G" &. ^)#. 'c#D1C' PM5 G&4 BO)».
8)&D R3. "c&D, „5 *D1'(µ) &41 F30G*)gC G&. SM#' 3'Q
PC-'V)1)E &D e1.µ"&D µ"5.
Š5 &D IJ'2µ).
107
G
ŠH"5 (–"1&'5)
NBD$C33'5 (–033'()
NB"$'*-O5 (–%'(5)
NBD$(#G'5
NB"E'5
NB"*-O5 (–%'(5)
NB"µ%µ1+1 (–'1'5)
NB"G$%1/5 (–'(5)
NB"G0"5 (–'()
NB"GC*#D&/5 (–'(5)
NB"G0G&#"&'5
NB%J/µ'5
NB4-'S'5 (–.S'()
NB43"&#'5
NB4G"1J#'5 (–D1J#'()
NB4G"#S'5
NB/G0"5
NB/G0J"µ'5 (–Dµ'()
NB/G0J/µ'5
NB/GC*#D&/5 (–'(5)
NB/G0-"'5
NB/GCµ%1/5 (–'(5)
NB/G01''5 (–.'()
NB/G01'5
NB/G03"&#'5
NB4GC33'5
NB/G0G&#"&'5
NB/GC&%-/5 (–'(5)
NB/G0S'#'5
ŠB/&'5
NBCµ%1/5 (–'(5)
ŠBC33'5
BC5 (–CJ'5)
NB*"E'5
109
a2,µ"*" Z2X#Y2
NB-".J+#'5
NB-"'G$%1/5 (–'(5)
NB-".P/µ'5
NB-"'PM1 (–M1&'5)
NB-"X1(µ'5
œB1C5 (–CJ'5)
NBSC*#D&/5 (–'(5)
NBS0-"'5
NBS01''5
ŠJ"G&'5
NJ)0µ"1&'5
ŠJµ/&'5
ŠJ#"G&'5
ŠJ+1C5 (–CJ'5)
N)0*-)C&'5
N)&0+1 (–+1'5)
N$Dµ"5 (–"1&'5)
N$/1"B.#"5 (–'()
N$/1.J+#'5
;ID*/5 (–)'5)
;I"*.5
;€"5 (–"1&'5)
;IB"0'S'5
;IB)0"5 (–'()
;€B)C#'5
;IB)Q5 (–%+5)
;IB0µC'5
;€BCG$'5
;IB'G$%1/5 (–'(5)
;€B(#'5
;I4&/5 (–'()
;I4&C'5
;†µ(-'5
;†µ+1 (–'1'5)
;I1)0"5
;I1/G0"5
;I1/G0J"µ'5
;I1/G0J/µ'5
;I1/G0-"'5
;I1/G03"&#'5
;I1/G0G&#"&'5
;I.-C'5
;€'-'5
;€3(&'5
110
;€G/3'5
;€G(3'5
;IGS01/5
;IGSQ-'5
;€G+1 (–'1'5)
;€G+3'5
N*DJ/µ'5
Š*"G&'5
N*)G0-"'5
*C5 (–CJ'5)
N*'(G0-"'5
N*#0"5
N*#0GC'5
N*&"E'5
N*&"0+1 (–'1'5 & –+1'5)
N*&'#0+1 (–+1'5)
N-%V"1J#'5
N-)V0"5
N-%VC33'5
N-)V0+1 (–+1'5)
Š-$/3'5
¡-Cµ4J/5 (–'(5)
¡-0'S'5
N-0P)C#'5
N-*"E'5
N-*"µ%1/5 (–'(5)
N-*%&"5 (–")
N-*%&/5 (–'()
N-*0"5
N-*CHCDJ/5 (–'()
N-*0HC'5
N-*CJDµ"5 (–"1&'5)
N-*0J"µ'5
N-*0J/µ'5
N-*0J/5 (–'()
N-*0µ"S'5
N-*Cµ%1/5 (–'(5)
N-*Cµ4J/5 (–'(5)
N-*Cµ0J/5 (–'()
Š-*Cµ'5
N-*01''5 (–.'()
N-*01'(5 (–'()
Š-*C33'5
Š-*C5 (–C'5)
111
N-*CG$%1/5 (–'(5)
N-*0P#+1 (–'1'5)
N-*µ"0+1 (–+1'5)
N-*µD1 (–i1'5)
N-*µ%+1 (–+1'5)
N-P"E'5
Nµ)C1'*-O5 (–%'(5)
Nµ'#BE1'5
NµQ1&"5
NµP4#/5 (–'(5)
NµP0"5 (–'()
NµPCJDµ"5 (–"1&'5)
NµP0J"µ'5
NµP0J/µ'5
NµP0J+#'5
NµP0$)µC5 (–CJ'5)
NµPC*#D&/5 (–'(5)
NµPC*&Q+1 (–'1'5)
NµP0-'S'5
NµPCµ%1/5 (–'(5)
NµP01'µ'5
NµP01''5
ŠµPC'5
ŠµPC&'5
NµPC&#Q+1 (–'1'5)
NµP0+1 (–'1'5)
N1"*#%+1 (–'1&'5)
N1"V"B.#"5
N1"VC*#D&/5 (–'(5)
N1"V0-"'5
N1"V0µ"1J#'5
N1"VCµ%1/5 (–'(5)
N1"VCPD1/5 (–'(5)
N1J'*0J/5
N1J#%"5 (–'()
N1J#'*0J/5
N1J#'*-O5 (–%'(5)
N1J#'*QJ/5 (–'(5)
N1J#.1C*'5
N1J#'G$%1/5 (–'(5)
N1J#X1(µ'5
N1$%"5
N1$)0"5
N1$)µ0+1 (–+1'5)
112
N1$0"5
Š1$C33'5
N1$X1C'5
N1&"B.#"5
N1&"E'5
N1&"-*0J"5
N1&)0"5
N1&41+# (–'#'5)
N1&CDJ/5
N1&0"5
N1&CB%1/5 (–'(5)
N1&0B'1'5
N1&01''5
Š1&C'5
N1&C.S/5
N1&0'S'5
N1&03"&#'5
Š1&C33'5
N1&CG$%1/5 (–'(5)
N1&CPD1/5 (–'(5)
N1&0P"5 (–"1&'5)
N1&0PC-'5
Š1&CP'5
N1&CPM1 (–M1&'5)
N1&X1C'5 (F* &'2 N1$X1C'5)
Š1(&'5
NVCX1(µ'5
N3)--O5 (–'2)
N3'--.J+#'5
N3'--X1C'5
Š#B/5 (–'(5)
N#J)0"5
Š#)C'5
N#/B.1C'5
N#/0PC-'5
N#0J/µ'5
N#01''5
N#CG&"B.#"5
N#CG&"E'5
N#0G&"1J#'5
N#0G&"#S'5
N#CG&)0J/5 (–'()
N#CG&)Q5 (–%+5)
N#0G&C33'5
113
N#CG&0+1 (–+1'5)
N#CG&.H'(-'5
N#CG&'B)0&+1 (–'1'5)
N#CG&'B%1/5 (–'(5)
N#CG&.J"µ'5
N#CG&.J/µ'5
N#CG&.J+#'5
N#CG&.*-)C&'5
N#CG&'*-O5 (–%'(5)
N#CG&'*#D&/5 (–'(5)
N#CG&.*#C&'5
N#CG&.-"'5
N#CG&'µ%1/5 (–'(5)
N#CG&'µ4J/5 (–'(5)
N#CG&.1C*'5
N#CG&.1''5
N#CG&.V)1'5
Š#CG&'5
N#CG&'&%-/5 (–'(5)
N#CG&.&Cµ'5
N#CG&'PD1/5 (–'(5)
N#CG&.P/µ'5
N#CG&.PC-'5
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3-)C'1.&/&D &'(5, µ%S#C &41 rµ%#" *"&D &41 ,3'0" FJ.$/G"1 G&'Q5
'I*CGµ'Q5, 3-41 F-"S0G&+1 FV"C#%G)+1, e1.µ"&" m--/1C*D.
!'--D R3. &D 1%" &'3+1QµC" kG"1 R#S"E" m--/1C*D *"0
)K1"C "c&D 3'Q P%#'(1 µ%S#C G4µ)#". @^ 3.-)C5 J/-"J4 *"0 &D
S+#CD 3'Q )7#0G*'1&' G&05 $%G)C5 z 3-/G0'1 &M1 $%G)+1 R#S"0+1
'I*CGµM1, T-"H"1 *"&D 3#'&0µ/GC1 &D e1.µ"&" F*)01+1, „1 *"0
R#*)&D R#S"E" &'3+1QµC" J%1 F-4P$/G"1 73' fgC1, R3"1&Xµ)1"
G4µ)#" µ.1'1 G&05 G)-0J)5 &O5 [G&'#0"5 z JC"&/#'Qµ)1" G&4 µ14µ/
&M1 e-0B+1.
238
2. d%%)2,^%188" +"$ m62,^%188"
*&-12;µ5"
]1J)C*&C*M5 3"#"$%&'(µ) GQ1&'µ'(5 301"*)5 U#CGµ%1+1
&'3+1(µ0+1 (m--/1.B-+GG+1 *"0 V)1.B-+GG+1) R3. &. SM#' &'2
1'µ'2 \-)0"5, -.B+ *"&"B+BO5 *"0 G&)1X&)#/5 GS%G)X5 µ"5 µ% &41
3)#C'S4, R3. &'Q5 ,3'0'(5 *"&"P"01)&"C r µ)&"VQ &'(5 JC"P'#D
R3. *D$) „3'gC.
=D V)1.B-+GG" (z V)1.P+1") &'3+1QµC" )K1"C L-"
*"*./S", r J% B#"3&4 R3.J'G05 &'(5 )K1"C R1"1&C##4&+5
R3'*#'(G&C*4. =. P"C1.µ)1' &'2&', *"&D-'C3' &M1 V%1+1
F3C*(#C"#SCM1, 3"#)&/#)E&', L3+5 k&"1 P(GC*., G% L-/ &41
j--DJ".
Š5 $%G'(µ) -'C3.1 &.1 JD*&(-'1 )I5 &.1 &Q3'1 &M1 •-+1.
G. – 3#U"c" g%%)25+] <2,µ"*" -,%612, +1µY2 +"$ U1#5Y2:
"') !CGi&C5 = SX#" &O5 !0G/5.
(˜-/ r 1'&0" WX1/ &O5 F3"#S0"5 \-)0"5, R3. &.1
]#Qµ"1$' 3'&"µ. µ%S#C &. _"&D*+-' *"0 &4
B)C&'1C*4 &'( R#S"0" |)CD, µ% P(GC*. L#C' 3#.5
1.&'1 &.1 3'&"µ. N-P)C.).
239
J, 3%V8.&2 +"$ 3%)8."c&2, S 3µ45X&%$" †
3µ45X&%$', S ‹#-52" +"$ ‹#-522", *, (.8-,2*5&2,
S u#]+%65", *, P5+;85&2, &[ R6*#c2&5, *] E]#^"2"
(+"$ S E"#^]%" † "[ E"#^]%"5 † *] E]#^"%"), S
@c8", S H"%µ72), S N65].

H') </µ)#C14 ]3"#S0" n-(µ30"5
(!)#C-"µHD1'(G" µ%#'5 &O5 R#S"0"5 =#CP(-0"5
SX#"5 *"0 µ%#'5 &O5 R#S"0"5 N#*"J0"5).
J, Gk-. † Gk-5&2 † q-5&2 † ”-65&2 +"$ ”-5&2, S
3%$465#" † 3%$4)#", S 3#V2), T tY%"m, *,
o-5*]%5&2, S L658,", *, L#;&2 † S L#.,688", &[
P#&.2&$, *, R9-#6&2, S E]+58*&', *, F&;X5&2, S
@;%&' (r &#CP(-C"*4 z -)3#)"&C*4), &[ @;#^&5 † T
@;#^&' (F30 &O5 J)VCi5 fS$/5 &O5 o%J"5), S H"µ$", *,
H"µ5+,2, T H+5%%&>', *, H*.%]^^5&2, "[ J.-"29"5
+"$ J.µ-"29"5, *] •-"2" † S •-"2", S N5^]%65"
† N5^"%$", S N#$m", S !"%+$'.
B' ) _'0-/ ¨-C5
(˜-/ GS)J.1 r G/µ)#C14 F3"#S0" \-)0"5 3-41 &O5
!CGD&CJ'5).
240
J, s%5&2, S 3µ.µ72), *, t&.-#]85&2, *, Af-]^5&2,
S o4;#", S –%5', "[ L"%]µ"5, S L#"58*,' † *,
L#".8*,2, S L#5&>', S P.%%V2), T R"8572 †
R"8$12, S E;#852&' † *, E.#*&;2*5&2, S DW2,)
(*"0 *"&D &. FBSX#C' `-)C"*. IJ0+µ" y'C1."), T
a-&>', S @;%&' (r `-)C"*4), S …#µ$2), *, N;m5&2.
t. – E6#5+] m62,^%188" <2,µ"*" +1µY2 +"$ U1#5Y2 -#, *e'
µ6*&2&µ"8$"' *Y2 &W+58µY2:
NB'(-C10&G", Š-H"C1", N-/&G)-)3O, yD-"*"5, yQ-CW",
qD#JC&G", q)#µ'&GD1C, qCD#µ"C1", q-"#%&W", q*'#&WCD,
ZDµCW", ZD#", ZD#JCW", Z)-4µ3"-/, ˆDS", ˆ.B*",
ˆ'(-D&C*", ˆ'2#&G", …µDµ–=G"'QG/, _"*"#'Q*",
_"-'-)&G4, _"#"B*C'2WC, _"#"*"G0µC, _"G1%GC, _.*-",
_'Q*'(#", _'Q-'(B-C, _'(µ'($%*#"5, _'(#&0*C, _#)*'2*C,
:DHJ", :"BD&'(#", :.3)GC, :'(*DHC&G", :(*'Q#)GC, 8DWC,
8"-"3DGC, 8"-0*C, 8C#D*", 8'(W0*", 8'Q1J#CW",
8'G&)10&G", 8'(G'(-'Qµ3)/, 83"-O, 83"#D*'(,
83D#&W)-C, 83DG&", 83)W"Ž&C, 83%-)GC, 83)1&%1C,
83)G)#%5, 83%S#'(, 83C&WCµ3D#&WC, 83'(*DHC&G",
241
83'(*'(()H01", 83'(#JD1'(, 83'(SCX&/, 83#D&C,
o&"'2&C, o'(GD, !"Q-C&G", !'#)&G., p)&)1&'2, p)&'21C,
p0G'H', p'B*'WC., pXµ)GC, <"#D&G/ YD1C, <)-4µ–=G"'QG/,
<)1&%x*", <C"µ3D1"B", <C1'2WC, <'#H"&WO, <'(-)xµD1"B",
<&#'H0&GC, ="&D#"-/, =W.BC", =G)-)3O, Y"-"µ3#%W",
Y"&WO.
O. – Q62,^%188" <2,µ"*" +1µY2 +"$ U1#5Y2 (1) 8*V%)) +"$ *]
8)µ6#52] Z2*$8*&5U] *&.' Z#U"c" g%%)25+] (2) 8*V%)) µ6*] *V2
µ6*&2&µ"8$" *Y2 &W+58µY2:
N-/&G)-)3O ! =. y'(3#DGC'1
Z)-4µ3"-/ ! r ]PQ#"
_'Q-'(B-C ! r @I1./
q-"#%&W" ! r _(--41/
!"Q-C&G" ! r |CBD-)C" z |CB"-0"
:DHJ" ! r ƒ)CG."
p'B*'WC. ! r N-0P)C#" z N-0P/#"
<&#'H0&GC ! &. :%3#)'1
83"#D*'( ! r 8D*CG&'5
Š-H"C1" ! r 801$/
242
=G)-)3O ! &. <"µC*.1
<'#H"&WO ! r N#41/
p0G'H' ! '^ _#'(1'0
8C#D*" ! r !EG"
_'Q*'(#" ! r <"-µX1/
8DWC ! r <*C--'(1&0" (, <*C--'25)
NB'(-C10&G" ! &. ]3C&D-C'1 (&. ƒ#Q'1 z r
ƒ#(.)GG" *"&D &'Q5 3#'xG&'#C*'Q5
S#.1'(5)
243
3. @#,8=6*" 8*&5U6c"
ZC)(*#C10W)&"C L&C G% U#CGµ%1'(5 'I*CGµ'Q5 JC)&/#4$/G"1,
BCD ^G&'#C*'Q5 -.B'(5, &D V)1.B-+GG" e1.µ"&D &'(5, L3+5 )K1"C
F30 3"#"J)0Bµ"&C, 3-41 „--+1, &. R]%" („--+5 , :D-"5), r
32X#"n$X", &. t"#=&%&µ5, *"0 r O"8*&;2), F1M R#*)&'0 „--'C,
BCD &'Q5 ,3'0'(5 J%1 G(1%&#)S"1 )IJC*'0 -.B'C BCD &41 µ4 R--"B4
&M1 e1'µD&+1 &'(5, RB1'4$/*"1 z T&(S"1 JC"P'#)&C*O5
«µ)&"S)C#0G)+5» *"0 )K1"C „B1+G&'1 3'CD *#C&4#C" F*(#CD#S/G"1
*"&D &4 GS)&C*4 JC"JC*"G0", •G&) 1D µ)01'(1 «F*&.5 1(µPM1'5»,
F*&.5 J/-"J4 &'2 B)1C*'2 µ%&#'( &O5 µ)&'1'µ"G0"5, 3'Q &41
FJC*"C'21&' *"0 "c&'0.
8% G*'3. 1D R3'PQB'(µ) µ0" F*&)1O 3"#'(G0"GC, $D
3)#C'#CG$'2µ) G% µ)#C*'Q5 FV "c&M1, &M1 ,3'0+1 &D e1.µ"&", U5
µ4 FµP"10W'1&" 'cJ% *"&’ F-DSCG&'1 m--/1.&#'3'1 S"#"*&O#",
,µC-'21 µ.1" &'(5 BCD &41 V)1C*4 «*"&"B+B4» &'(5 *"0 R3'&)-'21
S&(3/&4, R1)30&#)3&/ 3"#"P+10", L3+5 )K1"C '^: 3µ-]#5,
3#n"2$*)', t"#n]8"52", t]#X", P"-6%9*&, P"#]*&.%" †
P"#]*&.%"', P"8*#&;^+"52", P&.*8&.#&;µ-"', P#98*"52" (+"$
P#98*62"), R]*"', R"*p,}, R&.+l', E"^&;%", E&.p]+5,
E-"#"+$*5+", J85-5"2] +.w.
244
<% R1&CJC"G&'-4 µ% &D 3#')*&)$%1&", *#01'(µ) R1"B*"E' 1D
R1"P)#$'2µ) G&D 3"-"CD e1.µ"&" e-0B+1 (G(B*)*#Cµ%1+1)
'I*CGµM1, 3'Q $)+#'21&"C *"0 R3. &'Q5 IJ0'(5 &'Q5 *"&'0*'(5
&'(5, GS)J.1 G&. GQ1'-. &'(5, U5 V)1.B-+GG", F1M J%1 )K1"C, RP'2
3#.*)C&"C BCD 3"#)P$"#µ%1" m--/1.B-+GG", L3+5 )K1"C F*)E1"
3'Q TP)#"1 r 121 u#]+%65" &'2 J4µ'( N#S"0"5 n-(µ30"5 *"0 r
121 3%465&>8" &'2 J4µ'( yX-"*'5, J/-"J4 (&.) E-#&>µ" *"0 (r)
t1%]*p" R1&CG&'0S+5.
=. f1'µ" 83#'2µ" eP)0-)C &41 3#'%-)(G0 &'( G&41 {3"#VC
I"µ"&C*O5 3/BO5, 3'Q )7#0G*)&' 3"-"C.&)#" 3-/G0'1 &'2 S+#C'2
*"0 k&"1 B1+G&4 U5 t#1µ,n#.85'. j3'µ%1+5 &. f1'µ", 3'Q
3#'O-$) R3. &4 -%VC (r) n#7µ" (= J(G'Gµ0", J(G+J0"), µ%
F1JCDµ)G/ 3#'P'#D n#&;µ" *"0 &)-C*M5 (&.) E-#&>µ" U5 'I*CGµ.5
73)1$(µ0W)C 3/B%5 $)C'QS'(5.
]30G/5 &. f1'µ" y+-D&W" 73)1$(µ0W)C &41 R#S"0" 3.-C &'2
yX-"*'5 (, yM-"V), &.1 ,3'E'1 , ŠBB-'5 3)#C/B/&45 Leake
&'3'$)&)E, U5 F* &O5 ,µ'C.&/&'5 &'2 e1.µ"&'5, „1+ &O5 G/µ)#C1O5
N-P)C'QG"5.
245
EABDH JAJGBJD
HMO!BDFG APNMRCHJCPG
NGCFDEAFG
u -"#"4=&#] *Y2 <2&µ]*12
<&41 F3'S4 µ"5, F3'S4 &O5 31)(µ"&C*O5 „31'C"5 *"0 &M1
G(BSQG)+1, TS)C F*-)0g)C r 30G&C5 G&05 m--/1C*%5 RV0)5.
d F*3-/*&C*4 R#S"C')--/1C*4 e1'µ"&'3-"G0", &.1 3-'2&'
&O5 ,3'0"5 TS'(µ) G&D S%#C" µ"5, J)1 3#'G)-*Q)C &. F1JC"P%#'1
&M1 j--41+1, '^ ,3'E'C G&#%P'(1 &41 3#'G'S4 &'(5 G&D *"*O5
247
3'C.&/&'5 3#'x.1&" &O5 GQBS#'1/5 RG(1"#&/G0"5 *"0 &'2
F*P(-CGµ'2.
N3.J)CVC5 "c&'2 )K1"C r )c#)E" *"0 R1)µ3.JCG&/ S#OGC5
3"#"3'C/µ%1+1 e1'µD&+1, 3'--D R3. &D ,3'E" )K1"C
73'*'#CG&C*D z $+3)(&C*D *(#0+1 e1'µD&+1, „--" )K1"C F-"P#M5
3"#"--"Bµ%1" *"0 „--" 3"#)P$"#µ%1" 3-4#+5, G) H"$µ. 3'Q
)K1"C RJQ1"&'1 1D JC"*#01/ *"1)05 3'C%5 )K1"C '^ #0W)5 &'(5.
<% S#OGC )c#0G*'1&"C R*.µ/ 3'--D V)1.P)#&" e1.µ"&",
R3'JCJ.µ)1" µD-CG&" µ% V)10W'(G" F10'&) B#"P4 *"0 3#'P'#D,
*(#0+5 R3. µ)#0J" &'2 *"--C&)S1C*'2 *.Gµ'( *"0 &O5 «7g/-O5»
-)B'µ%1/5 *'C1+10"5, *"$X5 *"0 R3. &D 1)"#D *'#0&GC" *"0
RB.#C".
q1+G&. µC*#. *'#0&GC 3.S., 3'Q P'C&i G&. J/µ'&C*. GS'-)E'
*"0 &'2 ,3'0'( &. f1'µ" )K1"C «_(#C"*4», 3#'&CµD)C *"0 F3Cµ%1)C
1D &. R3'*"-'21 «<D1&(», L3+5 3#'P%#)&"C r RBB-C*4 -%VC5
Sunday = _(#C"*4 (r rµ%#" &O5 mHJ'µDJ'5), F3)CJ4 T&GC &. $%-'(1
€G+5 *"0 *D3'C" „--" *'#0&GC" G(1'µ4-C*D &'(!
=D F1 -.B+ e1.µ"&" )K1"C f1&+5 R1'QGC", *"*./S", P$/1D
«*"&"G*)(DGµ"&"» &O5 GQBS#'1/5 *"-"CG$/&C*O5 R1)3D#*)C"5,
3'Q J01'(1 &41 F1&Q3+GC L&C )K1"C v3-M5 R*"&D-/3&" GQ1'-"
&(S"0+1 *"0 RG(1"#&4&+1 P$.BB+1.
248
!'C.5 )K1"C G% $%GC 1D µ"1&)QG/ &41 3#'%-)(GC 3'--M1 R3.
"c&D *"0 &. IJC"0&)#' &%-'5 3D1&+1 1./µD &'(5;
=0 G/µ"01'(1 3.S. &D e1.µ"&": ŠBB", Š1&", Š&W(, yD-C",
q*%G/, ZD1/5, b-1&", bµ(, ˆ%-/, ƒ%1C", •1", _.-C"5, :D*/5,
:%1&/5, :%&/5, :0", 8D1&(, 8O&G'5, 8C*%5, 83)D&", 83%*(,
83%#/, 830", oD1G(, o&%µ/5, o&%3/, !%B*(, !%-(, !%1&W(, !%1(,
<D*/5, <%#/5, <4P/5, <'QW(, =D*/5, =D#C", =%##(, =%&", =W%G(,
=W0µ/5, =W.Œ5, =.&/5, |%1C", Y0-1&";
J, +"*]2*)µ" 6h2"5 w+#1' =%5n6#,, ^5] *,2 6WX5+7*6#&
%,^&, :*5 6kµ"8*6 &[ +%)#&2,µ&5 µ5l' 8-&.X"$"' «[6#l'
-"#"+"*"=V+)'», *V2 Zm$" *e' T-&$"' X92 µ-&#98"µ6, :-1'
4"$26*"5, 2] \+*5µV8&.µ6.
<Q1$)&" F30G/5 e1.µ"&" 3"#'(GCDW'1&"C RB1X#CG&", RP'2
J%1 JC"&/#'21 R1"--'0+&" &D G(1$)&C*D &'(5 µ%#/ z TS'(1
R3'HD-)C s1" R3. "c&D, µ% R3'&%-)Gµ" '^ 3"#)P$"#µ%1'C &Q3'C 1D
*"&"1&'21 J(G1./&'C, P"CJ#'0 *"0 „GS)&'C.
!"#"J)0Bµ"&": y"BB)-D*/5, y"BB%-/5, yDBB'5, :D*/5 (=
9c–DBB)-'5), ƒQµC'5, 8D*/5 (= 9c–$QµC'5), Z/µ/&#D*/5, Z/µ4&#/5,
Z/µ/&#.5, 8O&#'5, 8/&#'QG/5, 8O&G'5, 80µ/5, =W0µ/5 (= Z/–
µ4&#C'5), _.-C"5, :D*/5, oC*.-"5, oC*'-O5, oC*'-.5, o0*'5 (=
oC*.–-"'5), oX1&"5 (= ]3–"µ)C1X1–J"5), q.1/ (= N1&C–B.1/),
ZX#", o&.#" (= ƒ)'–JX#"), 8Cµ4, ='Q-" (= Z4–µ/&#"), !0&G",
249
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P#'GQ1/) *"0 3-)EG&" „--".
=. f1'µ" 3.S. L6,+#5*&' )K1"C GQ1$)&', R3'&)-'Qµ)1' R3.
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-%V)C5 G(1$%&'(1 &. f1'µ" L,X1#&'; ]* 3#X&/5 fg)+5 P"01)&"C,
L&C &D G(1$)&C*D &'( µ%#/ )K1"C &D $.5 + JM#'1 (JM#'1 R3. &.
#Oµ" J+#M – J+#'2µ"C = J+#0W+). _"-D &. JM#'1, R--D 3.$)1
3#'%#S)&"C r -%VC5 $.5 *"0 &0 G/µ"01)C;
<&. m--/1C*. -)VC-.BC' )K1"C ,3+GJ43'&) R1Q3"#*&/ )€&)
U5 -Oµµ" (= R#SC*4 #0W") )€&) U5 3"#DB+B'5 (= J)(&)#)Q'(G"
-%VC5). d µ.1/ 3'Q R3"1&i&"C )K1"C r -%VC5 $X5 (, $X5, B)1C*4 &'2
$+.5), r ,3'0" G/µ"01)C, U5 B1+G&.1, «&G"*D-C» *"0 J%1 B#DP)&"C
µ% fµC*#'1. N--D *"0 „1 R*.µ/ 3#M&' G(1$)&C*. &/5 k&"1 &. $X5
(,3.&) &. f1'µ" $D FµP"1CW.&"1 -'BC*D U5 ƒXJ+#'5, J/-"J4
=G"*"-.J+#'5), 3'CD GS%GC $D µ3'#'2G) 1D TS/ &. &G"*D-C/$X5 µ%
&. JM#'1;
=0 G/µ"01)C F1 &'C"Q&/ 3)#C3&XG)C &. f1'µ" ƒ.J+#'5;
ƒ.J+#'5 H%H"C" )K1"C , L6,–X1#&', f1'µ" 3'Q GS/µ"&0W)&"C R3.
&05 -%V)C5 $).5 + JM#'1, F1M &. ƒ.J+#'5 F&(µ'-'BC*M5 J%1 G/µ"01)C
&03'&).
_"0 )K1"C , ƒ).J+#'5, BC"&0 L-'C Fµ)E5 FJM G&. ..."U#"E'
j--D1&"" &(BSD1)C 1D &. V%#'(µ) "c&., R--D 3'2 $D ){#/ „*#/ ,
250
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*"$4G/ 1D R1"-QG/ &. f1'µ";
‘G&)#" )K1"C *"0 &. „--': !.G'C TS'(1 R*'QG)C 1D
3#'P%#)&"C JC"P'#)&C*D &. 3#M&' G(1$)&C*. &'2 e1.µ"&'5 "c&'2,
J/-"J4 , «$.5» R1&0 , $).5 z &'2 «$'2» R1&0 &'2 $)'2 *-3.;
q1+#0W'(µ) L-'C -0B' z 3'-Q R3. &D µ"$/&C*D µ"5 S#.1C",
L&C &. 1)#. (= &. {J+#) R3'&)-)E&"C R3. JQ' µ%#/ 7J#'B.1'( *"0
s1" µ%#'5 eV(B.1'( (, B1+G&.5 &'( &Q3'5 >
2
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R--D *D3'C" „--/ S/µC*4 s1+GC z &03'&), L3+5 R*#CHM5 G(µH"01)C
µ% &.1 ...G(µ3"$O µ"5 «ƒ.J+#'», (BCD 1" S"#C&'-'B4G'(µ) e-0B'1).
˜3+5 B01)&"C )•*'-" R1&C-/3&. R3. &. v3-. "c&.
3"#DJ)CBµ", , 3"#"3'C/µ%1'5 "c&.5 &Q3'5 &'2 e1.µ"&'5 *"0 '^
-'C3'0 3"#.µ'C'C µi5 ,J/B'21 G% -'BC*D RJC%V'J", FD1 $%-'(µ) 1D
*(#C'-)*&4G'(µ).
H.µ-6#"8µ"*5+], µ-&#&>µ6 2] 6W-&>µ6, :*5 S `+*"85' -&;
`U&.2 -]#65, *,8&2 S µ6#5+V Z%%&$185' <2&µ"*5+Y2 *;-12, :8&2
+"$ S U1#$' 8.2"$8=)85 +"$ :#5" +"*]U#)85' +"52&4"2Y2
-"#64="#µ9212 <2&µ]*12, <46$%6*"5 T-18XV-&*6 8*V2 w^2&5",
251
8*V2 Z-&.8$" 6f"58=)85Y2, 8*, 4"52,µ62& *&> ^#"5+.%58µ&> +"$
WX$1' 8*V2 `%%65j5 g%%)25+e' -"5X6$"'.
_"0 1D F#+&4G'(µ) FJM: !'C'0 JDG*"-'C *"0 3'CD m--/1C*D
(;) GS'-)E" )K3"1 3'&% G&'Q5 µ"$/&%5 &'(5, L&C, 3%#" R3. &D
GQBS#'1" e1.µ"&" 3'Q &(S"01)C 1D B1+#0W'(1, 73D#S)C s1"5
,-.*-/#'5, fµ'#P'5 *.Gµ'5 FV.S+1 e1'µD&+1, 3'Q r
R#S"C')--/1C*4 <*%gC5 µi5 3"#%J+G);
‡1"5 3'-Q&Cµ'5, R1"VC'3'0/&'5 $/G"(#.5, 3'Q &'Q5 )K1"C
s+5 &X#" „B1+G&'5;
qCD 1D V%#'(1 µ% „--" -.BC" &D 3"CJCD, L&C )K1"C *"0 JC*.5
&'(5 "c&.5 , $/G"(#.5 *"0 1D *D1'(1 "•#C', U5 •#Cµ'C 3'-E&)5, &05
F3C-'B%5 &'(5, µ%G" R3. &.1 RGQ--/3&' R#C$µ. &M1 SC-CDJ+1
U#"C'&D&+1 R#S"0+1 e1'µD&+1, GD1 "c&D 3'Q 3"#)$%G"µ) FJM, G%
IJC"0&)#' *)PD-"C' (N#S"E" m--/1C*D e1.µ"&" R1J#M1 –
B(1"C*M1).
252
@"#64="#µ92&5 *;-&5 <2&µ]*12 89 6f#6c"
U#e85
(3#U"$12 g%%)25+Y2, 261*9#12 g%%)25+Y2
+"$ m9212, ZX5"+#$*1')
8% &41 3)3'0$/GC L&C 3)#C&&)Q'(1 '^ F30 3-%'1 *#0G)C5, J%1
$D F3)*&"$'2µ) 3)#CGG.&)#'. =.1 -.B'1 TS'(1 '^ €JC'C '^
e1'µ"&C*'0 &Q3'C, BCD &'Q5 ,3'0'(5 FµC-4G"µ), µ% &4
S"#"*&/#CG&C*4 R3'*#'(G&C*4 3'-(µ'#P0" &'(5, &'Q5 ,3'0'(5 *"0
3"#"J0J'(µ) G&41 *#0GC *D$) 1'4µ'1'5 *"0 m--/1'3#)3M5
G*)3&'µ%1'( G(µ3"&#CX&'( µ"5.
@^ 301"*)5 3'Q s3'1&"C J%1 3)#C-"µHD1'(1 &. GQ1'-'1 &M1
e1'µD&+1, BCD &D ,3'E" TBC1) -.B'5.
d m--/1C*4 F-"P#.&/5 F3C1')E G(1)SM5 *"0 „--" *"0 J%1
TS)C 3"QG)C 1D «)IGDB/» Lµ'CD &'(5 R3. „--)5 SM#)5.
Š--+G&) r 3"#D$)G05 &'(5 FJM TS)C F1J)C*&C*.1 µ.1'1
S"#"*&O#".
253
". 32X#5+]
NB"µ%µ1'1"5 (R1&0 NB"µ%µ1+1, F30 3"#"J)0Bµ"&C), NBB)-O5,
N-%*'5, N-%V/5, N1"G&DG/5, N1DG&'5, N1%G&/5, N1&#%"5,
N1&#0*'5, N1&X1/5, N3'G&.-/5, N#BQ#/5, N#0G&'5, N#G%1/5,
N#&%µ/5, NSC--%"5.
y"BB)-D*/5, y"BB%-/5, yDBB'5, yD*/5, y"-)1&E1', y"GC-D*/5,
y"G0-/5, yDG'5, y0*&+#"5, y-DG/5, yQ#+1"5.
q"H#0-/5, qCDB*'5, qC"11D*/5, qC"11D*'5, qC"11"*.5, qCD11/5,
qC"11C.5, qCD11'5, qC"11'Q-/5, qC+#BD*/5, qCX#B/5, qCM#B'5,
qC+G4P/5, qCX&/5, q*#%B*, q*#%B*'#(, q-/B.#/5, q#/B.#/5, qMB'5.
ZD*/5, ZD1/5, Z/µ/&#D*/5, Z/µ4&#/5, Z/µ/&#.5, ZOµ'5 (*"&D
G(B*'341 F* &'2 Z/µ4&#C'5, R--D *"0 R#S"E' f1'µ"), Z/µ'G&%1/5,
ZC"µD1&/5, ZC"µ"1&O5, ZC'1(GD*/5, ZC'1QG/5.
‡*&'#"5.
ˆD*, ˆ"P)0#/5, ˆ"S"#Ci5, ˆDS'5, ˆX/5, ˆX#W.
254
ƒ"1DG/5, ƒD1'5, ƒ%µ/5, ƒ%µ'5, ƒ)'J'GD*/5, ƒ)'J.G/5,
ƒ)'J+#D*/5, ƒ'J.G/5, ƒ'J+#D*/5, ƒ.J+#"5, ƒ'J+#O5, ƒ.J+#'5,
ƒ#DG'5, ƒQµC'5.
…DG'1"5, •+1"5.
_0µ+1"5, _0&G'5, _.-C"5, _'Q-/5, _(#C"*'Q-/5, _+1G&"1&O5,
_+G&D*/5, _XG&"5, _+G&O5, _M&G'5.
:D*/5, :Dµ3/5, :"(#%1&/5, :%&/5, :%1&/5, :)(&%#/5, :Ci*'5, :CD5,
:C1"#JO5, :C1D#J'5, :'Q-/5, :X-/5.
8"$C.5, 8Dx*, 8D*/5, 8D1$'5, 8D1'5, 8"1'2G'5, 8"1+-D*/5,
8"1X-/5, 8"1+-C.5, 8DS'5, 8)-%&/5, 8%-C'5, 8%µ'5, 8%1/5
(*"&D G(B*'341 F* &'2 N#CG&'µ%1/5, R--D *"0 R#S"E' f1'µ" –
8%1/5, –/&'5), 8%1C'5, 8%1'5, 8O&#'5, 8/&#'QG/5, 8O&G'5,
8C*%-/5, 8C*%5, 80*C'5, 80-&'5, 80µ/5, 8CG&.*-/5, 8CS"-D*/5,
8CSD-/5, 8ES'5, 83Dµ3/5, 830-/5.
oD*'5, oDG'5, o%G&'#"5, oC*.-"5, oC*'-O5, oC*'-.5, o0*'5,
oC.1C'5, oC.&/5, o.&/5, o&%µ/5, o&%1/5, o&E1'5, oX-/5, oX1&"5.
255
w)1'PM1&"5.
nJ(GG%"5, h$+1"5, n#P%"5.
!D*/5, !"1"BO5, !"1"BC+&D*/5, !"1DB'5, !"1"O5, !D1'5,
!"1&)-)4µ'1"5, !"1&)-O5, !%#C, !%##/5, !)&#D*/5, !)&#O5,
!)&#'Q-/5, !03/5, !-D&+1"5, !.-, !#'*.3/5, !X-.
p'Q-/5.
<D*/5, <%H'5, <)#"P)0µ/5, <%#/5, <4P/5, <CJ%#/5, <CJ)#O5,
<.-+1"5, <'Q-/5, <3(#0J+1"5, <32#'5, <&D$/5, <&"µD&/5, <&Dµ'5,
<&"µ'Q-/5, <&%-C'5, <&%P'5, <&#D&/5, <&#"&O5, <+&/#D*/5,
<+&4#/5, <M&'5.
=D*/5, =DG/5, =DG'5, =)., =%##(, =W"1%&'5, =W"11O5, =W0µ/5, =WX1,
=WX1(, =WX#&W, =WX#&W/5, =W+#&WE1'5, =0µ'5, =0µ+1"5, =.-/5,
=.1/5, =.&/5, =#QP+1"5, =X1/5.
|"0J+1"5, |"1'Q#/5, |C-4µ'1"5, |0-C33"5, |#"B*'Q-/5,
|#"1&W%G*'5, |+*0+1"5, |X1&"5, |X&/5, |M&'5.
256
Y"#E&'5, YD##(, Y#CG&D*/5, Y#.1/5.
n. O.2"5+6c"
ŠHH", ŠBB", NBB%-", NBB)-C*'Q-", NBB)-01", NBB%-+, N-%*",
N-01", Š-*/G&/, Š-µ", NµD1&", N1J#'Q-", N1%&&", N110&",
N11CX, Š11(, Š1&", N1&#CD1", Š1&(, N1&+1%--", Š#&)µ/, ŠG3",
Š&W)-", N&W)-01", Š&W(, NP%1&#".
y"BB)-0", y"BB)-0&G", y"BB)-CX, yDBC", y"-D1&/, y"-%#C",
yD-C", yD1", y"1%G", y"1%GG", yD1&", y"#GDµ+, yDGC",
y"GC-C*'Q-", y"G0-+, y"G'Q-", yDG+, yB%1", yB)1CD, yB)1CX,
yB)1'Q-", y)1%&&", y)10", y%11(, y)#.1C*", y%&", y%P", yCH4,
y0HC"1, y0*/, y0*(, y0--/, y0--(, y0-µ", y01", yC.-", y0#1", y0&",
y'Q-".
q"H#C%-", qCD11", qCD11/, qC"11'Q-", qC"G)µ0, qC'-D1&", qC'Q-",
qC'Q-/, q0&G", qC+#B0", qC+#B0&G", qC+G/P01", qCX&", q*%-",
q*%-(, q*%G/, q*#"&GC%-", q.1/, q+BX.
257
Z)G3C1CX, Z)G3'C1'Q-", Z)G3'Q-", Z%G3+, Z/µ/&#'Q-",
ZC"µ"1&'Q-", ZC"µD1&+, ZX#".
]H)-01", bH)-(1, ]H01", b-B*", ]-)D1", ‡-)1, j-)1D*C,
j-)10&G", ]-0W", j-01", b--C", b-1&", ]-30J", b-G", b-G/,
bµC-(, bµ(, b1&", bG&", 9cB)1'Q-", 9•/, bP/.
ˆ"*)-01, ˆ"µ3%&", ˆD1", ˆ"1101", ˆ"S"#'Q-", ˆ%-/, ˆ)-01",
ˆ%1C", ˆ%&", ˆ%P/, ˆ41", ˆ'W)P01", ˆ(#D11", ˆ+WX, ˆ+0&G",
ˆ+#W%&".
\-CD1".
ƒ"1DG+, ƒ%µ/, ƒ%µCJ", ƒ%1C", ƒ'JX#", ƒ'J+#'Q-", ƒ(µC'Q-",
ƒ+µ"4, ƒ+µ"Ž&G", ƒXµ/.
•-H", •-C", •1", •#", …#%1, …#%1", …#%1), •#CJ", …W"µ3%--".
_D$#C1, _D$(, _"0&/, _D*C", _D-C, _D-C", _D--C", _D#µ)1,
_"&)#01", _"&)#C1CX, _D&C", _"&CD11", _"&0B*+, _"&01", _%xGC,
_%--(, _C*4, _0&G", _-"0#/, _-"0&/, _-%-C", _-X1&C", _.*+,
_'Q-", _#0G&/, _#0G&C, _(#D&G+, _(#C"*'Q-", _(#C"P01".
258
:"µ30", :%-", :%1", :%1/ (*"&D G(B*'341 F* &O5 -%V)+5 j-%1/,
R--D *"0 R#S"E' f1'µ"), :%1C", :)1CX, :%&", :)&0&GC", :0", :CD1",
:0W", :CW%&", :0-", :C-4, :0-C", :0-C"1, :C-CD1", :C-0*", :01",
:01&", :0&", :0&G", :.-", :'(x&W01", :'QG/, :'(&G0", :X#",
:+#%&&".
8DBJ", 8"BJD-+, 8DBC", 8Dx#", 8"0#/, 8"-"01", 8"-H01",
8D1C", 8"1&"-%1", 8"1&"-%1C", 8D1&(, 8D#", 8"#B"#X,
8"#B0&G", 8"#4, 8D#C, 8"#CBX, 8"#C%&&", 8"#0*", 8"#C-%1",
8"#C-4, 8"#C-0W", 8"#C-0&", 8"#C1%--", 8"#C10*/, 8D#C'1,
8"#C.#", 8"#C'#4, 8"#CG&%--", 8"#0&G", 8"#CP0-C",
8"#CPQ--/, 8"#CX, 8"#-%1", 8"#'Q-", 8"#'QG", 8"#'QG*",
8"#'(GX, 8D#+, 8D&", 8"&0-1&", 8"&01", 8"&'Q-", 8%-3+,
8%1/, 8%1C", 8%1(", 8%#G/, 8)#G01/, 8/-CD, 841&(, 84&G",
84&G/, 80*", 8C*%-", 8C-%1", 80-*", 8Cµ4, 801", 8C#D1&",
8C#%-", 8C#%--", 80#*", 8CS"%-", 8.x#", 8'GS'Q-", 83)D&",
83%*(, 83)-0*", 83%µ3", 83%#/, 83%G(, 83%&(, 830", 830-/,
83C-CX, 83'Q-", 83'(µ3'Q, 8Q#1".
oDBC", o"1D, oD1G(, oD1&C", oD1&(, oDGC", o"G&DWC", o"&"-0,
o"&DG", o"&DGG", o%-C", o%--/, o%1", o%1/, o0", oC*'-%&&",
oC*'-0&G", o01", oC1%&", o0&G", o.1/, o.#", o.&", o'Q-",
259
o&%-", o&%1/, o&%1C", o&%3(, o&%GG(, o&0", o&01", o&.#",
o&'#%&".
w%1/, w%1C", w)1CX.
h-C".
!Dµ)-", !"1"BC+&0&G", !"1"B'Q-", !D'-", !"30&G", !D#/,
!"#$%1", !"&#0&GC", !"&#'Q-", !D&&(, !"(-01", !%B*(, !%-)C",
!%-/, !%-(, !%µ(, !%1C", !%1&W(, !%1(, !%3/, !%#/, !C30&G",
!0&G", !.-", !'-0&", !.-(, !.3/, !'Q-C", !+-01".
p"ŽG", p"--0", p"--'2, pD1C", p%1", p)1D&", p%1C", p41", p/1D*C,
p41/ (*"&D G(B*'341 F* &O5 -%V)+5 9I#41/, R--D *"0 R#S"E'
f1'µ"), p/1CX, p/1'Q-", p0", p0*", p0&", p0&G", p.W/, p'µ01", p.1(,
p.##/, p'Q-".
<DHH", <D1&#", <D1&(, <DG", <%H/, <%µ/, <)µ01", <0", <Cµ%-",
<Cµ.1", <0GG(, <µ"#X, <.1C", <'(WD11", <'QW(, <'Q-", <'(-&D1",
<'(GD11", <.P/, <'P4, <'PCD, <'PCD11", <'P0&G", <'P'Q-",
<3)#D1&W", <34-", <3/-CX, <3(#%&", <3(#CJ'Q-", <&"$'Q-",
260
<&"µD&", <&"µ'Q-", <&DG", <&)P"10, <&%P/, <&#"&0", <Q1/,
<+&/#'Q-".
=D1C", =D#C", ="#G'Q-", =DG", ="G0", ="&CD1", =%µ/, =%1C",
=)#%W", =%G/, =%&", =WD*(, =W"1%&&", =W%-", =W%1/, =W%G(,
=W0-1&", =W0µ/, =W01", =W01/, =WC'HD1", =W'D11", =W'Q-C", =W'Q-(,
=W.Œ5, =WX#&WC", =W+#&W01", =01", =0&", =C&4, =C&0*", =C&01",
=0&G", =.1C", ='Q-".
|"0/, |"01C", |"14, |"10&G", |"1CX, |%1C", |%P/, |C-0&G", |C-CX,
|C.1", |CP4, |'Q-", |'Q-/, |#"B*'Q-", |#"1&W%G*", |#'GQ1",
|#'GQ1/, |#.G+, |X&+, |XP/, |+PX.
YDxJ+, YDx1&C, Y0-1&", YC'Q-", Y#QG", Y#(G'Q-", Y#QG+,
Y#(GX.
261
Q625+e' -#&6%6;861' <2,µ"*"
]D1 F#+&/$'21 *"$’ ,J.1 z ,3'(J43'&) R--'2 3%1&)6J%*"
G(µ3'-E&)5 µ"5 &0 3#')-)QG)+5 )K1"C 3.S. &D e1.µ"&"
_+1G&"1&E1'5, y"#$'-'µ"E'5, _D#'-'5, )K1"C 3C$"1.1 z µi--'1
H%H"C'1, L&C $D J/-XG'(1 „B1'C", R*.µ/ *"0 FD1 *D3'C'C P%#'(1
s1" R3. "c&D.
nP)0-'(µ) 1D ,µ'-'B4G'(µ) – *"0 V%#'(µ) 3'-Q *"-D &0
-%µ) – L&C 3'--'0 )K1"C F*)E1'C 3'Q $D "IP1CJC"G$'21, -.B+ &'2 L&C
&D F*-"µHD1'(1 L-" U5 m--/1C*D, RP'2 J%1 B1+#0W'(1 3'CD )K1"C
&D V)1C*O5 3#')-)QG)+5 e1.µ"&", 3-41 F-"S0G&+1 73'$%&'(µ) R3.
"c&D.
ZC*"C'-'B/µ%1/ GQBS(GC F30G/5 J/µC'(#B'21 G&'Q5
JC"$%&'1&)5 G&'CS)CXJ)C5 GS)&C*%5 B1XG)C5 *"0 3"#"&/#/&C*.&/&"
&D #+µ"x*D e1.µ"&" F*)E1", 3'Q S"#"*&/#0W'1&"C R3. JC"P.#'(5
G(BB#"P)E5 v3-M5 U5 «)c#+3"x*D» *"0 „--" U5 «S#CG&C"1C*D»,
*"$X5 *"0 r R1"P'#D G% R#*)&D FV "c&M1 µ% &41 )IJC*X&)#/
JCD*#CGC BCD *D$) s1" U5 «#+µ"x*. *"0 )c#+3"x*.» z «#+µ"x*.
*"0 S#CG&C"1C*.».
@^ -.B'C )K1"C *"&D &41 „3'g0 µ"5, L&C TS)C -/P$O
3)#CGG.&)#' 73’ fgC1 G&4 µ%1 3#X&/ 3)#03&+GC (&M1 )c#+3"x*M1)
263
r )c#)E" S#OGC5 *"0 r F3C*#D&/GC5 3'--M1 e1'µD&+1 G&05 SM#)5 &O5
J(&C*O5 9c#X3/5, µ)&D &.1 JC"µ)-CGµ. &'2 Z(&C*'2 p+µ"x*'2
_#D&'(5, U5 &D y)1%JC*&'5, yC*%1&C'5, …11'*%1&C'5, 8"(#0*C'5,
<0-H)G&#'5 *.„., G&4 J)Q&)#/ J% 3)#03&+GC (&M1 S#CG&C"1C*M1) r
JCDJ'GC5 3'--M1 #+µ"x*M1 3D-C1 e1'µD&+1 *"0 G&41 N1"&'-4
*"&D &'Q5 H(W"1&C1'Q5 S#.1'(5 *"0 r R3'J'S4 &'(5 R3. &.1 F*)E
S#CG&C"1C*. IJ0+5 *.Gµ', U5 &D …B1D&C'5, …'(G&E1'5, :"(#%1&C'5,
8)#*'Q#C'5, <%#BC'5 *"0 „--".
='2&' R3'J0J)&"C R1"µPCH.-+5 G&05 &)#"G&0"5 F*&DG)+5
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YD#C1 G&'CS)CXJ'(5 F1/µ)#XG)+5 3"#"$%&'(µ) *"&+&%#+
G% S+#CG&'Q5 301"*)5 3)#C+#CGµ%1'1 R#C$µ. V%1+1 e1'µD&+1, 73.
&05 F1J)0V)C5 ") #1µ"}+], n) gn#"}+] *"0 ^) 6f#1-"}+], µ% &41
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264
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˜G'1 RP'#i &D )c#+3"x*D, r 3)#C+#CGµ%1/ F1 G(B*#0G)C
3"#'(G0" &'(5 µ)&"VQ &M1 m--/1C*M1 e1'µD&+1 eP)0-)&"C G%
„--'(5, 3'C*0-'(5 -.B'(5 F-DGG'1'5 G/µ"G0"5.
<QµP+1" µ% &D 3#'-)S$%1&" TS'(µ):
". B1µ"}+]
NB#033"5, NB#C33E1" NJ#C"1.5, ;I-C"1.5, ;IµC-0",
;IµC-C"1.5, ;Iµ0-C'5, N##C"1.5, ;cB'QG&", ;cB'(G&E1'5,
;•B'(G&'5, ;c#/-C"1.5, ;c#4-C'5, y"-)1&E1" z y"-)1&01/ *"0
@c"-)1&01/, y"-)1&C1C"1.5 *"0 @c"-)1&C1C"1.5, y"-)1&E1'5 *"0
@c"-)1&E1'5, y"-)#0" *"0 @c"-)#0", y"-%#C'5 *"0 @c"-%#C'5,
y"-(-))#C"1.5 *"0 @c"-(-))#C"1.5, y)1%JC*&'5, y)G3"GC"1.5 *"0
@c)G3"GC"1.5, yC*%1&C'5, y0*&+#, yC*&+#0", yC*&+#E1'5,
yC#B0-C'5 z y)#B0-C'5 *"0 @c)#B0-C'5, yC#BC10", y#'2&'5, qDx'5,
q"-%#C'5, q)#HDGC'5, q-(*%#C'5 (m--/1C*O5 3#')-)QG)+5), ZCD1" (r
265
Š#&)µC5), ZC'*-/&C"1.5, Z'µC&C"1.5, Z.µ1", Z'µ10*", Z'µ1E1",
Z'µ1E1'5, Z'1i&'5, d#XJ/5, d#+JCD5, …B1D&C'5, …11'*%1&C'5,
…'(-0", …'(-C"1.5, …'Q-C'5, …'(G&C1C"1.5, …'(G&E1'5, _"-CB.-"5
*"0 _"-CB'Q-"5, _"µ0--/, _DµC--'5, _D1JCJ'5, _DGGC'5, _C*%#+1,
_-"(J0", _-"QJC'5, _-'C-0", _-'0-C'5, _'#1/-0", _'#14-C'5,
_+1G&"1&E1'5, _+1G&D1&C'5, :D#", :"(#%1&C'5, :CH0", :C*C10",
:C*01C'5, :'(*i5, :'(*0", :'(*C"1.5, :'Q*C'5, :'(*#/&0",
:'(*#4&C'5, 8"V%1&C'5, 8"VCµC"1.5, 8"VCµC-C"1.5, 8"VCµE1'5,
8DVCµ'5, 8"#E1", 8D#C'5, 8"#*%--", 8"#*)--E1", 8"#*)--E1'5,
8D#*)--'5, 8"#*0", 8"#*C"14, 8"#*C"1.5, 8D#*C'5, 8i#*'5,
8"#&E1" *"0 8"#&01/, 8"#&E1'5, 8"(#0*C'5, 8)#*'Q#C'5,
8)GG"-E1", 8C1%#H" (r N$/1i), 8C#D1&", 8.J)G&'5, 8.1C*",
o%#+1, o'(µi5, n*&"H0", n*&"HC"1.5, n*&DHC'5, n1+#0",
n1X#C'5, A#D&C'5, @cD-/5, @cD##+1, @c#H"1.5, !"2-'5,
!C-i&'5, !-01C'5, !'µ34x'5, !'µ3X1C'5, !.3-C'5, !#0G*C--",
p4B"5, p4BC--" *"0 p/B0--/, <"HE1", <"HE1'5, <"-'QG&C'5, <)HO#'5,
<)1%*"5, <%V&'5 *"0 <OV&'5 *"0 <0V&'5, <%#BC'5, <0-H)G&#'5 *"0
<Q-H)G&#'5, <*/30+1 *"0 <*C30+1, <&%--", <Q--"5, =D*C&'5,
="#DGC'5, ="&0", ="&C"14, ="&C"1.5, =CH%#C'5, =0&'5, =#"x"1.5,
|"2G&", |"(G&E1", |"2G&'5, |O-CV, |-"H0", |-"HC"1.5, |-DHC'5,
|-X#".
266
n. dn#"}+]

N"#X1, ŠH)-, NH#"Dµ, NJDµ, NW"#0"5, N*Q-"5, N1"10"5,
Š11" (F* &'2 Hannah = )•1'C", SD#C5), Š11"5, ;c1D1,
y"#$'-'µ"E'5, y"#1DH"5, y)1C"µ01, q"H#C4-, q'-CD$, Z"-CJi,
Z"1C4-, Z"(0J *"0 Z"H0J, Z)HHX#", ]W)*C4- *"0 …)W)*C4-,
]-)DW"# (, :DW"#'5), ]-CGDH)&, ]-CG(G)"E'5 *"0 ]-CGG"C%,
]µµ"1'(4- (*"0 8"1'(4-) –F* &'2 Immánu El = µ"W0 µ"5 , ƒ).5–,
9•", ]P#"0µ *"0 ]P#"Žµ, ˆ"*S"E'5, ˆ"S"#0"5, \-0"5, \-C'Q
(m&%#" F*P'#D &'2 e1.µ"&'5 \-0"5), \G"Ž"5, ƒ+µ"Ž5, ƒ+µi5,
…"*XH, …D*+H'5 (m--/1C*4 R3.J'GC5 &'2 e1. …"*XH), [)#)µ0"5,
…/G'25 (mH#. Yesuah, G(1&)&µ/µ%1'5 &Q3'5 &'2 Yehosuáh = , qC"SH%
)K1"C G+&/#0"), …'QJ"5, …'(J4$, …G"D*, …Gµ"4-, …+"*)0µ, …+D11/5
(F* &'2 Y (eh)okhanán = , ƒ).5 TS)C J)0V)C )•1'C"), …+DG"P, …XH,
…+1i5, …XG/3'5 (FV)--/1CGµ%1'5 &Q3'5 &'2 e1. …+G4P), …+G4P,
…+G0"5, _Dx1, _-+3i5, :DW"#'5 (m--/1C*4 R3.J'GC5 &'2 e1.
]-)DW"#), :X&, 8"BJ"-/14, 8"-"S0"5, 8"1"GGO5, 8D#$",
8"#CDµ (mH#. Marjam = 8"#0"), 8"&$"E'5, 8"&$0"5, 8CG"4-,
8CS"4-, 8+ŒGO5, o"$"1"4-, o"'Qµ, o"Sµ0"5, o))µ0"5, oM),
@c#0"5, p"P"4-, p"S4-, p)H%**", p'Q$, <DH(H)"5, <"-Xµ/,
<"µ'(4-, <"µgX1, <D##" *"0 <D#", <)P"P)0µ, <'-'µX1,
267
<'P'10"5, <(µ)X1, <+GD11" (FV 'ž <'(GD11" *"0 <'(WD11"),
=+H0"5.
^. Af#1-"}+]
NJ)-"Ž5, NJ.-P'5, NJ#C"14 (F* &'2 #+µ"x*'2 NJ#C"1.5),
N-H%#&'5, N-0*/, N-P.1G'5, N-P#%J'5, N1&'("1%&&", N#$'2#'5,
N#C%&&", N#C.G&'5, y)"&#0*/, y)1)&0", y%#", y%#$", y)#1D#J'5,
y-"J0µ/#'5 *"0 y-"J0µC#'5, y'/µ'21J'5, y'1CPD&C'5, yQ#+1,
q)1)HC%H/, q)1'H%P", q*-.#C", q'J)P#)EJ'5 *"0 q'J'P#)EJ'5,
q'(-C%-µ'5, q'(G&"2'5, Z'µ01C*'5 *DC Z'µ0B*'5, ]Jµ.1J'5,
]J'(D#J'5, j-H)&0", ]-H0#", bµµ", ]µµ"1'(%-" (F* &'2
mH#"x*'2 ]µµ"1'(4-), ]#1%G&'5, j##C%&(&)", ‡##C*", j##E*'5,
ˆ"*)-E1", ƒ)'JX#CS'5 *"0 ƒ)(J%#CS'5, ƒ/#)G0" (*'C1M5 =)#%W"),
…DB'5, …HD1 (G-"(C*.5 &Q3'5 &'2 e1. …+D11/5), …'-D1J/, …'(-C%&&"
(F* &'2 #+µ"x*'2 …'(-0"), …G"H%--", _D#-'5 (^G3"1C*.5 &Q3'5 &'2
e1. _D#'-'5), _"#-.&&" ($/-. &'2 e1. _D#-'5), _D#'-'5, _-"C-0",
_-D#", _-'&0-J/, :D'(#", :)'3.-J'5, :'(J'HE*'5, :'Q$/#'5,
:'(ŽW" ($/-. &'2 :'(J'HE*'5), 8"1&.1", 8"&$0-J/, 83#CB*0&",
o"3'-%+1, w"HC%#'5, nJ."*#'5, n$%--'5, h$+1, n#-D1J'5 *"0
268
p'-D1J'5, @žB'5 *"0 @{B+1, !)3E1'5 *"0 !C3E1'5, !E'5, p"Œµ.1J'5
*"0 p"Œµ'21J'5, p"P"%--", p"P"%--'5 (RµP.&)#" F* &'2 mH#"x*'2
p"P"4-), p)BBE1", pCSD#J'5, p'H%#&'5 *"0 p'µ3%#&'5, p'HC1GX1,
p'BO#'5, p'J.-P'5, p'J#EB'5 *"0 p'J%#CS'5, p.W", p'W"-0", p'WE1",
p'-D1J'5 *"0 n#-D1J'5, <)-)G&E1'5 *"0 _"C-)G&E1'5,
<CBCGµ'21J'5, <(-HD1", <Q-HC", <Q1$C", =)#%W" (r ƒ/#)G0"),
=W'(-CD1", lH.11/, |)#JC1D1J'5, |-+#)1&0", |-+#%1&C'5,
|-+#%&&", |#"B*0G*" z |#"B*0G*/, |#"B*0G*'5, |#"B*-E1'5,
|#)CJ)#0*/, |#)CJ)#E*'5.
269
t.p"2*52] +"$ U#58*5"25+] <2,µ"*"
]1 S#4G)C )7#0G*'1&"C F30G/5 3-)EG&" e1.µ"&" H(W"1&C1'6
S#CG&C"1C*D, &D ,3'E" T*"µ"1 &41 FµPD1CG0 &'(5 *"&D &41
µ"*#"0+1" H(W"1&C14 F3C*(#C"#S0".
@&%%] µ]%58*" \m "f*Y2 Z-&*6%&>2 -"#"%%"^9' Z#U"$12
g%%)25+Y2 <2&µ]*12, *&;' *;-&.' *Y2 T-&$12 &[ x-, *, +#]*&'
4&n$"' U#58*5"25+9' Z2*5%Vj65' *e' -6#5,X&. \+6$2)' \-6X$1m"2
µ6*] µ"2$"' 2] =98&.2 8*, -6#5=7#5&.
Y"#"*&/#CG&C*. )K1"C L&C '^ P'#)E5 F*)E1'C &M1 1%+1
R1&C-4g)+1 *"&)G*)Q"G"1 3-O$'5 *(#0+1 e1'µD&+1 µ% &41
3#'G$4*/ &M1 G(--"HM1 5&' G&. &%-'5 'cGC"G&C*M1 z F3C$%&+1
L-+1 &M1 B)1M1 *"0 L-+1 &M1 *-0G)+1. •G+5 G(1%&)C1) G’"c&. *"0
r &DGC5 1D µCµ/$'21 &D 3'--D GQBS#'1" )I5 – ius e1.µ"&" &M1
*#"&'Q1&+1 p+µ"0+1.
=D &#C&.*-C&" IJ0+5 R#S"C')--/1C*D e1.µ"&", L3+5 F30
3"#"J)0Bµ"&C &D 9cB%1/5 (–'(5), 9cµ%1/5 (–'(5), 9c&QS/5 (–'(5),
P"01)&"C L&C 3'-Q &'Q5 FG&)1'S+#'2G"1 *"0 BC’ "c&. &D
µ)&%&#)g"1 )I5 9cB%1C'5, 9cµ%1C'5, 9c&QSC'5.
8)B"-Q&)#/ S#OGC5 &M1 )I5 –C'5 e1'µD&+1 TBC1) G&41
;€B(3&' *"0 &41 NG0" *"0 *(#0+5 G&05 m--/1CG&C*%5 3.-)C5 &O5
270
NG0"5, L3'( F3)*#D&/G"1 G% µ%BCG&' R#C$µ. *"0 JCD &'2&'
R3%H/G"1 -0"1 µ'1.&'1".
]30 J% &M1 µ.Y. R-)V"1J#C1M1 S#.1+1 FB01)&' S#OGC5
e1'µD&+1, 3'Q )KS"1 GS/µ"&CG$O R3. 3-)EG&)5 *"0 JCDP'#)5 3/B%5.
]P"01)&' J/-"J4 UGD1 1D )KS) G&)C#)QG)C r J/µC'(#BC*4 JQ1"µC5
F*)01/, JCD &O5 ,3'0"5 G% 3#'&%#'(5 S#.1'(5 F3-DG$/G"1 &.G'1
U#"E" *"0 &.G'1 G% G/µ"G0" *"0 SD#C 3'C*0-" SC-CDJ)5 SC-CDJ+1
e1.µ"&", Lµ'C" &M1 ,3'0+1 'cJ)µ0" „--/ R3. &05 B1+G&%5 B-MGG)5
TS)C 1D 73'J)0V/.
=. *"&' FV'S41 3)#0)#B' )K1"C, L&C &. P"C1.µ)1' &'2&'
G(1)S0W)&"C *"0 F30 &M1 rµ)#M1 µ"5. A -.B'5 )K1"C L&C 3'--D R3.
&D *"C1'P"1O BCD &41 F3'S4 F*)01/ S#CG&C"1C*D e1.µ"&", U5 *"0
„--" R3. &D )IG"S$%1&" 3"#"--4-+5 V%1" (#+µ"x*D *"0 mH#"x*D)
*"&%S'(1 &05 3#M&)5 $%G)C5 G&05 3#'&Cµ4G)C5 &M1 3CG&M1
(S#CG&C"1M1), *"$’ L&C TS'(1 G(1J)$O R##4*&+5 µ% &. R3. 3'--'2
S#.1'( F3C1'/$%1 *"0 F1&%S1+5 F3CH-/$%1 m--/1'S#CG&C"1C*.
IJ)'-.B/µ".
Z)0Bµ"&" &O5 1%"5 &DG)+5, 3'Q 3"#)&/#)E&' &.&), )K1"C, 3-41
*"0 „--+1, &D *"&+&%#+:
NH-"H0", NH-DHC'5, ¡H#+1)0", ¡H#X1)C'5, NB"--C"14,
NB"--C"1.5, ¡B14, N$"1"G0", N$"1DGC'5, ;IJ%GC'5, ;I$"0#C'5,
;I*"&)#01/, N*D*C'5, N*#0&"5, N-)V0", N-%VC'5, NµH#.GC'5 (R3.
271
&. f1'µ" NµH#'G0"), N1"H#(&4, N1"H#(&.5, N1"B1XG&/5,
N1D*-/&'5, N1D#B(#'5, N1"G&"G0", N1"G&DGC'5, N1"G&"GX,
N1"&.-C'5, N1$%µC'5, N1$4 (r Š1$/), Š1$Cµ'5, Š11" (I'(J"x*O5
3#')-)QG)+5 R3. &. f1'µ" Hannah = )•1'C", SD#C5), N3.G&'-'5,
N#B(#0", N#BQ#C'5 (, N#B(#0+1), Š#B(#'5, N#B(#X1(µ'5,
N#%$"5, N#*DJC'5 (R3. &. N#*"J0"), N#G%1C'5, N#&%µC'5,
NG3DGC'5 (R3. &. NG3"G0"), NGX&C'5, ;cV%1&C'5, y"¤" (R3. &.
yDx'5), y"#HD#", y"GC-)0" (r y"G0-)C"), y"G0-)C'5, y"GC-C*4,
y)-CG(G)D#C'5, y/GG"#0+1, y-DGC'5, q)#DJC'5 (, q)#DJ"5),
q)#DGCµ'5, q)+#B0", q)X#BC'5, q-(*)#0" (r q-(*%#"), q#/B'#0",
q#/B.#C'5, Z"µC"1.5, ZCB)145, ZC'1(G0" (R3. &. ZC'1QGC'5),
]3CP"10" (r ]3CPD1)C"), ]3CPD1C'5 (, ]3CPD1/5), 9c"BB)-0"
(R3. &. 9cDBB)-'5), 9c"1$0" (r 9cD1$)C"), 9cB)10" (r 9cB%1)C"),
9cB)1C*.5, 9cB%1C'5 (, 9cB%1/5), 9cB#"P0", 9cB#DPC'5 (,
9•B#"P'5), 9cJ'*0", 9cJ.*C'5 (, 9•J'*'5), 9cJ'V0", 9cJ.VC'5 (,
9•J'V'5), 9c$"-0", 9•$"-'5, 9c$"G0", 9c$QµC'5 (, 9•$(µ'5),
9c-'B0", 9c-.BC'5, 9cµ%1C'5 (, 9cµ%1/5), 9c3)C$0", 9c3)0$C'5 (,
9c3)0$/5), 9c3#DVC'5, 9c3#)30", 9c3#%3C'5 (, 9c3#)345), 9cG)H0"
(r 9cG%H)C"), 9cG%HC'5, 9cG&"$0", 9cG&D$C'5, 9cG&DSC'5,
9cG&.SC'5 (, 9•G&'S'5), 9cG&#"&0", 9cG&#D&C'5 (, 9•G&#"&'5),
9c&.*C'5 (, 9c&'*0"5), 9c&.-µC'5 (, 9•&'-µ'5), 9c&#'30",
9c&#.3C'5 (, 9•&#'3'5), 9c&(S0", 9c&(SC"14, 9c&(SC"1.5,
272
9c&QSC'5 (, 9c&QS/5), 9cP/µ0" (r 9cP4µ/), 9cP#"V0", 9cP#"G0",
9cP#DGC'5 (, 9•P#"G&'5), ˆ"µ3%&" (*"&D G(B*'341 F* &'2
mH#"x*'2 ]-CGDH)& 6]-CW"µ3%&"), ˆ+4, d#D*-)C'5, ƒ%*-",
ƒ)'J'G0" (r ƒ)'J.&/), ƒ)'J.GC'5 (, ƒ)'J.&C'5 z , ƒ).J'&'5),
ƒ)'J'Q-/, ƒ).J'(-'5, ƒ)'J”#", ƒ)'JX#/&'5, ƒ).*-/&'5,
ƒ)'*&0G&/, ƒ).*&CG&'5, ƒ)'G)H0" (r ƒ)'G%H)C"), ƒ)'P"10" (r
ƒ)'PD1)C"), ƒ)'P"1X, ƒ)'PQ-"*&'5, ƒ)'SD#/, ƒ)'SD#/5, ƒ)+1i5,
…D*+H'5 (F* &'2 mH#"x*'2 …"*XH), [)#.$)'5, [*)G0+1, [-D#C'5 (,
¢-"#'5), [-"#0+1, …'HC"1.5, …'#JD1", …'#JD1/5 (RµP.&)#"
I'(J"x*O5 3#')-)QG)+5), …'(-C"14 (F* &'2 #+µ"x*'2 …'(-C"1.5),
…G"D*C'5 (F* &'2 mH#"x*'2 …G"D*), …+D11" (F* &'2 …+D11/5),
…+D11/5 (F* &'2 mH#"x*'2 Y(eh)okhanán), …+G/PE1" (*'C1M5
qC+G/PE1" *"0 ˆ'W)PE1" F* &'2 mH#"x*'2 …+G4P), _"CGD#C'5 (F*
&'2 #+µ"x*'2 _"EG"#), _"GGC"14 („--+5 _"GG0" *"0 9I*"G0"),
_"GGC"1.5, _)J#/1.5, _-/µ)1&01/, _-4µ/5, _'Gµi5, _(#C"*4,
_(#C"*.5 *"0 _(#CD*'5, _Q#C--'5, _2#'5 (R#S"E' 3)#GC*. f1'µ"),
_+1G&"1&0" (F* &'2 #+µ"x*'2 _+1G&D1&C'5), _+1G&"1&E1" (F* &'2
#+µ"x*'2 _+1G&"1&E1'5), _X1G&"5, :DW"#'5 (F* &'2 mH#"x*'2
]-)DW"#), :)'1D#J'5, :).1&C'5 (R3. &. :%+1), 8Dµ"5,
8"#B"#0&/5, 8"#0" (F* &'2 mH#"x*'2 Marjám), 8"#CD1$/ (8"#0"
+ Š1$/), 8"#CD11" (8"#0" + Š11"), 8)$.JC'5, 8)-"10" (r
8)-D1/), 8)-%&C'5, 8)-CGGC14, o"&"-0" *"0 o"$"-0", o)*&"#0",
273
o)*&D#C'5, o).P(&'5, o4P+1, oC*/P.#'5, w%1/ (G(B*)*'µµ%1'5
&Q3'5 &'2 e1.µ"&'5 !'-(V%1/), n-HC"1.5, h-B", n1'QP#C'5,
!"¤GC'5, !"1"BCX&", !"1"BCX&/5, !"1&)-)4µ+1, !"#"G*)(i5,
!"#"G*)(4, !"&#0*C'5, !"SXµC'5, !)#D1$C'5 (, !)#D1$/5),
!%&#'5, !/B4, !'-C&C"1.5, !'-("01)&'5, !'-(J%#*C'5 (,
!'-(J%#*/5), !'-(*#D&C'5 (, !'-(*#D&/5), !'#P(#0" (r
!'#PQ#"), !'(-S)#0", !#'"C#%GC'5 (, !#'"0#)&'5), !#.J#'µ'5,
!#'*'30", !#'*.3C'5, !#'*#0GC'5, !#'V%1C'5 (, !#.V)1'5),
!#'&%#C'5 (, !#.&)#'5), !#+&.*-/&'5, <)H"G&C"14, <)H"G&C"1.5,
<*CDJC'5 (, <*CDJ/5), <'P0", <'P#'10" (r <'P#.1/), <&DGC'5,
<&"(#C"14, <&"(#C"1.5, <&"2#'5, <&%#BC'5, <&)P"10" (R3. &.
<&%P"1'5), <&(-C"14, <&(-C"1.5, <(µH"&0", <(µHD&C'5, <(1"J/1.5,
<(1%GC'5 (, <(1)&.5), <+W.µ)1'5, <XW+1, <+&/#0", <+&4#C'5,
<+P#'1i5, <+P#'10" (r <+P#.1/), <+P#.1C'5, =#CH+1C"1.5,
=#C*-01C'5, =#CPX1C'5, |"1'Q#C'5, |+G&4#C'5 (R3. &. |+G&4#),
|+&)C14, |+&)C1.5, Y"#"-Dµ3/5 *"C Y"#D-"µ3'5, Y"#"-"µ30",
Y"#C&01/, Y#CG&CD1", Y#CG&C"1.5 (GQ1/$)5 f1'µ" JC"P.#+1
H"GC-%+1 &O5 Z"10"5, <'(/J0"5 *"0 o'#H/B0"5, 15'5620.5 "IX1),
Y#CG&E1", Y#CG&'J'Q-/, Y#CG&.J'(-'5, Y#EG&'5 (&. f1'µ"
Y#OG&'5 )K1"C R#S"C')--/1C*.), Y#CG&.P'#'5, Y#(GD1$/ (Y#QG/ +
Š1$/), Y#QG"1$'5, Y#(GO (r Y#QG/), Y#(G'3/B4, Y#(G.G&'µ'5,
Ÿ#CB%1/5.
274
Z%'1 1D -)S$O F1 &%-)C, L&C G&. e#$.J'V' F**-/GC"G&C*.
m'#&'-.BC' G(B*"&"-%B)&"C µ)BD-'5 R#C$µ.5 e1'µD&+1 V)1C*O5
3#')-)QG)+5, &D ,3'E", 73'$%&'(µ), L&C, GQµP+1" µ% &41
F**-/GC"G&C*4 R1&0-/gC, -'B0W'1&"C G&. GQ1'-. &'(5 *"0 U5
S#CG&C"1C*D.
!#.*)C&"C *"&D &. 3-)EG&'1 BCD e1.µ"&", 3'Q µi5 )K1"C
3"CJC.$)1 L-" GS)J.1 „B1+G&" *"0 3'Q )7#0G*'1&"C TV+ R3. &4
GP"E#" &O5 GQBS#'1/5 "m--/1C*O5" e1'µ"&'$)G0"5, J/-"J4:
") dn#"}+], L3+5 &D NHH"*'Qµ, NHCµ%-)S, NHC'QJ, N#Dµ,
y"#-"Dµ, y"#'QS, y'.W, qDJ, q)x$"W%&, q'-C1J'QS, ZC1DS, ]-C'QJ,
]11"$i, ]1X5, ]G$4#, ]G#Xµ, ˆ"H'(-X1, ƒ"$'(4-, …D#)J,
…GDS"#, …+DJ, …+D$"µ, …+4-, …+#Dµ, …+G"PD&, _"GJ.*, :Dµ)S,
:)(0, 8D-"S, 8"-P)$i, 8"&$D1, o""GX1, oD$"1, o"'Qµ, o"SX#,
n$"WD&, n-JD, !C"µ'Q1, p"SDH, p'H'Dµ, p'(H0µ, <"H4-, <"JX$,
<"-"$C4-, <4$, <4µ, <.-)H, ="HC$i, |D-)*, |'(G0*, ŸH4J, ŸG/%
*.„., *"0
H) B1µ"}+], .3+5 N-HC"1.5, NµµC"1.5, N1&+1E1'5,
y)1JCµC"1.5, q"(J%1&C'5, Z'µ)&C"1.5, Z.µ1C'5, Z'(*0&C'5,
j#*'(-E1'5, …"1'Q*#C'5, …'(H)1&E1'5, …'(10", …'2G&", …'2G&'5,
_"3C&+-01/, _"30&+1, _)1&(#0+1, _(1&C--C"1.5, :CH%#C'5,
:'BBE1'5, :'233'5, 8"H#C"1.5, 8"#&C1C"1.5, 8+*C"1.5,
@c-*C"1.5, @c#G0*C'5, !D33C'5, !"33C"1.5, !"Q-/, !'µ3C"1.5,
275
p'(G&C"1.5, p'(PE1'5, p'2P'5, <"&'#1E1'5, <)3&%µC1'5, <C-'("1.5,
="&0+1, =D&&", =)#%1&C'5, =%#&C'5, =CH'Q#&C'5, =#"B*(-E1'5,
=#CHCµE1'5, |"1&E1'5, |0#µ'5, |#'(µ%1&C'5 *.„.
276
Q62,^%188" +"$ Sµ5m62,^%188"
\-72.µ"
(839.:µ) ; <==1* &>4&?5.57)40 /.@µ),))
ƒD k&"1 'cGCXJ/5 3"#D-)CgC5 FD1 J%1 R1)P)#.µ)$" *"0 G&D
V)1C*O5 3#')-)QG)+5 F3X1(µ", 3'Q S#/GCµ'3'C'21&"C )c#Q&"&"
G&41 m--/1C*4 B-MGG" )€&) "c&'QGC" )€&) U5 GQ1$)&" *"0 U5
3"#DB+B", R*.µ/ *"0 G&D V%1" F*)E1" e1.µ"&", &D ,3'E"
FµP"10W'1&"C 73. JC3-O1 IJC.&/&", U5 *Q#C" J/-"J4 e1.µ"&" *"0
U5 F3X1(µ".
_"0 BCD 1D µ4 P$DG'(µ) G&. G/µ)E' 1D S"#"*&/#CG$'2µ)
*'(#"G&C*'0, *"&)H-4$/ 3#'G3D$)C" •G&) r R1"P'#D µ"5, G&D
rµCV)1.B-+GG" (&D GQ1$)&" *"0 3"#DB+B") IJ0+5 F3X1(µ", 1D
)K1"C *"&D &. J(1"&.1 GQ1&'µ/. d 3"#D$)GC5 J% µ)#C*M1 µ.1'1 FV
"c&M1 )K1"C v3-M5 F1J)C*&C*4 *"0 J%1 G(1&#%S)C -.B'5 1D
*"&"-4V'(µ) G&41 73%#H"GC *D3'C+1 -'BC*M1 ,#0+1, J)J'µ%1'(
L&C , R#C$µ.5 &'(5 )K1"C 3'-Q µ)BD-'5.
Š--+G&), 3%#"1 &M1 LG+1 3"#"&0$)1&"C FJM, 73D#S'(1 *"0
3-)EG&" „--", &D ,3'E" TS'(1 3#'%-$)C *"&D JC"P.#'(5 &#.3'(5
F1 µ%G+ &M1 µ"*#'S#'10+1 J'(-)CM1 &'2 b$1'(5, *"0 3#.$)G05
µ"5 J%1 )K1"C 1D JXG'(µ) 73%# &. J%'1 T*&"GC G&. $%µ".
279
_"&D G)C#D1 -'C3.1 3"#"$%&'(µ):
1) =D RµCBM5 V%1" F3X1(µ", &D 3#')#S.µ)1" R3. &4
-"&C1C*4 B-MGG", &41 R-H"1C*4, &4 G-"HC*4, &41 mH#"x*4 *"0 &41
&'(#*C*4 *"0 &D ,3'E" µ)&)P(&)Q$/G"1 U5 3"#DGC&" G&. B-+GGC*.
µ"5 *"--C&%S1/µ" R3. &'Q5 *"&D *"C#'Q5 *"&"*&/&%5 z
F3)H-4$/G"1 *"&’ „--'(5 &#.3'(5.
2) =D rµCV)1.B-+GG", 3'Q 3#'%#S'1&"C R3. &4 GQ1$)GC m1.5
m--/1C*'2 e1.µ"&'5 µ% V%1" JC"P.#'( 3#')-)QG)+5.
3) =D F*S(J"xGµ%1/5 "IG$/&C*O5 GQ1$)&" rµCV)1.B-+GG", µ%
HDGC F-DSCG&" &'(#*C*D e1.µ"&" U5 3#M&" G(1$)&C*D (F3X1(µ"
«&'(#*'B)1O»).
4) =D 3"#DB+B", 3'Q µ)&)V)-0S$/G"1 G% «m--/1'P"1O»,
*"&.3C1 &O5 3#'G$4*/5 G% V%1" JC"P.#'( 3#')-)QG)+5 e1.µ"&"
*"&"-4V)+1 F* &M1 *"$"#M5 m--/1C*M1 F3+1Qµ+1, 3"-"C'&%#+1
*"0 1)+&%#+1, L3+5 )K1"C &D -4B'1&" )I5 6DJ/5, 6D*/5, 6D*'5, 6i&'5,
60J/5, 6(.)3'(-'5.
_"&D G(1%3)C"1 TS'(µ):
280
1. Q62,^%188" \-72.µ"
". R"*525+]
y"GD-'5
_"-CBi5
_"gO5
_'--i&'5
_'#Ji&'5
_'#%--"5
_'Q#&/5
_'Q&#"5
:"1"#i5
:)Bi&'5
:)1&D*/5
:Cµ3%#/5
:C'2G*'5
8"B*D*/5
8D**'5
8"1&i5
83D*"5
83%&G/5
83C1CD#/5
83-D1"5
8+#D&/5
o'&"#i5
!"B"1.5
!D1&'5
p'2P'5
<"*)--D#/5
<"*)--D#C'5
<"*)--"#0'(
<*.3"5
<*'Q#"5
<.µ3'-'5
<'Q*/5 & <'2*'5
|-M#'5
281
]*&.5 &M1 R1+&%#+ B01)&"C S#OGC5 &M1 *D&+$C -"&C1C*M1
*(#0+1 e1'µD&+1 U5 F3+1Qµ+1: A&:4B*, C)"D.&*, CB"4&* *"0
C0"4&:, E)F=&* *"0 E)G=&:, H$?)*.
]30G/5 U5 F3X1(µ", 3-41 F1J)S'µ%1+5 *"0 „--+1 (3'Q )K1"C
3'-Q 3C$"1.1), S#/GCµ'3'C'21&"C &D mVO5:
I)=0,J*· R3. &41 ,µX1(µ/ *)-&C*4 -%VC q"-D&/5 = , *D&'C*'5
&O5 q"-"&0"5· *"$%1"5 R3. &'Q5 _%-&)5 3'Q
*"&'C*'2G"1 G&4 q"-"&0". (e9%<1. Galli = 3619%'#,
F+L65'# $9# Galatia = d9/9%#9).
I5"µ).@*· (= , *"&"B.µ)1'5 R3. &4 q)#µ"10". e9%<1. Germanus,
fi = d-5µ91.().
K&G4)*· F* &'2 e1.µ. , J'Q*"5 = rB)µX1 µC*#'2 *#D&'(5 //
R1X&"&'5 &C&-'2S'5 // &0&-'5 µ%-'(5 H"GC-C*O5
'I*'B%1)C"5. (e9%<1. dux, fcis = gG-µ`1, )G4G.(,
\3&G.().
L&G"M)*· F* &'2 e1.µ. r *'Q#H" = 3.#1/ *"0 *"µ3Q-/, G&#)H-4,
JC)G&#"µµ%1/ `$C*D. (e9%<1. curva, fae $9# @"#8.
curvus, fa, fum = $65%.(, $9µ"%.(, $9µ":/'().
E&F=&*· F* &M1 –3'(-'5 *"0 –3'(--'5, 3'Q )K1"C *"&"-4V)C5
73'*'#. e1'µ. *"0 F3+1Qµ+1, J/-X1'(G)5 *"&"B+B4,
L3+5 N-)V"1J#.63'(-'5, :"µ3#.63'(-'5. (e9%<1.
pullus, fi = 1-'++.(, 1-'G1.).
282
N&Gµ3)*· F* &'2 e1.µ. r &'Qµ3" = B4-'P'5, g4-+µ". (e9%<1.
tumba, fae = %:µ,'().
n. 3%n"25+]
y%--"5
y-Dµ/5
q*%*"5 & q*%B*/5
q*C'-%*"5
q*C'(-%*"5
q*'Q#"5
_"&GD1'5 & _"&G"1.5
_"&G"1&X1/5
_"&G%1/5 & _D&G)1'5
_"&G0*"5 & _"&G0*/5
:DBC'5
:%B'(#"5
:CD3/5
8'(WD*/5
83"*"&G%-'5
83%W"5
83%G/5
83.&GC'5
!#D3"5
!#0P&/5
<"µ"#i5
<"µ"#&WO5
<%*)#/5
<*03/5
<*C3C&D#/5
<*-)3)&D#/5
=GD*+1"5
=G0B*#/5
=G0*#/5
|-%B*"5
!-41 &'Q&+1 B01)&"C S#OGC5 &M1 e1'µ. !=M).@* *"0
!"M).(,J*, &D ,3'E" J%1 )K1"C G&41 R-H"1C*4 B-MGG" F3X1(µ",
283
R--D J/-+&C*D F$1C*.&/&'5.
^. H%"n5+]
y-DS'5
y'QW"5
y'Q-B"#/5
ˆ'(-'Qµ/5
_.*'&"5
_'QH)-"5
_'(H%-/5 & _'(H%--/5
_'(1DH/5
8)-i5
8)#&WD1/5
!"3D#"5
!)&GD-1C*'5
!-"&"1D#/5
p'µ3'&45
<%*)#/5
<'Q#-"5
<&#D1/5
=W"µ'(#D1/5
=W.#"5
=.µ3#"5
=#CHCWi5
=G'Q*"5
=G'Q1/5
|'Q#-"5
Y-%3"5
!/B4 &M1 -"&C1C*M1, &M1 R-H"1C*M1 *"0 &M1 G-"HC*M1 F3+1Qµ+1
73O#V) r RVC.-'B/ G(BB#"P4 &'2 *"$/B/&'2 6 PC-'-.B'( <&"Q#'( a. <3(#X1/
«Cb ebChih]b, bejbih]b, kjlbm]b & nebjh]b nCoi keeoih]o
depnnb», F*J. =. <&"P(-i, N$41".
284
X. dn#"}+]
(OM")P40 4G"7) /.@µ),), 3&G #"J%7µ&3&7&F.,)7 4)( Q* @39.:µ))
NJDµ
NW"#0"5
y"#$'-'µ"E'5
q"H#C4-
q"H#0-/5 (7959//9Gµ*1'
@/9D5Z()
Z"1C4-
]µµ"1'(4-
ˆ"S"#0"5
\-0"5 & \-C'Q
ƒ+µi5
…"*XH'( (n%V G-1<$V "%Z+<)
…'#JD1'( (n%V G-1<$V "%Z+<)
…+D11'( (n%V G-1<$V "%Z+<)
…+1i5
:DW"#/5 (B* $9%0/&Q< –&()
:"WD#'( (n%V G-1<$V "%Z+<)
8"&$"E'5
8"&$"0'( (n%V G-1<$V "%Z+<)
8CS"4-
8CSD-/5 (7959//9Gµ*1'
@/9D5Z()
o"$"1"4-
<DH(H)"5
<"µgX1
<(µ)X1
Y)#'(H())0µ
<&4 B-MGG" µ"5 S#/GCµ'3'C)E&"C U5 F3X1(µ' &. f1'µ"
RJµ(,J*, &. ,3'E' Lµ+5 G&D mH#"x*D G/µ"01)C jH#"E'5 (F* &'2
<4µ, BC'2 &'2 oM) *"0 B)1D#S'( &M1 G/µC&C*M1 PQ-+1).
285
6. J&.#+5+]
P"*] -#Y*&2: E9 +"*"%Vm65' 6W' / &^%&. +"$ / *pe'
(NGS%&+5 µ% &. 3'CD )K1"C r 3#'%-)(GC5 &'2 3#X&'( µ%#'(5 &+1)
A$?&.,) 5>* – &?=&:, S31*:
Nµ3"&W – .B-'(
N#D3 – 'B-'(
N#J0W – 'B-'(
N#W – .B-'(
N#1"'Q& – 'B-'(
y'BC"&W – .B-'(
y.G* – 'B-'(
y'G&"1&W – .B-'(
qC"&W – .B-'(
qC'-)&W – .B-'(
Z"B& – .B-'(
Z)#µC&W – .B-'(
Z'µH – .B-'(
•G – 'B-'(
_"µ3'Q# – 'B-'(
_"#D – 'B-'(
_"#3'QW – 'B-'(
_)J0* – 'B-'(
_C'(#*&G 6 .B-'(
_.1& – 'B-'(
_'Q- – 'B-'(
!)Gµ" (&) W – .B-'(
=%- – 'B-'(
=W)1)& – .B-'(
=G"*0# – 'B-'(
=G"'QG – 'B-'(
=G)10* – 'B-'(
Y"x& – .B-'(
Y"&W4 – 'B-'(
Y'#.W – 'B-'(
Y.&W – 'B-'(,
*"0 „--".
286
Š--)5 GS)&C*%5 3)#C3&XG)C5:
(X:' µ.1'1 "9593-#Gµ9%9, @13-<$%<$0 %Z1 3'+'/&q<Z1 µ-%9Q:
G/4++Z1 )
– !"3DW'B-'( (@$ %'T N//&1<$'T 79"_( + 'G/'6 = 79"0+ +
'G/'6 = 79"0O – 'G/'6).
– ]P#"0µ'B-'( (@$ %'T N,59r$'T !D59#µ + 'G/'6).
RV^&2*" 6W' – *pe', :-1':
Nµ3" – &WO5
y'BC" – &WO5
q-"1 – &WO5
q-)1 – &WO5
Z)µ)# – &WO5
ˆ'(#1" – &WO5
_"-"1 – &WO5
_"-" – &WO5
_"1&"# – &WO5
_-"P'( – &WO5
!"Gµ" – &WO5
p"*C – &WO5
<"# – &WO5
<B"1 – &WO5
<CµC – &WO5
<*C1 – &WO5 (!!!)
<'#H" – &WO5
=W"µ – &WO5
|)-'( – &WO5
Y"H' – &WO5
Y"-H" – &WO5
Y" – &WO5,
*"0 „--".
287
]JM 3#%3)C 1D &'1CG$O, L&C &D F3X1(µ" "c&D (*"&D-'C3"
&O5 µ"*#i5 e$+µ"1C*O5 *"&'SO5) )K1"C G&. T3"*#'1 *"*./S", s+5
*"0 HD#H"#", *"0 „GS)&" 3#.5 &41 *"--0P$'BB/ m--/1C*4 B-MGG"
*"0 &41 R3"#DµC--/ G% &)-)C.&/&" P(GC'B1+µ0" &/5.
;c&D &D €JC" FV „--'( J/-X1'(1 &41 fSC *'-"*)(&C*4
&"(&.&/&D &'(5, µ.1'1 *"0 µ.1'1 µ% &41 P$'BBC*4 &'(5 „#$#+GC
*"0 µ% &05 IJC.µ'#P)5 S"#"*&/#CG&C*%5 *"&"-4V)C5 &'(5.
288
2. uµ5m62,^%188" \-72.µ"
". H;2=6*"
i) E9 -#Y*& 8.2=6*5+, g%%)25+, b2&µ"
<&41 3)#03&+GC "c&4 FµP"10W)&"C &. f1'µ" !"3i5 µ%
J)Q&)#" G(1$)&C*D 3'C*0-" V%1" e1.µ"&".
!'-Q G(14$/ µ)&"VQ „--+1, )K1"C &D mVO5:
!"3" – BCD11/5

BCD11'5

)µµ"1'(4-

W"S"#0'(

/-0"5

/-0'(

$+µi5

C+D11'(

C+G4P

*+1G&"1&O5

*+1G&"1&01'(

*XG&"5

-"WD#'(

-'(*i5

µ"1X-/5

µ"&$"0'(

µCS"4-

3"Q-'(

GDH (H) "5

G)#"P)0µ

G(µ)X1

S"&WO5,
*"0 „--".
289
ii) CT 3"-,) %:.U5,740 ,&:"4740 /.@µ),)
]JM $D 3#'G)BB0G'(µ) &#0", fSC *Q#C", &'(#*C*D e1.µ"&",
&D X6%e' (*"0 2*6%e'), +"#l' *"0 U"*pe', 3'Q R3"1&M1&"C G&4
B-MGG" µ"5, RP’ m1.5 U5 F3X1(µ" *"0 RP’m&%#'( U5 3#M&"
G(1$)&C*D m1.5 µ)BD-'( R#C$µ'2 «&'(#*'B)1M1» F3+1Qµ+1.
@^ G/µ"G0)5 &M1 &#CM1 e1'µD&+1 BCD &'Q5 &(S.1
F1JC"P)#'µ%1'(5 )K1"C:
J)-O5· (= 3"#D&'-µ'5, &#)--.5, 3"#DP#+1)
*"#i5· (= µ%-"5 †33'5, „--+5 µ"2#'5)
S"&WO5· (= &Cµ/&C*.5 &0&-'5 &M1 3#'G*(1/&M1 &M1 vB0+1
&.3+1). C'65$. haci (= "5'+$61&%V(), "': "5'Y/8-
)". %. )59,. hajji ( ="5'+$:1&µ9).
Y"#"*&/#CG&C*D J)0Bµ"&" G(1$%&+1 F3+1Qµ+1 µ% HDGC &D
e1.µ"&" "c&D, )K1"C &D R*.-'($".
E9 *, (6%e':
Z)-/ – HD1/5

H'#Ci5

B)+#B.3'(-'5

BCD11/5

BCX#B/5

J/µ/&#0'(

JOµ'5

W4G/5
290

*'2*'5

*'Q#"5

*(#C"*0J/5

*+G&0J/5

µ"1X-/5

µD#/5

µO&#'5

µ4&#'(

3%&#'5
– G3/-C.3'(-'5,
*"0 „--".
E9 *, P"#l':
_"#" – (") 1&X1/5

H"BB%-/5

H"G0-/5

B)+#B0'(

BCD11/5

BC"110J/5

BCX#B/5

J/µ4&#/5

JOµ'5

$"1DG/5

¤1J#'5

xG*D*/5

¤G*'5

*"-'5

*"&GD1/5

-C.-C'5

µ"-0*/5

µD1'5

µD#*'(

µ%#'5

µ)G01/5

µO&G'5

µ4&G'(

µCSD-/5

µ'QW/5

10*"5
291

1C*.-"5

1C*'-.5

3"1"BCX&/5

3i1'5

3"3"5

3C3%#/5

G"H (H) 0J/5

GEµ'5

&DG'5

&'(-CX&/5

&G"-'5

&GC*D*/5

P0-/5

P+&Ci5

SD-C'5

S"GD1/5

S#OG&'5,
*"0 3'--D „--".
E9 *, !"*pe':
Y"&W/ – "1"B1XG&'(

"1"G&"G0'(

"1J#%'(

"1&+10'(

"3'G&.-'(

H"GC-)0'(

B)+#B0'(

BCD11/5

J/µ/&#0'(

J'(µD1/5

)µµ"1'(4-

)($(µ0'(

$+µi5

C+D11'(

*.-/5

*'(µO5

-"WD#'(

-Dµ3/5

µD#*'(

µ/1i5
292

µO&G'5

µC*%5

µCS"4-

µCSD-/5

µ3"µ3i5

µ+ŒGCDJ/5

1C*'-D'(

3"3"J/µ/&#"6
*.3'(-'5 (!!!)

3"3i5

3"Q-'(

3)#45

3%&#'(

3-D&+1

3#'*'30'(

#D3&/5

GDH (H) "5

G'P'*-%'(5

G3(#0J+1

G&Dµ'(

G&"Q#'(

G&)PD1'(

PX&/5

P+&0'(

S"-*Ci5

S"#"-Dµ3'(5

S#CG&'J'Q-'(,
*"0 3'--D „--".
n. @"#]^1^"
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«m--/1'P"1O» F3X1(µ" µ% &41 3#'G$4*/ *"&"-4V)+1 m--/1C*M1
F3+1Qµ+1, L3+5 –DJ/5, –D*/5, –D*'5, –i&'5, – 0J/5, – (.)3'(-'5.
293
79593-#Gµ9%'( L05<1:
NH#"µ – 0J/5
NH#"µ. – 3'(-'5
NJ"µ – D*'5
NJ"µ – 0J/5
NJ"µ. – 3'(-'5
N#H"1C& – D*/5
N#H"1C& – 0J/5
y-"S. – 3'(-'5
y'(-B"# – D*/5
y'(-B"# – 0J/5
q"H#C/- – 0J/5
qC"11"*. – 3'(-'5
qC"11C*. – 3'(-'5
qC"11. – 3'(-'5
Z"1C/- – 0J/5
]µµ"1'(/- – 0J/5
]P#"Cµ – 0J/5
ˆ"S"# – D*/5
ˆ"S"#C – DJ/5
ˆ"S"#. – 3'(-'5
\-C – DJ/5
\-C. – 3'(-'5
ƒ+µ" – ¤J/5
ƒ+µ. – 3'(-'5
…"*+H – D*/5
…"*+H – i&'5
…"*+H – 0J/5
…B1"&C – DJ/5
…'#J"1 – 0J/5
…G""* – 0J/5
…+"*)Cµ – 0J/5
…+"11 – 0J/5
…+G/P – 0J/5
_+1G&"1&C1 – 0J/5
_+1G&"1&. – 3'(-'5
_+G&. – 3'(-'5
:"W"# – D*/5
:"W"# – 0J/5
8"#C1 – D*/5
8"#C1 – i&'5
294
8"#C1. – 3'(-'5
8"#* – D*/5
8"#* – i&'5
8"#*. – 3'(-'5
8CG"/- – 0J/5
8CS"/- – 0J/5
8CS"- – D*/5
8CS"- – D*'5
8CS"- – i&'5
8CS"-. – 3'(-'5
8'(W"* – 0J/5
8+ŒG – 0J/5
!"(- – D*/5
!"(- – D*'5
!"(- – i&'5
!"(- – 0J/5
!"(-. – 3'(-'5
p/B. – 3'(-'5
<"H (H) – 0J/5
<"H (H) . – 3'(-'5
<)#"P)Cµ – 0J/5
<'(* – D*'5
<(µ)+1 – 0J/5
Y"&W/J – D*/5
Y"&W. – 3'(-'5,
*"0 „--" 3'--D.
=)-C*. G(µ3%#"Gµ":
;c&41 &41 &#"B)-"PC*4 )I*.1" G(1$%&'(1 G% B)1C*%5
B#"µµ%5 &D LG" µi5 F*-/#'J.&/G"1 'I R&(S)E5 ^G&'#C*%5 G(B*(#0)5.
d 3"#'(G0" G&. -)VC-.BC. µ"5 L-+1 "c&M1 &M1 F3+1Qµ+1
*"0 &M1 -'C3M1 ,µ'0+1 &'(5, J)0S1)C &.1 H"$µ. &M1 B)1'µ%1+1
3#'Gµ)0V)+1, µ% L-" &D H-"3&C*D &'(5 F3"*.-'($". !%#"1 &'Q&'(,
r µ4 F3C3.-"C/ 3"#"&4#/GC5 ,J/B)E G&41 H)H"C.&/&", L&C J%1 TS'(1
295
1D 3#'GP%#'(1 &03'&) &. *"&’FV'S41 F1JC"P%#'1 *"0 3'C'&C*M5
RVC.-'B' G&.1 JC"P'#)&C*'2 F3C3%J'( B-+GGC*. µ"5 $/G"(#..
d µ.1/ 3#'GP'#D &'(5 )K1"C, L&C &.1 1'$)Q'(1 *"0 &.1
R--'CX1'(1.
296
@Y' -#9-65 2] \µ4"2$p12*"5 8*, gme'
*] \-72.µ] µ"'
N3. &4 G&CBµ4 *"&D &41 ,3'0" r v3-O "€G$/GC5 $D
µ)&"&#"3O G% 3-4#/ G(1)0J/GC, 3)#0 &. L&C L-" &D 3"#)0G"*&",
V%1" *"0 m--/1'P"1O, F3X1(µ" )c&)-0W'(1 &41 3#'G+3C*.&/&D µ"5,
$D 3#'*Qg/ "c&'µD&+5 F3C&"*&C*4 r R1DB*/ BCD &41 R--"B4 &'(5.
qCD &.1 GS/µ"&CGµ. 1%+1 F3+1Qµ+1 J%1 R3"C&)E&"C *D3'C"
F303'1/ z 3'-Q3-'*/ JC"JC*"G0". N#*)E µ.1'1 r R3. 3-)(#i5 &M1
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m--/1C*. f1'µ" 3"#"B+BC*O5 *"&"-4V)+5, R3. F*)E1)5 3'Q TS'(1
*"$"#M5 m--/1.&#'3'1 S"#"*&O#", J/-"J4 &05 – 03&(, – 0$&(, –
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™5 3#.5 &41 *"&D-/VC – (.)"'6/'(, TS'(µ) 1D )I3'2µ), L&C,
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-.B'5 1D µ4 &41 J)S$'2µ), J)J'µ%1'( L&C TS)C )c#%+5 F3C*#"&4G)C
*"0 J%1 R3'&)-)E "IG$/&4 *"*'P+10" µ)&"VQ &M1 „--+1.
N3. &D *D&+$C R#S"C')--/1C*D e1.µ"&", &D ,3'E" G&41
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297
)K1"C F30 3"#"J)0Bµ"&C &D T1"1&0 &'(5 3"#"&C$%µ)1" m--/1'3#)3O
3"#DB+BD &'(5.
NB/G0"5 : NB/GCDJ/5
NB4GC33'5 : NB/GC330J/5
NJ)0µ"1&'5 : NJ)Cµ"1&0J/5
ŠJ+1C5 : NJ+1CDJ/5
;ID*/5 : ;I"*0J/5
;€"5 : ;I"1&CDJ/5 (R3. &. $%µ" ;I"1&6· , ;€"5, B)1C*4 &'2 ;€"1&6'5)
;IB0µC'5 : ;IBCµ0J/5
;I1)0"5 : ;I1)CDJ/5
;€'-'5 : ;I'-CDJ/5
N*DJ/µ'5 : N*"J/µ0J/5
N*#0GC'5 : N*#CGCDJ/5
N-%V"1J#'5 : N-)V"1J#D*/5, N-)V"1J#0J/5, N-)V"1J#.3'(-'5
N-)V0"5 : N-)VD*/5, N-)Vi&'5, N-)VCDJ/5, N-)V0J/5, N-)V.3'(-'5
N-*µ"0+1: N-*µ"C+10J/5
N1J#%"5 : N1J#)DJ/5, N1J#)D*'5, N1J#)i&'5, N1J#).3'(-'5
Š1$C33'5: N1$C330J/5
N1&X1C'5 : N1&+1D*'5, N1&+1i&'5, N1&+1CDJ/5, N1&+1.3'(-'5
N&#)Q5 : (N&#) – 0J/5) = N&#)0J/5
NSC--)Q5 : NSC--).3'(-'5
298
y0"5 : yC"1&CDJ/5, yC"1&0J/5 (R3. &. $%µ" yC"1&6· , y0"5, B)1C*4 &'2
y0"1&6'5)
q-"(*0"5 : q-"(*0J/5
Z"µ"G0"5 : Z"µ"GCDJ/5
Z)0µ"1J#'5 : Z)Cµ"1J#0J/5
Z4-C'5 : Z/-CDJ/5
Z/µ4&#C'5 : Z/µ/&#i&'5, Z/µ/&#CDJ/5, Z/µ/&#.3'(-'5
ZOµ'5 : Z/µDJ/5, Z/µD*/5, Z/µD*'5, Z/µ.3'(-'5
Z/µ'SD#/5 : Z/µ'S"#D*/5, Z/µ'S"#0J/5
ZC'1QGC'5 : ZC'1(Gi&'5, ZC'1(GCDJ/5, ZC'1(G.3'(-'5
ZC'SD#/5 : ZC'S"#i&'5, ZC'S"#0J/5, ZC'S"#.3'(-'5
Z.#C33'5 : Z'#C330J/5
ZX#)C'5 : Z+#)CDJ/5
ZM#'5 : Z+#0J/5
j*&.#C'5 : j*&'#CDJ/5
‡*&+# : j*&'#0J/5
]-)($%#C'5 : ]-)($)#D*/5, ]-)($)#CDJ/5
bV"#S'5 : ]V"#SD*'5, ]V"#S.3'(-'5
]V/*0"5 : ]V/*0J/5
]3CSD#/5 : ]3CS"#0J/5
]#0HC'5 : ]#CHCDJ/5
]#0J'V'5 : ]#CJ'VCDJ/5
299
j#µ0"5 : j#µ0J/5
j#µ'SD#/5 : j#µ'S"#0J/5
]#(*0"5 : ]#(*0J/5
9cDBB)-'5 : 9c"BB)-D*'5, 9c"BB)-i&'5, 9c"BB)-0J/5, 9c"BB)-.3'(-'5
9cD1$/5 : 9c"1$0J/5, 9c"1$.3'(-'5
9•B'1'5 : 9cB'10J/5
9•*'Gµ'5 : 9c*'Gµ0J/5
9•G&#"&'5 : 9cG&#"&CDJ/5, 9cG&#"&0J/5
9c&QS/5 : 9c&(S0J/5
ˆXGCµ'5 : ˆ+GCµi&'5, ˆ+GCµCDJ/5
d#"*-O5 : (d#"*-) – 0J/5) = d#"*-)0J/5
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ƒ)'PD1/5 : ƒ)'P"10J/5, ƒ)'P"1.3'(-'5
ƒ)G30"5 : ƒ)G3CDJ/5
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_0µ+1 : _Cµ+10J/5
_-)01C'5 : _-)C10J/5
_-)'SD#/5 : _-)'S"#D*/5, _-)'S"#0J/5
:"µ3#0"5 : :"µ3#0J/5
300
:Dµ3#'5 : :"µ3#D*/5, :"µ3#.3'(-'5
:)+10J"5 : :)+1CJ.3'(-'5
:)+SD#/5 : :)+S"#D*/5, :)+S"#0J/5
81/G0"5 : 81/GCDJ/5
8.-3C'5 : 8'-30J/5
8Q#+1 : 8(#+10J/5
o%G&+# : o)G&'#0J/5
oC*.-"'5 : oC*'-"¤J/5, oC*'-.3'(-'5
oC*'SD#/5 : oC*'S"#0J/5
wD1$/5 : w"1$.3'(-'5
w)10"5 : w)1CDJ/5, w)10J/5, w)1.3'(-'5
˜µ/#'5 : Aµ/#0J/5
n#%G&/5 : n#)G&CDJ/5
!"B*#D&/5 : !"B*#"&0J/5
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!/-)Q5 : (!/-) – 0J/5) = !/-)0J/5
!'-(SD#/5 : !'-(S"#D*/5, !'-(S"#0J/5
p/V0HC'5 : p/VCHCDJ/5
<0µ+1 : <Cµ+10J/5
<&%P"1'5 : <&)P"1D*/5, <&)P"1i&'5, <&)P"10J/5, <&)P"1.3'(-'5
=D1&"-'5 : ="1&"-0J/5
=Cµ'SD#/5 : =Cµ'S"#0J/5
301
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lgC*#D&/5 : lgC*#"&0J/5
|)#%HC'5 : |)#)HCDJ/5
|0-C33'5 : |C-C33D*/5, |C-C33i&'5, |C-C330J/5, |C-C33.3'(-'5
|X&C'5 : |+&CDJ/5, |+&.3'(-'5
YD#C33'5 : Y"#C330J/5
Y"#0GC'5 : Y"#CGCDJ/5
Y"#0&+1 : Y"#C&D*/5, Y"#C&i&'5, Y"#C&.3'(-'5, Y"#C&+10J/5
Y#OG&'5 : Y#/G&D*/5, Y#/G&0J/5, Y#/G&.3'(-'5
Y#QG'5 : Y#(GCDJ/5, Y#(G.3'(-'5
!-O$'5 F30G/5 F3+1Qµ+1 µ3'#'2µ) 1D TS'(µ) G&4 JCD$)G0
µ"5, FD1 *D1'(µ) v3-M5 S#OGC &'2 &Q3'( &O5 B)1C*O5 3&XG)+5
R#S"0+1 *(#0+1 e1'µD&+1, L3+5 G(µH"01)C „--+G&) G% 3-)EG&)5
B1+G&%5 µ"5 3)#C3&XG)C5.
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()µ)*#$&. …P01''5
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L6µ58*&+%9&.' _"--0&Cµ'5
302
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N5%$--&. ZC'SD#/5
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8% &'Q5 &#.3'(5 "c&'Q5 )K1"C )•*'-' 1D F3C&)(S$O r 3"#"B+B4
SC-CDJ+1 F3+1Qµ+1, 3'Q -.B+ &O5 PQG)X5 &+1 $D )7#0G*+1&"C G%
v#µ'1C*4 GS%GC µ% &41 F$1C*4 µ"5 &"(&.&/&" *"0 $D H'/$4G'(1 *"&D
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Y+#05 1D R3'µ"*#(1$'2µ) R3. &. 31)2µ" &M1 LG+1 )€3"µ)
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B01)&"C G&4 µ14µ/ &'2 vB0'( y"-)1&01'(, vB0'( V%1'( *"0 µ4
R3'J)*&'2 *"&' R#S41 R3. &41 m--/1C*4 R1&0-/gC.
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,-.*-/#' GS)J.1 &.1 *.Gµ', U5 rµ%#" &M1 F#+&)(µ%1+1, r µ14µ/
&'2 vB0'( y"-)1&01'( (vB0'( &O5 p+µ"C'*"$'-C*O5 ]**-/G0"5),
R1(3D#*&'( *"&D 3'--'Q5. <&41 3#"Bµ"&C*.&/&" "c&. 3'Q
m'#&DW)&"C )K1"C , T#+&"5.
Πq#1*"' (q#1'), *"&D &41 j--/1C*4 8($'-'B0", k&"1
$).5. ¨&"1 , *"#3.5 &O5 GS%G)+5 &O5 $)i5 NP#'J0&/5 *"0 &'2 $)'2
Š#)+5. A 3&)#+&.5 b#+5 µ% &. &.V' *"0 &D H%-/ &'(.
Œ q#1*"' eP)0-)C &4 GS%GC &'( µ% &D -'(-'QJC" G&41
µ/&%#" &'(. Š--+G&) &. JC"G/µ.&)#' F#+&C*. -'(-'2JC, &.
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-'(-'(JCM1 JC)&/#4$/ µ%S#C &M1 rµ)#M1 µ"5 *"0 '^ F#+&)(µ%1'C &.
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T-&$&. g&#*]p6*"5 *V2 25) ~&.2$&. +"$ -&; X92 6h2"5 w%%&' Z-,
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G(1)S0G'(1 1D &Cµ'21 &.1 b#+&" – R3'*'µµ%1'C Lµ+5 FJM *"0 17
"IM1)5 R3. &41 3"#DJ'G0 &'(5 – 3#'G%P(B"1 G&.1 m'#&"Gµ. m1.5
&)-)0+5 „GS)&'( µ% &.1 T#+&" S#CG&C"1'2 vB0'( &O5 _"$'-C*O5
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J/-"J4 U5 Hellas = d%%]', R1&0 &M1 Grecia, Greece *-3., 3'Q
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-.B'(5.
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Younanistan *-3.), '^ ,3'E)5 3#'%#S'1&"C R3. &4 -%VC Younan, 3'Q
G/µ"01)C G&05 B-MGG)5 &'(5 &.1 R3. &41 …+10" 3#')#S.µ)1', &.1
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