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Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN

T: 0932333922
203 BI TP H PHNG TRNH

B i` 1:Gii h phng trnh:

2 2
3 3
30
35
x y xy
x y

+ =

+ =

S:
2 3
3 2
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


Hng dn : t S=x+y, P=xy ( h i xng loi 1)
Bi 2: Gii h phng trnh
3 3
2
2
( ) xy x y
x y
=

S:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: t S=x-y, P=xy
Bi 3: gii h phng trnh :
1 1 1 1
( ) ( ),P=(x+ )( ) x y y
x y x y
+ + + +
2 2
2 2
1 1
4
1 1
4
x y
x y
x y
x y

+ + + =

+ + + =

S:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: t S=
1 1 1 1
( ) ( ),P=(x+ )( ) x y y
x y x y
+ + + +
Bi 4:Gii h phng trnh :
2 2
5
7
x y xy
x y xy
+ + =

+ + =

S:
1 2
2 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t S=x+y, P=xy
Bi 5: Gii h phng trnh
2 2
3
2 2 3 x
x xy y
xy y

+ + =

+ + =

S:
1 3 3
1
3 3
x x x
y
y y

= = =

v v

=
= =


HD: t S=x+y, P=xy
Bi 6: Gii h phng trnh
3 3
2 2
8
x x y y
x y
+ + =

+ =

S:
2 0
0 2
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t S=x+y,P=xy
Bi 7: Gii h phng trnh
3 3
7
2 ( )
x y
xy x y

S:
1 2
2 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t S=x-y, P=xy
Bi 8:Gii h phng trnh
3
3
2
2
x x y
y y x

+ =

+ =

S:
0
0
x
y
=


HD: Ly pt(1)-(2) lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y (h phng trnh i xng loi 2)
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
Bi 9:Gii h phng trnh
2 3 4 4
2 3 4 4
x y
y x

+ + =

+ =

S:
11
3
9
3 11
9
x
x
y
y

=

v

=


HD: Ly pt(1)-(2) v trc cn thc lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y
Bi 11: Gii h phng trnh (H Khi B-2003)
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
3
x
x
y
y
y
x

+
=

S:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: ly pt(1)-(2) lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y
Bi 12:Gii h phng trnh
2
1 1
2 1 0 x
x y
x y
xy

S:
1 1
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD:t pt(1) lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y bng cch chuyn v v nhm li
Bi 13: Gii h phng trnh
2
3 18 0
osx cos x y c y
x y y
=

S:
3
3
x
y
=


HD: (1) x-cosx=y-cosy. Xt hm s f(t)= t-costx=y
Bi 14: Gii h phng trnh
2
2
3 2 0
3 2 0 x
x y
y

+ =

+ =

S:
1 2
1 2
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: ly pt(1)-(2) lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y
Bi 15: Gii h phng trnh
2
2
2
2x
x xy x y
y xy y

+ = +

+ = +

S:
3
0
2
0 3
2
x
x
y
y

=

v

=


HD: ly pt(1)-(2) lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y
Bi 16: Gii h phng trnh

1 7 4
1 7 4
x y
y x

+ =

+ =

S:
8
8
x
y
=


HD: ly pt(1)-(2) v trc cn thc lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y
Bi 17: Gii h phng trnh
4 2
2 2
698
81
3 4 4 0 x
x y
x y xy y

+ =

+ + + =

S:h v nghim
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
HD: T pt(2) ta tm c min gi tr ca x,y v kt hp pt(1)
Bi 18:Gii h phng trnh
3
3
2 3 1
2 3
( )
( )
x y
x y

+ =

S:
1
1
2
1
2
x x
y
y

= =
v

=


HD: pt(1) chia cho
3
x , pt(2) chia cho x sau ly pt(1)+(2) ta c pt dng
f(y)=f(
1
y
)
Bi 19: Gii h phng trnh (HSG QG 1998-1999 Bng A)
2 1 2 2 1
3 2
1 4 5 1 2
4 1 2 0
x x x
( )
x ln( )
y y y
y y x
+ +

+ = +

+ + + + =

S:
0
1
x
y
=


HD: T pt(1) ta t t=2x-y v xt hm s f(t) t=1 sau th vo pt(2) xt hm f(y)
Bi 20: Gii h phng trnh (HSG QG 2000-2001 Bng B)

7 2 5
2 2
x x
x
y y
y x y

+ + + =

+ + =

S:
10 77
11 77
2
x
y


HD: t u=
2 2
7 2 5 x ; v= x x y y u v + + = v kt hp vi pt(1)
5
2
x
v

= ; kt
hp pt(2) x=2y-1
Bi 21: Gii h phng trnh (HSG QG 1995-1996 Bng A)

1
3 1 2
1
2 1 4 2
x( _ )
x( )
x y
x y

S:
11 4 7
21
22 8 7
7
x
Y

+
=


HD: Xt k sau chia 2 v ca hpt 3x v 2y , cng tr 2 v sau khi ta c h
mi , ly pt(1) nhn vi pt(2) a v pt ng cp vi n x,y
Bi 22: Gii h phng trnh

2 2
3 2 16
2 4 33
x
x
xy y
x y y
=

+ =

S:
3 3 3 3
2 3 2 3
x x
y y

= = +

v

= + =



HD: t u=x-1; v=y-2 sau t u+v=S, uv=P
Bi 23: Gii h phng trnh :

2 2 2 2
2 5 4 6 2 0
1
2 3
2
( x ) ( x ) ( x )
x
x
y y y
y
y

+ + =

+ + =

S:
3 3
8 4
1 1
2 4
x x
y y

= =


v


= =



HD: Pt(1) l pt ng cp vi n 2x+y v 2x-y
Bi 23: Gii h phng trnh
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922

2 2
2 2
3 4 1
3 2 9 8 3
x
x x
x y y
y y

+ + =

S:
3 13 3 13
2 2
0 4
x x
y y


= =
v


= =


HD: t u=
2 2
3 4 x; v=y x y +
Bi 24: Gii h phng trnh

8
5
x x x y y y
x y

= +

S:
9
4
x
y
=


HD: T (1) nhm li v bnh phng 2 v sau th phng trnh (2) vo pt(1)
Bi 25: Gii h phng trnh :
3 3
7
2 ( )
x y
xy x y

S:
2 1
1 2
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t y=tx (h phng trnh ng cp )
Bi 26: Gii h phng trnh

2 2
5
2 5 2
2
x
x xy y
y
x y xy

+ =

S:
2 2
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t y=tx (h phng trnh ng cp )
Bi 27: Gii h phng trnh
2 2
2 2
2 3
10
( ) x
( )
y x y
x x y y

+ =

S: 4 4
4 4
2 2
1 1
5 3 5 3
2 5 2 5
5 27 5 3
2 125 2 5
x x
y y
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


= =

v


= =



HD: : t y=tx (h phng trnh ng cp )
Bi 28: Gii h phng trnh

2 2
2 8 2
4
x x y y
x y

+ + =

+ =

S:
4
4
x
y
=


HD: Bnh phng pt(2)rt x+y thay vo pt(1) v t t= xy
Bi 29: Gii h phng trnh

30
35
x y y x
x x y y

+ =

+ =

S:
4 9
9 4
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t ; u x v y = = hpt vi n u,v ( h i xng loi 1)
Bi 30: Gii h phng trnh
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922

2 2
3 3
3
3
2 3
6
( ) ( x y x y y x
x y

+ = +

+ =

S:
8 64
64 8
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t
3
3
, v= u x y = hpt vi n u,v ( h i xng loi 1)
Bi 31: Gii h phng trnh

6 5
6 2
9
x
x
x y
x y
x y xy

+
+ =

+ =

S: h v nghim

HD: t u=
6x
x y +
u t pt(1)
Bi 32: Gii h phng trnh

7
2
7
0 ,
x y
y x
xy
x xy y xy
x y

+ =
+

+ =

S: h v nghim
HD: t , u x v y = = hpt vi n u,v (h i xng loi 1)
Bi 33: Gii h phng trnh

5
2 3 4
42
5
3 2
42
( )
x
( )
y
y
x
x y

S:
5 2 26
27
5 2 26
9
x
y

+
=


HD: Xt k sau chia 2 v ca hpt x v 2y . Cng tr 2 v sau khi chia ta c h
mi , ly pt (1) nhn vi pt(2) a v pt ng cp vi n x,y
Bi 34:Gii h phng trnh

2 4 2 4 2 2
2 3 3 2
3 2 1 2
1 1 2
( x )
( ) ( )
x y x y x y
x y x x x y

+ + =

+ + = +

S:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: Cng 2 v ca 2 pt vi nhau sau nh gi 2 v ca pt mi
Bi 35: Gii h phng trnh

10
6 6 14
x y
x y

+ =

+ + + =

S: H v nghim
HD: ly pt(1) pt(2) ta c hpt mi . t u= 6 6 ; v= x x y y + + + + ( h i
xng loi 1 vi n u,v)
Bi 36: Gii h phng trnh
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922

2 2
2 2
9
5
5 3
30 6
x
x
x x y
x x y
x
y y

+
=

+
=

S:
5
3
x
y
=


HD: T pt(2) rt
9
5
x
th vo pt(1) v t t=
x
y

Bi 37: Gii h phng trnh (THTT)

2 4
4
32 3
32 6 24
x x y
x x y

+ =

+ =

S:
16
3
x
y
=


HD: ly pt(1)+pt(2) sau dng bt ng thc bunyakovsky(hai s cn cng bc ) nh
gi v tri 12 s , vp 12 >
Bi 38: Gii h phng trnh (HSP H Ni 2000)

2 2
2 2 2
6
1 5
x y xy
x y x

+ =

+ =

S:
1
1
2
2
1
x x
y
y

= =
v

=


HD:Chia
2
x v t
1
; v=y+
y
u
x x
=
Bi 39: Gii h phng trnh ( THTT 2009)

2 2
2
1 1 3 4 1
1 5
( )( ) x x y x y x
xy x x

+ + + = +

+ + =

S:
2
1
5
1
2
x
x
y y
=
=

v

= =


HD:Th y+1 t pt(2) vo pt(1)
Bi 40: Gii h phng trnh


2 2
2
2 1 2 2 x
xy x y x y
x y y x y

+ + =

S:
2
5
x
y
=


HD: pt(1) l pt tch c nhn t chung l x+y
Bi 41: Gii h phng trnh

2
2 2
5 4 4
5 4 16 8 16 0
( x )( )
x x x
y x
y y y

= +

+ + =

S:
2
5
x
y
=


HD: Gii pt(2) , coi x l tham s cn y l n ca pt bc 2
Bi 42: Gii h phng trnh (THTT 2009)

2
2
1 4
1 2
( )
( )( )
x y x y y
x y x y

+ + + =

+ + =

S:
4
0 4
5
4 0
0
x x x
y y
y

= = =
v v

= =


=


HD: Xt k sau chia 2 v ca 2 pt cho y v t
2
1
2 ;
x
u v x y
y
+
= = +
Bi 43:Gii h phng trnh (THTT)
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
3 3
2 5 2 2
1 x y
x y x y

+ =

+ = +

S:
0 1
1 0
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Th pt(1) vo v phi ca pt(2)
Bi 44: Gii h phng trnh (THTT)

3 3
7
2 ( )
x y
xy x y

S:
2 1
1 2
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Nhn pt(1) c 2 v vi 2 ri th pt(2) vo v phi ca pt(1)
Bi 46: Gii h phng trnh

3 3
2 2
2 9 2 3
3
( )( x ) x y x y y
x xy y

= +

+ =

S:
2 2
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Th s 3 pt(2) vo s 3 v phi ca pt(1)
Bi 47: Gii h phng trnh (THTT2009)

2 2
2 2
3
4 4 7
1
2 3
x ( )
x
y x y
x y
x y

+ + + =

+ =

S:
1
0
x
y
=


HD : Bin i pt(1) xut hin
2
( ) x y v pt(2) cuae h xut hin x-y sau t
1
, u x y v x y
x y
= + + =
+

Bi 48:Gii h phng trnh (THTT 2009)

3 3
8 4
5 5
1
x x y y
x y

+ =

S:
4
4
1 5
2
1 5
2
x
y

+
=


HD: T pt(2) k ca x,y sau xt hm s f(t)=
3
5 t t x y =
Bi 49: Gii h phng trnh

2 1
2 1
2 2 3 1
2 2 3 1
x
y
x
x x
y y y

+ + = +

+ + = +

S:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: t u=x-1, v=y-1 ta c h mi vi n u,v v ly pt(1) tr pt(2), xt hm s
f(t)=
2
1 3
t
t t + + +
Bi 50: Gii h phng trnh (D b khi B 2007)

2
3 2
2
2 3
2
2 9
2
2 9
x
x
x
y
x x y
x
y
y y x
y y

+ = +

+ = +

S:
0 1
0 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Cng 2 v ca 2 pt sau nh gi v tri xy s , v phi xy >
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
Bi 51:Gii h phng trnh (THTT 2009)
3
3
3 4
2 6 2
x y x
x y y

= + +

S:
2
2
x
y
=


HD: T pt(1) bin i
2
2 1 2 ( ) ( ) y x x = + tng t pt(2) bin i x-2= Sau
bin lun xung quanh s 2
Bi 52: Gii h phng trnh (THTT 2004)
2
2 1
2
3 2 0 log log
x y
x y e e
x

+ + =

S:
2 4
2 4
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: T pt(1) bin i
y x
e y e x = v xt hm s f(t)=
t
e t
Bi 53: Gii h phng trnh

2
2
1 1
1 3
x y
y x

+ =

+ =

S:
3
2
1
2
x
y


HD: t cost=x , y=sint
Bi 54: Gii h phng trnh (THTT 2006)

2 2
3 1 4 2
3
x x y y
x y

+ + = +

+ =

S:
1
2
2 1
x
x
y y
=
=
v

= =



HD: t S=x+y, P=xy
Bi 55:P Gii h phng trnh (THTT 2007)

3 2
3 2
1 2
1 2
( )
( )
x x x y
y y y x

+ = +

+ = +

S:
1 5
1
2
1
1 5
2
x
x
y
y


=
=

v

=

=


HD: Cch 1: ly pt(1)-(2) lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y
Cch 2: a v h hon v vng quang y=f(x); x=f(y)
Bi 56: Gii h phng trnh

2 2
2
1 1 1
35
0
12
1
( )( ) x x y y
y
y
x

+ + + + =

+ + =


S:
5 5
3 4
5 5
3 4
x x
y y

= =


v


= =



HD: Ta c :
2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1 1 1 ( )( ) va (y+ )( ) x x x x y y y + + + + = + + + = kt hp
vi pt(1) ta c h , gii h ny y=-x sau thay vo pt(2)
Bi 57: Gii h pt
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
2 2
5 3
1
125 125 6 15 0
x y
y y

+ =

+ =

S:
10 10
5 5
15 15
5 5
x x
y y

= =


v


= =



HD: Cch 1: Th x t pt(2)
3
64 4
5
43
5
.
y x = sau p dng BT cauchy cho cc s
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3 3 3
2 2 2
; ; ; ; x x y y y y x = thay vo pt(1)
Cch2 : t t=
15
5
y pt n t c nghim duy nht t=1
Bi 58: Gii h phng trnh


2
4 2
3 9
4 2 3 48 48 155 0
3 3 3 3
2 3 1 2 3 1
1 1
3 2 6 2 3 3 2 6 2 3
2 2
3 6 2 3 6 2
1 1
3 2 6 2 3 3 2 6 2 3
2 2
6 2 3 3 2 6
( x ) x
DS:
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
x y
y y y
x x
y y
x x
y y
x x
y y

+ =

+ + =


= + =

v

= =


= + + =

v


= + = +


= + = +

v


= + = +


HD: Cch 1: th 9-3y t pt(1) vo pt(2) pt bc hai vi n
2
4x y +
Bi 59: Gii h phng trnh

3 2
3 2
2000 0
500 0 x
x xy y
y yx

+ =

S:
20 30
0
3
0
10 30
3
x
x
y
y

=

v

=

=


HD: Th
2 2
x y t pt(2)
2 2
4 x y =
Bi 60: Gii h phng trnh
2 2
2 2
3
3
3
0
x-y
x
x y
x y
y
x y

+ =

S:
2 1
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t z=x+yi , Nhn pt(2) vi I ri cng 2 v py(1) vi pt(2) pt bc 2 n z
Bi 61:Gii h phng trnh
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
2
2
1 1 1
1 2
1 2
1 2
2
1 2 1 2
9
x
x
( x) ( )
y
y
x y y

+ =

+ +
+

+ =

S:
9 73 9 73
36 36
9 73 9 73
36 36
x x
y y

+
= =


v

+

= =



HD: Dng BT bunyakovsky cho pt(1) x y =
Bi 62: Gii h phng trnh(THTT 2010)

2 2
2 2
3
2 1
1
4 22
x
y x y
y
x y
x

+ =

+ + =

S:
2
14
3
53
1
2
4
53
x
x
y
y

=

v

=

=


HD: t
2 2
1 ,
y
x y uv
x
+ = =
Bi 63: Gii h phng trnh (THTT 2010)

3
4
1 8
1 ( )
x y x
x y

S:
2
1
x
y
=


HD: Th pt(2) vo pt(1) v xt 1 bn l hm ng bin , 1 bn l hm nghch bin vi pt
sau khi th
Bi 64: Gii h phng trnh

5 4 10 6
2
4 8 6 x+5
x xy y y
y

+ = +

+ + =

S:
1 1
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Chia pt(1) cho
5
x sau xt hm s f(t)=
5
t t +
Bi 65: Gii h phng trnh

3 3
2 2
9
2 4 0
x y
x y x y

+ + =

S:
1 1
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Nhn 2 v ca pt(2) vi 3 ri ly pt(1)-(2) hng ng thc
3 3
A B =
Bi 66: Gii h phng trnh (H- Khi B2002)

3
2
x y x y
x y x y

+ = + +

S:
3
1
2
1 1
2
x
x
y
y

=

v

=


HD: Cch 1: pt(1) c nhn tuwr chung
3
x y
Cch 2: t 2 t x y = + + pt(2) l pt bc hai n t
Bi 67:Gii h phng trnh(H-Khi D 2002)

3 2
1
2 5 4
4 2
2 2
x
x x
x
y y
y
+

+
=

+
S:
0 2
1 4
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
HD: T pt(2) 2
x
y = ri thay vo pt(1)
Bi 68: Gii h phng trnh (H-Kh A2003)

3
1 1
2 1
x y
x y
y x

= +

S:
1 5
1
2
1
1 5
2
x
x
y
y


=
=

v

=

=


HD: T pt(1) x y = bng cch chuyn v v nhm li
Bi 69:Gii h phng trnh (H Khi B2003)

2
2
2
2
2
3
2
3
x
y
x
x
y
y

+
=

S:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: Quy ng ri ly pt(1)-(2) l xut hin nhn t chung x-y
Bi 70: Gii h phng trnh (H Khi A2004)

1 4
4
2 2
1
1
25
log ( ) log ( ) x y
y
x y

+ =

S:
3
4
x
y
=


HD: T pt(1) rt x v th vo pt(2)
Bi 71: Gii h phng trnh (H-Khi b2005)

2 3
9 3
3 9 3
1 2 1
log ( x ) log y
x y

+ =

S:
3
4
x
y
=


HD: Bin i pt(1) x y =
Bi 72: Gii h phng trnh (D b 1- Khi A2005)

2 2
4
1 1 2 ( ) ( )
x y x y
x x y y y

+ + + =

+ + + + =

S:
2 1 2
2 1
2
x x x
y y
y

= = =

v v

= =
=


HD: t S=x+y, P=xy
Bi 73: Gii h phng trnh (H-Khi A2006)

3
1 1 4
x y xy
x y

+ =

+ + + =

S:
3
3
x
y
=


HD: t t= xy v bnh phng 2 v pt(2) kt hp vi cch t ra c pt lin quan n
t
Bi 74: Gii h phng trnh(D b 2- Khi A2006)
3 3
2 2
8 2
3 3 1
x=y
( )
x y
x y

= +

S:
3
3
x
y
=


HD: pt(1):
3 3
2 4 2 ( x ) x y y = + sau nhn 2 v vi 3 v th pt(2) vo v phi ta c
pt ng cp bc 3
Bi 75: Gii h phng trnh (D b 2- Khi B2006)
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
2 2
2 2
13
25
( )( )
( )( )
x y x y
x y x y

+ =

+ =

S:
3 2
2 3
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t x-y=S,P=xy
Bi 76:Gii h phng trnh (D b 2-Khi A2007)

4 3 2 2
3 2
1
1
x x y x y
x y x xy

+ =

+ =

S:
1 1
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Bin i v t
2 3
; u x xy v x y = + =
Bi 77: CMR hpt c ng 2 nghim dng (D b -Khi B2007)
2
2
2007
1
2007
1
y
x
y
e
y
x
e
x


S: H lun c 2 nghim 1
HD: Xt hm s f(t)=
2
1
; ( ) ...
t
t
e g t x y
t
= =


Bi 78:Gii h phng trnh (H-Khi A2008)

2 3 2
4 2
5
4
5
1 2
4
( x)
x y x y xy xy
x y xy

+ + + + =

+ + + =

S:
3
3
5
1
4
3
25
2
16
x x
y
y

= =

v

=

=


HD: t
2
; u x y v xy = + =
Bi 79: Gii h phng trnh (H-Khi B2008)

4 3 2 2
2
2 2 9
2 6 6
x x
x x
x y x y
x y

+ + = +

+ = +

S:
4
17
4
x
y
=


HD: Th xy pt(2) vo pt(1)
Bi 80: Gii h phng trnh(H-Khi B2009)

2 2 2
1 7
1 13
xy x y
x y xy y
+ + =

+ + =

S:
1
3
1
1
3
x
x
y y
=
=

v

= =


HD: pt(1) chia 2 v cho y; pt(2) chia 2 v cho
2
y sau t
1
;
x
u x v
y y
= + =
Bi 81: Gii h phng trnh (H-Khi D2009)

2
2
1 3 0
5
1 0
( )
( )
x x y
x y
x
+ + =

+ + =

S:
2
1
3
1
2
x
x
y y
=
=

v

= =


Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
HD: Th x+y t pt(1) vo pt(2) ta c pt bc 2 vi n
2
1
x

Bi 82: Gii h phng trnh (H- Khi A2010)

2
2 2
4 1 3 5 2 0
4 2 3 4 7
( x ) ( )
x x
x y y
y

+ + =

+ + =

S:
1
2
2
x
y


HD: Cch 1: T pt(1) bin i v dng 2 5 2 ( x) ( ) f f y = , vi f(t)=
2
1 ( ) t t +
Cch 2: t u=2x; v= 5 2y sau rt x v y thay vo pt(1) v a v pt tch c
nhn t chung l u-v
Bi 83: Gii h phng trnh (THTT 2010)

3
3 2 2 2 1 0
2 2 2 1 1
( )
( )
x x y y
x y

S:
1 5
1
2
1
5 5
4
x
x
y
y

+
=

=

v

=

=


HD: Cch 1: T pt(1) bin i v dng 2 2 1 ( ) ( ), f x f y = vi
2
1 ( ) ( ) f t t t = +
Cch 2: t 2 2 1 ; u x v y = = sau rt x v y thay vo pt (1) v a v pt
tch c nhn t chung l u-v
Bi 84:Gii h phng trnh (C Khi A2010)

2 2
2 2 3 2
2 2
x x
x
y y
x y y

+ =

S:
1 3
1 7
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: pt(1) l pt bc hai n l 2x y +
Bi 85: Gii h phng trnh ( Thi th 2010)

4 2 2
2 2
4 6 9 0
2 22 0
x x x y
x y x y

+ + =

+ + =

S:
2
2
3
5
x
x
y
y

=
=
v

=
=



HD: Bin i v t
2 2
2 3 ; u x v y = = a v h i xng loi 1
Bi 86: Gii h phng trnh (Thi th 2010)

3 3 3
2 2
8 27 18
4 6
x
x x
y y
y y

+ =

+ =

S:
3 5 3 5
4 4
6 6
3 5 3 5
x x
y y

+
= =

v


= =

+


HD: Chia pt(1) cho
3
y ; pt(2) cho
2
y v t u=2x; v=
3
y
a hpt v h i xng loi 1
Bi 87: Gii h phng trnh (Thi th 2010)

2 2
2 2
3
1 1 4
x y xy
x y

+ =

+ + + =

S:
3 3
3
3
x x
y
y

= =

v

=
=


Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
HD: Bnh phng pt(2) sau th
2 2
x y + pt(1) vo ta c pt vi n xy
Bi 88: Gii h phng trnh ( Thi th 2010)
3 1 2 3
2
2 2 32
3 1 1
x x
.
x
y y
xy x
+ +

+ =

+ + = +

S:
2
2
2
1
0
3 8 1
3
8
2 3 8
11
log ( )
log
log ( )
x
x
y
y

=
(
= +


v

=

= +



HD: pt(2) l pt tch vi nhn t chung l x
Bi 89: Gii h phng trnh (Thi th 2010)

2
1
( )
x y x y
x y
e e x y
e x y
+
+

+ = +

= +

S:
0
0
x
y
=


HD: t u=x+y ; v=x-y a v dng f(u)=f(v) vi f(t)=
t
e t +
Bi 90:Gii h phng trnh (Thi th 2010)

1 2
2
1 4 5 1 3
1
3 1 2
( )
x y x y x y
x y y y
x
+ +

+ = +

S:
1 5
2
2 5
x y
x y


= =

= =


HD: t u=x-y v so snh u vi s 0 u phi bng 0x=y
Bi 91: Gii h phng trnh (Thi th 2010)

2 2
2 2
91 2
91 2
x y y
y x x

+ = +

+ = +

s:
3
3
x
y
=


HD:Ly pt(1)-(2) v truch cn thc vi cn lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y x y =
Bi 92: Gii h phng trnh (Thi th 2010)

2 2 3
log log
y x
x y
xy y

+ =

S:
2
2
3 1
3 1
log
log
x
y
=


HD: pt(1) l pt bc hai n l log
y
x
Bi 93: Gii h phng trnh ( Thi th 2010 Ph Th )

2 0
1 2 1 1
x y xy
x y

S:
2 10
1 5
2 2
x x
y y
= =

v

= =



HD: pt(1) coa nhn t chung l x y +
Bi 94: Gii h phng trnh ( Chn HSG Bc Giang 2010)

8
5
x x y x y y
x y

= +

S:
9
4
x
y
=


HD: Cch 1: t
3
2
x t y t = =
Cch 2: Chuyn pt(1) v dng 1 bn l x v 1 bn l y sau nhm li v bnh
phng 2 v ri th pt(2) vo
Bi 95: Gii h phng trnh ( KS Cht lng 12 Thanh Ha 2010)
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922

2
2 2
1
2 2
2 2
x x
y
y y x y

+ =

S:
3 7
1
2
2 1
7 1
x
x
y
y


=
=

v

=

=


HD: Bin i pt(2) v t u=x; v=
1
y

Bi 96: Gii h phng trnh ( Thi th H ng Thp 2010)

2
1 1 4 3
3
2
2
`
( )
x
x y x y x y
y

+ + + = + + +

S:
4
3
1
6
x
y


HD: pt(1) t t=x+y sau trc cn thc lm xut hin nhn t chung l 2t-1
Bi 98: Gii h phng trnh (Thi th H Hi Phng 2010)

2 2
2 2
12
12
y x y
x y x y

+ + =

S:
5 5
3 4
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t u=
2 2
; x y v x y = +
Bi 99:Gii h phng trnh ( KS Cht lng 12 Thanh Ha 2010)

3 2 3 2
2
3 56 42 0
2 2
x x
. .
( )( )
y x y
x y y y x y x

+ =

= + +

S:
3
2
3
2
4
1
4
2
log
log
x
y
=


HD: pt(2) chuyn y sang bn phi sau trc cn thc lm xut hin nhn t chung l
2y-x
Bi 100: Gii h phng trnh (Thi th H Ngh An2010)

2
5 3
x y x y y
x y

+ + =

+ =

S:
1
4
5
x
y
=


HD: Bnh phng pt(1) 2 ln lm xut hin nhn t chung l y
Bi 101: Gii h phng trnh ( Thi th H Ngh An 2010)

2 2
2 2
1 4
2 7 2 ( ) x
x y xy y
y x y y

+ + + =

+ = + +

S:
1 1
2 5
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Chia hai v ca 2 pt cho y v t
2
1
;
x
u v x y
y
+
= = +
Bi 102: Gii h phng trnh ( Thi th H Nng 2010)

2 2
3 3
2 1
2 2 x
y x
y y x

S:
1 1
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
HD: Thay pt(1) vo v tri ca pt(2) ta c pt bc 3 vi n l
x
y

Bi 103: Gii h phng trnh ( Thi th H Ngh An 2010)

3 3
2 2
3 4
9
( ) x x y y
x y

S:
3
3
2 31
2 31
x
y


HD: t S=x-y, P=xy
Bi 104: Gii h phng trnh ( Thi th H Hi Phng 2010)

3 3
2 2 3
1
2 2 x
x y
x y y y

+ =

+ + =

S:
1 2
1
2
x x
y
y

= =

v

=
=


HD: Thay pt(1) vo v tri ca pt (2) ta c h phng trnh mi v t
1 6 1 4 ; u x x v y y = + + + = + + +
Bi 106: Gii h phng trnh ( Thi th H Nguyn Hu 2010)

1 2 1
4
4 34 2
3 2 3
.
log
x y y
x y
+

+ =

+ =

S:
4
4
1
1 3
2
1
1 3
2
( log )
( log )
x
y

= +


HD: Dng BT cauchy cho 2 s
1
4
x y +
v
2 1
34 .
y

Bi 107: Gii h phng trnh ( HSG B Ra Vng Tu 2010)

2 2 4
2 5 2 5 6
x
x
y
y

+ =

+ + + =

S:
2
2
x
y
=


HD: Ly pt(1) pt(2) ta c hpt mi v t 2 5 2 2 5 2 x x; u v y y = + + = + +
a v h n u, v
Bi 108: Gii h phng trnh ( HSG Hi Phng Bng2010)

1
3 3
1
2 8 x
x x y
y
y
y

+ + + =

+ + =

s:
3 5 4 10
1 1
3 10
x x x
y y
y

= = =

v v

= =
=


HD: t
1
3 ; u x v x y
y
= + = + a v h i xng loi 1
Bi 109: Gii h phng trnh (HSG Lm ng 2010)

2 4 3
2 2
4 4 1
4 2 4 2 x x
x y xy
y y

+ =

+ =

S:
0 0 1
1 1 1
x x x
y y y
= = =
v v

= = =


HD: pt(1) (2) ta c pt tch vi nhn t chung l
2
1 y
Bi 110: Gii h phng trnh (HSG ng Nai 2010)

4
2 2
5 6
5 6 x
x y
x y

+ =

+ =

S:
1 2
1 2
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
HD: pt(1) (2) ta c pt tch vi nhn t chung l x-y
Bi 111: Gii h phng trnh (HSG H Tnh 2010)

2 2
2 2
3 2
1
1
2
4
y
x x y
y
x y
x

+ =

+ =

S:
1 3
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t
2 2
1;
x
u x y v
y
= + =

Bai 112: Gii h phng trnh ( HSG Qung Bnh 2010)

2 2
1 1
2 0
x x y
x x y x y x

+ + =

S:
1
2
4
4
1
x x
y
y

= =
v

=


HD: Cch 1: Bin i h v dng x=f(y), y=f(x) ( h pt hon v vng quanh ) v xt hm
s f(t)
2
2
t t
x y
+
= =
Cch 2: pt(1) (2) c nhn t chung (x-y)
Bi 114: Gii h phng trnh (HSG Bnh nh 2010)

2 2
1 2
2
1 1 3 3 ( ) x
y x
x y
x
y x

+ = +

+ = +

s:
3
2 3
x
y


HD: Da vo pt(1) l pt bc hai theo n x
Bi 115: Gii h phng trnh (HSG Khnh Ha 2010)
2 2
2
2 3 4 9
7 6 2 9
x x x
x x
y y y
y

+ = +

+ = +

S:
1
2
9 3 33
2
16 4
1
3
7
7
x x
x
y
y y


= =

=
v v

=

= =


HD: rt y t pt(1) ri th vo pt(2) ta c pt tch vi nhn t chung l x+2, 2x-2
Bi 116: Gii h phng trnh : (HSG Vnh Phc2010)
3
2 2 3 2
6 1 4
x x

y y
x y

+ =

+ + =

S:
2
3
x
y
=


HD: pt(1) l pt bc hai vi n 2x y +
Bi 117: Gii h phng trnh (HSG Thanh Ha 2010)

2 2
2 2
2 3
10
( ) x
( )
y x y
x x y y

+ =

S:
4
4
15
0 2
2 135
0 1
135
2
x
x x
y y
y

= =

v v

= =

=


Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
HD: pt(1) chia pt(2) ta c pt ng cp bc 4 ( hay pt trng phng vi n l
x
y
)
Bi 118:Gii h phng trnh (HSG Qung Nam 2010)

2
2
2 2
121
2 27
9
3 4 4 0
x=
x
x
x
x y xy y

+ + + =

S:
4
3
4
3
x
y


HD: pt(2) coin hw l pt bc 2 n y k ca x v kt hp pt(1) x
Bi 120: Gii h phng trnh (HSG Bnh Phc 2010)

2 2
3 3 3
6
1 19
x
x
y xy
x y

+ =

+ =

S:
1 1
3 2
3 2
x x
y y

= =
v


= =


HD: pt(2) chia cho
3
x , pt(1) chia cho
2
x v t
1
;
x
u x v
y y
= + =
Bi 120: Gii h phng trnh (HSG Ph Th 2010)

2 2
2
1
2
1
x y xy y
y
x y
x

+ + + =

+ =

+
S:
1 2
2 5
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


Hd: pt(1) chia cho y v t
2
1
;
x
u v x y
y
+
= = +
Bi 121: Gii h phng trnh ( Chn i tuyn THPT Chuyn HN 2010)

2 2
2 2
2 3 4 2 3 4 18
7 6 14 0
( x x )( x x )
x x y xy y

+ + =

+ + + =

S:H v nghim
HD: Coi pt(2) ln lt l 2 pt bc hai vi n x,y k ca x, y sau kt hp pt(1) nh
gi pt(1)
Bi 122: Gii h phng trnh ( Chn i tuyn Chuyn LTV ng Nai2010)

3
2 2 1 2 1 2 3 2
4 2 2 4 6
( x ) x ( )
x
y y
y

+ + + =

+ + + =

s:
1
2
6
x
y


HD: pt(1) c dng 2 1 2 ( x ) ( ) f f y + = vi
3
2 2 1 2 ( ) x f t t t y = + + =
Bi 123: Gii h phng trnh ( Chn HSG Hng Yn 2010)
4 3 3 2 2
3 3
9 9
7
x
( )
x x y y y x x y
x y x

+ + = + +

S:
1
2
x
y
=


HD: pt(1) l pt tch vi nhn t chung l x-y sau rt y t pt(2) th vo pt sau khhi bin
i v chng minh pt c nghim duy nht x=1
Bi 124: Gii h phng trnh ( Chn HSG c Lc 2010)
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922

3
2
2 2 1 3 1
2 1 2 1
x
x x
y x x y
y y x

+ =

= + +

S:
3
10
3
2
20
os
sin
x c
y


HD: pt(1) t 1 u x = , pt(1) c dng f(y)=f(u) , vi
f(t)=
3
2 1 t t y u y x + = = thay vo pt(2) v gii pt ny bng cch t x=cost; t
thuc 0; (


Bi 125: Gii h phng trnh (HSG Yn Bi 2010)

3 3
2 2
35
2 3 4 9 x x
x y
y y

+ =

S:
2 3
3 2
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Bin i pt(2) v phi xut hin s 35 v thay vo v phi pt(1)
lm xut hin hng ng thc bc 3 dng
3 3
A B =
Bi 126: Gii h phng trnh ( HSG Qung Ninh 2010)

2 2
2 2
1 1
2
2
1 1
2
( ) x y
x y
y x
x y

+ = +

S:
3
3
3 1
2
3 1
2
x
y

+
=


HD: Ly pt(1) pt(2) ta c hpt mi , tip tc pt(1) pt(2) ca h mi ta c hng
ng thc bc 3
Bi127: Gii h phng trnh ( HSG Ngh An 2010)

3 3
2
3 4 2
1 2 1
x x y y x
x y y

+ = + + +

S:
1 1
0 2
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: pt(1) c dng f(y)=f(x+1) vi f(t)=
3
1 t t y x + = +
Bi 128: Gii h phng trnh (D b HSG Ngh An 2010)

3 3 2
4 4
8 4 1
2 8 2 0
x
x x
x y y
y y

+ =

+ =

S:
1
1
2
x
y
=


HD: t t=2y v th
3
1 ( ) t + th pt(2) v sau s dng cch gii ca pt ng bc
Bi 129: Gii h phng trnh ( HSG ng Thp 2010)

2 2
2
2
2 2
1
1
3 2 6 2 2 1 log ( ) log ( )
y x
x
e
y
x y x y

+
=

+ + = + + +

S:
4
4
x
y
=


HD: pt c dng
2 2
( ) ( ) f x f y = vi 1 ( ) ( )
t
f t e t = +
Bi 130: Gii h phng trnh ( Chn HSG Qung Nam 2010)

4 2 4
3 3
4 2 5
2 2
x
x
xy
x y
y
x y
+

+ =

+ = +

S:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: ptc dng f(x)=f(y) vi f(t)=
3
2
t
t +
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
Bi 131: Gii hh phng trnh ( Chn HSG Ngh An 2010)

2 2
2
1
5
57
4 3 3 1
25
x x ( x )
x y
y

+ =

+ = +

S:
2 11
5 25
1 2
5 25
x x
y y

= =


v


= =



HD: Thay
10
25
b pt(1) vo pt(2) v t u=2x-y; v=2x+y
Bi 132: Gii h phng trnh ( Chn HSG TP HCM 2010)
11 10 22 12
4 4 2 2
3
7 13 8 2 3 3 1 x ( x )
x xy y y
y y x y

+ = +

+ + = +

s: H v nghim
Bi 133: Gii h phng trnh ( Chn HSG Chuyn HN 2010)

4 4
2 2 3
2
3 ( )
x y y y
x y

s:
3
3
3
3
2
3 1
3
2
1
3 1
3 2
x
x
y
y

+
=
=

v


=
=



HD: t a=x+y ; b=x-y ; c=3 (ab=c do pt(2) pt(1) l pt tch nhn t chung l
3 3
a c
Bi 134: Gii h phng trnh (THTT 2010)

2
4
4
2 2 6 2 2
2 2 6 2 2 8 2
x
x
y y
x y

+ =

+ + = +

s:
2
2
x
y
=


HD: Cng pt(1) vi pt(2) ta c pt mi sau nh gi hai cn cng bc bng BT
bunyakovsky 6 3 2 6 3 2 , VT VP s + > +
Bi 135: Gii h phng trnh

2 2 2
2 3
2 0
2 4 3 0
x
x x
x y y
y

+ =

+ + =

S:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: Tm min gi tr ca y t pt(1) v pt(2) y=-1
Bi 136: Gii h phng trnh (HSG QG 2007)

12
1 2
3
12
1 6
3
( )
x
( )
x
x
y
y
y

+ =

S:
4 2 3
12 6 3
x
y

= +

= +


HD: Xt k sau chia ht 2 v ca hpt x v y , cng tr 2 v sau khi chia ta c
h mi , ly pt(1) nhn vi pt(2) a v pt ng cp vi n x, y
Bi 137: Gii h phng trnh ( HSG QG 2010)
4 4
3 3 2 2
240
2 3 4 4 8 ( ) ( )
x y
x y x y x y

S:
4
2
x
y
=


HD: Cch 1: Nhn pt(2) vi -8 ri cng vi pt(1) ta a v hng ng thc
4 4
A B =
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
Cch 2: t y=2t sau nhn cho hpt v t u=
4 4
; x v t
x t
+ = + ri a v pt tch vi
nhn t chung u-v
Bi 138: Gia h phng trnh (HSG QG 2004)

3 2
2 2
3 49
8 8 17
x
x x
x y
x y y y

+ =

+ =

S:
1
4
x
y
=


HD: Cch 1: Nhn pt(2) vi 3 ri cng vi pt(1) ta a v pt tch c nhn t chung l
x+1
Cch 2: t x+y=u ; x-y=vx,y . Ta c h mi sau nhn pt(2) vi 3 ri cng
pt(1) ta c hng ng thc bc 3
Bi 139: Gii h phng trnh(THTT 2011)

3 2 2
2 3
3
2 2
2 2 1 14 2
x x y x y y
x y y x

+ = +

+ =

S:
1 2
1 2
x
y


HD: pt(1) l pt tch c nhn t chung l x-y
Bi 140: Gii h phng trnh (THTT 2011)

1
1 1
3
xy xy x
y y y
x x x

+ + =

+ = +

S:
1
0
x
y
=


HD: Quy ng pt(@) sau t t xy = v th x t pt(1) vo pt(2) pt bc 3 n t c
ngay nghim t=0
Bi 141: Gii h phng trnh

2 2
1 1 1
1 1 2 ( )( )
x y y x
x y

+ =

+ =

S:
1
0
x
y
=


HD: V x, y thuc 11 ; (

t x=cosx ; y=sinv ; u,v thuc 0; (


Ch : nu c k x a s th ta t x=acosu ; u 0; ( e


Bi 142: Gii h phng trnh
2
2 2
2
3 2
9
2 6
9
2 1
( )( ) ln( )
x
y y
x y x xy y
x x
x y

+ +
+ + =

+ +

+ =


S:
2 3
2 2 2
7 7 7
2 3
2 2 2
7 7 7
os os os
os os os
x c x c x c
y c y c y c



= = =


v v


= = =



HD: Bin i pt(1) v dng f(x)=f(y) vi f(t)=
3 2
2 6 9 ln( ) t t t t x y + + + = sau
t x=2cosu gii pt bc 3 ; 0; u ( e


Bi 143: Gii h phng trnh
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922

7 3
2 3
2 2 3 2 2 3
4 1 21 9
log ( x ) log ( x )
ln( x )
y y
x x y
+ = + +

+ + + + =

s:
0
7
3
x
y
=


HD: t t=
7
2 3 log ( x ) y + v bin i pt(1) v thnh pt bin t v gii pt ny 1 t =
Bi 145: Gii h phng trnh

4 3 2 2
2
2 2 9
2 6 6
x x
x x
x y x y
x y

+ + = +

+ = +

s:
4
17
4
x
y
=


HD: Bin i VP pt(1) thnh tng bnh phng tsau rt xy t pt(2) th vo ta c
nghim x
Bi 146:Gii h phng trnh ( thi th H Hu 2011)

3 4 1
2 1 6
2 2 16
2 2 16
x
x
y
y
+
+

+ =

+ =

s:
1
1
2
x
y
=


HD: Chia c 2 v cho 8 sau t u=
1 2 1
2 2 ;
x y
v

=
Bi 147: Gii h phng trnh

2 2
2 2
7
2 1 2 1
2
7 6 14 0
( x )( )
x
y xy
x y xy y

+ + + =

S:
1
2
x
y
=


HD: T pt(2) ta tm min gi tr ca x,y bng cch coi pt(2) ln lt l pt bc2 vi n l
x, y . sau da vo pt(1) , x y
Bi 148: Gii h phng trnh
2
3 18 0
cosx cos x y y
x y y
=

s:
3
3
x
y
=


HD: pt(1) c dng f(x)=f(y) vi f(t)=t-costx=y
Bi 149: Gii h phng trnh
7 11 6
7 11 6

x y
y x

+ + =

+ + =

s:
2
2
x
y
=


HD: Cch 1: ly p1(1)+(2) sau dng bt ng thc bunyakovsky nh gi VT 12 s
Cch 2: Ly pt(1)-(2) v trc cn thc lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y
Bi 150: Gii h phng trnh

2 2
2 2
x y
y x

+ =

+ =

s:
0 2
0 2
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Cch 1: ly pt(1)-(2) sau xt hm s f(t) = 2 t t
Cch 2: ly pt(1)-(2) v trc cn thc lm xut hin nhn t chung x-y
Bi 151: Gii h phng trnh

2 2
2
2 1 2 2 x
xy x y x y
x y y x y

+ + =

s:
5
2
x
y
=


Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
HD: pt(1) l pt tch vi nhn t chung x+y
Bi 152: Gii h phng trnh

2 0
1 4 1 2
x y xy
x y

+ =

s:
2
1
x
y
=


HD: pt(1) l pt bc 2 vi n l
x
y

Bi 154: Gii h phng trnh
2 2
4 2 2 2 4 2 2 2
18
208
x
x
x y y xy x y
x y y x y x y

+ + + =

+ + + =


s:
0 2 3 2 3 7 4 3 7 4 3
0
7 4 3 7 4 3 2 3 2 3
x x x x x
y
y y y y

= = + = = + =

v v v v

=
= = = =


HD: Chia pt(1) cho xy; pt(2) cho
2 2
x y ta uwc hpt i xng loi 1
Bi 155: Gii h phng trnh
2 2 2
2 3
2 0
2 4 3 0
x
x x
x y y
y

+ =

+ + =

s:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: Tm min gi tr ca y t 2 pt ca h 1 y =
Bi 156: Gii h phng trnh
2 2 3
3 1 3 1 4
x
x
y xy
y

+ =

+ + + =

s:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: Ly k v t pt(1) ta nh gi 1 y =
Bi 158: Gii h phng trnh

1 1
4 0
1
4 0
x y
x y
x y
xy
xy y x

+ + + + =

+ + + =

s;
1
1
x
y
=


HD: t
1 1
; u x v y
x y
= + = + h i xng loi 1 vi n u,v
Bi 159: Gii h phng trnh ( Lp 10 nm 2010 Chuyn Qung Tr )
3 2
3 2
4 3 7
6 7
x x
x
y y
y y

+ =

+ =

S:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: Tg pt(1) v pt(2) 0 > , x y . Ly py(1) (2) v kt hp vi py(2) ta c h mi ,
sau bin lun 1 1 > < . y y u v l 1 y =
Bi 160: Gii h phng trnh
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
2 2
2 2
4 2 3 0
20
x x y y
y x y

+ =

+ +

S:
3
3
2
0 1
3
0 1
2 2
x
x x
y y
y

=
= =

v v

= =

=


HD: Th s 12 pt(2) vo pt(1) sau chia cho
3
y ta c pt bc 3 vi n
x
y

Bi 162: Gii h phng trnh
2 2
2
2 1
2
x y
xy x

+ =

S:
1 1
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Th s 1 pt(1) vo v phi pt(2) ta c pt ng cp
Bi 163: Gii h phng trnh
1 1
2 2
1 1
2 2
y
x
x
y

+ =

+ =

S:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: t
1 1
; u v
x y
= = h mi vi n u,v v bnh phng hai v ca h mi ( c 2
pt) ta c h i xng loi 2
Bi 164: Gii h phng trnh

3 2
2
3 6 0
3
x y y x y
x xy

+ + =

+ =

S:
3 3
2 2
3 3
2 2
x x
y y

= =


v


= =



HD: Th x+y pt(2) vo pt(1) ta c pt ng cp
Bi 165: Gii h phng trnh

2
2 2
2 3
2
x x xy y
x y

+ + = +

+ =

S:
1 1
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: pt(1) c nhn t chung l x-1
Bi 166: Gii h phng trnh

3 3 2
4 4
1
4 4 x x
x y xy
y y

+ =

+ = +

s:
3
3
3
0 1 1
25
1 0 1 3
25
x
x x x
y y y
y

= = =

v v v

= = =

=


HD: Th s 1 pt(1) vo VP ca pt(2) ( cch gii pt ng bc ) ta c pt c nhn t
chung xy
Bi 167: Gii h phng trnh
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922

3 2
3 2
2 3 5
6 7
x x
x
y
y y

+ =

+ =

S:
5 105
1
8
1
7 105
4
x
x
y
y

=

v

=

=


HD: Nhn pt(1) vi 4 ri cng pt(2) ta c hng ng thc
3
27 A =
Bi 168: Gii h phng trnh

2 2 2 2
2
1 3
x y x y
x y x y

+ =

+ + =

S:
2
2
x
y
=


HD; t
u x y
v x y
= +

sau bnh phng pt(1) v th u+v pt(1) vo pt(2) ta c pt bc


2 vi n uv
Bi 169: Gii h phng trnh

3 2
2 2
2
0
x y
x xy y y

+ =

+ + =

S: H v nghim
HD: T pt(2) ta tm c min gi tr ca x,y bng cch coi pt(2) ln lt l pt bc 2 n
x, n y sau nh gi pt(1)
Bi 170:Gii h phng trnh
3 3 3
2 2
27 125 9
45 75 6
x
x x
y y
y y

+ =

+ =

S:
1
2
3
3
5
5
2
x
x
y y

=
v


= =


HD: Cch 1: T pt(2) nhn 2 v vi
3
2
y sau ly pt(1)-(2) ta c pt bc 3 vi n l
xy
Cch 2: pt(1) chia cho
3
y ; pt(2) chia cho
2
y sau t u=3x ; v=
5
y
v a v h
i xng loi 1
Bi 171: Gii h phng trnh
4 4
3 2 2
2
2 2 x x
x y
x y

+ =

+ =

s:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: Nhm pt(2) vi nhn t chung l x-1 v bin lun 1 va 0 x 1; x=0; x 0 x u
v l 1 x =
Bi172: Gii h phng trnh
2 2
2
3 11
2 5
x
x
x y y
y y

+ =

S:
2 2
1 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: rt x t pt(2) v thay vo pt(1) ta c pt trng phng n y
Bi 173: Gii h phng trnh
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
2 2
1 3 5 1 3 5
80
x x x y y y
x y x y

+ + + + + = + +

+ + + =

S:
7 5 5
2
5 5 5
2
x
y


HD: Bin lun pt(1) vi 6 6 ; x y x y mu thunx=y-6 tha mn pt(1)
Bi 174: Gii h phng trnh

2
4 2 2 2
2 0
4 3 0
x
x x
x y x y
x y y

+ + =

+ + =

S:
0 1 2
0 2 2
x x x
y y y
= = =
v v

= = =


HD: Chia pt(1) cho x; pt(2) cho
2
x sau a v pt bc hai vi n l
y
x
x
+
Bi 175: Gii h phng trnh
2 2
4
128
x y x y
x y

+ + =

+ =

S:
8 8
8 8
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: t ; u x y v x y = + =
Bi 176: Gii h phng trnh

2 4 2
2 4 2
1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1
( )( )( )
( )( )( )
x x x y
y y y x

+ + + = +

+ + + = +

S:
0 1
0 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Bin lun 1 0 1 0 ; ; x x x
Bi 177: Gii h phng trnh

3 2
2 2 2
2 4 3 0
2 0
x y y
x x y y

+ + =

+ =

s:
1
1
x
y
=


HD: Tm min gi tr ca x t 2 pt trn ri suy ra x=-1
Bi 178: Gii h phng trnh
2
3 1
8 9
( ) y x y
x y x y

+ =

+ =

S:
8
1
x
y
=


HD: Tm min gi tr ca x-y t 2 pt trn ri suy ra x-y=9
Bi 179: Gii h phng trnh
3
3
2 3 8
2 6
( )
( )
x y
x y

+ =

S:
1 2
2 1
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: pt(1) chia cho
3
x ; pt(2) chia cho x sau ly pt(1)+(2) ta c pt dng f(y)=
2
( ) f
x

Bi 180: Gii h phng trnh
2 2
2 2
12
12
x y x y
x y x

+ =

S:
3 4
5 5
x x
y y
= =
v

= =


HD: Bnh phng pt(1) sau th pt(2)vo ta y=5
Bi 181: Gii h phng trnh ( THTT 407/2011)
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922

2 2 2 2
2 3
2 5 3 4 5 3 x x x x
x y x xy y
x y
x y y

+ + +
+ = +

+ + =

S:
3
3
x
y
=


HD: Binhd phng pt(1) sau a v pt ng cp v suy ra x=y , kt hp pt(2) suy ra
yu cu bi ton
Bi 182: Gii h phng trnh
3 2
3 2
2 2 1 1
4 1 2 0
( x ) ( )
x ln( x)
x y x y
y y

+ = +

+ + + + =

S:
0
1
x
y
=


HD: pt(1) l pt tch vi nhn t chung l
2
2 x +
Bi 183: Gii h phng trnh (HSG QG 1994)
3 2
3 2
3 2
3 3 1
3 3 1
3 3 1
x ln( )
ln( )
z ln( )
x x x y
y y y y z
z z z x
+ + + =

+ + + =

+ + + =

S:
1
1
1
x
y
z
=


Lm mu:
Xt hm s
3 2 2
2
2 1
3 3 1 3 1 0
11
( ) ln( ) '( )
t
f t t t t t f t t t
t t

= + + + = + +
+

f(t) l hm s ng bin . Vy hpt vit li
( )
( )
( )
f x y
f y z
f z x
=


Gi s x=min(x,y,z) khi : ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) x y f x f y y z f y f z z x s s s s s
x y z x x y z s s s = =
Vi x=y=z ta c pt:
3 2
3 3 1 1 x ln( ) ( ) x x x x + + + =

3 2
2 1 0
0
x ln( )
( )
x x x
p x
+ + + =
=

V p(x) l hm s ng bin v pt(1)=0pt(1) c nghim duy nht
Vy hpt c nghim duy nht
1
1
1
x
y
z
=


Ch : ta cng x th m rng bi ton dng hon v vng quanh trn cho n bin
a phn hpt hon v vng quanh ta c th gii c da vo tnh ng bin v
nghch bin ca hm s
Bi 184: Gii h phng trnh (HSG QG 1994)

2
2
2
1 2
1 2
1 2
( )
( )
( ) x
x y
y z
z
=

S:
2 3
2 3
2 3
x
y
z


Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
HD: k ca x,y,z v xt hm s
2
1
1
2
( ) ( ) f t t = f(t) ng bin , nghch bin , lc
ta chia lm 2 trng hp
Bi 185: Gii h phng trnh (HSG QG 2005-2006 Bng A)
2
3
2
3
2
3
2x 6.log (6 )
2 6.log (6 )
2z 6.log (6 )
x y x
y y z y
z x z

+ =

+ =

+ =

S:
3
3
3
x
y
z
=


HD: Bin i hpt v dng hon v vng quanh v xt hm s
2
1
( )
2 6
f t
t t
=
+
;
3
( ) log (6 ) g t t = v lm nh bi 140
Bi 186: Gii h phng trnh( thi ngh 30/4 ng Thp 2008)
2 3
2 3
2 3
3z 3z 0
3x 3x 0
3 3 0
x x z
y y x
z y y z y
+ =

+ =

+ =

S:
26
3
( 0; 1; 2;...; 12)
26
9
26
k
x
k
y k
k
z

= =


HD: Bin i hpt v dnagj hon v vng quanh v t x=tan ; ;
2 2

| |
e
|
\ .

Bi 187: Gii h phng trnh( Thi ngh 30/4 Bnh Phc 2008)

1
ax
1
x
z
1
x
by c
xy
b cy a
x
c az b
yz

+ =

+ =

+ =

s:
b
x
abc
a
y
abc
c
z
abc


HD: Lt ngc li bi ton coi a, b. c l n v gii h tm c a, b, c theo x,y,z
Bi 188: Gii h phng trnh( CHN VMO 2009)

2
2
2
( ) 2
( ) 3
( ) 4
x y z x
y z x y
z x y z
+ = +

+ = +

+ = +

S:
2 15
3
3 15
5
4 15
15
x
y
z


HD: Bin i v t , ;
2 2 2
a b a c b c
z y x
+ + +
= = = a v h hon v vng quanh dng
tch
Bi 189: Gii h phng trnh (HSP HN KHI CHUYN 2004)
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
2004 6 6
2004 6 6
2004 6 6
2
2
2z
x y z
y z x
x y
= +

= +

= +

S:
1
1
1
x
y
z
=


HD: Gi s
1
0
1
x
x y z
z
>
< s s

s

mu thun
Bi 190: Gii h phng trnh

2x 1
2 7
2xz 2
y x y
yz y z
z x
= + +

= + +

= + +

S:
1 0
2 1
3 2
x x
y y
z z
= =

= v =


= =


HD: pt(1) nhm li (2x-1)(2y-1)=3 tng t nhm pt(2) v (3) ta

c h hon v vng quanh , sau ly pt(1) nhn pt(2) nhn pt(3)
Bi 191: Gii h phng trnh
1
3
x 7
x xy y
y yz z
z z x
+ + =

+ + =

+ + =

s:
1 3
0 2
3 5
x x
y y
z z
= =

= v =


= =


HD: pt(1) nhm li (y+1)(x+1) =2 tng t nhm pt(2) v(3) ta c h hon v vng
quanh sau ly pt(1) nhn pt(2) nhn pt(3)
Bi 192: Gii h phng trnh
2
2
2
2x
2
2z
x y y
y y z z
z x x
+ =

+ =

+ =

S:
tan
2 3
tan2 ( 0; ; ; )
7 7 7
tan4
x
y
z

= =


HD: Bin i v hpt hon v vng quanh v t x=tan ; ;
2 2


| |
e
|
\ .

Bi 193: Gii h phng trnh
3 2
3 2
3 2
3x (3x 1)
3 (3 1)
3z (3z 1)
x y
y y z y
z x
=

s:
tan
tan3 ( ; 0; 1; 2;...; 12)
26
tan9
x
k
y k
z

= = =


HD: Bin i v hpt hon v vng quanh v t x=tan ; ;
2 2


| |
e
|
\ .
v
6

=
Bi 194: Gii h phng trnh
3 2 2
2 2
(2 )(3x 2z) 3
3 3x 2
6z
3
x z
y y x
y z
z
=

+ = +

+ =

S:
1 2
0 3
0 3
x x
y y
z z
= =

= v =


= =


HD: T pt(1) v pt(3) ta suy ra min gi tr ca z ; t suy ra z
Bi 195: Gii h phng trnh
Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
2 2
2 2
2 2
4x 4z 12 0
4 12 0
16z 8xz 4 0
x y
y yz x
y
+ + =

+ =

+ =

S:
4 4
2 2
1 1
x x
y y
z z
= =

= v =


= =


HD: T pt(1)+(2)+(3) ta c
2 2 2
0 A B C + + =
Bi 196: Gii h phng trnh
2
2
2
1
1
1
x y
y z
z x
= +

= +

= +

s:
1 5 1 5
2 2
1 5 1 5
2 2
1 5 1 5
2 2
x x
y y
z z

+
= =



+
= v =



+
= =




HD: Xt 2 TH x y z > > hoc x z y x y z > > = =
Bi 197: Gii h phng trnh

3 2
3 2
3 2
2x 2 3 3 0
2 2z 3z 3 0
2z 2 3x 3 0
y y
y
x
+ + + =

+ + + =

+ + + =

s:
1
1
1
x
y
z
=


HD: a v hpt hon v vng quanh v xt hm s
3 2
1
( ) 2 3 3
2
f t t t

= + + sau bin
lun dn n x=y=z
Bi 198:Gii h phng trnh
2 2 2
3 3 3
1
1
1
x y z
x y z
x y z
+ + =

+ + =

+ + =

s:
1 0 0
0 1 0
0 0 1
x x x
y y y
z z z
= = =

= v = v =


= = =


HD: pt(1) m 3 ln v tr pt(3) a v pt tch
Bi 199: Gii h phng tnh
1
1
1
1
1
1
y
x
x
z
y
y
x
z
z

+
= +

+
= +

= +

S:
1 5
2
1 5
2
1 5
2
x
y
z

+
=

+
=

+
=


HD: Bnh phng v a v h hon v vng quanh sau xt hm
2
( ) 1 f t t t =
Bi 200: Gii h phng trnh(THTT)
3 2
3 2
3 2
6x 12x 8 0
6 12 8 0
6z 12z 8 0
y
z y y
x
+ =

+ =

+ =

S:
2
2
2
x
y
z
=


Gv:Hong Hi-36a Trn Hng o-Hon Kim-HN
T: 0932333922
HD:
3
, , 2 x y z > chuyn v v khai cn bc 3 hai v ri a v h hon v vng quanh
sau xt hm s
3 2
( ) 6 12 8 f t t t = +
Bi 201: Gii h phng trnh (YHTT T2/285)
5 4 2
5 4 2
5 4 2
2x 2
2 2
2z 2
x x y
y y y z
z z x
+ =

+ =

+ =

S:
1
1
1
x
y
z
=


HD: Bin lun pt(1) vi 1 1 x y > < tip tc bin lun vi pt(2),pt(3) 1 x< dn n
mu thun
Bi 202: Gii h phng trnh (HSG QG 2004 Bng B)

3 2
3 2
3 2
( ) 2
( ) 30
( ) 16
x x y z
y y z x
z z x y
+ =

+ =

+ =

S:
1
3
2
x
y
z
=


HD: Kt hp pt(1) v pt(3); pt(2) v pt(3) 2z y x = sau thay vo hai pt ta c h
pt ng cp
Bi 203: Gii h phng trnh (HSG QG 2006 Bng B)
3 2
3 2
3 2
3x 2x 5
3 2 5
3z 2z 5
x y
y y y z
z x
+ + =

+ + =

+ + =

s:
1
1
1
x
y
z
=


HD: Gi s x=max(x,y,z) v xt trng hp x y z > > v kt hp vi pt trong h
1; 1 z x > s dn n mu thun vi gt; tng t x z y > >