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Piston Design & Analysis

2-Stroke ROTAX Aircraft Engines


ROTAX FLYING CLUB - 2001

Piston Function
Transfer energy to the crankshaft
Control expansion under warm-up

Copyright ROTAX FLYING CLUB 2001 (C)

Piston Measurements
New pistons are measured at dimension H Used pistons are measured at widest point

Copyright ROTAX FLYING CLUB 2001 (C)

Piston Analysis
Compare piston to cylinder for clearance and evaluation of suitability of cylinder. Follow latest specifications from Rotax using only genuine ROTAX Aircraft engine parts.

Copyright ROTAX FLYING CLUB 2001 (C)

Piston Design
Pistons are neither cylindrical nor round. Pistons are made with special materials to control expansion. Piston rings have special functions and design.
Copyright ROTAX FLYING CLUB 2001 (C)

Piston Failure Analysis

2-Stroke ROTAX Aircraft Engines

Normal Pistons
Deposits vary from oil ash, brown, tan, to black/brown. Light color denotes higher cylinder temperatures. Light scoring is normal, varnish from blow-by gas is normal
Copyright ROTAX FLYING CLUB 2001 (C)

Heat Seizure
Excessive heat, over 1200F/650C EGT Lean jetting or adjustments on carb Incorrect loading on propeller allowing excessive RPM

Copyright ROTAX FLYING CLUB 2001 (C)

Pembakaran tidak sempurna


Bahan bakar yg masuk terlalu besar Udara yg masuk kurang Perbandingan antar udara tidak sesuai
Copyright ROTAX FLYING CLUB 2001 (C)

Korosi
Tidak adanya suplai oli yg masuk keruang bakar Udara terlalu besar

Copyright ROTAX FLYING CLUB 2001 (C)

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Dinding piston Terbakar/gosong


Panas berlebih pada mesin Pembakaran yg terlalu besar Terlalu banyak suplai bensin Terlalu banyak oli yg masuk
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Panas berlebih
Pelumasan yg kurang Kondisi mesin terlalu panas

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Dinding Liner aus


Kurangnya pelumasan Ruang bakar terlalu panas

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Busi yg mati/rusak
Businya mati

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Busi tidak sesuai standar Pembakaran yg terlalu besar Terlalu banyak bahan bakar yg masuk
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Bensin mix water


Tiiming dari karburator yg tidat tepat Piston mengalami korosi Kurangx oli yg masuk ke ruang bakar

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Oli terlalu banyak Kurangx bahan bakar

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Copyright ROTAX FLYING CLUB 2001 (C)

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