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GRE
abacus ['1b4k4s] n.
abandon [4'b1nd4n] v./n.;
abase [4'beis] v.,
abash [4'b15] v.,
abate [4'beit] v.,
abbreviate [4'bri:vieit] v.;
abdicate ['1bdikeit] v.,,
abdomen ['1bd4m4n] n.,()
abduct [1b'd8kt] v.,
aberrant [1'ber4nt] adj.
abet [4'bet] v.,()
abeyance [4'bei4ns] n.,
abhor [4b'h3:( r)] v.,
abhorrent [4b'h3r4nt] adj.,
abide [4'baid] v.,
abiding [4'baidi6] adj.,
abject ['1bd9ekt] adj.
abjure [4b'd9u4] v.,
ablution [4'blu:54n] n.(),
abnegate [`1bni'geit] v.,
abnormal [1b'n3:m4l] adj.,
abode [4'b4ud] n.,
abolition [`1b4'li54n] n.,
abominate [4'b3mineit] v.
abominable [4'b3min4b4l] adj.
aboriginal [1b4'rid94n4l] n.,
abortive [4'b3: tiv] adj.,
abound [4'baund] v.
aboveboard [4'b8v`b3:d] adj./adv./
abrade [4'breid] v.,
abreast [4'brest] adv.,
abridge [4'brid9] v.;
abridgment [4'brid9m4nt] n.
abrogate ['1br4geit] v.,
abruptly [4'br8ptli] adv.,
abscission [1b'si94n] n.[] ,;[]
abscond [4b'sk3nd] v.,
absentmindedness [`1bs4nt'maindid`n4s] n.
absolute ['1bs4lu:t] adj.,;()
absolve [4b'z3lv] v.,
absorb [4b's3:b] v.,;...
abstain [4b'stein] v.
abstemious [4b'sti:mi4s] adj.,
abstinence ['1bstin4ns] n.()
abstract ['1bstr1kt] n.adj.
abstracted [4b'str1ktid] adj.
abstraction [4b'str1k54n] n.;;
abstruse [4b'stru:s] adj.,

absurd [4b's4:d] adj.,


abundance [4'b8nd4ns] n.,
abuse [4'bju:z] v./n.
abut [4'b8t] v.,
abysmal [4'bizm4l] adj.
abyss [4'bis] n.,
academician [4`k1d4'mi54n] n.,
accede [4k'si:d] v.,
accelerate [4k'sel4reit] v.
accentuate [4k'sent5ueit] v.
access ['1kses] n.
accessible [1k'ses4bl] adj.
accessory [4k'ses4ri] adj.,
accidental [`1ksi'dentl] adj.,
acclaim [4'kleim] v.,
acclimate [4'klaimit] v.;
acclivity [4'kliviti] n.
accolade ['1k4leid] n.
accommodate [4'k3m4deit] v....,
accommodating [4'k3m4deiti6] adj.
accompany [4'k8mp4ni] v.,
accomplice [4'k8mplis] n.,
accomplish [4'k8mpli5] v.,
accomplished [4'k8mpli5t] adj.,;

accord [4'k3:d] v./n.


accost [4'k3st] v.
accountability [4`kaut4'bil4ti] n.
accrete [1'kri:t] v.
accretion [4'kri:54n] n.
accrue [4'kru:] v.()
accumulate [4'kju:mjuleit] v.,
accuracy ['1kjur4si] n.,
accuse [4'kju:z] v.,
acerbic [4's4:bik] adj.
acidity [4'siditi] n.,
acidulous [4'sidjul4s] adj.
acknowledge [4k'n3lid9] v.,
acme ['1kmi] n.,
acolyte ['1k4lait] n.(),
acorn ['eik3:n] n.,/
acoustic [4'ku:stik] adj.,
acquaintance [4'kweint4ns] n.
acquainted [4'kweint] adj.;
acquiesce [`1kwi'es] v.,
acquired [4'kwai4d] adj.
acquisition [`1kwi'zi54n] n.;
acquisitive [4'kwizitiv] adj.,
acquittal [4'kwit4l] n.,

acrid ['1krid] adj.,


acrimony ['1krim4ni] n.,
acrobat ['1kr4b1t] n.,
acronym ['1kr4nim] n.,
acrophobia [`1kr4'f4ubi4] n.
activate ['1ktiveit] v.
actuarial [`1ktju'e4ri4] adj.();
actuate ['1kt5ueit] v.,
acuity [4'kju:iti] n.()
acumen ['1kjum4n,4'kju:m4n] n.,
acute [4'kju:t] adj.()
adage ['1did9] n.,
adamant ['1d4m4nt] adj.
adaptable [4'd1pt4b4l] adj. ,

adaptation [1d1p'tei54n] n.(),;


addendum [4'dend4m] n.,
addict [4'dikt] v./n.,()
addition [4'di54n] n.,
additive ['1ditiv] n.
addle ['1dl] v.
adduce [4'dju:s] v.() ()
adept ['1dept] adj.,
adequate [`1dikwit] adj.,
adhere [4d'hi4] v.
adjacent [4'd9eis4nt] adj.,
adjourn [4'd94:n] v.,,
adjudicate [4'd9u:dikeit] v.
adjunct ['1d986kt] n.,;,
adjure [4'd9u4] v.
adjust [4'd98st] v.,;
adjutant ['1d9ut4nt] n.()
ad-lib [1d'lib] v.
administer [4d'minist4] v.;
admirable ['1dm4r4bl] adj.,
admire [4d'mai4] v.,
admissible [4d'mis4b(4)l] adj.
admonish [4d'm3ni5] v.
adobe [4'd4ubi] n.,
adolescent [1d4'les4nt] adj.;n.
adopt [4'd3pt] v.
adore [4'd3:] v.
adorable [4'd3:r4b4l] adj.,
adorn [4'd3:n] v.
adroit [4'dr3it] adj.,
adulate ['1d9uleit] v.,
adulterate [4'd8lt4reit] v.
adumbrate ['1d8mbreit] v.()
advent ['1dv4nt] n.,

adventitious [`1dven'ti54s] adj.


adventurous [4d'vent54r4s] adj.;

adversary ['1dv4s4ri] n.,


adverse ['1dv4:s] adj.,;
adversity [4d'v4:siti] n.,
advert ['1dv4:t] v.,
advisable [4d'vaiz4bl] adj.,
advocate ['1dv4keit] v., n.,
aerate ['e4reit] v.,
aerial ['e4ri4l] adj.,
aeronautics [`e4r4u'n3:tiks] n.
aesthete ['i:s7i:t] n.
affable ['1f4b4l] adj.
affect [4'fekt] v.;
affectation [`1fek'tei54n] n.,
affected [4'fektid] adj.
affection [4'fek54n] n.,
affectionate [4'fek54n4t] adj.
affidavit [`1fi'deivit] n.
affiliate [4'filieit] v.
affinity [4'finiti] n.
affirm [4'f4:m] ;
affix ['1fiks] v.,;;n.
affluent ['1flu4nt] adj.,
affordable [4'f3:d4bl] adj.
afflict [4'flik54n] v.,
affront [4'fr8nt] v.,
aftermath ['2:ft4m17] n.,
agenda [4'd9end4] n.
agape [4'geip] adj./adv.()
agglomerate [4'gl3m4reit] v.,
aggrandize [4'gr1ndaiz] v.,;
aggravate ['1gr4veit] v.,
aggregate ['1grigeit] v.
aggression [4'gre54n] n.;
aggressive [4'gresiv] adj.
aggrieve [4'gri:v] adj.;
aggrieved [4'gri:vd] a.
aghast [4'g2:st] a.,
agile ['1d9ail] adj.,
agitated ['1d9iteitid] adj.
agnostic [1g'n3stik] adj.(
)
agog [4'g3g] adj.,
agony ['1g4ni] n.
agrarian [4'gre4ri4n] adj.
agreeable [4'gri:4b4l] adj.;
agronomy [4'gr3n4mi] n.,

ailment ['eilm4nt] n.()


airborne ['e4b3:n] adj.
airtight ['e4tait] adj.
alabaster ['1l4b2:st4] adj.
airy ['e4ri] adj.;,;

alacrity [4'l1kriti] n.,


albeit [`3:l'bi:it] conj.,
alchemy ['1lk4mi] n.
alcove ['1lk4uv] n.
alert [4'l4:t] adj.,;n.
alias ['eili4s] n.,
alibi ['1libai] n.;

alienate ['eili4neit] v.,


alight [4'lait] adj.,;v.()
align [4'lain] v.;
alimentary [`1li'ment4ri] adj.,
alkali ['1lk4lai] n.
allay [4'lei] v.,
all-consuming [3: l`k4n'sju:mi6] adj.
allege [4'led9] v.(),
allegiance [4'li:d94ns] n.,
allegory ['1lig4ri,'1lig3:ri] n.
allergy ['1l4d9i] n.
allergic [4'l4:d9ik] n.,...
alleviate [4'li:vieit] v.,
alley ['1li] n.,
alliteration [4`lit4'rei54n] n.
allocate ['1l4keit] v.,
allopathy [4'l3p47i] n.()
allowance [4'lau4ns] n.,;,
alloy ['1l3i] n.v.
allude [4'lu:d] v.,
allure [4'lju4,4'lur] v.n.
alluring [4'lju4ri6] adj.,
alluvial [4'lu:vi4l] adj.
ally ['1lai,4'lai] n.,
almond ['2:m4nd] n.,
alms [2:mz] n.,
aloft [4'l3ft] adv.,
aloof [4'lu:f] adj.,
alphabetical [`1lf4'betik4l] adj.
alter ['3:lt4] v.,
alternative [3:l't4:n4tiv] adj.;n.
altercation [`3:lt4'kei54n] n.,
altitude ['1ltitju:d] n.,
altruism ['1ltruiz4m] n.
aluminium [`1lju'minj4m] n.

amalgam [4'm1lg4m] n.
amalgamate [4'm1lg4meit] v.
amass [4'm1s] v.
amateurish ['1m4t4ri5] adj.,
ambidextrous [`1mbi'dekstr4s] adj.
ambience ['1mbi4ns] n.,
ambiguous [1m'bigju4s] adj.
ambivalent [1m'biv4l4nt] adj.()
amble ['1mbl] n./v.,
ambrosia [1m'br4uzi4] n.,
ambulatory ['1mbjul4t4ri] adj.()
ameliorate [4'mi:li4reit] v.,
amenable [4'mi:n4bl] adj.,
amendment [4'mendm4nt] n.,;
amenity [4'mi:niti] n.;
amethyst ['1mi7ist] n.
amiable ['eimi4bl] a.,
amicable ['1mik4bl] adj.
amity ['1m4ti] n.()
amnesia [1m'ni:zi4] n.
amnesty ['1mn4sti] n.,
amoral [ei'm3r4l] a.
amorous ['1m4r4s] adj.;
amorphous [4'm3:f4s] adj.
amortize [4'm3:taiz] v.
amphibian [1m'fibi4n] n.;
ample ['1mpl] adj.,
amplify ['1mplifai] v.
amplitude ['1mplitju:d,'1mplitu:d] n.,
amputate ['1mpjuteit] v.
amulet ['1mjulit,`let] n.
amuse [4'mju:z] v.
anachronism [4'n1kr4niz4m] n.
anachronistic [4`n1kr4'nistik] adj. ,

anaerobic [1n`e4'r4ubik] adj. n.


anagram ['1n4gr1m] n.
analgesic [`1n4l'd9i:zik] n.;adj.
analogue ['1n4l3g] n.,
analogy [4'n1l4d9i] n.
analysis [4'n1l4sis] n.
anarchist ['1n4kist] n.
anarchy ['1n4ki] n.
anathema [4'n174m4] n.
anatomical [`1n4't3mik4l] adj.
ancestor ['1nsest4] n.,
anchorite ['16k4rait] n.
ancillary [1n'sil4ri] adj.n.
anecdote ['1nikd4ut] n.

anemia [4'ni:mi4] n.,


anesthetic [1nis'7etik] n.,a.
anguish ['16gwi5] n.
angular ['16gjul4] adj.;()
anhydrous [1n'haidr4s] adj.
animate ['1nimeit] adj.,;v.
ankle ['16k4l] n.
animosity [1ni'm3siti] n.,
animus ['1nim4s] n.,
annals ['1nlz] n.
annexation [`1nek'sei54n] n.,
annihilate [4'nai4leit] v.
annotate ['1n4teit] v.
announce [4'nauns] v.,;...
annoy [4'n3i] v.;,
annoying [4'n3ii6] adj.
annul [4'n8l] v.
anodyne ['1n4udain] n.
anomaly [4'n3m4li] n.,
anonymous [4'n3nim4s] adj.
anorexia [`1n4'reksi4] n.
antagonize [1n't1g4naiz] v.;...
Antarctic [1n't2:ktik] adj.
antecedence [`1nti'si:d4ns] n.,
antecedent [`1nti'si:d4nt] n.;
antedate ['1ntideit,`1nti'deit] v.()

antediluvian [`1ntidi'lu:vi4n] adj.


antenna [1n'ten4] n.,
anterior [1n'ti4ri4] adj.,
anthem ['1n74m] n.
anthology [1n'73l4d9i] n.,
anthropoid ['1n7r4p3id] adj.;n.
anthropology [1n7r4'p3l4d9i] n.
antibiotic [`1ntibai'3tik] n.adj.
antibody ['1ntib3di] n.()
antic ['1ntik] adj.
anticipate [1n'tisipeit] v.,
anticlimax [`1nti'klaim1ks] n.
antidote ['1ntid4ut] n.
antigen ['1ntid94n] n.( ,
)
antihistamine [`1nti'hist4mi:n] n.()
antipathy [1n'tip47i] n.,
antiquated ['1ntikweitid] adj.,
antiseptic [`1nti'septik] n.adj.
antithesis [1n'ti7isis,1n'ti74sis] n.
antitoxic [`1nti't3ksik] adj.
anvil ['1nvil] n.

aorta [ei'3:t4] n
apathy ['1p47i] n.,
aperture ['1p4tju4] n.,
apex ['eipeks] n.,
aphasia [4'fei94] n.
aphorism ['1f4riz4m] n.
apiary ['eipi4ri] n.,
aplomb [4'pl3m] n.,
apocalyptic [4`p3k4'liptik] adj.

apocrypha [4'p3krif4] n.,


apogee ['1p4d9i:] n.()
apolitical [`eip4'litik4l] adj.
apologize [4'p3l4d9aiz] v.;
apologist [4'p3l4d9ist] n.
apophasis [4'p3f4sis] n.[](
)
apoplectic [`1p4'plektik] adj.,
apostasy [4'p3st4si] n.,
apostate [4'p3steit] n.,
apostrophe [4'p3str4fi] n. (')(
)
apothecary [4'p37ik4ri] n.;
apothegm [`1p4u7em] n.,
apotheosis [4`p37i'4usis] n.
appall [4'p3:l] v.,
appalling [4'p3:li6] adj.,
apparatus [`1p4'reit4s] n.,
apparel [4'p1r4l] n.()
apparition [`1p4'ri54n] n.,
appeal [4'pi:l] v.;
appealing [4'pi:li6] adj.,
appease [4'pi:z] v.,
appellation [`1p4'lei54n] n.,
appendage [4'pendid9] n.
appendix [4'pendiks] n.
appetizer ['1pitaiz4] n.
applaud [4'pl3:d] v.
applicable ['1plik4bl] adj.,
applicant ['1plik4nt] n.
appoint [4'p3int] v.,;
apposite ['1p4zit] adj.,
apposition [`1p4'zi54n] n.,
appraise [4'preiz] v.,
appreciable [4'pri:54b4l] adj.
appreciate [4'pri:5ieit] v.;
apprehend [`1pri'hend] v.
apprentice [4'prentis] n.
apprise [4'praiz] v.,

approach [4'pr4ut5] v.,;;n.


approbation [`1pr4'bei54n] n.,
approbatory [4'pr4ub4t4ri] adj.
appropriate [4'pr4uprieit] v.,;adj.
approve [4'pru:v] v.,
approximate [4'pr3ksimit] adj.,
apron ['eipr4n] n.
apropos [`1pr4'p4u] adj./adv./;
apt [1pt] adj....,
aquatic [4'kw1tik] adj.,
aqueduct ['1kwid8kt] n.,
aquifer ['1kwif4] n.
aquiline ['1kwilain] adj.,
arabesque [`1r4'besk] n.
arable ['1r4b4l] adj.,
arachnid [4'r1knid] n.
arbiter ['2:bit4] n.,
arbitrary ['2:bitr4ri] adj.,
arbitrate ['2:bitreit] v.,
arbor ['a:b4] n.,
arboreal [2:'b3:ri4l] adj.
arcade [2:'keid] n.
arcane [2:'kein] adj.,
archaeology [`2:ki'3l4d9i] n.
archaic [2:'kei`ik] adj.;
archaism ['2:keiiz(4)m] n.,
archer ['2:t54] n.(),
archetype ['2:kitaip] n.
archipelago [`2:ki'pel4g4u] n.
architect ['2:kitekt] n.
archive ['2:kaiv] n.
arctic ['a:ktik] a.,
ardent ['2:d4nt] adj.,
ardor ['2:d4] n.,
arduous ['2:dju4s] adj.,
arena [4'ri:n4] n.()
argot ['2:g4u] n.,
argumentation [`2:gjumen'tei54n] n.,
arid ['1rid] adj.;
aria ['2:ri4] n.,
aristocrat ['1rist4kr1t] n.
arithmetic [4'ri7m4tik] n.
armada [2:'m2:d4] n.
armistice ['2:mistis] n.,
armory ['2:m4ri] n.
aroma [4'r4um4] n.,
arouse [4'rauz] v.;
arraign [4'rein] v.;
arrangement [4'reind9m4nt] n.

array [4'rei] v.
arrest [4'rest] v.;,
arresting [4'resti6] adj.,
arrhythmic [4'ri0mik] adj.,
arrogant ['1r4g4nt] adj.,
arrogate ['1r4ugeit] v....
arroyo [4'r3i4u] n.,
arsenal ['2:s4n4l] n.
arson ['2:s4n] n.,
artery ['2:t4ri] n.,
artful ['2:tful] adj.,
arthritis [2:'7raitis] n.
articulate [2:'tikjuleit] v.
artifact ['2:tif1kt] n.
artifice ['2:tifis] n.;
artificial [`2:ti'fi54l] adj.,
artillery [2:'til4ri] n.,
artisan [`2:ti'z1n] n.
artistry ['2:tistri] n.
artless ['2:tl4s] adj.,
ascend [4'send] v.,
ascendancy [4'send4nsi] n.,
ascendant [4'send4nt] adj.,
ascent [4'sent] n.,
ascertain [`1s4'tein] v.,
ascetic [4'setik] adj.n.
ascribe [4'skraib] v.
aseptic [ei'septik] adj.,
asinine ['1sinain] adj.
askance [4'sk1ns] adv.,
askew [4'skju:] adj.;v.,
asparagus [4'sp1r4g4s] n.,()
asperity [1'speriti] n.,
aspersion [4'sp4:54n] n.,
asphyxia [1s'fiksi4] n.
asphyxiate [1s'fiksieit] v.(),
aspirant [4'spai4r4nt] n.
aspiration [`1sp4'rei54n] n.,
assail [4'seil] v.,
assault [4's3:lt] n.,
assay [4'sei,'1sei] n./v.,
assemble [4'semb4l] v.,;,
assent [4'sent] v.,
assert [4's4:t] v.,
assess [4'ses] v.,;...
asset ['1set] n.
assiduous [4'sidju4s] adj.
assimilate [4'simileit] v.
assist [4'sist] v.,;

associate [4's4u5ieit] adj. ;n. ;v.

assorted [4's3:tid] adj.


assuage [4'sweid9] v.,
assume [4'sju:m] v.;,
assumed [4'sju:md] adj.,
assure [4'5u4] v.,
assured [4'5u4d] adj.
asteroid ['1st4r3id] n.
asthma ['1sm4] n.
astigmatic [`1s'tigm1tik] adj.,
astound [4'staund] v.
astounding [4'staundi6] adj.
astral ['1str4l] adj.
astray [4'strei] adj.,
astringent [4'strind94nt] adj.,
astrolabe ['1str4leib] n.()
astrology [4'str3l4d9i] n.,
astronomy [4'str3n4mi] n.(scientific study of the
sun,moon,stars or planets)
astute [4'stju:t] adj.,
asunder [4's8nd4] a./adv.
asylum [4'sail4m] n.,
asymmetric [`eisi'metrik] (al)adj.
asymptomatic [`eisimpt4'm1tik] adj.[]
asynchronous [ei'si6kr4n4s] adj.
atheism ['ei7iiz4m] n.,
athletics [17'letiks] n.,
atlas ['1tl4s] n.
atonal [ei't4un(4)l] adj.()
atone [4't4un] v.,
atrocious [4'tr4u54s] adj.,
atrocity [4'tr3siti] n.,
atrophy ['1tr4fi] n./v.,
attach [4't1t5] v.()
attain [4'tein] v.,
attentive [4'tentiv] adj.,
attenuate [4'tenjueit] v.
attest [4'test] (to)v.
attic ['1tik] n.,
attire [4'tai4] v.,n.
attorney [4't4:ni] n.
attraction [4'tr1k54n] n.
attribute [4'tribju:t] n.,v....
attrition [4'tri54n] n.,
attune [4'tju:n] (to)
v.
atypical ['eitipik4l] adj.
auction ['3:k54n] n.

audacious [3:'dei54s] adj.,


audacity [3:'d1siti] n.,
audible ['3:dib4l] adj.
audition [3:'di54n] n.()
audit ['3:dit] v.,
auger ['3:g4] n.,
augment [3:g'ment] v.,
augur ['3:g4] n.;v.
augury ['3:gjuri] n.,,
august [3:'g8st] adj.,
aureole ['3:ri4ul] n.,
auricular [3:'rikjul4] adj.(of the ear)
aurora [3:'r3:r4] n.()
auspices ['3:spisiz] n.,
auspicious [3:'spi54s] adj.
austere [3'sti4] adj.,()
austerity [3'steriti] n.,
authentic [3:'7entik] adj.
authenticate [3:'7entikeit] v.()
authoritarian [3:` 73ri'te4ri4n] n.
authoritative [3:'73r4t4tiv] adj.,
authority [3:'73riti] n.,
authorize ['3:74raiz] v.,
autobiography [`3:t4bai'3gr4fi] n.
autocrat ['3:t4kr1t] n.
automation [`3:t4'mei54n] n.
autonomy [3:'t3n4mi] n.,
autopsy ['3:t3psi] n.,
auxiliary [3:g'zilj4ri] adj.,
available [4'veil4b4l] adj.,
avalanche ['1v4l2:n5] n.
avant-garde [`1v46'g2:d] n.()
avarice ['1v4ris] n.,
avaricious [1v4'ri54s] a.,
avenge [4'vend9] v....,...
aver [4'v4:] v.
averse [4'v4:s] adj.,
aversion [4'v4:54n] n.,
avert [4'v4:t] v.,
aviary ['eivi4ri] n.,
avid ['1vid] adj.
avocation [`1v4'kei54n] n.,
avoid [4'v3id] v.,
avow [4'vau] v.;
avulse [4'v8ls] v.()(
)
avuncular [4'v86kjul4,4'v86kj4l4] adj.()
awash [4'w35] adj.
awe [3:] v.

awe-inspiring [3:`in'spai4ri6] adj.


awkward ['3:kw4d] adj.,;
awl [3:l] n.()
awning ['3:ni6] n.,
awry [4'rai] adj.,
axiom ['1ksi4m] n.
axiomatic [`1ksi4'm1tik] adj.,
axis ['1ksis] n.(,)
axle ['1ks4l] n.()
azure ['194,'19ju4] n.;adj.(sky blue)
babble ['b1b4l] v.;
bacchanal ['b1k4n4l] n.()
backdrop ['b1kdr3p] n.
backhanded [b1kdr3p] a.
backset ['b1kset] n.
backslide ['b1kslaid] v.
backwater ['b1kw3:t4] n.
badge [b1d9] n.()
badger ['b1d94] n.;v.,
badinage ['b1din2:9] n.,
baffle ['b1fl] v.,
bait [beit] n.v.,
bail [beil] n.
bale [beil] n.,
baleful ['beilful] adj.,
balk [b3:lk] n.;v.;()

ballad ['b1l4d] n.,


ballast ['b1l4st] n.()
ballerina [`b1l4'ri:n4] n.
balloon [b4'lu:n] n.;v.
ballot ['b1l4t] n./v.
ballroom ['b3:lrum] n.
balm [b2:m] n.,
balmy ['b2:mi] adj.(),
banal [b4'n2:l] adj.
banality [b4'n1liti] n.,
bandage ['b1ndid9] n.
bandy ['b1ndi] v.,
bane [bein] n.
baneful ['beinful] adj.,
banish ['b1ni5] v.
banister ['b1nist4] n.()
bankrupt ['b16kr8pt] adj.
banquet ['b16kwit] n.,
banter ['b1nt4] n.,
barb [b2:b] n.();
barbarous ['b2:b4r4s] adj.,
barbecue ['b2:bikju:] n.,

bard [b2:d] n.
bare [be4] v.;adj.
barefaced [be4'feist] adj.,
barge [b2:d9] n.,
bark [b2:k] v.n.
barn [b2:n] n.
barometer [b4'r3mit4] n.,
baron ['b1r4n] n.,
baroque [b4'r3k,b4'r4uk] n./adj.()

barrage ['b1r2:9] n.;,


barren ['b1r4n] adj.,,
barricade ['b1rikeid] v.n.
barrier ['b1ri4] n.,
barrister ['b1rist4] n.
barter ['b2:t4] v.
base [beis] adj.
baseboard ['beisb3:d] n.,
bashful ['b15ful] adj.,
bask [b2:sk] v.,
bassoon [b4'su:n] n.,
baste [beist] v.(,)
bathetic [b4'7etik] adj.,
baton ['b1t(4)n] n.();
bauble ['b3:bl] n.
bauxite ['b3:ksait] n.()
bawdy ['b3:di] adj.,
bawl [b3:l] v.,
bazaar [b4'z2(r)] n.,
beacon ['bi:k4n] n.
beam [bi:m] n.()
beat [bi:t] v.
beatific [`bi4'tifik] adj.,
beatitude [bi:'1titju:d] n.,
beaver ['bi:v4] n.
bedeck [bi'dek] vt.,
bedlam ['bedl4m] n.,
bedizen [bi'diz(4)n] v....
bedraggled [bi'dr1g(4)ld] adj.(),
beet [bi:t] n.
befuddlement [bi'f8d4lm4nt] n.
beget [bi'get] v.,
begrudge [bi'gr8d9] v.,
beguile [bi'gail] v.,
behold [bi'h4uld] v.,
beholden [bi'h4uldn] adj.;
belabor [bi'leib4] v.()
belated [bi'leitid] adj.
belch [belt5] v./n.;()

beleaguer [bi'li:g4] v.;


belie [bi'lai] v.
belittle [bi'litl] v.,
bellicose ['belik4us] adj.,
belligerent [bi'lid94r4nt] adj.()
bellwether [bel'we04] n.,
belongings [bi'l36i6z] n.,
bemoan [bi'm4un] v....,
bemused [bi'mju:zd] adj.,
bench [bent5] n.;
benediction [beni'dik54n] n.
benefactor ['beni`f1kt4] n.,
beneficent [bi'nefis4nt] adj.
beneficial [`beni'fi54l] adj.,
beneficiary [`beni'fi54ri] n.()
benevolent [bi'nev4l4nt] adj.,
benign [bi'nain] adj.
benison ['beniz4n] n.,
bent [bent] n.,;adj.
bequeath [bi'kwi:0] v.
bequest [bi'kwest] n.,
berate [bi'reit] v.
bereave [bi'ri:v] v.,
berserk [b4's4:k] adj.,
beseech [bi'si:t5] v.,
beset [bi'set] v.,
besiege [bi'si:d9] v.,
besmirch [bi'sm4:t5] v.
bespeak [bi'spi:k] v.,;
bestial ['besti4l] adj.,
bestow [bi'st4u] v.,
betoken [bi't4uk4n] v.,
betray [bi'trei] v.
betrayal [bi'trei4l] n.
betroth [bi'tr4u7] v.,...
bevy ['bevi] n.()
bewail [bi'weil] v.
bewilder [bi'wild4] v.,
bewildering [bi'wild4ri6] adj.;
bewitch ['bi'wit5] v....;;...
bias ['bai4s] n.;v.
bibliography [`bibli'3gr4fi] n.
bibulous ['bibjul4s] a.
bicker ['bik4] v.
bid [bid] v.;,
biennial [bai'eni4l] adj.
bifurcate ['baif4:keit] v.,
bigot ['big4t] n.(,)
bigotry ['big4tri] n.,

bile [bail] n.;


bilious ['bili4s] adj.
bilingual [bai'li6gw4l] adj.()
bilk [bilk] v.;
billow ['bil4u] n.;v.
billowing ['bil4ui6] adj.
bin [bin] n.
biography [bai'3gr4fi] n.
biosphere ['bai4sfi4(r)] n.,
biped ['baiped] n.
birch ['b4:t5] n.,
bivouac ['bivu41k] n.
bizarre [bi'z2:] adj.,
blackball ['bl1kb3:l] v.,
blackmail ['bl1kmeil] n.v.,
blade [bleid] n.,
blanch [bl2:nt5] v.()
bland [bl1nd] adj.()()
blandishments ['bl1ndi5m4nts] n.,
blare [ble4] v.
blase [bl2:'zei] adj.;
blasphemy ['bl1sfimi] n.,
blast [bl2:st] n.(); v.,
blatant ['bleit4nt] adj.
blazon ['bleiz4n] n.,;v.
bleach [bli:t5] v.
bleachers ['bli:t54z] n.()
bleak [bli:k] adj.;;,
blemish ['blemi5] v.,n.,
bless [bles] v.
blessing ['blesi6] n.;
blinds [blaindz] n.
blight [blait] n.;v....
blighted ['blaitid] adj.;
blissful ['blisful] adj.
blithe ['blai0] adj.,
blizzard ['bliz4d] n.
bloated ['bl4utid] adj.;
blockade [bl3'keid] v./n.
blockage ['bl3kid9] n.
blooming ['blu:mi6] adj.;
blossom ['bl3s4m] n.;v.
blotch [bl3t5] n.()()
blouse [blauz] n.()
blowhard ['bl4uh2:d] n.
bludgeon ['bl8d94n] n.;v.
blueprint ['blu:print] n.;
blue [blu:] adj.,
bluff [bl8f] n.;

blunder ['bl8nd4] v.;n.


blunt [bl8nt] adj.;;v.
blur [bl4:] n. v....
blurb [bl4:b] ,
blurt [bl4:t] v.
blush [bl85] v.;n.
bluster ['bl8st4] v.()
boastful ['b4ustful] adj.()
bode [b4ud] v.
bodyguard ['b3dig2:d] n.,
bog [b3g] n.;v....
boggle ['b3g4l] v.
bogus ['b4ug4s] adj.,
bohemian ['b4u'hi:mi4n] n./adj.()
boisterous ['b3ist4r4s] adj.;
bolster ['b4ulst4] n.;v.,
bolt [b4ult] n.,v.
bolted ['b4ultid] adj.
bombardment [b3m'b2:dm4nt] n.,
bombast ['b3mb1st] n.,
bondage ['b3ndid9] n.,
bonnet ['b3nit] n.,
bookcase ['bukkeis]`
n.,
boom [bu:m] n. ;v.
boon [bu:n] n.,
boor [bu4] n.
boorish ['buri5] adj.
boost [bu:st] v.,
bootless ['bu:tlis] adj.
bore [b3:] v.;
boredom ['b3:d4m] n.,
boring ['b3:ri6] adj.,
botany ['b3t4ni] n.
botch [b3t5] v.()
bough [bau] n.
boudoir [bu'dw2:] n.(),
boulder ['b4uld4] n.
bounteous ['baunti4s] adj.
bouquet [bu:'kei] n.
bout [baut] n.,
bovine ['b4uvain] adj.()
bowdlerize ['baudl4raiz] v.,
bower ['bau4] n.,
boycott ['b3ik3t] v.()
brace [breis] v.,;n.
bracing ['breisi6] adj.
bracelet ['breislit] n.,
bracket ['br1kit] n.,

brackish ['br1ki5] adj.(),


brag [br1g] v.
braggadocio [`br1g4'd4ut5i4u] n.,
braggart ['br1g4t] n.(person who brags)
braid [breid] n.,(plait);v.
brake [breik] n.;v.,
brand [br1nd] n.;;v.
brandish ['br1ndi5] v.()
brash [br15] adj.,
brassy ['bra:si] adj.,
brat [br1t] n.,
bravado [br4'v2:d4u] n.,
bravura [br4'vju4r4] n.
brawl [br3:l] v./n.,
brawny ['br3:ni] adj.()
brazen ['breiz4n] adj.
breach [bri:t5] v.;;n.
breadth [bred7] n.
breakthrough ['breik7ru:] n.;
breeder ['bri:d4] n.
brevity ['breviti] n.;
bribe [braib] v.
bricklayer ['brik`lei4] n. ,
bridle ['braidl] n.v.,
brilliant ['brili4nt] adj.;
brim [brim] n.(),v.
brink [bri6k] n.(),
brindled ['brind4ld] adj.
brisk [brisk] adj.,;
bristle ['bris4l] n.;v.() ;
brittle ['britl] adj.;
broach [br4ut5] v.;;()
brocade [br4'keid] n.
broil [br3il] v.
broker ['br4uk4] n.
bromide ['br4umaid] n.;
brooch [br4ut5] n.
brood [bru:d] n.;v.
brook [bru:k] v.,
brook [bru:k] n.
browse [brauz] v.
browbeat ['braubi:t] v.;
bruise [bru:z] v.,
bruit [bru:t] v.()
brunt [br8nt] n.
brushwork ['br85w4:k] n.;
brusque [bru:sk,brusk] ( brusk)adj.,
brute [bru:t] n./adj.[[]
brutal ['bru:tl] adj.

10

bubble ['b8b4l] v.n. ,


buck [b8k] v.;;n.,
bucket ['b8kit] n.;v.
buckle ['b8k4l] n.;v.
bucolic [bju:'k3lik] adj.
bud [b8d] n.;
budge [b8d9] v.,
budget ['b8d9it] n.
buffoon [b4'fu:n] n.,
bugaboo [b8g4bu:] n.;
buggy ['b8gi] n.
bulb [b8lb] n.
bulge [b8ld9] v./n.,
bulk [b8lk] n.,;;
bullion ['bulj4n] n.,
bully ['buli] v.,;n.
bulwark ['bulw4k] n.;
bumble ['b8mb4l] v.;
bump [b8mp] v.;n.
bumper ['b8mp4] n.
bumptious ['b8mp54s] adj.,
bungle ['b86gl] v. n.
buoy [b3i] n.v.,
buoyant ['b3i4nt] adj.,
bureaucracy [bju'r3kr4si] n.
burgeon ['b4:d94n] v.,
burglar ['b4:gl4] n.,
burlesque [b4:'lesk] n.
burnish ['b4:ni5] v.,
burrow ['b8r4u] n.()v.
bust [b8st] n.()
busybody ['bizib3di] n.
butt [b8t] v.,;n.,
buttress ['b8tr4s] n.,
buxom ['b8ks4m] adj.
byline ['bailain] n.()
bygone ['baig3n] adj.(past);n.
bypass ['baip2:s] v.,
byproduct ['bai`pr3d8kt] n.;
bystander ['bai`st1nd4] n.
byzantine [bai'z1nti:n] adj.;
cabal [k4'b1l] n.
cache [k15] n.;v....
cacophony [k4'k3f4ni] n.
cactus ['k1kt4s] n.( cacti)
cadaver [k4'deiv4] n.
cadaverous [k4'd1v4r4s] adj.,
cadence ['keid4ns] n.;,
cadet [k4'det] n.

cadge [k1d9] v.;


caisson ['keis4n] n.()
cajole [k4'd94ul] v.()
calamity [k4'l1miti] n.,
calcify ['k1lsifai] v.,
calcification [`k1lsifi'kei54n] n.;
calculated ['k1lkjuleitid] adj.
calculating ['k1lkjuleiti6] adj.,
calculus ['k1lkjul4s] n.,
caldron ['k3:ldr4n] n.()
calibre ['k1lib4] n.()(),
calibrate ['k1libreit] v....
calipers ['k1lip4z] n.,
calligraphy [k4'ligr4fi] n.
callous ['k1l4s] adj.
callow ['k1l4u] adj.()()
calorie ['k1l4ri] n.; ()
calorimeter [`k1l4'rimit4] n.
calumny ['k1l4mni] n.,
calumniate [k4'l8mnieit] v.,
camaraderie
[k1m4'rad4ri:] n. (goodfellowship)
cameo ['k1mi`4u] n.;;()
camouflage ['k1m4fl2:9] n./v.,
campaign [k1m'pein] n.;
canard [k1'n2:d] n.,
canary [k4'ne4ri] n.,
canine ['keinain] adj.,
candid ['k1ndid] adj.
candidacy ['k1ndid4si] n.
candor ['k1nd4] n.,
cane [kein] n.
canker ['k16k4] n.;
cannibal ['k1nib4l] n.,
canny ['k1ni] adj.
canon ['k1n4n] n.,
canonical [k4'n3nik4l] adj.,
canopy ['k1n4pi] n.,
cant [k1nt] n.,v.
cant [k1nt] n.,,
cantankerous [k1n't16k4r4s] adj.,
cantata [k1n't2:t4] n.,
canter ['k1nt4] v./n.()
canto ['k1nt4u] n.()
canvas ['k1nv4s] n.,
canvass ['k1nv4s] v.
canyon ['k1nj4n] n.
capability [`keip4'biliti] n.;
capacious [k4'pei54s] adj.,

11

capacity [k4'p1siti] n.,


cape [keip] n.,;
caper ['keip4] v./n.,
capillary [k4'pil4ri] n.
capitation [`k1pi'tei54n] n.,
capitulate [k4'pitjuleit] v.()
caprice [k4'pri:s] n.,
capricious [k4'pri54s] adj.,
capsize [k1p'saiz] v.;
capsule ['k1psju:l] n.;
caption ['k1p54n] n.
captious ['k1p54s] adj.
captivate ['k1ptiveit] v.,
capture ['k1pt54] v.;
carafe [k4'r1f] n.
carapace ['k1r4peis] n.()
carat ['k1r4t] n.()()
carbohydrate [`k2:b4u'haidreit] n.
carbonated ['k2:b4neitid] adj.
carcinogen [k2:'sin4d94n] n.
cardinal ['k2:din4l] adj.
cardiologist [`k2:di'3l4d9ist] n.
careen [k4'ri:n] v.()
caress [k4'res] n.,;v.
caret ['k1rit] n.(,)
careworn ['ke4w3:n] v.
caricature [k1rik4'tju4] n.,
carillon ['k1rilj4n] n.,
carnage ['k2:nid9] n.,
carnal ['k2:n4l] adj.,
carnation [k2:'nei54n] n.()
carnival ['k2:niv4l] n.
carnivore ['k2:niv3:] n.
carol ['k1r4l] n.,;v.
carouse [k4'rauz] n.
carp [k2:p] n.;v.
carpenter ['k2:pint4] n.
carrion ['k1ri4n] n.
cartographer [k2:'t3gr4f4] n.
cartoon [k2:'tu:n] n.
carve [k2:v] v.()
cascade [k1'skeid] n.
cast [k2:st] n.,;v.
caste [k2:st] n.,
castigate ['k1stigeit] v.,
casual ['k19u4l] adj.
casualty ['k19u4lti] n.;
cataclysm ['k1t4kliz4m] n.,()
catalog ['k1t4l3g] n.;

catalyst ['k1t4list] n.,


catalysis [k4't1lisis] n.
catalyze ['k1t4laiz] v.;,
catapult ['k1t4p8lt] n.;
cataract ['k1t4r1kt] n.()
catastrophe [k4't1str4fi] n.
catastrophic [`k1t4'str3fik] adj.
categorical [`k1ti'g3rik4l] adj.,
category ['k1tig4ri] n.,
caterpillar ['k1t4`pil4] n.,
cater ['keit4] v.;
catharsis [k1'72:sis] n.,
cathartic [k1'72:tik] n.
cathedral [k4'7i:dr4l] n.,
catholic ['k174lik] adj.;()
caucus ['k3:k4s] n.
caulk [k3:k] v.()
causal ['k3z4l] adj.,
caustic ['k3:stik] adj.
cauterize ['k3:t4raiz] v.( ) (
)
cavalcade [`k1v4l'keid] n.
cavalier [`k1v4'li4] n.,
cavalry ['k1v4lri] n.,
caveat ['keivi1t] n.,
cavern ['k1v4n] n.
cavity ['k1viti] n.()
cavil ['k1v4l] v.,
cavort ['k4'v3:t] v.,
cede [si:d] v.(),
centaur ['sent3:] n.
cession ['se54n] n.,
celebrated ['selibreitid] adj.,
celebrity [si'lebriti] n.,
celerity [si'leriti] n.,
celestial [si'lesti4l] adj.,
celibate ['selibit] n./adj.,
cellar ['sel4] n.,
cello ['t5el4u] n.
cement [si'ment] n.;;v.,
cemetery ['semitri] n.,
censor ['sens4] v.,()
censorship ['sens45ip] n.()
censorious [sen's3:ri4s] adj.,
censure ['sen54] n./v.,
census ['sens4s] n.
centrifugal [sen'trifjug4l] adj.
centrifuge [sen'trifjud9] n.
centralization [`sentr4li'zei54n] n.;

12

centripetal [sen'tripitl] adj.


centurion [sen't5u4ri4n] n.
cephalic [si'f1lik] adj.,
ceramics [si'r1miks] n.
cereal ['si4ri4l] n.
cerebral ['seribr4l] adj.
cerebration [`seri'brei54n] n.,
cerebrum [s4'ri:br4m] n.
ceremonious [`seri'm4uni4s] adj.
ceremony ['serim4ni] n.,
certainty ['s4:t4nti] n.
certification [s4:tifi'kei5(4)n] n.
certitude ['s4:titju: d] n.
cessation [se'sei5(4)n] n.,()
chafe [t5eif] v.;;
chaff [t51f] n.,
chagrin ['51grin] n./v.,
chalice ['t51lis] n.,
chameleon [k4'mi:li4n] n.,,
champion ['t51mpi4n] n.;;;v.
chancellor ['t52:ns4l4] n.,,,
chandelier [`51nd4'li4] n.()
chant [t52:nt] n.;v.
chantey ['51nti] n.,
chaos ['kei3s] n.
chaotic [kei'3tik] adj.
chapel ['t51p4l] n.()
char [t52:] v.;...
characteristic [`k1rikt4'ristik] adj. ;;n.

characterization [`k1rikt4rai'zei54n] n.,


characterize ['k1rikt4raiz] v./
charade [54'r2:d] n.
charisma [k4'rizm4] n.()
charismatic [k4'rizm1tik] adj.
charity ['t51riti] n.
charitable ['t51rit4b4l] adj.
charlatan ['52:l4tn] n.,
charter ['t52:t4] n.()
chary ['t5e4ri] adj.,
chase [t5eis] v.
chasm ['k1z4m] n.(abyss),;
chassis ['51si] n.()
chaste [t5eist] adj.
chasten ['t5eis4n] v.(),
chastise [t51s'taiz] v.
chauvinism ['54uviniz4m] n.,
chauvinist ['54uvinist] n.
check [t5ek] v.,

checkered ['t5ek4d] adj.


cheetah ['t5i:t4] n.
cherubic [t5e'ru:bik] adj.()
chevron ['5evr4n] n.[](
)v
chiaroscuro [ki`a:r4s'ku4r4u] n.
chicanery [5i'kein4ri] n.,
chide [t5aid] v.,
chimera [kai'mi4r4] n.
chimerical [kai'merik4l] adj.
chip [t5ip] n.,;
chipmunk ['t5ipm86k] n.()
chiromancy ['kai4r4um1nsi] n.
chirp [t54:p] v.()
chisel ['t5iz4l] n.;v.;
chivalrous ['5iv4lr4s] adj.,
chivalry ['5iv4lri] n.,
choleric ['k3l4rik] adj.,
chord [k3:d] n.,
chore [t53:] n.;
choreography [`k3ri'3gr4fi] n.
chortle ['t53:tl] v./n.
choir ['kwai4] n.()
chorus ['k3:r4s] n.,
chromatic [kr4u'm1tik] adj.,
chromosome ['kr4um4s4um] n.
chronic ['kr3nik] adj.,
chronicle ['kr3nikl] n.
chronological [`kr3n4'l3d9ik4l] adj.
chronometer [kr4'n3mit4] n.
chrysanthemum [kri's1n74m4m] n.,
chuckle ['t58kl] v.
chunk [t586k] n.;
churl [t54:l] n.
ciliate ['siliit,'silieit] adj.,
cinder ['sind4] n.,
cipher ['saif4] n.
circlet ['s4:klit] n.
circuitous [s4:'kju:it4s] adj.,
circulate ['s4:kjuleit] v.,,
circumference [s4'k8mf4r4ns] n.,;
circumlocution [`s4:k4ml4'kju:54n] n.
circumscribe ['s4:k4mskraib] v.
circumspect ['s4:k4mspekt] adj.,
circumstance ['s4:k4mst4ns] n.,
circumstantial [`s4:k4m'st1n5(4)l] adj. , ;

circumvent [`s4:k4m'vent] v.;


cistern ['sist4n] n.

13

cite [sait] v.,


civilian [si'vilj4n] n.
civility [si'viliti] n.,
claim [kleim] v.;n.
clairvoyance [kle4'v3i4ns] n.
clam [kl1m] n.,;
clamor ['kl1m4] n./v.,
clamorous ['kl1m4r4s] adj.,
clamp [kl1mp] n.;v.
clandestine [kl1n'destin] adj.,
clannish ['kl1ni5] adj.,
clapper ['kl1p4] n.(),
clarify ['kl1rifai] v.
clarion ['kl1ri4n] adj.;n.;

clarity ['kl1riti] n.
clash [kl15] v.,
clasp [kl2:sp] n.,;
classify ['kl1sifai] v.,
clause [kl3:z] n.;()
claustrophobia [`kl3:str4'f4ubi4] n.
clay [klei] n.
cleanse [klenz] v.,
cleave [kli:v] v.
cleaver ['kli:v4] n.(knives used by butchers)
cleavage ['kli:vid9] n.,
cleft [kleft] n.;adj.
clement ['klem4nt] adj.
clench [klent5] v.()
clich [kli:'5ei] n.
clientele [`kli:4n'tel] n.(),()
climax ['klaim1ks] n.,
clinch [klint5] v.
cling [kli6] v.;
clinical ['klinik4l] adj.;
clip [klip] n.,;v.
clipper ['klip4] n.;
clique [kli:k] n.,
clog [kl3g] n.;v.
closet ['kl3zit] n.;adj.
cloister ['kl3ist4] n.
closure ['kl4u94] n.
clot [kl3t] n. v.
cloture ['kl4ut54(r)] n.

cloudburst ['klaudb4:st] n.,


clout [klaut] n.
clown [klaun] n.;v.
cloy [kl3i] v.(),

cloying ['kl3ii6] adj.


clumsy ['kl8mzi] adj.
cluster ['kl8st4] n.,,
coach [k4ut5] n.;
coagulant [k4u'1gljul4nt] n.;
coagulate [k4u'1gjuleit] v.
coagulation [k4u`1gju'lei54n] n.
coalesce [`k4u4'les] v.,
coalition [`k4u4'li54n] n.,
coarse [k3:s] adj.;;
coarsen ['k3:s(4)n] v.
coax [k4uks] v.,
cob [k3b] n.;
cobbler ['k3bl4] n.
cocoon [k4'ku:n] n.
coda ['k4ud4] n.
coddle ['k3dl] v.;
code [k4ud] n.;;v.
codicil ['k4udisil] n.
codify ['k4udifai] v.,
coerce [k4u'4:s] v.
coeval [k4u'i:v4l] adj.
coexistence [`k4uig'zist4ns] n.,
coffer ['k3f4] n.
cogent ['k4ud94nt] adj.
cogitate ['k3d9iteit] v.,
cognate ['k3gneit] adj.
cognitive ['k3gnitiv] adj.,
cognizant ['k3gniz4nt] adj.,
cognomen [k3g'n4um4n] n.
cohabit [k4u'h1bit] v.()
coherence [k4u'hi4r4ns] n.;
coherent [k4u'hi4r4nt] adj.,
cohesive [k4u'hi:siv] adj.
cohesion [k4u'hi:94n] n.;
coincide [`k4uin'said] v.
colander ['k8l4nd4] n.,
cold-blooded [`k4uld'bl8did] adj.();
collaborate [k4'l1b4reit] v.,;
collage ['k3l2:9] n.
collapse [k4'l1ps] v.,;,
collar ['k3l4] n.;
collate [k4'leit] v.,
collateral [k4'l1t4r4l] adj.
collateral [k4'l1t4r4l] n.
collected [k4'lektid] adj.
collection [k4'lek54n] n.
collide [k4'laid] v.
collision [k4'li94n] n.,

14

colloquial [k4'l4ukwi4l] adj.,


colloquialism [k4'l4ukwi4liz4m] n.
colloquy ['k3l4kwi] n.(),
collude [k4'lu:d] v.,
collusion [k4'lu:94n] n.,
colloquium [k4'l4ukwi4m] n.
colon ['k4ul4n] n.
colonnade [`k3l4'neid] n.
colonize ['k3l4naiz] v.
colony ['k3l4ni] n.
coloration [k8l4'rei54n] n.,;,
colossal [k4'l3s4l] adj.,
colossus [k4'l3s4s] n.
colt [k4ult] n.
coltish ['k4ulti5] adj.;
coma ['k4um4] n.
comatose ['k4um4t4us] adj.
combat ['k3mb1t] v./n.,
combustible [k4m'b8st4bl] adj.
combustion [k4m'b8st54n] n.
comedienne [k4`medi'en] n.

comely ['k8mli] adj.,


comestible [k4'mestibl] n.,
comet ['k3mit] n.(a celestial body)
comic ['k3mik] adj.;;n.
comity ['k3miti] n.,
comma ['k3m4] n.
command [k4'm2:nd] v./n.;
commandeer [`k3m4n'di4] v.;
commandment [k4'm2:ndm4nt] n.;
commemorate [k4'mem4reit] v.(,)
commence [k4'mens] v.,
commencement [k4'mensm4nt] n.;()
commend [k4'mend] v.,
commendable [k4'mend4b4l] adj.
commensurate [k4'men54rit] adj.
commentary ['k3m4nt4ri] n.;()
commentator ['k3m4nteit4] n. ; ;

commerce ['k3m4:s] n.
commercial [k4'm4:54l] adj.,;n.

commingle [k4'mi6gl] v.,


commiserate [k4'miz4reit] v.,
commission [k4'mi54n] n.;
commit [k4'mit] v.,,
commitment [k4'mitm4nt] n.
committed [k4'mitid] adj.(,)

commodious [k4'm4udi4s] adj.


commodity [k4'm3diti] n.
commonplace ['k3m4npleis] adj.
commonsensical ['k3m4n'sensik4l] adj.,

commotion [k4'm4u54n] n.,


communal ['k3mjun4l] adj.,
communicable [k4'mju:nik4bl] adj.,
communicate [k4'mju:nikeit] v.,
commute [k4'mju:t] v.,
commuter [k4'mju:t4] n.
compact ['k3mp1kt] adj.
compact ['k3mp1kt] n.,
companion [k4m'p1ni4n] n.,;
compartment [k4m'p2:tm4nt] n.,
compass ['k8mp4s] n.,;,
compassion [k4m'p154n] n.,
compassionate [k4m'p154nit] adj.
compatible [k4m'p1t4bl] adj.,
compatriot [k4m'p1tri4t] n.,
compel [k4m'pel] v.
compelling [k4m'peli6] adj.
compendium [k4m'pendi4m] n.,
compendious [k4m'pendi4s] adj.,
compensate ['k3mpenseit] v.,
compete [k4m'pi:t] v.,
competence ['k3mpit4ns] n.,
competent ['k3mpit4nt] adj.[]
compile [k4m'pail] v.
complacent [k4m'pleis4nt] adj.,
complaisant [k4m'pleiz4nt] adj.,
complement ['k3mplim4nt] n.;v.
complexion [k4m'plek54n] n.
compliant [k4m'plai4nt] adj.,
complicity [k4m'plisiti] n.,
compliment ['k3mplim4nt] v./n.,
complexity [k4m'pleksiti] n.;
complicate ['k3mplikeit] v.
comply [k4m'plai] n.,
comport [k4m'p3:t] v.
component [k4m'p4un4nt] n.,
compose [k4m'p4uz] v.,;
composed [k4m'p4uzd] adj.,
composite ['k3mp4zit] adj.;n.
compost ['k3mp3st] n.
composure [k4m'p4u94] n.,;
compound [k4m'paund] n.;v.
comprehend [`k3mpri'hend] v.,
comprehensible [`k3mpri'hens4bl] adj.

15

comprehensive [`k3mpri'hensiv] adj.,


compress [k4m'pres] v.,
compromise ['k3mpr4maiz] v.
compulsion [k4m'p8l5n] n.
compulsive [k4m'p8lsiv] adj.,
compulsory [k4m'p8ls4ri] adj.,
compunction [k4m'p86k54n] n.,
concatenate [k3n'k1tineit] v.,
concave [`k3n'keiv] adj.
conceal [k4n'si:l] v.,
concede [k4n'si:d] v.()
conceive [k4n'si:v] v.,;
conceit [k4n'si:t] n.,
concentrate ['k3ns4ntreit] v.,
concentric [k4n'sentrik] adj.()
conceptual [k4n'sept5u4l] adj.
concerted [k4n's4:tid] adj.,
concerto [k4n't54:t4u] n.
concession [k4n'se54n] n.
conciliate [k4n'silieit] v.;;
concise [k4n'sais] adj.
conclave ['k36kleiv] n.
conclude [k4n'klu:d] v....
concoct [k4n'k3kt] v.,
concomitant [k4n'k3mit4nt] adj.
concord ['k36k3:d] n.
concordant [k4n'k3:d4nt] adj.,
concrete ['k36kri:t] adj.
concurrent [k4n'k8r4nt] adj.,
concussion [k4n'k854n] n.
condemn [k4n'dem] v.
condescend [`k3ndi'send] v.,
condense [k4n'dens] v.
condign [k4n'dain] adj.
condiment ['k3ndim4nt] n.,
conditional [k4n'di54n4l] adj.
condole [k4n'd4ul] v....
condone [k4n'd4un] v.,
condor ['k3nd4] n.;
conduce [k4n'dju:s] v.(to);
conducive [k4n'dju:siv] adj....
conduct ['k3nd4kt,'k3nd8kt] n.,;v.,
conductor [k4n'd8kt4] n.;
conduit ['k3ndit] n.,;
cone [k4un] n.;
confection [k4n'fek54n] n.,
confederacy [k4n'fed4r4si] n.
confer [k4n'f4:] v.,;
conference ['k3nf4r4ns] n.,

confess [k4n'fes] v.,


confide [k4n'faid] v.()
confident ['k3nfid4nt] adj.;
confidential [`k3nfi'den54l] adj.
configuration [k4n`figju'rei54n] n.,
confine [k4n'fain] v.,
confirm [k4n'f4:m] v.,
confiscate ['k3nfiskeit] v.,
conflagration [`k3nfl4'grei54n] n.
conflate [k4n'fleit] v.
conflict ['k3nflikt,k4n'flikt] v./n.,;,
confluence ['k3nflu4ns] n.,
conform [k4n'f3:m] (to)v.
confound [k4n'faund] v.,
confront [k4n'fr8nt] v.
confuse [k4n'fju:z] v.;
congeal [k4n'd9i:l] v.,
congenial [k4n'd9i:ni4l] adj.;
congenital [k4n'd9enitl] adj.(),
congest [k4n'd9est] v.;
conglomerate [k4n'gl3m4rit] v.
congregate ['k36grigeit] v,,
congruent ['k36gru4nt] adj.,
congruous ['k36gru4s] adj.,;[]
conifer ['k4unif4] n.
conjecture [k4n'd9ekt54] v./n.,
conjoin [k4n'd93in] v.
conjugal ['k3nd9ug4l] adj.,
conjunction [k4n'd986k54n] n.,
conjure ['k8nd94] v.,
conjure ['k8nd94] v.,
connive [k4'naiv] v.;
connoisseur [`k3ni's4:] n.,
connotation [`k3n4'tei54n] n.,
connubial [k4'nju:bi4l] adj.,
conquer ['k36k4] v.
conquest ['k36kwest] n.,
consanguinity [`k3ns16'gwiniti] n.,
conscript ['k3nskript] v.,
conscience ['k3n54ns] n.,
conscientious [`k3n5i'en54s] adj.
consciousness ['k3n54snis] n.,
consecrate ['k3nsikreit] v....
consensus [k4n'sens4s] n.
consent [k4n'sent] v.,
consequent ['k3nsikw4nt] adj.;
consequently ['k3nsikw4ntli] adv.,
conservation [`k3ns4'vei54n] n. ,
conservatism [k4n's4:v4tiz4m] n.

16

conservative [k4n's4:v4tiv] adj.,


conservatory [k4n's4:v4t4ri] n.;
conserve [k4n's4:v] v.,
considerable [k4n'sid4r4b4l] adj.,
considerate [k4n'sid4rit] adj.,
consign [k4n'sain] v.
consistent [k4n'sist4nt] adj.
console [k4n's4ul] v.,
consolidate [k4n's3lideit] v.()
consonant ['k3ns4n4nt] adj.,
consort ['k3ns3:t,k4n's3:t] v.,;n.
conspectus [k4n'spekt4s] n.,
conspicuous [k4n'spikju4s] adj.,
conspire [k4n'spai4] v.,
constellation [`k3nst4'lei54n] n.,
constant ['k3nst4nt] adj.,;n.
consternation [`k3nst4'nei54n] n.,
constituent [k4n'stit5u4nt] n.
constitute ['k3nstitju:t] v.,;
constitution [`k3nsti'tju:54n] n.
constrain [k4n'strein] v.,
constrict [k4n'strikt] v.,
construct [k4n'str8kt] v.,
construe [k4n'stru:] v.
consul ['k3ns4l] n.
consult [k4n's8lt] v.,
consume [k4n'sju:m] v.,;
consumerism [k4n'sju:m4riz4m] n.
consummate [k3n's8mit] adj.,;v.
contact ['k3nt1kt] n./v.;
contagion [k4n'teid94n] n.;()
contagious [k4n'teid94s] adj.,
contain [k4n'tein] v.,;
containment [k4n'teinm4nt] n.,
contaminate [k4n't1mineit] v....
contaminated [k4n't1mineitid] adj.
contemplate ['k3ntempleit] v.
contempt [k4n'tempt] n./v.,
contemptible [k4n'tempt4b4l] adj.
contemptuous [k4n'temptju4s] adj.,
contend [k4n'tend] v.;
content ['k3ntent] adj.,;n.;
contented [k4n'tentid] adj.
contention [k4n'ten54n] n.
contentious [k4n'ten54s] adj.,
contest [k4n'test,'k3ntest] v.;...
contestant [k4n'test4nt] n.
context ['k3ntekst] n.()
contiguous [k4n'tigju4s] adj.,

continent ['k3ntin4nt] adj.


contingent [k4n'tind94nt] adj.

contingency [k4n'tind94nsi] n.;


contort [k4n't3:t] v.();
continuation [k4n`tinju'ei54n] n.,
continuity [`k3nti'nju:iti] n.,
contraband ['k3ntr4b1nd] n.,
contract ['k3ntr1kt,k4n'tr1kt] n.v.
contradict [`k3ntr4'dikt] v.,
contrary ['k3ntr4ri] adj.;n.
contrast ['k3ntr2:st] v./n.
contravene [`k3ntr4'vi:n] v.(,)
contravention [`k3ntr4'ven54n] n.,
contribute [k4n'tribju:t] v.,
contribution [`k3ntri'bju:54n] n.,
contrite ['k3ntrait] adj.,
contrition [k4n'tri54n] n.,
contrive [k4n'traiv] v.,
contrived [k4n'traivd] adj.,
control [k4n'tr4ul] n.;, ;v.
,
controversial [`k3ntr4'v4:54l] adj.

controversy ['k3ntr4v4:si] n.,


controvert ['k3ntr4v4:t] v.,
contumacy ['k3ntjum4si] n.,
contumely ['k3ntju:mli] n.,
conundrum [k4'n8ndr4m] n.,
convalesce [`k3nv4'les] v.(),
convalescence [k4nv4'lesns] n.
convalescent [`k3nv4'les4nt] n./adj.()
convene [k4n'vi:n] v.;
convention [ken'ven54n] n.,,,
conventional [k4n'ven54n4l] adj.,
conventionality [k4n`ven54'n1l4ti] n.

converge [k4n'v4:d9] v.,


convergent [k4n'v4:d94nt] adj.,
conversant [k4n'v4:s4nt] adj.,
converse ['k3nv4:s] v.;adj.;n.
convert [k4n'v4:t,'k3nv4:t] v.()n.

conversion [k4n'v4:54n] n.,


convertible [k4n'v4:t4b4l] adj.n.
convex [`k3n'veks] adj.
convey [k4n'vei] v.,;
conveyance [k4n'vei4ns] n.;,
convict [k4n'vikt] v. n.

17

conviction [k4n'vik54n] n.;


convince [k4n'vins] v.;
convinced [k4n'vinst] adj.
convivial [k4n'vivi4l] adj.,
conviviality [k4n`vivi'1l4ti] n.,
convoke [k4n'v4uk] v.
convocation [k3nv4'kei54n] n.,
convoluted ['k3nv4lu:tid] adj.
convoy ['k3nv3i] v.,
convulse [k4n'v8ls] v.,
convulsion [k4n'v8l54n] n.
coop [ku:p] n.()
cooperate [k4u'3p4reit] v.
cooperation [k4u`3p4'rei54n] n.,
cooperative [k4u'3p4r4tiv] adj.,;
coordinate [k4u'3:dineit] n. , ;v.
;adj.
coordination [k4u`3:di'nei54n] n.,
copious ['k4upi4s] adj.,
coquette [k4u'ket] n.
cord [k3:d] n.( , 128
,3.6246 )
cordial ['k3:di4l] adj.
cordially ['k3:dj4li] adv.;
cordon ['k3:dn] n.,
core [k3:] n.;v.
cornet ['k3:nit] n.
cornice ['k3:nis] n.(
cornucopia [`k3:nju'k4upi4] n. (
)
corny ['k3:ni] adj.,
corona [k4'r4un4] n.();()
coronation [`k3r4'nei54n] n.
corporal ['k3:p4r4l] adj.,
corporate ['k3:p4rit] adj.
corporation [`k3:p4'rei54n] n.,
corporeal [k3:'p3:ri4l] adj.,;
corpulent ['k3:pjul4nt] adj.
corpus ['k3:p4s] n.,
corpuscle ['k3:p4s4l] n.,
corral [k3'r2:l] n.()
correlate ['k3rileit] v.;n.
correlation ['k3ri'lei54n] n.
correspondent [`k3ri'sp3nd4nt] adj.n.
correspondingly [`k3ris'p3ndi6li] adv.
corroborate [k4'r3b4reit] v.
corroboration [k4`r3b4'rei54n] n.,,
corroborative [k4'r3b4r4tiv] n.
corrode [k4'r4ud] v.,

corrosion [k4'r4u94n] n.
corrugate ['k3r4geit] v.(),
corrugated ['k3r4geitid] adj.

corrupt [k4'r8pt] adj.,;


corruption [k4'r8p54n] n.,
coruscate ['k3r4skeit] v.
cosmopolitanism [`k3zm4'p3lit4niz4m] n. ,

cosmos ['k3zm3s] n.
cosset ['k3sit] v.,
costume ['k3stju:m] n.
cosy ['k4uzi] adj.(=cozy)
coterie ['k4ut4ri] n.()
coterminous [k4u't4:min4s] adj.,
couch [kaut5] n.,
cougar ['ku:g4] n.
counsellor ['kauns4l4] n.;
countenance ['kauntin4ns] v.,
counteract [`kaunt4'r1kt] v.,
counterbalance ['kaunt4`b1l4ns] v.
counterfeit ['kaunt4fit] v.,
countermand [`kaunt4'm2:nd] v.(),()
counterpart ['kaunt4p2:t] n.

counterproductive [`kaut4pr4'd8ktiv] adj.


coup [ku:] n.
court [k3:t] n.,;,;v.,
courteous ['k4:ti4s] adj.
courtesy ['k4:tisi] n.,
courtroom ['k3:trum] n.,
covenant ['k8v4n4nt] n.v.
covert [k8v4t] adj.,
covet ['k8vit] v.,
covetous ['k8vit4s] adj.
cow [kau] n.;v.
coward ['kau4d] n.
cowardice ['kau4dis] n.,
cowardly ['kau4dli] adj.
cower ['kau4] v.,
coy [k3i] adj.,
cozen ['k8z4n] v.,
crab [kr1b] n.,v.,
crabbed ['kr1bid] adj.
crack [kr1k] n.;;v.
craft [kr2:ft] n.,
crafty ['kr2:fti] adj.;
crag [kr1g] n.,
craggy ['kr1gi] adj.
cram [kr1m] v.,;,

18

cramp [kr1mp] n.,;v....


cramped [kr1mpt] adj.,
cranky ['kr16ki] adj.,
crass [kr1s] adj.,
crate [kreit] n.,
crater ['kreit4] n.
cravat [kr4'v1t] n.,
crave [kreiv] v.,
craven ['kreiv4n] adj.,
craving ['kreivi6] n.
crayon ['krei4n] n.
crease [kri:s] n.,
credence ['kri:d4ns] n.,
credential [kri'den5(4)l] n.;
credible ['kred4b4l] adj.,
credit ['kredit] n.;;()
creditable ['kredit4b4l] adj.,
credo ['kri:d4u] n.
credulity [kri'dju:liti] n.
credulous ['kredjul4s] adj.,
creed [kri:d] n.,
creek [kri:k] n.,
creep [kri:p] v.;
crepuscular [kri'p8skjul4] adj.,
crescendo [kri'5end4u] n.(),
crest [krest] n.,;
crestfallen ['krest`f3:l4n] adj.,
crevice ['krevis] n.,
criminality [`krimi'n1liti] n.,
cringe [krind9] v.
cringing ['krind9i6] adj./n.(),()
crinkle ['kri6k4l] v.()n.
cripple ['krip4l] n.v.()
criterion [krai'ti4ri4n] n.,

critic ['kritik] n.
critical ['kritik4l] adj.;,
critique [kri'ti:k] n.
croak [kr4uk] n.
crochet ['kr4u5ei] n.v.
crockery ['kr3k4ri] n.,
cronyism ['kr4uniiz4m] n.
crook [kruk] v.;n.
crooked ['krukid] adj.;
croon [kru:n] v.
cross [kr3s] adj.
crossfire ['kr3sfai4] n.
crotchety ['kr3t5iti] adj.
crouch [kraut5] v.,
crucial ['kru:54l] adj.

crude [kru:d] adj.n.


crudity ['kru:diti] n.,
cruelty ['kru:4lti] n.,
crumb [kr8m] n.,
crumble ['kr8mbl] v.
crumple ['kr8mpl] v. ;
crusade [kru:'seid] n.

crush [kr85] v.,


crustacean [kr8'stei5n] n.
crutch [kr8t5] n.;v.
crux [kr8ks] n.,
cryogenic [`krai4'd9enik] adj.,;
crypt [kript] n.,
cryptic ['kriptik] adj.,
cub [k8b] n.
cubicle ['kju:bikl] n.
cuddle ['k8dl] v./n.,
cuff [k8f] n.v.
cuisine [kwi'zi:n] n.
culinary ['k8lin4ri] adj.
culminate ['k8lmineit] v.;
culmination [`k8lmi'nei54n] n.,
culpable ['k8lp4b4l] adj.,
culprit ['k8lprit] n.
cult [k8lt] n.
cultivate ['k8ltiveit] v....
cultivation [`k8lti'vei54n] n.,
cumber ['k8mb4] vt.,
cumbersome ['k8mb4s4m] adj.
cumulative ['kju:mjul4tiv] adj.
cumulus ['kju:mjul4s] n.
cunning ['k8ni6] adj.;;n.
cupidity [kju'piditi] n.
curator [kju4'reit4] n.()
curb [k4:b] n.;v.
curd [k4:d] n.
curdle ['k4:dl] v.,
curfew ['k4:fju:] n.
curiosity [`kju4ri'3siti] n.
curmudgeon [k4:'m8d94n] n.
curriculum [k4'rikjul4m] n.,
currish ['k4:ri5] adj.,
cursive ['k4:siv] adj.
cursory ['k4:s4ri] adj.,
curt [k4:t] adj.()
curtail [k4:'teil] v.,
curvaceous [k4:'vei54s] adj.,
cushion ['ku54n] n.v.

19

custody ['k8st4di] n.,


custodian [k8'st4udi4n] n.,
customary ['k8st4m4ri] adj.
cuticle ['kju:tikl] n.
cutlery ['k8tl4ri] n.,,
cyclical ['saiklik4l] adj.
cyclone ['saikl4un] n.,
cygnet ['signit] n.
cylinder ['silind4] n.
cynic ['sinik] n.
cynical ['sinik4l] adj.
cynicism ['sinisizm] n.,
cynosure ['sin4zju4] n.
cypress ['saipris] n.
cytology [sai't3l4d9i] n.
dabble ['d1bl] v.,
daft [d2:ft] adj.
dagger ['d1g4] n.,
daguerreotype [d4'ger4utaip] n.()
dais ['deiis] n.
dally ['d1li] v.,
dalliance ['d1li4ns] n.,
damp [d1mp] v.,;adj.
damped [d1mpt] adj.,()
dampen ['d1mp4n] v.(),,
dainty ['deinti] n.adj.
dandy ['d1ndi] n.,
dangle ['d16g4l] v.,
dank [d16k] adj.;
dapper ['d1p4] adj.;
dappled ['d1pld] adj.,
daredevil ['de4dev4l] adj./n.(),()
darn [d2:n] v.
dart [d2:t] n.v.
dashing ['d15i6] adj.,
daub [d3:b] v.
daubster ['d3:bst4] n.
daunt [d3:nt] v.,
dauntless ['d3:ntlis] adj.,
dawdle ['d3:dl] v.,
daze [deiz] v.,
dazzle ['d1zl] v.
deactivate [di:'1ktiveit] v.,;
deaden ['dedn] v.
deadlock ['dedl3k] n.,
deadpan ['dedp1n] adj./n.()
dealing ['di:li6] n.,
dearth [d4:7] n.,
debacle [dei'b2:kl] n.

debar [di'ba:] v.
debark [`di:b2:k] v.,,,
debase [di'beis] v.,
debatable [di'beit4bl] adj.
debate [di'beit] n.,
debauch [di'b3:t5] v.,
debility [di'biliti] n.,
debilitate [di'biliteit] v.
debonair [`deb4'ne4] adj.,
debouch [di'baut5] v.,()
debrief [`di:'bri:f] v....,
debris ['deibri:] n.,
debunk [di:'b86k] v.,
debut ['deibju:] n.,
debutante ['debjut2:nt] n.
decadent ['dek4d4nt] adj.,
decadence ['dek4d4ns] n.,
decamp [di'k1mp] v.()
decant [di'k1nt] v....
decapitate [di'k1p4teit] v.
deceit [di'si:t] n.,
deceitful [di'si:tful] adj.
decelerate [di:'sel4reit] v.()
decency ['di:s4nsi] n.,
decent ['di:s4nt] adj.,;
deception [di'sep54n] n.
decibel ['desibel] n.()
deciduous [di'sidju4s] adj.
decimate ['desimeit] v.,
decipher [di'saif4] v.() ()
decisive [di'saisiv] adj.;
declaim [di'kleim] v.
declamation [`dekl4'mei54n] n.,
declaration [`dekl4'rei54n] n.,
declare [di'kle4] v.
declassify [`di:'kl1sifai] v.
declination [`dekli'nei54n] n.
decline [di'klain] v.;,;n.
declivity [di'kliviti] n.,
decode [di:'k4ud] v.()
decompose [di:k4m'p4uz] v.()
decomposition [`di:k3mp4'zi54n] n.,,
decontaminate [di:k4n't1mineit] v.
decorate ['dek4reit] v.
decorative ['dek4r4tiv] adj.
decorous ['dek4r4s] adj.
decorum [di'k3:r4m] n.,
decoy ['di:k3i] v.
decree [di'kri:] n.,v.

20

decrepit [di'krepit] adj.,


decry [di'krai] v.()
dedicated ['dedikeitid] adj.
dedication [`dedi'kei54n] n.
deduce [di'dju:s] v.,
deduct [di'd8kt] v.,;
deductive [di'd8ktiv] adj.,
deed [di:d] n.()
deface [di'feis] v.
defalcate [di:f1l'keit] v.
defamation [`def4'mei54n] n.,
defame [di'feim] v.,
defamatory [di'f1m4t4ri] adj.
default [di'f3:lt] n.,
defeatist [di'fi:tist] n.
defect [di'fekt] n.,v.,
defection [di'fek54n] n.,
defective [di'fektiv] adj.
defendant [di'fend4nt] n.
defense [di'fens] n.,
defer [di'f4:] v.
deference ['def4r4ns] n.,
deferential [def4'ren54l] adj.,
deferrable [di'f4:r4bl] adj.,;n.
defiance [di'fai4ns] n.,,
defiant [di'fai4nt] adj.,
deficiency [di'fi54nsi] n.
deficit ['defisit] n.,
defile [di'fail] v.,n.()
defined [di'faind] adj.;
definite ['definit] adj.,
definition [`defi'ni54n] n.(),
definitive [di'finitiv] adj.,
deflated [di'fleitid] adj.
deflect [di'flekt] v.,
defoliator [`di:'f4ulieit4(r)] n.
deforestation [di:f3ri'stei54n] n.
deform [di'f3:m] v.
defraud [di'fr3:d] v.
defray [di'frei] v.
deft [deft] adj.,
defunct [di'f86kt] adj.
defuse [`di:'fju:z] v....;...
defy [di'fai] v.,
degenerate [di'd9en4reit] v.
degrade [di'greid] v.,
dehumanize [`di:'hju: m4naiz] v.
deify ['di:ifai] v.
deification [di:ifi'kei54n] n.,

deity ['di:iti,'dei] n. ,
dehydrate [`di:'haidreit] v.,
deign [dein] v.,()
dejected [di'd9ektid] adj.,
dejection [di'd9ek54n] n.,
delectable [di'lekt4b4l] adj.
delectation [`di:lek'tei54n] n.,
delegate ['deligeit] n.;v....
delete [di'li:t] v.
deleterious [`deli'ti4ri4s] adj.(),
deliberate [di'lib4reit] adj.,v.
deliberately [di'lib4r4tli] adv.,
delicacy ['delik4si] n.;,
delicate ['delik4t] adj.;,
delimit [di'limit] v.,
delineate [di'linieit] v.
delinquent [di'li6kw4nt] adj.
delinquency [di'li6kw4nsi] n.,
delirium [di'liri4m] n.
delirious [di'liri4s] adj.
delude [di'lu:d] v.,
delusion [di'lu:94n] n.,
deluge ['delju:d9] n.
delve [delv] v.,
demagogue ['dem4g3g] n.
demand [di'm2:nd] v.,
demarcate ['di:m2:keit] v.,
demean [di'mi:n] v.,
demeanour [di'mi:n4] n.,
demented [di'mentid] adj.
demise [di'maiz] n.;
demobilize [di:'m4ub4laiz] v.(),
demographic [dem4'gr1fik] adj.
demography [di'm3gr4fi] n.,
demolish [di'm3li5] v.,
demolition [`dem4'li54n] v.,
demonstrable ['dem4nstr4bl] adj.
demonstrate ['dem4nstreit] v.,
demonstration [`dem4n'strei54n] n.,;
demonstrative [di'm3nstr4tiv] adj. ;

demoralize [di'm3r4laiz] v.
demote [di'm4ut] v.,
demotic [di'm3tik] adj. ,
demur [di'm4:] v.,
demure [di'mju4] adj.,
demystify [di:'mistifai] v.
den [den] n.,;
denigrate ['denigreit] v.,

21

denizen ['denizn] n.
denominate [di'n3mineit] n.,
denomination [di`n3mi'nei54n] n.(,)
denote [di'n4ut] v.;
denouement [dei'nu:m36] n.(),
denounce [di'nauns] v.
dent [dent] n., v.
denture ['dent54] n.
denude [di'nju:d] v.,,
denunciation [di`n8nsi'ei54n] n.,
deny [di'nai] v.,
dependable [di'pend4bl] adj.
dependence [di'pend4ns] n.,
dependency [di'pend4nsi] n.,
depict [di'pikt] v.,
deplete [di'pli:t] v.
deplore [di'pl3:] v.,
deploy [di'pl3i] v.,
deport [di'p3:t] v.,
deportation [di:p3:'tei5(4)n] n.
deportment [di'p3:tm4nt] n.(),
depose [di'p4uz] n.;
deposition [`dep4'zi54n] n.
depraved [di'preivd] adj.,
depravity [di'pr1viti] n.,
deprecate ['deprikeit] v.,
depreciate [di'pri:5ieit] v.
depredation [`depri'dei5(4)n] n.,
depress [di'pres] v.,
depressed [di'prest] adj.;
depression [di'pre54n] n.,;
deprivation [dipri'vei5(4)n] n.;;
deprive [di'praiv] v.
depute [di'pju:t] v....
deputize ['depjutaiz] v.
deputy ['depjuti] n.
deracinate [di'r1sineit] v.,
derangement [di'reind9m4nt] n.
derelict ['der4likt] adj.,,n.
dereliction [deri'lik54n] n.,
deride [di'raid] v.,
derision [di'ri94n] n.,
derisive [di'raisiv] adj.
derivation [`deri'vei5(4)n] n.,
;

derivative [di'riv4tiv] adj.,


dermatologist [`d4:m4't3l4d9ist] n.
dermatology [`d4:m4't3l4d9i] n.()
derogate ['der4geit] v.,
derogatory [di'r3g4t4ri] adj.,

desalinize [di:'s1linaiz] v.
descend [di'send] v.,
descendant [di'send4nt] n.,
descry [di'skrai] v.,
desecrate ['desikreit] v.,
desert ['dez4t] v.,
deserted [di'z4:tid] adj.,
deserter [di'z4:t4] n.,
desertification [`dez4tifi'kei54n] n.,
desertion [di'z4:54n] n.,
deserts [di'z4ts] n.
desiccant ['desik4nt] n.
desiccate ['desikeit] v.(),
desiccated ['des4keitid] adj.
desideratum [di`zid4'reit4m] n.,
designation [`dezig'nei54n] n.,
designer [di'zain4] n.,
desirable [di'zai4r4bl] adj.
desirous [di'zai4r4s] adj.
desolate ['des4leit] adj.,
desperado [`desp4'r2:d4u] n.
desperate ['desp4r4t] adj.,
despicable [di'spik4b4l] adj.,
despise [di'spaiz] v.,
despoil [di'sp3il] v.,
despondent [di'sp3nd4nt] adj.,
despot ['desp3t] n.
despotism ['desp4tiz4m] n.,
despotic [di'sp3tik] adj.,
destabilize [di:'steibilaiz] v....
destitute ['destitju:t] adj.
destitution [`desti'tju:54n] n.,
destructible [di'str8kt4b(4)l] adj.
destruction [di'str8k54n] n.,()
destructive [di'str8ktiv] adj.
desuetude ['di'sju:itju:d] n.,
desultory ['des4lt4ri] adj.,
detached [di't1t5t] adj.
detachment [di't1t5m4nt] n.,
detain [di'tein]
detection [di'tek54n] n.,
detective [di'tektiv] n.
deter [di't4:] v.,
determinant [di't4:min4nt] n./adj.,
deterrent [di'ter4nt] adj.,n.
detergent [di't4:d94nt] adj.n.
deteriorate [di'ti4ri4reit] v.(),
detest [di'test] v.,
detonate ['det4neit] v.(),

22

detour ['di:tu4] n.
detoxicate [di:'t3:ksikeit] v.,
detoxification [`di:t3ksifi'kei54n] n.
detoxify [di:'t3ksifai] n.
detraction [di'tr1k54n] n.,
detractor [di'tr1kt4] n.,
detriment ['detrim4nt] n.,
detrimental [`detri'ment4l] adj.,
detritus [di'trait4s] n.
devastate ['dev4steit] v.,
deviant ['di:vi4nt] adj.
deviate ['di:vieit] v.,
devious ['di:vi4s] adj.
deviousness ['divi4snis] n.,;
devoid [di'v3id] adj.,
devolve [di'v3lv] v.(,)
devoted [di'v4utid] adj.,
devotion [di'v4u54n] n.
devotional [di'v4u54n4l] adj.,
devour [di'vau4] v.()
dexterity [dek'steriti] n.,
dexterous ['dekst4r4s] adj.,
diabetes [`dai4'bi:ti:z] n.
diabolical [`dai4'b3lik4l] adj.,
diagnose ['dai4gn4uz] v.,
diagonal [dai'1g4n4l] adj.;n.
diagram ['dai4gr1m] n.,
dialect ['dai4lekt] n.
diameter [dai'1mit4] n.
diaphanous [dai'1f4n4s] adj.(),
diatribe ['dai4traib] n.()
dichotomy [dai'k3t4mi] n.(),
dictate [dik'teit] v.
dictator [dik'teit4] n.
dictum ['dikt4m] n.,
didactic [di'd1ktik] adj.
didactics [di'd1ktiks,dai'd1ktiks] n.
die [dai] n.,()
diehard ['daiha:d] n.
dietetics [`dai4'tetiks] n.,
dietitian [`dai4'ti54n] n.
differentiate [`dif4'ren5ieit] v.,
diffidence ['dif4d4ns] n.
diffident ['difid4nt] adj.
diffuse [di'fju:s] v.,();adj.,
diffusion [di'fju:94n] n.,
digestion [di'd9est54n] n.,
digit ['did9it] n.;,
dignitary ['dignit4ri] n.

dignity ['digniti] n.,


digress [dai'gres] v.
digressive [dai'gresiv] adj.,
dilapidated [di'l1pideitid] adj.,
dilapidation [di`l1pi'dei54n] n.,
dilate [dai'leit] v.() ,
dilatory ['dil4t4ri] adj.,
dilemma [di'lem4] n.,
dilettante [`dili't1nti] n.,
diligence ['dilid94ns] n.,
dilute [dai'lu:t] v.()
dimension [di'men54n] n.,
diminish [di'mini5] v.,
diminuendo [di`minju'end4u] n.(,)
diminutive [di'minjutiv] adj.
dimple ['dimp4l] n.,
din [din] n.,
dinghy ['di6gi] n.,
dingy ['dind9i] adj.,
diplomatic [`dipl4'm1tik] adj.
dipsomania [`dips4'meini4] n.
dire ['dai4] adj.
dirge [d4:d9] n.
disabuse [`dis4'bju:z] v.(),
disaffect [`dis4'fekt] v.,
disaffected [`dis4'fektid] adj.(),
disaffection [`dis4'fek54n] n.,
disagreeable [`dis4'gri:4bl] adj.
disaggregate [dis'1grigeit] v.;
disapprobation [dis1pr4'bei54n] n.,
disapproval [`dis4'pru:v4l] n.,
disarm [dis'2:m] v.;
disarray [`dis4'rei] n.,
disaster [di'z2:st4] n.,
disastrous [di'z2:str4s] adj.
disavowal [dis4'vau4l] n.,
disband [dis'b1nd] v.()
disbar [dis'b2:] v.
disbarment [dis'b2:m4nt] n.
disbelief [`disbi'li:f] n.
disburse [dis'b4:s] v.,
discard [dis'k2:d] v.,
discern [di's4:n] v.(),
discerning [di's4:ni6] adj.
discernment [di's4:nm4nt] n.,
discharge [dis't52:d9] v.,
disciple [di'saip4l] n.,
disciplinarian [`disipli'ne4ri4n] n.
disclaim [dis'kleim] v.

23

disclose [dis'kl4uz] v.
disclosure [dis'kl4u94] n.,
discography [dis'k3gr4fi] n. ;

discombobulated [`disk4m'b3bjuleitid] adj. ,

discomfit [dis'k8mfit] v.
discomfited [dis'k8mfitid] adj.,
discomfiture [dis'k8mfit54] n.,
discomfort [dis'k8mf4t] n.
discommode [`disk4'm4ud] v.,
discompose [`disk4m'p4uz] v.,
disconcert [`disk4n's4:t] v....
disconnected [disk4'nektid] adj.
discontent [disk4n'tent] n.
discontented [`disk4n'tentid] adj.
discontentment [`disk4n'tentm4nt] n.
discontinuous [`disk4n'tinju4s] adj.
discord ['disk3:d] n.,
discordant [dis'k3:d4nt] adj.,
discount ['diskaunt] n.
discountenance [di'skauntin4ns] v.,
discourse ['disk3:s] n.,
discourteous [dis'k4:ti4s] adj.,
discredit [dis'kredit] v.n.
discreet [di'skri:t] adj.
discrepancy [di'skrep4nsi] n.,
discrete [di'skri:t] adj.
discretion [di'skre54n] n.,
discretionary [dis'kre54n4ri] a.
discriminate [di'skrimineit] v.
discriminating [di'skrimineiti6] adj.
discriminatory [di'skrimin4t4ri] n.,
discursive [di'sk4:siv] adj.,
disdain [dis'dein] n./v.,
disdainful [dis'deinf4l] adj.
disembark [`disim'b2:k] v.()
disembodied [`disim'b3did] adj.,
disenchant [disin't5a:nt] v....,
disencumber [`disin'k8mb4] v.();()
disengage ['disin'geid9] v.,
disengaged [`disin'geidd] adj.
disfavor [dis'feiv4] n.
disfigure [dis'fig4] v.
disfranchise [dis'fr1nt5aiz] v....()
disfunctional [dis'f86k54n4l] adj.
disgorge [dis'g3:d9] v. (to vomit)()
disgrace [dis'greis] v./n.,
disgruntle [dis'gr8ntl] v.

disguise [dis'gaiz] v.
disgust [dis'g8st] n.,
dishearten [dis'h2:tn] v....
disheveled [di'5ev4ld] adj.()
disinclination [`disinkli'nei54n] n.;
disinclined [`disin'klaind] adj.
disinfect [`disin'fekt] v.
disinfectant [`disin'fekt4nt] n.
disingenuous [`disin'd9enju4s] adj.,
disintegrate [dis'intigreit] v.,
disinter [`disin't4:] v.,
disinterest [dis'intrest] n.;
disinterested [dis'intristid] adj.,
disjointed [dis'd93intid] adj.
disjunction [dis'd986k5(4)n] n.,
disjunctive [dis'd986ktiv] adj.,
dislike [dis'laik] v./n.
dislocate ['disl4keit] v....
dislodge [dis'l3d9] v.,
dismal ['dizm4l] adj.,
dismantle [dis'm1ntl] v.
dismay [dis'mei] n.,;v.
dismember [dis'memb4] v.
disobedient [dis4'bi:di4nt] adj.,
disorder [dis'3:d4] n.
disorientation [dis`3:ri4n'tei54n] n.;[]
disoriented [dis'3:rientid] adj.;
disparage [di'sp1rid9] v.,
disparate ['disp4rit] adj.
disparity [dis'p1riti] n.,
dispassionate [dis'p154nit] adj.
dispatch [dis'p1t5] v.n.
dispel [dis'pel] v.,
dispensable [dis'pens4bl] adj.,
dispense [dis'pens] v.,
disperse [dis'p4:s] v.,
dispirit [di'spirit] v.
dispirited [dis'piritid] adj.
displace [dis'pleis] v.;
disport [dis'p3:t] v.,
disposable [dis'p4uz4bl] adj.
disposal [dis'p4uz4l] n.,
disposed [di'sp4uzd] adj.,
disposition [`disp4'zi54n] n.
dispossessed [`disp4'zest] adj.
disproof [dis'pru:f] n.,
disproportion [dispr4'p3:54n] n.,
disprove [dis'pru:v] v....
disputable [dis'pju:t4b4l] adj.

24

disputant [dis'pjut4nt] n.,


disputatious [`dispju'tei54s] adj.
dispute [dis'pju:t] v.
disquiet [dis'kwai4t] v./n.,
disquisition [`diskwi'zi54n] n.,
disregard ['disri'ga:d] v./n.,
disreputable [dis'repjut4b4l] adj.

disrepute [disri'pju:t] n.
disrespect [disri'spekt] n.,
disrupt [dis'r8pt] v.,
disruptive [dis'r8ptiv] adj.
dissect [di'sekt] v.
dissection [di'sek54n] v.,
dissemble [di'semb4l] v.()
disseminate [dis'emineit] v.,
dissension [dis'en54n] n.,
dissent [dis'ent] v.,
dissenter [dis'ent4] n.
dissertation [`dis4'tei54n] n.
dissident ['disid4nt] n.
dissimulate [dis'imjuleit] v.
dissipate ['disipeit] v.()
dissipated ['disipeitid] adj.
dissipation [`disi'pei54n] n.,;
dissociation [di`s4usi'ei54n] n.,
dissolute ['dis4lu:t] adj.,
dissolution [`dis4'lu:54n] n.,
dissolve [di'z3lv] v.
dissonant ['dis4n4nt] adj.,
dissonance ['dis4n4ns] n.()
dissuade [dis'weid] v.,
distend [dis'tend] v.(),
distension [dis'ten54n] n.
distill [dis'til] v.
distillation [`disti'lei54n] n.
distinct [dis'ti6kt] adj.,
distinction [dis'ti6k54n] n.,
distinguished [dis'ti6gwi5t] adj.,
distort [dis't3:t] v.,
distorted [dis't3:tid] adj.,,
distortion [dis't3:54n] n.,
distracted [dis'tr1ktid] adj.,
distrait [dis'trei] adj.
distraught [dis'tr3:t] adj.
distress [dis'tres] n.,
distribute [dis'tribju:t] v.,
disturb [dis't4:b] v.,
disturbance [dis't4:b4ns] n.,

disturbing [dis't4:bi6] adj.

ditch [dit5] n.,


ditty ['diti] n.,
diurnal [dai'4:n4l] adj.,
diva ['di:v4] n.
divagate ['daiv4geit] v.
diver ['daiv4] n.
diverge [dai'v4:d9] v.,
divergence [dai'v4:d94ns] n.,
diverse [dai'v4:s] adj.
diversification [dai`v4:sifi'kei54n] n.
diversion [dai'v4:54n] n.,;,
diversity [dai'v4:siti] adj.,
divert [dai'v4:t] v.;
divest [dai'vest] (of)v.,
divestiture [dai'vestit54] n. , ; ,

divinity [di'viniti] n.;,


divulge [dai'v8ld9] v.,
docile ['d4usail] adj.,
dock [d3k] v....
doctrinaire [`d3ktri'ne4] n.adj.,
documentary [`d3kju'ment4ri] adj.,;n.
documentation [`d3kjum4n'tei54n] n.

dodder ['d3d4(r)] v.,


dodge [d3d9] v.,
doff [d3f] v.
dogged ['d3gid] adj.
doggerel ['d3g4r4l] n.,
dogma ['d3gm4] n.,
dogmatic [d3g'm1tik] adj.,
dogmatism ['d3gm4tiz4m,'d3:gm4tiz4m] n.,
doldrums ['d3ldr4mz] n.;
doleful ['d4ulful] adj.,
dolorous ['d3l4r4s] adj.,
dolt [d4ult] n.
doltish ['d4uti5] adj.
domain [d4'mein,d4u`mein] n.
dome [d4um] n.
domesticate [d4'mestikeit] v.
domesticity [`d3m4s'tisiti] n.
domicile ['d3misail] n.,
dominant ['d3min4nt] adj.,
dominate ['d3mineit] v.,
don [dn]
v.,
donate [d4u'neit] v.,
donor ['d4un4] n.,;

25

doodle [du:dl] v.;


dormancy ['d3:m4nsi] n.
dormant ['d3:m4nt] adj.
dorsal ['d3:s(4)l] adj.
dose [d4us] n.,
dossier ['d3sie(r)] n.,
dotage ['d4utid9] n.
dote [d4ut] v.
doting ['d4uti6] adj.
double-cross ['d8b4lkr3s] n./v.,
dour [du4] adj.,
douse [daus] v....
dowdy ['d2udi] adj.,
down [daun] n.,
downcast ['daunk2:st] adj.;
downgrade ['daungreid] v....
downplay ['daunplei] v.,
downpour ['daunp3:] n.
down-to-earth [daun t4 4:7] adj.
dowry ['dau4ri] n.,
doyen ['d3i4n] n.
drab [dr1b] adj.
drabness ['dr1bnis] n.,
draconian [dr4'k4uni4n] adj.,
drainage ['dreinid9] n.
draft [dr2:ft] n.,
draftsmanship ['dr2:ftsm4n5ip,'dr1ftsm4n5ip] n.,

drastic ['dr1stik] adj.,


drawbridge ['dr3: brid9] n.
drawl [dr3:l] v./n.
dreary ['dri4ri] adj.,
dredge [dred9] v.
dregs [dregz] n.,
drench [drent5] v.
drenched ['drent5t] adj.
dribble ['dribl] v.(),
drill [dril] n.,
drivel ['drivl] n./v.
drizzle ['drizl] v./n.
drizzly ['drizli] adj.
droll [dr4ul] adj.,
drollery ['dr4ul4ri] n.,
drone [dr4un] v.,n.
droop [dru:p] v.;
droplet ['dr3plit] n.
dross [dr3s] n.
drought [draut] n.,
drove [dr4uv] n.

drudge [dr8d9] v.,n.


drudgery ['dr8d94ri] n.,(fatiguing work)
dual ['dju:4l] adj.
dubious ['dju:bi4s] adj.;
duckling ['d8kli6] n.,
duct [d8kt] n.,
ductile ['d8ktail] adj.,
ductility [d8k'til4ti] n.,
duel ['dju:4l] n.
duet [dju:'et] n. (a composition for two voices or
instruments)
dulcet ['d8lsit] adj.
dull [d8l] adj.;;v.
dumbfound [d8m'faund] v....
dummy ['d8mi] n.,
dunce [d8ns] n.
dune [dju:n] n.
dupe [dju:p] n.
duplicity [dju:'plisiti] n.,
duplicate ['dju:plik4t] adj.
duplication [`dju:pli'kei54n] n.,
duplicitous [du:'plis4t4s] adj.,;
durability [`dju4r4'biliti] n.,
duration [dju4'rei54n] n.
duress [dju4'res] n.
dutiful ['dju:tif4l,'du:tifl] adj.,
dwarf [dw3:f] n.,;v.
dwindle ['dwindl] v.
dynamic [dai'n1mik] adj.
dynamite ['dain4mait] n.;adj.
dynamo ['dain4m4u] n.
dyslexia [dis'leksi4] n.
dyspepsia [dis'pepsi4,`'pep54] n.
dyspeptic [dis'peptik] adj.;
earnest ['4:nist] adj.
earplug ['i4pl8g] n.
earring ['i4ri6] n.,
earshot ['i453t] n.(hearing distance)
earsplitting ['i4`spliti6] adj.
earthly ['4:7li] adj.,
eavesdrop ['i:vzdr3p] v.,
eavesdropper ['i:vzdr3p4] n.,
ebb [eb] v.
ebullience [i'b8li4ns] n.,
ebullient [i'b8li4nt] adj.,
eccentric [ik'sentrik] adj., n.
eccentricity [`eksen'trisiti] n.
ecdysis ['ekdisis] n.(),
echelon ['e54l3n] n.();

26

clat ['eikla:] n.,


eclectic [i'klektik] adj.,
eclecticism [ek'lektisizm] n.
eclipse [i'klips] n.(,)
eclogue ['ekl3g] n.,
economical [`i:k4'n3mik4l] adj.,
economize [i'k3n4maiz] v.()
ecosystem ['i:k4u`sistim] n.
ecstasy ['ekst4si] n.
ecstatic [ik'st1tik] adj.,
ecumenical [`i:kju(:)'menik4l] adj. (of
worldwide scope or applicability,universal)
eddy ['edi] n.,
edict ['i:dikt] n.
edifice ['edifis] n.()
edify ['edifai] v.,
eerie ['i4ri] adj.,
efface [i'feis] v.,
effeminate [i'feminit] adj.,
effervesce [ef4'ves] v.
effete [i'fi:t] adj.
efficacious [efi'kei54s] adj.
efficacy ['efik4si] n.,
effigy ['efid9i] n.
effluvia [i'flu:vj4] (effluvium );n.,;
effluvium [i'flu:vi4m] n.,
effortless ['ef4tlis] adj.
effrontery [e'fr8nt4ri] n.
effulgent [i'f8ld94nt] adj.
effulgence [i'f8ld94ns] n.,
effusion [i'fju:9(4)n] n.,;
effusive [i'fju:siv] adj.
egalitarian [ig1li'te4ri4n] adj.
egocentric [`i:g4u'sentrik] adj.
egotist ['i:g4utist] n.
egregious [i'gri:d94s] adj.(),
egress ['i:gres] n.,
ejaculate [i'd91kjuleit] v.,
ejaculation [i`d91kju'lei54n] n.;
eject [i'd9ekt] v.,
elaborate [i'l1b4r4t,`reit] adj.,
elaborate [i'l1b4r4t,`reit] v.,
elaboration [i`l1b4'rei54n] n.,
elapse [i'l1ps] v.()
elastic [i'l1stik] adj.,
elasticity [`il1'stisiti] n.,
elated [i'leitid] adj.,
elate [i'leit] v.,
elation [i'lei54n] n.,

electorate [i'lekt4rit] n.()


elegant ['elig4nt] adj.,
elegiac [eli'd9ai4k] adj.;
elegy ['elid9i] n.
elephantine [`eli'f1ntain] adj.,
element ['elim4nt] n.,
elemental [eli'mentl] adj.,
elementary [`eli'ment4ri] adj.
elevate ['eliveit] v.
elevation [`eli'vei54n] n.
elicit [i'lisit] v.,
eligible ['elid94b4l] adj.
eliminate [i'limineit] v.,
elite [ei'li:t] n.,
elitism [ei'li:tiz4m] n.
elixir [i'liks4] n.,
ellipse [i'lips] n.()
ellipsis [i'lipsis] n.
elliptical [i'liptik(4)l] ;
elm [elm] n.
elocution [`el4'kju:54n] n.
elongate ['i:l36geit] v.,
elongation [`i:l36'gei54n] n.
elope [i'l4up] v.
eloquent ['el4kw4nt] adj.
elucidate [i'lu:sideit] v.,
elude [i'lu:d] v.
elusive [i'lu:siv] adj.
elysium [i'lizi4m] n.,
emaciate [i'mei5ieit] v.
emaciation [i`mei5i'ei54n] n.,
emancipate [i'm1nsipeit] v.,
emasculate [i'm1skjuleit] v.;;adj.
embankment [im'b16km4nt] n.,
embargo [im'b2:g4u] n.,
embark [im'b2:k] v.,,
embarrass [im'b1r4s] v.
embarrassment [im'b1r4sm4nt] n. , (being
embarrassed)
embed [im'bed] v.,
embellish [im'beli5] v.,
embellishment [im'beli5m4nt] n.,;
embezzle [im'bez4l] v.,
embitter [im'bit4] v.,
emblazon [im'bleiz4n] v.
emblem ['embl4m] n.,
emblematic [`embl4'm1tik] adj.
embody [im'b3di] v.(),
embodiment [im'b3dim4nt] n.,

27

embolden [im'b4uld4n] v.
emboss [im'b3s] v.,
embrace [im'breis] v.
embroider [im'br3id4] v.,
embroil [im'br3il] v.,
embryo ['embri4u] n.
embryonic [`embri'3nik] adj.,
emend [i'mend] v.,
emerald ['em4r4ld] n.adj.
emerge [i'm4:d9] v.,
emergence [i'm4:d94ns] n.
emergency [i'm4:d94nsi] n.
emigrate ['emigreit] v.
emigration [emi'grei5(4)n] n.,;[]
eminent ['emin4nt] adj.,
eminence ['emin4ns] n.,
emissary ['emis4ri] n.
emit [i'mit] v.()
emollient [i'm3li4nt] n.
emolument [i'm3ljum4nt] n.,
emote [i'm4ut] v.
empathy ['emp47i] v.,()
emphatic [im'f1tik] adj.,
empirical [im'pirikl] adj.,
empiricism [em'pirisiz4m] n.
employ [im'pl3i] v.
empower [im'pau4] v.
empyreal [`empai'ri4l] adj.
empyrean [`empai'ri:4n] n.,
emulate ['emjuleit] v.
emulsify [i'm8lsifai] v.
enact [i'n1kt] v.() ()
enactment [i'n1ktm4nt] n.,
enamel [i'n1m(4)l] n.,
enamored [i'n1m4d] adj.,
encapsulate [in'k1psjuleit] v.
encephalitis [en`kef4'laitis] n.
enchant [in't52:nt] v.
enchanting [in't52:nti6] adj.
encipher [in'saif4] v.
enclave ['enkleiv] n.()
enclosure [in'kl4u94] n.,
encomium [in'k4umi4m] n.,
encompass [in'k8mp4s] v.
encounter [in'kaunt4] v.
encourage [in'k8rid9] v.
encroach [in'kr4ut5] v.,
encumber [in'k8mb4] v.,
encumbrance [in'k8mbr4ns] n.,

encyclopedic [en`saikl4u'pi:dik] adj.,


endearing [in'di4ri6] adj.
endearment [in'di4m4nt] n.
endemic [en'demik,in`] adj.
endorse [in'd3:s] v.;
endorsement [in'd3:sm4nt] n.;
endow [in'dau] v.,
endue [in'dju:] (with)v.()
endure [in'dju4] v.,
enduring [in'dju4ri6] adj.
enervate ['en4veit] v.,
enfeeble [in'fi:bl] v.
enfetter [in'fet4] v....;,
enflame [in'fleim] v.
enfranchise [in'fr1nt5aiz] v.()
engaging [in'geid9i6] adj.,
engender [in'd9end4] v.,
engrave [in'greiv] v.()
engross [in'gr4us] v.
engrossing [in'gr4usi6] adj.
engulf [in'g8lf] v.
enhancement [in'h1nsm4nt] n.,
enigma [i'nigm4] n.,
enigmatic [`enig'm1tik] adj.,
enjoin [in'd93in] v.,
enkindle [in'kindl] v.,(,)
enlightening [in'laitni6] adj.;
enlist [in'list] v.(),
enliven [in'laiv4n] v....
enmesh [in'me5] v.(),
enmity ['enmiti] n.,
ennui [3n'wi:] n.,
enormity [i'n3:m4ti] n.;
enormous [i'n3:m4s] adj.,
enrage [in'reid9] v.,
enrapture [in'r1pt54] v.,
ensconce [in'sk3ns] v.,
ensemble [3:n's2:mb4l] n.,
enshrine [in'5rain] v.
ensign ['ensain] v.
ensnare [in'sne4] v.,
ensue [in'sju:] v.
ensure [in'5u4] v.,
entangle [in't16gl] v.,
entertaining [`ent4'teini6] adj.
enthrall [in'7r3:l] v.,
entice [in'tais] v.,
enticement [in'taism4nt] n.,
enticing [in'taisi6] adj.,

28

entirety [in'tai4r4ti] n.,


entitle [in'taitl] v.()
entity ['entiti] n.,
entomology [`ent4'm3l4d9i] n.
entourage [`3ntu'ra:9] n.;
entrancing [in'tra:nsi6,in'tr1nsi6] adj.
entrapment [in'tr1pm4nt] n.,
entreat [in'tri:t] v.
entreaty [in'tri:ti] n.,
entre ['antre] n.;
entrench [in'trent5] v.
entrenched [in'trent5t] adj.(,),
entrepreneur [`3ntr4pr4'n4:] n.,
entrust [in'tr8st] v.
entwine [in'twain] v.,
enumerate [i'nju:m4reit] v.,
enunciate [i'n8nsieit] v.()
enunciation [i`n8nsi'ei54n] n.,
envious ['envi4s] adj.
environs ['envir4nz] n.,
envisage [in'vizid9] v.,
enzyme ['enzaim] n.,
epaulet [`ep4:'let] n.,
ephemeral [i'fem4r4l] adj.
epic ['epik] n.,;adj.,
epicure ['epikju4] n.
epicurean [`epikju'ri:4n] adj.
epidemic [`epi'demik] adj.,
epidermis [`epi'd4:mis] n.,
epigram ['epigr1m] n.,
epilogue ['epil3g] n.;
episodic [`epi's3dik] adj.,
epistemology [ipisti'm3l4d9i] n.(
)
epistle [i'pisl] n.() ()
epitaph ['epit2:f] n.
epithet ['epi7et] n.()
epitome [i'pit4mi] n.,
epoch ['i:p3k] n.;
equable ['ekw4b4l] adj.,()
equanimity [`i:kw4'nimiti] n.,
equate [i'kweit] v....
equation [i'kwei54n] n.;,
equator [i'kweit4] n.
equestrian [i'kwestri4n] n.;adj.
equilibrium [`i:kwi'libri4m] n.
equine ['ekwain,'i:`] adj.,
equipoise ['ekwip3iz] n. ;
equitable ['ekwit4b4l] adj.,

equity ['ekwiti] n.,


equitation [`ekwi'tei54n] n.
equivalent [i'kwiv4l4nt] adj.,
equivocal [i'kwiv4k4l] adj.,
equivocate [i'kwiv4keit] v.,,
eradicate [i'r1dikeit] v.
erasability [i`reiz4'bil4ti] n.,
erase [i'reiz] v.,
erasure [i'rei94] n.,
erode [i'r4ud] v.
erosion [i'r4u94n] n.,
erotic [i'r3tik] adj.,()
err [4:] v.,
errand ['er4nd] n.
errant ['er4nt] adj.,
erratic [i'r1tik] adj.
erroneous [i'r4uni4s] adj.;
ersatz ['e4z1ts] adj.,
erstwhile ['4:stwail] adj.,
erudite ['erudait] adj.,
erudition [`eru:'di54n] n.
erupt [i'r8pt] v.( )
escalate ['esk4leit] v.() ,
escalation [`esk4'lei54n] n.,
escapism [is'keipiz4m] n.()
eschew [is't5u:] v.,
escort ['esk3:t] v.;n.
esophagus [i's3f4g4s] n.,
esoteric [`es4'terik] adj.
espionage ['espi4n2:9] n.
espousal [i'spauz4l] n.,
espouse [i'spauz] v.,
espy [i'spai] v.()
essence ['es4ns] n.,
estate [i'steit] n.;;
esteem [i'sti:m] n./v.,
estimable ['estim4b4l] adj.;
estrange [i'streind9] v.
estrangement [i`streid9m4nt] n.
estuary ['est5u4ri] n.,
etch [et5] v.
etching ['et5i6] n.;
eternal [i't4:n4l] adj.,
ethereal [i'7i4ri4l] adj.
ethics ['e7iks] n.;
ethnography [e7'n3gr4fi] n.
ethos ['i:73s] n.(,),
etiquette ['etiket] n.;
etymology [`eti'm3l4d9i] n.

29

eucalyptus [`ju:k4'lipt4s] n.
eugenic [ju:'d9enik] adj.()
eulogistic [`ju:l4'd9istik] adj.,
eulogize ['jul4d9aiz] v.,
eulogy ['ju:l4d9i] n.,
euphemism ['ju:fimiz4m] n.,
euphonious [ju:'f4uni4s] adj.
euphony ['ju:f4ni] n.
euphoria [ju:'f3:ri4] n.
eurhythmic [ju:'ri0mik] adj.,
evacuate [i'v1kjueit] v.
evade [i'veid] v.
evanescent [`ev4'nes4nt] adj.,
evaporate [i'v1p4reit] v.()
evaporation [i`v1p4'rei5(4)n] n.
evenhanded [`iv4n'h1ndid] adj.,
even-tempered [`i:v4n'temp4(r)d] adj.

evict [i'vikt] v.()


eviction [i'vik54n] n.()
evince [i'vins] v.,
eviscerate [i'vis4reit] v.
evoke [i'v4uk] v.
evocative [i'v3k4tiv] adj.
evolve [i'v3lv] v. ,
ewe [ju:] n.(female sheep)
ewer ['ju:4] n.
exacerbate [ig'z1s4beit] v.,
exact [ig'z1kt] adj.;v.,
exacting [ig'z1kti6] adj.
exaction [ig'z1k54n] n.,
exactitude [ig'z1ktitju:d] n.
exaggerate [ig'z1d94reit] v.
exaggeration [ig`z1d94'rei54n] n.
exalt [ig'z3:lt] v.(),
exaltation [`egz3:l'tei54n] n.(),
exasperate [ig'z2:sp4reit] v.,
excavate ['eksk4veit] v.;
excavation [`eksk4'vei54n] n.,,
exceed [ik'si:d] v.;
excel [ik'sel] v.,
exception [ik'sep54n] n.
exceptionable [ik'sep54n4bl] adj.
exceptional [ik'sep54n4l] adj.()
excerpt ['eks4:pt] n.
excess ['ekses] n.,
exchangeable [iks't5eind94bl] adj.,
exchequer [iks't5ek4] n.
excise ['eksaiz] v.,

excitability [ik`sait4'bil4ti] n.,


excitable [ik'sait4b4l] adj.
exclaim [ik'skleim] v.,
exclude [ik'sklu:d] v.
exclusive [ik'sklu:siv] adj.(),()
excogitate [eks'k3d9iteit] v.
excoriate [iks'k3:rieit] v.
excrete [ik'skri:t] v.,
exculpate ['eksk8lpeit] v.,
exculpatory [ik'sk8lp4t4ri] adj.,
excursion [ik'sk4:54n] n.
excursive [ik'sk4:siv] adj.,
execrate ['eksikreit] v.
execrable ['eksikr4b4l] adj.
execute ['eksikju:t] v.,;
executioner [`eksi'kju:54n4] n.
executive [ig'zekjutiv] n.
executor [ig'zekjut4] n.
exemplar [ig'zempl4] n.,
exemplary [ig'zempl4ri] adj.
exemplify [ig'zemplifai] v....
exempt [ig'zempt] adj.v.
exemption [ig'zemp54n] n.
exert [ig'z4:t] v.()
exertion [ig'z4:54n] n.
exhale [iks'heil] v.()
exhaust [ig'z3:st] n.( ) ,;v.

exhaustion [ig'z3:st54n] n.
exhaustive [ig'z3:stiv] adj.,
exhibit [ig'zibit] n.,;v.
exhibitionism [`eksi'bi54niz4m] n.
exhibitionist [`eksi'bi54nist] n.
exhilarate [ig'zil4reit] v.
exhilaration [ig`zil4'rei54n] n.,
exhort [ig'z3:t] v.,
exhortation [`egz3:'tei54n] n.,
exhume [ig'zu:m,eks'hju:m] v.,
exigence ['eksid94ns] n.
exigency ['eksid94nsi] n.
exigent ['eksid94nt] adj.
exiguous [ig'zigu4s] adj.,
exodus ['eks4d4s] n.,
exogamy [eks'3g4mi] n.
exonerate [ig'z3n4reit] v.
exorbitance [ig'z3:bit4ns] n.(,,), ;(
)
exorbitant [ig'z3:bit4nt] adj.,
exorcise ['eks3saiz] v.

30

exotic [ig'z3tik] adj.


expand [ik'sp1nd] v.,
expatriate [ek'sp1trieit] v.
expansive [ik'sp1nsiv] adj.(),;,

expatiate [ik'spei5ieit] v.,


expectant [ik'spekt4nt] adj.,;
expediency [iks'pi:dj4nsi] n.
expedient [iks'pi:dj4nt] n. ,;adj.()

expedite ['ekspidait] v.,


expedition [`ekspi'di54n] n.,;
expeditious [`ekspi'di54s] adj.,
expel [ik'spel] v.
expend [ik'spend] v.
expenditure [ik'spendit54] n.,
expendable [ik'spend4b4l] adj.
expertise [`eksp4:'ti:z] n.,
expiate ['ekspieit] v.,
expire [ik'spai4] v.
expiration [`ekspi'rei54n] n.,
explanatory [ik'spl1n4t4ri] adj.,
explicable ['eksplik4bl] adj.
explicate ['eksplikeit] v.
explicit [ik'splisit] adj.
exploit ['ekspl3it] v.
exploitation [`ekspl3i'tei54n] n.,,
explore [ik'spl3:] v.
explosive [ik'spl4usiv] n.;adj.;
exponent [ik'sp4un4nt] n.,;
exponentially ['eksp4u'nen54li] adv.;
exposition [`eksp4'zi54n] n.
expository [iks'p3zi`t4ri] adj.
expostulate [ik'sp3st5uleit] v.(),
expound [ik'spaund] v.
expressive [ik'spresiv] adj.
expressly [ik'spresli] adv.
expropriate [ik'spr4uprieit] v.
expulsion [ik'sp8l54n] n.,
expunge [ik'sp8nd9] v.
expurgate ['eksp4geit] v.,
exquisite ['ekskwizit] adj.
extant [ik'st1nt] adj.,
extemporaneous [ik`stemp4'reini4s] adj.,
extemporize [ik'stemp4raiz] v.
extend [ik'stend] v.,;()
extenuate [ik'stenjueit] v.(),
exterminate [ik'st4:mineit] v.,
externalize [ik'st4:n4laiz] v....

extinct [ik'sti6kt] adj.,


extinction [ik'sti6k54n] n.
extinguish [ik'sti6gwi5] v....;...
extirpate ['ekst4:peit] v.,
extirpation [`ekst4:'pei54n] n.,
extol [ik'st3l] v.
extort [ik'st3:t] v.,
extortionist [iks't3:54nist] n. , ;

extract [ik'str1kt,'ekstr1kt] v.;


extracurricular [`ekstr4k4'rikjul4] adj.
extradite ['ekstr4dait] v.,
extradition [`ekstr4'di54n] n.
extraneous [ik'streini4s] adj.;
extraordinary [ik'str3:din4ri] adj.,
extrapolate [ik'str1p4leit] v.,
extravagance [iks'tr1vig4ns] n.,
extravagant [ik'str1v4g4nt] adj.
extremist [ik'stri:mist] n.
extremity [ik'stremiti] n.
extricable ['ekstrik4bl] adj.,
extricate ['ekstrikeit] v.,
extrinsic [ek'strinsik] adj.,
extroversion [`ekstr4u'v4:54n] n.,
extrovert ['ekstr4v4:t] n.
extrude [ik'stru:d] v.,;
exuberance [ig'zju:b4r4ns] n.,
exuberant [ig'zju:b4r4nt] adj.()()
exude [ig'zju:d] v.
exult [ig'z8lt] v.,
fabric ['f1brik] n.;
fabricate ['f1brikeit] v.
fabulous ['f1bjul4s] adj.
facade [f4's2:d] n.;()
facet ['f1sit] n.(),
facetious [f4'si:54s] adj.,
facile ['f1sail] adj.
facilitate [f4'siliteit] v.,
facilities [f4'sil4tiz] n.()
facsimile [f1k'simili] n.,
faction ['f1k54n] n.
factious ['f1k54s] adj.,
factional ['f1k54n4l] adj.(),()
factionalism ['f1k54n4liz4m] n.,
factitious [f1k'ti54s] adj.,
factorable [f1k't3r4bl] adj.
factotum [f1k't4ut4m] n.,
factual ['f1kt5u4l] adj.,
fad [f1d] n.(),

31

faddish ['f1di5] adj.,


fag [f1g] v.
faithfulness ['fei7fulnis] n.
fake [feik] v.
falcon ['f3:lk4n] n.
fallacy ['f1l4si] n.,
fallacious [f4'lei54s] adj.
fallibility [`f1l4'bil4ti] n.,
fallible ['f1l4b4l] adj.,
fallow ['f1l4u] n.
falsehood ['f3:lshud] n.
falsification [`f3:lsifi'kei54n] n.,
falsify ['f3:lsifai] v.
falter ['f3:lt4] v.,;
familiarity [f4`mili'1riti] n.
famine ['f1min] n.
famish ['f1mi5] v.
fanatic [f4'n1tik] n.
fanatical [f4'n1tik4l] adj.
fancier ['f1nsi4] n.;
fanfare ['f1nfe4] n.
fang [f16] n.()
fantasia [f1n'teizi4] n.
fantasy ['f1nt4si] n.,
farce [f2:s] n.
farewell [fe4'wel] interj.,;n.,
far-fetched [`f2(r)'fet5t] adj.;,
far-reaching ['f2(r)'ri:t5i6] adj.
farrow ['f1r4u] v.()n.
fascia ['fei54] n.()
fascinate ['f1sineit] v.,
fascination [`f1si'nei54n] n.,
fast [f2:st] n., adv.,
fasten ['f2:s4n] v.
fastidious [f1'stidi4s] adj.,
fastidiousness [f1s'tidi4snis] n.;
fastness ['f2:stnis] n.,
fatal ['feitl] adj.;
fatality [f4't1liti] n.
fathom ['f104m] n.(, 1.8 );v.,
fathomable ['f104m4bl] adj.;
fathomless ['f104mlis] adj.
fatigue [f4'ti:g] n.,
fatten ['f1tn] v.;;
fatuous ['f1t5u4s] adj.
fatuousness ['f1tju4snis] n.,
fatuity [f4'tju:4ti] n.,
faucet ['f3:sit] n.
fault [f3:lt] n.,()

faultfinder ['f3:lt`faind4] n.
fauna ['f3:n4] n.
favorable ['feiv4r4b4l] adj.,
fawn [f3:n] n.v.,
fawning ['f3:ni6] adj.
fealty ['fi:4lti] n.
faze [feiz] v....,
feasible ['fi:zib4l] adj.,
feat [fi:t] n.,
febrile ['fi:brail] adj.,
feckless ['feklis] adj.
fecund ['fek4nd] adj.,
fecundity [fi'k8nd4ti] n.,;,
feedback ['fi:db1k] n.()
feeble ['fi:bl] adj.
feign [fein] v.,
feigned ['feind] adj.
feint [feint] v./n.,
felicitate [fi'lisiteit] v.
felicitous [fi'lisit4s] adj.(),
felicity [fi'lisiti] n.;
feline ['fi:lain] adj.
fell [fel] n.;v.
felon ['fel4n] n.
felony ['fel4ni] n.
feminist ['fem4nist] n.
fencing ['fensi6] n.,
fender ['fend4] n.
feral ['fi4r4l] adj.,
ferment [f4'ment] v./n.
fermentation [`f4:men'tei54n] n.
fern [f4:n] n.,
ferocious [f4'r4u54s] adj.,
ferocity [f4'r3siti] n.,
ferret ['ferit] n.v.
ferrous ['fer4s] adj.
ferry ['feri] n.v.
fertile ['f4:tail] n.
fertility [f4:'tiliti] n.,
fertilize ['f4:tilaiz] v.,;
fertilizer ['f4:tilaiz4] n.,
fervent ['f4:v4nt] adj.
fervid ['f4:vid] adj.,
fervor ['f4:v4] n.,
festal ['festl] adj.
fester ['fest4] v.(),
festive ['festiv] adj.
fetid ['fetid] adj.
fetish ['feti5] n.(),

32

fetter ['fet4] n.
fetus ['fi:t4s] n.
feud [fju:d] n.,
fiasco [fi'1sk4u] n.,
fiat ['fai1t] n.
fickle ['fik4l] adj.(),
fictitious [fik'ti54s] adj.
fidelity [fi'deliti] n.
fidget ['fid9it] v.n.
fidgety ['fid9iti] adj.,
fiend [fi:nd] n.
fiendish ['fi:ndi5] adj.
fig [fig] n.,
figment ['figm4nt] n.
figurative ['figjur4tiv] adj.,
figurehead ['fig4hed] n.;
figurine [`figju'ri:n] n.,
filament ['fil4m4nt] n.
filch ['filt5] v.()
file [fail] n.v.
filings ['faili6z] n.
filial ['fili4l] adj.
filibuster ['filib8st4] v./n.,
filigree ['filigri:] n.
fillet ['filit] n.
filly ['fili] n.
filth [fil7] n.,
filthy ['fil7i] adj.,
finable ['f2in4bl] adj.
finale [fi'n2:li] n.,
finch [fint5] n.()
finery ['fain4ri] n.,
finesse [fi'nes] n.
finicky ['finiki] adj.,
firearm [fai4r2:m] n.()
firebrand ['fai4br1nd] n. ;()

firefly ['fai4flai] n.
fiscal ['fisk4l] adj.,
fishery ['fi54ri] n.,
fissile ['fisail] adj.
fissure ['fi54] n.,
fitful ['fitf4l] adj.,
fixate [fik'set] v.,;,
flabby ['fl1bi] adj.()
flaccid ['fl1ksid] adj.
flag [fl1g] v.
flagging ['fl1gi6] adj.,
flaggy ['fl1gi] adj.,

flagellate ['fl1d9ileit] v.,


flagrant ['fleigr4nt] adj.,
flail [fleil] n.();v.,
flair [fle4] n.,,
flak [fl1k] n.,
flamboyant [fl1m'b3i4nt] adj.,
flammable ['fl1m4b4l] adj.
flange [fl1nd9] n.(),
flannel ['fl1nl] n.()
flare [fle4] n./v.(),
flaring ['fle4ri6] adj.
flask [fl2:sk] n.,
flatcar ['fl1tk2:] n.
flatten ['fl1tn] v.;
flatter ['fl1t4] v.,
flatterer ['fl1t4r4] n.,
flattering ['fl1t4ri6] adj.
flattery ['fl1t4ri] n.,
flatulence ['fl1tjul4ns] n.
flaunt [fl3:nt] v.
flavoring ['fleiv4ri6] n.,
flaw [fl3:] n.,v.,
flawless ['fl3:lis] adj.,
flax [fl1ks] n.
flay [flei] v.
fleck [flek] n.,
fledge [fled9] v.,
fledgling ['fled9li6] n.

fleece [fli:s] n.,;v.


fleeting ['fli:ti6] adj.,
flex [fleks] v.
flexibility [`fleks4'bil4ti] n.,
flexible ['fleks4b4l] adj.,
flick [flik] n./v.,
flicker ['flik4] v.,
flight [flait] n.,;;
flighty ['flaiti] adj.(),
flimsy ['flimzi] adj.
flinch [flint5] v.,
flint [flint] n.,
flinty ['flinti] adj.
flip [flip] v.,;adj.
flippant ['flip4nt] adj.
flippancy ['flip4nsi] n.
flirt [fl4:t] v.,
flirtatious [fl4:'tei54s] adj.
flit [flit] v.,
flock [fl3k] n.,

33

floodgate ['fl8dgeit] n.()


floppy ['fl3pi] adj.
flora ['fl3:r4] n.()
florescence [fl3:'resns] n.
florid ['fl3rid] adj.()
floridness ['fl3ridnis] n.,,
flotsam ['fl3ts4m] n.()
flounder ['flaund4] v.
flounder ['flaund4] n.(flatfish)
flourish ['fl8ri5] v.,;
flout [flaut] v.,
fluctuate ['fl8kt5ueit] v.
fluctuation [`fl8ktju'ei54n] n.,
fluent ['flu:4nt] adj.()
fluffy ['fl8fi] adj.
fluidity [flu:'id4ti] n.
fluke [flu:k] n.,
flunk [fl86k] v.
fluorescent [flu4'res4nt] adj.,
flush [fl85] n./v.,
fluster ['fl8st4] v.,
flustered ['fl8st4d] adj.
flutter ['fl8t4] v.
fluvial ['flu:vi4l] adj.,
focus ['f4uk4s] v.,
fodder ['f3d4] n.
foible ['f3ibl] n.,
foil [f3il] n.,
foil [f3il] v.
fold [f4uld] n.,v.
folder ['f4uld4] n.,
foliage ['f4uliid9] n.()
folklore ['f4ukl3:] n.
folly ['f3li] n.;,
foment [f4u'ment] v.,()
fondle ['f3ndl] v.,
foodstuff ['fu:dst8f] n.,
foolhardy ['fu:lh2:di] adj.,
foolproof ['fu:lpru:f] adj.,
fool's errand []

foothold ['futh4uld] n.,


footle ['fu:tl] v.()
footlights ['futlaits] n.
footloose ['futlu:s] adj.,
fop [f3p] n.()
foppish ['f3pi5] adj.,
forage ['f3rid9] n.(),v.,
forager ['f3rid94] n.

foray ['f3rei] v./n.,


forbearance [f3:'be4r4ns] n.,
forbidding [f4'bidi6] adj.(),
forbid [f4'bid] v.,;,
ford [f3:d] n.,v.
fordable ['f3:d4bl] adj.
forebear ['f3:be4] n.,
forebode [f3:'b4ud] v.,
foreboding [f3:'b4udi6] n.,
forecast ['f3:k2:st] v.,;n.
foreclose [f3:'kl4uz] v.
foreclosure [f3:'kl4u94(r)] n.
foreknowledge [f3:'n3lid9] n.
forensic [f4'rensik] adj.,
forerunner ['f3:` r8n4] n.,
foresee [f3:'si:] v.
foreshadow [f3:'51d4u] v.
forestall [f3:'st3: l] v.,
forfeit ['f3:fit] v.,n.
forfeiture ['f3:fit54] n.()
forge [f3:d9] n.v.
forge [f3:d9] v.()n.
forger ['f3:d94] n.
forgery ['f3:d94ri] n.()
forgo [f3:'g4u] v.,
forlorn [f4'l3:n] adj.
formality [f3:'m1liti] n.;
format ['f3:m1t] n.,
formation [f3:'mei54n] n.,;()
formative ['f3:m4tiv] adj.,
formidable ['f3:mid4b4l] adj.
formula ['f3:mjul4] n.[];[];,
formulate ['f3:mjuleit] v.,
forsake [f4'seik] v.,
forswear [f3:'swe4] v.,
fort [f3:t] n.,
forthright ['f3:7rait] adj.
forthrightly ['f3:7raitli] adv.
forte ['f3:ti,'f3:tei] n.,adj.()
fortify ['f3:tifai] v.
fortitude ['f3:titju:d] n.,
fortress ['f3:tris] n.,
fortresslike [`f3:tris'laik] adj.;
fortuitous [f3:'tju:it4s] adj.,
fortunate ['f3:t54n4t] adj.,
forum ['f3:r4m] n.,
forward ['f3:w4d] adj.,
forwardness ['f3:w4dnis] n.,
fosse [f3s] n.

34

fossilize ['f3silaiz] v....;...


foster ['f3st4] v.,;
foul [faul] adj.v.(soil;defile) n.(
)
founder ['faund4] v.()()
four-poster [`f3:'p3st4(r)] n.
foyer ['f3iei] n.,
fracas ['freik4s] n.,
fraction ['fr1k54n] n.
fractional ['fr1k54n4l] adj.,
fractious ['fr1k54s] adj.(),
fracture ['fr1kt54] n.
fragile ['fr1d9ail] adj.,
fragility [fr4'd9il4ti] n.,
fragment ['fr1gm4nt] n.;
fragmentation [`fr1gm4n'tei54n] n.,
fragrance ['freigr4ns] n.,
fragrant ['freigr4nt] n.,
framework ['freimw4:k] n.,;
framing ['freimi6] n.
frail [freil] adj.
frailty ['freilti] n.,
frantic ['fr1ntik] adj.,
fraternal [fr4't4:n4l] adj.,
fraternity [fr4't4:niti] n.
fraud [fr3:d] n.,
fraudulent ['fr3:djul4nt] adj.,
fraught [fr3:t] adj.
fray [frei] n.,v.
freak [fri:k] n.,adj.
freckle ['frek4l] n.,
freelancer ['fri:la: ns4(r)] n.
freeway ['fri:wei] n.
freight [freit] n.;v.
frenetic [fri'netik] adj.,
frenzy ['frenzi] n.,
frequency ['fri:kw4nsi] n.
frequent ['fri:kw4nt] v.;adj.
fresco ['fresk4u] n.
fret [fret] v./n.(),
fretful ['fretf4l] adj.
fretwork ['fretw4:k] n. (
,)
friable ['frai4b4l] adj.
friction ['frik54n] n.;,
frieze [fri:z] n.( ),

frigidity [fri'd9iditi] n.,,


fringe ['frind9] n.()

frisk [frisk] n./v.,


frisky ['friski] adj.,
fritter ['frit4] v.( )(
)
frivolous ['friv4l4s] adj.,
frolic ['fr3lik] n./v.
frolicsome ['fr3liks4m] adj.,
frond [fr3nd] n.
frothy ['fr37i] adj.,
frowzy ['frauzi] adj.,
fructify ['fr8ktifai] v.,
frugal ['fru:g4l] adj.,
frugality [fru:'g1liti] n.,
frustrate [fr8'streit] v.,
fruition [fru:'i54n] n.,
fugitive ['fju:d9itiv] adj.;n.,
fulcrum ['fulkr4m] n.,
fulfil [ful'fil] v.;,
full-blown ['ful'bl4un] adj.()
full-bodied [`ful'b3did] adj.()
full-fledged [`ful'fled9d] adj.
fulminate [`fulmineit] v.,
fulmination [`f8lmi'nei54n] n.,
fulsome ['fuls4m] adj.;
fulsomeness ['fuls4mnis] n.,
fumble ['f8mbl] v.,
fume [fju:m] v./n.
fumigate ['fju:migeit] v.
functionary ['f86k54n4ri] n.,
funereal [fju'ni4ri4l] adj.,
fungi ['f8ngai] n.,
fungicide ['f8nd9isaid] n.
furbish ['f4:bi5] v.,
furlough ['f4:l4u] n.()
furnace ['f4:nis] n.
furor ['fju4r3:] n.;
furrow ['f8r4u] n.
furtive ['f4:tiv] adj.,
furtively ['f4:tivli] adv.
fusillade [`fju:zi'leid] n./v.(),
fusion ['fju:94n] n.;
fuss [f8s] n.
fussy ['f8si] adj.
fustian ['f8sti4n] n.,
fusty ['f8sti] adj.,
futility [fju:'tiliti] n.,
gabble ['g1b4l] v.
gadfly ['g1dflai] n.,;
gadget ['g1d9it,'g1d94t] n.,

35

gaffe [g1f] n.(),


gaggle ['g1g4l] n.
gaiety ['gei4ti] n.,
gainsay [`gein'sei] v.
gait [geit] n.,
galaxy ['g1l4k4si] n.(),
galactic [g4'l1ktik] adj.,
gale [geil] n.()
gall [g3:l] n.
gallant ['g1l4nt,g4'l1nt] adj.()
galley ['g1li] n.
gallon ['g1l4n] n.
gallop ['g1l4p] n./v.()
gallows ['g1l4uz] n.,
galvanize ['g1lv4naiz] v.
gambit ['g1mbit] n.( ) ;

gambol ['g1mb4l] n./v.;


gamely ['geimli] adv.,
gamut ['g1m4t] n.
gander ['g1nd4] n.;v.
gangrene ['g16gri:n] n.
gangway ['g16wei] n.()
garble ['g2:b4l] v.,
garbled ['g2:b4ld] adj.,
gardenia [g2:'di:ni4] n.
gargantuan [g2:'g1nt5u4n] adj.,
gargoyle ['g2:g3il] n.( )

garish ['ge4ri5] adj.,


garland ['g2:l4nd] n.(),
garment ['g2:m4nt] n.
garner ['g2:n4] v.,
garnish ['g2:ni5] v.
garret ['g1rit] n.,
garrulity [g1'rul4ti] n.,
garrulous ['g1rul4s] adj.,
gaseous ['g1si4s] adj.
gash [g15] n.,
gasification [`g1sifi'kei54n] n.
gastric ['g1strik] adj.,
gastritis [g1'straitis] n.
gastronomy [g1'str3n4mi] n.
gauche [g4u5] adj.,
gaucheness ['g3:5nis] n.
gaucherie ['g4u54ri:] n.
gaudy ['g3:di] adj.
gauge [geid9] n.;v.
gaunt [g3:nt] adj.,

gavel ['g1v4l] n.(),


gaze [geiz] v./n.,
gazetteer [`g1z4'ti4] n.,
gear [gi4] n.;;
gem [d9em] n.,,
gemstone ['d9em`st4un] n.
gene [d9i:n] n.
genealogy [`d9i:ni'1l4d9i] n.
generality [`d9en4'r1liti] n.
generalize ['d9en4r4laiz] v.
generate ['d9en4reit] v.,
generator ['d9en4reit4] n.
generic [d9i'nerik] adj.,
generosity [`d9en4'r3siti] n.,
generous ['d9en4r4s] adj.
genesis ['d9enisis] n.,

genetic [d9i'netik] adj.


geneticist [d9i'netisist] n.
genetics [d9i'netiks] n.
genial ['d9i:ni4l] adj.,
genre ['93nr4] n.()
genome ['d9in4um] n.[],
genteel [d9en'ti:l] adj.;
gentility [d9en'tiliti] n.,
gentle ['d9entl] adj.,
gentry ['d9entri] n.,
genuflect ['d9enjuflekt] v.()
genuine ['d9enjuin] adj.;
genus ['d9i:n4s] n.()
geometrician [`d9i4um4'tri54n] n.
germ [d94:m] n.,;,
germane [d94:'mein] adj.,
germicide ['d94:misaid] n.
germinate ['d94:mineit] v.
gerontology [`d9er3n't3l4d9i] n.
gerrymander [`d9eri`m1nd4] v.(
)()
gestate [d9e'steit] v.,
gestation [d9e'stei54n] n.,
gesticulate [d9e'stikjuleit] v.
geyser ['gaiz4] n.
gibe [d9aib] v./n.,
giddy ['gidi] adj.,
giggle ['gig4l] v.
gild [gild] v.,
gimmick ['gimik] n.,
ginger ['d9ind94] n.,
gingerly [d9ind94li] adj.adv.();()
girder ['g4:d4] n.

36

girdle ['g4:dl] n.v.


girth [g4:7] n.,
gist [d9ist] n.,
glacial ['glei54l] adj.,;
glacier ['gl1si4] n.,
glade [gleid] n.
gladiator ['gl1di`eit4] n.,
glamorous ['gl1m4r4s] adj.,
glance [gl2:ns] v.n.
glare [gle4] v.
glaring ['gle4ri6] adj.,
glaze [gleiz] v.;;n.
gleam [gli:m] n.,v.
glean [gli:n] v.()
glee [gli:] n.,
gleeful ['gli:f4l] adj.,
glib [glib] adj.,
glide [glaid] v.,
glider ['glaid4] n.
glimmer ['glim4] v.n.
glimpse [glimps] n./v.,
glisten ['glis4n] v.,
glitch [glit5] n.
glitter ['glit4] v.,;n.;,
gloaming ['gl4umi6] n.,
gloat [gl4ut] v.,
gloom [glu:m] n.
gloomy ['glu:mi] adj.
glorify ['gl3:rifai] v.,
gloss [gl3s] n.
gloss-over [gl3s'4uv4] v.
glossy ['gl3si] adj.,
glossary ['gl3s4ri] n.,
glower ['glau4(r)] v.
glowing ['gl4ui6] adj.
glucose ['glu:k4us] n.
glut [gl8t] v./n.,
glutinous ['glu:tin4s] adj.,
glutton ['gl8tn] n.
gluttonous ['gl8t4n4s] adj.,
gluttony ['gl8t4ni] n.
gnarled [n2:ld] adj.()
gnat [n1t] n.,
gnaw [n3:] v.,
gnawing ['n3:i6] adj.,
gnome [n4um] n.,
gnomic ['n4umik] adj.,
goad [g4ud] n.v./n.,
gobble ['g3bl] v.,

goblet ['g3blit] n.
goggle ['g3g4l] n.;v.
goldbrick ['g4uldbrik] v.,
gong [g36] n.
goodwill [`gud'wil] n.
gorge [g3:d9] n.
gorge [g3:d9] v.
gorgeous ['g3:d94s] adj.,
gorgon ['g3:g4n] n.
gorilla [g4'ril4] n.
gormandize ['g3:m4ndaiz] v.,
gosling ['g3:zli6] n.
gospel ['g3sp4l] n.,
gossamer ['g3s4m4] n.adj.
gouge [gaud9] n.v.
gourmand ['gu4m4nd] n.
gourmet ['gu4mei] n.
governance ['g8v4n4ns] n.,
grace ['greis] n.
graceful ['greisf4l] adj.,
gracefully ['greisfuli] adv.
gradation [gr4'dei5(4)n] n.;,
graft [gr2:ft] v.,n.
grain ['grein] n.;
granary ['gr1n4ri] n.,
grandeur ['gr1nd94] n.,
grandiloquent [gr1n'dil4kw4nt] adj.(),
grandiose ['gr1ndi4us] adj.,
grandstand ['gr1ndst1nd] n.;v.
granite ['gr1nit] n.
granular ['gr1njul4] adj.
granulate ['gr1njuleit] v.
granule ['gr1nju:l] n.,
grant [gr2:nt] v.
graphite ['gr1fait] n.
graphic ['gr1fik] adj.
grasping ['gr2:spi6] adj.,
grate [greit] v.
grating ['greiti6] adj.()
grateful ['greitful] adj.
gratify ['gr1tifai] v.,
gratification [gr1tifi'kei54n] n.,
gratis ['gr1tis] adj.,
gratuitous [gr4'tju:it4s] adj.
gratitude ['gr1titju:d] n.
gratuity [gr4'tju:iti] n.,
grave [greiv] adj.;n.
gravel ['gr1v4l] n.,
gravitational [gr1vi'tei54nl] adj.

37

gravity ['gr1viti] n.,


graze [greiz] v.()()
grease [gri:s] n.();
greenhorn ['gri:nh3:n] n.
greenhouse ['gri:nhaus] n.,
gregarious [gri'ge4ri4s] adj.
gregariousness [gre'ge4ri4snis] n.;
grenade [gri'neid] n.
gridiron ['gridai4n,'gridai4rn] n.
grief [gri:f] n.,
grievance ['gri:v4ns] n.,
grieve [gri:v] v.
grievous ['gri:v4s] adj.
grill [gril] v.n.
grim [grim] adj.,
grimace [gri'meis] v.,
grin [grin] v.
grind [graind] v.,
grind [graind] n.
grindstone ['graindst4un] n.
gripe [graip] v.
gripping ['gripi6] adj.
grisly ['grizli] adj.,
gristle ['gris4l] n.;
groan [gr4un] v./n.,
groom [gru:m] n.
grit [grit] n.,v.,
groove [gru:v] n.()
grope [gr4up] v.,
gross [gr4us] adj.n.,
grotesque [gr4u'tesk] adj.(),
grotto ['gr3t4u] n.
grouch [graut5] n.,
grounded ['graundid] adj.;adv.
group [gru:p] v....;,
grouse [graus] n.v.,
grove [gr4uv] n.,
grovel ['gr3v4l] v.,
growl [graul] v.(),
grudge [gr8d9] v.
grudging ['gr8d9i6] adj.,
grueling ['gru4li6] adj.
gruesome ['gru:s4m] adj.,
gruff [gr8f] adj.(,)
grumble ['gr8mb4l] v.,
grumpy ['gr8mpi] adj.
guffaw [g4'f3:] n./v.,
guile [gail] n.,
guileless ['gaillis] adj.,

guilelessness ['gailisnis] n.,


guillotine ['gil4ti:n] n.
guilt [gilt] n.
guilty ['gilti] adj.
gulch [g8lt5] n.,
gull [g8l] n.v.
gullible ['g8l4b4l] adj.
gully ['g8li] n.
gulp [g8lp] v.,
gum [g8m] n.,
guru ['guru,g4'ru:] n.();()

gush [g85] v.
gusher ['g854] n.
gust [g8st] n.()
gustation [g8s'tei54n] n.
gusto ['g8st4u] n.
gustatory ['g8st4t4ri] adj.,
gutless ['g8tl4s] adj.,
gutter ['g8t4] n.
guttle ['g8tl] v.
guy [gai] n.(),
guzzle ['g8z4l] v.
gynaecocracy [`daini'k3kr4si] n.
gyrate [d9ai'reit] adj.v.
habitat ['h1bit1t] n.,
habituate [h4'bit5ueit] v.
hack [h1k] v.,
hackneyed ['h1knid] adj.,
haft [h2:ft] n.,
haggard ['h1g4d] adj.,
haggle ['h1g4l] v.
hail [heil] n.;v.
halcyon ['h1lsi4n] adj.,
hale [heil] adj.,
half-baked ['ha:f'beik] adj.,
hallmark ['h3:lm2:k] n.();
hallow ['h1l4u] v....,
hallucination [h4`lu:si'nei54n] n.,
halo ['heil4u] n.(),
halt [h3:lt] v.,
halting ['h3:lti6] adj.,
hamper ['h1mp4] v.,n.
handle ['h1ndl] n.,v.
hangar ['h164] n.
hangdog ['h16d3g] ,
hanger ['h164] n.,
hankering ['h16k4i6] n.
haphazard [`h1p'h1z4d] adj.

38

hapless ['h1plis] adj.


harangue [h4'r16] n.
harass ['h1r4s] v.,
harassment ['h1r4sm4nt] n.
harbinger ['h2:bind94] n.,(herald)
harbor ['h2:b4] n., v.,
hardbitten [`ha:d'bit4n] adj.,
harden ['h2:dn] v.,
hardheaded [`h2:d'hedid] adj.(),
hardihood ['h2:dihud] n.,
hardy ['h2:di] adj.
hard-nosed ['h2:dn4uzd] adj.,
harmonious [h2:'m4uni4s] adj.;
harmony ['h2:m4ni] n.,;,
harness ['h2:nis] n.v.
harp [h2:p] n.;v.
harpoon [h2:'pu:n] n.()
harpsichord ['h2:psik3:d] n.()
harridan ['h1rid4n] n.,
harrow ['h1r4u] n.;v.
harrowing ['h1r4ui6] adj.,
harry ['h1ri] v.,
harshly ['h2:5li] adv.,
hassle ['h1s4l] n.
hasten ['heis4n] v.,
hasty ['heisti] adj.
hatch [h1t5] n.;v.
hatchet ['h1t5it] n.
haughty ['h3:ti] adj.,
haunt [h3:nt] v.;();n.
hauteur [4u't4:] n.
haven ['heiv4n] n.,
havoc ['h1v4k] n.,
hawk [h3:k] n.
hawker ['h3:k4] n.
hawser ['h3:z4] n.,
hazard ['h1z4d] n.
headlong ['hedl36] adj./adv.(),()
headstrong ['hedstr36] adj.
headway ['hedwei] n.,
heal [hi:l] v.
healthfulness ['hel7f4lnis] n.
hearken ['ha:k4n] v.
hearsay ['hi4sei] n.,
hearten ['ha:t4n] v.,
heartrending ['ha:trendi6] adj.
heave [hi:v] v.
heavy-handedness [`hevi'h1ndidnis] n.,
heckle ['hekl] v.,

hectic ['hektik] adj.,


hector ['hekt4] v.,
hedge [hed9] n.
hedgehog ['hed9h3g] n.
hedonism ['hi:d4nizm] n.
hegemony [hi'gem4ni] n.,
heinous ['hein4s] adj.
heir [e4] n.
heirloom ['e4lu:m] n.
heliotrope ['heli4tr4up] n.
helm [helm] n.,
helmet ['helmit] n.,
helot ['hel4t] n.,
helve [helv] n.
hem [hem] v.;n.,
hemisphere [`hemisfi4] n.
hemophilia [`hi:m4'fili4] n.,
hemorrhage ['hem4rid9] n.()
hemostat ['hi:m4st1t] n.
henpecked ['henpekt] adj.,
hepatitis [`hep4'taitis] n.
herald ['her4ld] n.,
herbaceous [h4'bei54s] adj.
herbicide ['h4:bisaid] n.
herbivorous [h4'biv4r4s] adj.
herd [h4:d] n.;v.
herdsman ['h4:dzm4n] n.
heresy ['herisi] n.
heretic ['heritik] n.
hermetic [h4:'metik] adj.;
hermit ['h4:mit] n.,
herpetologist [`h4p4t4'l3d9ist] n.
heterodox ['het4r4d3ks] adj.,
heterogeneous [`het4r4u'd9i:ni4s] adj.,
hew [hju:] v.
hexagon ['heks4g4n] n.,
heyday ['heidei] n.,
hiatus [hai'eit4s] n.,
hibernal [hai'b4:nl] adj.,
hibernate ['haib4neit] v.,
hide [haid] n.
hidebound ['haidbaund] adj.,
hideous ['hidi4s] adj.,
hie [hai] vt.,
hierarchy ['hai4r2:ki] n.
hieroglyph ['hai4r4glif] n.,
highbrow ['haibrau] n.
high-flown [`hai'fl4un] adj.
highlight ['hailait] n.

39

high-minded [`hai'maindid] adj.


hike [haik] v.,;n.
hilarious [h4'le4ri4s] adj.
hilarity [hi'l1riti] n.,
hilt [hilt] n.()
hinder ['hind4,'haind4] v.,
hindmost ['haindm4ust] adj.
hindrance ['hindr4ns] n.,
hinge [hind9] n.
hinterland ['hint4l1nd] n.
hippopotamus [`hip4'p3t4m4s] n.
hirsute ['h4:sju:t] adj.
hiss [his] v.()
histocompatibility [hist4uk4m`p1t4'bil4ti] n.[ ]
,
histology [his't3l4d9i] n.
histrionic [`histri'3nik] adj.
hitherto [`hi04'tu:] adv.
hive [haiv] n.
hoard [h3:d] v.n.,
hoarse [h3:s] adj.,
hoary ['h3:ri] adj.()
hoax [h4uks] n./v.,
hobble ['h3b4l] v.
hodgepodge ['h3d9p3d9] n.,
hoist [h3ist] v.,;n.
hold [h4uld] n.()
holocaust ['h3l4k3:st] n.,
holograph ['h3l4gr2:f] n.
holster ['h4ulst4] n.
homage ['h3mid9] n.,
homely ['h4umli] adj.
homeopathy [h4umi'3p47i] n.()
homiletics [`h3mi'letiks] n.,
homogeneity [`h3m4ud9e'ni:4ti] n.,
homogeneous [`h3m4'd9i:ni4s] adj.,
homogenize [h4'm3d94naiz] v.,
homograph ['h3m4gr2:f] n.
hone [h4un] n.v.
honorable ['3n4r4b4l] adj.
honorarium [`3n4're4ri4m] n.,
hoodwink ['hud`wi6k] v.,
hoof [hu:f] n.()
hoop [hu:p] n.(),
horizontal [`h3ri'z3ntl] adj.
hormone ['h3:m4un] n.,
horology [h3'r3l4d9i] n.,
horrendous [h3'rend4s] adj.,
horrific [h3'rifik] adj.

hortative ['h3:t4tiv] adj.


horticulture ['h3:ti`k8lt54] n.
hosepipe ['h4uzpaip] n.v.
hostile ['h3stail] adj.,
hotbed ['h3tbed] n.,
hovel ['h3vl] n.
hover ['h3v4] v.()
howler ['haul4] n.
hub [h8b] n.
hubbub ['h8b8b] n.,
hubris ['hju:bris] n.,
huckster ['h8kst4] n.,
huddle ['h8dl] v.n.()
hue [hju:] n.,
hulk [h8lk] n.,
hull [h8l] n.;v.
humane [hju:'mein] adj.,
humble ['h8mb4l] adj.;v.
humdrum ['h8mdr8m] adj.,
humidity [hju:'miditi] n.,
humiliate [hju:'milieit] v.
humility [hju:'militi] n.,
hummingbird ['h8mi6b4:d] n.
humor ['hju:m4] v.,
hunch [h8nt5] n.,
hunk [h86k] n.()
hurdle ['h4:dl] n.;v.()
hurly-burly ['h4:li`b4:li] n.,
hurricane ['h8rik4n] n.
husband ['h8zb4nd] v. ;...;
()
husbandry ['h8zb4ndri] n.,;
hush [h85] v./n.,
husk [h8sk] n.,
husky ['h8ski] adj.
hut [h8t] n.,
hybrid ['haibrid] n.,
hydrant ['haidr4nt] n.
hydrate ['haidreit] n.;v.
hydroelectric [`haidr4ui'lektrik] adj.
hygiene ['haid9i:n] n.adj.
hymn [him] n.
hyperactivity ['haip4r1k'tiv4ti] n.,
hyperbole [hai'p4:b4li] n.;adj.
hyperbolic [`haip4'b3lik] adj.
hypercritical [`haip4'kritik4l] adj.,
hypersensitive [`haip4'sensitiv] adj.
hypertension ['haip4'ten54n] n.
hyphen ['haif4n] n.,"-"

40

hypnosis [hip'n4usis] n.
hypnotic [hip'n3tik] adj.,n.
hypochondria [`haip4'k3ndri4] n.,
hypocrite ['hip4krit] n.,
hypocritical [hip4'kritik] adj.
hypodermic [haip4'd4:mik] adj.
hypotenuse [hai'p3t4nju:z] n.()
hypothesis [hai'p374sis] n.,
hysteria [hi'sti4ri4] n.
ichthyologist [`ik7i'3l4d9ist] n.
icicle ['aisikl] n.,
icing ['aisi6] n.,
icon ['aik3n] n.,
iconoclast [ai'k3n4kl1st] n.
idiocy ['idi4si] n.
idiot ['idi4t] n.,
idiosyncrasy [`idi4'si6kr4si] n.
idol ['aidl] n.
idolater [ai'd3l4t4] n.()
idolatrous [ai'd3l4tr4s] adj.
idolatry [ai'd3l4tri] n.;
idolize ['aid4laiz] v....;
idyll ['aidl] n.
igneous ['igni4s] adj.,
ignite [ig'nait] v.,
ignoble [ig'n4ub4l] adj.
ignominy ['ign4mini] n.,
ignominious [`ign4'mini4s] adj.
ignoramus [`ign4'reim4s] n.,
ignorance ['ign4r4ns] n.
ignorant ['ign4r4nt] adj.,
illegal [i'li:g4l] adj.
illegible [i'led9ib(4)l] adj.,
illegitimate [`ili'd9itimit] adj.
illiberal [i'lib4r4l] adj.
illicit [i'lisit] adj.
illiteracy [i'lit4r4si] n.,
illiterate [i'lit4rit] adj.
ill-omened [`il'4um4nd] adj.
illuminate [i'lu:mineit] v.;
illuminating [i'lu:mineiti6] adj.,
illumination [i`lu:mi'nei54n] n.

illusory [i'lu:s4ri] adj.


illustrate ['il4streit] v....;,
illustrious [i'l8stri4s] adj.,
imaginative [i'm1d9in4tiv] adj.,
imaginary [i'm1d9in4ri] adj.
imbecile ['imbisi:l] n.

imbibe [im'baib] v.
imbroglio [im'br4uli4u] n.,
imbue [im'bju:] (with)v.()
immaculate [i'm1kjulit] adj.,
immanent ['im4n4nt] adj.;
immaterial [`im4'ti4ri4l] adj.
immature [`im4't5u4] adj.,
immemorial [`imi'm3:ri4l] adj.,
immense [i'mens] adj.
immensity [i'mensiti] n.
immerse [i'm4:s] v.
imminent ['imin4nt] adj.,
immobility [`im4u'bil4ti] n.,
immobilize [i'm4ubilaiz] v.
immoderate [i'm3d4r4t] adj.,
immolate ['im4leit] v.,
immorality [im4'r1liti] n.,
immortal [i'm3:t4l] adj.
immune [i'mju:n] adj.
immunity [i'mju:niti] n.
immunize [i'mju:naiz] v.
immure [i'mju4] v.
immutable [i'mju:t4b4l] adj.
imp [imp] n.
impact ['imp1kt] n.,
impair [im'pe4] v.,
impalpable [im'p1lp4b4l] adj.
impart [im'p2:t] v.,
impartial [im'p2:54l] adj.,
impasse [im'p1s] n.
impassioned [im'p154nd] adj.
impassive [im'p1siv] adj.,
impassiveness [im'p1sivnis] n.
impatience [im'pei54ns] n.,
impeach [im'pi:t5] v.
impeccable [im'pek4b4l] adj.
impecunious [`impi'kju:ni4s] adj.,
impede [im'pi:d] v.
impediment [im'pedim4nt] n.,
impel [im'pel] v.
impending [im'pendi6] adj.,
impenetrable [im'penitr4b4l] adj.

impenitent [im'penit4nt] adj.


imperative [im'per4tiv] adj.
imperceptible [`imp4'sept4b4l] adj.
imperfection [imp4'fek54n] n.;
imperil [im'peril] v.,
imperious [im'pi4ri4s] adj.,

41

impermanent [im'p4:m4n4nt] adj.


impermeability [im`p4:mj4'biliti] n.
impersonal [im'p4:s4n4l] adj.,
impersonate [im'p4:s4neit] v.
impersonator [im'p4:s4neit4] n.
impertinence [im'p4:tin4ns] n.,
impertinent [im'p4:tin4nt] adj.,
imperturbable [`imp4't4:b4b4l] adj.,
impervious [im'p4:vi4s] adj.
impetus ['impit4s] n.;
impetuous [im'petju4s] adj.,
impiety [im'pai4ti] n.,
impinge [im'pind9] v.;
implacable [im'pl1k4b4l] adj.,
implant [im'pl2:nt] v.
implausible [im'pl3z4bl] adj.
implement ['implim4nt] n.,v.,
implicate ['implikeit] v.();
implicit [im'plisit] adj.,
implode [im'pl4ud] v.,
implosion [im'pl4u94n] n.,
implore [im'pl3:] v.,
imply [im'plai] v.,
impolitic [im'p3litik] adj.,
imponderable [im'p3nd4r4b4l] adj.()
importune [`im'p3:tju:n] v.,
impose [im'p4uz] v.
imposing [im'p4uzi6] adj.,
impostor [im'p3st4] n.,
impotent ['imp4t4nt] adj.;
impoverish [im'p3v4ri5] v.
imprecation [impri'kei54n] n.,
imprecision [`impri'si94n] n.
impregnable [im'pregn4bl] adj.,
impresario [`impri's2:ri4u] n.( ),

impress [im'pres] v.;;['impres]n. ,


impressed [im'prest] adj.;
impressionable [im'pre54n4bl] adj.
imprint [im'print] v.,
imprisonment [im'priznm4nt] n.,
improbity [im'pr4ubiti] n.,
impromptu [im'pr3mptju:] adj.,
improper [im'pr3p4] adj.,;
impropriety [`impr4'prai4ti] n.()
improvident [im'pr3vid4nt] adj.,
improvise ['impr4vaiz] v.
imprudent [im'pru:d4nt] adj.;
impudent ['impjud4nt] adj.,

impugn [im'pju:n] v.,...


impuissance [im'pju:is4ns] n.,
impulse ['imp8ls] n.
impulsive [im'p8lsiv] adj.
impunity [im'pju:niti] n.
impurity [im'pju4riti] n.,;
imputation [`impju'tei54n] n.,
impute [im'pju:t] (to)v.
inadvertence [`in4d'v4:t4ns] n.
inadvertent [`in4d'v4:t4nt] adj.,
inalienable [in'eili4n4b(4)l] adj.
inane [i'nein] adj.
inanimate [in`1nimit] adj.
inapparent [`in4'p1r4nt] adj.,
inappropriate [`in4'pr4upri4t] adj.
inaugural [i'n3:gjur4l] adj.,
inaugurate [i'n3:gjureit] v.
inborn [`in'b3:n] adj.,
incandescence [`ink1n'des4ns] n.,
incandescent [ink1n'des(4)nt] adj.
incapable [in'keip4b4l] adj.
incapacity [`ink4'p1siti] n.
incarcerate [in'k2:s4reit] v.,
incarnate [in'k2:nit] adj.
incendiary [in'sendi4ri] adj.,
incense ['insens,in'sens] n.,v.
incentive [in'sentiv] n.,;
inception [in'sep54n] n.,,
incertitude [in's4:titju: d] n.,
incessant [in'ses4nt] adj.,
inchoate [in'k4ueit] adj.
incidence ['insid4ns] n.;
incinerate [in'sin4reit] v.,
incipient [in'sipi4nt] adj.,
incise [in'saiz] v.,
incision [in'si94n] n.
incisive [in'saisiv] adj.
incisor [in'saiz4] n.
incite [in'sait] v.,
inclement [in'klem4nt] adj.()
inclination [`inkli'nei54n] n.
inclined [in'klaind] adj.,
incognito [`ink3g'ni:t4u] adj./n.,
incogitant [in'k3d9it4nt] adj.,
incoherent [`ink4u'hi4r4nt] adj.()
incommensurate [`ink4'men54rit] adj.,
incommodious [`ink4'm4udi4s] adj.
incommunicative [`ink4'mju:nik4tiv] adj. ,

42

incompatible [`ink4m'p1t4b4l] adj.


incompetence [in'k3mpit4ns] n.,
incompetent [in'k3mpit4nt] adj.,
inconceivable [`ink4n'si:v4b4l] adj. ,

incongruous [in'k36gru4s] adj.


inconsequential [`ink3nsi'kwen54l] adj.,

inconsiderable [`ink4n'sid4r4b4l] adj. ,

inconsiderate [`ink4n'sid4rit] adj.


inconsistency [`ink4n'sist4nsi] n.,
inconsolable [`ink4n's4ul4b4l] adj.
inconsonant [in'k3ns4n4nt] adj.,
inconstancy [in'k3nst4nsi] n.()
incontestable [`ink4n'test4b4l] adj.
incontinent [in'k3ntin4nt] adj.()
incontrovertible [in`k3ntr4'v4:t4b4l] adj.
incorporate [in'k3:p4rit] v.,
incorporeal [`ink3:'p3: ri4l] adj.
incorrigible [in'k3rid94b4l] adj.,
incorrigibility [`ink3rid94'bil4ti] n.
incorruptible [`ink4'r8pt4b4l] adj.()
incredible [in'kred4b4l] adj.
incredulous [in'kredjul4s] adj.
increment ['inkrim4nt] n.,
incriminate [in'krimineit] v.,
incrustation [`inkr8'stei54n] n.,
incubation [`i6kju'bei54n] n.,
incubator ['i6kjubeit4] n.
incubus ['i6kjub4s] n.,,
inculcate [in'k8lkeit] v.,
inculpate ['ink8lpeit] v.;;
incumbent [in'k8mb4nt] n.,;adj.
incur [in'k4:] v.
incurable [in'kju4r4b4l] adj.
incursion [in'k4:54n] n.,
indecorous [in'dek4r4s] adj.
indebted [in'detid] adj.,
indecipherable [`indi'saif4r4b4l] adj.
indefatigable [`indi'f1tig4b4l] adj.
indefinite [in'definit] adj.
indelibility [in`del4'bil4ti] n.
indelible [in'del4b4l] adj.,
indemnify [in'demnifai] v.,
indemnity [in'demniti] n.,
indent [in'dent] v.
indentation [`inden'tei54n] n.,
indenture [in'dent54] n.,

indescribable [`indis'kraib4b4l] adj.()


indicative [in'dik4tiv] adj.
indices ['indisi:z] index ;n.
indict [in'dait] v.,

indifferent [in'difr4nt] adj.,


indigenous [in'did9in4s] adj.,
indigent ['indid94nt] adj.,
indignant [in'dign4nt] adj.,
indignation [`indig'nei54n] n.
indignity [in'digniti] n.,;
indiscernible [`indi's4:n4b4l] adj.
indiscreet [`indis'kri:t] adj.
indiscretion [`indi'skre54n] n.,
indiscriminate [`indis'kriminit] adj.
indispensable [`indi'spens4b4l] adj.
indisposed [`indi'sp4uzd] adj.
indisputable [`indi'spju:t4b4l] adj.
indistinguishable [`indi'sti6gwi54b4l] adj.
indite [in'dait] v.,()
indocile [in'd4usail] adj.,
indoctrinate [in'd3ktrineit] v.;
indolent ['ind4l4nt] adj.
indomitable [in'd3mit4bl] adj.
indubitable [in'dju:bit4b4l] adj.
induce [in'dju:s] v.
inducement [in'dju:sm4nt] n.
induct [in'd8kt] v.
induction [in'd8k54n] n.,,
indulge [in'd8ld9] v.
indulgence [in'd8ld94ns] n.,
indulgent [in'd8ld94nt] adj.
indurate ['indju4reit] v.;
industrious [in'd8stri4s] adj.,
industriousness [in'd8stri4snis] n.
inebriate [i'ni:brieit] v.n.,
inedible [in'edib4l] adj.
ineffable [in'ef4b4l] adj.
ineffaceable [`ini'feis4b4l] adj.
ineffective [`ini'fektiv] adj. ,
inefficacious [`inefi'kei54s] adj.,
inelastic [`ini'l1stik] adj.
inelasticity [`inil1s'tis4ti] n.,
ineligible [in'elid94b4l] adj.
ineluctable [`ini'l8kt4b4l] adj.
inept [i'nept] adj.
ineptitude [i'neptitju:d] n.,
inequity [in'ekwiti] n.,
inerrancy [in'er4nsi] n.,
inert [i'n4:t] adj.

43

inertia [i'n4:54] n.
inestimable [in'estim4b4l] adj.,
inevitable [i'nevit4b4l] adj.
inexcusable [inik'skju:z4b4l] adj.
inexhaustible [`inig'z3:st4b4l] adj.,
inexorable [in'eks4r4b4l] adj.
inexpedient [`inik'spi:di4nt] adj.,
inexpiable [in'ekspi4b4l] adj.
inexplicable [`inik'splik4b4l] adj.
inexplicit [`inik'splisit] adj.,
inextricable [in'ekstrik4b4l] adj.
infallible [in'f1l4bl] adj.,
infamous ['inf4m4s] adj.
infamy ['inf4mi] n.
infantry ['inf4ntri] n.
infatuated [in'f1t5u:eitid] adj.()
infatuation [in`f1t5u'ei54n] n.
infection [in'fek54n] n.,
infelicitous [`infi'lisit4s] adj.,
infelicity [infi'lisiti] n.;
infer [in'f4:] v.,
infernal [in'f4:n4l] adj.
inferno [in'f4:n4u] n.,
infertile [in'f4:tail] adj.
infertility [`inf4'til4ti] n.
infest [in'fest] v.,
infidel ['infid(4)l] n.
infidelity [`infi'deliti] n.,
infiltrate ['infiltreit] v.,
infinite ['infinit] adj.,
infinitesimal [`infini'tesim(4)l] adj.;n.
infinity [in'finiti] n.
infirm [in'f4:m] adj.
inflame [in'fleim] v.()
inflamed [in'fleimd] adj.
inflammable [in'fl1m4b4l] adj.
inflammation [`infl4'mei54n] n.;;
inflate [in'fleit] v.,
inflated [in'fleitid] adj.
inflexible [in'fleks4b4l] adj.;
inflict [in'flikt] v.
infliction [in'flik54n] n.(),
influx ['infl8ks] n.,
informality [`inf3:'m1l4ti] n.,
informer [in'f3:m4] n.,
infraction [in'fr1k54n] n.
infringe [in'frind9] v.,
infuriate [in'fju4rieit] v.()
infuse [in'fju:z] v.

ingenious [in'd9i:ni4s] adj.,


ingnue ['1n9einju:] n.
ingenuity [`ind9i'nju:iti] n.,
ingenuous [in'd9enju4s] adj.,
ingest [in'd9est] v.,
ingestion [in'd9est54n] n.,;
ingrained [in'greind] adj.
ingrate [in'greit] n.
ingratiate [in'grei5ieit] v.,
ingratiating [in'grei5ieiti6] adj.,
ingredient [in'gri:di4nt] n.
ingress ['ingres] n.
inhabit [in'h1bit] v.,
inhabitant [in'h1bit4nt] n.;
inhale [in'heil] v.
inherent [in'hi4r4nt] adj.,
inherit [in'herit] v.
inheritor [in'herit4(r)] n.,
inhibit [in'hibit] v.
inhibited [in'hibtid] adj.,
inhibition [`inhi'bi54n] n.,
inhibitor [in'hibit4] n.
inhumane [`inhju:'mein] adj.
inimical [i'nimik4l] adj.,
inimitable [i'nimit4b4l] adj.,
iniquitous [i'nikwit4s] adj.,
iniquity [i'nikwiti] n.,
initial [i'ni54l] adj.,;n.()
initiate [i'ni5ieit] v. ,;

initiative [i'ni5i4tiv] n.
injection [in'd9ek54n] n.;
injunction [in'd986k54n] n.,
inkling ['i6kli6] n.,;,
innate [`i'neit] adj.,
innocence ['in4s4ns] n.,
innocent ['in4s4nt] adj.,;;
innocuous [i'n3kju4s] adj.(,)
innovative ['in4uveitiv] adj.
inoffensive [in4'fensiv] adj.
innuendo [`inju'end4u] n.,
inoculate [i'n3kjuleit] v.
inordinate [in'3rdinit,i'n3:din4t] adj.,
inquietude [in'kwaiitju:d] n.,
inquiry [in'kwai4ri] n.
inquisitive [in'kwizitiv] adj.
inroad ['inr4ud] n.
insalubrity [ins4'lu:briti] n.
insane [in'sein] adj.

44

insanity [in's1niti] n.
insatiable [in'sei54b4l] adj.,
inscribe [in'skraib] v.,
inscription [in'skrip54n] n.
inscrutable [in'skru:t4b4l] adj.,
insecticide [in'sektisaid] n.
insecure [insi'kju4] adj.,;
insensate [in'senseit] adj.;
insensibility [insensi'biliti] n.);
insensible [in'sens4b4l] adj.;
insensitive [in'sensitiv] adj.
insensitivity [in`sensi'tiviti] n.,
insentient [in'sen54nt] adj.,
insert [in's4:t,'ins4:t] v.
insertion [in's4:54n] n.,
insider [in'said4] n.,
insidious [in'sidi4s] adj.
insight ['insait] n.
insightful [in'saitful] adj.
insignia [in'signi4] n.,
insinuate [in'sinjueit] v.,
insipid [in'sipid] adj.,
insistence [in'sist4ns] n.,
insolent ['ins4l4nt] adj.,
insolate ['ins4uleit] v.
insoluble [in's3ljub4l] adj.;
insolvency [in's3lv4nsi] n.,
insolvent [in's3lv4nt] adj.
insomnia [in's3mni4] n.
insouciance [in'su:si4ns] n.,
insouciant [in'su:si4nt] adj.
inspection [in'spek54n] n.,
inspiration [`insp4'rei54n] n.() ,
inspired [in'spai4d] adj.,
instability [`inst4'biliti] n.,
install [in'st3:l] v.,;
installment [in'st3:lm4nt] n.;
instantaneous [`inst4n'teini4s] adj.,
instate [in'steit] v.
instigate ['instigeit] v. ,
instigator ['instigeit4 (r)] n.,
instill [in'stil] v.
instinct [in'sti6kt] n.
instinctive [in'sti6ktiv] adj.,
institute ['institju:t] v.,(,)n.,
institution [`insti'tju:54n] n.,;
institutionalized [insti'tju:54n4laizd] adj.,

instrumental [`instru'ment4l] adj.,

instrumentalist [instr4'ment4list] n.
insubordinate [`ins4'b3:d4nit] adj.,
insubstantial [`ins4b'st1n5l] adj.;
insufficient [`ins4'fi54nt] adj.
insular ['insjul4] adj.,
insularity [`insju'l1riti] n.
insulate ['insjuleit] v.
insulin ['insjulin] n.
insuperable [in'sju:p4r4b4l] adj.
insurgent [in's4:d94nt] adj.,;n.
insurrection [`ins4'rek54n] n.,
intact [in't1kt] adj.,
intangible [in't1nd94b4l] adj.
intangibility [`int1nd94'bil4ti] n.,
integral ['intigr4l] adj.
integrate ['intigreit] v.
integrity [in'tegriti] n.,
intellect ['intilekt] n.,
intelligible [in'telid94bl] adj. ,
intemperate [in'temp4rit] adj.,
intemperance [in'temp4rens] n.,
intensify [in'tensifai] v.
intent [in'tent] adj.,;,
intentional [in'ten54n4l] adj.,
inter [in't4:] v.
interaction [`int4'r1k54n] n.()
intercede [`int4'si:d] v.,
intercept [`int4'sept] v.,
intercessor [`int4'ses4] n.
interchangeable [`int4't5eind94b4l] adj.
interdependent [`int4:di'pend4nt] adj.
interdict ['int4dikt] v.()
interdisciplinary [`int4`disi'plin4ri] adj.
interest ['intrist] v.;n.,
interference [`int4'fi4r4ns] n.,
interim ['int4rim] n.,adj.
interlace [`int4'leis] v.
interlock [`int4'l3k] v.,
interlocking ['int4'l3ki6] adj.
interlocutor [`int4'l3kjut4] n.,
interloper ['int4l4up4] n.
interlude ['int4lu:d] n.()
interminable [in't4:min4bl] adj.
intermingle [`int4'mi6g4l] v.,
intermission [`int4'mi54n] n.,
intermittent [`int4'mit4nt] adj.,
intern [in't4:n] v.,;n.
internment [in't4:nm4nt] n. (:internship )
internecine [`int4'ni:sain] adj.,

45

interplay ['int4plei] v./n.


interpolate [in't4:p4leit] v.
interpose [`int4'p4uz] v....
interregnum [`int4'regn4m] n.
interrelate [`int4ri'leit] v.,
interrogate [in'ter4geit] v.,
interrogative [`int4'r3g4tiv] adj.
interrupt [`int4'r8pt] v.;,
intersect [`int4'sekt] v.,
intersperse [`int4'sp4:s] v.
interstice [in't4:stis] n.,
intertwine [`int4'twain] v.,,
intervene [`int4'vi:n] v.,
interweave [`int4'wi:v] v.,
intestate [in'testeit] adj.
intestine [in'testin] n.;adj.
intimate ['intimit] adj.
intimate ['intimit] v.
intimidate [in'timideit] v.,
intolerant [in't3l4r4nt] adj.
intoxicate [in't3ksikeit] v.
intoxicant [in't3ksik4nt] adj./n.()
intractable [in'tr1kt4b4l] adj.
intransigent [in'tr1nsid94nt] adj.
intransigence [in'tr1nsid94ns] n.,
intrepid [in'trepid] adj.
intricate ['intrik4t] adj.
intrigue [in'tri:g] v.
intriguing [in'tri:gi6] adj.
intrinsic [in'trinsik] adj.
introspection [`intr4'spek54n] n.,
introvert ['intr4v4:t] n.
intrude [in'tru:d] v.
intumescence [`intju:'mesns] n.,
inundate ['in4ndeit,'in8ndet] v.
inured [i'nju4d] adj.
invade [in'veid] v.,
invalid [in'v1lid] adj.
invalidate [in'v1lideit] v.
invariable [in've4ri4b4l] adj.
invariance [in've4ri4ns] n.
invective [in'vektiv] n.,
inveigh [in'vei] v.,
inveigle [in'veig4l] v.,
inventory ['inv4nt4ri] n.
inverse [in'v4:s] adj.
invert [in'v4:t] v.
invertebrate [in'v4:tibrit] adj.n.()
investiture [in'vestit54] n.(),

inveterate [in'vet4rit] adj.


invidious [in'vidi4s] adj.,
invigilate [in'vid9ileit] v.
invigorate [in'vig4reit] v.,
invigorating [in'vig4reiti6] adj.
invigoration [in`vig4'rei54n] n.,,
invincible [in'vins4b4l] adj.
inviolable [in'vai4l4b4l] adj.
inviolate [in'vai4lit] adj.
inviting [in'vaiti6] adj.,
invoke [in'v4uk] v.()
invoice ['inv3is] n.v.
involuntary [in'v3l4nt4ri] adj.
invulnerable [in'v8ln4r4b4l] adj.
iodine ['ai4di:n] n.,
iota [ai'4ut4] n.,
irascible [i'r1s4b4l] adj.
irate [ai'reit] adj.
ire ['ai4] n.;v.
iridescent [`iri'des4nt] adj.,
irk [4:k] v.,
irksome ['4:ks4m] adj.,
ironclad ['ai4nkl1d] adj.
irony ['ai4r4ni] n.
ironic [ai'r3nik] adj.,
irradiate [i'reidieit] v.,
irradicable [i'r1dik4b4l] adj.
irrational [i'r154n4l] adj.
irreconcilable [i`rek4n'sail4b4l] adj. ,

irredeemable [`iri'di:m4b4l] adj.


irreducible [`ir'dju:s4b4l] adj.
irrefutable [i'refjut4b4l] adj.
irrelevant [i'reliv4nt] adj.
irreparable [i'rep4r4b4l] adj.,
irreproachable [`iri'pr4ut54b(4)l] adj.
irresistible [`iri'zist4b4l] adj.,
irresolute [i'rez4lu:t] adj.
irreverence [i'rev4r4ns] n.
irrevocable [i'rev4k4b4l] adj.
irrigate ['irigeit] v.;
irritable ['irit4b4l] adj.,
irritate ['iriteit] v.
isolate ['ais4leit] v.;...
issue ['i5u:,'isju:] v.,;,;n.()
isthmus ['ism4s] n.
iterate ['it4reit] v.,
itinerant [ai'tin4r4nt] adj.,
itinerary [ai'tin4r4ri] n.

46

ivory ['aiv4ri] n.,


jabber ['d91b4] v.
jade [d9eid] n.;,
jaded ['d9eidid] adj.;()
jagged ['d91gid] adj.,
jamb [d91m] n.()
jamboree [`d91mb4'ri:] n.
jape [d9eip] v.(at)
jargon ['d92:g4n] n.,
jarring ['9a:ri6] adj.
jaundiced ['d93:ndist] adj.
jaunt [d93:nt] v./n.
jaunty ['d93:nti] adj.,
jealousy ['d9el4si] n.;
jeer [d9i4] v.
jejune [d9i'd9u:n] adj.
jeopardy ['d9ep4di] n.
jeopardize ['d9ep4daiz] v.,
jerk [d94:k] n./v.
jest [d9est] v./n.,
jesting ['d9esti6] adj.;
jettison ['d9etis4n] v.();n.
jibe [d9aib] v....,
jigsaw puzzle ['d9igs3:'p8zl] n.
jingoism ['d9i6g4uiz4m] n.;
jingoist ['d9i6g4uist] n.
jitter ['d9it4] v.,
jockey ['d93ki] n.;v.
jocular ['d93kjul4] adj.,;
jocund ['d93k4nd] adj.,
jog [d93g] v.
jolly ['d93li] adj.,
jolt [d94ult] v.;n.,
jot ['d93t] v.
jovial ['d94vi4l] adj.
jubilant ['d9u:bil4nt] adj.,
judicial [d9u(:)'di54l] adj.,
judicious [d9u:'di54s] adj.,
judiciousness [d9u'di54snis] n.
juggernaut ['d98g4n3:t] n.
junction ['d986k54n] n.;
juncture ['d986kt54] n.;
jurisprudence [`d9u4ris'pru:d4ns] n.,
jury ['d9u4ri] n.
justifiable ['d98stifai4b4l] adj.,
justify ['d98stifai] v....
juvenile ['d9u:v4nail] adj.,
juxtapose [`d98kst4'p4uz] v.,
kaleidoscopic [k4`laid4`sk3pik] adj.

keen [ki:n] adj.;


ken [ken] n.;
kennel ['ken4l] n.,
kernel ['k4:n4l] n.
killjoy ['kild93i] n.
kin [kin] n.
kindle ['kindl] v.,
kindred ['kindrid] adj.,
kinetic [ki'netik] adj.
kiosk ['ki:3sk] n.,
kitten ['kitn] n.
kleptomania [`klept4'meini4] n.
knack [n1k] n.
knave [neiv] n.,
knead [ni:d] vt.,
knocker ['n3k4] n.
knoll [n4ul] n.;
knotty ['n3ti] adj.
know-how ['n4uhau] n.,
knowledgeable ['n3lid94b4l] adj.,
labile ['leibail] adj.
labored ['leib4d] adj.()
labyrinth ['l1b4rin7] n.
labyrinthine [`l1b4'rin7ain] adj.,
lacerate ['l1s4reit] v.
laceration [`l1s4'rei54n] n.
lachrymose ['l1krim4us] adj.,
lackadaisical [`l1k4'deizik(4)l] adj.

lackey ['l1ki] n.,


lackluster ['l1k`l8st4(r)] adj.
laconic [l4'k3nik] adj.
laconism ['l1k4niz4m] n.
lactic ['l1ktik] adj.
lag [l1g] v.,
laggard ['l1g4d] adj.;n.
lagoon [l4'gu:n] n.
lair [le4] n.
laity ['leiiti] n.
lambaste [l1m'beist] v.
lament [l4'ment] v./n.,
laminate ['l1mineit] v.()
lampoon [l1m'pu:n] n.v.
lance [l2:ns] n.
lancet ['l2:nsit] n.
landfill ['l1ndfil] n.
landlocked ['l1ndl3kt] adj.
landmark ['l1ndm2:k] n.;
landslide ['l1ndslaid] n.

47

languid ['l16gwid] adj.


languor ['l16g4] n.
languish ['l16gwi5] v.
lank [l16k] adj.
lapidary ['l1pid4ri] n.,
lapse [l1ps] n.()
larder ['l2:d4] n.
largesse [l2r'd9es] n.
lark [l2:k] n.,
larva ['l2:v4] n.()
lascivious [l4'sivi4s] adj.
lash [l15] n.;
lassitude ['l1sitju:d] n.
lasso [l1'su:] n.()
lasting ['l2:sti6] adj.,
latch [l1t5] n.;v.
latent ['leit4nt] adj.
latency ['leitnsi] n.
lathe [lei0] n.
latitude ['l1titju:d] n.
lattice ['l1tis] n.()
laud [l3:d] v.
laudable ['l3:d4b4l] adj.
laudatory ['l3:d4t4ri] adj.,
lava ['l2:v4] n.
lave [leiv] v.
lavish ['l1vi5] adj.;
lavishly ['l1vi5li] adv.
lax [l1ks] adj.
laxity ['l1ksiti] n.
laxative ['l1ks4tiv] adj.( ) ;n.
(any laxative medicine)
layman ['leim4n] n.()
leakage ['li:kid9] n.,
lean [li:n] v.;adj.
lease [li:s] n.v.
leash [li:5] n.()
leaven ['lev4n] n.,v.,
lecherous ['let54r4s] adj.
lechery ['let54ri] n.,
lectern ['lekt4n] n.
ledger ['led94] n.
leer [li4] v.,
leery ['li4ri] adj.,
leeward ['li:w4d] adj.
leeway ['li:wei] n.()
legacy ['leg4si] n.
legend ['led94nd] n.
legerdemain [`led94d4'mein] n.,

legible ['led94b4l] adj.


legion ['li:d94n] n.
legislate ['led9isleit] v.
legitimate [li'd9itimit] adj.
leisureliness [li'54linis] n.,
lenient ['li:ni4nt] adj.
leonine ['li:4nain] adj.
leprosy ['lepr4si] n.
lesion ['li:94n] n.
lethal ['li:74l] adj.
lethargic [le'72:d9ik] adj.
lethargy ['le74d9i] n.
lettering ['let4ri6] n.,
levee ['levi] n.
levelheaded ['lev4l'hedid] adj.,
lever ['li:v4] n.;v.
leverage ['li:v4rid9] n.;,
levitate ['leviteit] v.()
levity ['leviti] n.
levy ['levi] v./n.
lewd [lu:d] adj.,
lexical ['leksik4l] adj.
lexicographer [`leksi'k3gr4f4] n.
lexicon ['leksik4n] n.
liability [`lai4'biliti] n.
liaison [li'eiz4n] n.,
libation [lai'bei54n] n.()
libel ['laib4l] v./n.(),
libellous ['laib4les] adj.
liberality [`lib4'r1liti] n.
liberate ['lib4reit] v.,
libertine ['lib4ti:n] n.,
libido [li'bi:d4u] n.
libretto [li'bret4u] n.()
license ['lais4ns] n.,;,
licentious [lai'sen54s] adj.
licit ['lisit] adj.,
lien [li:4n] n.,
ligature ['lig4t54] n. (
)
lighthearted [lait'h2:tid] adj.
ligneous ['ligni4s] adj.,
liken ['laik4n] v.......
limb [lim] n.(),
limber ['limb4] adj.,
limbo ['limb4u] n.,
limerick ['lim4rik] n.
limestone ['laimst4un] n.
limited ['limitid] adj.

48

limn [lim] v.,


limousine [`lim4'zi:n] n.,
limp [limp] v.;adj.;
limpid ['limpid] adj.,
lineaments ['lini4m4nts] n.(),
lineal ['lini4l] adj.,
linear ['lini4] adj.
linger ['li6g4] v.,
lingual ['li6gw4l] adj.
linguistics [li6'gwistiks] n.
linoleum [li'n4uli4m] n.
lionize ['lai4naiz] v.,
liquefy ['likwifai] v.,
liquidate ['likwideit] v.
lissome ['lis4m] adj.,
list [list] v./n.
listless ['listl4s] adj.
literal ['lit4r4l] adj.,
literate ['lit4rit] adj.;
literati [`lit4'r2:ti] n.()
lithe [lai0] adj.,
litigant ['litig4nt] n.
litter ['lit4] n.()
littoral ['lit4r4l] adj.n.,
liturgy ['lit4d9i] n.
livid ['livid] adj.()();
loaf [l4uf] n.()v.
loam [l4um] n.
loathe [l4u0] v.,
loathing ['l4u0i6] n.,
loathsome ['l4u0s4m] adj.
lobby ['l3bi] n.,
lobe [l4ub] n.()
locale [l4u'k2:l] n.
locate [l4u'keit] v....;
locomotion [`l4uk4'm4u54n] n.,
locomotive [`l4uk4'm4utiv] adj.n.;
locus ['l4uk4s] n.,
locust ['l4uk4st] n.
locution [l4u'kju:54n] n.
lode [l4ud] n.
loft [l3ft] n.,
lofty ['l3fti] adj.,
log [l3g] n./v.
,;

logistics [l4'd9istiks] n.
logjam ['l3gd91m] n.
loiter ['l3it4] v.
loll [l3l] v.
longevity [l36'd9eviti] n.

longing ['l36i6] n.
longitude ['l36d9itju:d] n.
long-range [l36'reind9] adj.,
long-standing [l36'st1ndi6] adj.
long-term [l36't4:m] adj

long-winded [l36'windid] adj.


loom [lu:m] n.v.()
loon [lu:n] n.;
loop [lu:p] n.,
loosen ['lu:s4n] v.,
lope [l4up] n.v.;
lopsided ['l3p'saidid] adj.,
loquacious [l4u'kwei54s] adj.,
lore [l3:] n.
lottery ['l3t4ri] n.,
lounge [laund9] v.
lout [laut] n.
lowbred [`l4u'bred] adj.,
lubricant ['lu:brik4nt] n.
lubricate ['lu:brikeit] v.
lubricious [lu:'bri54s] adj.,
lucid ['lu:sid] adj.,
lucrative ['lu:kr4tiv] adj.,
lucre ['lu:k4] n.(),
lucubrate ['lu:kjubreit] v.,
lucubration [`lu:kju: 'brei54n] n.
ludicrous ['lu:dikr4s] adj.
lugubrious [lu:'gu: bri4s] adj.,
lugubriousness [l4'gu:bri4snis] n.
lukewarm [`lu:k'w3:m] adj.,
lull [l8l] n.;v.
lullaby ['l8l4bai] n.
lumber ['l8mb4] v.,n.
lumberjack ['l8mb4d91k] n.
lumen ['lu:min] n.()
luminary ['lu:min4ri] n.,
luminous ['lu:min4s] adj.
lump [l8mp] n.,v.
lunatic ['lu:n4tik] n.adj.
lurch [l4:t5] n.v.
lure [lju4,lu4] n./v.,
lurid ['lju4rid] adj.;
lurk [l4:k] v.,
luscious ['l854s] adj.
lush [l85] adj.,
lust [l8st] n.
lusty ['l8sti] adj.
lustre ['l8st4] n.,

49

lustrous ['l8str4s] adj.


luxuriant [l8g'zju4ri4nt] adj.
lynch [lint5] v.
lyric ['lirik] adj.;n.;
macabre [m4'k2:br4] adj.,
mace [meis] n.
macerate ['m1s4reit] v.
machiavellian [`m1ki4'veli4n] adj. ,

machination [`m1ki'nei54n] n.
mackintosh ['m1k4nt35] n.
maculated ['m1kju:leitid] adj.
madrigal ['m1drig4l] n.,,
maelstrom ['meilstr4m] n.
maestro [ma:'estr4u] n.
magenta [m4'd9ent4] n./adj.()
magisterial [`m1d9is'ti4ri4l] adj.
magistrate ['m1d9istrit] n.
magnanimous [m1g'n1nim4s] adj.,
magnate ['m1gneit] n.,
magnetic [m1g'netik] adj.,
magnetism ['m1gnitiz4m] n.
magnify ['m1gnifai] v.
magniloquent [m1g'nil4kw4nt] adj.
magnitude ['m1gnitju:d] n.;
magpie ['m1gpai] n.,
makeshift ['meik5ift] n./adj.;()
maim [meim] v.
maintenance ['meintin4ns] n.,
maize [meiz] n.
majestic [m4'd9estik] adj.,
maladroit [`m1l4'dr3it] n.
malaise [m4'leiz] n.,
malapropism ['m1l4pr3piz4m] n.
malcontent ['m1lk4n`tent] adj.;n.,
malediction [`m1l4'dik54n] n.
malefactor ['m1l4f1kt4] n.,
maleficent [m4'lefisnt] adj.,
malfeasance [m1l'fi:z4ns] n.,
malevolent [m4'lev4l4nt] adj.,
malfunction [m1l'f86k54n] v.;n.,
malice ['m1lis] n.,
malicious [m4'li54s] adj.,
malign [m4'lain] v.,;adj.
malignant [m4'lign4nt] adj.,
malinger [m4'li6g4] v.
malleable ['m1li4b4l] adj.
mallet ['m1lit] n.,
malnutrition [`m1lnju'tri54n] n.

malodorous [`m1l'4ud4r4s] adj.


malpractice [`m1l'pr1ktis] n.,
maltreat [m1l'tri:t] v.
mammal ['m1m4l] n.
mammoth ['m1m47] adj.
manacle ['m1n4k4l] n.
mandate ['m1ndeit] n.,
mandatory ['m1nd4t4ri] adj.,
maneuver [m4'nu:v4] v./n.(),
mangle ['m16g4l] v.;,
mania ['meini4] n.
maniacal [m4'nai4k4l] adj.
manifest ['m1nifest] adj.;n.
manifestation [`m1nife'stei54n] n.,
manifesto [`m1ni'fest4u] n.,
manifold ['m1nif4uld] adj.
manipulate [m4'nipjuleit] v.
manipulative [m4'nipjul4tiv] adj.,
mannequin ['m1nikin] n.;
mannerism ['m1n4riz4m] n.
mannered ['m1n4d] adj.
mansion ['m1n54n] n.
mantle ['m1ntl] n.,v.
manumit [`m1nju'mit] v.()
manure [m4'nju4] n.;v....
manuscript ['m1njuskript] n.
maple ['meip4l] n.()
mar [m2:] v.,
maraud [m4'r3:d] v.,
marble ['m2:b4l] n.
mare [me4] n.;
margarine [`m2:d94'ri:n] n.
marginal ['m2:d9in4l] adj.
marine [m4'ri:n] adj.
mariner ['m1rin4] n.,
marionette [`m1ri4'net] n.
marital ['m1ritl] adj.
maritime ['m1ritaim] adj.;
marrow ['m1r4u] n.
marsh [m2:5] n.,
marsupial [m2:'sju: pi4l] n./adj.()
martinet [`ma:ti'net] n.
martyr ['m2:t4] n.,
mash [m15] v.
mask [m2:sk] n.v.()
mason ['meis4n] n.,
masquerade [`m1sk4'reid] n.v.
massacre ['m1s4k4] n.
massive ['m1siv] adj.;

50

mast [m2:st,m1st] n.,


mastery ['m2:st4ri] n.;,
masticate ['m1st4keit] v....
matador ['m1t4d3:] n.
mate [meit] n.;;v.
materialize [m4'ti4ri4laiz] v.
matriarchy ['meitri2:ki] n.
matriculate [m4'trikjuleit] v.
matrimony ['m1trim4ni] n.()
matrix ['meitriks] n.
mattress ['m1tris] n.
mature [m4'tju4] adj.;
maudlin ['m3:dlin] adj.,
maul [m3:l] v.,
mausoleum [`m3:s4'li4m] n.
maven ['meiv4n] n.,
maverick ['m1v4rik] n.
maxim ['m1ksim] n.,
maximize ['m1ksimaiz] v.
mawkish ['m3:ki5] adj.
mayhem ['meihem] n.
maze [meiz] n.
meager ['mi:g4] adj.
mean ['mi:n,min] adj.,
meander [mi'1nd4] v.
measles ['mi:z4lz] n.
measly ['mi:zli] adj.,
measurable ['me94r4b4l] adj.,
measured ['me94d] adj.
mechanics [mi'k1niks] n.
mechanism ['mek4niz4m] n.,
medal ['med(4)l] n.,
meddle ['medl] v.,
meddlesome ['medls4m] adj.
median ['mi:di4n] adj.n.()
media ['mi:dj4] medium
mediate ['midieit] v.
medicate ['medikeit] v.,
medieval [`medi'i:v4l] adj.,
mediocre [`mi:di'4uk4] adj.,
mediocrity [`mi:di'3kriti] n.,
meditation [`medi'tei54n] n.,
meditative ['medit4tiv] adj.,
medium ['mi:di4m] n.()
medley ['medli] n.;
meek [mi:k] adj.,
meet [mi:t] adj.
megalomania [`meg4l4u'meinj4] n.
melancholy ['mel4nk4li] adj.

meld [meld] v.,


meliorism ['mi:lj4riz4m] n.
mellifluous [m4'liflu4s] adj.()
melody ['mel4di] n.
melodrama ['mel4dr2:m4] n.
melon ['mel4n] n.
membrane ['membrein] n.
memento [mi'ment4u] n.
memorial [mi'm3:ri4l] n.;adj.
menace ['men4s] v./n.,
mend [mend] v.,
mendacious [men'dei54s] adj.
mendacity [men'd1siti] n.
mendicant ['mendik4nt] adj.n.
menial ['mi:ni4l] adj.,n.
menthol ['men73l] n.
mentor ['ment4] n.
mercantile ['m4:k4ntail] adj.,
mercenary ['m4:sin4ri] adj.n.
merchandise ['m4:t54ndaiz] n.
mercurial [m4:'kju4ri4l] adj.
meretricious [`meri'tri54s] adj.,
merge [m4:d9] v.
merger ['m4:d94] n.,
merit ['merit] v.
meritorious [`meri't3:ri4s] adj.
mermaid ['m4:meid] n.
mesa ['meis4] n.,
mesh [me5] v.,
mesmerize ['mezm4raiz] v....
metabolism [m4't1b4liz4m] n.
metallurgy [me't1l4d9i,'met4l4:d9i] n.
metamorphose [`met4'm3:f4uz] v.
metamorphosis [`met4'm3:f4sis] n.,
metaphor ['met4f4] n.,
metaphysics [`met4'fiziks] n.,
meteoric [`mi:ti'3rik] adj.
meteorology [mi:ti4'r3l4d9i] n.
methodical [mi'73dik4l] adj.,
methodology [`me74'd3l4d9i] n.;
meticulous [m4'tikjul4s] adj.,
metrical ['metrik4l] adj.;
metropolitan [`metr4'p3lit4n] adj.,
mettle ['metl] n.,
mettlesome ['metls4m] adj.
miasma [mi'1zm4] n.,
microbe ['maikr4ub] n.
microorganism [`maikr4u'3:g4niz4m] n.,
microscope ['maikr4sk4up] n.

51

microscopic [`maikr4'sk3pik] adj.


midget ['mid9it] n.
mien [mi:n] n.,
mighty ['maiti] adj.,
migrant ['maigr4nt] n.,
mildew ['mildju:] n.()
milestone ['mailst4un] n.;
milieu ['mi:lj4:] n.()
militant ['milit4nt] adj.,
militia [mi'li54] n.
milk [milk] v.
millennium [mi'leni4m] n.;()
millinery ['milin4ri] n.
mime [maim] n.()
mimic ['mimik] v.,n.
mimicry ['mimikri] n.,()
minaret ['min4ret] n.
minatory ['min4t4ri] adj.,
mince [mins] v.
mincing ['minsi6] adj.,
mingle ['mi6gl] v.
miniature ['minj4t54] n.
minimize ['minimaiz] v....
minion ['mini4n] n.,
minnow ['min4u] n.,
mint [mint] n.;;
minuet [`minju'et] n.
minuscule ['min4skju:l] adj.
minute ['minit,mai'nju:t] adj.;n.()
minutia [mai'nju:5i4] n.,
mirage ['mir2:9] n.,
mire ['mai4] n.,;v....
mirth [m4:7] n.,
misanthrope ['miz4n7r4up] n.
misapprehension [mis`1pri'hen54n] n.,
misbehave ['misbi'heiv] v.(),()
miscalculate [mis'k1lkjuleit] v.
miscellany [mi'sel4ni] n.
mischievous ['mist5iv4s] adj.
misconception [misk4n'sep54n] n.,
misconduct [`mis'k3nd8kt] n.
misconstrue [`misk4n'stru:] v.,
miscreant ['miskri4nt] n.,
misdeed [`mis'di:d] n.,
misdemeanor [`misdi'mi:n4] n.,
misdirect [misdi'rekt] v.,
miser ['maiz4] n.,
miserable ['miz4r4b4l] adj.
miserly ['maiz4li] adj.,

misfortune [mis'f3:t54n] n.,


misgiving [mis'givi6] n.,
misguide [mis'gaid] v.
mishap ['mish1p] n.,
misinform [misin'f3:m] v....
misinterpret [`misin't4:prit] v.,
misjudge [mis'd98d9] v.
mislead [mis'li:d] v.
misleading [`mis'li:di6] adj.
misnomer [mis'n4um4] n.
misogamy [mi's3g4mi] n.[]
misogynist [mi's3d9inist] n.
misperceive [`misp4'si:v] v.
misplace [`mis'pleis] v....
misread [mis'ri:d] v.,
misrepresent [`misrepri'zent] v.,
misshapen [mis'5eip4n] adj.,
missile ['misail] n.
missive ['misiv] n.;()
mistimed [`mis'taimd] adj.
mistral ['mistr4l] n.
misuse [`mis'ju:z] v.;n.,
mite [mait] n.;
mitigate ['mitigeit] v.,
mitten ['mitn] n.()
mnemonics [ni:'m3niks] n.,
moan [m4un] v./n.()()
moat [m4ut] n.,
mobile ['m4ubail] adj.
mobility [m4u'biliti] n.,
mock [m3k] v.
mockery ['m3k4ri] n.,
moderate ['m3d4rit] adj.,v.,
moderation [`m3d4'rei54n] n.;,
moderator ['m3d4reit4] n.,
modest ['m3dist] adj.,;
modestly ['m3distli] adv.,
modicum ['m3dik4m] n.
modify ['m3difai] v.,
modish ['m4udi5] adj.
modulate ['m3djuleit] v.()
mogul ['m4ug4l] n.,
moist [m3ist] adj.,
molar ['m4ul4] n.
mold [m4uld] n.;() v.
molding ['m4uldi6] n.;
moldy ['m4uldi] adj.
molest [m4'lest] v.,
mollify ['m3lifai] v.,

52

mollification [`m3lifi'kei54n] n.
mollusk ['m3l4sk] n.
mollycoddle ['m3li`k3dl] v.,n.

molt [m4ult] v.,;n.(),()


molten ['m4ult4n] v.;adj.
moment ['m4um4nt] n.
momentary ['m4um4nt4ri] adj.,
momentous [m4u'ment4s] adj.,
momentum [m4u'ment4m] n.,
monarch ['m3n4k] n.,
monastery ['m3n4stri] n.,
monetary ['m8nit4ri] adj.
mongrel ['m86gr4l] n.
monochromatic ['m3n4ukr4u'm1tik] adj.
monochrome ['m3n4kr4um] adj.,
monocle ['m3n4k4l] n.
monogamy [m4'n3g4mi] n.
monograph ['m3n4gr2:f] n.
monolithic [`m3n4'li7ik] adj.,
monologue ['m3n4l3g] n.
monomania [m3n4'meini4] n.,
monopoly [m4'n3p4li] n.,
monotonous [m4'n3t4n4s] adj.,
monotony [m4'n3t4ni] n.,
monsoon [m3n'su:n] n.,
monstrous ['m3nstr4s] adj.
montage ['m3nt2:9,m2n't29] n.,
monumental [`m3nju'mentl] adj.;
moody ['mu:di] adj.
moor [mu4] n.,;v.()
mope [m4up] v./n.,
morale [m4'r2:l] n.,
moralistic [`m3r4'listik] adj.
morass [m4'r1s] n.,;v.
moratorium [`m3:r4't3:ri4m] n.
morbid ['m3:bid] adj.,
mordant ['m3:dnt] adj.,
mores ['m3:ri:z] n.,
moribund ['m3rib8nd] adj.
moron ['m3:r3n] n.,
morose [m4'r4us] adj.
morsel ['m3:s4l] n.()
mortality [m3:'t1liti] n.
mortar ['m3:t4] n.,,
mortar ['m3:t4] n.()
mortgage ['m3:gid9] n. ;v....

mortify ['m3:tifai] v.,

mortification [`m3:tifi'kei54n] n.,


mortuary ['m3:t5u4ri] n.,
mosaic [m4zeiik] n. ;(
)
mosque [m3sk] n.()
mote [m4ut] n.,
motif [m4u'ti:f] n.(),
motility [m4u'til4ti] n.
motionless ['m4u54nl4s] adj.,
motivate ['m4utiveit] v.,
motivational [`m4uti'vei5] a.
motley ['m3tli] adj.
mottled ['m3tld] adj.,
motto ['m3t4u] n.
mountainous ['mauntin4s] adj.;
mountebank ['mauntib16k] n.,
mourn [m3:n] v.,
mournful ['m3:nful] adj.
movement ['mu:vm4nt] n.()
muddle ['m8dl] n.,
muffle ['m8f4l] v.,
muffled ['m8fld] adj.()
muffler ['m8fl4] n.
muggy ['m8gi] adj.()
mulch [m8lt5] n.,(
);v.
mulct [m8lkt] n.;v.;,
mulish ['mju:li5] adj.,
multifarious [`m8lti'fe4ri4s] adj.,
multiple ['m8ltip4l] adj.,
multiply ['m8ltiplai] v.;;
multitude ['m8ltitju:d] n. ,
mumble ['m8mb4l] v.,
mundane [m8n'dein] adj.,
municipality [`mju:nisi'p1liti] n.;(
)
munificent [mju:'nifis4nt] adj.,
munificence [mju:'nifis4ns] n.,
muniments ['mju:nim4nts] n.,
munitions [mju(:)'ni54nz] n.,
mural ['mju4r4l] adj.n.
murky ['m4:ki] adj.
murmur ['m4:m4] v.,
muscular ['m8skjul4] adj.;
musculature ['m8skjul4t54] n.
muse [mju:z] v.,
mushroom ['m85ru:m] n.;v.
musicologist [`mju:zi'k3l4d9ist] n.
musket ['m8skit] n.

53

muster ['m8st4] v.,


musty ['m8sti] adj.,
mutable ['mju:t4b4l] adj.,
mutate [mju'teit] v.
mutation [mju:'tei54n] n.,
mute [mju:t] adj.v.;n.
muted ['mju:tid] adj.(),
mutilate ['mju:tileit] v.()
mutineer [`mju:ti'ni4] n.,
mutinous ['mju:tin4s] adj.
mutter ['m8t4] v.,
mutton ['m8tn] n.
muzzy ['m8zi] adj.
myopia [mai'4upi4] n.,
myopic [mai'3pik] adj.;
myriad ['miri4d] adj.,
mysterious [mi'sti4ri4s] adj.,
mystery ['mist4ri] n.;
mythical ['mi7ik4l] adj.;
mythology [mi'73l4d9i] n.
nadir ['neidi4] n.
nag [n1g] v.,
naivety [n2:'i:vti] n.,,
narcissism [n2:'sisizm] n.,
narcotic [n2:'k3tik] n.adj.
nasal ['neiz4l] adj.
nascent ['n1s4nt] adj.,
natation [nei'tei54n] n.,
natty ['n1ti] adj.,
nausea ['n3:zi4,'n3:si4] n.,
nauseate ['n3:zieit] v.,
nautical ['n3:tik4l] adj.,
navigate ['n1vigeit] v.,
naysay ['neisei] v.,
nebula ['nebjul4] n.
nebulous ['nebjul4s] adj.
necessitate [ni'sesiteit] v.,
necessitous [ni'sesit4s] adj.
necklace ['neklis] n.,
necropolis [ni'kr3p4lis] n.,
nectar ['nekt4] n.;
needle ['ni:dl] n.
needlework ['ni:d4lw4:k] n.,
needy ['ni:di] adj.
nefarious [ni'fe4ri4s] adj.,
negate [ni'geit] v.
negligence ['neglid94ns] n.,
negligent ['neglid94nt] adj.,
negligible ['neglid94b4l] adj.,

negotiable [ni'g4u5i4b4l] adj.


nemesis ['nemisis] n.,
neolithic [`ni:4u'li7ik] adj.
neologism [ni:'3l4d9iz4m] n.,
neonate ['ni:4neit] n.
neophyte ['ni4ufait] n.,
nephritis [ne'fraitis] n.
nepotism ['nep4tizm] n.
nerve [n4:v] n.;v.
nerveless ['n4:vlis] adj.
nestle ['nesl] v.
nestling ['nestli6] n.
nethermost ['ne04m4ust] adj.,
nettle ['netl] n.v.,
neurology [`nju4'r3l4d9i] n.
neurosis [nju4'r4usis] n.
neurotic [nju4'r3tik] adj.;n.
neutralize ['nju:tr4laiz] v.
neutron ['nju:tr3n] n.
nexus ['neks4s] n.(),
nib [nib] n.
nibble ['nib4l] v.,
nicety ['naisiti] n.,
niche [nit5] n.()
nick [nik] n.,
nicotine ['nik4ti:n] n.
niggard ['nig4d] n.
niggling ['nigli6] adj.
nightmare ['naitme4] n.
nihilism ['naiiliz4m] n.()
()
nil [nil] n.,
nimble ['nimb4l] adj.,
nip [nip] v.
nippers ['nip4z] n.,
nipping ['nipi6] adj.
nitpick ['nitpik] v.,
nocturnal [n3k't4:nl] adj.,
noisome ['n3is4m] adj.
nomad ['n3m4d] n.
nomenclature [n4u'menkl4t54,'nom4n`klet54] n. ,

nominal ['n3minl] adj.,


nominate ['n3mineit] v.;,
nonchalant ['n3n54l4nt] adj.
noncommittal [`n3nk4'mitl] adj. ,

nonconformist [`n3nk4n'f3:mist] adj./n.


()

54

nonconformity [`n3nk4n'f3:miti] n.()


noncontemporaneous [n3nk4n`temp4'reini4s] adj.

nondescript ['n3ndiskript] adj.


nonentity [n3n'entiti] n.
nonesuch ['n8ns8t5] n.
nonflammable [n3n'fl1m4bl] adj.
nonobservance [`n3n4b'z4:v4ns] n.,()
nonpareil [n3np4'rel,'n3np4reil] adj./n.()
nonplus [`n3n'pl8s] v.n.,
nonporous ['n3n'p3:r4s] adj.,
nonradioactive [n3n`reidi4u'1ktiv] adj.
nonsensical [n3n'sensik4l] adj.,
nonthreatening ['n3n'7ret4ni6] adj.
nontraditional [`n3ntr4'di54n4l] adj.
nonverbal [n3n'v4:b4l] adj.
nonviable [n3n'vai4bl] adj.
nonviolent [`n3n'vai4l4nt] adj.,
nonviscous [n3n'visk4s] adj.
noose [nu:s] n.,()
norm [n3:m] n.,
nostalgia [n3s't1ld9i4] n.
nostalgic [n3s't1ld9ik] adj.,
nostrum ['n3str4m] n.
notability [`n4ut4'biliti] n.,
notch [n3t5] n.V
notoriety [`n4ut4'rai4ti] n.
notorious [n4u't3:ri4s] adj.
nova ['n4uv4] n.
novelty ['n3v4lti] n.()
novice ['n3vis] n.,
noxious ['n3k54s] adj.,
nuance ['nju:2:ns,nju'2ns] n.
nubile ['nju:bail] adj.()
nucleate ['nju:kliet] v.adj.
nucleus ['nju:kli4s] n.()
nude ['nju:d] adj.n.
nudge [n8d9] v.(),
nugatory ['nju:g4t4ri] adj.,
nullify ['n8lifai] v.
numb [n8m] adj.
numerology [`nju:m4'r3l4d9i] n. (
)
numerous ['nju:m4r4s] adj.,
numinous ['nju:min4s] adj.,
numismatic [`nju:miz'm1tik] adj.
numismatist [nju:'mizm4tist] n.,
nunnery ['n8n4ri] n.,
nuptial ['n8p54l] adj.,

nymph [nimf] n.
oak [4uk] n.
oar [3:] n.;v.()
oasis [4u'eisis] n.
oatmeal ['4utmi:l] n.
obdurate ['3bdjurit] adj.,
obedient [4'bi:dj4nt] adj.,
obeisance [4u'beis4ns] n.,
obelisk ['3bilisk] n.
obese [4u'bi:s] adj.
obfuscate [3b'f8skeit] v.,
obituary [4'bitju4ri] n.,
objection [4b'd9ek54n] n.,
objectionable [4b'd9ek54n4bl] adj.
objective [3b'd9ektiv] adj.;n.
oblation [ou'blei54n] n.,
obligation [`3bli'gei54n] n.,
obligatory [3'blig4t4ri] adj.,
obliging [4'blaid9i6] adj.,
oblique [4'bli:k] adj.
obliterate [4'blit4reit] v.,
oblivion [4'blivi4n] n.
oblivious [4'blivi4s] adj.,
obloquy ['3bl4kwi] n.,
obnoxious [4b'n3k54s] adj.,
obscure [4b'skju4] adj.;v....??
obscurity [4b'skju4riti] n.,
obsequies ['3bsikwiz] n.
obsequious [4b'si:kwi4s] adj.,
observable [4b'z4:v4b4l] adj.,
observance [4b'z4:v4ns] n.,(,)
observatory [4b'z4:v4t4ri] n.
obsession [4b'se54n] n.
obsolescent [`3bs4'les4nt] adj.
obsolete ['3bs4li:t] adj.,
obstacle ['3bst4kl] n.,
obstinate ['3bstinit] adj.,
obstreperous [4b'strep4r4s] adj.,
obstruct [4b'str8kt] v.,
obtainable [4b'tein4bl] adj.
obtrude [4b'tru:d] v.
obtrusive [4b'tru:siv] adj.,()
obtuse [4b'tju:s] adj.
obverse ['3bv4:s] n./adj.()
obviate ['3bvieit] v.()
obvious ['3bvi4s] adj.,
occidental [`3ksi'dentl] n./adj.()
occlude [4'klu:d] v.
occult [3'k8lt] adj.,

55

occupation [`3kju'pei54n] n.,;


occurrence [4'k8r4ns] n.,
octogenarian [`3kt4ud94'neri4n] n.8089
ocular ['3kjul4] adj.
oculist ['3kjulist] n.
oddments ['3dments] n.,
ode [4ud] n.,
odious ['4udi4s] adj.,
odium ['4udi4m] n.,
odometer [4u'd3mit4] n.()
odoriferous [`4ud4'rif4r4s] adj.
odyssey ['3disi] n.
offbeat [3f'bi:t] adj.,
offend [4'fend] v.,
offense [4'fens] n.,(/offence)
offensive [4'fensiv] adj.,
offhand [`3:f'h1nd] adv./adj.()
officious [4'fi54s] adj.,
offish ['3fi5] adj.
off-key ['3:fki:] adj.,
offset ['3:fset] v.,
offspring ['3:fspri6] n.,
offstage ['3f'steid9] adv./adj.,
ogle ['4ugl] v.n.
ointment ['3intm4nt] n.,
olfactory [3l'f1kt4ri] adj.
olfaction [3i'f1k54n] n.
oligarchy ['3lig2:ki] n.
omelet ['3milit,'3milet] n.
ominous ['3min4s] adj.,
omission [4u'mi54n] n.,
omit [4u'mit] v.,;
omnipotent [3m'nip4t4nt] adj.,
omniscient [3m'ni54nt] adj.,
omnivorous [3m'niv4r4s] adj.
oncologist [36'k3l4d9ist] n.
onerous ['3n4r4s] adj.,
onset ['3nset] n.()
onslaught ['3nsl3:t] n.,
ontology [3n't3l4d9i] n.,()
onus ['4un4s] n.,
ooze [u:z] v.,()
opalescence [`4up4'les4ns] n.()
opaque [4u'peik] adj.
opacity [4u'p1siti] n.,
operetta [`3p4'ret4] n.
operative ['3p4r4tiv] adj.()
ophthalmology [`3f71l'm3l4d9i] n.
opiate ['4upi4t] n.,

opine [4u'pain] v.,


opinionated [4'pinj4neitid] adj.
opponent [4'p4un4nt] n.,
opportune ['3p4tju:n] adj.,
oppose [4'p4uz] v.
oppress [4'pres] v.,
oppression [4'pre54n] n.,
oppressive [4'presiv] adj.,
opprobrious [4'pr4ubri4s] adj.,
opprobrium [4'pr4ubri4m] n.
optimism ['3ptimizm] n.
optimum ['3ptim4m] adj.,
optional ['3p54n4l] adj.
optometrist [3p't3mitrist] n.
opulent ['3pjul4nt] adj.
opus ['4up4s] n.;()
oracle ['3r4kl] n.
oracular [3'r1kjul4] adj.
oration [3:'rei54n] n.,
orator ['3r4t4] n.
oratorio [`3r4't3:ri4u] n.( )
oratory ['3r4t4ri] n.
orchard ['3:t54d] n.
orchid ['3:kid] n.,
ordain [3:'dein] v.()
ordeal [3:'di:l] n.,
ordinance ['3:din4ns] n.,
ordination [`3:di'nei54n] n.
ordnance ['3:dn4ns] n.
ore [3:] n., ( roe[])
organism ['3:g4niz4m] n.
orgy ['3:d9i] n.
orient ['3:ri4nt] adj.;v.
orientation [`3:rien'tei54n] n.
orifice ['3rifis] n.,
originality [4`rid9i'n1liti] n.,
originate [4'rid9ineit] v.,,
ornate [3:'neit] adj.
ornithology [`3:ni'73l4d9i] n.
orotund ['3r4ut8nd] adj.()
orthodontics [`3:74'd3ntiks] n.
orthodox ['3:74d3ks] adj.
orthodoxy ['3:74d3ksi] n.
orthopedics [`3:74u'pi:diks] n.,
oscillate ['3sileit] v.
osmosis [3z'm4usis] n.
osseous ['3si4s] adj.,
ossify ['3sifai] v.,;
ostensible [3'stensib4l] adj.

56

ostentation [`3sten'tei54n] n.,


ostentatious [`3sten'tei54s] adj.,
ostracize ['3str4saiz] v.,
ostrich ['3strit5] n.
other-directed ['804`di'rektid] adj.
otiose ['4u5i4us] adj.,
otter ['3t4] n.
oust [4ust] v.;...
outbid [aut'bid] v.()
outcast ['autk2:st] n./adj.()
outdated [`aut'deitid] adj.,
outfit ['autfit] n.()
outfox [aut'f3ks] v.
outgoing ['autg4ui6] adj.
outgrowth ['autgr4u7] n.;
outlandish [aut'l1ndi5] adj.
outlaw ['autl3:] n.
outlet ['autlet] n.
outline ['autlain] n.;
outmaneuver [autm4'nu:v4(r)] v.
outmoded [aut'm4udid] adj.
outnumbered [aut'n8mb4d] adj.
out-of-phase ['2ut4f'feiz] adj.,
out-of-shape
adj.,
outrage ['autreid9] n.
outrageous [aut'reid94s] adj.
outset ['autset] n.,
outskirts ['autsk4:ts] n.,
outspoken [aut'sp4uk4n] adj.
outstrip [aut'strip] v.
outwit [aut'wit] v.
ovation [4u'vei54n] n.
overact [`4uv4r'1kt] v.()
overbearing [`4uv4'be4ri6] adj.,
overdose ['4uv4d4us] n.()
overdue [`4uv4'dju:] adj.
overemphasize [4uv4r'emf4saiz] v.
overestimate [`4uv4r'estimeit] v....
overexposure [`4uv4riks'p4u94(r)] n. ,()

overflow ['4uv4fl4u] v.;


overhaul ['4uv4`h3:l] v./n.
overlap [`4uv4'l1p,'4uv4l1p] v.()
overlook [`4uv4'luk] v.;
overpower [`4uv4'pau4] v.,
overpowering [4uv4'pauri6] adj.,
overreach [`4uv4'ri:t5] v.
override [`4uv4'raid] v.,

overriding [`4uv4'raidi6] adj.,


overrule [`4uv4'ru:l] v.()()
oversee [`4uv4'si:] v.
overshadow [`4uv4'51d4u] v.,
overstate [`4uv4'steit] v.,...
overt [4u'v4:t] adj.,
overtake [`4uv4'teik] v.
overture ['4uv4t5u4,`tju4] n.,
overturn [`4uv4't4:n] v.;
overweening [`4uv4'wi:ni6] adj.,
overwhelm [`4uv4'welm] v.
overwhelming [`4uv4'welmi6] adj. ,

overwrought [`4uv4'r3:t] adj.


ovoid ['4uv3id] adj./n.,
owl [aul] n.
oxidize ['3ksidaiz] v.,
oxymoron [`3ksi'm4:r3n] n. (
,:clever stupidity)
pachyderm ['p1kid4:m] n.
pacify ['p1sifai] v.,
pack [p1k] n.,
packed [p1kt] adj.,
pact [p1kt] n.,
padding ['p1di6] n.,
paean ['pi:4n] n.,
pagan ['peig4n] n.
pageant ['p1d94nt] n.
painkiller ['pein`kil4] n.
painstaking ['peinz`teiki6] adj.
palatable ['p1l4t4b4l] adj.
palate ['p1lit] n.
palatial [p4'lei54l] adj.
palaver [p4'l2:v4] n./v.
paleography [`peili'3gr4fi] n.
paleolithic [`peili4u'li7ik] adj.
paleontologist [`p1li3n't3l4d9ist] n.
palette ['p1lit] n.,
palings ['peili6s] n.,
pall [p3:l] v.,
palliate ['p1lieit] v.()()
pallid ['p1lid] adj.,
palmy ['pa:mi] adj.;
palpable ['p1lp4b4l] adj.,
palpitate ['p1lpiteit] v.()
palter ['p3:lt4] vi.
paltry ['p3:ltri] adj.,
pamper ['p1mp4] v.,
pamphlet ['p1mflit] n.

57

pan [p1n] v.n.


panacea [`p1n4'si4] n.
panache [p4'n15] n.,
pancreas ['p16kri4s] n.
pandemic [p1n'demik] adj.()
pandemonium [`p1ndi'm4uni4m] n.,
pander [p1nd4] v.,()
pane [pein] n.
panegyric [`p1ni'd9irik] n.,
panel ['p1nl] n.
pang [p16] n.
panic ['p1nik] adj.n.,
panoply ['p1n4pli] n.
panorama [p1n4'r2:m4] n.,
pantheon ['p1n`7i:4n] n.
panther ['p1n74] n.
pantomime ['p1nt4maim] n.
pantry ['p1ntri] n.
papyrus [p4'pai4r4s] n.,
parable ['p1r4b4l] n.,
parabola [p4'r1b4l4] n.
paradigm ['p1r4daim] n.,
paradox ['p1r4d3ks] n.,
paragon ['p1r4g4n] n.,
parallel ['p1r4lel] adj.;;n.;v....
paralyze ['p1r4laiz] v.
paramount ['p1r4maunt] adj.,
paranoia [`p1r4'n3i4] n.
paranoid ['p1r4n3id] adj.,
paraphrase ['p1r4freiz] v.,
parasite ['p1r4sait] n.,
parch [p2:t5] v.
parchment ['p2:t5m4nt] n.
pare [pe4] v.;
parenthesis [p4'ren74sis] n.
pariah [p4'rai4,'p1ri4] n.,
parity ['p1riti] n.(,,),
parlance ['p2:l4ns] n.,,
parley ['p2:li] n.
parlous ['p2:l4s] adj.,
parody ['p1r4di] n.

paroxysm ['p1r4ksiz4m] n.()


parquet ['p2:kei] n.
parquetry ['p2:kitri] n.
parry ['p1ri] v.,(,)
parse [p2:z] v....
parsimonious [`p2:si'm4unj4s] adj.,
parsimony ['p2:sim4ni] n.,

partiality [`p2:5i'1liti] n.,


participant [p2:'tisip4nt] n.
particular [p4'tikjul4] n.,
particularize [p4'tikjul4raiz] v.,
partisan [`p2:ti'z1n] n.;
partition [p2:'ti54n] n.;
parturition [`p2:tju4'ri54n] n.,
parvenu ['p2:v4nju:] n.,
passionate ['p154nit] adj.
passive ['p1siv] adj.,
passivity [p1'siviti] n.
pastel ['p1stl] n.
pasteurize ['p1st54raiz] v.,
pastiche [p1'sti:5] n.
pastime ['p2:staim] n.,
pastor ['p2:st4] n.
pastoral ['p2:st4r4l] adj.
pastry ['peistri] n.,
pasture ['p2:st54] n.;v.
patch [p1t5] n.
patchwork ['p1t5w4:k] n.
patent ['peit4nt] adj.n.()
patently ['peit4ntli] adv.,
pathetic [p4'7etik] adj.
pathology [p4'73l4d9i] n.
pathos ['pei73s] n.,,
patina ['p1tin4] n.
patio ['p1ti4u] n.,
patriarchy ['peitri2:ki] n.,
patrician [p4'tri54n] n.
patrimony ['p1trim4ni] n.
patriotism ['p1tri4tiz4m] n.,
patronage ['p1tr4nid9] n.,
patronize ['p1tr4naiz] v.
paucity ['p3:siti] n.,
paunchy ['p3:nt5i,'pa:nt5i] adj.
pauper ['p3:p4] n.,
pawn [p3:n] n./v.,;n.
pawnbroker ['p3:n`br4uk4] n.,
peak [pi:k] v.,
peaky ['pi:ki] adj.
pecan [pi'k1n] n.
pebble ['peb4l] n.,
peccadillo [`pek4'dil4u] n.
peck [pek] n.;
pectoral ['pekt4r4l] adj.,
peculate ['pekjuleit] v.()
peculiarity [pi`kju:li'1riti] n.,;
pecuniary [pi'kju:ni4ri] adj.

58

pedagogue ['ped4g3g] n.,


pedagogy ['ped4g3d9i] n.,
pedant ['ped4nt] n.,
pedantic [pi'd1ntik] adj.;
pedantry ['pedntri] n.
pedal ['ped4l] n.,;v.
peddle ['pedl] v.
pedestal ['pedistl] n.()
pedestrian [pi'destri4n] adj.n.
pediatrics [`pi:di'1triks] n.
pedigree ['pedigri:] n.,
peek [pi:k] v.
peel [pi:l] v....;;n.
peer [pi4(r)] n.,
peerless ['pi4lis] adj.
peeve [pi:v] v.,
peevish ['pi:vi5] adj.,
pejorative [pi'd93r4tiv] adj.,
pelf [pelf] n.,
pellmell [pel'mel] adv.
pellucid [pi'lu:sid] adj.,
pelt [pelt] v.()
pen [pen] n.
penalize ['pi:n4laiz] v.()
penalty ['penlti] n.,
penance ['pen4ns] n.
penchant ['p3n53n,'pent54nt] n.,
pendent ['pend4nt] adj.,
pending ['pendi6] adj.
pendulum ['pendjul4m] n.,
penetrate ['penitreit] v.
penetrating ['penitreiti6] adj.,
penetration [`peni'trei54n] n.
penicillin [`peni'silin] n.
peninsula [pi'ninsjul4] n.
penitent ['penit4nt] adj.,
penitentiary [`peni'ten54ri] n.,
pennant ['pen4nt] n.()
pension ['pen54n] n.,
pensive ['pensiv] adj.
penultimate [pi'n8ltimit] adj.
penumbra [pi'n8mbr4] n.
penurious [pi'nju4ri4s] adj.
penury ['penjuri] n.
peptic ['peptik] adj.,
perambulate [p4'r1mbjuleit] v.,
perceive [p4'si:v] v.,
perceiving [p4'si:vi6] adj.
perceptible [p4'sept4b4l] adj.,

perception [p4'sep54n] n.;


perceptive [p4'septiv] adj.
perch [p4:t5] v.()
percolate ['p4:k4leit] v.
percussion [p4'k854n] n.
percussionist [p4'k854nist] n.
peregrination [`perigri'nei54n] n.()
peremptory [p4'rempt4ri] adj.;
perennial [p4'reni4l] adj.
perfectionist [p4'fek54nist] n.,
perfervid [p4:'f4:vid] adj.
perfidious [p4'fidi4s] adj.,
perfidy ['p4:fidi] n.,
perforate ['p4:f4reit] v.
performance [p4'f3:m4ns] n.,;,
perfume ['p4:fju:m,p4'fju:m] n.
perfunctory [p4'f86kt4ri] adj.,
perigee ['perid9i:] n.
peril ['peril] n.
perilous ['peril4s] adj.,
perimeter [p4'rimit4] n.
periodic [`pi4ri'3dik] adj.,
periodical [`pi4ri'3dik4l] n.
peripatetic [`perip4'tetik] adj.
peripheral [p4'rif4r4l] adj.,
periphery [p4'rif4ri] n.,
periphrastic [`peri'fr1stik] adj.,
periscope ['perisk4up] n.
perish ['peri5] v.,
perishable ['peri54b4l] adj.()
perishing ['peri5i6] adj.
perjure ['p4:d94] v.,
perjury ['p4:d94ri] n.,
perky ['p4:ki] adj.;
permanent ['p4:m4n4nt] adj.,
permeable ['p4:mi4b4l] adj.
permeate ['p4:mieit] v.
permissive [p4'misiv] adj.
permutation [`p4:mju:'tei54n] n.() ,

pernicious [p4'ni54s] adj.,


peroration [`per4'rei54n] n.,
perpendicular [`p4:p4n'dikjul4] adj.
perpetrate ['p4:pitreit] v.,
perpetual [p4'pet5u4l] adj.;
perpetuate [p4'pet5ueit] v. ,
perpetuation [p4petju'ei54n] n. ,
perpetuity [`p4:pi'tjuiti] n.,
perplexed [p4'plekst] adj.

59

perplexity [p4'pleksiti] n.,


perquisite ['p4:kwizit] n.,
persecute ['p4:sikju:t] v.
perseverance [`p4:si'vi4r4ns] n.,
persevere [`p4:si'vi4] v.
persevering [`p4:si'vi4ri6] adj.
persiflage ['p4:sifl2:9] n.,
persist [p4'sist] v.,
persnickety [p4'snikiti] adj.
personable ['p4:s4n4bl] adj.,
personage ['p4:s4nid9] n.()
personification [p4:`s3nifi'kei54n] n.,,
personnel [`p4:s4'nel] n.,
perspective [p4'spektiv] n.(),
perspicacious [`p4:spi'kei54s] adj.
perspicacity [`p4:spi'k1siti] n.
perspicuous [p4'spikju4s] adj.
perspire [p4'spai4] v.
persuasion [p4'swei94n] n.,
persuasive [p4'sweisiv] adj.,
pert [p4:t] adj.()
pertain [p4'tein] v.
pertinacious [`p4:ti'nei54s] adj.;;
pertinent ['p4:tin4nt] adj.,
perturb [p4't4:b] v.
perturbation [`p4:t4'bei54n] n.,
peruse [p4'ru:z] v.,
pervade [p4'veid] v.,
pervasive [p4'veisiv] adj.,
perverse [p4'v4:s] adj.,
pervert [p4'v4:t,'p4:v4t] v.;
perversion [p4'v4:54n] n.,
pesky ['peski] adj.,
pest [pest] n.
pesticide ['pestisaid] n.
pestilent ['pestil4nt] adj.
pester ['pest4] v.,
pestle ['pes4l] n.,
petal ['petl] n.
petition [pi'ti54n] n.
petitioner [pi'ti54n4] n.
petrify ['petrifai] v.
petrifaction [`petri'f1k54n] n.
petroleum [pi'tr4uli4m] n.
petrology [pi'tr3l4d9i] n.
petroglyph ['petr4glif] n.
pettish ['peti5] adj.,
petty ['peti] adj.;
petulant ['pet5ul4nt] adj.,

pharisaic [`f1ri'seiik] adj.,


pharmaceutical [`f2:m4'sju: tik4l] adj.
pharmacist ['f2:m4sist] n.
pharmacology [`f2:m4'k3l4d9i] n.,
phantom ['f1nt4m] n.,,
phenomenal [fi'n3minl] adj.,
phenomenology [fi`n3mi'n3l4d9i] n.(
)
phial ['fai4l] n.()
philander [fi'l1nd4] v.
philanthropic [fil4n'7r3pik] adj.
philanthropist [fi'l1n7r4pist] n.
philanthropy [fi'l1n7r4pi] n.,
philatelist [fi'l1tlist] n.
philately [fi'l1t4li] n.
philistine ['filistain] n.,
philology [fi'l3l4d9i] n.,
phlegmatic [fleg'm1tik] adj.,
phobia ['f4ubi4] n.
phonetic [f4'netik] adj.
phony ['f4uni] adj.,
photosynthesis [`f4ut4'sin7isis] n.
phrase [freiz] n.
phylogeny [fai'l3d9ini] n.
phylum ['fail4m] n.()
piano [pi'1n4u,'pj2:n4u] adj.()
piazza [pi'1ts4] n.
pictorial [pik't3:ri4l] adj.,
piddling ['pidli6] adj.,
piecemeal ['pi:smi:l] adj.,
pied [p2id] adj.
pier [pi4] n.
pierce [pi4s] v.
piercing ['pi4si6] adj.()
piety ['pai4ti] n.
pigment ['pigm4nt] n.
pilfer ['pilf4] v.
pilgrim ['pilgrim] n.,
pilgrimage ['pilgrimid9] n.
pillage ['pilid9] n./v.,
pillar ['pil4] n.
pillory ['pil4ri] n. ,
pincers ['pins4z] n.,
pinch [pint5] v.,n.,
pine [pain] n.v.(),
pinnacle ['pin4kl] n.,
pinpoint ['pinp3int] v.;adj.

pipeline ['paiplain] n.,

60

piquancy ['pi:k4nsi] n.
piquant ['pi:k4nt] adj.,
pique [pi:k] n./v.(),;v.

pirate ['pai4r4t] n.,v.


pirouette [`piru'et] n./v.()
piscatorial [pisk4't3:ri4l] adj.,
pistol ['pistl] n.
pitch [pit5] n.,
pitch [pit5] n.()
pitcher ['pit54] n.
pitfall ['pitf3:l] n.,
pith [pi7] n.,
pithy ['pi7i] adj.()
pitiful ['pitif4l] adj.,
pittance ['pit4ns] n.,
pivot ['piv4t] n.,v.
pivotal ['piv4t4l] adj.;;
placate [pl4'keit] v.,()
placebo [pl4'si:b4u] n.
placid ['pl1sid] adj.,
plagiarism ['pleid9i4riz4m] n.,
plague [pleig] n.v.
plain [plein] adj.;;n.
plaintiff ['pleintif] n.
plaintive ['pleintiv] adj.,
plait [pl1t] n./v.,
plane [plein] n.v.
planetary ['pl1nit4ri] adj.( planet[])
plangent ['pl1nd94nt] adj.,
plank [pl16k] n.
plankton ['pl16kt4n] n.
plant [pl2:nt] n.;v.
plantation [pl1n'tei54n] n.
plaque [pl1k] n.;
plaster ['pl2:st4] n.,v.
plastic ['pl1stik] adj.n.
plasticity [pl1s'tisiti] n.
plateau ['pl1t4u] n.
platitude ['pl1titju:d] n.
plaudit ['pl3:dit] v.,
plausible ['pl3:z4b4l] adj.
playwright ['pleirait] n.
plaza ['pl2:z4] n.
plead [pli:d] v.,...
pleat [pli:t] n.()
plebeian [pli'bi:4n] n./adj.,
pledge [pled9] n.,;v.
plenary ['pli:n4ri] adj.;

plenitude ['plentitju:d] n.
pleonastic [`pli:4'n1stik] adj.
plethora ['ple74r4] n.,
pliable ['plai4b4l] adj.,
pliant ['plai4nt] adj.
pliers ['plai4z] n.
plight [plait] n.,
plinth [plin7] n.,
plod [pl3d] v.
plodding ['pl3di6] adj.,
plot [pl3t] n.
plough [plau] n.;v.
ploy [pl3i] n.,
pluck [pl8k] v.;n.,
plucky ['pl8ki] adj.,
plumage ['plu:mid9] n.
plumb [pl8m] adv.;v.
plumber ['pl8m4] n.,
plumbing ['pl8mi6] n.,
plume [plu:m] n.v.
plummet ['pl8mit] v.
plump [pl8mp] adj.,
plunder ['pl8nd4] v.,
plunge [pl8nd9] v.;
plush [pl85] adj.
plutocracy [plu:'t3kr4si] n.
pneumonia [nju:'m4uni4] n.
pod [p3d] n.v.()
podiatry [p4u'dai4tri] n.
podium ['p4udi4m] n.,
poetaster [`p4ui't1st4] n.
poignant ['p3inj4nt] adj.
pointless ['p3intlis] adj.;,
poise [p3iz] v.,n.,
poised ['p3izd] adj.,;
poisonous ['p3iz4n4s] adj.;
poke [p4uk] v.,
polarity [p4'l1riti] n.,
polarization [`p4ul4rai'zei5n] n.,
polemic [p4'lemik] n.,
polemical [p4'lemik4l] adj.

polish ['p3li5] v....n.


polished ['p3li5t] adj.,;
politic ['p3litik] adj.,
politicize [p4'litisaiz] v.,
poll [p4ul] n.;
pollen ['p3l4n] n.
pollinate ['p3lineit] v....
pollster ['p4ulst4] n.

61

poltroon [p3l'tru:n] n.
polyandry [`p3li'1ndri] n.
polygamy [p4'lig4mi] n.,
polyglot ['p3ligl3t] n./adj.
polymath ['p3lim17] n.
pompous ['p3mp4s] adj.
poncho ['p3nt54u] n.
ponder ['p3nd4] v.
ponderable ['p3nd4r4bl] adj.
ponderous ['p3nd4r4s] adj.,
poniard ['p3nj4d] adj.,
pontifical [p3n'tifik4l] adj.
pontificate [p3n'tifik4t] v.
pony ['p4uni] n.
populace ['p3pjul4s] n. ,
populous ['p3pjul4s] adj.
porcelain ['p3:slin] n.,
porcine ['p3:sain] adj.,
porcupine ['p3:kjupain] n.,
pore [p3:] n.,
porous ['p3:r4s] adj.
porridge ['p3rid9] n.
portable ['p3:t4b4l] adj.,
portend [p3:'tend] v.,
portent ['p3:tent] n.,
portentous [p3:'tent4s] adj.,
portfolio [p3:t'f4uli4u] n.
portion ['p3:54n] n.
portrait ['p3:trit] n.
portraiture ['p3:trit54] n.;
portray [p3:'trei] v.,
pose [p4uz] v.
poseur [p4u'z4:] n.
posit ['p3zit] v.,
positiveness ['p3zitivnis] n.,
possessed [p4'zest] adj.;
posse ['p3si] n.
poster ['p4ust4] n.,
posterior [p3'sti4ri4] adj.()
posterity [p3'steriti] n.,
posthumous ['p3stjum4s] adj.
postpone [p4ust'p4un] v.,
postulate ['p3stjuleit] v.
posture ['p3st54] n.,;;v.
potable ['p4ut4b4l] adj.
potation [p4u'tei54n] n.
potency ['p4ut4nsi] n.,
potent ['p4ut4nt] adj.
potentate ['p4ut4nteit] n.,

potentiate [p4u'ten5ieit] v.(,)


potshot ['p3t53t] n.,
potpourri [p4u'pu4ri] n.,
pottery ['p3t4ri] n.;
pout [paut] v.,
practitioner [pr1k'ti54n4] n.;
pragmatic [pr1g'm1tik] adj.,
pragmatism ['pr1gm4tizm] n.
praise [preiz] v./n.,
prairie ['pre4ri] n.
prance [pr2:ns] v.
prank [pr16k] n.,
prate [preit] v.,
prattle ['pr1tl] v.,
preach [pri:t5] v.,
preamble ['pri:1mb4l] n.,
precarious [pri'ke4ri4s] adj.,
precede [pri'si:d] v....,
precedence ['presid4ns] n.
precedent ['presid4nt] n.,
precept ['pri:sept] n.,
precipice ['presipis] n.
precipitant [pri'sipit4nt] adj.;n.
precipitate [pri'sipiteit] v.,adj.
precipitation [pri`sipi'tei54n] n.()
precipitous [pri'sipit4s] adj.
prcis ['preisi:] n.,
precision [pri'si94n] n.,
preclude [pri'klu:d] v.,
precocious [pri'k4u54s] adj.
precognition [`pri:k3g'ni54n] n.,
preconception [`pri:k4n'sep54n] n.,
precursor [pri'k4:s4] n.,
precursory [`pri:'k4:s4ri] adj.
predator ['pred4t4] n.
predecessor ['pri:dises4] n.,;
predestine [pri'destin] v.
predetermined [pri:di't4:mind] adj.
predicament [pri'dik4m4nt] n.,
predilection [pri:di'lek54n] n.
predisposition [pri:` disp4'zi54n] n.,
predominant [pri'd3min4nt] adj.
predominate [pri'd3mineit] v.,;
preeminent [pri:'emin4nt] adj.
preempt [pri:'empt] v.
preen [pri:n] v.()
preface ['prefis] n.
prefatory ['pref4t4ri] adj.
prefigure [pri:'fig4] v.

62

pregnant ['pregn4nt] adj.


prehensile [`pri'hensail] adj.,
prehistoric [`pri:hi'sot3rik] adj.
prejudice ['pred9udis] n.,
prejudiced ['pred9udist] adj.,
prejudicial [`pred9u'di54l] adj.
prelate ['prelit]
preliterate [`pri:'lit4rit] adj.
prelude ['prelju:d] n.,
premature [`prem4'tju4] adj.,
premeditated [pri'mediteitid] adj.,
premiere ['premie4] n./v.
premise ['premis] n.
premium ['pri:mi4m] n.
premonition [`pri:m4'ni54n] n.,
preoccupation [pri`3kju'pei54n] n.;
preoccupied [pri'3kjupaid] adj.,
preponderate [pri'p3nd4reit] v.(,),
preponderance [pri'p3nd4r4ns] n.
prepossessing [`pri:p4'zesi6] adj.()
preposition [`prep4'zi54n] n.,
preposterous [pri'p3st4r4s] adj.
prerequisite [pri:'rekwizit] n.
prerogative [pri'r3g4tiv] n.
presage ['presid9] n.
prescient ['presi4nt] adj.
prescribe [pri'skraib] v.;
prescribed [pri'skraibd] adj.
prescript ['priskript] n.,
prescription [pri'skrip54n] n.()
presentation [`prez4n'tei54n] n.,,
presenter [pri'zent4] n.
preservation [`prez4'vei54n] n.,,
preserve [pri'z4:v] v.
preservative [pri'z4:v4tiv] adj.;n.
preside [pri'zaid] v.;
press [pres] v.
pressing ['presi6] adj.,;
prestidigitation [`presti`did9i'tei54n] n.,
prestigious [pre'stid94s] adj.,
presumable [pri'zju:m4b4l] adj.,
presumption [pri'z8mp54n] n.,
presumptuous [pri'z8mptju4s] adj.,
presupposition [`pri:s8p4'zi54n] n.,
pretence [pri'tens] n.
pretend [pri'tend] v.;
pretension [pri'ten54n] n.,
pretentious [pri'ten54s] adj.
preternatural [`pri:t4'n1t54r4l] adj.

pretext ['pri:tekst] n.
prevail [pri'veil] v.
prevailing [pri'veili6] adj.,
prevalent ['prev4l4nt] adj.,
prevaricate [pri'v1rikeit] v.,
prevarication [priv1r4'kei54n] n.,
preventive [pri'ventiv] adj.,
prevision [pri:'vi94n] n.,
preview [pri:'vju:] v./n.,
previous ['pri:vi4s] adj.,
prey [prei] n.
prick [prik] n.;v.
prickle ['prik4l] n.(), v.
prickly ['prikli] adj.;
prig [prig] n.,
prim [prim] adj.,
primacy ['praim4si] n.,
primary ['praim4ri] adj.;
primate ['praimit] n.()
prime [praim] n.;adj.,
primer ['praim4] n.,
primeval [prai'mi:v4l] adj.,
primitive ['primitiv] adj.,
primordial [prai'm3:di4l] adj.
primp [primp] v.()
principal ['prins4p4l] adj.,
principle ['prins4pl] n.,;
priority [prai'3riti] n.,
pristine ['pristi:n] adj.
privation [prai'vei54n] n.,
privilege ['privilid9] n.,
probation [pr4'bei54n] n.(),
probe [pr4ub] v.,
probity ['pr4ubiti] n.,
proboscis [pr4'b3sis] n.()()
proceeds ['pr4usi:dz] n.
procession [pr4'se54n] n.
proclaim [pr4'kleim] v.,;
proclivity [pr4'kliv4ti] n.,
procrastinate [pr4u'kr1sti`neit] v.,
procrastination [pr4u'kr1sti`nei54n] n.,
procreate ['pr4ukrieit] v.
procrustean [pr4u'kr8sti4n] adj.
proctor ['pr3kt4] n.,
procure [pr4'kju4] v.,
prod [pr3d] v.,;
prodigal ['pr3dig4l] adj.;n.
prodigality [`pr3di'g1l4ti] n.,
prodigious [pr4'did94s] adj.,

63

prodigy ['pr3did9i] n.
produce [pr4'dju:s,'pr3dju:s] n.,
productive [pr4'd8ktiv] adj.;
productivity [`pr3d8k'tiviti] n.,
profane [pr4'fein] v.,
proffer ['pr3f4] v./n.,;,
proficient [pr4'fi54nt] adj.,
profile ['pr4ufail] n.,
profiteer [`pr3fi'ti4] n.,
profligacy ['pr3flig4si] n.,
profligate ['pr3fligit] adj.;n.
profound [pr4'faund] adj.,;,
profundity [pr4'f8nditi] n.,
profuse [pr4'fju:s] adj.
profusion [pr4'fju:94n] n.,
progenitor [pr4u'd9en4t4] n.,
progeny ['pr3d9ini] n.,
prognosticate [pr3g'n3stikeit] v.,
prohibitive [pr4'hibitiv] adj.;
projectile [pr4'd9ektail] n.,
projector [pr4'd9ekt4] n.,
proliferate [pr4'lif4reit] v.
prolific [pr4'lifik] adj.,
prolix ['pr4uliks] adj.,
prolixity [pr4u'liksiti] n.
prologue ['pr4ul3g] n.
prolong [pr4'l36] v.,
promenade ['pr3m4n2:d] n./v.,
prominent ['pr3min4nt] adj.;
promiscuous [pr4'miskju4s] adj.
promote [pr4'm4ut] v.;
prompt [pr3mpt] v., ;adj.,
promulgate ['pr3m4lgeit] v.,()
prone [pr4un] adj....
pronounced [pr4'naunst] adj.(),
prop [pr3p] n.,;v.
propagate ['pr3p4geit] v.
propagation [`pr3p4'gei54n] n.
propel [pr4'pel] v.
propeller [pr4'pel4] n.;
propensity [pr4'pensiti] n.,
prophecy ['pr3fisi] n.
prophet ['pr3fit] n.;
propinquity [pr4'pi6kwiti] n.
propitiate [pr4'pi5ieit] v.,
propitiatory [pr4'pi5i4t4ri] adj.,
propitious [pr4'pi54s] adj.
proponent [pr4'p4un4nt] n.,
proportion [pr4'p3:54n] n.;v.

proposition [`pr3p4'zi54n] n.;


propound [pr4'paund] v....
proprietary [pr4'prai4t4ri] adj.
propriety [pr4'prai4ti] n.,
propulsion [pr4'p8l54n] n.
prorogue [pr4'r4ug] v.
prosaic [pr4u'zeiik] adj.,
proscribe [pr4u'skraib] v.
prosecute ['pr3sikju:t] v.,
proselyte ['pr3silait] n.,
proselytize ['pr3s4l4taiz] v....
proselytizer ['pl3silitaiz4] n.
prospect [pr4spekt] v.
prospective [pr4'spektiv] adj.
prospects [pr4'spekts] n.;
prosper ['pr3sp4] v.,
prosperous ['pr3sp4r4s] adj.
prostrate ['pr3streit] adj.;;v.
protagonist [pr4u't1g4nist] n.,
protean ['pr4uti4n] adj.,
protest [pr4'test] v./n.,
protocol ['pr4ut4k3l] n.
prototype ['pr4ut4taip] n.
protract [pr4'tr1kt] v.,
protracted [pr4u'tr1ktid] adj.
protrude [pr4'tru:d] v.,
protuberant [pr4'tju:b4r4nt] adj.,
provenance ['pr3v4n4ns] n.(),

provender ['pr3v4nd4] n.(),


proverbially [pr4'v4:bi4li] adv.
provident ['pr3vid4nt] adj.
providential [pr3vi'den54l] adj.,
provincial [pr4'vin54l] adj.,
provision [pr4'vi94n] n.()()
provisional [pr4'vi94n4l] adj.,
provisory [pr4'vaiz4ri] adj.
provocation [`pr3v4'kei54n] n ,
provocative [pr3'v3k4tiv] adj.,
provoke [pr4'v4uk] v.
prowess ['prauis] n.
prowl [praul] v....,
proximate ['pr3ksimit] adj.,
proximity [pr3k'simiti] n.,
prude [pru:d] n.
prudery ['pru:d4ri] n.,
prudish ['pru:di5] adj.,
prudence ['pru:d4ns] n.,
prune [pru:n] n.;v.
prurient ['pru4ri4nt] adj.,

64

pry [prai] v.
psalm [s2:m] n.,
psephology [se'f3l4d9i] n.
pseudonym ['sju:d4nim] n.,
psyche ['saiki] n.,
psychiatrist [sai'kai4trist] n.
psychiatry [sai'kai4tri] n.
psychoanalysis [`saik4u4'n1lisis] n.
psychopathic ['saik4u`p17ik] adj.
psychosis [sai'k4usis] n.,
psychotic [sai'k3tik] adj./n.,
puberty ['pju:b4ti] n.,
publicity [p8b'lisiti] n.;
publicize ['p8blisaiz] v.,
pucker ['p8k4] v.;n.
puckish ['p8ki5] adj.
puddle ['p8dl] n.,
puerile ['pju4rail] adj.
pugilism ['pju:d9iliz4m] n.,
pugilist ['pju:d9ilist] n.,
pugnacious [p8g'nei54s] adj.
puissance ['pju:is4ns] n.
puissant ['pju:is4nt] adj.,
pulchritude ['p8lkritju:d] n.
pullet ['pulit] n.
pulley ['puli] n.,
pullulate ['p8ljuleit] v.
pulp [p8lp] n.
pulpit ['pulpit] n.
pulsate ['p8lseit] v.
pulsating ['p8lseiti6] adj.,
pulverize ['p8lv4raiz] v.
pummel ['p8m4l] v.(),
pun ['p8n] n.
punch [p8nt5] v.
punctilious [p86k'tili4s] adj.
puncture ['p86kt54] v.,;n.,
punctuation [`p86ktju'ei54n] n.;
pundit ['p8ndit] n.,
pungency ['p8nd94nsi] n.,,
pungent ['p8nd94nt] adj.
puny ['pju:ni] adj.,
purblind ['p4:blaind] adj.
purchase ['p4:t54s] n.()
purebred ['pju4bred] adj.()
purgatory ['p4:g4t4ri] n.;
purge [p4:d9] v.,
purgative ['p4:g4tiv] n.
purification [`pju4rifi'kei54n] n.

purify ['pju4rifai] v.,


puritanical [`pju4ri't1nik4l] adj.
purlieu ['p4:lju:] n.()
purport ['p4:p4t,'p4:p3:t] n.,
purloin [p4:'l3in] v.
purposively ['p4:p4sivli] adv.
purse [p4:s] v.;n.
purvey [p4:'vei] v.(),
pusillanimous [pju:si'l1nim4s] adj.
putative ['pju:t4tiv] adj.,
putrefy ['pju:trifai] v.
putrid ['pju:trid] adj.
pygmy ['pigmi] n.,
pylon ['pail4n] n.,
pyre [pai4] n.
pyromania [`pai4r4u'meini4] n.
quack [kw1k] n.
quadrangle ['kw3dr1ng4l] n.
quadruped ['kw3dru`ped] n.
quaff [kw2:f,kw1f] v.
quagmire ['kw1g`mai4] n.
quail [kweil] v.,
quaint [kweint] adj.
qualification [`kw3lifi'kei54n] n.;
qualified ['kw3lifaid] adj.;
qualm [kw2:m] n.
quandary ['kw3nd4ri] n.,
quantum ['kw2nt4m] n.;
quarantine ['kw3r4nti:n] n.,
quarry ['kw3ri] n.
quarry ['kw3ri] n.v.
quartet [kw3:'tet] n.,
quash [kw35] v.;
quaver ['kweiv4] v.,;n.
quay [ki:] n.
queasy ['kwi:zi] adj.
queer [kwi4] adj.,
quell [kwel] v.,
quench [kwent5] v.() ()
querulous ['kwerul4s] adj.,
query ['kwi4ri] n./v.,,
quest [kwest] v.,;n.
questionnaire [`kwest54n'er,`kwest54'ne4] n.,
queue [kju:] v./n.,
quibble ['kwib4l] n.
quiescence [kwai'esns] n.
quiescent [kwai'es4nt] adj.,
quiet ['kwai4t] adj.
quietude ['kwai4tju:d] n.,

65

quill [kwil] n.()


quintessence [kwin'tes4ns] n.
quip [kwip] adj.,
quirk [kw4:k] n.
quisling ['kwizli6] n.,
quiver ['kwiv4] n.,
quixotic [kwik's3tik] adj.,
quorum ['kw3:r4m] n.
quota ['kw4ut4] n.,
quotidian [kw4u'tidi4n] adj.
quote [kw4ut] v.,
rabble ['r1b4l] n.
rabid ['r1bid] adj.
raconteur [`r1k3n't4:] n.
racy ['reisi] adj.,
radiance ['reidj4ns] n.
radiant ['reidi4nt] adj.;
radiate ['reidieit] v.,
radium ['reidi4m] n.
radius ['reidi4s] n.
raffish ['r1fi5] adj.,
raffle ['r1f4l] n.()()
rafter ['r2:ft4] n.
rag [r1g] n.,;
rage [reid9] n./v.,
ragged ['r1gid] adj.
raid [reid] n.
rail [reil] n.;v.,
raillery ['reil4ri] n.
raisin ['reizn] n.
rakish ['reiki5] adj.,
rally ['r1li] n.;v.,;n.
ramble ['r1mb4l] n.;v.
rambunctious [r1mib86k54s] adj.( ) ;

ramify ['r1mifai] v.,


rampage ['r1mpeid9] v.;n.
rampant ['r1mp4nt] adj.,
rampart ['r1mp2:t] n.
ramshackle ['r1m51k4l] adj.
rancid ['r1nsid] adj.,
rancor ['r16k4] n.,
rancorous ['r16k4r4s] adj.,
randomize ['r1nd4maiz] v.
range [reind9] n.;;v.
ranger ['reind94] n.;
rank [r16k] n.,;adj.
rankle ['r16k4l] v.;
ransom ['r1ns4m] n.;v.

rant [r1nt] v.;


rapacious [r4'pei54s] adj.,
rapids ['r1pidz] n.,
rapport [r1'p3:] n.,
rapprochement [r1'pr3:5m2: 6] n.,
rapt [r1pt] adj.,
rapture ['r1pt54] n.,
rarefaction [`re4ri'f1k54n] n.
rarefy ['re4rifai] v.
rarity ['re4riti] n.,;
rash [r15] adj.
rashness ['r15nis] n.,
rasp [ra:sp] v.()
raspy ['ra:spi,'r1spi] adj.(),
ratification [`r1tifi'kei54n] n.
ratify ['r1tifai] v.()
ratiocination [`r1ti3si'nei54n] n.
ration ['r154n] n.;v.
rationale [`r154'n2:l] n.
rationality [r154n'1liti] n.
rationalize ['r154n4laiz] v.,
rattle ['r1tl] v.;
raucous ['r3:k4s] adj.(),
ravage ['r1vid9] v.,
rave [reiv] n./v.
ravel ['r1v4l] v.,
ravenous ['r1v4n4s] adj. ,
ravine [r4'vi:n] n.,
ravish ['r1vi5] v.
ravishing ['r1vi5i6] adj.
rawhide ['r3:haid] n.()
raze [reiz] v.
razor ['reiz4] n.,
reactant [ri'1kt4nt] n.
reactionary [ri:'1k54n4ri] adj.,
reactivate [ri'1ktiveit] v.,
ready ['redi] adj.,
reaffirm [ri:4'f4:m] v.
reagent [ri:'eid94nt] n.()
realign [`ri:4'lain] v.()
realized ['ri4laizd] adj.
realm [relm] n.;,
ream [ri:m] n.()
reaper ['ri:p4] n.
reasoning ['ri:z4ni6] n.,
reassurance [`ri:4'5u4r4ns] n.(),
reassure [`ri:4'5u4] v.,
reassuring [`ri:4'5uri6] adj.,
rebarbative [ri'b2rb4tiv] adj.,

66

rebate ['ribeit] n.,


rebellious [ri'belj4s] adj.,
rebuff [ri'b8f] v.
rebuke [ri'bju:k] v.,
rebus ['ri:b4s] n.(),
rebuttal [ri'b8t4l] adj.,
recalcitrant [ri'k1lsitr4nt] adj.
recalibration [ri`k1li'brei54n] n.
recall [ri'k3:l] v., ;;n.
recant [ri'k1nt] v.,()
recapitulate [`ri:k4'pitjuleit] v.
recast [`ri:'k2:st] v.;
recede [ri'si:d] v.,()
receptacle [ri'sept4kl] n.
receptive [ri'septiv] adj.
recess [ri'ses] n.()
recession [ri'se54n] n.,
recessive [ri'sesiv] adj.
recidivism [ri'sidivizm] n.,
recipe ['resipi] n.
recipient [ri'sipi4nt] n.,
reciprocal [ri'sipr4k4l] adj.,
reciprocate [ri'sipr4keit] v.,
reciprocating [ri'sipr4keiti6] adj.();
reciprocity [`resi'pr3siti] n.
recital [re's2it(4)l] n.
recitation [`resi'tei54n] n.;
reckless ['rekl4s] adj.,
reckon ['rek4n] v.,;,
reclaim [ri'kleim] v.()
recline [ri'klain] v.,
recluse [ri'klu:s] n.;adj.
reclusive [ri'klu:siv] adj.
recognition [`rek4g'ni54n] n.,;
recoil [ri'k3il] v.,
recollection [`rek4'lek54n] n.;
recombine [ri:k4m'bain] v.,
recommend [`rek4'mend] v.,
recompense ['rek4mpens] v.,
reconcile ['rek4nsail] v.,
reconciliation [`rek4nsili'ei54n] n.,
recondite ['rek4ndait] adj.
reconnaissance [ri'k3n4s4ns] n.,
reconstitute [ri:'k3nstitju: t] v.;
reconstruct [`ri:k4n'str8kt] v.,
reconvene [rik4n'vi:n] v.,
recount [ri'kaunt] v.,
recourse [ri'k3:s] n.,
recreant ['rekri4nt] n.,;adj.

recreation [`rekri'ei54n] n.,


recriminate [ri'krimineit] v.,
recruit [ri'kru:t] n.,
rectangle ['rekt16gl] n.,
rectangular [rek't16gjul4] adj.,
rectify ['rektifai] v.,
rectitude ['rektitju:d] n.,
recumbent [ri'k8mb4nt] adj.
recuperate [ri'kju:p4reit] v.(),
recurrence [ri'k8r4ns] n.,
recycle [`ri:'saikl] v.,
redeem [ri'di:m] v.
redemption [ri'demp54n] n.
redirect [`ri:di'rekt] v.();
redistribution ['ri:distri'bju:54n] n.
redolent ['red4l4nt] adj.,
redoubtable [ri'daut4b4l] adj.
redress [ri'dres] n.,
redundant [ri'd8nd4nt] adj.,
redundancy [ri'd8nd4nsi] n. ;
; redundance
reed [ri:d] n.;
reek [ri:k] v.;
reel [ri:l] n.,;v....
reenact ['ri:i'n1kt] v.(),()
refectory [ri'fekt4ri] n.(),
referee [`ref4'ri:] n.
refine [ri'fain] v.,
refined [ri'faind] adj.
refinery [ri'fain4ri] n.,
reflect [ri'flekt] v.
reflective [ri'flektiv] adj.
reformulate [ri:'f3:mjuleit] v.

refraction [ri'fr1k54n] n.
refractory [ri'fr1kt4ri] adj.()
refrain [ri'frein] v.;n.,
refresh [ri'fre5] v.... ,
refulgent [ri'f8ld94nt] adj.,
refurbish [`ri:'f4:bi5] v.,
refutable [ri'fju:t4b4l] adj.
refutation [`refju'tei54n] n.
refute [ri'fju:t] v.
regal ['ri:g4l] adj.
regale [ri'geil] v....
regenerate [ri'd9en4reit] adj.,
regent ['ri:d94nt] n.()
regime [rei'9i:m] n.,
regimen ['red94m4n] n.,

67

regiment ['red9im4nt] n.();v.


regimentation [red9im4n'tei54n] n.,
regressive [ri'gresiv] adj.,
regularity [`regju'l1riti] n.,
regulate ['regjuleit] v.
rehabilitate [`ri:4'biliteit] v.,()
rehearse [ri'h4:s] v.,;
reign [rein] n.
reimburse [`ri:im'b4:s] v.
rein [rein] n.;v.
reincarnate [ri:'ink2: neit] v.,
reincarnation [`ri:ink2:'nei54n] n.,
reinforce [`ri:in'f3:s] v.,
reinstate [`ri:in'steit] v.()
reiterate [ri:'it4reit] v.,
rejoice [ri'd93is] v.,
rejoicing [ri'd93isi6] n.,
rejoin [ri:'d93in] v.,
rejoinder [ri'd93ind4] n.
rejuvenate [ri'd9u:v4neit] v.
rekindle [ri:'kindl] v.
relapse [ri'l1ps] n.v.,
relate [ri'leit] v.(to tell);
relaxation [ri:l1k'sei54n] n.,
release [ri'li:s] v.,;n.
relegate ['religeit] v.,
relent [ri'lent] v.
relenting [ri'lenti6] adj.,
relentless [ri'lentlis] adj.,
relevant ['reliv4nt] adj.
reliance [ri'lai4ns] n.,
relic ['relik] n.,
relinquish [ri'li6kwi5] v.,
relish ['reli5] n.;v.,
relocate [`ri:l4u'keit] v.,
reluctance [ri'l8kt4ns] n.
remainder [ri'meind4] n.
remains [ri'meinz] n.,
remediable [ri'mi:di4b4l] adj.,
remembrance [ri'membr4ns] n.,;
reminder [ri'maind4] n.
reminisce [`remi'nis] v.,
remiss [ri'mis] adj.,
remission [ri'mi54n] n.,
remit [ri'mit] v.,,
remittance [ri'mit4ns] n.
remittent [ri'mit4nt] adj.(),
remnant ['remn4nt] n.,
remodel [`ri:'m3dl] v.,

remonstrate [ri'm3nstreit] v.,


remorse [ri'm3:s] n.,
remove [ri'mu:v] v.,;
remunerate [ri'mju:n4reit] v.,
remunerative [ri'mju:n4r4tiv] adj.,
renaissance [r4'neis4ns] n.,
renascent [ri'n1s4nt] adj.,
rend [rend] v.
rendering ['rend4ri6] n.
rendezvous ['r3ndivu:] n.
rendition [ren'di54n] n.,,,
renegade ['renigeid] n.,
renege [ri'ni:g] v.,
renounce [ri'nauns] v.()
renovate ['ren4veit] v.,,
renown [ri'naun] n.,
renowned [ri'naund] adj.
rent [rent] n.()
reparable ['rep4r4b4l] adj.,
reparation [`rep4'rei54n] n.,
repartee [`rep2:'ti:] n.
repatriate [ri:'p1trieit] v.()
repeal [ri'pi:l] v.()
repel [ri'pel] v.,...
repellent [ri'pel4nt] adj.
repent [ri'pent] v.,
repercussion [`ri:p4:'k854n] n.
repertoire ['rep4tw2:] n.()
repine [ri'pain] v.,
replacement [ri'pleism4nt] n.,
replenish [ri'pleni5] v.,
replete [ri'pli:t] adj.,
repletion [ri'pli:54n] n.
replica ['replik4] n.
replicate ['replikeit] v.,
reportorial [`rep4't3:ri4l] adj.
repose [ri'p4uz] n./v.,
repository [ri'p3zit4ri] n.,
repossess [`ri:p4'zes] v.,
reprehend [`repri'hend] v.,
reprehensible [`repri'hens4b4l] adj.
repress [ri'pres] v.,
reprieve [ri'pri:v] v.,;n.,
reprimand ['reprima:nd] n.,;v.,
reprisal [ri'praiz4l] n.()
reprise [ri'praiz] n.();
reproach [ri'pr4ut5] n.,
reprobate ['repr4beit] v.,;adj./n.()
reproduction [`ri:pr4'd8k54n] n.

68

reproof [ri'pru:f] n.,


reprove [ri'pru:v] v.,
reptilian [rep'tili4n] adj.
repudiate [ri'pju:dieit] v.,
repugnant [ri'p8gn4nt] adj.
repugnance [ri'p8gn4ns] n.,
repulse [ri'p8ls] v.,n.,,
repulsion [ri'p8l54n] n.,;
repulsive [ri'p8lsiv] adj.
reputable ['repjut4b4l] adj.
reputation [repju'tei54n] n.
repute [ri'pju:t] n.,
reputed [ri'pju:tid] adj.;
request [ri'kwest] n.,;v.,
requiem ['rekwiem] n.
requisite ['rekwizit] n./adj.,
requisition [`rekwi'zi54n] n.
requital [ri'kwaitl] n.,
requite [ri'kwait] v.
rescind [ri'sind] v.,
rescript ['ri:skript] n.,
rescue ['reskju:] n./v.;...
resemblance [ri'zembl4ns] n.,
resent [ri'zent] v.,
reserve [ri'z4:v] n.,
reserved [ri'z4:vd] adj.
reshuffle [ri:'58f4l] v.
reside [ri'zaid] v.
residual [ri'zidju4l] adj.,
residue ['rezidju:] n.
resignation [`rezig'nei54n] n.,
resign [ri'zain] v.,
resigned [ri'zaind] adj.,
resilience [ri'zili4ns] n.,
resilient [ri'zili4nt] adj.;,

resin ['rezin] n.
resist [ri'zist] v.,
resistance [ri'zist4ns] n.,;
resistant [ri'zist4nt] adj.,
resolute ['rez4lu:t] adj.,
resolution [`rez4'lju:54n] n.,;;,
resolve [ri'z3lv] v.;
resonant ['rez4n4nt] adj.()
resort [ri'z3:t] n.
resort [ri'z3:t](to)
v.
resound [ri'zaund] v.;
resourceful [ri's3:sf4l] adj.

respect [ri'spekt] v.
respectful [ri'spektf4l] adj.,
respective [ris'pektiv] adj.,
respiration [`resp4'rei54n] n.
respiratory [ris'pair4t4ri] adj.
respite ['respait] n.
resplendent [ri'splend4nt] adj.,
respondent [ri'sp3nd4nt] n.
responsive [ris'p3nsiv] adj.,
restate [ri:'steit] v.,
restitution [`resti'tju:54n] n.
restive ['restiv] adj.,
restiveness ['restivnis] n.;
restless ['restl4s] adj.;
restorative [ri'st3:r4tiv] adj.
restored [ri'st3:d] adj.,
restrain [ri'strein] v.,
restrained [ri'streind] adj.,;
restraint [ri'streint] n.
restricted [ri'striktid] adj.,
restriction [ri'strik54n] n.,
resume [ri'zju:m] v.,
resumption [ri'z8mp54n] n.
resurge [ri:'s4:d9] v.
resurgent [ri's4:d94nt] adj.,
resurrect [`rez4'rekt] v.
resuscitate [ri's8siteit] v.,
retail ['ri:teil] v.;n.
retain [ri'tein] v.,;
retainer [ri'tein4] n.
retaliate [ri't1lieit] v.,
retard [ri't2:d] v.,
retention [ri'ten54n] n.,
retentive [ri'tentiv] adj.
reticent ['retis4nt] adj.
reticulation [ri`tikju'lei54n] n.,
retinue ['retinju:] n.,
retiring [ri'tai4ri6] adj.,
retort [ri't3:t] v.
retouch [`ri:'t8t5] v.;
retrace [ri'treis] v.,
retract [ri'tr1kt] v.,
retractability [ri'tr1kt4'bil4ti] n.;
retreat [ri'tri:t] n./v.
retrench [ri'trent5] v.,
retribution [`retri'bju:54n] n.,
retributive [ri'tribjutiv] adj.
retrieve [ri'tri:v] v./n.,;()
retroactive [`retr4u'1ktiv] adj.,

69

retrograde ['retr4greid] adj.;v.


retrogress [`retr4'gres] v.,
retrospect ['retr4spekt] n.,
retrospective [`retr4u'spektiv] adj.,
revealing [ri'vili6] adj.,;
revelation [`revi'lei54n] n.;
revelry ['rev4lri] n.
revenge [ri'vend9] n.,
revenue ['rev4nju:] n.;
reverberate [ri'v4:b4reit] v.
,

revere [ri'vi4] v.
reverence ['rev4r4ns] n.
reverend ['rev4r4nd] adj.
reverent ['rev4r4nt] adj.,
reverie ['rev4ri] n.,
reversal [ri'v4:s4l] n.,;
reverse [ri'v4:s] n.,;v.,
reversion [ri'v4:54n] n.(,) ,
revert [ri'v4:t] v.,;
revile [ri'vail] v.,
revise [ri'vaiz] n./v.,
revitalize [ri:'vait4laiz] v.
revive [ri'vaiv] v.;
revoke [ri'v4uk] v.,
revolt [ri'v4ult] v.,,
revulsion [ri'v8l54n] n.,;
reward [ri'w3:d] n.,;v.,
rewarding [ri'w3:di6] adj.,
rhapsody ['r1ps4di] n.;
rhetoric ['ret4rik] n.,
rhinestone ['rainst4un] n.,
rhubarb ['ru:b2: b] n.();n./v.
rhyme [raim] n.;v.
rhythmic ['ri0mik] adj.
rib [rib] n.
ribald ['rib4ld] adj.,
rickety ['rikiti] adj.,
rider ['raid4] n.;,
ridge [rid9] n.(,);
ridicule ['ridikju:l] n.;v.
ridiculous [ri'dikjul4s] adj.,
rife [raif] adj.,
rifle ['raifl] n.;v.
rift [rift] n.,,
rig [rig] v.,,
righteous ['rait54s] adj.
rigid ['rid9id] adj.,
rile [rail] v....;
rind [raind] n.()

ringlet ['ri6lit] n.
rinse [rins] v.,
riot ['rai4t] vi.
riotous ['rai4t4s] adj.,
rip [rip] v.,
ripen ['raip4n] v.
ripple ['rip4l] v.;n.,
risible ['riz4b4l] adj.,
rite [rait] n.()
ritual ['rit5u4l] n.,
rival ['raiv4l] n.,;v....
rivalry ['raiv4lri] n.,
rive [raiv] v.,
riven ['riv4n] adj.,
rivet ['rivit] n.;v.()
riveting ['riviti6] adj.
rivulet ['rivjulit] n.,
roadway ['r4udwei] n.
robe [r4ub] n.,
robust [r4u'b8st] adj.
rodent ['r4ud4nt] n.()
roe [r4u] n.
roguish ['r4ugi5] adj.,
roil [r3il] v.,
roister ['r3ist4r4] v.
roll-call ['r4ulk3:l] n.
rollicking ['r3liki6] adj.
rookie ['ruki] n.,
roost [ru:st] v./n.,
rooster ['ru:st4] n.
roster ['r3st4] n.,
rostrum ['r3str4m] n.,
rotate [r4u'teit] v.,
rote [r4ut] n.
rotten ['r3tn] adj.;
rotund [r4u't8nd] adj.(),()
roughen ['r8f4n] v.,
roundabout ['raund4baut] adj.,
rouse [rauz] v.,;
rout [raut] n.,
rove [r4uv] v.,
rowdy ['raudi] adj.,
royalty ['r3i4lti] n.
rubble ['r8bl] n.(),
rubicund ['ru:bik4nd] adj.()
ruck [r8k] n.;
rucksack ['r8ks1k] n.()
rudder ['r8d4] n.
ruddy ['r8di] adj.(),

70

rudimentary [`ru:di'ment4ri] adj.,


rudiments ['ru:dim4nts] n.
rue [ru:] n.,
rueful ['ru:f4l] adj.,
ruffian ['r8fi4n] n.,adj.
ruffle ['r8f4l] v. ,
rumble ['r8mb4l] v.
ruminant ['ru:min4nt] adj.();
ruminate ['ru:mineit] v.;
rumple ['r8mp4l] v. ,
rung [r86] n.,
runic ['ru:nik] adj.;
rupture ['r8pt54] n./v.,
rural ['ru4r4l] adj.
ruse [ru:z] n.,
rustic ['r8stik] adj.,
rustle ['r8sl] v.()
rustler ['r8sl4] n.()
ruthlessness ['ru:7lisnis] n.,
sabbatical [s4'b] adj. ,
saber ['seib4(r)] n.,
sabotage ['s1b4t2:9] n.,
saboteur [`s1b4't4:] n.
saccharin ['s1k4rin] n.
sack [s1k] n.v.
sacrament ['s1kr4m4nt] n.,
sacred ['seikrid] adj.,
sacrifice ['s1krifais] n.;v.
sacrilege ['s1krilid9] n.,
sacrosanct ['s1kr4us16kt] adj.
sadden ['s1dn] v.,
saddle ['s1dl] n.,
sadistic [s4'distik,sei'distik] adj.,
safari [s4'f2:ri] n.,
safeguard ['seifg2:d] n.
saga ['s2:g4] n.,
sagacious [s4'gei54s] adj.,
sagacity [s4'g1s4ti] n.
sage [seid9] adj.;n.
saintly ['seintli] adj.,
salacious [s4'lei54s] adj.,
salient ['seili4nt] adj.,
saliferous [s4'lif4r4s] adj.,
saliva [s4'laiv4] n.,
salubrious [s4'lu:bri4s] adj.
salutary ['s1lju4t4ri] adj.,
salute [s4'lu:t] v.;...;n.
salvage ['s1lvid9] n./v.(),
salvation [s1l'vei54n] n.,

salve [s2:v] n.v.,


sampler ['s2:mpl4] n.,
sanatorium [`s1n4't3:ri4m] n.,
sanction ['s16k54n] n./v.,
sanctify ['s16ktifai] v.
sanctimonious [s16kti'm4unj4s,s16kti'm4uni4s] adj.

sanctuary ['s16kt5u4ri] n.,


sandal ['s1ndl] n.,
sane [sein] adj.,
sanity ['s1niti] n.
sangfroid [s36'frw2:] n.,
sanguine ['s16gwin] adj.
sanitary ['s1nit4ri] adj.,
sanitation [`s1n4'te54n,`s1ni'tei54n] n.()
sap [s1p] n.,;v.,
sapless ['s1plis,'s1pl4s] adj.
sapient ['seipi4nt] adj.
sapling ['s1pli6] n.,
sapphire ['s1fai4] n.,adj.
sarcasm ['s2:k1z4m] n.,,
sarcastic [s2:'k1stik,s2r`] adj.
sardonic [s2:'d3nik] adj.
sartorial [s2:'t3: ri4l] adj.,
sash [s15] n.
satanic [se't1nik,s4't1nik] adj.
sate [seit] v.,
satiate ['sei5ieit] v.,
satiety [s4'tai4ti,s1'tai4ti] n.,
satiny ['s1tini] adj.,
satire ['s1tai4] n.()
satirical [s4'tirik4l] adj.,
satirize ['s1tiraiz] v.
saturate ['s1t54reit] v.;
saturnine ['s1t4nain] adj.,
saunter ['s3:nt4] v./n.,
savage ['s1vid9] adj.,
savanna [s4'v1n4] n.
savant ['s1v4nt] n.,
savor ['seiv4] n.v.,
savory ['seiv4ri] adj.;
savvy ['s1vi] adj.
sawdust ['s3:d8st] n.
scab [sk1b] n.
scabbard ['sk1b4d] n.()
scabrous ['skeibr4s] adj.
scads [sk1dz] n.,
scaffold ['sk1f4uld] n.()
scald [sk3:ld] v.,;n.

71

scalding ['sk3:ldi6] adj.


scale [skeil] n.()
scale [skeil] v.
scalpel ['sk1lp4l] n.,
scamper ['sk1mp4] v.,
scandal ['sk1ndl] n.
scandalous ['sk1nd4l4s] adj.,
scant [sk1nt] adj.,
scanty ['sk1nti] adj.,
scapegoat ['skeipg4ut] n.
scar [ska:] n.,
scarcity ['ske4siti] n.,
scarf [sk2:f] n.,
scarp [sk2:p] n.,
scathe [skei0] n./v.,;
scathing ['skei0i6] adj.,
scatter ['sk1t4] v.,
scavenge ['sk1vind9] v.()()
scenario [si'n2:ri4u] n.,
scenery ['si:n4ri] n.,
scent [sent] n.,
sceptical ['skeptikl] adj.,
scepter ['sept4] n.
schematic [ski:'m1tik] adj.,
schematize ['ski:m4taiz] v.
scheme [ski:m] n.(),
schism ['siz4m] n.
school [sku:l] n.
scintilla [sin'til4] n.;
scintillate ['sintileit] v.,()
scintillating ['sintileiti6] adj.
scion ['sai4n] n.
scoff [sk2f] v.;n.,
scoff [sk2f] v.
scoop [sku:p] n.,;v.(),
scope [sk4up] n.;
scorch [sk3:t5] v.,
scorching ['sk3:t5i6] adj.
score [sk3:] n.
scorn [sk3:n] n. v.,
scorpion ['sk3:pi4n] n.
scotch [sk3t5] v.,
scoundrel ['skaundr4l] n.,
scour ['skau4] v.,
scour ['skau4] v.
scourge [sk4:d9] n.;v.,
scowl [skaul] n.;v.,
scramble ['skr1mb4l] v.
scrap [skr1p] n.,;v.

scrape [skreip] v.,


scrappy ['skr1pi] adj.;;
scrawl [skr3:l] v.,
screech [skri:t5] v.
screed [skri:d] n.,
screwdriver ['skru:`draiv4] n.;
scribble ['skrib4l] v.,
script [skript] n.,
scripture ['skript54] n.,
scroll [skr4ul] n.,,
scrub [skr8b] n.
scrub [skr8b] v.
scrumptious ['skr8mp54s] adj.()
scruple ['skru:p4l] n.,;v.
scrupulous ['skru:pjul4s] adj.,
scrutable ['skru:t4b4l] adj.
scrutinize ['skru:tinaiz] n.,
scrutiny ['skru:tini] n.
scud [sk8d] v.,
scuff [sk8f] v.
sculpt [sk8lpt] v.
scurrilous ['sk8ril4s] adj.
scurry ['sk8ri] v.,
scurvy ['sk4:vi] adj.,
scuttle ['sk8tl] n.,
scythe [sai0] n.
seafaring ['si:`fe4ri6] adj.,
seam [si:m] n.,
seamstress ['si:mstris] n.
seamy ['si:mi] adj.,
sear [si4] v.()
seascape ['si:skeip] n.
seasoned ['si:znd] adj.,
seasoning ['si:z4ni6] n.,
secede [si'si:d] v.()
seclude [si'klu:d] v.
secluded [si'klu:did] adj.,
seclusion [si'klu:94n] n.,
secret ['si:krit] adj.
secrete [si'kri:t] v.;
secretive ['sikr4tiv,'si:kritiv] adj.
sect [sekt] n.()
sectarian [sek'te4ri4n] adj.,
secular ['sekjul4] adj.,
secure [si'kju4] adj.;;v.;
securities [si'kju4ritiz] n.
sedate [si'deit] adj.
sedative ['sed4tiv] adj.();n.
sedentary ['sed4nt4ri] adj.

72

sediment ['sedim4nt] n.,


sedition [si'di54n] n.
seditious [si'di54s] adj.
seduce [si'dju:s] v.,
seductive [si'd8ktiv] adj.
sedulity [si'dju:l4ti] n.,
sedulous ['sedjul4s] adj.,
seedling ['si:dli6] n.
seedy ['si:di] adj.
seemly ['si:mli] adj.,
seep [si:p] v.()
seethe [si:0] v.,
segment ['segm4nt] n.
segregate ['segrigeit] v.
seine [sein] n.,
seismic ['saizmik] adj.
self-assertion ['self`4's4:54n] n.,
self-assurance ['self`4'5u4r4ns] n.
self-centered ['self`'sent4d] adj.,
self-confident ['self`k3nfid4nt] adj.
self-control ['selfk4n'tr4ul] n.
self-deprecation ['self`depr4'kei54n] n.
self-effacing ['self`i'feisi6] adj.
self-evidently ['self'evid4nt] adv.,
self-explanatory ['self`iks'pleini6] adj.
self-interest ['self'intrist] n.
self-possession ['selfp4'ze54n] n.,
self-reliant ['self`ri'lai4ns] adj.
self-righteousness ['self'rait54snis] n.
self-satisfaction ['self`s1tis'f1k54n] n.
semblance ['sembl4ns] n.;
seminal ['semin4l] adj.
seminary ['semin4ri] n.
senile ['si:nail] adj.
sensation [sen'sei54n] n.()
sensational [sen'sei54n4l] adj.,
sensible ['sens4b4l] adj.;
sensibleness ['sensiblnis] n.
sensitive ['sensitiv] adj.
sensitivity [`sensi'tiviti] n.,
sensitization [sensitai'zei54n] n.
sensual ['sen5u4l] adj.,
sententious [sen'ten54s] adj.
sentient ['sen54nt] adj.,
sentiment ['sentim4nt] n.;
sentimental [`senti'mentl] adj.;
sentinel ['sentin4l] n.,
sentry ['sentri] n.,
separate ['sep4reit] v.;adj.;

septic ['septik] adj.,


sepulchral [si'p8lkr4l] adj.,
sequacious [si'kwei54s] adj.
sequential [si'kwen54l] adj.,
sequester [si'kwest4] v.();
sequestrate [si'kwestreit] v.,
seraphic [si'r1fik] adj.,
sere [si4] adj.,
serenade [`seri'neid] n.
serendipity [`ser4n'dipiti] n.
serenity [si'reniti] n.
serial ['si4ri4l] adj.,
seriousness ['si4ri4snis] n.,
sermonize ['s4:m4naiz] v.,
serpentine ['s4:p4ntain] adj.,
serrated [si'reitid] adj.
serried ['serid] adj.
serviceable ['s4:vis4b4l] adj.,
servile ['s4:vail] adj.,
servitude ['s4:vitju:d] n.,
setback ['setb1k] n.
settle ['setl] v.;;
settled ['set4ld] adj.
sever ['sev4] v.,
severe [si'vi4] adj.,
severity [si'veriti] n.,;
sewer ['sju:4,'su:4] n.,
sextant ['sekst4nt] n.()
shabby ['51bi] adj.
shack [51k] n.,
shackle ['51k4l] n.,
shade [5eid] n.
shaft [51ft] n.,
shale [5eil] n.
shallow ['51l4u] adj.;
sham [51m] n.v.
shambles ['51mb4lz] n.,
shanty ['51nti] n.
shard [52:d] n.()
shattered ['51t4d] adj.,
shavings ['5eivi6s] n.
shawl [53:l] n.()
sheaf [5i:f] n.,
shear [5i4] v.(),
sheath [5i:7] n.()
sheathe [5i:0] v.(,)
shed [5ed] v.() ()
sheen [5i:n] n.,
shell [5el] n.;;v....

73

shelve [5elv] v.
sheriff ['5erif] n.,
shibboleth ['5ib4le7] n.
shield [5i:ld] n.;v.,
shiftless ['5iftlis] adj.,
shimmer ['5im4] v.,
shingle ['5i6g4l] n.,
shipshape ['5ip5eip] adj.,
shipwright ['5ip` rait] n.
shirk [54:k] v.,
shoal [54ul] n.,;();adj.
shoddy ['53di] n.,
shoot [5u:t] n.,
shoplift ['53p` lift] v.
shopworn ['53pw3:n] adj.,
short-range ['53:t'reind9] adj.
shoulder ['54uld4] n.;
shove [58v] v.,
showpiece ['54upi:s] n.,
showy ['54ui] adj.;
shrew [5ru:] n.,
shrewd [5ru:d] adj.,
shriek [5ri:k] v.
shrill [5ril] adj.,
shrine [5rain] n.,
shrink [5ri6k] v.,
shrivel ['5riv4l] v.,
shroud [5raud] n.,;v.
shrub [5r8b] n.
shrug [5r8g] v.()
shuck [58k] n.(), ,
shuffle ['58f(4)l] v.
shun [58n] v.,
shunt [58nt] v.(),
sibilant ['sibil4nt] adj.
sibling ['sibli6] n.
sibyl [sib4l] n.,
sidereal [sai'di4ri4l] adj.
sideshow ['said54u] n.,
sidesplitting ['said` spliti6] adj.
sidestep ['saidstep] v.;
sidle ['saidl] v.()
siege [si:d9] n.,
sieve [siv] n.,,v.,
sift [sift] v.,
signal ['sign4l] n.;v.;adj.
signatory ['sign4t4ri] n.,
signify ['signifai] v.;
silence ['sail4ns] n.

sill [sil] n.
silt [silt] n.,
silversmith ['silv4smi7] n.
simian ['simi4n] adj.,;n.,
similarity [`simi'l1riti] n.;
simile ['simili] n.,
simper ['simp4] v.,
simpleton ['simplt4n] n.
simplify ['simplifai] v.
simulate ['simjuleit] v.,
simulation [`simju'lei54n] n.,
simultaneous [`sim4l'teini4s] adj.
sinecure ['sainikju4] n.,
sinew ['sinju:] n.
sinewy ['sinju:i] adj.
singe [sind9] v.(),
singularity [`si6gj4'l1riti] n.,
sinister ['sinist4] adj.
sinkhole ['sinkh4ul] n.
sinuous ['sinju4s] adj.,
sip [sip] v.
siren ['sai4r4n] n.,
sizzler ['siz4l4] n.,
skein [skein] n.()
skeptic ['skeptik] n.
skeptical ['skeptik4l] adj.
skepticism ['skeptisiz4m] n.
sketchy ['sket5i] adj.,
skew [skju:] adj.,
skewer ['skju:4] n.();v.
skiff [skif] n.,
skillet ['skilit] n.
skim [skim] v.;,
skimp [skimp] v.
skimpy ['skimpi] adj.,
skinflint ['skin` flint] n.
skirmish ['sk4:mi5] n.,
skirt [sk4:t] n.;v.,
skit [skit] n.
skittish ['skiti5] adj.,
skulduggery [sk8l'd8g4ri] n.
skunk [sk86k] n.,
sky-rocket ['skai`r3kit] v.,
skyscraper ['skai` skreip4] n.
slab [sl1b] n.,
slack [sl1k] adj.,;();v.,
slacken ['sl1k4n] v.(),
slag [sl1g] n.,
slake [sleik] v.,

74

slanderous ['sl2:nd4r4s] adj.


slant [sl2:nt] v.;n.
slapdash ['sl1pd15] adv./adj.()
slate [sleit] n.;v.
slaver ['sl1v4,'sleiv4] v.,;n.
slay [slei] v.,
sleazy ['sli:zi] adj.,
sledgehammer ['sled9` h1m4] n.
sledge [sled9] n.
sleigh [slei] n.()
sleight [slait] n.,,
slew [slu:] v.();n.
slice [slais] v.;n.
slick [slik] adj.;;
slight [slait] adj.;n./v.
sling [sli6] v.,n.,
slippage ['slipid9] n.,
slippery ['slip4ri] adj.;
slipshod ['slip53d] adj.,
slit [slit] v.;n.
slither ['sli04] v.(),
sliver ['sliv4] n.;v.
slobber ['sl3b4,'sl2`] n.;v.
sloppy ['sl3pi] adj.,
slot [sl3t] n.
sloth [sl4u7] n.()
slouch [slaut5] n.;v.(,)
slough [sl8f] v.();n.()
sloven ['sl8v4n] n.
slovenly ['sl8v4nli] adj.
slue [slu:] v.()
sluggard ['sl8g4d] n.
sluggish ['sl8gi5] adj.,
sluice [slu:s] n.,;v.
slumber ['sl8mb4] n./v.,
slump [sl8mp] v.,
slur [sl4:] v.
slurp [sl4:p] v.
sly [slai] adj.,
smarmy ['sma:mi] adj.
smart [sm2:t] n.;adj.;
smattering ['sm1t4ri6] n.
smear [smi4] n.,;v.,
smelt [smelt] v.,
smirch [sm4:t5] v.;n.
smirk [sm4:k] v.,
smolder ['sm4uld4] v.
smooth [smu:0] adj.;;v.,;
smother ['sm804] v.()

smudge [sm8d9] n. ;v.


smug [sm8g] adj.,
smuggle ['sm8gl] v.,
snappish ['sn1pi5] adj.
snappy ['sn1pi] adj.
snare [sne4] n.,
snarl [sn2:l] n./v.,
snatch [sn1t5] n./v.,
sneaking ['sni:ki6] adj.,
sneer [sni4] v.,
snicker ['snik4] v./n.,
snide [snaid] adj.,
snitch [snit5] v.;
snob [sn3b] n.
snobbish ['sn3bi5] adj.;
snowdrift ['sn4u` drift] n.
snub [sn8b] v.,
snug [sn8g] adj.,
snuggle ['sn8g(4)l] v.,
soar [s3:] v.,;
sober ['s4ub4] adj.
sobriety [s4'brai4ti] n.,
sock [s3k] v.,
sod [s3d] n.,
sodden ['s3dn] adj.
soggy ['s3gi] adj.
soil [s3il] v./n.,
sojourn ['s3d94:n] v./n.,
solace ['s3l4s] n.,
solder ['s3ld4] v.,
solecism ['s3lisiz4m] n.
solemnity [s4'lemniti] n.,
solicit [s4'lisit] v.
solicitor [s4'lisit4] n.()
solicitous [s4'lisit4s] adj.
solicitude [s4'lisitju:d] n.,
solidarity [`s3li'd1riti] n.,
solid-colored ['s3lid'k8l4d] adj.
soliloquy [s4'lil4kwi] n.
solitary ['s3lit4ri] adj.;n.
solitude ['s3litju:d] n.
solo ['s4ul4u] adj.;n.
soluble ['s3ljubl] adj.;
solvency ['s3lv4nsi] n.
solvent ['s3lv4nt] adj.;n.
somatic [s4'm1tik] adj.
somber ['s3mb4] adj.
somnolent ['s3mn4l4nt] adj.
sonata [s4'n2:t4] n.

75

sonnet ['s3nit] n.
sonorous ['s3n4r4s] adj.()
soot [sut] n.,
soothe [su:0] v.;
sop [s3p] n.;
sophism ['s3fiz4m] n.;()
sophistry ['s3fistri] n.
sophisticated [s4'fistikeitid] adj.()

sophomoric [`s3f4'm3rik] adj. ;

soporific [`s4up4'rifik] adj.;n


sopping ['s3pi6] adj.
soprano [s4'pr2:n4u] n.
sorcery ['s3:s4ri] n.,
sordid ['s3:did] adj.
souse [saus] v.,
souvenir [`su:v4'ni4] n.
sovereign ['s3vrin] n.,
sovereignty ['s3vrinti] n.,
sow [sau] n.;v.
spacious ['spei54s] adj.,
spangle ['sp16g4l] n.();v.
spackle ['sp1kl] n.()
span [sp1n] n.;
spank [sp16k] v.,()
sparing ['spe4ri6] adj.
spark [sp2:k] n.,
sparkle ['sp2:k4l] v.,
sparring ['sp2:rii6] n.,
sparse [sp2:s] adj.,
spartan ['sp2:t4n] adj.
spasm ['sp1z4m] n.;
spasmodic [sp1z'm3dik] adj.
spat [sp1t] n.,
spate [speit] n., ()
spatula ['sp1tjul4] n.()
spawn [sp3:n] n.();v.
spear [spi4] n.;v.
specialize ['spe54laiz] v.
specialized ['spe54laizd] adj.
specifics [spi'sifiks] n.,
specify ['spesifai] v.,
specimen ['spesim4n] n.,,
specious ['spi:54s] adj.,
speck [spek] n.
spectacular [spek't1kjul4] adj.,
spectator [spek'teit4] n.,
specter ['spekt4] n.,

spectral ['spektr4l] adj.


spectrum ['spektr4m] n.
speculate ['spekjuleit] v.,
speculative ['spekjul4tiv] adj.;,
speleology [`spi:li'3l4d9i] n.
spell [spel] n.
spelunker [spi'l86k4] n.
spendthrift ['spend`7rift] adj./n.()
spike [spaik] n.,
spindly ['spindli] adj.,
spineless ['spainlis] adj.,
spinster ['spinst4] n.
spiny ['spaini] adj.
spire ['spai4] n.()
spiritual ['spirit5u4l] adj.
spite [spait] n.,
splashy ['spl15i] adj.,
spleen [spli:n] n.
spleenish ['spli:ni5] adj.
splendid ['splendid] adj.
splendor ['splend4] n.
splice [splais] v.,
splint [splint] n.(),
splinter ['splint4] n.,
split [split] n./v.,
splurge [spl4:d9] n.,
spoke [sp4uk] n.()
spongy ['sp8nd9i] adj.;
spontaneous [sp3n'teini4s] adj.
spontaneity [`sp3nt4'ni:iti] n.,
spoof [spu:f] v.,
spool [spu:l] n.()()
spoor [sp3:,spu4] n.()
sporadic [sp4'r1dik] adj.
spore [sp3:] n.
sport [sp3:t] v.,
spout [spaut] v.
sprain [sprein] v.
sprawl [spr3:l] v.
sprig [sprig] n.,
sprightly ['spraitli] adj.,
sprinkler ['spri6kl4] n.,
sprinkling ['sprinkli6] n.,
sprint [sprint] n.
sprocket ['spr3kit] n.
sprout [spraut] v.,;n.
spruce [spru:s] n.;adj.
spunk [sp86k] n.,
spur [sp4:] vt.,,

76

spurious ['spju4ri4s] adj.


spurn [sp4:n] v.,
squabble ['skw3bl] n.
squalid ['skw3lid] adj.,
squall [skw3:l] n.;
squalor ['skw3l4] n.,
squander ['skw3nd4] v.,
squash [skw35] v.,;n.
squat [skw3t] v.;adj.
squeamish ['skwi:mi5] adj.,
squeeze [skwi:z] v.,;n.,
squelch [skwelt5] v.,
squint ['skwint] v.
squirrel ['skwir4l] n.
stab [st1b] v.,
stability [st4'biliti] n.,
stabilize ['steibilaiz] v.,
stable ['steib4l] adj.,
staccato [st4'k2:t4u] adj.(),
stagger ['st1g4] v.,
staggering ['st1g4ri6] adj.;
stagnant ['st1gn4nt] adj.
stagy ['steid9i] adj.,
staid [steid] adj.,
stain [stein] v.
stake [steik] n.
stale [steil] adj.,
stalemate ['steilmeit] n.,
stalk [st3:k] v.()
stalwart ['st3:lw4t] adj.,
stamina ['st1min4] n.,
stammer ['st1m4] v.,
stance [st2:ns,st1ns] n.
stanch [st3:nt5,st2:nt5] v.(),
standstill ['st1ndstil] n.,
stanza ['st1nz4] n.(),
staple ['steip4l] n.
starchy ['st2:t5i] adj.
star-crossed [st2:'kr3st] adj.
stark [st2:k] adj.()
startle ['st2:tl] v.
starvation [st2:'vei54n] n.,
starve [st2:v] v.,
stash [st15] v.,
stasis ['steisis] n.
static ['st1tik] adj.,
stationary ['stei54n4ri] adj.,
stationery ['stei54n4ri,`neri] n.
statuary ['st1t5u4ri] n.

statuette [`st1t5u'et] n.
stature ['st1t54] n.,
status ['steit4s] n.,
statute ['st1t5u:t] n.,
statutory ['st1t5ut4ri] adj.
steadfast ['stedf2:st,'stedf1st] adj.;
stealth [stel7] n.
steep [sti:p] v.,
steeple ['sti:p4l] n.,
steer ['sti4] n.,
steer ['sti4] v.,;v.,
stellar ['stel4] adj.,
stem [stem] n.(),;v.,()
stench [stent5] n.,
stencil ['stens4l] n.( );v.

stenography [st4'n3gr4fi] n.,


stentorian [sten't3:ri4n] adj.()
stereotype ['steri4taip] n.,
sterile ['sterail] adj.;
sterilize ['sterilaiz] v.,
stern [st4:n] n.
stethoscope ['ste74sk4up] n.
stickler ['stikl4] n.
stifle ['staifl] v.;
stigma ['stigm4] n.,
stigmatize ['stigm4taiz] adj.,
stiletto [sti'let4u] n.,
stilted ['stiltid] adj.(,);
stimulant ['stimjul4nt] n.,
stimulus ['stimjul4s] n.,
sting [sti6] v.;n.
stinginess ['sti6inis] n.
stingy ['stind9i] adj.,
stink [sti6k] v.;n.
stint [stint] v.,
stipend ['staipend] n.,
stipple ['stip4l] v.,
stipulate ['stipjuleit] v....
stipulation [`stipju'lei54n] n.,
stitch [stit5] n.(),;v.
stock [st3k,st2k] adj.,;
stockade [st3'keid,st2`] n.,
stocky ['st3ki] adj.,
stodgy ['st3d9i] adj.
stoic ['st4uik] n.
stoke [st4uk] v....
stolid ['st3lid] adj.
stomach ['st8m4k] v.,

77

stonewall ['st4un`w3:l] v.,


stoop [stu:p] v.
stout [staut] adj.
stouthearted [`staut'h2:tid] adj.
stowaway ['st4u4wei] n.()
straightforward [streit'f3:w4d] adj.;;

straightforwardness [`streit'f3:w4dnis] n.
strait [streit] n.;adj.
straits [streits] n.,
strand [str1nd] n.v.
stranded ['str1ndid] adj.,
strangulation [`str16gju'lei54n] n.,
stratagem ['str1t4d94m] n.,
stratify ['str1tifai] v.()
stratosphere ['str1t4sfi4] n.,
stratum ['str2:t4m,'strei`] n.
stray [strei] v.,;adj. ;
streak [stri:k] n.,;v.
stream [stri:m] n.;;v.,
strengthen ['stre674n,'stren74n] v.,
strenuous ['strenju4s] adj.
stressful ['stresf4l] adj.
stretch [stret5] v.;
strew [stru:] v.,
striated [strai'eitid] adj.
stricture ['strikt54] n.
stride [straid] v.
strident ['straid4nt] adj.,
strife [straif] n.,
striking ['straiki6] adj.,
stringent ['strind94nt] adj.()
strip [strip] v.;n.
stripling ['stripli6] n.
stroke [str4uk] v.;n.,;
stroll [str4ul] v.,
strut [str8t] v.
stubborn ['st8b4n] adj.;
studied ['st8did] adj.,
stuffy ['st8fi] adj.(),
stultify ['st8ltifai] v.
stumble ['st8mb4l] v.;;
stun [st8n] v.,
stunning ['st8ni6] adj.
stunt [st8nt] v.();n.,
stupefy ['stju:pifai] v.(),
stupendous [stju:'pend4s] adj.,
stupor ['stju:p4] n.,
sturdy ['st4:di] adj.()

stutter ['st8t4] v./n.,


stygian ['stid9i4n] adj.,
stylus ['stail4s] n.
stymie ['staimi] v.,
subdue [s4b'dju:] v.
subdued [s8b'djud] adj.(),;()

subject ['s8bd9ikt] n.,


subjection [s4b'd9ek54n] n.;
subjugate ['s8bd9ugeit] v.,
sublimate ['s8blimeit] v.(),
sublime [s4'blaim] adj.
subliminal [s8b'limin4l] adj.
submerge [s4b'm4:d9] v.,
submission [s4b'mi54n] n.
submissive [s4b'misiv] adj.
submit [s4b'mit] v.;,
subordinate [s4'b3:din4t] adj.;n.,
suborn [s4'b3:n] v.,
subpoena [s4'pi:n4,s4b'pi:n4] n.();v.
subscribe [s4b'skraib] v.
subservient [s4b's4:vi4nt] adj.
subside [s4b'said] v.()()
subsidiary [s4b'sidi4ri] adj.
subsidize ['s8bsidaiz] v.,
subsidy ['s8bsidi] n.
subsist [s4b'sist] v.
substantial [s4b'st1n54l] adj.,;
substantiate [s4b'st1n5ieit] v.,
substantive ['s8bst4ntiv] adj.;
substitute ['s8bstitju:t] n.;v.
substratum [`s8b'streit4m] n.,
subsume [s4b'sju:m] v.,
subterfuge ['s8bt4fju:d9] n.,
subterranean [`s8bt4'reinj4n] adj.
subtle ['s8tl] adj.,
subtlety ['s8tlti] n.()
subtract [s4b'tr1kt] v.,
subvention [s4b'ven54n] n.,
subvert [s4b'v4:t] v.,
successively [s4k'sesivli] adv.,
succinct [s4k'si6kt] adj.,
succinctness [s4k'si6ktnis] n.,
succor ['s8k4] v.,;n.,
succulent ['s8kjul4nt] adj.
succumb [s4'k8m] v....
suede [sweid] n.
suffice [s4'fais] v.,()
sufficient [s4'fi54nt] adj.

78

suffocate ['s8f4keit] v.()


suffrage ['s8frid9] n.,
suffuse [s4'fju:z] v.(),
suggestible [s4'd9est4b4l] adj.
suggestive [s4'd9estiv] adj.
suitcase ['su:tkeis,'sju:tkeis] n.,
sulky ['s8lki] adj.
sullen ['s8l4n] adj.
sully ['s8li] v.,
sultry ['s8ltri] adj.()
summarily ['s8m4r4li] adv.
summarize ['s8m4raiz] v.,
summation [s4'mei54n] n.,;,
summit ['s8mit] n.,;
summon ['s8m4n] v.;
sumptuous ['s8mpt5u4s] adj.,
sunder ['s8nd4] v.,
sundry ['s8ndri] adj.,
superannuated [`sju:p4'r1njueitid] adj.
superb [sju:'p4:b] adj.,
supercilious [`su:p4'sili4s,`sju:'p4sili4s] adj.
superciliousness [`su:p4'sili4snis] n.
superficial [`sju:p4'fi54l] adj.,
superficiality [sju:p4`fi5i'1liti] n.
superfluity [`sju:p4'flu:iti] n.
superfluous [su:'p4:flu4s,sju:'p4:flu4s] adj.,
superimpose [`sju:p4rim'p4uz] v.
superintend [`sju:p4rin'tend] v.
superiority [su:pi4ri'3riti,sju:'pi4ri3riti] n.()
superlative [sju:'p4:l4tiv] adj.
supernatural [`su:p4'n1t54r4l,`sju:'p4n1t54r4l] adj.
supernova [`sju:p4'n4uv4] n.
supersede [`su:p4'si:d,`sju:'p4si:d] v.,
superstition [`sju:p4'sti54n] n.,
superstructure ['su:p4`str8kt54,'sju:`] n.;
,
supervise ['su:p4vaiz] v.,
supine ['su:pain] adj.
supplant [s4'pl2:nt] v.,
supple ['s8p4l] adj.
supplement ['s8plim4nt,'s8pliment] v./n.,
supplementary [`s8pli'ment4ri] adj.,
supplicant ['s8plik4nt] n.,
supplicate ['s8plikeit] v.,
supposition [`s8p4'zi54n] n.,
suppress [s4'pres] v.;;
supreme [sju:'pri:m] adj.;
supremacy [sju'prem4si] n.,
surcharge ['s4:t52:d9] v....;n.

surfeit ['s4:fit] n.(),


surge [s4:d9] v.,
surly ['s4:li] adj.
surmise ['s4:maiz] n.,;v.
surmount [s4'maunt] v.,
surpass [s4'p2:s] v.
surplus ['s4:pl4s] adj.
surrealism [s4'ri4liz4m] n.
surrender [s4'rend4] v.;
surreptitious [`s8r4p'ti54s] adj.
surrogate ['s8r4geit] n.
surveillance [s4:'veil4ns] n.,
surveyor [s4'vei4] n.
survive [s4'vaiv] v.
susceptible [s4'sept4bl] adj.,
susceptibility [s4septi'biliti] n.
suspect [s4'spekt] v.;n.;adj.
suspend [s4'spend] v.,;,
suspended [s4'spend] adj.
suspense [s4'spens] n.
suspicious [s4'spi54s] adj.
sustain [s4'stein] v.(),()
sustained [s4s'teind] adj.,
sustenance ['s8st4n4ns] n.,
suture ['su:t54] n.();v.
svelte [svelt] adj.()
swagger ['sw1g4] v.
swallow [sw3l4u] v.,;
swamp [sw3mp] n.;v.
swank [sw16k] v.,
swarm [sw3:m] n.(),()
swarthy ['sw3:0i] adj.()
sway [swei] v.,;;n.
swell [swel] v.,
sweltering ['swelt4ri6] adj.
swerve [sw4:v] v.
swift [swift] adj.;
swill [swil] v.
swindle ['swindl] v.
swine [swain] n.
swing [swi6] v.;;n.
swipe [swaip] n./v.
swirl [sw4:l] v.;n.
sybarite ['sib4rait] n.
sycophant ['sik4f4nt] n.
syllabus ['sil4b4s] n.
syllogism ['sil4d9iz4m] n.
symbiosis [`simbai'4usis] n.()
symmetry ['simitri] n.

79

sympathetic [`simp4'7etik] adj.;


sympathize ['simp47aiz] v.,
symposium [sim'p4uzi4m] n.
synchronize ['si6kr4naiz] v.
synchronous ['si6kr4n4s] adj.
syncopate ['si6k4peit] v.,
syndrome ['sindr4um] n.
synergic [si'n4d9ik] adj.
synonymous [si'n3nim4s] adj.
synopsis [si'n3psis] n.,
synoptic [si'n3ptik] adj.
synthesis ['sin7isis] n.,
synthetic [sin'7etik] adj.
syringe ['siri6d9] n.
systematic [`sisti'm1tik] adj.,
systematize ['sist4m4taiz] v.
table ['teib4l] v.,
tablecloth ['teib4lkl37] n.,
tableland ['teib4ll1nd] n.,
taboo [t4'bu:] adj.;n.
tachometer [t1'k3mit4] n.
tacit ['t1sit] adj.
taciturn ['t1sit4:n] adj.
taciturnity [`t1si't4:niti] n.
tack [t1k] n.,
tackiness ['k1kinis] n.
tackle ['t1k4l] v.;n.
tact [t1kt] n.;
tactful ['t1ktful] adj.,
tactless ['t1ktik] adj.,
tactic ['t1ktik] n.()
tactile ['t1ktail] adj.
tadpole ['t1dp4ul] n.
tailor ['teil4] n.;v.
taint [teint] v.,
tainted ['teintid] adj.
taking ['teiki6] adj.
talisman ['t1lizm4n] n.,
tally ['t1li] v.(),
talon ['t1l4n] n.
tambourine [`t1mb4'ri:n] n.,
tame [teim] adj.;
tamp [t1mp] v.,
tamper ['t1mp4] v.,
tan [t1n] v.()
tangent ['t1nd94nt] n.;adj.,
tangential [t1n'd9en54l] adj.
tangible ['t1nd94b4l] adj.
tangle ['t16g4l] v./n.;

tango ['t16g4u] n.
tangy ['t16gi] adj.,
tanker ['t16k4] n.,
tanner ['t1n4] n.
tantalize ['t1ntlaiz] v.,
tantamount ['t1nt4maunt] adj....
tantrum ['t1ntr4m] n.,
taper ['teip4] n.;()
tapestry ['t1pistri] n.
tardy ['t2:di] adj.,
tare [te4] n.,
tariff ['t1rif] n.
tarnish ['t2:ni5] v./n.,
tarpaulin [ta:'p3lin] n.
tarry ['t1ri,'t2:ri] v.,
tart [t2:t] adj.
tassel ['t1s4l] n.,
tasty ['teisti] adj.
tattered ['t1t4d] adj.
tatty ['t1ti] adj.,
taunt [t3:nt] v.,
taut [t3:t] adj.
tauten ['t3:t4n] v.,
tautological [`t3:t4'l3d9ik4l] adj.
tawdry ['t3:dri] adj.,
taxing ['t1ksi6] adj.
taxonomy [t1k's3n4mi] n.()
tear [ti4] v.
technocrat ['tekn4kr1t] n.
tedious ['ti:di4s] adj.,
tedium ['ti:di4m] n.
teem [ti:m] v.;v.
teeter ['ti:t4] v.,
teetotal [`ti:'t4utl] adj.
teetotaler [ti:t4ut4l4(r)] n.
teetotalism [ti:'t4ut4liz4m] n.
telling ['teli6] adj.,
temerity [ti'meriti] n.,
temper ['temp4] v. ;n.
temperamental [`temp4r4'mentl] adj.

temperance ['temp4r4ns] n.
temperate ['temp4rit] adj.
temperately ['temp4ritli] adv.
tempest ['tempist] n.
tempestuous [tem'pest5u4s] adj.
tempo ['temp4u] n.(),
temporal ['temp4r4l] adj.
temporary ['temp4r4ri] adj.,

80

temporize ['temp4raiz] v.
temptation [temp'tei54n] n.,
tenable ['ten4b4l] adj.,
tenacious [ti'nei54s] adj.
tenacity [ti'n1siti] n.,
tenant ['ten4nt] n.
tend [tend] v.,
tendentious [ten'den54s] adj.
tender ['tend4] v.()
tenet ['ti:net] n.;;
tenor ['ten4] n.,
tensile ['tensail] adj.,
tension ['ten54n] n.,;
tentative ['tent4tiv] adj.,
tenuous ['tenju4s] adj.,
tenure ['tenju4] n.,
tepid ['tepid] adj.
terminable ['t4:min4b4l] adj.
terminate ['t4:mineit] v.,
terminology [`t4:mi'n3l4d9i] n.,
terminus ['t4:min4s] n.(,)
termite ['t4:mait] n.
terpsichorean [`t4:psik4'ri4n] adj.
terrace ['ter4s] n.
terrain [te'rein] n.,
terrapin ['ter4pin] n.,
terrestrial [ti'restri4l] adj.
terse [t4:s] adj.,
testament ['test4ment] n.
testator [tes'teit4] n.
testify ['testifai] v.,
testimonial [`testi'm4uni4l] n.,
testimony ['testim4ni] n.,
testiness ['testinis] n.
testy ['testi] adj.,
tether ['te04] v. ();n.();,

text [tekst] n.()


texture ['tekst54] n.
thatch [71t5] v.n.,
thaw [73:] v.,
theatrical [7i'1trik4l] adj.
theism ['7i:iz4m] n.,
theocracy [7i'3kr4si] n.
theologian [7i4'l4ud94n] n.,
theology [7i'3l4d9i] n.
therapeutic [`7er4'pju:tik] adj.
therapy ['7er4pi] n.
thermal ['74:m4l] adj.,;;

thermometer [74'm3mit4] n.,


thespian ['7espi4n] adj.,
thicket ['7ikit] n.,
thorn [73:n] n.;
thrall [7r3:l] n.,
thrash [7r15] v.
threadbare ['7redbe4] adj.,
thresh [7re5] v.,
thrifty ['7rifti] adj.
thrive [7raiv] v.
throes [7r4uz] n.
throne [7r4un] n.;
throng [7r36] n.;v.
throttle ['7r3tl] v.;n.
throwback ['7r4ub1k] n.,
thrust [7r8st] v. ,
thwart [7w3:t] v.,...
tickler ['tikl4] n.,
tickle ['tik4l] v.;
ticklish ['tikli5] adj.;
tidy ['taidi] adj.,
tiff [tif] n.,
tightfisted ['tait`fistid] adj.
tilt [tilt] v.();n.,
timber ['timb4] n.()
timbre ['t1mb4,'tim`] n.,
timely ['taimli] adj.,
timid ['timid] adj.
timidity [ti'mid4ti] n.
timorous ['tim4r4s] adj.,
tinder ['tind4] n.,
tined [taind] adj.
tinge [tind9] vt.,
tinker ['ti6k4] n.;v.
tint [tint] n.;v....
tipple ['tip4l] v.;n.
tirade [tai'reid] n.
tire ['tai4] n.;v.
tissue ['tisju:] n.;,
titanic [tai't1nik] adj.,
titillate ['titileit] v.()()
titular ['tit5ul4] adj.,
toady ['t4udi] n.,
toil [t3il] v./n.,
tolerate ['t3l4reit] v.,
tombstone ['tu:mst4un] n.,
tongs [t36z] n.,
tonic ['t3nik] n.,;
tonsorial [t3n's3:ri4l] adj.,

81

topmost ['t3pm4ust] adj.,


topography [t4'p3gr4fi] n.
topple ['t3p4l] v.,
topsoil ['t3ps3il] n.
topsy-turvy [`t3psi't4:vi] adj.,
tornado [t3:neid4u] n.,
torment ['t3:ment] n.,
torpedo [t3:'pi:d4u] n.
torpid ['t3:pid] adj.,
torpor ['t3:p4] n.
torque [t3:k] n.
torrential [t3'ren54l] adj.,
torrid ['t3rid] adj.
torridness ['t3ridnis] n.
torso ['t3:s4u] n.()
tortuous ['t3:t5u4s] adj.
torture ['t3:t54] n.,;v....
totalitarian [`t4ut1li'te4ri4n] adj.
totter ['t3t4] v.
touching ['t8t5i6] adj.
touchstone ['t8t5`st4un] n.;
touchy ['t8t5i] adj.;
toupee ['tu:pei] n.
tournament ['tu4n4m4nt] n.()
tourniquet ['tu4niket] n.
tousle ['tauz4l] v.()
tout [taut] v.,
towering ['tau4ri6] adj.
toxic ['t3ksik] adj.,
toxin ['t3ksin] n.,
toy [t3i] v.,
traceable ['treis4b4l] adj.
track [tr1k] n.,;;;v.
tractable ['tr1kt4b4l] adj.,
tractability [`tr1kt4'biliti] n.
traction ['tr1k54n] n.,
traduce [tr4'dju:s] v.,
tragedian [tr4'd9i:dj4n] n.
tragedienne [tr4`d9i:di'en] n.
trait [treit] n.
traitor ['treit4] n.,
trajectory [tr4'd9ekt4ri] n.()
trammel ['tr1m4l] v./n.,;
tramp [tr1mp] v.,
trample ['tr1mp4l] v.,
trance [tr2:ns] n.,
tranquil ['tr16kwil] adj.
tranquility [tr16'kwiliti] n.,
tranquilizer ['tr16kwilaiz4] n.

transaction [tr1n'z1k54n] n.,


transcend [tr1n'send] v.,
transcendental [`tr1nsen'dentl] adj.
transcribe [tr1n'skraib] v.,
transfigure [tr1ns'fig4] v.,
transform [tr1ns'f3:m] v....,
transfuse [tr1ns'fju:z] v.
transgress [tr1ns'gres] v.,
transience ['tr1nzi4ns] n.
transient ['tr1nzi4nt,'tr1n54nt] adj.,
transition [tr1n'zi54n] n.,
transitory ['tr1nzit4ri] adj. (=transient)
translucent [tr1nz'lus4nt,tr1ns'lus4nt] adj.()
transmit [tr1ns'mit] v.,
transmute [tr1nz'mju:t,tr1ns'mju:t] v.,
transparent [tr1ns'pe4r4nt] adj.;
transplantation [`tr1nspl2:n'tei54n] n.
transport [tr1n'sp3:t] v.;n.
transpose [tr1n'sp4uz] v.,
trapeze [tr4'pi:z] n.
trauma ['tr3:m4,'traum4] n.;
traumatic [tr3:'m1tik] adj.,
travail ['tr1veil] n.,
travelogue ['tr1v4l3g] n.
traverse ['tr1v4:s] v.,
travesty ['tr1visti] n./v.,
trawl [tr3:l] n.;v.,
treacherousness ['tret54r4snis] n.
treachery ['tret54ri] n.,
tread [tred] v.;n.;
treason ['tri:z4n] n.
treatise ['tri:tiz] n.
treaty ['tri:ti] n.;
trek [trek] v.
tremendous [tri'mend4s] adj.;
tremor ['trem4] n.,
tremulous ['tremjul4s] adj.,
trench [trent5] n.,
trenchant ['trent54nt] adj.
trend [trend] v./n.,
trepidation [`trepi'dei54n] n.,
trespass ['tresp4s,tres'p1s] v.,
tresses ['tresiz] n.()
trial ['trai4l] n.
tribulation [`tribju'lei54n] n.,
tribunal [trai'bju:n4l] n.,
tributary ['tribjut4ri] adj./n.() ()
tribute ['tribju:t] n.;
trickery ['trik4ri] n.,

82

trickle ['trik4l] v.
trickster ['trikst4] n.,
trident ['traid4nt] n.;
trifle ['traif4l] n.,
trifling ['traifli6] adj.
trigger ['trig4] n.;v.,
trilogy ['tril4d9i] n.
trim [trim] v.;adj.
trinket ['tri6kit] n.
trio ['tri:4u] n.,;
tripod ['traip3d] n.,
trite [trait] adj.,
trivia ['trivi4] n.,
trivial ['trivi4l] adj.
trophy ['tr4ufi] n.,
troth [tr4u7] n.()
troupe [tru:p] n.,
trowel ['trau4l] n.,
truancy ['tru:4nsi] n.,
truce [tru:s] n.,()
truculence ['tr8kjul4ns] n.,
truculent ['tr8kjul4nt] adj.,
trudge [tr8d9] v.
truism ['tru:iz4m] n.,
trumpery ['tr8mp4ri] adj.
trumpet ['tr8mpit] n.,
truncate [tr86'keit] v.(),
truncated [tr86'keitid] adj.;

trunk [tr86k] n.
truss [tr8s] n.,
trustworthy ['tr8st` w4:0i] adj.,
truthfulness ['tru:f4lnis] n.,
tuber ['tju:b4,tu:b4] n.,
tugboat ['t8gb4ut] n.
tumbler ['t8mbl4] n.
tumid ['tju:mid,'tu:mid] adj. ,
tumult ['tju:m8lt] n.
tundra ['t8ndr4] n.,
turbid ['t4:bid] adj.
turbulence ['t4:bjul4ns] n.
turbulent ['t4:bjul4nt] adj.
turgid ['t4:d9id] adj.,
turmoil ['t4:m3il] n.,
turncoat ['t4:nk4ut] n.,
turpitude ['t4:pitju:d] n.,()
turquoise ['t4:kw3iz] n.;adj.
turret ['t8rit] n.,
tusk ['t8sk] n.()

tussle ['t8s4l] n./v.,


tutelage ['tju:tilid9] n.,
tuxedo [t8k'si:d4u] n.,
twaddle ['tw3dl] n.,
twig [twig] n.,
twinge [twind9] n.(,)
tycoon [tai'ku:n] n.,
typhoon [tai'fu:n] n.
typo ['taip4u] n.
typographical [`taip4'gr1fik4l] adj.
tyrant ['tai4r4nt] n.
tyranny ['tir4ni] n.,,;
tyro ['tai4r4u] n.
ubiquitous [ju:'bikwit4s] adj.
ulcerate ['8ls4reit] v.,
ulterior [8l'ti4ri4] adj.,
ultramundane [`8ltr4'm8ndein] adj.,
umbrage ['8mbrid9] n.,
umpire ['8mpai4] n.;v....
unabashed [`8n4'b15t] adj.;;
unadorned [8n4'd3:nd] adj.
unadulterated [8n4'd8lt4reitid] adj.,
unadvised [`8n4d'vaizd] adj.,
unaffected [`8n4'fektid] adj.,
unalloyed [`8n4'l3id] adj.,
unalterable [8n'3:lt4r4b4l] adj.
unambiguous [8n1m'bigju4s] adj.
unanimity [ju:n4'nim4ti] n.
unanimous [ju:'n1nim4s] adj.
unanticipated [`8n1n'tisipeitid] adj. ,

unapologetic [`8n4p3l4'd9etik] adj.,


unarticulated [`8n2:'tikjuleitid] adj.,

unascertained [`8n1s4'teind] adj.,


unassailable [`8n4'seil4b4l] adj.
unassuming [`8n4'sju:mi6] adj.,
unavailable [`8n4'veil4b4l] adj.,
unavailing [`8n4'veili6] adj.,
unavoidable [`8n4'v3id4b4l] adj.
unaware [`8n4'we4] adj.
unbecoming [`8nbi'k8mi6] adj.;
unbend [8n'bend] v.;
unbiased [8n'bai4st] adj.
unbidden [`8n'bidn] adj.
unblemished [8n'blemi5t] adj.
unbridled [8n'braidld] adj.
uncanny [8n'k1ni] adj.,
unchangeable [8n't5eind94b4l] adj.

83

uncharitableness [`8n't51rit4blnis] n.,


uncharted [8n't52:tid] adj.
unchecked [8n't5ekt] adj.;
uncommitted [`8nk4'mitid] adj.,

uncommon [8n'k3m4n] adj.,


uncommunicative [8nk4'mju:nik4tiv] adj.,

unconcern [`8nk4n's4:n] n.,


unconscionable [8n'k3n54n4b4l] adj.,
unconscious [8n'k3n54s] adj.;
unconventional [`8nk4n'ven54n4l] adj.,
unconventionality [8nk4n`ven54'n1l4ti] n.,
unconvincing [8nk4n'vinsi6] adj. ,

uncouth [8n'ku:7] adj.


uncover [8n'k8v4] v.;
unctuous ['86kt5u4s] adj.;
undaunted [8n'd3:ntid] adj.,
undefined [`8ndi'faind] adj.,
undemanding [8ndi'm2:ndi6] adj.,
undeniable [`8ndi'nai4b4l] adj.
underbid [8nd4'bid] v.
undercut [`8nd4'k8t] v.()
underdog ['8nd4d3g] n.,
underestimated [`8nd4'restimeitid] adj.
undergird [`8nd4'g4:d] v.
underhanded [`8nd4'h1ndid] adj.,
underling ['8nd4li6] n.,
underlying [`8nd4'laii6] adj.,
undermine [`8nd4'main] v.,
underplay [`8nd4'plei] v....;()
underrate [`8nd4'reit] v.,
underscore [`8nd4'sk3:] v....;
understated [`8nd4'steitid] adj.,
understatement [`8nd4'steitm4nt] n. ,

understudy ['8nd4`st8di] n. ,;v....

underutilized [`8nd4'ju:tilaizd] adj.


underwrite [`8nd4rait] v....;...
undeserved [8ndi'z4:vd] adj.
undesirable [`8ndi'zai4r4b4l] adj.,
undirected [`8ndi'rektid] adj.
undisciplined [8n'disiplind] adj.;
undistinguished ['8ndi'sti6gwi5t] adj.;
undo [8n'du:] v.,;...
undrinkable [8n'dri6k4bl] adj.
undulate ['8ndjuleit] v.,

unearth [8n'4:7] v.
unearthly [8n'4:7li] adj.
unencumbered [8nin'k8mb4d] adj.
unenlightened [8nin'laitnd] adj.;
unequivocal [`8ni'kwiv4k4l] adj.,
unexceptionable [8nik'sep54n4bl] adj.
unfailing [8n'feili6] adj.,
unfasten [8n'f2:s4n] v.
unfathomed [8n'f104md] adj.
unfeigned [8n'feind] adj.;
unfettered [8n'fet4d] adj.
unflappable ['8n'fl1p4b4l] adj.,
unfold [8n'f4uld] v.,;
unfounded [8n'faundid] adj.
ungainly [8n'geinli] adj.
ungrudging [8n'gr8d9i6] adj.
unguarded [8n'g2:did] adj.
unguent ['86gw4nt] n.,
unicorn ['ju:nik3:n] n.()
unidentified [8nai'dentifaid] adj.
unidimensional [ju:n4di'men54nel] adj.;
unification [`ju:nifi'kei54n] n.,
uniform ['ju:nif3:m] n.;adj.,
uniformity [`ju:ni'f3:miti] n.
unify ['ju:nifai] v.,;
unilateral [`ju:ni'l1t4r4l] adj.
unimpassioned [`8nim'p154nd] adj.
unimpeachable [`8nim'pi:t54b4l] adj. ,

unimpressive [8nim'presiv] adj.,


uninhabitable [`8nin'h1bit4b4l] adj.
uninitiated [8ni'ni5i4tid] n.,
unique [ju:'ni:k] adj.;
unison ['ju:nis4n] n.,;
univocal [`ju:ni'v4uk4l] adj.
unjustifiable [8n'd98stifai4bl] adj.
unjustified [8n'd98stifaid] adj. ,

unkempt [`8n'kempt] adj.(,)


unleash [8n'li:5] v.,
unlettered [8n'let4d] adj.;
unmoved [8n'mu:vd] adj.,;
unnoticed [8n'n4utist] adj.
unobjectionable [8n4b'd9ek54n4bl] adj.
unobservable [`8n4b'z4:v4b4l] adj.
unobstructed [`8n4b'str8ktid] adj.
unobtrusive [8n4b'tru:siv] adj.
unorthodoxy [8n'3:74d3ksi] n.,
unpalatable [8n'p1l4t4bl] adj.

84

unprecedented [8n'presidentid] adj.


unpredictable [`8npri'dikt4bl] adj.,

unpremeditated [`8npri'mediteitid] adj.


unprepossessing [`8npri:p4'zesi6] adj.
unpretentious [`8npri'ten54s] adj.
unprincipled [8n'prinsip4ld] adj.
unprovoked [`8npr4'v4ukt] adj.()
unqualified [8n'kw3lifaid] adj.;,
unravel [8n'r1v4l] v.,
unregenerate [8nri'd9en4r4t] adj.
unregulated [8n'regjuleitid] adj.,
unremitting [86'rimiti6] adj.,
unrepentant [8nri'pent4nt] adj.,
unrepressed [`8nri'prest] adj.
unrequited ['8nri'kwaitid] adj.
unreserved [`8nri'z4:vd] adj.;
unresponsive [8nri'sp3nsiv] adj.
unrestrained [8nri'streind] adj.,
unruly [8n'ru:li] adj.,
unscathed [8n'skei0d] adj.,
unscented [8n'sentid] adj.
unschooled [8n'sku:ld] adj.
unscrupulous [8n'skru:pjul4s] adj.
unscrupulousness [8n'skru:pjul4snis] n.,
unseemly [8n'si:mli] adj.,
unsettle [8n'setl] v.,
unsophisticated [`8ns4'fistikeitid] adj.,
unsound [`8n'saund] adj.,;
unspoiled [8n'sp3ild] adj.,
unspotted [`8n'sp3tid] adj.,
unstinting [8n'stinti6] adj.,
unsubstantiated [8ns4b'st1n5ieitid] adj. ,

untapped [8n't1pt] adj.,


untenable [8n'ten4b4l] adj.,
unthreatening [8n'7ret4ni6] adj.
untimely [8n'taimli] adj.;
untold [`8n't4uld] adj.,
untoward [`8nt4'w4:d] adj.,()
untutored [8n'tju:t4d] adj.
unversed [`8n'v4:st] adj.,
unwarranted [8n'w3r4ntid] adj.
unwieldy [8n'wi:ldi] adj.,
unwind [8n'waind] v.;
unwise [8n'waiz] adj.
unwitting [8n'witi6] adj.,
unwonted [8n'w4untid] adj.,
unyielding [8n'ji:ldi6] adj.

upbraid [`8p'breid] v.,


upfront [`8pfr8nt] adj.
upgrade [8p'greid] v.,...
upheaval [8p'hi:v4l] n.,
uphold [`8p'h4uld] v.,
upholstery [8p'h4ulst4ri] n.(,)
upright ['8prait] adj.;
uproar ['8pr3:] n.,
upstage [8p'steid9] adj.,
upstart ['8pst2:t] n.,
upsurge ['8ps4:d9] n.()
upswing ['8pswi6] n.,
uptight ['8ptait,8p'tait] adj.
urban ['4:b4n] adj.
urbane [4:'bein] adj.,
urchin ['4:t5in] n.;[]
ursine ['4:sain] adj.,
usher ['854] n.,;v.,
usurp [ju:'z4:p] v.,
usury ['ju:94ri] n.
utensil [ju:'tens4l] n.,()
utilitarian [ju:`tili'te4ri4n] adj.,
utilize ['ju:tilaiz] v.,
utopian [ju:'t4upi4n] adj.,
utter ['8t4] adj.;v.
uxorious [8k's3:ri4s] adj.
vaccinate ['v1ksineit] v....
vaccine ['v1ksi:n] n.,
vacillate ['v1sileit] v.,
vacillation [`v1si'lei54n] n.
vacuous ['v1kju4s] adj.,
vagabond ['v1g4b3nd] n.,;adj.
vagary ['veig4ri] n.,
vagrancy ['veigr4nsi] n.,
vague [veig] adj.
vain [vein] adj.;
vainglorious [`vein'gl3:ri4s] adj.,
valediction [`v1li'dik54n] n.
valetudinarian [`v1li` tju:di'ne4ri4n] n.,

valiant ['v1li4nt] adj.,


valid ['v1lid] adj.,,
valor ['v1l4] n.
valorous ['v1l4r4s] adj.
validate ['v1lideit] v....
valve [v1lv] n.,
vampire ['v1mpai4] n.
vandalism ['v1nd4liz4m] n.()
vandalize ['v1nd4laiz] v.

85

vanguard ['v1ng2:d] n.
vanilla [v4'nil4] n.,
vanity ['v1niti] n.,
vanquish ['v16kwi5] v.
vapid ['v1pid] adj.
vaporization [`veip4rai'zei54n] n.
variable ['ve4ri4b4l] adj.,
variability [`ve4ri4'biliti] n.,
variance ['ve4ri4ns] n.
variation [`ve4ri'ei54n] n.,
variegated ['ve4rigeitid,'ver`] adj.,
variegation [`ve4ri4'gei54n] n.,
varnish ['v2:ni5] n.;v.
vascular ['v1skjul4] adj.,
vaudeville ['v3:d4vil] n.,
vault [v3:lt] n.
vaunt [v3:nt] v.,
vaunting ['v3:nti6] adj.
veer [vi4] v.,()
vegetate ['ved9iteit] v.
vegetation [`ved9i'tei54n] n.,,
vehement ['vi4m4nt] adj.,
vehicle ['vi:ik4l] n.,
veil [veil] n.;,;v.
velocity [vi'l3siti] n.
venal ['vi:nl] adj.,
vendetta [ven'det4] n.,
vendor ['vend4] n.
veneer [vi'ni4] n.()
venerable ['ven4r4b4l] adj.
venerate ['ven4reit] v.,
veneration [`ven4'rei54n] n.
vengeance ['vend94ns] n.,
venial ['vi:ni4l] adj.(),
venison ['venis4n] n.
venom ['ven4m] n.,
vent [vent] v.();n.,
ventilate ['ventileit] v....,
ventral ['ventr(4)l] adj.
venturesome ['vent54s4m] adj.(),;
veracious [v4'rei54s] adj.,
veracity [v4'r1s4ti] n.,
verbal ['v4:b4l] adj.;
verbatim [v4:'beitim] adj.,
verbiage ['v4:biid9] n.,
verbose [v4:'b4us] adj.,
verbosity [v4'b2s4ti] n.,
verdant ['v4:d4nt] adj.,
verdict ['v4:dikt] n.,

verdigris ['v4:digris] n.,


verge [v4:d9] n.
verification [`verifi'kei54n] n.
verified ['verifaid] adj.,
verify ['verifai] v.,
verisimilar [`veri'simil4] adj.,
verisimilitude [`verisi'militju:d,`tu:d] n.,
veritable ['verit4b4l] adj.,
vermin ['v4:min] n.,
vernacular [v4'n1kjul4] adj.,
vernal ['v4:nl] adj.,
versatile ['v4:s4tail] adj.;
verse [v4:s] n.
versemonger ['v4:s,m86g4] n.,
versed [v4:st] adj.,
vertebrate ['v4:tibreit] n.
vertex ['v4:teks] n.();
vertical ['v4:tik4l] adj.
vertiginous [v4:'tid9in4s] adj.;
vertigo ['v4:tig4u] n.
verve [v4:v] n.()()
vessel ['ves4l] n.
vestige ['vestid9] n.,
vestigial [ve'stid9i4l] adj.
vestment ['vestm4nt] n.(),
vesture ['vest54] n.
veterinary ['v4t4rin4ri] adj.
veto ['vi:t4u] n.,
vex [veks] vt.&n.
vexation [vek'sei54n] n.,
viable ['vai4b4l] adj.,
viability [`vai4'biliti] n.,

viaduct ['vai4d8kt] n.
viands ['vai4ndz] n.(),
vibrant ['vaibr4nt] adj.,
vibrancy ['vaibr4nsi] n.,
vibrate ['vaibreit,vai'breit] v.,
vicarious [vi'ke4ri4s] adj.,
vicinity [vi'siniti] n.,
vicious ['vi54s] adj.,
vicissitudes [vi'sisitju:dz] n.()(),
vicissitudinous [vi`sisi'tju:din4s] adj.,
victimize ['viktimaiz] v.,
victor ['vikt4] n.
vie [vai] v.
vigilance ['vid9il4ns] n.,
vigilant ['vid9il4nt] adj.,
vignette [vi'njet] n.;
vigor ['vig4] n.,

86

vigorously ['vig4r4sli] adv.


vile [vail] adj.,
vilify ['vilifai] v.,
villainous ['vil4n4s] adj.,
vim [vim] n.,
vindicate ['vindikeit] n.......
vindication [`vindi'kei54n] n.
vindictive [vin'diktiv] adj.
vinegared ['vinig4d] adj.,
vintner ['vintn4] n.
vinyl ['vainil] n.;
viola [vi'4ul4] n.
violate ['vai4leit] v.,
violet ['vai4l4t] n.;adj.
viral ['vai4r(4)l] adj.
virile ['virail,'vair4l] adj.,
virility [vi'ril4ti] n.,
virtue ['v4:t5u:] n.;
virtuosity [`v4:tju'3s4ti] n.,
virtuoso [v4:tju'4us4u] n.
virtuous ['v4:tju4s] adj.;
virulent ['virul4nt] adj.
visage ['vizid9] n.,
viscid ['visid] adj.
viscosity [vis'k3siti] n.,
viscous ['visk4s] adj.
visionary ['vi94n4ri] adj.;;n.
vista ['vist4] n.
vital ['vaitl] adj.;
vitality [vai't1liti] n.,
vitalize ['vait4laiz] v.
vitiate ['vi5ieit] v.,
vitreous ['vitri4s] adj.,
vitrify ['vitrifai] v.
vitriolic [`vitri'3lik] adj.,
vituperate [vi'tju:p4reit,vai'tu:`] v.,
vituperative [vi'tjup4r4tiv,vai'tu:`] adj.
vivacious [vi'vei54s] adj.,
vocal ['v4uk4l] adj.;
vocalist ['v4uk4list] n.,
vocation [v4u'kei54n] n.;,
vociferous [v4'sif4r4s,v4u`] adj.,
vogue [v4ug] n.,;adj.
void [v3id] adj.,;n.,;
volatile ['v3l4tail] adj.
volition [v4'li54n] n.,
voluble ['v3ljub4l] adj.,
volubility [`v3lju'biliti] n.,
voluminous [v4'lu:min4s] adj.

voluptuous [v4'l8pt5u4s] adj.


voracious [v4'rei54s] adj.,
vortex ['v3:teks] n.,
votary ['v4ut4ri] n.,
voting ['voti6] adj.;n.
vouch [vaut5] vi.,
voyeur [vw2:'j4:] n.
vulgar ['v8lg4] adj.
vulnerable ['v8ln4r4b4l] adj.
vulpine ['v8lpain] adj.,
vulture ['v8lt54] n.
vying ['vai` i6] adj.
waddle ['w3d4l] v.()
wade [weid] v.;
waffle ['w2f4l,'w3`] n.;v.,
waft [w2:ft,w3ft] v.,
wag [w1g] v.();n.
wage [weid9] v.,(,)
waggish ['w1gi5] adj.,
wail [weil] v.,
waive [weiv] v.
wallop ['w2:l4p] v./n.,
wallow ['w3l4u,'wa:`] v./n.()
walrus ['w3:lr4s] n.
wan [w3n,w2:n] adj.
wanderlust ['w3nd4l8st,'w2:nd4r`] n.,
wane [wein] v.,
wangle ['w16g4l] v.
wanton ['w3nt4n] adj.,;
warble ['w3:b4l] v.()
warden ['w3:dn] n.,
wardrobe ['w3:dr4ub] n.
warehouse ['we4haus] n.,
warmonger ['w3:`m86g4] n.,
warp [w3:p] v./n. ,
warrant ['w3r4nt] n.
warranted ['w3r4ntid] adj.;
wary ['we4ri,'weri] adj.,
waspish ['w3spi5] adj.,
wasteland ['weistl1nd] n.,
wastrel ['weistr4l] n.
waterproof ['w3:t4pru: f] adj.;v.
watershed ['w3:t45ed] n.,
wavelength ['weivle67] n.
waver ['weiv4] v.,
wax [w1ks] n.;v....;,
waylay [wei'lei] v.,
wean [wi:n] v.()
weasel ['wi:z4l] n.,;v.

87

weather ['we04] v.;


weird [wi4d] adj.,
weld [weld] v.,
well-established ['wele'st1bli5t] adj.,
well-groomed ['wel'gru:md] adj.
well-informed ['welin'f3:md] adj. ,
;
well-known ['wel'n4un] adj.,
welsh [wel5] v.
welter ['welt4] n.,
wheedle ['wi:dl] v.()
whelm [welm] v....,
whelp [(h)welp] n.
whet [wet] v.
whetstone ['wetst4un] n.
whiff [(h) wif] v./n.,
whim [wim] n.,
whimsical ['wimzik4l] adj.,
whimsy ['hwimzi] n.,
whine [wain] v.,
whirlpool ['w4:lpu:l] n.
whisper ['wisp4] v.,
whistle ['wis4l] n.,; v.
whit [wit] n.,
whittle ['witl] v.()
wholesome ['h4uls4m] adj.
wholesomeness ['h4uls4mnis] n.
wick [wik] n.;
wicked ['wikid] adj.;
wield [wi:ld] v.,
wig [wig] n.
wiggle ['wigl] v.,
wile [wail] n.,
willful ['wilf4l] adj.,
wily ['waili] adj.
willow ['wil4u] n.
willowy ['wil4ui] adj.
wilt [wilt] v....,
wince [wins] v.,
windfall ['windf3:l] n.;
windbag ['windb1g] n.
winding ['waindi6] adj.,
windy ['windi] adj.;
wink [wi6k] v.;n.
winnow ['win4u] v.(),
winsome ['wins4m] adj.,
wistful ['wistf4l] adj.,
withdraw [wi0'dr3:] v.,
withdrawal [wi0'dr3:4l] n.,

withdrawn [wi0'dr3:n] adj.,


wither ['wi04] v.,
withhold [wi0'h4uld] v.,
withstand [wi0'st1nd] v.;
witness ['witnis] n.;v.
witty ['witi] adj.,
wizardry ['wiz4dri] n.;
wizened ['wiz4nd] adj.,
wobble ['w3bl] v.,
woe [w4u] n.,
woeful ['w4uf4l] adj.
wont [w4unt] n.,
woo [wu:] v.(),...
woodcut ['wudk8t] n.,
woodcutter ['wud` k8t4] n.
woodpile ['wudpail] n.
wordsmith ['w4:dsmi7] n. ;

worldly ['w4:ldli] adj.,


worship ['w4:5ip] v./n.,
wraith [rei7] n.
wrangle ['r16g4l] v.,
wrangler ['r16gl4] n.,,
wrath [r17,r3:7] n.,
wreak [ri:k] v.,
wreathe [ri:0] v....
wreckage ['rekid9] n.
wrench [rent5] v.,;n.,
wrinkle ['ri6k4l] n.
wrist [rist] n.,
writ [rit] n.,
wrongdoing [r36'du:i6] n.,
wrongheaded [`r36'hedid] adj.
wry [rai] adj.;
xenophobe ['zen4f4ub] n.;
xenophobia [`zen4'f4ubi4] n.,
xerophyte ['zi4r4ufait] n.
yacht [j3t] n.,
yarn [ja:n] n.
yaw [j3:] v.(,)
yawn [j3:n] v.
yearn [j4:n] v.,
yeast [ji:st] n.,
yeoman ['j4um4n] n.,
yield [ji:ld] v.,
yielding ['ji:ldi6] adj.;
yoke [j4uk] n.v.,
yokel ['j4uk4l] n.
zeal [zi:l] n.,

88

zealot ['zel4t] n.,


zealotry [zel4tri] n.
zealous ['zel4s] adj.,
zenith ['zini7] n.
zephyr ['zef4] n.
zest [zest] n.,
zigzag ['zigz1g] n.&a.(),v.
zoology [z4u'3l4d9i] n.

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