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Course Objective: Duration:
By the end of the course, you will be able to use Mentum Planet to complete GSM network planning and optimization tasks. 1.5 days
Prerequisite Knowledge: You should be able to: § § § § Use a computer and a mouse. Use standard Windows functionality such as browsing, copy and paste as well as how to access shortcut menus. Use basic Microsoft® Excel® functions. Use basic MapInfo functions (not required, but strongly recommended).
You should also have an understanding of basic RF concepts and the GSM technology.
Since some discussions about Mentum Planet can consume class time, your instructor will create a “parking lot” of discussion topics to address at a later time. Your questions are important, and your instructor is committed to addressing them appropriately. The activities you will complete as part of this class use a sample project and dataset. The dataset is for a fictitious city, named Glenville Springs. The dataset includes: § § § High-resolution geodata (heights and clutter) Major and minor street vectors Sites modeled for best coverage and interference reduction
Your involvement in class is critical for you and others to benefit most from this course. Please maintain the appropriate classroom etiquette.
Application Notes. is not part of the Mentum Planet online Help system and must be searched separately. The MapInfo online Help system can be accessed by choosing Help † Help Topics † MapInfo.When you obtained your Mentum Planet license. 14 . you also gained access to multiple sources of help. however. The MapInfo Professional User Guide is also available in the MapInfo\Documentation folder. You can find help about using Mentum Planet features from: § § § § Mentum Planet User Guides. MapInfo functionality. a staff of experts in Mentum Planet use. and Technical Notes Context-sensitive online Help with access to the Customer Care Knowledge Base Customer Care Self-Serve Portal The Customer Care Centers.
Steps in the workflow covered in this class are displayed in yellow.The workflow you follow will depend on your requirements and your work practices. The workflow illustrated is intended to be a general high-level workflow. 15 .
The MP501 class is part of the Mentum Planet curriculum and is intended to be followed by the MP507 class. which covers steps 11 to 19 of the workflow. Time permitting. 16 . the MP502 class will also cover how to customize Mentum Planet using extensions.
x platform. 17 . this can be useful for saving much time and simplifying new network design from current infrastructure. LTE from an existing cdma2000 network.e.Mentum Planet includes the Network overlay tool which allow for users to build overlay networks of different technologies based on an existing dataset. i.3 and Planet 4.5 as well as the current version for the 5. The Network Tool is accessed through the tool menu within Planet Menu>Tools>Network overlay Tool The Tool is a wizard based tool that will guide you through importing the site data from previous versions of Planet including Planet 3.
Traffic maps provide data about the geographical distribution of subscriber traffic in a network. You can generate a traffic map from demographic data. To create a traffic map 1. The variation in subscriber density across the network coverage area is likely to be similar to the variation in population density. such as population census data. see “Working with Traffic Maps” in the Mentum Planet User Guide. or from network data. For more information. right-click Traffic Maps and choose New. When planning a network. When optimizing an existing network. you can base your traffic map on network data that reflects the actual usage patterns in the network. 18 . you can use demographic data to estimate subscriber numbers.In the Operation Data category.
you can import data collected from network switching equipment. Before you can create a traffic map from network data. Using network data gives you the opportunity to get an up-to-date picture of how the network is performing. You can bind network data on any field associated with a sector provided that the field is unique. Traffic maps help the simulation tool determine where to place subscribers. you must generate signal strength predictions for the sectors specified in the network data. Network Data can be used as an input to the sector display scheme engine in Mentum Planet to visualize the data graphically within the Map window. which contains information about the network configuration and performance. The following slides will show you one method for generating a traffic map.Using the Network Data Import Wizard. Because subscribers use services differently in different places. The Wizard takes you through the steps required to create a connection between the data gathered by the switches and the sectors in your project. 19 . You can display the network data in a Map window and generate a reports. you must create a traffic map for each service type.
Traffic maps help the simulation tool determine where to place subscribers. Because subscribers use services differently in different places. you must create a traffic map for each service type. which contains information about the network configuration and performance. 20 . The following slides will show you one method for generating a traffic map. You can display the network data in a Map window and generate a reports. Network Data can be used as an input to the sector display scheme engine in Mentum Planet to visualize the data graphically within the Map window. you can import data collected from network switching equipment. Before you can create a traffic map from network data. Using network data gives you the opportunity to get an up-to-date picture of how the network is performing. You can bind network data on any field associated with a sector provided that the field is unique. The Wizard takes you through the steps required to create a connection between the data gathered by the switches and the sectors in your project.Using the Network Data Import Wizard. you must generate signal strength predictions for the sectors specified in the network data.
21 .Sector Display Schemes can be built for imported data to be visualized within the Planet interface.
the frequency band of the sector and the clutter class of each bin. In 5. NOTE: Before generating a traffic map. the Traffic Map generation wizard is designed to guide the user in traffic map generation and the function is similar no mater what the input source to the data.3 the Traffic Map Generator has been redesigned: * New user interface and workflows * Support for an indoor/outdoor ratio (including support for 3D geodata) * Support for service probability algorithm (the algorithms available in previous versions of Mentum Planet can still be used) 22 . Signals considered in traffic map generation are attenuated using the defined penetration losses.Network Data is available for most operators and can be used by Mentum Planet for traffic studies and loading for Monte Carlo Simulations many other methods and data sources can be used by Planet. Traffic map generation is accessed via the “Project Data” Category Right Clicking on Traffic Map and choose New. ensure you have defined penetration losses in the Environment Editor.
you can include significant sources of traffic represented by vectors. in your clutter weighting.Options for Data source input include:- Regions Vectors Existing Classified Grid (MapInfo Grid file) Network imported data file (Excel or CSV) Weighting When you merge a vector file with a clutter grid. Input Data Unit Erlangs Subscribers Kbps (Kilobytes per second) Output Data Unit Erlangs/km² Subscribers/km² Kbps/km² 23 . such as major roads.
Use Pre-Bound Network Data Traffic Data Column—choose from this list the column in the chosen pre-bound network data table that contains the traffic count data. Sector Service Probabilities—choose this option to generate the traffic map using sector service probabilities. 24 . On-The-Fly Best Server Coverage Grid Generation—choose this option to generate a best server coverage grid. The generated best server grid will be used to distribute traffic data. Traffic-Spreading Algorithm Best Serving Coverage Grid—choose this option to define a classified grid that contains the BSC grid with which to generate a traffic map.
Use the Band Filtering section to choose the bands upon which you want to create a subset of sites. 25 .Sector Service Probabilities algorithm is to delineate the area over which signal coverage probabilities are to be calculated by specifying the sectors to include in the traffic map generation and the thresholds to respect.
26 . The result is a more realistic prediction of where your traffic loading will occur.If you choose to Apply Clutter Weighting you can also redistribute traffic values according to the type of clutter in each region.
27 . Also as part of statistical analysis.Resultant traffic maps can be used in Monte Carlo simulations and Analysis.
Using an area grid can help with analysis and statistics by targeting the area of interest. .
Using the embedded MapInfo. GIS system allows for many enhancements within Planet. .
They are also used by some 3rd Party tools to define areas (Optimization region by Capesso for instance) . These GRC files can be used to define areas of interest for simulation.Planet includes an Areas Tool to create GRC files from MapInfo polygons in one simple operation. analysis and statistics.
By generating and examining the outputs. you can estimate the coverage. quality. 31 . and capacity of your network.
32 . In category Network Analyses. 2. you can define default analysis settings. Right-click the analysis node you’ve just created and choose Generate.To streamline your workflow when you use the same settings for a number of analyses. To generate a network analysis 1. 3. right-click TDMA-FDMA Analyses and choose New. Input the name and description of the Network Analysis.
In the Network Analysis Setup Wizard select the site/sectors that will be modeled in this Network Analysis 2.To generate a Network Analysis 1. Click Next select the Frequency Band to be modeled 33 .
Carriers to take into account. 34 .BER reference curve and C/I layer used as input.FER reference curve and C/I layer used as input.GSM Network Analyses generation options include: • Best Server options -additional Nth Best Server layer computation. • BER/FER options . . .Best Server Limits reference • Interference computation options -Interference thresholds definition. .
required mobile power layer computation method. .GPRS/E-GPRS reference C/I layer used for CS/MCS allocation. .coverage probability layer computation inputs.Service coverage layers options.GSM Network Analyses generation options include: • Traffic selection options • Coverage computation options . . • analysis area selection 35 .
36 .Planet GSM has many specialized layers for analyzing network performance.
For more information. see “Understanding TDMA-FDMA analysis layers in the TDMA-FDMA User Guide or in the online Help. see “Generating TDMA-FDMA Analyses” in the TDMA-FDMA User Guide. select the computed Analysis and select the result that is to be viewed. In the Network Analyses category.To streamline your workflow when you use the same settings for a number of analyses. 37 . For a description of all analysis layers available. To view network analysis results 1. you can define default analysis settings.
By examining simulation results in detail. In the Network Analyses category. One of these tools is the Layer Statistics Analysis feature. 38 .The Mentum Planet toolset includes many features that facilitate post-processing of analysis data. To generate layer statistics 1. if necessary make adjustments to the project. right-click an analysis layer. you can better evaluate the accuracy of the simulation results and. and choose Statistics.
The workflow illustrated is intended to be a general high-level workflow. 39 .The workflow you follow will depend on your requirements and your work practices.
• various Carrier Types and their corresponding channels. For more information. see the TDMA-FDMA User Guide.Network Settings store information related to Frequency Planning: • total number of available channels in the Spectrum Allocation. 40 .
forbidden channels. FH type. For more information. number and type of channels requested. separation constraints. etc) in the GSM Sector settings.e.The AFP and IFP modules are taking part of their input and constraints (i. see the TDMA-FDMA User Guide. 41 .
For more information. In the Project Explorer. and choose New. right-click Interference Matrices. 42 .To create an interference matrix 1. see “Working with Interference Matrices” in the Mentum Planet User Guide. in the RF Tools category.
which is based on signal strength predictions (from the propagation model and/or drive test data). For more information. It can provide early visibility of problem areas and is a required input for some tools (e. During the histogram generation process.. 43 . in terms of area and traffic. see “Working with Interference Matrices” in the Mentum Planet User Guide. In Mentum Planet 5. neighbor lists). a weighting value is assigned to non best serving areas. the histogram generation process approximates subscriber traffic locations. Further. unless it is based on a traffic map.An interference matrix quantifies how a sector affects every other sector within its prediction distance. you can only generate a histogram interference matrix. Histogram interference matrices account for C/I only at the ground level and do not account for mobile use in buildings.g. It compares C/I values on a bin-by-bin basis using the best server area that is independent of the current serving area.
in the RF Tools category. For more information. you can view neighbor relationships graphically in the Map window. You can create multiple neighbor lists for different areas and then compare them or merge them together.Because sector relationships impact quality and coverage. right-click Neighbor Lists. and choose New. 44 . see “Working with Neighbor Lists” in the Mentum Planet User Guide.In the Project Explorer. the details contained in a neighbor list can provide important information about how sites and sectors influence each other. To create a neighbor list 1. Once you have generated a neighbor list.
Planet 5 allows for Neighbor list handling and creation on one RAN or Multiple RANs Neighbors can be displayed in the map window or in tabular formats. 45 .
To generate Frequency Plans 1.The Mentum Planet RF toolset includes an AFP tool. in the RF Tools category. In the Project Explorer. right-click on GSM Frequency and Color Code Plans and select Automatic Frequency Planning. AFP uses Interference Matrix Neighbour and optionally Lists to improve Planning performance and quality. 46 . You can choose to save the current plan . make new plans and store them for comparison purposes before applying them.
in the RF Tools category. This tool takes its input on previously generated Frequency Plans.The Mentum Planet RF toolset also includes an Color Code planning tool. In the Project Explorer. right-click on GSM Frequency and Color Code Plans and select Color Code Planning. Soft and Hard constraints may be used to allocate the BSICs. 47 . To generate Frequency Plans 1.
48 . IFP uses stored Frequency Plans. You can use IFP to manually edit and modify previously generated Frequency Plans. Interference Matrix Neighbour and optionally Lists to improve Planning performance and quality.The Mentum Planet RF toolset includes an Interactive Frequency Planning module. Frequency allocation costs and violations are displayed in real time according to the selection and choices performed by the user. right-click on GSM Frequency and Color Code Plans and select Interactive Frequency Planning. in the RF Tools category. In the Project Explorer. To generate Frequency Plans 1.
Update options are broken down per Carrier Type and BSIC update is treated separately. 49 .Any of the stored Frequency Plans may be used to completely or partially update the channel allocation of the Sectors.
50 .) there are many tasks that can be done with Grid Manager like: Grid Calculator (allows you to perform mathematical functions on grids) Grid Queries (many SQL style queries can be run to extract specific information form a grid or multiple grids) Grid Maintenance Tools: Splicer. re-projection etc. Trimmer.Planets also has very advanced Raster engine analysis options using Grid Manager (Vertical Mapper form MapInfo.
you need to modify the original grid in order for work to progress more efficiently.Sometimes. For more information. and create a new grid containing only the relevant area. you can trim the city grid. draw a polygon around the area upon which you want to focus. For example. Using the Polygon tool. 2. but you need to generate a network analysis for only a small area of that city. in the Grid Analysis User Guide. choose Tools † Trimmer. This is useful when you want to focus an analysis on a particular area. select the area. In the Map window. 3. if you have a grid that covers a geographically large city. 51 . In the Grid Manager. Trimming a grid also reduces the size of a file and. see “Working with the Grid Manager. therefore. To trim a grid 1. the time it takes to open a project.
you can use: •The Grid Info tool to query and return grid values from selected •The Grid Manager Info feature locations in the grid file and view the results in a Grid Info dialog box For more information. you can use the grid analysis tools available to obtain a more complete picture of what is happening in the network. For example. 52 .Once you have generated network analysis grids. see “Working with the Grid Manager” in the Grid Analysis User Guide.
The grid calculator is designed to look and operate like a scientific You can use these tools to solve problems that are difficult to answer using only calculator. you can access the Inspection tools and the Grid Calculator. Generally. For example. there are many ways to obtain information about grids. you can use the grid calculator to produce a composite field strength grid from a series of transmitters relating to one site. Calculations are performed on a bin-by-bin basis for each grid entered in the expression. For example. vector representations of geographic information. 53 . this function is used to prepare data for other types of analysis. For more information. From the Grid Manager. “Is that group of buildings visible from this tower?”.In Mentum Planet. see “Working with the Grid Manager” in the Grid Analysis User Guide. You can also use the Grid Manager Calculator to apply mathematical functions to grid files. This would provide an average value coverage grid for the whole serving area. applying mathematical expressions to one or more grids. You can also create grid queries.
54 . You can visualize the path the signal is taking using the Pointto-Point dialog box. You can customize the look and feel of the graph window displayed in the Point-to-Point Profile dialog box and display a legend if required.How a signal travels over the terrain and is attenuated by obstructions within the Fresnel zone can have important ramifications on the overall performance of your network.
Visualizing network coverage is key to understanding where problems exist in your network. 2. which you can print. you can organize the grids in a report. Once you have generated output grids. To create a print layout 1. To do this. Mentum Planet enables you to produce many different types of maps. choose one of the frame options. Bringing this information together in a meaningful format is important because many groups within an organization are involved in network deployment and optimization. see “Generating Reports” in the Mentum Planet User Guide or “Opening a Map in a Layout Window” in the MapInfo Professional User Guide. For more information. Open each file that you want to include in the layout in the Map window. 3. and click OK. 55 . including coverage maps. you use the Layout features available in MapInfo Professional. Choose Window † New Layout Window. In the New Window Layout dialog box.
you add and organize Planet extension (.pex extension.You can customize Mentum Planet in order to facilitate your everyday work.pex file must contain the source files along with a structured .pex file is a zipped folder with a . The .xml file. Both are available in the Help folder within the Mentum Planet installation folder. see the Customizing Mentum Planet Using Extensions Application Note and “Customizing Mentum Planet Using the Extension Manager” in the Mentum Planet User Guide. For example.pex) files. Using the Extension Manager. A . For more information. you could add a command to the Tools menu in Mentum Planet to open a commonly-used reference file or display a web page containing useful information. 56 .
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