•threat •Over •

to their habitats


introduction of alien species vulnerable populations

•Protecting •Protecting

ecosystems and maintaining fragile


role in educating the public about animal conservation

better taken care of in zoos ii)By captive breeding programmes –  Increase the number of individual species if numbers are low  Maintaining the genetic diversity  Reintroducing animals into the wild iii)zoos afford an opportunity for scientists to make further researches .Role of Zoos i)Save species from extinction -.

Species need to learn new skills - ability to survive in wild  Defend from predators  Learn to acquire food  Adaptability to the new environment  Disadvantages of captive breeding .

How genetic variation is lost i) by genetic drift  In small populations some alleles not passed to offsprings – reduces allele frequencies – leads to reduction in genetic diversity   ii) Inbreeding depression increase in breeding of closely related species – increase in frequency of recessive alleles – accumulation of homozygous recessive genotypes – so .

Conserving genetic Diversity i)In zoos ( in situ ) to maintain size of population ii)Keeping studbooks ( off site )  Provide raw data upon which breeding plans are based iii)Reintroducing animals in to wild .

easy to store .Role of Seedbanks Plants are threatened by habitat destruction over harvesting . can survive in dessicated state for many years  Technology of seed preservation  Kept dry ( reduces germination rate )  and cool ( stored at -200C)  . climate change  Seedbanks aim to preserve and conserve seed samples of threatened species of plants  Seeds are small .

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