Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform

Fourier Integrals and Transforms
N. B. Vyas
Department of Mathematics Atmiya Institute of Technology

November 27, 2009

N. B. Vyas

Fourier Integrals and Transforms

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform

Fourier Integral Theorem Let f (x ) and f (x ) be piecewise continuous in every finite interval.

N. B. Vyas

Fourier Integrals and Transforms

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform

Fourier Integral Theorem Let f (x ) and f (x ) be piecewise continuous in every finite interval.

Suppose
−∞

f (x )dx converges in (−∞, ∞) then

N. B. Vyas

Fourier Integrals and Transforms

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform

Fourier Integral Theorem Let f (x ) and f (x ) be piecewise continuous in every finite interval.

Suppose
−∞ ∞

f (x )dx converges in (−∞, ∞) then [ A(λ) Cos λx + B (λ) Sinλx ] d λ where
0

f (x ) =

N. B. Vyas

Fourier Integrals and Transforms

∞) then [ A(λ) Cos λx + B (λ) Sinλx ] d λ where 0 ∞ f (x ) = 1 A(λ) = π f (v ) Cos λv −∞ dv N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . ∞ Suppose −∞ ∞ f (x )dx converges in (−∞. B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Integral Theorem Let f (x ) and f (x ) be piecewise continuous in every finite interval.

∞ Suppose −∞ ∞ f (x )dx converges in (−∞. ∞) then [ A(λ) Cos λx + B (λ) Sinλx ] d λ where 0 ∞ f (x ) = 1 A(λ) = π 1 B (λ) = π f (v ) Cos λv −∞ ∞ dv dv f (v ) Sinλv −∞ N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Integral Theorem Let f (x ) and f (x ) be piecewise continuous in every finite interval.

B. Find the fourier integral representation of the function f (x ) = 1 if − 1 ≤ x ≤ 1 = 0 if otherwise Hence evaluate ∞ (i) 0 ∞ SinλCos λx dλ λ Sinλ dλ λ N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms (ii) 0 .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Ex.

B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: We have 1 ∞ ⇒ A(λ) = f (v ) Cos λv π −∞ dv N.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: We have 1 ∞ ⇒ A(λ) = f (v ) Cos λv π −∞ 1 1 = Cos λv dv π −1 dv N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: We have 1 ∞ ⇒ A(λ) = f (v ) Cos λv π −∞ 1 1 = Cos λv dv π −1 = 2 Sinλv πλ dv N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ⇒ B (λ) = 1 π ∞ f (v ) Sinλv −∞ dv N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ⇒ B (λ) = 1 π 1 = π ∞ f (v ) Sinλv −∞ 1 dv Sinλv −1 dv = 0 N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ⇒ B (λ) = 1 π 1 = π ∞ f (v ) Sinλv −∞ 1 dv Sinλv −1 ∞ dv = 0 ∴ f (x ) = 0 [ A(λ) Cos λx + B (λ) Sinλx ] d λ N.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ⇒ B (λ) = 1 π 1 = π ∞ f (v ) Sinλv −∞ 1 dv Sinλv −1 ∞ dv = 0 ∴ f (x ) = 0 ∞ [ A(λ) Cos λx + B (λ) Sinλx ] d λ 2 Sinλ Cos λx d λ πλ = 0 N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ⇒ B (λ) = 1 π 1 = π ∞ f (v ) Sinλv −∞ 1 dv Sinλv −1 ∞ dv = 0 ∴ f (x ) = 0 ∞ [ A(λ) Cos λx + B (λ) Sinλx ] d λ 2 Sinλ Cos λx d λ πλ ∞ 0 = 0 ∴ f (x ) 2 = π Sinλ Cos λx λ N. Vyas dλ Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform now f (x ) = 1 if x < 1 N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform now f (x ) = 1 if x < 1 The average of the left and right hand limits of f (x ) 1+0 1 at x = 1 is equal to = 2 2 N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform now f (x ) = 1 if x < 1 The average of the left and right hand limits of f (x ) 1+0 1 at x = 1 is equal to = 2 2 also f (x ) = 0 for x > 1 N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform now f (x ) = 1 if x < 1 The average of the left and right hand limits of f (x ) 1+0 1 at x = 1 is equal to = 2 2 also f (x ) = 0 for x > 1 Therefore N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

Vyas .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform now f (x ) = 1 if x < 1 The average of the left and right hand limits of f (x ) 1+0 1 at x = 1 is equal to = 2 2 also f (x ) = 0 for x > 1 Therefore ∞ Sinλ Cos λx π d λ = if 0 ≤ 1 λ 2 0 = π if x = 1 4 Fourier Integrals and Transforms = 0 if x > 1 N. B.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform let us consider the case x = 0. B. N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform let us consider the case x = 0. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . ∞ Sinλ π If x = 0 then dλ = λ 2 0 N.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Cosine Integral Fourier Sine Integral Fourier Cosine Integral ⇒ If f (x ) is even function then B (λ) = 0 and 2 ∞ f (v )Cos λv dv A(λ) = π 0 N.

B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Cosine Integral Fourier Sine Integral Fourier Cosine Integral ⇒ If f (x ) is even function then B (λ) = 0 and 2 ∞ f (v )Cos λv dv A(λ) = π 0 ∴ The fourier integral reduces to Fourier Cosine Integral N.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Cosine Integral Fourier Sine Integral Fourier Cosine Integral ⇒ If f (x ) is even function then B (λ) = 0 and 2 ∞ f (v )Cos λv dv A(λ) = π 0 ∴ The fourier integral reduces to Fourier Cosine Integral ∞ f (x ) = 0 A(λ)Cos λx d λ N. B.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Cosine Integral Fourier Sine Integral Fourier Cosine Integral ⇒ If f (x ) is even function then B (λ) = 0 and 2 ∞ f (v )Cos λv dv A(λ) = π 0 ∴ The fourier integral reduces to Fourier Cosine Integral ∞ f (x ) = 0 A(λ)Cos λx d λ N. B.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Cosine Integral Fourier Sine Integral Fourier Sine Integral ⇒ If f (x ) is odd function then A(λ) = 0 and 2 ∞ f (v )Sinλv dv B (λ) = π 0 N.

B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Cosine Integral Fourier Sine Integral Fourier Sine Integral ⇒ If f (x ) is odd function then A(λ) = 0 and 2 ∞ f (v )Sinλv dv B (λ) = π 0 ∴ The fourier integral reduces to Fourier Sine Integral N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Cosine Integral Fourier Sine Integral Fourier Sine Integral ⇒ If f (x ) is odd function then A(λ) = 0 and 2 ∞ f (v )Sinλv dv B (λ) = π 0 ∴ The fourier integral reduces to Fourier Sine Integral ∞ f (x ) = 0 B (λ)Sinλx d λ N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Ex. Find the Fourier Cosine and Sine integral of f (x ) = e −kx (x > 0. B. k > 0) N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: We have 2 ∞ A(λ) = f (v )Cos λv dv π 0 N.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: We have 2 ∞ A(λ) = f (v )Cos λv dv π 0 2 ∞ −kv = e Cos λv dv π 0 N.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: We have 2 ∞ A(λ) = f (v )Cos λv dv π 0 2 ∞ −kv = e Cos λv dv π 0 2 e −kv = (−k Cos λv + λ Sinλv ) π k 2 + λ2 ∞ 0 N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: We have 2 ∞ A(λ) = f (v )Cos λv dv π 0 2 ∞ −kv = e Cos λv dv π 0 2 e −kv = (−k Cos λv + λ Sinλv ) π k 2 + λ2 A(λ) = 2 π k k 2 + λ2 ∞ 0 N.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: We have 2 ∞ A(λ) = f (v )Cos λv dv π 0 2 ∞ −kv = e Cos λv dv π 0 2 e −kv = (−k Cos λv + λ Sinλv ) π k 2 + λ2 2 k π k 2 + λ2 ∴ FourierCosineintegral A(λ) = N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms ∞ 0 .

B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ∞ f (x ) = 0 A(λ)Cos λx d λ N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform

f (x ) =
0

A(λ)Cos λx d λ
∞ 0

e

−kx

2k = π

Cos λx dλ k 2 + λ2

N. B. Vyas

Fourier Integrals and Transforms

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform

f (x ) =
0

A(λ)Cos λx d λ
∞ 0

e

−kx

2k = π

Cos λx dλ k 2 + λ2

From this we see that

N. B. Vyas

Fourier Integrals and Transforms

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform

f (x ) =
0

A(λ)Cos λx d λ
∞ 0

e

−kx

2k = π

Cos λx dλ k 2 + λ2

From this we see that
∞ 0

π −kx Cos λx d λ = e k 2 + λ2 2k

(x > 0, k > 0) —(1)

N. B. Vyas

Fourier Integrals and Transforms

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform

Now Fourier Sine Integral

N. B. Vyas

Fourier Integrals and Transforms

B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Now Fourier Sine Integral 2 ∞ B (λ) = f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Now Fourier Sine Integral 2 ∞ B (λ) = f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 2 ∞ −kv = e Sinλv dv π 0 N.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Now Fourier Sine Integral 2 ∞ B (λ) = f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 2 ∞ −kv = e Sinλv dv π 0 2 e −kv = (−k Sinλv − λ Cos λv ) π k 2 + λ2 ∞ 0 N. B.

B. Vyas ∞ 0 Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Now Fourier Sine Integral 2 ∞ B (λ) = f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 2 ∞ −kv = e Sinλv dv π 0 2 e −kv = (−k Sinλv − λ Cos λv ) π k 2 + λ2 2λ ∴ B (λ) = 2 π (k + λ2 ) N.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform We have N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform We have ∞ f (x ) = 0 B (λ)Sinλx d λ N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform We have ∞ f (x ) = 0 B (λ)Sinλx d λ −kx f (x ) = e 2 = π ∞ 0 λ Sinλx dλ k 2 + λ2 N. B.

B. k > 0) –(2) 2 2 k +λ 2 0 N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform We have ∞ f (x ) = 0 −kx B (λ)Sinλx d λ 2 ∞ λ Sinλx f (x ) = e = dλ π 0 k 2 + λ2 ∞ λ Sinλx π ∴ d λ = e −kx (x > 0.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . k > 0) –(2) 2 2 k +λ 2 0 The integrals (1) & (2) are called Laplace’s Integrals N.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform We have ∞ f (x ) = 0 −kx B (λ)Sinλx d λ 2 ∞ λ Sinλx f (x ) = e = dλ π 0 k 2 + λ2 ∞ λ Sinλx π ∴ d λ = e −kx (x > 0. B.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Ex. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B. Find the Fourier Sine Integral of π f (x ) = if 0 < x < π 2 = 0 if x > π N.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform 2 B (λ) = π ∞ f (v )Sinλv dv 0 N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform 2 ∞ B (λ) = f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 π ∞ 2 = f (v )Sinλv dv + f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 π N.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform 2 ∞ B (λ) = f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 π ∞ 2 = f (v )Sinλv dv + f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 π 2 = π π 0 π Sinλv dv 2 N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform 2 ∞ B (λ) = f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 π ∞ 2 = f (v )Sinλv dv + f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 π 2 = π π 0 π Sinλv dv 2 π 0 −Cos λv = λ N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform 2 ∞ B (λ) = f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 π ∞ 2 = f (v )Sinλv dv + f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 π 2 = π π 0 π Sinλv dv 2 π −Cos λv = λ 0 −Cos λπ + 1 1 − Cos πλ = ⇒ B (λ) = λ λ N.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform 2 ∞ B (λ) = f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 π ∞ 2 = f (v )Sinλv dv + f (v )Sinλv dv π 0 π 2 = π π 0 π Sinλv dv 2 π −Cos λv = λ 0 −Cos λπ + 1 1 − Cos πλ = ⇒ B (λ) = λ λ N. B.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ∞ Now f (x ) = 0 B (λ)Sinλx d λ N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ∞ Now f (x ) = 0 ∞ B (λ)Sinλx d λ 1 − Cos πλ Sinλx d λ λ f (x ) = 0 N. B.

B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ∞ Now f (x ) = 0 ∞ B (λ)Sinλx d λ 1 − Cos πλ Sinλx d λ λ f (x ) = 0 ∞ 0 1 − Cos πλ Sinλx d λ = f (x ) λ N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ∞ Now f (x ) = 0 ∞ B (λ)Sinλx d λ 1 − Cos πλ Sinλx d λ λ f (x ) = 0 ∞ 0 ∞ 0 1 − Cos πλ Sinλx d λ = f (x ) λ 1 − Cos πλ π Sinλx d λ = if 0 < x < π λ 2 N.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform ∞ Now f (x ) = 0 ∞ B (λ)Sinλx d λ 1 − Cos πλ Sinλx d λ λ f (x ) = 0 ∞ 0 ∞ 0 1 − Cos πλ Sinλx d λ = f (x ) λ 1 − Cos πλ π Sinλx d λ = if 0 < x < π λ 2 = 0 if x > π N. B.

Express the function N.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Ex. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Express the function f (x ) = e kx when x < 0 N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Ex.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Ex. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . Express the function f (x ) = e kx when x < 0 = e −kx when x > 0 as a Fourier Integral and hence show that N. B.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Ex. Express the function f (x ) = e kx when x < 0 = e −kx when x > 0 as a Fourier Integral and hence show that ∞ 0 π −kx Cos λx = e if x > 0 .k > 0 λ2 + k 2 2k N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

N.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: Here f (x ) is an even function. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: Here f (x ) is an even function. B. ∴ The fourier integral reduces to fourier cosine integral where B (λ) = 0 N.

∴ The fourier integral reduces to fourier cosine integral where B (λ) = 0 ∞ f (x ) = 0 A(λ)Cos λx d λ N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: Here f (x ) is an even function.

B. ∴ The fourier integral reduces to fourier cosine integral where B (λ) = 0 ∞ f (x ) = 0 A(λ)Cos λx d λ ∞ 1 Now A(λ) = π f (v )Cos λv dv −∞ N.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: Here f (x ) is an even function. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: Here f (x ) is an even function. ∴ The fourier integral reduces to fourier cosine integral where B (λ) = 0 ∞ f (x ) = 0 A(λ)Cos λx d λ 1 ∞ Now A(λ) = f (v )Cos λv dv π −∞ 2 ∞ A(λ) = f (v )Cos λv dv π 0 N.

N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Transform & Inverse Fourier Transform ∞ F (s ) = −∞ f (t ) e ist d (t ) —-(1) ∞ 1 ∴ f (x ) = 2π F (s ) e −isx ds —-(2) −∞ The function F (s ) defined by equation (1) is called Fourier Transform of f (x ) and function f (x ) given by (2) is called Inverse Fourier Transform. B.

N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Sine Transform & Inverse Fourier Sine Transform ∞ Fs (s ) = 0 f (t ) Sinst d (t ) —-(1) ∞ 1 ∴ f (x ) = 2π F (s ) Sinsx ds —-(2) 0 The function Fs (s ) defined by equation (1) is called Fourier Sine Transform of f (x ) in 0 < x < ∞ and function f (x ) given by (2) is called Inverse Fourier Sine Transform.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Fourier Cosine Transform & Inverse Fourier Cosine Transform ∞ Fc (s ) = 0 f (t ) Cosst d (t ) —-(1) ∞ 1 ∴ f (x ) = 2π Fc (s ) Cossx ds —-(2) 0 The function Fc (s ) defined by equation (1) is called Fourier Cosine Transform of f (x ) in 0 < x < ∞ and function f (x ) given by (2) is called Inverse Fourier Cosine Transform. N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

|x | < a = 0 .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Find the Fourier transform of f (x ) where f (x ) = 1 . B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . |x | > a N.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: The fourier transform of f (x ) is N.

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: The fourier transform of f (x ) is ∞ F (s ) = −∞ f (t ) e ist d (t ) N. B.

B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: The fourier transform of f (x ) is ∞ F (s ) = −∞ a f (t ) e ist d (t ) ist = −a 1e e ist d (t ) = is a −a N.

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: The fourier transform of f (x ) is ∞ F (s ) = −∞ a f (t ) e ist d (t ) ist = −a 1e e ist d (t ) = is a −a = 1 ias [e − e −ias ] is N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

B.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: The fourier transform of f (x ) is ∞ F (s ) = −∞ a f (t ) e ist d (t ) ist = −a 1e e ist d (t ) = is a −a 1 ias [e − e −ias ] is 2 e ias − e −ias = s 2i = N. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: The fourier transform of f (x ) is ∞ F (s ) = −∞ a f (t ) e ist d (t ) ist = −a 1e e ist d (t ) = is a −a 1 ias [e − e −ias ] is 2 e ias − e −ias = s 2i 2 Sinas = s = N. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Solution: The fourier transform of f (x ) is ∞ F (s ) = −∞ a f (t ) e ist d (t ) ist = −a 1e e ist d (t ) = is a −a 1 ias [e − e −ias ] is 2 e ias − e −ias = s 2i 2 Sinas = s = N. B.

Find the Fourier transform of f (x ) where f (x ) = 1 − x 2 . |x | < 1 = 0 . B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . |x | > 1 ∞ and hence evaluate 0 x Cosx − Sinx x3 x Cos dx 2 N.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Ex.

Fourier Sine transform of f (x ) = 1 x N.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Ex. B. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms .

Find the fourier sine transform of f (x ) = x N.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform e −ax Ex. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.

Find fourier cosine transform f (x ) = e −a|x | and hence find ∞ Cossx ds s 2 + a2 0 N.Fourier Integral Theorem Fourier Cosine & Sine Integrals Examples Fourier Transform Ex. Vyas Fourier Integrals and Transforms . B.