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orl.an 3

orl.an 3

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Published by: balada82 on Apr 03, 2013
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Geography Orléans is located in the northern bend of the Loire, which crosses from east to w est.

Orléans belongs to the vallée de la Loire sector between Sully-sur-Loire and Ch alonnes-sur-Loire, which was in 2000 inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Sit e. The capital of Orléanais, 120 kilomètres south-south-west of Paris, it is bordere d to the north by the Beauce region and the forêt d'Orléans, and the Orléans-la-Source neighbourhood and the Sologne region to the south. Pont George-V Five bridges in the town cross the river : Pont Pont Pont Pont Pont de l'Europe du Maréchal Joffre (also called pont Neuf) George-V (also called pont Royal), carrying the commune tramway René-Thinat de Vierzon (rail bridge)

To the south of the Loire (on the "rive gauche") is to be found a small hill (10 2 m (335 ft) at the pont Georges-V, 110 m (360 ft) at the place du Martroi) whic h gently rises to 125 m (410 ft) at la Croix Fleury, at the limits of Fleury-les -Aubrais. Conversely, the north (on the "rive droite") has a gentle depression to about 95 m (312 ft) above sea level (at Saint-Marceau) between the Loire and the Loiret, designated a "zone inondable" (flood-risk zone). At the end of the 1960s the Orléans-la-Source quarter was created, 12 kilometres ( 7 mi)to the south of the original commune and separated from it by the Val d'Orléa ns and the Loiret River (whose source is in the Parc Floral de la Source). This quarter's altitude varies from about 100 to 110 m (330 to 360 ft). The Loire and navigation The Loire bursting its banks at Orléans In Orléans, the Loire is separated by a submerged dike known as the dhuis into the Grande Loire to the north, no longer navigable, and the Petite Loire to the sou th. This dike is just one part of a vast system of construction that previously allowed the Loire to remain navigable. The Loire was formerly an important navigation and trading route, but now large ships can only navigate the estuary up to about Nantes. Boats on the river were traditionally flat-bottomed boats, with large but foldab le masts to gather wind from above the river banks but also to allow them to pas s under bridges they are known as gabarre, futreau, and so on, still on view for tourists near pont Royal. The river's irregular flow strongly limits traffic on it, in particular at its a scent, though this can be overcome by boats being given a tow. An "Inexplosible"-type paddle steamer owned by the mairie was put in place in Au gust 2007, facing place de la Loire and containing a bar. Every two years, the Festival de Loire recalls the role played by the river in t he commune's history. Joined to it, on the river's north bank near the town centre, is the Canal d'Orléa ns, which connects to the Canal du Loing and the Canal de Briare at Buges near M ontargis. The canal is no longer used along its whole length. Its route within O rléans runs parallel to the river, separated from it by a wall or muret, with a pr

with the intention of reviving it and installing a pleasure-boat port there. then filled in.omenade along the top. It was reopened in 2007 for the "fêtes de Loire" . . Its last pound was transformed into an outdoor swimming p ool in the 1960s.

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