l¿Øm¬ F∂ P\-t{Zmlw

G{]n¬ 29 \v tIc- f - Ø n¬ ho≠p- s amcp
l¿Øm-ep-≠m-bn. F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥ \ntcm-[n-°W-sa-∂m-h-i-y-s∏´v `c-W-I£n kvt]m¨k¿
sNbvX l¿Øm¬.
]Øp h¿j- a mbn tIc- f - Ø n¬ F≥tUmkƒ^m≥ \ntcm- [ n- ® n- c n- ° p- I - b m- W v . tIcfm
sslt°m-S-Xn-bptS-XmWv \ntcm-[-\w. At∏mƒ
apJy-a{¥n hn.-F-kv. AN-yp-Xm-\-μ≥ \ncm-lmcw
InS-∂Xpw CSXpap∂Wn l¿Øm¬ \S-Øn-bXpw
BtKm-f-ambn F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥ \ntcm[n°m\m
Wv. Fs¥mcp BtKm-f-t_m-[w!
l¿Ømen¬ P\-߃ \c-In-®p. sXmgn¬imeIƒ {]h¿Øn- ® n- √ . hml- \ - ß ƒ HmSn- b n- √ .
kwÿm\w AXns‚ apt∂-‰-Øn¬ Hcp Zn\w
]nt∂m-´m-bn.
Cu l¿Øm-en-eqsSbp≠mb D¬∏m-Z\
- \jvSw
F{X-sb∂v IrX-y-amb IW-°n-√. ^mIvS-dn-I-fpw,
sXmgn¬im- e - I fpw a‰p tkh- \ - t a- J - e - I fpw
kvXw`n-®X
- n-eqsS tImSn-If
- psS \jvSw \ap-°p-≠mbn. tcmKn-Ifpw, K¿`n-Wn-Ifpw hr≤-cp-sa√mw
l¿Øm¬ Zn-\-Øn¬ hm-l-\hpw IpSn-sh-≈hpw
In´msX \c-In-®t∏mƒ \ap°v A`n-am-\-I-c-amb
t\´-ap-≠m-bn.
P- \ oh D®- t Im- S n- b n¬ F≥tUm- k ƒ^m≥
\ntcm-[n-®p.
`b-¶cw! apJ-y-a{¥n hn.-F-kv. AN-yp-Xm-\-μt‚bpw kn]nsF (Fw) kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn ]nWdmbn hnP-b-t‚bpw Icp-Øv!
IoS-\m-in\n `oI-cs\ ae¿Øn-bS- n®p If-™p.
AXpw l¿Øm-en-eq-sS.
P\-Øns\ Zpcn-X-Øn-em-°n, AXv Xß-fpsS
cmjv{Sob t\´-Øn\v D]-tbm-Ks
- ∏-Sp-Øp∂ cm-jv{Sob-°m¿ C\n-sb-¶nepw Cu \mWwsI´ \mS-Iß
- ƒ
\n¿Ø-Ww.
Cu l¿Øm-ep-I-fn¬ P\w ]pd-Øn-d-ßm-Xm-

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

bXv \nß-fpsS cmjv{So-b-tØm-Sp≈ B`nap-Jyw
sIm ≠√. kwL-Sn-X- cm-£-ko-bXtbmSp≈ `bw
sIm ≠m-Wv. cmjv{So-b-°msc ]ncmIn Ah¿ hoSpI-fn-en-cp∂p.
k¿°m¿ kvt]m¨tk¿Uv l¿Øm-em-b-Xn\m¬ k¿°m-cp-tZ-ym-K-ÿ-cn¬ `qcn-]£w Hmkn\v
eohv In´nb kt¥mjw BtLm-jn-®p. l¿Øm¬
ImcWw ]d™v tPmen-bn¬ \n∂v Hgn-hm-Im≥
Ign- ™ Xv `mK- y - a m- b n- ° - ≠ - h cpw l¿Øm¬
BtLm-j-am-°n.
]t£ Cu {]h-W-X-Iƒ hn\m-i-I-c-am-sW∂v
l¿Øm-ep-Iƒ {]J-ym-]n-°p-∂-h¿ Hm¿°-Ww.
F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥ Zpcn-X-_m-[n-Xc-mb \n lmb Pohn-X-ßsf HcpssI klm-bn-°mØ
apJy-a-{¥n-bmWv Im¿´q¨ IYm-]m-{X-sØ-t∏mse
c‡-km-£n-a-WvU-]-Øn\p ap∂n¬ \o≠p \nh
¿∂p "\ocm'-lmcw InS-∂-Xv. Im]-S-y-°m-cmb kmaqlnI {]h¿Ø-I¿ \¬Inb \mc-ßm-\ocp IpSn®
AN-yp-Xm-\-μ≥ hnNm-cn-°p-∂Xv Xs‚ P\-]n-¥pW-bpsS {Km^v Db¿s∂-∂m-Wv. IjvSw!
Imk¿tIm-´v, F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥ Zpcn-X-_m-[nX-bmb ]Xn-s\´p hb-kp≈ s]¨Ip´n aq{Xw
\nb--{¥n-°m-\m-hmØ Ah-ÿ-bn¬ h¿j-ß-fmbn
ZpcnXw A\p-`-hn-°p∂p. Hcp ikv{X-{Inb \S-Ønbm¬ B AkpJw t`Z-am-°mw. Aº-Xn-\m-bncw
cq] thWw ikv{X-{In-b-bv°v. Ign™ A©p
sIm√sØ `c-W-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ Cu s]¨Ip-´nsb
klm-bn-°m≥ t]mepw k≥a-\ p Im´mØ kJm°-fmWv "\ocm'-lm-chpw, l¿Ømep-ambn P\ßsf hnUvVn-I-fm-°p-∂-Xv.
\n¿Øp-I; C\n-sb-¶nepw Cu tImam-fn-Ø-c߃. Imew amdp-I-bm-Wv. ]≠v \n߃ ]d-™sX√mw P\-߃ sXm≠ sXmSmsX hngp-ßn-bn-cp∂p. C∂v P\-߃°v Cu Im]-S-y-߃ Xncn-®-dnbm-\m-hpw. \mSIw Ifn-°p∂ cmjv{So-°msc P\߃°v ]p—-am-Wv.
]{Xm-[n-]k-anXn

2011 sabv 15 / 3

]{Xw
ssZzhmcnI
2011 sabv 15
]pkv X Iw 8 e°w 3 ˛hne˛12 cq

D≈-S°w
FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬...............................................................................................

3

\n¿Ωm-WsØmgn-em-fn-Iƒ A]m-b-ap-\-bn¬
kv. N{μ-tam-l≥ ......................................................................................

F5

P\-d¬ FUn-‰¿
Icq¿ iin

IpSn-tb-‰-sØm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ°pw Ah-Im-i-ß-fp≠v
ssa{Xn {]kmZv .............................................................................................

8

amt\-PnwKv FUn-‰¿
Fkv. N{μ-tam-l≥

Fs∂ Pohn-°m≥ A\p-h-Zn°pI
Fkv.-Un. .........................................................................................................

10

dkn-U‚ v FUn-‰¿
kp\nX tZh-Zmkv

{i≤m-`-h≥ \S-Øn-∏nepw A-`b Xncn-adn Im´n
kp\nXm tZh-Zmkv ......................................................................................

12

{i≤m-`-h≥ kz-Im-c-y-k-z-Øm°m≥ a{¥n {ioa-Xn-bpsS HØmi..

14

No^v FUn-‰¿
Im°-\m-S≥

]{Xm-[n] kanXn
]n.-{]-Zo-]≥
hnt\mZv Ipam¿
cmPohv cmL-h≥

{i≤m-`-h≥ \S-Øn-∏ns‚ [mc-Wm-]{Xw A´n-a-dn®p..................................... 17
kpK-X-Ip-amcn {i≤m-`-hs‚ t]cn¬ \S-Ønb \nb-a-ew-L-\-߃.............18

t^mt´m
sI. \mcm-b-W≥
amt\-P¿ (k¿°p-te-j≥)
at\-jv. ‰n.-]n.
amt\-P¿ (am¿°-‰nw-Kv)
B‰n{] Atim-I≥
ssS∏v sk‰nwKv
kptcjv Ipam¿. Fw
FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Ub-d-IvS¿am¿
Fkv. kXojv Ipam¿
Sn. kptcjv Ipam¿
F. kem-lp-±o≥tIm¿∏-td‰v Hm^okv :
kn˛1, Ce¶w Km¿U≥kv
sh≈-b-º-ew, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw ˛ 10
t^m¨ : 0471 ˛ 3012634, 2115294
Printed, Published and Edited by
S. Chandramohan, C-1, Elankom
Gardens, Vellayambalam,
Thiruvananthapuram - 10.
Printed at Surya Offset,
Vellayambalam,
Thiruvananthapuram - 10.
Chief Editor : G.V. Kakkanadan
Managing Editor is responsible for
selection of news under PRB Act

4 / 2011 sabv 15

Htc ÿm]-\-߃, c≠p-Xcw h-y-h-ÿ-Iƒ ................................................ 19
hnZ-Kv[-Nn-In¬kI-cn-√mØ A`b..............................................................

20

kwÿm\ \nb-a-k`m sXc-s™-Sp-∏p-I-fn-eqsS
]n. {]Zo-]≥ ...................................................................................................

21

Ihn-X-Iƒ (Fw.-]n. DÆn-Øm≥, InS-ßd {ioh-’≥,
F≥.-Fw. \qte-en, {ioIe Nntßmen,
DÆn-°r-jvW≥ apXp-Ipfw, ¢m∏\ j¨ap-J≥)..............................

36

A∂m lkm-sc: Agn-a-Xn-hn-cp-≤-hn-Imcw DW-cp∂p
\nim-K-‘. ]n ...............................................................................................

39

Acßpw AWn-b-dbpw................................................................................

41

{]Xn-I-c-W-߃ ............................................................................................

43

hmbvsam-gnbpw adp-sam-gnbpw.....................................................................

44

C≥Uy {In°‰v temI-Øn-s‚ s\-dp-I-bn¬
kuay am\k ..................................................................................................

46

ÿncw ]w‡nIƒ
Ihn-tcJ˛
tZi-aw-Kew cma-Ir-jvW≥.........................................................................

28

kn\na
kp-tem-N\ dmwtam-l≥...............................................................................

31

hmc-tcJ
Icq¿ iin.......................................................................................................

49

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

\n¿ΩmWsØmgn-em-fn-Iƒ
A]m-b-ap-\-bn¬
Fkv. N{μ-tam-l≥

Xe-ÿm-\sØ _n¬Udmb B¿sSIv {Kq∏v sI´nS \n¿ΩmW \nb-a-ß sf√mw ewLn®p sIm≠v Ig-°q-´Øp ]Wn-bp∂ ^vfm‰v.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

`c-W-Iq-Shpw \nb-a-ßfpw
Ch¿°v XrW- X p- e - y - a m- W v .
Hmtcm \mep\ne- b nepw
Np‰pw kpc£mhe, ssk‰v
apgp- h ≥ ad- b v ° p∂ BhcWw, sXmgn- e m- f n- I ƒ°v
kpc£m
s_¬
‰pw
sl¬a‰pw, AS® en^v ‰ v
tlmfp- I ƒ, km[- \ - ß ƒ
apI-fn-te°v sIm≠p t]mIphm- \ p≈ en^v ‰ v , kna‚ v
t{Smfn F∂nh Ih¿ sNøpI XpS-ßnb {]mY-anI kpc£m-{I-ao-Ic
- W
- ß
- ƒ t]mepw
]men-°m-ØXv A[n-Im-cn-IfpsS aq°n\p Xmsg-bm-Wv.
GsX- ¶ nepw ]cm- X n- b n¬
A[n- I m- c n- I ƒ
tÃm]v
satΩm \¬In-bmepw AXv
Dt-Z-ym-K-ÿ-cpsS apJtØ°v
Iodn Fdn- b m≥ t]mepw
sI´nS DS-a-Iƒ aSn-°p-∂n-√.
dnb¬ FtÉv am^n-b-bpsS
]W- s °m- g p∏pw cmjv { Sob
kzm- [ o- \ hpw \nb- a - ß sf
Iod-°S- e
- m-km-°p-∂p. \nc-¥cw ssk‰p-I-fn¬ A]-I-S-a-cW-߃ D≠m-Ip-∂Xv CXn\m-em-Wv.

2011 sabv 15 / 5

A

\-y-kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw
tIc- f - Ø nse \n¿Ωm- W - ˛ - h - y - h - k mb
taJ-e-I-fn¬ sXmgn-se-Sp-°m-s\-Øp-∂h-cpsS Ahÿ arK-ß-tf-°mƒ Z-b-\obw. tXm∂pw]-Sn-bp≈ tkh-\-th-X-\h-y-h-ÿ-Ifpw kpc-£m-{I-ao-I-c-W-ßfpsS A`m-hhpw, sXmgp-Øp-Isf A\pkva- c n- ∏ n- ° p∂ hmk- ÿ - e - h pw,
XcwXmW `£- W hpw Ch- c psS
PohnXw \c-I-Xp-e-y-am-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.
\n¿ΩmW Iº-\n-If
- psS \·-amb \nba-ew-L-\-hpw-, Cu taJ-e-bn¬ ASn-°Sn- b p- ≠ m- h p∂ A]- I - S - a - c - W - ß fpw
A[n-Ir-X¿ I≠n-s√∂p \Sn-°p-∂p.
sI´nS \n¿ΩmW taJ- e - b n¬
sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS kpc-£bv°pw D]t`m-‡m-°sf I_-fn-∏n-°m-Xn-cn-°m\pw
hy-‡-amb \nb-a-߃ \ne-hn-ep-≠v.
F∂m¬ tIc-f-Ønse `h-\\n¿Ωm-Wta-J-e-bn¬ Ipd™ Imew sIm≠pXs∂ `oam- I m- c - ∑ m- c mbn hf¿∂
IpØIapX-em-fn-am¿ F√m \nb-aß
- fpw
]¥m-Sp-I-bm-Wv. `c-W-Iq-Shpw \nb-aßfpw Ch¿°v XrW-Xp-e-y-am-Wv.
CXns‚ Zmcp-W^
- e
- a
- mWv I¨kv{S£≥ ssk‰p-I-fn¬ ASn-bv°-Sn-bp-≠mIp∂ A]-I-S-߃. ]Xn-s\´pw Ccp-]Xpw \ne-I-fp≈ h≥sI-´n-S-߃°p
apI-fn¬ Hcp kpc-£mkwhn-[m-\ß-fn√msX Poh≥ ]Wbw h®v tPmen
sNøm≥ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ \n¿_-‘n-Xcm-hp-∂p.
CXns‚ `mK-ambn Xe-ÿm-\Øv
Hcp amkØn\n-S-bn¬ aq∂v ZmcpWacW- ß - f p- ≠ m- b n. {]ikv X I¨kv { S£≥ Iº- \ nbmb tIm¿Un- b ¬
{Kq∏ns‚ \μ≥ tIms´ ssk‰nse
\memw \ne-bn¬ tIm¨{Io‰v \\®p
sIm≠n-cp∂ _olmdn bphmhv Im¬hgpXn hoWp. Xmsg \ne-bn¬ Db¿∂p
\n∂ Iºn Xd™p Ib-dnb bphmhns\ Iºn apdn®v Bip-]{- Xn-bn-se-Øns®- ¶ nepw acn- ® p. as‰mcp henb
I¨kv{S-£≥ Iº-\n-bmb ku]¿ÆnI-bpsS apt°me ssk‰n¬ kpc£m
{Iao- I - c - W - ß - f n- √ msX Db¿Ønb
km[-\-߃ Ib-‰p∂ en^v‰pw Hcp
D¥p-h≠n tIm¨ {Io‰pw Xmsg-bp≈
temdn°p apI-fn-te°v hoWv ss{Uh¿
acn- ® p. _mw•q¿ Bÿm- \ - a m- b p≈
h≥I- º - \ n- b mb {Inì {Kq∏ns‚
ssk‰nse en^v‰v tlmfn-eqsS hoWv
Hcp _olmdn bphmhv acn-®p.
sXmgn-em-fn-If
- psS kwc-£W
- Ø
- n\v
Npa-X-e-s∏´ k¿°m¿ hIp-∏p-I-fnse
DtZ-ym-K-ÿcpw Iº-\n-bp-Sa-Ifpw XΩnep≈ Ahn-ip-≤-_-‘-amWv \nb-a-ewL- \ - ß ƒ s]cp- I m≥ Imc- W w.
FsX¶nepw DtZ- y m- K - ÿ ≥ \nb- a - \ S]SnIƒ°v apXn¿ ∂m¬ Chsc `oj-

6 / 2011 sabv 15

DZ-c-\n-anØw: Ig-°q-´sØ B¿sSIv _n¬tU-gvkns‚ ]Xn-s\´v \ne sI´nS-Øn¬ Ib¿ tKmh-Wn-bn¬ Xqßn Hcp kpc-£m{Iao-I-c-Wßfpan-√msX
sXmgn-se-Sp-°p∂h¿

Wn-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw tÃm]v satΩm Iodn
Fdn-bm\pw dnb¬ FtÉv am^n-bbv°v
aSnbn-√.
Xe-ÿm-\sØ B¿sSIv {Kq∏ns‚
Ig-°q´w ssk‰n¬ ]cn-tim-[\ \SØnb Akn-Â v te_¿ IΩo-j-Wsd
ssk‰nse Npa-X-e-°m¿ A\p-k-cn-®n√.- \nb-a-߃ ]men-°-W-sa∂v Bhi-y-s∏´ Akn- v te_¿ IΩo-j-WtdmSv AXn\v X߃°v kuI-c-y-an-s√∂mWv ssk‰v Npa-X-e-°m¿ ]d-™-Xv.
CXn-s\-°p-dn®v At\-z-jn® ]{Xw
hmcn-It- bmSv B¿sSIv {Kq∏v No^v FIvknIyq-´ohv AtimIv Cßs\ ]d-™p.
""Rß-fpsS ssk‰n¬ Aßs\ ]eXpw
\S-°pw. \S-]S- n-sb-Sp-°m≥ ss[c-ya
- p≈
A[n- I m- c n- I ƒ hc- s ´. \nßfpw
ssk‰n¬ t]mbn t^mt´m- s b- S pØv
sXmgnem- f n- I - f psS A`n- { ]m- b hpw
tN¿Øv hm¿Ø- sIm-Sp-°v. \nb-a-߃
F√mw ]men- ° ms\m∂pw ]‰n- √ .''
AtimIv ]d-™p.

B¿sS- ° ns‚ ssk‰n¬ sR´n°p∂ cwK-ß-fmWv I≠-Xv. tIm´-bØv
Hcp I¨kv{S-£≥ ssk‰n¬ \n¿ΩmWw \S-°ptºmƒ tdmUn-eqsS \S∂
c≠p I\ym-kv{Xo-Iƒ CjvSnI Xebn¬ hoWv acn-®-Xn\p tijw I¿i-\amb kpc£m \nb-a-߃ k¿°m¿
\n¿_-‘-am-°n-bn-cp-∂p. ssk‰v ]q¿Wambpw ad-sI´n \n¿Ωm-W-h-kvXp-°ƒ
]pd-tØ°p hogm-\p≈ km[-yX ASbv°-Ww F∂-XmWv kp{]-[m\ \nbaw. Ig- ° q- ´ sØ B¿sS °ns‚
ssk‰n¬ tZiob ]mXbv°pw {][m-\ÿm-]-\-߃°pw kao-]-amWv _lp\neaμncw ]Wn-bp-∂-sX-¶nepw Cu
\nbaw ]men-®n-´n-√m-sb∂v CtXm-sSm-∏ap≈ Nn{X-߃ hy-‡-am°p∂p.
\mep- \ n- e - I ƒ°p tijw Hmtcm
\ne-bpw Np‰n s\‰v sI´n sXmgn-em-fnIƒ hoWp t]mbmepw kpc£ Dd-∏m°-W-sa∂ \nbaw ]men-®n-´n-√. H∂c
ao‰¿ hoXn- b n¬ kv I t^mƒUnwKv

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

thW sa∂ \nb-ahpw ]men-°-s∏-´n-√.
Aw_- c - N pw- _ n- I - f mb aμn- c - ß - f n¬
sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ GWn°b-dn¬ Xqßn
tPmen sNøp-∂Xv Nn{X-Øn¬ ImWpI. en^v‰p-Iƒ aqSn-bn-´n-√. F√m sXmgnem- f n- I ƒ°pw tk^v ‰ n s_¬‰pw
sl¬a‰pw \¬In-bn-´n-√. F√m sXmgnem-fn-I-sfbpw C≥jz¿ sNbvXn-´n-√.
lnμn, Cw•o-jv, ae-bmfw `mj-I-fn¬
kpc£ kw_- ‘ n® \nb- a - ß ƒ
FgpXn {]Z¿in-∏n-°-W-sa-∂mWv \nba- s a- ¶ nepw B¿sSIv A[n- I r- X ¿°v
\nb-a-߃ _m[-I-a-√.
F√m ssk‰nepw tk^v‰n F≥©n\o-b¿am¿ thW-sa-∂mWv \nb-a-sa¶nepw X≠pw XSn-bp-ap≈ takv{Xn-amcmWv ChnsS Imc-y-߃ \nb-{¥n-°p∂-Xv. ]q¿Øn-bm-Im-dmb ^vfm‰n¬ \nehm-c-an-√mØ ^b¿ tk^v‰n kwhn[m\w Dd-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. ]pd-tabv°p≈
ss]∏p-Iƒ am{X-amWnXv. A·n-_m-[bp-≠m-bmepw {]h¿Øn-°n-√. Aan-Xem`w t\Sp-∂-Xn-\m-bmWv IÆn¬t®mcbn-√mØ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ°v dnb¬ FtÉv
DS-a-Iƒ Xøm-dm-hp-∂-Xv.
CXns‚ ^e-ambn A\-y-kwÿm-\ß-fn¬ \n∂pw h∂-h-c-S-°-ap≈ \nch[n sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ A]-I-S -a-c-WØn\v Ccbm-bn. A[n-Ir-Xcpw dnb¬
FtÉv am^n-bbpw tN¿∂v Cu tIkpIƒ HXp-°n. \nb-a-{]-Imcw sXmgn-emfn-Isf C≥j-z¿ sNbvXn-´n-√mØ Cu
Iº-\n-Iƒ \jvS-]-cn-lmcw t]mepw
\¬Im- s X- b mWv NØ \m¬°m- e nIsft∏mse Cu sXmgn-em-fn-Isf hens®-dn™v IpSpw-_-ßsf A\m-Y-am-°nb-Xv.
]›n-a-_w-Kmƒ, _olm-¿, Hdok
XpS-ßnb kwÿm-\-ß-fnse sXmgn-emfn-If
- mWv {][m-\a
- mbpw \n¿ΩmW taJe-bn¬ tPmen sNøp-∂X
- v. Cu kwÿm\-ß-fnse sImSnb Zmcn-{Zyhpw sXmgn-

en-√m-bvabpw Ipd™ thX-\hp-amWv
sXmgn- e m- f n- I sf tIc- f - Ø n- t ebv ° v
BI ¿jn-°p-∂X
- v. Cu sXmgn-em-fn-Isf
tIc- f - Ø nseØn°m≥
te_¿
tIm¨{Sm-IvS¿amcp-ap-≠v.
te_¿ tIm¨{Sm- I v S - ¿ amcpsS
t\Xr- X - z - Ø n¬ tIc- f - Ø n- t e°v
sIm≠p hcp∂ sXmgn- e m- f n- I - f mWv
G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ ZpcnXw A\p-`-hn-°p∂-Xv. Iº-\n-bp-SaIfn¬ \n∂pw sXmgnem-fn-I-fpsS iº-f-Øn¬ henb XpI
hmßp∂ tIm¨{Sm-IvS¿am¿ Xp—-amb
XpI am{Xta sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v \¬Ip∂p-≈p. `£-Ww, Xma-kw F∂n-hbpw
Zb-\o-b-km-l-N-cy-ß-fn-em-Wv.
A\- y - k w- ÿ m- \ - ß - f n¬ \n∂pw
t\cn´v tPmen-s°-Øp∂ sXmgn-em-fnIƒ°v 350 cq] hsc {]Xn-Zn\ thX\w
e`n-°pw. cmhnse F´p aWn apX¬
sshIn-´v Bdp aWn hsc-bmWv ChcpsS tPmenka-bw. kna‚pw, kna‚ v
CjvSn-Ibpw Npa-°¬, Xd-bnse tPmenIƒ, tIm¨{Io‰v anIvknw-Kv, Iºn-sI´v, BImiNp_n-I-fmb h≥a-μn-c-ßfn¬ bmsXmcp kpc£m kwhn-[m-\-hpan-√msX tIm¨{Io‰v \\-bv°¬, XpSßnb ITn-\-tPm-en-I-fmWv Ch¿ sNøp∂-Xv.
]Xn-\mdpw ]Xn-t\gpw hb-kp≈
Cu taJ-eb
- n¬ A]-IS- I
- c
- a
- mb tPmenIƒ sNøp-∂p. 200 cq] apX-emWv Ch
¿°v iºfw \¬Ip-∂-Xv. tIc-fobcmb
sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v CtX sXmgn-en\v 450
cq] e`n-°pw.
]e I¨kv{S-£≥ Iº-\n-Ifpw
Ch¿°v \¬Ip∂ ]m¿∏nS kuI-cyw
Imen-sØm-gp-Øn-s\-°mƒ tami-am-Wv.
Nne Iº-\n-Iƒ ]WnXp sIm≠n-cn°p∂ h≥sI-´n-Sß
- f
- psS XmgsØ \neI-fn¬ Chsc ]m¿∏n-°p-∂p. apIƒ\ne-I-fn¬ \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø\w \S-°ptºmƒ Xmsg jo‰p sI´n-Øn-cn® shdpw

apt°m-e-bnse ku]¿ÆnI _n¬tU-gvkns‚ ssk‰n¬
t{Smfn en^v‰v Ih¿ sNøm-Ø-Xns\ØpS¿∂v t{Smfn s]m´n
hoWv Xmsg ]m¿°v sNbvXn-cp∂ temdnbpsS ss{Uh¿
acn®p.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

sSIvt\m-]m¿°n\SpsØ {Inì
{Kq∏ns‚ kpc£ {Iao-I-c-W߃
H∂pw ]men-°mØ sI´nS kap-®-bw.
en^v ‰ v aqSm- Ø - X ns\ØpS¿∂v Hcp
sXmgn-emfn bphmhv hoWp acn-®p.

\ne- Ø pw, ]e- I - I - f n- e pw ]e- I - I ƒ
tN¿Øp-≠m-°nb I´n-ep-I-fnepw Ch¿
Ign-™p- IqSp-∂p. Hcp XSn tai-∏p-dØv
asÆÆ Ãuhpw AX-ym-h-iyw ]{X-ßfp-ap-≠m-hpw. N∏m-Ønbpw D≈n-°d
- nbpw
I™n-bp-amWv apJ-y-`-£-Ww.
sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS kpc£ Dd-∏p-hcp-Øm≥ tIc-f-Øn¬ hy-‡-amb \nba-ß-fp-≠v. F∂m¬ tIc-f-Ønse `qcn]£w \n¿ΩmW Iº- \ n- I fpw Ch
]men-°m-dn-√. \n¿ΩmWw \S-°p-tºmƒ
sI´nSw apgp- h - \ mbn s\‰v Ih¿
sNøpI, Hmtcm c≠p \ne-bnepw Xmsg
ho Wm≥ A]-ISw ]‰m-Xn-cn-°m≥ he
sI´n kwc-£n-°pI, \n¿ΩmW kma{Kn-Iƒ apI-fn-te°v sIm≠p t]mIp∂
en^v‰v ]q¿Æ-ambpw Ih¿ sNøp-I,
en^v‰v tlmƒ AS®p kq£n-°p-I,
sl¬a-‰pw, tk^v‰n _¬‰pw \n¿_-‘am-°p-I, F√m ssk‰nepw tk^v‰n
Hm^o-ksd \nb-an®v sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS
kwc-£Ww Dd∏p hcp-Øp-I, XpSßn
hy-‡-amb \nb-a-߃ \ne-hn-ep-≠v.
F∂m¬ CXn\p th≠n sNe-hm-°p∂
]Ww IqSn em`n-°pI F∂ e£-ytØmsS _‘- s ∏´ te- _ ¿ Hm^ok¿am¿°pw, a‰v DtZ- y m- K - ÿ ¿°pw
tImg \¬In, I¨kv{S£≥ Iº-\nbp-Sa
- I
- ƒ Cu \nb-aß
- ƒ ewLn-°p-∂p.
A\-y-kw-ÿm-sØm-gn-emfnIfpsS
Zpcn-X-߃ tIc-f-Ønse am[-y-a-߃
hnj-b-am-°m-dn-√. Zpc-¥-ap-≠m-bm¬
t]mepw \n¿ΩmW Iº-\n-I-fpsS t]cv
\¬In√ F∂ Aen-JnX \nbaw tIcf-Ønse am[-y-a-߃°p≠v. "Hcp I¨
kv{S-£≥ Iº\n' Ft∂ Fgp-Xq. Imc
Ww tIc-f-Ønse {]apJ am[-y-a-ßsabv 15 / 7
fpsSsb√mw {][m\2011
]ckyt{kmXkv
I¨kv{S-£≥ Iº\nIfm-Wv. AXp
sIm≠p Xs∂ Cu a\p-j-y-cpsS Poh\v
Hcp hne-bp-an√ F∂ kaql kXyw

IpSn-tb‰sØmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°pw Ah-Im-i-ß-fp-≠ v
ssa{Xn {]km-Zv

B

tdgp h¿j-߃°p ap≥]v
]Ø- \ w- X n´ Pn√- b n- e qsS Rm≥
_ n¬ bm{X sNøp- I - b m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
bm{X-°m-cn-sem-cm-fpsS t]gvkv ImWmXmbn. _ n¬ Hcp Xangv kv{Xo D≠mbn-cp-∂p. F√m-hcpw Hcp sXfnhpw e`n°msX B Xangv kv{XobmWv
tamjvSmhv F∂m-tcm-]n-®p. I≠-IvS¿
Hcp {]tIm- ] - \ hpw C√msX B
kv{Xosb ASn-®p.
ae-bm-fn-b-√mØ A\-y-kw-ÿm\
sXmgn-em-fn-Isf \Ωƒ F{X P\m[n]-Xy hnc-p≤-am-bn´pw ap\-j-ym-h-Im-i߃°v hne I¬∏n-°m-sX-bp-amWv
ssIIm-cyw sNøp-∂Xv F∂v Rm≥
At∏mƒ Btem-Nn-®p. CØcw kμ¿`ß-fn¬ \Ωƒ km[m-cW Ah-ew-_n°m-dp≈ sXfn-hns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬
Hcp kw`-hsØ hne-bn-cp-Øp∂ {]{Inb-b√ AhnsS I≠-Xv. A∂p apXemWv Rm\n-°m-cyw \nco-£n®p XpSßp-Ibpw ]n∂oSv ]T-\-hn-j-b-ambn
sXc-s™-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-Xv.
ae-bmfn sXmgn-em-fn-I-tfbpw IpSntb- ‰ °m- t cbpw \mw ssIIm- c yw
sNøp∂ coXn XnI®pw hy-X-y-kvX-amWv. IpSntb‰ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v Xpe-yth-X\w t]mepw tIc-f-Øn¬ e`n-°p-

8 / 2011 sabv 15

∂n-√. tIc-fo-b\v 500 cq]-sb-¶nepw e`n°p- t ºmƒ adp- \ m- ´ p- I m- c \v 200 cq]apX¬ 350 cq] hsc-bmWv Iqen. ]q©v
tembvUv Iº\n tdmUp ]Wn-°mbn
sIm≠p h∂ IpSn-tb‰ sXmgn-em-fnIsf \c-I-Xp-e-y-amb kml-N-c-y-Øn¬
Xma- k n- ∏ n®v AXn- ¬ c≠p t]¿
AkpJw _m[n®v `£- W tam
NnIn¬ktbm e`n-°msX acn-®-t∏mgmWv BZy-ambn Cu sXmgn-em-fn-IfpsS
Zpcn-X-Po-hnXw ]pdwtemI-a-dn-™-Xv.
C∂pw Ch-cpsSsbms° Pohn-X-km-lN-cyw H´pw sa®-s∏-´n-´n-√.
CS-\n-e-°m-cmb \nc-h[n GP‚p-amcmWv `qcn-]£w sXmgn-em-fn-I-tfbpw
hnhn[ sXmgn-en-S-ß-fn¬ FØn-°p-∂Xv. t\cn´v tPmen ÿew tXSn-∏n-Sn-°p∂-hcpw D≠v.
sI´n- S - \ n¿ΩmWtaJ- e , ssπhp
Uv˛πm-ÃnIv hy-h-km-b-߃ F∂n-hn-Sß-fn-emWv IqSp-X¬ t]cpw tPmen
sNøp-∂-Xv. 18 hb- n¬ Xmsg-bp-≈hcpw ChnsS tPmen-°mbn FØp-∂p≠v.
sXmgn-√m-bvabpw ]pXnb sXmgnehk-c-߃ Is≠-Øm-\p≈ kml-N-c-yan-√m-bvabpw AXXp kwÿm-\-ßfn¬
\n ∂pw hnhn[ Imc-Wß
- fm-ep≈ IpSn-

bn-d-°-s∏-S-ep-I-fp-amWv A\-y-kw-ÿm\-°msc tIc-fØ
- n¬ sXmgn¬ tXSn-sbØm≥ t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. ^yq-U-em-bn´p≈ `q_-‘-ß-fmWv AhnsS \ne\n¬-°p-∂-Xv.
ISpØ ]´n-Wnbpw sImSpw Zmcn-{Z-yhp-amWv Hdn-k, Bkmw, _wKmƒ F∂nhn- S - ß - f nse {Kma- ß - f n¬. B Zmcn{ZysØ NqjWw sNbv X mWv ChnSsØ h≥InS sI´n-S-\n¿Ωm-Xm-°ƒ
sNdnb thX-\-Øn¬ Chsc tPmen
sNøn-∏n-°p-∂X
- v. sXmgn-enS-ßf
- n¬ h®v
Ch¿ ac-W-s∏-Sp-∂Xv A]q¿Δ kw`-ha-√. F∂m¬ Cßs\ ac-W-s∏-Sp-∂h¿°v \nb-a]
- c
- a
- m-bn-´p≈ \jvS]
- c
- n-lmc-߃ Iº-\n-bp-Sa
- I
- f
- p-tStbm k¿°mcn-t‚tbm `mKØp \n∂pw e`n-°m-dn-√.
A\-y-\m-´p-Im-cmb sXmgn-em-fn-Isf
kwi- b - t ØmsS ho£n- ° p- ∂ - X pw,
I≈≥am-sc∂v ap{Z IpØp-∂Xpw amtd≠-Xp-≠v. ASn-ÿm\ Pohn-X-ku-I-c-yßfpw sXmgn-en-S-ß-fnse C≥jp-d≥kv
]cn-c£
- bpw Xpe-yt- h-X\
- hpw Ch¿°pw
e`n-°-Ww. AXn-\mbn k¿°m¿ ap≥Isø-Sp-°-Ww. tIc-f-Ønse apJ-y-[mcm
cmjv{So-b-]m¿´n-Iƒ {]tX-y-In®pw h¿§cm-jv{So-bsØ {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNøp-∂h¿ IpSn-tb‰ sXmgn-em-fn-Isf sXmgnem- f n- I - f mbpw a\p- j - y - P o- h n- I - f mbpw
I≠v Ah- c psS -]
Ahm- i - ß ƒ°v
{XwIssZzhmcnI
th≠n \ne-sIm-t≈-≠-Xp-≠v.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

2011 sabv 15 / 9

Fs∂ Pohn-°m≥
A\p-h-Zn°pI
Fkv. Un

""Ft∂mSv A¬]-sa-¶nepw Zb-bp-≈h¿ Fs∂ shdpsX hnSp-I.
Fs‚ Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcp-]mSv Xo Xn∂p. A·n-Ip-WvT-Øn-eqsS \S-∂p.
C\n hø. Fs∂ Pohn-°m≥ A\p-h-Zn-°p-I.''

F

""
s∂ C\nbpw am[-y-a-߃ ]n¥p-S-c-cpXv. Rms\mcp
]pXnb PohnXw sI´n-∏-Sp-°m-s\m-cpßpI-bm-Wv. Ign-™Ime PohnXw Fs∂ Hcp-]mSp ]Tn-∏n-®p. Pohn-X-Øn-em-Z-yambn Rms\mcp ]pcp-js‚ kvt\l-h-e-b-Ønepw kwc-£W-Ønepw AXns‚ im¥-nbnepapd-ßn-bXv Ign™ Znh-kß-fn-em-Wv. B kam-[m\w F\n-°n-√m-Xm-°-cp-Xv. Rm\pw
H∂v Pohn-t®m-s´, Fs∂ C\n-sb-¶nepw shdpsX hnSq....''
CXp ]d-bp-∂Xv hnXpc s]¨Ip-´n F∂p am[-y-a-߃
hnfn-°p∂ \n¿`m-Ky- h
- X
- n-bmb bph-Xn-bm-Wv. hnXpc s]¨Ip´nsb tIc-fo-b¿ Adn-bpw. ]Xn-\©p h¿j-߃°p apºp
Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØn\Sp-Øp≈ hnXp-cbn¬ \n∂pw s]¨hmWn-`-°m¿ IS-Øn-s°m≠p t]mbn Nqj-W-Øn-\n-c-bm-°nb
bph-Xn. ho´nse ISpØ Zmcn-{Z-ya
- mWv Chsf CØcw kmlN-c-y-ß-fn-te°v \bn-®-Xv. A`n-\-bn-°m≥ Ah-kcw \¬Imsa∂v sX‰n-≤-cn-∏n-®mWv CS-\n-e-°mcn Chsf IS-Øn-bXv.
tIc-fØ
- n¬ CXp {]am-Za
- mb tIkm-bn. {]ap-J¿ ]ecpw IpSpßn. tIkv Ct∏mgpw tImS-Xn-bn¬ Cg™p \oßp-∂p.
CXn-\n-S-bn-emWv s]¨Ip´n hnhm-ln-X-bm-b-Xv. k¿°m¿
CS-s]´v Hcp sNdnb tPmen Ch¿°v \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. Cu
bphXn hnhm-ln-Xb
- m-bn. AXpw am[-ya
- ß
- f
- n¬ henb hm¿Ø-

10 / 2011 sabv 15

bm-bn. NqtS-dnb N¿® Bcw-`n-®p. Cu kml-N-c-y-Øn-emWv
tIkn¬ \n∂v c£-s∏-SW
- s
- a∂ Dt±-iy- t- ØmsS Bsc-¶nepw
t{]cn-∏n®v Chsf sIWn-bn¬s∏Sp-Øn-b-XmtWm F∂-dnbm≥ t^mWn¬ _‘-s∏-´Xv.
]{X-Øn¬ \n∂m-sW∂v ]d-™-t∏mƒ Chƒ BZyw ]d™Xv C{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp-∂p.
""BZ-y-am-bmWv Cu hnj-b-Øn¬ Fs‚ A`n-{]mbw Hcp
]{X-Øn¬ \n∂v tNmZn-®-Xv. F√m ]{X-°mcpw Ah-c-h-cpsS
at\m- K - X n°v A\p- k - c n®v Hmtcm hm¿Ø- I ƒ Fgp- X n.
Ct∏mƒ e`n® Pohn-Xhpw ]{X-°m-cm-bn´v \in-∏n-®m¬ Rm≥
Bfl-l-Xy sNøpw.''
""Fs∂ hnhmlw Ign-®Xv Fs∂-°mƒ {]mb-°q-Sp-Xep≈ Hcp hy-‡n-bm-Wv. At±-l-Øns‚ c≠m-asØ hnhml-hp-am-Wv. AXn-se-¥mWv C{X henb sX‰v? Rm≥ I\-yI-bmb Hcp Iuam-c-°m-cn-b-√-t√m? Pohn-X-Øns‚ Ibv-∏p\o¿ Hcp]mSp IpSn®p h‰n®v Rm≥ Pohn-Xm-\p-`-h-ß-fn¬
\n∂pw Hcp-]mSp ]pXnb ]mTw ]Tn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. ]gb ]Xn\mepImcn-bm-b F´pws]m´pw Xncn-bmØ sIm®p s]¨Ip´n-b√ Rm\n-∂v. ap∏Xp hb- m-bn-cn-°p-∂p. apXn¿∂n-cn-°p∂p.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

""tIkv Pbn-®mepw tXm‰mepw ]oUn-∏n-°-s∏´ s]¨Ip´n F∂ te_-en¬ tImS-Xnap-dn-I-fn¬ C\nbpw ImgvN-h-kvXp-hmbn \n¬°m≥ hø. \ΩpsS \oXn-\ym-b-h-y-h-ÿtbm \nb-a-kw-hn-[m-\tam Hcp s]¨Ip-´n°pw \oXn In´p∂ Xc-Øn-ep-≈-X√ F∂v
Fs‚ A\p-`-h-Øns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ ]d-tb≠n hcp-∂-Xn¬ F\n°p ZpxJ-ap-≠v.''

Rm≥ B]-Øn¬s∏´v Xf¿∂v hoW-t∏mƒ Xmßn-b- Ic-ß-sf-°m-sfms° Icp-Øv Rm\n∂v kz-b-am¿÷n-®n-cn-°p∂p. ap≥]v Rm≥ Pohn-XsØ `oXn-tbm-sS-bmWv t\m°n-°≠n-cp-∂Xv. NXn-bn¬s∏´p t]mb-Xn\ptijw A©p h¿jw
Xe-bp-b¿Øn Hcm-fpsS apJ-Øp t\m°m≥ t]mepw F\n°p
ss[c-y-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√. XI¿∂p t]mbn-cp∂p Rm≥.
F∂m¬ ]Xn-sb Rm≥ ka-\ne hos≠-Sp-Øp. Bbn-S°mWv Fs‚ Pohn-X-Øn-te°v Hcp kplrØv IS∂p h∂Xv. tKmUv^m-Z¿ F∂p-Xs∂ thW-sa-¶n¬ ]d-bm-hp∂
Hcmƒ. B kplrØv Fs∂ sas√ ssI]n-Sn-®p-b¿Øn.
F\n°v Bfl-hn-i-zmkw X∂p. Pohn-°m-\mi X∂p. Bflm`n-am-\-tØmsS Bfp-I-fpsS apJØp t\m°m-\p≈ IcpØp
h∂p.
bYm¿∞Øn¬ Rm≥ as‰m-cm-fmbn amdp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
Pohn-XsØ Icp-tØmsS t\cn-Sm≥ Xs∂ Rm≥ Xocp-am-\n®p. XpS¿∂p ]Tn-®p. tPmen t\Sn. Np‰p-]m-Sp-Isf ka-Nn-ØX-tbmsS ho£n°p-hm\pw kml-N-c-y-ßsf hni-I-e\w
sNøm\pw kμ¿`m-\p-k-cWw s]cp--am-dm\pw Rm≥ ]Tn-®p.
s]s´∂p tdmUp t{Im p sNøp-tºmƒ thK-Øns‚
F√m koa-Ifpw ewLn®p h∂ Hcp hml\w Fs∂ CSn
®p sXdn-∏n-®m¬, Rm\-Xn¬ Ip‰-°m-cn-bm-hp-tam? Xnc-°p≈
tdmUv apdn®p IS-°m≥ {ian® Ip‰w A{X hep-Xm-tWm?
Rm≥ Pohn-XsØ km[m-c-W-\n-e-bn¬ ImWm≥ XpS-ßn.
ap≥]v Rm≥ Icp-Xn-bn-cp-∂Xv ]pcp-j≥amsc√mw h©Icpw NXn-b≥amcpw BsW-∂m-Wv. F∂m¬ C∂v Rm\ßs\ Icp-Xp-∂n-√. \∑-bp-≈-hcpw Icp-W-bp-≈-hcpw I\nhp-≈-hcpw ]pcp-j-≥amcnep≠v. Fs∂ hnhmlw Ign® ]pcpj\pw AØ-c-Øn¬ \∑-bpsS Awi-ß-fp≈ Hcm-fm-Wv.
Fs∂ Rm\mbn Dƒs°m-≈m≥ At±-l-Øn\p Ign-bpw.
Fs∂ kwc-£n-°m-\p≈ kmº-Øn-I-ÿn-Xn-bp-≠v. CXn¬
IqSp-X¬ F¥mWv Fs∂-t∏m-semcp kv{Xo Hcp ]pcp-j-\n¬
\n∂pw {]Xo-£n-t°-≠-Xv?
Hcp sNdp-∏-°m-c≥ Fs∂ hnhmlw Ign-®m¬ aXn-bmbn-cp-∂p, Cu a≤-y-h-b-kv°≥ th≠n-bn-cp-∂n√ F∂mWv
Hcp Iq´¿ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Hcp Iq´¿ F∂m¬ Iptd kmaq-lnI
{]h¿Ø-I¿. Ah¿ ]e-t∏mgpw Fs∂ klm-bn-®n-´p-≠v.
F\n-°-h-tcmSv \μnbpw kvt\lhpap≠v. F∂m¬ F√mbn
t∏mgpw Ah¿°v Fs‚ IqsS \n¬°m≥ ]‰p-tam? F\n°pw
Pohn-°-Ww. Pohn-°m≥ Hcp XpW thWw.
AYhm Hcp sNdp-∏-°m-c≥ Fs∂ hnhmlw Ign-®-Xn\p
tijw, AbmfpsS kplr-Øp-°fpw a‰pw ]d-bp-∂Xv tI´v
Fs∂ D≈p Xpd∂v kvt\ln-°m-Xn-cp-s∂-¶n¬, As√¶n¬
Fs∂ Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw sIm≠p hn‰n-cp-s∂-¶n¬ Rm≥
BtcmSv ]cmXn ]d-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p?
Ct∏mƒ Fs∂ hnhmlw Ign® Bƒ ]I-zX h∂ h-y‡n-bm-Wv. F√m Imc-y-ßfpw AXns‚ Kuc-h-tØmSp IqSn
a\- n-em-°nb hy-‡n-bm-Wv. Fs∂ kvt\ln-°p-Ibpw kwc£n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Rm≥ Cu PohnXw kt¥m-jtØmsS XpS-ßn-bn-t´-bp-≈q.
Fs‚ amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ°v ]Øp -a-°-fm-bn-cp-∂p. Imc-y-

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

amb sXmgn-sem∂pan√. AXn-t‚-Xmb _p≤n-ap-´p-Iƒ IpSpw_-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Fs∂ kvt\ln-°m\pw Hma-\n-°m-\psam∂pw F‚Ω°v C{Xbpw a°-fp-sS-bn-S-bn¬ Ign-™n-´n-√.
sNdp-∏-Ønte PohnXw F\n-°mbn Hcp°n h®Xv Ibv]p
\nd® •m m-bn-cp-∂p. Xf¿∂p hoW Fs‚ I¨ap-∂n¬
Fs‚ ktlm-Z-c-ßfpw A—\pw AΩ-bp-sa√mw hn[n-bpsS
{Iqc-X-I-fn¬ ]nS™p hoWn-´p-≠v.
kz-b-am¿÷n® Icp-tØmsS B L´-ß-fn-se√mw Rm\mW-hsc Hmtcm-cp-Ø-tcbpw ssII-fn¬ Xmßn-sb-Sp-Ø-Xv, ]cnN-cn-®-Xv, Blmcw sImSp-Ø-Xv. F\n-°n∂v A`n-am-\-tØmSp
IqSn ]d-bm≥ ]‰pw Rm\m-sWs‚ IpSpw_Øn‚ kwc-£I
F∂v. ]Xn-aq-∂p-Im-cn-bn¬ \n∂v Rm≥ Gsd apt∂m´p t]mbncn-°p-∂p. Rm\n∂v Icp-Øp‰ kv{XobmWv.
tIkp Pbn-°-W-sa∂pw Ip‰-hm-fn-Iƒ Pbn-en¬ t]mIW-sa∂pw F\n°pw B{Klap≠v. F∂m¬ ]W-Øns‚ Hgp°n\p ap∂n¬ \oXn-\-ym-b-h-y-h-ÿbpw \nb-ahpw tXm¬°p∂-XmWv Rm≥ Fs‚ A\p-`-h-Øn¬ I≠-Xv. F√m hnNm-cWm-th-fI
- f
- nepw F∂n´pw Rm≥ tImS-Xn a
- p-dn-bn-se-Øn. h°oe≥am-cpsS Ad-∏n-°p-Ibpw \mWn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂
A«oe -tNm-Z-y-߃°v \nd-I-Æp-I-tfmsS adp-]Sn ]d-™p.
h°o-e-∑m¿ {Iqc-X-tbmsS ho≠pw ho≠pw A«o-e-߃
tNmZn®p sIm≠n-cp-∂p. CXmWv \ΩpsS \nb-aw. Hcp XhW
\cm-[-a-∑m-cpsS {IqcXbv°n-c-bmb Rm≥ Ct∏mƒ, Ign™
]Xn-\©p h¿j-ambn \nb-a-Øns‚ {Iqc-X-Iƒ kln-°p-∂p.
ad-°m≥ am{Xw B{K-ln-°p∂ {Iqc-bm-Ym¿∞-y-߃
Bfl-\n-μ-tbmsS lrZ-b-th-Z-\-tbmsS, Hmtcm Znh-khpw
Hm¿sØ-SpØp tImS-Xn-bn¬ ]d-™p. ]t£, H∂pw kw`-hn®n-√. Hcp Ip‰-hm-fnbpw in£n-°-s∏-´n-√. Hcp tIknepw
F\n°v \oXn In´n-bn-√. \o≠ ]Xn-\©v h¿j-߃ Ign™n-cn-°p-∂p. CØcw tIkp-I-sfms° A\-¥-ambn \o≠p
t]mIp-tºmƒ Fs∂-t∏m-ep≈ ]mh-s∏´ s]¨Ip-´n-I-fpsS
Pohn-X-amWv tImSXn apdn-I-fn¬ Fcn™p Xocp-∂-Xv.
]Xn-\©v h¿jw lrZ-b-t`-Z-I-amb hnNm-c-WIƒ Rm≥
t\cn-´p. km£n-°q-´n¬ \n∂v {]Xn-I-fp-sSbpw A`n-`m-j-I-cpsSbpw \ym-bm-[n-]-s‚bpw ap∂n¬ ]e-X-hW Fs‚ Zpc-\p-`h-߃ hnh-cn-®p. am[-y-a-߃ D’m-l-tØmsS Fs‚ IY
sIm≠m-Sn. F√m-h¿°pw F√mw ck-am-bn-cn-°pw.
A]-am-\n-°s
- ∏-Se
- p-Ifpw IÆocp IpSn-°epw F\n°p aXnbm-bn. A{Xbpw Ipd-®p-]oU\w A\p-`-hn-®m¬ aXn-b-t√m?
F∂m¬ kmaq-l-nI-{]-h¿Ø-I¿ tIkv XpS-c-W-sa∂v iTn°p-∂p. A\p-`-hn-°p-∂Xv Rm\m-Wv. a‰p-≈-h¿°v Ifn
I≠m¬ aXn.
tIkv Pbn-®mepw tXm‰mepw ]oUn-∏n-°-s∏´ s]¨Ip´n
F∂ te_-en¬ tImS-Xn-ap-dn-I-fn¬ C\nbpw ImgvN-h-kvXphmbn \n¬°m≥ hø. \ΩpsS \oXn-\ym-bh
- y- h
- ÿ
- t- bm \nba
-kw-hn-[m-\tam Hcp s]¨Ip-´n°pw \oXn In´p∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈-X√ F∂v Fs‚ A\p-`-h-Øns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ ]d-tb≠n
hcp-∂-Xn¬ F\n°p ZpxJ-ap-≠v.
Ft∂mSv A¬]-sa-¶nepw Zb-bp-≈h¿ Fs∂ shdpsX
hnSp-I. Fs‚ Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcp-]mSv Xo Xn∂p. A·n-IpWvT-Øn-eqsS \S-∂p. C\n hø. Fs∂ Pohn-°m≥ A\p-hZn-°pI.

2011 sabv 15 / 11

{i≤m-`-h≥ \S-Øn-∏nepw
A`b Xncnadn Im´n
kp\nXm tZh-Zmkv

am

\-kn-I-tcmKw t`Z-s∏-´-h-cmb \ncm-ew_cmb kv{Xo
Iƒ°v B{i-b-sam-cp-°m-\p≈ kwÿm-\- k¿°m¿ ]≤-Xnbmb {i≤m-`h
- \
- nepw A`bm Nmcn-‰_
- nƒ skmssk‰n h≥Xncn-adn \S-Øn. kmaq-lnIt£a hIp-∏nse Nne D∂X DtZymK-ÿ-cpsS HØm-i-tbm-sS-bmWv k¿°m¿ ]≤Xn A`b
sk{I-´dn _n. kpK-X-Ip-amcn kz-Im-cy kz-Øm-°n-b-Xv.
kwÿm\ sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXm-dn-‰n-bp-sSbpw Xncp-h-\¥-]pcw Pn√m ]©m-bØ
- n-t‚bpw i‡-amb FXn¿∏p adnIS∂mWv Btcm- K - y - a {¥n ]n.- s I. {ioa- X nsb kzm- [ o- \ n®v
k¿°m¿ AwKo-I-cn® [mc-Wm-]{Xw A´n-a-dn-®-Xv.
kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-bpsS \S-]-Sn-I-sf-°p-dn®v At\-z-jn®v
dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏n-°m≥ sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXm-dn‰n A≤-y£\pw Pn√m PUvPn-bp-amb cma-Ir-jvW≥ DØ-c-hn-´p. C{]Imcw At\-z-jWw \SØnb sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXm-dn‰n
sk{I-´dn tUm. cmPp, kpK-XIp-a-mcn-bpsS \S-]-Sn-Iƒ \nba-hn-cp-≤-am-sW∂v Pn√mt°m-S-Xn°v dnt∏m¿´p \¬In. Pn√m
]©m-bØv AwKo-I-cn® satΩm-tdm≠w Hm^v F{Kn-sa‚ v
AwKo-I-cn-°mØ A`-b-bpsS \S-]Sn kzm¿∞em`-Øn-\msW∂v Xncp- h - \ - ¥ - ] pcw Pn√m ]©m- b Øv sk{I- ´ dn
hn.-F-kv. kt¥m-jvIp-am¿ k¿°m-cn\v dnt∏m¿´p \¬In-sb¶nepw CXp kw_-‘n®v Hcp \S-]-Sn-bp-ap≠m-bn-√.
2008 ¬ hr≤-k-Z\w Bcw-`n-°m≥ [\-k-lmbw Bh-iy-s∏´v A`b sk{I-´dn _n. kpK-X-Ip-amcn k¿°m-cn\v
s{]mt∏m-k¬ \¬In. kmaq-lnIt£a-hI
- p-∏nse D∂-Xc
- psS
HØm-i-tbmsS k¿°m-cn¬ \n∂pw sI´nS \n¿ΩmW [\k-lm-b-ambn 25 e£w cq] t\Sn-sb-Sp-Øp. Cu L´-ØnemWv NnIn’ Ign™ tijw _‘p-°ƒ kzo-I-cn-°msX
A\m-Y-cm-hp∂ am\-kn-I-tcm-Kn-Iƒ°mbn Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØpw, sIm®n-bnepw tImgn-t°mSpw {i≤m-`-h-\p-Iƒ Bcw-`n-

12 / 2011 sabv 15

°m≥ ssl t°mSXn PUvPn A[-y-£-\mb kanXn \n¿t±in-®-Xv. Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw Pn√-bn¬ kX-y-kmbn tkhm-kanXntbbpw A`-bsbbpamWv CXn-\mbn sXcs™Sp-Ø-Xv.
Pn√m ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ {i≤m-`-h-\p≈ ÿehpw sI´n-Shpw
^¿Wn-®dpw \¬I-W-sa∂pw {i≤m-`-h≥ \S-Øn-∏n-\mbn
kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ 10,20,800 cq] hoXw {]Xn- h ¿jw
\¬IWsa∂pw Xocp- a m- \ - a m- b n. k∂≤ kwL- S - \ - I ƒ
k¿°m¿ ^≠v hn\n-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ Pn√m ]©m-bØns‚ \nb-{¥-W-Ønepw DS-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep-amWv {i≤m-`-h≥
\S-tØ-≠n-bn-cp-∂-Xv.
{i≤m-`-hs‚ \S-Øn∏p kw_-‘n®v hy-‡-amb am\-ZWvU-߃ kwÿm\ sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXm-dn‰n Xøm-dm°n. {][m\ hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ Xmsg-∏-d-bp-∂-h-bm-Wv.
kwÿm-\sØ k¿°m¿ am\-knImtcm-Ky tI{μß-fn¬
\n∂pw NnIn¬k Ign-™v hnSp-X¬ e`n-°m-Ø, _‘p-°ƒ
kzo-I-cn-°mØ tcmKn IsfbmWv {i≤m-`-h-\n¬ {]th-in-∏nt°-≠-Xv. CXn-\mbn am\-kn-Im-tcm-K-y-tI-{μ-ß-fn¬ hnZ-Kv[k-anXn cq]o-I-cn-°-Ww. kanXn ip]m¿i sNøp∂Xv tcmKw
t`Z-amb \ncm-ew-_-sc-bm-Wv. Ch¿°v \¬tI≠ ]cn-N-c-Ww,
{i≤m-`-h-\n¬ D≠m-bn-cn-t°≠ Ãm^v F∂n-hbpw sa‚¬
sl¬Øv AtXm-dn‰n \n¿t±-in-®p. G‰hpw {][m\s∏´ hyhÿ Cu ÿm]-\-Øns‚ t]cn¬ kw`m-h\ e`n-®m¬ AXv
{]tX-yIw XpS-ßp∂ A°u-≠n¬ \nt£-]n-°p-Ibpw ÿm]\-Øns‚ BkvXn Pn√m ]©m-b-Øn-\m-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂-Xm-Wv.
ÿm]\w Bcw-`n-°m-\p≈ Xocp-am\w \o≠-tXmsS
sslt°m-SXn ho≠pw CS-s]-´p. tImS-Xn-b-e-£-y-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ
D≠m-Ip-sa∂ L´w h∂-t∏mƒ kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ Xncp-h\-¥-]pcw Pn√-bnse kv{XoIƒ°pw ]pcp-j≥am¿°p-ap≈
{]tXyIw ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS \S-Øn∏p sNe-hmb 20,40,800

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

cq] Pn√m ]©m-b-Øn\p \¬In.
Cu L´-Øn-emWv A`bbptSbpw kX-y-kmbn tkhmk-an-Xn-bp-tSbpw hy-X-ykvX \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ ]pd-Øp h∂-Xv.
kXy-tk-hm-k-anXn sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXm-dn-‰nbpw Pn√m
]©m-bØpw apt∂m-´p-h® \n_-‘-\-Iƒ kzo-I-cn®v satΩmdm≠w Hm^v F{Kn-sa‚ v 7˛8˛2009 \v H∏n-´p. sh™m-d-aq-´n¬
Pn√m ]©m-b-Øv hmßnb ÿeØv Pn√m ]©m-bØv
sI´nSw \n¿Ωn®v ^¿Wn-®dpw \¬In. ChnsS {i≤m-`-h≥
{]h¿Ø-\-am-cw-`n-®p. at\m-tcmK NnIn¬k Ign™ 24 \ncmew-_¿ ChnsS Ign-bp-∂p.

kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-bpsS Xcn-In-S-Iƒ
tkh-\-am-bn-cp∂p kX-y-tk-hm-k-an-Xn-bpsS apJ-y-e-£yw. F∂m¬ kpK-XI
- p-amcn IW-°p-Iq-´e
- p-It- fmsStb tkhn°q. CXn-\mbn Ch¿ kwÿm-\Øv \ne-hn-ep≈ F√m \nba-ß-tfbpw A´n-a-dn-®p. a{¥n-am-cmb Fw.-F. t__n, ]n.-sI.
{ioaXn F∂nh-cp-ambn D‰-N-ßm-Ø-ap≈ kpK-X-Ip-amcn XS -hm-Z-߃ D∂-bn®v DtZ-ym-K-ÿsc hnc-´n-bmWv \nb-a-߃
ewLn-®-Xv. kpK-X-Ip-amcn C°m-c-y-Øn¬ \S-Ønb \nb-aew-L-\-߃ Ch-bm-Wv.
(1) hr≤-k-Z-\-Øn\p th≠nsb∂ t]cn¬ k¿°m-cn¬
\n∂pw t\Sn-sb-SpØ 25 e£w cq] sIm≠v ]WnX
sI´nSw bmsXmcp A\p-a-Xn-bp-an-√msX {i≤m-`-h-\m°n
am‰n.
(2) A∂sØ Pn√m ]©m-bØv {]kn-U‚ v B\m-hq¿ \mK∏\pw, Pn√m ]©m-bØv sk{I-´dn hn.-F-kv. kt¥mjvIp-amdpw \nc-h[n XhW Bh-i-y-s∏-´n´pw Pn√m ]©mbØv Xøm-dm-°nb satΩm-tdm-≠w Hm^v F{Kn-sa‚ v H∏nSm≥ Xøm-dm-bn-√. X\n°v Cu \n_-‘-\-Iƒ _m[-Ia√ F∂ \ne-]m-SmWv Ah¿ kzo-I-cn-®-Xv. CXns‚
t]cn¬ B\m-hq¿ \mK-∏\pw kpK-X-Ip-am-cnbpw XΩn¬
hmKzmZw hsc-bp-≠m-bn.
(3) Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw akvI‰v tlm´-en¬ \S∂ Hcp NS-ßn\p
tijw a{¥n ]n.-sI. {ioa-Xnsb kao-]n®v ""B\m-hq¿
\mK-∏≥ Fs∂ h√msX _p≤n-ap-´n-°p-∂p. {i≤m-`-h≥
XpS-ßm-\p≈ ^≠v \¬Ip-∂n-√.'' F∂v ]c-k-y-ambn

]d™v kpK-X-Ip-amcn apX-e-°-Æo-scm-gp-°n.
(4) a{¥n {ioa- X n- b psS lrZ- b sØ Cu hm°p- I ƒ
kv]¿in®p. Pn√m ]©m-b-Øn\p \¬Inb ^≠v DS≥
Xncn®p ]nSn-°m\pw, A`-bbv°v t\cn´v \¬Im\pw a{¥n
kmaq-lnI t£ahIp∏p sk{I-´dn Djm ssS‰kn\v
\n¿t±iw \¬In.
(5) kmaq-ln-I-t£-a-h-Ip∏p sk{I-´dn Djm ssS‰kns‚
\n¿t±-i-a-\p-k-cn®v XpI DSs\ Xncn-®-S-bv°m≥ DØ-chn-Sm≥ A∂sØ kmaq-ln-I-t£-a-h-Ip∏p Ub-d-IvS¿ ]n.]n. tKm]n sF.F-.Fkv t^mWn-eqsS Pn√m kmaq-ln-It£a Hm^o-k¿°v DØ-chv \¬In. Cu hnhcw IØneqsS kmaq-lnIt£a-h-Ip∏v Pn√m Hm^o-k¿ Pn√m
]©m-b-Øns\ Adn-bn-®p. 22˛3˛2010 \v Pn√m ]©m-bØv
]Ww Xncn-®S- ®
- p. CtXm-sSm∏w A`b kzo-Ic
- n-°p∂ \ne]mSv icn-b-s√∂v Pn√m ]©m-bØv sk{I-´dn kt¥mjvIp-am¿ k¿°m-cn\v IsØ-gp-Xn.
(6) ]Ww XncnsI e`n-®-bp-Ss\ kmaq-lnIt£a-h-Ip∏p
sk{I-´dn Djm ssS‰kv, A∂sØ kmt¶-XnI t£a-hIp∏p Ub-d-IvS¿ ]n.-]n. tKm]n F∂n-hcpw kpK-X-Ip-amcn-bp-ambn KpVm-tem-N\ \SØn ]pXnb satΩmdm≠w
Hm^v F{Kn-sa‚ v Xøm-dm-°n. Pn√m ]©m-b-Øn-s‚tbm,
kmaq-lnIt£a-h-Ip-∏n-s‚-tbm, tamWn-‰-dnwKv IΩn-‰n-bptStbm Hcp \nb-{¥-W-hp-an-√mØ [mc-Wm-]{Xw BWv
Xøm-dm-°n-b-Xv.
(7) ÿm]\w \S-Øm-\p≈ ]Ww kmaq-lnIt£a-h-Ip∏p
\¬Ipw. Bkv X n apgp- h ≥ A`- b - b v ° v . btYjv S w
]W∏ncnhp \S-Ømw. B¿°pw Hcp \nb-{¥-W-hp-an-√
(sat-Ωmdm≠w Hm^v F{Kn-sa‚ v ImWp-I).

Ime-Xm-akw
2008˛¬ hr≤-k-Z\w XpS-ßm-\p≈ ]Ww, k¿°m-cn¬
Ds≠∂v kpK-X-Ip-amcn hni-z-kn-°p∂ tk—m-[n-Im-c-Øn¬
hI-am‰n {i≤m-`-h-\m-°nb \nb-a-hn-cp-≤ -\-S-]-Snbpw {Inan\¬ Ip‰hpw am{X-a√ kpK-X-Ip-amcn sNbvX-Xv. {i≤m-`-h-\pambn _‘-s∏´ Imc-y-ß-fn¬ ASn-apSn \nb-a-ew-L-\-ß-fp≠mbn.
k¿°m¿ \e-Inb 25 e£w cq]bv°p ]pdta 15 e£w
cq] A`- b - b psS ^≠n¬ \n∂pw FSp- Ø p. 40 e£w
cq]sb∂ h≥XpI H‰ Iymjv sN°v, sS≠-dn-√msX \n¿ΩmW-®p-a-Xe G¬∏n® lm_n-‰m-‰n\p \¬In. H∂-c-s°m√w
sIm≠v 2009 ¬ sI´nSw ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-°n. D¬Lm-S-\hpw
\S-Øn. F∂m¬ {i≤m-`-h≥ XpS-ßn-bn-√. Pn√m ]©m-bØp-am-bp≈ X¿°-am-bn-cp∂p Imc-Ww.
HSp-hn¬ Pn√m ]©m-b-Øn¬ \n∂pw a{¥n ]n.-sI.
{ioaXn CS-s]´v ]Ww Xncn®p ]nSn®v, 2010 sabv 25 \v 10,20,600
cq] \S-Øn∏p sNe-hmbn k¿°m¿ A`-b°v \¬In.
F∂m¬ {i≤m-`-h≥ XpS-ßn-bn-√. 2010 Unkw-_-dn¬ ]{Xw
ssZz-hm-cnI {i≤m-`-h-\nse Xncn-a-dn-Isf°pdn®v hm¿Ø
{]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p. 2011 s^{_p-hcn 23 \v Pn√m PUvPn cma-IrjvWs‚ A[-y-£-X-bn¬ \S∂ Pn√m sa‚¬ sl¬Øv
AtXm-dn‰n ao‰nw-Kn¬ {i≤m-`-h≥ hnjbw D∂-bn-°-s∏-´p.
CtX-hsc {i≤m-`h
- ≥ Bcw-`n-®n-´ns√∂v a\- n-em-°nb Pn√m
PUvPn sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXm-dn‰n sk{I-´dn tUm. cmPphn-t\mSv ASnb¥nc At\-z-jWw \SØn dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏n°m≥ DØ-chv \¬In.

an∂¬ thKw! Xcn-InS

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

]n∂oSp \S∂ Imc-y-߃ GsXmcp Agn-a-Xn-˛-cm-jv{So-b˛-am-^nb°mc-s\-t∏mepw hnkva-bn-∏n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. {]ikvX
Ihn hnjvWp \mcm-b-W≥ \ºq-Xncn t]mepw sXm´p hWßp∂ kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-bpsS alXvXr∏m-Z-߃ sXm´p hμn°m≥ am^n-bm-Ø-e-h≥am¿ hcn-h-cn-bmbn \n¬°p-sa∂
{]kvXm-h\ H´pw AXn-i-b-tbm-‡n-b-√2011
. X\n°v
sabvCjv
15S/-ap≈
13
coXn-bn¬ hy-hÿ
I
- f
- p-≠m°n kpK-XI
- p-amcn {i≤m`-h≥ kz¥-am-°n. F√m \nb-a-ßfpw hy-h-ÿ-Ifpw A´n-a-dn®v ChnsS
tcmKn-Isf {]th-b-in-∏n-®p. Bcpw tNmZn-°m-\n-√.

{i≤m-`-h≥ kz-Im-c-y-k-z-Øm-°m≥
a{¥n {ioa-Xn-bpsS HØmi
kw

ÿm-\sØ k¿°m¿ Bip-]-{Xn-I-fn¬ at\m-tcmKn-I-fmbn {]th-in-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h-cn¬ `qcn-]£w Bfp-I-tfbpw
_‘p-°ƒ ssIsh-Sn-bp-∂p. tcmKw amdn-b-tijw t]mIm\n-S-an-√mØ Ch-cpsS Ahÿ Zb-\o-b-am-Wv. Cu kml-Nc- y - Ø n- e mWv Pn√m- X - e - Ø n¬ {i≤m- ` - h ≥ Bcw- ` n- ° m≥
kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ Xocp- a m- \ n- ® - X v . kwÿm\ sa‚¬
sl¬Øv AtXm-dn‰n CXn-\m-bp≈ \n¿t±iw Xøm-dm-°n.
{i≤m-`-h-\p-Iƒ \S-tØ≠ coXn C{]-Im-c-am-sW-∂mWv
kwÿm\ sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXm-dn‰n Xocp-am-\n-®-Xv.
h-y-h-ÿ-Iƒ
1. Cu ]≤-XnbpsS \S-Øn-∏n-\m-h-iy-amb ÿehpw sI´nShpw AS-°-ap≈ ASn-ÿm\ kuI-c-y-߃ Pn√m ]©mbØv e`-y-am-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.
2. sh≈w, sshZ-ypXn F∂n-h-bpsS {]Xn-amk XpI-b-Sbv°epw sabn‚-\≥kpw Pn√m ]©m-bØv sNøp-∂-XmWv.
3. t]cq¿°S am\-kn-Im-tcm-Ky Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ \n∂pw hnSpX¬ sNøp∂ kpJw {]m]n® am\-knI tcmKn-Isf A\ph-Zn® FÆ-a-\p-k-cn®v Pn√m ]©m-bØv sk{I-´dn/{]Xn\n-[n, sa‚¬ sl¬Øv tlmkv]n-‰¬ kq{]-≠v, kmaqlnIt£a- kw-L-S\m {]Xn-\n[n F∂n-h-c-S-ßp∂ D]k-an-Xn-bpsS Xocp-am-\-{]-Imcw {]th-i\w \¬tI-≠-XmWv. C{]-Im-c-a-√msX Hct-¥-hm-kn-tbbpw {]th-in-∏n-°phm≥ ]mSp-≈-X-√.
4. Ign-bp-∂{X t\csØ Xs∂ Hmtcm
At¥- h m- k n- t bbpw Ah- c - h cpsS
IpSpw_m¥-co-£-Øn-se°v ]p\x-c-[nh-kn-∏n-°pI F∂-XmWv ]≤-Xn-bp-sS
apJ-y-e-£-yw.
5. At¥- h m- k n- I fpsSbpw hnSp- X ¬
sNøp-∂-h-cp-sSbpw hni-Z-hn-h-c-߃
D]-k-anXn t{ImUo-I-cn®v tamWn-‰dnwKv IΩn-‰n°v \¬tI-≠-Xm-Wv.
6. ÿm]-\-Øn¬ Hcp Zn\- N - c y Xømdm°n sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXm-dn-‰nbpsS AwKo- I m- c - t ØmsS ]q¿Æambpw ]men®v ÿm]\w \S-tØ-≠Xm- W v . kwÿm\ t]mj- I m- l mc
t_m¿Uv Xøm-dm-°n \¬Ip∂ `£W-{Iaw (sh-Pn-t‰-dn-b≥) A\p-k-cn®p≈ `£Ww Xøm-dm°n \n›nX
ka-bØv At¥-hm-kn-Iƒ°v hnXcWw sNtø-≠-Xm-Wv. sa\p Im¿Uv AwKo-Imcw hmßn
{]Z¿in-∏n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.
7. At¥-hm-kn-Iƒ°v sa‚¬ sl¬Øv sk‚¿ saUn-°¬
Hm^o-k¿am¿/Pn√m am\-kn-Im-tcm-Ky ]cn-]m-Sn-bpsS saUn°¬ Hm^o-k¿ \¬Ip∂ acp-∂p-I-fmWv \¬tI-≠-Xv.
acp∂p \¬Ip-∂Xv kw_-‘n®v sa‚¬ sl¬Øv sk‚¿/
Pn√m am\-kn-Im-tcm-Ky ]cn-]m-Sn-bpsS saUn-°¬ Hm^ok¿ \¬Ip∂ \n¿t±i-߃ ]q¿Æ-ambpw ]men-t°-≠XmWv. At¥-hm-kn-I-fpsS Btcm-Ky-]-cn-c£ Dd∏p hcpØp- ∂ - X n- \ p≈ \S- ] - S n- I ƒ _‘- s ∏´ IΩyq- W n‰n
sl¬Øv sk‚-dn-s‚bpw Pn√m am\-kn-Im-tcm-Ky ]cn-]mSn-bpsS t\Xr-X-z-Øn¬ sNøp-∂-Xm-Wv.

14 / 2011 sabv 15

ssIam‰w sNø-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw B¿÷n-°p∂-Xp-amb BkvXn- I
- fpsS DS-aÿ
m-hI
- miw
]q¿Æ-ambpw Pn√m ]©m-b-Øn¬ \n£n]vX-am-bn-cn-°pw. \nehnep≈ BkvXn cPnÃ-dn¬ tcJ-s∏-SpØn Ccp-I-£n-Ifpw H∏p
hbvt°-≠Xpw, B¿÷n-°p-∂h bYm-kabw BkvXn cPn-Ã-dn¬ tcJ-s∏-SpØn
tamWn-‰-dnwKv kan-Xn-bpsS AwKo-Imcw
hmtß-≠-Xp-am-Wv.
8. Cu ÿm]-\-Øn¬ kmaq-lyt£a hIp-∏n¬ \n∂v \n¿t±in-°p∂ {]Im-c-Øn¬ cPn-Ã-dp-Iƒ FgpXn kq£n-t°≠-Xm-Wv.
9. Pn√m ]©m-bØv {]kn-U‚ v (sN-b¿am≥), Pn√m ]©mbØv Unhn-j≥ saº¿ (sa-º¿), {Kma-]-©m-bØv {]knU‚ v (sa-º¿), sa‚¬ sl¬Øv tlmkv]n-‰¬ As√¶n¬ sl¬Øv Un∏m¿´vsa‚ns\ {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn®v Hcp
sskIym-{SnÃv (sa-º¿), Pn√m PUvPn
sNb¿am-\m-bp≈ sa‚¬ sl¬Øv
kq∏¿hn-j≥ IΩn‰n \n›-bn-°p∂
Hcp {]Xn- \ n[n (sa- º ¿), sa‚¬
sl¬Øv AtXm-dn-‰n-bpsS Hcp {]Xn\n[n (sa-º¿), Pn√m kmaq-l-y-t£a
Hm^o-k¿ (sa-º¿), Pn√m ]©m-bØv
sk{I-´-dn (I¨ho-\¿) F∂n-h-c-Sßnb tamWn-‰-dnwKv kanXn tamWn‰¿ sNøpw.
10. tamWn- ‰ - d nwKv
IΩn‰n
NpcpßnbXv aq∂v amk-Øn-sem-cn°¬ tbmKw IqtS-≠-Xm-Wv. Bdp-amk-Øn-sem-cn-°¬ hc-hv-˛-sN-ehv IW°p-Iƒ tamWn-‰-dnwKv IΩn-‰n-bn¬
Ah-Xc
- n-∏n®v AwKoImcw tXtS-≠X
- mWv. k¿°m¿ CXc t{kmX- p-I-fn¬
\n∂p ≈ [\-k-am-l-c-W-Øn-\p≈
\S-]-Sn-Iƒ tamWn-‰-dnwKv IΩn-‰n°v
\n›-bn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. C{]-Imcw e`n-°p∂ XpIbpsS
hn\n-tbmKw tamWn-‰-dnwKv IΩn-‰nbpsS AwKo-Im-c-Øn\v
hnt[-b-ambn sNehgn°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. ÿm]-\-Øns‚
Hmtcm hn`mKw k¿Δokpw tamWn-‰-dnwKv IΩn‰n hne-bncp-tØ-≠Xpw Bh-iy-amb \n¿t±iw \¬tI-≠-Xp-am-Wv.
11. Poh-\-°m-cpsS \nb-a\w \S-Øn-∏n¬ ]¶m-fnØw hln°p∂ k∂≤ kwL-S\ \S-tØ-≠Xpw BbXv Pn√m
]©m-b-Øn-s\ Adn-bn-t°-≠-Xp-am-Wv.
12. hIp-∏ns‚ _UvP‰v FÃn-ta‰v A\p-k-cn-®p≈ (A-\p_‘w 1) \nb-a-\hpw sNe-hp-I-fp-amWv \S-tØ-≠-Xv.
13. ÿm]\ \S-Øn∏p kw_-‘n®p Bh-i-y-amb A°u-

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

sa‚¬ sl¬Øv tam
Wn-‰d
- nwKv kanXn kpK-XI
- pam-cn-tbmSv hni-Zo-I-cWw
tNmZn°m≥ \n›- b n- ® p.
2011 s^{_p- h cn 23˛mw
XoøXnbm-bn-cp∂p tamWn‰-dnwKv IΩ‰n ao‰nwKv. kpKX-Ip-am-cn-bpsS IqsS "]cnÿnXn {]h¿Ø-\ß-fn¬
]¶m- f n- b mb Bip- ] - { Xnbnse AwKw DS- \ Sn
hnhcw kpK-X-Ip-am-cnsb
Adn-bn-®p.
≠nwKv kwhn- [ m- \ - ß ƒ k∂≤
kwL-S\ G¿s∏-Sp-tØ-≠-XmWv.
14. sk‚dn\v k¿°m¿ Pn√m ]©mbØv aptJ\ A\p-h-Zn-°p∂ [\k-lmbw c≠v KUp-°-fmbn ]¶m-fnbm-bn-´p≈ k∂-≤-kw-L-S-\bv°v
A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.
15. Pn√m ]©m-b-Øn-s‚tbm k¿°mcn-s‚tbm A\p-aXn IqSmsX a‰v [\ti-JcW {]h¿Ø-\ß
- ƒ \S-Øm≥
]mSn-√.
16. tamWn-‰-dnwKv IΩn-‰n-bpsS Xocp-am-\Øn\v hnt[-b-ambn a‰p [\-k-lmb-߃ kzo-I-cn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. C{]Imcw kzo-I-cn-°p∂ XpI ÿm]-\Øns‚ hc-hv˛- s
- N-ehv IW-°p-If
- n¬
tcJ- s ∏- S p- t Ø- ≠ Xpw HmUn- ‰ n\v
hnt[-b-hp-am-bn-cn-°pw.
17. hm¿jnI [\- I m- c y tÉv s a‚pw
hn\n-tbmK km£-y-]-{Xhpw ]¶m-fnbmb k∂≤ kwL-S\ kmº-ØnI
h¿jw Ah-km-\n®v Hcp amk-Øn\Iw
Pn√m
]©m- b - Ø n\v
ka¿∏nt°≠Xpw HmUn‰v kwhn-[m\-߃°v Bh-i-y-amb hnh-c-߃
\¬Ip-Ibpw sNtø-≠-Xm-Wv.
18. ssIam‰w sNø-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw B¿÷n°p-∂-Xp-amb BkvX-n-IfpsS DS-aÿm-h-Imiw ]q¿Æ-ambpw Pn√m
]©m- b - Ø n¬ \n£n- ] v X - a m- b n- c n°pw. \nehnep≈ BkvXn cPn-Ãdn¬ tcJ-s∏-SpØn Ccp-I-£n-Ifpw
H∏p hbvt°-≠Xpw, B¿÷n-°p∂h bYm-k-abw BkvXn cPn-Ãdn¬ tcJ-s∏-SpØn tamWn-‰-dnwKv
kan-Xn-bpsS AwKo-Imcw hmtß-≠-

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

kmaq-ln-I-t£-a-h-Ip∏p sk{I-´dn Djm ssS‰kns‚ \n¿t±-i-a-\p-k-cn®v
XpI DSs\ Xncn-®-S-bv°m≥ DØ-c-hn-Sm≥ A∂sØ kmaq-ln-I-t£-a-h-Ip∏p
Ub- d - I v S ¿ ]n.- ] n. tKm]n sF.F- . Fkv t^mWn- e qsS Pn√m kmaq- l n- I t£aHm^o-k¿°v DØ-chv \¬In. CtXØpS¿∂v Pn√m kmaq-lnIt£a
Hm^o-k¿ Pn√m ]©m-bØv sk{I-´-dnbv°v ]Ww Xncn-®-S-bv°m≥ Bh-i-ys∏´v Fgp-Xnb IØv.
{Km- a - Ø n¬ kv{Io \nwKv IΩn‰n
Xp-am-Wv.
19. Cu Icm¿ DS-º-Sn-bpsS Imem-h[n Xncs™SpØ-b® F√m-h¿°pw kwcHcp h¿j- a m- b n- c n- ° pw. F¶nepw £Ww In´n.
ÿm ]-\-\-S-Øn-∏n¬ ]mI-∏n-g-I-fpF∂m¬ kv{XoI-fmb At¥-hm-kn≠m-bm¬ tamWn-‰-dnwKv IΩn-‰n-bpsS Isf kzo-Ic
- n-°m≥ kpK-XI
- p-amcn XømA`n-{]m-b-{]-Imcw Icm¿ d±v sNøp- dm-bn-√. kuI-cy- a
- n-s√∂pw {i≤m-`h
- s‚
∂- X n\v Pn√m- ] - © m- b Øv IΩn- ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-s√-∂p-ap≈ \ym-b‰nbv°v A[n-Imcw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.
amWv kpK-X-Ip-amcn D∂-bn-®Xv.
sa‚¬ sl¬Øv tamWn- ‰ - d nwKv
2008 ¬ k¿°m-cn¬ \n∂v 25 e£w
cq] _n¬UnwKv ^≠pw 2010 ¬ 10,20,600 kanXn kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-tbmSv hni-Zo-Icq] {]h¿Ø\ ^≠pw hmßn-bn´pw cWw tNmZn°m≥ \n›- b n- ® p. 2011
2011 am¿®v amkw 2˛mw XoøXn htcbpw s^{_p-hcn 23˛mw XoøXnbm-bn-cp∂
{i≤m-`-hs‚ {]h¿Ø\w kpK-X-Ip- tamWn-‰-dnwKv IΩ‰n ao‰nwKv.
kpK- X - I p- a m- c n- b psS IqsS "]cnamcn Bcw- ` n- ® n- c p- ∂ n- √ . t]cq¿°S
sa‚¬ tlmkv]n-‰e
- n¬ \n∂p≈ tcmKn- ÿnXn' {]h¿Ø-\ß-fn¬ ]¶m-fn-bmb
I-fpsS ]p\x-c-[n-hmkamWv {i≤m-`-h≥ Bip-]-{Xn-bnse AwKw DS-\Sn hnhcw
sIm≠v k¿°m¿ Dt±- i n- ® n- c p- ∂ - X v . kpK-X-Ip-am-cnsb Adn-bn-®p. {]iv\w
t]cq¿°S sa‚¬ tlmkv]n-‰ense k¶o¿Æ-am-hp-sa∂pw k¿°m¿ Cu
kv{Io\nwKv IΩ‰n \nc-h[n AkpJw kmº- Ø n- I - h ¿j- t Ø°v \¬Inb
amdnb tcmKn- I sf {i≤m- ` - h - \ p- I - f n- {]h¿Ø-\-^≠v Xncn-®-S-t°≠n hcpte°v Ab-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. ]pcp-j≥am- sa∂pw kpK-X-Ip-am-cn°p a\- n-em-bn.
cmb At¥-hm-kn-Iƒ°p≈ kwc-£- 25 t]cp≈ Hcp bqWn- ‰ ns\ 2010
Wm-e-b-amb kmbn-{Km-a-Øns‚ {i≤m- G{]n¬ H∂p apX¬ 2011 am¿®v 31 hsc

2011 sabv 15 / 15

sIb¿tlm-ans‚ XpI XncnsI \¬Ins°m≠v Pn√m
]©m-bØv sk{I-´dn kmaq-lnIt£a-h-Ip∏v Ub-d-IvS¿°v
Fgp-Xnb IØv.
kwc-£n-°p-∂-Xn-\mWv 10,20,800 cq] k¿°m¿ \¬In-b-Xv.
^≠v em]vkm-hp-sa∂v a\- n-em-°nb kpK-XIpamcn [rXn]n-Sn®v {i≤m-`-h-\n¬ Bsf \nd-bv°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ G¿∏m-SpIƒ XpS-ßn.
tIcf alnfm ka-Jy skmssk‰n F∂ kwL-S-\bv°v
sh™m-d-aq-´n¬ Hcp tjm¿´v tà tlmw D≠v. Km¿lnI- ]oU\ -\n-tcm-[-\- \n-b-a-{]-Im-c-ap≈ tIkp-I-fn¬s∏´p hcp∂
kv{XoIƒ°v Ipd®p Znh-k-tØ°v Xma-kn-°m-\p≈ kuIcyw am{X-amWv tjm¿´v tà tlman¬ D≈-Xv. F∂m¬
t]meokv F√m kv{XoI-tfbpw alnfm ka-Jy skmssk‰n-bpsS tjm¿´v tà tlman¬ FØn-°m≥ XpS-ßn.
kpK-X-Ip-amcnbpsS A`-b-bn-emWv ap≥]v tImS-Xnbpw
t]meokpw CØcw kv{XoIsf FØn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬
Xosc Ai-c-Wcpw Bew-_-lo-\-cp-amb kv{XoIsf kpK-XIp-amcn Ct∏mƒ A`-b-bn¬ FSp-°m-dn-√. k¿°m¿ [\-klm-b-߃ ASn-s®-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\m-h-i-y-amb an\naw At¥-hmkn-Isf am{X-amWv Ct∏mƒ A`-b-bn¬ FSp-°p-∂-Xv.
kpK-X-Ip-amcn A`-b-bn¬ FSp-°msX ]pdw-X-≈p∂
kv{XoI-fmWv alnfm ka-Jy skmssk-‰n-bpsS tjm¿´v tÃ
tlman¬ FØp-∂-Xv. Ah-cn¬ Nne¿ am\-kn-Im-k-zm-ÿ-yap-≈-h-cm-bn-cp-∂p. am\-kn-Im-k-zm-ÿ-y-ap-≈-hcpw A√m-Ø-

16 / 2011 sabv 15

hcpw Bb F√mhscbpw IqSn Hcp sNdnb ho´n-emWv Xmakn- ∏ n- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ - X v . CtX- Ø p- S ¿∂v alnfm ka- J y
skmssk‰n kpK-X-Ip-amcntbmSv tcJm-aqew Xs∂ am\-knIm-k-zm-ÿ-y-ap≈ tcmKn-Isf A`-b-bn-tet°m I¿Ω-bntet°m am‰m-\p≈ kwhn-[m-\-ap-≠m-°n-Ø-c-W-sa∂v Bhi-y-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Ct∏mƒ Btcbpw FSp-°m≥ Ignbn-s√∂pw CØ-c-°msc Xma-kn-∏n-°m-\p≈ kuI-c-y-ans√∂pw ]d™v kpK-X-Ip-amcn ]e-{]m-h-iyw Cu Bh-iyw
\nc-kn-®p.
sa‚¬ sl¬Øv tamWn-‰-dnwKv kanXn At\-z-jWw \SØp-sa∂v Adn™ DS≥ kpK-X-Ipamcn alnfm ka-J-y-bn¬
hnfn®v am\-kn-I-tcm-Kn-Isf Xm≥ Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ Xøm-dmsW∂v Adn-bn-®p.
Duf-ºm-d-bn¬ tcmKn-Isf AUvan‰p sNøp∂p
F∂m¬ Duf-ºmd am\-kn-Im-tcmKmip-]-{Xn-bn¬ \n∂pw
kv{Io\nwKv IΩ‰n ip]m¿i sNøp∂ tcmKn-Isf am{Xta
\nb-a{- ]-Imcw {i≤m-`h
- \
- n¬ FSp-°m≥ Ign-bp-Ib
- p-≈q. AXn\p-th≠n tcmKn-Isf Duf-ºmd Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ AUvan ‰p
sNøm≥ kpKX-Ip-amcn alnfm ka-Jy-tbmSv Bh-i-y-s∏-´p.
XpS¿∂v 2011 s^{_p-hcn 28 \v c≠p aWn°v _nμp (40),
CkvanØv (24), ]fl-Ip-amcn (30), hk¥ (35), Nn∂Ω (50)
F∂o tcmKn-Isf alnfm ka-Jy Duf-ºm-d- am\-kn-Im-tcmK-y-tI-{μ-Øn¬ FØn-®p.
2011 am¿®v 2˛mw XoøXn 12 aWn°v A`-b-bn¬ \n∂pw
tUm. \nkm¿ Al-ΩZpw Hcp tkmj-y¬ h¿°dpw tcmKnIsf sIm≠p t]mIm-s\-Øn. Nn∂Ω Hcp Imc-W-h-imepw
A`-bb
- n-te°v t]mIm≥ Xøm-dm-bn-√. Nn∂-Ωs
- bm-gn-sI-bp≈
a‰p \mep-t]sc {i≤m-`-h-\n-te°v _e-{]-tbm-K-Øn-eqsS
Xs∂ sIm≠p t]mbn. am¿®v c≠n\p h∂ Cu \mep
t]cmWv {i≤m-`-h-\nse BZy At¥-hm-kn-Iƒ. \nb-a-ßsfbpw k¿°m-cn-s\bpw I_-fn-∏n-°m-\mWv alnfm ka-J-ybn¬ \n∂pw tcmKn-Isf sIm≠p h∂v Duf-ºm-d-bnse
k¿°m¿ Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®-Xmbn Xcn-InS Im´nb
tijw AhnsS \n∂pw UnkvNm¿Pv sNøn®v {i≤m-`-h-\n¬
sIm≠p t]mb-Xv. F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥ {]iv\-Øn¬ \ncmlmcw InS∂ apJ-y-a-{¥n°v \mc-ßm-\ocv \¬Inb al-Xnbmb kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-bmWv CØcw X´n∏p-Iƒ \S-Øp-∂sX∂v Bcp hni-z-kn-°pw?
25 t]cp≈ Hcp bqWn-‰n\mWv k¿°m¿ ^≠v F∂-XpsIm≠v kpK-X-Ip-amcn am\-kn-I-tcm-Kn-Iƒ°p th≠n \mep]mSpw sXc™p. XpS¿∂v t]cp¿°S am\-kn-Im-tcm-Km-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ \n∂pw Inkva Øv (25), A\p (30), dmWn (40), Dj
sFkvhmƒ (50), {Xn]pc (25), efnX (35), apcfn cay (20),
Im\p (50), Nn{X (20), Bim icØv (35), _nμp (35) XpSßn
]Xn-s\m∂p t]tcbpw UnkvNm¿Pv sNøn®v L´w L´-ambn
A`-b-bn-te°v IS-Øn. Ch-cn¬ ]ecpw Ct∏mgpw tcmKn-Ifm-Wv. F∂m¬ kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-bpsS Xocp-am-\sØ adn-I-S°m≥ am\-kn-It- cm-Km-ip-]{- Xn-bnse kq{]-≠n\p t]mepw Ignbn-√. a{¥n Fw.-F. t__nbpsSbpw {ioa-Xn-bp-sSbpw ho´n¬
GXp \nan-jhpw Ibdn kzm-X-{¥yw Im´m≥ Ign-bp∂ kpKX-Ip-am-cn-bpsS kzm-[o-\-Øn\v ap∂n¬ Ch¿°v H∂pw
sNøm\m-hn-√.
Duf-ºmd \n∂pw \n¿_-‘n-X-ambn UnkvNm¿Pv sNbvX
hcn¬ F´v DØ-tc-¥y-°mcpw c≠p Xan-gvkv{Xo-Ifpw A©p
ae-bm-fn-I-fp-am-Wp-≈-Xv. ae-bm-fn-I-fn¬ IqSp-X¬ t]cpw
t]mIm≥ hnk-Ω-Xn-®-Xn-s\-Øp-S-¿∂mWv `mj-b-dn-bmØ
kn -lm-b-cmb A\y-\m-´p-Im-cn-Isf IqSp-X-embn {i≤m-`h-\n-se-Øn-®Xv. `mj-b-dn-bm-Ø-Xn-\m¬ Xß-fpsS FXn¿∏v
{]I-Sn-∏n-°m\pw A`n-{]mbw ]d-bm\pw Ah¿°v Ign-bn√
F∂Xv KpW-ambn A`b A[n-Ir-X¿ I≠p.
Ign™ sIm√sØ ]Ø-ce
- £w ^≠n¬ Hcp amksØ
{]h¿Ø-\-am-Wv {i≤m-`-h-\n¬ \S-∂-Xv. Bcpw {i≤n-®n-s√¶n¬ Cu ^≠v kpK-X-Ip-amcn ASn®v am‰ntb-ssZzhms\. Ct∏mƒ
-]{Xw
cnI
^≠v Xncn-®-S-bv°m-\p≈ {ia-Øn-em-Wv Ih-bn-{Xn.

{i≤m-`-h≥ \S-Øn-∏ns‚
[mc-Wm-]{Xw A´n-a-dn®p
I

W-°n¬ Ir{Xnaw ImWn-°m\pw ]Ww X´m\pw ]mhs∏´ am\-kn-I-tcm-Kn-Isf \nc-Øn-\n¿Øn tImSn-Iƒ ]ncn°m-\p-ap≈ kuI-c-y-Øn\v kpK-X-Ip-amcn {i≤m-`-hs‚ \SØn-∏n\v sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXm-dn‰n \n¿t±-in® [mc-Wm]-{X-Øn¬ H∏n-Sm≥ hnk-Ω-Xn-®p.
[mc-Wm-]{Xw {]Imcw Pn√m ]©m-bØmWv {i≤m-`-h≥
\S-Øn-∏n-\m-h-i-y-amb ASn-ÿm\ ku-I-c-y-ß-f-S°w F√m
kwhn-[m-\-ßfpw \¬Ip-I. sh≈w, sshZ-ypXn F∂n-h-bpsS
{]Xn-am-k- Xp-I, ASn-ÿm\ Bh-iy-ßfmb InS-°, I´n¬,
acp- ∂ v , hkv { X- ß ƒ F∂n- h - s b√mw Pn√m ]©m- b Øv
\¬Ipw. ]Icw IΩ‰n \n¿t±-in-°p∂ A¿l-cmb At¥hm-kn-Isf am{Xta {]th-in-∏n-°m≥ ]mSp-≈p. \S-Øn-∏nt‚bpw ]Ww sNe-h-gn-°p-∂-Xn-t‚bpw hni-Z-hn-h-c-߃
Pn√m ]©m-b-Øns\ Adn-bn-°-Ww. At¥-hm-kn-Iƒ°v
IΩ‰n \n¿t±-in-°p∂ NnIn¬kbpw acp∂pw `£-Whpw
\¬I-Ww. sa\p Im¿Uv {]Z¿in-∏n-°-Ww. F√m hkvXp-hI-I-fp-tSbpw DS-a-ÿm-h-Imiw ]q¿Æ-ambpw Pn√m ]©m-bØn-\m-bn-cn-°pw. Pn√m ]©m-bØ
- ns‚ A\p-aX
- n-bn-√mØ [\ti-JcW {]h¿Ø\-߃ \S-Øm≥ ]mSn-√.
kpK-X-Ip-am-cn°v Cu \n¿t±-i-ß-sfm∂pw kzo-Im-c-y-ambn-cp-∂n-√. kpK-X-Ip-amcn am\-kn-I-tcm-Kn-Isf Gs‰-Sp-°p∂Xp Xs∂ Ah-cpsS t]cn¬ tImSn-Iƒ ]ncn®v kz¥w
{i≤m`-h≥ kz-Im-c-y-k-z-Øm-°m≥ th≠n kpK-X-Ip-amcn
FgpXn Xøm-dm°nb hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ AS-ßnb [mcWm]{Xw

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

A°u-≠n¬ \nt£-]n°m≥ th≠n-bm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v
kpK-XI
- p-amcn Pn√m ]©m-bØ
- ns‚ \n¿t±-iß
- f
- S- ß
- nb [mcWm-]{Xw H∏n-Sm≥ Xøm-dm-bn-√. A`b t]mse {i≤m-`-h\pw
IpSpw-_-k-z-Øm-°m-\mWv kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-bpsS Dt±-iyw.
Pn√m ]©mbØv \n¿t±-in® [mc-Wm-]{Xw kmbn- tkhm-k-anXn AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw F{Kn-sa‚ v hbv°p-Ibpw
sNbvXp. kmbn- tk-hm- k-an-Xn-bpsS ]pcp-j≥am¿°p th≠nbp≈ {i≤m-`h
- ≥ bmsXmcp X¿°-Øn\pw CS-bn-√msX c≠p
h¿jw ap≥]v {]h¿Ø\w Bcw-`n-®p. Pn√m ]©m-b-Øns‚
ta¬t\m-´-Øn¬ Ct∏mgpw \∂mbn \S-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.
F{Kn-sa‚ v hy-hÿI-fn¬ am‰w hcp-Øn-sb-¶n¬ am{Xta
[mc-Wm-]{Xw H∏n-Sp-Ib
- p≈p F∂ kpK-XI
- p-am-cn-bpsS ISpw]n-SpØw ]≤Xn \o≠p t]mIm≥ Imc-Wa
- m-bn. HSp-hn¬ kpKX-Ip-amcn a{¥n {ioa-Xnsb kzm-[o-\n-®p. {i≤m-`h
- \
- p≈ ]Ww
Pn√m ]©m-bØ
- n¬ \n∂pw kmaq-ln-I- t£-a- h-Ip∏v Xncn®p
hmßn-®p. a{¥n {ioaXn {]tX-yI Xm¬]-c-y-sa-SpØv ]Ww
kmaq-ln-I -t£-a- h-Ip-∏n¬ \n∂pw t\cn´v kpK-X-Ip-am-cn°p
\¬In. [mc-Wm-]{XØn¬ hbv°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ
kpK-X-Ip-amcn Xs∂ FgpXn Xøm-dm-°n. AXn¬ tkmjy¬ sh¬s^-b¿ Ub-d-IvS¿ ]n.-]n. tKm]n sFFFkpw
kpK-X-Ip-am-cnbpw H∏n´v ]Ww X´m-\p≈ tcJ-Iƒ Xømdm°n. kmaq-lnIt£a-h-Ip∏v {i≤m-`-h≥ \S-Øn-∏n-\mbn
10,20,800 cq] kpK-X-Ip-am-cn°v \¬In.
{i≤m-`h
- ≥ \S-Øn-∏n-\mbn kpK-XIpamcn Xøm-dm-°nb
[mc-Wm-]{Xw
(1) `mKn-I-amtbm ]q¿Æ-amtbm kpJ-s∏´ am\-kn-I -tcmKn-I-fmb kv{XoIsf sa‚¬ tlmkv]n-‰-en¬ \nt∂m
a‰p Kh¨sa‚ v tlmkv]n-‰-en¬ \nt∂m {i≤m-`-h-\nse- S p- ° mw. AXn¬ ap≥K- W \ t]cq¿°S sa‚¬
sl¬Øv sk‚-dn¬ \n∂pw UnkvNm¿Pp sNbvX tcmKnIƒ°p sImSp-°-Ww.
(2) Ign-bp-∂{X t\csØ Xs∂ Hmtcm At¥-hm-kn-tbbpw
Ah-c-h-cpsS IpSpw-_m-¥-co-£-Øn-te°v ]p\-c-[n-h-kn∏n-°pI F∂-XmWv ]≤-Xn-bpsS apJ-y-e-£-yw.
(3) At¥-hm-kn-I-fp-tSbpw hnSp-X¬ sNøp-∂-h-cp-tSbpw
hniZ- hn- h - c - ß ƒ tkmj- y ¬ sh¬s^- b ¿
Un∏m¿´vsa‚n\v \¬I-Ww.
(4) At¥-hm-kn-Iƒ°mbn Hcp Zn\-Nc
- y k¿°m-cns‚ \n¿t±i-߃°-\p-k-cn®v Xøm-dm-°-Ww.
(5) acp-∂p-Iƒ hmßn-°p-∂-Xv am¿§tcJ A\p-k-cn-®m-bncn-°-Ww.
(6) Kh¨sa‚ v \n¿t±- i n- ° p∂ {]Imcw cPn- Ã - d p- I ƒ
FgpXn kq£n-°-Ww.
(7) Kh¨sa‚ v Xe-Øn¬ cq]o-Ic
- n-°p∂ Hcp IΩ‰n {i≤m`-hs‚ ssZ\w-Zn\ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ {Ia-ambn hne-bn-cpØ-Ww.
(8) Bdp amk-Øn-sem-cn-°-se-¶nepw IΩ‰n IqSn {i≤m-`hs‚ hc-hp-sN-ehp IW-°p-Iƒ hne-bn-cp-Ø-Ww.
(9) k¿°m¿ [\- k - l m- b - t ØmsS F≥PnH \S- Ø p∂
ÿm]-\-am-sW-¶nepw ]pdØp \n∂pw [\kaml-cWw
\S-Ømw. AXn-\mbn A`-b Hcp {]tX-yI cPn-ÿ

2011 sabv 15 / 17

F{Kn-sa‚ v hy-hÿI-fn¬ am‰w hcpØn-sb-¶n¬ am{Xta [mc-Wm-]{Xw H∏nSp-Ib
- p≈p F∂ kpK-XI
- p-am-cn-bpsS ISpw]n-SpØw ]≤Xn \o≠p t]mIm≥ Imc-Wam-bn. HSp-hn¬ kpK-X-Ip-amcn a{¥n {ioaXnsb kzm-[o-\n-®p. {i≤m-`-h-\p≈ ]Ww
Pn√m ]©m-b-Øn¬ \n∂pw kmaq-ln-It£- a - h - I p∏v Xncn®p hmßn- ® p. a{¥n
{ioaXn {]tXyI Xm¬]-c-y-sa-SpØv ]Ww
kmaq-ln-I-t£-a-h-Ip-∏n¬ \n∂pw t\cn´v
kpK- X - I p- a m- c n°p \¬In. [mc- W m]{XØn¬ hbv°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ hy-h-ÿIƒ kpK-X-Ip-amcn Xs∂ FgpXn Xømdm-°n.

(10)
(11)
(12)

(13)

(14)

kq£n®v tkmj-y¬ sh¬s^-b¿ Un∏m¿´vsa‚ v Bhi-y-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ lmP-cm-°-Ww.
Poh-\-°m-cpsS \nb-a\w A`b \S-tØ-≠-Xm-Wv.
Poh- \ - ° msc \nban°p- ∂ - X pw, AXn- \ p≈ ]Ww
Is≠-Øp-∂Xpw A`-b-bpsS Npa-X-e-bm-Wv.
{i≤m-`-h-\p-ambn _‘-s∏´ ssZ\w-Zn\ sNe-hp-Iƒ
hni-Z-ambn {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p∂ cPn-ÿ A`b kq£n-°Ww.
kmaq-ln-It- £-ah
- I
- p∏v Xcp∂ 10,20,600 cq] \n_‘\
H∂n¬ ]d-bp∂ tcmKn-Isf kw£n-°m\pw NnIn¬kn°m\pw th≠n am{Xta sNe-h-gn-°m-hq.
{i≤m-`h
- \
- nse At¥-hm-kn-If
- p-tSbpw hnSp-X¬ sNøp∂-h-cp-tSbpw hni-Z-hn-h-c-ßfpw hc-hp-sN-e-hp-Ifpw
{]tX-y-I-ambn shtΔsd cPn-Ã-dp-I-fn¬ FgpXn Xømdm°n F√m amkhpw tkmjy¬ sh¬s^- b ¿
Un∏m¿´vsa‚n\v ka¿∏n-°-Ww.

(15) {i≤m-`-h≥ \S-Øn-∏n-\mbn Kh¨sa‚ns‚ Imem-Im-eß-fn-ep≈ \n¿t±-i-ßfpw DØ-c-hp-Ifpw A\p-k-cn-®v
am{Xta {]h-Øn-°m-hq.
(16) Hmtcm kmº-ØnI h¿j-Ønepw hm¿jnI [\-Im-cy
IW-°p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°-Ww. HmUn‰v sNbvX [\-Im-cy
tÉvsa‚pw hn\n-tbmK km£-y-]-{Xhpw tkmj-y¬
sh¬s^- b ¿ Un∏m¿´v s a‚ n\v Hmtcm kmº- Ø n- I h¿jhpw Ah-km-\n®v Hcp amk-Øn-\p-≈n¬ ka¿∏n°-Ww.
(17) Cu Icm¿ DS-º-Sn-bpsS Imem-h[n Hcp h¿j-am-bn-cn°pw. ÿm]-\-Øn-s‚ \S-Øn-∏n¬ Fs¥-¶nepw ]mI∏n- g - I - f p- ≠ m- b m¬, tkmj- y ¬ sh¬s^- b ¿
Un∏m¿´vsa‚ v sk{I-´-dn-bpsS Xocpam-\-{]-Imcw Icm¿
d±v sNøm≥ A[n-Im-c-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°pw.
(18) Hcp {]tX-yI _m¶v A°u≠v {i≤m-`h
- \p th≠n Bcw`n®v Hmtcm kmº-Øn-I-h¿jw Ah-km-\n-°p-tºmgpw
sNe-h-gn-°mØ XpI k¿°m-cn-te°v Xncn-®-S-°-Ww.

kpK-X-Ip-amcn {i≤m-`-hs‚ t]cn¬
\S-Ønb \nb-a-ew-L-\-߃
(1) hr≤-k-Z-\-Øn-\mbn k¿°m¿ \¬Inb ]Ww hI-am‰n
sNe-h-gn-®p.
(2) {i≤m-`-hs‚ \n¿Ωm-W-k-a-bØv 40 e£w cq] lm_n‰m-‰n\v, A`-b-bpsS FIvkn-I-yq-´ohv IΩ-‰nsb adn-I-S∂v
AUzm≥kv Imjv sN°v \¬In.
(3) {i≤m`hs‚ ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-bn´pw \S-Øn∏v XpI ssI∏‰-nbn´pw t]cq¿°S am\-kn-I-tcm-Km-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ \n∂pw
kv{Io\nwKv IΩ‰n Ab® tcmKn-Isf {i≤m-`h
- \
- n¬ {]thin-∏n-®n-√.
(4) {i≤m-`-hs‚ \S-Øn-∏n-\mbn sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXmdn‰n \n›-bn® am\-Z-WvU-߃ adn-I-S-∂p.

18 / 2011 sabv 15

(5) sa‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXm-dn-‰n-bpsS hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ am‰n
kmaq-l-y-t£-a-h-Ip∏v Ub-d-IvS¿ ]n.-]n. tKm]n-bp-ambn
tN¿∂v \nb-a-hn-cp-≤-amb FwHbp k¿°m-cp-ambn H∏ph-®p.
(6) t]cq¿°S am\-kn-Im-tcm-ip-]-{Xn-bnse kv{Io\nwKv
IΩ‰n \n¿t±in-®-X-√mØ At¥-hm-kn-Isf (4 t]sc
aln-fm-ka
- J
- y- b
- n¬ \n∂pw c≠p t]sc ]pdØpw \n∂pw)
{i≤m-`-h-\n¬ {]th-in-∏n®v k¿°m-cns‚ hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ
ewLn-®p.
(7) {i≤m-`-h≥ \S-Øn-∏n-\mbn Poh-\-°msc \ntbm-Kn-°pItbm cPn-Ã-dp-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p-Itbm sNbvXn-´n-√.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

Htc ÿm]-\-߃, c≠p-Xcw hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ
{i

≤m-`-h-\p-th≠n k¿°m-cp-ambn H∏p-h® Icm¿ DSºSn hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ X\n-°-\p-Iq-e-am-°pI hgn Xmsg ]d-bp∂
e£-y-ß-fmWv kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-bpsS a\- n¬.
(1) tamWn-‰-dnwKv IΩ-‰nsb ]q¿Æ-ambpw Hgn-hm-°pI hgn
Imc-y-߃ Xs‚ ]q¿Æ A[o-\-X-bn¬ sIm≠p hcn-I.
(2) t]cq¿°S am\-kn-Im-tcm-K-y-ip-]-{Xn-bnse Ai-c-W-cmb
tcmKn-Isf kwc-£n-°m≥ k¿°m¿ \¬Ip∂ [\-k-lmbhpw kuI-c-y-ßfpw D]-tbm-Kn®v A\¿l-cmb, I\Ø
kw`mh\ Xcm≥ Ign-hp-≈-hsc FSp-°m-\mWv kpK-XIp-amcn Dt±-in-°p-∂-Xv. Pn√m ]©m-bØv sk{I-´dn hn.F-kv. kt¥m-jvIp-am¿ kmaq-ln-I-t£-a-h-Ip∏v Ub-dIv S ¿s°- g p- X nb IØn¬ "A`b Bh- i - y - s ∏- S p- ∂ Xv
t]cq¿°S am\-kn-I-tcm-Km-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ \n∂pw hnSp-X¬
sNøp-∂-hsc IqSmsX cPn-kvt{SUv sskI-ym-{Sn-Ãp-Iƒ
\n¿t±-in-°p-∂-h-tcbpw {]th-in-∏n-°-W-sa-∂m-Wv. CXpaqew t]cq¿°S k¿°m¿ am\-kn-Im-tcm-Km-ip-]{- Xn-bnse
Ai-c-W-cmb am\-kn-Im-tcmK hnap-‡sc ]p\-c-[n-h-kn∏n-°p-∂-Xn\v ]Icw ]pd-Øp≈ kº-∂-cpsS B{in-Xsc
kwc-£n-°p∂ Ah-ÿ-bmIpw D≠m-Ip-I-sb∂v tamWn‰-dnwKv IΩ‰n hne-bn-cpØn F∂pw, Bb-Xn-\m¬ A`-bbpsS Cu hyhÿ AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ Bhn-s√∂pw FgpXn-bn-´p-ap-≠v.
(3) ÿmhc PwKahkvXp-°-f-S-°-ap≈ F√m hkvXp-h-I-Ifp-tSbpw Ah-Imiw kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-bn¬ Xs∂ \n£n]vX-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-XmWv {i≤m-`-hs‚ Icm¿.
(4) F√m h¿jhpw k¿°m¿ {Km‚ v e`n-°p-∂X
- n-\mepw AXv
25 tcmKn-Iƒ°p≈ Hcp bqWn-‰n\v Bb-Xn-\m-epw, Hcp
ImeØpw A`-b-bpsS {i≤m-`-h-\n¬ FØ-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp
tcmKn Xncn®v Xs‚ ho´n-se-Ømt\ t]mIp-∂n-√. Ct∏mƒ
Xs∂ At¥-hm-kn-I-fpsS FÆw XnIbv-°m≥ kpK-XIp-amcn s\t´m-´-tam-Sp-I-bm-Wv.
(5) At¥-hm-kn-If
- psS Blm-cØ
- ns‚ sa\p Im¿Uv {]Z¿in∏n-°Ww F∂ \n_-‘\ A´n-a-dn-°pI hgn, In´p-∂Xp
Ign®v kln®p Pohn-°m≥ At¥-hm-kn-Iƒ _m≤-y-ÿcm-Ipw.
(6) tamWn-‰-dnwKv IΩ-‰nsb F√m \n_-‘-\-I-fn¬ \n∂pw
]q¿Æ-ambn Hgn-hm°n tkmj-y¬ sh¬^b¿ t_m¿Uns\-bmWv kpK-X-Ip-amcn ta¬t\m-´-Øn\v \n›-bn-®n-´p≈-Xv. Hcp IΩ-‰nbm-hp-tºmƒ AXn¬ hnhn[ A`n-{]mbhpw ImgvN-∏mSpw D≈-h¿ D≠m-Ipw. ÿm]-\-Øns‚
kpXmc-y-amb \S-Øn-∏n\pw At¥-hm-kn-I-fpsS \∑°pw
AXmWv \√-Xv. Ct∏mƒ kpK-X-Ip-am-cn°v kmaq-l-y-t£ah-Ip∏v sk{I-´dn Djm ssS‰-kns\ kzm-[o-\n-®m¬
F¥pw sNøm-\p≈ kzm-X-{¥-y-ap-≠v.
(7) acp-∂p-I-fpsS ]¿t®kv kz¥w \nebv°p sNøp-∂Xp
sIm≠pw tcmKn-If
- psS NnIn¬k kzbw \n›-bn-°p-∂Xp
sIm≠pw tcmKn-Iƒ°v A¿l-amb hnZKv[ NnIn¬k e`n°p-I-bn-√. ]Ww Xncn-a-dn°pw Ir{Xna cPn-Ã-dp-≠m°m\pw kpK-X-Ip-am-cn°v Ffp-∏w. an{X-bn-te-°p≈ acp∂p-Iƒ hmßp∂ _n√v Chn-sS ImWn-®m¬ aXn.
(8) k¿°m¿ Xe kan-Xntbm hnZ-Kv[mw-K-ßtfm {i≤m-`hs‚ \S-Øn∏v CXp-hsc \nco-£n-®n-´n-√. k¿Δ kzm-X{¥-yw.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

t]cq¿°S am\- k n- I m- t cm- K - y - i p- ] - { Xnbnse Ai-c-W-cmb tcmKn-Isf kwc-£n°m≥ k¿°m¿ \¬Ip∂ [\-k-lm-bhpw
kuI-c-y-ßfpw D]-tbm-Kn®v A\¿l-cmb,
I\Ø kw`mh\ Xcm≥ Ign-hp-≈-hsc
FSp-°m-\mWv kpK-X-Ip-amcn Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv. Pn√m ]©m-bØv sk{I-´dn hn.-F-kv.
kt¥m-jvIp-am¿ kmaq-ln-I-t£-a-h-Ip∏v
Ub-dI
- vS¿s°-gp-Xnb IØn¬ "A`b Bhi-ys
- ∏-Sp-∂Xv t]cq¿°S am\-kn-It- cm-Km-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ \n∂pw hnSp-X¬ sNøp-∂-hsc
IqSmsX cPn-kvt{SUv sskI-ym-{Sn-Ãp-Iƒ
\n¿t±-in-°p-∂h
- t- cbpw {]th-in-∏n-°W
- s
- a∂m-Wv.

(9) ]pdØp\n∂pw [\-k-lmbw kzo-I-cn°mw F∂ \n_‘\ Dƒs°m-≈n-®Xp hgn ]mhw am\-kn-I-tcm-Kn-Isf
ImWn®v IW-°n-√mØ ]Ww ]ncn-°mw. ^¿Wn-®dpw
a‰pw Pn√m ]©m- b Øv \¬Im≥ Xøm- d m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
F∂m¬ kpK-XI
- p-amcn kzo-Ic
- n-®n-√. ImcWw Hcp ^¿Wn®¿ IS Bcw-`n-°m-\p-≈-{Xbpw km[\w ]ncn-s®-Sp-°m≥
kpK-X-Ip-am-cn°p Ign-bpw.
(10)100, 200, 600 cq] t]cq¿°S am\-kn-I-tcm-Km-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬
\n∂pw kv{Io\nwKv IΩ‰n sXc-s™-Sp-Øb
- °
- p∂ At¥hm-kn-Isf kwc-£n-°m-\p≈ XpI-bm-Wv. kpK-X-Ip-amcn
alnfm ka-J-y-bn¬ \n∂pw \mep tcmKn-I-tfbpw tUm.
F{_lmw tPmj-z-bpsS c≠p tcmKn-I-tfbpw Ct∏mƒ
Xs∂ {i≤m-`-h-\n¬ FSp-Øn-´p-≠v. \·-amb \nb-a-ewL-\-Øn\v F√m HØm-ibpw sNbvXp sImSp-°p-∂Xv
kmaq-lnIt£a-h-Ip-∏p-am-Wv.
(11) Icm¿ {]Imcw A¥n-a-Xo-cp-am\w tkmj-y¬ sh¬^-b¿
sk{I-´-dn-bp-tS-Xm-Wv. Djm ssS‰-kpw- ]n.-sI. {ioa-Xnbpw
kpK-X-Ip-amcn ]d-bp-∂-Xn-\-∏pdw sNdp-hn-c¬ t]mepw
A\-°mØ AhÿbmWv Ct∏m-gp-≈-Xv.

2011 sabv 15 / 19

hnZKv[ NnIn¬k-I-cn-√msX A`b
sa

‚¬ sl¬Øv AtXmdn-‰nbpw
k¿-°mcpw \n¿t±in® [mc-Wm-]{Xw
{]Imcw \n›nX Poh-\-°msc {i≤m-`h≥ \S-Øn-∏n-\mbn \ntbm-Kn-t°-≠-Xp≠v. F∂m¬ kpK-XI
- p-amcn {i≤m-`h
- ≥
\S-Øn-∏n-\mbn Btcbpw \ntbm-Kn-®n´n-√. \ne-hn¬ A`-bb
- n-ep≈ Poh-\°
- mcpsS XkvXn-I-Iƒ A‰≥U≥kv cPnÃ-dn¬ am{X-amWv am‰n-b-Xv. tPmen ]gb-Xp Xs∂.
I¿Ω, an{X, ]I¬ho-Sv, {i≤m-`-h≥
F∂n-hbv°v c≠p tUmIvS¿am-cmWv A`-b-°p≈Xv. BgvN-bn¬ aq∂p Znhkw
h®v c≠p aWn-°q¿ am{Xw Bip-]-{Xnbn¬ sNe-h-gn-°p∂ tUm. cho-{μ≥\mbcpw tUm. \nkm¿ Al-Ω-Zpw. CXn¬
tUm. \nkm¿ Al-Ω-ZmWv t{]mPIv‰v
amt\-P¿. A`-b-bnse \ne-hnse amt\P¿ kp{_-“-W-y≥ {i≤m-`-h≥ h∂tXmsS A‰≥U≥kv cPn-Ãd
- n¬ A°u≠‚mbn amdn. tPmen ]g-bXp Xs∂.
A`-b-bn¬ At¥-hm-kn-\n-bm-bn-cp∂
tcWp-Isb am\`wKw \SØnb tIkn
se Ip‰m-tcm-]n-X-\mWv kp{_-“-W-y≥.
A°u-≠‚m-bn-cp∂ cLp, kp{_“-W-y≥ cPn-Ã-dn¬ A°u-≠‚mbn
amdn-b-t∏mƒ tÃm¿ Io∏-dm-bn. πw_¿
aWn- I - W v T ≥ kq∏¿ssh- k - d m- b n.
t{]mPIv ‰ v amt\- P cpw tUmIv S - d pw,
sskI-ym-{SnÃpw H°p-t]-£W
- ¬ sXdm∏nÃpw F√mw ]m¿´vssSw tUmIvS¿am-

20 / 2011 sabv 15

A`-b°v Izm-fn-ss^Uv ¢n\n-°¬ sskt°m-f-PnÃv C√.
e£vao-tZhn FkvbpSnbn¬ sskI-ym-{SnÃv Bbn-cp∂p F∂v
am[- y aw hmcn- I - b n¬ kpK- X - I p- a mcn Fgp- X n- b n- c p- ∂ p.
FkvbpSnbn¬ shdpw ]nB¿H am{X-am-bn-cp∂p e£vao-tZhn. Izm-fn-ss^Uv ¢n\n-°¬ sskt°m-f-Pn-Ãv Fw.-^n¬ C≥
¢n\n-°¬ sskt°m-f-Pntbm sskt°m-f-Pn-bn¬ ]nF-®vUntbmSp IqSn c≠p h¿jsØ Ct‚¨jnt∏m ]q¿Øn-bm-°nbn-cn-°-Ww. e£vao-tZhn Fw.^n¬ C≥ sskt°m-fPn am{Xam-Wv.
cmb tUm. cho- { μ≥\mbcpw tUm.
\nkm¿ Al-ΩZ- p-amWv Ah¿ Xs∂-bmWv an{X-bnepw tcmKn-Isf NnIn¬kn°p-∂-Xv. BsI A`-b-bn¬ sNe-h-gn°p∂ ka-bw Xn¶ƒ, _p[≥, sh≈n
c≠p aWn-°q¿ tUm. cho-{μ≥\mbcpw
sNmΔ, hym-gw, i\n c≠p aWn-°q¿
tUm. \nkm¿ Al-Ω-Zpw.
A`-bbv°v Izm-fn-ss^Uv t\gvkpam¿ C√. BsI- b p≈ aq∂p \mep
t\gvkp-am¿ anUvssh^dn tImgvkv Ign™-h-cm-Wv. am\-kn-I-tcm-Kn-Isf ]cnN-cn-°m≥ ]cn-io-e\w t\Snb sskIym{Sn t\gvkv A`-b-bn-en-√. ^eØn¬
hnZKv[ NnIn ¬kbpw ]cn-N-c-Whpw
\¬Imw F∂p hmKv Z m\w sNbv X v

tcmKn-Isf Iq´n-s°m≠p t]mbn´v am\kn-I-tcm-Kn-Isf k¿°m¿ ^≠p X´m\p≈ D]-I-c-W-ß-fm-°p-I-bmWv kpKX-Ip-am-cn.
I¿Ω dolm-_n-ent‰-j≥ sk‚¿
F∂ t]cn-emWv k¿°m-cn¬ \n∂pw
^≠p hmßp-∂-Xv. Hcp Xc-Øn-ep≈
IΩ-yq-Wn‰n dolm-_n-ent‰-j\pw I¿Ωbn¬ \S-°p-∂n-√.
A`-b°v Izm-fn-ss^Uv ¢n\n-°¬
sskt°m- f - P nÃv C√. e£v a o- t Zhn
FkvbpSnbn¬ sskI-ym-{SnÃv Bbncp∂p F∂v am[-yaw hmcn-I-bn¬ kpKX- I p- a mcn
Fgp- X n- b n- c p- ∂ p.
FkvbpSnbn¬ shdpw ]nB¿H am{X-ambn-cp∂p e£vao-tZ-hn. Izm-fn-ss^Uv
¢n\n-°¬ sskt°m-f-Pn-Ãv Fw.-^n¬
C≥ ¢n\n- ° ¬ sskt°m- f - P ntbm
sskt°m-f-Pn-bn¬ ]nF-®vUn-tbmSp
IqSn c≠p h¿jsØ Ct‚¨ jnt∏m
]q¿Øn-bm-°n-bn-cn-°-Ww. e£vao-tZhn
Fw.^n¬ C≥ sskt°m-fPn am{X-amWv.
dolm- _ n- e nt‰- j ≥ sk‚- d p- I - f nep≈ tcmKn-Isf ]p\-c-[n-h-kn-∏n-°ptºmƒ Ah¿ sNøp∂ sXmgn-ep-Iƒ°v
Hcp Iqen \n›-bn®v iºfw sImSp-t°≠- X p- ≠ v . Ah- c psS NnIn¬k- b psS
sNehp Ipd- ® p≈ XpI Ah¿°p
\¬tI-≠-Xp-am-Wv. I¿Ω 90 iX-am\hpw k¿°m¿ [\- k - l m- b - Ø n¬
{]h¿Øn-°p-∂Xp sIm≠v acp-∂ns‚
hne iº-f-Øn¬ Ipd-t°≠ Bh-iyhpw hcp-∂n-√. A`b Ct∂hsc Hcp
cq] t]mepw \√ sXm gn¬ sshZKv[yw
tXSn-b-h¿°p t]mepw \¬In-bn-´n-√.
Bh-i-y-Øn\p acp-∂p-Iƒ t]mepw
At¥-hm-kn-Iƒ°v A`b \¬Im-dn-√.
sImSp-°p∂ acp-∂p-I-fpsS hne hfsc
Iq´n-bmWv tcJ-Ifn¬ ImWn-°p-∂-Xv.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

kw-ÿm\ \nb-a-k`m sXc-s™-Sp∏pI-fn-eqsS
]›n-a-_w-Kmƒ, Xan-gv\m-Sv, tIc-fw, Akw F∂o kwÿm-\-ß-fn-epw tI{μ-`-cW {]tZ-i-amb ]pXp-t®-cnbnepw \nb-a-k`m sXc-s™-Sp∏v G{]n¬, tabv amk-ß-fn-embn \S-°p-∂p. F√m-bn-SØpw thms´Æ¬ tabv
]Xn-aq∂mw XobXn am{Xta \S-°p-I-bp-≈q.

Akw: tIm¨{Kkv {]Xn-tcm[w i‡w
]n. {]Zo-]≥

]

›n-a-_w-Kmƒ, Xan-gv\m-Sv, tIcfw, Akw F∂o kwÿm-\-ß-fn-epw
tI{μ- ` - c W {]tZ- i - a mb ]pXp- t ®- c nbnepw \nb- a - k `m sXc- s ™- S p∏v
G{]n¬, tabv amk-ß-fn-embn \S-°p∂p. F√m-bn-SØpw thms´Æ¬ tabv
]Xn-aq∂mw XobXnbmWv. BZ-y-L-´ambn Ak-anse 62 \nb-a-k`m aWvUe-ß-fn-te-°p≈ sXs™-Sp∏v G{]n¬
\memw XobXn \S-∂p. 75 iX-am-\-Øne-[nIw t]mfnw-KmWv \S-∂-Xv. Xo{hhmZn kwL-S-\-bmb Dƒ^ sXc-s™Sp∏v _ln- j v I - c n- ° m≥ Bl- z m\w
sNbvXn- c p- s ∂- ¶ nepw Imc- y - a mb
A\njvS kw`-h-ß-sfm-∂p-ap-≠m-bn-√.
Dƒ^ {]h¿Ø-I¿ thm´p sNøp-I-bns√-¶nepw t]mfnwKv XS- s
- ∏-Sp-Øp-Ib
- ns√∂v t\Xm-°ƒ {]kvXm-hn-®n-cp-∂p.
35000 e[nIw tI{μ A¿≤ ssk\n-Isc-bmWv thms´-Sp∏v Znhkw kpc-£°mbn hn\y-kn-®n-cp-∂X
- v. Ak-anse 126
\nb- a - k `m aWv U - e - ß - f n¬ tijn-

°p∂ 64 CS-ß-fn-te°v G{]n¬ 11 \v
thms´-Sp∏v \S-∂p. {]Xo-£n-®-Xnepw
\√ t]mfnw-KmWv Ak-an¬ \S-∂-Xv.
Agn-a-Xnbpw hnI-k-\hpw {Ia-k-am[m-\hpw ssk\nI km∂n-≤-y-hp-sams°-bmWv CØ-h-Wbpw Ak-anse
{][m\ sXc-s™-Sp∏v hnj-b-ß-fmbn
Db¿Øn-°m-´-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. tIm¨{K v
aq∂mw Xh-Wbpw XpS¿®-bmb hnPbw
e£-y-am-°p-∂p. Akw KW-]-cn-j-Xv,
`mc-Xob P\Xm ]m¿´n, Bƒ C≥Uym
ap…ow bpssW-‰Uv {^≠v XpS-ßn-b-hbmWv a‰p {][m\ I£n-Iƒ. sNdp
{]mtZ-inI I£n-Ifpw IΩ-yq-WnÃv
]m¿´n Hm^v C≥Uy (am¿Ivkn-Ãv), IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n Hm^v C≥Uym apX-emb- h bpw cwK- Ø p- ≠ v . `c- W - ÿ n- c X
{]Zm\w sNøm≥ Xcp¨ tKmtKmbvbpsS t\Xr-X-z-Øn¬ C≥U-y≥ \mjW¬ tIm¨{K- n\v Ign™ ]Øp
h¿j-ambn Ign-™n-´p-≠v. Bbn-cØn
sXm≈m-bn-cØn Fgp-]-Xp-I-fpsS Ah-

Xcp¨ tKmtKmbv
-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

km-\-Øn¬ Bƒ Akw ÃpU‚ vkv
bqWn- b s‚ t\Xr- X - z - Ø n- e m- c w- ` n®
Akw {]t£m-`-W-Øns‚ ]n¥p-S¿®°m-cmb Akw KW ]cn-jXv ]n¬°meØv A[n-Im-c-Øn-se-Øn-sb-¶nepw
A[n-ImchSwhenbpw hy-‡n-Xm¬]-cy-ßfpw aqew ]nf-cp-Ibpw Xf-cp-I-bpamWv sNbvXX
- v. _n.-sP.-]n. tbm Spw CSXp-]£ I£n-I-tfm-Sp-sams° amdn
amdn kJ-y-ap-≠m-°p∂ ÿnXn-bm-Wp≠m-bX
- v. hnZ-ym¿∞n t\Xm-°f
- m-sb-Ønb-h¿ A[n-Imcw Bk-zZn®p XpS-ßn-btXmsS A[n- I mc cmjv { So- b - Ø nse
km[m-cW Ifn-°m-cmbn amdn.
tIm¨{K v Akw {]t£m-`-Wm-\¥c Ime-L-´-Øn¬ i‡n-£-b-Øn\v
hnt[-b-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]m¿´n-°-I-Øp≈
A[n-Imca’-chpw {Kq∏n-k-hp-sams°
Akw tIm¨{K- nepw hym-]-I-ambn
\ne-\n-∂p. kam-[m-\-m¥-co£w Hs´m
s° \ne-hn¬ hcp-Ibpw Akw KW
]cn-j-Øns‚ i‡n £bn-°p-Ibpw
sNbvX-tXmsS tIm¨{K- n\v Xncn®p
hc-hn-\p≈ ]mX-sbm-cp-ßp-Ib
- m-Wp-≠mb-Xv. tI{μ kl-a{- ¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ Xcp¨
tKm tKmbv Akw tIm¨{K v \nb-ak`m I£n t\Xm-hmbn sXc-s™-Sp°-s∏-´-tXmsS anI® t\Xr-X-z-amWv
Akan\v e`n-®-Xv. tIm¨{K- p-Imsc
Hcp-an-∏n®v \n¿Øm≥ tKmtKmbv°v Ign™p. Hgn ™p amdmØ hnaX
{]h¿Ø- \ - ß sf \nb- { ¥- W - Ø n¬
\n¿Øm\pw Ign-™p. CØ-hWbpw
tKmtKm-bn-bpsS t\Xr-X-z-Øn¬ Xs∂bmWv tIm¨{K v sXc-s™-Sp-∏ns\
t\cn-Sp-∂-Xv. X߃ \S-Ønb hnI-k\
{]h¿Ø-\-߃ Xs∂-bmWv tIm¨{K ns‚ apJy AP≥U. Gsd- ° psd
kwXr-]vX-am-b {Ia-kam [m\\ne-sb∏-‰nbpw Ah¿ A`n-am\w sIm≈p-∂p.
apJ-y-{]-Xn-]-£-amb Akw KW
]cn- j - Ø n¬ Ct∏mgpw t\Xr- X - z Ø¿°w \ne-\n¬°p-∂p. ]cn-thjw
\jvS- s ∏´ {]^q¬Ipam¿ samlt¥m°v ]I-c-°m-cs\ Is≠-Øm≥
Ah¿°n-\n-bpw Ign-™n-´n-√. `mc-Xob
P\Xm ]m¿´n-bp-a2011
mbn sabv 15 / 21

{]^q¬Ipam¿ samls¥m
ASp-ØXpw IpSn-tb-dn-∏m¿Ø \yq-\-]£-hn-`m-Kß
- ƒs°-Xn-cmb \ne-]mSv kzoI-cn-®Xpw saml-t¥m°v hn\-bm-bn.
ap…ow \yq-\-]-£-߃ F.-Pn.-]n. bn¬
\n∂- I - ∂ p. N{μ- t am- l ≥ ]t´m- h - c n,

{_n{μm- _ ≥ tKmk- z man F∂n- h cpw
t\Xr- \ n- c - b n- e p- ≠ v . AJn- t e≥Uym
sFIy-P-\m-[n-]-X-y-ap-∂Wn (F.-bp.-Un.F-^v) ap…ow \yq-\-]-£-ß-fpsS ]n¥pW- b p≈ kwL- S \ Xs∂- b m- W v.
2006˛¬ \S∂ sXc- s ™- S p- ∏ n¬
tIm¨{K- n\v 126˛¬ 53 ko‰p t\Smt\
Ign-™p-≈q. F.-Pn.-]n. 24 ko‰v t\-Sn.
_nsP-]nbpw, F.-bp.-Un.-F^pw ]Øp
hoXw ko‰pw. kn.- ] n.Fw c≠pw
kn]nsF H∂pw ko‰p-amWv t\Sn-b-Xv.
a‰p sNdp-I-£n-Iƒ°v \mev ko‰pw kzX-{¥-∑m¿°v 22 ko‰pw e`n®p. a‰v sNdpI-£n-I-fp-sSbpw kz-X-{¥-∑m-cp-sSbpw
]n¥p- W - t bm- s S- b mWv tIm¨{K v
A[n- I mcw \n\n¿Øn- b - X v . CØ- h Wbpw ]pXnb {it≤-b-amb sXc-s™Sp∏v hnj-b-ß-sfm∂pw Db¿∂p h∂n´n-√. `c-W-hn-cp≤ hnImcw t]mepw
i‡-ambn {]I-S-am-Ip-∂n-√. i‡-amb
_Z-embn Db¿∂p hcm≥ {]Xn-]£
I£n-Iƒ°pw Ah-cpsS kJ-y-Øn-\p-

am-bn-´p-an-√.
Xo{h-hm-Z-Øn-s‚-bpw, {]mtZ-in-I-Xbp-sS-bpw, \yq-\]
- £
- {]iv\ß
- f
- p-sS-bpw,
Agn-a-Xn-bp-sS-bpw, ]´m-f-˛-s]m-eokv
A{I-a-Øn-t‚-bp-sams° kml-N-cyw
am‰-an-√msX \ne-\n¬°p-∂p. Ah-tbmsSms° HØp- t ]m- I p∂ `qcn- ] £w
Ak-ap-Imcpw P\m-[n-]X
- y {]{In-bb
- n¬
hni-zm-k-a¿∏n®p sIm≠v bmYm¿Y-yt_m-[-tØm-sS Ign-bp-∂{X kam-[m-\ambn PohnXw apt∂m´p sIm≠p
t]mIm≥ Ign-bp-sa∂v am{Xw {]Xo-£n°p-∂p. tIm¨{K v H‰°v `qcn-]£w
In´p-sa∂v {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. cwK-Øp≈
t_mtUm em≥Uv ]o∏nƒkv {^≠v, F.bp.-Un.-F-^v, kz-X-{¥-∑m¿, a‰p sNdpI- £ n- I ƒ F∂nh bpsS- s bms°
]n¥pW tXSm\pw Ah-kc
- a
- p-≠v. XrWaq¬ tIm¨{K-   v, \mj- W - e nÃv
tIm¨{K v ]m¿´n, kamPv hmZn]m¿´n
XpS-ßn-b-h-sbms° ÿm\m¿∞n-Isf
\n¿Øn cwK-Øn-d-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

]›n-a-_w-Kmƒ: CS-Xp-tIm´ XI¿°m≥
2

009˛se temI-k`m sXc-s™-Sp∏v
]›n- a - _ w- K m- f ns\ kw_- ‘ n- ® n- S tØmfw ]pXp-a-bp-≈-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. {]Xo£n-®-Xnepw henb hnP-b-amWv Bƒ
C≥Uym XrWaq¬ tIm¨{K-   v,
C≥U-y≥ \mj-W¬ tIm¨{K v kJy- Ø n\p≠mbXv ap∏Xv h¿j- ° m- e Øn\p tijw IΩ-yq-WnÃv ]m¿´n Hm^v
C≥Uy (am¿Iv k n- Ã v ) t\Xr- X - z - Ø nep≈ CS-Xp-]-£-ap-∂Wn ]cm-P-b-a-dn™p. BsI- b p≈ 42 temIv k `m
aWvUe
- ß
- f
- n¬ 26 Dw XrW-aq¬ kJyw
t\Sn. 1977 apX¬ ]›n-a-_w-Kmƒ `cn°p∂ CS-Xp-]£ P\m-[n-]-X-y-ap-∂Wn
C{X henb Xncn-®Sn t\cn-Sp-sa∂v FXncm-fn-Iƒ t]mepw {]Xo-£n-®n-cp-∂n-√.
CS-Xp-]£ tIm´-I-sfms° XI¿∂p.
BSn-bp-e-™-sX√mw XI¿∂-Sn-™ns√∂v am{Xw. GsX- ¶ nepw Nne
knwKvcq¿, \μn-{Kmw, em¬KVv {]iv\ß-fpsS t]cn¬ am{Xw CS-Xp-ap-∂-WnbpsS ]cm-P-bsØ hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂Xn¬ A¿∞-ap-s≠∂v tXm∂p-∂n-√. 34
h¿j sØ `cWw P\-ß-fn¬ aSp-∏p-fhm-°n-bn-cp-∂p. Imc-W-߃ ]e-Xm-bncn-°mw. ]›n-a_
- w-Km-fn¬ am‰-߃ ]eXp-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂p.
G{]n¬ ]Øv apX¬ tabv ]Øp
hsc Bdv L´-ßf
- n-em-bmWv CØ-hW
_wKm-fnse \nb-a-k-`m sXc-™-Sp∏v
\S-°p-∂-Xv. Ign™ \nch[n Zim-_vZß-fmbn kn]n-FΩpw CS-Xp-I-£n-Ifpw
]Sp-Øp-b¿Ønb kwL-S\m N´-°q-Sn-

22 / 2011 sabv 15

t‚bpw P\-]n-¥p-W-bp-tSbpw XI¿®bmWv Ign ™ temI-k`m sXc-s™Sp∏v shfn-hm-°n-b-Xv. 1984˛se Cμn-cmKm‘n h[-sØ Øp-S¿∂v \S∂ temIk`m sXc-s™-Sp-∏n-s\-t∏mepw henb
t]md-en-√msX AXn-Po-hn® kJ-y-am-bncp∂p _wKm-fnse CS-Xp-]£ ap∂-Wn.
Atbm-≤ym {]iv\-ap-b¿Øn-s°m≠p
h∂ lnμp-X-z-X-cw-K-Øn\v 17 iX-am\w

aaXm _m\¿Pn
thm´p t\Sn i‡n {]I-Sn-∏n-°m-\m-sb¶nepw sXmÆq-dp-Ifpw CS-Xp-ap-∂Wn
]cm-P-b-a-dn-bmsX AXn-Po-hn-®p.
sXc-s™-Sp∏v ]cm-P-b-߃°n-Sbnepw _wKm-fnse tIm¨{K v \m¬
]Xv iX-am-\-tØmfw thm´p-Iƒ ÿncam-bn-Øs∂ t\Sn-sb-SpØp sIm≠n-cp-

∂p. _nsP]n thm´v h¿≤n-∏n-®-t∏mgpw
CS- X p- a p- ∂ - W n- s b- b m- W Xv IqSp- X ¬
_m[n-®-Xv. aa-Xm- _m-\¿Pn P\-Iob
t\Xm-hmbn Db¿∂p-h∂
- Xv _wKm-fnse
]c- º - c m- K X tIm¨{K v t\Xr- X - z Øn\v ]q¿Æ-ambpw Dƒs°m-≈m≥ Ign™n- c p- ∂ n- √ . P\- ] n- ¥ pW X\n- ° msW∂v a\- n-em-°nb aaXm _m\¿Pn
_nsP-]n-tbm-sSmØp IqSn CS-Xp-ap∂Wn`c- W sØ A´n- a - d n- ° m- s a∂v
IW°p Iq´n. _wKm-fnse tIm¨{K ns\ apgp- h - \ m- b n- Ø s∂ Xt∂msSm∏w \n¿Øm≥ Ign-bp-sa∂pw Ah¿
{]Xo-£n-®p. cmPohv Km‘n-bpsS ac-WØn\p tijw kPoh cmjv{So-b-Øn¬
{]th- i n- ° m≥ hnk- Ω - X n®p \n∂
tkmWnbm Km‘n Imc-y-amb CS-s]-Ssem∂pw \S- Ø n- b n- √ . {]tZiv
tIm¨{Kkv IΩn‰n A≤-y£ ÿm-\tØ°v a’-cn®v ]cm-P-b-s∏´ aaX
]m¿´n ]nf¿∂v kz¥w ]m¿´n-bp-≠m°m≥ Xs∂ Xocp-am-\n-®p. {]mtZ-inI
tIm¨{K v t\Xr-Xzw {]h¿Ø\\nXc-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. H´p-ap-°m¬ `mKw tIm¨
{K v A\p-`m-hn-Ifpw Xmtg-Ø-´nse
{]h¿Ø- I - c pw kwL- S - \ bpw aaXm
_m\¿Pn-tbm-sSm∏w \n∂p. Bƒ C≥
Uym XrW-aq¬ tIm¨{Kkv ]›n-a_
- wKm-fnse {][m\ {]Xn-]-£-ambn Db¿
∂p h∂p.
aaXm _m\¿Pn {]Xo-£n-®Xp t]m
se tIm¨{K v kwL-S-\sb H∂mbn
AS-¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m≥ Ah¿°m-bn-√.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

tIm¨{K v thm´p-If
- psS ap∂n¬ c≠p
`mK-tØmfw aaX-tbm-sSm∏w \n∂p.
Ign™ \nb-a-k`m sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬
XrWaq¬ tIm¨{K v 26.64 iX-am\w
thm´p t\Sn-bt- ∏mƒ tIm¨{K- n\v 14.71
iX-am\w thm´v t\Sm-\m-bn. 48 iX-am\-Øn-e-[nIw thm´v t\Snb CS-Xp-]£
ap∂Wn BsI- b p≈ 294 ko‰n¬
227˛Dw t\Sn A[n-Imcw \ne-\n¿Øp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. XrW-aq¬ tIm¨{Kkv 30
ko‰nepw tIm¨{K v 21 ko‰nepw hnPbn-®p. aaXm _m\¿Pn-bpsS kz¥w
i‡n- b n- e p≈ AanX hni- z mkw
ho≠pw
]cm- P - b - s ∏- S p- I - b mWv
sNbvXXv.
XrW-aq¬ tIm¨{Kkv cq]o-I-cn-®Xn\v tijw _nsP-]n-bp-ambnt®¿∂v
a’-cn-®-t∏mgpw F√m CS-Xp-]-£-hn-cp≤-thm-´p-I-sfbpw H∂n-∏n-°-W-sa∂
aaXm _m\¿Pn-bpsS B{Klw ]q¿ØnI-cn-°-s∏-´n-√. tZiob tIm¨{K- m-bnØs∂ XpS-cm≥ Hcp hn`mKw tIm¨{K p-Im¿ Xøm-dm-bn. Ah¿°v `mc-Xob
P\Xm ]m¿´n-bp-ambn kJ-y-ap-≠m-°pI-sb-∂Xv cmjv{So-b-ambn km≤-y-hp-ambn-cp-∂n-√. tIm¨{K- \
- p-`m-hn-If
- mb ap
…ow hn`mKw tZiob tIm¨{K- n-t\msSm∏w \n¬°p∂ ÿnXn-bp-≠ m-h pIbpw sNbvXp.
tPymXn _mkp apJ-y-a{¥n ]Z-samgn-bp-Ibpw _p≤-tZhv `´m-Nm-cy t\XrX- z - Ø n- s e- Ø p- I bpw sNøp- ∂ - X n\v
tijhpw CS-Xp-ap-∂-Wn-bp-sS thm´n¬
tNm¿®- s bm- ∂ p- a p- ≠ m- b n- √ . ]t£
Imew am‰-ß-fp-≠m-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
\μn- { Km- a pw, knwKv c qdpw, em¬K- V psams° P\- I ob {]iv \ - ß - f mbn
Db¿∂p h∂p. kn]nFw {]Xn-°q-´n-emIp∂ ÿnXn-bm-Wp-≠m-bX
- v. ]›n-a_
- wKm-fnse Hcp hn`mKw P\-߃ aaXm
_m\¿Pnsb c£-Ibmbn ImWp∂
ÿnXn- b p- ≠ m- b n. kn]nFw F∂
kwL- S \ 34 h¿jsØ A[n- I m- c Øns‚ A\p-`-h-߃ hcp-Ønb am‰ß-fpsS XS-h-d-bn¬ \n∂v ]pdØp IS-

Zo]mZmkv ap≥jn
-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

_p≤-tZhv `´m-Nm-cy
°m-\m-hmsX bmYm¿∞-y-ß-fn¬ \n∂I∂v t]mIp∂ ÿnXn-bn-em-bn. \nb-{¥W-߃ ssIhn´p t]mbXp t]mse.
Xß-sf-Sp-°p∂ \ne-]m-Sp-Isf P\߃°v t_m≤-y-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-Sp-°p-∂Xn¬ Ah¿ ]cm-P-b-s∏-´p.
2009˛se ]m¿e-sa‚ v sXc-s™-Sp∏v
kn]n-FΩ
- ns‚ Aÿn-hm-ca
- n-f°
- n. XßfpsS sNdnb kJ-y-I-£n-I-fn¬ \n∂p
t]mepw th≠{X ]n¥pW kn]n-FΩn\v e`n-®n-√. Ah-kcw t\m°n ]pdIn¬ \n∂v IpØm≥ Xs∂- b mWv
Ahcpw ^e-Øn¬ {ian-®-Xv. kzbw
c£n- ° m≥ kn]n- F - Ω n- \ m- b - X p- a n- √ .
F√m-Ø-cw kn]nFw hncp≤i‡n-Isfbpw BI¿ jn-°m≥ aaXm hn`m-KØn\v Ign- ™ p. temI- k - ` - b n- t e°v
XrW-aq-en¬s∏´ ]sØm-ºXv t]cpw,
tIm¨{K- n¬ \n∂v Bdv t]cpw, kJy-I-£n-bn¬ \n∂v Hcm-fp-apƒs∏sS 26
t]sc hnP-bn-∏n-s®-Sp-°m≥ awXm kJy-Øn\v Ign-™p. 14 ko‰n¬ a’-cn-s®¶nepw ap≥ sXc-s™Sp-∏n¬ X߃
H‰°v a’cn®v t\Snb Bdv ko‰n¬
\n∂v apt∂m´p t]mIm≥ tIm¨{K n\v Ign-™n-√.
temIvk`m sXc-s™-Sp-∏nse ]cmP-b-Øn\v tijw kn]n-FΩpw CS-XpI-£n-Ifpw P\-]n-¥pW hos≠-Sp-°m\mbn ^e-{]-Zambn Fs¥-¶nepw \S]- S n- s b- S p- Ø n- ´ pt≠m F∂v CXp- h scbpw hy-‡-am-bn-´n-√. kpk-÷-amb
kwL-S-\m-i-‡n-bp≈ kn]n-F-Ωn\v
\jvS-s∏´ i‡n Iptd-sbms° Xncn®p
]nSn-°m≥ A[n-I-k-a-b-sam∂pw thWsa∂v tXm∂p-∂n-√. ]t£, CXp-hs-cbp≈ kqN-\-Iƒ CS-Xp-]£ap∂-Wnbp-sS 1977 \v tij-ap≈ BZy ]cm-Pb-Øn-te-°mWv hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂-Xv. Cu
]cm-Pbw Hgn-hm-°m-\m-bn-s√-¶n¬ kn]nF-Ωns\ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw ImemIm-e-ambn X߃ ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øn-s°m≠p-h∂ ]m¿´n-b-{¥-Øns‚ A\n-tjy[y ]cm-P-b-am-bn-Ø-s∂-bXv amdpw,
]n∂o-sSmcp Xncn-®p-h-chv Xs∂ Akm≤-y-am-tb-°pw.

_wKm-fnse `cWw ]nSn-®-S-°pI
F∂ H‰ e£-y-tØmsS {]h¿Øn-°p∂ aaXm _m\¿Pnsb kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw X∂n-jvS-tØm-sS-bp≈ {]h¿
Ø- \ coXn t]mepw XS w krjv S n°mØ Ahÿ kn]n-F-Ωns\ Xmsgbn-d-°-W-sa-∂m-{K-ln-°p∂h¿°v aa-Xb-√msX as‰mcp _Z-en-√mØ ÿnXn.
tkmWnbm-Km-‘n-bpsS cmjv{Sob {]thi-\-Øn\v tijw tIm¨{K- n-te°v
am\-y-ambn aS-ßp-∂-Xn-\p≈ Ah-k-cap-≠m-bn´p IqSn kz¥w ]m¿´n-bp-ambn
apt∂m´p t]mIm≥ Xocp-am-\n® aaXm
_m\¿Pn-tbm-sSm∏w \n¬°p-Ib
- √
- msX
tZiob tIm¨{K-   n\pw as‰m∂pw
sNøm≥ Ign- b p- ∂ n- √ . tI{μ- Ø nse
bp]nF `c-W-Øn\v aaXm _m\¿Pn
ie-y-sam-∂p-ap-≠m-°p-∂p-an-√.
A¥n-a-Xo-cp-am\w _wKm-fnse P\ß-fp-tS-Xm-Wv. Ah¿ Hcp am‰w B{Kln-°p-∂p-≠m-Imw. P\m-[n-]-X-y-Øn¬
Hcp ]m¿´n-bpsS A\-¥-amb `c-Wm-[n]-Xyw A`n-Im-a-y-a-√. DNn-X-amb Hcp
_Z¬ Db¿∂p hcpI Xs∂ thWw.
GtXm Nne i‡n-Iƒ _wKm-fns\ ]pdtIm-´-Sn-∏n-°m≥ Bkq-{XnX \o°-߃
\S-Øp-∂p-s≠∂v Xs∂ Icp-tX-≠n-bncn-°p-∂p. Ah-cpsS Zpjn® kzm-[o\w
Xs∂-bmWv _wKmƒ cmjv{So-bsØ
\bn-°p-∂-Xv. F√m-Øcw hn`m-Kob
Nn¥-I-sfbpw DW¿Øn hn´pw GtIm]n-∏n®pw Xß-fpsS Xm¬]-c-y-Øn-\-\pk-cn®v Imcy-ßsf apt∂m´p sIm≠p
t]mIm-\p≈ Ah-cpsS \nc-¥-c-amb
kwL-SnX {iaw hnPbw ImWp-I-bmWv. Ah-cpsS Xm¬]-cyw _wKm-fns‚
\∑-b-√. kmaq-ly ]ptcm-K-Xn-bp-a-√.
CØcw i‡n-Isf Xncn-®-dn-bmt\m hy‡-amb \b-]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fn-eqsS P\-]n¥pW Dd∏phcp-Ømt\m Ign-bmsX
h∂-XmWv ]ptcmKa {]ÿm-\-ß-fpsS
]cm-P-b-Øn\v Imc-Ww.
_wKmƒ hnI- k - \ - Ø ns‚ Imc- y Øn¬ ]pd-In¬ Xs∂-bm-Wv. NW-an-√pIfpw XpWn-an-√p-Ifpw BZ-y-Im-e-Øp≠m- b n- c p∂ h≥hy- h - k m- b n- I - f p- s S
kwcw-`-ß-fp-sams° C∂v ]nt∂m°w
t]mbn-cn-°p-∂p. cmP-y-Øns‚ a‰p `mKß-fnse ]ptcm-K-Xn-bp-ambn Xpe\w
sNøptºmƒ _wKmfpw sIm¬°-´bpw
apwss_bv°pw, _wK-fp-cp-hn-\pw, Zn√n°p- s ams° hgn- a m- d n- s °m- S p- ° p∂
ÿnXn-bm-Wp-≈X
- v. C≥U-yb
- psS hmWnPy Xe-ÿm-\-am-bn-cp∂ sIm¬°-´bn¬ \n∂v ]e hy-h-kmb {Kq∏p-Ifpw
Btcm-cp-a-dn-bmsX t]mepw Bÿm\w
am‰n-s°m≠p t]mbn-´p-≠v.
Hcp hgn-Ø-ncn-hn-em-Wn∂v _wKmƒ.
Hcp ]t£-, `c-W-Øn-se-Øn-bm¬ hy‡-amb Hcp _Z¬ \bw \S-∏n-em-°m≥
t]mepw aaXm _m\¿Pn°v Ign-™psh∂v hcp-I-bn-√. F¶n¬ ho≠p-samcp
CS-Xp-]£`cWw Imc-y-ßsf am‰-sam2011 sabv 15 / 23
∂p- a n- √ msX XpS- c p- ∂ - X n\v am{Xta
klm- b n- ° q. am‰- Ø n\p th≠n- s b¶nepw Hcp am‰w. _wKm-fn-I-fpsS a\ n-ep-≈-X-Xm-bn-cn-°mw. Ah¿°v {]Xo-

Xan-gv\m-Sv : cmjv{So-b-k-a-hm-I-y-߃ amdn-h-cp∂p
G

{]n¬-˛-tabv amk-ß-fn¬ \S°p∂ \nb-ak
- `m sXc-s™-Sp-∏p-If
- n¬
G‰hpw hy-X-y-kvXX {]I-S-am-°p-∂Xv
Xan-gv\mSv kwÿm-\-Ønse sXc-s™Sp∏v Xs∂-bm-Wv. I£n-_-‘-ß-fn¬
h∂n- c n- ° p∂ am‰- ß fpw Sq˛Pn
kvs]Iv{Sw Agn-a-Xn-bpƒs∏sS {ZmhnU
apt∂‰ Ig-IsØ _m[n-®n-cn-°p∂
{]Xn- k ‘nbp- a mWv sXc- s ™- S p∏v
cwKsØ Iep-jn-X-am-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
Ign™ Iptd-°m-e-ambn Xan-gv\m-´nse
sXc- s ™- S p- ∏ p- I - f psS ^e- s a√mw
ap∂Wn _‘-ßsf B{i-bn®p am{XamWv Xocp-am-\n-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv. an°
sXc-s™-Sp-∏p-I-fnepw C≥Uy≥ \mjW¬ tIm¨{Kkv kJy-ap-≠m-°p∂
hn`mKw hnP-bn-°p-Ib
- m-bn-cp∂p ]Xn-hv.
UnFw- s Ibpw Bƒ- C ≥Uy AÆm
{ZmhnU apt∂‰ Ig-I-hp-amWv Xan-gv\m´nse {][m\ c≠v cmjv{So-b-I-£n-Iƒ.
ap∏Xv iX-am-\-Øn-\-Sp-∏n® P\-]n-¥pW-bmWhbv°p-≈-Xv. UnFwsI °v
A¬]w ap≥Xq-°-ap-s≠∂v am{Xw. Ccp]-Xv˛- C
- c
- p-]Ø
- ©v iX-am\w thm´v kaml- c n- ° m≥ Ign- b p∂ tIm¨{Kkv
]£w tNcp∂ I£n hnP-bn-°p-∂XmWv ]Xn-hv. ]nFw-Un-sI, FwUnFwsI, XpS-ßnb {]mtZ-in-I-I-£nIfpw kn]n-sF(-Fw), kn]nsF XpSßnb CS-Xp-]-£-I-£n-Ifpw Imem-Imambn GsX-¶nepw ap∂-Wn-tbm-sSm∏w
Xs∂-bmWv a’cn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂Xv.
kn\nam \S≥ hnP- b - I m- ¥ ns‚
tZiob aq¿t]mIv {ZmhnU IgIw
]pXnb Hcp i‡n-bmbn Db¿∂p h∂n´p- ≠ v . CS- ° m- e Øv Ipsd- s bms°
i‡n {]I- S n- ∏ n® `mc- X ob P\Xm

Icp-Wm-\n[n

Sq˛Pn Agn-a-Xn-bm-tcm-]-Wß-fn¬ \n∂v Icp-Wm-\m[n
IpSpw_w ap‡-a√
- . sXc-s™Sp-∏n\v tijw Nne IpSpw-_mwK-ß-sfms° AdÃv sNø-s∏Sm≥ t]mepw km≤-y-X-bp-≠v.
ap≥ sSentImw a{¥nbpw
UnFw sI t\Xm-hp-amb F.
cmP
Ct∏mgpw
Pbnen¬Øs∂-bm-Wv. Iq´m-fn-bmbn-cp∂ hy-h-kmbn kmZnIv
]m£ Bfl-l-Xy sNbvXn-cn°p- ∂ p. kwi- b - I - c - a mb
kml- N - c - y - ß - s f- ° p- d n®pw
At\-z-jWw \S-°p-∂p-≠v.
]m¿´n C∂v Zp¿∫-ea
- m-bn-°g
- n-™n-cn-°p∂p. UnFw- U nsI, Pb- e - f n- X - b psS
AÆm UnFw- s I- b psS kJ- y - I - £ nbmbn amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂-XmWv Cu
sXc-s™-Sp-∏ns‚ {]tX-y-IX.
1996˛¬ tIm¨{Kkv Xan-gv\mSv LSI-Øn¬ ]nf¿∏p-≠m-Ip-Ibpw Pn.-sI.
aq∏- \ m- d psS t\Xr- X - z - Ø n¬ Xangv
am\ne tIm¨{K- p-≠m°n UnFwsI
bpsam Øv a’-cn-®-t∏mƒ _lp `qcn]£w tIm¨{K v thm´pw Ah¿°v
ssI°- e m- ° m≥ Ign- ™ p. aq∏- \ m¿
]n¥p-W® UnFwsI ap∂Wn hnP-bn-

°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. AJn-te≥Uym
tIm¨ {Kkv Pb-e-fn-X-tbm-sSm-∏-am-bncp-∂p-sh-¶nepw A©v iX-am-\-Øn¬
Xmsg Bfp- I sf am{Xta IqsS
\n¿Øm≥ Ign- ™ p- ≈ q. Pb- e - f nX˛tIm¨{K v ap∂Wn ]cm-P-b-s∏-SpIbpw sNbvXp.
UnFwsI k¿°m¿ \S-Ønb P\t£-a-{]-h¿Ø-\-ß-fmWv `c-W-]-£Øns‚ {]N-c-Wm-bp-[w. Acn-bpw, sSenhn-j-\p-sam-s° H´p-an° hoSp-I-fn-ep-saØn® `cWw kwÿm-\-Øns‚ kmºØn-I-h-f¿®°pw Imc-W-am-bn-´p-≠v.
IqSp- X ¬ P\- { ]n- b - a mb hmKv Z m- \ ßfpƒs∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠mWv Ccp-]-£Øn-s‚bpw ]pXnb {]I-S\ ]{Xn-I-Iƒ
]pdØp h∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. kuP-\-y-ambn
Acnbpw, em]vtSm-∏pw, anIvkn-bp-sams°-bmWv hmKvZm\w sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Sq˛Pn Agn-a-Xn-bm-tcm-]-W-ß-fn¬
\n∂v Icp-Wm-\m[n IpSpw_w ap‡-a√. sXc-s™-Sp-∏n\v tijw Nne IpSpw_mw-K-ß-sfms° AdÃv sNø-s∏-Sm≥

hnP-b-Im¥v
t]mepw km≤-y-X-bp-≠v. ap≥ sSetImw
a{¥nbpw UnFwsI t\Xm-hp-amb F.
cmP Ct∏m gpw Pbn-en¬Øs∂-bm-Wv.
Iq´m- f n- b m- b n- c p∂
hy- h - k mbn
kmZnIv]m£ Bfl-l-Xy sNbvXn-cn°p-∂p. kwi-b-I-c-amb kml-N-c-y-ßsf-°p-dn®pw At\-zj
- Ww \S-°p-∂p-≠v.
an° hoSp-I-fnepw sSen-hn-j≥ FØnbn-´p-≈X
- p-sIm≠v Xs∂ P\-߃ Ipsdsbms° hnh-c-߃ Adn-bp-∂p-ap≠v ˛
icn-bm-b-Xpw, sX‰m-b-Xpw.
AÆm UnFw-sI-tbm-sSm∏w UnFwUnsI °v ]pd-ta, kn]n-Fw, kn]nsF
I£n- I - f m- W p- ≈ - X v . tKm]m- e - k - z m- a n-

Pb-e-fnX
24 / 2011 sabv 15

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

bpsS FwUn-FwsI CØ-hW sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂n-√. Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bpsS UnFwsI t\Xr-X-z-Øn-ep≈ ap∂Wn-bn¬ tIm¨{K- pw, ]´mfn a°ƒ I£n bpw a‰v sNdp-I£n-I-fp-am-Wp-≈-Xv. ]Whpw aZ-yhpw PmXn-k-zm-[o-\-hpsams° \nd-™-XmWv Xan-gv\mSv cmjv{So-b-sa-¶nepw BX-y¥n-I-ambn h-y-‡-amb I£n-_-‘-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬

Xs∂-bmWv sXc-s™-Sp∏v ^ew \n¿Æ-bn-°-s∏´psIm≠ncn-°p-∂-Xv. ap≥Im-e-ß-fn¬ \n∂v hy-X-y-kvX-ambn CØ-hW
Fs¥-¶nepw am‰-ap-≠m-Iptam F∂mWv I≠-dn-tb-≠-Xv.
]pXnb i‡n-bmbn Db¿∂p h∂n-cn-°p∂ hnP-b-Im-¥ns‚
]m¿´n°v ap≥sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ Xß ƒ°v In´nb thm´p-Iƒ
apgp-h≥ kJ-yØ
- n\v ssIam-dm≥ Ign-bptam F∂Xpw \n¿Æmb-Ia
- m-Wv. Xß-fp-tS-Xmb ]cnanXkzm-[o-\a
- p≈ kn]n-FΩ
- pw,
kn]n-sF bpw UnFwsI ap∂Wn hn´v CØ-hW Pb-e-fn-Xtbm-sSm-∏-am-sW-∂Xpw {it≤b-am-Wv. CØ-hW cmjv{So-b°-W°pw sXc-s™-Sp∏v cwKsØ {]hW-X-Ifpw Pb-e-fnXm-˛-hn-P-b-Im¥v ap∂-Wn-°-\p-Iq-e-ambn°gn-™n-cn-°p-∂psh∂v ]e hni-I-e-\-ßfpw shfn-hm-°p-∂p. UnFw-sI-˛tIm¨{K v ap∂-Wn-°\
- p-Iq-ea
- mbn thm´p-Iƒ amdn hcp-sa∂v
Icp-Xm≥ Imc-W-߃ ImWp-∂p-an-√. cqV-aq-e-amb I£n_-‘-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn-°p∂ Xangv a\ ns\ Sq˛Pn kv s ]Iv { Sw Agn- a Xn F{Xam{Xw kzm- [ o\n°psa∂-Xns\ B{i-bn-®n-cn°pw sXc-s™-Sp∏v ^ew.
UnFw-sI-˛-tIm¨{K v thm´v _m¶n¬ hnP-b-Im-¥ns‚
UnFw-UnsI F{X-am{Xw hn≈¬ hcp-Øn-bn-´p≠v F∂Xpw
a\- n-em-°m≥ Ignbpw.
tI{μ-`-cW {]tZ-i-amb sIm®v t]m≠n-t®-cn-bn¬ tIm¨
{K v (19 ko‰v), UnFwsI (10 ko‰v), ]nFwsI kJyw (Hcp
ko‰v) Hcp `mKØpw F.-sF.-Un-Fw-sIbpw ap≥ tIm¨{K v
t\Xmhv F≥. AK-k-z-man cq]o-I-cn® F≥.-B¿. tIm¨
{K pw adp-`m-K-Øp-am-Wv. Chn-sSbpw Sq˛Pn {]iv\hpw hne°-b-‰-hp-sam-s°-Ø-s∂-bmWv apJy sXc-s™-Sp∏v hnj-b߃. Xan-gv\m-Sn-s\m∏w k©-cn-°p∂ cmjv{So-b-a-\ v Xs∂bmWv ]pXp-t®cn-bp-tS-Xpw.

tIcfw: thm´v b{¥-Øn-em-bn; C\n ImØn-cn∏v
h

enb Bchßfn√mØ tIcfØnse thms´Sp∏v
Ign™p. 75 iXam\w t]cmWv t]mfnwKv _qØnseØnbXv.
C\n sabv 13˛mw XobXn hsc ImØncp∂ tijw am{Xta
^eadnbm \mIq. a‰v aq∂p kwÿm\ßfnepw tI{μ`cW
{]tZiamb ]pXpt»cnbnepw ]eL´ßfnembn \S°p∂
sXc s™Sp∏v {]{Inb ]q¿ØnIcn®Xn\v tijamWv
thms´Æ¬ \n›bn®ncn°p∂Xv. Hcp amk°mew
tem°dn\v Imh¬ \n¬°m\mWv sXcs™Sp∏v IΩnj≥
Ah-kcap≠m°n bncn°p∂Xv.
FIvkn‰v t]mfpIƒ Ce£≥ \ntcm[n®n´p≠v. ]t£
A`n{]mb
thms´Sp∏pIƒ°pw
k¿tΔIƒ°pw
\ntcm[\an√. \nch[n ÿm]\߃ k¿tΔ ^eßfpambn
cwKsØØn °gn™p. BZyw {]kn≤oIcn®
Gjys\‰v˛kn˛4 k¿tΔbn¬ sFIyP\m[n]Xyap∂Wn°v
77
apX¬
87
hsc
ko‰pIfpw

DΩ≥Nm≠n ˛ ctaiv sN∂n-Øe

AN-yp-Xm-\-μ≥ ˛ ]nW-dmbn
-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

CSXp]£P\m[n]Xyap∂Wn°v 53 apX¬ 63 hsc ko‰p
Ifpw In´psa∂mWv {]hNn®ncp∂Xv. a‰p≈h¿°v ]qPyw
apX¬ A©p hsc ko‰pIfpw 18 iXam\amfpIƒ Xocpam\
ØnseØnbn´ns√∂pw Is≠Øn. `cWhncp≤ hnImcw
IpdhmsW∂pw apJya{¥nsb∂ \nebn¬ ANypXm\μs\
CjvSs∏Sp∂psh∂pw s]mXpsh AgnaXnbps≠∂v hnizkn
°p∂hcmWv A[nIsa∂psams°bmbncp∂p Is≠ ج.
Gjys\‰v \yqkv Nm\en\p th≠n kn˛4 ÿm]\w
\SØnb c≠mw L´ k¿tΔbnepw bp.UnF^n\v ap≥Xq°
sa∂p Xs∂bmbncp∂p {]hN\w. 80 apX¬ 90 hsc
ko‰pIƒ Ah¿°pw 50 apX¬ 60 hsc ko‰pIƒ
F¬UnF^n\pw In´psa∂v A\pam\n®p. a‰p≈h¿°mIs´
]qPyw apX¬ c≠phsc kn‰pIfpw In´psa∂mWv {]hN\w.
46 iXam\w thm´v bpUnF^n\pw 40 iXam\w thm´v
F¬UnF^n\pw H≥]Xv iXam\w thm´v `mcXob P\Xm
]m¿´n°pw a ‰ p ≈
2011 sabv 15 / 25

h¿°v A©v iXam\w thm´pamWv
{]hNn°s∏´Xv . 32 iXam\w t]¿
XnI®pw cmj{Sob B`napJyØns‚
ASnÿm\ Øn¬ thm´p sNøpsa∂v
hy‡am°n. 62iXam\tØmfamfpIƒ
hy‡n]c amb ]cnKW\ h®mWv
thm´v Imcyw Xocp am\n°pI. CXn¬
ÿm\m¿∞n bpsS hy‡n]camb
ta∑Ifpw PmXnbpw aXhpsams°
hnjbamIp∂p. cmjv{So bhpw
PmXnbpw aXhpsams° CSIe ¿∂
Hcp kao] \amWv _lp`qcn]£w
tIcfobcnepw ZriyamIp∂Xv.
"sFsaKv' F∂ ÿm]\w
\SØnb sXcs™Sp∏v k¿tΔbn¬
bpUn F^n\v 72 apX¬ 82 hsc
ko‰pIfpw F¬UnF^n\v 58 apX¬
68 hsc ko‰p Ifpw In´m≥
km≤yXbps≠∂v Is≠-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂p.
kn.C.Fkv F∂ ÿm]\Øns‚
k¿tΔ^eßfpw bpUnF^n\v ap≥
Xq°aps≠∂v Is≠Ønbn´p≠v. 70
apX¬ 76 hsc ko‰pIƒ bpUnF^n\v
In´psa∂mWv
{]hN\w.
F¬UnF^n\v In´psa∂v IcpXp∂Xv
64 apX¬ 70 hsc ko‰pIfpamWv .
a‰p≈h¿°v Hcp ko ‰pw.
C≥Uy SptU amKko\pw am¿Kpw
tN¿∂v \SØnb A`n{]mb thms´Sp
∏n¬ bpUnF^n\v henb ap≥Xq°
amWv {]hNn°p∂Xv . 96 ko‰pIƒ
bpUnF^n\v In´psa∂v hnebncpØnb
t∏mƒ F¬Un^n\v 41 ko‰p am{XamWv
hIbncpØnbncn°p∂Xv . _nsP]n
Dƒs∏sSbp≈ a‰p≈h¿°mbn \o°n
h®ncn°p∂Xv aq∂v ko‰pIfpw.
2009 se ]m¿esa‚ v sXcs™Sp
∏n¬ \nbak`maWvUemSnÿm\Øn

sslZ-cen jnlm_v X߃
26 / 2011 sabv 15

\p≈ thm´p\ne IW°nseSpØm≥
100 ko‰pIfn¬ bpUnF^v ap∂nem
bncp∂p. 2010 se {XnXe ]©mbØv˛
\Kc `cW sXcs™Sp∏nse thm´nwKv
ASn ÿm\ØnemIptºmƒ 90 apX¬
98 hsc kn‰pIfn¬ bpUnF^n\v `qcn
]£ap≠mbncp∂p. AJnte≥Uym
tIm¨{Kkv IΩn‰n XßfptSXmbn \S
Øp∂ k¿tΔIfnepw bpUnF^n\v 96
ko‰v hsc In´m\nSbps≠∂mWv
Is≠ Ønbn´p≈Xv. G‰hpw
Ipd™Xv
80
ko‰pw
bpUnF^n\\pIqeamb XcwK

sFsaKv F∂ ÿm]\w
\SØnb sXcs™Sp∏v
k¿tΔbn¬ bpUnF^n\v 72
apX¬ 82 hsc ko‰pIfpw
F¬UnF^n\v 58 apX¬ 68
hsc ko‰pIfpw In´m≥
km≤yXbps≠∂v Is≠Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. kn.C.Fkv
F∂ ÿm]\Øns‚ k¿tΔ
^e ßfpw bpUnF^n\v
ap≥
Xq°aps≠∂v
Is≠Øn bn´p≠v. 70 apX¬
76
hsc
ko‰pIƒ
bpUnF^n\v In´p sa∂mWv
{]hN\w. F¬Un F^n\v
In´psa∂v IcpXp∂Xv 64
apX¬ 70 hsc ko‰pIfp
amWv. a‰p≈h¿°v Hcp
ko‰pw.
ap≠mIpIbmsW¶n¬
\qdv ko‰v hsc
bpw In´msa∂mWv bpUnF^ns‚ IW
°pq´¬. hbem¿ chnbpsS `mj bn¬
Ahkm\w Hcp knIvk¿ IqSn ASn
°pIbmsW¶n¬ AXv 106 hscbmImw.
F¬UnF^pw XnI™ hnPb
{]Xo£bn¬Øs∂bmWv . G‰hpw
NpcpßnbXv 60 kos‰¶nepw Dd∏p
≈hbmsW∂h¿ IW°v Iq´nbn´p≠v.
F¬UnF^n\v A\pIqeamb Nn¥m
KXn D≠mIpIbmsW¶n¬ 75 kos‰
¶nepw t\Sn A[nImcØn¬ XpScm≥
Ignbpsa∂mWhcpsS {]Xo£. CSXp
]£P\m[n]Xyap∂Wn Kh¨sa‚ v
\SØnb P\t£aIcamb {]h¿
Ø\ßfpw hnIk\ {]h¿Ø\ßfpw
km[mcW P\ßfpsS ]n¥pW t\Sn

sI.-Fw. amWn
sbSp°m≥ ]cym]vXamsW∂mWhcp
sS hnizmkw. XßfpsS klbm{Xn
Icmb Nne kwLS\Isfbpw A°m
UanIv kwLßsfbpsams° D]tbm
Kn®p sIm≠v \SØnb k¿tΔIfn¬
F¬UnF^n\v sNdnb `qcn]£w In
´m≥ km≤yXbps≠∂v Is≠Ønbn
´pap≠v.
tImgnt°mSv, ]me°mSv, sIm√w
Pn√Ifn¬ F¬UnF^v anI® hnPbw
{]Xo£n°p∂p.
IÆqcpw
Imk¿tImSpw ]nt∂m°w t]mIm≥
km≤yXbn√.
Be∏pgbnepw
Xriqcnepw ]IpXn kos‰¶nepw t\Sm≥
Ignbpsa∂mWv CSXns‚ {]Xo£.
X n c p h \ ¥ ] p c w
ssIhnSpIbns√∂mWv hnebncpج.
CSp°nbnepw FdWmIpfØpw i‡
amb a’cw ImgvN hbv°m≥ CSXp
]£ap∂Wn°v Ignbp∂ps≠∂v IW
°m°p∂p. hb\mSv, ae∏pdw, tIm´bw,
]Ø\wXn´
Pn√IfnemWv
F¬UnF^v
henb
apt∂‰w
{]Xo£n°mØXv.
sFIyP\m[n]Xyap∂Wn anI®
hnPbw {]Xo£n°p∂ Pn√Ifpw
]Ø\wXn´, tIm´bw, ae∏pdw,
hb\mSv F∂nh Xs∂bmWv. IÆq¿,
Imk¿ tImSv Pn√Ifn¬ \n∂v Ggv
ko‰p hsc Ah¿ {]Xo£n°p∂p.
sIm√w, Be ∏pg, tImgnt°mSv
Pn√Ifn¬ ISpØ a’cw Xs∂bmWv.
Xncph\¥]pcw, CSp°n, FdWmIpfw,
Xriq¿ Pn√Ifn¬ bpUnF^v \√
apt∂‰w IW°p Iq´p∂p≠v.
]me°mSv
Pn√bn¬
henb
apt∂‰Øn\v km≤yXbn√.
`mcXob P\Xm]m¿´nbpw IW°p
Iq´en¬ ]nt∂m°a√. Bdv ko‰n¬
hsc hnPbn°m≥ Ignbpsa∂mWv

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

Ah¿ IcpXp∂Xv . H. cmPtKm]m¬
a’cn°p∂ t\aØpw, Imk¿tImSv,
at©izcw, aWvUeßfnepw H∂mw
ÿm\apd∏msW∂mWv hnizkn°p
∂Xv . Im´m°S, Xncph\¥]pcw,
]me°mSv , Ip∂ awKew XpSßnb
aWvUeßfnepw ISpØ a’cw
ImgvN hbv°m≥ Ign-bp-sa∂ {]Xo-£bn-em-W-h¿.
2001
se
\nbak`m
sXcs™Sp∏n¬
bpUnF^n\v
GI]£obamb hnPb amWp≠mbXv.
2006˛se sXcs™Sp ∏nemIs´
F¬UnF^n\\pIqeambn Im‰v amdn
hoin. ho≠psamcp sXc s™Sp∏v
^eØn\mbn ImØncn°p tºmƒ
2009˛se temIk`m sXcs™ Sp∏nepw
2010˛se ]©mbØv sXcs™
Sp∏nepap≠mb cmjv{Sob am‰Øns‚
XpS¿®bmbnØs∂ AXns\ IW
°m°≥ bpUnF^n\v aSnbn√. P\
ßsf kw_‘n®nStØmfw `cWam‰
sØ∏‰nsbm∂pw henb Nn¥bn√.
GItZiw bm{¥nIambnØs∂bp≈
{]XnIcWamWv Ahcn¬ \n∂p≠mbn
´p≈Xv.
kmaqly{]iv\߃°v
Fs¥¶nepw ]cnlmcap≠mIpsat∂m,
IqSpX¬ sa®s∏´ PohnXhpw
kmlNcyßfpw \nehn¬ hcpsat∂m
kmam\y P\߃ °v {]Xo£bn√.
A©v
h¿jw
IqSp
tºmƒ
\nbak`mwKsØ sXcs™Sp °m≥
Hcp thm´v sNøpI F∂Xv am{X ambn
AhcpsS cmjv{Sob Xm¬]cyw
Npcpßn°gn™n´p≠v.CSXp]£
ap∂Wn Xs∂ XpScpIbmsW¶n¬
Bcmbncn°pw apJya{¥n? ANypXm
\μs\ XpScm\\phZn°ptam? Hcp
]t£, as‰mcmsf sXcs™SpØm¬
ANypXm\μs‚ {]XnIcWsa¥m
bncn°pw? ho≠pw {]Xntj[ {]IS
\ßfn¬ \n∂v XpSßn ]m¿´nbpsS
]nf¿∏nte°v Xs∂ AXv \bn°ptam?
t]mfnwKv _qØn¬ t]mb thm´¿am¿
C°mcyßsfms° a\ ntem¿Øn´p
≠mhWw. kn]nFw kwLS\mt\Xr

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

Xzhpw ANypXm\μ≥ hn`mKhpw c≠v
X´n¬ \n¬°p∂ Hcp `cWw Ah¿
B{Kln®n´p≠mIptam?
adphiØv bpUnF^v hnPbn °pI
bmsW¶nepw apJa{¥nÿm\ tØ°v
ss`aoImapI∑m¿ cwKØv ht∂-°mw.
apJ-y-a-{¥nsb sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\p]cn a{¥n-amsc sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂X
- m-bncn°pw Ah¿°v _p≤nap-´p-≠m-°p-∂X
- v.
]e-hn[ Btcm-]-W-߃°pw, tamiw
{]Xn-—m-bbv°pw hnt[-b-cm-bn-´p-≈-h¿
Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°ptam ho≠pw \sΩ `cn°m≥ a{¥n-°-tkc-I-fn-se-Øp-∂-Xv?
CØcw Imc-yß
- ƒs°m∂pw ]cn-KW\
\¬Im sX Ah-sc-sbms° Pbn-∏n®v

adphiØv bpUnF^v
hnPbn°pIbmsW¶nepw
apJa{¥nÿm\tØ°v
ss`aoImapI∑m¿ cwKØv
ht∂- ° mw. apJ- y - a - { ¥nsb
sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\p-]cn
a{¥n-amsc sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂Xm-bn-cn°pw Ah¿°v _p≤n
ap-´p-≠m-°p-∂-Xv.
\nb-a-k`m kmam-Pn-Icpw a{¥n-am-cp-am°m≥ Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°ptam P\-߃
Xocp-am-\n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv?
F¬Un-F-^ns‚ A©v h¿jsØ
`c-W-Im-eØv {]Xn-]-£-Øn-s‚ {]h¿
Ø\w {]mtbW {Inbm-fl-I-am-bn-cp∂p
F∂v ]d-bmw. henb A{I-ak
- a
- c
- ß
- fpw
P\-Po-hn-XsØ XS- -s∏-Sp-Ø-ep-sam∂p-ap-≠m-bn-√. C\n Hcp ]t£, CS-Xp]£ap∂Wn {]Xn- ] - £ - Ø m- b m¬
tIcfw ho≠pw \ntj- [ m- fl - I ,
cmjv{Sob, A{Ia {]t£m-`-W-ß-fpsS
thZn-bmbn amdp-tam? k-zm-{ib hnZ-ym-`ym-kw, F.-Un.-_n., hntZ-i-aq-e-[-\w, DZmc-h¬°-c-Ww, BtKm-f-h¬°-c-Ww,
Ata-cn-°≥ A[o-i-X-zw, ]cn-ÿnXn
Fs∂m-s°-bp≈ hnj-b-߃ ho≠pw
P\-Po-hnX kvXw`-\-Øn-\pw, sXcp-hpI-fnse A{I-aØ
- n\pw Imc-Wa
- m-Ip-tam?
P\m- [ n- ] - X - y - ] - c - a mb coXn- b n¬
{]h¿Øn-°m\pw {]iv\-߃°v ]cnlmcw Is≠-Øm\pw {]Xn-]-£-Øn-cn°p-tºmgpw CS-Xp-I-£n-Iƒ°v Ign-bpsa∂v {]Xo-£n-°mw. \nc-¥c ka-c-ßfpsS thZn-bmbn tIc-fsØ am‰n-bm¬
hnI- k \w Fs∂m∂v tIc- f - Ø n\v
kz]v\w ImWm≥ t]mepw Ign-bn-√.
P\m-[n-]-X-y-`-c-W-sØ-Øs∂ kvXw`n∏n®p sIm≠√ P\m-[n-]-X-y-{I-a-Øn¬
{]iv\ß
- ƒ°v ]cn-lm-ca
- p-≠m-t°-≠X
- v.

F{X Kuc- h - a mb {]iv\- a m- b m¬
t]mepw P\m-[n-]-X-y-k-{º-Zm-b-Øns‚
\ne-\n¬]pw kpK-a-amb {]h¿ Ø\hpw Xs∂-bmWv AXn-sems° {][m\w.
am¿IvknÃv ]m¿´n-°p-≈n-¬ F¥v
\S∂p F∂p-≈Xv Xs∂-bmWv CØh-WsØ \nb-a-k`m sXc-s™-Sp∏v
^e sØ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ kzm-[o-\n°m≥ t]mIp∂ LS- I w. hn.- F - k v .
ANyp-Xm-\-μs\ ]m¿´n-bn¬ \n∂v ]pdØm-°-W-sa∂v tI{μ-tØmSv ip]m¿i
sNbvX kwL-S\m kwhn-[m-\-amWv
tIc-f-Øn-ep≈sX∂v ad-°m≥ Ign-bn√. AN-yp-Xm-\-μs\ s]mfn‰v _yq-tdmbn¬ Xncn- s ®- S p- ° m≥ t]mIp∂p
F∂p≈ hm¿Ø-Iƒ am[-y-a-ß-fn¬
{]XnjvTn®p sIm≠v A®-yp-Xm-\-μ≥
A\p- I q- e n- I ƒ Xß- f m- e m- h p∂
klmbw sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ
Xs∂ At±-lsØ Hcp Xc-Ønepw
]m¿´n-bn¬ XpS-cm≥ Xs∂ A\p-h-Zn°n√ F∂ \ne-]m-SmWv kwÿm\
t\Xr-Xzw kzo-I-cn-®-Xv. kln-°m-hp∂
F√m ]cn-[n-bpw IS∂v ANyp-Xm-\-μ≥
hgn-am-dn k©-cn®p Ign™p sh∂mWv
Ah-cpsS ]£w.
X߃ ÿm\m¿∞n-Xzw \ntj-[n°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®-bm-fns‚ P\-Io-b-Xbnepw sXc-s™-Sp-∏ns\ t\cn-tS≠
KXn-tI-Sn-emWv am¿IvknÃv ]m¿´n-bpsS
kwÿm\LSIw FØn-t®¿∂n-cn-°p∂-Xv. hy-‡n-]q-P-tbm-fw hf-cp∂ sXcs™-Sp∏v {]N-c-W-cw-KsØ ImgvN-Iƒ
Ah sc Ccp-Øn-®n-¥n-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv.
hn.-F-kp-ambn HØp-t]m-Ip∂ {]iv\sam∂pw Ah- c psS ]cn- K - W - \ - b n- √ .
]m¿´n-bnsem cp hn`m-K-Øns\ IqsS
\n¿Øm\p≈ AN-yp-Xm-\-μs‚ Ignhns‚ hnhn[ km[-y-X-I-sf-∏-‰n-bmWv
Ah¿ Nn¥n-°p-∂-Xv. sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬
]cm-Pb
- s
- ∏-Sp-Ib
- m-sW-¶n¬ AN-yp-Xm-\μs‚ Imcyw Xocp-2011
am-\n-°
p-∂Xv15Ffp∏sabv
/ 27
am-Ipw. hnP-bn-°p-I-bm-sW-¶nepw ANyp-Xm-\-μs‚ t\-Xr-Xzw AwKo-I-cn-°ms\m∂pw Ah¿ Xøm-dm-In√. ae-ºp-gbn¬ AN-yp-Xm-\-μs‚ IY Ign-bm-

samgn-®-¥-߃
1. Bdp-\mSv \qdpa-e-bmfw
Bdp-\m-´n¬ \qdpae-bmfw F∂m-Wt√m ]d-bm-dv.
hS°p ]g-b-ßmSn
sX°Xp ]g-h-ßmSn
sX°p hS-°p-Iƒ XΩn¬
hmbn¬ hy-X-ymkw
hmb-bn¬ h-y-X-ymkw
F∂ Ip™pÆnsamgn-bn¬ `mj-°p-≈nse sshhn-[-yßsf shfn--s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-≠v. cq]-Ønepw `mh-Ønepw D≈
sshhn-[yw AYhm _lp-k-z-c-X-bmWv `mj-bpsS Poh≥.
`mjm-t`-Z-ßsf C√m-Xm°n hS-°p-ap-X¬ sX°phsc
AXn\v sFI-y-cq-]yw hcp-Ø-W-sa∂p hnNm-cn-®m¬ \S-°n√. AXv ]mgv{i-a-am-Ipw. hnhn[ ae-bmfn Pohn-X-߃ = -hnhn-[-a-e-bm-f-߃ F∂Xp Xs∂ AXn\p Imc-Ww. {]mtZin-Ihpw PmXo-bhpw h¿K-]-chpw Bb kml-Ncyß-fmWv
`mjm-h-y-h-lm-c-Øn¬ sshhn-[-y-ß-fp-f-hm-°p-∂-Xv. AXmXp
Pohn-X-a-WvU-e-ß-fmWv Hmtcm samgn-a-WvU-e-ß-fm-hp-∂-Xv.
Ah ]c-kv]-c-]q-c-I-hp-am-Wv. AXmXp Np‰p-h-´-ß-fnse
AYhm h´m-c-ß-fnse PohnXhy-m]m-c-ß-fmWv samgnhy-hlm-c-ßsf \n¿W-bn-°p-∂Xv F∂-Xn\m¬ h´m-c-a-e-bm-fßsf AXm-bXv kwkmc ae-bm-fØ
- ns‚ hI-t`-Zß
- sf, `mjbpsS Poh-\mbnØs∂ ]cn-K-Wn-°-Ww. tIcfw \m\m-kwkvIm- c - ß - f psS taJ- e - I ƒ \nd- ™ - X m- W v. Hmtcm
kmwkvImcnI ta-J-e-bn-se-bpw, BNm-c-߃, A\p-jvTm-\-

߃, sNm√p-Iƒ, Iq´m-bva-Iƒ, `q{]-Ir-Xn, Iem-cq-]-߃
apX-em-b-hsb B{i-bn-®mWv Ahn-S-ß-fnse samgn-b-gIpw
]pe¿∂p t]mcp-∂-Xv. h≈p-h-\m-S≥ h´m-cw, ]me-°mSv h´mcw, IÆq¿-˛-X-e-t»cn h´m-cw, sIm®n h´m-cw, Ip∂w-Ipfw
h´mcw, sX°≥ Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ h´mcw ˛ Cßs\ F{Xtbm
samgn-t`-Zm-kv]Z-amb {]tZ-iß
- ƒ tIc-fØ
- n-ep-≠v. B sshNn{Xy-am-Wv, sshhn-[-y-am-Wv, H∏w Ahbv°p XΩn-ep≈ kz-cCu-Wt- ®¿®bpw A¿∞-`m-h∏
- I
- ¿®-bp-amWv ae-bm-fsØ hy‡n-X-z-ap-≈-Xm-°p-∂-Xv.
]t≈-s∂fw ]qhp IØn-t∏mbn/F∂p hS-°≥ ]m´v.
hb-‰n-semcp ]qhp-≠v, Ah hmS-cpXv F∂v AΩ ]d-bp
∂p˛\m´p-sam-gn-bpsS tNsemØ samgn-cq-]-am-Wh.
"Rm\-sXms° sImc-´Øv sh®n-´p-≠v ˛ s\©n-\-IsØ
s]m≈p-s∂m-tcm-¿Ω-bmWv B hm°p-I-fn-ep-≈-Xv.
"s\W°v Hcp sXmtcmw Ct√-y? ˛ \n\°v thsdmcp ]Wn
bpw Ct√? ˛ Cßs\ AXyp-Ø-c-tI-c-f-Ønepw h≈p-h-\m´nepw D≈ {]tbm-Kh
- n-tij-ßf
- n¬ \ΩpsS `mj-bpsS \mhpw
In\m hpw s]men-a-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v.
""hb-en-te°p sN√q/I¿j-I≥ kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xp {i≤n°q:/IhnX hnØmbn hb- e n¬ InS∂p/Irjn- ° mcs\
ImØv'' Fs∂mcp Ihn-Xm-i-Iew Hm¿Ω hcp-∂p. \mS≥

.
.

D®m-c-W-Øn¬ hcp∂ t`Z-߃ AXmbXv ajn- ˛ -a-kn- ˛- a-in-˛ -a-gn-˛-a-bn -˛ ssa apeX- e m- b h am{X- a √ `mjm- t `- Z - ß ƒ.
"s]m™m-dp'¿ t]mse AXXv Ah-injvS
taJ-e-I-fn¬ IpSn-sIm-≈p-Ibpw AXmXp
h´m- c - ß - f n¬ am{Xw {]k- c n- ° p- I bpw
sNøp∂ A¿∞-`m-hm-{in-X-amb ]Z-t`-Z-ßfpsS Imcy-amWv IqSp-X¬ {it≤-bw.
28 / 2011 sabv 15

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

PohnXw aXn, \m´p-hm°v aXn-˛- F∂ tZi-y-\n-jvI¿j hcpwIm-e-ß-fn¬ km[y-am-tWm? Cw•o-jns\ ASn-ÿm-\-am-°nbp≈ hnh-c-km-t¶-XnIhnZ-y-Ifpw BtKm-f-h¬°-c-Whpw
ap‰n\n¬°p∂ Hcp kml-Nc
- y- Ø
- n¬ tZi-ym-[n-jvTn-Xa
- mb Hcp
samgn-®¥w ]pe¿∂p \n¬°phm≥ {]bm-kam-bn-cn-°pw.
Cu‰n√w t]mbn, K¿`-Kr-l-am-bn. ams‰men t]mbn; {]Xn_nw-_i
- _
- vZa
- m-bn ˛ kwkvIr-X®
- mbvhv Cß-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂s
- X¶n¬ Ah-bpsS ÿm\-sØms° Cw•ojv ]Z-߃ \nc∂p
Ign-™p. XØp-e-y-amb i_vZm-tZ-i-am-Wn-Xv. Fs¥m-s°-bmbm-epw, ae-bm-fn-bpsS Krlm-Xp-c-Xzw ˛ t\mÃmƒPnb ˛ {]ISn-∏n-°m≥ "s]m™mdv' Fs∂mcp ]Zw Xs∂ AX-yp-Øc
tIc-f-Øn¬ Ds≠∂Xv \ΩpsS `mj-bpsS i‡nbpw N¥hp-amWv ImWn-°p-∂-Xv. a\p-j-ys‚ \m\m-Xcw {]bm-kßsf ˛ FSt-ß-dns\, sXm¥-c-hn-s\, sXmbn-c-t°Sns\sbms° ˛ B tZi-y-]Zw [z-\n-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v.
D®m-c-W-Øn¬ hcp∂ t`Z-߃ AXm-bXv ajn- ˛ -a-kn- ˛a-in-˛ -a-gn-˛-a-bn -˛ ssa ape-X-em-bh am{X-a√ `mjm-t`-Z-߃.
"s]m™m-dp' t]mse AXXv Ah-injvS taJ-e-I-fn¬ IpSnsIm-≈p-Ibpw AXmXp h´m-c-ß-fn¬ am{Xw {]k-cn-°p-Ibpw
sNøp∂ A¿∞-`m-hm-{in-X-amb ]Z-t`-Z-ß-fpsS Imc-y-amWv
IqSp-X¬ {it≤-bw.
i_vtZm-®m-c-W-Ønse t`Z-߃, hmI-y-hn-\-ym-k-Ønse
CuW-t`-Z-߃, Bi-b-Øn-s\tbm `mh-Øn-s\tbm {]Xn-\n[o-I-cn-°p∂ hwio-b-t®-ep≈ ]Z-߃ ˛ Cßs\ ]eXpw
ae-bmf\m´nse ae-bm-f-Øn\v _lp-k-z-c-Xbp-f-hm-°p-∂p.
P\-k-º¿°-Øn-eq-sSbpw kmln-X-y-k-º¿°-Øn-eq-sSbpw
Ahbv°v {]Nmcw In´p-∂p. {io. kn.-]n. AN-yp-X-ta-t\m≥
h¿j-߃°p ap≥]p ]d™ Hcp Imcyw {it≤-b-am-Ip-∂p:
""i_vZ-߃°p kue-`-y-an-√mØ \ΩpsS `mj-bn¬ \n∂p
bmsXmcp ]Z-sØbpw Dt]-£n-°p-∂Xp icn-b-√.... as‰√mw
sIm≠pw «mL-y-amb Hcp ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ hSt°m sXt°m
am{Xw \S-∏p≈ Nne hm°p-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv \yq-\-Xb-√. B {]tbm-K-Øn-eqsS Ahbv°pw {]Nmcw In´pw... aebm-fn-I-fpsS CS-bn¬ {KŸ-]m-cm-b-W-`n-cp-Nnbpw kz-`m-jm-]mWvUn-X-yhpw At\ym-\-y-k-am-K-ahpw h¿[n®p hcp-t¥m-dpw
tZi-y-t`-Z-ß-fn¬ D≈ Ak-ln-jvWX Ipd™p hcpw. hS°≥ ]Z-ßfpw sX°≥ ]Z-ßfpw Ie¿∂p hcpw.''

2. kw{I-a-W-Imew
AXmXv Pohn-X-ta-J-e-I-fmWv samgn-t`-Z-ß-fpsS Cu‰n√w. \n¿Ωn-Xn-]-ctam sshIm-cn-Itam Bb AX-ym-h-i-y-ßfmWv samgn-t`-Z-Øn-\m-[m-cw. Im¿jnI ]Zm-h-en-bnse t`Z߃ {i≤n-®m¬ CXv t_m[y-am-Ipw. ]pIn¬, ]pXn¬, Ifa, sIm‰v, Imem-b-∏-Wn, ]°-°p-dn, s]mdp-Xn, s]m´n¬ F∂nß-s\-bp≈ ]Z-ßfpw {]tbm-K-ßfpw CS-t»-cn-°-hn-X-bn¬
\ndsb D≠v. A\yw\n∂pt]mIp∂ Hcp kwkvIr-Xn-bpsS
Nn”-߃ ˛ Ch hmbn-s®-Sp-°m≥ ]pXp-X-e-ap-dbv°v Ign-bptam? ap≠-I≥]m-S-߃ h≥\-K-dp-I-fmbn amdn-s°m-≠n-cns°
Chbv°v F¥p {]k-‡n-bm-Wp-≈-Xv? ae-bm-f-sam-gn-bpsS
Rm‰p-th-e-Iƒ t]m-bn-a-d-bp-I-bm-Wv. F¶nepw Hcp kw{IaWw D≠m-hm-sa∂p {]Xo-£n-°m-Xn-cn-°m-\m-hp-∂n-√.
kw{I-a-W-sØ-∏‰n ]d-™-t∏m-gmWv Hm¿Ω hcp-∂Xv ˛
hnjp kw{I- a hpw hnjp- h Xv ] pW- y - I m- e - h pw. Im¿jnI
kwkvIr-Xn-bpsS IWn-s°m-∂-bmWv AXn-s‚ hcZm\w. `qan
D®m-c¬ AS®v InS-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. aIcw cmin-bn¬ 28˛mw
`mK-bn¬ Bc≥ (Ip-P≥) D®w h∂n-cn-°b
- m-bn-cp-∂p. At∏mƒ
I¿j-I¿ ]d-™p: "D-®m-c-Øn\v `qan Inf-bv°-cp-Xv.' "D®m¬
sXm´ hnØp t]mbn.' Acp-Xm-bva-bpsS ImesØ [z-\n-∏n°p∂ hninjvS {]tbm-K-ß-fm-Wn-h.
]ns∂ taS-am-bn. cm{Xnbpw ]Iepw ka-amb Imew.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

kqcy≥ ao\w cmin-bn¬ \n∂v taSw cmin-bn-te°p IS-°p∂
Znh-kw; hnjp-h_n-μp-hns\ IS-°p∂ Znh-kamW-Xv. hnjp
kw{Im¥n F∂ Cu k¶¬]w Xs∂-bmImw B m-anse
"_nlp' hnepw D≈-Xv. ae-bm-fn-bpsS Ime-k-¶¬]-Ønse
{]ap-J-amb Hcp samgn-bmWv CXv. hnjp-sh-Sp-°¬, hnjp-°Wn, hnjp-^-ew, hnjp-ss°-\o-´w F∂n-h-sbms° B atlm’-h-Øns‚ `mK-ambn cq]wsIm≠ ]Z-ß-fm-Wv. hnjp
Znhkw Xºp-cm≥ sNdp-a-°ƒ°v s\√v, Acn, tXß, FÆ
apX-em-bh kΩm-\n-°p-∂p. Ah hmßn-bm¬ At±-lØ
- ns‚
Iogn¬ B Im¿jn-I-h-’cw apgp-h≥ ]Wn sNøm≥ Ah¿
_m[-y-ÿ-cm-bn-cp-∂-s{X. Cu Ah-Imiw hmßp-∂-Xn-s\bs{X "hnjp-sh-Sp-°pI' F∂ {]tbmKw sIm≠p Ipdn-°p∂-Xv.'' P∑n-Ø-Im-e-Øns‚ Cu Nn”hpw IWn, ssI\o´w
(ssItb-´w) F∂o Nn”ßfpw Im¿jn-I-Im-e-Øns‚ BNmc-koa hn´v Ct∏mƒ Pohn-X-Øns‚ hnhn[taJ-e-I-fn¬
btYjv S w hn\n- t bm- K n®p hcp- ∂ p. hnjp- k w- _ - ‘ - a mbn
ssIh∂ k¶¬]- \ - ß fpw samgn- I fpw t]mseØs∂
HmWhpw Xncp-hm-Xn-c-bp-sa√mw {]Ir-Xn-˛-a-\p-j-y-{]-Ir-Xn-IfpsS ka-\-z-b-Øns‚ hN\߃ sIm≠v ae-bm-f-sam-gnsb
Du¿P-k-z-e-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v.
CΩ¨ ]m¬Ø-cn-bm-thm-fw, hnjp˛
s°m∂-bn¬ ]q°-Wn-sh-t∏mfw
tIma-\p-gpXp adn®q ]mSw
tIma≥ hnX®q s]m∂m-c-y≥
(]p-Ø≥I-ehpw Acn-hm-fpw)
Hcp hnjp-°m-eØ
- ns‚˛hn-X°
- m-eØ
- n-s‚˛k¶¬]-\`- wKn
CS-t»cn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p. AØcw kpa-\- p-I-fpsS temIho-£-Whpw `mjmht_m-[-hp-amWv Iq´mbvamPohnXØns‚
BtLm-j-ß-fn¬ \n∂p≈ {]apJ D]-e-_v[n. hnjp ˛ `mhn
ku`m-K-y-Øns‚ IWn-bm-Ip∂p F∂v Aø-∏-∏-Wn-°¿.
ho≠p-sa≥ Np≠nepw a™-X≥ a[p-c-kvan-X߃
Xfn-cns‚ Xfn-cmb Xmeo-hn-emkw
Fhn-sS-\n-s∂-hn-sS-\n-∂-W-bp∂p taS-hn-jp˛
kw{I-a-∏p-e-cntbm Ipfn¿tIm-cn-sb-Øp-∂p.
IWn-Im-W-phm≥ `mhn-Kp-W-ta-Iphm≥ Ip™p˛
\b-\-ßsftbm¿sØ-t∂-bna]q´n˛
bpW-cm-sX, bpW-cp-tºmgpw angn Xpd-°m-sX˛
bnØncn Xpd-∂m-ep-am-cp-aXp ImWmsX ImWmsX
IWn-ImWphm≥ ImØn-cn-°p-∂n-X-h-cpsS
KpW-Øn-\mbv Rm≥ a™-b-Wn-bp-∂p.
IWn-s°m-∂-bt√ hnjp-°m-e-a-t√
F\n-°m-h-Xnt√ ]q°m-Xn-cn-°m≥
F\n-°m-h-Xn-t√.

2011 sabv 15 / 29

D≈p-W-cm-Xn-cn-°m-\m-hn√
ss\k¿§n-I-tNm-Z-\-Iƒ°v ]q°m-Xn-cn-°m-\m-hn-√.
\mSpw ImSpw ]mShpw I∂pw I∂p-]q´pw hnjp kw{Im¥nshfp-∏n-\p≈ ]mSsØ Nmep-]q-´epw `qan°v AS \nthZn- ° epw Ah- k m- \ n®psIm≠n- c n- ° p- I - b m- s W- ¶ n¬ Hcp
"s]m™mtdm'sSsb¶nepw Ah-bn-eqsS cq]-s∏´ \m´p-samgn-bpsS N¥-߃ \ap°v Hm¿°m-Xcn-°m-\m-hn-√;
AXmXp {]tZ-i-Øp-Im¿°v Ahn-S-ß-fnse samgn-bmWv
HkvXn-bmb ae-bm-f-sa∂ Hcp Du‰w D≠m-hpw. DZm-l-c-Wambn h≈p-h-\m-S≥ ae-bm-f-amWv IqSp-X¬ samgn-°qdpw X\na-bp-ap≈sX∂v Nne¿ hmZn-°m-dp-≠v. AXns‚ t]®n-ep≈
arZp-e-amb Xm\hpw hi-y-amb {]tbm-K-hn-ti-j-ßfpw sh®p
sIm≠v AXn\v tZi-y-t`-Z-ß-fpsS \Sp-\m-b-I-Xzw I¬]n®p
sImSp-°p-∂-Xns‚ kqN-\-bmtWm ae-bm-f-kn-\n-a-I-fnse
h≈p-h-\m-SØw F∂v tXm∂n-t∏m-Im-dp-≠v. Fw.-Sn, Ddq_v
apX-em-b Fgp-Øp-Im-cpsS kzm-[o-\-Øn¬ Aßs\ kw`hn-°p-∂-Xm-Imw. F∂m¬ Hcp tZi-y-t`-Zhpw as‰mcptZiy-t`Z-Øn-s‚ aosXtbm Xmsgtbm A√. ""ImSn∂p ImSns‚ `wKn
]qt¥m-∏n∂p \mS≥ Irjn-°m-ct- \-Ip∂ `wKn-bpw'' F∂ \ne]m-SmWv \√-Xv.

3. kwkm-c-`m-j-bpsS hwiob `qhn-⁄m-\obw
tImeØp \m´nse `mj-sbm∂p t\m°p-I:
(1) I≠n\v (I-≠n-cp-∂p);
(2) sa√-s\, sNdp-ß-s\, Xe-ß-s\;
(3) BS, CuS, GS (A-hn-sS, ChnsS, Fhn-sS) 4) "FhnsS?' F∂ A¿∞-Øn¬ "HmSvØv' F∂ {]tbmKw
t\m°p-I.
= CXn\v kam-\-amWv h≈p-h-\m-´nse "Fhn-SØp'
F∂ {]tbm-Kw. Fgp-Ø-—s‚ `mc-X-Øn¬ CXv ImWmw:
I¿Æ-]¿h-Øn¬ I¿Æs‚ tNmZyw Cßs\ :
""Fhn-SØq ]m¿∞≥ Fhn-SØq IrjvW≥?''"FhnSØp' tem]n-®-cq-]-amWv "FSp-Øq?'˛"Fhns-S?'F∂
A¿∞-Øn-ep≈ h≈p-h-\m-S≥ cq]w.
(5) bIm-c-an-√mØ cq]-߃: DZm: cq]°v/ss]k°v
(6) NmSp-I=-F-dn-bp-I; Nm´pI (D-Zm: "Nm´pfn')
"Ce-sb-Sp-sØ-dn-bpI' F∂ A¿∞-Øn-emWv "Ce-sbSp
Øp NmSpI' F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv.
tIme-Øp-\m-´ns‚ AXn¿Øn-Iƒ amdn-adn™n-´p-≠v.
sX°v tImc-∏p-g-˛-F-e-Øq¿]pg apX¬ hS°p sX°≥
I¿Æm-SI Pn√ hsc-bm-bn-cp∂p tImeØp\mSv. Nnd-°¬
Np‰p-h-´w-˛-tImeØphb¬h-´m-c-Ønse tZi-y-`mj am\-I-`mj-bn¬ \n∂v F{Xtbm hy-X-y-kvX-am-Wv. Npcp-°-Øn¬ Chsb√mw `mjbv°p ≈nse `mj-Iƒ BWv. `mj-sb-∂m¬
hy-‡n-`m-j-bp-sSbpw `mjm-t`-Z-ß-fp-sSbpw ka-\-zbw IqSnbm-Wv.
tIc-f-Øn¬ km¿h-{Xn-I-ambn Htc-Xcw ]Zm-h-enbpw
{]tbm-K-ß-fp-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw ]ns∂ Ah Nnte-S-ß-fn¬
am{X-ambn HXp-ßn-t∏mbn F∂p-amWv Ah-injvS taJ-em-]T\w sXfn-bn-°p-∂-Xv. AX-yp-Øc tIc-f-Øn¬ \n∂v In´nb
aWn-bm-Wn-cm-a-N-cnXw sXfn-bn-°p∂Xv AXnse ]Z-߃
tIc-f-Øn¬ km¿h-{Xn-I-ambn {]tbm-K-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p
F∂-s{X.
AXmXv Pohn- X - a - W v U - e - Ø ns‚ A\p- t ]- £ - W ob
krjvSn-bmWv samgn-Iƒ F∂v t\csØ ]d-™-t√m. P∑nØ-Im-esØ ]m´-_m-°n-°p≈ P]vXn \S-]Snsb∏‰n Adnbp-∂-h¿t°,
Bao≥ \n¬]q \new Xcn-im°n
s]m¥nb I≈n-Ø-e-t]mse
F∂ {]tbmKw a\- n-em-hq. P]vXn \S-]-Sn-°mbn tImS-Xnbm-ao≥ h∂v ]m´-°m-cs‚ Irjn-`q-an-bn¬ "tXmep IpØn

30 / 2011 sabv 15

shbv°pw' F∂ k{º-Zmbw Adn-b-Ww. Hcp Iq´mbva kzbw
krjvSn® hnNn-{X-`m-h-{]-tbm-K-ßfpw Gsd-bm-Wv: "Adn-b-s∏Sp-hm-\p-≈-X√ Hc-Ω-bv°p≈ Be-io-e-Iƒ' F∂ {]tbm-KØnse Be-io-e-Iƒ {it≤-b-am-Wv. Npcp-°-Øn¬ ]Z-hmIy hntij {]tbm-K-ß-fpsS Ncn-{X-sa-∂Xv kwkvImcNcn{X-am-Ip-∂p.
IS-Ø-\m-´n-te-bvs°m∂p t\m°mw:
\mtSm ]Xn-s\´p \mSp-≠t√m
]Xn-s\-´n-sem∂v sNmchpw t]mbn
]ns∂ ]Xn-t\gp \mSp-≠t√m
hS°v hSp-hs‚ N¥-tbmfw
sX°v Xpfp-hs‚ If-cn-tbmfw
Ing°v sNmc-a‰w Ip‰-ym-tS-ymfw
]Sn-™mdv IS-e‰w atø-temfw.
Ahn-SsØ t]s®m∂v tIƒ°-Ww:
Rmdp \Sp∂ kμ¿`sØ Bkv]Z-am°nbp≈ Hcp cwKw:
""sNes∏ s]cn-tbΩ IqSn t]mt∂mses°m≠pw ]mSpw.
shdv∏p-s≠-¶nepw Xam-i°pw ]mSpw. ]m´v sIm≈n-®ßv
]mSym- a - X n. Hcn- ° ev Ff- s b- S - Ø - º - e - Ø n- ‚ Sv Ø v ∂ v
tImtfmØv Nn∂≥ amj°v \Sv∂m. At∂-cØm Abn-temSn
hÆm≥ A\-¥≥ t]mb-Xv. _b-\m-hdv tImt´se amXqs‚
]mt´\pw ]mSv∂Xv˛
"hÆm-Øm-t\m-a\ Ip™-ym-\-¥≥
DÆm-™n-‰mt∂m saen™v t]mtb
_b-\mdv tImt´se ]qhvt≠\pw
A∏q ]dn®v Rm≥ NqtS-‰m-Wv!'
NmØ-∏≥ I≠n-amXp BWv ]mSv∂-Xv.
CXv tI´∏w A\-¥\v tZiyw ]nSn-®v. ASn-°m≥ h∂v.
Rmfv _n´n-√.
"C\n-s°¥m Aß-s\sØ ]Wn Ct≠-t\m. F¥√mw
]m´v≠v˛ Fs∂√mw H®Øv ]d-t™sc H-bn™v t]mbn.
]m´v Bsc-s°m≠pw ]mSpw.''
Cu t]®p-I-fn¬ A¥¿`-hn-®n-´p≈ at\m-`m-h-ß-fpsS [z\n-hn-ti-j-߃˛ eo\[z-\n-Iƒ˛ Dcp-Øn-cn-bn®v hmbn-®mte
Ah-bpsS a´pw amXn-cnbpw Adn-bp-hm≥ Ign-bq.
PmXn-˛-hw-i-°q-´m-bva-Iƒ, sXmgn¬-˛-h¿§-°q-´m-bva-Iƒ...
Cßs\ Hmtcm Xcw Iq´m-bvam-Po-hn-Xhpw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn´p≈ ae-bm-fß
- f
- psS A`n-cN
- \
- m-co-Xn-Iƒ "kwkm-c`- m-jb
- psS
hwiob `qhn- ⁄ m- \ obw' Hcp- ° p∂psh∂v ]d- b mw.
DØctIc-f-Ønse ae-b-cpsS a{¥-hm-Z-∏m´v tIƒ°p-I:
]tb then°p Xo]n-Sn-®-t]mse
Imfn-°-c-bWw i{Xp-°-sf√mw
amß-°-e-Ønse an≠≥ IWs°
ar°n acn-°Ww i{Xp-°-sf√mw
ChnsS "]tb' ]g-b-Xm-Wv. "an≠≥' ]pgp-hm-Wv; "ar°¬'˛-sRßn sRcp-ße
- m-Wv. bYm¿∞-Øn¬, X\-Xmb sh®pam‰-ß-sf√mw Xs∂ ae-bm-f-Øns‚ ]Z-tIm-isØ hnI-kn∏n°m≥ t]m∂ a¿Ωcq]-ß-fm-Wv.
Hcp `mj-sb-∂m¬ "am\I' hc-sam-gn-b-√; F{Xtbm
hmsam-gn-t`-Z-ß-fp-sSbpw hc-sam-gn-t`-Z-ß-fp-sSbpw kam-lmc-amWv. tZiobNcn-{X-sa-∂Xv At\Iw Iq´m-bvaI
- f
- psS kamlm-c-am-Wv. Hcp]mSv AS-cp-Iƒ tN¿∂-XmWv Hmtcm Iq´mbva-bpw. Iq´m-bva-I-fpsS Ncn-{X-Ønse tI{μ-ÿm\w P\-Xbv°m-Wv. Hmtcm Iq´m-bvab
- psSbpw {]ap-Ja
- mb AS-cmWv AhcpsS Pohn-X-`mj.
F√m-‰n-s\-bpw Bwin-I-ambn ]¶p tN¿∂ _rl-ZvN-cn{X-Øn-\p- ]Icw AXmXp kz-X-z-ßsf {]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p∂
khn-ti-j-N-cn-{X-߃ cq]-s∏-S-Ww. Aß-s\-bp≈ {]mtZin-I-˛-hw-iob Ncn-{X-ß-fnƒ \m´p-sam-gn-h-g-°-߃°p≈
ÿm\-amWv Xncn-®-dn-bm-\p-≈-Xv. Ncn-{X-Øns‚ kmaq-ln-Iamb A¿∞sØ hnπ-h-I-c-amb ]cn-h¿Ø-\-Øn\v hnt[-bam-°p-I-bmWv hmsamgn Ncn{Xw sNøp-∂-Xv. Ncn-{X-Øn¬
]{Xw
ssZzhmcnI
\n∂v Xnc-kvIr-X-cmb Iogm-f¿, \nc-£-c-¿,
kv{XoIƒ,
sXmgnem-fn-Iƒ apX-em-b-hsc Xncn-®-dn™psIm-≠p≈ `mjm-]-T\-Øn-eqsS am{Xta ae-bm-f-sam-gn-®¥w Is≠-Øm-\m-hq.

kn\na

kptem-N\m dmwtam-l≥

Fs¥√mw ta°]v sNbvXm-emWv
kn\na Bhp-I?
kn

±n-Jv˛- e
- m¬, dm^n-˛s
- a-°m¿´n≥
F∂o Iq´p-sI-´p-Iƒ°p ]ndtI ae-bmf-kn-\n-am-kw-hn-[m-b-I-\n-c-bn¬ GI-tZi-atX P\p- n-ep≈ Nn{X-ß-fp-ambn
FØnb jm^n Xt‚- X mb hnPb
t^m¿ ape D≠m°nsbSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂p.
Cubn- s S ]pd- Ø n- d - ß nb "tacn- ° ps≠mcp Ip™mS-v', "ta°-]vam≥' F∂
c≠p kn\n-a-I-fp-sSbpw hnPbw kqNn∏n- ° p- ∂ Xv AXmWv . Fßn- s \- s bms°tbm t{]£-I{- i≤ ]nSn®p ]‰m\pw
\ne-\n¿Øm\pw jm^nbv°p Ign-bp∂p
F∂v "I√-ym-W-cma-≥, "tNmt¢‰v' XpS-

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

]uUdpw I¨a-jnbpw Ip
¶p-ahpw en]vk‰
- n°pw F√mw
th≠-hn[w ]qin-bm¬ hy‡n°v
ImgvNbv°p≈
BI¿ j-I-Xzw e`n-t®-°mw.
]t£ hy-‡n-Xzw Cßn-s\sbm∂pw \n¿Ωn-s®-Sp-°m-hp∂- X √ F∂v ]e- t ∏mgpw
kpμ-cokp-μ-c-∑m¿ Hm¿°m-dn√t√m.

ßnb kn\n-a-Iƒ t\csØXs∂ sXfnbn-®p-≠-t√m.
as‰mcp Zz-b-amWv "ta°-]v-ams\'
AWn-s®m-cp-°nbcn°p-∂-Xv ˛ Xnc-°Ym- I r- Ø p- ° - f mb k®n- ˛ - t k- X p- a m¿.
bph-t{]-£-cpsS CjvSw t\Sn-sb-SpØ
"tNmt¢ ‰n'eqsS Chcpw cwKØv
ÿm\- a p- d - ∏ n®p Ign- ™ - X m- W v . Hcp
km[m- c W
hmWn- P y- k n- \ nabv°pXIp∂
\¿Ωw+sk‚ nsa‚ k
v v+ss¢am-Ivknse Np‰n-°-fn-Iƒ
XpS-ßnb tNcp-h-Iƒ Iq´nbpw Ipd®pw
adn®pw Xncn®pw Xs∂-bmWv CØcw

2011 sabv 15 / 31

kn\n-a-Isf "ta°]v' sNøp-∂-Xv. ]u
Udpw I¨a-jnbpw Ip¶p-ahpw en]vkv‰n°pw F√mw th≠-hn[w ]qin-bm¬
hy-‡n°v ImgvN-b°p≈ BI¿j-IXzw e`n-t®-°mw. ]t£ hy-‡n-Xzw
Cßn-s\-sbm∂pw \n¿Ωn-s®-Sp-°m-hp-∂X√ F∂v ]e-t∏mgpw kpμ-cokp-μ-c∑m¿
Hm¿°m- d n- √ t√m.
AXpt]msebmWv CØcw kn\n-a-Iƒ°v
Xnc-°Ysbgp-Xp-∂-h-cpw. A¬]w IqSn
a\-   p- s h- ® m¬ bp‡n°pw Pohn- X Øn\pw \nc-°p-∂-Xmb ss¢am-IvkpIƒ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-sb-Sp-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp≈p, ]t£ bp‡nsb ]mtS \ncm-I-cn°p-∂-Xn-em-Wv t{]£-I\p kmbq-Pyw
F∂ ap≥h-[n-tbm-sSb√msX kwhn-[mb-Icpw kn\n-asb kao-]n-°m≥ Xømd√ F∂p h∂m¬ ]ns∂ Imc-y-sa-¥v?
"ta°-]v-ams‚' XpS-°-sams° Kw`oc-am-Wv. ]mXncmt\cØv ]q´n-bn´ ho´n\p-≈n-te°v I≈-s\-t∏mse ]Xpßn
h∂p Ib-dp∂ _mep-sh∂ \mb-I≥,
Xm≥ h∂n-d-ßnb Imdns‚ \º¿ tπ‰v
IqSn am‰n- s h- b v ° p- ∂ XpImWp∂
t{]£-I¿ BImw-£-bp-sS apƒap-\bn¬ \n¬°p-tºm-gmWv lmk-ym-fl-Iambn Hcp P\-ssa{Xn t]meokv tÃj\nse Ah-Xc
- W
- Ø
- n-eqsS kX-ym-hÿ
t_m≤-y-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. hoSpw Imdp-sams°
_mep-hns‚ Xs∂-bm-Wv, ]t£ IS°m¿ Iø-S°
- n-bn-cn-°p-Ib
- m-Wv. Fw.-_n.F-°m-cm-\mb _mep kz-¥a
- mbn Ch‚ v
amt\-Pvsa‚ v _nkn-\kv \SØn s]m´ns∏m-fn™v e£-ß-fpsS IS-°m-c-\mbn
amdnb IZ-\-I-Y-bpsS NqSmdpw aptº
Xs∂ \mbn-I-bpsS cwK-{]-th-i-am-bn.

32 / 2011 sabv 15

kº-∂-Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amb kqcy _mephn\p th≠n hoSpw IqSpw Dt]-£n®
s]cp-h-gn-bn-te-°n-dßn h∂n-cn-°p-I-bmWv . Iøn¬ \bm- s s]- k tbm Xmakn°m-s\m-cn-Stam C√m sX Ccp-hcpw
Ipg-ßp-tºm-gmWv _mep kplr-Ømb
In®p am™m-ensb hnfn-bv°p-∂-Xv.
kn\n-a-bnse s{]mU-£≥ FIvkn-I-yq´ohmb In®p-hmbn Ah-X-cn-°p-∂Xv
km£m¬ kpcmPv sh™m-da
- qSpXs∂!
In®p-hns‚ Xam-i-°-fn-I-fn-eq-sS-bmWv
ta°-]vam≥ cq]-sa-Sp-°p-∂Xv.
"DZ-b-\mWp Xmcw' F∂ kn\na
¢nIv Bb- X mSp IqSn kn\n- a - b psS
]n∂m-ºp-d-ß-fnse ]c-k-y-amb cl-ky-߃ \¿Ωw Nmen®v \n¿t±m-j-ßfm°n hnf-ºp-∂Xv t{]£-I\v "£'
ckn-°p-∂p≠v F∂p a\- n-em-°n-bn´p≈ ]te Xnc- ° - Y m- I r- Ø p- ° fpw
AØ-c-samcp tNcph IqSn hmWn-P-y-kn\n-a-I-fpsS \n¿Ωn-Xn-°q-´n¬ Dƒs∏-SpØn- Ø p- S - ß n. "ta°- ] v a m- \ n'¬ Hcp
\n¿Ωm-Xmhv t\cn-Sp∂ Kuc-h-X-c-amb
Nne {]iv\-ßfpw Abm-fpsS thh-emXn- I - f m¬ kwhn- [ m- b - I - \ p- ≠ m- h p∂
kΩ¿±hpw Ccp-h-cp-sSbpw CS-s]-S-epI-fn-eqsS \Sn-Iƒ°p kw`-hn-°p∂ ]cnWm-a-ßfpw Gsd-°psd kX-y-k-‘ambn Bhn-jvI-cn-°m≥ km[n-®n-cn-°p∂p. F∂m¬ IY- b psS a¿Ω- a mbn
\¿ΩsØ ÿm]n- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ Xp
sIm≠v Ch-sbm∂pw t{]£-I-\n-te°v
kw{I-an-°p-∂Xv Ah-b¿ln-°p∂ Kuch-tØm-sS-b√ F∂p am{Xw. ae-bm-fkn-\n-a°v s]mXp-th-bp≈ Zptc-ym-Khpw
CXp Xs∂. \√ Bi-b-ßsf ]q¿ÆX-tbm-sS-, GIm-{K-X-tbm-sS, A¿∏-Wt_m-[-tØmsS ssIIm-cyw sNøp-hm≥
Ne- ® n- { X- I m- c - ∑ m¿°p Xt‚- S - a n- √ .
"t{]£-I\v Bh-i-y-ap-≈Xv R߃
\¬Ip∂p' F∂ ap≥Iq¿Pma-y-ap-s≠¶n¬ kX-y-sØbpw bp‡n-sbbpw adnI-S-°p-hm≥ `b-t°-≠-Xn√ F∂-h¿
Dd®p hni- z - k n- ° p- I bpw sNøp- ∂ p.
CØ-c-samcp sIWn X߃°mbn Hcp°n- b n- ´ p- ≈ Xv
Xncn- ® - d n- b mt\m
X߃°n-jvS-ap-≈Xv C∂-Xcw kn\n-abmWv F∂p-ds° ]d-bm-t\m Ign-hn√mØ t{]£-I-cmbnt∏mbn \Ω-sfms°-bpw.
H∂p- a - d n- b mØ Hcp s]¨Ip´n
kn\na t]mse k¶o¿Æ- a mb Hcp
sXmgn¬ta-Je
- b
- n¬ FØn-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ
D≠m-In-\nS-bp≈ {]iv\-߃ \nc-h-[nbm-Wv. Ah-s-b√mw t\cn´pw AXn-Pohn®pw kz-¥-amb ÿm\w t\Sn-sbSpØpIgn- b p- t ºmƒ Ahsc hfsc
ka¿∞-ambn hoSns‚ AI-Ø-f-ß-fnte°v HXp-°n-°-f-bm≥ \ΩpsS kaql-Øn\p km[n-v°p-∂p-ap-≠v. ]pcp-j\v
A\m-bmkw Im¬°o-gn¬ \n¿Øm\pw

H∂p-a-dn-bmØ Hcp s]¨
Ip´n kn\na t]mse
k¶o¿Æ- a mb
Hcp
sXmgn¬ta-J-e-bn¬ FØns∏- S p- t ºmƒ D≠m- I n- \ nSbp≈ {]iv\-߃ \nc-h-[nbm-Wv. Ah-s-b√mw t\cn´pw
AXn- P o- h n®pw kz- ¥ - a mb
ÿm\w t\Sn-sb-SpØpIgnbp- t ºmƒ Ahsc hfsc
ka¿ ∞ ambn hoSns‚ AIØ-f-ß-fn-te°v HXp-°n-°-fbm≥ \ΩpsS kaq-l-Øn\p
km[np-∂p-ap-ssIhn´p
≠v. t]mIp-∂kv
{Xo°v°
s]s´∂p
Xp-amb Cu temIw AXns‚ ambn-Iku-μ-c-y-Øn¬ I¨sI´phnZy \S-Øp∂XpsIm≠p am{Xw \mw AXn-s‚-bp≈nse NXn-°p-gn-Iƒ ImWmsX t]mhpI-bm-Wv. "ta°-]vam-\n'se kqcy F∂
\mbnI kn\n-am-tem-IsØ "A\m-anI'
F∂ Xmc-ambn amdp∂ Ah-ÿ, Xami-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-emWv cq]-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-sX-¶n¬ t]mepw, Nne
kXy- k - ‘ - a mb kv { Xo{]- i v \ - ß - f nte°p hnc¬Nq-≠p-∂p≠v.
kn≤m¿∞v F∂ kwhn-[m-b-I≥
(kn-≤n-Jv) kn\n-asb emL-h-tØmsS
ImWp∂ hy-‡n-b-√. Xm≥ sNøp∂
Nn{X-Ønse \mbn-Isb Abmƒ a\ n¬ cq]-s∏-SpØn sh®n-cp-∂p. AXpsIm≠p Xs∂ B ]q¿Æ-X-tbmsS
A`n- \ - b n- ° m≥ km[n- ° msX h∂

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

s]¨Ip-´n-Isf Abmƒ \njvI-cpWw
iIm-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. aqUv Hm^v
Bhp-tºmƒ jq´nwKv \n¿Øn- h-bv°p∂ kwhn-[m-b-I\pw At∏m-gp-≠m-hp∂
h≥\-jvS-Øn¬ {Iq≤-\m-hp∂ \n¿ΩmXmhpw XΩn- e p≈ Ii- ] n- i - I ƒ
kn≤nJpw P\m¿±-\\pw tN¿∂v `wKnbm-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Ch¿°v \Sp-hn-e-Is∏-Sp-∂- ˛ -sN-Ip-Øm\pw h≥I-S-en-\p-anS-s°∂ t]mse˛ ]mhw s{]mU-£≥
I¨t{Sm-f-dpsS Xe-th-Z-\-Iƒ as‰mcp
hnem-]-Km-Y-bm-Wv. ]t£, Cu Nn{XØn¬ kpcmPv sh™md-aqSv AXp apgph≥ Nncn°p≈ hI-bm°n t{]£-I\pw
KpfnI∏cp- h - Ø n¬ \¬In "ckn- ∏ n°p∂p'!
_mep- h n- s ‚bpw kqc- y - b p- s Sbpw
hnhmlw ho´p-Im-cpsS Adnthm kΩXtam C√msX \S- ° p- ∂ XpsIm≠v
ho´p-Im-cmbn A`n-\-bn-°m≥ FIvkv{Sm
\So-\-S-∑msc kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-∂Xv In®phm-Wv. XpS¿∂v, Ah¿°v BZ-y-cm{Xn
BtLm-jn-°m≥ Hcn-S-an-√msX he-bptºmƒ kwhn-[m-b-I≥ ]d™p hn´
\Sn- b psS apdn Hgn™pInS- ° p∂XpsIm≠v AXv cl-k-y-ambn Hcp-°ns°m-Sp-°p-∂Xpw In®p-hns‚ Ip_p≤n
Xs∂. kzm-`m-hn-I-ambpw B apdn-bn¬
Abmƒ Xma-kn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv ]I-c°m- c n- b mbn h∂ \mbn- I - b m- s W∂v
\n¿Ωm-Xmhv sX‰n-≤-cn-°p-∂p. kqc-ybpsS kuμ-c-y-Øn¬ BIr-jvS-\mb
Abmƒ B cm{Xn Xs∂ kwhn-[m-bIs\ hnfn®phcpØn k
- v{Io≥ sSÃv \SØn-°p-∂Xv apSßn InS-°p∂ jq´nwKv
]nt‰-s∂-¶nepw ]p\-cm-cw-`n-°m-sa∂
{]Xo-£-bn-em-Wv.
A`n-\-b-Øns‚ G,_n,kn,Un AdnbmØ kqcy CØ-c-samcp kml-kØn\p apXn-cp-∂Xv ]e Imc-W-ß-fm¬

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

BWv ˛ Xßsf klm-bn® In®p-hn\v
kX- y m- h ÿ ]pd- Ø m- b m¬ tPmen
\jvS-s∏-t´-°p-sa∂ Bi-¶, InS-∂p-dßm≥ CS-an-√msX cm{Xn-bn¬ s]cp-h-

gn-bn-te-°n-d-tß≠n hcp-sa∂ B[n,
A`n-\bw "]Tn-t°≠' kwK-Xn-b√
- , Iyma- d °p apºn¬ "_ntlhv ' sNøp- ∂ XmWv k-z-`m-hn-I-amb A`n-\bw F∂
In®p-hn-s‚ D]-tZ-iw, _mep-hns‚ \n lm-b-X-, F-∂n-ßs\. ]t£ Ah-fpsS
c‡-Øn-se-hn-sStbm Hc-`n-t\-{Xn-bpsS
Po\p-Ifpw Hfn™p InS-∂n-cp∂p F∂p
shfn- h m°pwhn[w anI- h p- ‰ - X mbn
kv{Io≥ sSÃn-\m-bp≈ AhfpsS {]IS-\w. Aßns\ Ahƒ kn≤m¿∞s‚
kn\n-a-bnse \mbn-I-bmbn amdn.
AtXmSpIqSn as‰mcpXcw {]iv\߃ B Zº-Xn-Isf Ae-´p-hm\pw XpSßn. tImÃ-yq-a¿, ta°]v-am≥ XpS-ßnb
A\-y-]p-cp-j-∑m¿ Xs‚ ]pXp-s∏-Æns\
btYjvSw sXm´p-X-tem-Sp-sa∂ Adnhn¬ Ak-z-ÿ-\m-hp∂ _mep-hns\
\mbn-I-bpsS S®vA]v t_mbn-bmbn
Ah-tcm-[n-°p-∂Xpw In®p-hns‚ AXn_p≤n Xs∂. GXp ka-bhpw kqc-ybpsS Np‰p-h-´Øv Igp-I≥I-Æp-I-fpambn Imh-en-cn-°m≥ Abmƒ°v AhIm-ia
- p-≠m-hp∂p F∂-XmWv Cu tdmfn\p≈ KpWw. ta°-]ns‚ _me-]m-T߃ ]Tn-s®-Sp-t°≠nhcp-∂Xv AXn-

sXmgn-en-√m-sX, ]W-an-√m-sX, Xma-kn-°m≥ hoSn-√msX
Pohn-°p∂ Hcp hnhm-ln-X\v kn\n-am-cwKw \¬Ip-∂Xv
Blm-chpw Xma-k-ku-I-c-yhpw \n›n-X-th-X-\-hp-am-Wv.
Cßn-s\-bp≈ At\Iw sXmgn¬km-≤y- X
- I
- ƒ Cu taJe
sh®p\o´p∂p≠v F∂v t{]£-I≥ Ft∏m-sg-¶nepw Nn¥n°p-∂p-t≠m, kn\na ImWm≥ Xntb-‰-dn¬ t]mIm≥ IqSn
an\-s°-SmsX hna¿i-\-߃ sNmcn-bp-tºmƒ? AXp Nn{XØns‚ adp-h-iw.

2011 sabv 15 / 33

\mbn \¬ Ip∂ hne-bmbn _mep IW°p Iq´p-∂p. sXmgnen-√m-sX, ]W-an-√m-sX, Xma-kn-°m≥ hoSn-√msX Pohn-°p∂
Hcp hnhm-ln-X\v kn\n-am-cwKw \¬Ip-∂Xv Blm-chpw Xmak-ku-I-c-yhpw \n›n-X-th-X-\-hp-am-Wv. Cßn-s\-bp≈ At\
Iw sXmgn¬km-≤-y-X-Iƒ Cu taJe sh®p\o´p∂p≠v F∂v
t{]£-I≥ Ft∏m-sg-¶nepw Nn¥n-°p-∂p-t≠m, kn\na Im
Wm≥ Xntb-‰-dn¬ t]mIm≥ IqSn an\-s°-SmsX hna¿i-\߃ sNmcn-bp-tºmƒ? AXp Nn{X-Øns‚ adp-h-iw.
_mep-hn\pw kqc-ybv°pw Hcp-an-s®mcp apdn-bn¬ Xma-kn°m≥ km[n-°m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ BZ-y-cm{Xn F∂ at\m-l-c-kz]v\w ]qh-Wn-bp-∂n-√. \mbn-I-\-Snv°v F√m k÷n-I-c-Wß-fp-ap≈ tlm´¬ap-dn, ta°-]va
- m\v ASp-Øp≈ temUvPnse
tami-s∏´ apdn-bpw. hnhm-ln-X-bm-sW∂v shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bm¬
]pXp-ap-J\
- m-bn-Ib
- psS hne-bn-Snbpw F∂ \ΩpsS A[-aa
- mb
ap≥hn-[n-bmWv CØcw {]iv\-ß-fpsS ImX¬. \mb-Is‚tbm \mbn-I-bp-sStbm A`n-\-b-an-I-hn-s\-b√ t{]£-I≥
kzo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv, am[-y-a-߃ krjvSn®p\¬Ip∂ {]Xn—mbsbbmWv F∂p Npcp-°w.
\mbn-Im-\-Sn-bpsS InS-∏-d-bn-te°v btYjvSw IS∂p
sN√m≥ kwhn-[m-b-I\pw \n¿Ωm-Xm-hn\pw Ah-Im-i-ap≠v
F∂-XmWv as‰mcp Ae-en-Jn-X-\n-b-aw. AXm-bXv, \mbn-IbpsS sXmgn-emb A`n-\-b-Øn-\√ am¿°pw; Ahƒ Fßns\-sbms° kwhn-[m-b-I-s\bpw \n¿Ωm-Xm-hn-s\bpw {]oXns∏-SpØn shbv°p∂p F∂-Xn-\m-Wv! "ta°]vam≥' F∂
Nn{Xw sse‰v F‚¿sS-bv≥sa‚ v Dt±-in-®p-≈-Xm-I-bm¬ Cu,
"henb' {]iv\sØ Xam-i-bm¬ t\¿∏n-s®-Sp-°m≥ Xnc-°Ym-Ir-Øp-°ƒ hfsc {i≤n-®n-cn-°p∂p. ]t£, \ap°p Nn¥n°m-Xn-cn-°m-\m-hp-∂n-√-˛-cm{Xn apgp-h≥ Cß-s\-bp-≈ ieyw
kln®p sIm≠v Hcp \Sn cmhnse s{^jv Bbn Fgp-t∂‰v
sk‰n¬ h∂v NqSpw shfn-®hpw G‰p \n∂v `wKn-bmbn A`n\-bn®p sIm≈Ww F∂p \n¿_-‘n-v°m≥ GXp kwhn-[mb-I\v/\n¿Ωm-Xm-hn\v Ah-Im-i-ap≠v? Hcp \Sn-bn¬ \n∂p
th≠Xv anI-hp‰ A`n-\-b-am-sW-¶n¬ Ah-fn-ep≈ B Ignhn\v hnI-kn-°m-\p≈ ]›m-Øew \n¿Ωn®p\¬Ip-I-bmWv
th≠-Xv. GXpka-bhpw Xms\mcp Cc-bmWv F∂ `bhpw
a\- n-en´v Hcp-hƒ "F√mw ad∂v' X∑-b-X-z-tØmsS A`n-\bn°pw Fs∂-ßns\ Icp-Xm-\m-hpw? \ΩpsS BZ-y-Im-e-\Sn-am-sc ˛joe, imcZ, Pb-`m-c-Xn, Aw_n-I, efnX˛]fln\n˛cm-Kn-Wn-am¿, etc - lrZbw Xpd∂p \an-°p-∂Xv Cßn-s\sbmcp sXmgn¬ {]iv\-sØ-°p-dn®v sNdp-Xm-sb-¶nepw Aht_m-[-ap-≠-Ip-tºm-gm-Wv. \Sn-bpsS icocw Ahƒ°v \Sn°m\pw can-°m\pw kz¥w lnX-{]-Imcw D]-tbm-Kn-°m-\pap≈-Xm-Wv. A√msX, kn\n-a-bn¬ Nm≥kv \¬Ip-∂-h¿°v
ImgvN-sh-bv°m\p≈ D]-t`m-K-h-kvXp-hm-sW∂ kaq-lØns‚ ImgvN-∏mSv Ime-l-c-W-s∏-´Xpw ]cn-j-vIr-X-k-aq-l-

34 / 2011 sabv 15

Øn-\p-X-Im-Ø-Xp-amWv F∂v F{X Bh¿Øn-®n´pw am‰-ßfp-≠m-hp-∂n-√! ]pcp-j-t\m-sSm∏w kv{Xo°pw Bflm-`n-am-\tØmsS sXmgn¬ sNbvXv Pohn-v°m-\m-h-Im-i-ap≠v F∂
]ptcm-K-a-\m-i-bsØ ]p—n®p X≈p-hm≥ F{X-sb-fp∏w
km[n-bv°p∂p \ap-°v!
kwhn- [ m- b - I - \ mb kn≤m¿∞\v a\-   n¬ Hma\n®psIm≠p \S-°p∂ Hcp {Uow t{]mPIvSv D≠v. AXn-\\p-tbm-P-y-amb Hcp \mbn-Im-apJw tXSp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p Abmƒ
Gsd-°m-ea
- m-bn. A\m-anI F∂ t]cp \¬In kqc-ysb Xs‚
"ss^≥Uv' B°n DS-a-ÿm-h-Imiw ÿm]n®v Abmƒ°v
Ah-fn¬IqSn Xs‚ kz]v\w km£m-XvI-cn-°m-sa∂ hni-zmk-ap-≠m-bn. Chn-sS-bmWv IY-bnse Szn-Ãv. Pohn-X-amWv
kn\na ]I¿Øm-\p-t±in-°p-∂s
- X-¶n¬ kqc-ybv°v Cu kwcw`-Øn-t\mSp tXm∂p∂ B`n-ap-J-y-Øn\v {][m-\-ambpw Ahfnse Iem-Imcn Xs∂-bmhpw Imc-Ww. D≈n¬ Ddßn°nS∂
Iebv°v kPo-h-am-Ip-hm≥ km≤yX e`n-°p-tºmƒ Hcp hy‡n°v ]e-Xcw ]cn-Wm-a-߃ kw`-hn-°pI kzm-`m-hn-Iw˛{]-tX-y-In®pw kqc-y-sb-t∏mse {]mbw Ipd™ s]¨Ip-´nIƒ°v Pohn-XsØ \n¿Æ-bn-°p∂ sshIm-cn-Ihpw ss[jWn-I-hp-amb LS-I-ß-tfsd DW¿∂phcn-Ibpw sNøpw.
F∂m¬ ae-bm-fn-bpsS s]mbvap-J-߃ AØcw kzm-`m-hnI
hnIm-c-hn-Nm-c-߃°v Pohn-X-Øn¬ (kn-\n-a-bn-epw) ÿm\w
\¬Ip-I-bn-√-t√m. AXp-sIm≠v kqcy `wKn-bmbn AWns™m-cpßn kn≤m¿∞n-s\m∏w sdtÃm-d‚n¬ ssU\nwKn\pt]mIp-∂Xpw, "kn≥{U√' F∂ ASpØ kn\n-a-bpsS
]qP-bn¬ kw_-‘n-°p-∂-Xp-sa√mw G‰hpw henb Xym-Kaq¿Øn-bm-b-Xp-sIm≠pw ]Xn-{h-Xm-c-Xv\-am-b-Xp-sIm≠pw
BWv F∂p ÿm]n-°m-\mWv k®n˛tkXp-am¿ Xe-Ip-Øna-dn-bp-∂X
- v. `¿Øm-hmb _mep-hns‚ hºn® IS-߃ ho´m≥
th≠n am{X-amWv ]mhw kqcy kn≤m¿∞ns‚ A[n-Im-c-{]tbm-Kß
- ƒ°v hnt[-bb
- m-hp-∂Xpw ASpØ kn\n-ab
- psS Icmdn-sem-∏n-Sp-∂Xpw. F¥n-\v, _mep Xs‚ `¿Øm-h√ ta°]vam≥ am{X-amWv F∂p ]c-k-y-ambn {]J-ym-]n-°p-∂-Xpw!
CXnepw DØ-a-amb kv{Xoam-Xr-I-Isf ae-bmf kn\na
krjvSn-s®-Sp-Øm¬, Cui-z-cm, Fßn-s\-bmWp an≠msX
hngp-ßm-\m-hp-I?
Hcp `¿Øm-hn\v `mc-ysb kwc-£n-t°≠ _m≤-y-X-bp≠v. hnhmlw Ign-™m¬ BZ-yc
- m{Xn Ign-bm\pw IqSn Xe°p
aotX Iqc-bn-√mØ Hcp ]pcp-j\v `mcy Xnc-s™-Sp-°p∂
t]mwh-gn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-°m-sX-bn-cn-°m≥ kz-m-X-{¥-y-hp-ap-≠v.
]t£, Ahƒ Ac-a-\-t m-sS, kml-N-c-y-k-Ω¿±-Øm¬

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

Pb-dmapw joem Iufpw kpcmPv sh™m
daqSpw XI¿Ø-`n-\-bn-®n-cn-°p∂p F∂XmWv Cu kn\n-ab
- psS G‰hpw henb πkv
t]m-bn‚ v.
am{Xw, Hcp sXmgn- t e¿s∏´pIgn- b p- t ºmƒ, AXn¬
anIhp]pe¿Øn t]cpw {]i-kvXnbpw t\Sn-Øp-S-ßp-tºmƒ,
AsXm∂pw Hcp `mc-y°p tN¿∂ coXn-I-f√ F∂p hn[n°m≥, tNmZyw sNøm≥, F¥-h-Im-iw? B sXmgn¬ taJ-ebn¬ Ahƒ t\cn-Sp∂ {]iv\-߃ t\cn-Sm≥ Ahsf klmbn-°p-∂Xpw Ahƒ°v Bfl-hn-i-zmkw \¬Ip-∂Xpw "BWØ-an-√mØ' Imc-y-hpw, ]Whpw hoSp-an-√msX sXcp-hp-]-´nsb-t∏mse kplr-Øp-°-tfmSv sI©p-∂Xv G‰hpw al-\ob-amb "]pcp-j-X-zhpw' Bhp-∂-sX-ßn-s\-bm-Wv?
kn≤m¿∞ns‚ ]pXnb kn\n-a-bmb "kn≥s{U√'bpsS
sk‰n¬ _mep as‰mcp \mbn-I-\-Sn-bpsS ta°-]vam-\mbn
h∂v In®p-hns‚ klm-b-tØmsS kqcy-bpsS sX‰n-≤m-c-WIƒ am‰n-sb-Sp-°p-hm≥ {ian°p-∂-Xpw \mb-I-\-S-\mb ]rYocmPv Ft¥m cl-kyw aW-sØ-SpØv {]iv\w ]cn-l-cn-°m≥
{i-an-°p-∂Xpw hsc-bp≈ `mKw Xnc-°-Y-bpsS i‡n-bm¬
Hcp-hn[w bp‡n-°-\p-kr-X-ambn \n¬°p-∂p-≠v. F∂m¬
AXp Ign-™p≈, ss¢amIvknte°p \bn-°p∂ `mKw Hcp
Ahn-b¬∏-cp-h-Øn-ep≈ Ipg-™p-a-dn-®n-em-Wv.
tZh≥, A∏m-lm-P, PK-Zo-iv, Sn.-]n. am[-h≥, XpS-ßn-bhsc Ah-km-\-cw-K-ß-fn-te°v hen®ng®p sIm≠ph∂v FSp∏p≈ tImS-Xn-cwKw krjvSn-°m-sa∂ hym-tamlw t{]£I¿ Iø-Sn®pw s]m´n-®n-cn®pw icn-b-sh®-Xp-sIm≠v C\n-bpan-\nbpw CXns‚ Bh¿Ø-\-߃ I≠v Nncn®p sImt≠-bncn-°m≥ \mw hn[n-°-s∏-´-h-cm-bn. ]t£ ^nenw tat°gvkv
Ht∂m¿ Øm¬ \∂v ˛ BsI ct≠m c≠-ctbm aWn°qdp\of-ap≈ kn\n-a-bn¬ BZyw apX-ep≈ IYm-]m-{X߃°v anI-hn-√msX hcp-tºmƒ ˛ Ah-c-h-cpsS Pohn-X-ßfn¬ Ah-c-h¿°pXs∂ \ne-]m-Sp-Ifpw Xocp-am-\-ß-fp-an-√msX-bm-hp-tºmƒ ˛ am{X-amWv ss¢am-Ivkn-\mbn am{Xw
Hcp]‰w ]pXnb Bƒ°m¿ th≠n hcp-∂-Xv. Ct∏m-gsØ
Ah-ÿ-bn¬ t{]£-I\p s]s´∂p Zri-y-]-c-amb hnc-kX
]nSn-s]-Sp-Ib
- m¬ (Nm-\e
- p-Iƒ s]s´∂p s]s´∂p am‰p-∂Xpw
a‰pw AXp-sIm-≠-t{X) kn\n-a-bpsS ]Ip-Xn-bm-hp-tºmƒ
Ah¿°p h√msX apjn-bp-sa∂pw AXp-sIm≠v ss¢am-Ivkn\mbn ]pXnb ]pXnb ]ncn-hp-Iƒ thW-sa-∂p≈ "]pXnb
Adnhv' Bbn-cn-°Ww Ne-®n-{X-Im-c-∑msc CXn-\mbn t{]cn∏n-°p-∂-sX∂p tXm∂p-∂p.- Hcp kn\n-a-bnse IYm-]m-{X-ß-

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

fp-ambn am\-kn-I-ambn ASpØpIgn-™m¬ Ah-cpsS Nn¥Ifpw {]h¿Øn-Ifpw kzm`m-hn-I-am-b, Pohn-X-K-‘n-bmb Hcp
A¥-y-Øn-te°p k©-cn-°p-∂Xv Adn-bm≥ \ap°p≈
ssPh-amb BImw-£s
- b tIhew ss\an-jnI t_mdSn am‰m\mbn \mw If™pIpfn-°p-I-bm-Wv hmkXvh Øn¬ sNøp∂- X v. kzm- ` m- h n- I - a mb F√m tNmZ- \ - I - s f- b pw
_enIgn®psIm≠v Ir{Xn-a-amb BI¿jo-W-b-Xsb F√m
Imc-y-Ønepw \mw kzo-I-cn®p Ign-™p-h-t√m. kX-y-Øn¬,
CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ hna¿i-\-Øn\v ˛ kn\na I≠pw A\p-`hn®pw A`n-{]mbw cq]o-I-cn-®p-ap≈ Hcp kzm-`m-hnI {]{Inbbv°v ˛ t]mepw kvt]kv \¬Ip-∂n√ \ΩpsS kaq-lw.
temI ¢m n-°p-I-fpsS Xmc-X-a-y-Øn\pw {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-ßfpsS ]n≥_- e - Ø n\pw ]m›m- X - y - X - X - z - ß fpsS Dcp- ° - g n°en\pw ]Icw hbv°m-\m-hptam Hcp km[mcW ae-bm-fkn-\na IÆv Xpd∂v I≠n´p h∂n-cp∂v FgpXn Iq´p∂ A\p`-h-km-£-y-Øn-\v?
Pb-dmapw joem Iufpw kpcmPv sh™mdaqSpw XI¿Ø`n-\-bn-®n-cn-°p∂p F∂-XmWv Cu kn\n-a-bpsS G‰hpw
henb πkv t]m-bn‚ v. kn\na tami-am-bmepw A`n-\-bn-°p∂-h¿ ]men-t°≠ [¿Ω-ap-≠v. AXn-eq-sS-bmWv Ah-cpsS
Icn-b¿ hnI-kn-t°-≠-Xpw. kpcmPv CXn¬ shdpw tImam-fnb√ F∂Xpw {i-t≤-b-am-Wv.
kwhn-[m-b-I≥ kn≤m¿∞v Bbn kn≤nJns\ Xnc-s™Sp-°m≥ F¥mhpw Imc-Ww? "{]mbw IqSn-bn´pw Ahn-hm-lnX-\mbn XpS-cp∂p' Fs∂√mw Ifn-bm°ns°m≠mWv Xncn°-Ym-Ir-Øp-°ƒ Abmƒ°v kqc-y-tbm-Sp≈ A`n-\n-thisØ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xp Xs∂. hn√-\mbn an°-hmdpw
F√m kn\n- a - I - f nepw aΩq´n/taml≥em¬am¿s°- X n¿
\n¬°p-∂-h-\mbn I≠p aSpØ kn≤n-Jns\ A¬]-samcp
_p≤n-Pohn IqSnbmb ]pXp-\n-c-kw-hn-[m-b-I-\mbn Dƒs°m≈p-hmt\ Ign-bp-∂n-√. tIh-e-samcp ]pXp-ap-J-\m-bn-I°mbn
tImSXn Ib-dm≥ hsc Xøm-dm-hp∂ Xc-Øn¬ Abmsf
\n mchXvI- c n- ® - X nepw
Ibv]p
Nph- b v°p- ∂ p.
B¨s]¨_‘-ß-fn¬ D≠m-th-≠p∂ emL-h-X-zw, kzm`m-hn-I-X, \¿Ωw-, ssewKnIX XpS-ßn-h-sb√mw ae-bm-f-kn\n-ab
- n-t∏mgpw Akv]¿iy hkvXp-°f
- mbn AbnØw I¬]n®v
am‰n \n¿Øp-∂p. F∂n´v a≤-y-h-b-kvI-cmb \S-∑msc tImamfn-I-fm°n Ah-X-cn-∏n®v t{]£-Is\ Xr]vXn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p!
hn\o-Xn-s\tbm A\q]v tat\m-s\tbm C{μ-Pn-Øn-s\tbm
Cu tdmfn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n®v A¬]-samcp "hy-X-ykvX'X°mbn
{ian- ° m- a m- b n- c p- ∂ nt√ jm^n- k m¿? As√- ¶ n- s e- ¥ n- \ ßns\sbms°, ]co- £ - W - ß ƒ°p]ndtI t]mI- W w?
A√msX Xs∂ apS-°nb apX¬ Xncn®p ]nSn®p Ign-™nt√? ]t£ A¬]w kv{Xo ]£w ]d-bm-sXbo Ipdn∏v Ahkm-\n-∏n-°m≥ a\ p kΩ-Xn-°p∂n√ ˛ ]pXnb ]pXnb \mbnI-amsc A\-y-`m-j-I-fn¬ \n∂p-an-d-°p-aXn sNbvXv ]pcp-j∑m¿°p \b-\m-\-μ-I-c-amb Km\-\r-Ø2011
-cwK߃
∂sabvHcp15 °
/ p-35
h-cpsS Adn-hn-te-°mbn. kn\n-a-bn¬ \nd™p \n¬°p∂
]pcp-j-th-j-ß-fn-ep-amhmw ]co-£-W-߃. kv{Xot{]-£I¿°pw tht≠ IÆp-Iƒ°m\-μhpw hnc-k-X-bn¬ \ns∂mc¬]w tamN-\h
- pw? AtXm ]Xn-{h-Xm-cX
- v\ß
- ƒ `¿Øm-hns‚

IhnXIƒ

Ah≥ Ihn-X-bpsS ]®
InS-ßd {ioh-’≥
a≤-ym” kqc-y‚
O{Xhpw NqSn
Ah≥ h∂p.
Ahs‚ aqSn-bn-g-I-fn¬
NqSp-Im-‰ns‚
Nma-c-an-fIn.

bmYm¿∞yw
Fw.-]n. DÆn-Øm≥
PUw
NnX-bn¬ IØn-b-a-cp∂p
At∏mgpw
]®-bmb
amwhn-d-Ins‚
s]m´-epw, No‰-epw.
Pohn-®n-cp-∂-t∏mgpw
PU-am-bn-cp∂p
`mc-y-bm-Ip∂ ac-°p-cn-in¬
Xmen-®-c-Sn¬
Xqßn-°n-S-∂p.
Ducn-t∏m-ImsX
`¿’-\-ß-fpsS
]oV-\-ß-fpsS
Iºn-bm-Wn-X-d®pw
Hen-®n-d-ßnb
tNmc
\°n-°p-Sn®pw
km^-e-y-a-S™p.
t]mcp-tºmƒ
amXm-hp-Zm-\w-X∂
ap≈m-Wn-Iƒ
Xd®psImt≠-bn-cp-∂p.
Ducn-t∏m-bmtem
_p≤n-]q¿Δw
Xe-ap-dsb krjvSn®v
Xmßp-sIm-SpØp.
InS-°-hnsS
Ah-km\w
tNmc-hm¿∂v
a÷-Z-ln®v
F√p-\p-dpßn
Ipcn-in¬ \n∂q¿∂p-hoWp
acn® PU-ambn.

36 / 2011 sabv 15

Ahs‚ Xncp-s\-‰n-bnse
hn[n-hm-NIw
hn[m-Xm-hn\pa⁄m-Xw.
Bcm-Wn-h≥?
shbn¬ Xn∂p∂ ]£n
\nem-hp-Æp∂
NtI-mc-ß-fpsS i{Xp.
A{K-lm-c-ß-fn¬
Bfl-X¿∏-W-Øn-s\-Ønb
A·n-inJ.
kz¥w ]´S
kzbw Npa-∂p \S-∏-h≥
Poh-]-c-y¥w
Ihn-X-bpsS XS-h-d-bn¬
Ign-bp-thm≥
Ah≥
IdpØ \oe-bmb ]£n
Nph∂ IÆp-I-fp≈
]®-XØ
an∂-ens‚ K¿`-]m-{X-˛
ap≈n-sem-Xp°n∏d-°p∂
Imf-taLw.
A{Znbpw
kap-{Zhpw
EXp-°fpw
Ah≥ Xs∂.
inc n¬
NnX-sb-cn-bp-tºmgpw
Ah≥ F\n-°mbn
\n-e-hn-fn-®p:
""Rm≥ ]®-bm-Sm....''
Ahs‚ \ne-hnfn tI´-hmsd
\K-c-N-X-z-c-Øns‚
BImiw hn≠p-Iodn
Ddh h‰nb Fs‚
D≈nse \o¿®m-ep-I-fn¬
Pe-k-ar-≤n-bpsS
{]hm-l-Km-Y-I-fn-cºn.
t\m°n-\n¬s°,
NnXm-·n-°p-t]mepw
Nmc-am-°m-\m-hmØ
Ah≥,
Ihn-X-bpsS ]®-a-cp-∂p-ambn
`qan-bpsS apdn-hn-te°v
A¥¿[m\w sNbvXp.
(A-a-c-Ihn Aø-∏-\v)

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

arKobw
F≥.-Fw. \qteen
(ku-a-y-bv°v; F°m-e-sØbpw ]oUn-∏n-°-s∏Sp∂ kv{XoX-z-Øn-\v)
H‰bv°p Iq´n¬s]´
s]¨Infn, hgn-h-°n˛
sem‰-bm≥ \n¬]p-s≠∂
sXm´p-ta- \n-\-®n√
\msf, X∂n-W-°nfn
IqS-W-™oSpw Zo]˛
\mfw t]m¬, kuta-ym-Zmc
cmKm¿{Z kz-cq-]-\m-bv.
t{]a-Øn≥ a[p-I-W˛
an‰nSpw kq\-ß-fm¬
tIma-f-am-e-yw Xo¿,Øm
IWvT-Øn-e-Wn-bn-°mw!
kma-Km-\hpw ]mSn
tXmgs‚ ssIbpw ]nSn˛
®mabw IqSm-Xn\n
"tbgSn' apt∂m-t´bv°p
\S-°mw; Ime-Øns‚
Ibv]n\n ad-∂n-Sm˛
samSp°w htc-bv°n\n
bm{X-bp-sam-∂n-®m-Imw!
H∂n®p sImØn-s°m-Øn˛
sbSpØ Icp-°-fm˛
sem∂-n®p IqSm-s\mcp
sh◊m-S-sam-cp-°n-Smw.
F{X-sb-{Xtbm taml˛
sa{X-ta¬ In\m-°-fpw....
F{Xtbm {]Xo-£-X≥
taS-Iƒ Xo¿Øq ]mhw!
tIhew \ncm-ew-_˛
bmbn-hn-sSm-‰-bv°n-cp˛
∂ohn[w kz-]v\-°qSp
Nabv°pw Infn-s∏-Æn≥
e÷-bm-e-h-\-{a˛
amInb hZ-\-hpw,
A÷-em¿{Zamw \o≠
I¨I-fpw, Ima-°-Æm¬
ZpjvS-\m-samcp arKw
t\m°p-∂-X-dn-™n√
IjvS-am, °q´n¬ X\n˛
®ncn-∏m-W-hƒ aqIw.
H‰-bm-s\m-cp-°nb
sIWn-bn¬, Xo\m-f-Øn¬
]m‰-t]m¬ ]Xn-®m-lm!
sh¥p-t]mbv Infn-a-Iƒ
taml-߃ Icn™p t]mbv
Iqºn-t∏mbv {]Xo-£-Iƒ;
kvt\l-P-zm-e-Iƒ Xo¿Ø
\¬hn-f-°-W™p t]mbv!

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

Ct∏mƒ
{ioIe Nntßmen
Ct∏mƒ Rm≥ hb¬°-c-bn-emWv
F\n°p hni-°p-∂p-s≠-¶nepw
sIm‰n-Iƒ°v [mcmfw ]c¬ao-\p-Iƒ
]‰-ambn ]d-°p∂ Ah \s√mcp ImgvN-hn-cp∂v
a’cn®v BIm-i-Øn-te-°p-b-cp∂ ]´-߃
Nc-S‰ Fs‚ Nn¥-Iƒ t]mse
sN¶p-f-Øn-Iƒ Nncn-°p-∂p≠v
s]s´∂v Xf¿∂p t]mIp-sa-t∂m¿°msX
hb-ens‚ amdp h‰n®v {Kojvaw I\-°p-I-bmWv
Np\-sbm-en-°p∂ amßmaW-ap≠v
Im‰ns‚ Np≠n¬
Hme-∏oen t]msemcp aqfepw
Xncn®p \S-°m≥ tXm∂p∂tXbn√
Cu hb¬°m-gvN-Iƒ Fs‚ kz¥w

lm ap-t\, cmam-Wb
Imh-y-Im-c\mw Ith,
Cu arKo-b-Xbv°p ta¬
"am\n-jmZ' sbt∂m-Xq...
im]-i-‡n-bm¬ {Iucyw
Nmº-embv Xo¿∂o-S-s´,
[¿Ω-Im-l-fw a∂n≥
]pW-y-ambv apg-ß-s´!

2011 sabv 15 / 37

imkv{X-bpKw
¢m∏\ j¨ap-J≥

A¿≤-k-X-y-߃

P\n-®m¬ Pohn-°p-hm˛
Xncn-°m≥ ]‰n-√t√m
P\n-°m-Xn-cp-s∂-¶n-˛?
tem¿t°≠m ^e-an-√.
ChnSw shdp-samcp
\mS-I-im-e-sb-∂m˛
ehnSw hn´m¬ thsd˛
bnS-an-√m-Sm-\n\n
kz¿§hpw \c-I-hp˛
amflmhpw ]p\¿P∑
XX-z-hp-sa√mw IY˛
bn√mØ IY am{Xw
kuc-bq-Y-߃ tXmdpw
k©-cn-°p-hm-\mbn
]ucsc∏Tn-∏n°pw
imkv{X-k-X-yta t\m°q
\ns‚ ap∂n-embv I≈˛
Z¿i-\-ß-sfm-s∂m-∂mbv
\n∂nXm hnf-dp∂p
hnd-sIm-≈p∂p ho≠pw.

DÆn-°r-jvW≥ apXp-Ipfw
Ak-X-y-߃ am{Xw
s]‰n-Sp-tºmgpw
Nne kXy-߃
Imew t{]m÷-z-en-∏n°pw.
ag-s]-øp-tºmƒ am{X-a√
Xh-f-Iƒ Ic-bp-∂-Xv...
\nZm-L-Øn¬ am{X-a√
thgm-º¬ tIgp-∂-Xv...
\n»-_vZ-X-bn¬ am{X-a√
Noho-Sp-Iƒ aqfp-∂-Xv...
NnX-dnb IÆmSn
tN¿Øpshbv°p-tºmƒ
sXfn-bp∂ cq]w
Nne-t∏mƒ
\c-knw-l-Øn-t‚-Xm-hmw...!
Ak-X-y-߃ hnf-ºp-∂-h¿
Hcn-°epw
kz¥w apJw t\m°m-dn-√,
A¿≤-k-X-y-߃
apJw {]Xn-^-en∏n-°m-dp-an-√...!

XncpØv
2011 G{]n¬ 15 e°w Ce- £ ≥
ssKUn¬ 78˛mw t]Pn¬ \nb- a - k `m
aWvU-e-ßfpw ÿm\m¿∞n-Ifpw F∂
`mKØv DSp-º≥tNme aWvU-e-sØ-°pdn-®p≈ hnh-c-߃ hn´p t]mbn-´p-≠v.

89. DSp-º≥tNme
tPmkn skm_m-Ã-y≥ (tIm¨{K-kv)
sI.-sI. Pb-N-{μ≥ (kn-]n-Fw)
Fkv. \mcm-b-W-cmPq (_n-sP-]n)
t]Pv 29˛¬ 16˛mw \º¿ temIv k `m
aWvUew ]Ø-\w-Xn-´-.

38 / 2011 sabv 15

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

A∂m lkm-sc :
Agn-aXnhncp-≤-hn-Imcw DW-cp∂p
\nim-K‘. ]n

]p

Xnb Agn-aXnhncp≤ temIv
]m¬ \nbaw \S-∏m-°-W-sa-∂m-h-i-ys∏´v {]apJ kmaq-lnI {]h¿ØI≥
A∂m lkmtc \yq- s U¬ln- b n¬
Bcw-`n® \ncm-lmckacw Agn-aX
- n-s°Xn-cmb s]mXphnIm-ca
- p-W¿Øp∂ \nebn-te°v cq]w amdp-I-bm-Wv. ]pXnb
Agn- a - X n- h n- c p- ≤ - \ n- b - a - Ø n\v cq]w
\¬Ip∂ kan-Xn-bn¬ I¿°-ih
- y- h
- ÿ
Iƒ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ign-bpw-hn[w P\hn- I m- c - a pƒs°m- ≈ p∂ {]Xn- \ n- [ n- I sfbpw Dƒs∏-Sp-Ø-W-sa-∂mbncp∂p
lkm-tc-bpsS Bh-iyw.
Agna-Xn-s°-Xn-cmb P\-tcm-j-Øns‚ hym]vXn hy-‡-am-°p∂ coXn-bn¬
]e coXn-bnepw lkm-tc-bpsS ka-ctØm-Sm-`n-ap-Jyw {]I-Sn-∏n®p sIm≠p≈
{]Xn-I-c-W-߃ D≠m-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°pI-bm-Wv. C‚¿s\-‰nepw cmP-y-Øn-s‚
]e-`m-K-ß-fnepw Agn-a-Xn-s°-Xncmb
P\-hn-Imcw i‡n-s∏´p hcp-∂p-≠v.
tIc-fw, cmP-ÿm≥, ]©m-_v, lc-ym\
XpS-ßnb kwÿm-\-ß-fnse ]e \Kc- ß - f nepw A∂m lkm- t c- b °v
]n¥pW {]I-Sn-∏n®p sIm≠p≈ {]IS-\-ß-fp-≠m-bn. A`n-`m-j-I≥, _m¶v
Poh-\°
- m¿, A≤ym-]I
- ¿, h-ym-]m-cn-Iƒ,
hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ, bph-P-\-߃, hnhc
kmt¶-Xn-Ih
- n-Zy- m-cw-KØ
- p-≈h
- ¿ apX-emb-hs
- cms° D]-hmkw \S-Øn-bpw, {]IS- \ - ß ƒ kwL- S n- ∏ n- ® pw, ]n¥pW
{]Jy]n®p sIm≠p≈ ktμ-i-ß-fb®pw Agn-aXnhncp-≤-k-a-c-Øn¬ ]¶mfn-I-fm-bn.
tI{μ Kh¨sa‚ v lkm-tc-bpsS
ka-c-Øns‚ Bh-i-y-߃ Dƒs°m≈p∂ coXn-bn-ep≈ {]Xn-I-c-W-amWv
\S-Øn-b-Xv. F√m `mKØp \n∂p≈
\n¿t±-i-߃ Dƒs°m≠p sIm≠v ka{K-am-bXpw ^e-{]-Zh
- p-amb Hcp Agn-aXn
\ntcm-[\\nb-a-Øn-te°v Imc-yß
-- -sfØp-sa∂ ÿnXn-bm-Wv.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

A∂m lkmsc
HSphn¬ A∂m lkmtc hnPbn®p.
AgnaXnsb ^e{]Zambn XSbm≥
Ignbp∂ A[nImctØmSp IqSnb P\
temIv]m¬ _n¬ Xømdm°m≥
k¿°m
cns‚bpw
s]mXpkaqlØns‚bpw A©v
{]Xn\n[nIƒ
hoXaSßnb

BKÃv ]Xn-\©
- n\v apºv
kanXn \S-]S- n-Is
- f-√mw ]q¿
Ønbm°n _n¬ ]m¿esa‚n¬ ]m m-°n-sb-Sp-°W-sa-∂mWv {]t£m-`-Im-cnI-fpsS Bh-i-yw. AXv km
[y- a m- b n- s √- ¶ n¬ ho≠pw
ka- c - a p- J sØØm\mWv
A∂m lkm-tc-bpsS Xocpam-\w.

kwbp‡kanXn cq]oIcn®p sIm≠v
k¿°m¿ hn⁄m]\and°m≥ Xocp
am\ambtXmsSbmWv A∂m \ncm
lmc kacahkm\n∏n®Xv. [\a{¥n
{]W_v Ipam¿ apJ¿Pn sNb¿am\pw
ap≥\nba
a{¥nbpw
{]apJ
A`n`mjI\pamb im¥n`qj≥
t I m ˛ s N b ¿ a m \ p a m b
kwbp‡kanXnbmWcq]oIcn°s∏´n
cn°p∂Xv.
kaqlØnse AgnaXns°Xncmb
\o°ßfn¬ lkmscsbt∏mep≈h¿
apt∂m´p hcptºmƒ apXseSp∏v \S
Øm≥ ÿm]nX Xm¬]cy°mcpw
cmjv{Sob ]m¿´nIfpsams° cwKØv
hcm≥ Xømdmbncp∂p. k¿°m¿ {Inbm
flIambmWv {]XnIcn®Xv. AgnaXn
s°Xncmb \S]SnIƒ°v i‡n ]I
cm≥ tI{μ Kh¨sa‚pw XømdmsW∂
kqN\bmWv \¬InbXv. F√m hiß
fpw ]cnKWn®p sIm≠v ka{Kamb
\nba\n¿ΩmWØn\v ]pXnbXmbn
cq]oIcn°s∏´ kanXn bpsS {]h¿
Ø\ØneqsS Ignbpsa∂v {]Xo£n
°mw.
CXn\v apºv sk≥{S¬ hnPne≥kv
IΩnj\pƒs∏sS ]e ÿm]\ßfpw
krjvSn°s∏´psh¶nepw H∂pw Imcy
amb ^eap≠m°nbn´n√. P\m[n ]Xy
k{ºZmbØn¬ sXfnhpIfpsS ]n¥p
Wbps≠¶n¬ am{Xsa ^e{]Zamb
in£m \S]SnIƒ ssIs°m≈m\mhp
Ibp≈q. AanXambn ]Ww Ip∂p IqSp
∂Xpw I≈∏WØns‚ {]`mhhpw
kq£v a \nco£WØn\v hnt[b
am°n AgnaXn∏WØns‚ DdhnSw
Is≠ ØpIbmWv {]mtbmKnIamb
Hcp am¿ §w.
BKÃv ]Xn-\-©n\v apºv kanXn
\S-]-Sn-I-sf-√mw ]q¿Øn-bm°n _n¬
]m¿e-sa‚n¬ ]m m-°n-sb-Sp-°-W-sa∂mWv {]t£m-`-Im-cn-I-fpsS Bh-i-yw.

2011 sabv 15 / 39

1968 apX¬ ]e- X - h W
temIv ] m¬ _n¬ ]m¿esa‚ n¬ Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° s∏´psh¶nepw G‰hpw HSphn- e mbn 2010˛¬ Ah- X - c n∏n® Ic-Sp-_n-√n¬ t]mepw
Agn-aXn ^e-{]-Z-ambn XSbm≥ ]c-ym-]vXa
- mb hy-hÿ
Iƒ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ign-™n´n-√. temIv]m-en\v t{]mkn-Iyq´v sNøm-\p≈ A[n-Imcw
\¬I-W-sa-∂mWv P\-temIv]m¬ _n√n\v th≠n hmZn-°p-∂-h¿ Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂Xv. DtZ-ym-K-ÿ¿ s°-Xn-scbp≈ ]cm-Xn-Ifpw _n√ns‚
]cn-[n-bn¬ sIm≠p hc-Ww.
AXv km[-y-am-bn-s√-¶n¬ ho≠pw kac-ap-JsØØm\mWv A∂m lkm-tcbpsS Xocp-am-\w. AXn-\nsS C≥Uy
apgp-h≥ k©-cn®v Agn-a-Xn-s°-Xnsc
Ah-t_m[w hf¿Øm\mWv At±lw
]cn-]mSn Xøm-dm-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂X
- v. lkmtc-bpsS Zn√n kX-ym-{K-l-Øn\v e`n®
s]mXp-]n-¥pW kaq-lØ
- nse ]cn-jvIcW {ia-߃°v Bthiw \¬In-bn´p- ≠ v . BZ- y - k - a - c - Ø n\v {]Xo- £ n- ® Xnepw t\csØ e`n® hnPbw a‰p
hnj-b-߃ IqSn Gs‰-SpØv s]mXp-P\-a-≤-y-Øn¬ hcm≥ lkm-tcsb t{]cn∏n-°p-∂p-≠v.
A∂m lkm-tc-bpsS NphSv ]nSn®v
cmP-y-Øns‚ a‰p `mK-ß-fn¬ s]mXp-P\-ap-t∂-‰-߃ D≠m-Im-\p≈ km≤-yXbpw X≈n- ° - f - b m- \ m- h n- √ . CuPn]v‰nse P\-Iob {]t£m` tI{μ-am-bncp∂ sXlvdo≥ kvIz-bd
- n-s\bpw ssN\bnse hnZ-ym¿∞n-k-a-c-tI-{μ-am-bn-cp∂
Snbm\ - s a≥ kvIz- b - d n- s \- b psams°bmWv lkmtc kX-y-{K-l-ancp∂ P¥¿a- μ - d ns\ D]- a n- ° p- ∂ - X v .
s]mXp-tk-h-\sa∂ Npa-X-e-bn¬ \n∂v
hy-Xn-N-en-°p∂ {Kma-]-©m-bØv apXep≈ P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Isf XncnsI hnfn°m-\p≈ A[n-Im-c-Øn\v th≠n-bm-bncn°pw ASpØ ka-cw. sXc-s™-Sp∏v
]cn-jvI-c-W-ßfpw e£y-am-°pw.
`cWw kpXm-c-y-am-°p-∂-Xn-\pw, P\ßsf aX-˛-Pm-Xn-˛-{]m-tZ-in-I-˛-hn-`m-Ko-b˛-k-¶p-NnX Xm¬]-c-y-߃°p-]-cn-bmbn
C≥Uym-°m¿ F∂ H‰ hn`m-K-ambn

40 / 2011 sabv 15

cq]- s ∏- S p- Ø n- s b- S p- ° p- I - s b- ∂ Xpw
]pXnb ka- c - Ø ns‚ e£- y - a m- W v .
lkmtc kacw \S-Ønb Znh-kß
- f
- n¬
sU¬ln- b n¬ s]mXp- P - \ - a p- t ∂- ‰ Ønt‚ A]q¿Δ Img-N-I-fmWv Zri-yam-b-Xv. tZio-b-]-Xm-I-Iƒ ]mdn-∏-d-∂p.
tZi-`-‡n-Km-\-ßfpw ap{Zm-hm-I-y-ßfpw
apg-ßn, kmwkvIm-cnI ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw
{KmaoW \rØ-ß-fp-sams° Ac-tßdn. cmP-y-Øns‚ a‰p `mK-ß-fnepw˛-{Kma-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ t]m epw, A\p-cW\
ka- c - ß ƒ kzta[bm Xs∂ cq]w
sIm≠p.
1968 apX¬ ]e-X-hW temIv]m¬
_n¬ ]m¿e- s a‚ n¬ Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° s∏´psh¶nepw, G‰hpw HSp-hn-embn
2010˛¬ Ah- X - c n- ∏ n® Ic- S p- _ n- √ n¬
t]mepw Agn-aXn ^e-{]-Za
- mbn XS-bm≥
]c-ym-]vX-amb hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ Dƒs∏-SpØm≥ Ign- ™ n- ´ n- √ . temIv ] m- e n\v
t{]mkn-I-yq´v sNøm-\p≈ A[n-Imcw
\¬I- W - s a- ∂ mWv P\- t em- I v ] m¬
_n√n\v th≠n hm-Zn-°p-∂-h¿ Bh-iy- s ∏- S p- ∂ - X v . DtZ- y m- K - ÿ ¿s°- X n- s cbp≈ ]cm-Xn-Ifpw _n√ns‚ ]cn-[nbn¬ sIm ≠p hc-Ww. temIv]m¬
A[-y£
- s
- \bpw kanXn AwK-ßs
- fbpw
\njv]-£-am-bpw Db¿∂ tbmKyX ]cnK- W n- ® p- a mWv D∂- X m- [ n- I m- c - k - a nXn
sXc-s™-Sp-t°-≠-Xv.
C≥U-y-bnse cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\߃°v th≠{X hnizm-ky- X
- b
- n-söpw
bYm¿∞ s]mXp-P-\-{]-iv\-߃ Db¿
Øn-s°m≠p hcp-∂-Xn¬ Ah ]cm-Pb- s ∏- S p- ∂ p- s h- ∂ p- a mWv kao- ] - I me
kw`-h-hn-Im-k-߃ sXfn-bn-°p-∂-Xv.
ka- c - Ø n\v ]n¥p- W - b p- a m- s b- Ø nb
cmjv{Sob t\Xm-°s-f kX-y-{K-l-ÿe-Øn-\-SpØv XSn®p IqSn-bn-cp∂ P\߃ aS-°n-b-b® kw`hw {it≤-b-ambn. ]ns∂ a‰p-≈-h¿ B `mK-tØ°v

Xncn-™-Xp-an-√. A-cm-jv{Sob {]ÿm-\ambn hf¿∂v P\m-[n-]-X-y-h-y-h-ÿnXn°v ]pdØp \n∂v kΩ ¿±w sNepØp∂ hn`m- K - a mbn lkm- t c- b psS
{]ÿm\w cq]- s ∏- S p- ∂ - X n\v ]Icw
Ahsc Dƒs°m≠v apt∂-dm≥ P\m-[n]-X-y-h-y-h-ÿn-Xn°v Ign-bp∂ ÿnXnbmWv A`n-Im-a-yw.
CXn-\nsS KpP-dmØv apJ-y-a{¥n
\tc-{μ-tam-Znsb {]Io¿Øn®p sIm≠v
A∂m lkmtc ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn® {]kvXmh\ hnhm-Z-am-bn-´p-≠v. tamZn-bpsS {Kmahn-I-k-\-]-≤-Xn-Isf am{X-amWv Dt±-in®-sX∂v lkmtc hni-Zo-I-cn-s®-¶nepw
KpP-dm-Ønse kmaq-lnI {]h¿Ø-I¿
]ecpaXv hI-h®psImSp-°m≥ Xøm-dmbn-´n-√. I¿j-I-cpsS hnf-`qan Xp—amb
hne am{Xw \¬In hy-h-kmb Bh-i-y߃s°∂ t]cn¬ h≥I-º-\n-Iƒ°v
Xosd- g pXns°mSp- ° p- I - b mWv tamZn
sNøp-∂s
- X∂v Ah¿ hni-Zo-Ic
- n-°p-∂p.
21 e£w I¿j-I¿ \jvS-]-cn-lm-c-Øn\mbn Ct∏mgpw ImØn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.
F√m cmjv{So-b-°mcpw cmjv{So-b]m¿´n-Ifpw sIm≈-cp-Xm-Ø-h-cm-sW∂
A∂m-bpsS A`n-{]m-bhpw cmjv{So-b°msc sNmSn- ∏ n- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v . Agn- a Xn
hncp≤ {]ÿm- \ sØ ]nf¿°m\pw
Xf¿Øm \pw Bcpw apXn-c-cp-sX∂v
lkmtc {]Xn-I-cn-®p.
\n¿±njvS temIv]m¬ _n√ns‚ ]cn[n-bn¬ {][m-\-a-{¥n-bpƒs∏-sS-bp-≈hsc sIm≠p hc-W-sa-∂mWv ]ecpw
A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. A[n-Im-c-koa
hym-]n-∏n®v tIm¿]-td‰v taJ-eb
- nsebpw
k¿ °m¿ CXc kwL-S-\-I-fn-sebpw
Agn-aXn IqSn temIv]m¬ \nb-aØ
- ns‚
]cn-[n-bn¬ sIm≠p hc-W-sa∂pw A`n{]m-b-ap-b¿∂n-´p-≠v.
IcSp _n√n\v cq]w \¬Im≥ cq]oI-cn-°-s∏-(A´n-cSn-°
p∂e°Øn¬
kanXn bmYm¿YpØ
XpS-cpw)
y-t_m-[-tØmSpw {]mtbm-KnI_p≤ntbm Spw IqSn A`n-{-]
]mb
\-z-b-Ø
n\v
{XwkassZzhmcnI
Xøm-dmbn {]h¿Øn-®m¬ ka-b-]-cn-[n°p- ≈ n¬Øs∂ temIv ] m¬_n¬
]m m-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp≈q F∂pw
Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.

Acßpw
AWn-b-dbpw
amcpXn 2010˛11 ˛¬ hn‰Xv 12.71 e£w Imdp-Iƒ
C≥Uy-bnse G‰hpw {]apJ Im¿ \n¿Ωm-Xm-°-fmb
amcpXn kpkp°n Ign™ kmº-ØnI h¿j-Øn¬ 12,71005
Imdp-Iƒ hn‰-gn-®p. 2009˛10 ˛¬ 9,70,790 Imdp-I-fm-bn-cp∂p
amcpXn hn‰-gn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. 24.81 iX-am\w h¿≤-\-bmWv ImWn°p-∂-Xv. at\-kdn¬ c≠c e£w Imdp-Iƒ \n¿ΩmWtijnbp≈ c≠p πm‚p-I-fmWv \ne-hn¬ hcp-∂-Xv. 3,625 tImSn
cq]-bpsS \nt£-]w. KpUvKm-anse ^mIvS-dn-bnse D¬]m-Z\-tijn 8.5 e£w Imdp-I-fmWv. 2010 am¿®n¬ am{Xw amcpXn
1,23,962 bqWn-‰p-Iƒ hn‰-gn®v sdt°m-Un-´p.

S-\-Iƒ A\p-h¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv.

Km‘n-\nμ XS-bm≥ \nbaw
cmjv{S-]n-Xm-hmb alm-flm-Km-‘n-tbmSv A\m-Zc
- hv ImWn°p∂ GXv \S-]-Sn-sbbpw in£m¿l-am-°n-s°m-≠p≈ \nba-\n¿ΩmWw tI{μ Kh¨sa‚ns‚ ]cn-K-W-\-bn-ep-≠v.
tZiob ]Xm- I - s bbpw `c- W - L - S - \ - s bbpw hm°mtem
{]hrØn-bmtem A]-am-\n-®m¬ aq∂v h¿jw hsc XShv
in£ \¬Im≥ Ct∏mƒ Xs∂ \nb-a-ap-≠v. Cu \nb-aØns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ cmjv{S-]n-Xm-hn-t\m-Sp≈ A\m-Z-chv IqSn
Dƒs∏-SpØn \nb-a-t`-Z-KXn sNøm≥ tI{μ-\n-ba a{¥m-ebw
\S-]Sn XpSßn Ign-™p. temI-sØßpw Bcm-[n-°-s∏-Sp∂
Ncn-{X-]p-cp-j-∑msc A]-am-\n-°m≥ Bscbpw A\p-h-Zn-°n√. Km‘n- P n- s °- X n- c mb ]cm- a ¿i- ß ƒ Nne `mKØp
\n∂p≠m-Ip∂ ]›m-Øe
- Ø
- n-emWv ]pXn-b \nb-a\
- n¿ΩmW
\o°w.

C≥U-y-°m-cpsS kz¿Æ-t{]aw

C‚-en-P≥kv kwhn-[m-\-Øn¬ s]mfn-s®-gpØv
C≥U-y-bnse C‚-en-P≥kv kwhn-[m-\-Øn¬ Imc-y-amb
s]mfn-s®-gp-Øn\v hgn-sbm-cp-ßp∂p. tI{μ cl-k-ym-t\--jW
GP≥kn-I-fmb C‚-en-P≥kv _yqtdm (sF.-_n), dnsk¿®v
B≥Uv A\m-en-knkv hnwKv (dm), \mj-W¬ sSIv\n-°¬
dnsk¿Nv Hm¿K- s s\- t k- j ≥ (F≥Sn- B ¿- H ) XpS- ß n- h s°m∂pw C∂v `c-Wm-LS- \
- m-[n-jT
v- n-Xa
- mb \ne-\n¬]√ D≈Xv. `c-W-L-S-\-bp-≠m-°p∂ ImeØv Ggmw ]´n-Ibnse hyh-ÿ-b-\p-k-cn®v Hcp tI{μ C‚-en-P≥kv GP≥kn D≠m°-W-sa∂v ]m¿e-sa‚n-t\mSv \njvI¿j-n®n-cp-∂p. ]t£,
AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ \nb-\n¿Ωm-W-ß-sfm-∂p-ap-≠m-bn-√. C‚en- P ≥kv GP≥kn- I - f psS kz- ` m- h - h pw, Npa- X - e - I - f pw
{]h¿Ø-\-co-Xn-bp-sam∂pw Xs∂ ]m¿e-sa‚ v \n¿Δ-Nn-°mØ-Xp-sIm≠v Xs∂ {_n´ojv `c-W-Øns‚ ]mc-º-c-y-Øn¬
A[n-jvTn-X-am-bn-X-s∂-bmWv C∂pw AØcw GP≥kn-Iƒ
{]h¿Øn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv.
temI-Øn¬ 170˛¬ ]cw cmP-y-ß-fn¬ ]m¿e-sa‚ v ]m m°nb \nb-a{- ]-Im-ca
- mWv C‚-en-P≥kv kwhn-[m\w {]h¿Øn°p-∂-Xv. cl-k-y-t\-z-jW GP≥kn-I-fpsS ta¬t\m-´hpw
\nb-{¥-Whpw hy-‡a
- mbn \n¿Δ-ln-°s
- ∏-´n-´p-≠v. ]m¿e-sa‚ v
hy-‡-amb \n¿Δ-N-\-tØmsS ka-{K-amb Hcp \nbaw ]m m°p-I-bm-sW-¶ntem sImtfm-Wn-b¬ Ime-L-´-Øns‚ coXnIƒ ]n¥p-S-cp∂ cl-k-ym-t\-z-j-W-cw-KØv P\m-[n-]-Xy `cW- I q- S - Ø ns‚ Ime- L - ´ - Ø nse Bh- i - y - ß - f - \ p- k - c n®v
apt∂m´p t]mIm≥ Ign-bq. P\m-[n-]-Xy Ah-Im-i-߃°\p-kr-X-amb {]Xn-]£ cmjv{Sob {]h¿Ø\w t]mepw ]et∏mgpw tZi-hn-cp≤ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS KW-Øn¬s]SpØn
ssIIm-cyw sNøp∂ coXn-bmWv C∂v C‚-en-P≥kv kwL-

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

C≥U-y≥ hoSp-I-fn¬ 18,000 S¨ kz¿ÆtiJc-am-Wp-≈Xv. AXn¬ aq∂n¬ c≠p `mKhpw {Kma-ß-fn-em-Wv. hnhmlm-h-i-y-Øn\v am{X-ambn {]Xn-h¿jw 500 S¨ kz¿Æw
th≠n hcpw. 2010 ˛ ¬ 963.1 S¨ kz¿Æ-amWv ]pXp-Xmbn
cmP-yØv hn‰-gn-™-Xv. 2020˛¬ CXv 1,200 SÆmbn Db-cp-sa∂v
Icp-Xp-∂p. BsI-bp≈ B`-cW hym-]m-c-Øns‚ aq∂n¬
c≠p `mKhpw hnhm-lm-h-i-y-߃°m-bmWv \S-°p-∂-Xv.

thƒUv tKmƒUv Iu¨kn-ens‚ dnt∏m¿´n-emWv C°m-c-y߃ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

C≥U-y-°m¿ 121 tImSn-bmbn
2011 se sk≥k-kns‚ {]mY-anI hnh-c-߃ ]pdØp
h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. C≥U-y-bpsS P\-kw-Jy 121,01,93,422 seØnbn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. 17.6 iX-am\w hf¿®-bmWv ]Øv h¿jw
sIm≠p-≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. temI-P-\-kw-J-y-bpsS 17.5 iXam\w hcp∂ C≥U-y, 19.4 iX-am\w P\-kw-J-y-bp≈ ssN\bpsS ]pdIn¬ c≠mw ÿm\Øv XpS- c p- ∂ p. ]pcp- j -

2011 sabv 15 / 41

∑m¿˛ 62,37,24,248, kv{XoIƒ ˛58,64,69,174. DØ¿ {]tZ-in¬
am{Xw 19.9 tImSn P\-ß-fp-≠v. alm-cm-jv{S-bn¬ 11.24 tImSn,
_nlm¿ 10.38 tImSn. hf¿® 21.15 iX-am-\-Øn¬ \n∂v
Ipd™v 17.6 iXam-\-am-bn. inip-°-fnse B¨s]¨ A\p]mXw 1000 B¨Ip-´n-Iƒ°v 914 s]¨Ip-´n-Iƒ F∂ \nebn-em-Wv. km£-cX 74 iX-am-\w. IqSp-X¬ tIc-fØ
- n¬ ˛93.91
iX-am-\w. Ipdhv _nlm-dn¬ (63.32 iX-am-\w). tZiobXeØn¬ kv{Xo]p-cpj A\p-]mXw Bbncw ]pcp-j-∑m¿°v 940
kv{XoIƒ F∂ \ne-bn-em-Wv. C≥U-y-bnse BsI P\-km{μX NXp-c{i Intem-ao-‰-dn¬ 382 t]¿ F∂ \ne-bn-ep-amWv.
tIc-f-Øn¬ 3.34 tImSn ˛ CS-°me sk≥kkv dnt∏m¿´\p-k-cn®v tIc-f-Ønse P\-kw-Jy 3,33,87,677 ]pcp-j-∑m¿ ˛
1,60,21,290, kv{XoIƒ ˛ 1,73,66,387. tI{μ-Ønse P\-kw-J-y-

FÆ-hne Db-cp-∂p; C≥U-y°v Bi¶
a≤-y-]q¿Δ-tZ-isØ cmP-y-ß-fn-ep-≠m-bn-cn-°p∂ B`-y-¥c-{]-iv\-߃ cmP-ym-¥c s]t{Sm-fnbw D¬]m-Z-\sØ _m[n®n-´p-≠v. kuZn Atd-_y- bpw, bp.-F.-C. ˛bpw D¬]m-Z\w h¿[n∏n-®p-sh-¶n-epw hne-\n-e-hmcw ]nSn®p \n¿Øm-\m-Ip-∂n-√.
FÆ Ib-‰p-aXn sNøp∂ cmP-y-ß-fpsS kwL-S-\-bmb
Hs]Iv th≠{X CS-s]-S¬ \S-Øp-∂p-an-√. {IqUv Hmbn¬
hne _mc-en\v 130 tUmfdpw 150 tUmfdpsam-s°-bmbn Dbcp-sa-∂mWv \nco-£n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.
FÆhne-bn¬ Imc-y-amb h¿[-\-bp-≠m-Ip-∂Xv ho≠psamcp A¥m-cmjv{S kmº-ØnIamμ-y-Øn-te°v Xs∂ \bnt®-°mw. D]-t`m‡rcmP-y-߃°v hne-°-b‰w I\Ø `ojWn-bm-Wp-b¿Øp-∂X
- v. {][m-\a
- mbpw Cd-°p-aX
- nsb B{ibn°p∂ C≥Uy-sb-t∏m-ep≈ cmP-y-ß-fpsS kmº-ØnI`{ZX°v G‰hpw henb `oj-Wn-bm-Ip∂Xv FÆ-hn-e-bn-ep-≠mIp∂ h¿≤-\X
- s
- ∂-bm-bn-cn°pw. Cd-°p-aX
- n°v h≥XpI sNeh-gn-t°≠n hcn-I-bpw, hn¬]-\-hne AXn-\-\p-k-cn®v h¿≤n∏n-°m≥ Ign-bm-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ kml-N-c-y-amWv
C≥U-y-bn-ep-≈-Xv.

aukw t_\-ko¿ \q¿! _wKm-fns‚ Xmtcm-Zbw

bn¬ ]Øv h¿jw sIm≠p-≠mb hf¿® 4.86 iX-am\w am{Xam-Wv. kv{Xo]p-cpj A\p-]mXw tIc-f-Øn¬ Bbncw ]pcpj-∑m¿°v 1084 kv{XoIƒ F∂ \ne-bn-emWv P\-km-{μ-X-˛N-Xp-c-{i-In-tem-ao-‰¿ 859 t]¿ F∂m-Wv.

C≥U-y-bn¬ samss_¬ hcn-°m-cpsS
FÆw 79.13 tImSn
C≥U-y-bnse samss_¬ t^m¨ IW-£-\p-I-fpsS
FÆw ÿnc-ambn h¿≤n®p sIm≠v Xs∂-bm-Wn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
G‰hpw HSp-hn-esØ IW-°-\p-k-cn®v BsI 79.12 tImSn
IW-£-\p-I-fmWp-≈-Xv. \ne-hn-ep-≈S hcn-°m¿ Xs∂
ho≠pw IW-£-s\-Sp-°p-∂-XmWv h¿≤-\°v Hcp Imc-Ww.
]e-cp-tSbpw Iøn¬ \nc-h[n IW-£-\p-I-fp-≠v. BsI 121
tImSn P\-kw-J-y-bp≈ cmP-yØv ap∂n¬ c≠v `mK-tØmfw
IW-£-\p-Iƒ \ne-hn¬ h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. C\n-bp≈ Imew
hf¿®-bpsS tXmXv Ipd-bm-\mWv km≤-yX
- . HSp-hn-esØ IW°-\p-k-cn®v 2011 s^{_p-h-cn-bn¬ \K-c-{]-tZ-iØv 2.52 iXam-\hpw {Kma{]tZ-iØv 2.82 iX-am-\hpw h¿[-\b
- mWv ImWn®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. {KmaoW taJ-e-bn-te°v IqSp-X-embn IS∂p
sN√m-\mWv hb¿ekv Iº-\n-I-fpsS {iaw. \K-c-{]-tZ-i-ßfn¬ ]c-am-h[n samss_¬ km{μX GXm≠v ssIh-cn®p
Ign™ ÿnXn-bm-Wv.
samss_¬ taJ-e-bn¬ kz-Im-c-y-ta-J-e°v {]h¿Ø-\Øn\v A\p-hmZw \¬In-b-Xn\v tijw Ahn-i-z-k-\o-b-amb
hf¿®-bmWv tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xv. s]mXp-ta-Jem Iº\n
am{X-am-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ \qdv h¿jw sIm≠p t]mepw \¬Im≥
Ign- b m- Ø {X IW- £ - \ p- I ƒ GXm\pw h¿jw sIm≠v
C≥Uy- b n¬ e`- y - a m- b n- ° - g n- ™ n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. Cu cwKØv
{]h¿Øn-°p∂ kz-Im-c-y-I-º-\n-I-fmb `mcXn Fb¿sS-√n\v
20.9 iX-am-\-hpw, dne-b≥kv sSen IΩ-yq-Wn-t°-j\v 16.7 iXam-\hpw thmU-t^m-Wn\v 16.54 iX-am-\hpw Sm‰m sSen-I-Ωyq-Wn-t°-j\v 11.08 iX-am-\hpw _n¿f-bpsS sFUn-b°v 10.97
iX-am-\hpw ]¶m-fnØw ssIh-cn-°m≥ Ign-™n-´p-≠v. s]mXpta-Jem Iº-\n-bmb _n.-F-kv.-F≥.-F-√ns‚ ]¶v 11.41 iXam\w am{X-hpw.

42 / 2011 sabv 15

_wKm-fnse apXn¿∂ tIm¨{Kkv t\Xm-hm-bn-cp∂ Km\nJm≥ Nu[-cn-bpsS A\-¥-c-hƒ F∂-XmWv ta¬hn-em-kw.
Fw.-F., F¬.-F¬._n _ncp-Z-߃ t\Sn h°o¬ ]Wn XpSßnb DS≥ Xs∂ cmjv{So-b-Øn-te°v Im¬ h®p. 2009˛¬
Xs∂ kqPm-∏q-cn¬ \n∂v \nb-a-k-`-bn-te-°pw, XpS¿∂v
temIvk-`-bn-te°pw a’-cn®v hnP-bn-®p. Ct∏mƒ 27˛mw hb n¬ bqØv tIm¨{K- ns‚ ]›n-a-_w-Kmƒ LS-I-Øns‚
{]kn-U‚p-am-bn. awXm _m\¿Pn XrW-aq¬ tIm¨{K- p≠m°n ]pdØv t]mb-Xn\v tijw _wKm-fn¬ Zp¿∫-e-ambn
amdnb tIm¨{K- ns‚ ]pØ≥ t\Xr-X-z-\n-c-bpsS `mK-amWv, aukw t_\-ko¿ \q¿. ]›n-a-_w-Km-fns‚ DØ-c-ta-Je-bnse tIm¨{K v i‡n-tI-{μ-ß-fn-emWv aukw thcp-d∏n-°p-∂-Xv. sX°≥ `mK-߃ XrW-aq¬ tIm¨{K v i‡n
t\Sn°gn-™n-´p-≠v. awX-bpw, aukhpw tN¿∂m-bn-cn°pw
`mhn _wKm-fns\ \bn-°p-I-sb∂v ]d™v XpS-ßn-bn-´p-ap≠v. DØ-c-_w-Kmƒ tIm¨{K- ns‚ i‡n-tI-{μ-am-sW∂pw
AXv sIm≠v \√ Imem-hÿ Xs∂-bm-W-hn-sS-sb-∂p-amWv
auk-Øns‚ {]Xo-£.
cmjv{Sob-°m-cn-bm-Ip-∂-Xn\v apºv h°o¬ tPmen°v
]pdsa t^mt´m-{Km-^n-bnepw Xm¬]-c-y-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p aukan-\v. cm-Py-Øn-\-IØpw hntZ-i-Øp-ap≈ Ht´sd h\-y-ar-Kk-t¶-X-߃ kμ¿in®v Nn{X-ß-sf-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v. cmjv{Sobw
henb A≤-zm-\hpw kΩ¿±w \¬Ip-∂-Xp-am-sW-¶nepw P\߃°v th≠n {]h¿Øn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv sIm≠v kwXr]vX-am-sW∂v Icp-Xp-∂p. hnhm-ln-X-bm-Wv.

km\nb an¿k ho≠pw apt∂m´v
Iptd-°m-esØ ]nt∂m°w t]mI-en\v tijw Ign™
GXm\pw amk-°m-e-ambn km\nb an¿k sS∂okv Ifn-°-fØn¬ IqSp-X¬ anI-hp‰ {]I-S-\-߃ ImgvN-h-®p-sIm-≠n-cn°p- I - b m- W v . G‰- h p- s am- S p- h n- e mbn Nmƒkv S ¨ ^manen
k¿°nƒ I]v sS∂okv h\nXm U_nƒkv Inco-S-amWv djybpsS Fte\ shkv\n-b-tbm-sSm∏w tN¿∂v km\nb kz-¥am-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Ign™ amkw \S∂ as‰mcp Uªnbp.Sn.F. Sq¿W-sa‚mb C≥U-ym\ sh¬kv Hm]-Wnepw km\n-b˛-F-te\ kJyw IncoSw t\Sn-bn-cp-∂p. Zp_mbv tZml Sq¿Wsa‚p-I-fn¬ CtX kJyw Izm¿´¿ ss^\¬ hsc-sb-Øn.
NmƒkvS-Wn¬ knwKnƒkn¬ Izm¿´¿ ss^\¬ hsc-sbØnb km\n-b-bpsS temI dm¶nwKv 17 ÿm\w sa®-s∏´v
73˛¬ FØn-bn-´p-≠v. U_nƒkv dm¶nw-Kn¬ \mev ]Shv Ibdnb km\nb 29˛mw ÿm\-sØ-Øn. CXp-hsc ]Xn-s\m∂v
-]{Xw
ssZzhmnI
U_nƒkv Inco-S-߃ t\Sn-bn-´p≠v km\nb. ]cn°p-Ic
-fn¬
\n∂v ap‡-bmbn ]q¿Æ Btcm-K-y-tØmsS Ifn-°-f-Øn¬
\nd-™n-cn-°p∂ km\n-b-bn¬ \n∂v IqSp-X¬ sa®-s∏´ {]IS-\-߃ D≠m-Ip-sa∂v {]Xo-£n-°mw.

{]Xn-I-c-W-߃

H.-F≥.-hn. bpsS _P‰v IhnX
A\p-I-c-W-sa-∂v!
2011 tIcfm _P‰v {]kw-K-Øn¬ _lp: [\-a-{¥n, Ihn
H.-F≥.-hn. Fgp-Xn-s°m-SpØ Hcp Ihn-X Bap-Ja
- mbn sNm√n.
BZysØ \mep-h-cn-Iƒ C{]-Im-cw:
]men®p hmKvZm-\-ta-sd,- sb-∂m-Inepw
]men-°m-\p-≠n-\n-tb-sd˛
]n∂n´ Zqc-ß-tf-sd-sb-∂m-Inepw
]n∂o-Sm-\p-≠n-\n-tbsd''
hniz{]i-kvX-\mb Ihn tdm_¿´v t{^mÃns‚ Ihn-Xbnse sXc-s™-SpØ Hcp samgn-am-‰-amWv H.-F≥.hn \SØn-b-Xv. B al-Ømb hcn-Iƒ CXm:˛
“The woods are lovely, dark and deep,
But I have promises to keep;
Miles to go before I sleep,
And miles to go before I sleep.’’
t{^mÃns‚ t]cp t]mepw D®-cn-°msX, Cu hcn-Iƒ
Fßs\ Fgp-Xm≥ Ign-™q? Fßs\ sNm√m≥ Ign-™p.
B¿. IrjvW≥\m-b¿
imcZm am[-hw,
Ih-Sn-bm¿

am\n-jm-Z: {]k‡n \jvS-s∏´ {]tbmKw
B⁄m-]n-°m-dn-s√∂pw [m¿Ωn-I-X-bpsS ]£-ØmWv
Xms\-∂p-ap≈ H.-F≥.hn kmdns‚ {]Xn-I-cWw, P\p-hcn
30˛se ]{Xw hmcn-I-bn¬ sImSp-Øn-cp-∂Xv hmbn-®-t∏mƒ
Hm¿Ω h∂ Hcp ]gb kw`-h-amWv Cu Ipdn-s∏-gp-Xm≥ ImcWw. H.-F≥.-hn. km¿ ]e-{]m-h-iyw kwL-S-\-I-fpsS AXnYn-bm-bn Ipssh-‰n¬ h∂n´p-≠v.
At±-l-Øns‚ Ah-Imiw sX‰m-sW∂v sXfn-bn-°p∂
Hcp ]gb kw`hw Ipssh-‰n¬ h®p≠mbXv Cß-s\: tIcf
k¿°m-cns‚ Pm{KX°p-dhpw kmwkvImcnI {]h¿Ø-Ic
- psS
Aew-`m-h-amWv ae-bm-f-`m-j-tbm-Sp≈ Ah-K-W\-sb-∂p≈
Fs‚ \nK-a-\-sØ, Ipssh-‰nse amXr-`mjm ktΩ-f-\Ønse {]kw-K-sØ, (Pq¨ 2003) H.-F≥.-hn. km¿ XS- s∏-Sp-Øn. At±lw s]m´n-sØ-dn-bv°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Fs∂
XpS-cm≥ A\p-h-Zn-°msX tIm]m-Ip-e-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp A]kvam-c-°m-cs\ Hm¿Ωn-∏n-°p∂ tNjvS-I-tfmsS, Ipssh-‰nse
tPmen-sbms° ths≠-∂p-h®v \m´n-seØn `mj°p th≠n
{]X-y£
- k
- a
- c
- ]
- c
- n-]m-Sn-Iƒ \S-Øm-\m-bn-cp∂p A≤-ym-]I
- \
- pw
Ihn-bp-amb H.-F≥.-hn. kmdns‚ A∂ sØ Ft∂m-Sp≈
\n¿t±iw (BPvRbpw s]m´n-sØ-dn-bpw)!! kwL-S\m kl{]-h¿Ø-I-cmb kplr-Øp-°-fpsS \n¿ t±iw am\n®v Rm≥
{]kwKw XpS¿∂n-√.
Ak-ln-jvWp-hmb Hcp km[m-cW A≤-ym-]-I-s\-t∏mse-bp≈ At±-l-Øns‚ CS-s]-S¬, kmwkvImcnI Xo{hhm-Z-am-bn-cp-∂p. {]hmkn ae-bm-fn-Iƒ hnh-c-an-√m-Ø-h-cmsW∂pw Ah-tcmSv Fß-s\bpw s]cp-amdmw F∂p-ap≈ ]ecp-sSbpw ap≥[m-cWbmWv H.-F≥.-hn. kmdn\pw D≠m-bn-cp∂-sX∂v B kw`-h-tØmsS kwi-bn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.
Rm≥ IqSn Dƒs∏´ kwL-am-bn-cp∂p At±lsØ £Wn®p
hcp-Øn-bs
- X-∂pw, BXn-tY-bt- \m-Sm-bn-cp∂p At±lw tIm]mIp-e-\m-b-sX∂pw Hm¿°p-tºmƒ s]m≈-bmb Ah-k-c-hm-Z]-c-amb {]Xn-I-c-W-amWv Ct∏mƒ ]{Xw hmcn-I-bn-eqsS \S-

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

Øn-b-sX∂v Icp-Xp-∂-Xn¬ sX‰n-s√∂p tXm∂p-∂p.
B kw`-h-Øn\v apºv, thsdm-cn-°¬ Ipssh-‰nse Xs∂
Hcp tbmK-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ At±lw Ihn-b-s√∂pw Fgp-Xp-∂sXm∂pw Ihn-X-b-s√∂pw Nne¿ kZ- ns‚ ]pd-In¬ Iq´w
IqSn \n∂v BtIm-in-®t- ∏mƒ, thZn-bn-seØn Ipdp-∏p-km-dns\
Rm≥ {]Xn-tcm-[n-®Xpw Hcp ]gb Hm¿Ω-bm-Wv. A{]-Xo-£nX-am-bp-≠mb kw`hw Ipdp∏p kmdns\ Aºcn∏n°p-I-bpw
Ipsdt\c-tØ-s°-¶nepw A¶-em-∏n-em-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp∂p. Fs‚ t]m°-‰n-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ t]\ thZn-bn¬ h®v
At∏mƒ At±-l-Øn\v kΩm-\n-°p-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn. Fs‚
IYm-k-am-lmcw hmbn-®n´v Hmtcm IY-I-sf-°p-dn-®p-ap≈ A`n{]m-b-߃ Adn-bn®p sIm≠v IØ-b-bv°m-\p≈ am\-yX
At±-l-Øn-\p-≠mbn F∂p-≈Xpw kvacn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Fs‚
sh∫n¬ (kaipattoor.com) B IØp-≠v. B _lp-am\w
Ct∏m-gp-at- ±-lt- Øm-Sp-s≠-¶n-epw, ]e-t∏mgpw At±-lt- ØmSp
tbmPn-°m-\m-hp-∂n-√. AXn-_p-≤n-am\pw AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏-tS≠-h\pw BsW∂p≈ Hcp au\-{]-J-ym-]-\-amWv At±-lØns‚ ico-c-`m-j-bn¬ \n∂v F\n°p a\- n-em-bn-´p-≈Xv.
Hcp Xcw Im]-S-yw. Fgp-Øp-Im¿ kX-y-k-‘-cm-bn-cn-°Ww
F∂p≈ hnNmcw aqe-amWv ]gb kw`-h-߃ Fgp-tX-≠n
h∂-Xv.
Ihbn{Xn kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-sbbpw Ah¿ t\Xr-Xzw sImSp°p∂ A`- b - s b- s ∏- ‰ n- b p- a p≈ ]{Xw ssZz- h m- c n- I - b nse
dnt∏m¿´pIƒ°p-≈ adp-]-Sn-bmbn H.-F≥.-hn., hnjvWp-\m-cmb-W≥ \ºq-Xncn (am-[-yaw hmcn-I), ]n. Pb-N-{μ≥ (tI-c-fi_vZw hmcn-I) F∂n-h-cpsS hnkvXm-c-߃ Ah-cpsS am{Xw
A`n-{]m-b-ß-fm-bnt´ Icp-Xm-\m-hq. Hcp Bfl-kp-lr-Øn-t\mSp≈ kl-Xm-]w. Btcm-]W
- ß
- sf hkvXp-Xm-]c
- a
- mbn \ntj[n-°mt\m {]Xn-tcm-[n-°mt\m Ah¿°m-bn-´n-√. Xo-bn-√msX
]pI D≠m-hp-I-bn-√-t√m? ]{X-Øn-eq-sS-bp≈ Btcm-]-W߃°v IrXy-ambn adp-]Sn \¬Im-\p≈ _m≤y-X-bn¬
\nt∂m, \nb- a - \ - S - ] - S n- I - f n¬ \nt∂m kpK- X - I p- a mcn
hn´p\n¬°p-tºmƒ ]pI-b√ Xobv Xs∂-bmWv kmam-\-y-P\߃ hniz-kn-®m¬ Ip‰w ]d-bm-\m-Ip-tam? H.-F≥.-hn. sb
hna¿in-®-t∏mƒ, At±lw {]Xn-I-cn-®p. F∂m¬, kpK-X-Ipam- c n- s b- ¥ mWv , sXfn- h p- I ƒ \ncØn Btcm- ] - W - ß sf
JWvUn-°m-Ø-Xv?
ssI∏´q¿ 15
X¶≥
2011
sabv
/ ®43

hmbvsam-gnbpw adp-sam-gnbpw
Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv ]{X-ÿew IqSp-X¬ In´n-bXv apc-fo[- c \v ˛ 4253 sq.cm, kptc- { μ- ≥ ]n≈ ˛ 3737 sq.cm, hn.
inh≥Ip´n ˛ 3138 sq.cm, ]n. cma-N-{μ≥\m-b¿ ˛ 2645 sq.cm,
H. cmP-tKm-]m¬ ˛ 2409 sq.cm : 18 ]{X-߃
""hnc-ens‚ ad-hn¬ Dc¬ hngp-ß-cp-Xv. A\-y-kw-ÿm-\-˛A-\-y-cm-Py tem´dn NqXm-´-Øn¬ \n∂v tIc-fo-b¿ tamNn-Xcm-bn. km‚n-bmtKm am¿´n≥s‚bpw Iq´-cp-sSbpw tem´-dn-°®- h Sw tIc- f - Ø n¬ Ah- k m- \ n- ∏ n- ® - X ns\ XpS¿∂mWv
DΩ≥Nm-≠nbpw sN∂n-Ø-ebpw Ak-z-ÿX {]I-Sn-∏n-°m≥
XpS-ßn-bX
- v. {]Xn-Zn\w 40 tImSn cq] tem´dn am^nb sIm≈b-Sn®p sIm≠p t]mIp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.''˛ hn.-F-kv. AN-yp-Xm\-μ≥
""]nW-dmbn hnP-bs\ ]m¿´n sk{I´dn ÿm\Øv \n∂v am‰-W-sa-∂m-h-i-ys∏´v ]n.-_n. °v \¬Inb IØn¬ Dd®p
\n¬°p-∂p-t≠m-sb∂v hn.-F-kv. AN-ypXm-\-μ≥ hy-‡-am-°-Ww.''
˛ ]n.-Sn. tXmakv.

"Xe- t »- c n- b n¬ \S- ° p- ∂ Xv
dnPn¬ am°p-‰nbpw B`y-¥ca{¥n
tImSn-tbcn _me-Ir-jvW\pw XΩnep≈ a’-c-a-√. hn.-F-kv. AN-yp-Xm\- μ \pw tImSn- t bcn _me- I rjvW\pw XΩn-ep≈ t]mcm-´-am-Wv.
Bcv {]Xn- ] £ t\mXm- h m- I - W sa∂Xnte-°p≈ t]mcm-´w. ChnsS
hn.-F- n\v thm´p-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬
Xo¿®-bmbpw F\n°v thm´p sNøpam-bn-cp∂p.''
˛ dnPn¬
am°p-‰n.
""Sn.-hn. Xpd-∂m¬ tIm¨{K- p-Im¿ Ic-bp-∂tX Ct∏mƒ
ImWm-\p-≈q. cma-N-{μ≥ amÿ Ic-bp-∂p, _m_p {]kmZv
Ic-bp-∂p, ctaiv sN∂n-Øe s]m´n-°-c-bp-∂p. tabv ]Xn-aq∂n\v Sn.hn Xpd∂m¬ tIm¨{K- p-Im-cpsS Iq´-°-c-®n¬
ImWmw. tXm‰p t]mb-Xns‚ Ic-®n¬.''
˛ tImSn-tbcn _me-Ir-jvW≥.
hn.-F- ns‚ t\Xr-X-z-Øn¬ sXc-s™-Sp-∏ns\ t\cn-Spsa∂v ]d-™n-cp-s∂-¶nepw c≠p Znhkw apºv ]nW-dmbn
]d-™Xv a’-cn-°p-∂-h-scms° t\Xm-°ƒ BsW-∂m-Wv.
am¿IvknÃv ]m¿´n-bnse B`-y-¥c {]iv\-߃ F{X-tØm-fap-s≠∂v CXn¬ \n∂v Duln-s®-Sp-°m-hp-t∂-Xb
- p-≈q.''˛ Fw.]n. hotc-{μ-Ip-am¿.

apJ-y-a-{¥n-bpsS sXc-s™-Sp-∏p-Ime
{]kw-K-߃. apJ-y-a-{¥n-bpsS ]Z-hn°v
tN¿∂-X√ AN-yp-Xm-\-μs‚ {]kw-K-coXn. 1957˛se IΩ-yq-WnÃv a{¥n-k-`-bpsS
ImeØv AXnse Hcp a{¥n-s°-Xnsc
s]¨hm-Wn`w kw_-‘n® Btcm-]W
- ap-b¿∂n-cp-∂p. B a{¥n-s°-Xnsc Hcp
\S-]S- n-bp-ap-≠m-bn-√. B{‘m Acn Ipw`tIm-W-Øn¬ JP-\m-hn\v \jvS-ap-≠m°n-sb∂v PqUo-jy¬ At\-z-j-W-Øn¬ sXfn™n´pw Ip‰-°m-c-\m-b a{¥nsb apJy-a{¥n C.-Fw.-F-kv. ]pdØm-°n-bn√''
˛ hb-em¿ chn
`oXn-P-\-I-amWv tIc-f-Ønse kv{XoI-fpsS kpc-£m-Imcyw. F¬Un-F^v k¿°m-cn-s‚ ImeØv Ccp-´n-bm¬ \ncØn-en-dßn \S-°m≥ t]mepw kv{XoIƒ `b-°p-∂p. bpUnF^v `c-W-Im-eØv ]q´n® 1612 aZ-y-tjm-∏p-Iƒ F¬Un-F^v
k¿°m¿ Xpd-∂p. kv{XoIƒ°p t\sc AXn-{I-a-߃ \SØp-∂-h¿ IqSp-Xepw aZ-ym-k-‡n-bp-≈-h-cm-Wv. tdmU-]-I-Sßfpw h¿≤n-°p-I-bm-Wv. aZ-y-]n®v hml-\-tam-Sn-°p-∂Xv
CXn\v {][m\ Imc-W-am-Wv.''˛ DΩ≥Nm-≠n
hn.-F-kv. AN-yp-Xm-\-μs‚ \mS-y-ßfpw \mep-Xcw hmNI-°-k¿Øpw sIm≠v P\-߃ s]mdpXn ap´n-bn-cn-°p-I-bmWv. hfn∏≥ Ne-®n{Xw Hcp XhW
HmSpw. AXp Ign-™m¬ Xntb-‰¿ Hgntb≠n hcpw. hne-ßpw Pbnepw ASbm- f - a m- ° n- b n- c n- ° p∂ hn.- F -   ns‚
Nn{Xw C\n HmSn-√.''
˛X-te-°p-∂n¬ _jo¿.
""`mjm- k v t \- l - Ø n¬ Xan- g v \ mSns\ I≠v ]Tn-°-Ww. `mjm {`m¥v
F∂v ]gn- ® mepw B `mj- b psS
hnImkw ImWm-Xn-cp-∂p-Iq-Sm. apdn
Cw•o-jpw ae-bm-fhpw tN¿Øp≈
hnIe{]tbm-K-amWv ae-bm-fn-bp-tS-Xv. Sn.hn. Nm\-ep-I-fn¬ ae-bmfw hnIr-X-am°p∂ Ah-Xm-c-Isc cmP-y-t{Zm-l-°p-‰Øn\v in£n-°-Ww.''
˛ Imhmew \mcm-b-W-∏-Wn-°¿.
""G‰hpw anI® Iym-]v‰-\mWv t[mWn.
Xocp-am-\ß
- s
- f-Sp-°p-∂X
- nse IWn-iX
- bpw
Imc- y - ß - f n¬ ]pe¿Øp∂ Pm{K- X bpw
t[mWnsb hy-X-y-kvX-\m-°p-∂p. kml-N-c-y߃ \∂mbn a\- n-em-°p-Ibpw AXv a‰p-≈-h-cp-ambn ]¶p

""{]mb-]q¿Øn-bm-Im-Ø-h¿°p≈ kn\na t]mse-bmWv

44 / 2011 sabv 15

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

˛ hn.-Fk
- v. ANyp-Xm-\μ
- ≥
h°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. F√m-h-cp-ambn N¿® \SØn Soans‚
X{¥-߃ Bhn-jvI-cn-°p-∂p.''
˛ k®n≥ sX≥Up¬°¿.
""Pam AsØ C…man t]mep≈
aX-˛-km-ap-Zm-bnI kwL-S-\-I-fp-ambn
CSXp t\Xm-°ƒ IqSn-°mgvN \SØp-∂-Xn¬ sX‰n-√. CØ-c-Øn-ep≈
kwL-S-\-I-fp-ambn cmjv{So-b-k-J-yØn-te¿s∏-Sp-∂pt≠m F∂-Xp-am-{XamWv IW-°n-se-Sp-t°≠Xv.'' ˛ _n.
kp[m-I-c≥ sdÕn

""]n. iin-sb-°p-dn®v H∂pw ]d-bm-\n-√. Fs‚ ]m¿´n-°p≈nse Bsc-sb-¶n-epw Ipdn-®m-bn-cp∂p tNmZ-y-sa-¶n¬ adp]Sn Xcm-am-bn-cp∂p. CXv as‰mcp ]m¿´nbnse B`-y-¥-c-Im-c-y-am-Wv.''
˛ kn.-sI. N{μ∏≥
""BZy sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ Nn”w sXßv
Bbn- c p- ∂ p. A∂v G‰hpw Db- c - a p≈
sXßns‚ apI-fn¬ sImSn sI´p-am-bn-cp-∂p.
an° hoSp-I-fnepw t\cn´v sN√pw. Ct∏mƒ
{]Nm-c-Whpw sslsSIv Bbn''˛ DΩ≥Nm≠n.

""Fs‚ \m´n¬ F\n°v kwkmcn-°m≥ Ct∏mƒ h√mØ t]Sn-bm-Wv.
GsX-¶nepw hnj-b-Øn¬ hntbm-Pn∏v ImWn-®m¬ Abmsf
Ak- ` yw ]d- b p- I bpw DS≥ Xs∂ Hcp
kmwkv I m- c nI Kp≠- b m°n am‰p- I bpw
sNøp∂ \riw-k-X-bm-Wn∂v tIc-f-Øn¬.
]cn-ÿn-Xn, a\p-j-ym-h-Imi, B-Zn-hmkn
{]iv\-߃ XpS-ßnb s]m≈p∂ Imcy߃ {]_p≤ tIc-f-Øn¬ Ct∏mƒ N¿®
tb Bhp-∂n-√.''˛ Fw. apIp-μ≥

""F≥UnF °v ]pd-Øp≈ I£n-Isf Iq´p-]n-Sn®v as‰mcp
ap∂Wn D≠m-°m-\p≈ CS-Xp-]-£-Øn-s‚ {ia-߃ ]cm-Pb-s∏-Spw. AXn-\p≈ Ah-cpsS cmjv{Sobtijn Ipd-bpw. \nba-k`m sXc-s™-Sp-∏n\v tijw tZiob cmjv{So-b-Øn-ep-≠mIp∂ am‰-߃ F≥Un-F °v Kp-W-I-c-am-Ipw.''
˛ Acp¨ sPbv‰ven

""Fs‚ Pohn-X-Ønse Ahn-kva-c-Wo-bamb Hcp Zn\-am-bn-cp∂p temII∏v hnP-bØ
- n-t‚-Xv. temI-I∏v
t\SpI F∂ e£yw c≠p
h¿jw apºv Xs∂ Rß-fpsS
ap∂n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Cu hnPb-Øns‚ F√m t\´hpw SoawK-߃°v Ah-Im-i-s∏-´-Xm-Wv.
_ufnwKv Hgn®v F√m taJ-eI-fnepw \Ωƒ anI® Soam-bn°-gn-™p.''- Kymcn tIè
Hmtcm Znh-khpw am[-y-aßsf Øn°p∂ hm¿Ø-Iƒ
`oI-c-am-Wv. sIm®p Ip´n-Iƒ
apX¬ {]mb-ta-dn-b-h¿ hsc ChnsS ]oUn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p.
AΩ- b psS K¿`- ] m- { X- Ø n¬ InS- ° ptºmƒ apX¬ XpS-ßp∂p s]Æn-t\mSp≈ hnth-N-\w. s]Æmbn∏nd-∂-Xn¬
kv { XoIƒ `b- s ∏- S p- ∂ p. hm°nepw
t\m°n epw Ah¿ ]oUn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-Ibm-Wv. H∂pw sNøm≥ ]‰n-bn-s√-¶n¬
sXdn ]d- s ™- ¶ nepw
Ah- c psS
B{Klw Xo¿°pw.''˛ Imhy am[-h≥
""thm´p Xcp-tam-sb∂v B¿.-F- v.F pw, Pam AsØ C…m-an-bp-amWv Xocp-am-\n-t°-≠-Xv.
thm´v kzo-I-cn-°p∂ Imcy-Øn¬ R߃ A`n-{]mb cq]o-IcWw \S-Øn-bn-´n-√. Rß-fpsS cmjv{Sob \ne-]m-Sp-Isf
AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂-h¿°v R߃°v thm´v
\¬Imw. R߃ aX\nc-t]-£-hm-Zn-I-fmbn
XpS¿∂pw \ne-sIm-≈pw.''˛ Fkv. cma-N{μ≥]n-≈
""eXnIm kp`mjv {]i- k v X - b m- W v .
]t£, F¥n-s‚ {]i-kvXn-bm-sW∂v \n߃°v At\-zj
- n®me-dn-bmw.''

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

"tI{μ-hp-ambn CS-Xp-]£w kl-Ic
- n®v
HmSn-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ FhnsS F¥v am{Xw
hnI- k \w ht∂- s \. CXv . Ipc- ß s‚
Iøn¬ ]qame sImSp-ØXv t]mse-bm-bn.
{]Xn-Imc cmjv{So-b-tam, sh´n-\n-c-Øtem
IW°v Xo¿°tem A√ bpUn- F ^v
AP≥U. tIc-fsØ C≥Uy-bnse H∂masØ kwÿm-\-am-°pI F∂-Xm-Wv.'' ˛
F.-sI. B‚-Wn
"am[-h≥\m-b¿ F∂ t]cv 1962˛¬ ]pd-Øn-d-ßnb BZ-ykn-\n-a-bmb "\nW-a-Wn™Im¬]m-Sp-Ifp'sS ssS‰n-en¬
I≠n-√. s{]mU-yq-k-tdmSp Imcyw Xnc-°n-b-t∏mƒ Xm¶-fpsS
t]cmWv c≠m-a-Xmbn tN¿Øn-cn-°p∂ "a[p' F∂m-bn-cp∂p
DØ-cw. A∂v apX¬ Rm≥ a[p-hmbn.''˛ a[p

""CS-Xp-ap-∂Wn `c-W-Øn¬ tIc-fw, tem´-dn, aZ-y, `qam^n-b-IfpsS \nb-{¥-W-Øn-em-bn. 43 e£w sXmgn¬cln-Xcp-≠v. tPmen e`n-°-W-sa-¶n¬ bphm-°ƒ°v A\-y-kw-ÿm\-ß-fn-te-°m, Kƒ^n-te-t°m, Ata-cn-°-bn-tet°m Hs°
t]mtI≠ ÿnXn-bm-Wv. kwÿm-\Øv Xs∂ tPmen e`n°-W-sa-¶n¬ kn]n-F-Ωn¬ tN¿∂mte ]‰q. kn]nFw A[nIm-c-Øn¬ h∂m¬ k¿°m-cns‚ Iqdv P\-ß-tfm-S-√, ]m¿´n°m-tcm-Sm-Wv.''
˛ cmlp¬ Km‘n.
"hnI-k\w Fß-s\-sb-∂-dnbm≥ hS- t °m´v t\m°- W w.
a≥tam-l≥knw-Kn-s‚bpw tkmWnbm- K m- ‘ n- b p- s Sbpw t\Xr- X zØn¬ hnI-k\ Xoh≠n kq∏¿
^mÃv thK-Øn-emWv ]mbp ∂Xv.
tIc-f-Øn-eXv Imf-h≠n thKØnepw. sXc-s™-Sp∏v ASp-Øt∏mƒ
CS- X p- a p- ∂ Wn
ÿm\m¿∞n-Ifpw t\Xm-°-fpw
tX\q-dp∂ hm°p-I-fp-ambn cwKsØ-Øn-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. hnI-k\-Øn-\p≈ tI{μ-k-lmbw hn\ntbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xnepw Ah¿ A\mÿ ImWn-®p.''˛ F.-sI.
B‚Wn
2011 sabv 15 / 45
""thm´v _m¶v cmjv{So-b-Øn¬ \n∂v ap‡-am°n tIcfsØ hnI-k\ cmjv{So-bØ
- n-te-s°-Øn-°m≥ _nsP]n hnPbn-°-Ww. Agn-a-Xnsb Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°p∂ Aº-b-dpsS

C≥Uy
{In°‰v temI-Øns‚ s\dp-I-bn¬
kuay am\k

H

Sp-hn¬ temI{In°-‰ns‚ s\dpI-bn¬ C≥Uy FØn-t®¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p;
temII∏v{In°‰v IncoSw B[n-Im-cn-Iam-bn-Øs∂ Iøn-sem-Xp-°n-s°m-≠v.
{In°-‰ns‚ F√m DZm-Ømw-i-ßfpw
{]I-S-am-°nb ¢m n°v {]I-S-\-ØneqsS atl- μ ¿knwKv t[mWn- b psS
t\Xr-X-z-Øn¬ C≥U-y≥ Sow FXn-cmfn-Isf Ifn-bpsS F√m taJ-e-I-fnepw
anIhp ]pe¿Øn-s°m≠p Xs∂ ]n¥≈n. {In°- ‰ ns‚ BIkv- a n- I - X Iƒs°√mw hnS \¬In H∂n-s\m∂p
anI® {]I-S\
- a
- mWv C≥U-y≥ Ifn-°m¿
]pd-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. {ioe-¶-s°-Xn-cmb
ss^\¬ a’- c - Ø n¬ Iym- ] v‰≥
t[mWn t\Snb ]pd-Øm-Im-sX-bp≈ 91
d¨kns‚ C∂nwKvkv {In°‰v Ncn-{XØnse Xs∂ G‰hpw {it≤-b-amb
Hcn∂nw-Kvkmbn ÿm\w ]nSn®p Ign™-ncn-°p-∂p.
A¥n-a-a-’-c-Øn¬ KuXw Kw`o¿
t\Snb 97 d¨kns‚ hne Ipd®p
ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂-X-√. k®n≥ sX≥
Up¬°¿, hntc{μ skhmKv F∂o {]apJ-cpsS t\sc-sØ-bp≈ ]pd-Øm-I¬
C≥Uysb kΩ¿±-Øn-em-°n-bn-cp-∂p.
G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ {]Xo-£b
- ¿∏n-°s
- ∏´
Xmc- ß - f m- b n- c p∂p Ah¿. XpS¿∂v
{Iokn-se-Ønb hncmSv tImlven, Kw`odp-samØv C≥U-y≥ C∂nw-Kn-kn\v ASnØ-d-bn-´p. 275 d¨sk∂ {ioe-¶-bp-b¿

46 / 2011 sabv 15

Ønb e£yw ]n¥p-S-cp-∂-Xn\v A\ptbm- P - y - a mb IfncoXn Xs∂- b mWv
Ah¿ ]n¥p-S¿∂-Xv. tImlven ]pd-Ømb-t∏mƒ DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xzw apgp-h≥ Npaen-te‰n cwK-sØ-Øn-bXv \mb-I≥ Fw.F-kv. t[mWn bpw.
A\n- › n- X - X - z - a m- W v {In°- ‰ ns‚
IqsS-∏n-d-∏v. ap≥Iq´n Xocp-am-\n-°p-∂Xn-\-\p-k-cn®v \o°-߃ \S-Øn Ifn
{]mh¿ Øn-I-am-°m≥ B¿°pw km≤y-a√
- . ImbnIbn\-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ {In°‰ns\ IW- ° m- ° n- s °m≠v Hcp
kv t ]m¿Sv k v a m≥ F∂ coXn- b n¬
s]s´∂v Xocp- a m- \ - s a- S p- ° m≥ Ign™mte hnPbw Bbm-k-c-ln-X-am-Iq.
temI-I∏v {In°‰v ss^\-ens‚ Xtecm{Xn Xs∂ t[mWn Nne Xocp-am-\-ßsf-Sp-Øp. ]cp-t°‰ s\lv d°p ]Icw
Bsc Ifn- ∏ n- ° - W - s a- ∂ - X m- b n- c p∂p
BZ-ysØ tNmZyw. t[mWn sXc-s™Sp-ØXv {ioim-¥n-s\. Ai-zn-s\-bpw,
]nbqjv Nmhvf-sb-bpw, bqk^v ]Tms\bpw Ah-K-Wn®p sIm≠mWv B
Xocp-am-\-ap-≠m-b-Xv.
{ioim¥v ss^\¬ a’-c-Øn¬
]cm- P - b - s ∏- S p- I - b mWv sNbv X - X v .
]tØm- h ¿ Fdn- b m≥ t]mepap≈
anIhv Im´n-bn-√. t[mWn FSpØ Xocpam\w ]ng- ° p- I - b m- b n- c p- ∂ p. ]t£,
t[mWnsb-bX
- n\v Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øm-\m-hn-√.
A¥m-cmjv{S {In°-‰n¬ \ne-hm-c-ap≈

]e {]I-S-\-ßfpw ImgvN h®n-´p-≈-bmfmWv {ioim-¥v. Xs‚ Zn\-Øn¬ Xnfßp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ hnPbw ssI∏n-Sn-bnsem-Xp-°m≥ X°-h-Æ-ap≈ {]I-S\w
\S-Øm≥ tijn-bp≠v {ioim-¥n-\v.
Aß- s \- b p≈ Hcp Ifn- ° m- c s\
ss^\¬ a’-c-Øn¬ cwK-Øn-d-°m≥
Iym-]v‰≥ t[mWn ImWn® ss[cyw
Ifn-tbm-Sp≈ t[mWn-bpsS {Inbm-fl-Iamb kao-]-\-sØ-Ø-s∂-bmWv shfnhm-°p-∂-Xv. {ioim-¥ns‚ km∂n-≤yw
Xs∂ ]e-t∏mgpw Ifn-bpsS KXnsb
am‰n-a-dn-°m-dp-≠v.
k®n\pw skhmKpw ]pd-Øm-bX
- n\p
tijw bph-cmPv knwKv _m‰p sNøms\-Øp-sa-∂mWv an°-hcpw {]Xo-£n-®Xv. t^man-ep≈ _m‰vkvam≥. \mev am≥
Hm^v Z am®v kΩm-\-߃ t\Sn-°-gn™n-cn-°p-∂p. C≥U-y-°m-Is´ kvtIm
dnwKv thK-X-tbmsS apt∂m´p sIm≠p
t]mtI ≠ Ah-ÿ-bpw. ]t£, bphcm-Pns‚ ÿm\Øv {Iokn-se-Øn-bXv
t[mWn. Cu Sq¿W- s a‚ n¬ _m‰v
sIm≠v Imcy-amb kw`m-h-\-sbm∂pw
\¬In-bn-´n-√, C≥U-y≥ Iym-]v‰≥. ]et∏mgpw _m‰nwKv {Ia-Øn¬ Xmtgm´v
t]mIm-\m-bn-cp∂p t[mWn°v Xm¬]cyw. B ]co-£-W-߃ an°-t∏mgpw
]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p.
]t£, ss^\-en¬ A©mw \ºcn¬ bph- c mPv knwKn\pw kptcjv

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

sdbv\°pw aptº FØnb t[mWn, Iym-]v‰s‚ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw kz¥w Npa-en¬ Xs∂ G¬°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kz¥w
Ign-hn-ep≈ hni-zm-khpw {]I-S-am-°n. XpS¿∂v t[mWn \SØn-bXv e£y t_m[-tØm-sS-bp≈ hy-h-ÿm-]nX {In°‰v
Ifn-bpsS ]pd-sØ-Sp-°-em-bn-cp-∂p. {ioe-¶≥ _uf¿am¿°v
Hcp ka-bØpw ap≥ssI e`n-®n-√. Kw`o¿ 97 d¨kn\v Hu´mb-t∏mƒ t]mepw {ioe-¶≥ Ifn-°m¿°v ]nSnapdp-°m-\m-bn√. XpS¿∂p h∂ bph-cmPv knwKv Iym-]v‰-t\m-sSm∏w tN¿∂v
hnP-b-Øn-te°v C≥U-ysb \bn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ahkm\w e£-y-Øn-se-Øm≥ Xs‚ F√m Iqk-en-√m-bvabpw
{]Xn-`bpw hy-‡-am-°n-s°m≠v t[mWn t\Snb knIvk¿
F√m-‰n-s‚bpw kz-m`m-hnI ]cn-Wmaw t]mse Xs∂-bmWv
tXm∂n-∏n-®-Xv.
ss^\¬ a’cw, ImWn-Isfbpw Ifn ]n¥p-S¿∂ ZitIm-Sn-°-W-°n\v a‰p≈ `mc-Xob t{]£-I-scbpw DtZ-z-KØns‚ apƒap-\b
- n¬ \n¿Øp-∂X
- n\p ]Icw, Ah-cpsS {]Xo£-tbm-sSm∏w apt∂-dp∂ coXn-bmWv {]I-Sa
- m-°n-bX
- v. BZyw
_m‰v sNbvX {ioe¶ icm-icn {]I-S-\w am{X-amWv \S-Ønb-Xv. Ah-km\ Hmh-dp-I-fn¬ atle Pb-h¿≤s\ \S-Ønb
an∂p∂ _m‰nwKv e¶-bpsS kvtIm¿ {]Xo-£n-®-Xn¬ Ccp]tXm Ccp-]-Øt©m d¨ IqSp-X-em°n F∂-Xp am{X-ambn-cp∂p {it≤-bw. C≥Uy≥ _uf¿am¿ A¤p-X-sam∂pw
Im´n-bn-√. klo¿ Jm≥ ]Xn-hp-t]mse anI® {]I-S\w \SØn. Iq´n\v temI-I-∏nse Xmcw bph-cmPv i‡-amb ]n¥pW- b p- a mbn cwK- Ø p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. {ioe¶ Db¿Ønb
e£yw ˛ 275 d¨kv, C≥U-ysb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw
Akm-≤-y-ambncp∂n-√. C≥U-y- kq£va-X-tbm-sSbXv t\Snsb-Sp°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
ss^\-en¬ k®n-\v Ahn-kva-c-Wo-b-amb {]I-S\w ]pdsØ-Sp-°m-\m-bn-√. Xs‚ \qdm-asØ A¥m-cmjv{S sk©-zdn-°mbn C\nbpw ImØn-cn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. skan ss^\en¬ ]mIn-ÿm-s\-Xnsc 85 d¨kn\v ]pd-Øm-b-t∏mƒ Hcp
\√ Ah-k-c-amWv k®n\v \jvS-am-b-Xv. ss^\-en¬ 18 dsÆSp-Ø-t∏mƒ ]pd-Øm-Ip-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]t£, Cu temI-It∏msS temI-I∏v a’-c-ß-fn¬ Bd-maXv Xh-Wbpw cwKsØ-Ønb sX≥Up¬°¿ temI-I-∏n¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬
d¨kv t\Sp-∂-bmƒ, G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ a’cw Ifn-°p-∂bmƒ, G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ Ifn-bnse tIa≥ ]´w t\Sp-∂-bmƒ,
c≠m-bncw d¨kv XnIbv-°p-∂-bmƒ, F∂n-ßs\ \nc-h[n
sdt°m-Up-Iƒ kz-¥-am-°n. BsI 482 dsÆ-SpØv C¥-ybn¬ \n∂v Cu temI-I∏
- n¬ G‰-hpw IqSp-X¬ d¨sk-SpØ

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

_m‰vkvam-\p-am-bn.
C≥U-y-bpsS temI-I∏v {In°‰v hnP-b-Øn\p ]n∂n¬
k®n- t \- ° mƒ anI® kw`m- h \ CØ- h W \¬In- b Xv
bphcmPv knwKm-bn-cp-∂p. Xs‚ Ifn-bnse t^man-√m-bva
sIm≠v temI-I∏v Soan¬ CSw Is≠-Øm≥ Xs∂ hnjan® Xmc-am-bn-cp∂p bph-cm-Pv. ]t£, bYm¿∞ a’cw XpSßn-bt- XmSp IqSn bph-cmPv anIhv {]I-Sn-∏n®p XpS-ßn. _m‰nwKnepw _ufnw-Knepw Hcp t]mse Xnf-ßn. HSp-hn¬ am≥ Hm^v
Z Sq¿W-sa‚p-am-bn.
C≥U-y°p th≠n _ufnw-Kn¬ G‰hpw Xnf-ßn-bXv
Sq¿W-sa‚n¬ Xs∂ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ hn°-s‰-SpØ klo¿
Jm-\m-bn-cp-∂p. ap\m^v ]t´-epw, Aioiv s\lvdbpw, l¿`P≥ knwKp-sams° icm-icn {]I-S-\ta ImgvNh®p-≈q.
_m‰nw-Kn-em-Is´ k®n-\pw bph-cm-Pn\pw ]pdsa hntc{μ
skhm-Kpw, hncmSv tImlvenbpw, KuXw Kw`o-dpw, kptcjv
sdbv\-bp-sams° Imc-y-amb kw`m-h-\-Iƒ \¬In. {In°‰ns‚ A\n-›n-XX
- zsØ am‰n\n¿Øn-s°m≠v ÿnc-Xb
- m¿∂
{]I-S\
- Ø
- n-eqsS Hcp Sosa∂ \ne-bn¬Øs∂ \S-Ønb anIhm¿∂ apt∂-‰-amWv C≥U-ysb I∏v hnP-b-Øn-te°v \bn®-Xv. temI-{In-°-‰n¬ sSÃv cwK-Øpw, GI-Zn\ cwKØpw
C≥Uy H∂mw ÿm\sØØpI-bm-Wv.
1983 ˛¬ C≥Uy t\Snb temI-I∏v hnPbw XnI®pw B[nIm-cn-I-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v ]d-bm≥ hø. shÃv C≥Uo-kpw,
Bkvt{S-en-bbpw, Cw•-≠pw, ]mIn-ÿm-\p-sams° C≥U-ysb-°mƒ anI® Soap-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. ss^\-en-se-Øn-bn´p
t]mepw C≥U-y°v hnPbw {]Xo-£n-°m≥ Ign-bp-am-bn-cp∂n-√. Ifn-°m¿ F∂ \ne-bnepw temI-\n-e-hm-c-Øn-ep-≈h¿ C≥Uy≥ Soan¬ Ipd-hm-bn-cp-∂p. BI-kvan-I-X-bpsS
Awiw Xs∂-bmWv C≥U-ysb hnP-b-Øn-te°v \bn-®-Xv.
XpS¿∂v Bkvt{S-en-b-bn¬ \S∂ tdmØvam≥kv I∏n¬
C≥Uy XnI®pw B[n-Im-c-amb hnPbw Xs∂-bmWv t\Snb-Xv. Cßs\ Nne hnP-b-ß-sfms° Nq≠n-°mWn-°m-\p≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶nepw temI-Ønse G‰hpw anI® Soambn
sSÃn-tem, \nb-{¥nX Hmh¿ {In°-‰ntem C≥Uy AwKo-Icn-°s
- ∏-´n-cp-∂n-√. kp\n¬ Khm-kvI¿, I]n¬tZhv F∂o c≠v
temtIm-Øc Ifn-°m¿ C≥Uy≥ \nc-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh¶n-epw.
k®n≥ sX≥Up¬°¿ 1989˛¬ cwK-sØ-Øn-bt- XmSp IqSn
C≥U-y°v G‰hpw {]Xn-`m-im-en-bmb Ifn-°m-cs\ e`n-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. cmlp¬ {Zmhn-Uv, kuchv KmwKp-en, hn.-hn.-Fkv. e£va¨, hntc{μ skhm-Kv, bphvcmPv knwKv, atl-{μknwKv t[mWn XpS-ßn-b-h¿ IqSn cwK-sØ-Øn-b-tXmsS
_m‰nw-Kn¬ C≥U-y≥ Sow A¥m-cmjv{S \ne-hm-c-Øns‚
ap≥\n-c-bn¬Øs∂ ÿm\apd-∏n®p. F¶n-epw, C{Xbpw
anI® Hcp _m‰nwKv \nc-bp≈ Soan¬ \n∂v {]Xo-£n-°p∂
coXn-bn-ep≈ hnP-b-߃ C≥U-y≥ Soan-\p-≠m-bn-√. temII∏v {In°‰v IncoSw AI∂p Xs∂ \n∂p. sSÃv {In°-‰nepw
ÿnc-X-bm¿∂ {]I-S\w ImgvNhbv°m≥ Ign-™-Xp-an-√.
C≥U-y-bpsS {In°‰v Ncn-{X-Ønse Xs∂ G‰hpw anI®
_m‰vkvam-∑m-cmbn AwKo-Ic
- n-°s
- ∏-Sp-∂h
- c
- mbn amdn°gn™p
c≠p Zim-_vZ-ambn anI® {]I-S\w ]pd-sØ-SpØ ta¬]d™ {In°‰v {]Xn-`-I-sfm-s°-Ø-s∂. _ufnw-Kn¬ C≥Uy-bpsS \ne, _m‰nw-Kp-ambn Xmc-X-ayw sNøp-tºmƒ A{Xam{Xw anI-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂n-√. A\n¬ Ipwtªbpw, {io\m-Ypw,
l¿`P≥ knwKpw, klo¿ Jm-\p-sams° Ignhv sXfn-bn-®psh-¶n-epw. F∂n-cp-∂mepw Hcp Sow F∂ \ne-bn¬ H∂mw
ÿm\w XpS¿®-bmbn \ne-\n¿Øm≥ C≥U-y°v Ign-bm-Xncp-∂-Xn\v as‰mcp ImcWw Bkvt{S-en-b≥ Soam-bn-cp-∂p.
temtIm-Øc _m‰vkvam-∑m-cpw _uf¿am-cp-a-S-ßnb Bkvt{Sen-b≥ Sow {In°‰v Ncn-{X-Ønse Xs∂ G‰-hpw anI®
Soambn cwKw AS°n hmWp.

2011 sabv 15 / 47

Z£n-Wm-{^n-°bpw, Cw•-≠pw, ]mIn-ÿm-\pw, {ioe-¶bp-sams° i‡-ambnØs∂ {In°‰v temI-Øp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.
Ncn-{XsØ hne-bn-cp-Øp-tºmƒ anI® _m‰nwKv i‡n-°p-Sa-If
- m-bn-cp∂ C≥Uy≥ Soapw _m‰nw-Knepw _ufnw-Knepw Htc
t]mse anIhp Im´nb Bkvt{S-en-b≥ Soapw \nd-™p\n∂
Ime-L-´-ambn Ign™ Ccp-]Xv h¿j-°m-esØ hne-bn-cptØ-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p, C≥U-y-bpsS _m‰nwKv Hcp ]t£ A¬
]w sa®-s∏-´-Xm-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°mw. _ufnw-Kn¬ Bkvt{S-enb
Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p ap∂n¬. GXv coXn-bn¬ hne-bn-cp-Øn-bmepw
{In°‰v temI-anXphsc I≠n-´n-√mØ \ne-hm-cØ
- n-ep≈ Hcp
Iq´w {]Xn-`-Isf I≠-dn-bm-\-hkcw e`n® Xe-apd Xs∂bmWv \Ωp-tS-Xv.
C≥U-y≥ {In°‰v Sow Ign™ Ipsd-°m-e-ambn {]I-S-\am-°p∂ ]ptcm-KXn {it≤-ba
- m-Wv. ^mÃv _ufnw-Kns\ t\cn\m-ImsX {Iokn¬ \n∂v hnj-an-°p∂ _m‰vkvam≥am¿ ]g¶-Y-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. kv]n∂ns\ am{Xw B{i-bn®p sIm≠v
_ufnwKv sNbvXn-cp∂ ]g-b-Im-ehpw Hm¿Ω-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂p,
\ne-hm-c-ap≈ ^mÃv _uf¿am-cn-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v kv]n≥
_uf¿am-sc-s°m-≠pw, _m‰vkvam-∑m-sc-s°m≠pw _ufnwKv
XpSßnht°≠ ÿnXn-t]m-ep-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p C≥U-y-°v.
thKX Ipd™ aoUnbw t]k¿am-cmb A_o-Zv Aenbpw
GIv\mYv tkmƒ°-dp-sams° C≥U-y-bpsS "DP-ze' ^mÃv
_uf¿am-cm-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂ Imc-yhpw Hm¿°m-Xn-cn-°p-∂X
- mWv
\√-Xv. shÃv C≥U-y≥, Bkvt{S-en-b≥, ]mIn-ÿm\n ^mÃv
_ufnw-Kn\p ap∂n¬ hnd®p \n∂ ]mc-º-c-y-am-bn-cp∂p
C≥Uy≥ _m‰nw-Kn-t‚-Xv.
_u¨k¿ \nb-{¥-Wh
- pw-, sl¬a-‰pw, FIvkv{Sm- ]m-UnwKp-sams° \ne-hn¬ hcp-∂-Xn\v apºv C≥U-y≥ _m‰vkvam∑m-cn¬ kp\n¬ Khm-kvI¿ {]I-Sn-∏n® kmt¶-Xn-I-an-I-hpw,
\n›-bZ- m¿V-yhpw hnkvac
- n-°m-\m-hn-√. temI sdt°m-UpIƒ
t`Zn-°p∂ _m‰vkvam-\mbn amdm≥ kp\n¬ Khm-kvId
- n\v Ign™p. XpS¿∂v I]n¬tZ-hmWv _ufnw-Knepw _m‰nw-Knepw
Hcp t]mse anIhv {]I-Sn-∏n®p sIm≠v temtIm-Øc Bƒ
du≠-dmbn hf¿∂ph∂-Xv. C≥U-y-bnse {In°‰v ]n®p-Iƒ
kv]n∂ns\ am{Xw XpW-°p∂hbmbn-cp∂p. temI-Ønse
anI® kv]n∂¿am¿ C≥Uy-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-Xm-\pw.
_nj≥ knwKv t_Un, C.-F.-F-kv. {]k-∂, _n.-F-kv.
N{μ-ti-J-¿, Fkv. sh¶n-´-cm-L-h≥ F∂o \mev kv]n≥
_uf¿am¿ Ahn-kva-c-Wo-b-amb ]e hnP-b-ßfpw C≥Uy°v kΩm-\n-®n-´p-≠v.
1980 ItfmsS ^mÃv _ufnw-Kn¬ {i≤ tI{μo-I-cn-®n-s√¶n¬ temI-{In-°-‰n¬ C≥U-y°v ]nSn®p \n¬°m-\m-hp-Ibn-s√∂ Nn¥ {]_-e-am-bn. ^mÃv _ufnw-Kns\ t{]m’mln-∏n-°m\pw ^mÃv _ufnw-Kns\ ssIIm-cyw sNøm≥

48 / 2011 sabv 15

_m‰vkvam-∑msc k÷-cm-°m\pw \nc-h[n ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ
Bkq-{XWw sNø-s∏-´p. t]kv _ufnw-Kns\ klm-bn-°p∂
]pØ≥ ]n®p-Iƒ Hcp-°m≥ {ia-ap-≠m-bn. H´-\-h[n t]kv
_uf¿am¿ XpS¿∂p≈ h¿j-ß-fn¬ hf¿∂p h∂p. kv]n≥
_ufnw-Kns‚ {]m[m-\yw Ipd-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. aq∂pw \mepw
kv]n≥ _uf¿am-cp-ambn cwK-Øn-dß
- n-bn-cp∂ C≥Uy, aq∂pw
\mepw t]kv _uf¿am-cp-ambn Ifn-°m-\n-d-ßp∂ ÿnXn-bmWn-∂v.
A\p-Iqe kml-N-c-y-ß-fn¬ t]mepw C≥U-y-bp-sS Soan\v
{]Xo-£n-°p∂ \ne-bn-ep≈ {]I-S\w an°-t∏mgpw ImgvN
h°m≥ Ign-bmsX hcp-∂-sX¥p sIms≠m-sW-∂mWv ]cntim-[n-t°-≠-Xv. a‰p ]e cwK-ß-fn-ep-sa∂ t]mse {In°‰v
cwK-Øpw \ne-\n¬°p∂ A\m-im-ky {]h-W-X-Iƒ Xs∂bm-W-Xn\v Imc-Ww. {]Xn-`-bp≈ F√m-h¿°pw Ah-kcw
e`n-°p-∂n-√. Ah-kcw e`n-°p-∂-h-cn¬ ]e¿°pw ]nSn®p
\n¬°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p-an-√. {In°‰v `c-W-°mcmbpw Sow skeIvS¿am-cm-bp-sams° hcp-∂-hcpw ]e-t∏mgpw \n£n]vX
Xm¬]-c-y-߃°\p-k-cn®v {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p.
k®n≥ sX≥Up¬°-dn-s‚bpw hnt\mZv Imwªn-bp-tSbpw
DZm-l-cWw Xs∂-sb-Sp-°mw. XpS-°-Øn¬ c≠p t]cpw
anIhp ImWn-®n-cp-∂p. Imwªn-bpsS A¥m-cmjv{S Ac-t߉hpw XpS¿ ®bmb Cc´ sk©-z-dn-I-fn-eqsS anIhp-‰-Xm-bn.
k®n≥ C∂v Ccp-]Xv h¿jw Ign-™n´pw cwKØv \nd™p
\n¬°p-∂p. am\-kn-Ihpw imco-cn-I-hp-amb {]iv\-ß-sf-ØpS¿∂v hnt\mZv Imwªn Ac-ßn¬ \n∂v A{]-X-y-£-\m-bn.
icn-bmb am¿§-\n¿t±-ihpw Icp-X-tem-sS-bp≈ ]cn-K-W-\bp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Imwªnbpw k®n-s\-t∏mse Xs∂
sdt°m¿Up-I-fpsS tXmg-\m-bn amdn-tb-s\. {In°-‰n¬ am{Xw
{i≤- b q- ∂ n- s °m≠v \n›- b - Z m¿V- y - t ØmsS apt∂m´p
t]mIm≥ hnt\mZv Imwªn°v Ign-™n√.
C≥U-ys
- b-t∏m-semcp cmP-yØv F√m-hs
- cbpw kwXr-]vXns∏-Sp-Øn-s°m≠v Sow sXc-s™-Sp∏v \S-Øp-Is
- b-∂Xv kpkm≤-y-a-√. Xß-sf-√m-hcpw Xs∂ sX≥Up¬°-sd-°mƒ anI®
Ifn-°m-cm-sW∂v hni-z-kn-°p-∂-hsc {Kma{]tZ-i-ß-fn¬
t]mepw ImWmw. {In°‰v Fs¥∂v ImWpI t]mepw sNbvXn´n-√m-Ø-h-cmWv In°‰v Bcm-[-I-cmbn amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. a‰p
ImbnIbn\-߃s°ms° {]m[m-\yw \jvS-s∏-Sp∂p. Ip´nIƒ apX¬ htbm-hr-≤¿hsc {In°‰v ^m\p-I-fm-Wv. {In°‰v
Xs∂ {][m\ kwkmc hnj-bw. hym-]m-c-a-\-ÿn-Xn-tbmsS
Cu {]h-W-X-sb-sbms° apX-se-Sp-°m≥ h≥InS Iº-\nIfpw cwK-Øp-≠v. kvt]m¿Skv Nm\-ep-I-sfms° {In°‰v
sIm≠v Pohn-°p-∂p. F√mw Aan-X-am-hp∂p F∂ ÿnXnbm-Wn-∂v.
kvt]m¿Svkns\ kvt]m¿Svkmbn Øs∂ ImWp-I-bmWv
th≠-Xv. kvt]m¿Svkv a’-cß
- s
- fm∂pw cmP-yß
- ƒ XΩn-ep≈
bp≤-a-√. GsX-¶nepw a’-c-Øn¬ ]cm-P-b-s∏´p F∂-XpsIm≠v cmPyw ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. kvt]m¿Svkv am≥ kv]ncnt‰mSp IqSn Imbn-I-cw-KsØ kao-]n-°pIsb cnXn Xs∂bmWv Dƒs°m-t≈-≠Xv.
Ign™ Ipsd Zim-_vZß
- f
- mbn ]Sn-]S- n-bmb apt∂‰amWv
C≥U-y≥ Imbn IcwK-Øp-≠m-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂X
- v. tlm°nbnepw a‰pw am{X-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ temI \ne-hm-c-Øn\p ]Icw
C∂v \nc-h[n Imbn-I-bn-\-ß-fn¬ temI-\n-e-hmcw {]I-Sn∏n-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ cmP-y-ambn C≥Uy amdn-°-gn-™n-´p-≠v.
ImbnI cwK sØ AanX{]m[m-\-y-tØmsS I≠v A`nam\{]Xo-I-ambn hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m≥ th≠n GX-‰hpw hsc
t]mIm≥ Xøm-dmb ]gb tkmhn-b‰v tªm°v, ssN\okv
ssien-Iƒ-°p-≠mb D]-e-_v[n-Iƒ C≥U-y-°m¿°p-≠m-bn´n-s√-¶nepw Btcm-K-y-I-c-amb hf¿® Xs∂-bmWv {]I-S-amIp-∂-Xv.
temI-{In-°‰v IncoSw NqSm≥ Ign-™Xv C≥U-ym-°m¿°v
A`n-am-\n-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ t\´w Xs∂-bm-Wv. F√mw HsØm-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI
cp-an®p h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. Hcp Xe-ap-db
- psS Ah-km\ Ime-L´w
IqSnbmWn-Xv. t[mWnbpw bph-cmPpw sdbv\-bpw Kw`o-dpsams° ASpØ Xe-ap-d-bn-te°v {In°-‰ns\ \bn-°m-\p-≈h-cm-Wv. H∂mw ÿm\w \ne-\n¿Øp-Is
- b-∂X
- m-bn-cn°pw Ah-

Icq¿ iin

apgp-h≥ P\-ßfpw NØp hog-s´ ;
F∂n´v \ntcm-[n-°mw !
h

f®psIs´m∂pan-√msX Npcp-°n-∏-d-bmw: F≥tUmk¬^m≥ F∂ amcI IoS-\m-in\n \ntcm-[n-°m≥ tI{μ
Kh¨sa‚n\v a\- n-√. F∂p sh®m¬, tI{μ Irjn-a{¥n
ic- X v ] - h m- d n\pw ]cn- ÿ nXn a{¥n Pbdmw cta- i n\pw
F≥tUm-k¬^m≥ \ntcm-[n-°m≥ a\- n-√. tIc-f-Øn¬
\n∂p≈ kh¿h-I£n \nth-ZI
- k
- w-LsØ {][m-\a
- {- ¥nbpw
\ncm-i-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p! F≥tUm-k¬^m≥, amc-I-amsW∂v C\nbpw "imkv{Xo-b-ambn' sXfn-bn-°-s∏-S-W-a-s{X!
tIc-f-Øn¬, Cu IoS-\m-in\n ImcWw PohnXw \c-I-Xp-e-yamb Ip´n-Iƒ Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈-h-cpsS Zb-\ob apJ-߃ hfsc-°m-ea
- mbn I≠p sIm≠n-cp-∂n´pw "imkv{Xob sXfn-hn\p'
th≠n ImØn-cn-°p-Ib
- m-Wv. F≥tUm-k¬^ms‚ amcI `hnj-yØv kw_-‘n®v I¿Wm-S-Ibn¬ \n∂pw th≠{X sXfnhp-Ifpw ]cm-Xn-Ifpw ka¿∏n-°-s∏-´n´pw ic-Xv]-hm¿ kmdn\v
t_m[yw h∂n-´n-√. AXm-b-Xv, C¥-y-sbm-´p°v F≥tUmk¬^m≥ \ntcm-[n-°W
- s
- a-¶n¬, C¥y-sbm-´m-sI-bp≈ ]mhs∏´ I¿j-I¿ tcmK-_m-[n-Xcpw AwK-ssh-I-eyw kw`hn®hcp-am-bn-Øo-c-Ww; A[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°v AXv t_m[-y-s∏S-Ww. AXm-b-Xv, hnjw Ign-®m¬ acn-°pw; hnjw Ign-∏n-°p∂Xv \n¿Øn shbv°-Wsa¶n¬, F√m-hcpw hnjw Ign®v
acn®v hog-Ww. hnjw Ign-®n-´mWv acn-®s
- X∂v "imkv{X-⁄¿'
kwi-bm-Xo-Xa
- mbn sXfn-bn-°W
- w! F≥tUm-k¬^m-s\-Xnsc
BtKm- f - h - y m- ] - I - a mbn \o°w \S- ° p- I - b m- W v F∂n´pw
tI{μKh¨sa‚n\v Ipep-°a
- n-√. F≥ tUm-k¬^ms\°mƒ

AXm-b-Xv, hnjw Ign-®m¬ acn-°pw;
hnjw Ign-∏n-°p-∂Xv \n¿Øn shbv°W
- w.
F¶n¬, F√m-hcpw hnjw Ign®v acn®v hogWw. hnjw Ign- ® n- ´ mWv acn- ® - s X∂v
"imkv{X-⁄¿' kwi-bm-Xo-X-ambn sXfnbn-°-Ww!
anI® Hcp IoS-\m-in\n \ne-hn-en√ F∂m-Ws{X Ah¿ ]dbp-∂-Xv. cmP-ysØ I¿j-I-k-aqlw H∂-S-¶w, Iptds» Iptds», {ItaW {ItaW NØp hog-Ww. At∏mƒ ic-Xv]-hm¿
kmdn\pw Pbdmw ctaiv kmdn\pw t_m[-y-s∏-Spw, F≥tUmk¬^m≥ hnjw Xs∂-bm-sW∂v. F∂n´v \ntcm-[n-°pw.
\ntcm-[n-°m≥ {][m-\-a-{¥ntbmSv ip]m¿i sNøpw. AXphsc {][m-\-a-{¥n°pw t_m[-y-s∏-Sn-√! F{X \nth-ZI
kwLw t]mbn´v F¥v Imcyw? F{X t]¿, F{X h´w \nehn-fn-®n´v F¥v Imc-yw?
Dd-ßp-∂h
- sctb DW¿Øm≥ ]‰q. Dd°w \Sn-°p-∂h
- sc
Hcn-°epw DW¿Øm-\m-hn-√.

-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

2011 sabv 15 / 49

Agn-a-Xn-˛lm, F{X kpμ-c-amb ]Zw
cmP-yØp \n∂v Agn-aXn kaqew ]ngp-sX-dn-bp-∂-Xn\v e£yan-´p≈ Hcp P\-Iob temIv]m¬ _n¬ ]m¿e-sa‚ns\s°m≠v
]m m°n°phm\pw \S-∏n-em-°m\pw A∂m lkm-sc-bp≈
sFXn-lm-kn-I-amb \ncm-lm-c-k-a-chpw XpS¿ kw-cw-`-ßfpw
F{X am{Xw hnP-bn°pw F∂v I≠p Xs∂ Adn-b-Ww. ImcWw, IcSv _n¬ Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ ka-Xn-bpsS D]m-[-y-£ÿm-\-Øp≈ P\-Iob {]Xn-\n[n im¥n-`q-j\v FXnsc Xs∂
Hcp kn.-Un. hnhmZw cq]-s∏-´n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. "kp{]ow tImS-Xnbnse Hcp PUvPn°v \mep tImSn cq] sImSp-Øm¬ Imcyw \S°p-sa∂v' apembwknwKv bmZ-hn-t\mSv im¥n-`q-j-¨ \S-Ønb
t^m¨ kw`m-jW
- Ø
- ns‚ kn.Un. ]pd-Øm-bn-cn-°p-Ib
- m-Wv. kn.Un. hy-P-a-s√∂v t^md≥knIv ]cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ sXfn-™-Xmbn
Zn√n t]meo-kn\v hnhcw e`n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. F∂m¬ kn.-Un. hymP-sa∂v im¥n-`q-jWpw aI≥ {]im¥v `qjWpw ]d-bp-∂p.
Btcm-]Ww icn-bm-sW-¶n¬ im¥n-`q-jsW in£n-°Ww
F∂mWv A∂m lkmsc ]d-™-Xv. H∂p \mw a\- n-em-°Ww: Agn-aX
- n-s°-Xnsc F{X i‡-amb P\-Io-bh
- nIm-chpw \nba-\-S-]-Sn-Ifpw D≠m-bmepw AXns\ Xpc¶w shbv°p∂ i‡nIƒ A[n-Imct{iWn-bn¬ Xs∂ D≠v F∂m-Wv. A{X Ffp-∏Øn- s em∂pw Cu i‡n- I sf \n¿am¿P\w sNøm- \ m- h n- √ .
C¥y≥ P\m-[n-]-X-y-Øn¬, B[p-\n-I-Im-eØv Agn-aXn F∂Xv
A{Xbv°v {]nb-¶-c-ambnØo¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p, A[n-Im-c-ÿ¿°pw,
A[n- I m- c - Z - √ mƒam¿°pw. tIma¨sh¬Øp sKbnw- k v ,
kv s ]Iv { Sw Ipw`- t Im- W w, hntZ- i - _ m- ¶ p- I - f nse I≈- ∏ W
\nt£]w XpS-ßn-bh kw_-‘n® sR´n-°p∂ F{X-sb{X IYI-fmWv \mw tI´p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv! A∂m lkm scbp≈
\ncmlmck-a-chpw ]c-y-h-km-\hpw C¥-y≥ P\-X-bpsS lrZ-bØn¬ {]X-ym-i-bpsS \mºp-Iƒ apf-∏n-®n-´p-s≠-¶nepw \√ hgn°p≈ GXv \o°-ßs
- fbpw ]cm-Pb
- s
- ∏-Sp-Øm≥X° h
- n-ji
- ‡nbp≈ cmP-sh-ºm-e-Iƒ \n¿Wm-b-I-ÿm-\-ß-fn-ep-≠v F∂
Imcyw ad-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I.

"kp{]ow tImS-Xn-bnse Hcp PUvPn°v
\mep tImSn cq] sImSp-Øm¬ Imcyw
\S-°p-sa∂v' apembwknwKv bmZ-hn-t\mSv
im¥n-`q-j-¨ \S-Ønb t^m¨ kw`m-jW-Øns‚ kn.Un. ]pd-Øm-bn-cn-°p-I-bmWv. kn.-Un. hy-P-a-s√∂v t^md≥knIv
]cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ sXfn-™-Xmbn Zn√n
t]meo-kn-\v hnhcw e`n-®n-cn-°p-∂p.

kmwkvIm-cnI \n¿√-÷X
BZ-ysØ "⁄m\-]oTw' ]pc-kvIm
cw e`n-®Xv ae-bm-f-Øns‚ alm-Ihn
Pn. i¶- c - ° p- d p- ∏ n- \ m- W v . ]n∂o- S - t ±lsØ "⁄m\-]oT tPXmhv i¶-c-°pdp∏v ' F∂mcpw hnti- j n- ∏ n- ® n- ´ n- √ .
ImcWw i¶-c-°p-dp∏v F∂ Ihn, ]pckv I m- c - s Ø- ° mƒ hep- X m- b ncp∂p.
AXp-t]mse Fkv.-sI. s]ms‰-°m-Sv,
Fw.- S n. hmkp- t Z- h ≥\m- b ¿ F∂nh¿°pw ⁄m\-]oTw e`n-®n-´p-≠v. tIcfo-bcpw ae-bm-fhpw AXn¬ A`n-am-\n®n- ´ p- a p- ≠ v. F∂m¬ Ah- s cbpw

50 / 2011 sabv 15

"⁄m\-]oT tP Xmhv' F∂v, Ah-cpsS
t]cv ]cm-a¿in-°p-tºmƒ hn ti-jn-∏n®n-´n-√. Imc-Ww, Ahcpw Xß ƒ°v
e`n® ]pc-kvIm-cs
- Ø-°mƒ Cu Sp‰ hy-

]pc- k v I m- c - t P- X m- s h∂v
t]cn- t \m- s Sm∏w hntijw
Nm¿Ø- W w. Cs√- ¶ n¬
Kymkv A‰p t]mIpw! CXv
a\- n-em-°n-Øs∂bmtWm
am[-y-a-߃ Cu hnti-jWw
Nm¿ Øn hnfn-°p-∂Xv F∂dn-bn√. ]pc-kvImcw thsd-,
hy-‡n-Xzw thsd F∂-XmWv
kX-yw. \ΩpsS kmwkvImcnI kaq lw CXv hnkvacn®p t]mbn-cn-°p-∂p.

‡n-X-z-ß-fm-Wv. Ct∏mƒ ÿnXn amdnbn-cn-°p-∂p. ]pc-kvIm-c-tP-Xm-sh∂v
t]cn-t\m-sSm∏w hntijw Nm¿Ø-Ww.
Cs√-¶n¬ Kymkv A‰p t]mIpw! CXv
a\-   n- e m- ° n- Ø s∂bmtWm am[- y - a ߃ Cu hnti-jWw Nm¿Øn hnfn°p-∂Xv F∂-dn-bn√. ]pc-kvImcw thsd, hy-‡n-Xzw thsd F∂-XmWv kX-yw.
\ΩpsS kmwkvIm-cnI kaqlw CXv
hnkvac
- n®p t]mbn-cn-°p-∂p. C°m-eØ
- v,
]e-t∏m-gpw, CØcw "D∂X _lp-a-Xn'Iƒ Nne¿°v h∂p tNcp-∂Xv A{X
bv ° v "\n¿t±m j'ambns´m- ∂ p- a √
F∂pw Gh¿°pw Adn-bmw. F∂n´pw
\mw e÷m-I-c-amb Nne Iogv hg-°ßƒ kr jvSn-°p-∂p. C\n, B¿°v
F¥v _lp-aXn e`n-®mepw t]cn-s\m∏w
AXp IqSn tN¿ °mw F∂m-bn-cn-°p∂p! "Fgp-Ø-—≥ ]pc-kvImc tPXmhv',
"hb- e m¿ Ahm¿Uv tPXmhv',
ka{Kkw`m-h\m ]pc-kvImc tPXmhv
Fs∂ms° hntijw Nm¿Øn ss[cyambn \S-°mw! aqey-t_m[w A{Xbv°v
"Xd-Sn-°‰v' Bbn-Øo¿∂n-cn-°p∂ Hcp
Ime-L-´-Øn-emWv \mw Pohn-°p-∂Xv
Ft∂m¿°pI!
-]{Xw ssZzhm-cnI

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