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Muhammad Husayn Haykal

August 30, 1888 December 8, 1956

Presented by Robin Asbury


Born Aug. 30, 1888 in Kafr Ghanam (Lower Egypt)

Educated in Egypt, England, and France

Received his Doctorate in Law at the Sorbonne Close relationship with Lufti Sayyid After WWI, Egypt demands independence from England

Background, continued

Member of Al-Ahar Al-Dusturiyyin Headed Al-Siyasah Moved from law to journalism to government

Minister of Education 1945-1950

After the Revolution of July 1952, withdrew

Ideas on Government

The basic principles of social life provided by the Qur'an and Sunnah have no direct relationship with the system of government. First 4 Khalifs, pledge of loyalty, not direct election, not parliamentary or representation, Khalif closer to King than President Kingdoms Prophet Muhammad did not change

Ideas continued

Islam is centered around the belief in one deity and thus an Islamic-centric government will be built around that principle Islam does not provide detailed advice on how to manage affairs of State

Principles of Islam for Human Civilization

Faith in One God Belief in the existence of nature's/Allah's law which is unchanging Equality

No standard governmental system

Legitimate government

Works Consulted

Sjadzali, H. Munawir. Islam and Governmental System. Jakarta: INIS, 1991.