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# Connection Tutorial Solution

M Gillie 29 Jan 2008 Number bolts 1-6, clockwise starting at top left of connection. 1a) Assuming the vertical shear force, Vs is evenly distributed between the bolts: Vs=50/6 b) Bolt group is symmetrical so centre of rotation located half-way between bolts 3 and 6. Moment about this point M=Pe=50*0.225 Distance from centre of rotation to bolts 3 and 6 Distance from centre of rotation to bolt 1,2,4 and 5 =(502+752) Shear force due to load eccentricity in bolts 3 and 6 Vm3,6=Mr/r2=(11.2510650)/(2502+4902) Shear force due to load eccentricity in bolts 1, 2, 4 and 5 Vm3,6=Mr/r2=(11.2510690)/(2502+4902) c) The total shear force in each bolt is the vector sum of the quantities calculated in a) and b). Force Vm in a given bolt always acts perpendicular to the line connecting the centre of rotation of the joint and the bolt. To obtain horizontal and vertical components for each Vm, the angle to the vertical at which it acts is needed. The results are summarized in the following table. Bolt Vs (kN) 1 2 3 4 5 6 -8.33 -8.33 -8.33 -8.33 -8.33 -8.33 Vm(kN) Angle of Vm to vertical 27 56.3 27 123.6 15 180 27 236.3 27 303.7 15 0 Hoz Comp (kN) (Vm sin) 22.5 22.5 0 -22.5 -22.5 0 Vert Comp (kN) (Vm cos ) 14.9 -14.9 -15 -14.9 14.9 15 Total vertical shear (kN) 6.6 -23.2 -23.3 -23.2 6.6 6.7 Resultant force (kN) 23.4 32.3 23.3 32.3 23.4 6.7 = 27kN = 15kN = 11.25kNm = 50mm = 90mm = 8.33kN per bolt

d) Nominal bolt diameter hole diameter (to allow for clearance) strength factor on resistance of bolts ultimate strength of bolts ultimate strength of plate thickness of plate edge and end distances effective tensile stress area of each bolt Most critical bolts are 2 and 4 Check edge end distances. Must be <1.2d0=16.8mm. Adequate as e1=e2=20mm Check shear capacity of bolt. Bolt in single shear Fv,Rd=vfubA/m2=0.680084/1.25 = 32.3N 32.3=32.3 therefore adequate in shear (just!) Check bearing resistance of plate Fb,Rd=k1abfudt/ m2=2.20.46430126/1.2 = 41.6kN Where k1=min{2.8e2/d0-1.7;2.5} ab=min{ad;fub/fu;1} ad=e1/3d0 = 2.2 = 0.46 = 0.46 Table 3.4 Table 3.3 d d0 m2 fub fu t e1=e2 As = 12mm = 12+2 = 14mm = 1.25 Table NA.1 2 = 800N/mm Table 3.1 = 430N/mm2 Table 3.1 (Part 1:1) = 10mm = 20mm = 84mm2

Table 3.4